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/err"bee euhm/, n. Chem. a rare-earth metallic element, having pink salts. Symbol: Er; at. wt.: 167.26; at. no.: 68. [1835-45; < NL, named after Ytterby, Sweden, where first ...
/err"seuhl doohn'/, n. Thomas of. See Thomas of Erceldoune. * * *
/erdd thee"lyah, -see"yah/, n. Alonso de /ah lawn"saw dhe/, 1533-94, Spanish epic poet; soldier in the conquest of Chile. * * *
Ercilla y Zúñiga, Alonso de
▪ Spanish soldier and poet born Aug. 7, 1533, Madrid, Spain died Nov. 29, 1594, Madrid  Spanish poet, author of La Araucana (1569–89), the most celebrated Renaissance epic ...
Ercker, Lazarus
born с 1530, Annaberg, Saxony died с 1594, Prague, Bohemia German writer on early metallurgy. In 1554 Ercker was appointed assayer at Dresden, the first of his many positions ...
/erddk mannn shann trddee ahonn"/, n. joint pen name of Émile Erckmann /ay meel"/, 1822-99, and Alexandre Chatrian /ann lek sahonn"drddeu/, 1826-90, collaborating French ...
Ercles vein
▪ rhetoric       a rousing, somewhat bombastic manner of public speaking or writing. In William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream (Act I, scene 2), “Ercles' ...
▪ Italy formerly  Resina        town, Campania regione, southern Italy. It lies at the western foot of Mount Vesuvius, on the Gulf of Naples, just southeast of the ...
▪ Mongolia       city, northern Mongolia. It lies in a valley between the Selenge and Orhon rivers about 150 miles (240 km) northwest of Ulaanbaatar. Erdenet is a major ...
Erdogan, Recep Tayyip
▪ 2004       The man who formed the new Turkish government in March 2003 had to overcome a serious drawback. The parliamentary elections in November 2002 had been won by ...
Erdös , Paul
born March 26, 1913, Budapest, Hung. died Sept. 20, 1996, Warsaw, Pol. Hungarian mathematician. He proved a classic theorem of number theory (1933), founded the study of ...
Erdos, Paul
▪ 1997       Hungarian mathematician (b. March 26, 1913, Budapest, Hung.—d. Sept. 20, 1996, Warsaw, Pol.), pioneered the fields of number theory and combinatorics and ...
Erdrich, Louise
▪ American author in full  Karen Louise Erdrich  born June 7, 1954, Little Falls, Minn., U.S.       author of Native American ethnicity whose principal subject is the ...
/air/, prep., conj. before. [bef. 900; ME; OE aer, er (c. G ehr), comp. of ar soon, early; c. Goth air. See ERST, EARLY] * * *
▪ ancient palace-fortress, Armenia       ancient Urartian palace-fortress probably built by King Argishti I in the first quarter of the 8th century BC; it was located on ...
/er"euh beuhs/, n. 1. Class. Myth. the darkness under the earth, imagined either as the abode of sinners after death or of all the dead. 2. Mount, a volcano in Antarctica, on ...
Erebus, Mount A volcanic peak, 3,796.6 m (12,448 ft) high, on Ross Island in Antarctica. * * *
/ee"rek, er"ek/, n. Biblical name of Uruk. * * * or Uruk Ancient city, Mesopotamia. Located northwest of Ur on the Euphrates River, it was one of the greatest cities of Sumer ...
Port. /i rddi sheem"/, n. a city in S Brazil. 32,426. * * *
/i rek"thee euhm, er'ik thee"euhm/, n. a temple at Athens on the Acropolis, begun c420 B.C., having two Ionic porches and a porch of caryatids: regarded as one of the finest ...
Legendary god-king of Athens. According to Homer's Iliad, he was born from the earth and raised by Athena, who established him in her temple at Athens. Later tradition ...
—erectable, adj. —erectly, adv. —erectness, n. /i rekt"/, adj. 1. upright in position or posture: to stand or sit erect. 2. raised or directed upward: a dog with ears ...
See erect. * * *
—erectility /i rek til"i tee, ee'rek-/, n. /i rek"tl, -til, -tuyl/, adj. 1. capable of being erected or set upright. 2. Anat. capable of being distended with blood and becoming ...
erectile dysfunction
difficulty in achieving or maintaining an erection of the penis; impotence. * * *
erectile dysfunction n. Abbr. ED The inability to achieve penile erection or to maintain an erection until ejaculation. Also called impotence. * * *
See erectile. * * *
erecting prism
Optics. See Dove prism. [1870-75] * * *
/i rek"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of erecting. 2. the state of being erected. 3. something erected, as a building or other structure. 4. Physiol. a distended and rigid state of an ...
