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fos·car·net (fŏsʹkär-nĕt') n. An antiviral drug, CNa3O5P, used in the treatment of several AIDS-related infections including cytomegalovirus retinitis.   [Alteration of ...
Foscolo, Ugo
orig. Niccolò Foscolo born Feb. 6, 1778, Zacynthus, Venetian republic died Sept. 10, 1827, Turnham Green, near London, Eng. Italian poet and novelist. His works articulated ...
found1 /fownd/, v. 1. pt. and pp. of find. 2. equipped, outfitted, or furnished: He bought a new boat, fully found. adj. 3. Brit. provided or furnished without additional charge, ...
found art
art comprised of found objects. * * *
found object
a natural or manufactured object that is perceived as being aesthetically satisfying and exhibited as such. [1955-60; trans. of F objet trouvé] * * *
found poem
a composition made by combining fragments of such printed material as newspapers, signs, or menus, and rearranging them into the form of a poem. [1965-70; by analogy with FOUND ...
—foundational, adj. —foundationally, adv. —foundationary, adj. /fown day"sheuhn/, n. 1. the basis or groundwork of anything: the moral foundation of both society and ...
Foundation Day
former name of Australia Day. * * *
foundation garment
an undergarment, as a girdle or corset, worn by women to support or give shape to the contours of the body. Also called foundation. [1925-30] * * *
foundation hospital
➡ hospital trust * * *
foundation status
➡ hospital trust * * *
foundation stone
1. any of the stones composing the foundation of a building. 2. a cornerstone. [1645-55] * * *
foundation trust
➡ hospital trust * * *
See foundation. * * *
In epistemology, the view that some beliefs can justifiably be held directly (e.g., on the basis of sense perception or rational intuition) and not by inference from other ...
foundation garment n. A woman's supporting undergarment, such as a corset or girdle. * * *
founder1 /fown"deuhr/, n. a person who founds or establishes. [1275-1325; ME; see FOUND2, -ER1] founder2 /fown"deuhr/, v.i. 1. (of a ship, boat, etc.) to fill with water and ...
founder effect
Biol. the accumulation of random genetic changes in an isolated population as a result of its proliferation from only a few parent colonizers. * * *
/fown"deuhr euhs/, adj. likely to cause foundering; miry; swampy. [1760-70; FOUNDER2 + -OUS] * * *
founders' shares
Finance. shares of stock given, at least nominally, for consideration to the organizers or original subscribers of a corporation, sometimes carrying special voting privileges, ...
founders' type
Brit. Print. See foundry type. * * *
Process of pouring molten metal into a mold. When the metal solidifies, the result is a casting, a metal object conforming to that shape. Multitudinous metal objects are molded ...
founding father
☆ founding father n. 1. someone who founds or is instrumental in founding an institution, nation, etc. 2. [usually F- F-] a participant in the U.S. Constitutional Convention of ...
Founding Fathers
1. the delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787. 2. (often l.c.) any group of founders: the town's founding fathers. * * * ▪ United States ...
Found·ing Father (founʹdĭng) n. 1. A member of the convention that drafted the U.S. Constitution in 1787. 2. founding father A man who founds or establishes something. * * *
/fownd"ling/, n. an infant or small child found abandoned; a child without a known parent or guardian. [1250-1300; ME found(e)ling. See FOUND1, -LING1] * * *
foundling hospital
an institutional home for foundlings. [1750-60] * * *
found object n. A natural object or an artifact not originally intended as art, found and considered to have aesthetic value. Also called objet trouvé.   [Translation of French ...
found poem n. The presentation of a borrowed text or found object as a poem or as part of a poem. * * *
/fown"dris/, n. a woman who establishes something, as an institution or religious order; founder. [1400-50; late ME founderesse; see FOUNDER1, -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
/fown"dreuhs/, adj. founderous. * * *
/fown"dree/, n., pl. foundries. 1. an establishment for producing castings in molten metal. 2. the act or process of founding or casting metal. 3. the category of metal objects ...
foundry proof
Print. a proof pulled for a final checking before printing plates are made. * * *
foundry type
Print. type cast in individual characters for setting by hand. Also, Brit., founders' type. * * *
fount1 /fownt/, n. 1. a spring of water; fountain. 2. a source or origin: a fount of inspiration to his congregation. [1585-95; short for FOUNTAIN] fount2 /fownt, font/, n. ...
—fountained, adj. —fountainless, adj. —fountainlike, adj. /fown"tn/, n. 1. a spring or source of water; the source or head of a stream. 2. the source or origin of ...
fountain grass
a perennial grass, Pennisetum setaceum, of Ethiopia, having bristly spikes, often rose-purple, grown as an ornamental. * * *
Fountain of Youth
a fabled spring whose waters were supposed to restore health and youth, sought in the Bahamas and Florida by Ponce de León, Narváez, De Soto, and others. * * *
fountain pen
a pen with a refillable reservoir that provides a continuous supply of usually fluid ink to its point. [1700-10] * * *
fountain plant
Joseph's-coat. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
Fountain Valley
a city in SW California. 55,080. * * *
/fown"tn hed'/, n. 1. a fountain or spring from which a stream flows; the head or source of a stream. 2. a chief source of anything: a fountainhead of information. [1575-85; ...
fountain pen n. A pen filled from an external source and containing an ink reservoir that automatically feeds the writing point. * * *
Fountains Abbey
a ruined abbey near Ripon in north-east England. It was built in 1132 and destroyed in the 16th century during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Many people visit the ruins, ...
