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fly-cast
/fluy"kast', -kahst'/, v.i., fly-cast, fly-casting. Angling. to fish by fly casting. * * *
fly-caster
See fly-cast. * * *
fly-casting
fly-cast·ing (flīʹkăs'tĭng) n. The art or sport of casting artificial flies with a fly rod. * * *
fly-catcher plant
▪ plant also called  Australian pitcher plant   (Cephalotus follicularis), only species in the flowering plant family Cephalotaceae (order Oxalidales), native to damp sandy ...
fly-fish
/fluy"fish'/, v.i. Angling. to fish with artificial flies as bait. [1745-55] * * *
fly-fisher
See fly-fisherman. * * *
fly-fisherman
See fly-fish. * * *
fly-fishing
/fluy"fish'ing/, n. Angling. a method of fishing in which fly casting is used. [1645-55] * * * ▪ sport Introduction       method of angling employing a long rod, ...
fly-in
/fluy"in'/, n. 1. a convention, entertainment, or other gathering at which participants arrive by air: the annual fly-in of cattle breeders. adj. 2. of or for those who arrive ...
fly-on-the-wall
➡ reality TV * * *
fly-poison
fly-poi·son (flīʹpoi'zən) n. A poisonous lily (Amianthium muscitoxicum) of the eastern United States, having narrow basal leaves and a terminal raceme of small white or ...
fly-strike
/fluy"struyk'/, n. Vet. Pathol. myiasis. [1935-40] * * *
fly-tier
See fly-tying. * * *
fly-tying
fly-ty·ing (flīʹtī'ĭng) n. The art or hobby of making artificial fishing flies.   flyʹ-ti'er (-tī'ər) n. * * * ▪ fishing       the hobby or business of ...
fly-up
/fluy"up'/, n. a formal ceremony at which a girl leaves her Brownie troop, receives a pair of embroidered wings for her uniform, and becomes a member of an intermediate Girl ...
flyable
flyable [flī′ə bəl] adj. suitable or ready for flying [flyable weather, a flyable airplane] * * * See fly1. * * *
flyagaric
fly agaric n. A poisonous mushroom (Amanita muscaria) usually having a red or orange cap with white gills and patches. * * *
flyash
fly ash n. Fine particulate ash sent up by the combustion of a solid fuel, such as coal, and discharged as an airborne emission or recovered as a byproduct for various commercial ...
flyaway
/fluy"euh way'/, adj. 1. fluttering or streaming in the wind; windblown: flyaway hair. 2. flighty; frivolous; giddy. 3. ready for flight: flyaway aircraft. [1765-75; adj. use of ...
flyback
/fluy"bak'/, n. Electronics. the return to its starting point of the electron beam in a cathode ray tube, as after the completion of a line in a television picture or of a trace ...
flyball
fly ball n. Baseball A ball that is batted in a high arc, usually to the outfield. * * *
flybelt
/fluy"belt'/, n. an area having a large number of tsetse flies. [1890-95; FLY2 + BELT] * * *
flyblow
/fluy"bloh'/, v., flyblew, flyblown, flyblowing, n. v.t. 1. to deposit eggs or larvae on (meat or other food). n. 2. one of the eggs or young larvae of a blowfly, deposited on ...
flyblown
/fluy"blohn'/, adj. 1. covered with flyblows: flyblown meat. 2. tainted or contaminated; spoiled. [1565-75; FLY2 + BLOWN1] * * *
flyboat
/fluy"boht'/, n. a small, fast boat. [1570-80; < D vlieboot, equiv. to Vlie (name of a channel along the North Sea island of Vlieland) + boot BOOT; vlie later altered by assoc. ...
flybook
fly book n. A case, usually in the form of a book, in which artificial flies for fishing are carried. * * *
flyboy
/fluy"boy'/, n. 1. Print. fly1 (def. 35b). 2. Slang. a. a member of an aircrew, esp. a pilot. b. any member of the U.S. Air Force. [1835-45; FLY1 + BOY] * * *
flybridge
/fluy"brij'/, n. Naut. See flying bridge. Also, fly bridge. [1605-15; FLY1 + BRIDGE1] * * *
flyby
/fluy"buy'/, n., pl. flybys. 1. the flight of a spacecraft close enough to a celestial object, as a planet, to gather scientific data. 2. Aeron. a. Also called flypast. a ...
flycatcher
/fluy"kach'euhr/, n. 1. any of numerous Old World birds of the family Muscicapidae, that feed on insects captured in the air. 2. Also called tyrant flycatcher. any of numerous ...
flyer
/fluy"euhr/, n. 1. Textiles. a. a rotating device that adds twist to the slubbing or roving and winds the stock onto a spindle or bobbin in a uniform manner. b. a similar device ...
