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French harp
Chiefly South Midland U.S. harmonica (def. 1). [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
French heel
—French-heeled, adj. a high, curved heel, characterized by a heel breast curving into a shank, used on women's shoes. Cf. Spanish heel. [1655-65] * * *
French horn
a musical brass wind instrument with a long, coiled tube having a conical bore and a flaring bell. See illus. under horn. [1735-45] * * * Orchestral and military brass ...
French ice cream
a type of ice cream in which an egg and cream mixture is cooked to a light custard before being frozen. * * *
French India
the five small former French territories in India, including Chandernagor, Karikal, Pondicherry, and Yanaon on the E coast, and Mahé on the W coast. * * *
French Indochina
an area in SE Asia, formerly a French colonial federation including Cochin-China, the protectorates of Annam, Cambodia, Tonkin, and Laos, and the leased territory of Kwangchowan: ...
French Island
▪ island, Australia       island within the bay of Western Port, southern Victoria, Australia, southeast of Melbourne, 84 square miles (218 square km) in area. Named ...
French kid
kidskin tanned by an alum or vegetable process and finished in a manner originally employed by the French. * * *
French kiss
French kiss n. a passionate kiss with the lips parted and the tongues touching French-kiss vt., vi. * * *
French kiss.
See soul kiss. [1920-25] * * *
French knot
French knot n. an embroidery stitch formed by twisting the thread around the needle, which is then inserted at nearly the same point it came through the material * * *
French language
Romance language spoken as a first language by about 72 million people in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada (mainly Quebec), and many other countries and regions formerly ...
French leave
a departure without ceremony, permission, or notice: Taking French leave, he evaded his creditors. [1765-75] * * *
French letter
Older Slang. a condom. [1855-60] * * *
French Lick
▪ Indiana, United States  resort town, Orange county, southern Indiana, U.S. It lies 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Louisville, Ky., and is nearly encircled by Hoosier ...
French literature
Introduction       the body of written works in the French language produced within the geographic and political boundaries of France. The French language was one of the ...
French marigold
a composite plant, Tagetes patula, of Mexico, having yellow flowers with red markings. [1540-50] * * *
French Morocco
French Morocco the former (1912-56) French zone of Morocco, making up most of the country: with Spanish Morocco & Tangier, it became the country of Morocco * * *
French Morocco.
See under Morocco (def. 1). * * *
French mulberry
a shrub, Callicarpa americana, of the verbena family, of the south-central U.S. and the West Indies, having violet-colored fruit and bluish flowers. * * *
French Oceania
former name of French Polynesia. * * *
French Open
▪ tennis byname of  French Championships , French in full  Championnats Internationaux de France de Tennis (“France's International Championships of ...
French Open Tennis Championships-singles
▪ Table French Open Tennis Championships—singles year men women 1891 J. Briggs 1892 J. Schopfer 1893 L. Riboulet 1894 A. Vacherot 1895 A. Vacherot 1896 A. ...
French Open Tennis Championshipsdoubles
▪ Table French Open Tennis Championships—doubles year men women 1891 B. Desjoyau, T. Legrand 1892 D. Albertini, J. Havet 1893 J. Schopfer, F. Goldsmith 1894 L. ...
French pancake
a thin, light pancake, usually served with a sweet or savory filling. * * *
French pastry
fine, rich, or fancy dessert pastry, esp. made from puff paste and filled with cream or fruit preparations. [1920-25] * * *
French pitch
Music. See diapason normal pitch. * * *
French polish
a furniture finish, consisting of shellac dissolved in spirits. [1810-20] * * *
French Polynesia
a French overseas territory in the S Pacific, including the Society Islands, Marquesas Islands, and other scattered island groups. 119,168; 1544 sq. mi. (4000 sq. km). Cap.: ...
French pox
Older Use (sometimes offensive). syphilis. [1495-1505] * * *
French Provincial
noting, pertaining to, or resembling a style of furnishings and decoration originating in the provinces of France in the 18th century, derived from but less ornate than styles ...
French Quarter
the old district of New Orleans, Louisiana. Local people sometimes call it the Vieux Carré (Old Square). It is next to the Mississippi River and includes Bourbon Street, Rampart ...
French republican calendar
Dating system adopted in 1793 during the French Revolution. It sought to replace the Gregorian calendar with a scientific and rational system that avoided Christian ...
French Revolution
Fr. Hist. the revolution that began in 1789, overthrew the absolute monarchy of the Bourbons and the system of aristocratic privileges, and ended with Napoleon's overthrow of the ...
French revolutionary and Napoleonic wars
▪ European history       a series of wars between 1792 and 1815 that ranged France against shifting alliances of other European powers and that produced a brief French ...
French Revolutionary calendar
French Revolutionary calendar n. the official calendar (1793-1805) of the first French republic * * *
French Revolutionary calendar.
