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fox trot
1. a social dance, in quadruple meter, performed by couples, characterized by various combinations of slow and quick steps. 2. a pace, as of a horse, consisting of a series of ...
Fox, Charles James
born Jan. 24, 1749, London, Eng. died Sept. 13, 1806, Chiswick, Devon British politician. He entered Parliament in 1768 and became leader of the Whigs in the House of Commons, ...
Fox, Della May
▪ American actress and singer born Oct. 13, 1870, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died June 15, 1913, New York, N.Y.       actress and singer whose professional ability and ...
Fox, George
born July 1624, Drayton-in-the-Clay, Leicestershire, Eng. died Jan. 13, 1691, London English preacher and founder of the Society of Friends, or Quakers. The son of a weaver, he ...
Fox, Harold
▪ 1997       U.S. clothier who claimed to have created and named the zoot suit—a wide-shouldered jacket with high-waisted pants, often offset by a long-chained ...
Fox, Margaret; and Fox, Catherine
▪ American mediums Catherine also called  Kate  Respectively,   born October 7, 1833?, near Bath, New Brunswick [Canada] died March 8, 1893, New York, New York, U.S. born ...
Fox, Sir William
▪ prime minister of New Zealand born Jan. 20, 1812, South Shields, Durham, Eng. died June 23, 1893, Auckland, N.Z.       author and statesman who helped shape the ...
Fox, Vicente
▪ president of Mexico in full  Vicente Fox Quesada   born July 2, 1942, Mexico City, Mex.    businessman and politician who was president of Mexico from 2000 to 2006. His ...
Fox, Vicente Quesada
born July 2, 1942, Mexico City, Mex. President of Mexico (2000– ) whose election ended 71 years of uninterrupted rule by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). After ...
Fox, William
▪ American film producer original name  Wilhelm Fried   born Jan. 1, 1879, Tulchva, Hung. died May 8, 1952, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American motion-picture ...
Fox,Charles James
Fox, Charles James. 1749-1806. British politician who supported American independence and the French Revolution. * * *
Fox, George. 1624-1691. English religious leader who founded the Society of Friends, or Quakers (1647-1648). * * *
Fox, William. Originally Wilhelm Fried. 1879-1952. Hungarian-born American motion-picture executive who founded his own film company (1915) and merged with 20th Century Pictures ...
/foks"trot'/, v.i., fox-trotted, fox-trotting. to dance a fox trot. [1915-20] * * * ▪ dance       ballroom dance popular in Europe and America since its introduction ...
/foks"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. foxberries. the cowberry, Vaccinium vitis-idaea. [1775-85, Amer.; FOX + BERRY] * * *
/foks"berr'oh, -bur'oh/, n. a town in E Massachusetts. 14,148. * * *
/foks/, n. John 1516-87, English martyrologist. * * *
Foxe Basin
Foxe Basin [fäks] arm of the Atlantic Ocean, in NE Canada, west of Baffin Island: c. 340 mi (547 km) long * * *
Foxe, John
▪ British clergyman born 1516, Boston, Lincolnshire, Eng. died April 18, 1587, Cripplegate, London       English Puritan preacher and author of The Book of Martyrs, a ...
Foxe, Richard
▪ English statesman Foxe also spelled  Fox   born c. 1448, Ropsley, Lincolnshire, Eng. died Oct. 5, 1528, Wolvesley, Hampshire  English ecclesiastical statesman, one of ...
Foxe (fŏks), John. 1516-1587. English martyrologist who wrote The Book of Martyrs (1563), an account of Protestant martyrs during the reign of Mary I. * * *
Foxe Basin An arm of the Atlantic Ocean between the Melville Peninsula and Baffin Island in Nunavut, Canada. * * *
/fokst/, adj. 1. deceived; tricked. 2. stained or spotted a yellowish brown, as by age: a dog-eared and foxed volume of poetry. 3. (of museum specimens of birds and mammals) ...
Foxe’s Book of Martyrs
(also Acts and Monuments of these Latter and Perilous Days) a book (1554) written by John Foxe (1516–87). It describes the deaths of the many British Protestants who were ...
/foks"fuyeur'/, n. Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. 1. organic luminescence, esp. from certain fungi on decaying wood. 2. any of various fungi causing luminescence in decaying ...
/foks"gluv'/, n. any Eurasian plant belonging to the genus Digitalis, of the figwort family, esp. D. purpurea, having drooping, tubular, purple or white flowers on tall spikes, ...
fox grape n. A wild grape (Vitis labrusca) of the eastern United States that bears purplish-black berries and is the source of many cultivated grape varieties. Also called skunk ...
/foks"hohl'/, n. a small pit, usually for one or two soldiers, dug as a shelter in a battle area. [1915-20; FOX + HOLE] * * *
/foks"hownd'/, n. any of several breeds of medium-sized hounds trained to hunt foxes and having a glossy coat in combinations of black, tan, and white. Cf. American foxhound, ...
