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/er"euhl/, n. a male given name. * * *
Errol Flynn
➡ Flynn * * *
Erroll, Francis Hay, 9th earl of, Lord Hay Of Erroll
▪ Scottish noble Erroll also spelled  Errol  baptized April 30, 1564 died July 16, 1631, Slains, Aberdeen, Scotland       Scottish nobleman, a leader of the militant ...
▪ island, Vanuatu also spelled  Eromanga        volcanic island of Vanuatu, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The island, with an area of 376 square miles (975 ...
1. erroneous. 2. erroneously. * * *
—erroneously, adv. —erroneousness, n. /euh roh"nee euhs, e roh"-/, adj. 1. containing error; mistaken; incorrect; wrong: an erroneous answer. 2. straying from what is moral, ...
See erroneous. * * *
See erroneously. * * *
—errorless, adj. —errorlessly, adv. /er"euhr/, n. 1. a deviation from accuracy or correctness; a mistake, as in action or speech: His speech contained several factual ...
error analysis
Ling. the systematic study of deviations from target-language norms in the course of second-language acquisition, esp. in terms of the learner's developing ...
error coin
Numis. a coin showing evidence of a mistake in its manufacture. * * *
error of closure
Survey. 1. the amount by which a closed traverse fails to satisfy the requirements of a true mathematical figure, as the length of line joining the true and computed position of ...
See error. * * *
/errs, airs/, n. ervil. [MF < OPr < LL ervus, var. of L ervum. See ERVIL] * * *
Emergency Radio Service. Also, E.R.S. * * *
To be in motion. 1. Variant form *rēs-. race2, from Old Norse rās, rushing, from Germanic *rēs-. 2. Suffixed form *ers-ā-. err, erratic, erratum, erroneous, error; ...
Ersari carpet
 any of a colourful variety of floor coverings handmade by Ersari Turkmen of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Contrary to the custom of the other Turkmen, the Ersaris have no ...
/er"zahts, -sahts, er zahts", -sahts"/, adj. 1. serving as a substitute; synthetic; artificial: an ersatz coffee made from grain. n. 2. an artificial substance or article used to ...
/errs/, n. 1. Gaelic, esp. Scots Gaelic. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Gaelic, esp. Scots Gaelic. * * *
/err"skin/, n. 1. John (Erskine of Carnock), 1695-1768, Scottish writer on law. 2. John, 1879-1951, U.S. novelist, poet, and essayist. 3. a male given name. * * *
Erskine (of Restormel), Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron
born Jan. 10, 1750, Edinburgh, Scot. died Nov. 17, 1823, Almondell, Linlithgowshire Scottish lawyer. He was the youngest son of Henry David Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan. After ...
Erskine, John
▪ American musician and author born Oct. 5, 1879, New York City died June 2, 1951, New York City       U.S. educator, musician, and novelist noted for energetic, ...
Erskine, Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron
▪ English lawyer Introduction born January 10, 1750, Edinburgh, Scotland died November 17, 1823, Almondell, Linlithgowshire  British Whig lawyer (legal profession) who made ...
/errst/, adv. Archaic. before the present time; formerly. [bef. 1000; ME erest, OE aerest (c. OHG erist, G erst), equiv. to aer ERE + -est -EST1] * * *
/errst"hwuyl', -wuyl'/, adj. 1. former; of times past: erstwhile friends. adv. 2. Archaic. formerly; erst. [1560-70; ERST + WHILE] Syn. 1. past, bygone, previous. Ant. 1. ...
estrogen replacement therapy. * * *
Er·té (ĕr-tāʹ), Originally Romain de Tertoff. 1892-1990. Russian-born French designer and illustrator who was a leading exponent of Art Deco in the 1920s and 1930s. * * ...
/er'teuh bol"euh, -bul"euh/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a late Mesolithic culture of the western Baltic coast associated with kitchen middens and having pottery ...
Ertebølle industry
▪ Mesolithic tool industry       tool industry of the coastal regions of northern Europe, dating from about 9000 to 3500 BC. The Ertebølle industry, named after ...
Ertegun, Ahmet
▪ 2007       Turkish-born American music magnate (b. July 31, 1923, Istanbul, Turkey—d. Dec. 14, 2006, New York, N.Y.), was a jazz enthusiast who together with Herb ...
Ertl, Gerhard
▪ German chemist born Oct. 10, 1936, Bad Cannstatt, Ger.       German chemist, who received the 2007 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his pioneering work in the ...
Earth Resources Technology Satellite. * * *
/air"oov, er"-/; Seph. Heb. /e"rddoohv/; Ashk. Heb. /ay"rddoohv/, n., pl. erubin /air"oo vin', er"-/; Seph. Heb. /e rddooh veen"/; Ashk. Heb. /ay rddoo"vin/, erubs. ...
—erubescence, n. /er'oo bes"euhnt/, adj. becoming red or reddish; blushing. [1730-40; < L erubescent- (s. of erubescens), prp. of erubescere. See E-, RUBESCENT] * * *
erucic acid
/i rooh"sik/, Chem. a solid fatty acid, a homologue of oleic acid, derived from oils of mustard seed and rapeseed. [1865-70; < NL Eruc(a) the rocket genus (L eruca; cf. ROCKET2) ...
e·ru·cic acid (ĭ-ro͞oʹsĭk) n. A fatty acid, C22H42O2, making up 40 to 50 percent of the total fatty acid in rapeseed, wallflower seed, and mustard seed.   [From New Latin ...
