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See fraternize. * * *
—fraternization, n. —fraternizer, n. /frat"euhr nuyz'/, v., fraternized, fraternizing. v.i. 1. to associate in a fraternal or friendly way. 2. to associate cordially or ...
See fraternization. * * *
See fratricide. * * *
—fratricidal, adj. /fra"tri suyd', fray"-/, n. 1. a person who kills his or her brother. 2. the act of killing one's brother. [1490-1500; (def. 1) < MF < fratricida, equiv. to ...
/fray"tree/, n., pl. fratries. frater2. [1530-40] * * *
/frddow/; Eng. /frow/, n., pl. Frauen /frddow"euhn/, Eng. Fraus /frowz/. German. 1. a married woman; a wife. 2. the conventional German title of respect and term of address for a ...
—fraudful, adj. —fraudfully, adv. /frawd/, n. 1. deceit, trickery, sharp practice, or breach of confidence, perpetrated for profit or to gain some unfair or dishonest ...
Fraud Squad
a special department in a British police force that investigates people who make money by deceiving other people: The manager of the company is being questioned by Fraud Squad ...
See fraudulent. * * *
—fraudulence, fraudulency, n. —fraudulently, adv. /fraw"jeuh leuhnt/, adj. 1. characterized by, involving, or proceeding from fraud, as actions, enterprise, methods, or ...
See fraudulence. * * *
Ger. /frddow"euhn felt'/, n. a town in and the capital of Thurgau, in N Switzerland. 18,400. * * * ▪ Switzerland       capital (since 1803) of Thurgau canton, northern ...
▪ German singer byname of  Heinrich Von Meissen   born c. 1260, , Meissen, Thuringia [Germany] died Nov. 29, 1318, Mainz, Franconia [Germany]       late Middle High ...
/frawt/, adj. 1. fraught with, full of; accompanied by; involving: a task fraught with danger. 2. Archaic. filled or laden (with): ships fraught with precious wares. n. 3. Scot. ...
/frddoy"luyn/; Eng. /froy"luyn/ or, often, /fraw"-, frow"-/, n., pl. Fräulein. Eng. Fräuleins. German. 1. an unmarried woman. 2. the conventional German title of respect and ...
Fraunce, Abraham
▪ English poet born c. 1558, –60, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng. died 1633       English poet, a protégé of the poet and courtier Sir Philip Sidney (Sidney, Sir ...
/frown"hoh'feuhr, frow"euhn hof'euhr/; for 1 also Ger. /frddown"hoh'feuhrdd/, n. Joseph von /joh"zeuhf von, -seuhf/; Ger. /yoh"zef feuhn/, 1787-1826, German optician and ...
Fraunhofer lines
Astron. the dark lines of the solar spectrum. [1830-40; named after J. von FRAUNHOFER] * * * In astronomical spectroscopy, dark lines in a star's spectrum caused by selective ...
Fraunhofer, Joseph von
▪ German physicist born March 6, 1787, Straubing, Bavaria [Germany] died June 7, 1826, Munich  German physicist who first studied the dark lines of the Sun's spectrum, now ...
Fraun·ho·fer lines (frounʹhō'fər) pl.n. A set of several hundred dark lines appearing against the bright background of the continuous solar spectrum and produced by ...
/freuh vah"shee/, n. Zoroastrianism. the soul of a dead ancestor. [ < Avestan] * * * ▪ Zoroastrianism       in Zoroastrianism, the preexisting external higher soul or ...
Frawley, Patrick Joseph, Jr.
▪ 1999       Nicaraguan-born American corporate executive who, though he was a high-school dropout, made a fortune through his creation of the Paper Mate leakproof pen ...
/frak'seuh nel"euh/, n. See gas plant. [1655-65; < NL, equiv. to L fraxin(us) ash tree + -ella fem. dim. suffix] * * *
fray1 /fray/, n. 1. a fight, battle, or skirmish. 2. a competition or contest, esp. in sports. 3. a noisy quarrel or brawl. 4. Archaic. fright. v.t. 5. Archaic. to ...
Fray Bentos
▪ Uruguay       city, western Uruguay. Founded in 1859, Fray Bentos became important when the first large-scale meat-packing plant in Uruguay was established there in ...
Fray Jorge National Park
National park, north-central Chile. Established in 1941 and covering 39 sq mi (100 sq km), it preserves a pocket of subtropical forest in a semiarid region. Botanists conjecture ...
(1933– ) an English writer of novels and plays who began his career as a journalist. Among his best-known works are the plays Noises Off (1982), Copenhagen (1998) and Democracy ...
Frayn, Michael
▪ British author and translator born Sept. 8, 1933, London, Eng.       British playwright, novelist, and translator whose work is often compared to that of Anton ...
