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fire boss
Mining. a person who inspects a mine for the presence of noxious gases, dangerous roofs, and other hazards. Also called gasman; Brit., fireman. Cf. mine examiner. [1880-85, ...
fire brigade
1. a group of firefighters, esp. as formed temporarily or called upon to assist a fire department in an emergency. 2. a small fire department privately employed by an ...
fire cherry.
See pin cherry. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
fire chief
the officer in charge of a municipality's fire department or departments. [1885-90] * * *
fire clay
a refractory clay used for making crucibles, firebricks, etc. [1810-20] * * *
fire code.
See under code (def. 3). * * *
fire company
1. a company of firefighters. 2. a fire-insurance company. [1730-40, Amer.] * * *
fire control
—fire-control, adj. Mil. technical and sometimes automatic supervision of artillery or naval gunfire on a target, as for range, elevation, etc. [1885-90] * * *
fire cross.
See fiery cross. * * *
fire department
1. the department of a municipal government charged with the prevention and extinguishing of fire. 2. the personnel in such a department. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
fire door
1. a door through which a boiler or furnace is fired or through which the fire is inspected. 2. a fireproof or fire-resistant door in a building, intended to isolate an area from ...
fire drill
1. a practice drill for a company of firefighters, the crew of a ship, etc., to train them in their duties in case of fire. 2. a drill for pupils in a school, employees in a ...
fire engine
a vehicle equipped for firefighting, now usually a motor truck having a motor-driven pump for shooting water or chemical solutions at high pressure. Also called fire ...
fire escape
an apparatus or structure used to escape from a burning building, as a metal stairway down an outside wall. [1670-80] * * * Means of rapid egress from a building, primarily ...
fire extinguisher
a portable container, usually filled with special chemicals for putting out a fire. [1830-40] * * *       portable or movable apparatus used to put out a small fire by ...
fire fighting
 activity directed at limiting the spread of fire and extinguishing it, particularly as performed by members of organizations (fire services or fire departments) trained for ...
fire finch
▪ bird  any of several red-and-brown or red-and-black birds of Africa that usually have fine white dots on their undersides. Fire finches belong to the family Estrildidae ...
fire gilding
a process of gilding metalwork in which the metal base is coated with an amalgam of gold and mercury, the latter subsequently being driven off by heat. Also called amalgam ...
fire hat
a helmet worn by a firefighter as a defense against falling materials from burning structures. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
fire hose
a special heavy-duty hose for use in fighting destructive fires. * * *
fire hydrant
a hydrant for use in extinguishing fires. Also called fireplug. [1940-45] * * *
fire insurance
insurance covering any loss or damage caused by fire. [1790-1800] * * *       provision against losses caused by fire, lightning, and the removal of property from ...
fire irons
the implements used for tending a fireplace, as tongs and poker. [1250-1300; ME fire-yren] * * *
Fire Island
a narrow sand spit off S Long Island, New York: summer resort and lighthouse station. ¼-½ mi. (0.4-0.8 km) wide; 30 mi. (48 km) long. * * * Elongated sandspit, off the ...
fire line
firebreak. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
fire marshal
1. an official heading a bureau for the prevention or investigation of fires. 2. a person who has charge of the fire-prevention equipment and personnel of an industrial ...
Fire of London
(also the Great Fire, the Great Fire of London) a very large fire which lasted for two days in 1666 and destroyed many parts of London, including the old St Paul’s Cathedral. ...
fire opal
a red Mexican opal, often with a color play. [1810-20] * * *
fire pink
a plant, Silene virginica, of the pink family, having loose clusters of brilliant scarlet flowers. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
fire point
Chem. the lowest temperature at which a volatile liquid, after its vapors have been ignited, will give off vapors at a rate sufficient to sustain combustion. * * *
fire pot
the part of a household furnace in which the fire is made. Also, firepot. [1620-30] * * *
fire prevention and control
      the prevention, detection, and extinguishment of fires, including such secondary activities as research into the causes of fire, education of the public about fire ...
fire red
1. a strong reddish-orange color. 2. Also called fire red toner. a brilliant reddish-orange dye. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
fire resistance
the amount of resistance of a material or construction to fire. * * *
fire sale
—fire-sale, adj. 1. a special sale of merchandise actually or supposedly damaged by fire. 2. a sale, as of assets, at reduced prices, in order to raise money quickly. [1890-95, ...
fire screen
a screen placed in front of a fireplace for protection, esp. from sparks. [1750-60] * * *
fire setting
Mining. an ancient method of shattering rock by building a fire against it so as to cause it to split as a result of uneven internal stresses. * * *
fire ship
a vessel loaded with combustibles and explosives, ignited, and set adrift to destroy an enemy's ships or constructions. [1580-90] * * *
fire sign
any of the three astrological signs, Aries, Leo, or Sagittarius, that are grouped together because of the shared attributes of enthusiasm, vitality, and interest in spiritual ...