Foun·tain Valley (founʹtən) A city of southern California southeast of Los Angeles. It is mainly residential. Population: 53,691. * * *
/fooh kay"/, n. Friedrich Heinrich Karl, Baron de la Motte- /frddee"drddikh huyn"rddikh kahrddl, deuh lah moht"/, 1777-1843, German romanticist: poet and novelist. * * *
Fouqué, Friedrich Heinrich Karl de la Motte, Baron
▪ German writer born Feb. 12, 1777, Brandenburg died Jan. 23, 1843, Berlin  German novelist and playwright remembered chiefly as the author of the popular fairy tale Undine ...
Fr. /fooh ke"/, n. 1. Jean or Jehan both Fr. /zhahonn/, c1420-c80, French painter. 2. Nicolas /nee kaw lah"/, (Marquis de Belle-Isle), 1615-80, French statesman. Also, ...
Fouquet, Jean
born с 1420, Tours, Fr. died с 1481, Tours French painter. Little is known about his early life or training, but a trip to Rome in the 1440s exposed him to Italian ...
Fouquet, Nicolas
born 1615, Paris, France died March 23, 1680, Pignerol French finance minister (1653–61) in the early years of the reign of Louis XIV. He was a wealthy supporter of the ...
Fou·quet also Fouc·quet (fo͞o-kāʹ), Jean. 1420?-1480?. French artist who produced religious paintings, unidealized portraits, and book illuminations. * * *
/fooh kyay taonn veel"/, n. Antoine Quentin /ahonn twannn" kahonn taonn"/, 1747?-95, French revolutionist: prosecutor during the Reign of Terror. * * *
Fouquier-Tinville, Antoine-Quentin
▪ French revolutionary lawyer born June 10, 1746, Hérouel, Picardy, Fr. died May 7, 1795, Paris       French Revolutionary lawyer who was public prosecutor of the ...
/fawr, fohr/, n. 1. a cardinal number, three plus one. 2. a symbol of this number, 4 or IV or IIII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. a playing card, die face, or half ...
four bits
—four-bit, adj. Slang. 50 cents. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
Four Books
Chinese Sishu Ancient Confucian texts used as the basis of study for civil service examinations (see Chinese examination system) in China (1313–1905). They served as an ...
Four Corners
a point in the SW U.S., at the intersection of 37° N lat. and 109° W long., where the boundaries of four states - Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico - meet: the only such ...
Four Eyes
Four Eyes n. [f- e-] Slang a person wearing eyeglasses: a term of derision, used esp. in direct address four-eyed adj. * * *
four flush
Poker. a hand having four cards of one suit and one card of another suit; an imperfect flush. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
four freedoms
freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear: stated as goals of U.S. policy by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on January 6, 1941. * * ...
Four Horsemen
Name given by the sportswriter Grantland Rice to the backfield of the University of Notre Dame's undefeated football team of 1924: quarterback Harry Stuhldreher, halfbacks Don ...
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
four riders on white, red, black, and pale horses symbolizing pestilence, war, famine, and death, respectively. Rev. 6:2-8. Also called Four Horsemen. * * *
Four Hundred
the exclusive social set of a city or area. Also, 400. [1885-90, Amer.; allegedly after the capacity of the ballroom in the mansion of Caroline Schermerhorn Astor, a leader of ...
Four Hundred, Council of the
(411 BC) Oligarchical council that briefly took power in Athens during the Peloponnesian War in a coup inspired by Antiphon and Alcibiades. An extremely antidemocratic council, ...
Four Masters of Anhui
▪ Chinese artists also called  Xin'an school , or  Haiyang Sijia        group of Chinese artists who were born and worked in Anhui province in the 17th century ...
Four Masters of the Yuan dynasty
▪ Chinese artists Wade-Giles romanization  Ma Yüan        Chinese painters who worked during the Yuan period (1206–1368) and were revered during the Ming dynasty ...
Four Modernizations
goals of the political leadership in China after the death of Mao Zedong: modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology. [trans. of Chin ...
Four Noble Truths
the doctrines of Buddha: all life is suffering, the cause of suffering is ignorant desire, this desire can be destroyed, the means to this is the Eightfold Path. * * * Statement ...
four of a kind
Poker. a set of four cards of the same denominations. [1930-35] * * *
four old cat
/fawr" euh kat', fohr"/, Games. three old cat played with four batters. Also, four o'cat, four-a-cat. [1850-55] * * *
Four Quartets
a group of four poems by T S Eliot, Burnt Norton (1935), East Coker (1940), The Dry Salvages (1941) and Little Gidding (1942). The poems contain Christian religious messages, and ...
four questions
Judaism. the four questions about the significance of the Seder service, traditionally asked at the Passover Seder by the youngest person and answered by the reading of the ...