Flyers
➡ advertising * * *
flyfront
fly front n. A garment front that has a fly concealing the fastenings. * * *
flygallery
fly gallery n. A narrow elevated platform at the side of the stage in a theater, from which a stagehand works the ropes controlling equipment in the flies. * * *
flying
/fluy"ing/, adj. 1. making flight or passing through the air; that flies: a flying insect; an unidentified flying object. 2. floating, fluttering, waving, hanging, or moving ...
flying boat
a seaplane whose main body is a hull adapted for floating. Cf. floatplane. [1900-05] * * *
flying bomb.
See robot bomb. [1940-45] * * *
flying bond
Masonry. a brickwork bond having random, widely spaced headers. Also called Yorkshire bond. * * *
flying boxcar
Informal. a large airplane designed to carry cargo. [1930-35] * * *
flying bridge
1. Also called flybridge, fly bridge, monkey bridge. Naut. a small, often open deck or platform above the pilothouse or main cabin, having duplicate controls and navigational ...
Flying Burrito Brothers, the
▪ American music group  American popular musical group of the late 1960s and '70s that was one of the chief influences on the development of country rock. The original ...
flying buttress
Archit. a segmental arch transmitting an outward and downward thrust to a solid buttress that through its inertia transforms the thrust into a vertical one. See illus. under ...
flying characin
hatchetfish (def. 2). * * *
flying circus
1. a squadron of airplanes operating together, esp. any of several squadrons of famous World War I aviators. 2. a carnival troupe, or the like, offering exhibitions of stunt ...
flying colors
overwhelming victory; triumph; success: He passed the test with flying colors. [1700-10] * * *
flying column
Mil. (formerly) a force of troops equipped and organized to move swiftly and independently of a principal unit to which it is attached. [1865-70] * * *
flying doctor
Australian. a doctor listed with local authorities as willing to be flown to remote areas to give emergency medical care. [1925-30] * * *
flying doctor service
▪ medical service       method for supplying medical service by airplane to areas where doctors are few and communications difficult. The plan for the first service of ...
flying dragon
any of several arboreal lizards of the genus Draco, having an extensible membrane between the limbs along each side by means of which it makes long, gliding leaps. Also called ...
Flying Dustbin
petard (def. 3). [1940-45] * * *
Flying Dutchman
1. a legendary Dutch ghost ship supposed to be seen at sea, esp. near the Cape of Good Hope. 2. the captain of this ship, supposed to have been condemned to sail the sea, beating ...
flying field
Aeron. a small landing field with short runways and facilities for servicing airplanes on a lesser scale than an airport. [1925-30] * * *
flying fish
1. any fish of the family Exocoetidae, having stiff and greatly enlarged pectoral fins enabling it to glide considerable distances through the air after leaping from the ...
Flying Fortress
a heavy bomber, the B-17, with four radial piston engines, widely used over Europe and the Mediterranean by the U.S. Air Force in World War II. * * *
flying fox
1. any large fruit bat of the genus Pteropus, of Old World tropical regions, having a foxlike head. 2. Australian. an aerial conveyor belt or suspended carrier operating on ...
flying frog
either of two East Indian frogs, Rhacophorus nigrapalmatus and R. pardalis, having broadly webbed feet permitting long, gliding leaps. [1680-90] * * *
flying gangway
Naut. See monkey bridge (def. 2). * * *
flying gurnard
any marine fish of the family Dactylopteridae, esp. Dactylopterus volitans, having greatly enlarged, colorful pectoral fins that enable it to glide short distances through the ...
flying jenny
Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. a merry-go-round, esp. a relatively small or unadorned one. Also called flying filly, flying mare. * * *
flying jib
Naut. the outer or outermost of two or more jibs, set well above the jib boom. See diag. under ship. [1825-35] * * *
flying jib boom
Naut. an extension on a jib boom, to which a flying jib is fastened. [1825-35] * * *
flying kite
Naut. 1. any of various sails set above the royals or skysails in light weather; jolly jumper. 2. any of various light upper staysails, studdingsails, or jibs. 3. (in yachting) ...
flying lemur
either of two lemurlike mammals, Cynocephalus variegatus, of southeastern Asia and the East Indies, or C. volans, of the Philippines, having broad folds of skin on both sides of ...
flying lizard.
See flying dragon. [1850-55] * * *
flying machine
a vehicle that sustains itself in and propels itself through the air; an airplane, helicopter, glider, or the like. [1730-40] * * *
flying mare
1. Wrestling. a method of attack in which a wrestler grasps the wrist of the opponent, turns in the opposite direction, and throws the opponent over the shoulder and down. 2. See ...
flying moor
Naut. the act of mooring a vessel between two anchors, the first dropped while the vessel is under way. * * *
flying mouse.