➡ field sports * * *
➡ field sports * * *       chase of the fox by horsemen with a pack of hounds (dog). In England (United Kingdom), the home of the sport, foxhunting dates from at least ...
See foxy. * * *
See foxily. * * *
/fok"sing/, n. 1. material used to cover the upper portion of a shoe. 2. discoloration, as of book leaves or prints. [FOX + -ING1] * * *
Fox Islands A group of islands of southwest Alaska in the eastern Aleutian Islands off the southwest tip of the Alaska Peninsula. * * *
Fox River 1. A river rising in southeast Wisconsin and flowing about 354 km (220 mi) south-southwest to the Illinois River in northeast Illinois. 2. A river of central and ...
fox snake n. A rat snake (Elaphe vulpina) common to the north-central United States, having dark brown or black blotches on the back and a reddish head. * * *
fox sparrow n. A large sparrow (Passerella iliaca) of the western United States, Canada, and Alaska, having a rufous tail and streaked underparts. * * *
fox squirrel n. A large North American squirrel (Sciurus niger) having rusty or grayish fur. * * *
/foks"tayl'/, n. 1. the tail of a fox. 2. any of various grasses having soft, brushlike spikes of flowers. [1375-1425; late ME; see FOX, TAIL1] * * * ▪ plant  any of the ...
foxtail lily
foxtail lily n. EREMURUS * * *
foxtail millet
a grass, Setaria italica, of numerous varieties, introduced into the U.S. from Europe and Asia, and grown chiefly for use as hay. [1895-1900] * * *
foxtail wedge
a wedge in the split end of a tenon, bolt, or the like, for spreading and securing it when driven into a blind mortise or hole. Also called fox wedge. [1815-25] * * *
foxtail lily n. Eremurus. * * *
fox terrier n. Any of various small terriers of a breed originating in England, having a white coat with dark markings and developed in both wire-haired and smooth-coated ...
/foks"trot'/, n. a word used in communications to represent the letter F. * * *
Foxx, Jamie
▪ 2006  Stand-up comedian Jamie Foxx proved that he was not just a funnyman when in 2005 he collected a best actor Academy Award for his riveting portrayal of soul singer Ray ...
Foxx, Jimmie
orig. James Emory Foxx born Oct. 22, 1907, Sudlersville, Md., U.S. died July 21, 1967, Miami, Fla. U.S. baseball player. Foxx batted right-handed and played mostly at first ...
Foxx, Redd
▪ American actor and comedian original name  John Elroy Sanford  born December 9, 1922, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S. died October 11, 1991, Los Angeles, California  American ...
Foxx,James Emory
Foxx (fŏks), James Emory. Known as “Jimmy.” 1907-1967. American baseball player. In 20 seasons, mainly with the Philadelphia Athletics (1925-1935) and the Boston Red Sox ...
—foxily, adv. —foxiness, n. /fok"see/, adj., foxier, foxiest. 1. foxlike; cunning or crafty; slyly clever. 2. yellowish or reddish brown, as of the color of the common red ...
foy [foi] n. 〚MDu foy, fooi, voye, prob. < OFr voie < L via, way, journey: see VIA〛 Now Chiefly Scot. 1. a feast, present, etc. given by or to a person departing on a ...
Foy, Eddie
▪ American comedian in full  Edwin Fitzgerald Foy   born March 9, 1856, New York City died Feb. 16, 1928, Kansas City, Mo., U.S.       American comedian famous on the ...
Foy, Maximilien
▪ French military leader and statesman born Feb. 3, 1775, Ham, Fr. died Nov. 28, 1825, Paris       French military leader, writer, and statesman who rose through the ...
/foy"euhr, foy"ay/; Fr. /fwann yay"/, n., pl. foyers /-euhrz, -ayz/; Fr. /-yay"/. 1. the lobby of a theater, hotel, or apartment house. 2. a vestibule or entrance hall in a house ...
Foyle, Lough
▪ inlet, Ireland Irish  Loch Feabhail        inlet on the north coast of Ireland between the Inishowen Peninsula (mainly County Donegal, Ireland) to the west and the ...
one of the largest bookshops in the world, on Charing Cross Road, central London, England. It was first established by the brothers William and Gilbert Foyle in 1906. * * *
/foyt/, n. A(nthony) J(oseph, Jr.), born 1935, U.S. racing-car driver. * * *
Foyt, A(nthony) J(oseph), Jr.
born Jan. 16, 1935, Houston, Texas, U.S. U.S. automobile racing driver. He became the first four-time winner of the Indianapolis 500 (1961, 1964, 1967, 1977) and is the only ...
Foyt, A. J.
▪ American race–car driver in full  Anthony Joseph Foyt, Jr.  born January 16, 1935, Houston, Texas, U.S.       versatile and successful American automobile racing ...
—foziness, n. /foh"zee, foz"ee/, adj., fozier, foziest. Chiefly Scot. 1. spongy; loose-textured. 2. (of a vegetable or fruit) overripe. 3. (of a person) fat; flabby. 4. ...
