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Francis of Sales
/saylz/; Fr. /sannl/ Saint, 1567-1622, French ecclesiastic and writer on theology: bishop of Geneva 1602-22. * * *
Francis of Sales, Saint
▪ French bishop also called  Francis De Sales,  French  Saint François De Sales  born Aug. 21, 1567, Thorens-Glières, Savoy died Dec. 28, 1622, Lyon; canonized 1665; ...
Francis of Sales,Saint
Francis of Sales (sālz, säl), Saint. 1567-1622. French ecclesiastic who maintained in his many writings, such as Introduction to a Devout Life (1609), that spiritual ...
Francis Palgrave
➡ Palgrave * * *
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald
➡ Fitzgerald (III) * * *
Francis Walsingham
➡ Walsingham * * *
Francis Xavier
Saint. See Xavier, Saint Francis. * * *
Francis Xavier,Saint
Francis Xa·vi·er (zāʹvē-ər, zăvʹē-), Saint. See Xavier, Saint Francis. * * *
Francis, Arlene
▪ 2002 Arlene Francis Kazanjian        American actress and television personality (b. Oct. 20, 1907, Boston, Mass.—d. May 31, 2001, San Francisco, Calif.), enjoyed ...
Francis, Dick
▪ British author born Oct. 31, 1920, Tenby, Wales       British mystery writer known for his realistic plots centred on the sport of horse racing.       Francis ...
Francis, Freddie
▪ 2008 Frederick William Francis        British cinematographer and director born Dec. 22, 1917 , London, Eng. died March 17, 2007 , Isleworth, Middlesex, Eng. during ...
Francis, James Bicheno
born May 18, 1815, Southleigh, Devon, Eng. died Sept. 18, 1892, Lowell, Mass., U.S. British-U.S. hydraulic engineer. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1833 and at 22 became chief ...
Francis, Sam
▪ American artist in full  Samuel Lewis Francis   born June 25, 1923, San Mateo, Calif., U.S. died Nov. 4, 1994, Santa Monica, Calif.       American painter and ...
Francis, Samuel Lewis
▪ 1995       ("SAM"), U.S. painter (b. June 25, 1923, San Mateo, Calif.—d. Nov. 4, 1994, Santa Monica, Calif.), applied coloured stains to pure white canvases to ...
Francis, Sir Philip
▪ British politician born Oct. 22, 1740, Dublin, Ire. died Dec. 23, 1818, London, Eng.  English politician and pamphleteer, known as an antagonist of Warren Hastings, the ...
Francis, Thomas, Jr.
▪ American microbiologist born July 15, 1900, Gas City, Ind., U.S. died Oct. 1, 1969, Ann Arbor, Mich.       American microbiologist and epidemiologist who isolated the ...
Franciscan
/fran sis"keuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to St. Francis or the Franciscans. n. 2. a member of the mendicant order founded by St. Francis in the 13th century. [1585-95; < ML ...
Francisco
/fran sis"koh/; Sp. /frddahn sees"kaw, -thees"-/, n. a male given name, Spanish form of Francis. * * * (as used in expressions) Albéniz Isaac Manuel Francisco Carondelet ...
Francisco, Don
▪ 2003       In August 2002 Chilean television host Don Francisco celebrated the 40th anniversary of his hugely popular TV show Sábado gigante, which the Guinness Book ...
FrancisFerdinand
Francis Ferdinand, 1863-1914. Austrian archduke whose assassination by a Serbian nationalist precipitated World War I. * * *
FrancisI
Fran·cis I (frănʹsĭs), 1494-1547. King of France (1515-1547) who waged four wars against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V from 1521 to 1544. A patron of the arts, he reigned ...
FrancisII
Francis II, 1768-1835. Last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806) and emperor of Austria (1804-1835) as Francis I. When Napoleon forced the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire (1806), ...
FrancisJoseph I
Francis Jo·seph I (jōʹzəf, -səf, yōʹzĕf) also Franz Jo·sef I (frănz jōʹzəf, -səf, frănts, fränts yōʹzĕf), 1830-1916. Emperor of Austria (1848-1916) and king ...
Francistown
▪ Botswana       town, eastern Botswana. It lies along the Tati (Tate) River and is an administrative and commercial centre. Francistown is the site of the Dumela ...
francium
/fran"see euhm/, n. Chem. a radioactive element of the alkali metal group. Symbol: Fr; at. no.: 87. [1945-50; after FRANCE where first identified; see -IUM] * * * ▪ chemical ...
francize
—francization, n. —francizer, n. /fran"suyz/, v.t., francized, francizing. Canadian. to force to adopt French customs and the French language. Also, esp. Brit., ...
Franck
/frahngk/; Fr. /frddahonnk/, n. 1. César (Auguste) /say zannrdd" oh gyuust"/, 1822-90, French composer, born in Belgium. 2. James, 1882-1964, U.S. physicist, born in Germany: ...
Franck, César
▪ French composer in full  César-auguste Franck   born Dec. 10, 1822, Liège, Neth. died Nov. 8, 1890, Paris, France  Belgian-French Romantic composer and organist who was ...
Franck, César(-Auguste)
born Dec. 10, 1822, Liège, Neth. died Nov. 8, 1890, Paris, France Belgian-French composer. A piano prodigy, he arrived in Paris at age 14 to study at the Paris Conservatoire. ...
Franck, CésarAuguste
Franck (frängk, fräɴk), César Auguste. 1822-1890. French organist and composer who exerted great influence as a teacher. His most acclaimed work is his Symphony in D minor ...