fire station
a building in which firefighting apparatus and usually fire department personnel are housed; firehouse. [1895-1900] * * *
fire storm
 violent convection caused by a continuous area of intense fire and characterized by destructively violent surface indrafts. Sometimes it is accompanied by tornado-like whirls ...
fire support
support given by artillery and aircraft to infantry and armored vehicles. * * *
fire temple
a place of worship for Zoroastrians. [1735-45] * * *
fire tower
1. a tower, as on a mountain, from which a watch for fires is kept. 2. See drill tower. [1820-30] * * *
fire truck.
See fire engine. [1930-35; FIRE + TRUCK1] * * *
fire walking
Religious ceremony that involves walking across hot coals, red-hot stones, or burning wood. It has been practiced in many parts of the world, including ancient Greece, India, ...
fire wall
1. a partition made of fireproof material to prevent the spread of a fire from one part of a building or ship to another or to isolate an engine compartment, as on a plane, ...
fire warden
☆ fire warden n. an official assigned to prevent or fight fires, as in a forest, logging operation, camp, or town * * *
Fire!!
▪ American magazine       American magazine that exerted a marked impact on the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s and early '30s despite its demise after the first issue ...
Fire, Andrew Z.
▪ American geneticist born 1959, Stanford, Calif., U.S.    American scientist, who was a corecipient, with Craig C. Mello (Mello, Craig C.), of the Nobel Prize for ...
fire-and-brimstone
/fuyeur"euhn brim"stohn'/, adj. threatening punishment in the hereafter: a fire-and-brimstone sermon. [1795-1805] * * *
fire-bellied toad
▪ amphibian  (Bombina), small amphibian (family Bombinatoridae) characterized by bright orange markings on the undersides of its grayish body and limbs. The common ...
fire-cure
/fuyeur"kyoor'/, v.t., fire-cured, fire-curing. to cure (tobacco) by means of open fires, the smoke and flame imparting a creosotic flavor. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
fire-eater
—fire-eating, adj., n. /fuyeur"ee'teuhr/, n. 1. an entertainer who pretends to eat fire. 2. an easily provoked, belligerent person. 3. U.S. Hist. an early and extreme Southern ...
fire-eating
See fire-eater. * * *
fire-engine red
a very bright red color. * * *
fire-plow
/fuyeur"plow'/, n. a stick that is rubbed in a wooden groove to produce sparks for igniting a fire. [1890-95] * * *
fire-polish
/fuyeur"pol'ish/, v.t. Glassmaking. to smooth (glass) by reheating to remove tool marks or other imperfections in the surface. * * *
fire-resistant
/fuyeur"ri zis'teuhnt/, adj. 1. totally or almost totally unburnable. 2. fire-retardant. [1900-05] * * *
fire-retardant
/fuyeur"ri tahr'dnt/, adj. able to slow or check the spread of destructive fire. [1910-15] * * *
fire-tube boiler
/fuyeur"toohb', -tyoohb'/ any boiler for generating steam by passing hot gases and other combustible products through tubes (fire tubes) immersed in water to a chimney or uptake. ...
fireable
See fire. * * *
firealarm
fire alarm n. 1. A device, such as a siren, used in announcing the outbreak of a fire. 2. The signal, especially the noise, produced by such a device. * * *
fireand brimstone
fire and brimstone n. 1. The punishment of hell. 2. Homiletic rhetoric describing or warning of the punishment of hell. * * *
fireant
fire ant n. Any of several ants of the genus Solenopsis, especially S. geminata or S. saevissima of the southern United States and tropical America, that build large mounds and ...
firearm
—firearmed, adj. /fuyeur"ahrm'/, n. a small arms weapon, as a rifle or pistol, from which a projectile is fired by gunpowder. [1640-50; FIRE + ARM2] * * *
fireback
/fuyeur"bak'/, n. 1. a piece, lining the rear of a fireplace, usually of cast iron. 2. the rear of a fireplace. [1870-75; FIRE + BACK1] * * *
fireball
/fuyeur"bawl'/, n. 1. a ball of fire, as the sun; a shooting star. 2. a luminous meteor, sometimes exploding. 3. lightning having the appearance of a globe of fire; ball ...