See pygmy glider. [1930-35] * * *
flying phalanger
any of various small phalangers of Australia and New Guinea, having a parachutelike fold of skin on each side of the body to give gliding assistance in leaping. * * *
flying robin.
See flying gurnard. * * *
flying saucer
any of various disk-shaped objects allegedly seen flying at high speeds and altitudes, often with extreme changes in speed and direction, and thought by some to be manned by ...
Flying Scotsman
a British steam railway engine, built in 1923, which was the fastest of its kind for many years. It was used mainly on trains travelling between London and Edinburgh, until 1963. ...
flying shear
Metalworking. (in a continuous rolling mill) a shear that moves with the piece being cut. [1900-05] * * *
flying shuttle
Machine that represented an important step toward automatic weaving. It was invented by John Kay in 1733. In previous looms, the shuttle was thrown, or passed, through the ...
flying snake
▪ reptile  any of five species of nonvenomous snakes constituting the genus Chrysopelea of the family Colubridae. These slender arboreal snakes are found in South Asia and ...
flying squad
a trained, mobile group of police officers, business executives, labor officials, or the like, capable of performing specialized tasks whenever or wherever sent, often for use in ...
flying squirrel
any of various nocturnal tree squirrels, as Glaucomys volans, of the eastern U.S., having folds of skin connecting the fore and hind legs, permitting long, gliding ...
flying start
1. a start, as in sailboat racing, in which the entrants begin moving before reaching the starting line. 2. a start or beginning of anything, characterized by the participant's ...
flying tackle
Football. a tackle made by hurling one's body through the air at the player carrying the ball. * * *
Flying Tigers
the nickname of U.S. fighter pilots, the American Volunteer Group (AVG), who fought against the Japanese in China during World War II. * * * or American Volunteer Group Group ...
flying wing
Aeron. an airplane whose wings form almost all the airframe, with the fuselage almost or entirely within the wing structure. [1935-40] * * *
flyingboat
flying boat n. A large seaplane that floats on its hull rather than on pontoons. * * *
flyingbomb
flying bomb n. See robot bomb. * * *
flyingbridge
flying bridge n. A small, usually open platform located above the main bridge, as on a powerboat, equipped with a secondary set of navigational controls. Also called fly ...
flyingbuttress
flying buttress n. An arched masonry support serving to bear thrust, as from a roof or vault, away from a main structure to an outer pier or buttress. Also called arc-boutant. * ...
flyingdragon
flying dragon n. See flying lizard. * * *
FlyingDutchman
Fly·ing Dutchman (flīʹĭng) n. 1. A spectral ship said to appear in storms near the Cape of Good Hope. 2. The captain of this ship, a legendary Dutch mariner condemned to ...
flyingfield
flying field n. A graded field on which airplanes may land and take off. * * *
flyingfish
flyingfish [flī′iŋ fish′] n. pl. flyingfish (see FISH) flyingfishes any of a family (Exocoetidae, order Atheriniformes) of chiefly warm-water, marine bony fishes with ...
flyingfox
flying fox n. Any of various fruit-eating bats of the suborder Megachiroptera, chiefly inhabiting tropical Africa, Asia, and Australia and having a foxlike muzzle and small, ...
flyingfrog
flying frog n. Either of two arboreal frogs (Rhacophorus reinwardtii or R. nigropalmatus) of southeast Asia, having toes connected by broad webbing and capable of making long, ...
flyinggecko
flying gecko n. Any of various small lizards of the genus Ptychozoon of southeast Asia, having extensions of skin along each side of the body that enable it to glide short ...
flyinggurnard
flying gurnard n. Any of various chiefly tropical marine fishes of the family Dactylopteridae, having greatly enlarged, winglike pectoral fins that facilitate gliding through the ...
flyinghead
flying head n. A device that is designed to read and write information on a moving magnetic surface, as on a disk or drum, while being supported above the surface by a thin ...
flyingjib
flying jib n. A light sail that extends beyond the jib and is attached to an extension of the jib boom. * * *
flyinglemur
flying lemur n. Either of two arboreal mammals, Cynocephalus volans of the Philippines or C. variegatus of southeast Asia, that are sustained in gliding leaps by a wide, ...
flyinglizard
flying lizard n. Any of various small tropical Asian lizards of the genus Draco, having winglike membranes on each side that may be spread to enable it to glide through the air. ...
flyingmachine
flying machine n. A machine designed for flight, especially an early experimental type of aircraft. * * *
flyingmare
flying mare n. A wrestling throw in which one grabs one's opponent's wrist, turns one's back to the opponent, and flips the opponent over one's shoulder onto the ground. * * *
flyingphalanger
flying phalanger n. Any of several small marsupials of the family Petauridae, especially one of the genus Petaurus, native to Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania and having large ...