/i rek"tiv/, adj. tending to erect. [1605-15; ERECT + -IVE] * * *
See erectable. * * *
See erectable. * * *
/i rek"teuhr/, n. 1. Also, erecter. a person or thing that erects. 2. Anat. a muscle that erects the body or one of its parts. [1530-40; ERECT + -OR2] * * *
Erector Set
Trademark. a brand of children's building game. * * *
Erector Set{™}
a US make of children’s toy which consists of a set of long, flat pieces of metal, nuts, bolts and screws, etc. which are used to build mechanical models. It was invented in ...
erector spinae
▪ anatomy  a deep muscle of the back; it arises from a tendon attached to the crest along the centre of the sacrum (the part of the backbone at the level of the pelvis, ...
E region n. See E layer. * * *
▪ Konya province, Turkey       town, south-central Turkey. It stands near the foot of the central Taurus Mountains on the northern approach to the Cilician Gates, a ...
/air lawng", -long"/, adv. before long; soon. [1570-80; ERE + LONG1] * * *
—eremitic /er'euh mit"ik/, eremitical, eremitish /er"euh muy'tish/, adj. —eremitism, n. /er"euh muyt'/, n. a hermit or recluse, esp. one under a religious vow. [1150-1200; ME ...
See eremite. * * *
See eremitic. * * *
/er'euh mof"euh leuhs/, adj. Ecol. requiring a desert habitat. [ < NL eremo- (see EREMOPHYTE) + -PHILOUS] * * *
/er"euh moh fuyt', i ree"meuh-/, n. Bot a plant that grows in desert conditions. [ < NL eremo- (comb. form repr. Gk éremos solitary, empty; see HERMIT) + -PHYTE] * * *
eremurus [er΄ə myoor′əs] n. pl. eremuri [er΄ə myoor′ī΄] 〚ModL < Gr erēmos, desolate (see HERMIT) + ModL -urus < Gr oura, tail: see URO-2〛 any of a genus ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Erh-lien-hao-t'e        city, north-central Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. It is located in the Gobi (desert) near the ...
/air now"/, adv. before this time. [1300-50; ME ar now. See ERE, NOW] * * *
erepsin [ē rep′sin] n. 〚Ger < L ereptus, pp. of eripere, to snatch away (< e-, out + rapere, to snatch: see RAPE1) + Ger pepsin, PEPSIN〛 an enzyme mixture once thought to ...
/ay resh"kee'gahl, er'esh kig"euhl/, n. the Sumerian and Akkadian goddess of death; consort of Nergal. Also, Ereshkigel /ay resh"kee'gel, er'esh kig"euhl/. * * * In Mesopotamian ...
—erethismic, erethistic /er'euh this"tik/, erethitic /er'euh thit"ik/, erethic /euh reth"ik, e reth"-/, adj. /er"euh thiz'euhm/, n. Physiol. an unusual or excessive degree of ...
See erethism. * * *
Eretna Dynasty
▪ dynasty, Anatolia       dynasty that succeeded the Mongol Il-Khanid rulers in central Anatolia and ruled there from c. 1343 to 1380.       The dynasty's ...
E·re·tri·a (ĕ-rēʹtrē-ə) An ancient city of Greece on the southern coast of Euboea. Founded as an Ionian colony, it was destroyed by the Persians in 490 B.C. * * ...
Eretz Israel
/er"its/ the land of Israel. Also, Eretz Yisrael Seph. Heb. /erdd"ets yis rddah el"/; Ashk. Heb. /erdd"its yis rddoyl"/. [ < Heb eres yisra'el] * * *
/erdd"ev/; Eng. /er"euhv/, n. Hebrew. the day before a Jewish holiday or the Jewish Sabbath: Erev Yom Kippur. ['erebh lit., eve, evening] * * *
/yer'euh vahn"/; Russ. /yi rddyi vahn"/, n. Yerevan. * * *
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county of Derbyshire, England. Its eastern boundary is the River Erewash, from ...
/air hwuyl", -wuyl"/, adv. Archaic. a while before; formerly. [1250-1300; ME; see ERE, WHILE] * * *
/er"euh hwon', -hweuhn, -won', -weuhn/, n. a satirical novel (1872) by Samuel Butler. * * *
/erdd"foorddt/, n. a city in and the capital of Thuringia, in central Germany. 220,016. * * * City (pop., 2002 est.: 200,126), central Germany. Boniface founded a bishopric in ...
Erfurt Union Parliament
▪ Prussian conference German  Erfurter Unionsparlament        (March 20–April 29, 1850), conference called by Prussia to form a union of German states headed ...
Erfurth, Hugo
▪ German photographer born October 14, 1874, Halle, Brandenburg [Germany] died February 14, 1948, Gaienhofen, West Germany       German photographer noted mainly for ...
erg1 /errg/, n. Physics. the centimeter-gram-second unit of work or energy, equal to the work done by a force of one dyne when its point of application moves through a distance ...
electroretinogram. * * * ▪ desert feature also called  Sand Sea,         in a desert region, area of large accumulation of sand, generally in the bottom of a huge ...
var. of ergo-1 before a vowel: ergodic. * * *
/err"gayt/, n. a worker ant. [1905-10; < Gk ergátes worker, doer, producer, equiv. to érgon WORK + -ates agent suffix] * * *
—ergativity, n. /err"geuh tiv/, adj. 1. Gram. a. (in certain languages, as Basque, Eskimo, and some Caucasian languages) noting a case that indicates the subject of a ...
