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/fruk"teuh fi kay'tiv, frook"-, froohk"-/, adj. having the ability to yield or produce fruit. [1885-90; FRUCTIFICAT(ION) + -IVE] * * *
/fruk"teuh fuy'euhr, frook"-, froohk"-/, n. a person or thing that fructifies: Fructifiers were added to enrich the dirt. [1825-35; FRUCTIFY + -ER1] * * *
/fruk"teuh fuy', frook"-, froohk"-/, v., fructified, fructifying. v.i. 1. to bear fruit; become fruitful: With careful tending the plant will fructify. v.t. 2. to make fruitful ...
/fruk"teuh san', frook"-, froohk"-/, n. Biochem. any of the class of hexosans, as inulin and the like, that yield fructose upon hydrolysis. [1925-30; FRUCTOSE + -AN] * * *
/fruk"tohs, frook"-, froohk"-/, n. Chem., Pharm. a yellowish to white, crystalline, water-soluble, levorotatory ketose sugar, C6H12O6, sweeter than sucrose, occurring in invert ...
/fruk"teuh suyd', frook"-, froohk"-/, n. Biochem. a glycoside that yields fructose upon hydrolysis. [FRUCTOSE + -IDE] * * *
▪ disease       disturbance of fructose metabolism resulting from a hereditary disorder or intolerance. Normally, fructose is first metabolized in the body to ...
—fructuously, adv. —fructuousness, n. /fruk"chooh euhs/, adj. productive; fertile; profitable: a fructuous region, rich in natural resources. [1350-1400; ME < L fructuosus, ...
Frueh, Al
▪ American caricaturist byname of  Alfred Frueh   born 1880, Lima, Ohio, U.S. died Sept. 14, 1968, Sharon, Conn.       American cartoonist and caricaturist for The ...
Fruehauf Trailer Corporation
▪ American corporation also called (1918–63)  Fruehauf Trailer Company , or (1963–89)  Fruehauf Corporation        American corporation engaged in the ...
—frugger, n. /froohg/, n., v., frugged, frugging. n. 1. a dance deriving from the twist. v.i. 2. to dance the frug. [1960-65; of unexplained orig.; perh. akin to FRIG] * * *
—frugality, frugalness, n. —frugally, adv. /frooh"geuhl/, adj. 1. economical in use or expenditure; prudently saving or sparing; not wasteful: a frugal manager. 2. entailing ...
See frugal. * * *
See frugality. * * *
See frugality. * * *
/frooh"jeuh vawr', -vohr'/, n. any chiefly fruit-eating organism, as certain bats. [1970-75; see FRUGIVOROUS, -VORE] * * *
/frooh jiv"euhr euhs/, adj. fruit-eating, as certain bats. [1705-15; < L frugi-, comb. form of frux fruit + -VOROUS] * * *
—fruitlike, adj. /frooht/, n., pl. fruits, (esp. collectively) fruit, v. n. 1. any product of plant growth useful to humans or animals. 2. the developed ovary of a seed plant ...
Fruit and Nut
n [U] a popular British chocolate bar containing raisins and nuts, made by Cadbury Schweppes: Do you want a piece of Fruit and Nut? * * *
fruit bat
any fruit-eating bat, esp. of the suborder Megachiroptera, of tropical regions throughout the Old World, typically having erect, catlike ears and large eyes adapted for night ...
fruit farming
Introduction       growing of fruit crops, including nuts, primarily for use as human food.       The subject of fruit and nut production deals with intensive ...
fruit fly
1. any of numerous small dipterous insects of the family Tephritidae, the larvae of which feed on the fruit of various plants. 2. See vinegar fly. 3. drosophila. [1745-55] * * ...
fruit gum
n [usu pl] (BrE) a small round British sweet/candy like a hard piece of jelly. Fruit gums are usually sold in a roll and have different fruit colours and flavours. They are ...
fruit jar
a glass jar for preserving fruit or vegetables, usually holding one pint or one quart and having an airtight cap. Cf. Mason jar. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
fruit knife
a small knife, usually having a distinctive handle and a stainless steel blade with a sharp or serrated edge, used at table for paring and cutting fruit. [1850-55] * * *
fruit machine
fruit machine n. Brit. SLOT MACHINE (sense b) * * *
Fruit of the Loom{™}
a US company that makes mainly cotton sports clothes and underwear. * * *
fruit processing
Introduction       preparation of fruit for human consumption.  Fruit is sometimes defined as the product of growth from an angiosperm, or flowering plant. From a ...
fruit ranch
Western U.S. a farm where fruit is the main produce. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
fruit spot
▪ plant pathology  symptom of plant disease, usually caused by fungi and bacteria. A spot is a definite, localized area. Spots frequently enlarge and merge to form a rot, a ...
fruit sugar
Chem. fructose. [1885-90] * * *
fruit tree
a tree bearing edible fruit. [1570-80] * * *
/frooh"tij/, n. 1. the bearing of fruit: soil additives to hasten the fruitage. 2. fruits collectively. 3. product or result: This year's fruitage was of better ...