/fray"zeuhr/, n. 1. Sir James George, 1854-1941, Scottish anthropologist: writer of socio-anthropological studies. 2. a male given name. * * *
Frazer, Ian
▪ Australian immunologist born Jan. 6, 1953, Glasgow, Scot.    Scottish-born Australian immunologist, whose research led to the development of a vaccine against the strains ...
Frazer, Sir James George
born Jan. 1, 1854, Glasgow, Scot. died May 7, 1941, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. British anthropologist, folklorist, and classical scholar. Frazer attended Glasgow ...
Frazer,Sir James George
Fra·zer (frāʹzər), Sir James George. 1854-1941. British anthropologist who examined the importance of magic, religion, and science to the development of human thought in his ...
/fray"zheuhr/, n. E(dward) Franklin, 1894-1962, U.S. sociologist. * * *
Frazier, E(dward) Franklin
born Sept. 24, 1894, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died May 17, 1962, Washington, D.C. U.S. sociologist. Frazier studied at Howard and Clark universities. At Morehouse College he ...
Frazier, E. Franklin
▪ American sociologist in full  Edward Franklin Frazier   born September 24, 1894, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S. died May 17, 1962, Washington, D.C.  American sociologist whose ...
Frazier, Joe
▪ American athlete byname  Smokin' Joe  born January 12, 1944, Beaufort, South Carolina, U.S.    American world heavyweight boxing champion from February 16, 1970, when he ...
Frazier, Walt
▪ American athlete byname of  Walter Frazier, Jr.   born March 29, 1945, Atlanta, Ga., U.S.       American basketball player who was one of the finest professional ...
Frazier, Joseph. Known as “Joe.” Born 1944. American prizefighter who won the Olympic heavyweight title (1964) and held the world professional heavyweight title from 1970 to ...
/fray"zeuhl, fraz"euhl, freuh zeel", -zil"/, n. ice crystals formed in turbulent water, as in swift streams or rough seas. [1885-90, Amer.; < CanF frasil, frazil, fraisil, F ...
frazil (ice)
☆ frazil (ice) or frazil [frāz′il, frə zil′ ] n. 〚CdnFr frasil < Fr fraisil, charcoal cinders, altered (prob. after fraiser, to ruffle) < OFr faisil < VL * facīlis < L ...
/fraz"euhl/, v., frazzled, frazzling, n. Informal. v.i., v.t. 1. to wear to threads or shreds; fray. 2. to weary; tire out: Those six eight-year-olds frazzled me. n. 3. the state ...
/fraz"euhld/, adj. Informal. worn-out; fatigued: a party that left us frazzled. [1870-75; FRAZZLE + -ED2] * * *
1. Federal Reserve Bank. 2. Federal Reserve Board. Also, F.R.B. * * *
Federal Radio Commission. * * *
Finance. floating-rate certificate of deposit. * * *
freak1 /freek/, n. 1. any abnormal phenomenon or product or unusual object; anomaly; aberration. 2. a person or animal on exhibition as an example of a strange deviation from ...
freak of nature
1. a person or animal that is born or grows with abnormal physical features. 2. an unusual, unexpected natural phenomenon. [1840-50] * * *
freak show
1. a display of people or animals with unusual or grotesque physical features, as at a circus or carnival sideshow. 2. any ludicrous, bizarre, or dehumanizing occasion, function, ...
/freek"owt'/, n. Slang. 1. an act or instance of freaking out. 2. a person who freaks out. Also, freakout. [1965-70; n. use of v. phrase freak out] * * *
See freaky. * * *
/free"king/, adj., adv. Slang. (used as an intensifier). [1965-70; FREAK1 + -ING2; euphemistically echoing frigging and fucking] * * *
—freakishly, adv. —freakishness, n. /free"kish/, adj. 1. queer; odd; unusual; grotesque: a freakish appearance. 2. whimsical; capricious: freakish behavior. [1645-55; FREAK1 ...
See freakish. * * *
See freakishly. * * *
freakout [frēk′out΄] n. Slang the act or an instance of freaking out * * *
—freakily, adv. —freakiness, n. /free"kee/, adj., freakier, freakiest. 1. freakish. 2. Slang. a. frightening. b. weird; strange. c. of or pertaining to freaks. [1815-25; ...
Freas, Frank Kelly
▪ 2006       American illustrator (b. Aug. 27, 1922, Hornell, N.Y.—d. Jan. 2, 2005, Los Angeles, Calif.), earned the designation of “the most popular illustrator in ...
/frdday she"/, n. René Maurice /rddeuh nay" maw rddees"/, 1878-1973, French mathematician. * * *
Fréchet, Maurice
▪ French mathematician in full  Réne-Maurice Fréchet  born September 2, 1878, Maligny, France died June 4, 1973, Paris       French mathematician known chiefly for ...
