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—fissility, n. /fis"euhl/, adj. 1. capable of being split or divided; cleavable. 2. Physics. a. fissionable. b. (of a nuclide) capable of undergoing fission induced by ...
fissile material
▪ nuclear physics also called  Fissionable Material,         in nuclear physics, any species of atomic nucleus that can undergo the fission reaction. The principal ...
See fissile. * * *
/fish"euhn/, n. 1. the act of cleaving or splitting into parts. 2. Also called nuclear fission. Physics. the splitting of the nucleus of an atom into nuclei of lighter atoms, ...
fission bomb.
See atomic bomb. [1940-45] * * *
fission product
▪ physics       in physics, any of the lighter atomic nuclei formed by splitting heavier nuclei (nuclear fission), including both the primary nuclei directly produced ...
fission-track dating
Method of determining the age of a mineral that utilizes the damage done by the spontaneous fission of uranium-238, the most abundant isotope of uranium. The fission results in ...
See fissionable. * * *
—fissionability, n. /fish"euh neuh beuhl/, adj. Physics. capable of or possessing a nucleus or nuclei capable of undergoing fission: a fissionable nucleus; fissionable ...
fission bomb n. See atom bomb. * * *
/fis'euh pal"mayt/, adj. Anat. (of birds) having the toes lobed or partially webbed. [FISSI- + PALMATE] * * *
—fissiparously, adv. —fissiparousness, n. /fi sip"euhr euhs/, adj. reproducing by fission. [1825-35; FISSI- + -PAROUS] * * *
See fissiparous. * * *
See fissiparously. * * *
/fis"euh ped'/, n. 1. any member of the suborder Fissipedia, carnivorous mammals that have separate toes, as bears, badgers, dogs, cats, and raccoons. adj. 2. of or pertaining to ...
/fis'euh ros"treuhl/, adj. Ornith. 1. having a broad, deeply cleft beak or bill, as the swallows and goatsuckers. 2. (of the bill) deeply cleft. [FISSI- + ROSTRAL] * * *
—fissural, adj. —fissureless, adj. /fish"euhr/, n., v., fissured, fissuring. n. 1. a narrow opening produced by cleavage or separation of parts. 2. cleavage (def. 1). 3. ...
fissure of Rolando
/roh lan"doh, -lahn"-/. See central sulcus. [named after L. Rolando (d. 1831), Italian anatomist] * * *
fissure of Sylvius
/sil"vee euhs/. See lateral fissure. [named after Franciscus Sylvius (Latinization of Franz de la Boë, d.1672), German anatomist] * * *
fist1 /fist/, n. 1. the hand closed tightly, with the fingers doubled into the palm. 2. Informal. the hand. 3. Informal. a person's handwriting. 4. Print. index (def. 8). v.t. 5. ...
/fist"fuyt'/, n. a fight using bare fists. [1595-1605; FIST1 + FIGHT] * * *
/fist"fool/, n., pl. fistfuls. a handful: a fistful of pennies. [1605-15; FIST1 + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
/fis'tee an"euh, -ah"neuh/, n. Informal. the sport or world of boxing: one of fistiana's most colorful characters. [1830-40; FISTI(CUFF) + -ANA] * * *
/fis"tik/, adj. of boxing; pugilistic: fistic heroes. [1800-10; FIST1 + -IC] * * *
—fisticuffer, n. /fis"ti kuf'/, n. 1. a cuff or blow with the fist. 2. fisticuffs, combat with the fists. v.t., v.i. 3. to strike or fight with the fists. [1595-1605; earlier ...
See fisticuffs. * * *
fisticuffs [fis′ti kufs΄] pl.n. 〚
/fist"noht'/, n. a printed note, as in a piece of text, distinguished by the figure of a fist with a pointing index finger. [1930-35; FIST1 + NOTE] * * *
/fis"choo leuh/, n., pl. fistulas, fistulae /-lee'/. 1. Pathol. a narrow passage or duct formed by disease or injury, as one leading from an abscess to a free surface, or from ...
—fistulization, n. /fis"choo luyz'/, v., fistulized, fistulizing. v.i. 1. Pathol. to form a fistula. v.t. 2. Surg. to make a fistula. Also, esp. Brit., fistulise. [FISTUL(A) + ...
/fis"choo leuhs/, adj. 1. Pathol. pertaining to or resembling a fistula. 2. tubelike; tubular. 3. containing tubes or tubelike parts. Also, fistular, fistulate /fis"choo ...
fit1 —fittable, adj. /fit/, adj., fitter, fittest, v., fitted or fit, fitting, n. adj. 1. adapted or suited; appropriate: This water isn't fit for drinking. A long-necked ...
Banking. Federal Insurance Tax. * * * ▪ literature       in literature, a division of a poem or song, a canto, or a similar division. The word, which is archaic, is of ...
FITA round
▪ archery       in the sport of archery, a form of target shooting competition used in international and world championship events, authorized by the Fédération ...
FITA World Outdoor Target Archery Championships-men
▪ Table FITA World Outdoor Target Archery Championships—men year individual points team points 1931 M. Sawicki (Pol.) * France * 1932 L. Reith ...
