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▪ philosophy       in Greek philosophy,“suspension of judgment,” a principle originally espoused by nondogmatic philosophical Skeptics of the ancient Greek Academy ...
/ep"ohd/, n. 1. Class. Pros. a kind of lyric poem, invented by Archilochus, in which a long verse is followed by a short one. 2. the part of a lyric ode following the strophe and ...
e·po·e·tin al·fa (ĭ-pōʹĭ-tĭn ălʹfə) n. A recombinant preparation of human erythropoietin used to treat some forms of anemia.   [erythropoietin + alfa(alteration of ...
Horse goddess of the ancient Celtic religion. Associated with kingship and fertility, she was known as Epona in Gaul, Rhiannon in Wales, and Macha in Ireland. Her cult was found ...
/ep'euh nik"ee euhm/, n., pl. eponychia /-nik"ee euh/ 1. Embryol. the modified outer layer of the epidermis that partially covers the fetal fingernails and toenails and that ...
—eponymic, adj. /ep"euh nim/, n. 1. a person, real or imaginary, from whom something, as a tribe, nation, or place, takes or is said to take its name: Brut, the supposed ...
See eponym. * * *
/euh pon"euh meuhs/, adj. giving one's name to a tribe, place, etc.: Romulus, the eponymous founder of Rome. [1840-50; < Gk epónymos giving name. See EP-, -ONYM, -OUS] * * *
/euh pon"euh mee/, n. the derivation of names from eponyms. [1860-65; < Gk eponymía surname, derived name. See EPONYMOUS, -Y3] * * *
/ep"euh pee', ep'euh pee"/, n. 1. an epic. 2. epic poetry. Also, epopoeia /ep'euh pee"euh/. [1690-1700; < F épopée < Gk epopoiía, equiv. to épo(s) EPOS + poi(eîn) to make + ...
/ep"os/, n. 1. an epic. 2. epic poetry. 3. a group of poems, transmitted orally, concerned with parts of a common epic theme. 4. a series of events suitable for treatment in epic ...
/e pok'si day"sheuhn, i pok'-/, n. Chem. a reaction that yields an epoxide. [1940-45; EPOXIDE + -ATION] * * *
/e pok"suyd, i pok"-/, n. Chem. an organic chemical that contains a group consisting of an oxygen atom bound to two already connected atoms, usually carbon (epoxy group). Cf. ...
/e pok"si duyz', i pok"-/, v.t., epoxidized, epoxidizing. Chem. to change (a chemical compound) into an epoxide. Also, esp. Brit., epoxidise. [EPOXIDE + -IZE, on the model of ...
/i pok"see, i pok"-/, adj., n., pl. epoxies., v., epoxied, epoxying. Chem. adj. 1. having the structure of an epoxide. n. 2. Also called epoxy resin. any of a class of resins ...
Epping Forest
/ep"ing/ a park in E England, NE of London: formerly a royal forest. * * * ▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of ...
Ep·ping Forest (ĕpʹĭng) A former royal hunting preserve of southeast England northeast of London. It is now a public park. * * *
/ee"prom/, n. Computers. a memory chip whose contents can be erased by a mechanism using ultraviolet light and reprogrammed for other purposes. Cf. PROM [e(rasable) ...
earnings per share. * * *
/ep"seuh lon', -leuhn/ or, esp. Brit., /ep suy"leuhn/, n. 1. the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet (E). 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. 3. Math. an ...
Epsilon Aurigae
▪ star system        binary star system of about third magnitude having one of the longest orbital periods (27 years) among eclipsing binaries (see eclipsing variable ...
/ep"seuh lon'del"teuh, -leuhn-/ or, esp. Brit., /ep suy"leuhn-/, adj. Math. of or pertaining to a method or proof in calculus involving arbitrarily small numbers. * * *
/ep"seuh lon'nay'beuhr hood', -leuhn-/ or, esp. Brit., /ep suy"leuhn-/, n. Math. the set of all points whose distance from a given point is less than some specified number ...
/ep"seuhm/, n. a town in Surrey, SE England, S of London: site of a famous racetrack (Epsom Downs) where the annual Derby is held. 71,100. Official name, Epsom and Ewell. * * *
Epsom and Ewell
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county of Surrey, England, at the foot of the North Downs, on the southwestern ...
Epsom salt
Often, Epsom salts. Chem., Pharm. hydrated magnesium sulfate, MgSO4·7H2O, occurring as small colorless crystals: used in fertilizers, the dyeing of fabrics, leather tanning, ...
Epsom salts
Epsom salts or Epsom salt n. 〚after EPSOM〛 a white, crystalline salt, magnesium sulfate, MgSO4·7H2O, used as a cathartic * * *
Epsomand Ewell
Ep·som and Ew·ell (ĕpʹsəm; yo͞oʹəl) A municipal borough of southeast England near London. The Derby is run annually at Epsom Downs racetrack. Epsom salts were ...