See Revolutionary calendar. * * *
French Revolutionary Wars
(1792–99) Series of wars undertaken to defend and then to spread the ideas of the French Revolution. After the National Assembly established its ascendancy over Louis XVI, in ...
French roll
1. a circular or oval bread roll having a hard or crispy crust. 2. Also called French twist. a coiffure for women in which the hair is combed back from the face and arranged in a ...
French roof
a mansard roof the sides of which are nearly perpendicular. [1660-70] * * *
French rose.
See Provence rose. [1545-55] * * *
French seam
Sewing. a seam in which the raw edges of the cloth are completely covered by sewing them together, first on the right side, then on the wrong. [1885-90] * * *
French Shore
Canadian. either of two stretches of coastline inhabited mainly by Francophone Canadians: the W coast of Newfoundland and the SW coast of Nova Scotia between Yarmouth and ...
French Socialist Party
originally (1905–69) French Section of the Workers' International Political party, founded in 1905, that supported far-reaching nationalization of the economy. Socialism in ...
French Somaliland
a former name of Djibouti (def. 1). * * *
French Southern And Antarctic Lands
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Introduction French Southern and Antarctic Lands Background: The Southern Lands consist of two ...
French Southern and Antarctic Territories
▪ islands, Indian Ocean French  Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises,        French overseas territory consisting of the islands of Saint-Paul and Nouvelle ...
French Sudan
former name of Mali. * * *
French system
a method of spinning in which fibers of extremely short-staple wool are not twisted before being spun. Also called continental system, Franco-Belgian system. Cf. Bradford ...
French tamarisk.
See salt cedar. * * *
French telephone
handset (def. 1). [1930-35] * * *
French tickler
Slang. a condom designed with knobs, projections, etc. * * *
French toast
bread dipped in a batter of egg and milk and sautéed until brown, usually served with syrup or sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon. [1650-60] * * *
French twist
French twist n. a woman's hairstyle in which the hair is pulled back and twisted into a vertical coil running down the back of the head * * *
French twist.
See French roll. [1875-80] * * *
French Union
a former association of France and its overseas territories, colonies, and protectorates as constituted in 1946: superseded by the French Community in 1958. * * * Political ...
French way
Slang. cunnilingus or fellatio. * * *
French West Africa
a former French federation in W Africa, including Dahomey (now Benin), French Guinea, French Sudan (now Mali), Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Upper Volta (now ...
French West Indies
the French islands in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, including Martinique and Guadeloupe and the five dependencies of Guadeloupe: administered as two overseas ...
French window
a pair of casement windows extending to the floor and serving as portals, esp. from a room to an outside porch or terrace. [1795-1805] * * *
French windows
French windows n. a pair of casement windows designed like French doors and usually extending to the floor * * *
French, Daniel Chester
born April 20, 1850, Exeter, N.H., U.S. died Oct. 7, 1931, Stockbridge, Mass. U.S. sculptor. He produced his first important commission for the town of Concord, Mass. the ...
French, Dawn
▪ 2004       Although Dawn French had achieved her greatest renown in Great Britain for her comedic partnership with Jennifer Saunders and had also amassed a respectable ...
French, John (Denton Pinkstone), 1st earl of Ypres
born Sept. 28, 1852, Ripple, Kent, Eng. died May 22, 1925, Deal, Kent British military leader. A soldier from 1874, he successfully led the British cavalry in the South African ...
French, John (Denton Pinkstone), 1st Earl Of Ypres, Viscount French Of Ypres And Of High Lake
▪ British field marshal born Sept. 28, 1852, Ripple, Kent, Eng. died May 22, 1925, Deal, Kent  field marshal who commanded the British army on the Western Front between ...
French, Sir George Arthur
▪ British soldier born June 19, 1841, Roscommon, Ire. died July 28, 1921, London, Eng.       British soldier in Canada who organized the North West Mounted Rifles ...
French, Thomas Valpy
▪ British bishop born Jan. 1, 1825, Burton-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, Eng. died May 14, 1891, Muscat, Arabia       first Anglican bishop of Lahore (now in ...
French,Daniel Chester
French, Daniel Chester. 1850-1931. American sculptor whose many public statues include the seated marble figure of Abraham Lincoln at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. * * ...
See French Canadian. * * *
/french"kut"/, adj. (esp. of string beans) sliced lengthwise into long, thin strips. Also, French-style. * * *
/french"fruy'/, v.t., French-fried, French-frying. to fry in deep fat: to French-fry onion rings. Also, french-fry. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
/french"kis"/, v.t., v.i. to soul-kiss. [1925-30] * * *
/french"pol"ish/, v.t. to finish or treat (a piece of furniture) with French polish. [1830-40] * * *
/french"stuyl'/, adj. French-cut. * * *
French bread n. Bread made with water, flour, and yeast and baked in long crusty loaves. * * *
French Broad A river rising in the Blue Ridge of western North Carolina and flowing about 338 km (210 mi) north and northwest to eastern Tennessee, where it joins the Holston ...