Four Seasons, the
▪ American music group       American rock-and-roll (rock and roll) group that was among the best-selling recording artists of the early and mid-1960s. Best remembered ...
Four Tops, the
▪ American singing group       American vocal group that was one of Motown's most popular acts in the 1960s. The members were Renaldo (“Obie”) Benson (b. June 14, ...
Four Wangs
▪ Chinese painters       Chinese landscape painters (Wang Shimin, Wang Jian, Wang Hui, Wang Yuanqi) who were members of the group known as the Six Masters of the early ...
Four Weddings and a Funeral
a British comedy film (1994) in which Hugh Grant plays a young man who falls in love with an American woman at a friend’s wedding. They continue to meet at other weddings and ...
/fawr"euh kat', fohr"-/, n. See four old cat. * * *
☆ four-bagger [fôr′bag′ər ] n. Slang HOME RUN * * * four-bag·ger (fôrʹbăg'ər, fōrʹ-) n. Baseball A home run. * * *
four-ball match
/fawr"bawl", -bawl', fawr"-/, Golf. a match, scored by holes, between two pairs of players, in which the four players tee off and the partners alternate in hitting the pair's ...
/fawr"bang"euhr, fohr"-/, n. Auto. Slang. a four-cylinder engine. * * *
four-by-four or 4 × 4 (fôrʹbī-fôr', fōrʹbī-fōr') n. 1. A four-wheel-drive motor vehicle. 2. A length of lumber that is 4 inches thick and 4 inches wide, or that is ...
/fawr"chan'l, fohr"-/, adj. Audio. quadraphonic. [1965-70] * * *
four-color [fôr′kul′ər] adj. designating or of a printing process using separate plates in yellow, red, blue, and black, so as to produce any color or colors * * ...
four-color problem
/fawr"kul"euhr, fohr"-/, Math. the problem, solved in 1976, of proving the theorem that any geographic map can be colored using only four colors so that no connected countries ...
four-color process
Print. a process for reproducing colored illustrations in a close approximation to their original hues by photographing the artwork successively through magenta, cyan, and yellow ...
four-colour map problem
In topology, a long-standing conjecture asserting that no more than four colours are required to shade in any map such that each adjacent region is coloured differently. First ...
/fawr"kawr"neuhrz, fohr"-/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) Northern and Western U.S. a place where roads cross at right angles; a crossroads. Also, four corners. * * *
/fawr"suy'keuhl, fohr"-/, adj. noting or pertaining to an internal-combustion engine in which a complete cycle in each cylinder requires four strokes, one to draw in air or an ...
/fawr"di men"sheuh nl, fohr"-/, adj. Math. of a space having points, or a set having elements, which require four coordinates for their unique determination. [1875-80] * * *
/fawr"uyd', fohr"-/, adj. 1. having or seeming to have four eyes. 2. Facetious or Disparaging. wearing eyeglasses. [1880-85] * * *
four-eyed fish
a small, surface-swimming fish, Anableps anableps, inhabiting shallow, muddy streams of Mexico and Central America, having each eye divided, with the upper half adapted for ...
four-eyed opossum
a small opossum, Metachirops (Philander) opossum, ranging from Mexico to Brazil, having a white spot above each eye. * * *
four-eyed fish n. Either of two freshwater fishes (Anableps anableps or A. microlepis) of tropical America, having bulging eyes divided horizontally, with the upper part adapted ...
/fawr"uyz', fohr"-/, n., pl. four-eyes. 1. Facetious or Disparaging. a person who wears eyeglasses. 2. See four-eyed fish. [1870-75] * * *
/fawr"flush', fohr"-/, v.i. 1. to bluff. 2. Poker. to bluff on the basis of a four flush. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
See four-flush. * * *
/fawr"foot"id, fohr"-/, adj. having four feet: He considers his dog to be his four-footed friend. [1125-75; ME four foted] * * *
four-footed butterfly.
See brush-footed butterfly. * * *
Four-H Club
—4-H, adj. —4-H'er, n. /fawr"aych", fohr"-/ an organization sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, established chiefly to instruct young people, originally in rural ...
/fawr"han"did, fohr"-/, adj. 1. involving four hands or players, as a game at cards: Bridge is usually a four-handed game. 2. intended for four hands, as a piece of music for the ...
four-hundred-day clock
/fawr"hun'dreuhd day", fohr"-/ a clock that needs to be wound once a year, having the works exposed under a glass dome and utilizing a torsion pendulum. * * *
/fawr"in hand', fohr"-/, n. 1. a long necktie to be tied in a slipknot with the ends left hanging. 2. a vehicle drawn by four horses and driven by one person. 3. a team of four ...
four-kingdom scheme of classification
▪ Table The four-kingdom scheme of classification kingdom members Virus Monera bacteria, blue-green algae, archaebacteria, and prochlorophytes Plantae algae, slime molds, ...