Fr. /frdday shet"/, n. Louis Honoré Fr. /lwee aw naw rdday"/ 1839-1908, Canadian poet and journalist. * * *
Fréchette, Louis-Honoré
▪ Canadian poet born Nov. 16, 1839, Lévis, Que. died May 31, 1908, Montreal  preeminent French Canadian poet of the 19th century, noted for his patriotic ...
/frek"euhl/, n., v., freckled, freckling. n. 1. one of the small, brownish spots on the skin that are caused by deposition of pigment and that increase in number and darken on ...
/frek"euhl fayst'/, adj. having a face conspicuously covered with freckles. [1680-90] * * *
freckled duck
▪ bird       (Stictonetta naevosa), rare Australian waterfowl, characterized by dark dots scattered over its metallic-gray plumage; in breeding season the drake's bill ...
/frek"lee/, adj., frecklier, freckliest. full of freckles. [1695-1705; FRECKLE + -Y1] * * *
/fred/, n. a male given name, form of Frederick. * * * (as used in expressions) Astaire Fred Friendly Fred W. Hoyle Sir Fred Rogers Fred McFeely Rose Fred Zinnemann Fred * * *
Fred Astaire
➡ Astaire * * *
Fred Hoyle
➡ Hoyle * * *
Fred Perry
➡ Perry (I) * * *
Fred Trueman
➡ Trueman * * *
Fred Zinnemann
➡ Zinnemann * * *
/free"deuh, fred"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Freda, Vincent
▪ 2004       American obstetrician (b. Dec. 16, 1927, New Haven, Conn.—d. May 7, 2003, New York, N.Y.), shared the 1980 Albert Lasker Award for clinical research for ...
/fred"ee/, n. 1. a male given name, form of Fred. 2. a female given name, form of Freda. Also, Freddy. * * *
Freddie Mac
1. See Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation. 2. a publicly traded security that represents participation in a pool of mortgages guaranteed by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage ...
Freddie Mercury
➡ Mercury * * *
Fred·die Mac (frĕdʹē) n. A security issued by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation and secured by a pool of conventional home mortgages.   [Alteration of Fed(eral ...
▪ Frankish historian flourished 7th century AD       the supposed author of a chronicle of Frankish history composed between 658 and 661. All the extant manuscripts of ...
died 597, Paris Queen consort of the Frankish king Chilperic I. Originally a servant, she became Chilperic's mistress after he killed his wife (с 568). The murder set off a ...
(as used in expressions) Bartlett Sir Frederic Charles Church Frederic Edwin Maitland Frederic William March Frederic Nash Frederic Ogden Remington Frederic Simon Paul ...
(as used in expressions) Bartholdi Frédéric Auguste Chopin Frédéric François Cournand André Frédéric Cuvier Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert Baron Joliot ...
Frederic Remington
➡ Remington * * *
Frederic, Harold
▪ American writer born Aug. 19, 1856, Utica, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 19, 1898, Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, Eng.  American journalist, foreign correspondent, and author of ...
/fred'euh ree"keuh, fre dree"-/, n. a female given name: derived from Frederick. * * *
▪ Denmark       city and port, eastern Jutland, Denmark, on the Little Belt, there bridged to Fyn (Funen) island. Founded and chartered in 1650 by Frederick III as a ...
/fred"rik, -euhr ik/, n. 1. a city in central Maryland. 27,557. 2. Also, Frederic. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "peace" and "ruler." * * * (as used in ...
Frederick (I)
▪ king of Sweden born April 17, 1676, Kassel, Hesse-Kassel died March 25, 1751, Stockholm  first Swedish king to reign (1720–51) during the 18th-century Age of Freedom, a ...
Frederick (III)
▪ king of Germany byname  Frederick The Fair,  German  Friedrich Der Schöne  born c. 1286 died Jan. 13, 1330, Gutenstein, Austria       German king from 1314 to ...
Frederick and Rosemary West
➡ West (I) * * *
Frederick Ashton
➡ Ashton * * *
Frederick Augustus I
▪ king of Saxony born Dec. 23, 1750, Dresden, Saxony died May 5, 1827, Dresden       first king of Saxony and duke of Warsaw, who became one of Napoleon's (Napoleon ...
Frederick Augustus II
▪ king of Saxony born May 18, 1797, Dresden, Saxony died Aug. 9, 1854, the Tirol, Austria  reform-minded king of Saxony and nephew of Frederick Augustus I, who favoured ...
Frederick Barbarossa.
See Frederick I (def. 1). * * *
Frederick Charles, Prince Of Prussia
▪ Prussian prince byname  The Iron Prince,  German  Friedrich Karl, Prinz Von Preussen, or Der Eiserne Prinz  born March 20, 1828, Berlin died June 15, 1885, Klein ...
Frederick Delius
➡ Delius * * *
Frederick Douglass
➡ Douglass * * *
Frederick Douglass: The Color Line in America (1883)
▪ Primary Source       After 1877, following the withdrawal of Union troops from South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida, Reconstruction officially ended. In theory, ...