/ep"seuh muyt'/, n. Mineral. the natural form of Epsom salt, Mg2SO4·7H2O, found as a crust in caves and lake deposits. [1805-15; named after EPSOM; see -ITE1] * * * ▪ ...
Epsom salts pl.n. (used with a sing. verb) Hydrated magnesium sulfate, MgSO4·7H2O, used as a cathartic and as an agent to reduce inflammation.   [After Epsom, former name of ...
/ep"stuyn/, n. Sir Jacob, 1880-1959, English sculptor, born in the U.S. * * *
Epstein, Barbara Zimmerman
▪ 2007       American editor and journalist (b. Aug. 30, 1928, Boston, Mass.—d. June 16, 2006, New York, N.Y.), cofounded (1963) and coedited (with Robert Silvers) the ...
Epstein, Israel
▪ 2006       Polish-born Chinese author and journalist (b. April 20, 1915, Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire—d. May 26, 2005, Beijing, China), through prolific writings and ...
Epstein, Julius J.
▪ 2001       American screenwriter (b. Aug. 22, 1909, New York, N.Y.—d. Dec. 30, 2000, Los Angeles, Calif.), had a long career, most noted for the adaptation—in ...
Epstein, Sir Jacob
born Nov. 10, 1880, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 21, 1959, London, Eng. U.S.-born British sculptor. He studied in Paris and settled in England in 1905. His 18 nude figures ...
Epstein,Sir Jacob
Ep·stein (ĕpʹstīn'), Sir Jacob. 1880-1959. American-born British sculptor who is noted for his busts and his massive, controversial works, such as the marble Venus (1917). * ...
Epstein-Barr virus
/ep"stuyn bahr"/ a type of herpes virus that causes infectious mononucleosis. Abbr.: EBV [after M. A. Epstein (b. 1921), British pathologist, and Y. M. Barr, British virologist, ...
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
Virus of the Herpesviridae family that is the major cause of acute infectious mononucleosis. The virus, named for two of its discoverers, infects only salivary gland cells and ...
Ep·stein-Barr virus (ĕpʹstīn-bärʹ) n. Abbr. EBV A herpesvirus that is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis. It is also associated with various types of human ...
excess-profits tax. * * *
/ep"yeuh loh'/; Lat. /ep"oo loh'/, n., pl. epulones /ep'yeuh loh"neez/; Lat. /ep'oo loh"nes/. (in ancient Rome) a member of a body of priests who performed sacred rites during ...
Epworth League
/ep"weuhrth/ the Methodist youth organization, founded in 1889 to promote fellowship, worship, Christian service, and the study of the Scriptures. * * *
▪ poetry       brief narrative poem in dactylic hexameter of ancient Greece, usually dealing with mythological and romantic themes. It is characterized by lively ...
educational quotient. * * *
1. equal. 2. equation. 3. equivalent. * * *
eqpt abbrev. equipment * * *
equipment. * * *
See equable. * * *
—equability, equableness, n. —equably, adv. /ek"weuh beuhl, ee"kweuh-/, adj. 1. free from many changes or variations; uniform: an equable climate; an equable temperament. 2. ...
See equability. * * *
See equability. * * *
/ee"kweuhl/, adj., n., v., equaled, equaling or (esp. Brit.) equalled, equalling. adj. 1. as great as; the same as (often fol. by to or with): The velocity of sound is not equal ...
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
U.S. Govt. an independent federal agency created under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, to police a program (Equal Employment Opportunity) to eliminate discrimination in ...
Equal Opportunities Commission
a British government organization, started in 1975, which encourages companies, colleges, etc. to give the same opportunities to men and women. It also tries to make sure that ...
equal opportunity
—equal-opportunity, adj. policies and practices in employment and other areas that do not discriminate against persons on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, mental ...
Equal Pay Act
a British law (1970) which says that men and women should receive the same pay for the same work or work of equal value. * * *
equal protection
in U.S. law, the constitutional guarantee that no person or group will be denied such protection under the law as is enjoyed by similar persons or groups i. e., persons ...
Equal Rights Amendment
Equal Rights Amendment n. a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution stating that civil rights may not be denied to a resident of the U.S. on account of sex * * * (abbr the ...
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
Proposed but unratified amendment to the U.S. Constitution designed mainly to invalidate many state and federal laws that discriminated against women. Its central tenet was that ...
Equal Rights Amendment.