flyingsaucer
flying saucer n. Any of various unidentified flying objects of presumed extraterrestrial origin, typically described as luminous moving disks. * * *
flyingsquad
flying squad n. Chiefly British A small mobile unit, especially of motorized police, capable of moving quickly into action, as during an emergency. * * *
flyingsquirrel
flying squirrel n. Any of various nocturnal squirrels of the genera Pteromys, Petaurista, Glaucomys, and related genera, having membranes along each side of the body between the ...
flyingstart
flying start n. In both senses also called running start. 1. Sports. A racing start in which the contestants are already in full motion when they cross the starting line. 2. A ...
flyingwedge
flying wedge n. A compact, wedge-shaped formation, as of police or guards, moving as a body and used especially for penetrating crowds. * * *
flyleaf
/fluy"leef'/, n., pl. flyleaves. a blank leaf in the front or the back of a book. [1825-35; FLY1 (n., in combination: something fastened by the edge) + LEAF] * * *
flyman
/fluy"meuhn/, n., pl. flymen. Theat. a stagehand, esp. one who operates the apparatus in the flies. [1835-45; FLY1 + -MAN] * * *
flynet
fly net n. A net covering used for protection from flying insects. * * *
Flynn
(1909–59) an Australian actor who became famous as the strong and handsome hero of many Hollywood adventure films. He is particularly remembered for roles that required him to ...
Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley
▪ American activist born Aug. 7, 1890, Concord, N.H., U.S. died Sept. 5, 1964, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       American labour organizer, political radical, and ...
Flynn, Errol
▪ American actor in full  Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn  born June 20, 1909, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia died Oct. 14, 1959, Vancouver, British Columbia, ...
Flynn, Errol (Leslie Thomson)
born June 20, 1909, Hobart, Tas., Austl. died Oct. 14, 1959, Vancouver, B.C., Can. Australian-U.S. film actor. He sought adventure in New Guinea before turning to acting in ...
Flynn, John
▪ Australian missionary born Nov. 25, 1880, Moliagul, Vic., Australia died May 5, 1951, Sydney, N.S.W.       moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Australia ...
Flynn,Errol
Flynn (flĭn), Errol. 1909-1959. Tasmanian-born American actor known for his swashbuckling roles in motion pictures such as Captain Blood (1935). * * *
flyoff
/fluy"awf', -of'/, n. 1. Meteorol. evapotranspiration (def. 1). 2. a competition between aircraft of various manufacturers to establish superior performance, esp. in order to ...
flyover
/fluy"oh'veuhr/, n. 1. a formation of aircraft in flight for observation from the ground, esp. a prearranged, low-altitude flight over a public gathering. 2. a flight over a ...
flypaper
/fluy"pay'peuhr/, n. paper designed to destroy flies by catching them on its sticky surface or poisoning them on contact. [1840-50; FLY2 + PAPER] * * *
flypast
/fluy"past', -pahst'/, n. flyby (def. 2a). [1910-15; n. use of v. phrase fly past] * * *
FlyRiver
Fly River (flī) A river, about 1,046 km (650 mi) long, rising in western Papua New Guinea and flowing generally southeastward to the Gulf of Papua. * * *
flyrod
fly rod n. A long flexible fishing rod used in fly-fishing. * * *
flysch
/flish/, n. Geol. an association of certain types of marine sedimentary rocks characteristic of deposition in a foredeep. [1845-55; < G < Swiss G flisch referring to such ...
flysheet
fly·sheet (flīʹshēt') n. A printed sheet or pamphlet; a handbill. * * *
flyspeck
/fluy"spek'/, n. 1. a speck or tiny stain from the excrement of a fly. 2. any minute spot. 3. Plant Pathol. a disease of pome fruits, characterized by small, raised, dark spots ...
flyswat
fly swat n. Chiefly Southern U.S. See fly swatter. * * *
flyswatter
fly swatter n. An implement used to kill flies or other insects, usually consisting of a piece of plastic or wire mesh attached to a long handle. Also called fly swat. * * *
flyte
/fluyt/, v.i., flyted, flyting, n. Scot. and North Eng. flite. * * *
flytier
/fluy"tuy'euhr/, n. Angling. a person who makes artificial lures for fly-fishing. [1880-85; FLY2 + TIER2] * * *
flyting
flyting [flīt′iŋ] n. 〚< flyte, flite, to contend, strive < OE flītan; akin to MHG vlīzen, to quarrel, Ger fleiss, diligence〛 a formalized exchange of taunts, insults, ...
flytrap
/fluy"trap'/, n. 1. any of various plants that entrap insects, esp. Venus's-flytrap. 2. a trap for flies. [1765-75; FLY2 + TRAP1] * * *
flyway
/fluy"way'/, n. a route between breeding and wintering areas taken by concentrations of migrating birds. [1890-95; FLY1 + WAY] * * * ▪ bird migration       route used ...
