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Fujiwara Fuhito
▪ Japanese statesman born 659, Japan died Sept. 9, 720, Japan       Japanese statesman whose descendants formed the four houses of the Fujiwara family that dominated ...
Fujiwara Kamatari
▪ Japanese leader original name  Nakatomi Kamatari, or Kamako   born 614, Yamato Province, Japan died Nov. 14, 669, Yamato Province       founder of the great ...
Fujiwara Michinaga
▪ Japanese regent born 966, Kyōto died Jan. 3, 1028, Kyōto       the most powerful of the Fujiwara regents, during whose reign the Imperial capital in Kyōto achieved ...
Fujiwara Mototsune
▪ Japanese regent born 836, Kyōto, Japan died Feb. 25, 891, Kyōto       Japanese regent, creator (in 880) of the post of kampaku, or chancellor, through which he ...
Fujiwara Nobuzane
▪ Japanese painter born 1176, Japan died 1265?, Japan  courtier, poet, and the leading Japanese painter in the 13th century, who carried on the tradition of realistic ...
Fujiwara Sadaie
▪ Japanese poet also called  Teika, or Fujiwara Teika   born 1162, Japan died Sept. 26, 1241, Kyōto       one of the greatest poets of his age and Japan's most ...
Fujiwara Shunzei
▪ Japanese poet and critic also called  Fujiwara Toshinari , original name  Fujiwara Akihiro , also called  Shakua  born 1114, Japan died December 22, 1204, ...
Fujiwara style
Japanese sculptural style of the late Heian period (897–1185). The style of the principal icons accorded with the emotional appeal of Pure Land Buddhism, introduced to counter ...
Fujiwara Sumitomo
▪ Japanese pirate died 941, Iyo Province, Japan       notorious Japanese pirate leader. Originally a government official, he was dispatched by the court to eliminate ...
Fujiwara Tadahira
▪ Japanese statesman born 880, Kyōto died Sept. 9, 949, Kyōto       Japanese statesman who assumed the leadership of the Fujiwara family in 909 upon the death of his ...
Fujiwara Takanobu
▪ Japanese painter born 1142, Kyōto died March 19, 1205, Kyōto       leading Japanese portrait artist of his day. He created a type of simple, realistic painting, ...
Fujiwara Tokihira
▪ Japanese statesman born 871, Kyōto died April 26, 909, Kyōto       Japanese Imperial minister who checked the efforts of the emperor Uda (reigned 887–897) to halt ...
Fujiwara Yorimichi
▪ Japanese regent born 992, Kyōto, Japan died March 2, 1074, Uji, near Kyōto       imperial courtier who, as regent for three emperors, dominated the Japanese ...
Fujiwara Yoshifusa
▪ Japanese regent born 804, Kyōto, Japan died Oct. 7, 872, Kyōto       imperial courtier under whom the Fujiwara family began its three-century-long domination of ...
Fujiwara Yukinari
▪ Japanese calligrapher born 972, Japan died Jan. 3, 1028, Japan       Japanese calligrapher, known as one of the Sanseki (“Three Brush Traces”), in effect the ...
Fu·ji·ya·ma (fo͞o'jē-yäʹmə, -mä) See Mount Fuji. * * *
▪ Chinese military leader Wade-Giles romanization  Fu-k'ang-an  died June 1796, China       famous military commander of the Qing dynasty ...
Fukasaku, Kinji
▪ 2004       Japanese filmmaker (b. July 3, 1930, Mito, Japan—d. Jan. 12, 2003, Tokyo, Japan), created a series of increasingly violent and well-received yakuza ...
▪ Japan       city, Saitama ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It is situated between the Ara River and the Tone River. An early market and post town, it changed little ...
/fooh"kyen"/, n. Older Spelling. Fujian. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Fu-chien,  (Pinyin)  Fujian,         sheng (province) on the ...
/fooh"kye neez", -nees"/, n. a group of Chinese dialects, including Amoy and Taiwanese, spoken in Fukien province in southeastern China as well as in Taiwan. Also, Fujianese. ...
Fukko Shintō
▪ Japanese religion English  Restoration Shinto , or  Reform Shintō        school of Japanese religion prominent in the 18th century that attempted to uncover the ...