/fawr"layn', fohr"-/, adj. 1. (of a highway) having two lanes for traffic in each direction: a four-lane thruway. n. 2. Also, four-laner /fawr"lay"neuhr, fohr"-/. a four-lane ...
four-leaf clover
/fawr"leef', fohr"-/ a clover leaf having four leaflets instead of the usual three, purported to bring good luck. [1840-50] * * *
four-leaf clover (fôrʹlēf', fōrʹ-) n. A clover leaf having four leaflets instead of the normal three, considered to be an omen of good luck. * * *
/fawr"leg"id, -legd", fohr"-/, adj. 1. having four legs. 2. Naut. (of a schooner) having four masts. [1655-65] * * *
four-letter word
/fawr"let'euhr, fohr"-/ 1. any of a number of short words, usually of four letters, considered offensive or vulgar because of their reference to excrement or sex. 2. any word, ...
four-letter words
➡ swear words * * *
four-let·ter word (fôrʹlĕt'ər, fōrʹ-) n. Any of several short English words generally regarded as vulgar or obscene. * * *
/fawr"mas"tid, -mah"stid, fohr"-/, adj. Naut. carrying four masts. * * *
four-masted brig
Naut. See jackass bark (def. 2). * * *
/fawr"euh klok', fohr"-/, n. 1. a common garden plant, Mirabilis jalapa, of the four-o'clock family, having tubular red, white, yellow, or variegated flowers that open late in ...
four-o'clock family
the plant family Nyctaginaceae, characterized by chiefly tropical herbaceous plants and shrubs having colored, petallike bracts beneath petalless flowers and winged or grooved ...
/fawr"on dheuh flawr', fohr"on dheuh flohr', -awn-/, Auto. n. 1. a four-speed manual transmission having the gearshift set into the floor. adj. 2. of or pertaining to such a ...
four-part harmony
/fawr"pahrt', fohr"-/ harmony in which each chord has four tones, creating, in sum, four melodic lines. * * *
four-poster [fôr′pōs′tər] n. a bedstead with tall corner posts that sometimes support a canopy or curtains * * * four-post·er (fôrʹpōʹstər, fōrʹ-) n. A bed having ...
four-rowed barley
/fawr"rohd', fohr"-/ a class of barley having, in each spike, six rows of grain, with two pairs of rows overlapping. [1880-85] * * *
/fawr"spot', fohr"-/, n. a playing card or the upward face of a die bearing four pips; a domino, one half of which bears four pips. [1875-80] * * *
/fawr"stahr', fohr"-/, adj. 1. of or being a full general or admiral, as indicated by four stars on an insignia. 2. rated or considered as being of the highest quality, esp. as ...
/fawr"struy"peuhr, fohr"-/, n. a captain in the U.S. Navy. * * *
/fawr"strohk', fohr"-/, adj. Mach. four-cycle. [1895-1900] * * *
four-walling [fôr′wôl΄iŋ] n. 〚< the four walls of the theater〛 a form of distribution and exhibition, esp. of films, in which a distributor or producer rents a theater ...
/fawr"way', fohr"-/, adj. 1. providing access or passage in four directions: a four-way entrance. 2. applying to all four directions of traffic at an intersection: a four-way ...
/fawr"hweel', -weel', fohr"-/, adj. 1. having four wheels. 2. functioning on or driven by four wheels. Also, four-wheeled. [1730-40] * * *
four-wheel drive
—four-wheel-drive, adj. Auto. 1. a drive system in which engine power is transmitted to all four wheels for improved traction. 2. a vehicle having such a system. Abbr.: ...
four-wheel drive n. Abbr. 4WD or FWD An automotive drive system in which mechanical power is transmitted from the drive shaft to all four wheels. * * *
/fawr"hwee"leuhr, -wee"-, fohr"-/, n. 1. a four-wheel vehicle, esp. a hackney carriage. 2. CB and Auto. Slang. a four-wheel automotive vehicle, as a car or small truck, esp. as ...
/fawr"hwee"ling, -wee"-, fohr"-/, n. Informal. traveling in a vehicle using four-wheel drive. [FOUR-WHEEL + -ING1] * * *
/fawr"bag"euhr, fohr"-/, n. Baseball. See home run. [1925-30; FOUR + BAGGER] * * *
/foor shay"/, adj. Heraldry. forked or divided into two at the extremity or in extremities: a lion's tail fourché; a cross fourché. Also, fourchée. [1350-1400; ME < F; see ...
/foor shet"/, n. 1. Anat. the fold of skin that forms the posterior margin of the vulva. 2. Ornith. furcula; wishbone. 3. Zool. the frog of an animal's foot. 4. a strip of ...
Four Corners (fôr) A location in the southwest United States where the boundaries of four states—Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah—meet. It is the only point in the ...