fireballer
/fuyeur"baw'leuhr/, n. Baseball Slang. a hard-throwing fastball pitcher. [FIREBALL + -ER1] * * *
firebase
/fuyeur"bays'/, n. Mil. an artillery base, esp. one set up quickly to support advancing troops or to forestall enemy advances. [1965-70; FIRE + BASE1] * * *
firebeetle
fire beetle n. Any of various tropical American click beetles of the genus Pyrophorus, especially P. noctilucus, having bright, luminous spots. * * *
firebird
/fuyeur"berrd'/, n. any of several small birds having bright red or orange plumage, esp. the Baltimore oriole. [1815-25; FIRE + BIRD] * * *
Firebird, The
/fuyeur"berrd'/ a ballet (1910) with music by Stravinsky. * * *
fireblight
fire blight also fire·blight (fīrʹblīt') n. A destructive disease of apple and pear trees, caused by a bacterium (Erwinia amylovora) that blackens the leaves and kills the ...
fireboard
/fuyeur"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. a board used to close a fireplace. 2. Chiefly South Midland U.S. a mantel; mantelpiece. [1820-30; FIRE + BOARD] * * *
fireboat
/fuyeur"boht'/, n. a powered vessel equipped to fight fires on boats, docks, shores, etc. [1875-80; FIRE + BOAT] * * *  vessel used in fire fighting in port cities. Basically ...
firebomb
/fuyeur"bom'/, n. 1. an explosive device with incendiary effects. v.t. 2. to attack with a firebomb or firebombs. [1895-1900; FIRE + BOMB] * * *
firebomber
See firebomb. * * *
firebox
/fuyeur"boks'/, n. 1. the box or chamber containing the fire of a steam boiler, furnace, etc. 2. the furnace of a locomotive, where coal, oil, or other fuel is burned to generate ...
firebrand
/fuyeur"brand'/, n. 1. a piece of burning wood or other material. 2. a person who kindles strife or encourages unrest; an agitator; troublemaker. [1175-1225; ME; see FIRE, ...
firebrat
/fuyeur"brat'/, n. a bristletail, Thermobia domestica, that lives in areas around furnaces, boilers, steampipes, etc. [1890-95; FIRE + BRAT] * * *
firebreak
/fuyeur"brayk'/, n. a strip of plowed or cleared land made to check the spread of a prairie or forest fire. [1890-95; FIRE + BREAK] * * *
firebrick
/fuyeur"brik'/, n. a brick made of fire clay. [1785-95; FIRE + BRICK] * * * ▪ building material also called  Refractory Brick,         refractory material consisting ...
firebrigade
fire brigade n. An organized body of firefighters. * * *
firebug
/fuyeur"bug'/, n. Informal. arsonist; incendiary; pyromaniac. [1870-75, Amer.; FIRE + BUG1] * * *
firebush
/fuyeur"boosh'/, n. any of several shrubs having bright red flowers or foliage, as the burning bush. [1880-85; FIRE + BUSH1] * * *
fireclay
fireclay [fīr′klā΄] n. a kind of clay capable of resisting intense heat, used for making firebricks, furnace linings, etc. * * * fire clay also fire·clay ...
firecontrol
fire control n. The control of the delivery of gunfire on military targets. * * *
firecracker
/fuyeur"krak'euhr/, n. a paper or cardboard cylinder filled with an explosive and having a fuse, for discharging to make a noise, as during a celebration. [1820-30, Amer.; FIRE + ...
firecracker flower
1. a plant, Dichelostemma ida-maia, of the amaryllis family, native to California and Oregon, having clusters of tubular scarlet flowers. 2. crossandra. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
firecrest
/fuyeur"krest'/, n. a European kinglet, Regulus ignicapillus, having a bright, orange-red patch on the top of the head. [1835-45; FIRE + CREST] * * *       European ...
firedamp
/fuyeur"damp'/, n. Mining. 1. a combustible gas consisting chiefly of methane, formed esp. in coal mines, and dangerously explosive when mixed with certain proportions of ...
firedepartment
fire department n. A department, especially of a municipal government, whose purpose is preventing and putting out fires. * * *
firedog
/fuyeur"dawg', -dog'/, n. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. andiron. [1785-95; FIRE + DOG] * * *
firedoor
fire door n. A door made of fire-resistant material that can be closed to prevent the spread of fire. * * *
firedrake
/fuyeur"drayk'/, n. a mythical fiery dragon. [bef. 900; ME fyrdrake, OE fyrdraca. See FIRE, DRAKE2] * * *
firedrill
fire drill n. An exercise in the use of firefighting equipment or the evacuation of a building in case of a fire. * * *
fireengine
fire engine n. Any of various large motor vehicles that carry firefighters and equipment to a fire and support extinguishing operations, as by pumping water. Also called fire ...