See ergative. * * * Tendency of a language to pair the subject, or agent, of an intransitive verb with the object, or patient, of a transitive verb. This contrasts with the ...
/err"goh, er"goh/, conj., adv. therefore. [1350-1400; < L] * * *
ergo-1 a combining form meaning "work": ergograph. Also, esp. before a vowel, erg-. [comb. form repr. Gk érgon] ergo-2 a combining form of ergot: ergotoxine. [ < F] * * *
ergocalciferol [ʉr΄gō kal sif′ər ôl΄, ʉr΄gō kas sif′ərōl΄] n. a crystalline sterol, C28H43OH, formed by the ultraviolet irradiation of ergosterol; vitamin D2 * * ...
—ergodicity /err'geuh dis"i tee/, n. /err god"ik/, adj. Math., Statistics. of or pertaining to the condition that, in an interval of sufficient duration, a system will return ...
—ergographic /err'geuh graf"ik/, adj. /err"geuh graf', -grahf'/, n. an instrument that records the amount of work done when a muscle contracts. [1890-95; ERGO-1 + -GRAPH] * * *
See ergograph. * * *
—ergometric /err'geuh me"trik/, adj. /err gom"i teuhr/, n. a device designed to measure muscle power. [1875-80; ERGO-1 + -METER] * * *
See ergometer. * * *
See ergonomic. * * *
See ergonomics. * * *
See ergonomic. * * *
—ergonomic, ergonometric /err'geuh neuh me"trik/, adj. —ergonomically, adv. —ergonomist /err gon"euh mist/, n. /err'geuh nom"iks/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) See ...
See ergonomic. * * *
/err'geuh noh"veen, -vin/, n. Pharm. an alkaloid, C23H27N3O2, obtained from ergot or produced synthetically, used chiefly in obstetrics to induce uterine contractions or control ...
/err gos"teuh rohl', -rawl/, n. Biochem. a colorless, crystalline, water-insoluble sterol, C28H43OH, that occurs in ergot and yeast and that, when irradiated with ultraviolet ...
/err"geuht, -got/, n. 1. Plant Pathol. a. a disease of rye and other cereal grasses, caused by a fungus of the genus Claviceps, esp. C. purpurea, which replaces the affected ...
/err got"euh meen', -min/, n. Pharm. a crystalline, water-soluble polypeptide, C33H35N5O5, obtained from ergot, used to stimulate uterine contractions during labor and in the ...
See ergot. * * *
/err"geuh tin/, n. Pharm. any of various extracts of ergot used in medicine. Also, ergotine. [ERGOT + -IN2] * * *
/err"geuh tiz'euhm/, n. Pathol. a condition caused by eating rye or some other grain that is infected with ergot fungus or by taking an overdose of a medicine containing ergot, ...
/err'geuh tok"seen, -sin/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble alkaloid, C35H41N5O6, obtained from ergot, used chiefly in obstetrics as a uterine stimulant. [1905-10; ...
/err"geuh trayt'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of ergonovine. * * *
Ergun He
Chin. /uerdd"gyuun" hue"/ Pinyin. Argun. * * *
Er·gun He (ĕrʹgo͞onʹ hĕʹ, ĕrʹgwänʹ hŭʹ) See Argun River. * * *
(as used in expressions) Ha erh pin O erh ku na Ho Erh Hai * * *
/air"hahrt/; Ger. /erdd"hahrddt/, n. Ludwig, 1897-1977, West German economist and government official: chancellor 1963-66. * * *
Erhard, Ludwig
born Feb. 4, 1897, Fürth, Ger. died May 5, 1977, Bonn, W.Ger. German economist and politician. As economics minister (1949–63), he was the chief architect of West Germany's ...
/air"hahrt/; Ger. /erdd"hahrddt/, n. a male given name. * * *
▪ musical instrument Wade-Giles romanization  erh-hu    bowed, two-stringed Chinese vertical fiddle, the most popular of this class of instruments. The strings of the erhu, ...
/er"ik/, n. 1. See Eric the Red. 2. a male given name: ultimately from Germanic words meaning "one" and "ruler." * * * (as used in expressions) Ambler Eric Bentley Eric ...
Educational Resources Information Center. * * * (as used in expressions) Ambler Eric Bentley Eric Russell Heiden Eric Arthur Kandel Eric Eric Arthur Blair Rohmer Eric Eric ...
Eric Clapton
➡ Clapton * * *
Eric Gill
➡ Gill * * *
Eric Morecambe
➡ Morecambe and Wise * * *
Eric Sykes
➡ Sykes * * *
Eric the Red
born A.D. c950, Norse mariner: explorer and colonizer of Greenland c985. Also called Eric. * * *
/er"i keuh/, n. any of numerous low-growing evergreen shrubs or small trees belonging to the genus Erica, of the heath family, including several species of heather. [1820-30; < ...