Franck, James
▪ German physicist born Aug. 26, 1882, Hamburg, Ger. died May 21, 1964, Göttingen, W.Ger.  German-born American physicist who shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1925 with ...
Franck, Sebastian
▪ German theologian born c. 1499, Donauwörth, Bavaria [Germany] died c. 1542, Basel, Switzerland       German Protestant (Protestant Heritage) Reformer and theologian ...
Franck-Hertz experiment
▪ physics       in physics, first experimental verification of the existence of discrete energy states in atoms, performed (1914) by the German-born physicists James ...
Francke, August Hermann
▪ German religious leader born March 22, 1663, Lübeck [Germany] died June 8, 1727, Halle, Brandenburg  Protestant religious leader, educator, and social reformer who was one ...
Francke, Meister
▪ German painter flourished 15th century, Hamburg [Germany]       influential German painter of altarpieces.       Francke's name occurs in a contract of 1424 ...
Franco
—Francoism, n. —Francoist, n. /frang"koh/; Sp. /frddahng"kaw/, n. Francisco, (Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco-Bahamonde) ("El Caudillo"), 1892-1975, Spanish ...
Franco, Carmen Polo de
▪ Spanish consort in full  Carmen Polo Y Martínez Valdés De Franco,  byname  Doña Carmen  born July 9, 1900, Oviedo, Spain died Feb. 6, 1988, ...
Franco, Francisco
in full Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco Bahamonde born Dec. 4, 1892, El Ferrol, Spain died Nov. 20, 1975, Madrid Spanish general and head of the government of ...
Franco, Itamar
▪ 1994       The anniversary of Itamar Franco's first year as president of Brazil was hardly cause for celebration in 1993. Vice President Franco had become acting ...
Franco,Francisco
Fran·co (frăngʹkō, frängʹ-), Francisco. Known as “El Caudillo.” 1892-1975. Spanish soldier and political leader who directed the Nationalist government and rebel armed ...
Franco-
a combining form representing French or France: Francophile; Franco-Prussian. [ < ML Franc(us) a Frank, a Frenchman + -O-] * * *
Franco-American
/frang"koh euh mer"i keuhn/ n. 1. an American of French or French-Canadian descent. adj. 2. of or pertaining to both France and America. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
Franco-American Alliance
▪ French military agreement       (Feb. 6, 1778), agreement by France to furnish critically needed military aid and loans to the 13 insurgent American colonies, often ...
Franco-Belgian system
/frang"koh bel"jeuhn/. See French system. * * *
Franco-Cantabrian art
▪ prehistoric art style       style of art associated with a group of Paleolithic (Paleolithic Period) cave sites in southwestern France and northern Spain ( ...
Franco-Cantabrian school
Oldest and most complete of several artistic traditions of the Paleolithic Period that flourished in southwestern France and the Cantabrian Mountains of northern Spain с ...
Franco-German War
▪ European history also called  Franco-Prussian War   (July 19, 1870–May 10, 1871), war in which a coalition of German states led by Prussia defeated France. The war ...
Franco-Netherlandish school
▪ musical composition style       designation for several generations of major northern composers, who from about 1440 to 1550 dominated the European musical scene by ...
Franco-Provençal
/frang'koh proh'veuhn sahl", -prov'euhn-/, n. a Romance dialect group of western Switzerland and neighboring parts of France: closely related to both Provençal and northern ...
Franco-Provençal dialect
      any of a group of Romance dialects spoken in east-central France in a region roughly corresponding to Burgundy and in adjacent areas of Italy and Switzerland. ...
Franco-Prussian War
/frang"koh prush"euhn/ the war between France and Prussia, 1870-71. * * * or Franco-German War (1870–71) War in which a coalition of German states led by Prussia defeated ...
Franco-Russian Alliance
or Dual Alliance (1894) Political and military pact between France and Russia that was one of the basic European alignments of the pre–World War I era. In the event of war, ...
François
(as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet François Marie Arouet Babeuf François Noë l Barras Paul François Jean Nicolas viscount de Bichat Marie François ...
Francois, Andre
▪ 2006 André Farkas        French graphic artist, cartoonist, and illustrator (b. Nov. 9, 1915, Temesvar, Hung. [now Timisoara, Rom.]—d. April 11, 2005, ...
François, Jean-Charles
▪ French etcher and engraver born March 4, 1717, Nancy, Fr. died March 21, 1769, Paris       French etcher and engraver who was one of the inventors of the crayon ...
Françoise
(as used in expressions) Sagan Françoise Françoise Quoirez Marie Françoise Thérèse Martin Maintenon Françoise d'Aubigné marchioness de Jeanne Françoise Julie Adélaïde ...
francolin
/frang"keuh lin/, n. any of numerous Eurasian and African partridges of the genus Francolinus, having sharply spurred legs. [1585-95; < F < It francolino < ?] * * ...
Francome
(1952– ) an English jockey. He was the most successful National Hunt jockey in the early 1980s, and became champion jockey seven times before retiring in 1985, when he became a ...
Franconi, Antonio
▪ Italian circus impresario born Aug. 5, 1737, Udine, Republic of Venice [now in Italy] died Dec. 6, 1836, Paris, France  impresario considered the founder of the French ...
Franconia
/frang koh"nee euh, -kohn"yeuh, fran-/, n. a medieval duchy in Germany, largely in the valley of the Main River. * * * German Franken Former duchy, south-central ...
Franconia Notch
▪ pass, New Hampshire, United States       scenic pass between the towering peaks of the Franconia (east) and Kinsman (west) ranges in the White Mountains, northwestern ...