French bulldog n. Any of a breed of small muscular dogs developed in France from toy English bulldogs and native breeds. * * *
French Cameroons A former French mandate (1922-1946) and trust territory (1946-1960) of west-central Africa. It became an independent republic in 1960, and the following year it ...
French Canadian n. A Canadian of French descent.   French'-Ca·naʹdi·an (frĕnch'kə-nāʹdē-ən) adj. * * *
French chalk n. Chalk made of a soft white variety of talc, used by tailors for marking fabrics and by dry cleaners for removing grease spots. * * *
French chop n. A rib chop with the meat and fat trimmed from the end of the rib. * * *
French Congo See French Equatorial Africa. * * *
French cuff n. A wide cuff for a shirt sleeve that is folded back and fastened with a cuff link. * * *
French curve © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. A flat drafting instrument with curved edges and several scroll-shaped cutouts, used as a guide in drawing curves ...
French door n. A door, usually one of a pair, of light construction with glass panes extending for most of its length. * * *
French dressing n. 1. A salad dressing of oil, vinegar, and seasonings. 2. A commercially prepared creamy salad dressing that is usually pinkish in color and often sweet. * * *
FrenchEquatorial Africa
French Equatorial Africa Formerly French Congo. A former federation (1910-1958) of French territories in west-central Africa comprising the present-day countries of Chad, Gabon, ...
French fry n. A thin strip of potato fried in deep fat. Often used in the plural. * * *
French Guiana A French overseas department of northeast South America on the Atlantic Ocean. Settlement by the French began in 1604, but the area was largely ignored until penal ...
French harp n. South Midland U.S. See harmonica. * * *
French heel n. A curved, moderately high heel used on women's shoes. * * *
French horn n. A valved brass wind instrument that produces a mellow tone from a long narrow tube that is coiled in a circle before ending in a flaring bell. * * *
See Frenchify. * * *
—Frenchification, n. /fren"cheuh fuy'/, v.t., Frenchified, Frenchifying. (often l.c.) to make (something or someone) resemble the French, as in manners, customs, or dress: to ...
French kiss n. A kiss in which the tongue enters the partner's mouth.   Frenchʹ-kissʹ (frĕnchʹkĭsʹ) v. * * *
French knot Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. A decorative embroidery stitch made by looping the thread two or more times around the needle, which is then inserted into the fabric. * ...
French leave n. An informal, unannounced, or abrupt departure.   [From the 18th-century French custom of leaving without saying goodbye to the host or hostess.] * * *
/french"meuhn/, n., pl. Frenchmen. 1. a native or inhabitant of the French nation. 2. a French ship. [bef. 1150; ME Frenshman, OE Frencisc man. See FRENCH, MAN1] * * *
French marigold n. A widely cultivated plant (Tagetes patula) native to Mexico and Guatemala, having divided leaves, yellow rays usually with reddish markings, and large solitary ...
French pastry n. Any of a wide variety of rich and elaborate pastries prepared in individual portions. * * *
French Polynesia A French overseas territory in the south-central Pacific Ocean comprising some 120 islands, including the Society, Marquesas, and Austral islands and the ...
French provincial n. A style of architecture or furniture characteristic of the provinces in 17th- and 18th-century France. * * *
French seam n. A seam stitched first on the right side and then turned in and stitched on the wrong side so that the raw edges are enclosed in the seam. * * *
French Somaliland See Djibouti. * * *
French telephone n. A telephone with the receiver and transmitter contained in a single unit. * * *
French toast n. Sliced bread soaked in a batter of milk and egg and lightly fried. * * *
/french"weed'/, n. the penny-cress, Thlaspi arvense. [FRENCH + WEED1] * * *
FrenchWest Africa
French West Africa A former federation (1895-1959) of French territories in western Africa comprising the present-day countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, ...
FrenchWest Indies
French West Indies The French overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Lesser Antilles. * * *
French window n. 1. A pair or one of a pair of windows extending to the floor and opening in the middle. 2. A casement window. * * *
/french"woom'euhn/, n., pl. Frenchwomen. a woman who is a native or inhabitant of the French nation. [1585-95; FRENCH + WOMAN] * * *
—Frenchily, adv. —Frenchiness, n. /fren"chee/, n., pl. Frenchies, adj. Frenchier, Frenchiest. n. 1. Informal. a native or inhabitant of France or a person of French ...
/fri noh"/, n. Philip, 1752-1832, U.S. poet and editor. * * *
Freneau, Philip
▪ American poet and journalist in full  Philip Morin Freneau   born Jan. 2, 1752, New York, N.Y. [U.S.] died Dec. 18, 1832, Monmouth county, N.J., U.S.       American ...