FITA World Outdoor Target Archery Championships-women
▪ Table FITA World Outdoor Target Archery Championships—women year individual points team points 1931 J. Spychajowa-Kurkowska (Pol.) * 1932 J. Spychajowa-Kurkowska ...
/fich/, n. 1. the European polecat, Mustela putorius. 2. its fur, often dyed to imitate other furs. Also, fitchet /fich"it/, fitchew /fich"ooh/. [1400-50; late ME fiche, feche, ...
/fich/, n. 1. John, 1743-98, U.S. inventor: pioneer in development of the steamboat. 2. (William) Clyde, 1865-1909, U.S. playwright. * * *       fur trade name for the ...
Fitch, Clyde
▪ American playwright in full  William Clyde Fitch   born May 2, 1865, Elmira, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 4, 1909, Châlons-sur-Marne, France       American playwright ...
Fitch, John
▪ American industrialist born January 21, 1743, Windsor, Connecticut, U.S. died July 2, 1798, Bardstown, Kentucky  pioneer of American steamboat transportation who produced ...
Fitch, Ralph
▪ British explorer born c. 1550 died , c. Oct. 4, 1611, London, Eng.       merchant who was among the first Englishmen to travel through India and Southeast ...
Fitch, Val Logsdon
▪ American physicist born March 10, 1923, Merriman, Neb., U.S.       American particle physicist who was corecipient with James Watson Cronin (Cronin, James Watson) of ...
Fitch (fĭch), John. 1743-1798. American steamboat pioneer whose early designs (1787-1790) were successful but received insufficient financial backing for large-scale ...
/fich"berrg/, n. a city in N Massachusetts. 39,580. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       city, Worcester county, north-central Massachusetts, U.S. It lies along ...
fitch·ew (fĭchʹo͞o) also fitch·et (-ĭt) n. Archaic The Old World polecat or its fur.   [Middle English ficheux, possibly from Walloon ficheau, diminutive of Middle Dutch ...
—fitfully, adv. —fitfulness, n. /fit"feuhl/, adj. coming, appearing, acting, etc., in fits or by spells; recurring irregularly. [1595-1605; FIT2 + -FUL] Syn. sporadic, ...
See fitful. * * *
See fitfully. * * *
/fit"lee/, adv. 1. in a proper or suitable manner. 2. at a proper or suitable time. [1540-50; FIT1 + -LY] * * *
/fit"meuhnt/, n. 1. equipment; furnishing. 2. fitments, fittings: the fitments of a ship. [1600-10; FIT1 + -MENT] * * *
I (Arabic; "trial" or "test") In the Islamic tradition, trials or temptations that test the unity of the Muslim community. The term may be used to describe insurrection or ...
/fit"nis/, n. 1. health. 2. capability of the body of distributing inhaled oxygen to muscle tissue during increased physical effort. 3. Also called Darwinian fitness. Biol. a. ...
fitness centre
➡ sport and fitness * * *
Fitnesses of the three genotypes at the sickle cell anemia locus in a population from Nigeria
▪ Table Fitnesses of the three genotypes at the sickle cell anemia locus in a population from Nigeria genotype total frequency of ...
—fittedness, n. /fit"id/, adj. made so as to follow closely the contours of a form or shape: fitted clothes; fitted sheets. [1730-40; FIT1 + -ED2] * * *
/fit"n/, adj. South Midland and Southern U.S. 1. suitable; appropriate. 2. pleasing, attractive, or delicious: That pie was mighty fitten. [1635-45; FIT1 + -EN3] * * *
/fit"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that fits. 2. a person who fits garments. 3. a worker who fits together or adjusts the parts of machinery. 4. a person who supplies and fixes ...
Fittig, Rudolf
▪ German chemist born Dec. 6, 1835, Hamburg [Germany] died Nov. 19, 1910, Strassburg, Ger. [now Strasbourg, France]       German organic chemist who contributed ...
—fittingly, adv. —fittingness, n. /fit"ing/, adj. 1. suitable or appropriate; proper or becoming. n. 2. the act of a person or thing that fits. 3. an act or instance of ...
fitting room
a room, as in a clothing store, where garments are tried on and measurements taken for alterations or other changes. * * *
See fitting. * * *
See fittingly. * * *
Fitton, Mary
▪ literary subject baptized June 24, 1578, Gawsworth, Cheshire, Eng. died c. 1647       English lady considered by some to be the still-mysterious “dark lady” of ...
/fi toh"nee euh/, n. either of two plants, Fittonia gigantea or F. verschaffeltii, of the acanthus family, native to South America, having conspicuously veined leaves and often ...
Fitts, Dudley
▪ American teacher, critic, poet and translator born April 28, 1903, Boston, Mass., U.S. died July 10, 1968, Lawrence, Mass.       American teacher, critic, poet, and ...
Fitz-Gerald, Sarah
▪ 2004       In February 2003 Sarah Fitz-Gerald of Australia announced her retirement from the Women's International Squash Players Association (WISPA) world tour. The ...