/foor drin"ee euhr/, n. a machine for manufacturing paper. [1830-40; named after Henry and Sealy Fourdrinier, 19th-century English papermakers] * * *
Fourdrinier machine
Machine for producing paper, paperboard, and other fibreboards, consisting of a moving endless belt of wire or plastic screen that receives a mixture of pulp and water and allows ...
four eyes n. Informal (used with a sing. verb) One who wears eyeglasses. * * *
four flush n. A five-card poker hand containing four cards in the same suit. * * *
/fawr"flush'euhr, fohr"-/, n. a person who makes false or pretentious claims; bluffer. [1900-05, Amer.; FOUR FLUSH + -ER1] * * *
/fawr"fohld', fohr"-/, adj. 1. comprising four parts or members. 2. four times as great or as much. adv. 3. in fourfold measure. [bef. 1000; ME foure fald, OE feowerfealdum. See ...
fourfold block
Mach. a block having four pulleys or sheaves. Cf. block (def. 11). * * *
fourfold purchase
a tackle that is composed of a rope passed through two fourfold blocks in such a way as to provide mechanical power in the ratio of 1 to 5 or 1 to 4, depending on whether hauling ...
/foordd gawonn"/, n., pl. fourgons /-gawonn"/. French. a long covered wagon for carrying baggage, goods, military supplies, etc.; a van or tumbril. * * *
four·hand·ed (fôrʹhănʹdĭd, fōrʹ-) adj. 1. Games. Involving or requiring four players: fourhanded bridge. 2. Designed for four hands, as a piano duet. * * *
FourHorsemen of the Apocalypse
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse pl.n. In the Book of Revelation, four horsemen that personify pestilence, war, famine, and death, sent as harbingers of the end of the world. Also ...
Four Hundred also 400 n. The wealthiest and most exclusive social set of a community. * * *
/foor"ee ay', -ee euhr/; for 1, 2 also Fr. /fooh rddyay"/, n. 1. François Marie Charles /frddahonn swann" mann rddee" shannrddl/, 1772-1837, French socialist, writer, and ...
Fourier analysis
Physics, Math. 1. the expression of any periodic function as a sum of sine and cosine functions, as in an electromagnetic wave function. Cf. Fourier series. 2. See harmonic ...
Fourier series
Math. an infinite series that involves linear combinations of sines and cosines and approximates a given function on a specified domain. [1875-80; see FOURIER ANALYSIS] * * * In ...
Fourier transform
Math. a mapping of a function, as a signal, that is defined in one domain, as space or time, into another domain, as wavelength or frequency, where the function is represented in ...
Fou·rier's theorem (fo͝orʹē-āz', fo͞o-ryāzʹ) n. Any of a set of theorems stating that a function may be represented by a Fourier series provided that it meets certain, ...
Fourier, (François Marie)Charles
Fou·rier (fo͝orʹē-ā', fo͞o-ryāʹ), (François Marie) Charles. 1772-1837. French social theorist who believed that universal harmony could be achieved by reorganizing ...
Fourier, (François-Marie-) Charles
born April 7, 1772, Besançon, France died Oct. 10, 1837, Paris French social theorist. He advocated a reconstruction of society based on communal associations of producers ...
Fourier, (Jean-Baptiste-) Joseph, Baron
born March 21, 1768, Auxerre, France died May 16, 1830, Paris French mathematician and Egyptologist. While an engineer on Napoleon's Egyptian expedition, he conducted ...
Fourier, Charles
▪ French philosopher born , April 7, 1772, Besançon, Fr. died Oct. 10, 1837, Paris  French social theorist who advocated a reconstruction of society based on communal ...
Fourier, Joseph, Baron
▪ French mathematician Introduction born March 21, 1768, Auxerre, Fr. died May 16, 1830, Paris  French mathematician, known also as an Egyptologist and administrator, who ...
Fourier,Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph
Fourier, Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph. 1768-1830. French mathematician and physicist who formulated a method for analyzing periodic functions and studied the conduction of heat. * ...
Fourier analysis n. The branch of mathematics concerned with the approximation of periodic functions by the Fourier series and with generalizations of such approximations to a ...
—Fourierist, Fourierite /foor"ee euh ruyt'/, n. —Fourieristic, adj. /foor"ee euh riz'euhm/, n. the social system proposed by François Marie Charles Fourier, under which ...
See Fourierism. * * *
See Fourierist. * * *
Fourier series n. An infinite series whose terms are constants multiplied by sine and cosine functions and that can, if uniformly convergent, approximate a wide variety of ...
Fourneyron, Benoît
born Oct. 31, 1802, Saint-Étienne, France died July 31, 1867, Paris French inventor of the water turbine. He first built a small, 6-horsepower unit in which water was directed ...
Fournier, Pierre-Simon
▪ French engraver born Sept. 15, 1712, Paris died Oct. 8, 1768, Paris       French engraver and typefounder particularly noted for decorative typographic ornaments ...
/fawr"peuhns, fohr"-/, n. Brit. a sum of money of the value of four English pennies. [1715-25; FOUR + PENCE] * * *
/fawr"pen'ee, -peuh nee, fohr"-/, adj. 1. Carpentry. a. noting a nail 11/2 in. (3.8 cm) long. b. noting certain fine nails 13/8 in. (3.5 cm) long. Symbol: 4d 2. Brit. of the ...
four·pen·ny nail (fôrʹpĕn'ē, -pə-nē, fōrʹ-) n. A nail 1 1/2 inches (3.8 centimeters) long. * * *
/fawr"pleks, fohr"-/, n. Archit. quadplex. [1970-75; FOUR + -plex, abstracted from DUPLEX (APARTMENT), in place of QUADRUPLEX] * * *
/fawr"poh"steuhr, fohr"-/, n. 1. a bed with four corner posts, as for supporting a canopy, curtains, etc. 2. a four-masted sailing vessel. [1815-25; FOUR + POST1 + -ER1] * * *
/foor"euh zhair'/; Fr. /fooh rddann zherdd"/, n., pl. fourragères /-zhairz'/; Fr. /-zherdd"/. (in French and U.S. military use) 1. an ornament of cord worn on the shoulder. 2. ...