See ERA (def. 3). * * *
equal sign
Math. the symbol (=), used in a mathematical expression to indicate that the terms it separates are equal. Also, equals sign. [1905-10] * * *
equal temperament
Music. the division of an octave into 12 equal semitones, as in the tuning of a piano. * * * ▪ music       in music, a tuning system in which the octave is divided ...
equal time
an equal amount of time on the air, which radio and television licensees are required to offer to opposing candidates for public office and to those voicing diverging views on ...
equal-area [ē′kwəl er′ē ə] adj. designating any of several map projections in which areas enclosed between corresponding meridians and parallels are proportionally equal ...
equal-area projection
/ee"kweuhl air"ee euh/, Cartog. a projection in which regions on the earth's surface that are of equal area are represented as equal. * * *
equal-field system
Chinese land-distribution system, AD 485–8th century. Borrowed by Japan in 646, it lasted about a century there. Under the system, all adults were assigned a fixed amount of ...
equal-opportunity [ē′kwəl äp΄ər to͞o′nə tē, ē′kwəl äp΄ərtyo͞o′nə tē] adj. 1. treating all employees and applicants for employment equally, without ...
—equalitarianism, n. /i kwol'i tair"ee euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining or adhering to the doctrine of equality among all people; egalitarian. n. 2. a person who adheres to the ...
See equalitarian. * * *
/i kwol"i tee/, n., pl. equalities. 1. the state or quality of being equal; correspondence in quantity, degree, value, rank, or ability. 2. uniform character, as of motion or ...
Equality State
Wyoming (used as a nickname). * * *
See equalize. * * *
equalization fund.
See stabilization fund. * * *
—equalization, n. /ee"kweuh luyz'/, v.t., equalized, equalizing. 1. to make equal: to equalize tax burdens. 2. to make uniform: to equalize a rate of production. Also, esp. ...
/ee"kweuh luy'zeuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that equalizes. 2. any of various devices or appliances for equalizing strains, pressures, etc. 3. Elect. an electric network of ...
/ee"kweuh lee/, adv. 1. in an equal or identical manner: to treat rich and poor equally. 2. to an equal degree or extent: You are equally matched. [1350-1400; ME; see EQUAL, ...
equal opportunity n. Absence of discrimination, as in the workplace, based on race, color, age, gender, national origin, religion, or mental or physical disability: “The issue ...
equal sign n. The symbol (=) used to indicate logical or mathematical equality. * * *
equal temperament n. Music Modification of the intervals of just intonation in the tuning of instruments of fixed intonation to permit harmonic modulation. It allows one to ...
/ee"kweuh nil/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of meprobamate. * * *
/ee'kweuh nim"i tee, ek'weuh-/, n. mental or emotional stability or composure, esp. under tension or strain; calmness; equilibrium. [1600-10; < L aequanimitas, equiv. to aequ(us) ...
—equanimously, adv. —equanimousness, n. /i kwan"euh meuhs/, adj. having or showing equanimity; even-tempered: It was difficult to remain equanimous in the face of such ...
/ee"kweuhnt, ee"kwant/, adj. (of a crystal) having all axes of the same length (opposed to anisometric). [ < L aequant-, s. of aequans, prp. of aequare; see EQUATE] * * *
Equat Gui
Equat Gui or Equat Guin abbrev. Equatorial Guinea * * *
—equatability, n. —equatable, adj. /i kwayt"/, v.t., equated, equating. 1. to regard, treat, or represent as equivalent: We cannot equate the possession of wealth with ...
/i kway"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of equating or making equal; equalization: the symbolic equation of darkness with death. 2. equally balanced state; equilibrium. 3. Math. ...
equation movement
Horol. a movement in certain clocks (equation clock) for driving a hand (equation hand) that shows the relation of the mean day of 24 hours to the length of the current solar ...
equation of motion
an equation describing the rate of change with time of the velocity of a body, a collection of particles, or a fluid. [1850-55] * * *
equation of state
Physics. an equation relating the temperature, pressure, and volume of a given thermodynamic system. Also called characteristic equation. * * *
equation of time
Astron. apparent time minus mean solar time, ranging from minus 14 minutes in February to over 16 minutes in November. [1720-30] * * *
—equationally, adv. /i kway"zheuh nl, -sheuh-/, adj. 1. of, using, or involving equations. 2. Biol. pertaining to the second or nonreductional cell division in meiosis, in ...
equational verb
copula (def. 2). [1960-65] * * *
See equational. * * *
eq·ua·tive (ĕkʹwə-tĭv) adj. Of, relating to, or being a form of an adjective or adverb indicating identity of degree of comparison. n. 1. The equative degree. 2. An ...
/i kway"teuhr/, n. 1. the great circle on a sphere or heavenly body whose plane is perpendicular to the axis, equidistant everywhere from the two poles of the sphere or heavenly ...
—equatorially, adv. /ee'kweuh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-, ek'weuh-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or near an equator, esp. the equator of the earth. 2. of, like, or typical of the ...
Equatorial Countercurrent
an ocean current that flows E between the west-flowing equatorial currents. Also called Cromwell Current. * * * ▪ ocean current       current phenomenon noted near the ...