fireescape
fire escape n. A structure or device, such as an outside stairway attached to a building, erected for emergency exit in the event of fire. * * *
fireextinguisher
fire extinguisher n. A portable apparatus containing chemicals that can be discharged in a rapid stream to extinguish a small fire. * * *
firefight
/fuyeur"fuyt'/, n. an exchange of gunfire between two opposing forces, esp. a skirmish between military forces. [1895-1900; FIRE + FIGHT] * * *
firefighter
—firefighting, n., adj. /fuyeur"fuy'ter/, n. a person who fights destructive fires. Also, fire fighter. [1900-05; FIRE + FIGHTER] * * *
firefighting
See firefighter. * * *
fireflood
fire·flood (fīrʹflŭd') or fire·flood·ing (-flŭd'ĭng) n. A procedure for extracting additional oil from a well by injecting compressed air into the petroleum reservoir ...
firefly
/fuyeur"fluy'/, n., pl. fireflies. any nocturnal beetle of the family Lampyridae, characterized by a soft body with a light-producing organ at the rear of the abdomen. Also ...
fireguard
/fuyeur"gahrd'/, n. 1. a protective framework of wire in front of a fireplace. 2. Western U.S. a firebreak. [1825-35, Amer.; FIRE + GUARD] * * *
firehorse
/fuyeur"hawrs'/, n. a horse used to pull a horse-drawn fire engine. [1825-35, Amer.; FIRE + HORSE] * * *
firehouse
/fuyeur"hows'/, n., pl. firehouses /-how'ziz/. See fire station. [1895-1900; FIRE + HOUSE] * * *
firehydrant
fire hydrant n. An upright pipe with a nozzle or spout for drawing water from a water main. Also called fireplug. * * *
fireirons
fire irons pl.n. Implements, such as tongs, a shovel, and a poker, used to tend a fireplace. * * *
FireIsland
Fire Island (fīr) A narrow barrier island off the southern shore of Long Island in southeast New York. It has many resort communities, a state park, and a nationally protected ...
fireless
/fuyeur"lis/, adj. 1. lacking fire; without a fire. 2. lacking spirit or enthusiasm. [1350-1400; ME fuyrles. See FIRE, -LESS] * * *
fireless cooker
an insulated container that seals in heat to cook food. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
firelight
/fuyeur"luyt'/, n. the light from a fire, as on a hearth. [bef. 900; ME firlight, OE fyrleoht. See FIRE, LIGHT1] * * *
firelock
/fuyeur"lok'/, n. a gun having a lock in which the priming is ignited by sparks struck from flint and steel, as the flintlock musket. [1540-50; FIRE + LOCK1] * * *
fireman
/fuyeur"meuhn/, n., pl. firemen. 1. a person employed to extinguish or prevent fires; firefighter. 2. a person employed to tend fires; stoker. 3. Railroads. a. a person employed ...
firemarshal
fire marshal n. 1. The head of a department or office that is charged with the prevention and investigation of fires. 2. A person in charge of firefighting personnel and ...
Firenze
/fee rdden"dze/, n. Italian name of Florence. * * *
fireopal
fire opal n. An opal with brilliant flamelike yellow, orange, and red colors. Also called girasol. * * *
firepan
/fuyeur"pan'/, n. a metal grate for holding hot coals. [bef. 1000; ME, OE; see FIRE, PAN1] * * *
firepink
fire pink n. A perennial herb (Silene virginica) of eastern North America, having red flowers with narrow, deeply notched petals. * * *
firepit
/fuyeur"pit'/, n. a pit dug into the ground or made from stones, masonry, etc., for keeping a fire used for cooking or warmth. [FIRE + PIT1] * * *
fireplace
/fuyeur"plays'/, n. 1. the part of a chimney that opens into a room and in which fuel is burned; hearth. 2. any open structure, usually of masonry, for keeping a fire, as at a ...
fireplug
/fuyeur"plug'/, n. See fire hydrant. [1705-15; FIRE + PLUG] * * *
firepower
/fuyeur"pow'euhr/, n. 1. the capability of a military force, unit, or weapons system as measured by the amount of gunfire, number of missiles, etc., deliverable to a target. 2. ...
fireproof
/fuyeur"proohf'/, adj. 1. resistant to destruction by fire. 2. totally or almost totally unburnable. v.t. 3. to make fireproof. [1630-40; FIRE + -PROOF] * * *
fireproofing
/fuyeur"prooh'fing/, n. 1. the act or process of rendering fireproof. 2. material for use in making anything fireproof. [1865-70; FIREPROOF + -ING1] * * * Use of fire-resistant ...