1. Music. forte-piano. 2. Sports. forward pass. * * *
(formerly the Family Planning Association) (formerly) a British organization that gives people free advice about contraception (= ways of preventing a woman from becoming ...
1. Federal Power Commission: a board of five members established chiefly to regulate the natural gas and electric power industries engaged in interstate commerce: replaced by the ...
Federal Public Housing Authority. * * *
Real Estate. fireplace. * * *
feet per minute. Also, ft/min. * * *
1. field post office. 2. fleet post office. * * *
1. Also, ft/sec feet per second. 2. foot-pound-second. * * *
feet per second per second. Also, ft/s2. * * *
freight pass-through. * * *
1. Real Estate. family room. 2. freight release. * * *
Symbol, Chem. francium. * * *
1. Father. 2. pl. Fr., Frs. franc. 3. France. 4. frater1. 5. French. 6. Friar. 7. Friday. * * *
1. fragment. 2. pl. fr., frs. franc. 3. from. * * *
/frah/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. a title of address for a friar or brother. [1885-90; < It, shortened form of frate brother, monk] * * * (as used in expressions) Angelico ...
Fra Filippo Lippi
/frah fi lip"oh lip"ee/; It. /frddah fee leep"paw leep"pee/. See Lippi, Fra Filippo. * * *
Fra Mauro
/frah" mahr"oh, maw"roh/ a walled plain in the third quadrant of the face of the moon: about 50 miles (80 km) in diameter. * * * ▪ lunar crater       crater on the ...
/frab"jeuhs/, adj. Informal. wonderful, elegant, superb, or delicious. [1872; coined by Lewis Carroll in Through the Looking-Glass; perh. meant to suggest FABULOUS or JOYOUS] * * ...
/fray"keuhs/; Brit. /frak"ah/, n. a noisy, disorderly disturbance or fight; riotous brawl; uproar. [1720-30; < F < It fracasso, deriv. of fracassare to smash, equiv. to fra- ( < ...
/frah'ka stawr"ee euhs, -stohr"-/, n. a walled plain in the fourth quadrant of the face of the moon: about 60 mi. (97 km) in diameter. * * *
Fracastoro, Girolamo
Latin Hieronymus Fracastorius born с 1478, Verona, Republic of Venice died Aug. 8, 1553, Caffi, near Verona Italian physician, poet, astronomer, and geologist. He is best ...
/frak"teuh beuhl/, n. Archit. (on a gable wall) a coping concealing the slopes of the roof, esp. one having an ornamental silhouette. [1680-90; obs. fract broken, cracked (see ...
/frak"tl/, n. Math., Physics. a geometrical or physical structure having an irregular or fragmented shape at all scales of measurement between a greatest and smallest scale such ...
fractal geometry
In mathematics, the study of complex shapes with the property of self-similarity, known as fractals. Rather like holograms that store the entire image in each part of the image, ...
fract·ed (frăkʹtĭd) adj. Obsolete Broken.   [From Latin frāctus, past participle of frangere, to break. See fraction.] * * *
/frak"sheuhn/, n. 1. Math. a. a number usually expressed in the form a/b. b. a ratio of algebraic quantities similarly expressed. 2. Chem. (in a volatile mixture) a component ...
—fractionally, adv. /frak"sheuh nl/, adj. 1. pertaining to fractions; comprising a part or the parts of a unit; constituting a fraction: fractional numbers. 2. comparatively ...
fractional currency
coins or paper money of a smaller denomination than the basic monetary unit. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
fractional distillation
Chem. the separation of volatile components of different boiling points in a mixture by the gradual increase of temperature and the separate collection of each ...
fractional orbital bombardment system
a missile or satellite with a nuclear warhead sent into a low orbit so that it can suddenly be directed at a target. Abbr.: FOBS, F.O.B.S. * * *
fractional currency n. Coin or paper currency in a denomination less than a standard monetary unit. * * *
fractional distillation n. Distillation to separate volatile chemical substances in which the products are collected in a series of separate fractions, each with a higher boiling ...
See fractionalize. * * *
—fractionalization, n. /frak"sheuh nl uyz'/, v.t., v.i., fractionalized, fractionalizing. to divide or splinter into fractions, sections, factions, etc. Also, esp. Brit., ...
See fractional. * * *
/frak"sheuh nayt'/, v.t., fractionated, fractionating. 1. to separate or divide into component parts, fragments, divisions, etc. 2. to separate (a mixture) into ingredients or ...
/frak'sheuh nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of fractionating. 2. the state of being fractionated. 3. Mil. the division of a missile's payload into several ...
/frak"sheuh nay'teuhr/, n. 1. Chem. an apparatus for fractional distillation. Cf. cracker. 2. any apparatus capable of separating complex liquid substances, as blood, into their ...
