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friar's lantern
friar's lantern n. IGNIS FATUUS * * *
friar's lantern.
See ignis fatuus. (def. 1). [1625-35] * * *
fri·ar's lantern (frīʹərz) n. See ignis fatuus. * * *
/fruy"euhr berrd'/, n. any of various Australasian honeyeaters, esp. of the genus Philemon. [1840-50; FRIAR + BIRD; so called from its tonsured head] * * *
/fruy"euhr lee/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to friars. 2. like a friar. [1540-50; FRIAR + -LY] * * *
Friars Club
a US club for people in the entertainment business. There are several around the country, but the most famous are in New York and Los Angeles. They hold regular ‘Stag ...
/fruy"euh ree/, n., pl. friaries. 1. a monastery of friars, esp. those of a mendicant order. 2. a brotherhood of friars. [1300-50; late ME freyry, frayry, ME frari < AF, OF ...
Frias de Oliveira, Octavio
▪ 2008       Brazilian publishing magnate born Aug. 5, 1912 , Rio de Janeiro, Braz. died April 29, 2007 , São Paulo, Braz. established (1962) Folha de São Paulo, ...
—fribbler, n. /frib"euhl/, v., fribbled, fribbling, n., adj. v.i. 1. to act in a foolish or frivolous manner; trifle. v.t. 2. to waste foolishly (often fol. by away): He ...
See fribble. * * *
Fr. /frddee boohrdd"/, n. 1. a canton in W Switzerland. 181,800; 644 sq. mi. (1668 sq. km). 2. a town in and the capital of this canton. 40,500. German, Freiburg. * * * ▪ ...
/frik"euhn doh', frik'euhn doh"/, n., pl. fricandeaus, fricandeaux /-dohz', -dohz"/. a loin of veal, larded and braised, or roasted. Also, fricando. [1700-10; < F, MF, equiv. to ...
/frik"euhn doh', frik'euhn doh"/, n., pl. fricandoes. fricandeau. * * *
/frik'euh see"/, n., v., fricasseed, fricasseeing. n. 1. meat, esp. chicken or veal, browned lightly, stewed, and served in a sauce made with its own stock. v.t. 2. to prepare as ...
/fri kay"sheuhn/, n. Phonet. an audible, constrained rush of air accompanying and characteristic of fricatives. [1525-35; < L frication- (s. of fricatio), equiv. to fricat(us) ...
/frik"euh tiv/, Phonet. adj. 1. (of a speech sound) characterized by audible friction produced by forcing the breath through a constricted or partially obstructed passage in the ...
/frik/, n. Henry Clay, 1849-1919, U.S. industrialist, art patron, and philanthropist. * * *
Frick Collection
▪ gallery, New York City, New York, United States       gallery of paintings, sculpture, and decorative arts in New York City. The art, spanning the history of Western ...
Frick, Ford
▪ American baseball journalist and executive in full  Ford Christopher Frick  born Dec. 19, 1894, Wawaka, Ind., U.S. died April 8, 1978, Bronxville, N.Y., U.S.  American ...
Frick, Henry Clay
born , Dec. 19, 1849, West Overton, Pa., U.S. died Dec. 2, 1919, New York, N.Y. U.S. industrialist. He began building and operating coke ovens in 1870 and organized his own ...
Frick, Wilhelm
▪ German politician born March 12, 1877, Alsenz, Ger. died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg       longtime parliamentary leader of the German National Socialist Party and Adolf ...
Frick,Henry Clay
Frick (frĭk), Henry Clay. 1849-1919. American industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry and bequeathed to the public a New York City mansion housing his art ...
—frictionless, adj. —frictionlessly, adv. /frik"sheuhn/, n. 1. surface resistance to relative motion, as of a body sliding or rolling. 2. the rubbing of the surface of one ...
friction clutch
Mach. a clutch in which one part turns another by friction between them. [1835-45] * * *
friction drive
Auto. a power transmission system utilizing a set of friction gears so arranged that varying their positions relative to one another gives a wide range of speed ...
friction drum
▪ musical instrument       musical instrument made of a membrane stretched across the mouth of a vessel and set in vibration by rubbing with wet or resined fingers a ...
friction gearing
wheels or disks transmitting power by means of frictional contact. [1885-90] * * *
friction head
(in a hydraulic system) the part of a head of water or of another liquid that represents the energy that the system dissipates through friction with the sides of conduits or ...
friction layer.