Franconian
/frang koh"nee euhn, -kohn"yeuhn, fran-/, n. 1. a group of West Germanic dialects or languages, consisting of Frankish and the dialects descended from Frankish. adj. 2. of, ...
Franconian Forest
▪ mountain region, Germany German  Frankenwald,         forested highland in extreme northeastern Bavaria Land (state), east-central Germany. It forms a physical and ...
Francophile
—Francophilia /frang'keuh fil"ee euh, -feel"yeuh/, n. /frang"keuh fuyl'/, adj. 1. friendly to or having a strong liking for France or the French. n. 2. a person who is friendly ...
Francophilia
See Francophile. * * *
Francophobe
—Francophobia, n. /frang"keuh fohb'/, adj. 1. Also, Francophobic. fearing or hating France, the French people, and French culture, products, etc. n. 2. a person who fears or ...
Francophobia
See Francophobic. * * *
Francophobic
See Francophobe. * * *
Francophone
/frang"keuh fohn'/, adj. 1. Also, Francophonic /frang'keuh fon"ik/. speaking French, esp. as a member of a French-speaking population. n. 2. a person who speaks French, esp. a ...
Francophonic
See Francophone. * * *
Franey, Pierre
▪ 1997       French chef (b. Jan. 13, 1921, Saint-Vinnemer, Fr.—d. Oct. 15, 1996, Southampton, Eng.), as the masterful head chef (1945-60) at the legendary Le Pavillon ...
frangibility
See frangible. * * *
frangible
—frangibility, frangibleness, n. /fran"jeuh beuhl/, adj. easily broken; breakable: Most frangible toys are not suitable for young children. [1375-1425; late ME < OF, deriv. of ...
frangibleness
See frangibility. * * *
frangipane
/fran"jeuh payn'/, n. 1. a kind of pastry cake, filled with cream, almonds, and sugar. 2. the filling used in such a pastry. 3. frangipani. [1670-80; < F < It. See FRANGIPANI] * ...
frangipani
/fran'jeuh pan"ee, -pah"nee/, n., pl. frangipanis, frangipani. 1. a perfume prepared from or imitating the odor of the flower of a tropical American tree or shrub, Plumeria ...
Franglais
/frahng glay"/; Fr. /frddahonn gle"/, n. (sometimes l.c.) French spoken or written with a large admixture of English words, esp. those of American origin. [1960-65; b. F ...
Franjieh, Suleiman
▪ president of Lebanon born June 15, 1910, Zgharta, Lebanon, Ottoman Empire died July 23, 1992, Beirut, Lebanon       Lebanese politician who, as a leader of one of ...
Franju, Georges
▪ French director born April 12, 1912, Fougères, France died Nov. 5, 1987, Paris       French motion-picture director noted for his short documentary ...
frank
frank1 —frankable, adj. —franker, n. /frangk/, adj., franker, frankest, n., v. adj. 1. direct and unreserved in speech; straightforward; sincere: Her criticism of my work was ...
Frank
/frangk/, n. 1. a member of a group of ancient Germanic peoples dwelling in the regions of the Rhine, one division of whom, the Salians, conquered Gaul about A.D. 500, founded an ...
Frank Bruno
➡ Bruno * * *
Frank Capra
➡ Capra * * *
Frank Lloyd Wright
➡ Wright (I) * * *
Frank Muir
➡ Muir (I) * * *
Frank Raymond Leavis
➡ Leavis * * *
Frank Sinatra
➡ Sinatra * * *
Frank Whittle
➡ Whittle * * *
Frank Winfield Woolworth
➡ Woolworth * * *
Frank Zappa
➡ Zappa * * *
Frank, Anne
▪ German diarist in full  Annelies Marie Frank  born June 12, 1929, Frankfurt am Main, Germany died March 1945, Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, near Hannover, ...
Frank, Anne(lies Marie)
born June 12, 1929, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died March 1945, Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, near Hannover German diarist. Frank was a young Jewish girl who kept a record of ...
Frank, Erich
▪ German-American philosopher born June 6, 1883, Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic] died June 22, 1949, Amsterdam, Neth.       German philosopher ...
Frank, Hans
▪ German politician and jurist born May 3, 1900, Karlsruhe, Ger. died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg       German politician and lawyer who served as governor-general of ...
Frank, Ilya Mikhaylovich
▪ Soviet physicist born Oct. 10 [Oct. 23, New Style], 1908, St. Petersburg, Russia died June 22, 1990, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet winner of the Nobel Prize ...
Frank, Jacob
orig. Jacob Leibowicz born 1726, Berezanka or Korolowka, Galicia, Pol. died Dec. 10, 1791, Offenbach, Hessen Jewish false messiah. He was an uneducated visionary who claimed ...
Frank, Johann Peter
▪ German physician born March 19, 1745, Rodalben, Bavaria [Germany] died April 24, 1821, Vienna, Austria       German physician who was a pioneer in public ...
Frank, John Paul
▪ 2003       American lawyer (b. Nov. 10, 1917, Appleton, Wis.—d. Sept. 7, 2002, Scottsdale, Ariz.), was involved in two of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases ...
Frank, Karl Hermann
▪ German politician born Jan. 24, 1898, Karlsbad, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic] died May 22, 1946, Prague, Czechoslovakia       German ...
Frank, Leonhard
▪ German writer born Sept. 4, 1882, Würzburg, Ger. died Aug. 18, 1961, Munich, W.Ger.       German Expressionist novelist and playwright who used sensationalism and a ...