Frederick Edwin Smith
➡ Birkenhead * * *
Frederick Forsyth
➡ Forsyth (II) * * *
Frederick Henry
Dutch Frederik Hendrik born Jan. 29, 1584, Delft, Holland died March 14, 1647, The Hague Third hereditary stadtholder (1625–47) of the Dutch Republic. He succeeded his half ...
Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, Count of Nassau
▪ prince of Orange Introduction Dutch  Frederik Hendrik, Prins Van Oranje, Graaf Van Nassau   born Jan. 29, 1584, Delft, Holland died March 14, 1647, The ...
Frederick I
1. ("Frederick Barbarossa") 1123?-90, king of Germany 1152-90; king of Italy 1152-90: emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1152-90. 2. 1194-1250, king of Sicily 1198-1212: as ...
Frederick II
1. See Frederick I (def. 2). 2. ("Frederick the Great") 1712-86, king of Prussia 1740-86 (son of Frederick William I). * * * I German Friedrich known as Frederick the ...
Frederick III
1. 1415-93, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1452-93; as Frederick IV, king of Germany 1440-93. 2. ("the Wise") 1463-1525, elector of Saxony 1486-1525: protector of Martin ...
Frederick III (or II)
▪ king of Sicily [1272-1337] born 1272 died June 25, 1337, Paterno, Sicily       king of Sicily from 1296, who strengthened the Aragonese interest there against the ...
Frederick IV
▪ elector Palatine of the Rhine byname  Frederick The Righteous,  German  Friedrich Der Aufrichtige  born March 5, 1574, Amberg, Palatinate died Sept. 19, 1610, ...
Frederick IV.
See Frederick III (def. 1). * * *
Frederick IX
▪ king of Denmark born March 11, 1899, Sorgenfri Castle, near Copenhagen died Jan. 14, 1972, Copenhagen  king of Denmark (1947–72) who gave encouragement to the Danish ...
Frederick Jay Rubin
➡ Rubin * * *
Frederick Loewe
➡ Lerner and Loewe * * *
Frederick Louis, Prince Of Wales
▪ prince of Wales German  Friedrich Ludwig   born Jan. 6, 1707, Hannover, Hanover died March 20, 1751, London  eldest son of King George II of Great Britain (reigned ...
Frederick Sanger
➡ Sanger * * *
Frederick the Great
Frederick the Great 1712-86; king of Prussia (1740-86): son of Frederick William I * * *
Frederick the Great.
See Frederick II (def. 2). * * *
Frederick V
German Friedrich known as Frederick the Winter King born Aug. 26, 1596, Amberg, Upper Palatinate died Nov. 29, 1632, Mainz Elector palatine of the Rhine (1610–23) and king of ...
Frederick VI
▪ king of Denmark and Norway born Jan. 28, 1768, Christiansborg Castle, Denmark died Dec. 3, 1839, Copenhagen  king of Denmark from 1808 to 1839 and of Norway from 1808 to ...
Frederick VII
Danish Frederik born Oct. 6, 1808, Amalienborg Castle, Den. died Nov. 15, 1863, Glücksburg Castle King of Denmark (1848–63). After the popular demonstrations of 1848, he ...
Frederick VIII
▪ king of Denmark born June 3, 1843, Copenhagen died May 14, 1912, Hamburg  king of Denmark in 1906–12.       Frederick served in the disastrous Danish–German War ...
Frederick William
1. ("the Great Elector") 1620-88, elector of Brandenburg who increased the power and importance of Prussia. 2. 1882-1951, German general: crown prince of Germany 1888-1918 (son ...
Frederick William I
1688-1740, king of Prussia 1713-40. * * * German Friedrich Wilhelm born Aug. 15, 1688, Berlin died May 31, 1740, Potsdam, Prussia King of Prussia (1713–40). The son of ...
Frederick William II
1744-97, king of Prussia 1786-97. * * * German Friedrich Wilhelm born Sept. 25, 1744, Berlin, Prussia died Nov. 16, 1797, Berlin King of Prussia from 1786. He succeeded his ...
Frederick William III
1770-1840, king of Prussia 1797-1840. * * * German Friedrich Wilhelm born Aug. 3, 1770, Potsdam, Prussia died June 7, 1840, Berlin King of Prussia (1797–1840). The son of ...
Frederick William IV
1795-1861, king of Prussia 1840-61 (brother of William I of Prussia). * * * German Friedrich Wilhelm born Oct. 15, 1795, Cölln, near Berlin, Prussia died Jan. 2, 1861, ...
Frederick, Pauline
▪ American journalist born Feb. 13, 1906, Galitzin, Pa., U.S. died May 9, 1990, Lake Forest, Ill.       pioneer American female television news ...