Freneau, Philip (Morin)
born Jan. 2, 1752, New York, N.Y. died Dec. 18, 1832, Monmouth county, N.J., U.S. U.S. poet, essayist, and editor, known as the "poet of the American Revolution. " After the ...
Freneau,Philip Morin
Fre·neau (frĭ-nōʹ), Philip Morin. Known as “the poet of the American Revolution.” 1752-1832. American poet noted for his satirical attacks on the British and for The ...
Frenet formula
/fre nay"/, Math. one of a set of formulas for finding the curvature and torsion of a plane or space curve in terms of vectors tangent or normal to the curve. [named after their ...
—frenetically, adv. /freuh net"ik/, adj. frantic; frenzied. Also, frenetical, phrenetic, phrenetical. [1350-1400; ME; see FRANTIC] * * *
See frenetic. * * *
See frenetically. * * *
Frenssen, Gustav
▪ German novelist born Oct. 19, 1863, Barlt, Holstein [Germany] died April 11, 1945, Barlt, Ger.  novelist who was the foremost exponent of Heimatkunst (regionalism) in ...
—frenular, adj. /fren"yeuh leuhm/, n., pl. frenula /-leuh/. 1. Anat., Zool. a small frenum. 2. Entomol. a strong spine or group of bristles on the hind wing of many butterflies ...
/free"neuhm/, n., pl. frena /-neuh/. Anat., Zool. a fold of membrane that checks or restrains the motion of a part, as the fold on the underside of the tongue. Also, fraenum. [ < ...
—frenziedly, adv. /fren"zeed/, adj. 1. wildly excited or enthusiastic: frenzied applause. 2. violently agitated; frantic; wild: a frenzied mob. Also, phrensied. [1790-1800; ...
See frenzied. * * *
—frenzily, adv. /fren"zee/, n., pl. frenzies, v., frenzied, frenzying. n. 1. extreme mental agitation; wild excitement or derangement. 2. a fit or spell of violent mental ...
/free"on/, Trademark. a brand name for any of a class of liquid or gaseous fluorocarbon or chlorofluorocarbon products, used chiefly as refrigerants. * * * Trademark for any of ...
freq abbrev. 1. frequency 2. frequent 3. frequentative * * *
1. frequency. 2. frequent. 3. frequentative. 4. frequently. * * *
fre·quence (frēʹkwəns) n. Frequency.   [Middle English, multitude, from Old French, from Latin frequentia. See frequency.] * * *
/free"kweuhn see/, n., pl. frequencies. 1. Also, frequence. the state or fact of being frequent; frequent occurrence: We are alarmed by the frequency of fires in the ...
frequency band
Radio and Television. band2 (def. 9). [1920-25] * * *
Frequency band designations
▪ Table Frequency band designations frequency designation frequency range wavelength range very low frequencies (vlf) 3–30 kilohertz 100,000–10,000 m low frequencies ...
frequency curve
Statistics. a curve representing the frequency with which a variable assumes its values. [1890-95] * * *
frequency distribution
Statistics. the correspondence of a set of frequencies with the set of categories, intervals, or values into which a population is classified. [1890-95] * * * In statistics, a ...
frequency function
Statistics. See probability density function (def. 2). * * *
frequency meter
▪ measurement device       device for measuring the repetitions per unit of time (customarily, a second) of a complete electromagnetic waveform. Various types of ...
frequency modulation
Electronics, Radio. See FM. [1920-25] * * *       (FM), variation of the frequency of a carrier wave in accordance with the characteristics of a signal. See ...
frequency polygon
Statistics. a frequency curve consisting of connected line segments formed by joining the midpoints of the upper edges of the rectangles in a histogram whose class intervals are ...
Frequency range of hearing for humans and selected animals
▪ Table Frequency range of hearing for humans and selected animals animal frequency ...
frequency response
Electronics. 1. the effectiveness with which a circuit, device, or system processes and transmits signals fed into it, as a function of the signal frequency. 2. Also called ...
Frequency terms and their abbreviations
▪ Table Frequency terms and their abbreviations term cycles per second abbreviation equivalent 1 hertz 1 1 Hz 1 kilohertz 1,000 1 kHz 1,000 Hz 1 megahertz 1,000,000 ...
frequency distribution n. A set of intervals, usually adjacent and of equal width, into which the range of a statistical distribution is divided, each associated with a frequency ...
frequency modulation n. Abbr. FM The encoding of a carrier wave by variation of its frequency in accordance with an input signal. * * *
—frequentable, adj. —frequenter, n. —frequentness, n. adj. /free"kweuhnt/; v. /fri kwent", free"kweuhnt/, adj. 1. happening or occurring at short intervals: to make ...
frequent flier
—frequent-flier, adj. an airline passenger registered with a program that provides bonuses, as upgrades or free flights, based esp. on distance traveled. * * *
frequent-flier or frequent-flyer [frē′kwənt flī′ər] adj. designating or related to a program in which an airline awards points to customers for miles flown or for other ...