/frooh tair"ee euhn/, n. a person whose diet consists chiefly of fruit. [1890-95; FRUIT + -ARIAN, on the model of VEGETARIAN] * * *
fruit bat n. Any of various fruit-eating bats of the suborder Megachiroptera, inhabiting chiefly tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, and Australia. * * *
fruit beer n. Beer or ale to which fruit, such as cherries, or fruit syrup has been added for a second fermentation. * * *
/frooht"kayk'/, n. 1. a rich cake containing dried or candied fruit, nuts, etc. 2. Slang. a crazy or eccentric person; nut. [1840-50; FRUIT + CAKE] * * *
fruit cocktail n. A mixture of fresh or preserved fruits cut into pieces and served as an appetizer or dessert. Also called fruit cup. * * *
/frooh"tid/, adj. 1. having or bearing fruit. 2. with fruit added. [1605-15; FRUIT + -ED3] * * *
/frooh"teuhr/, n. 1. a cargo vessel carrying fruit. 2. a person who grows fruit. [1425-75; late ME; see FRUIT, -ER1] * * *
/frooh"teuhr euhr/, n. Chiefly Brit. a dealer in fruit. [1375-1425; late ME; extended form of FRUITER] * * *
fruit fly n. 1. Any of various small flies of the family Drosophilidae, having larvae that feed on ripening or fermenting fruits and vegetables, especially the common species ...
—fruitfully, adv. —fruitfulness, n. /frooht"feuhl/, adj. 1. producing good results; beneficial; profitable: fruitful investigations. 2. abounding in fruit, as trees or other ...
See fruitful. * * *
See fruitfully. * * *
See fruity. * * *
fruiting body
an organ that produces spores; fructification. [1915-20] * * *
fruit·ing body (fro͞oʹtĭng) n. A specialized spore-producing structure, especially of a fungus. * * *
/frooh ish"euhn/, n. 1. attainment of anything desired; realization; accomplishment: After years of hard work she finally brought her idea to full fruition. 2. enjoyment, as of ...
fruitive1 /frooh"i tiv/, adj. able to produce fruit or fruition; fruitful. [FRUIT(ION) + -IVE] fruitive2 /frooh"i tiv/, adj. able to enjoy or to produce enjoyment. [1625-35; < ML ...
—fruitlessly, adv. —fruitlessness, n. /frooht"lis/, adj. 1. useless; unproductive; without results or success: a fruitless search for the missing treasure. 2. bearing no ...
See fruitless. * * *
See fruitlessly. * * *
/frooht"lit/, n. Bot. a small fruit, esp. one of those forming an aggregate fruit, as the raspberry. [1880-85; FRUIT + -LET] * * *
fruit sugar n. See fructose. * * *
/frooht"wood'/, n. any of various woods from fruit-bearing trees, used for cabinetmaking and the like. [1925-30; FRUIT + WOOD1] * * *
fruitworm beetle
▪ insect       any of a few genera of insects in the family Byfuridae (order Coleoptera) whose larvae feed on fruit. A common example of this family of small, hairy, ...
—fruitiness, n. /frooh"tee/, adj., fruitier, fruitiest. 1. resembling fruit; having the taste or smell of fruit. 2. rich in flavor; pungent. 3. excessively sweet or ...
/frddoom/, adj. Yiddish. religious; observant. * * *
/frooh'meuhn tay"sheuhs/, adj. of the nature of or resembling wheat or other grain. [1660-70; < LL frumentaceus of corn or grain, equiv. to L frument(um) grain + -aceus ...
/frooh men"shee euhs/, n. Saint, A.D. c300-c380, founder of the Ethiopian Church. * * *
Frumentius, Saint
▪ Ethiopian bishop Amharic  Abba Salama   flourished 4th century, feast day October 27 in the Roman Catholic Church; November 30 in Eastern Orthodox churches; December 18th ...
/frooh"meuhn tee/, n. Brit. Dial. a dish of hulled wheat boiled in milk and seasoned with sugar, cinnamon, and raisins. [1350-1400; ME frumentee < OF, equiv. to frument grain ( < ...
—frumpish, adj. /frump/, n. 1. a person who is dowdy, drab, and unattractive. 2. a dull, old-fashioned person. [1545-55; orig. uncert.] * * *
See frump. * * *
See frumpily. * * *
frump·ish (frŭmʹpĭsh) adj. 1. Dull or plain. 2. Prim and sedate.   frumpʹish·ly adv. frumpʹish·ness n. * * *
See frumpish. * * *
See frumpishly. * * *
—frumpily, adv. —frumpiness, n. /frum"pee/, adj., frumpier, frumpiest. frumpish. [1740-50; FRUMP + -Y1] * * *
Frundsberg, Georg von
▪ German military officer Frundsberg also spelled  Freundsberg, or Fronsberg   born Sept. 24, 1473, Mindelheim Castle, near Memmingen [Germany] died Aug. 20, 1528, ...