Frederick I, Known as Frederick Bar·ba·ros·sa (bär'bə-rŏsʹə, -rôsʹə) 1123?-1190. Holy Roman emperor (1152-1190) and king of Germany and Italy. After quelling the ...
I. Frederick II1, 1194-1250. Holy Roman emperor (1212-1250) and king of Sicily (1198-1250) as Frederick I. He led the Sixth Crusade (1228-1229), capturing Jerusalem, and was in ...
Frederick IX, 1899-1972. King of Denmark (1947-1972) who signed a constitutional amendment allowing the succession of a woman to the throne. * * *
/fred"riks berrg', fred"euhr iks-/, n. a city in NE Virginia, on the Rappahannock River: scene of a Confederate victory 1862. 15,322. * * * ▪ Virginia, United ...
Fredericksburg, Battle of
(Dec. 13, 1862) Engagement of the American Civil War fought at Fredericksburg, Va. , that resulted in a decisive victory for the Confederate forces. Over 120,000 Union troops ...
Frederickthe Great
Frederick the Great See Frederick II2. * * *
Frederick William, Known as “the Great Elector.” 1620-1688. Elector of Brandenburg (1640-1688) who reorganized and rebuilt his domain after its devastation in the Thirty ...
FrederickWilliam I
Frederick William I, 1688-1740. King of Prussia (1713-1740) who strengthened the army and diversified the economy of his dominion. * * *
FrederickWilliam II
Frederick William II, 1744-1797. King of Prussia (1786-1797) whose mismanaged reign was marked by a costly war with Revolutionary France (1792-1795). * * *
FrederickWilliam III
Frederick William III, 1770-1840. King of Prussia (1797-1840) whose long turbulent reign included participation in the Napoleonic Wars and the suppression of democratic ...
FrederickWilliam IV
Frederick William IV, 1795-1861. King of Prussia (1840-1861) who crushed the Revolution of 1848 and refused the crown of a united Germany offered to him by the Frankfurt ...
/fred"rik teuhn, fred"euhr ik-/, n. a city in and the capital of New Brunswick, in SE Canada, on the St. John River. 45,248. * * * City (pop., 2001: 47,560), capital of New ...
(as used in expressions) Alexanderson Ernst Frederik Werner de Klerk Frederik Willem Frederik Hendrik Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel Olav Alexander Edward Christian ...
Frederik IX
/frdde"theuh rddeek/ 1899-1972, king of Denmark 1947-72 (son of Christian X). * * *
/fred'euh ree"keuh, fre dree"-/, n. a female given name. * * *
/fred"riks berrg', fred"euhr iks-/; Dan. /frdde"dheuh rddeeks barddkh'/, n. a city in E Denmark: a part of Copenhagen. 93,692. * * * ▪ Denmark       independent ...
Frederiksburg [fred′ə riks bʉrg΄; ] Dan [ freth′ə rēks berkh΄] borough on Zealand island, Denmark: suburb of Copenhagen: pop. 88,000 * * *
▪ Denmark       city and port, northern Jutland, Denmark, on the Kattegat (strait), east of Hjørring. A fishing village in the 16th and 17th centuries, it was ...
▪ United States Virgin Islands also called  Westend         town on the west coast of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, 17 miles (27 km) southwest of Christiansted. ...
Fredholm, Ivar
▪ Swedish mathematician in full  Erik Ivar Fredholm  born April 7, 1866, Stockholm, Sweden died August 17, 1927, Stockholm       Swedish mathematician who founded ...
/fri dohn"yeuh, -doh"nee euh/, n. a town in W New York. 11,126. * * * ▪ New York, United States       village in the town (township) of Pomfret, Chautauqua county, ...
/fred"rik/, n. a male given name. Also, Fredrich. * * *
Fredriksson, Gert
▪ Swedish athlete in full  Gert Fridolf Fredriksson  born Nov. 21, 1919, Nyköping, Swed. died July 5, 2006, Nyköping       Swedish kayaker, who dominated the sport ...
Fredriksson, Gert Fridolf
▪ 2007       Swedish kayaker (b. Nov. 21, 1919, Nyköping, Swed.—d. July 5, 2006, Nyköping), dominated the sport of kayak racing between 1948 and 1960, winning eight ...
▪ Norway       town, south of Oslo, southeastern Norway. Located on the eastern shore of Oslo Fjord at the mouth of the Glomma (Glåma) River, it was founded in 1567 by ...
Fredro, Aleksander
▪ Polish dramatist born June 20, 1793, Surochów, Galicia [now in Poland] died July 15, 1876, Lwów, Austrian Galicia [now Lviv, Ukraine]       a major Polish ...
—freeness, n. /free/, adj., freer, freest, adv., v., freed, freeing. adj. 1. enjoying personal rights or liberty, as a person who is not in slavery: a land of free people. 2. ...
free agent
—free agency, free agentry. 1. a person who is self-determining and is not responsible for his or her actions to any authority. 2. a professional athlete who is not under ...
free air
1. See free atmosphere. 2. air not affected by local conditions. [1930-35] * * *
free alongside ship.