See fractionize. * * *
—fractionization, n. /frak"sheuh nuyz'/, v.t., v.i., fractionized, fractionizing. to divide into fractions. Also, esp. Brit., fractionise. [1665-75; FRACTION + -IZE] * * *
—fractiously, adv. —fractiousness, n. /frak"sheuhs/, adj. 1. refractory or unruly: a fractious animal that would not submit to the harness. 2. readily angered; peevish; ...
See fractious. * * *
See fractiously. * * *
Ger. /frddahk toohrdd"/, n. Fraktur (def. 2). * * *
—fracturable, adj. —fractural, adj. —fracturer, n. /frak"cheuhr/, n., v., fractured, fracturing. n. 1. the breaking of a bone, cartilage, or the like, or the resulting ...
fracture zone
Oceanog. a long, narrow rift on the ocean floor, separating areas of differing depth: where such a zone crosses a mid-ocean ridge, it displaces the ridge by faulting. Cf. ...
▪ pathology       a severe injury in which both fracture and dislocation take place simultaneously. Frequently, a loose piece of bone remains jammed between the ends of ...
/frak"teuhs/, adj. Meteorol. (of a cloud) containing small, individual elements that have a ragged appearance. [ < L fractus ptp. of frangere to BREAK] * * *
/fray/, prep., adv. Scot. from. [1175-1225; ME (north) fra, frae < ON fra FROM] * * *
Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz L(udwig)
born July 29, 1910, Breslau, Ger. died April 10, 1999, Oakland, Calif., U.S. German-born U.S. biochemist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Edinburgh and moved to ...
Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz L.
▪ American biochemist in full  Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel-Conrat  born July 29, 1910, Breslau, Ger. [now Wrocław, Pol.] died April 10, 1999, Oakland, Calif., ...
Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz Ludwig
▪ 2000       German-born American biochemist (b. July 29, 1910, Breslau, Ger. [now Wroclaw, Pol.]—d. April 10, 1999, Oakland, Calif.), settled a fundamental scientific ...
/free"nyeuh leuhm/, n., pl. fraenula /-leuh/. frenulum. * * *
/free"neuhm/, n., pl. fraena /-neuh/. frenum. * * *
—fragger, n. /frag/, v., fragged, fragging, n. U.S. Army and Marine Corps Slang. v.t. 1. to kill, wound, or assault (esp. an unpopular or overzealous superior) with a ...
See frag. * * *
—fragilely, adv. —fragility /freuh jil"i tee/, fragileness, n. /fraj"euhl/; Brit. /fraj"uyl/, adj. 1. easily broken, shattered, or damaged; delicate; brittle; frail: a ...
fragile X syndrome
a widespread form of mental retardation caused by a faulty gene on the X chromosome. [1980-85] * * *
fragile-X syndrome
▪ chromosomal disorder       a chromosomal disorder associated with a fragile site on the end of the X chromosome. The major symptom of the syndrome is diminished ...
See fragile. * * *
See fragilely. * * *
fragileX syndrome
fragile X syndrome n. An inherited disorder caused by a defective gene on the X-chromosome and causing mental retardation, enlarged testes, and facial abnormalities in males and ...
See fragilely. * * *
n. /frag"meuhnt/; v. /frag"meuhnt, -ment, frag ment"/, n. 1. a part broken off or detached: scattered fragments of the broken vase. 2. an isolated, unfinished, or incomplete ...
—fragmentally, adv. /frag men"tl/, adj. 1. fragmentary. 2. Geol. clastic (def. 3). [1790-1800; FRAGMENT + -AL1] * * *
See fragmental. * * *
See fragmentary. * * *
See fragmentarily. * * *
—fragmentarily, adv. —fragmentariness, n. /frag"meuhn ter'ee/, adj. consisting of or reduced to fragments; broken; disconnected; incomplete: fragmentary evidence; fragmentary ...
/frag"meuhn tayt'/, v.t., v.i., fragmentated, fragmentating. fragmentize. [1940-45; back formation from FRAGMENTATION] * * *
/frag'meuhn tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of fragmenting; state of being fragmented. 2. the disintegration, collapse, or breakdown of norms of thought, behavior, or ...
fragmentation bomb
a bomb designed to break into many small, high-velocity fragments when detonated. [1915-20] * * *
fragmentation grenade
a grenade with a heavy metal casing that shatters, on exploding, into fragments that travel at high speed and with great force. [1955-60] * * *
fragmentation bomb n. An aerial antipersonnel bomb that scatters shrapnel over a wide area upon explosion. * * *
fragmentation grenade n. A grenade that scatters shrapnel over a wide area upon explosion. * * *
/frag"meuhn tid, -men-, frag men"-/, adj. 1. reduced to fragments. 2. existing or functioning as though broken into separate parts; disorganized; disunified: a fragmented ...
—fragmentization, n. —fragmentizer, n. /frag"meuhn tuyz'/, v., fragmentized, fragmentizing. v.t. 1. to break (something) into fragments; break (something) apart. v.i. 2. to ...