/froohn"zeuh/; Russ. /froohn"zyeuh/, n. a former name (1926-91) of Bishkek. * * *
Frunze, Mikhail (Vasilyevich)
born Jan. 21, 1885, Pishpek, Kirgiziya, Russian Empire died Oct. 31, 1925, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet army officer and military theorist. An active revolutionary from ...
Frunze, Mikhail Vasilyevich
▪ Russian military officer born Jan. 21 [Feb. 2, New Style], 1885, Pishpek, Kirgiziya, Russian Empire [now Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan] died Oct. 31, 1925, Moscow, ...
frus·ta (frŭsʹtə) n. A plural of frustum. * * *
—frustrater, n. —frustratingly, adv. —frustrative /frus"tray tiv, -treuh-/, adj. /frus"trayt/, v., frustrated, frustrating, adj. v.t. 1. to make (plans, efforts, etc.) ...
/frus"tray tid/, adj. 1. disappointed; thwarted: an announcer who was a frustrated actor. 2. having a feeling of or filled with frustration; dissatisfied: His unresolved ...
See frustrate. * * *
See frustrater. * * *
/fru stray"sheuhn/, n. 1. act of frustrating; state of being frustrated: the frustration of the president's efforts. 2. an instance of being frustrated: to experience a series of ...
/frus"choohl/, n. Bot. the siliceous cell wall of a diatom. [1855-60; < F < LL frustulum, dim. of frustum FRUSTUM] * * *
/frus"teuh leuhm, -cheuh-/, n., pl. frustula /-leuh/. Rom. Cath. Ch. a small breakfast permitted on fast days. [1690-1700; < L; see FRUSTULE] * * *
/frus"teuhm/, n., pl. frustums, frusta /-teuh/. Geom. 1. the part of a conical solid left after cutting off a top portion with a plane parallel to the base. 2. the part of a ...
See frutescent. * * *
—frutescence, n. /frooh tes"euhnt/, adj. Bot. tending to be shrublike; shrubby. [1700-10; < L frut(ex) shrub, bush + -ESCENT] * * *
/frooh"ti kohs'/, adj. 1. having the form of a shrub; shrublike. 2. having branched stalks, as certain lichens. Cf. crustose, foliose. [1660-70; < L fruticosus full of shrubs, ...
freeway. * * *
fry1 —fryable, adj. /fruy/, v., fried, frying, n., pl. fries. v.t. 1. to cook in a pan or on a griddle over direct heat, usually in fat or oil. 2. Slang. to execute by ...
/fruy/, n. Christopher, born 1907, English playwright. * * *
fry bread
fry bread n. a flat wheat bread made by North American Indians of the SW U.S., that is cooked by frying in deep fat until light brown and puffed on both sides: also written ...
fry cook
a cook who mainly prepares fried foods, as at a lunch counter. * * *
Fry, Christopher
orig. Christopher Harris born Dec. 18, 1907, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. British playwright. He worked as an actor, director, and playwright before achieving success with ...
Fry, Elizabeth
▪ British philanthropist née  Gurney  born May 21, 1780, Norwich, Norfolk, Eng. died Oct. 12, 1845, Ramsgate, Kent  British Quaker philanthropist and one of the chief ...
Fry, Maxwell
▪ British architect in full  Edwin Maxwell Fry  born Aug. 2, 1899, Wallasey, Cheshire, Eng. died Sept. 3, 1987, Cotherstone, Durham       British architect who, with ...
Fry, Roger
▪ British art critic and painter in full  Roger Eliot Fry  born December 14, 1866, London, England died September 9, 1934, London       English art critic and artist, ...
Fry, Roger (Eliot)
born Dec. 14, 1866, London, Eng. died Sept. 9, 1934, London British art critic and artist. He gave up a career in science to study art in Italy. As a curator at the ...
Fry (frī), Christopher. Born 1907. British playwright who revitalized modern verse drama with his comic and religious works, such as A Phoenix Too Frequent (1946) and ...
fry-up [frī′up΄] n. [Brit. Informal] a dish consisting of several fried foods served together, as eggs, sausage, and kidneys * * *
▪ Czech Republic       city, northeastern Czech Republic. It lies along the Ostravice River just south of Ostrava. The town is dominated by the steeple of Frýdek ...
/fruy/, n. (Herman) Northrop, 1912-91, Canadian literary critic and educator. * * *
Frye, (Herman) Northrop
born July 14, 1912, Sherbrooke, Que., Can. died Jan. 23, 1991, Toronto, Ont. Canadian literary critic. He was educated in Canada and Britain and from 1939 taught at Victoria ...
Frye, (Herman)Northrup
Frye (frī), (Herman) Northrup. 1912-1991. Canadian literary critic and theorist best known for his work Anatomy of Criticism (1957). An ordained minister in the United Church ...
Frye, Northrop
▪ Canadian literary critic in full  Herman Northrop Frye  born July 14, 1912, Sherbrooke, Que., Can. died Jan. 23, 1991, Toronto, Ont.       Canadian educator and ...