See F.A.S. Also called free alongside vessel. [1900-05] * * *
Free and Accepted Masons
➡ Freemasonry * * *
Free and Accepted Masons.
See under Freemason (def. 1). * * *
free and common socage.
See free socage. * * *
free ascent
Rocketry. the upward traveling or path of a rocket carried by its own inertia after its engine has stopped operating. * * *
free association
Psychoanal. the uncensored expression of the ideas, impressions, etc., passing through the mind of the analysand, a technique used to facilitate access to the ...
free atmosphere
the part of the atmosphere that lies above the frictional influence of the earth's surface. Also called free air. * * *
free balloon
—free ballooning. a balloon, often equipped to carry passengers, that drifts with air currents and whose ascent and descent are controlled by the release of ballast and buoyant ...
free beach
a beach that permits nude bathing. [1970-75] * * *
free bid
Bridge. a bid made in response to a partner's bid when responding is not required by convention or is not necessary to keep the auction open, as after an opponent's overcall. * * ...
free central placentation
free central placentation n. Bot. a type of placenta structure in an ovary, in which the ovules cluster freely around a columnlike central placenta which is attached at the base ...
free charge
any electric charge that can be placed on a conductor or on or within a dielectric or that moves freely in space (opposed to polarization charge). * * *
free church
1. (sometimes caps.) a church free from state control. Cf. established church. 2. (sometimes caps.) a dissenting or nonconforming church. 3. (caps.) Also, Free Kirk. (in ...
Free Church Federal Council
▪ British religious organization       organization of free churches (not part of the Church of England) of England and Wales, including Methodist, Baptist, the United ...
Free Church of Scotland
a large group of Scottish Protestants who left the Church of Scotland in 1843 and established their own branch of the Christian religion because they did not agree with the way ...
free churchman
1. (sometimes caps.) a member of a free church. 2. (caps.) a member of the Free Church of Scotland. [1840-50] * * *
free city
a city having an independent government and forming a sovereign state by itself. [1610-20] * * *
free coinage
the unrestricted coinage of bullion or of a specified metal, as silver, into money for any person bringing it to the mint, either with or without charge for minting. [1885-90, ...
free companion
a member of a band of mercenary soldiers during the Middle Ages. [1810-20] * * *
free company
a band of free companions. [1870-75] * * *
free delivery
the delivery of mail directly to the recipient's address without charge to the recipient: Before free delivery people had to pick up their mail at the post office or pay a letter ...
Free Democratic Party
▪ political party, Germany German  Freie Demokratische Partei        centrist German political party that advocates individualism, capitalism, and social reform. ...
Free Democratic Party (FDP)
German centrist political party that advocates individualism and free economic competition. It was formed in 1948 by liberal delegates in the U.S., British, and French zones of ...
free diving
—free diver. Chiefly Brit. See skin diving. [1950-55] * * *
free electron
Physics. an electron that is not attached to an atom or molecule and is free to respond to outside forces. [1905-10] * * *
free energy
Thermodynamics. 1. See Gibbs function. 2. See Helmholtz function. * * * Measure of the total combined energies within a system, derived from heats of transformation, disorder, ...
free enterprise
—free-enterprising, adj. 1. an economic and political doctrine holding that a capitalist economy can regulate itself in a freely competitive market through the relationship of ...
free enterpriser
a person who practices or advocates free enterprise. [1940-45; FREE ENTERPRISE + -ER1] * * *
free expansion
Thermodynamics. the expansion of a gas into an evacuated space without the transfer of heat or the performance of work. * * *
free fall
1. the hypothetical fall of a body such that the only force acting upon it is that of gravity. 2. the part of a parachute jump that precedes the opening of the parachute. 3. a ...
free flight
unassisted or unconstrained flight, as the flight of a rocket or missile without guidance or after fuel exhaustion or motor cutoff. [1920-25] * * *
free form
1. a shape having an irregular contour, chiefly used in nonrepresentational art and industrial design. 2. Ling. a linguistic form that can occur by itself, as fire, book, or run. ...
Free French
(in World War II) the French movement, organized in London under the leadership of General Charles de Gaulle, that repudiated the 1940 armistice with the Nazis and the government ...
free gold
1. treasury gold, including the legal reserve, not restricted to the redemption of gold certificates or other specific uses. 2. Mining. gold found in loose particles or nuggets, ...
free goods
1. imported goods that are not subject to duty. 2. goods having utilitarian value, as air and water, but available in such great quantities as to have no cost. [1770-80] * * *
free hand
unrestricted freedom or authority: They gave the decorator a free hand. [1925-30] * * *
free house
Brit. a tavern that, having no affiliation or contract with a particular brewery, serves several brands of beer, ale, etc. [1855-60] * * *
free houses
➡ pub * * *
free jazz
spontaneously experimental, free-form jazz, popularized as an avant-garde phenomenon in the 1960s by various soloists and characterized by random expression and disregard for ...
free kick
Soccer. an unhindered kick of a stationary ball, usually awarded to a player as the result of a foul committed by a player from the opposing team. Cf. direct free kick, indirect ...
free kicks
➡ Rugby * * *
Free Kirk.