flyweight
/fluy"wayt'/, n. a boxer or other contestant of the lightest competitive class, esp. a professional boxer weighing up to 112 lb. (51 kg). [1905-10; FLY2 + WEIGHT] * * *
flywheel
/fluy"hweel', -weel'/, n. Mach. a heavy disk or wheel rotating on a shaft so that its momentum gives almost uniform rotational speed to the shaft and to all connected ...
flywhisk
fly·whisk (flīʹhwĭsk', -wĭsk') n. A whisk, as of hair, used for brushing away flies. * * *
Fløgstad, Kjartan
▪ Norwegian writer pseudonym  K. Villum  born June 7, 1944, Sauda, Norway       Norwegian poet, novelist, and essayist best known for his novel Dalen Portland (1977; ...
FM
1. Electronics. frequency modulation: a method of impressing a signal on a radio carrier wave by varying the frequency of the carrier wave. 2. Radio. a system of radio ...
Fm
Symbol, Chem. fermium. * * * in full frequency modulation Variation of the frequency of a carrier wave (commonly a radio wave) in accordance with variations in the audio signal ...
fm
Symbol, Physics. femtometer. * * * in full frequency modulation Variation of the frequency of a carrier wave (commonly a radio wave) in accordance with variations in the audio ...
FM cyclotron
Physics. synchrocyclotron. * * *
fm.
1. fathom. 2. from. * * *
FMB
Federal Maritime Board. * * *
FMC
Federal Maritime Commission. * * *
FMCS
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service. * * *
FmHA
FmHA abbrev. Farmers Home Administration * * *
FMN
FMN abbr. flavin mononucleotide. * * *
FMS
FMS abbr. 1. false-memory syndrome. 2. fibromyalgia syndrome. * * *
fn
footnote. * * *
fn.
fn. abbr. footnote. * * *
FNMA
Federal National Mortgage Association. * * *
Fo
/foh/, n. Chinese. Buddha (def. 1). * * *
fo'c's'le
/fohk"seuhl/, n. Naut. forecastle. Also, fo'c'sle. [resp., reflecting syncope and loss of pre-consonantal r] * * *
fo'c'sle
fo'c'sle [fōk′səl] n. phonetic sp. of FORECASTLE * * *
Fo, Dario
born March 24, 1926, Leggiuno-Sangiano, Italy Italian playwright. He and his wife, Franca Rame, founded a theatre company that developed a leftist theatre of politics and later ...
Fo,Dario
Fo (fō), Dario. Born 1926. Italian playwright noted for his socially topical, satirical works, including Accidental Death of an Anarchist (1970) and Trumpets and Raspberries ...
fo.
folio. * * *
foal
/fohl/, n. 1. a young horse, mule, or related animal, esp. one that is not yet one year of age. v.t., v.i. 2. to give birth to (a colt or filly). [bef. 950; (n.) ME fole, OE ...
Foale
(1957– ) a US astronaut, born in Britain. In 1997 he travelled on the space shuttle (= spacecraft that can be used again) Atlantis to join the Russian space station Mir, where ...
foam
—foamable, adj. —foamer, n. —foamingly, adv. —foamless, adj. —foamlike, adj. /fohm/, n. 1. a collection of minute bubbles formed on the surface of a liquid by ...
foam glass
cellular glass made by fusing powdered glass with carbon particles or other gas-generating material, used chiefly for industrial purposes. [1945-50] * * * ▪ chemical ...
foam rubber
a light, spongy rubber, used for mattresses, cushions, etc. [1940-45] * * * ▪ chemical compound also called  Sponge Rubber, or Latex Foam,         flexible, porous ...
foamed metal
Chem., Metallurgy. a uniform foamlike metal structure produced when hydrogen bubbles are evolved from metal hydrides uniformly dispersed throughout a host metal or metal alloy: ...
foamed plastic
      synthetic resin converted into a spongelike mass with a closed-cell or open-cell structure, either of which may be flexible or rigid, used for a variety of products ...
foamed plastic.
See expanded plastic. [1935-40] * * *
foamflower
/fohm"flow'euhr/, n. a North American plant, Tiarella cordifolia, having a cluster of small, usually white flowers. Also called false miterwort. [1890-95; FOAM + FLOWER] * * *
foamily
See foamy. * * *
foaminess
See foamily. * * *
foamrubber
foam rubber n. A light firm spongy rubber made by beating air into latex and then curing it. Foam rubber has a wide range of uses including upholstery and insulation. * * *
foamy
—foamily, adv. —foaminess, n. /foh"mee/, adj., foamier, foamiest. 1. covered with or full of foam. 2. consisting of foam. 3. resembling foam. 4. pertaining to foam. [bef. ...
fob
fob1 /fob/, n. 1. a small pocket just below the waistline in trousers for a watch, keys, change, etc. Cf. watch pocket. 2. a short chain or ribbon, usually with a medallion or ...