Frank, Reuven
▪ 2007       Canadian-born American news producer (b. Dec. 7, 1920, Montreal, Que.—d. Feb. 5, 2006, Englewood, N.J.), contributed a number of innovations in television ...
Frank, Robert
born Nov. 9, 1924, Zürich, Switz. Swiss-born U.S. photographer. In the 1940s he worked as a fashion photographer for Harper's Bazaar in Paris. He abandoned fashion work in ...
Frank, Sidney Edward
▪ 2007       American businessman (b. Oct. 2, 1919, Montville, Conn.—d. Jan. 10, 2006, San Diego, Calif.), devised clever marketing strategies for the American ...
Frank,Anne
Frank (frăngk, frängk), Anne. 1929-1945. German Jewish diarist who fled from Nazi Germany to Amsterdam with her family (1933) and kept a diary during her years in hiding ...
Frank,Robert
Frank, Robert. Born 1924. Swiss-born American photographer and filmmaker noted for his clear-cut documentary style and interest in popular culture. * * *
Frank.
Frankish. * * *
franked mail
official mail sent by members of Congress, the vice president, and other authorized officials. Cf. frank1 (defs. 6-9). [1925-30] * * *
Frankel, Zacharias
born Sept. 30, 1801, Prague, Bohemia died Feb. 13, 1875, Breslau, Ger. Hungarian German rabbi and theologian. He graduated from the University of Budapest and served as rabbi ...
Franken
(1951– ) a US comedian, writer and political activist, best known for his political satire and his performances on Saturday Night Live. * * *
Franken-
a combining form extracted from FRANKENSTEIN and used esp. before names of foods, meaning "genetically engineered": Frankentomato. * * *
Frankenheimer, John
▪ American director in full  John Michael Frankenheimer  born Feb. 19, 1930, Queens, N.Y., U.S. died July 6, 2002, Los Angeles, Calif.       American television and ...
Frankenheimer, John Michael
▪ 2003       American television and film director (b. Feb. 19, 1930, Queens, N.Y.—d. July 6, 2002, Los Angeles, Calif.), had a career that spanned nearly half a ...
Frankenstein
—Frankensteinian, adj. /frang"keuhn stuyn'/, n. 1. a person who creates a monster or a destructive agency that cannot be controlled or that brings about the creator's ruin. 2. ...
Frankenthal
▪ Germany       city, Rhineland-Palatinate Land (state), southwestern Germany. It lies just northwest of Mannheim. First mentioned as Franconodal, a fishing settlement, ...
Frankenthaler
/frang"keuhn thaw'leuhr, -thah'-/, n. Helen, born 1928, U.S. painter. * * *
Frankenthaler, Helen
born Dec. 12, 1928, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. painter. She studied with Rufino Tamayo in high school and at Bennington College, then returned to her native New York City and ...
Frankenthaler,Helen
Frank·en·thal·er (frăngʹkən-thô'lər, -thŏl'ər), Helen. Born 1928. American abstract expressionist painter noted for her innovative techniques and brilliant use of ...
Frankfort
/frangk"feuhrt/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of Kentucky, in the N part. 25,973. 2. a city in central Indiana. 15,168. 3. See Frankfort on the Main. * * * City (pop., 2000: ...
Frankfort on the Main
/mayn/ a city in W central Germany, on the Main River. 618,500. Also called Frankfort. German, Frankfurt am Main /frddahngk"foorddt ahm muyn"/, Frankfurt. * * *
Frankfort on the Oder
/oh"deuhr/ a city in NE Germany, on the Oder River. 85,158. German, Frankfurt an der Oder /frddahngk"foorddt ahn deuhrdd oh"deuhrdd/, Frankfurt. * * *
Frankfort, Henri
▪ American archaeologist born Feb. 24, 1897, Amsterdam, Neth. died July 16, 1954, London, Eng.       American archaeologist who completed a well-documented ...
frankfurt
Frankfurt [fraŋk′fərt; ] Ger [ fräŋk′foort 1. city in W Germany, on the Main River, in the state of Hesse: pop. 656,000: also Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt 2. city in E ...
Frankfurt
Frankfurt [fraŋk′fərt; ] Ger [ fräŋk′foort 1. city in W Germany, on the Main River, in the state of Hesse: pop. 656,000: also Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt 2. city in E ...
Frankfurt (am Main)
City (pop., 2002 est.: city, 641,076; metro. area, 1,896,741), western Germany. Located on the Main River, it was the site of a Roman military settlement in the 1st century AD. ...
Frankfurt am Main
▪ Germany Introduction English  Frankfurt on the Main    city, Hessen Land (state), western Germany. The city lies along the Main River about 19 miles (30 km) upstream ...
Frankfurt am Main City Zoological Garden
▪ zoo, Frankfurt am Main, Germany German  Zoologischer Garten Der Stadt Frankfurt Am Main,  byname  Frankfurt Zoo,         municipal zoological garden in Frankfurt ...
Frankfurt an der Oder
See Frankfurtam Main. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Brandenburg Land (state), eastern Germany. It lies on the west bank of the Oder River opposite the Polish town of ...
Frankfurt horizontal
Craniom. the plane established when right and left poria and left orbitale are in the same horizontal plane. * * *
Frankfurt National Assembly
officially German National Assembly (1848–49) German national parliament that tried and failed to create a united German state during the liberal Revolutions of 1848. Meeting ...
Frankfurt school
Group of thinkers associated with the Institut für Sozialforschung (Institute for Social Research), founded in Frankfurt in 1923 by Felix J. Weil, Carl Grünberg, Max ...