Equatorial Current
1. See North Equatorial Current. 2. See South Equatorial Current. * * * ▪ oceanography       ocean current flowing westward near the equator, predominantly controlled ...
Equatorial Guinea
—Equatorial Guinean. a republic in W equatorial Africa, comprising the mainland province of Río Muni and the island province of Bioko: formerly a Spanish colony. 442,516; ...
Equatorial Guinea, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of horizontal stripes of green, white, and red, with a blue triangle at the hoist and the national coat of arms (arms, ...
equatorial plane
Astron. the plane passing through the equator of the earth or another celestial body. [1890-95] * * *
equatorial plate
Cell Biol. the central plane of the spindle in a dividing cell, to which chromosomes migrate during the metaphase of mitosis or meiosis. [1885-90] * * *
equatorial tide
a semimonthly tide that appears when the moon is over the equator. * * *
equatorial trough
the quasi-continuous belt of low atmospheric pressure that lies between the subtropical high-pressure belts of the Northern and Southern hemispheres. * * *
equatorial current n. One of the surface currents drifting westward through the oceans at the equator. * * *
E·qua·to·ri·al Guin·ea (ē'kwə-tôrʹē-əl gĭnʹē, -tōrʹ-, ĕkʹwə-) A country of west-central Africa including islands in the Gulf of Guinea. Originally inhabited ...
See equatorial. * * *
equatorial plate n. The plane located midway between the poles of a dividing cell during the metaphase stage of mitosis or meiosis. It is formed from the migration of the ...
equatorial telescope n. An astronomical telescope that keeps a star in view by revolving about an axis that is parallel to the earth's axis of rotation. * * *
/i kway"teuhr weuhrd/, adv. 1. toward the equator: a ship sailing equatorward. adj. 2. facing or tending toward the equator. Also, equatorwards. [1870-75; EQUATOR + -WARD] * * *
/ek"weuh ree, i kwer"ee/, n., pl. equerries. 1. an officer of a royal or similar household, charged with the care of the horses. 2. an officer of the British royal household who ...
(Latin: "horseman") In ancient Rome, a knight. In early Rome, the equites (in full, equites equo publico, "horsemen with mounts provided at public expense") were of the ...
—equestrianism, n. /i kwes"tree euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to horseback riding or horseback riders: equestrian skill. 2. mounted on horseback: equestrian knights. 3. ...
Equestrian Sports
▪ 2009 Introduction Thoroughbred Racing. United States.       A seemingly invincible three-year-old colt named Big Brown took American Thoroughbred racing by storm ...
See equestrian. * * *
See equestrianism. * * *
/i kwes'tree en"/, n. a woman who rides horses. [1860-65; EQUESTRI(AN) + -ENNE] Usage. See -enne. * * *
/ee"kwee, ek"wee/, n. Ling. See equi NP deletion. * * *
/ee"kwee, ek"wee/, n. Ling. See equi NP deletion. * * *
equi NP deletion
Ling. a rule of transformational grammar that deletes the underlying subject of a complement clause if it is coreferential with the subject or object of the main clause, as in ...
a combining form meaning "equal," used in the formation of compound words: equimolecular. [ME < L aequi-, comb. form repr. aequus equal] * * *
—equiangularity, n. /ee'kwee ang"gyeuh leuhr, ek'wee-/, adj. having all the angles equal. [1650-60; EQUI- + ANGULAR] * * *
equiangular hyperbola.
See rectangular hyperbola. * * *
Equiano, Olaudah
▪ Beninese abolitionist born c. 1745, Essaka [in present-day Nigeria]? died March 31, 1797, London, England  self-proclaimed West African sold into slavery and later freed. ...
/ee'kwi keuh lawr"ik, -lor"-, ek'wi-/, adj. Physiol. yielding equal amounts of energy in metabolism. [1935-40; EQUI- + CALORIC] * * *
/ee'kwi dis"teuhns, ek'wi-/, n. equal distance. [1620-30; EQUI- + DISTANCE] * * *
—equidistantly, adv. /ee'kwi dis"teuhnt, ek'wi-/, adj. equally distant. [1560-70; < MF < LL aequidistant- (s. of aequidistans). See EQUI-, DISTANT] * * *
See equidistance. * * *
/ee"kweuh fawrm', ek"weuh-/, adj. having the same shape or serving the same purpose. Also, equiformal. [ < LL aequiformis. See EQUI-, -FORM] * * *
—equilaterally, adv. /ee'kweuh lat"euhr euhl, ek'weuh-/, adj. 1. having all the sides equal: an equilateral triangle. n. 2. a figure having all its sides equal. 3. a side ...
equilateral hyperbola.
See rectangular hyperbola. [1875-80] * * *
e·qui·lat·er·al·ism (ē'kwə-lătʹər-ə-lĭz'əm, ĕk'wə-) n. A Cold War political theory holding that Europe should remain politically independent of both the United ...