/i rooh"seuh fawrm'/, adj. caterpillarlike. [1870-75; < L eruc(a) caterpillar + -I- + -FORM] * * *
/i rukt"/, v.t., v.i. 1. to belch forth, as gas from the stomach. 2. to emit or issue violently, as matter from a volcano. [1660-70; < L eructare to vomit, discharge violently, ...
—eructation /i ruk tay"sheuhn, ee'ruk-/, n. —eructative /i ruk"teuh tiv/, adj. /i ruk"tayt/, v.t., v.i., eructated, eructating. to eruct. [1630-40; < L eructatus discharged, ...
e·ruc·ta·tion (ĭ-rŭk-tāʹshən, ē'rŭk-) n. The act or an instance of belching.   e·rucʹta·tive (ĭ-rŭkʹtə-tĭv) adj. * * *
See eructation. * * *
—eruditely, adv. —eruditeness, n. /er"yoo duyt', er"oo-/, adj. characterized by great knowledge; learned or scholarly: an erudite professor; an erudite ...
See erudite. * * *
See eruditely. * * *
—eruditional, adj. /er'yoo dish"euhn, er'oo-/, n. knowledge acquired by study, research, etc.; learning; scholarship. [1350-1400; ME < L erudition- (s. of eruditio) an ...
/i rum"peuhnt/, adj. 1. bursting forth. 2. (of fungi or algae) prominent; projecting from or bursting through host tissue. [1640-50; < L erumpent- (s. of erumpens), prp. of ...
—eruptible, adj. /i rupt"/, v.i. 1. to burst forth: Molten lava erupted from the top of the volcano. 2. (of a volcano, geyser, etc.) to eject matter. 3. to break out of a ...
—eruptional, adj. /i rup"sheuhn/, n. 1. an issuing forth suddenly and violently; outburst; outbreak. 2. Geol. the ejection of molten rock, steam, etc., as from a volcano or ...
—eruptively, adv. —eruptivity, eruptiveness, n. /i rup"tiv/, adj. 1. bursting forth, or tending to burst forth. 2. pertaining to or of the nature of an eruption. 3. Geol. ...
See eruptive. * * *
/air"oov, er"-/; Seph. Heb. /e"rddoohv/; Ashk. Heb. /ay"rddoov/, n., pl. eruvin /air"oo vin', er"-/; Seph. Heb. /e rddooh veen"/; Ashk. Heb. /ay rddoo"vin/, eruvs. Judaism. 1. ...
/err"vil/, n. a vetch, Vicia ervilia, grown in Europe for forage. Also called ers. [1545-55; < L ervilia, akin to ervum bitter vetch; prob. of non-IE orig.] * * *
/err"vin/, n. 1. Samuel James, Jr. (Sam), 1896-1985, U.S. jurist and politician: senator 1954-74. 2. a male given name. * * *
Ervin, Sam
orig. Samuel James Ervin, Jr. born Sept. 27, 1896, Morganton, N.C., U.S. died April 23, 1985, Winston-Salem, N.C. U.S. senator (1954–74). He served on the Supreme Court of ...
Ervin, Samuel J., Jr.
▪ United States senator in full  Samuel James Ervin, Jr.   born Sept. 27, 1896, Morganton, N.C., U.S. died April 23, 1985, Winston-Salem, N.C.       U.S. senator best ...
Ervin, Samuel James,Jr.
Er·vin (ûrʹvĭn), Samuel James, Jr. 1896-1985. American politician who as U.S. senator from North Carolina (1954-1974) led the committee that investigated the Watergate ...
/err"vin/, n. St. John Greer /grear/, 1883-1971, Irish dramatist and novelist. * * *
Ervine, David Walter
▪ 2008       Northern Irish Protestant militant and politician born July 21, 1953 , East Belfast, N.Ire. died Jan. 8, 2007 , Belfast, N.Ire. abandoned the illegal ...
Ervine, Saint John
▪ British dramatist in full  Saint John Greer Ervine   born Dec. 28, 1883, Belfast, Ire. died Jan. 24, 1971, London, Eng.       British playwright, novelist, and ...
/err"ving/, n. Julius Winfield ("Dr. J"), born 1950, U.S. basketball player. * * *
Erving, Julius
▪ American athlete in full  Julius Winfield Erving II , byname  Doctor J  born Feb. 22, 1950, Roosevelt, N.Y., U.S.    American collegiate and professional basketball ...
Erving, Julius (Winfield)
born Feb. 22, 1950, Roosevelt, N.Y., U.S. U.S. basketball star. He played two years at the University of Massachusetts before joining the professional American Basketball ...
Erving,Julius Winfield
Er·ving (ûrʹvĭng), Julius Winfield. Known as “Dr. J.” Born 1950. American basketball player. A forward for the Philadelphia 76ers (1976-1987), he was known for his ...
/err"win/, n. a male given name: from Old English words meaning "boar" and "friend." * * * (as used in expressions) McClung Clarence Erwin Panofsky Erwin Rommel Erwin Johannes ...