See surface boundary layer. * * *
friction match
a kind of match tipped with a compound that ignites by friction. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
friction pile
Engin., Building Trades. a pile depending on the friction of surrounding earth for support. Cf. point-bearing pile. * * *
friction saw
a high-speed circular saw, usually toothless, that is used for cutting metals by using frictional heat to melt the material adjacent to it. * * *
friction tape
a cloth or plastic adhesive tape, containing a moisture-resistant substance, used esp. to insulate and protect electrical wires and conductors. [1915-20] * * *
friction welding
a method of welding thermoplastics or metals by the heat generated by rubbing the members to be joined against each other under pressure. [1945-50] * * *
—frictionally, adv. /frik"sheuh nl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of friction. 2. moved, worked, or produced by friction. [1840-50; FRICTION + -AL1] * * *
frictionally [frik′shənəl ē] adv. by or with friction * * * See frictional. * * *
friction clutch n. A mechanical clutch that transmits torque through surface friction between the faces of the clutch. * * *
friction drive n. An automotive transmission system in which motion is transmitted from one part to another by the surface friction of rolling contact. * * *
friction match n. A match that ignites when struck on an abrasive surface. * * *
friction tape n. A sturdy, moisture-resistant adhesive tape, usually made of cloth, used chiefly to insulate electrical conductors. * * *
/fruy"day, -dee/, n. the sixth day of the week, following Thursday. [bef. 1000; ME; OE Frigedaeg Freya's day, equiv. to Frige (gen. sing. of Freo) + daeg day; Freo is identical ...
Friday, Nancy
▪ American author born Aug. 27, 1937, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S.       American feminist and author who explored the dynamics of identity and relationships between women of ...
/fruy"dayz, -deez/, adv. on Fridays: We're paid Fridays. * * *
/frij/, n. Informal. a refrigerator. [1925-30; by shortening of REFRIGERATOR or FRIGIDAIRE] * * *
/frid"lee/, n. a city in SE Minnesota, near Minneapolis. 30,228. * * *
Fridolin of Säckingen, Saint
▪ Irish missionary born , Ireland died 7th century AD, , Säckingen, Ger.; feast day March 6       Irish-born missionary who is said to have established churches among ...
Fridtjof Nansen Land
/frit"yawf nahn"seuhn, nan"-/. See Franz Josef Land. * * *
/fruyd/, adj. 1. cooked in a pan or on a griddle over direct heat, usually in fat or oil. 2. Slang. a. drunk; inebriated. b. intoxicated from drugs; high. c. exhausted or ...
/freed/; Ger. /frddeet/, n. Alfred Hermann /al"frid herr"meuhn/; Ger. /ahl"frddayt herdd"mahn/, 1864-1921, Austrian writer and journalist: Nobel peace prize 1911. * * *
Fried, Alfred Hermann
▪ Austrian pacifist and publicist born Nov. 11, 1864, Vienna, Austria died May 5, 1921, Vienna       Austrian pacifist, publicist, cofounder of the German peace ...
/free"deuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/fri dan"/, n. Betty (Naomi Goldstein) /gohld"steen/, born 1921, U.S. women's-rights leader and writer. * * *
Friedan, Betty
orig. Betty Naomi Goldstein born Feb. 4, 1921, Peoria, Ill., U.S. U.S. feminist. She attended Smith College and worked in New York before marrying and having children. Her ...
Friedan,Betty Naomi
Frie·dan (frē-dănʹ), Betty Naomi. Born 1921. American feminist who wrote The Feminine Mystique (1963) and founded the National Organization for Women (1966). * * *
/fruyd"kayk'/, n. Chiefly Inland North. a doughnut or other small cake cooked in deep fat. [1855-60, Amer.; FRIED + CAKE] * * *
Friedel, Charles
▪ French chemist born March 12, 1832, Strasbourg, Fr. died April 20, 1899, Montauban       French organic chemist and mineralogist who, with the American chemist James ...
Friedel, Georges
▪ French crystallographer born July 19, 1865, Mulhouse, Fr. died Dec. 11, 1933, Strasbourg       French crystallographer who formulated basic laws concerning the ...
Friedel-Crafts reaction
/free del"krafts", -krahfts"/ a reaction for the synthesis of hydrocarbons and ketones by the alkylation or acylation of an aromatic compound in the presence of a catalyst, ...
Friedenreich, Artur
▪ Brazilian athlete born July 18, 1892, São Paulo, Brazil died September 6, 1969, São Paulo       Brazilian football (soccer) player who is officially recognized by ...
Friedjung, Heinrich
▪ Austrian historian born Jan. 18, 1851, Roschtin, Moravia, Austrian Empire [now Roštín, Czech Republic] died July 14, 1920, Vienna, Austria       Austrian historian ...
Friedland, Battle of
(June 14, 1807) Victory against Russia for Napoleon in the Napoleonic Wars that led to the Peace of Tilsit. Near Friedland in eastern Prussia (modern Pravdinsk, Russia), an ...
Fried·land·er's bacillus (frēdʹlĕn'dərz) n. A pathogenic bacterium (Klebsiella pneumoniae) that often causes pneumonia.   [After Karl Friedländer (1847-1887), German ...
Friedländer, Ludwig Heinrich
▪ German historian born July 16, 1824, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died Dec. 16, 1909, Strassburg, Ger. [now Strasbourg, Fr.]       German historian ...
/freed"meuhn/, n. 1. Bruce Jay, born 1930, U.S. novelist. 2. Milton, born 1912, U.S. economist: Nobel prize 1976. * * *
Friedman, Benny
▪ American athlete byname of  Benjamin Friedman   born March 18, 1905, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died November 23, 1982, New York, New York       American collegiate and ...
Friedman, Bruce Jay
▪ American author born April 26, 1930, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American comic author whose dark, mocking humour and social criticism was directed at the concerns and ...