See equilateralism. * * *
See equilateral. * * *
/i kwil"euh breuhnt/, n. Physics. a counterbalancing force or system of forces. [1880-85; < F équilibrant. See EQUILIBRIUM, -ANT] * * *
—equilibration, n. —equilibrator, n. /i kwil"euh brayt', ee'kweuh luy"brayt, ek'weuh-/, v., equilibrated, equilibrating. v.t. 1. to balance equally; keep in equipoise or ...
See equilibrate. * * *
e·quil·i·bra·tor (ĭ-kwĭlʹə-brā'tər) n. A device that brings about and helps maintain equilibrium. * * *
See equilibration. * * *
—equilibristic, adj. /i kwil"euh brist, ee'kweuh lib"rist, ek'weuh-/, n. a performer who is skilled at balancing in unusual positions and hazardous movements, as a tightrope ...
See equilibrist. * * *
—equilibratory /i kwil"euh breuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, ee'kweuh lib"reuh-, ek'weuh-/, adj. /ee'kweuh lib"ree euhm, ek'weuh-/, n., pl. equilibriums, equilibria /-ree euh/. 1. a ...
Equilibrium constants for the formation of various nickel-amine complexes
▪ Table Equilibrium constants for the formation of various nickel-amine complexes n amine (L) equilibrium constant KL, M−1* 1 NH3 5 × 102 2 NH2CH2CH2NH2 4 × ...
equilibrium price
the price at which the quantity of a product offered is equal to the quantity of the product in demand. * * *
equilibrium valve
(in a reciprocating engine) a valve opening a passage from one end of a cylinder to the other to equalize pressure upon both faces of the piston. [1870-75] * * *
equilibrium, chemical
Condition in the course of a reversible chemical reaction in which no net change in the amounts of reactants and products occurs: Products are reverting to reactants at the same ...
equimolal [ē΄kwi mō′ləl] adj. having the same molal concentration of solute in a solvent * * *
equimolar [ē΄kwimō′lər] adj. 1. having the same molar concentration of solute in a solvent 2. having the same number of moles of a given substance * * * e·qui·mo·lar ...
/ee'kweuh meuh lek"yeuh leuhr, ek"weuh-/, adj. Physics, Chem. containing equal numbers of molecules. [1905-10; EQUI- + MOLECULAR] * * *
—equinely, adv. —equinity, n. /ee"kwuyn, ek"wuyn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a horse: a bold, equine face. n. 2. a horse. [1770-80; < L equinus, equiv. to ...
equine distemper
Vet. Pathol. distemper1 (def. 1b). * * *
equine encephalitis
Pathol., Vet. Pathol. a viral disease of horses and mules that is communicable to humans, marked by inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. * * * ▪ pathology also called ...
equine infectious anemia
Pathol., Vet. Pathol. See swamp fever (def. 2). * * * ▪ pathology also called  swamp fever        disease of horses that is caused by a non-oncogenic ...
equine metritis
Vet. Pathol. a highly contagious inflammation of the uterus affecting mostly thoroughbred mares. * * *
equine respiratory disease
▪ pathology       a complex of infections of viral origin, including equine viral rhinopneumonitis (viral abortion), equine viral arteritis, equine influenza and ...
equineinfectious anemia
equine infectious anemia n. A viral disease in horses marked by progressive anemia, a staggering gait, and fever. * * *
/ee'kweuh nok"sheuhl, ek'weuh-/, adj. 1. pertaining to an equinox or the equinoxes, or to the equality of day and night. 2. pertaining to the celestial equator. 3. occurring at ...
equinoctial circle
Astron. See celestial equator. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
equinoctial line.
See celestial equator. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
equinoctial point
either of the two points at which the celestial equator and the ecliptic intersect each other; the position of the sun's center at the equinoxes. [1720-30] * * *
equinoctial rains
rainy seasons that occur, in numerous regions near the equator, near or soon after the times of the equinoxes. * * *
equinoctial storm
a storm of violent winds and rain occurring at or near the time of an equinox and popularly, but erroneously, believed to be physically associated with it. Also called ...
equinoctial year
year (def. 4b). * * *
equinoctial circle n. See celestial equator. * * *
/ee"kweuh noks', ek"weuh-/, n. 1. the time when the sun crosses the plane of the earth's equator, making night and day of approximately equal length all over the earth and ...
equinoxes, precession of the
Motion of the points where the Sun crosses the celestial equator, caused by precession of Earth's axis. Hipparchus noticed that the stars' positions were shifted consistently ...