/err win"ee euh/, n. Bacteriol. a genus of rod-shaped bacteria that are pathogenic for plants. [ < NL; named after Erwin F. Smith (1854-1927), American pathologist; see -IA] * * *
See Erymanthos. * * *
Erymanthian boar
/er'euh man"thee euhn/, Class. Myth. a savage boar that plagued Arcadia and was captured by Hercules. * * *
Er·y·man·thos or Er·y·man·thus (ĕr'ə-mănʹthəs, -thŏs, ĕ-rēʹmän-thôs') A mountain range of southern Greece in the northwest Peloponnesus. The tallest peak is ...
/er'euh man"theuhs/, n. a mountain in S Greece, in the NW Peloponnesus. 7295 ft. (2225 m). Also, Erimanthus, Erymanthos /er'euh man"theuhs, -thos/; Gk. /e rddee"mahn thaws/. Also ...
eryngo [ē riŋ′gō, iriŋ′gō] n. pl. eryngoes 〚via Sp or It eringio < L eryngium < Gr eryngion, dim. of ēryngos, prob. < ear, eros, spring, hence spring flower〛 1. any ...
▪ paleontology       genus of extinct primitive amphibians found as fossils in Permian rocks in North America (the Permian period occurred from 299 million to 251 ...
—erysipelatous /er'euh si pel"euh teuhs, ear'-/, adj. /er'euh sip"euh leuhs, ear'euh-/, n. 1. Pathol. an acute, febrile infectious disease, caused by a specific streptococcus, ...
See erysipelas. * * *
/er'euh sip"euh loyd', ear'euh-/, n. Pathol. a disease of humans contracted by contact with the bacillus Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, which causes erysipelas in swine, ...
/er'euh sip"euh loh thriks', ear'euh-/, n. Bacteriol. any of several rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacteria of the genus Erysipelothrix, often forming long filaments and ...
erysipelothrix infection
▪ pathology       any of several infectious diseases caused by the widespread bacterium Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, found in water, soil, and decaying matter. Among ...
—erythematic /er'euh thi mat"ik/, erythematous /er'euh them"euh teuhs, -thee"meuh-/, erythemic, erythemal, adj. /er'euh thee"meuh/, n. Pathol. abnormal redness of the skin due ...
erythema infectiosum
/in fek'shee oh"seuhm/. See fifth disease. * * *
erythema in·fec·ti·os·um (ĭn-fĕk'shē-ōʹsəm) n. See fifth disease.   [New Latin, infectious erythema.] * * *
See erythematous. * * *
See erythema. * * *
See erythematous. * * *
/er'euh thawr"bayt/, n. Chem. a salt of erythorbic acid. [1960-65; ERYTHRORB(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
erythorbic acid
/er"euh thawr"bik, er'-/, Chem. a crystalline compound, C6H8O6, soluble in water: used as an antioxidant for food and as a reducing agent in photography. [1960-65; ERYTH(R)- + ...
er·y·thor·bic acid (ĕr'ə-thôrʹbĭk) n. An optical isomer of ascorbic acid used as an antioxidant.   [erythro- + ascorbic acid.] * * *
erythr- pref. Variant of erythro-. * * *
Ancient city of Lydia. Located on the Aegean coast opposite the island of Chios, it was one of the 12 Ionian Cities. The original site of the settlement is uncertain, but from ...
▪ dermatology       a superficial skin infection marked by reddish brown scaly patches and attributed to the bacterium Corynebacterium minutissimum. The lesions are ...
—erythrismal /er'euh thriz"meuhl/, erythristic /er'euh thris"tik/, adj. /i rith"riz euhm, er"euh thriz'euhm/, n. abnormal redness, as of plumage or hair. [1885-90; ERYTHR- + ...
See erythrism. * * *
/i rith"ruyt, er"euh thruyt'/, n. 1. a mineral, hydrous cobalt arsenate, Co3As2O8·8H2O, occurring as a powdery, usually red incrustation on cobalt minerals; cobalt bloom. 2. ...
/i rith"ri tawl', -tol'/, n. Chem., Pharm. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, sweet-tasting, tetrahydroxyl compound, C4H10O4, related to the carbohydrates, obtained from ...
a combining form meaning "red," used in the formation of compound words: erythrocyte. Also, esp. before a vowel, erythr-. [ < Gk erythrós red, reddish] * * *
—erythroblastic, adj. /i rith"reuh blast'/, n. Anat. a nucleated cell in the bone marrow from which red blood cells develop. [1885-90; ERYTHRO- + -BLAST] * * * ▪ ...
See erythroblast. * * *
—erythroblastotic /i rith'roh bla stot"ik/, adj. /i rith'roh bla stoh"sis/, n. Pathol. 1. the presence of erythroblasts in the blood. 2. Also called erythroblastosis fetalis ...
erythroblastosis fetalis
or hemolytic disease of the newborn Anemia in an infant, caused when a pregnant woman produces antibodies to an antigen in her fetus's red blood cells. An Rh-negative woman ...
erythroblastosis fe·ta·lis (fē-tāʹlĭs) n. A severe hemolytic disease of a fetus or newborn infant caused by the production of maternal antibodies against the fetal red ...
/i rith"reuh sin/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of erythromycin. * * *
—erythrocytic /i rith'reuh sit"ik/, adj. /i rith"reuh suyt'/, n. Physiol. See red blood cell. [1890-95; ERYTHRO- + -CYTE] * * * or red blood cell or red blood corpuscle Blood ...