Friedman, Ignacy
▪ Polish pianist born Feb. 14, 1882, Podgórze, near Kraków, Pol., Austria-Hungary died Jan. 26, 1948, Sydney, Australia       Polish pianist noted for his ...
Friedman, Jerome Isaac
▪ American physicist born March 28, 1930, Chicago, Ill., U.S.       American physicist who, together with Richard E. Taylor (Taylor, Richard E.) and Henry W. Kendall ...
Friedman, Meyer
▪ 2002       American cardiologist (b. July 13, 1910, Kansas City, Kan.—d. April 27, 2001, San Francisco, Calif.), helped link cardiovascular disease to the kind of ...
Friedman, Milton
born July 31, 1912, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. economist. Friedman studied at Rutgers and Columbia before joining the faculty of the University of Chicago in 1946. There he ...
Friedman, Thomas L.
▪ 2003       With fighting between Israelis and Palestinians, as well as U.S. efforts to combat terrorism, dominating the news in 2002, newspaper readers were searching ...
Friedman, William F; and Friedman, Elizebeth S
▪ American cryptologists née  Elizebeth Smith  Respectively,   born Sept. 24, 1891, Chisinau, Russia [now in Moldova] died Nov. 2, 1969, Washington, D.C., U.S. born 1892, ...
Fried·man (frēdʹmən), Milton. Born 1912. American economist. He won a 1976 Nobel Prize for his theories of monetary control and governmental nonintervention in the ...
Friedmann model
/freed"meuhn/, Astron. any model of the universe deduced from a homogeneous, isotropic solution of Einstein's field equations without a cosmological constant. Such models form ...
Friedmann universe
Model universe developed in 1922 by the Russian meteorologist and mathematician Aleksandr Friedmann (1888–1925). He believed that Albert Einstein's general theory of ...
Friedmann, (E.) Imre
▪ 2008  Hungarian-born American astrobiologist born Dec. 20, 1921, Budapest, Hung. died June 11, 2007 discovered the most compelling evidence of past life on Mars. In 2001 ...
Friedmann, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
▪ Russian mathematician and scientist Friedmann also spelled  Fridman   born June 17 [June 29, New Style], 1888, St. Petersburg, Russia died Sept. 16, 1925, Leningrad [St. ...
/free"drik/; Ger. /frddee"drddikh/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Friedrich Leopold Baron von Hardenberg Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf ...
Friedrich, Caspar David
born Sept. 5, 1774, Greifswald, Pomerania died May 7, 1840, Dresden, Saxony German painter. He studied at the Copenhagen Academy. After 1798 he settled in Dresden and began his ...
Friedrich, Gotz
▪ 2001       German opera director and administrator (b. Aug. 4, 1930, Naumburg, Ger.—d. Dec. 12, 2000, Berlin, Ger.), combined creative passion, innovation, and ...
Friedrichs, Hanns Joachim
▪ 1996       German television journalist (b. 1926?—d. March 27, 1995). * * *
Frie·drichs·ha·fen (frēʹdrĭks-hä'fən, -drĭKHs-) A city of southern Germany on the Lake of Constance. The Zeppelin aircraft works were located here during World War I. ...
Friel, Brian
born Jan. 9, 1929, near Omagh, County Tyrone, N.Ire. Irish dramatist and short-story writer. Friel taught school in Londonderry before settling in County Donegal, Ireland. ...
friend at court
a friend in a position of influence or power who may advance one's interests, esp. a helpful person who is close to someone in authority. [1645-55] * * *
friend of the court
Law. See amicus curiae. [1940-45] * * *
/fren"did/, adj. Archaic. provided with or accompanied by friends. [1350-1400; ME frended. See FRIEND, -ED2] * * *
See friend. * * *
See friendless. * * *
See friendly. * * *
See friendlily. * * *
—friendliness, n. /frend"lee/, adj., friendlier, friendliest, adv., n., pl. friendlies. adj. 1. characteristic of or befitting a friend; showing friendship: a friendly ...
friendly fire
1. Insurance. a fire deliberately set and remaining contained, as in a fireplace or boiler, from which any resulting loss cannot be claimed as an insurance liability (opposed to ...
Friendly Islands
Tonga. * * *
Friendly Society
(also Provident Society) (BrE) (AmE benefit society) n an association whose members regularly pay small amounts of money so that they can be cared for when they are ill or old. ...
Friendly, Fred W.
orig. Ferdinand Friendly Wachenheimer born Oct. 30, 1915, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 3, 1998, New York City U.S. broadcast producer and journalist. He began his career in ...
friendly fire n. Discharge of a military weapon that injures or kills an ally. * * *
Friend·ly Islands (frĕndʹlē) See Tonga. * * *
Friends [frendz] adj. of or having to do with Friends, or Quakers * * * a popular US television comedy series (1994–2004) about six close friends in New York. The characters ...
Friends General Conference
▪ American religious organization in full  Religious Society of Friends (Friends, Society of) (General Conference)        continental association of several yearly ...
Friends of God
▪ religious group German  Gottesfreunde,         medieval Christian fellowship that originated during the early part of the 14th century in Basel, Switz., and then ...