/free'kweuhn tay"sheuhn/, n. the practice of frequenting; habit of visiting often. [1400-50; late ME < MF fréquentation < L frequentation- (s. of frequentatio). See FREQUENT, ...
/fri kwen"teuh tiv/, Gram. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a verb aspect expressing repetition of an action. n. 2. the frequentative aspect. 3. a verb in the frequentative ...
See frequentation. * * *
frequent flier n. One who travels often by air, especially on one airline.   freʹquent-fliʹer (frēʹkwənt-flīʹər) adj. * * *
/free"kweuhnt lee/, adv. often; many times; at short intervals. [1525-35; FREQUENT + -LY] Syn. repeatedly. See often. * * *
See frequentation. * * *
/frdderdd/, n., pl. frères /frdderdd/. French. 1. brother. 2. a fellow member of an organization. 3. friar; monk. * * *
Frere, John
▪ British archaeologist born Aug. 10, 1740, Roydon Hall, near Diss, Norfolk, Eng. died July 12, 1807, East Dereham, Norfolk       British antiquary and a founder of ...
Frere, John Hookham
▪ English diplomat and writer pseudonym  William and Robert Whistlecraft   born May 21, 1769, London, Eng. died Jan. 7, 1846, Valletta, Malta       British diplomat ...
Frere, Sir Bartle, 1st Baronet
▪ British colonial official in full  Sir Henry Bartle Edwards, 1st Baronet Frere  born March 29, 1815, Brecknockshire, Wales died May 29, 1884, Wimbledon, Surrey, ...
Frère-Orban, Walthère
▪ prime minister of Belgium in full  Hubert Joseph Walthère Frère-Orban  born April 24, 1812, Liège, French Empire [now in Belgium] died Jan. 1, 1896, Brussels, ...
Frerichs, Friedrich Theodor von
▪ German pathologist born March 24, 1819, Aurich, Hanover [Germany] died March 14, 1885, Berlin, Ger.       German founder of experimental pathology whose emphasis on ...
Fréron, Louis
▪ French journalist in full  Louis-marie-stanislas Fréron   born Aug. 17, 1754, Paris, France died July 15, 1802, Santo Domingo, Hispaniola [now in Dominican ...
—frescoer, frescoist, n. /fres"koh/, n., pl. frescoes, frescos, v., frescoed, frescoing. n. 1. Also called buon fresco, true fresco. the art or technique of painting on a ...
fresco painting
Method of wall painting in which water-based pigments are applied to wet, freshly laid lime plaster. The dry-powder colours, when mixed with water, penetrate the surface and ...
fresco secco
the technique of painting in watercolors on dry plaster. Also called dry fresco, secco. Cf. fresco (def. 1). [1835-45; < It: lit., dry fresco] * * *
/frddes kaw bahl"dee/, n. Girolamo /jee rddaw"lah maw/, 1583-1643, Italian organist and composer. * * *
Frescobaldi Family
▪ Italian banking family       family of medieval bankers who were prominent in Florentine business and politics and who financed the wars of Edward I and II of ...
Frescobaldi, Girolamo
born September 1583, Ferrara, Papal States died March 1, 1643, Rome Italian composer and organist. In 1608 he became organist at St. Peter's, where, except for a six-year ...
See fresco. * * *
See frescoer. * * *
Fresenius, Carl Remigius
▪ German chemist born Dec. 28, 1818, Frankfurt am Main died June 11, 1897, Wiesbaden, Prussia  German analytical chemist whose textbooks on qualitative analysis (1841) and ...
—freshly, adv. —freshness, n. /fresh/, adj., fresher, freshest, n., v., adv. adj. 1. newly made or obtained: fresh footprints. 2. recently arrived; just come: fresh from ...
fresh breeze
Meteorol. a wind of 19-24 mph (9-11 m/sec). Cf. breeze1 (def. 2). [1795-1805] * * *
fresh gale
Meteorol. a wind of 39-46 mph (17-33 m/sec). Cf. gale1 (def. 2). [1575-85] * * *
fresh water
1. water that does not contain a large amount of salt. 2. inland water, as ponds, lakes, or streams, that is not salt. [bef. 900; ME; OE] * * *
fresh breeze n. A wind with a speed of from 19 to 24 miles (30 to 38 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale. * * *
/fresh"euhn/, v.t. 1. to make fresh; refresh, revive, or renew: We need a good rain to freshen the flowers. 2. to remove saltiness from. 3. Naut. to preserve (a rope in use) from ...
/fresh"euh neuhr/, n. 1. something that freshens or refreshens: An air freshener cleared the room of stale odors. 2. a soothing skin lotion. 3. a beverage that makes the drinker ...