/frag"meuhn tuyzd'/, adj. fragmented. [FRAGMENTIZE + -ED2] * * *
See fragmentize. * * *
/frddann gaw nannrdd"/, n. Jean Honoré /zhahonn aw naw rdday"/, 1732-1806, French painter. * * *
Fragonard, Jean Honoré
Fra·go·nard (frăg'ə-närʹ, frä-gô-), Jean Honoré. 1732-1806. French artist best known for his rococo paintings of exotic landscapes and love scenes. * * *
Fragonard, Jean-Honoré
born April 5, 1732, Grasse, Fr. died Aug. 22, 1806, Paris French painter. He studied with François Boucher in Paris с 1749. He subsequently won a Prix de Rome, and while in ...
/fray"greuhns/, n. 1. the quality of being fragrant; a sweet or pleasing scent. 2. perfume, cologne, toilet water, or the like. [1660-70; < F < LL fragrantia. See FRAGRANT, ...
fragrance strip n. A sealed or folded strip, as on an envelope or magazine page, designed to release an aroma when broken or torn open. * * *
/fray"greuhn see/, n., pl. fragrancies. fragrance (def. 1). [1570-80] * * *
—fragrantly, adv. —fragrantness, n. /fray"greuhnt/, adj. 1. having a pleasant scent or aroma; sweet-smelling; sweet-scented: a fragrant rose. 2. delightful; pleasant: ...
fragrant sumac
a sprawling shrub, Rhus aromatica, of the cashew family, native to eastern North America, having aromatic foliage and greenish-yellow flowers in small spikes. * * *
See fragrant. * * *
/fray"dee kat'/, n. Informal. a timid, easily frightened person: often used by children. Also called scaredy-cat. [1905-10; fraid (aph. form of AFRAID) + -Y1] * * *
fraid·y cat (frāʹdē) n. Slang A timid or fearful person.   [Shortening of afraid + -y1.] * * *
frail1 —frailly, adv. —frailness, n. /frayl/, adj., frailer, est. 1. having delicate health; not robust; weak: My grandfather is rather frail now. 2. easily broken or ...
/fruy lair"oh/; Sp. /frdduy le"rddaw/, n., pl. fraileros /-lair"ohz/; Sp. /-le"rddaws/. Sp. Furniture. an armchair of the Renaissance, having a leather seat and a leather back ...
See frail1. * * *
See frailly. * * *
/frayl"tee, fray"euhl-/, n., pl. frailties for 3. 1. the quality or state of being frail. 2. moral weakness; liability to yield to temptation. 3. a fault resulting from moral ...
/frayz/, n. 1. Fort. a defense consisting of pointed stakes projecting from the ramparts in a horizontal or an inclined position. 2. a ruff worn around the neck in the 16th ...
fraise du bois
/frddez dyuu bwah"/, pl. fraises du bois /frddez dyuu bwah"/. French. wild strawberry. * * *
fraises des bois
fraises des bois [frez dā bwȧ′] 〚Fr〛 wild strawberries * * *
/frddahk toohrdd"/, n. 1. Print. German black-letter text, a style of type. 2. (usually l.c.) Also, fractur. a. a stylized, highly decorative watercolor or watercolor-and-ink ...
See frame. * * *
/fram bee"zheuh/, n. Pathol. yaws. Also, framboesia. [1760-70; < NL, Latinization of F framboise. See FRAMBOISE] * * *
/frddahonn bwannz"/, n., pl. framboises /frddahonn bwannz"/. French. 1. raspberry. 2. See crème de framboise. 3. a brandy distilled from raspberries. * * *
—framable, frameable, adj. —framableness, frameableness, n. —frameless, adj. —framer, n. /fraym/, n., v., framed, framing. n. 1. a border or case for enclosing a picture, ...
frame design
▪ decorative arts       decorative (decorative art) treatment of frames for mirrors and pictures. Before the 15th century in Europe, frames rarely existed separately ...
frame harp
▪ musical instrument  musical instrument in which the neck and soundbox are joined by a column, or forepillar, which braces against the tension of the strings. It is one of ...
frame house
a house constructed with a skeleton framework of timber, as the ordinary wooden house. [1545-55] * * *
frame line
Motion Pictures. a horizontal line separating consecutive frames on a strip of film. * * *
frame of reference
pl. frames of reference. 1. a structure of concepts, values, customs, views, etc., by means of which an individual or group perceives or evaluates data, communicates ideas, and ...
frame story
▪ literary genre also called  frame tale        overall unifying story within which one or more tales are related. In the single story, the opening and closing ...
Frame, Janet
in full Janet Paterson Frame Clutha born Aug. 28, 1924, Dunedin, N.Z. New Zealand novelist, short-story writer, and poet. After an impoverished childhood, she trained as a ...
Frame, Janet Paterson
▪ 2005 Janet Paterson Frame Clutha        New Zealand writer (b. Aug. 28, 1924, Dunedin, N.Z.—d. Jan. 29, 2004, Dunedin), created a unique body of work that presents ...