/fruy"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that fries. 2. something, as a young chicken, to be cooked by frying. 3. See deep fryer. Also, frier. [1850-55; FRY1 + -ER1] * * *
Fryer, Robert
▪ 2001       American theatrical and film producer (b. Dec. 18, 1920, Washington, D.C.—d. May 28, 2000, Los Angeles, Calif.), staged some of Broadway's most popular ...
▪ cooking       the cooking of food in hot fats or oils, usually done with a shallow oil bath in a pan over a fire or as so-called deep fat frying, in which the food is ...
frying pan
1. a shallow, long-handled pan in which food is fried. 2. out of the frying pan into the fire, free of one predicament but immediately in a worse one. Also, fry-pan, frypan ...
fry·ing pan (frīʹĭng) n. A shallow, long-handled pan used for frying food. Also called skillet, also called regionally fry pan, spider.   Regional Note: The terms frying pan ...
fry pan n. Chiefly Eastern, Southern, & Western U.S. See frying pan. See Regional Note at frying pan. * * *
FS abbrev. 1. Forest Service 2. Football free safety: sometimes written fs * * * FS abbr. 1. Foreign Service. 2. Forest Service. * * *
Farm Security Agency. * * *
FSC abbrev. 〚Fratres Scholarum Christianarum〛 Brothers of the Christian Schools; Christian Brothers * * *
Biochem. follicle-stimulating hormone: a peptide, produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, that regulates the development of the Graafian follicle in the female and ...
See Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation. * * *
foreign service officer. * * *
Field Service Regulations. * * *
ft abbrev. foot; feet * * * FT abbr. full-time. * * * ➡ Financial Times. * * *
FT Index
➡ Financial Times Indices * * *
FT-Actuaries All-Share Index
➡ Financial Times Indices * * *
ft-c abbrev. foot-candle * * * ft-c abbr. foot-candle. * * *
foot-lambert. * * *
foot-pound. * * *
foot-poundal. * * *
FT-SE 100-Share Index
➡ Footsie. * * *
forint; forints. * * *
FTA abbr. Future Teachers of America. * * *
U.S. Govt. Federal Trade Commission: a board, consisting of five members, charged with investigating and enjoining illegal practices in interstate trade, as price-fixing or ...
fth or fthm abbrev. fathom(s) * * *
fathom. Also, fthm. * * *
n., v. FTPed, FTPing. n. 1. File Transfer Protocol: a software protocol for exchanging information between computers over a network. 2. any program that implements this ...
free-trade zone. * * *
(as used in expressions) K'ung fu tzu Fu chien Fu chou Du Fu Tu Fu kung fu * * * ▪ Chinese literature       Chinese literary form combining elements of poetry and ...
Fu Hsi
▪ Chinese mythological emperor Pinyin  Fu Xi , formally (Wade-Giles romanization)  T'ai Hao (Chinese: “The Great Bright One”) , also called  Pao Hsi , or  Mi ...
Fu Manchu
the main character in a series of novels by the British crime writer Sax Rohmer (c. 1883–1959), some of which were made into films in the 1930s and the 1960s. Dr Fu Manchu is ...
Fu Manchu mustache
/fooh" man chooh"/ a mustache whose ends droop to the chin. Also called Fu Manchu. [1935-40; after the mustache worn by Fu Manchu, an Oriental master criminal in films of the ...
Fu Mingxia
▪ 1997       One month after capping her career with two gold medals at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, Ga., Chinese diver Fu Mingxia announced her retirement, ...
Fu Shen
▪ Chinese mythology Pinyin  Fu Shen,         a Chinese god of happiness, the deification of a 6th-century mandarin. As a generic title, the name Fu Shen denotes the ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Fu-an        city, northeastern Fujian (Fukien) sheng (province), China. It is situated on the east bank of the Jiao River, with ...
/fooh"shee"/, n. Chinese Legend. a sage who taught mankind to hunt, fish, and cook. * * *
Fuad I
/fooh ahd"/, (Ahmed Fuad Pasha) 1868-1936, king of Egypt 1922-36. * * *
Fuad Paşa, Mehmed
▪ Ottoman vizier born 1815, Constantinople [now Istanbul] died Feb. 12, 1869, Nice, Fr.       Turkish statesman of the mid-19th century and one of the chief architects ...
/fyooh"ij/, n. Old Eng. Law. fumage. [1755-65] * * *
/fub/, v.t., fubbed, fubbing. fob2. [1605-15] * * *
fu·bar (fo͞oʹbär') adj. Slang Utterly botched or confused.   [f(ucked) u(p) b(eyond) a(ll) r(ecognition).] * * *
fubing system
▪ Chinese militia system Wade-Giles romanization  fu-ping         peasant “militia” system established in China about the 6th century AD. The fubing was first ...