See erythrocyte. * * *
—erythrocytometry, n. /i rith'roh suy tom"i teuhr/, n. an apparatus used for counting red blood cells. [ERYTHROCYTE + -O- + -METER] * * *
erythroid [er′i throid΄] adj. 〚 ERYTHR(O)- + -OID〛 1. reddish in color 2. pertaining to erythrocytes or the primitive cells from which they develop * * *
▪ pathology also called  erythermalgia        rare disease in which the blood vessels (blood vessel) of the hands and feet go through spasms of dilation associated ...
/i rith'reuh muy"sin/, n. Pharm. an antibiotic, C37H67NO13, produced by an actinomycete, Streptomyces erythraeus, used chiefly in the treatment of diseases caused by many ...
erythron [er′i thrän΄, er′ithrən] n. 〚ModL < Gr erythron, neut. of erythros, RED〛 the red blood cell system as an organic unit, comprising the erythrocytes, their ...
▪ plant  genus of about 20 species of spring-blooming plants of the family Liliaceae, commonly known as dog's tooth violet. All the species are native to North America except ...
/i rith'reuh foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. 1. an abnormal fear of the color red. 2. extreme fear of blushing. [1890-95; < NL; see ERYTHRO-, -PHOBIA] * * *
—erythropoietic /i rith'roh poy et"ik/, adj. /i rith'roh poy ee"sis/, n. the production of red blood cells. [1915-20; ERYTHRO(CYTE) + -POIESIS] * * *
See erythropoiesis. * * *
/i rith'roh poy"i tn, -poy eet"n/, n. Biochem. a hormone that stimulates production of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the bone marrow, synthesized in response to low levels of ...
/er'euh throp"sin/, n. Biochem. rhodopsin. [ERYTHRO- + (RHODO)PSIN] * * *
erythrosine [e rith′rō sin, e rith′rōsēn΄] n. 〚 ERYTHRO- + (〛 a sodium or potassium salt, C20H6I4O5Na2, formed from an iodine derivative of fluorescein and used in ...
Erz Mountains
/airts/ a mountain range in central Europe, on the boundary between Germany and the Czech Republic. Highest peak, Keilberg, 4080 ft. (1245 m). German, Erzgebirge /erddts"geuh ...
Erzberger, Matthias
born Sept. 20, 1875, Buttenhausen, Württemberg, Ger. died Aug. 26, 1921, Black Forest, Baden German politician. Elected to the Reichstag in 1903, he became the leader of the ...
Erzgebirge [erts′gə bir΄gə] mountain range along the border of Germany & Czech Republic: highest peak, 4,080 ft (1,244 m) * * * Erz·ge·bir·ge (ĕrtsʹgə-bîr'gə) A ...
▪ Turkey       city, eastern Turkey, on the northern bank of the Kara River, a major tributary of the Euphrates. The city is situated in a fertile plain, 3,900 feet ...
/erdd"zeuh rddoom'/, n. a city in NE Turkey in Asia. 162,925. Also, Erzerum. * * * ▪ Turkey  city, eastern Turkey. It lies 6,400 feet (1,950 metres) above sea level in a ...
To row. Oldest form *ə₁erə₁-. 1. Variant form *rē- (contracted from *reə₁-, from earlier *ə₁reə₁-). a. row2, from Old English rōwan, to row, from Germanic ...
Symbol, Chem. einsteinium. * * *
es- [es, is, əs] prefix EX-1 (sense 1): occurs in many words of French origin [escape] * * * To be. Oldest form *ə₁es-, zero-grade *ə₁s-. Derivatives include yes, soothe, ...
See European Space Agency. * * *
Temple complex in ancient Babylon dedicated to Marduk. The huge edifice was 660 ft (202 m) long, with three vast courtyards surrounded by many chambers. It took centuries to ...
/i sah"kee/, n. Leo, born 1925, Japanese physicist, in the U.S. since 1960: Nobel prize 1973. * * *
Esaki, Leo
orig. Esaki Reiona born March 12, 1925, Ōsaka, Japan Japanese physicist. In 1956 he became chief physicist of the Sony Corp., and in 1960 he was awarded an IBM fellowship for ...
/ee'sahr had"n/, n. (Assur-akh-iddin) died 669 B.C., king of Assyria 681-669 B.C. * * * ▪ king of Assyria also spelled  Essarhaddon , Assyrian  Ashur-aha-iddina (“Ashur ...
/ee"saw/, n. a son of Isaac and Rebekah, twin brother of Jacob, to whom he sold his birthright. Gen. 25:21-25. * * * ▪ biblical figure also called  Edom,         in ...
Esau, Katherine
▪ American botanist born April 3, 1898, Yekaterinoslav, Russia [now Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine] died June 4, 1997, Santa Barbara, Calif., U.S.       Russian-born American ...
/es"bat/, n. a convocation of witches. [1965-70; appar. a contemporary borrowing of OF esbat amusement, diversion (F ébat), deriv. of esbattre frolic, equiv. to es- EX- + battre ...
/es"byerdd/, n. a seaport in SW Denmark. 68,097. * * * ▪ Denmark  city, southwestern Jutland, Denmark, opposite Fanø island on the North Sea. Founded in 1868, after the ...