—Free Kirker. See free church (def. 3). * * *
free lance
1. a mercenary soldier or military adventurer of the Middle Ages, often of knightly rank, who offered his services to any state, party, or cause. 2. freelance (defs. 1, 2). * * *
free list
a list or register of articles that may be brought into a country duty-free. [1800-10] * * *
free liver
a person who follows a way of life that freely indulges the appetites, desires, etc. [1705-15] * * *
free love
the doctrine or practice of having sexual relations or living together without legal marriage or continuing obligation. [1815-25] * * *
free lunch
1. food provided without charge in some bars and saloons to attract customers. 2. Informal. something given with no expectation of repayment, service, responsibility, etc.: In ...
free market
free market n. any market where buying and selling can be carried on without restrictions as to price, etc.: often used figuratively [the free market of ideas] * * *
Free Methodist Church of North America
▪ Protestantism       Holiness church in the Wesleyan-Arminian tradition that emphasizes the doctrine of sanctification, a postconversion process of spiritual and moral ...
free on board
free on board n. delivered (by the seller) aboard the train, ship, etc. at the point of shipment, without charge to the buyer * * *
free on board.
See f.o.b. [1920-25] * * *
free paper
n a free local newspaper that is delivered to people’s homes every week. Most British and US towns and cities have free papers, which contain mostly advertisements and some ...
free perspective
exaggeration of perspectival devices to increase the illusion of depth, used esp. in stage-set painting and construction. * * *
free port
1. a port or special section of a port where goods may be unloaded, stored, and shipped without payment of customs duties. 2. a port open under equal conditions to all ...
free press
a body of book publishers, news media, etc., not controlled or restricted by government censorship in political or ideological matters. [1760-70] * * *
free radical
Chem., Biochem. an atom or molecule that bears an unpaired electron and is extremely reactive, capable of engaging in rapid chain reactions that destabilize other molecules and ...
free reach
Naut. a course sailed by a sailing vessel having the wind on the quarter. * * *
free reaching
Naut. sailing on a free reach. * * *
free rein
unhampered freedom of movement, choice, or action: Students have free rein to choose their own class schedules. [1950-55] * * *
free ride
1. Informal. something obtained without effort or cost: The fact that you're the general's son doesn't mean you'll get a free ride in the army. 2. Stud Poker. a round of betting ...
free rider
—free-riding, n. 1. Informal. a person who obtains something without effort or cost. 2. a nonunion worker who enjoys the benefits of union activities. Also, free-rider. * * *
free safety
Football. a member of a secondary, usually the deepest-playing defender, with no specific assignment at the snap of the ball, but often covering the area of the field across from ...
free school
a privately run school organized as an alternative to the traditional public or private school, usually following a highly flexible approach to the curriculum and teaching ...
free sheet
Print. paper made entirely from chemical pulp and therefore free of groundwood. * * *
free silver
—free-silver, adj. Econ. the free coinage of silver, esp. at a fixed ratio with gold. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
Free Silver Movement
Late-19th-century U.S. political movement that advocated unlimited coinage of silver. Proponents included owners of western silver mines, farmers who wanted higher crop prices, ...
free socage
Medieval Hist. land held by a tenant who rendered certain honorable and nonservile duties to his lord. Also called free and common socage. Cf. villein socage. * * *
free soil
U.S. Hist. a region, esp. a U.S. territory, prohibiting slavery prior to the Civil War. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
Free Soil party
a former U.S. political party (1848-56) that opposed the extension of slavery in the Territories not yet admitted to statehood. * * *
free speech
➡ Bill of Rights * * *
free speech.
See freedom of speech. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
free spirit
a person with a highly individual or unique attitude, lifestyle, or imagination; nonconformist. * * *
Free State
1. U.S. Hist. (before the Civil War) a state in which slavery was prohibited. 2. See Irish Free State. [1640-50] * * * ▪ province, South Africa       province, ...
Free Stater
/stay'teuhr/ 1. a native or inhabitant of a Free State. 2. a person of European descent who is a native or resident of the Orange Free State. [1895-1900; FREE STATE + -ER1] * * *
Free Territory of Trieste.