/fub"zee/, adj., fubsier, fubsiest. Brit. Dial. short and stout. [1770-80; obs. fubs, fub chubby person + -Y1; cf. -S4, -SY] * * *
Fu·chou (fo͞oʹjōʹ, -chouʹ) See Fuzhou. * * *
/fyoohks/, n. 1. Daniel, born 1909, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. 2. Sir Vivian (Ernest), born 1908, British geologist and antarctic explorer. * * *
Fuchs, (Emil) Klaus (Julius)
born Dec. 29, 1911, Rüsselsheim, Ger. died Jan. 28, 1988, E.Ger. German physicist and spy. He joined the German Communist Party in 1930 but fled Germany after the Nazi ...
Fuchs, Joseph
▪ 1998       American violinist and educator who toured the world and gave performances that were noted for their vigorous style, assured technique, and rich, warm tone; ...
Fuchs, Klaus
▪ German physicist and spy born Dec. 29, 1911, Rüsselsheim, Ger. died Jan. 28, 1988, East Germany       German-born physicist and spy who was arrested and convicted ...
Fuchs, Leonhard
▪ German botanist and physician born Jan. 17, 1501, Wemding, Bavaria [Germany] died May 10, 1566, Tübingen, Württemberg [Germany]       German botanist and physician ...
Fuchs, Ruth
▪ German athlete née  Gamm   born Dec. 14, 1946, Egeln, Sachsen-Anhalt, Ger.    East German athlete, winner of two Olympic gold medals. She dominated the javelin throw ...
Fuchs, Sir Vivian Ernest
▪ 2000 “Bunny”        British explorer (b. Feb. 11, 1908, Freshwater, Isle of Wight, Eng.—d. Nov. 11, 1999, Cambridge, Eng.), led the British Commonwealth ...
Fuchs,Klaus Emil Julius
Fuchs (fyo͞oks), Klaus Emil Julius. 1911-1988. German-born physicist who worked on the development of the atomic bomb in Britain and the United States and was imprisoned ...
Füchsel, Georg Christian
▪ German geologist born Feb. 14, 1722, Ilmenau, Thuringia, Holy Roman Empire died June 20, 1773, Rudolstadt, Thuringia       German geologist, a pioneer in the ...
/fyooh"sheuh/, n. 1. a plant belonging to the genus Fuchsia, of the evening primrose family, including many varieties cultivated for their handsome drooping flowers. 2. Also ...
/fook"sin/, n. a greenish, water-soluble, solid, coal-tar derivative, obtained by the oxidation of a mixture of aniline and the toluidines, that forms deep-red solutions: used ...
/fyoohk"suyt, foohk"-/, n. Mineral. a bright green variety of muscovite having chromium in place of some of the aluminum. [1835-45; < G Fuchsit; named after J. N. von Fuchs, ...
Fu·chu (fo͞oʹcho͞oʹ) A city of east-central Honshu, Japan, a mainly residential suburb of Tokyo. Population: 215,048. * * * ▪ Japan       city, (metropolis) ...
Fuchun River
▪ river, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Fuchun Jiang , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Fu-ch'un Chiang        river flowing through Zhejiang (Chekiang) province, ...
Fucino Basin
▪ former lake bed, Italy Italian  Conca Del Fucino,  formerly  Lago Fucino, or Lago Di Celano,  Latin  Lacus Fucinus,         former lake bed in L'Aquila ...
—fucky, adj. /fuk/, Vulgar. v.t. 1. to have sexual intercourse with. 2. Slang. to treat unfairly or harshly. v.i. 3. to have sexual intercourse. 4. Slang. to meddle (usually ...
fucked-up (fŭktʹŭpʹ) adj. Vulgar Slang 1. Completely messed up or mishandled; botched. 2. Badly damaged or injured. 3. Exceedingly drunk or intoxicated. * * *
/fuk"euhr/, n. Slang (vulgar). an inconsequential, annoying, or disgusting person. [1590-1600; FUCK + -ER1] * * *
/fuk"hed'/, n. Slang (vulgar). a stupid or obnoxious person. [FUCK + HEAD] * * *
/fuk"ing, -in/, adj., adv. Slang (vulgar). damned; confounded (used as an intensifier). [1670-80 for earlier ger. sense; 1890-95 for current sense; FUCK + -ING2] * * *
/fuk"awf', -of'/, n. Slang (vulgar). a person who shirks responsibility or wastes time; malingerer; goldbrick. [1940-45; n. use of v. phrase fuck off] * * *
/fuk"up'/, n. Slang (vulgar). 1. a person who bungles or botches, esp. a habitual bungler. 2. a bungle or botch. [1955-60; n. use of v. phrase fuck up] * * *
/fyooh"koyd/, adj. 1. resembling or related to seaweeds of the genus Fucus. n. 2. a fucoid seaweed. [1830-40; FUC(US) + -OID] * * *
fu·cose (fyo͞oʹkōs') n. An aldose, C6H12O5, present in certain brown algae and in the polysaccharides associated with some blood groups.   [fucus + -ose2.] * * *
fu·co·xan·thin (fyo͞o'kō-zănʹthĭn) n. A brown carotenoid pigment, C40H60O6, found in brown algae.   [fucus + xantho- + -in.] * * *
/fyooh"keuhs/, n., pl. fuci /-suy/, fucuses. any olive-brown seaweed or alga of the genus Fucus, having branching fronds and often air bladders. [1590-1600; < L < Gk phykos ...