/fawr"skawr", fohr"skohr"/, adj. four times twenty; eighty. [1200-50; ME; see FOUR, SCORE] * * *
/fawr"seuhm, fohr"-/, n. 1. a company or set of four; two couples; a quartet: to make up a foursome for bridge. 2. Golf. a. a match between two pairs of players, each of whom ...
—foursquarely, adv. —foursquareness, n. /fawr"skwair", fohr"-/, adj. 1. consisting of four corners and four right angles; square: a solid, foursquare building. 2. firm; ...
See foursquare. * * *
/fawr"teen", fohr"-/, n. 1. a cardinal number, ten plus four. 2. a symbol for this number, as 14 or XIV. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 14 in ...
Fourteen Points
the 14 aims of the US at the end of World War I, as presented by President Woodrow Wilson to Congress on 8 January 1918. They included a reduction in military weapons, freedom of ...
Fourteen Points, The
a statement of the war aims of the Allies, made by President Wilson on January 8, 1918. * * *
/fawr"tee"neuhr, fohr"-/, n. Pros. a line, esp. an iambic line, consisting of 14 syllables. [1820-30; FOURTEEN + -ER1] * * * ▪ prosody       a poetic line of 14 ...
/fawr"teenth", fohr"-/, adj. 1. next after the thirteenth; being the ordinal number for 14. 2. being one of 14 equal parts. n. 3. a fourteenth part, esp. of one (1/14). 4. the ...
Fourteenth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, defining national citizenship and forbidding the states to restrict the basic rights of citizens or other persons. * * *
/fawrth, fohrth/, adj. 1. next after the third; being the ordinal number for four. 2. being one of four equal parts. 3. Auto. of, pertaining to, or operating at the gear ...
Fourth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights, prohibiting unlawful search and seizure of personal property. * * *
fourth class
(in the U.S. Postal Service) the class of mail consisting of merchandise weighing one pound or more, including parcel post and all first-, second-, or third-class matter weighing ...
Fourth Commandment
"Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy": fourth of the Ten Commandments. Cf. Ten Commandments. * * *
fourth dimension
—fourth-dimensional, adj. 1. Physics, Math. a dimension in addition to length, width, and depth, used so as to be able to employ geometrical language in discussing phenomena ...
fourth estate
(often caps.) 1. the journalistic profession or its members; the press. 2. a group other than the usual powers, as the three estates of France, that wields influence in the ...
Fourth International
a loose federation of small groups of radical socialists formed in 1936 under the leadership of Leon Trotsky and hostile to the Soviet Union. Cf. international (def. 6). * * *
Fourth of July
☆ Fourth of July n. see INDEPENDENCE DAY * * * (also Independence Day) the official US holiday on 4 July that celebrates the nation’s independence. On that day in 1776, the ...
Fourth of July.
See Independence Day. [1770-80, Amer.] * * *
fourth position
Ballet. a position in which the feet are at right angles to the direction of the body, the toes pointing out, with one foot forward and the other foot back. See illus. under ...
Fourth Republic
the republic established in France in 1945 and replaced by the Fifth Republic in 1958. * * * Government of the French Republic from 1946 to 1958. The postwar provisional ...
fourth wall
Theat. the imaginary wall of a box set, separating the actors from the audience. [1800-10] * * *
Fourth World
the world's most poverty-stricken nations, esp. in Africa and Asia, marked by very low GNP per capita and great dependence upon foreign economic aid. Cf. First World, Second ...
Fourth World: Resurgent Nations in the New Europe
▪ 1997 Introduction       by Richard A. Griggs and Peter R. Hocknell  Throughout the world in 1996, there were some 6,000 to 9,000 Fourth World "nations," territorial ...
/fawrth"klas", -klahs", fohrth"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or designated as a class next below third, as for mailing, shipping, etc. adv. 2. as fourth-class matter; by ...
fourth-generation language (4GL)
Fourth-generation computer programming language. 4GLs are closer to human language than other high-level languages and are accessible to people without formal training as ...
See Fourth World. * * *
See fourth-class. * * *
fourth dimension n. Time regarded as a coordinate dimension and required by relativity theory, along with three spatial dimensions, to specify completely the location of any ...
fourth estate n. Journalists considered as a group; the public press. * * *
/fawrth"lee, fohrth"-/, adv. in the fourth place; fourth. [1520-30; FOURTH + -LY] * * *
Fourthof July
Fourth of July n. See Independence Day. * * *
fourth wall n. The space separating the audience from the action of a theatrical performance, traditionally conceived of as an imaginary wall completing the enclosure of the ...