/er"i keuh/, n. a female given name: derived from Eric. * * * Any of the approximately 500 species of low evergreen shrubs that make up the genus Erica, in the heath family, ...
Erica Jong
➡ Jong * * *
/er'i kay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Ericaceae, the heath family of plants. Cf. heath family. [1880-85; < NL Ericace(ae) (see ERICA, -ACEAE) + -OUS] * * *
▪ plant order Introduction   rhododendron order of flowering plants, containing 25 families, 346 genera, and more than 11,000 species.       The relationships of the ...
▪ Italy formerly  (until 1934) Monte San Giuliano,         town, northwestern Sicily, Italy; it lies at 2,464 feet (751 m) above sea level on the top of Monte San ...
/er'euh si tik"euh leuhs/, adj. requiring a heath or heathlike habitat. [ < L *ericet(um) place where heath grows (deriv. of erica heath; see ERICA) + -I- + -COLOUS] * * *
(as used in expressions) Correns Carl Erich Fromm Erich Honecker Erich Hornbostel Erich Moritz von Kleiber Erich Korngold Erich Wolfgang Ludendorff Erich Mendelsohn Erich Raeder ...
Erickson, Arthur (Charles)
born June 16, 1924, Vancouver, B.C., Can. Canadian architect. He first earned wide recognition with his plan for Simon Fraser University (1963–65), designed with Geoffrey ...
Erickson, John
▪ 2003       British military historian (b. April 17, 1929, Newcastle, Eng.—d. Feb. 10, 2002, Edinburgh, Scot.), was widely regarded as the West's foremost authority ...
/er"ik seuhn/, n. Leif /leef/; Icel. /layv/, fl. A.D. c1000, Norse mariner: according to Icelandic saga, discoverer of Vinland (son of Eric the Red). Old Norse, Eirikson. Also, ...
Er·ic·son also Er·ics·son (ĕrʹĭk-sən), Leif. fl. c. 1000. Norwegian navigator who, according to Norse sagas, was blown off course when voyaging to Greenland and thereby ...
/er"ik seuhn/, n. 1. John, 1803-89, Swedish engineer and inventor; in the U.S. after 1839. 2. See Ericson, Leif. * * *
Ericsson, John
born July 31, 1803, Långbanshyttan, Swed. died March 8, 1889, New York, N.Y., U.S. Swedish-U.S. naval engineer and inventor. He moved to England in 1826, where he constructed ...
Er·ics·son (ĕrʹĭk-sən), John. 1803-1889. American engineer and inventor who built the first ironclad warship, the Monitor (1862), which engaged the Confederate Merrimack ...
Ericthe Red
Er·ic the Red (ĕrʹĭk), fl.tenth century. Norwegian navigator who explored and named Greenland and founded its first settlement (c. 985). * * *
/i rid"n euhs/, n., gen. Eridani /-n uy'/. Astron. the River, a large southern constellation between Cetus and Orion, containing the bright star Achernar. * * *
/er"i dooh'/, n. an ancient Sumerian and Babylonian city near the Euphrates in S Iraq: center for the worship of Ea; partially excavated. * * * Ancient Sumerian city on the ...
Eridu Genesis
Sumerian creation epic. It recounted the origins of the world and humanity, the founding of cities, and the great flood sent by the gods to destroy humanity. Forewarned by the ...
/ear"ee/, n., pl. Eries, (esp. collectively) Erie for 3. 1. Lake, a lake between the NE central United States and SE central Canada: the southernmost lake of the Great Lakes; ...
Erie Canal
a canal in New York between Albany and Buffalo, connecting the Hudson River with Lake Erie: completed in 1825. See illus. in next column. Cf. New York State Barge Canal (def. ...
Erie Railroad Co.
Former railroad running between New York City, Buffalo, and Chicago. Incorporated in 1832 and completed in 1851, the Erie became known as "the scarlet woman of Wall Street" in ...
Erie Railroad Company
▪ American railway       U.S. railroad running between New York City, Buffalo, and Chicago, through the southern counties of New York state and skirting Lake Erie. It ...
Erie, Lake
Lake, in U.S. and Canada. The fourth largest of the five Great Lakes, it lies between lakes Huron and Ontario and forms the boundary between Canada (Ontario) and the U.S. ...
Erie, Lake One of the Great Lakes, bounded by southern Ontario, western New York, northwest Pennsylvania, northern Ohio, and southeast Michigan. A vital part of the Great ...
Erie Canal An artificial waterway extending about 579 km (360 mi) across central New York from Albany to Buffalo. Constructed from 1817 to 1825 and enlarged numerous times after ...
/i rij"euh neuh/, n. Johannes Scotus /joh han"eez skoh"teuhs, -han"is/, A.D. c810-c877, Irish philosopher and theologian. * * *
Erigena, John Scotus
Latin Johannes Scotus Eriugena born 1810, Ireland died с 877 Irish-born theologian, translator, and commentator. In his philosophical system, which came to be known as ...