Friends of the Earth
an international pressure group which began in the US in 1969 and aims to persuade people, companies and governments to do less damage to the environment. It has many members in ...
Friends Service Council
▪ organization (FSC),        Quaker organization founded in Great Britain in 1927 and committed to foreign work. It shared the 1947 Nobel Prize for Peace with the ...
Friends United Meeting
▪ religious organization formerly  Five Years Meeting of Friends         international cooperative organization that unites 20 yearly meetings (regional associations) ...
Friends World Committee for Consultation
▪ religious organization       international organization of the Society of Friends (Quakers) founded at Swarthmore, Pa., in 1937. It promotes visits, conferences, and ...
Friends, Society of
known as Quakers Protestant denomination that arose in England in the mid-17th century. The movement began with radical English Puritans called Seekers, who rejected the ...
/frend"ship/, n. 1. the state of being a friend; association as friends: to value a person's friendship. 2. a friendly relation or intimacy. 3. friendly feeling or ...
/frendz"wood'/, n. a city in SE Texas. 10,719. * * *
Friends’ Meeting House
(also meeting house) n a building where Quakers have their religious meetings. Many Friends’ Meeting Houses are also used for other functions such as public talks. * * *
/fruy"euhr/, n. fryer. * * *
/fruyz/, n. 1. pl. of fry1. 2. Informal. fried potatoes. v. 3. 3rd pers. sing. pres. indic. of fry1. * * *
/freez/, n. Charles Carpenter, 1887-1967, U.S. linguist. * * *
Fries's Rebellion
(1799) Uprising, in opposition to a federal property tax, by farmers in eastern Pennsylvania. To raise money for an anticipated war with France, in 1798 the U.S. Congress voted ...
Fries, Elias
▪ Swedish botanist born Aug. 15, 1794, Femsjö, Swed. died Feb. 8, 1878, Uppsala  Swedish botanist, developer of the first system used to classify fungi.       Fries ...
Fries, Jakob Friedrich
▪ German philosopher born Aug. 23, 1773, Barby, Saxony [Germany] died Aug. 10, 1843, Jena, Thuringia [Germany]       German philosopher.       Fries studied at ...
Friese-Greene, William
▪ British motion-picture pioneer born September 7, 1855, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England died May 5, 1921, London  British photographer and inventor, sometimes credited ...
/free"zheuhn/, adj., n. 1. Frisian. 2. Chiefly Brit. Holstein (def. 1). * * *
/freez"leuhnd/; Du. /frddees"lahnt'/, n. a province in the N Netherlands. 592,061; 1431 sq. mi. (3705 sq. km). Cap.: Leeuwarden. Also, esp. Brit., Frisian. * * * ▪ province, ...
Frietschie, Barbara Hauer
▪ American patriot née  Barbara Hauer , Frietschie also spelled  Fritchie  born Dec. 3, 1766, Lancaster, Pa. [U.S.] died Dec. 18, 1862, Frederick, Md.  American patriot ...
frieze1 /freez/, n. 1. Archit. a. the part of a classical entablature between the architrave and the cornice, usually decorated with sculpture in low relief. See diag. under ...
/free"zing/, n. carved or painted work formerly decorating the upper parts of the hulls of vessels, esp. in the 16th and 17th centuries. [1760-70; FRIEZE1 + -ING1] * * *
frig1 /frig/, v.t., v.i., frigged, frigging. Slang (vulgar). v.t. 1. to copulate with. 2. to take advantage of; victimize. 3. to masturbate. v.i. 4. to copulate. 5. to ...
/frig"it/, n. 1. a fast naval vessel of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, generally having a lofty ship rig and heavily armed on one or two decks. 2. any of various types ...
frigate bird
any predacious seabirds of the genus Fregata, having fully webbed feet. Also, frigatebird. Also called man-o'-war bird. [1730-40] * * * or man-o'-war bird Any member of five ...
frigate mackerel
a small, blue-green, black-striped fish, Auxis thazard, abundant in tropical seas, having dark, oily flesh that is sometimes used as food. [1880-85] * * *
frigate bird n. Any of various tropical sea birds of the family Fregatidae that have long powerful wings, dark plumage, and a hooked beak and characteristically snatch food from ...
/frig/, n. Scand. Myth. wife of Odin and chief of the goddesses. [ < ON, c. OS fri, OE freo wife; cf. G Frau] * * * or Friia Norse goddess, the wife of Odin and mother of ...
/frig"in, -ing/, adj., adv. Slang. (used as an intensifier). [1700-10 for earlier ger. sense; 1920-25 for current sense; FRIG1 + -ING2] * * *
/fruyt/, n. 1. sudden and extreme fear; a sudden terror. 2. a person or thing of shocking, grotesque, or ridiculous appearance. v.t. 3. to frighten. [bef 900; ME; OE frytu, ...
fright wig
a wig of wild, unruly hair, esp. hair projecting outward in all directions, as worn by some clowns and comedians to give a comic effect of extreme fright or ...
—frightenable, adj. —frightener, n. —frighteningly, adv. /fruyt"n/, v.t. 1. to make afraid or fearful; throw into a fright; terrify; scare. 2. to drive (usually fol. by ...