FOBS
See fractional orbital bombardment system. Also, F.O.B.S. * * *
focaccia
/foh kah"cheuh/, n., pl. focaccias. a large, round, flat Italian bread, sprinkled before baking with olive oil, salt, and often herbs. [1975-80; < It < LL focacia (neut. pl.), ...
focal
—focally, adv. /foh"keuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to a focus. [1685-95; < NL focalis. See FOCUS, -AL1] * * *
focal area
Ling. (in dialect geography) an area whose dialect has exerted influence on the dialects of surrounding areas, as reflected in a set of isoglosses more or less concentrically ...
focal infection
Pathol., Dentistry. an infection in which bacteria are localized in some region, as the tonsils or the tissue around a tooth, from which they may spread to some other organ or ...
focal length
Optics. 1. the distance from a focal point of a lens or mirror to the corresponding principal plane. Symbol: f 2. the distance between an object lens and its corresponding focal ...
focal plane
Optics. 1. a plane through a focal point and normal to the axis of a lens, mirror, or other optical system. Cf. principal plane. 2. the transverse plane in a telescope where the ...
focal point
1. Also called principal focus. Optics. either of two points on the axis of a mirror, lens, or other optical system, one point being such that rays diverging from it are deviated ...
focal ratio
Optics., Photog. f-number. [1925-30] * * *
focal seizure
Pathol. an epileptic manifestation arising from a localized anomaly in the brain, as a small tumor or scar, and usually involving a single motor or sensory mechanism but ...
focal-plane shutter
/foh"keuhl playn'/, Photog. a camera shutter situated directly in front of the film. Cf. curtain shutter. [1900-05] * * *
focaldistance
focal distance n. Abbr. FD See focal length. * * *
focalinfection
focal infection n. A bacterial infection localized in a specific part of the body, such as the tonsils, that may spread to another part of the body. * * *
focalization
See focalize. * * *
focalize
—focalization, n. /foh"keuh luyz'/, v.t., v.i., focalized, focalizing. 1. to bring or come to a focus. 2. to localize. Also, esp. Brit., focalise. [1835-45; FOCAL + -IZE] * * *
focallength
focal length n. Abbr. f The distance from the surface of a lens or mirror to its focal point. Also called focal distance, focus. * * *
focally
See focal. * * *
focalpoint
focal point n. See focus. * * *
Foccart, Jacques
▪ 1998       French businessman and politician who served as an adviser to several French presidents, including Charles de Gaulle; Foccart shaped France's African policy ...
Foch
/fosh/; Fr. /fawsh/, n. Ferdinand /ferdd dee nahonn"/, 1851-1929, French marshal. * * *
Foch, Ferdinand
born Oct. 2, 1851, Tarbes, France died March 20, 1929, Paris French commander of Allied forces in World War I. He entered the artillery corps in 1873 and from 1885 periodically ...
Foch, Nina
▪ 2009 Nina Consuelo Maud Fock        Dutch-born American actress and teacher born April 20, 1924, Leiden, Neth. died Dec. 5, 2008, Los Angeles, Calif. specialized in ...
Foch,Ferdinand
Foch (fôsh, fŏsh), Ferdinand. 1851-1929. French marshal and commander in chief of Allied forces on the western front during World War I. * * *
foci
/foh"suy, -kuy/, n. a pl. of focus. * * *
Fock, Jeno
▪ 2002       Hungarian politician (b. May 17, 1916, Budapest, Austria-Hungary—d. May 23, 2001, Budapest, Hung.), was a moderate communist who tried to institute ...
Fock, Vladimir Aleksandrovich
▪ Russian mathematical physicist born Dec. 22 [Dec. 10, Old Style], 1898, St. Petersburg, Russia died Dec. 27, 1974, Leningrad, Russia, U.S.S.R. [now St. Petersburg, ...
Focke-Wulf 190 (Fw 190)
Fighter aircraft of Nazi Germany, second in importance only to the Messerschmitt 109 in the German air force in World War II. It began service in 1941, was superior to all its ...
focometer
/foh kom"i teuhr/, n. Optics. an instrument for measuring the focal length of a lens or other optical system. [1850-55; FOC(US) + -O- + -METER] * * *
Focsani
Foc·şa·ni (fôk-shänʹ, -shäʹnē) A town of east-central Romania northwest of Brǎila. Situated at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps, it is a market and industrial ...