Erigena,John Scotus
E·rig·e·na (ĭ-rĭjʹə-nə, -rēʹjə-) or Er·iu·ge·na (ĕr-yo͞oʹjə-), John Scotus. 810?-877?. Irish-born theologian and philosopher who sought to reconcile ...
/i rij"euh ron', -euhr euhn/, n. any composite plant of the genus Erigeron, having flower heads resembling those of the asters but with narrower and usually more numerous white ...
/i rig"euh nee'/, n. Class. Myth. a daughter of Clytemnestra and Aegisthus who hanged herself when Orestes was acquitted of the murder of her parents. * * * ▪ Greek ...
/er"ik/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Asplund Erik Gunnar Bruhn Erik Erik the Red Erik Thorvaldson Erikson Erik Homburger Erik Weisz Karlfeldt Erik ...
Erik I
▪ king of Norway and Northumberland byname  Erik Bloodax,  Norwegian  Eirik BlodØks  died 954, Stainmore, Eng.       king of Norway (c. 930–935) and later king ...
Erik the Red
orig. Erik Thorvaldson flourished 10th century, Norway Founder of the first European settlement on Greenland (с 986) and father of Leif Eriksson. A native of Norway, Erik ...
Erik V
▪ king of Denmark byname  Erik Glipping, or Klipping   born c. 1249, , Denmark died Nov. 22, 1286, Finderup, Den.       king of Denmark (1259–86) whose reign saw ...
Erik VI
▪ king of Denmark byname  Erik Menved   born 1274, Denmark died Nov. 13, 1319, Denmark       king of Denmark (1286–1319) under whom the conflict between church and ...
Erik VII
▪ king of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden also called  Erik of Pomerania , Danish  Erik af Pommern , Swedish and Norwegian  Erik av Pommern  born c. 1381, , Pomerania died ...
Erik XIV
▪ king of Sweden born Dec. 13, 1533, Stockholm, Swed. died Feb. 26, 1577, Örbyhus  king of Sweden (1560–68) who expanded the powers of the monarchy and pursued an ...
/er"i keuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/er"ik seuhn/, n. Erik (Homburger) /hom"berr geuhr/, 1902-94, U.S. psychoanalyst, born in Germany. * * *
Erikson, Erik H(omburger)
born June 15, 1902, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died May 12, 1994, Harwich, Mass., U.S. German-U.S. psychoanalyst. Trained in Vienna by Anna Freud, in 1933 he immigrated to the ...
Erikson, Erik H.
▪ American psychoanalyst in full  Erik Homburger Erikson   born June 15, 1902, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died May 12, 1994, Harwich, Mass., U.S.       German-born ...
Erikson, Erik Homburger
▪ 1995       German-born psychoanalyst (b. June 15, 1902, Frankfurt am Main, Germany—d. May 12, 1994, Harwich, Mass.), profoundly influenced the study of human ...
Erikson, Joan Mowat Serson
▪ 1998       Canadian-born American psychologist, writer, and craftsperson who, in addition to pursuing her own arts and crafts interests, collaborated with her husband, ...
Erikson,Erik Homburger
Er·ik·son (ĕrʹĭk-sən), Erik Homburger. 1902-1994. German-born American psychoanalyst who proposed that people acquire mature psychosexual traits by overcoming a series of ...
(as used in expressions) Gustav Eriksson Vasa Magnus II Eriksson Leif Eriksson Leiv Eriksson den Hepne Leif Eriksson the Lucky * * *
/er'euh man"theuhs/, n. Erymanthus. * * *
/er"in/, n. 1. Literary. Ireland. 2. a female given name. * * *
Erin go bragh
Erin go bragh [er΄in gō brä′] 〚Ir〛 Ireland forever: a slogan * * *
/er'euh nay"sheuhs/, adj. Zool. of the hedgehog kind or family. [ < L erinace(us) hedgehog + -OUS] * * *
▪ Greek poet flourished 4th century BC       Greek poet of the Aegean island of Telos, known in antiquity for “The Distaff,” a hexameter poem of lament for a ...
Erinyes [ē rin′i ēz΄, er in′i ēz΄] pl.n. sing. Erinys [ē rin′is, er in′is] 〚L < Gr Erinys〛 Gr. Myth. FURIES * * * E·rin·y·es (ĭ-rĭnʹē-ēz') pl.n. Greek ...
/i rin"is, i ruy"nis/, n., pl. Erinyes /i rin"ee eez'/. Gk. Myth. any of the Furies. * * *
▪ plant order       the pipewort order of monocotyledonous flowering plants (i.e., those characterized by one seed leaf), consisting of one family, Eriocaulaceae, with ...
/er'ee og"euh neuhm, -ee euh goh"neuhm/, n. any of various plants belonging to the genus Eriogonum, of the buckwheat family, native to southern and western North America. Cf. ...