—frightenedly, adv. /fruyt"nd/, adj. 1. thrown into a fright; afraid; scared; terrified: a frightened child cowering in the corner. 2. afraid; fearful (usually fol. by of): He ...
See frighten. * * *
See frightener. * * *
—frightfully, adv. —frightfulness, n. /fruyt"feuhl/, adj. 1. such as to cause fright; dreadful, terrible, or alarming: A frightful howl woke us. 2. horrible, shocking, or ...
See frightful. * * *
See frightfully. * * *
fright wig n. A wig with hair, especially long or frizzy hair, standing up from the surface. * * *
—frigidness, n. —frigidly, adv. /frij"id/, adj. 1. very cold in temperature: a frigid climate. 2. without warmth of feeling; without ardor or enthusiasm: a frigid reaction to ...
Frigid Zone
either of two regions, one between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole, or one between the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole. [1590-1600] * * *
/frij'i dair"/, Trademark. a brand of electric refrigerator. * * *
n a US make of refrigerator. There are also Frigidaire washing machines, dishwashers and other electrical household products. * * *
/frij'i dair"ee euhm/, n., pl. frigidaria /-dair"ee euh/. (in an ancient Roman bath) a room having a bath of unheated water. [ < L; see FRIGID, -ARIUM] * * *
/fri jid"i tee/, n. 1. the state or condition of being frigid. 2. (in women) inhibition, not caused by a physical disorder or medication, of sexual excitement during sexual ...
See frigidity. * * *
See frigidity. * * *
/frij'i doh ree sep"teuhr/, n. Physiol., Biol. a receptor stimulated by cold. [FRIGID + -O- + RECEPTOR] * * *
Frig·id Zone (frĭjʹĭd) Either of two extreme latitude zones of the earth, the North Frigid Zone, between the North Pole and the Arctic Circle, or the South Frigid Zone, ...
/frig'euh rif"ik/, adj. causing or producing cold. [1660-70; < L frigorificus cooling, equiv. to frigor- (s. of frigus) cold + -i- -I- + -ficus -FIC] * * *
Friis, Johan
▪ Danish statesman born Feb. 20, 1494, Lundbygaard, Swed. died Dec. 5, 1570, Køge, Den.  Danish statesman who, as chancellor under Christian III, king of Denmark and ...
/free"hohl, free hohl"/; Sp. /frddee hawl"/, n., pl. frijoles /free"hohlz, free hoh"leez/; Sp. /frddee haw"les/. any bean of the genus Phaseolus, esp. the kidney bean, the seeds ...
frijoles refritos
/frddee haw"les rdde frddee"taws/, Mexican Cookery. See refried beans. [ < MexSp, Sp] * * *
—friller, n. /fril/, n. 1. a trimming, as a strip of cloth or lace, gathered at one edge and left loose at the other; ruffle. 2. something resembling such a trimming, as the ...
frilled lizard
a medium-sized Australian lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingi, having a large, cloaklike flap of skin on the neck that stiffens during courtship or threat displays, forming a wide ...
frilled lizard (frĭld) n. An Australian lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingi) having a broad contractile membrane extending from the neck and throat that can be extended like a ruff ...
See frill. * * *
/fril"ing/, n. frilled edging. [1805-15; FRILL + -ING1] * * *
—frilliness, n. /fril"ee/, adj., frillier, frilliest. 1. covered with or marked by frills: Some of the more elaborate dress shirts have frilly fronts. 2. frivolous; ...
/frddee merdd"/, n. (in the French Revolutionary calendar) the third month of the year, extending from November 21 to December 20. [1830-40; < F, equiv. to frim(as) hoarfrost, ...
/frim"euhl/, n. Rudolf, 1881-1972, U.S. composer and pianist, born in Czechoslovakia. * * *
Friml, (Charles) Rudolf
born Dec. 7, 1879, Prague died Nov. 12, 1972, Hollywood, Calif., U.S. Czech-born U.S. composer. He studied under Antonín Dvořák, and he immigrated to the U.S. in 1906. In ...
Friml, (Charles)Rudolf
Friml (frĭmʹəl), (Charles) Rudolf. 1879-1972. Czechoslovakian-born American pianist and composer of 33 light operas, including The Firefly (1912) and The Vagabond King ...
Friml, Rudolf
▪ American composer born Dec. 7, 1879, Prague died Nov. 12, 1972, Hollywood  U.S. composer of operettas showing strong European musical influences and suggesting pre-World ...