Fourth World also fourth world n. The least-developed countries of the Third World, especially those in Africa and Asia.   Fourthʹ-Worldʹ (fôrthʹwûrldʹ, fōrthʹ-) adj. * ...
▪ region, Senegal also called  Futa , or  Fouta-toro        semidesert region flanking the middle course of the Sénégal River and lying north of the Ferlo ...
Fouta Djallon
▪ region, Guinea also spelled  Futa Jallon,         mountainous region of west-central Guinea. Consisting of a series of stepped sandstone plateaus with many ...
Fou·ta Djal·lon also Fu·ta Jal·lon (fo͞o'tə jə-lōnʹ, fo͞o'tä jä-lôɴʹ) A mountainous region of northwest Guinea. It is the source of the headwaters of the Gambia, ...
/fooh"teuhr/, n. Archaic. something that has no value (used in expressions of contempt): A fouter for the world, say I! Also, foutra /fooh"treuh/, foutre. [1585-95; < MF foutre ...
—foveal, adj. /foh"vee euh/, n., pl. foveae /-vee ee'/. Biol. a small pit or depression in a bone or other structure. [1840-50; < L: pit] * * *
fovea centralis
/sen tray"lis/, Ophthalm. a small pit or depression at the back of the retina forming the point of sharpest vision. [1855-60; < NL: central fovea] * * *
fovea cen·tra·lis (sĕn-trāʹlĭs) n. A small depression near the center of the retina, constituting the area of most acute vision.   [New Latin fovea centrālis: Latin ...
fo·ve·ae (fōʹvē-ē') n. Plural of fovea. * * *
See fovea. * * *
/foh"vee it, -ayt'/, adj. Biol. having foveae; pitted. Also, foveated. [1850-55; FOVE(A) + -ATE1] * * *
See foveal. * * *
—foveolar, adj. /foh vee"euh leuh/, n., pl. foveolae /-lee'/. Biol. a small fovea; a very small pit or depression. [1840-50; < NL; dim. of FOVEA; see -OLE1] * * *
/foh"vee euh lit, -layt'/, adj. Biol. having foveolae, or very small pits. Also, foveolated. [1840-50; FOVEOL(A) + -ATE1] * * *
/foh"vee ohl'/, n. a foveola. Also, foveolet /foh"vee euh let', foh vee"euh lit/. * * *
▪ England, United Kingdom       English Channel port, Restormel borough, administrative and historic county of Cornwall, England. Fowey lies on the west bank of the ...
/fowl/, n., pl. fowls, (esp. collectively) fowl, v. n. 1. the domestic or barnyard hen or rooster; chicken. Cf. domestic fowl. 2. any of several other, usually gallinaceous, ...
fowl cholera
Vet. Pathol. a specific, acute, diarrheal disease of fowls, esp. chickens, caused by a bacterium, Pasteurella multocida. Cf. hemorrhagic septicemia. [1880-85] * * *
fowl paralysis.
See Marek's disease. [1930-35] * * *
fowl plague.
See avian influenza. * * *
fowl pox
Vet. Pathol. a virus disease of chickens and other birds characterized by warty excrescences on the comb and wattles, and often by diphtherialike changes in the mucous membranes ...
fowl typhoid
Vet. Pathol. a septicemic disease of fowl, esp. chickens, caused by the bacterium Salmonella gallinarum and marked by fever, loss of appetite, thirst, anemic pallor of the skin ...
/fow"leuhr/, n. a hunter of birds. [bef. 900; ME foweler, OE fughelere. See FOWL, -ER1] * * *
/fow"leuhr/, n. 1. Henry H(amill) /ham"euhl/, born 1908, U.S. lawyer and government official: secretary of the Treasury 1965-68. 2. Henry Watson, 1858-1933, English ...
Fowler flap
Aeron. a flap normally forming a part of the trailing edge of an airplane wing, capable of being moved backward and rotated downward in order to increase lift through increased ...
Fowler's toad
an eastern U.S. toad, Bufo woodhousii fowleri, having an almost patternless white belly. [named after S. P. Fowler (d. 1888), American naturalist] * * *
Fowler, H W
▪ British lexicographer born March 10, 1858, Tonbridge, Kent, Eng. died Dec. 26, 1933, Hinton St. George, Somerset       English lexicographer and philologist whose ...
Fowler, H(enry) W(atson)
born March 10, 1858, Tonbridge, Kent, Eng. died Dec. 26, 1933, Hinton St. George, Somerset English lexicographer and philologist. With his brother, Francis George Fowler (d. ...
Fowler, Henry Hamill
▪ 2001       American government official (b. Sept. 5, 1908, Roanoke, Va.—d. Jan. 3, 2000, Alexandria, Va.), created Special Drawing Rights, a reserve currency ...
Fowler, John
▪ British engineer born July 11, 1826, Melksham, Wiltshire, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1864, Ackworth, Yorkshire       English engineer who helped to develop the steam-hauled ...
Fowler, Lydia Folger
▪ American physician, writer and educator née  Lydia Folger  born May 5, 1822, Nantucket, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 26, 1879, London, Eng.       physician, writer, and ...