firer
See fireable. * * *
fireroom
/fuyeur"roohm', -room'/, n. Naut. a chamber in which the boilers of a steam vessel are fired. Also called stokehold, stokehole. [1830-40; Amer.] * * *
Fires and Explosions
▪ 2003       January 21, Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo. A river of lava from the Mt. Nyiragongo volcano sets off an explosion at a gas station in the centre of ...
firesafe
—firesafety, n., adj. /fuyeur"sayf'/, adj. being so constructed or protected as to be safe from destruction by fire. [FIRE + SAFE] * * *
firesale
fire sale n. A sale of merchandise damaged by fire. * * *
firescreen
fire screen n. See fireguard. * * *
fireship
fire ship n. A military vessel loaded with explosives and combustible material and set adrift among enemy ships or fortifications to destroy them. * * *
fireside
/fuyeur"suyd'/, n. 1. Also called hearthside. the space about a fire or hearth. 2. home. 3. home or family life. adj. 4. informal and friendly in manner: The politician's ...
fireside chat
an informal address by a political leader over radio or television, esp. as given by President Franklin D. Roosevelt beginning in 1933. * * *
fireside chats
n [pl] the series of informal radio broadcasts that President Franklin D Roosevelt made in 1932 to explain his New Deal(1) and the decisions of his government. He was the first ...
firestation
fire station n. A building for fire equipment and firefighters. Also called firehouse. * * *
firestone
/fuyeur"stohn'/, n. a fire-resisting stone, esp. a kind of sandstone used in fireplaces, furnaces, etc. [bef. 1000; late ME fyyrstone, OE fyrstan. See FIRE, STONE] * * *
Firestone
/fuyeur"stohn'/, n. Harvey Samuel, 1868-1938, U.S. industrialist and rubber manufacturer. * * *
Firestone, Harvey S(amuel)
born Dec. 20, 1868, Columbiana, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 7, 1938, Miami Beach, Fla. U.S. industrialist. Firestone established a retail tire business in 1896 and in 1900 formed a ...
Firestone, Harvey S.
▪ American businessman in full  Harvey Samuel Firestone  born Dec. 20, 1868, Columbiana, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 7, 1938, Miami Beach, Fla.  American industrialist noted for ...
Firestone,Harvey Samuel
Fire·stone (fīrʹstōn'), Harvey Samuel. 1868-1938. American industrialist who organized the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company (1900) and first manufactured the balloon ...
firestop
/fuyeur"stop'/, n. any object built into a building frame to block a concealed hollow space through which a fire might pass from one part of the building to another. [1895-1900; ...
firestorm
/fuyeur"stawrm'/, n. 1. an atmospheric phenomenon, caused by a large fire, in which the rising column of air above the fire draws in strong winds often accompanied by rain. 2. a ...
firethorn
/fuyeur"thawrn'/, n. any of several evergreen, thorny Asian shrubs belonging to the genus Pyracantha, of the rose family, many species of which are cultivated for their foliage ...
firetower
fire tower n. A tower in which a lookout for fires is posted. * * *
firetrap
/fuyeur"trap'/, n. 1. a building that, because of its age, material, structure, or the like, is esp. dangerous in case of fire. 2. (in a building) any arrangement of structural, ...
firetruck
☆ firetruck [fīr′truk΄ ] n. FIRE ENGINE * * * fire truck n. See fire engine. * * *
firewall
fire·wall (fīrʹwôl) n. 1. A fireproof wall used as a barrier to prevent the spread of fire. 2. Computer Science. Any of a number of security schemes that prevent ...
firewarden
/fuyeur"wawr'dn/, n. a person having authority in the prevention or extinguishing of fires, as in towns or camps. [1705-15; FIRE + WARDEN] * * *
firewater
/fuyeur"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. alcoholic drink; liquor. [1820-30; FIRE + WATER; prob. a trans. of an expression in an Algonquian language, as Ojibwa iškote·wa·po· whiskey ...
fireweed
/fuyeur"weed'/, n. any of various plants appearing in recently burned clearings, as the willow herb, Epilobium angustifolium. [1775-85, Amer.; FIRE + WEED1] * * * Perennial ...