Frankfurtam Main
See Frankfurt. * * *
frankfurter
/frangk"feuhr teuhr/, n. a small, cooked and smoked sausage of beef or beef and pork, with or without casing; hot dog; wiener. Also, frankfort, frankforter, frankfurt. [1890-95, ...
Frankfurter
/frangk"feuhr teuhr/, n. Felix, 1882-1965, U.S. jurist, born in Austria: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1939-62. * * * ▪ sausage also called  wiener , or (in ...
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
▪ German newspaper German“Frankfurt General Newspaper”, abbreviation  F.A.Z.        daily newspaper published in Frankfurt am Main, one of the most prestigious ...
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ)
(German; "Frankfurt General Newspaper") Daily newspaper published in Frankfurt am Main, one of the most prestigious and influential in Germany. It was created after World War ...
Frankfurter, Felix
born Nov. 15, 1882, Vienna, Austria-Hungary died Feb. 22, 1965, Washington, D.C., U.S. Austrian-born U.S. jurist and public official. Immigrating to the U.S. at the age of 12, ...
Frankfurter,Felix
Frank·furt·er (frăngkʹfər-tər), Felix. 1882-1965. Austrian-born American jurist. A founder of the American Civil Liberties Union, he served as an associate justice of the ...
Frankie
/frang"kee/, n. a male given name, form of Frank. * * *
Frankie and Johnny
an old US ballad about a woman who murders her lover and is hanged for the crime. In the story, Frankie sees Johnny with Alice Pry in a Memphis hotel and shoots him three times. ...
Frankie Howerd
➡ Howerd * * *
Frankie Laine
➡ Laine (II) * * *
Frankie Valli
➡ Valli * * *
frankincense
/frang"kin sens'/, n. an aromatic gum resin from various Asian and African trees of the genus Boswellia, esp. B. carteri, used chiefly for burning as incense in religious or ...
Frankish
/frang"kish/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Franks. n. 2. the West Germanic language of the ancient Franks; Old Franconian. Cf. Frank (def. 1). [1585-95; FRANK + ISH1] * * *
Frankl, Viktor
▪ 1998       Austrian psychiatrist and psychotherapist (b. March 26, 1905, Vienna, Austria—d. Sept. 2, 1997, Vienna), developed the psychological approach known as ...
Frankland
/frangk"leuhnd/, n. Sir Edward, 1825-99, English chemist: developed theory of valence. * * *
Frankland, Agnes Surriage, Lady
▪ American colonial figure née  Agnes Surriage  born spring 1726, Marblehead, Mass. [U.S.] died April 23, 1783, Chichester, Eng.       American colonial figure whose ...
Frankland, Sir Edward
▪ British scientist born Jan. 18, 1825, Churchtown, Lancashire, Eng. died Aug. 9, 1899, Golaa, Nor.  English chemist who was one of the first investigators in the field of ...
franklin
/frangk"lin/, n. Eng. Hist. (in the 14th and 15th centuries) a freeholder who was not of noble birth. [1250-1300; ME fra(u)nkelin < AF fraunclein, equiv. to fraunc free, FRANK1 + ...
Franklin
/frangk"lin/, n. 1. Benjamin, 1706-90, American statesman, diplomat, author, scientist, and inventor. 2. Sir John, 1786-1847, English Arctic explorer. 3. John Hope, born 1915, ...
Franklin and Marshall College
▪ college, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is a liberal arts ...
Franklin D Roosevelt
➡ Roosevelt (II) * * *
Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Program for Social Security
▪ Primary Source              Presidential advisers spent much of 1934 considering programs for unemployment compensation and old-age benefits—important planks ...
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Call for Federal Responsibility
▪ Primary Source              "What do the people of America want more than anything else?" Franklin D. Roosevelt asked in his unprecedented speech before the ...
Franklin D. Roosevelt: First Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Saturday, March 4, 1933       I am certain that my fellow Americans expect that on my induction into the Presidency I will address them ...
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Fourth Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Saturday, January 20, 1945       Mr. Chief Justice, Mr. Vice President, my friends, you will understand and, I believe, agree with my wish ...
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Proposal for Lend-Lease
▪ Primary Source              As Britain's situation in the war grew more desperate, her ability to pay for needed arms and material rapidly diminished. Following ...
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Request for a Declaration of War
▪ Primary Source       On September 27, 1940, Germany, Italy, and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact, thus bringing Japan's "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" within ...
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Second Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Wednesday, January 20, 1937       When four years ago we met to inaugurate a President, the Republic, single-minded in anxiety, stood in ...
Franklin D. Roosevelt: The Four Freedoms
▪ Primary Source              In his annual message to Congress on January 6, 1941, President Roosevelt called upon Congress to enact the Lend-Lease program that ...
Franklin D. Roosevelt: The Good Neighbor Policy
▪ Primary Source              Three decades of strained relations with the Latin-American countries were reversed during the Hoover administration, largely ...
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Third Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Monday, January 20, 1941       On each national day of inauguration since 1789, the people have renewed their sense of dedication to the ...
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
➡ Roosevelt (II) * * *
Franklin Institute
▪ science and technology institution, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States       in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S., one of the foremost American science and ...
Franklin Park
a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago. 17,507. * * *
Franklin Pierce: Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Friday, March 4, 1853       It is a relief to feel that no heart but my own can know the personal regret and bitter sorrow over which I ...
Franklin Pierce: The Military Academy
▪ Primary Source       Many Democrats followed President Andrew Jackson's lead in condemning the Military Academy at West Point, New York. The reasons for the attack are ...