▪ mineral       hydrated sodium-potassium-calcium aluminosilicate mineral in the zeolite family, one of the most abundant zeolites present in sedimentary rocks. Its ...
/er'ee oh fil"euhs/, adj. Bot. having leaves covered with a woolly pubescence. [ < Gk erio- (comb. form of érion wool) + -PHYLLOUS] * * *
/ear"is, er"is/, n. the ancient Greek goddess of discord and the sister of Ares: identified with the Roman goddess Discordia. * * * Ancient Greek personification of strife. Her ...
/euh ris"euh/, n. Employee Retirement Income Security Act. * * *
—eristically, adv. /e ris"tik/, adj. 1. Also, eristical. pertaining to controversy or disputation; controversial. n. 2. a person who engages in disputation; ...
—Eritrean, adj., n. /er'i tree"euh/; It. /e'rddee trdde"ah/, n. a republic in NE Africa, on the Red Sea: Italian colony 1890-1941; province of Ethiopia 1962-93; independent ...
Eritrea, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of triangles of green, red, and blue and a yellow emblem off-centre toward the hoist. The flag's width-to-length ratio is ...
See Eritrea. * * *
Eritrean People's Liberation Front
▪ political organization, Eritrea later (from 1994)  People's Front for Democracy and Justice        secessionist movement that successfully fought for the creation ...
Er·iu·ge·na (ĕr-yo͞oʹjə-nə) See Erigena, John Scotus. * * *
/yer'euh vahn"/; Russ. /yi rddyi vahn"/, n. Yerevan. * * *
/errk/, n. Brit. Slang. 1. an aircraftsman of the lowest rank in the Royal Air Force. 2. a worthless, stupid person; jerk. [1920-25; earlier naval slang for any noncommissioned ...
Erkel, Ferenc
▪ Hungarian composer Hungarian form  Erkel Ferenc  born Nov. 7, 1810, Gyula, Hung. died June 15, 1893, Budapest       founding father of Hungary's national opera in ...
/erdd"lahn deuhrdd/, n. Tage (Fritiof) /tah"geuh frddee"cheuhf/, 1901-85, Swedish statesman: prime minister 1946-69. * * *
Erlander, Tage
▪ prime minister of Sweden born June 13, 1901, Ransäter, Sweden died June 21, 1985, Huddinge, near Stockholm       politician and prime minister of Sweden (1946–69). ...
Erlangen [er′läŋ ən] city in SE Germany, near Nuremberg, in the state of Bavaria: pop. 103,000 * * * Er·lang·en (ĕrʹläng'ən) A city of south-central Germany ...
/err"lang euhr/, n. 1. Joseph, 1874-1965, U.S. physiologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1944. 2. a city in N Kentucky. 14,433. * * *
Erlanger Loan
▪ United States history       in U.S. history, attempt of the Confederate government to raise funds abroad during the American Civil War.       In 1863 the ...
Erlanger, Joseph
▪ American physiologist born Jan. 5, 1874, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Dec. 5, 1965, St. Louis, Mo.       American physiologist, who received (with Herbert Gasser ...
▪ Indonesian ruler also spelled  Airlangga   born 991, Bali died 1049?, Java       early Indonesian ruler who succeeded in reuniting the empire of eastern ...
Erle Stanley Gardner
➡ Gardner (II) * * *
Erlenmeyer flask
/err"leuhn muy'euhr, er"-/ a flask having a wide base, narrow neck, and conical form, convenient in laboratory experimentation for swirling liquids by hand. [1885-90; named after ...
Er·len·mey·er flask (ûrʹlən-mī'ər, ârʹ-) n. A conical laboratory flask with a narrow neck and flat broad bottom.   [After Richard August Carl Emil Erlenmeyer ...
Erlingsson, Thorsteinn
▪ Icelandic poet born September 27, 1858, Fljótshlíd, Iceland died September 28, 1914, Reykjavík       Icelandic poet whose satirical and rebellious writing was ...
Erlitou culture
Neolithic culture (1900–1350 BC) of the central plains of northern China. It was the first state-level society in China, and its remains are taken to be correlates of the Xia ...
/errl"king'/, n. (in German and Scandinavian mythology) a spirit or personified natural power that works mischief, esp. to children. [1790-1800; < G Erlkönig alder (tree) king, ...
(in full the exchange-rate mechanism) an agreement reached between member countries of the European Union in 1979 to stop their currencies changing too much in value in relation ...
/err"meuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/er man"euh rik/, n. a fourth-century ruler in the Black Sea area: probably identical with Jormunrek. * * * ▪ king of Ostrogoths died , between 370 and 376       king ...
▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), central Netherlands, near Veluwe Lake, comprising the villages of Ermelo, Nunspeet, and Elspeet. First mentioned in 855, ...