Fukuda Takeo
▪ prime minister of Japan born Jan. 14, 1905, Gumma prefecture, Japan died July 5, 1995, Tokyo       Japanese financial specialist who was prime minister from 1976 to ...
Fukuda Yasuo
▪ prime minister of Japan born July 16, 1936, Takasaki, Gumma prefecture, Japan    Japanese politician, who was prime minister of Japan from 2007 to ...
Fukuda, Takeo
▪ 1996       Japanese statesman (b. Jan. 14, 1905, Gumma prefecture, Japan—d. July 5, 1995, Tokyo, Japan), was a pragmatic politician whose career during the 1970s was ...
Fukuda, Yasuo
▪ 2008 born July 16, 1936, , Tokyo, Japan       Following the resignation of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in the wake of a massive defeat for the ruling Liberal ...
Fu·ku·i (fo͞o-ko͞oʹē) A city of central Honshu, Japan, north-northwest of Nagoyo. A major textile center since the tenth century, it was rebuilt after a disastrous ...
Fukui Kenichi
▪ Japanese chemist born Oct. 4, 1918, Nara, Japan died Jan. 9, 1998, Kyoto       Japanese chemist, corecipient with Roald Hoffmann of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in ...
Fukui, Kenichi
▪ 1999       Japanese theoretical chemist (b. Oct. 4, 1918, Nara, Japan—Jan. 9, 1998, Kyoto, Japan), applied a variety of concepts in physics to research that ...
Fukui, Toshihiko
▪ 2005       Toshihiko Fukui, governor of the Bank of Japan (BOJ), marked a full year on the job in March 2004 with all signs pointing toward a solid economic recovery ...
Fukui, Kenichi. 1918-1998. Japanese chemist. He shared a 1981 Nobel Prize for applying quantum-mechanics theories to the analysis of chemical reactions. * * *
/fooh'kooh oh"keuh/; Japn. /fooh"koo aw"kah/, n. a city on N Kyushu, in SW Japan. 1,088,617. * * * City (pop., 2000 prelim.: 1,341,489) and port, Japan. It incorporates the ...
▪ Japanese mythology also called  Fukurokujin   (from Japanese fuku, “happiness”; roku, “wealth”; and ju, “longevity”), in Japanese mythology, one of the ...
/fooh'kooh shee"meuh/; Japn. /fooh"koo shee"mah/, n. a city on N Honshu, in N Japan. 262,847. * * * ▪ prefecture, Japan  ken (prefecture), northeastern Honshu, Japan, facing ...
/fooh'kooh yah"meuh/; Japn. /fooh"koo yah"mah/, n. a city on SW Honshu, in Japan, NE of Hiroshima. 346,031. * * * ▪ Japan  city, eastern Hiroshima ken (prefecture), Honshu, ...
Fukuyama, Francis
▪ 2003       Biotechnology and bioethics remained leading topics of talk in both the mainstream and academic press during 2002. With the publication in April of Our ...
Fukuzawa Yukichi
▪ Japanese author, educator, and publisher born Jan. 10, 1835, Buzen, Japan died Feb. 3, 1901, Tokyo  Japanese author, educator, and publisher who was probably the most ...
/fool/, n., pl. Fuls, (esp. collectively) Ful. Fulani. * * *
/fooh"leuh, fool"euh/, n., pl. Fulas, (esp. collectively) Fula. Fulani. * * *
/fooh"lah/, n., pl. Fulahs, (esp. collectively) Fulah. Fulani (def. 1). * * *
/fooh"lah nee, foo lah"-/, n., pl. Fulanis, (esp. collectively) Fulani for 1. 1. Also, Fulah. a member of a pastoral and nomadic people of mixed African and Mediterranean ...
Fulani Empire
a powerful W African Muslim state that flourished in the 19th century in the area of present-day Nigeria. * * * ▪ historical empire, Africa       Muslim theocracy of ...
Fulbert of Chartres, Saint
▪ French bishop born c. 960, , Picardy region, France died April 10, 1028, Chartres (Chartres Cathedral); feast day April 10       French bishop of Chartres who ...