Franklin Square
a town on W Long Island, in SE New York. 29,051. * * *
Franklin stove
1. a cast-iron stove having the general form of a fireplace with enclosed top, bottom, side, and back, the front being completely open or able to be closed by doors. 2. any of ...
Franklin's gull
a black-headed North American gull, Larus pipixcan, feeding chiefly on insects. [1855-60, Amer.; named after Sir John FRANKLIN] * * *
Franklin, Aretha
▪ American singer Introduction in full  Aretha Louise Franklin  born March 25, 1942, Memphis, Tenn., U.S.    American singer who defined the golden age of soul music of ...
Franklin, Aretha (Louise)
born March 25, 1942, Memphis, Tenn., U.S. U.S. popular singer. Franklin's family moved from Memphis to Detroit when she was two. Her father, C.L. Franklin, was a well-known ...
Franklin, Benjamin
born Jan. 17, 1706, Boston, Mass. died April 17, 1790, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. American statesman, scientist, philosopher, and publisher. He was apprenticed at age 12 to his ...
Franklin, John Hope
born Jan. 2, 1915, Rentiesville, Okla., U.S. U.S. historian. He attended Fisk University and received graduate degrees from Harvard and has taught at many colleges and ...
Franklin, Melvin
▪ 1996       (DAVID ENGLISH), U.S. bass singer with the Temptations (b. Oct. 12, 1942—d. Feb. 23, 1995). * * *
Franklin, Miles
▪ Australian writer in full  Stella Maria Sarah Miles Franklin , pseudonyms  Brent of Bin Bin  and  Mrs. Ogniblat L'Artsau  born Oct. 14, 1879, Talbingo, N.S.W., ...
Franklin, Rosalind
▪ British scientist in full  Rosalind Elsie Franklin   born July 25, 1920, London, Eng. died April 16, 1958, London  British scientist who contributed to the discovery of ...
Franklin, Rosalind (Elsie)
born July 25, 1920, London, Eng. died April 16, 1958, London British biologist. After graduating from the University of Cambridge, she conducted important experimental work for ...
Franklin, Sir John
▪ English explorer born April 16, 1786, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, Eng. died June 11, 1847, near King William Island, British Arctic Islands [now in Nunavut territory, ...
Franklin, William Buel
▪ United States general born Feb. 27, 1823, York, Pa., U.S. died March 8, 1903, Hartford, Conn.       Union general during the American Civil War (1861–65) who was ...
Franklin,Aretha
Frank·lin (frăngkʹlĭn), Aretha. Born 1942. American singer known for her recordings of soul and gospel music. Her popular songs include “Respect” (1967) and “Chain of ...
Franklin,Benjamin
Franklin, Benjamin. 1706-1790. American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and ...
Franklin,John Hope
Franklin, John Hope. Born 1915. American historian noted for his studies of African-American history, such as From Slavery to Freedom (1947). * * *
Franklin,Sir John
Franklin, Sir John. 1786-1847. British explorer who led a search for the Northwest Passage (1845-1847) on which he and his 129-man crew perished. A record of the expedition's ...
FranklinD. Roosevelt Lake
Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake A reservoir of northeast Washington formed in the Columbia River by Grand Coulee Dam. * * *
franklinia
/frangk lin"ee euh/, n. a shrub or small tree, Franklinia alatamaha, of the tea family, originally native to the SE U.S. and now found only in cultivation, having glossy leaves ...
franklinite
/frangk"li nuyt'/, n. a mineral of the spinel group, an oxide of zinc, manganese, and iron, occurring in black octahedral crystals or in masses: formerly mined for ...
Franklinstove
Franklin stove Burning wood above a cold air duct heats air which then passes through baffles and is released through vents on each side of the stove. Precision Graphics n. A ...
Franklintree
Franklin tree n. A deciduous tree or shrub (Franklinia alatamaha) originally native to Georgia but now known only in cultivation, having large white fragrant flowers and woody ...
Franklin–Lower Gordon Wild Rivers National Park
▪ national park, Tasmania, Australia national park in western Tasmania, Australia. The park, established in 1981 and doubled in area in 1990, covers 1,700 square miles ...
frankly
/frangk"lee/, adv. in a frank manner; freely; candidly; openly; plainly: He presented his arguments frankly and objectively. [1530-40; FRANK1 + -LY] * * *
frankness
/frangk"nis/, n. plainness of speech; candor; openness. [1545-55; FRANK1 + -NESS] * * *
Franko
/frddahn kaw"/, n. Ivan /ee vahn"/, 1856-1916, Ukrainian writer. * * *
Franko, Ivan
▪ Ukrainian author and scholar in full  Ivan Yakovych Franko  born Aug. 27, 1856, Nahuyevychi, Galicia, Austrian Empire [now Ivana-Franka, Ukraine] died May 28, 1916, ...
frankpledge
/frangk"plej'/, n. Old Eng. Law. 1. a system of dividing a community into tithings or groups of ten men, each member of which was responsible for the conduct of the other members ...
Franks, Gen. Tommy
▪ 2004       After having led two successful military campaigns in as many years, U.S. Gen. Tommy Ray Franks chose to retire a national hero in May 2003. He had ...
Franks, Sir Augustus Wollaston
▪ English art collector born March 20, 1826, Geneva, Switz. died May 21, 1897, London, Eng.       the first keeper (curator) of British and medieval antiquities and ...
Franks, Tommy
▪ United States general in full  Tommy Ray Franks  born June 17, 1945, Wynnewood, Okla., U.S.    American general who, as commander in chief of Central Command (Centcom; ...