/fits jer"euhld/, n. 1. Ella, 1918-96, U.S. jazz singer. 2. F(rancis) Scott (Key), 1896-1940, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. 3. a town in central Georgia. 10,187. 4. a ...
/fits jer"euhld/, n. 1. Edward, 1809-83, English poet: translator of drama and poetry, esp. of Omar Khayyám. 2. George Francis, 1851-1901, Irish physicist. * * * (as used in ...
FitzGerald contraction
Physics. the hypothesis that a moving body exhibits a contraction in the direction of motion when its velocity is close to the speed of light. Also called FitzGerald-Lorentz ...
FitzGerald, Edward
born March 31, 1809, Bredfield, near Woodbridge, Suffolk, Eng. died June 14, 1883, Merton, Norfolk British writer. After graduating from Cambridge University, he lived chiefly ...
Fitzgerald, Ella
born April 25, 1917, Newport News, Va., U.S. died June 15, 1996, Beverly Hills, Calif. U.S. singer. She won an amateur contest at Harlem's Apollo Theatre in 1934 and became the ...
Fitzgerald, F(rancis) Scott (Key)
Fitzgerald, F(rancis) Scott (Key). 1896-1940. American writer who epitomized the Jazz Age. His novels include The Great Gatsby (1925) and Tender Is the Night (1934). * * * F. ...
Fitzgerald, F. Scott
▪ American writer Introduction in full  Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald   born Sept. 24, 1896, St. Paul, Minn., U.S. died Dec. 21, 1940, Hollywood, Calif.  American ...
FitzGerald, Garret
▪ prime minister of Ireland born Feb. 9, 1926, Dublin       prime minister of Ireland (1981–82, 1982–87), as leader of the Fine Gael party in coalition with the ...
FitzGerald, George Francis
▪ Irish physicist born Aug. 3, 1851, Dublin died Feb. 22, 1901, Dublin       physicist who first suggested a method of producing radio waves, thus helping to lay the ...
Fitzgerald, Geraldine Mary
▪ 2006       Irish-born actress (b. Nov. 24, 1913, Greystones, County Wicklow, Ire.—d. July 17, 2005, New York, N.Y.), was a versatile performer whose long career was ...
Fitzgerald, James Fitzmaurice
▪ Irish noble died Aug. 18, 1579, Munster Province, Ireland       Irish Roman Catholic nobleman who led two unsuccessful uprisings against English rule in the province ...
Fitzgerald, Len
▪ 2008       Australian rules football player born May 17, 1929 died April 17, 2007 was one of Australia's finest “footy” players in the era before the separate ...
Fitzgerald, Lord Edward
▪ Irish rebel born Oct. 15, 1763, County Kildare, Ire. died June 4, 1798, London, Eng.       Irish rebel who was renowned for his gallantry and courage, who was a ...
Fitzgerald, Patrick J.
▪ 2006  U.S. Attorney and Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald had made headlines for years by announcing convictions and indictments, but he remained largely unnoticed until ...
Fitzgerald, Penelope
▪ British author née  Penelope Knox  born Dec. 17, 1916, Lincoln, Eng. died April 28, 2000, London       English novelist and biographer noted for her deft ...
Fitzgerald, Penelope Mary Knox
▪ 2001       British novelist and biographer (b. Dec. 17, 1916, Lincoln, Eng.—d. April 28, 2000, London, Eng.), was noted for her economical yet evocative, witty, and ...
FitzGerald, R.D.
▪ Australian poet in full  Robert David Fitzgerald   born Feb. 22, 1902, Hunter's Hill, N.S.W., Australia died May 24, 1987, Glen Innes, N.S.W.       Australian poet ...
Fitzgerald, Robert
▪ American poet in full  Robert Stuart Fitzgerald  born October 12, 1910, Geneva, New York, U.S. died January 16, 1985, Hamden, Connecticut       American poet, ...
Fitz·Ger·ald (fĭts-jĕrʹəld), Edward. 1809-1883. British poet and noted translator of The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám (1859). * * *
Fitz·ger·ald (fĭts-jĕrʹəld), Ella. 1917-1996. American jazz singer known for her scat singing and her interpretations of the work of important American songwriters. Her ...
Fitzgibbon, Sister Irene
▪ American Roman Catholic nun née  Catherine Fitzgibbon  born May 11, 1823, Kensington, London, Eng. died Aug. 14, 1896, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American Roman ...
(Maria Anne Fitzherbert 1756–1837) the first wife of the British king George IV. They were married secretly in 1785, before George became king, but the marriage was illegal ...
Fitzherbert, Maria
▪ British consort née  Mary Anne Smythe  born July 1756, Brambridge?, Hampshire, Eng. died March 29, 1837, Brighton, Sussex       secret wife of the Prince of Wales, ...
/fits hyooh"/ or, often, /-yooh"/, n. a male given name. * * *
Fitzneale, Richard
▪ English bishop Fitzneale also spelled  Fitznigel,  also called  Richard Of Ely  born c. 1130 died Sept. 10, 1198       bishop of London and treasurer of England ...