Fowler, Sir John, 1st Baronet
▪ British engineer born July 15, 1817, Wadsley, near Sheffield, Yorkshire, Eng. died Nov. 20, 1898, Bournemouth, Hampshire  English civil engineer who helped design and build ...
Fowler, William A(lfred)
born Aug. 9, 1911, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died March 14, 1995, Pasadena, Calif. U.S. nuclear astrophysicist. He received his Ph.D. from Caltech and became a professor there in ...
Fowler, William A.
▪ American astrophysicist in full  William Alfred Fowler   born Aug. 9, 1911, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died March 14, 1995, Pasadena, Calif.       American nuclear ...
Fowler, William Alfred
▪ 1996       U.S. nuclear astrophysicist (b. Aug. 9, 1911, Pittsburgh, Pa.—d. March 14, 1995, Pasadena, Calif.), formulated the widely accepted theory that almost all ...
Fowler,Henry Watson
Fow·ler (fouʹlər), Henry Watson. 1858-1933. British lexicographer who collaborated with his brother Francis (1870-1918) on The King's English (1906) and the Concise Oxford ...
(1926– ) an English writer who has written successful novels in a wide range of styles, four of which have been made into films. These include The Collector (1963), a ...
Fowles, John
▪ British author in full  John Robert Fowles   born March 31, 1926, Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, England died November 5, 2005, Lyme Regis, Dorset       English novelist, ...
Fowles, John (Robert)
born March 31, 1926, Leigh upon Sea, Essex, Eng. British novelist. His richly allusive and descriptive works combine psychological probings chiefly of sex and love with an ...
Fowles, John Robert
▪ 2006       British writer (b. March 31, 1926, Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, Eng.—d. Nov. 5, 2005, Lyme Regis, Dorset, Eng.), combined masterly storytelling with an ...
/fooh"lyahng", foh"-/, n. Older Spelling. former name of Jingdezhen. * * *
/fow"ling/, n. the practice or sport of shooting or snaring birds. [1350-1400; late ME foulynge. See FOWL, -ING1] * * *
fowling piece
a shotgun for shooting wildfowl. [1590-1600] * * *
fowl·ing piece (fouʹlĭng) n. A light shotgun for shooting birds and small animals. * * *
—foxlike, adj. /foks/, n., pl. foxes, (esp. collectively) fox, v. n. 1. any of several carnivores of the dog family, esp. those of the genus Vulpes, smaller than wolves, having ...
/foks/, n. 1. Charles James, 1749-1806, British orator and statesman. 2. George, 1624-91, English religious leader and writer: founder of the Society of Friends. 3. John. See ...
fox bat
also called  Flying Fox,         any of numerous tropical Old World bats belonging to the family Pteropodidae (Old World fruit bat) (q.v.). * * *
fox bolt
an anchor bolt secured by a foxtail wedge forced into its end as it is screwed into a blind hole. [1870-75] * * *
Fox Broadcasting Co.
U.S. television broadcasting company. Founded in 1986 by Rupert Murdoch, it began with 79 affiliated stations that reached 80% of U.S. homes. The network gradually expanded its ...
Fox Broadcasting Company
▪ American company       American television broadcasting company founded in 1986 by media magnate Rupert Murdoch (Murdoch, Rupert). It is a subsidiary of the News ...
fox brush
the tail of a fox. [1890-95] * * *
fox fire
fox fire n. the luminescence of decaying wood and plant remains, caused by various fungi * * *
fox grape
1. a vine, Vitis labrusca, chiefly of the northeastern U.S., from which numerous cultivated grape varieties have been developed. 2. the usually purplish-black, thick-skinned, ...
fox hunt
fox hunt n. a sport in which hunters on horses ride after dogs in pursuit of a fox fox-hunt vi. * * *
fox hunting
—fox hunter. a sport in which mounted hunters follow hounds in pursuit of a fox. [1665-75] * * * Chase of a fox by horsemen with a pack of hounds. In England, home of the ...
Fox Islands
▪ islands, Alaska, United States       easternmost group of the Aleutian Islands, southwestern Alaska, U.S. The islands extend about 300 miles (500 km) southwest from ...
Fox News Channel
a US television company, started in 1996, that broadcasts news programmes 24 hours a day by cable and satellite in the US and around the world. * * *
Fox Quesada, Vicente
▪ 2001       On July 2, 2000, Vicente Fox Quesada was elected president of Mexico and thereby ended 71 uninterrupted years of rule by the Institutional Revolutionary ...
fox shark
      species of thresher shark (q.v.). * * *
fox snake
a brown-blotched nonvenomous snake, Elaphe vulpina, of north-central U.S., that vibrates its tail and emits a pungent odor when disturbed. [1855-60; appar. so called from its ...
fox sparrow
a North American sparrow, Passerella iliaca, having a bright rufous tail and streaked breast. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
fox squirrel
any of several North American arboreal squirrels varying in color and of an exceptionally large size. [1675-85, Amer.] * * *
fox terrier
either of two English breeds of small terriers having either a long, wiry coat or a short, flat coat, formerly used for driving foxes from their holes. [1815-25] * * ...

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