/fud/, n. Slang. a fuddy-duddy. [1910-15; back formation from FUDDY-DUDDY] * * *
/fud"l/, v., fuddled, fuddling, n. v.t. 1. to muddle or confuse: a jumble of sounds to fuddle the senses. 2. to make drunk; intoxicate. v.i. 3. to tipple. n. 4. a confused state; ...
/fud"l dud"l/, v.i., fuddle-duddled, fuddle-duddling. Canadian. to depart; be off. [appar. extension of FUDDLE, after FUDDY-DUDDY, though sense is unaccounted for] * * *
fuddling cup
an English earthenware drinking vessel of the 17th and 18th centuries, having the form of a cluster of three or more cups communicating at their bottoms in such a way that the ...
fuddling glass.
See coaching glass. * * *
/fud"ee dud'ee, -dud"ee/, n., pl. fuddy-duddies, adj. n. Also, fuddy. 1. a person who is stuffy, old-fashioned, and conservative. 2. a person who is fussy or picayune about ...
fudge1 /fuj/, n. a soft candy made of sugar, butter, milk, chocolate, and sometimes nuts. [1895-1900, Amer.; of uncert. orig.; the word was early in its history associated with ...
fudge factor
any variable component added to an experiment, plan, or the like that can be manipulated to allow leeway for error. * * *
Fudge, Ann Marie
▪ 1996       With an outstanding reputation as a manager and a proven record for reviving languishing brands, Ann Marie Fudge, president of the $1.4 billion Maxwell ...
fudge factor n. A variable factor or component used in calculations or experiments that allows for a margin of error or produces a desired result. * * *
Fudō Myō-ō
▪ Buddha       in Japanese Buddhist mythology, the fierce form of the Buddha Vairocana, and the most important of the Myō-ō class of deities. See Myō-ō. * * *
/fyooh ee"jee euhn, fway"jee-/, adj. 1. of or belonging to Tierra del Fuego or its indigenous Indians. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Tierra del Fuego. [1815-25; (TIERRA DEL) ...
/fyoor"euhr/, n. Führer. * * *
—fueler, fueller, n. /fyooh"euhl/, n., v., fueled, fueling or (esp. Brit.) fuelled, fuelling. n. 1. combustible matter used to maintain fire, as coal, wood, oil, or gas, in ...
fuel cell
a device that produces a continuous electric current directly from the oxidation of a fuel, as that of hydrogen by oxygen. [1920-25] * * * Device that converts chemical energy ...
fuel injection
—fuel-injection, adj. the spraying of liquid fuel into the cylinders or combustion chambers of an engine. [1895-1900] * * * In an internal-combustion engine, introduction of ...
fuel injector
injector (def. 2b). * * *
fuel oil
an oil used for fuel, esp. one used as a substitute for coal, as crude petroleum. * * * ▪ petroleum product also called  furnace oil        fuel consisting mainly of ...
fuel rod
Energy. nuclear fuel contained in a long thin-walled tube, an array of such tubes forming the core of a nuclear reactor. * * *
See fuel-efficient. * * *
—fuel-efficiency, n. /fyooh"euhl i fish'euhnt/, adj. producing power, heat, etc., at a rate considered optimal with regard to the amount of fuel consumed. * * *
/fyooh"euhl in jek'tid/, adj. (of an engine) having fuel injection. * * *
fuel cell n. An electrochemical cell in which the energy of a reaction between a fuel, such as liquid hydrogen, and an oxidant, such as liquid oxygen, is converted directly and ...
See fuel. * * *
fuel injection n. Any of several methods or mechanical systems by which a fuel is reduced to a fine spray and injected directly into the cylinders of an internal-combustion ...
fuel oil n. A liquid or liquefiable petroleum product that is used to generate heat or power. * * *
fuel rod n. A protective metal tube containing pellets of fuel for a nuclear reactor. * * *
/fwen"tays/; Sp. /fwen"tes/, n. Carlos, born 1928, Mexican writer and diplomat. * * *
Fuentes, Carlos
born Nov. 11, 1928, Mexico City, Mex. Mexican writer and diplomat. The son of a career diplomat, he traveled widely before studying law and entering the diplomatic service. He ...
Fu·en·tes (fo͞o-ĕnʹtās', fwĕnʹtĕs), Carlos. Born 1928. Mexican writer known for his metaphysical short stories and novels about his homeland, notably The Death of ...
▪ Spanish municipal franchise       (from Latin forum, “marketplace”), in medieval Spain, a municipal franchise conferred on a community by the crown or by a noble ...
Fuerte Olimpo
▪ Paraguay       town and river port, northern Paraguay. Lying across the Paraguay River from Brazil, the town dates from 1792 when a fort called Borbón was ...
Fuerte River
▪ river, Mexico Spanish  Río Fuerte        river in northwestern Mexico, formed in Chihuahua state by the junction of the Verde and Urique rivers, and descending ...