See Trieste, Free Territory of. * * *
free thought
thought unrestrained by deference to authority, tradition, or established belief, esp. in matters of religion. [1705-15] * * *
free throw
Basketball. See foul shot. [1890-95] * * *
free throw lane
Basketball. the rectangular area, 19 ft. (5.7 m) long and usually 12 or 16 ft. (3.6 m or 4.8 m) wide, extending from the end line behind each backboard to the foul line and along ...
free throw line
Basketball. See foul line (def. 2). [1890-95] * * *
free throws
➡ basketball * * *
free trade
—free-trade, adj. 1. trade between countries, free from governmental restrictions or duties. 2. international trade free from protective duties and subject only to such tariffs ...
free trader
a person who advocates free trade. Also, free-trader. [1690-1700; FREE TRADE + -ER1] * * *
free university
a school run informally by and for college students, organized to offer courses and approaches not usually offered in a college curriculum. * * *
free variable
Logic. (in functional calculus) a variable occurring in a sentential function and not within the scope of any quantifier containing it. Cf. bound variable. * * *
free variation
Ling. a relation between the members of a pair of phones, phonemes, morphs, or other linguistic entities such that either of the two may occur in the same position with no change ...
free verse
—free-versifier /free"verr"seuh fuy'euhr/, n. Prosody. verse that does not follow a fixed metrical pattern. [1905-10] * * * Poetry organized according to the cadences of ...
free weight
a weight used for weightlifting, as a dumbbell, whose motion is not constrained by external apparatus. * * *
free will
1. free and independent choice; voluntary decision: You took on the responsibility of your own free will. 2. Philos. the doctrine that the conduct of human beings expresses ...
free will problem
Problem arising from the apparent inconsistency between causal determinism in nature and the human power or capacity to choose among alternatives or act freely in certain ...
free world
—free-world, adj. (often caps.) the nations of the world that function chiefly under democratic and capitalistic systems rather than under totalitarianism or ...
free zone
a free-port area. [1900-05] * * *
/free'euh soh"shee ayt', -see-/, v.i., free-associated, free-associating. to engage in free association. [1940-45] * * *
/free"blohn"/, adj. (of glass) blown and shaped manually and without the use of a mold. Cf. blown-molded, offhand (def. 5). * * *
/free"bawrd", -bohrd"/, adj. (of a rifle) having a bore that is not rifled within a short distance of the breech, so that a fired cartridge travels about 1/2 in. (1.3 cm) before ...
/free"kut'ing/, adj. (of a metal alloy) having good machinability: free-cutting steel. [1925-30] * * *
free-electron model of metals
▪ physics       in solid-state physics, representation of a metallic solid as a container filled with a gas composed of free electrons (i.e., those responsible for high ...
See free enterprise. * * *
/free"fawl'/, v., free-fell, free-fallen, free-falling, adj., n. v.i. 1. (of parachutists) to descend initially, as for a designated interval, in a free fall: The jumpers were ...
free-fire zone
/free"fuyeur"/ an area in which military units have prior clearance to fire at will on any person or object encountered. [1965-70] * * *
free-fire zone (frēʹfīrʹ) n. A battle area or combat zone in which no restrictions are placed on the use of arms or explosives. * * *
/free"floh"ting/, adj. 1. (of an emotional state) lacking an apparent cause, focus, or object; generalized: free-floating hostility. 2. (of people) uncommitted, as to a doctrine, ...
/free"feuhr awl'/, n. 1. a fight, argument, contest, etc., open to everyone and usually without rules. 2. any competition or contested situation that is disordered, impulsive, or ...
adj. /free"fawrm'/; adv. /free"fawrm"/, adj. 1. characterized by free form: free-form sculpture. 2. not organized or planned in a conventional way: a free-form international ...
—free-handedly, adv. —free-handedness, n. /free"han"did/, adj. 1. generous; liberal. 2. freehand. adv. 3. freehand. [1650-60] * * *
—free-heartedly, adv. —free-heartedness, n. /free"hahr"tid/, adj. light-hearted; spontaneous; frank; generous. [1350-1400; ME free herted. See FREE, HEARTED] * * *
/free"liv"ing/, adj. 1. following a way of life in which one freely indulges the appetites, desires, etc. 2. Biol. noting an organism that is neither parasitic, symbiotic, nor ...
/free"meuh shee"ning/, adj. 1. (of certain metals) readily machinable at high speeds with low force. 2. noting a class of steels having certain additives, as sulfur or lead, to ...
/free"raynj'/, adj. 1. (of livestock and domestic poultry) permitted to graze or forage for grain, etc., rather than being confined to a feedlot or a small enclosure: a ...
—free-soilism, n. /free"soyl"/, adj. U.S. Hist. 1. pertaining to or opposing the extension of slavery in the Territories. 2. pertaining to or characteristic of the Free Soil ...
Free-Soil Party
Minor but influential 19th-century U.S. political party that opposed the extension of slavery into the western territories. In 1846 proponents of the Wilmot Proviso and other ...

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