/fresh"euhr/, n. Brit. Slang. freshman. [1880-85; FRESH(MAN) + -ER1] * * *
/fresh"it/, n. 1. a freshwater stream flowing into the sea. 2. a sudden rise in the level of a stream, or a flood, caused by heavy rains or the rapid melting of snow and ...
Freshfield, Douglas William
▪ British explorer born , April 27, 1845, London died Feb. 9, 1934, Forest Row, Sussex, Eng.       British mountaineer, explorer, geographer, and author who advocated ...
fresh gale n. A wind with a speed of from 39 to 46 miles (62 to 74 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale. * * *
freshly [fresh′lē] adv. 〚ME freschli〛 1. in a fresh manner 2. just now; recently: followed by a past participle [bread freshly baked] * * * See fresh. * * *
—freshmanship, n. /fresh"meuhn/, n., pl. freshmen, adj. n. 1. a student in the first year of the course at a university, college, or high school. 2. a novice; beginner. adj. 3. ...
freshman week
a week at the beginning of the school year with a program planned to orient entering students, esp. at a college. * * *
/fresh man"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a freshman: freshmanic enthusiasm. [1830-40, Amer.; FRESHMAN + -IC] * * *
See freshly. * * *
freshness date
the last date, usually specified on the label or packaging, that a food, as bread, is considered fresh, although it may be sold, ordinarily at reduced prices, or eaten after that ...
/fresh"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, adj. 1. of or living in water that is fresh or not salt: freshwater fish. 2. accustomed to fresh water only, and not to the sea: a freshwater ...
freshwater drum
Ichthyol. an edible drum, Aplodinotus grunniens, of the fresh waters of North and Central America, sometimes reaching a weight of 60 lb. (27 kg). [1940-45] * * *
freshwater eel
freshwater eel n. any of a family (Anguillidae) of eels that live in streams, lakes, etc. and migrate to the sea to spawn * * *
freshwater jellyfish
▪ hydrozoan  any medusa, or free-swimming form, of the genus Craspedacusta, class Hydrozoa (phylum Cnidaria). Craspedacusta is not a true jellyfish; true jellyfish are ...
freshwater pearl
any of the small pearls produced esp. by freshwater mussels. * * *
freshwater snail
▪ gastropod       any of the approximately 5,000 snail species that live in lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams. Most are members of the subclass Pulmonata, which also ...
freshwater sponge
 any of about 20 species of the genus Spongilla (class Demospongiae, siliceous sponges), a common, widely occurring group. Spongilla species are found in clean lake waters and ...
Fresnay, Pierre
▪ French actor original name  Pierre-jules-louis Laudenbach   born April 4, 1897, Paris died Jan. 9, 1975, Paris       versatile French actor who abandoned a career ...
/freuh nel"/, Fr. /frdday nel"/, n. a unit of frequency, equal to 1012 cycles per second. [1935-40; named after Augustin Jean Fresnel (1788-1827), French physicist] * * *
Fresnel biprism
Optics. biprism. [1935-40; see FRESNEL] * * *
Fresnel lens
Optics. a large lens with a surface of concentric grooves of prismatic profile, used in automobile headlights, searchlights, spotlights, etc. [1840-50; see FRESNEL] * * * Series ...
Fresnel mirrors
Optics. two plane mirrors joined together in a way that makes them useful for studying interference patterns. [1965-70; see FRESNEL] * * *
Fresnel, Augustin-Jean
▪ French physicist born May 10, 1788, Broglie, Fr. died July 14, 1827, Ville-d'Avray  French physicist who pioneered in optics and did much to establish the wave theory of ...
Fresnel,Augustin Jean
Fres·nel (frā-nĕlʹ), Augustin Jean. 1788-1827. French physicist who supported the wave theory of light, investigated polarized light, and developed a compound lens for use ...
Fres·nel lens (frə-nĕlʹ) Prisms that make up a Fresnel lens bend and magnify light rays, creating a single, concentrated beam of light. Precision Graphics n. A thin optical ...
▪ town, France       town, a southern suburb of Paris, Val-de-Marne département, Île-de France (Île-de-France) région, north-central France. Recorded as Fretnes in ...
▪ Mexico in full  Fresnillo de González Echeverría         city, central Zacatecas estado (state), north central Mexico. It lies on an interior plateau more than ...
/frez"noh/, n. a city in central California. 218,202. * * * City (pop., 2000: 427,652), central California, U.S. Located in the San Joaquin River valley, it was settled in 1872 ...