/fyoor"teez, -tees, fyooh"euhr-/, n. Louis Agassiz /ag"euh see/, 1874-1927, U.S. painter and naturalist. * * *
Fuer·te·ven·tu·ra (fo͞o-ĕr'tē-vĕn-to͝orʹə, fwĕr'tĕ-vĕn-to͞oʹrä) An island in the Canary Islands off the northwest coast of Africa. It has many extinct ...
Fuerteventura Island
▪ island, Canary Islands, Spain Spanish  Isla de Fuerteventura        island, one of the eastern Canary Islands, Las Palmas provincia (province), in the Canary ...
fu·fu or fu-fu (fo͞oʹfo͞o') n. A thick, doughlike West African food made by boiling and pounding a starchy vegetable such as yam, plantain, or cassava.   [Of West African ...
/fug/, n. stale air, esp. the humid, warm, ill-smelling air of a crowded room, kitchen, etc. [1885-90; of obscure orig.; cf. earlier Brit. slang fogo stench] * * *
—fugaciously, adv. —fugaciousness, fugacity /fyooh gas"i tee/, n. /fyooh gay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. fleeting; transitory: a sensational story with but a fugacious claim on the ...
See fugacious. * * *
See fugaciously. * * *
See fugaciously. * * * ▪ physical science       a measure of the tendency of a component of a liquid mixture to escape, or vaporize, from the mixture. The composition ...
—fugally, adv. /fyooh"geuhl/, adj. Music. of or pertaining to a fugue, or composed in the style of a fugue. [1850-55; FUGUE + -AL1] * * *
See fugal. * * *
/fyooh"gahrd, fooh"-/, n. Athol (Harold), born 1932, South African playwright and actor. * * *
Fugard, Athol
▪ South African dramatist in full  Athol Harold Lannigan Fugard   born June 11, 1932, Middleburg, S.Af.    South African dramatist, actor, and director who became ...
Fugard, Athol (Harold Lannigan)
born June 11, 1932, Middleburg, S.Af. South African playwright, director, and actor. He wrote two plays before The Blood Knot (1961), a penetrating analysis of apartheid, ...
Fu·gard (fyo͞oʹgärd, fo͞oʹ-), Athol. Born 1932. South African playwright and director whose works, including Master Harold... and the Boys (1982), explore racial tension ...
/fooh gah"toh, fyooh-/, n., pl. fugatos. Music. a section of a composition that is in fugal style but does not constitute a real fugue. [1865-70; < It; see FUGUE, -ATE1] * * *
▪ American rock group       American hardcore punk band known as much for its anticorporate politics as for its intense, dynamic music. The members were drummer Brendan ...
/foog"euhrdd/, n. Jakob II /yah"kawp/, ("the Rich"), 1459-1525, German financier, a member of a German family of bankers and merchants of the 14th to 17th centuries. * * *
Fugger family
German mercantile and banking dynasty that dominated European business in the 15th–16th centuries. The family business traces its origins to Hans (Johannes) Fugger ...
fuging tune
▪ hymnody       a form of hymnody developed by American composers of the so-called First New England school during the period of the American Revolution ...
—fugitively, adv. —fugitiveness, fugitivity, n. /fyooh"ji tiv/, n. 1. a person who is fleeing, from prosecution, intolerable circumstances, etc.; a runaway: a fugitive from ...
Fugitive Slave Acts
U.S. laws of 1793 and 1850 (repealed in 1864) that provided for the seizure and return of runaway slaves. The 1793 law authorized a judge alone to decide the status of an ...
See fugitive. * * *
See fugitively. * * *
/fyooh"geuhl/, v.i., fugled, fugling. Archaic. 1. to act as a guide or model. 2. to signal, or motion as if signaling. [1830-40; back formation from FUGLEMAN] * * *
/fyooh"geuhl meuhn/, n., pl. fuglemen. 1. (formerly) a soldier placed in front of a military company as a good model during training drills. 2. a person who heads a group, ...
fug·ly (fŭgʹlē) adj. fug·li·er, fug·li·est Vulgar Slang. Very ugly.   [Shortening of fucking ugly.] * * *
/fooh"gooh/, n. any of several species of puffer fish eaten as a delicacy, esp. in Japan, after the removal of the skin and certain organs which contain a deadly ...
—fuguelike, adj. /fyoohg/, n. 1. Music. a polyphonic composition based upon one, two, or more themes, which are enunciated by several voices or parts in turn, subjected to ...
See fugal. * * *
/fyuu"rddeuhrdd/ Eng. /fyoor"euhr/, n. German. 1. leader. 2. der Führer /derdd/, the leader: title of Adolf Hitler. Also, Fuehrer. [1930-35] * * * ▪ Nazi title also spelled ...
Fu·jay·rah or Fu·jai·rah (fə-jīʹrə, fo͞o-jīʹrä) A sheikdom of the United Arab Emirates on the Gulf of Oman. It joined the federation in 1971. Population: 32,191. * ...