/es"booh/, n. Swedish name of Espoo. * * *
escudo; escudos. * * *
escrow. * * *
/es'keuh dril", es"keuh dril'/; Fr. /es kann drddee"yeu/, n., pl. escadrilles /-drilz", -drilz'/; Fr. /-drddee"yeu/. 1. a squadron or divisional unit of airplanes: the Lafayette ...
Escadrille Américaine
/es'keuh dril" euh mer'i kayn"/; Fr. /es kann drddee"yeu ann may rddee ken"/. See under Lafayette Escadrille. * * *
—escalader, n. /es'keuh layd", -lahd", es"keuh layd', -lahd'/, n., v., escaladed, escalading. n. 1. a scaling or mounting by means of ladders, esp. in an assault upon a ...
See escalade. * * *
Escalante, Silvestre Vélez de
▪ Spanish explorer flourished 1768–79       Spanish Franciscan missionary-explorer, who in 1776–77 with his superior Francisco Domínguez, while seeking a route to ...
—escalation, n. —escalatory /es"keuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /es"keuh layt'/, v.t., v.i., escalated, escalating. 1. to increase in intensity, magnitude, etc.: to ...
➡ Vietnam War * * *
➡ Korean War * * *
See escalate. * * *
/es"keuh lay'teuhr/, n. 1. Also called moving staircase, moving stairway. a continuously moving stairway on an endless loop for carrying passengers up or down. 2. a means of ...
escalator clause
a provision in a contract calling for adjustments, usually increases, in charges, wages, or other payments, based on fluctuations in production costs, the cost of living, or ...
escalator clause n. A provision in a contract stipulating an increase or a decrease, as in wages, benefits, or prices, under certain conditions, such as changes in the cost of ...
See escalation. * * *
escallonia [es΄kə lō′nē ə] n. 〚ModL, after Escallón, name of a Sp traveler who discovered the shrub in Colombia〛 any of a genus (Escallonia) of shrubs of the ...
/e skol"euhp, e skal"-/, v.t. 1. to bake (food cut into pieces) in a sauce or other liquid, often with crumbs on top; scallop. 2. to bake (fish, potatoes, etc.) in scallop ...
/es'keuh lohp"/; Fr. /es kann lawp"/, n., pl. escalopes /-lohps"/; Fr. /-lawp"/. French Cookery. 1. scallop (def. 5). 2. a dish of thinly sliced meat, fish, potatoes, etc., baked ...
Es·cam·bi·a (ə-skămʹbē-ə) A river rising in southeast Alabama as the Conecuh River and flowing about 372 km (231 mi) southwest to join Escambia Creek, about 121 km (75 ...
/es'keuh nah"beuh/, n. a city in NW Michigan, in the Upper Peninsula. 14,355. * * * ▪ Michigan, United States       city, seat (1861) of Delta county, southern Upper ...
See escape. * * *
/es"keuh payd', es'keuh payd"/, n. 1. a reckless adventure or wild prank. 2. an escape from confinement or restraint. [1645-55; < F < Sp escapada, equiv. to escap(ar) to ESCAPE + ...
—escapable, adj. —escapeless, adj. —escaper, n. —escapingly, adv. /i skayp"/, v., escaped, escaping, n., adj. v.i. 1. to slip or get away, as from confinement or ...
escape artist
1. an entertainer expert in getting out of handcuffs, ropes, chains, trunks, or other confining devices. 2. an inmate of a prison who has a reputation for being able to escape ...
escape clause
a provision in a contract that enables a party to terminate contractual obligations in specified circumstances. [1940-45] * * *
escape hatch
1. a hatch used for emergency escape, as from a submarine or aircraft. 2. a means of avoiding a troublesome situation; a ready or handy way out. [1920-25] * * *
escape mechanism
Psychol. a means of avoiding an unpleasant life situation, as daydreaming. [1930-35] * * *
escape velocity
Physics, Rocketry. the minimum speed that an object at a given distance from a gravitating body must have so that it will continue to move away from the body instead of orbiting ...
escape wheel
Horol. a toothed wheel for regulating a going train to which it is geared, engaging intermittently with the pallets of a pendulum or balance mechanism in such a way as to cause ...
escape artist n. A performer who entertains by escaping from confinement. * * *
escape clause n. A clause in a contract that specifies the conditions under which the promisor is relieved of liability for failure to meet the terms of the contract. * * *
/i skay pee", es'kay-/, n. a person who escapes, esp. from a prison or other place of detention. [1860-65; ESCAPE + -EE] * * *
/i skayp"meuhnt/, n. 1. Horol. the portion of a watch or clock that measures beats and controls the speed of the going train. Cf. anchor escapement, deadbeat (def. 1), lever ...
escapement error
Horol. loss of isochronism in the movement of a pendulum as a result of its relation to the escapement. * * *
See escapable. * * *
escape velocity n. The minimum velocity that a body must attain to escape a gravitational field completely. * * *
/i skayp"way'/, n. 1. a passage designed for the purpose of escape or through which escape is possible. 2. See fire escape. [ESCAPE + WAY] * * *
escape wheel n. The rotating notched wheel periodically engaged and disengaged by the anchor in an escapement. * * *
—escapist, adj., n. /i skay"piz euhm/, n. the avoidance of reality by absorption of the mind in entertainment or in an imaginative situation, activity, etc. [1930-35; ESCAPE + ...
escapist [e skāp′ist, i skāpist] adj. characterized by, expressing, or catering to escapism n. a person whose behavior, writing, etc. is escapist * * * es·cap·ist ...
escapologist [es΄kā päl′ə jist] n. one who is adept at escaping; escape artist escapology n. * * * See escapology. * * *
—escapologist, n. /i skay pol"euh jee, es'kay-/, n. Chiefly Brit. the method or skill of extricating oneself from handcuffs, chains, etc., as of a magician or other ...