—fresser, n. /fres/, v.i. Slang. to eat or snack, esp. often or in large quantities. [ < Yiddish fresn or G fressen (of animals) to eat, eat ravenously; see FRET1] * * *
fret1 —fretter, n. /fret/, v., fretted, fretting, n. v.i. 1. to feel or express worry, annoyance, discontent, or the like: Fretting about the lost ring isn't going to help. 2. ...
fret saw
a long, narrow-bladed saw used to cut ornamental work from thin wood. Cf. coping saw. See illus. in next column. [1860-65] * * *
fret·board (frĕtʹbôrd', -bōrd') n. A fingerboard that is fitted with frets. * * *
—fretfully, adv. —fretfulness, n. /fret"feuhl/, adj. disposed or quick to fret; irritable or peevish. Also, fretsome /fret"seuhm/. [1585-95; FRET1 + -FUL] Syn. petulant, ...
See fretful. * * *
See fretfully. * * *
fret saw or fret·saw (frĕtʹsô') n. A long, narrow-bladed saw with fine teeth, used in making curved cuts in thin wood or metal. * * *
/fret"id/, adj. ornamented or provided with frets: a fretted molding. [1375-1425; late ME; see FRET2, -ED2] * * *
fretty1 /fret"ee/, adj., frettier, frettiest. fretful; irritable; peevish. [1835-45; FRET1 + -Y1] fretty2 /fret"ee/, adj. Heraldry. covered with criss-crossed and interlacing ...
Fretwell, Elizabeth
▪ 2007       Australian soprano (b. Aug. 13, 1920, Melbourne, Australia—d. June 5, 2006, Sydney, Australia), rose to international prominence as a principal singer ...
/fret"werrk'/, n. 1. ornamental work consisting of interlacing parts, esp. work in which the design is formed by perforation. 2. any pattern of dark and light, such as that of ...
/froyd/; Ger. /frddoyt/, n. 1. Anna, 1895-1982, British psychoanalyst, born in Austria (daughter of Sigmund Freud). 2. Lucian, born 1932, British painter, born in Germany. 3. ...
Freud, Anna
born Dec. 3, 1895, Vienna, Austria died Oct. 9, 1982, London, Eng. Austrian-born British psychiatrist, founder of the field of child psychiatry. Daughter of Sigmund Freud, she ...
Freud, Lucian
born Dec. 8, 1922, Berlin, Ger. German-born British painter. Grandson of Sigmund Freud, he moved with his family to London when he was 10. He is known for sombre, realistic ...
Freud, Sigmund
born May 6, 1856, Freiberg, Moravia, Austrian Empire died Sept. 23, 1939, London, Eng. Austrian neuropsychologist, founder of psychoanalysis, and one of the major intellectual ...
Freud (froid), Anna. 1895-1982. Austrian-born British psychoanalyst noted for her application of psychoanalysis to child therapy. * * *
Freud, Sigmund. 1856-1939. Austrian physician and founder of psychoanalysis who theorized that the symptoms of hysterical patients represent forgotten and unresolved infantile ...
▪ Germany       city, Baden-Württemberg Land (state), southwestern Germany. It lies in the Black Forest, about 40 miles (65 km) southwest of Stuttgart. Founded in ...
Freudenthal, Axel Olof
▪ Finnish philologist born Dec. 12, 1836, Sjundeå, Fin. died June 2, 1911       philologist, Swedish nationalist, and the leading ideologist for the nationalist ...
—Freudianism, n. /froy"dee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Sigmund Freud or his doctrines, esp. with respect to the causes and treatment of neurotic and psychopathic states, ...
Freudian criticism
▪ literary criticism       literary criticism that uses the psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud to interpret a work in terms of the known psychological conflicts of ...
Freudian slip
(in Freudian psychology) an inadvertent mistake in speech or writing that is thought to reveal a person's unconscious motives, wishes, or attitudes. Cf. parapraxis. [1950-55] * * ...
See Freudian. * * *
Freudian slip n. A verbal mistake that is thought to reveal an unconscious belief, thought, or emotion. * * *
Freund's adjuvant
/froyndz/, Immunol. a water-in-oil emulsion injected with immunogen (Freund's incomplete adjuvant) or with immunogen and killed mycobacteria (Freund's complete adjuvant) to ...
Freund's adjuvant (froindz) n. A substance consisting of killed microorganisms, such as mycobacteria, in an oil and water emulsion that is administered to induce and enhance the ...
Freund, Gisele
▪ 2001       German-born French photographer (b. Dec. 19, 1908?, Berlin, Ger.—d. March 31, 2000, Paris, France), was noted especially for her portraits of the cultural ...
/fray/, n. Scand. Myth. the god of peace, prosperity, and marriage: one of the Vanir, originally brought to Asgard as a hostage. [ < ON Freyr orig., lord, master] * * *
Frey, Adolf
▪ Swiss writer and historian born Feb. 18, 1855, Külligen, near Aarau, Switz. died Feb. 12, 1920, Zürich       Swiss novelist, poet, and literary historian whose most ...