Fujayrah, Al-
▪ emirate, United Arab Emirates also spelled  Fujairah        constituent emirate of the United Arab Emirates (formerly Trucial States, or Trucial Oman). It is the ...
/fooh"jee/, n. a dormant volcano in central Japan, on Honshu island: highest mountain in Japan. 12,395 ft. (3778 m). Also called Fujiyama /fooh'jee yah"meuh/; Japn. /fooh"jee ...
Fuji Bank
▪ Japanese bank       former Japanese bank, and one of Japan's largest commercial banks (commercial bank), that had built a network of offices, affiliates, and ...
Fuji, Mount
or Fujiyama Japanese Fuji-san Mountain, central Japan. The highest mountain in Japan, it rises to 12,388 ft (3,776 m) near the Pacific coast in central Honshu. Mount Fuji, with ...
Fuji, Mount also Fu·ji·ya·ma (fo͞o'jē-yäʹmə, -mä) or Fu·ji·no·ya·ma (-nō-) or Fu·ji·san (-sänʹ) The highest peak, 3,778.6 m (12,389 ft), in Japan, in central ...
/fyuu"jyahn"/, n. Pinyin. a province in SE China, opposite Taiwan. 16,760,000; 45,845 sq. mi. (118,739 sq. km). Cap.: Fuzhou. Also, Fukien. * * * or Fu-chien conventional ...
▪ Japan       city, Shizuoka ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the Pacific coast, lying at the delta of the Ōi River. It was created by the merger of the towns of ...
Fujiko, Fujio F.
▪ 1997       (HIROSHI FUJIMOTO), Japanese cartoonist who, with his childhood friend Motoo Abiko, created the character Doraemon, a robot cat that appeared in books, ...
/fooh'jee mawr"ee/, n. Alberto, born 1938, president of Peru since 1990. * * *
Fujimori, Alberto
▪ 1998       In 1997 Peruvian Pres. Alberto Fujimori faced some of the most formidable challenges of his seven years in office. Peru had been stunned in December 1996 ...
Fujimori, Alberto (Kenyo)
born July 28, 1938, Lima, Peru President of Peru (1990–2000). The son of Japanese immigrants, he graduated from Agrarian National University in 1961. He first entered ...
▪ Japan  city, Shizuoka ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, at the western foot of Mount Fuji. It developed around the Sengen (Asama) Shrine, the main shrine for the worship of ...
Fu·ji·no·ya·ma (fo͞o'jē-nō-yäʹmə, -mä) See Mount Fuji. * * *
Fu·ji·san (fo͞o'jē-sänʹ) See Mount Fuji. * * *
/fooh'jee sah"weuh/; Japn. /fooh"jee sah"wah/, n. a city on E Honshu, in Japan, S of Tokyo. 300,181. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Kanagawa ken (prefecture), Honshu, ...
Fujishima, Akira, and Honda, Kenichi
▪ 2005       Japanese scientists Akira Fujishima and Kenichi Honda were named winners of the 2004 Japan Prize, an international award given annually to individuals who ...
Fujita scale
Fujita scale [fo͞o jēt′ə] n. 〚after T. T. Fujita (1920-98), U.S. meteorologist who devised it〛 a numerical scale for measuring the wind speed and corresponding ...
Fujita Scale of Tornado Intensity
▪ Table The Fujita Scale of tornado intensity F-Scale value wind speed range*   description of damage photograph of typical damage metres per second feet per ...
Fujita Tōko
▪ Japanese politician born May 3, 1806, Mito, Japan died Nov. 11, 1855, Edo [Tokyo]       one of the Japanese scholars who inspired the movement that in 1868 overthrew ...
Fujita Tsuguji
▪ Japanese painter also called  Fujita Tsuguharu, or Leonard Foujita   born Nov. 27, 1886, Tokyo, Japan died Jan. 29, 1968, Zürich, Switz.       Japanese expatriate ...
Fujita, Den
▪ 2005       Japanese businessman (b. 1926, Osaka, Japan—d. April 21, 2004, Tokyo, Japan), was the charismatic founder of McDonald's Japan, which opened in 1971 and ...
Fujita, T. Theodore
▪ Japanese-American meteorologist in full  Tetsuya Theodore Fujita , original name  Fujita Tetsuya  born Oct. 23, 1920, Kitakyushu City, Japan died Nov. 19, 1998, Chicago, ...
Fujita, Tetsuya
▪ 1999       Japanese-born meteorologist who was known as "Mr. Tornado" and "the Tornado Man" as a result of the Fujita scale, which he and his wife, Sumiko, developed ...
Fujitsu Limited
▪ Japanese electronics company       Japanese electronics, computers, information technology, and telecommunications company, with over 500 subsidiaries and affiliates ...
/fooh'jee wahr"euh/; Japn. /fooh"jee wah"rddah/, n. a member of a powerful family in Japan who exercised power as regents in the name of the emperor, A.D. 858-1160. * * *
Fujiwara family
Dynastic family that dominated Japanese court government in the 9th–12th centuries. The family maintained a close relationship to the imperial family by marrying its daughters ...

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