/es kannrdd goh"/; Eng. /es'kahr goh"/, n., pl. escargots /-goh"/; Eng. /-gohz"/. French. an edible snail. * * *
/es"keuh rohl'/, n. a broad-leaved form of Cichorium endivia, used in salads. Cf. endive (def. 1). [1895-1900; < F < It scar(i)ola < LL escariola chicory, equiv. to L escari(us) ...
/i skahrp"/, n. 1. Fort. the inner slope or wall of the ditch surrounding a rampart. See diag. under bastion. 2. any similar steep slope. v.t. 3. to make into an escarp; give a ...
/i skahrp"meuhnt/, n. 1. Geol. a long, precipitous, clifflike ridge of land, rock, or the like, commonly formed by faulting or fracturing of the earth's crust. Cf. scarp1 (def. ...
/es koh"/, n. French name of Scheldt. * * *
▪ Luxembourg       town, southern Luxembourg, on the upper Alzette River, southwest of Luxembourg city, near the French border. A small village until 1870, it ...
/esh"euh lot', esh'euh lot"/, n. shallot. [1695-1705; < F, MF eschalotte, dim. of eschaloigne SCALLION] * * *
/es"kahr, -keuhr/, n. Pathol. a hard crust or scab, as from a burn. [1375-1425; late ME escare < LL eschara < Gk eschára hearth, brazier, coals and therefore indication of ...
/es'keuh rot"ik/, Med. adj. 1. producing an eschar, as a medicinal substance; caustic. n. 2. an escharotic agent. [1605-15; < LL escharoticus < Gk escharotikós. See ESCHAR, ...
See eschatology. * * *
See eschatological. * * *
See eschatological. * * *
—eschatological /es'keuh tl oj"i keuhl, e skat'l-/, adj. —eschatologically, adv. —eschatologist, n. /es'keuh tol"euh jee/, n. Theol. 1. any system of doctrines concerning ...
—escheatable, adj. /es cheet"/, Law. n. 1. the reverting of property to the state or some agency of the state, or, as in England, to the lord of the fee or to the crown, when ...
See escheat. * * *
/es chee"tij/, n. the right of succeeding to an escheat. [1605-15; ESCHEAT + -AGE] * * *
/es chee"teuhr/, n. an officer in charge of escheats. [1250-1300; ME eschetour < AF. See ESCHEAT, -OR2] * * *
/esh"euhr/; Du. /es"kheuhrdd/, n. M(aurits) C(ornelis) /mow"rddits kawrdd nay"lis/, 1898-1972, Dutch artist. * * *
Escher, Alfred
▪ Swiss statesman born Feb. 20, 1819, Zürich died Dec. 6, 1882, Zürich       dominant figure in 19th-century Zürich politics and legislator of national prominence ...
Escher, Hans Conrad
▪ Swiss statesman born Aug. 24, 1767, Zürich died March 9, 1823, Zürich       Swiss scientist and politician who was president of the Great Council of the Helvetic ...
Escher, M(auritis) C(ornelius)
Esch·er (ĕshʹər, ĕsʹKHər), M(auritis) C(ornelius). 1898-1972. Dutch artist whose lithographs and woodcuts depict imaginary metamorphoses, geometric distortions, and ...
Escher, M(aurits) C(ornelis)
born June 17, 1898, Leeuwarden, Neth. died March 27, 1972, Laren Dutch graphic artist. He became well-known for prints in which he used realistic detail to achieve bizarre ...
Escher, M.C.
▪ Dutch artist in full  Maurits Cornelis Escher  born June 17, 1898, Leeuwarden, Netherlands died March 27, 1972, Laren       Dutch graphic artist who is known for ...
Escher, Rudolf
▪ Dutch composer born Jan. 8, 1912, Amsterdam died March 17, 1980, Texel, Neth.       Dutch composer and music theoretician especially noted for his chamber ...
Escherichia coli
/esh'euh rik"ee euh koh"luy/, n. Bacteriol. a species of rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the large intestine of humans and other animals, sometimes pathogenic. [ ...
—eschewal, n. —eschewer, n. /es chooh"/, v.t. to abstain or keep away from; shun; avoid: to eschew evil. [1300-50; ME eschewen < OF eschiver, eschever < Gmc; cf. OHG sciuhen, ...
See eschew. * * *
Escobar Bethancourt, Romulo
▪ 1996       Panamanian politician (b. Sept. 5, 1927, Panama City, Panama—d. Sept. 28, 1995, Panama City), as chief negotiator for the 1977 Panama Canal Treaties, ...
Escobar y Mendoza, Antonio
▪ Spanish theologian born 1589, Valladolid, Spain died July 4, 1669, Valladolid       Spanish Jesuit preacher and moral theologian who was derided for his support of ...