Frey, Roger
▪ 1998       French politician (b. June 11, 1913, Nouméa, New Caledonia—d. Sept. 13, 1997, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France), was a close adviser to French president Charles ...
Frey-Wyssling, Albert F.
▪ Swiss botanist in full  Albert Friedrich Frey-Wyssling  born November 8, 1900, Küssnacht, Switzerland died August 30, 1988       Swiss botanist and pioneer of ...
/fray"euh/, n. Scand. Myth. the goddess of love and fertility, sister of Frey, daughter of Njord; one of the Vanir. [ < ON Freyja orig., lady, mistress, fem. of FREY; cf. G ...
Freya Stark
➡ Stark * * *
Freyberg (of Wellington and of Munstead), Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron
born March 21, 1889, Richmond, Surrey, Eng. died July 4, 1963, Windsor, Berkshire New Zealand military leader. He emigrated from Britain to New Zealand with his parents in ...
Freyberg, Bernard Cyril Freyberg, 1st Baron
▪ governor general of New Zealand also called  (1942–51) Sir Bernard Cyril Freyberg  born March 21, 1889, Richmond, Surrey, Eng. died July 4, 1963, Windsor, ...
Freycinet Peninsula
▪ peninsula, Tasmania, Australia       peninsula extending south into the Tasman Sea from east-central Tasmania, Australia. Measuring about 14 miles (23 km) by 4 miles ...
Freycinet, Charles-Louis de Saulces de
▪ French politician born Nov. 14, 1828, Foix, Fr. died May 15, 1923, Paris  French political figure who served in 12 different governments, including four terms as premier; ...
Freycinet, Louis-Claude de Saulces de
▪ French cartographer born Aug. 7, 1779, Montélimar, Fr. died Aug. 18, 1842, near Loriol, Fr.       French naval officer and cartographer who explored portions of ...
See Freya. * * * Most important Norse goddess, one of a group of fertility deities called Vanir. Her father was the sea god Njörd, and her brother and male counterpart was ...
See Frey. * * * or Frey Norse god of peace, fertility, rain, and sun, one of a group of fertility deities called Vanir. The son of Njörd and brother of Freyja, he was ...
/frdday"rddeuh/, n. Gilberto /zhil berdd"too/, 1900-87, Brazilian sociologist and anthropologist. * * *
Freyre, Gilberto de Mello
▪ Brazilian sociologist Freyre also spelled  Freire  born March 15, 1900, Recife, Braz. died July 18, 1987, Recife       sociologist, considered the 20th-century ...
Freyssinet, Eugène
▪ French engineer born , July 13, 1879, Objat, Fr. died June 8, 1962, St. Martin-Vésubie       French civil engineer who successfully developed pre-stressed ...
/frdduy"tahk/, n. Gustav /goos"tahf/, 1816-95, German novelist, playwright, and journalist. * * *
Freytag, Gustav
▪ German writer born July 13, 1816, Kreuzburg, Silesia, Prussia died April 30, 1895, Wiesbaden, Ger.  German writer of realistic novels celebrating the merits of the middle ...
FRG abbrev. Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) * * * FRG abbr. Federal Republic of Germany. * * *
Fri abbrev. Friday * * *
Friday. * * *
▪ Guinea       town, western Guinea, West Africa, near the Amaria Dam on the Konkouré River. The Fria Company's bauxite-reducing factory at nearby Kimbo was one of ...
See friable. * * *
—friability, friableness, n. /fruy"euh beuhl/, adj. easily crumbled or reduced to powder; crumbly: friable rock. [1555-65; < L friabilis, equiv. to fria(re) to rub, crumble + ...
See friability. * * *
/fruy"euhr/, n. 1. Rom. Cath. Ch. a member of a religious order, esp. the mendicant orders of Franciscans, Dominicans, Carmelites, and Augustinians. 2. Print. a blank or light ...
Friar Lands Question
▪ United States foreign affairs       problem confronting the U.S. government after the takeover of the Philippines from Spain in 1898, concerning the disposition of ...
Friar Minor
pl. Friars Minor. Rom. Cath. Ch. a friar belonging to the branch of the Franciscan order that observes the strict rule of St. Francis. Cf. capuchin (def. 4), Friar Minor ...
Friar Minor Capuchin
pl. Friars Minor Capuchin. Rom. Cath. Ch. capuchin (def. 4). * * *
Friar Minor Conventual
pl. Friars Minor Conventual. Rom. Cath. Ch. a friar belonging to a branch of the Franciscan order that separated from the Observants in the 15th century, and that observes a ...
Friar Preacher
pl. Friars Preachers. a Dominican friar. [1150-1200; ME frer prechour] * * *
Friar Tuck
/tuk/ the jolly, pugnacious friar who was a member of Robin Hood's band. * * *
friar's chair
frailero. * * *

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