FitzOsbern, William, 1st Earl Of Hereford, Seigneur De Bréteuil
▪ French noble French  Guillaume D'obbern   died Feb. 20, 1071, Cassel, Flanders       Norman soldier and lord, one of William the Conqueror's closest ...
FitzOsbert, William
▪ English crusader byname  Longbeard   died April 6, 1196, Smithfield, London, Eng.       English crusader and populist, a martyr for the poorer classes of ...
Fitzpatrick, Sean
▪ New Zealand athlete born June 4, 1963, Auckland, N.Z.       New Zealand rugby union football player who was a powerful and mobile hooker who came to be regarded by ...
/fits roy"/, n. Augustus Henry, 3rd Duke of Grafton /graf"teuhn, grahf"-/, 1735-1811, British statesman: prime minister 1768-70. * * * (as used in expressions) Fitzroy ...
Fitzroy River
I River, eastern Queensland, Australia. Formed by the confluence of the Dawson and Mackenzie rivers, on the slopes of the Eastern Highlands, it flows northeast across the ...
Fitzroy, Robert
▪ British scientist born July 5, 1805, Ampton Hall, near Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, Eng. died April 30, 1865, Norwood, Surrey       British naval officer, hydrographer, ...
/fit sim"euhnz, fits-/, n. 1. James ("Sunny Jim"), 1874-1966, U.S. racehorse trainer. 2. Robert Prometheus 1862-1917, English boxer: world heavyweight champion 1897-99. * * *
Fitzsimmons, Cotton
▪ 2005       American basketball coach (b. Oct. 7, 1931, Hannibal, Mo.—d. July 24, 2004, Phoenix, Ariz.), guided teams to the National Basketball Association play-offs ...
Fitzsimmons, Fat Freddie
▪ American athlete byname of  Frederick Landis Fitzsimmons   born July 28, 1901, Mishawaka, Indiana, U.S. died November 18, 1979, Yucca Valley, ...
Fitzsimmons, Robert
▪ English boxer byname  Bob Fitzsimmons  or  Ruby Robert Fitzsimmons  born May 26, 1863, Helston, Cornwall, England died October 22, 1917, Chicago, Illinois, ...
Fitzsimmons, Sunny Jim
▪ American horse trainer byname of  James E. Fitzsimmons   born July 23, 1874, near Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died March 11, 1966, Miami       U.S. racehorse trainer who, ...
Fitzthedmar, Arnold
▪ English alderman born Aug. 9, 1201, London died , before Feb. 10, 1275       London alderman and merchant who compiled a chronicle of the mayors and sheriffs of ...
Fitzwalter, Robert
▪ English noble died Nov. 9, 1235       English baronial leader against King John.       He first came into prominence as joint constable, with his cousin Saher ...
Fitzwilliam Museum
▪ museum, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom       art galleries located in Cambridge, Eng. The museum was erected to house the collection bequeathed in 1816 to ...
/fyooh"me/, n. Italian name of Rijeka. * * *
Fiume question
Post–World War I controversy over control of the Adriatic port of Fiume (modern Rijeka, Croatia). The secret Treaty of London (1915) had assigned Fiume to Yugoslavia, but the ...
/fuyv/, n. 1. a cardinal number, four plus one. 2. a symbol for this number, as 5 or V. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. a playing card, die face, or half of a domino ...
Five Civilized Nations
the collective name for the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole tribes of Indians who, in spite of their adaptation to European culture, were deported to the Indian ...
Five Civilized Tribes
Five Civilized Tribes n. the Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles of the Indian Territory * * * the name used to refer to five groups of Native-American people ...
Five Classics
Chinese Wujing Five ancient Chinese books associated with Confucius. For more than 2,000 years they were invoked as authorities on Chinese society, government, literature, and ...
Five Dynasties
Period in Chinese history betweeen the fall of the Tang dynasty (907) and the founding of the Song dynasty (960), when five would-be dynasties (the Hou Liang, the Hou Tang, the ...
Five Good Emperors
▪ ancient Rome       the ancient Roman imperial succession of Nerva (reigned AD 96–98), Trajan (98–117), Hadrian (117–138), Antoninus Pius (138–161), and ...
Five Great Kings
▪ Buddhism Tibetan  Sku Lnga        in Tibetan Buddhism, a group of five deified heroes popularly worshiped as protection against enemies. Some accounts suggest they ...
five hundred
Cards. a variety of euchre in which a joker and widow are included, the object being to score 500 points first. [1915-20, Amer.] * * * ▪ card game       card game for ...
five hundred rummy
Cards. a variety of rummy in which the winner is the first player to score 500 points. Also called pinochle rummy. * * *
Five hundred scores
▪ Table Five hundred scores trump 6 7 8 9 10 no tricks, no trump spades 40 140 240 340 440 misère ...
Five Nations
a confederacy of Iroquoian Indians: the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca, and, after the 18th century, the Tuscarora. * * *
five o'clock shadow
the rather dark stubble that appears on a man's face some hours after shaving, typically in the late afternoon if he shaved in the morning. Also, five-o'clock shadow. [1935-40] * ...