/fraym"up'/, n. Informal. a fraudulent incrimination of an innocent person. [1895-1900, Amer.; FRAME + UP, modeled on nominalizations of phrasal verbs, with up as perfective ...
See framable. * * *
framed building
▪ construction       structure in which weight is carried by a skeleton or framework, as opposed to being supported by walls. The essential factor in a framed building ...
framed structure
or frame structure Structure supported mainly by a skeleton, or frame, of wood, steel, or reinforced concrete rather than by load-bearing walls. Rigid frames have fixed joints ...
frameof reference
frame of reference n. pl. frames of reference 1. A set of coordinate axes in terms of which position or movement may be specified or with reference to which physical laws may be ...
/fraym"pak'/, n. a backpack attached to a supporting frame of usually lightweight metal. [FRAME + PACK1] * * *
framer [frām′ər] n. 1. a person or thing that frames 2. [usually F-] any of the delegates who participated in the framing of the U.S. Constitution; Founding Father * * ...
➡ comics and comic strips * * *
/fraym"shift'/, n. Genetics. the addition or deletion of one or more nucleotides in a strand of DNA, which shifts the codon triplets of the genetic code of messenger RNA and ...
frameshift mutation
frameshift mutation [frām′shift΄] n. a mutation of a gene caused by the addition or deletion of any number of nucleotides other than three or multiples of three in a DNA ...
frame·shift mutation (frāmʹshĭft') n. A mutation in a DNA chain that occurs when the number of nucleotides inserted or deleted is not a multiple of three, so that every codon ...
frame story n. A narrative structure containing or connecting a series of otherwise unrelated tales. * * *
/fraym"werrk'/, n. 1. a skeletal structure designed to support or enclose something. 2. a frame or structure composed of parts fitted and joined together. 3. the construction or ...
/fray"ming/, n. 1. the act, process, or manner of constructing anything. 2. the act of providing with a frame. 3. a frame or a system of frames; framework. [1400-50; late ME; see ...
framing chisel
a woodworking chisel for heavy work and deep cuts, often having a handle reinforced to withstand blows from a metal hammer head. Also called mortise chisel. [1870-75] * * *
framing square
a steel square usually having on its faces various tables and scales useful to the carpenter. Also called steel square. * * *
/fray"ming ham'/, n. a town in E Massachusetts. 65,113. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       town (township), Middlesex county, eastern Massachusetts, U.S. It ...
Frampton, Sir George James
▪ British artist born June 16, 1860, London, Eng. died May 21, 1928, London       English sculptor and craftsman, the creator of a variety of works, from monumental ...
/fran/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Francis. 2. a female given name, form of Frances. * * *
/frangk/; Fr. /frddahonn/, n., pl. francs /frangks/; Fr. /frddahonn/. 1. an aluminum or nickel coin and monetary unit of France, equal to 100 centimes. Abbr.: F., f., Fr, fr. 2. ...
/frddahonn tee rdduerdd"/, n., pl. francs-tireurs /frddahonn tee rdduerdd"/. French. a sharpshooter in the French army. [1800-10] * * *
Fran·ca (fräɴʹkä) A city of southeast Brazil north of São Paulo. It is a shipping and manufacturing center in a farming region. Population: 232,855. * * * ▪ ...
Franca, Celia
▪ 2008 Celia Franks        British-born Canadian dancer, choreographer, and artistic director born June 25, 1921 , London, Eng. died Feb. 19, 2007 , Ottawa, Ont. in ...
(as used in expressions) Académie Française Action Française Comédie Française Guyane Française Polynésie Française * * *
/frddahonn se"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, born 1912, French composer. * * *
Françaix, Jean
▪ French composer and musician in full  Jean-René-Désiré Françaix  born May 23, 1912, Le Mans, France died September 25, 1997, Paris       French composer and ...
/frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl"/, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844-1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W ...
France Ancient
Heraldry. an escutcheon blazoned as follows: Azure, semé-de-lys or. * * *
France Modern
Heraldry. an escutcheon blazoned as follows: Azure, three fleurs-de-lis or. * * *
▪ 1998 by David Buchan During 1997 a gradual sea change in France's policy toward Africa reached its culmination. Gone or going was France's paternalism toward ...
France, Anatole
orig. Jacques-Anatole-François Thibault born April 16, 1844, Paris, France died Oct. 12, 1924, Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire French novelist and critic. France's characteristically ...
France, Banque de
▪ French national bank       national bank of France, created in 1800 to restore confidence in the French banking system after the financial upheavals of the ...
France, Bill, Jr.
▪ 2008       American sports executive born April 4, 1933, Washington, D.C. died June 4, 2007 , Daytona Beach, Fla. served as chairman (1972–2003) of NASCAR (the ...
France, Collège de
▪ school, Paris, France       state-supported research institution and centre for adult education in Paris. Founded in 1530 by Francis I, it was originally the Collegium ...