Focşani
Foc·şa·ni (fôk-shänʹ, -shäʹnē) A town of east-central Romania northwest of Brǎila. Situated at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps, it is a market and industrial ...
focus
—focusable, adj. —focuser, n. /foh"keuhs/, n., pl. focuses, foci /-suy, -kuy/, v., focused, focusing or (esp. Brit.) focussed, focussing. n. 1. a central point, as of ...
focus group
a representative group of people questioned together about their opinions on political issues, consumer products, etc. [1975-80] * * *
focuser
See focus. * * *
focusgroup
focus group n. A small group selected from a wider population and sampled, as by open discussion, for its members' opinions about or emotional response to a particular subject or ...
focusing
▪ optics also called  ocular accommodation    ability of the lens to alter its shape to allow objects to be seen clearly.  In humans, the forward surface of the lens is ...
focusing cloth
an opaque cloth surrounding the ground glass of a camera so as to shield the eyes of the photographer from light that would otherwise prevent seeing the image in the ground ...
focusing screen
Photog. See under reflex camera. [1855-60] * * *
fodder
/fod"euhr/, n. 1. coarse food for livestock, composed of entire plants, including leaves, stalks, and grain, of such forages as corn and sorghum. 2. people considered as readily ...
fodderbeet
/fod"euhr beet'/, n. sugar beet used as fodder. Also, fodder beet. [FODDER + BEET1] * * *
fodgel
/foj"euhl/, adj. Scot. fat; stout; plump. [1715-25; fodge (var. of FADGE) a short, fat person + -el adj. suffix] * * *
Fodor, Eugene
▪ American writer born Oct. 14, 1905, Léva, Hung., Austria-Hungary [now Levice, Slovakia] died Feb. 18, 1991, Torrington, Conn., U.S.       Hungarian-born American ...
foe
/foh/, n. 1. a person who feels enmity, hatred, or malice toward another; enemy: a bitter foe. 2. a military enemy; hostile army. 3. a person belonging to a hostile army or ...
foedus
▪ treaty plural  foedera         treaty or compact contracted by ancient Rome with one or more allied states (foederati). The treaty contained various conditions ...
foehn
/fayn/; Ger. /fuen/, n. a warm, dry wind descending a mountain, as on the north side of the Alps. Also, föhn. [1860-65; < G Föhn (orig. in Alpine dialects), MHG foenne, OHG ...
foeman
/foh"meuhn/, n., pl. foemen. Literary. an enemy in war. [bef. 1000; ME foman, OE fahman. See FOE, MAN1] * * *
Foerstner bit
/fawrst"neuhr/. Carpentry. See Forstner bit. * * *
foetal
foe·tal (fētʹl) adj. Chiefly British Variant of fetal. * * *
foeti-
foeti- [fēt′ō, fēt′əfēt′i, fēt′ə] combining form alt. sp. of FETI-: also foeto- [fēt′ō, fēt′ə] * * *
foeticide
/fee"ti suyd'/, n. feticide. * * *
foetid
/fet"id, fee"tid/, adj. fetid. * * *
foetiparous
/fee tip"euhr euhs/, adj. fetiparous. * * *
foetology
/fee tol"euh jee/, n. fetology. * * *
foetor
/fee"teuhr/, n. fetor. * * *
foetus
/fee"teuhs/, n., pl. foetuses. fetus. * * *
fog
fog1 —fogless, adj. /fog, fawg/, n., v., fogged, fogging. n. 1. a cloudlike mass or layer of minute water droplets or ice crystals near the surface of the earth, appreciably ...
fog bank
a stratum of fog as seen from a distance. [1650-60] * * *
fog dispersal
▪ weather modification       artificial dissipation of fogs, usually by seeding or heating. It is done primarily at airports to improve visibility. Many attempts have ...
fog drip
water falling to the ground from trees, esp. conifers, that have collected the moisture from fog. * * *
fog forest
the thick forest growth at fairly high elevations on tropical mountains, where there is a prevalence of clouds, high humidity, and mild temperature. * * *
fog gun
a gun, fired at regular intervals, used as a warning signal in fog. * * *
fog light
an automobile headlight throwing light of a color intended to diminish the effect of fog, dust, etc., in the air. [1960-65] * * *
fog signal
any of various types of signal used as a warning by vessels navigating in fog or mist. [1750-60] * * *       sound or light signal emitted in fog or mist by lighthouses ...