Five Pecks of Rice
Daoist-inspired popular movement that occurred near the end of China's Han dynasty (206 BC–AD 220) and greatly weakened the government. It became a prototype of the ...
five senses
sense (def. 1). * * *
Five Towns
n [pl] five former towns in the Potteries region of the English Midlands. The towns were Tunstall, Burslem, Hanley, Stoke-upon-Trent and Longton. They were close to each other ...
Five Towns.
See the Potteries. * * *
five W's
Journalism. who, what, when, where, and why: along with how, the essential questions about the subject of a news story that the lead is traditionally expected to answer. * * *
Five, The
or The Mighty Five Group of Russian composers who, in the 1860s, banded together in an attempt to create a truly national school of Russian music. The Five were César Cui ...
five-and-dime (fīv'ən-dīmʹ) n. See five-and-ten. * * * ➡ five-and-ten * * *
/fuyv"euhn ten"/, n. 1. Also called five-and-ten-cent store /fuyv"euhn ten"sent'/, five-and-dime /fuyv"euhn duym"/, dime store, ten-cent store. a store offering a wide assortment ...
five-and-ten-cent store
☆ five-and-ten-cent store [fīv′ən ten′sent΄ ] n. a store that sells a wide variety of inexpensive merchandise, orig. with many articles priced at five or ten cents: also ...
/fuyv"buy fuyv"/, adj. Slang (facetious). short and fat. [1925-30] * * *
Five-Elements School
/fuyv"el"euh meuhnts/. See Yin-Yang School. * * *
/fuyv"fing'geuhr/, n. 1. any of certain species of potentilla having leaves of five leaflets, as Potentilla canadensis. 2. See Virginia creeper. [bef. 1000; ME; OE fiffingre] * * ...
/fuyv"gay"tid/, adj. Manège. noting an American saddle horse that has been trained to execute the rack and slow gait in addition to the walk, trot, and canter, and that is used ...
/fuyv"leg"id, -legd"/, adj. Naut. (of a schooner) having five masts. * * *
Five-Power Constitution
▪ Chinese government       system of government proposed by the Chinese revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen in 1906 as the means through which democracy could be ...
/fuyv"speed'/, n. 1. (in an automotive vehicle or bicycle) a transmission or system of gears having five forward gear ratios. 2. an automotive vehicle or bicycle having such a ...
five-spice powder
/fuyv"spuys'/, n. a mixture of spices used esp. in Chinese cooking, usually including cinnamon, cloves, fennel seed, pepper, and star anise. [1965-70] * * *
five-spice powder (fīvʹspīs') n. A seasoning used especially in Chinese cooking, consisting of ground cinnamon, cloves, star anise, fennel seed, and Szechuan peppercorns. * * *
/fuyv"spot'/, n. 1. a playing card or the upward face of a die bearing five pips; a domino one half of which bears five pips. 2. Slang. a five-dollar bill. 3. a low plant, ...
/fuyv"stahr"/, adj. 1. having five stars to indicate rank or quality: a five-star general; a five-star brandy. 2. of the highest quality. [1910-15] * * *
Five-Year Plan
/fuyv"year'/, (sometimes l.c.) any plan for national economic or industrial development specifying goals to be reached within a period of five years, esp. as undertaken by the ...
Five-Year Plans
Method of planning economic growth over limited periods, through the use of quotas, used first in the Soviet Union and later in other socialist states. In the Soviet Union, the ...
FiveCivilized Nations
Five Civilized Nations (fīv) pl.n. The Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole peoples. Also called Five Civilized Tribes. * * *
/fuyv"fohld'/, adj. 1. five times as great or as much. 2. comprising five parts or members. adv. 3. in fivefold measure. [bef. 1000; ME fiffold, OE fiffeald. See FIVE, -FOLD] * * ...
Five Forks A crossroads in southeast Virginia southwest of Petersburg where the last major Civil War battle was fought on April 1, 1865. The Union victory led to the fall of ...
five hole n. The space between a goalie's leg pads, as in ice hockey.   [From the four corners of the goal being the other four holes.] * * *
Five Nations pl.n. The Iroquois confederacy as originally formed by the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca peoples. * * *
/fuyv"pen'ee/, adj. 1. noting a nail 13/4 in. (4.4 cm) long. Symbol: 5d 2. worth five pence. [1790-1800; FIVE + -PENNY] * * *
/fuy"veuhr/, n. Slang. 1. a five-dollar bill. 2. Brit. a five-pound note. [1830-40; FIVE + -ER1] * * *
/fuyvz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Brit. a game resembling handball, played on a court having a front wall and two side walls. [1630-40; FIVE + -S3] * * * ▪ ...
—fixable, adj. —fixability, n. /fiks/, v., fixed or fixt, fixing, n. v.t. 1. to repair; mend. 2. to put in order or in good condition; adjust or arrrange: She fixed her hair ...