—equipper, n. /i kwip"/, v.t., equipped, equipping. 1. to furnish or provide with whatever is needed for use or for any undertaking; fit out, as a ship or army: They spent ...
equipment. * * *
/ek"weuh pij/, n. 1. a carriage. 2. a carriage drawn by horses and attended by servants. 3. outfit, as of a ship, an army, or a soldier; equipment. 4. Archaic. a. a set of small ...
equipartition of energy
/ee"kweuh pahr tish"euhn, ek"weuh-, ee'kweuh-, ek'weuh/, Thermodynamics. the theorem that the kinetic energy is the same for each degree of freedom in a system in thermal ...
/i kwip"meuhnt/, n. 1. anything kept, furnished, or provided for a specific purpose. 2. the act of equipping a person or thing. 3. the state of being equipped. 4. the personal ...
/ee"kweuh poyz', ek"weuh-/, n., v., equipoised, equipoising. n. 1. an equal distribution of weight; even balance; equilibrium. 2. a counterpoise. v.t. 3. to equal or offset in ...
See equipollent. * * *
—equipollence, equipollency, n. —equipollently, adv. /ee'kweuh pol"euhnt, ek'weuh-/, adj. 1. equal in power, effect, etc.; equivalent. 2. Logic. (of propositions, ...
See equipollence. * * *
—equiponderant, adj. /ee'kweuh pon"deuhr euhns, ek'weuh-/, n. equality of weight; equipoise. Also, equiponderancy. [1765-75; equiponder(ant) ( < ML aequiponderant-, s. of ...
equiponderant [ē΄kwi pän′dər ənt] adj. 〚ML aequiponderans, prp. of aequiponderare < L aequus (see EQUAL) + ponderare, to weigh: see PONDER〛 of the same weight; evenly ...
—equiponderation, n. /ee'kweuh pon"deuh rayt', ek'weuh-/, v.t., equiponderated, equiponderating. to equal or offset in weight, force, importance, etc.; ...
/ee'kweuh poht"nt, ek'weuh-/, adj. equal in power, ability, or effect. [1870-75; EQUI- + POTENT1] * * *
—equipotentiality, n. /ee'kweuh peuh ten"sheuhl, ek'weuh-/, adj. Physics. of the same or exhibiting uniform potential at every point: an equipotential surface. [1670-80; EQUI- ...
/ee'kweuh prob"euh beuh liz'euhm, ek'weuh-/, n. Rom. Cath. Theol. a theory that in cases of doubt as to the lawfulness or unlawfulness of an action, it is permissible to follow ...
—equiprobability, n. —equiprobably, adv. /ee'kweuh prob"euh beuhl, ek'weuh-/, adj. equal in probability. [1920-25; EQUI- + PROBABLE] * * *
/ee'kweuh roht"l, ek'weuh-/, adj. having wheels all of the same size or diameter, as a vehicle. [1830-40; EQUI- + L rot(a) wheel + -AL1] * * *
/ek'weuh see"toyd/, n. any plant of the phylum or division Equisetophyta (or Sphenopsida), including the horsetails and many extinct species of the Carboniferous Period. Also ...
▪ plant class Introduction       (division Pteridophyta), class of primitive spore-bearing vascular plants. Most members of the group are extinct and known only from ...
—equisetic, adj. /ek'weuh see"teuhm/, n., pl. equisetums, equiseta /-teuh/. any plant of the genus Equisetum, comprising the horsetails. [1820-30; < NL; L equisaetum, equiv. to ...
—equitableness, n. —equitably, adv. /ek"wi teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. characterized by equity or fairness; just and right; fair; reasonable: equitable treatment of all citizens. 2. ...
See equitable. * * *
See equitableness. * * *
/ek"wi teuhnt/, adj. Bot. straddling or overlapping, as leaves whose bases overlap the leaves above or within them. [1820-30; < L equitant- (s. of equitans) (prp. of equitare to ...
/ek'wi tay"sheuhn/, n. the act or art of riding on horseback. [1555-65; < L equitation- (s. of equitatio), equiv. to equitat(us) (ptp. of equitare to ride) + -ion- -ION] * * *
/ek"wi teez'/, n.pl. Rom. Hist. 1. mounted military units; cavalry. 2. members of a specially privileged class derived from the ancient Roman cavalry and having status ...
/ek"wi tee/, n., pl. equities. 1. the quality of being fair or impartial; fairness; impartiality: the equity of Solomon. 2. something that is fair and just. 3. Law. a. the ...
equity capital
that portion of the capital of a business provided by the sale of stock. [1960-65] * * *
Equity card
➡ Equity * * *
equity conversion.