FranksPeak
Franks Peak (frăngks) A mountain, 4,007.7 m (13,140 ft) high, in the Absaroka Range of the Rocky Mountains in northwest Wyoming. It is the highest elevation in the range. * * *
Franky
/frang"kee/, n. a male given name, form of Frank. * * *
Frannie
/fran"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Frances. Also, Franny. * * *
Franquin, Andre
▪ 1998       Belgian cartoonist and creator of the popular comic-book characters Gaston Lagaffe, a humorous misfit office boy, and the frenetic leopardlike creature ...
Frans
(as used in expressions) Donders Frans Cornelis Hals Frans Sillanpää Frans Eemil * * *
Franscini, Stefano
▪ Swiss statesman born Oct. 23, 1796, Bodio, Switz. died July 19, 1857, Bern       Swiss statesman and reformer whose maxim “Democracy is not so much respect for the ...
franseria
☆ franseria [fran sir′ē ə] n. 〚ModL, after A. Franseri, 18th-c. Sp botanist 〛 any of a genus (Franseria) of W American plants of the composite family * * ...
frantic
—frantically, franticly, adv. —franticness, n. /fran"tik/, adj. 1. desperate or wild with excitement, passion, fear, pain, etc.; frenzied. 2. Archaic. insane; mad. [1325-75; ...
frantically
See frantic. * * *
franticly
See frantically. * * *
franticness
See frantically. * * *
Františkovy Lázně
▪ Czech Republic German  Franzenbad,         spa town, western Czech Republic. It lies on a flat plateau near the German border. Since medieval times, it has been ...
Franz
/franz, frants/; Ger. /frddahnts/, n. a male given name, German form of Frank. * * * (as used in expressions) Beckenbauer Franz Becker Boris Franz Boas Franz Bopp Franz Brentano ...
Franz Ferdinand
/ferr"dn and'/; Ger. /ferdd"di nahnt'/. See Francis Ferdinand. * * *
Franz Josef
/joh"zeuhf, -seuhf/; Ger. /yoh"zef/. See Francis Joseph I. * * *
Franz Josef I
Franz Josef I [fränts yō′zef; ] E [ fränts jō′zəf] Ger. name for FRANCIS JOSEPH I * * *
Franz Josef Land
/land/; Ger. /lahnt/ an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, E of Spitzbergen and N of Novaya Zemlya: belongs to the Russian Federation. Also called Fridtjof Nansen Land. * * ...
Franz Joseph II
/joh"zeuhf, -seuhf/; Ger. /yoh"zef/ born 1906, prince of Liechtenstein since 1938. * * *
Franz, Dennis
▪ 1997       Playing villains and cops—and sometimes villainous cops—Dennis Franz established himself as one of the finest actors on television. In 1996 he collected ...
Franz, Marie-Louise von
▪ 1999       German-born Swiss analytic psychologist and fairy-tale expert who collaborated with Carl Jung for more than 30 years; her research revealed the similarities ...
Franz, Robert
orig. Robert Franz Knauth born June 28, 1815, Halle, Saxony died Oct. 24, 1892, Halle, Ger. German song composer. In 1842 he became director of the Singakademie of his native ...
Franzén, Frans Mikael
▪ Finnish-Swedish poet born Feb. 9, 1772, Uleåborg, Swedish Finland [now Oulu, Fin.] died Aug. 14, 1847, Härnösand, Sweden  Finnish-Swedish poet, educator, and cleric who ...
Franzen, Jonathan
▪ American author born Aug. 17, 1959, Western Springs, Ill., U.S.       American novelist and essayist whose sprawling, multilayered novels about contemporary America ...
FranzJosef I
Franz Jo·sef I (frănz jōʹzəf, -səf, frănts, fränts yōʹzĕf) See Francis Joseph I. * * *
FranzJosef Land
Franz Josef Land (lănd, länt) An archipelago of north-central Russia in the Arctic Ocean north of Novaya Zemlya. Explored by an Austrian expedition in 1873, the islands were ...
frap
/frap/, v.t., frapped, frapping. Naut. to bind or wrap tightly with ropes or chains. [1300-50; ME frappen < OF fraper to strike, beat, prob. < Gmc (cf. ON hrapa to hurl, ...
frappe
/frap/, n. Northeastern U.S. (chiefly eastern New Eng.). a milkshake made with ice cream. Also, frappé. [see FRAPPÉ] * * *
frappé
/fra pay"/; Fr. /frddann pay"/, n., pl. frappés /-payz"/; Fr. /-pay"/, adj., v., frappéed, frappéing. n. 1. a fruit juice mixture frozen to a mush, to be served as a dessert, ...
Frascati
/frddah skah"tee/, n. a fruity white wine from Rome. [1930-35; after Frascati, city in central Italy] * * * ▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, Lazio (Latium) ...
Frasch process
/frahsh/ a method of mining sulfur by pumping superheated water down into the deposit, thereby melting it so that it can be pumped to the surface. [after Hermann Frasch, ...
Frasch, Herman
▪ American chemist born Dec. 25, 1851, Gaildorf, Württemberg died May 1, 1914, Paris       U.S. chemist who devised the sulfur mining process named in his honour. The ...
Fraser
/fray"zeuhr/, n. 1. James Earle, 1876-1953, U.S. sculptor. 2. (John) Malcolm, born 1930, Australian political leader: prime minister 1975-83. 3. Peter, 1884-1950, New Zealand ...
Fraser Canyon
▪ canyon, British Columbia, Canada       deep chasm cut by the Fraser River in British Columbia, Canada, between Lytton and Yale. The river there flows through wild, ...