/fiks"it'/, adj. Informal. of, pertaining to, doing, or involving repairs, adjustments, or improvements: a fix-it shop; a political fix-it man. Also, fixit. * * *
/fiks"up'/, n. repair; improvement: fix-ups that will make the house more salable. [1825-35, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase fix up] * * *
See fix. * * *
/fik"sayt/, v., fixated, fixating. v.t. 1. to fix; make stable or stationary. v.i. 2. to become fixed. 3. Psychoanal. to develop a fixation; suffer an arrest in one's emotional ...
/fik say"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of fixing or the state of being fixed. 2. Chem. a. reduction from a volatile or fluid to a stable or solid form. b. the process of converting ...
/fik"seuh tiv/, adj. 1. serving to fix; making fixed or permanent. n. Also, fixatif /fik"seuh tiv, -teef'/. 2. a fixative substance, as a gummy liquid sprayed on a drawing to ...
/fik"say teuhr/, n. a device incorporating a metal bar and pins that is used in stabilizing difficult bone fractures. Also, fixater. [1870-75; FIX + -ATOR] * * *
—fixedly /fik"sid lee, fikst"lee/, adv. —fixedness, n. /fikst/, adj. 1. fastened, attached, or placed so as to be firm and not readily movable; firmly implanted; stationary; ...
fixed action pattern
Ethology. a highly stereotyped pattern of behavior that is characteristic of a particular species. [said to be a trans. of G Erbkoordination, term used by Konrad Lorenz] * * *
fixed asset
any long-term asset, as a building, tract of land, or patent. Also called capital asset. [1895-1900] * * *
fixed bridge
Dentistry. a partial denture that is secured permanently in the mouth by being cemented to the adjacent teeth or roots. * * *
fixed capital
capital goods, as machinery and tools, that are relatively durable and can be used repeatedly in the production of goods. Cf. circulating capital. [1840-50] * * *
fixed charge
1. an expense that cannot be modified. 2. a periodic obligation, as taxes, interest on bonds, etc. 3. fixed charges, such charges as depreciation, rent, interest, etc., arising ...
fixed cost
a cost unvarying with a change in the volume of business (distinguished from variable cost). * * *
fixed idea
a persistent or obsessing idea, often delusional, that can, in extreme form, be a symptom of psychosis. [1820-30] * * *
fixed income
➡ retirement * * *
fixed investment trust.
See unit trust (def. 1). * * *
fixed liability
a liability, as a mortgage or debenture, that will not mature for a relatively long time. * * *
fixed oil
Chem. a natural vegetable or animal oil that is nonvolatile, as lard oil, linseed oil, etc. Also called fatty oil. [1790-1800] * * *
fixed penalties
➡ punishment * * *
fixed price
—fixed-price, adj. a price established by a seller, by agreement or by authority, as the price to be charged invariably. [1905-10] * * *
fixed sign
Astrol. any of the four astrological signs, Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, or Aquarius, that are grouped together because of their placement midway between solstices and equinoxes and ...
fixed star
Astron. any of the stars which apparently always retain the same position in respect to one another. [1555-65] * * *
fixed trust.
See unit trust (def. 1). [1925-30] * * *
fixed-do system
/fikst"doh"/, Music. a system of solmization in which the syllable do is always C, regardless of the key. Cf. movable-do system. * * *
fixed-focus camera
/fikst"foh"keuhs/ a camera with an unadjustable focal length and with a relatively large depth of field. [1890-95] * * *
/fikst"in"kum/, adj. gaining or yielding a more or less uniform rate of income. [1855-60] * * *
/fikst"lengkth', -length'/, adj. Computers. referring to a field, record, computer word, or other entity whose length does not vary. * * *
fixed-point [fikst′point′] adj. designating, of, or having to do with a system of arithmetic, used esp. in computer science, having its numbers expressed with a given, fixed ...
fixed-point theorem
▪ mathematics       any of various theorems in mathematics dealing with a transformation of the points of a set into points of the same set where it can be proved that ...
fixed-rate mortgage
/fikst"rayt'/ a home mortgage for which equal monthly payments of interest and principal are paid over the life of the loan, usually for a term of 30 years. * * *
/fikst"wing"/, adj. of or pertaining to aircraft that derive lift from the motion of air over aerodynamically designed surfaces that are rigidly and permanently attached to the ...
fixed annuity n. An annuity in which payments to the annuitant are unchanging over a specified period or over the annuitant's lifetime. * * *
fixed head n. A stationary device, such as a tape-recording head, that reads and imprints information on a single track of magnetic tape. * * *
See fixed. * * *
fixed macrophage n. See histiocyte. * * *
See fixedly. * * *
fixed oil n. A nonvolatile oil, especially a fatty oil of vegetable origin. * * *
fixed star n. A star so distant from Earth that its position in relation to other stars appears not to change. Its movements can be measured only by precise observations over ...
/fik"seuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that fixes. 2. Informal. a person who arranges matters in advance through bribery or influence. 3. Photog. fixative (def. 3). 4. Slang. a ...