/fool"bruyt'/, n. 1. (James) William, 1905-95, U.S. politician: senator 1945-74. 2. Informal. a. a grant awarded under the provisions of the Fulbright Act. b. a person who ...
Fulbright Act
an act of Congress (1946) by which funds derived chiefly from the sale of U.S. surplus property abroad are made available to U.S. citizens for study, research, and teaching in ...
Fulbright scholars
➡ Fulbright scholarship * * *
Fulbright scholarship
n any of a number of US scholarships (= awards of money for study) given for exchanges between US and foreign universities and colleges. Those who receive them are called ...
Fulbright, J(ames) William
born April 9, 1905, Sumner, Mo., U.S. died Feb. 9, 1995, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician. After earning degrees from the Universities of Arkansas and Oxford, he taught law at ...
Fulbright, J(ames)William
Ful·bright (fo͝olʹbrīt'), J(ames) William. 1905-1995. American politician who as U.S. senator from Arkansas (1945-1975) proposed the Fulbright Act (1946), which established ...
Fulbright, J. William
▪ United States senator in full  James William Fulbright   born April 9, 1905, Sumner, Mo., U.S. died Feb. 9, 1995, Washington, D.C.       American senator who ...
Fulbright, James William
▪ 1996       U.S. politician (b. April 9, 1905, Sumner, Mo.—d. Feb. 9, 1995, Washington, D.C.), was the congressional sponsor (1946) of the international ...
Fulcher Of Chartres
▪ French priest born c. 1059, , Chartres, Fr. died c. 1127, , Jerusalem       French chaplain and chronicler of the First Crusade.       Apparently educated for ...
/fool"kreuhm, ful"-/, n., pl. fulcrums, fulcra /-kreuh/, v. n. 1. the support, or point of rest, on which a lever turns in moving a body. 2. any prop or support. 3. Zool. any of ...
Ful·da (fo͝olʹdə) A city of central Germany south-southeast of Kassel on the Fulda River, about 217 km (135 mi) long. The city grew around a Benedictine abbey founded in ...
Fulda River
River, central Germany. Rising in the Rhön Mountains, it flows north to unite with the Werra River at Münden and form the Weser River. It is 135 mi (218 km) long. The river ...
/fool fil"/, v.t., fulfilled, fulfilling. fulfill. * * *
—fulfiller, n. /fool fil"/, v.t. 1. to carry out, or bring to realization, as a prophecy or promise. 2. to perform or do, as duty; obey or follow, as commands. 3. to satisfy ...
See fulfill. * * *
/fool fil"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act or state of fulfilling: to witness the fulfillment of a dream; to achieve fulfillment of one's hopes. 2. the state or quality of being fulfilled; ...
See fulfiller. * * *
—fulgently, adv. —fulgentness, n. /ful"jeuhnt/, adj. shining brightly; dazzling; resplendent: fulgent patterns of sunlight. [1375-1425; late ME < L fulgent- (s. of fulgens, ...
Fulgentius of Ruspe, Saint
▪ African bishop born c. 467, Telepte, North Africa died January 1, 533, Ruspe; feast day January 1       African bishop of Ruspe and theological writer who defended ...
Fulgentius, Fabius Planciades
▪ Latin author flourished late 5th and early 6th centuries AD       Christian Latin writer of African origin, a mythographer and allegorical interpreter of Virgil. ...
See fulgent. * * *
/ful"gyeuhr euhnt/, adj. flashing like lightning. [1640-50; < L fulgurant- (s. of fulgurans, prp. of fulgurare), equiv. to fulgur- (see FULGURATE) + -ant- -ANT] * * *
—fulguration, n. /ful"gyeuh rayt'/, v., fulgurated, fulgurating. v.i. 1. to flash or dart like lightning. v.t. 2. Med. to destroy (esp. an abnormal growth) by ...
/ful"gyeuh ray'ting/, adj. Med. (of pains) sharp and piercing. [1670-80; FULGURATE + -ING2] * * *
See fulgurate. * * *
/ful"gyeuh ruyt'/, n. a tubelike formation in sand or rock, caused by lightning. [1825-35; < L fulgur (see FULGURATE) + -ITE1] * * * ▪ mineral       a glassy silica ...