—fringeless, adj. —fringelike, adj. —fringy, adj. /frinj/, n., v., fringed, fringing. n. 1. a decorative border of thread, cord, or the like, usually hanging loosely from a ...
fringe area
Radio and Television. an area just beyond the outer limits of satisfactory reception, characterized by a weak and possibly unstable signal. [1945-50] * * *
fringe benefit
any of various benefits, as free life or health insurance, paid holidays, a pension, etc., received by an employee in addition to regular pay. [1945-50] * * * Any nonwage ...
fringe moss
▪ plant       any of the plants of the genus Grimmia (subclass Bryidae), which includes more than 100 species distributed throughout the world, primarily on rocks or ...
fringe tree
a shrub or small tree, Chionanthus virginicus, of the olive family, native to the southern U.S., bearing open clusters of white flowers with long, narrow petals. Also called ...
fringe-lipped bat
▪ mammal also called  frog-eating bat        a species of bat characterized by the fleshy tubercules that cover its chin. The fringe-lipped bat is widespread in ...
fringe-toed lizard
/frinj"tohd'/ an iguanid lizard, Uma notata, of sandy deserts of the western U.S. and Mexico, having a wedge-shaped snout and toes fringed with long, pointed scales. * * *
fringe area n. A zone just outside of the range of a broadcasting station in which signals are weakened and distorted. * * *
fringe benefit n. An employment benefit given in addition to one's wages or salary. * * *
fringed gentian
a plant of the genus Gentianopsis (or Gentiana), esp. G. crinita, having a tubular blue corolla with four fringed petals. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
fringed orchis
any of several American orchids of the genus Habenaria, having a cut, fringed lip. Also called fringed orchid. * * *
fringed polygala
a North American milkwort, Polygala paucifolia, having flowers with purplish-pink, winglike petals and a fringed tube. Also called flowering wintergreen, gaywings. * * *
fringed gentian (frĭnjd) n. A biennial or annual plant (Gentianopsis crinita) of eastern North America, having blue, bell-shaped flowers with fringed petals. * * *
fringed orchis n. Any of various orchids of the genus Habenaria, having variously colored flowers with a fringed lip and a spurred base. * * *
fringed polygala n. A perennial plant (Polygala paucifolia) of eastern North America, having fringed, reddish-purple flowers. Also called flowering wintergreen. * * *
/frinj"hed'/, n. any fish of the genus Neoclinus, characterized by a row of fleshy processes on the head, as N. blanchardi (sarcastic fringehead), of California coastal ...
fringe tree n. A shrub or small tree (Chionanthus virginicus) of the southeast United States, having drooping clusters of white flowers and dark blue fruit. Also called ...
/frin jil"id/, adj. 1. Also, fringilline /frin jil"uyn, -in/ belonging or pertaining to the family Fringillidae, comprising the finches and related birds. n. 2. a fringillid ...
▪ bird family  songbird family, order Passeriformes, sometimes collectively termed New World seedeaters. The group includes grosbeaks, cardinals, longspurs, Galápagos ...
fringing forest.
See gallery forest. [1900-05] * * *
fringing reef
a coral reef close to and along the land. [1835-45] * * *       a coral reef (q.v.) consisting of a sea-level flat built out from the shore of an island or continent. * ...
fring·ing reef (frĭnʹjĭng) n. A coral reef formed close to a shoreline. * * *
fringy [frin′jē] adj. fringier, fringiest 1. like a fringe 2. having a fringe or fringes * * * See fringe. * * *
(1930–93) an English artist, well known for her sculptures in bronze, especially of the male figure and of birds and horses. She was made a dame(2) in 1982. * * *
Frink, Dame Elisabeth Jean
▪ 1994       British sculptor (b. Nov. 14, 1930, Thurlow, Suffolk, England—d. April 18, 1993, Woolland, Dorset, England), was best known for her monumental figurative ...
Fri·o (frēʹō) A river of southern Texas flowing about 354 km (220 mi) south and southeast to the Nueces River. * * *
Frio, Cape
▪ cape, Brazil Portuguese  Cabo Frio,         promontory on Brazil's southeast Atlantic coast, Rio de Janeiro state, 70 mi (113 km) east of the city of Rio de ...
/frip"euh ree/, n., pl. fripperies. 1. finery in dress, esp. when showy, gaudy, or the like. 2. empty display; ostentation. 3. gewgaws; trifles. [1560-70; < F friperie, OF ...
/frip"it/, n. Brit. Slang. a pretty, frivolous young woman. [1905-10; perh. FRIPP(ERY) + -ET] * * *
Fris abbrev. Frisian * * *
Frisian. Also, Fris. * * *
/friz"bee/, Trademark. a brand of plastic concave disk, used for various catching games by sailing it between two or more players and thrown by making it spin as it is released ...
/frish/; Ger., Norw. /frddish/, n. 1. Karl von /kahrl von/; Ger. /kahrddl feuhn/, born 1886, Austrian zoologist: Nobel prize for physiology 1973. 2. Max (Rudolf) /maks ...
Frisch, Frank
▪ American athlete byname of  Frank Francis Frisch,  also called  The Fordham Flash  born Sept. 9, 1898, Queens, New York City died March 12, 1973, Wilmington, Del., ...
Frisch, Karl von
born Nov. 20, 1886, Vienna, Austria died June 12, 1982, Munich, W.Ger. Zoologist, a pioneer of behavioral physiology. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Munich, where ...
Frisch, Max
▪ Swiss author in full  Max Rudolf Frisch  born May 15, 1911, Zürich, Switz. died April 4, 1991, Zürich       Swiss dramatist and novelist, noted for his depictions ...
Frisch, Max (Rudolf)
born May 15, 1911, Zürich, Switz. died April 4, 1991, Zürich Swiss dramatist and novelist. Originally a journalist, he later worked as an architect, a career he abandoned for ...