—ermined, adj. /err"min/, n., pl. ermines, (esp. collectively) ermine, adj. n. 1. an Old World weasel, Mustela erminea, having in its winter color phase a white coat with black ...
ermine moth
▪ insect       any of several species of insects belonging to the family Yponomeutidae (order Lepidoptera). Ermine moths are widely distributed in the Northern ...
Ermine Street
the name given to one of the main Roman roads in Britain, from London to York. * * * ▪ ancient road, England, United Kingdom       major Roman road in England between ...
ermined [ʉr′mind] adj. wearing or trimmed with ermine * * *
Ermler, Fridrikh Markovich
▪ Russian film director born May 13, 1898, Rēzekne, Latvia died July 12, 1967       motion-picture director whose films deal with Soviet problems.       Ermler ...
/err"neuh/, n. a female given name: from an Old English word meaning "eagle." * * *
/er nah"keuh leuhm/, n. a city in S Kerala, in SW India, on the Malabar Coast. 213,811. * * *
/errn/, n. See sea eagle. Also, ern. [bef. 1000; ME ern, arn, OE earn; c. OHG arn (G Aar), MLG arn(e); akin to Lith erelis eagle, Gk órnis bird] * * *
Erne, Lough
Lake, Fermanagh district, Northern Ireland. An average of 5 mi (8 km) wide, the lake consists of the shallow Upper Lough Erne, 12 mi (19 km) long, and Lower Lough Erne, 18 mi ...
/err"nist/, n. a male given name: from an Old English word meaning "vigor, intent." * * * (as used in expressions) Ernest Banks Bevin Ernest Bloch Ernest Borlaug Norman ...
Ernest Augustus
▪ elector of Hanover born Nov. 20, 1629, Herzberg am Harz Castle, Hanover [Germany] died Jan. 23, 1698, Herrenhausen Castle       duke (from 1679) and elector (from ...
Ernest Bevin
➡ Bevin * * *
Ernest Hemingway
➡ Hemingway * * *
Ernest Howard Shepard
➡ Shepard (II) * * *
Ernest I
▪ duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha born Jan. 2, 1784, Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld [Germany] died Jan. 29, 1844, Gotha, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha       duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld ...
Ernest II
▪ duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha born June 21, 1818, Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld [Germany] died Aug. 22, 1893, Reinhardsbrunn, Thuringia  duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, brother of ...
Ernest Louis
▪ grand duke of Hesse-Darmstadt German in full  Ernst Ludwig Karl Albrecht Wilhelm   born November 25, 1868, Darmstadt, Hesse-Darmstadt [Germany] died October 9, 1937, near ...
Ernest Rutherford
➡ Rutherford (I) * * *
Ernest Shackleton
➡ Shackleton * * *
/err"neuh steen'/, n. a female given name: derived from Ernest. * * *
/err"nee/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Ernest. 2. a female given name, form of Ernestine. * * * (as used in expressions) Banks Ernie Ford Tennessee Ernie Pyle Ernie * * *
Ernie Wise
➡ Morecambe and Wise * * *
/errnst/; Ger. /erddnst/, n. 1. Max /maks/; Ger. /mahks/, 1891-1976, German painter, in the U.S. 1941-49, in France 1949-76. 2. a male given name, form of Ernest. * * * (as used ...
Ernst Hans Gombrich
➡ Gombrich * * *
Ernst, Max
born April 2, 1891, Brühl, Ger. died April 1, 1976, Paris, Fr. German-born French painter and sculptor. He gave up studying philosophy and psychology at Bonn University for ...
Ernst, Paul
▪ German writer in full  Paul Karl Friedrich Ernst   born March 7, 1866, Elbingerode, Saxony [Germany] died May 13, 1933, Sankt Georgen, Austria  German writer known ...
Ernst, Richard R.
▪ Swiss chemist in full  Richard Robert Ernst   born Aug. 14, 1933, Winterthur, Switz.       Swiss researcher and teacher who in 1991 won the Nobel Prize for ...
Ernst (ĕrnst), Max. 1891-1976. German-born artist and a founder of Dada and surrealism. Noted for his use of frottage and collage, he explored the subconscious through his ...
—erodible, erodable, erosible /i roh"zeuh beuhl, -seuh-/, adj. —erodibility, erodability, n. /i rohd"/, v., eroded, eroding. v.t. 1. to eat into or away; destroy by slow ...
/i rohd"nt/, adj. eroding; erosive: the erodent power of wind. [ < L erodent- (s. of erodens). See ERODE, -ENT] * * *
See erode. * * *
See erodibility. * * *
—erogeneity /i roj'euh nee"i tee/, n. /i roj"euh neuhs/, adj. 1. especially sensitive to sexual stimulation, as certain areas of the body: erogenous zones. 2. arousing or ...
Eroica Symphony
/e roh"i keuh/ the third symphony (1804) in Eb, opus 55, by Beethoven. * * *
/ear"os, er"os/, n., pl. Erotes /euh roh"teez/ for 2, 3. 1. the ancient Greek god of love, identified by the Romans with Cupid. 2. a representation of this god. 3. a winged ...