/ful"gyeuhr euhs/, adj. characteristic of or resembling lightning: the fulgurous cracking of a whip. [1610-20; < L fulgur- (see FULGURATE) + -OUS] * * *
/fool"euhm/, n. Archaic. a die loaded at one corner either to favor a throw of 4, 5, or 6 (high fulham) or to favor a throw of 1, 2, or 3 (low fulham). Also, fullam, ...
Fulham Palace
a large and grand house in Fulham(1), London, built in the 16th century. It is the official home of the Bishop of London. * * *
—fuliginously, adv. —fuliginousness, n. /fyooh lij"euh neuhs/, adj. 1. sooty; smoky: the fuliginous air hanging over an industrial city. 2. of the color of soot, as dark ...
See fuliginous. * * *
▪ slime mold genus       genus of true slime molds (class Myxomycetes; q.v.) whose large fruiting body (compound sporangia), 5 centimetres (2 inches) or more long and ...
▪ king of Jerusalem byname  Fulk the Younger , French  Foulques le Jeune  born 1092 died November 1143, Acre, Palestine [now ʿAkko, Israel]       count of Anjou ...
Fulk III Nerra
▪ count of Anjou byname  Fulk the Black,  French  Foulques le Noir  born c. 970 died June 21, 1040, Metz, Fr.       count of Anjou (987–1040), the most powerful ...
Fulk IV
▪ count of Anjou byname  Fulk the Surly , French  Foulques le Réchin  born 1043, Château Landon, Fr. died April 14, 1109, Angers       count of Anjou ...
Fulk, Archbishop of Reims
▪ archbishop of Reims French  Foulques, or Foulque, Archevêque De Reims   died June 17, 900       leader of the opposition to the non-Carolingian king Eudes (of the ...
full1 —fullness, n. /fool/, adj., fuller, fullest, adv., v., n. adj. 1. completely filled; containing all that can be held; filled to utmost capacity: a full cup. 2. complete; ...
full binding
—full-bound /fool"bownd"/, adj. a complete binding of a volume in any one material, generally leather. * * *
full blood
1. a person or animal of unmixed ancestry; one descended of a pure breed. Cf. purebred. 2. relationship through both parents. [1805-15] * * *
full circle
to the original place, source, or state through a cycle of developments (usually used in the phrase come full circle). [1875-80, for literal sense] * * *
full cousin
cousin (def. 1). * * *
full denture.
See under denture. * * *
full dress
1. the formal attire customarily worn in the evening, usually consisting of black tailcoats and white bow ties for men, and floor-length dresses for women. 2. a ceremonial style ...
full English breakfast
➡ meals * * *
full faith and credit
the obligation under Article IV of the U.S. Constitution for each state to recognize the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. * * *
full frame
Carpentry. See braced frame. * * *
full gainer
Diving. a dive in which the diver takes off facing forward and performs a backward somersault, entering the water feet first and facing away from the springboard. * * *
full house
Poker. a hand consisting of three of a kind and a pair, as three queens and two tens. Also called full hand. [1885-90] * * *
full license
➡ driving * * *
full linear group
Math. the group of all nonsingular linear transformations mapping a finite-dimensional vector space into itself. * * *
full marks
Brit. full credit; due praise. [1915-20] * * *
full monty
/mon"tee/, n. Chiefly Brit. Slang. the, the whole thing; everything that can or should be included. [1985-90; orig. uncert.; perh. from Montague Burton, British tailors, with ...
full moon
1. the moon when the whole of its disk is illuminated, occurring when in opposition to the sun. 2. the phase of the moon at this time. See diag. under moon. [bef. 1000; ME ful ...
full name
➡ names * * *
full nelson
a hold in which a wrestler, from behind the opponent, passes each arm under the corresponding arm of the opponent and locks the arms at the fingers or wrists on the back of the ...
full powered
(of a vessel) relying on engines for propulsion without assistance from sails. [1735-45] * * *
full professor
professor (def. 1). [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
Full professors
➡ higher education * * *
full rhyme
Pros. rhyme in which the stressed vowels and all following consonants and vowels are identical, but the consonants preceding the rhyming vowels are different, as in chain, brain; ...