Fogarty
/foh"geuhr tee/, n. Anne, 1919-80, U.S. fashion designer. * * *
Fogazzaro, Antonio
▪ Italian author born March 25, 1842, Vicenza, Republic of Venice [Italy] died March 7, 1911, Vicenza       Italian novelist whose works reflect the conflict between ...
fogbank
fog bank n. A dense mass of fog defined against clearer surrounding air, often as viewed from a distance at sea. * * *
fogbound
/fog"bownd', fawg"-/, adj. Naut. unable to sail or navigate because of heavy fog. [1850-55; FOG1 + -BOUND1] * * *
fogbow
/fog"boh', fawg"-/, n. a bow, arc, or circle of white or yellowish hue seen in or against a fog bank; a rainbow formed by fog droplets. Also called mistbow, seadog, white ...
fogdog
/fog"dawg', -dog', fawg"/, n. a bright spot sometimes seen in a fog bank. [1865-70; see FOG1, SUNDOG] * * *
Fogel, Robert William
▪ American economist born July 1, 1926, New York, New York, U.S.       American economist who, with Douglass C. North (North, Douglass C.), was awarded the Nobel Prize ...
Fogelberg, Dan
▪ 2008 Daniel Grayling Fogelberg        American singer-songwriter born Aug. 13, 1951, Peoria, Ill. died Dec. 16, 2007, Maine captured the essence of the mellow, ...
Fogerty, Elsie
▪ British voice teacher born Dec. 16, 1865, London, Eng. died July 4, 1945, Leamington, Warwickshire       British teacher of voice and dramatic diction, a major figure ...
fogey
/foh"gee/, n., pl. fogeys. fogy. * * *
Fogg Art Museum
▪ museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States       museum founded at Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass., in 1895 as a study collection of Eastern and Western ...
foggage
/fog"ij, faw"gij/, n. Chiefly Scot. fog2. [1490-1500; < AL fogagium. See FOG2, -AGE] * * *
fogger
/fog"euhr, faw"geuhr/, n. a device that spreads a chemical, as an insecticide, in the form of a fog. [FOG1 + -ER1] * * *
Foggia
/fawd"jah/, n. a city in SE Italy. 153,736. * * * ▪ Italy       city, Puglia (Apulia) regione (region), southeastern Italy, in the centre of the Puglia Tableland, ...
foggily
See foggy. * * *
fogginess
See foggily. * * *
foggy
—foggily, adv. —fogginess, n. /fog"ee, faw"gee/, adj., foggier, foggiest. 1. thick with or having much fog; misty: a foggy valley; a foggy spring day. 2. covered or enveloped ...
Foggy Bottom
1. a low-lying area bordering the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. 2. Informal. the U.S. Department of State, whose office building is located in this area. * * *
FoggyBottom
Fog·gy Bottom (fŏgʹē) n. The U.S. Department of State.   [From the location of the Department of State in a low-lying area of Washington, D.C., near the Potomac River.] * * *
foghorn
/fog"hawrn', fawg"-/, n. 1. a deep, loud horn for sounding warning signals in foggy weather, as to ships. 2. a deep, loud voice. [1855-60; FOG1 + HORN] * * *
Fogo Island
▪ island, Cape Verde Portuguese  Ilha do Fogo         island of Cape Verde, in the Atlantic Ocean, about 400 miles (640 km) off the West African coast between the ...
fogram
/foh"greuhm/, n. an old-fashioned or overly conservative person; fogy. Also, fogrum. [1765-75; orig. uncert.] * * *
fogy
—fogyish, adj. —fogyism, n. /foh"gee/, n., pl. fogies. an excessively conservative or old-fashioned person, esp. one who is intellectually dull (usually prec. by old): The ...
fogyish
See fogy. * * *
fogyism
See fogyish. * * *
foh
/faw/, interj. faugh. * * *
föhn
/fayn/; Ger. /fuen/, n. Meteorol. foehn. * * *
Fohnsdorf
▪ city, Austria       city, southeast-central Austria, near the Mur River, west of Knittelfeld. Fohnsdorf was first mentioned in 1141 as the site of a fortress belonging ...
FOIA
See Freedom of Information Act. * * *
foible
/foy"beuhl/, n. 1. a minor weakness or failing of character; slight flaw or defect: an all-too-human foible. 2. the weaker part of a sword blade, between the middle and the point ...
foie gras
/fwah grah"/; Fr. /fwah grddah"/ the liver of specially fattened geese or ducks, used as a table delicacy, esp. in the form of a paste (pâté de foie gras). [1810-20; < F: lit., ...
foil
foil1 —foilable, adj. /foyl/, v.t. 1. to prevent the success of; frustrate; balk: Loyal troops foiled his attempt to overthrow the government. 2. to keep (a person) from ...
foilborne
/foyl"bawrn', -bohrn'/, adj. (of a vessel) moving on the water on hydrofoils, with the hull out of the water. [1960-65; FOIL2 + BORNE1] * * *
foiled
/foyld/, adj. Archit. ornamented with foils, as a gable, spandrel, or balustrade. [1655-65; FOIL2 + -ED3] * * *
foilsman
/foylz"meuhn/, n., pl. foilsmen. Fencing. a person who fences with a foil. [1925-30; FOIL3 + 'S1 + MAN1] * * *


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