Escobedo, Juan de
▪ Spanish politician died March 31, 1578       Spanish politician, secretary to Don Juan of Austria.       Escobedo began his political life in the household of ...
Escocés and Yorkino
▪ Mexican political organization Yorkino also spelled  Yorquino,         members of two rival Masonic lodges that exercised considerable political influence in early ...
/es kaw fyay"/, n. Georges Auguste /zhawrddzh" oh gyuust"/, 1846-1935, French chef and author of cookbooks. * * *
Escoffier, (Georges-) Auguste
born Oct. 28, 1846, Villeneuve-Loubet, Fr. died Feb. 12, 1935, Monte Carlo, Monaco French chef known for his innovations in haute cuisine. He earned a worldwide reputation as ...
Escoffier, Auguste
▪ French chef born Oct. 28, 1846, Villeneuve-Loubet, Fr. died Feb. 12, 1935, Monte Carlo       French culinary artist known as “the king of chefs and the chef of ...
Es·cof·fier (ĕs-kô-fyāʹ), Auguste. 1846-1935. French chef of grand hotels, such as the Savoy and Carlton in London. He wrote several cookery books, including Le Guide ...
Escola Velha
▪ Spanish literature       (Portuguese: “Old School”), Spanish dramatists in the early 16th century who were influenced by the Portuguese dramatist Gil ...
/es'keuh lahr"/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) escolar, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) escolars. a snake mackerel, esp. Lepidocybium flavobrunneum. [1885-90; < ...
/es'keuhn dee"doh/, n. a city in SW California. 62,480. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, San Diego county, southern California, U.S. It is situated about ...
/i skon"seuhn/, n. sconcheon. * * *
/e skawr"ee euhl, -skohr"-/; Sp. /es'kaw rddyahl"/, n. a building in central Spain, 27 miles (43 km) NW of Madrid, containing a monastery, palace, church, and mausoleum of the ...
n. /es"kawrt/; v. /i skawrt"/, n. 1. a group of persons, or a single person, accompanying another or others for protection, guidance, or courtesy: An escort of sailors ...
escort carrier
Navy. a small aircraft carrier used chiefly as an antisubmarine escort for a convoy or task force. [1940-45] * * *
escort fighter
a fighter plane equipped to accompany other planes, esp. bombers, on missions as a protection against air attack. [1945-50] * * *
Escravos River
▪ river, Nigeria       distributary of the Niger River in the western Niger delta, southern Nigeria. Its 35-mile (56-kilometre) westerly course traverses zones of ...
/i skruyb"/, v.t., escribed, escribing. Geom. to draw a circle outside of a triangle tangent to one side of the triangle and to the extensions of the other two sides. [1550-60; ...
/es'kri twahr"/, n. See writing desk (def. 1). [1605-15; < F, MF < L scriptorium. See SCRIBE1, -TORY2] * * *
Escrivá de Balaguer, Josemaría, Saint
▪ Spanish prelate in full  Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer y Albás   born January 9, 1902, Barbastro, Spain died June 26, 1975, Rome, Italy; canonized October 6, 2002; ...
n. /es"kroh, i skroh"/; v. /i skroh", es"kroh/, Law. n. 1. a contract, deed, bond, or other written agreement deposited with a third person, by whom it is to be delivered to the ...
/es"kyooh ij/, n. scutage. [1505-15; < AF, OF, equiv. to escu ( < L scutum shield) + -age -AGE] * * *
/es'kooh dhe"rddaw/, n. Vicente /bee then"te/, 1892?-1980, Spanish dancer. * * *
Escudero, Vicente
▪ Spanish dancer born Oct. 27, 1892, Valladolid, Spain died Dec. 4, 1980, Barcelona  Gypsy dancer widely respected for his mastery of flamenco dance and for his adherence ...
/e skooh"doh/; Port. /es kooh"doo/; Sp. /es kooh"dhaw/, n., pl. escudos /-dohz/; Port. /-doos/; Sp. /-dhaws/. 1. a coin and monetary unit of Portugal and Cape Verde, equal to 100 ...
/es kween"tlah/, n. a city in S central Guatemala. 33,205. * * * ▪ Guatemala       city, southwestern Guatemala. It lies near the Guacalate River, on the southern ...
/es'kyoo lay"pee euhn/, n., adj. Aesculapian. * * *
/es"kyeuh leuhnt/, adj. 1. suitable for use as food; edible. n. 2. something edible, esp. a vegetable. [1615-25; < L esculentus edible, full of food, equiv. to esc(a) food (cf. ...
/es"kyeuh lin/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble glucoside, C15H16O9, obtained from the bark of the common horse chestnut and used chiefly in skin ...
/e skyoor"ee euhl/, n. Escorial. * * *
—escutcheoned, adj. /i skuch"euhn/, n. 1. a shield or shieldlike surface on which a coat of arms is depicted. See illus. under coat of arms. 2. an ornamental or protective ...
See escutcheon. * * *
Esdras. * * *
/es'dray ee"lon, -dreuh-, ez'-/, n. a plain in N Israel, extending from the Mediterranean near Mt. Carmel to the Jordan River: scene of ancient battles. Also called Plain of ...
Esdraelon, Plain of
Hebrew Emeq Yizreʽel Plain, northern Israel. About 25 mi (40 km) long, it divides the hilly areas of Galilee in the north and Samaria in the south. Part of the ancient passage ...