Frisch, Otto Robert
▪ Austrian physicist born Oct. 1, 1904, Vienna, Austria died Sept 22, 1979, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.       physicist who, with his aunt Lise Meitner (Meitner, ...
Frisch, Ragnar
▪ Norwegian economist in full  Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch  born March 1895, Oslo, Norway died January 31, 1973, Oslo       Norwegian econometrician (econometrics) and ...
Frisch, Ragnar (Anton Kittil)
born March 1895, Oslo, Nor. died Jan. 31, 1973, Oslo Norwegian economist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Oslo and taught there from 1931 to 1965. He was a pioneer ...
Frisches Haff
/frish"is hahf"/ a lagoon in N Poland. 52 mi. (84 km) long; 4-12 mi. (6-19 km) wide. * * *
Frischlin, Philipp Nikodemus
▪ German philologist born Sept. 22, 1547, Balingen, Württemberg [Germany] died Nov. 29/30, 1590, Hohenurach, near Reutlingen [Germany]       German philologist, poet, ...
/fris"koh/, n. Informal. San Francisco. [1850-55, Amer.; by shortening] * * *
/fri zay"/, n. a rug or upholstery fabric having the pile in uncut loops or in a combination of cut and uncut loops. [1880-85; < F: n. use of ptp. of friser to curl, prob. deriv. ...
Frise aileron
/freez/, Aeron. an aircraft wing control surface designed with its leading edge extending forward of its axis of rotation so that when the aileron's trailing edge is raised the ...
fri·sée (frĭ-zāʹ) n. See endive.   [French, from feminine past participle of friser, to curl. See frizz1.] * * *
/fri zet"/, n. a fringe of curled or frizzed hair, usually artificial, worn on the forehead by women. Also, frizette. [1810-20; < F; see FRISÉ, -ETTE] * * *
/frddee zuerdd"/, n., pl. friseurs /-zuerdd"/. French. a hairdresser. * * *
Frisi, Paolo
▪ Italian physicist born April 13, 1728, Milan, Austrian Habsburg domain [Italy] died Nov. 22, 1784, Milan       Italian mathematician, astronomer, and physicist who is ...
▪ historical region, Europe       historic region of The Netherlands and Germany fronting the North Sea and including the Frisian Islands. It has been divided since 1815 ...
/frizh"euhn, free"zheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Friesland, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Friesland or the Frisian Islands. 3. the ...
Frisian carving
(in Pennsylvania Dutch furniture) geometrical incised carving. * * * ▪ furniture       in decorative arts, lightly carved ornamentation on furniture made by the ...
Frisian Islands
a chain of islands in the North Sea, extending along the coasts of the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark: includes groups belonging to the Netherlands (West Frisians) and to ...
Frisian language
West Germanic language most closely related to English. Formerly spoken from the province of North Holland in The Netherlands to the province of Schleswig in northern Germany, ...
Frisian literature
      the literature that is written in West Frisian, a language closely related to Old English, and now spoken primarily by the inhabitants of Friesland, a northern ...
Frisian Islands A chain of islands in the North Sea off the coast of the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark. The West Frisian Islands belong to the Netherlands. The East Frisian ...
—frisker, n. —friskingly, adv. /frisk/, v.i. 1. to dance, leap, skip, or gambol; frolic: The dogs and children frisked about on the lawn. v.t. 2. to search (a person) for ...
See frisk. * * *
/fris"kit/, n. 1. a mask of thin paper laid over an illustration to shield certain areas when using an airbrush. 2. Print. a mask of strong paper set in a rectangular frame ...
See frisky. * * *
See friskily. * * *
—friskily, adv. —friskiness, n. /fris"kee/, adj., friskier, friskiest. lively; frolicsome; playful. [1515-25; FRISK + -Y1] * * *
/free sohonn"/; Fr. /frddee sawonn"/, n., pl. frissons /-sohonnz"/; Fr. /-sawonn"/. a sudden, passing sensation of excitement; a shudder of emotion; thrill: The movie offers the ...
Frist, Bill
▪ 2004       On Jan. 7, 2003, Sen. Bill Frist of Tennessee formally became U.S. Senate majority leader. Two weeks earlier the surgeon turned politician had won unanimous ...
/frit/, n., v., fritted, fritting. n. 1. Ceram. a. a fused or partially fused material used as a basis for glazes or enamels. b. the composition from which artificial soft ...
frit fly
a minute European fly, Oscinella frit, the larvae of which are serious pests of wheat and other cereals. [1880-85; of obscure orig.] * * * ▪ insect also called  chloropid ...
/frddeet/, n.pl. French. French fries. * * *
frit fly n. Any of several small flies of the family Chloropidae, especially Oscinella frit, having larvae that are destructive to cereal plants such as oats and ...
/frith/, n. firth. * * *
Frith, William Powell
▪ British painter born Jan. 9, 1819, Aldfield, Yorkshire, Eng. died Nov. 2, 1909, London       English painter famous for his crowded scenes of contemporary English ...