See reverse-annuity mortgage. * * *
equity of redemption
1. the right of a mortgagor to redeem the property by paying the debt, even after default in payment of the sum owed. 2. the interest of an owner of land subject to a ...
equity security
a security, esp. a common stock, representing an ownership rather than a debt claim. [1925-30] * * *
equity stock
capital stock, either common or preferred. * * *
equityof redemption
equity of redemption n. The right of one who has mortgaged property to redeem that property upon payment of the sum due within a reasonable amount of time after the due date. * * ...
equiv abbrev. equivalent * * *
equivalent. * * *
/i kwiv"euh leuhns/ or, for 3, /ee'kweuh vay"leuhns/, n. 1. the state or fact of being equivalent; equality in value, force, significance, etc. 2. an instance of this; an ...
equivalence class
Math. the set of elements associated by an equivalence relation with a given element of a set. [1950-55] * * *
equivalence principle
Physics. (in relativity) the principle that, in any small region of space-time, the effects of a gravitational field are indistinguishable from those of an appropriate ...
equivalence relation
Math. a relation that is reflexive, symmetrical, and transitive, as equality. [1945-50] * * * In mathematics, a generalization of the idea of equality between elements of a ...
equivalence relation n. A reflexive, symmetric, and transitive relationship between elements of a set, such as congruence for the set of all triangles in a plane. * * *
/i kwiv"euh leuhn see/, n., pl. equivalencies. equivalence (defs. 1, 2). [1525-35; < ML aequivalentia. See EQUIVALENT, -ENCY] * * *
equivalency exam
➡ adult education * * *
—equivalently, adv. /i kwiv"euh leuhnt/ or, for 5, /ee'kweuh vay"leuhnt/, adj. 1. equal in value, measure, force, effect, significance, etc.: His silence is equivalent to an ...
Equivalent compounds and derivatives
▪ Table Equivalent compounds and derivatives* from the Greek from the ...
equivalent weight
Chem. the combining power, esp. in grams (gram equivalent), of an element or compound, equivalent to hydrogen as a standard of 1.00797 or oxygen as a standard of 8; the atomic ...
See equivalent. * * *
equivalent weight n. The weight of a substance that will combine with or replace one mole of hydrogen or one-half mole of oxygen. The equivalent weight is equal to the atomic ...
/ee"kweuh valv'/, adj. (of a bivalve mollusk) having the valves of the shell equal in shape and size. [1860-65; EQUI- + VALVE] * * *
—equivocality, equivocacy /i kwiv"euh keuh see/, n. —equivocally, adv. —equivocalness, n. /i kwiv"euh keuhl/, adj. 1. allowing the possibility of several different ...
See equivocal. * * *
See equivocality. * * *
See equivocality. * * *
—equivocatingly, adv. —equivocator, n. /i kwiv"euh kayt'/, v.i., equivocated, equivocating. to use ambiguous or unclear expressions, usually to avoid commitment or in order ...
/i kwiv'euh kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the use of equivocal or ambiguous expressions, esp. in order to mislead or hedge; prevarication. 2. an equivocal, ambiguous expression; equivoque: ...
See equivocate. * * *
/ek"weuh vohk', ee"kweuh-/, n. 1. an equivocal term; an ambiguous expression. 2. a play on words; pun. 3. double meaning; ambiguity. Also, equivoke. [1350-1400; ME equivoc adj.; ...
/i kwooh"lee euhs/, n., gen. Equulei /-lee uy'/. Astron. the Little Horse, a small northern constellation between Delphinus and Aquarius. * * *
/euh, euhr/, interj. (used to express or represent a pause, hesitation, uncertainty, etc.). * * * ▪ American television drama       American television medical drama ...
1. efficiency report. 2. See emergency room. * * * ▪ American television drama       American television medical drama airing on the National Broadcasting Company ...
Symbol, Chem. erbium. * * * ▪ American television drama       American television medical drama airing on the National Broadcasting Company (National Broadcasting Co., ...
Er Rif
Er Rif another name for RIF * * *
Er, Lake
Chinese Er Hai or Erh Hai Lake, western Yunnan province, China. It lies in a deep basin at the foot of Mount Diancang between the upper Yangtze (Chang; there called the Jinsha) ...
I. er-1 To move, set in motion. Oldest form *ə₁er-. I. Basic form *er-. 1. Probably Germanic *ar-, *or-, *art(a), to be, exist. are1, art2, from Old English eart and aron, ...
/ear"euh, er"euh/, n. 1. a period of time marked by distinctive character, events, etc.: The use of steam for power marked the beginning of an era. 2. the period of time to which ...
1. Also, era Baseball. See earned run average. 2. Emergency Relief Administration. 3. Equal Rights Amendment: proposed 27th amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would prohibit ...
—eradiation, n. /i ray"dee ayt'/, v.i., v.t., eradiated, eradiating. to radiate. [1640-50; E- + RADIATE] * * *
—eradicably, adv. /i rad"i keuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being eradicated. [1840-50; < LL eradicabilis, equiv. to L eradic(are) to ERADICATE + -abilis -ABLE] * * *
—eradicant /i rad"i keuhnt/, adj., n. —eradication, n. —eradicative, adj. —eradicator, n. /i rad"i kayt'/, v.t., eradicated, eradicating. 1. to remove or destroy utterly; ...