/fik"seuhr up"euhr/, n. Informal. 1. a person who is handy at making repairs. 2. a rundown dwelling offered at a bargain price and suitable for improvement by a new owner, often ...
/fik"sing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that fixes. 2. fixings. Also, fixin's /fik"sinz/. Informal. a. the necessary ingredients: salad fixings. b. the appropriate ...
☆ fixings [fik′siŋz΄, fiksinz΄] pl.n. Informal accessories or trimmings [roast turkey and all the fixings] * * * fix·ings (fĭkʹsĭngz) pl.n. Informal Accessories; ...
/fik"si tee/, n., pl. fixities for 2. 1. the state or quality of being fixed; stability; permanence. 2. something fixed, stable, or permanent. [1660-70; < NL fixitas. See FIX, ...
/fikst/, v. a pt. and pp. of fix. * * *
—fixtureless, adj. /fiks"cheuhr/, n. 1. something securely, and usually permanently, attached or appended, as to a house, apartment building, etc.: a light fixture; kitchen ...
/fee zoh"/, n. Armande Hippolyte Louis /annrdd mahonn" ee paw leet" lwee/, 1819-96, French physicist. * * *
Fizeau, Armand-Hippolyte-Louis
▪ French physicist born Sept. 23, 1819, Paris died Sept. 18, 1896, Nanteuil-le-Haudouin, Fr.       French physicist noted for his experimental determination of the ...
/fiz"gig'/, n. 1. a type of firework that makes a loud hissing sound. 2. a whirling toy that makes a whizzing noise. 3. fishgig. 4. Australian. a police informer. [1520-30; ...
—fizzer, n. /fiz/, v.i. 1. to make a hissing or sputtering sound; effervesce. n. 2. a fizzing sound; effervescence. 3. soda water or other effervescent water. 4. an iced mixed ...
/fiz"euhl/, v., fizzled, fizzling, n. v.i. 1. to make a hissing or sputtering sound, esp. one that dies out weakly. 2. Informal. to fail ignominiously after a good start (often ...
/fiz"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. effervescent water; soda water. [FIZZ + WATER] * * *
/fiz"ee/, adj., fizzier, fizziest. bubbly; fizzing. [1850-55; FIZZ + -Y1] * * *
/fyeld/; Norw. /fyel/, n. a rocky, barren plateau of the Scandinavian peninsula. [1855-60; < Norw; see FELL5] * * *
—fjordic, adj. /fyawrd, fyohrd/; Norw. /fyohrdd, fyoordd/, n. 1. a long, narrow arm of the sea bordered by steep cliffs: usually formed by glacial erosion. 2. (in Scandinavia) ...
1. Florida (approved esp. for use with zip code). 2. foreign language. * * *
foot-lambert. * * *
Sports. flanker. * * *
fl dr
fluid dram; fluid drams. * * *
fl oz
fl oz abbrev. fluid ounce(s) * * *
1. Flanders. 2. Flemish. * * *
1. floor. 2. florin. 3. flourished. [ < L floruit] 4. fluid. 5. (in the Netherlands) guilder; guilders. [ < D florin] * * *
fl. oz.
fluid ounce; fluid ounces. * * *
fl. dr. abbr. fluid dram. * * *
fl. oz. abbr. fluid ounce. * * *
Fla abbrev. Florida * * *
Florida. * * *
/flab/, n. 1. flabby flesh; unwanted fat: Daily exercise will get rid of the flab around your waist. 2. the condition of being flabby: Most of the new recruits had run to flab in ...
—flabbergaster, n. /flab"euhr gast'/, v.t. to overcome with surprise and bewilderment; astound. [1765-75; var. of flabagast (perh. FLABB(Y) + AGHAST)] Syn. amaze, astonish, ...
See flabby. * * *
See flabbily. * * *
—flabbily, adv. —flabbiness, n. /flab"ee/, adj., flabbier, flabbiest. 1. hanging loosely or limply, as flesh or muscles; flaccid. 2. having such flesh. 3. lacking strength or ...
/fleuh bel"it, -ayt/, adj. Bot., Zool. fan-shaped. Also, flabelliform /fleuh bel"euh fawrm'/. [1810-20; < L flabell(um) fan + -ATE1] * * *
a combining form of flabellum: flabelliform. * * *
/fleuh bel"euhm/, n., pl. flabella /-bel"euh/. 1. a fan, esp. one used in religious ceremonies. 2. a fan-shaped part. [1865-70; < L flabellum fan, dim. of flabra breezes, equiv. ...
—flaccidity, flaccidness, n. —flaccidly, adv. /flak"sid, flas"id/, adj. 1. soft and limp; not firm; flabby: flaccid biceps. 2. lacking force; weak: flaccid prose. [1610-20; < ...
See flaccid. * * *
See flaccidity. * * *
See flaccidity. * * *
Flacius Illyricus, Matthias
▪ European religious reformer Serbo-Croatian  Matija Vlačić Ilir  born March 3, 1520, Albona, republic of Venice [now Labin, Croatia] died March 11, 1575, Frankfurt am ...
flack1 /flak/, n. Sometimes Disparaging. 1. See press agent. 2. publicity. v.i. 3. to serve as a press agent or publicist: to flack for a new rock group. v.t. 4. to promote; ...