Esdraelon,Plain of
Es·dra·e·lon (ĕs'drā-ēʹlŏn, -drə-, ĕz'-), Plain of A fertile plain of northern Israel extending from the coastal lowlands near Mount Carmel to the Jordan River ...
/ez"dreuhs/, n. 1. either of the first two books of the Apocrypha, I Esdras or II Esdras. 2. Douay Bible. a. Ezra (def. 1). b. either of two books, I Esdras or II Esdras, ...
Esdras, First Book of
▪ apocryphal work also called  Greek Ezra , abbreviation  I Esdras        apocryphal work that was included in the canon of the Septuagint (the Greek version of the ...
Esdras, Second Book of
▪ apocryphal work also called  Fourth Book Of Ezra, or Ezra Apocalypse,  abbreviation  Ii Esdras,        apocryphal work printed in the Vulgate and many later Roman ...
/is doohd"/, n. Ashdod. * * *
east-southeast. Also, E.S.E. * * *
/es'em plas"tik, -euhm-/, adj. having the ability to shape diverse elements or concepts into a unified whole: the esemplastic power of a great mind to simplify the ...
Esen Taiji
▪ Mongolian chief died 1455, Mongolia       Mongol chief who succeeded in temporarily reviving Mongol power in Central Asia by descending on China and capturing the ...
/yeuh say"nin/; Russ. /yi sye"nyin/, n. Sergey Aleksandrovich Russ. /syirdd gyay" u lyi ksahn"drddeuh vyich/. See Yesenin, Sergey Aleksandrovich. * * *
/es"euh reen', -rin/, n. Chem. physostigmine. [1875-80; eser- (name for the Calabar bean) + -INE2] * * *
Esfahán [es΄fä han′] city in WC Iran: capital of Persia in the 17th cent.: pop. 1,127,000 * * * Es·fa·han (ĕs'fə-hänʹ) or Is·fa·han (ĭs'-) A city of central Iran ...
Eṣfahān carpet
      floor covering handwoven in Eṣfahān (Isfahan), a city of central Iran that became the capital under Shāh ʿAbbās I at the end of the 16th century. Although ...
Eṣfahān school
▪ Persian painting  last great school of Persian miniature painting, at its height in the early 17th century under the patronage of the Ṣafavid ruler Shāh ʿAbbās I (d. ...
Eṣfahān, Great Mosque of
▪ mosque, Eṣfahān, Iran Persian  Masjed-e Jāme        ʿ (“Universal Mosque”), a complex of buildings in Eṣfahān, Iran, that centres on the 11th-century ...
/esh"kawl, esh kawl"/, n. Levi /lee"vee, lay"vee/, (Levi Shkolnik), 1895-1969, Israeli statesman, born in Russia: prime minister 1963-69. * * *
Eshkol, Levi
▪ prime minister of Israel original name  Levi Shkolnik   born Oct. 25, 1895, Oratov, near Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Feb. 26, 1969, Jerusalem [Israel]  prime ...
or Tell Asmar Ancient city ruins, eastern Iraq. Occupied before 3000 BC, it was, during the 3rd dynasty of Ur, the seat of an ensi (governor). After the collapse of Ur, it ...
/es"i driks/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of hydrochlorothiazide. * * *
Esipova, Anna
▪ Russian musician in full  Anna Nikolayevna Esipova , also called  Annette Essipoff  born Jan. 31 [Feb. 12, New Style], 1851, St. Petersburg, Russia died Aug. 5 [Aug. ...
Esk abbrev. Eskimo * * *
Eskimo. * * *
/es"keuhr/, n. Geol. a serpentine ridge of gravelly and sandy drift, believed to have been formed by streams under or in glacial ice. [1850-55; < Ir eiscir ridge of mountains] * ...
▪ Danish archbishop born c. 1100, , Denmark died September 1182, Clairvaux, France       archbishop who restored the unity of the Danish church and championed its ...
/es"kil stooh'neuh, -styooh'-/, n. a city in SE Sweden, W of Stockholm. 90,354. * * * ▪ Sweden       town, län (county) of Södermanland, southeastern Sweden, on the ...
—Eskimoan, adj. —Eskimoid /es"keuh moyd'/, adj. /es"keuh moh'/, n., pl. Eskimos, (esp. collectively) Eskimo for 1. 1. a member of an indigenous people of Greenland, northern ...
Eskimo curlew
a New World curlew, Numenius borealis, that breeds in northern North America: now nearly extinct. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
Eskimo dog
1. one of a breed of strong, medium-sized dogs having a dense, coarse coat, used in arctic regions for hunting and pulling sleds. 2. any dog of the arctic regions of North ...
Eskimo Pie
Trademark. a small bar of ice cream coated with chocolate and skewered on a narrow, thin stick, by which it is held in the hand for eating. * * *
/es"keuh moh'euh looht", -al"ee ooht'/, n. 1. a stock of languages, consisting of Eskimo and Aleut. adj. 2. of or belonging to Eskimo-Aleut. * * *
Eskimo-Aleut languages
Family of languages spoken in Greenland, Canada, Alaska, U.S., and eastern Siberia by the Eskimo and Aleut peoples. Aleut, distantly related to the Eskimo languages, consists of ...

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