/frith"stool'/, n. (in Anglo-Saxon England) a seat in a church, placed near the altar, for persons who claimed the right of sanctuary. [bef. 1000; OE frithstol, equiv. to frith ...
/frit'l air"ee euh/, n. any liliaceous plant of the genus Fritillaria, comprising bulbous herbs having drooping, bell-shaped flowers. [1570-80; < NL, name of genus, equiv. to L ...
/frit"l er'ee/, n., pl. fritillaries. any of several orange-brown nymphalid butterflies, usually marked with black lines and dots and with silvery spots on the undersides of the ...
a US company, owned by PepsiCo, that makes a range of small potato and corn food products. They include Fritos, Doritos, Ruffles and Lay’s. * * *
/fri tah"teuh/; It. /frddeet tah"tah/, n., pl. frittatas, It. frittate /-te/. Italian Cookery. an omelet resembling a large pancake and containing vegetables, seasonings, and ...
fritter1 —fritterer, n. /frit"euhr/, v.t. 1. to squander or disperse piecemeal; waste little by little (usually fol. by away): to fritter away one's money; to fritter away an ...
fritto misto
/free"toh mee"stoh/; It. /frddeet'taw mee"staw/, Italian Cookery. small pieces of meat, fish, or vegetables dipped in batter and deep-fried. [1900-05; < It: lit., mixed fried ...
/frits/, Informal. n. 1. on the fritz, not in working order: Our TV went on the fritz last night. v.i. 2. fritz out, to become inoperable. [1900-05; of obscure orig.] * * * (as ...
/frits/, n. 1. Older Slang (sometimes offensive). a German, esp. a German soldier. 2. a male given name. [1910-15; < G; common nickname for Friedrich] * * * (as used in ...
Fritz Lang
➡ Lang * * *
Fritzsche, Hans
▪ German journalist born 1899, Dresden, Ger. died Sept. 27, 1953, Cologne       German journalist and broadcaster, a member of the Nazi propaganda ministry, whose ...
Fri·u·li (frēʹə-lē', frē-o͞oʹlē) A historical region and former duchy of Italy in present-day northeast Italy and Slovenia. Occupied by the Romans in the second ...
Friuli-Venezia Giulia
/frddee ooh"lee ve ne"tsyah jooh"lyah/ a region in NE Italy: formerly part of Venezia Giulia, most of which was ceded to Yugoslavia in 1947. 1,242,987; 2947 sq. mi. (7630 sq. ...
Fri·u·li-Ve·ne·zia Giu·lia (frēʹə-lē'və-nēt'sē-ə jo͞olʹyə, frē-o͞oʹlē-vĕ-nĕtʹsyä) A region of northeast Italy bounded by Austria in the north and ...
/free ooh"lee euhn/, n. a Rhaeto-Romanic dialect spoken by about half a million people of the plains of extreme NE Italy. [1875-80; Friuli region of Italy + -AN] * * *
Friuli–Venezia Giulia
Autonomous region (pop., 2001 prelim.: 1,180,375), northeastern Italy. It covers 3,029 sq mi (7,845 sq km), and it borders Austria, Slovenia, and the Adriatic Sea. Its capital ...
—frivoler; esp. Brit., frivoller, n. /friv"euhl/, v., frivoled, frivoling or (esp. Brit.) frivolled, frivolling. Informal. v.i. 1. to behave frivolously; trifle. v.t. 2. to ...
See frivol. * * *
/fri vol"i tee/, n., pl. frivolities for 2. 1. the quality or state of being frivolous: the frivolity of Mardi Gras. 2. a frivolous act or thing: It was a frivolity he had a hard ...
—frivolously, adv. —frivolousness, n. /friv"euh leuhs/, adj. 1. characterized by lack of seriousness or sense: frivolous conduct. 2. self-indulgently carefree; unconcerned ...
See frivolous. * * *
See frivolously. * * *
—frizer, n. /friz/, v.i., v.t., frizzed, frizzing, n., pl. frizzes. frizz1. * * *
/fri zet"/, n. frisette. * * *
frizz1 —frizzer, n. /friz/ v.i., v.t. 1. to form into small, crisp curls or little tufts. n. 2. the state of being frizzed. 3. something frizzed; frizzed hair. Also, ...
Frizzell, Lefty
orig. William Orville Frizzell born March 31, 1928, Corsicana, Texas, U.S. died July 19, 1975, Nashville, Tenn. U.S. singer and songwriter. He was a fan of Jimmie Rodgers from ...
See frizz1. * * *
See frizzy. * * *
See frizzily. * * *
frizzle1 —frizzler, n. /friz"euhl/, v., frizzled, frizzling, n. v.t., v.i. 1. to form into small, crisp curls; frizz. n. 2. a short, crisp curl. [1555-65; orig. uncert.; cf. OE ...
/friz"lee/, adj., frizzlier, frizzliest. frizzy. [1700-10; FRIZZLE1 + -Y1] * * *
—frizzily, adv. —frizziness, n. /friz"ee/, adj., frizzier, frizziest. formed into small, tight curls, as hair; frizzed. Also, frizzly. [1865-70; FRIZZ1 + -Y1] * * *

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