full sail
—full-sailed, adj. 1. all the sails of a vessel. 2. with all sails set: The ship was moving ahead full sail. 3. rapidly; forcefully: He proceeded full sail despite our ...
full sentence
Gram. any sentence the form of which exemplifies the most frequently used structural pattern of a particular language, as, in English, any sentence that contains a subject and a ...
full speed
1. the maximum speed. 2. Naut. the speed normally maintained on a passage. 3. at maximum speed: to move full speed ahead. * * *
full stop
period (defs. 10, 11). [1590-1600] * * *
full swing
full operation; greatest activity: For the first time in years the factory was in full swing. The meeting was in full swing when we arrived. * * *
full throttle
full throttle n. used in the phrase at full throttle, at full speed or with great intensity * * *
full tilt
at the full potential, speed, energy, forcefulness, etc. [1590-1600] * * *
full time
the number of hours in a period, as a day, week, or month, considered customary for pursuing an activity, esp. working at a job: The factory now operates on full time. Cf. part ...
full trailer
a trailer supported entirely by its own wheels. Also, full-trailer. Cf. semitrailer. * * *
full twist
Diving. a front or back dive made by a complete rotation of the body on its vertical axis. Cf. half twist (def. 1). * * *
full word
(esp. in Chinese grammar) a word that has lexical meaning rather than grammatical meaning; a word or morpheme that functions grammatically as a contentive. Cf. empty ...
➡ hockey * * *
—full-bloodedness, n. /fool"blud"id/, adj. 1. of unmixed ancestry; thoroughbred: a full-blooded Cherokee. 2. vigorous; virile; hearty: full-blooded enjoyment. [1765-75, ...
See full-blooded. * * *
/fool"blohn"/, adj. 1. fully or completely developed: full-blown AIDS; an idea expanded into a full-blown novel. 2. in full bloom: a full-blown rose. [1605-15] * * *
/fool"bod"eed/, adj. of full strength, flavor, richness, etc.: full-bodied wine; full-bodied writing. [1680-90] * * *
/fool"bawr", -bohr"/, Informal. adj. 1. moving or operating at the greatest speed or with maximum power. adv. 2. to the fullest extent; with the greatest power, speed, force, ...
full-court press
/fool"kawrt', -kohrt'/ 1. Basketball. a tactic of harassing, close-guarding defense in which the team without the ball pressures the opponent man-to-man the entire length of the ...
full-court press (fo͝olʹkôrt', -kōrt') n. 1. Basketball. An aggressive defensive strategy in which one or two players harass the ball handler in the backcourt while the rest ...
/fool"kut"/, adj. Jewelry. (of a brilliant) cut with 58 facets, including the table and culet. * * *
/fool"dres'/, adj. 1. formal and complete in all details: a full-dress uniform. 2. done or presented completely or thoroughly. [1755-65] * * *
/fool"dooh"pleks, -dyooh"-/, adj. of or pertaining to the simultaneous, independent transmission of information in both directions over a two-way channel. Cf. half-duplex. * * *
—fullface, n., adv. /fool"fayst"/, adj. 1. having a plump or round face. 2. facing squarely toward the spectator or in a given direction. [1600-10] * * *
/fool"fash"euhnd/, adj. knitted to conform to the shape of a body part, as of the foot or leg: full-fashioned hosiery. [1880-85] * * *
/fool"fig'yeuhrd/; Brit. /fool"fig'euhrd/, adj. (of a woman) having an amply proportioned or heavy body. * * *
/fool"flejd"/, adj. 1. of full rank or standing: a full-fledged professor. 2. fully developed. [1880-85] * * *
/fool"frun"tl/, adj. 1. showing the entire front: full-frontal nudity. 2. direct; hard-hitting: a full-frontal assault. [1970-75] * * *
/fool"grayn"/, adj. (of leather) having the original grain surface intact. * * *
/fool"grohn"/, adj. completely grown; mature. [1660-70] * * *
/fool"lengkth", -length"/, adj. 1. of standard or customary length: a full-length movie. 2. showing or accommodating the full length or height of the human body: a full-length ...