—erosely, adv. /i rohs"/, adj. 1. uneven, as if gnawed away. 2. Bot. having the margin irregularly incised as if gnawed, as a leaf. [1785-95; < L erosus, ptp. of erodere. See ...
See erose. * * *
—erosional, adj. /i roh"zheuhn/, n. 1. the act or state of eroding; state of being eroded. 2. the process by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, ...
erosion surface
Geol. an eroded land surface, esp. one that is nearly flat and featureless. * * *
See erosion. * * *
See erosional. * * *
—erosiveness, erosivity, n. /i roh"siv/, adj. serving to erode; causing erosion. [1820-30; < L eros(us) (see EROSE) + -IVE] * * *
See erosive. * * *
See erosiveness. * * *
—erotically, adv. /i rot"ik/, adj. Also, erotical. 1. arousing or satisfying sexual desire: an erotic dance. 2. of, pertaining to, or treating of sexual love; amatory: an ...
/i rot"i keuh/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) literature or art dealing with sexual love. [1850-55; < Gk, neut. pl. of EROTIKÓS EROTIC] * * * ▪ ...
See erotic. * * *
—eroticist, n. /i rot"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. the sexual or erotic quality or character of something. 2. the use of sexually arousing or suggestive symbolism, settings, allusions, ...
See eroticism. * * *
See eroticize. * * *
—eroticization, n. /i rot"euh suyz'/, v.t., eroticized, eroticizing. to render or make erotic: a painting eroticized with voluptuous figures and symbols. Also, esp. Brit., ...
er·o·tism (ĕrʹə-tĭz'əm) n. Eroticism. * * *
erotize [er′ə tīz΄] vt. erotized, erotizing to give sexual significance to or create sexual feeling in; eroticize erotization [er΄ə ti zā′shən] n. * * * er·o·tize ...
a combining form with the meaning "sexual desire," used in the formation of compound words: erotomania. [ < Gk, comb. form, equiv. to erot- (s. of éros) EROS + -o- -O-] * * *
/i roh'teuh jen"euh sis, i rot'euh-/, n. the arousal of erotic impulses. [ < NL; see EROTO-, -GENESIS] * * *
/i roh'teuh jen"ik, i rot'euh-/, adj. erogenous. [1905-10; EROTO- + -GENIC] * * *
—erotomaniac /i roh'teuh may"nee ak', i rot'euh-/, n. —erotomanic /i roh'teuh man"ik, i rot'euh-/, adj. /i roh'teuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh, i rot'euh-/, n. ...
See erotomania. * * *
See erotomaniac. * * *
See European Recovery Program. Also, E.R.P. * * *
—errability, n. —errable, adj. /err, er/, v.i. 1. to go astray in thought or belief; be mistaken; be incorrect. 2. to go astray morally; sin: To err is human. 3. Archaic. to ...
Erramala Range
▪ hills, India       range of hills in western Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. The hills are situated on the Deccan plateau and are composed of quartzites and ...
/er"euhn see, err"-/, n., pl. errancies. 1. the state or an instance of erring. 2. tendency to err. [1615-25; < L errantia a wandering. See ERRANT, -CY] * * *
/er"euhnd/, n. 1. a short and quick trip to accomplish a specific purpose, as to buy something, deliver a package, or convey a message, often for someone else. 2. the purpose of ...
—errantly, adv. /er"euhnt/, adj. 1. deviating from the regular or proper course; erring; straying. 2. journeying or traveling, as a medieval knight in quest of adventure; ...
See errant. * * *
/er"euhn tree/, n., pl. errantries. conduct or performance like that of a knight-errant. [1645-55; ERRANT + -RY] * * *
errare humanum est
/erdd rddah"rdde hooh mah"noom est"/; Eng. /e rair"ee hyooh may"neuhm est"/ Latin. to err is human. * * *
/i rah"teuh, i ray"-, i rat"euh/, n. 1. pl. of erratum. 2. a list of errors and their corrections inserted, usually on a separate page or slip of paper, in a book or other ...
—erratically, adv. —erraticism, n. /i rat"ik/, adj. 1. deviating from the usual or proper course in conduct or opinion; eccentric; queer: erratic behavior. 2. having no ...
See erratic. * * *
See erratically. * * *
/i rah"teuhm, i ray"-, i rat"euhm/, n., pl. errata /-teuh/. 1. an error in writing or printing. 2. a statement of an error and its correction inserted, usually on a separate page ...
/er"uyn, er"in/, Med. adj. 1. designed to be snuffed into the nose. 2. occasioning discharges from the nose. n. 3. a medicine to be snuffed up the nostrils to promote sneezing ...
Er Rif (ĕr rĭfʹ) A hilly region along the coast of northern Morocco. The Berber peoples of the area remained fiercely independent until they were subdued by French and ...
—erringly, adv. /err"ing, er"-/, adj. 1. going astray; in error; wrong. 2. sinning. [1300-50; ME; r. ME errand. See ERR, -ING2] * * *

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