/flak"euh ree/, n. publicity and promotion; press-agentry. [FLACK1 + -ERY] * * *
/flak"euhn/; Fr. /flann kawonn"/, n., pl. flacons /flak"euhnz/; Fr. /flann kawonn"/. a small bottle or flask with a stopper, esp. one used for perfume. [1815-25; < F; see ...
flacourtia [flə kʉrt′ē ə, fləkôrē ə] adj. designating a family (Flacourtiaceae, order Violales) of dicotyledonous tropical trees and shrubs * * *
flag1 —flagger, n. —flagless, adj. /flag/, n., v., flagged, flagging. n. 1. a piece of cloth, varying in size, shape, color, and design, usually attached at one edge to a ...
flag day
(sometimes caps.) Brit. See tag day. [1910-15] * * * ▪ United States holiday also called  National Flag Day        in the United States, a day honouring the ...
Flag Day
June 14, the anniversary of the day (June 14, 1777) when Congress adopted the Stars and Stripes as the national flag of the United States. * * * ▪ United States holiday also ...
flag football
a form of touch football in which the ball-carrier's progress is stopped when an opponent pulls a flag from the ball-carrier's pocket or belt. [1950-55] * * *
flag of convenience
the foreign flag under which merchant ships register in order to save on taxes or wages, or to avoid government regulations. [1955-60] * * *
flag of truce
Mil. a white flag displayed as an invitation to the enemy to confer, or carried as a sign of peaceful intention by one sent to deal with the enemy. [1620-30] * * *
flag rank
naval rank above that of captain. [1890-95] * * *
flag seat
Furniture. a seat woven from reeds, rushes, or iris leaves. * * *
flag smut
Plant Pathol. a disease of cereals and other grasses, characterized by stripes of black spores on the affected leaves and stems, which later dry up and become shredded, caused by ...
flag station
a railroad station where trains stop only when a flag or other signal is displayed or when passengers are to be discharged. Also called flag stop. [1845-50, Amer.] * * *
flag stop
☆ flag stop n. a place at which a bus, train, etc. stops only when signaled * * *
/flag"way'veuhr/, n. 1. a person who signals by waving a flag. 2. an enthusiastic, demonstrative patriot. 3. a song or musical number intended to arouse patriotic ...
/flag"way'ving/, n. an ostentatiously emotional display of patriotism or factionalism. [1890-95] * * *
      any of the six-plumed birds-of-paradise. See bird-of-paradise. * * *
Flag Day (flăg) n. June 14, observed in the United States in commemoration of the adoption in 1777 of the official U.S. flag. * * *
/fleuh jel"euh/, n. a pl. of flagellum. * * *
—flagellantism, n. /flaj"euh leuhnt, fleuh jel"euhnt/, n. 1. a person who flagellates or scourges himself or herself for religious discipline. 2. a person who derives sexual ...
See flagellant. * * *
Medieval religious sects that included public beatings with whips as part of their discipline and devotional practice. Flagellant sects arose in northern Italy, and had become ...
/fleuh jel"euhr/, adj. Biol. of or pertaining to a flagellum. [1885-90; FLAGELL(UM) + -AR1] * * *
/flaj'euh lay"teuh/, n. Mastigophora. [ < NL, neut. pl. of L flagellatus FLAGELLATE] * * *
—flagellator, n. —flagellatory /flaj"euh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. v. /flaj"euh layt'/; adj., n. /flaj"euh lit, -layt'/, v., flagellated, flagellating, adj., n. v.t. 1. ...
flag·el·lat·ed (flăjʹə-lā'tĭd) adj. Biology Having a flagellum or flagella. * * *
/flaj'euh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of flagellating. 2. a masochistic or sadistic act in which the participants receive erotic stimulation from whipping or being ...
/fleuh jel"euh fawrm'/, adj. Biol. long, slender, and flexible, like the lash of a whip. [1820-30; < L flagell(um) a whip, scourge + -I- + -FORM] * * *
flagellin [flə jel′in, flə jel′ən] n. the protein that forms the flagella of bacteria * * * fla·gel·lin (flə-jĕlʹĭn) n. The chief protein component of bacterial ...
/fleuh jel"euhm/, n., pl. flagella /-jel"euh/, flagellums. 1. Biol. a long, lashlike appendage serving as an organ of locomotion in protozoa, sperm cells, etc. 2. Bot. a ...
/flaj'euh let", -lay"/, n. 1. a small end-blown flute with four finger holes in front and two in the rear. 2. any fipple flute. [1650-60; < F, sp. var. of OF flajolet, equiv. to ...
Flaget, Benedict Joseph
▪ American bishop born Nov. 7, 1763, Contournat, Fr. died Feb. 11, 1850, Louisville, Ky., U.S.       an influential figure in the development of the Roman Catholic ...
/flag"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) flagfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds of species) flagfishes. 1. Also called American flagfish. a killifish, Jordanella ...

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