FireWire
▪ computer technology also called  IEEE 1394   or   i.LINK        high-speed computer data-transfer interface used to connect personal computers (personal ...
firewood
/fuyeur"wood'/, n. wood suitable for fuel. [1350-1400; ME ferwode. See FIRE, WOOD1] * * *
firework
/fuyeur"werrk'/, n. 1. Often, fireworks. a combustible or explosive device for producing a striking display of light or a loud noise, used for signaling or as part of a ...
fireworks
fireworks [fīr′wʉrks΄] pl.n. 1. firecrackers, rockets, etc., exploded or burned, as in celebrations, to produce noises or brilliant lighting effects sometimes used in ...
fireworm
/fuyeur"werrm'/, n. 1. the larva of any of several moths, as Rhopobota naevana (black-headed fireworm), which feeds on the leaves of cranberries and causes them to wither. 2. ...
firing
/fuyeur"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that fires. 2. material for a fire; fuel. 3. the act of baking ceramics or glass. [1375-1425; late ME; see FIRE, -ING1] * * *
firing glass
a drinking glass of the 18th century having a conical, rounded body on a thick stem and a heavy spreading foot. Also called hammering glass. [1900-05] * * *
firing line
1. Mil. a. the positions at which troops are stationed to fire upon the enemy or targets. b. the troops firing from this line. 2. the forefront of any action or activity, esp. a ...
firing order
firing order n. the order in which explosions occur in the cylinders of an internal-combustion engine * * *
firing pin
Ordn. a plunger in the firing mechanism of a firearm or cannon that strikes the cartridge primer, igniting the propelling charge. [1870-75] * * *
firing range
range (def. 5). [1880-85] * * *
firing squad
1. a military detachment assigned to execute a condemned person by shooting. 2. a military detachment assigned to fire a salute at the burial of a person being ...
firingline
firing line n. 1. The line of positions from which fire is directed at a target. 2. The forefront of an activity or pursuit; the vanguard. * * *
firingpin
firing pin n. The part of the bolt or breech of a firearm that strikes the primer and detonates the charge of a projectile. * * *
firingsquad
firing squad n. 1. A detachment assigned to shoot persons condemned to death. 2. A detachment of soldiers chosen to fire a salute at a military funeral. * * *
Firishtah
▪ Indian writer also called  Muḥammad Qāsim Hindūshāh   born c. 1570 died c. 1620       one of Muslim India's most famous writers.       Very little is ...
firkin
/ferr"kin/, n. 1. a British unit of capacity usually equal to a quarter of a barrel. 2. a small wooden vessel or tub for butter, lard, etc. [1400-50; late ME ferdkyn, firdekyn, ...
Firkusny, Rudolf
▪ 1995       Czech-born U.S. pianist (b. Feb. 11, 1912, Napajedla, Moravia, Austria-Hungary [now Czech Republic]—d. July 19, 1994, Staatsburg, N.Y.), had an elegant, ...
firm
firm1 —firmly, adv. —firmness, n. /ferrm/, adj., firmer, firmest, v., adv., firmer, firmest. adj. 1. not soft or yielding when pressed; comparatively solid, hard, stiff, or ...
firmament
—firmamental /ferr'meuh men"tl/, adj. /ferr"meuh meuhnt/, n. the vault of heaven; sky. [1250-1300; ME < LL firmamentum sky, L: support, prop, stay, equiv. to firma(re) to ...
firmamental
See firmament. * * *
firman
/ferr"meuhn, feuhr mahn"/, n., pl. firmans. an edict or administrative order issued by or in the name of a Middle Eastern sovereign (formerly by an Ottoman Turkish ...
firmer
firmer [fʉr′mər] adj. 〚Fr fermoir, altered < formoir < former, to FORM〛 designating a carpenter's chisel or gouge with a thin blade fixed in a handle n. a firmer chisel ...
firmer chisel
/ferr"meuhr/, Carpentry. a narrow-bladed chisel for paring and mortising, driven by hand pressure or with a mallet. [1680-90; firmer < F fermoir, b. formoir that which forms ...
firmer gouge
Carpentry. a narrow-bladed gouge similar in manner of use to a firmer chisel. [1885-90] * * *
firmerchisel
fir·mer chisel (fûrʹmər) n. A chisel or gouge with a thin blade, used to shape and finish wood by hand.   [French fermoir, from Old French, alteration (influenced by fermer, ...
Firminy
▪ France       town, Loire département, Rhône-Alpes région, southeast-central France. It lies on the Ondaine River immediately southwest of Saint-Étienne. The ...
firmly
See firm1. * * *
firmness
See firmly. * * *
firmware
/ferrm"wair'/, n. Computers. a microprogram stored in ROM, designed to implement a function that had previously been provided in software. [1965-70; FIRM1 + (SOFT)WARE] * * *
firn
/fearn/, n. névé. [1850-55; < G (Swiss), n. use of firn last year's, old; c. OE fyrn former, ancient, Goth fairneis; akin to ON forn ancient. See BEFORE] * * * ▪ geology ...
firnification
/fear'neuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. the process by which snow changes into névé. [1920-25; FIRN + -I- + -FICATION] * * *
Firoz Shah, Battle of
▪ Sikh-British conflict       (Dec. 21–22, 1845), conflict between the Sikhs and the British at Firoz Shah, on the Punjab Plain, northern India. It was the first of ...