See eradicable. * * *
See eradicable. * * *
See eradicable. * * *
Érard, Sébastien
▪ French musical instrument maker born April 5, 1752, Strasbourg, Fr. died Aug. 5, 1831, near Passy       French piano and harp maker whose improvements in both ...
See erasable. * * *
e·ras·a·ble (ĭ-rāʹsə-bəl) adj. 1. Capable of being erased: erasable ink. 2. Capable of producing something that can be erased: an erasable pen.   e·ras'a·bilʹi·ty ...
—erasability, n. —erasable, adj. /i rays"/, v., erased, erasing. v.t. 1. to rub or scrape out, as letters or characters written, engraved, etc.; efface. 2. to eliminate ...
/i ray"seuhr/, n. 1. a device, as a piece of rubber or cloth, for erasing marks made with pen, pencil, chalk, etc. 2. a person or thing that erases. [1780-90; ERASE + -ER1] * * ...
erasing head
the part of a tape recorder that erases material previously recorded on magnetic tape. Also, erase head. [1955-60] * * *
/i ray"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of erasing. 2. Surg. a. the scraping away of tissue, esp. of bone. b. Also called arthrectomy. excision of a joint. [1780-90; ERASE + ...
/er'euh sis"treuh teuhs/, n. c300-250 B.C., Greek physician and physiologist. * * *
Erasistratus Of Ceos
▪ Greek physician flourished c. 250 BC       Greek anatomist and physician in Alexandria, regarded by some as the founder of physiology.       Known especially ...
—Erasmianism, n. /i raz"mee euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or like Erasmus. n. 2. a follower of Erasmus. [1750-60; ERASM(US) + -IAN] * * *
/i raz"meuhs/, n. 1. Desiderius /des'i dear"ee euhs/, 1466?-1536, Dutch humanist, scholar, theologian, and writer. 2. a male given name: from a Greek word meaning "beloved." * * *
Erasmus, Desiderius
born Oct. 27, 1469, Rotterdam, Holland died July 12, 1536, Basel, Switz. Dutch priest and humanist, considered the greatest European scholar of the 16th century. The ...
Erasmus, Saint
▪ Christian martyr also called  Elmo   died 303?, Formia, Italy; feast day June 2       early Christian bishop, martyr, and one of the patron saints (Saint Elmo's ...
E·ras·mus (ĭ-răzʹməs), Desiderius. 1466?-1536. Dutch Renaissance scholar and Roman Catholic theologian who sought to revive classical texts from antiquity, restore simple ...
/i ras"cheuhn, -tee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Thomas Erastus or Erastianism. n. 2. an advocate of Erastianism. [1645-55; ERAST(US) + -IAN] * * *
/i ras"cheuh niz'euhm, -tee euh niz'-/, n. the doctrine, advocated by Thomas Erastus, of the supremacy of the state over the church in ecclesiastical matters. [1675-85; ERASTIAN ...
/i ras"teuhs/; Ger. /ay rddahs"toos/, n. 1. Thomas /tom"euhs/; Ger. /toh"mahs/, 1524-83, Swiss-German theologian. 2. a male given name: from a Greek word meaning "lovable." * * *
Erastus, Thomas
▪ Swiss physician and theologian original name  Thomas Lüber, Lieber, or Liebler   born Sept. 7, 1524, Baden, Switz. died Dec. 31, 1583, Basel  Swiss physician and ...
E·ras·tus (ĭ-răsʹtəs), Thomas. Originally Thomas Lüber or Lieber or Liebler. 1524-1583. Swiss Protestant theologian and philosopher who opposed Calvinism and the use of ...
/i ray"sheuhr/, n. 1. an act or instance of erasing. 2. a place where something has been erased; a spot or mark left after erasing: You can't sign a contract with so many ...
/er"euh toh'/, n. Class. Myth. the Muse of love poetry. * * * ▪ Greek Muse       in Greek religion, one of the nine Muses, the patron of lyric and erotic poetry or ...
/er'euh tos"theuh neez'/, n. 276?-195? B.C., Greek mathematician and astronomer at Alexandria. * * *
Eratosthenes of Cyrene
born с 276 BC, Cyrene, Libya died с 194, Alexandria, Egypt Greek scientific writer, astronomer, and poet. He settled in Alexandria с 255 BC and became director of its great ...
Eratosthenes, sieve of
▪ mathematics       systematic procedure for finding prime numbers (prime) that begins by arranging all of the natural numbers (1, 2, 3, …) in numerical order. After ...
Erbakan, Necmettin
born с 1926, Sinop, Tur. First leader of an Islamic political party to win a general election in Turkey (1995). Son of an Ottoman-era religious court judge, he studied ...
/ear"bil, air"-/, n. a town in N Iraq: built on the site of ancient Arbela. 90,320. Also, Arbil, Irbil. * * *

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