Fraser Island
▪ island, Queensland, Australia also called  Great Sandy Island        island off the southeastern coast of Queensland, Australia, separated from the mainland and ...
Fraser River
River, south-central British Columbia, Can. Rising in the Rocky Mountains near Yellowhead Pass, it flows northwest and south nearly to the U.S. border. It then turns west ...
Fraser, Bruce Austin Fraser, 1st Baron
▪ British admiral born February 5, 1888, Acton, near London died February 12, 1981, London       British admiral in World War II and chief of the naval staff ...
Fraser, Dawn
born Sept. 4, 1937, Balmain, near Sydney, Austl. Australian swimmer. She broke the women's world record for the 100-m freestyle race nine successive times between 1956 and 1964 ...
Fraser, George MacDonald
born 1925 British novelist. He trained as a journalist and served as deputy editor of the Glasgow Herald (1968–69). The success of his first novel, Flashman (1969), led him ...
Fraser, Malcolm
▪ prime minister of Australia in full  John Malcolm Fraser  born May 21, 1930, Nareen, Vic., Australia    Australian politician and leader of the Liberal Party, who served ...
Fraser, Peter
▪ prime minister of New Zealand born Aug. 28, 1884, Fearn, Ross, Scot. died Dec. 12, 1950, Wellington, N.Z.  statesman, labour leader, and prime minister (1940–49) whose ...
Fraser, Simon
born May, 20, 1776, Mapletown, N.Y. died Aug. 18?, 1862, St. Andrews West, Canada West Canadian explorer and fur trader. In 1784 he moved to Canada, where he became a clerk ...
Fraser,James Earle
Fra·ser (frāʹzər), James Earle. 1876-1953. American sculptor whose works include figures for the U.S. Supreme Court Building and the design for the buffalo nickel (1913). * ...
Fraser,Peter
Fraser, Peter. 1884-1950. Scottish-born New Zealand politician who helped found New Zealand's Labor Party (1916), served as prime minister (1940-1949), and was a planner of the ...
Fraser,Simon
Fraser, Simon. 1776?-1862. American-born Canadian fur trader and explorer who navigated the Fraser River to its mouth (1806-1808) and established trading routes west of the ...
Fraserfir
Fraser fir n. A North American tree (Abies fraseri) having a pyramidal shape, dark-green flattened needles, and resin-filled blisters on its trunk.   [After JohnFraser ...
Fraşeri, Şemseddin Sami
▪ Albanian author and lexicographer also called  Semseddin Sami Bey Fraseri   born June 1, 1850, Fraşer, Albania, Ottoman Empire died June 18, 1904, ...
FraserRiver
Fraser River A river of British Columbia, Canada, flowing about 1,368 km (850 mi) from the Rocky Mountains near the Alberta boundary to the Strait of Georgia at Vancouver. It ...
Frasier
a US television comedy series (1993–2004) on NBC. It won 31 Emmy awards for the best comedy, more than any other show. The main character, Frasier Crane, is a psychologist who ...
Frasnian Stage
▪ paleontology       lowermost of the two standard worldwide divisions of Late Devonian (Devonian Period) rocks and time. Frasnian time occurred between 385.3 million ...
frass
/fras/, n. insect excrement. [1850-55; orig., the refuse and excrement of boring or leaf-eating insects < G Frass insect damage, corrosion, n. from base of fressen to eat (of ...
frat
/frat/, n. Informal. fraternity (def. 1). [1890-95, Amer.; by shortening] * * *
fratch
—fratcher, n. /frach/, Brit. Dial. v.t. 1. to disagree; quarrel. n. 2. a quarrel; argument; dispute. [1400-50; late ME fracchen to creak, of uncert. orig.] * * *
fratching
/frach"ing/, n. Brit. Dial. a quarrel; disagreement; argument. [1755-65; FRATCH + -ING1] * * *
Fratellini family
European circus family best known for the Fratellini Brothers clown trio Paul (1877–1940), François (1879–1951), and Albert (1886–1961). They grew up in the circus, where ...
Fratellini, Annie
▪ 1998       French performer who was the first female circus clown in France, was a founder of the country's first circus school, and went on to a successful stage and ...
frater
frater1 /fray"teuhr/, n. 1. a brother, as in a religious or fraternal order; comrade. 2. a member of a college or university fraternity. [1555-65; < L frater ...
fraternal
—fraternalism, n. —fraternally, adv. /freuh terr"nl/, adj. 1. of or befitting a brother or brothers; brotherly. 2. of or being a society of men associated in brotherly union, ...
fraternal insurance
insurance underwritten by a fraternal society, under either a legal reserve plan or an assessment plan. * * *
fraternal order
☆ fraternal order or fraternal society or fraternal association n. a society, often secret, of members banded together for mutual benefit or for work toward a common goal * * *
fraternal organizations
➡ Freemasonry * * *
fraternal society
a club or other association, usually of men, having a limited membership and devoted to professional, religious, charitable, or social activities. * * *
fraternal twin
one of a pair of twins, not necessarily resembling each other, or of the same sex, that develop from two separately fertilized ova. Cf. identical twin. [1900-05] * * *
fraternalism
See fraternal. * * *
fraternally
See fraternalism. * * *
fraternity
/freuh terr"ni tee/, n., pl. fraternities. 1. a local or national organization of male students, primarily for social purposes, usually with secret initiation and rites and a ...
fraternity and sorority
Social, professional, or honorary societies for males and females, respectively. Most such organizations use combinations of letters of the Greek alphabet as names. Many social ...
fraternity house
a house occupied by a college or university fraternity. [1900-05] * * *


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