Firozabad
Fi·ro·za·bad (fĭ-rōʹzä-bäd') A city of north-central India southeast of Delhi. It is a manufacturing center in a cotton and grain area. Population: 215,128. * * *
Firozpur
▪ India also spelled  Ferozepore        town, southwestern Punjab state, northwestern India, located 5 miles (8 km) from the Pakistani border. Firozpur was founded ...
Firozpur Jhirka
▪ India also called  Ferozepur        town, southeastern Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India. The town is said to have been founded by Fīrūz Shah III as a ...
Firpo, Luis
▪ Argentine boxer byname  El Toro Pampero (Spanish: “Wild Bull of the Pampas”)  born October 11, 1896, Buenos Aires, Argentina died August 7, 1960, Buenos ...
firry
/ferr"ee/, adj., firrier, firriest. 1. of or pertaining to the fir. 2. made of fir. 3. abounding in firs. [1825-35; FIR + -Y1] * * *
first
—firstness, adj. /ferrst/, adj. 1. being before all others with respect to time, order, rank, importance, etc., used as the ordinal number of one: the first edition; the first ...
first aid
—first-aid, adj. —first-aider, n. emergency aid or treatment given to someone injured, suddenly ill, etc., before regular medical services arrive or can be ...
First Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights, prohibiting Congress from interfering with freedom of religion, speech, assembly, or ...
first axiom of countability
Math. See under axiom of countability. * * *
First Balkan War.
See Balkan War (def. 1). * * *
First Bank System, Inc.
▪ American company       American bank holding company. Its major subsidiary is the First National Bank of Minneapolis. Headquarters for both are in Minneapolis, ...
first base
1. Baseball. a. the first in counterclockwise order of the bases from home plate. b. the position of the player covering the area of the infield near first base. 2. get to first ...
first baseman
Baseball. the player whose position is first base. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
First Cause
Theol. God. [1895-1900] * * * In philosophy, the uncreated or self-created cause to which every series of causes must ultimately be traced. Used by ancient Greek thinkers, the ...
First Chamber.
See under States-General (def. 1). * * *
First Church of Christ, Scientist
▪ church, Boston, Massachusetts, United States  in Boston, The Mother Church of Christian Science, first established by Mary Baker Eddy (Eddy, Mary Baker) in 1879, ...
first class
1. the best, finest, or highest class, grade, or rank. 2. the most expensive and most luxurious class of accommodation on trains, ships, airplanes, etc. 3. (in the U.S. Postal ...
first classman
/klas"meuhn, klahs"-/, pl. classmen. a fourth-year student at a U.S. military academy. [1885-90] * * *
First Commandment
"Thou shalt have no other gods before me": first of the Ten Commandments. Cf. Ten Commandments. * * *
first consonant shift
the consonant shift described by Grimm's law, which distinguishes Germanic languages from other Indo-European languages. Cf. consonant shift, second consonant shift. [1930-35] * ...
first cousin
1. cousin (def. 1). 2. anything or anyone closely related to or resembling another: The film producer tried not to make the movie a first cousin to his last hit. [1965-70] * * *
first dark
Southern U.S. twilight. * * *
First day
(among Quakers) Sunday. [1645-55] * * *
first degree
➡ higher education * * *
first derivative
Math. the derivative of a function: Velocity is the first derivative of distance with respect to time. Cf. second derivative. [1825-35] * * *
first division
Sports. the half of a league comprising the teams having the best records at a particular time (opposed to second division). * * *
first down
first down n. Football 1. the first play of the set of four downs allowed to the offensive team: see DOWN1 (n. 2a) 2. a gain which earns the offensive team a new set of four ...
first edition
1. the whole number of copies of a literary work printed first, from the same type, and issued together. 2. an individual copy from this number. 3. the first printing of a ...
First Empire
the empire (1804-14) established in France by Napoleon Bonaparte. * * *
first estate
the first of the three estates: the clergy in France; the Lords Spiritual in England. Cf. estate (def. 5). [1930-35] * * *
first family
1. a family having the highest or one of the highest social ranks in a given place. 2. (often caps.) the family of the president of the U.S. or the family of the governor of a ...
first finger
first finger n. the finger next to the thumb; index finger * * *
first floor
1. the ground floor of a building. 2. the floor above the ground floor of a building. [1655-65] * * *
First Folio
the first collection of Shakespeare’s plays to be published. It consists of 36 plays and was published in 1623 by two actors who had worked with Shakespeare. Some of the ...
first fruits
1. the earliest fruit of the season. 2. the first product or result of anything. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
First German Dada Manifesto
▪ Primary Source       Dada, like many other art movements, sprang up at least in part as a reaction to a prevailing artistic style. In the case of Dada, that style was ...
first intention
Logic. See under intention (def. 5a). * * *
First International
a socialistic organization (1864-76) formed to unite and promote the interests of workers throughout the world. Cf. international (def. 6). * * * officially International ...