France, flag of
▪ Flag History also called  Tricolor  or  Tricolour,  French  le drapeau tricolore (“the tricoloured flag”)        vertically striped blue-white-red national ...
France (frăns, fräɴs), Anatole. Pen name of Jacques Anatole François Thibault. 1844-1924. French critic and writer of sophisticated, often satirical short stories and ...
▪ French newspaper French“Evening France”       daily newspaper published in Paris. Formerly titled Défense de la France (“Defense of France”), it was founded ...
FRANCE: A Clean Sweep
▪ 1994       The left was prepared for defeat; this was a rout. Polls had alerted the Socialists, showing them to be not only behind the right, but even, at times, ...
France: France Elects a President
▪ 1996       In January 1995 conservative Prime Minister Édouard Balladur felt fairly confident that he could easily win the forthcoming presidential election and ...
/fran"sis/, n. a female given name: derived from Francis. * * * (as used in expressions) Frances Margaret Anderson Burnett Frances Eliza Hodgson Frances Burney Cabrini Saint ...
Frances Hodgson Burnett
➡ Burnett * * *
Frances of Rome, Saint
▪ Italian nun Italian  Santa Francesca Romana   born 1384, Rome [Italy] died March 9, 1440, Rome; canonized 1608; feast day March 9       founder of the Oblate ...
/fran ches"keuh, frahn-/; It. /frddahn che"skah/, n. 1. Piero della /pee air"oh del"euh/; It. /pye"rddaw del"lah/, (Piero dei Franceschi), c1420-92, Italian painter. 2. Also, ...
Francesca da Rimini
/fran ches"keuh deuh rim"euh nee, frahn-/; It. /frddahn che"skah dah rddee"mee nee/ died 1285?, Italian noblewoman: immortalized by Dante in the Divine Comedy. * * * ▪ ...
Francesca,Piero della
Fran·ce·sca (frăn-chĕsʹkə, frän-), Piero della. See Piero della Francesca. * * *
Francescada Rimini
Francesca da Ri·mi·ni (də rĭmʹə-nē, dä rēʹmē-nē), Died c. 1285. Italian noblewoman. Unhappily married, she fell in love with her brother-in-law. When her husband ...
/frahn'chi skah"tee/, n. Zino /zee"noh/ born 1905, French violinist. * * *
Francescatti, Zino
▪ French musician original name  René-charles Francescatti   born Aug. 9, 1902, Marseille, Fr. died Sept. 17, 1991, La Ciotat       French virtuoso violinist known ...
Franceschini, Baldassare
▪ Italian painter also called  Il Volterrano   born 1611, Volterra, republic of Florence [Italy] died 1690, Florence       Italian painter of the Baroque ...
Franceschini, Marcantonio
▪ Italian painter born April 5, 1648, Bologna, Papal States [Italy] died Dec. 24, 1729, Bologna  Italian painter, a leading artist of the Bolognese school of the Baroque ...
(as used in expressions) Francesco di Cristofano de Giudicis Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola Francesco Petrarca Albani Francesco Francesco Albano Roberto Francesco Romolo ...
Francesco Di Giorgio
▪ Italian artist in full  Francesco Maurizio Di Giorgio Martini, or Di Martino   (baptized Sept. 23, 1439, Siena, republic of Siena [Italy]—d. 1502, Siena), early Italian ...
▪ Gabon       town, southeastern Gabon, on the east bank of the Ogooué River, just south of its confluence with the Mpassa. The French explorer Pierre Savorgnan de ...
/frddahonnsh kawonn tay"/, n. a former province in E France: once a part of Burgundy. * * * Région (pop., 1999: 1,117,100), east-central France. It covers 6,256 sq mi (16,202 ...
Franchet d'Esperey, Louis-Félix-François
▪ French marshal born May 25, 1856, Mostaganem, Alg. died July 8, 1942, Albi, Fr.       marshal of France and one of the most effective French military leaders of World ...
—franchisable, adj. —franchisability, n. —franchisement /fran"chuyz meuhnt, -chiz-/, n. /fran"chuyz/, n., v., franchised, franchising. n. 1. a privilege of a public nature ...
franchise clause
(esp. in marine-insurance policy) a clause stipulating that the insured will be responsible for any loss not in excess of a stated amount, and the insurance company will be ...
/fran'chuy zee"/, n. a person or company to whom a franchise is granted. [1960-65; FRANCHISE + -EE] * * *
/fran"chuy zeuhr/, n. 1. Also, franchisor /fran"chuy zeuhr, fran'cheuh zawr"/. a person or company that grants a franchise. 2. franchisee. [1835-45; FRANCHISE + -ER1] * * *
/fran"cheuht/, n. a male given name, form of Francis. * * *
/frahn"see euh/; Sp. /frddahn"syah/, n. José Gaspar Rodríguez de /haw se" gahs pahrdd" rddaw dhrddee"ges dhe/, ("El Supremo"), 1766-1840, Paraguayan political leader: dictator ...