First ladies of the United States
▪ Table First ladies of the United States first lady president Abigail Adams (Adams, Abigail) John Adams (Adams, John) Louisa Adams (Adams, Louisa) John Quincy Adams ...
first lady
1. (often caps.) the wife of the president of the U.S. or of the governor of a state. 2. the wife of the head of any country: the first lady of Brazil. 3. the foremost woman in ...
first language
➡ World English * * *
first law of motion
Physics. See under law of motion. * * *
first law of thermodynamics.
See under law of thermodynamics (def. 1). * * *
first lien.
See prior lien. * * *
first lieutenant
Mil. an officer ranking next above second lieutenant and next below a captain. [1775-85] * * *
first light
Southern U.S. dawn. [1945-50] * * *
First Lord
Brit. the head of a board commissioned to perform the duties of a high office of state: First Lord of the Admiralty. [1805-15] * * *
first mate
the officer of a merchant vessel next in command beneath the captain. Also called chief mate, chief officer, first officer, mate. * * *
first messenger
Biochem. a hormone that triggers a biochemical reaction at a site removed from its release. Cf. second messenger. [1975-80] * * *
First Minister
the leader of one of the regional governments in the United Kingdom: the Northern Ireland Assembly, the Scottish Parliament or the Welsh Assembly. The First Minister is chosen by ...
first mortgage
—first-mortgage, adj. a mortgage having priority over other mortgages on property. [1850-55] * * *
first name
☆ first name n. GIVEN NAME * * * ➡ names * * *
first name.
See given name. [1200-50; ME] * * *
First National Bank of Boston
▪ American bank       major American commercial bank with branch and representative offices in the United States and abroad. It is the principal subsidiary of the Bank ...
First National Bank of Chicago
▪ American bank       major American commercial bank formed in 1863, leading subsidiary of First Chicago NBD Corporation, a holding company. * * *
First National Bank of Minneapolis
▪ American bank       major U.S. commercial bank founded in 1864, now the main subsidiary of First Bank System, Inc. (q.v.), a bank holding company. * * *
First Nations
pl. the indigenous peoples of Canada. Also called First Peoples. * * *
first night
first night n. the opening night of a play, opera, etc. * * *
first night.
See opening night. [1705-15] * * *
First of June, Battle of the
▪ French-British history also called  Battle Of The Glorious First Of June, or Battle Of Ushant        (June 1, 1794), the first great naval engagement of the French ...
first offence
➡ punishment * * *
first offender
a person convicted of an offense of law for the first time. [1840-50] * * *
first papers
Informal. an official declaration of intention filed by a resident alien desiring to become a U.S. citizen: not required by law after 1952. Also, first paper. Cf. second papers, ...
first past the post
a phrase describing the British election system, in which the person with the highest number of votes is the winner, even if they only have one vote more than the person who ...
first person
1. the grammatical person used by a speaker in statements referring to himself or herself or to a group including himself or herself, as I and we in English. 2. a form in the ...
First Point of Aries
the vernal equinox. * * *
first position
Ballet. a position of the feet in which the heels are back to back and the toes point out to the sides. [1880-85] * * *
first post.
See under post2 (def. 7). * * *
first principle
any axiom, law, or abstraction assumed and regarded as representing the highest possible degree of generalization. * * *
first quarter
Astron. the instant, approximately one week after a new moon, when one half of the moon's disk is illuminated by the sun. See diag. under moon. [1905-10] * * *
first quartile
Statistics. (in a frequency distribution) the smallest quartile; the twenty-fifth percentile; the value of the variable below which one quarter of the elements are located. * * *
First Reader
Christian Science. the elected official of a church or society who conducts the services and meetings and reads from the writings of Mary Baker Eddy and the Scriptures. Cf. ...
first reading
Parl. Proc. the reading of a bill when it is first introduced in a legislative body. [1695-1705] * * *
First Reich
the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806. Cf. Reich. * * *
First Republic
the republic established in France in 1792 and replaced by the First Empire in 1804. * * *
first run
—first-run, adj. Motion Pictures. the initial exhibition period for a film. [1910-15] * * *
first school
n (BrE) a type of primary school in some parts of Britain for children between five and eight years old. At the age of eight or nine they go on to a middle school. * * *


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