Francia, Francesco
orig. Francesco di Marco di Giacomo Raibolini born 1450, Bologna died Jan. 5, 1517/18, Bologna Italian Renaissance artist, the major Bolognese painter of the late 15th and ...
Francia, José Gaspar Rodríguez de
▪ dictator of Paraguay born Jan. 6, 1766, Asunción, Río de la Plata died Sept. 20, 1840, Asunción, Paraguay       dictator of Paraguay whose intensely personal rule ...
orig. Francesco di Cristofano de Giudicis born 1482/83, Florence?, Republic of Florence died 1525, Florence Italian painter. He was inspired by the work of Raphael and for ...
/fran"see/, n. a female given name, form of Frances. * * *
Francien dialect
▪ Old French language       the medieval dialect of Old French (French language) that furnishes the basis for the literary and official form of the modern French ...
/fran seen"/, n. a female given name, form of Frances. * * *
Franciosa, Tony
▪ 2007 Anthony Papaleo  American actor (b. Oct. 25, 1928, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 19, 2006, Los Angeles, Calif.), won critical acclaim for his stage and film work in the ...
/fran"sis/, n. a male given name: from an Old French word meaning "Frenchman." * * * (as used in expressions) Abbott George Francis Adams Charles Francis Bacon Francis Viscount ...
Francis (I)
▪ grand duke of Tuscany original name  Francesco de' Medici  born March 25, 1541, Florence died Oct. 19/20, 1587, Poggio a Caiano, near Florence       second grand ...
Francis Bacon
➡ Bacon (I) * * *
Francis Beaumont
➡ Beaumont * * *
Francis Chichester
➡ Chichester (II) * * *
Francis Crick
➡ Crick * * *
Francis de Sales, Saint
born Aug. 21, 1567, Thorens-Glières, Savoy died Dec. 28, 1622, Lyon; canonized 1665; feast day January 24 Roman Catholic bishop of Geneva and Doctor of the Church. He studied ...
Francis Drake
➡ Drake * * *
Francis Ferdinand
1863-1914, archduke of Austria: heir apparent to the thrones of Austria and Hungary whose assassination precipitated the outbreak of World War I (nephew of Francis Joseph I). ...
Francis Ferdinand, archduke of Austria-Este
▪ Austrian archduke German  Franz Ferdinand, Erzherzog von Österreich-Este   born Dec. 18, 1863, Graz, Austria died June 28, 1914, Sarajevo, Bosnia and ...
Francis Ford Coppola
➡ Coppola (I) * * *
Francis Fukuyama
➡ Fukuyama * * *
Francis I
1. 1494-1547, king of France 1515-47. 2. 1768-1835, first emperor of Austria 1804-35; as Francis II, last emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1792-1806. * * * I French ...
Francis II
I French François born Jan. 19, 1544, Fontainebleau, France died Dec. 5, 1560, Orléans King of France (1559–60). He was the son of Henry II and Catherine de Médicis and ...
Francis II.
See Francis I (def. 2). * * *
Francis Joseph
German Franz Josef born Aug. 18, 1830, Schloss Schönbrunn, near Vienna died Nov. 21, 1916, Schloss Schönbrunn Emperor of Austria (1848–1916) and king of Hungary ...
Francis Joseph I
1830-1916, emperor of Austria 1848-1916; king of Hungary 1867-1916. German, Franz Josef. * * *
Francis Joseph II, prince of Liechtenstein
▪ prince of Liechtenstein German  Franz Josef, Fürst von Liechtenstein , in full  Maria Aloys Alfred Karl Johannes Heinrich Michael Georg Ignatius Benediktus Gerhardus ...
Francis Kilvert
➡ Kilvert * * *
Francis of Assisi
Saint (Giovanni Francesco Bernardone), 1182?-1226, Italian friar: founder of the Franciscan order. * * *
Francis of Assisi, Saint
orig. Francesco di Pietro di Bernardone born 1181/82, Assisi, duchy of Spoleto died Oct. 3, 1226, Assisi; canonized July 16, 1228; feast day October 4 Italian saint and founder ...
Francis of Assisi,Saint
Francis of As·si·si (ə-sēʹzē, -sē, ə-sĭsʹē), Saint. 1182?-1226. Italian Roman Catholic friar who founded the Franciscan order (1209) and inspired followers with his ...
Francis Of Meyronnes
▪ French philosopher French  François De Meyronnes,  Latin  Franciscus De Mayronis  born c. 1285, , Meyronnes, County of Provence died after 1328, , Piacenza, ...
Francis of Paola, Saint
▪ Italian friar Italian  San Francesco De Paola   born March 27, 1416, Paola, Kingdom of Naples died April 2, 1507, Plessis-les-Tours, Fr.; canonized 1519; feast day April ...
Francis of Paula
/pow"leuh/; It. /pah"ooh lah/ Saint, 1416-1507, Italian monk: founder of the order of Minims. * * *

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