/fool"luyn"/, adj. Com. of, supplying, or dealing in many related products and services, as opposed to a single or limited one. * * *
full-moon maple
/fool"moohn', -moohn"/. See Japanese maple. * * *
/fool"mowdhd", -mowtht"/, adj. 1. (of cattle, sheep, etc.) having a complete set of teeth. 2. noisy; loud. [1570-80] * * *
/fool"pow"euhr/, adj. (of a radio station) able to broadcast up to 100 mi. (166 km) under clear atmospheric conditions. Cf. low-power. * * *
/fool"rigd"/, adj. 1. (of a sailing vessel) rigged as a ship; square-rigged on all of three or more masts. 2. having all equipment. [1820-30] * * *
/fool"skayl"/, adj. 1. having the exact size or proportions of the original: a full-scale replica. 2. using all possible means, facilities, etc.; complete: The factory will ...
full-serve [fool′sʉrv′] adj. [Informal] short for FULL-SERVICE * * *
/fool"serr"vis/, adj. Com. offering or providing a wide range of services related to the basic line of business, as when a filling station changes tires or makes car repairs in ...
/fool"suyz'/, adj. 1. of the usual or normal size of its kind: a full-size kitchen. 2. (of a bed) 54 in. (137 cm) wide and 75 or 76 in. (191 or 193 cm) long; double. 3. ...
/fool"terrm"/, adj. 1. of or noting the entire duration of normal pregnancy. 2. serving the complete designated term of office: He was not a full-term president. * * *
full-throated [fool′thrōt΄id] adj. 1. having or producing a full, deep, or rich sound; sonorous 2. complete and unmitigated; thoroughgoing [a full-throated opponent of the ...
full-throttle [fool′thrät′'l] adj., adv. (going, acting, happening, etc.) at full speed or with great intensity * * *
/fool"tuym"/, adj. 1. working or operating the customary number of hours in each day, week, or month: a full-time housekeeper; full-time production. Cf. part-time. adv. 2. on a ...
/fool"tuy"meuhr/, n. a full-time worker. [1865-70, for earlier sense; FULL-TIME + -ER1] * * *
full-wave rectifier
/fool"wayv'/, Electronics. a rectifier that transmits both halves of a cycle of alternating current as a direct current. Cf. half-wave rectifier. * * *
/fool"euhm/, n. fulham. * * *
Fullarton, John
▪ British surgeon and banker born 1780? died Oct. 24, 1849       British surgeon and banker who wrote on currency control.       Fullarton, who was of Scottish ...
/fool"bak'/, n. Football. 1. a running back who lines up behind the quarterback and is farthest from the line of scrimmage. 2. the position played by this back. 3. (in soccer, ...
full blood n. 1. Relationship established through having the same set of parents. 2. often full-blood or full·blood (fo͝olʹblŭd') A person or an animal of unmixed race or ...
full circle adv. Back to one's starting point: We've come full circle from wealth to poverty to wealth again. * * *
full dress n. Attire appropriate for formal or ceremonial events. * * *
fuller1 /fool"euhr/, n. a person who fulls cloth. [bef. 1000; ME; OE fullere < L fullo fuller; see -ER1] fuller2 /fool"euhr/, n. 1. a half-round hammer used for grooving and ...
/fool"euhr/, n. 1. George, 1822-84, U.S. painter. 2. Henry B(lake), ("Stanton Page"), 1857-1929, U.S. novelist, poet, and critic. 3. Melville Weston /wes"teuhn/, 1833-1910, Chief ...
Fuller rose beetle
a beetle, Pantomorus godmani, that feeds on the leaves of roses as well as on those of citrus and other fruit trees. [perh. named after A. S. Fuller (d. 1896), American ...
fuller's earth
an absorbent clay, used esp. for removing grease from fabrics, in fulling cloth, as a filter, and as a dusting powder. [1515-25] * * * ▪ clay       any fine-grained, ...
full·er's earth (fo͝olʹərz) n. A highly adsorbent claylike substance consisting of hydrated aluminum silicates, used predominantly in fulling woolen cloth, in talcum powders, ...
fuller's teasel n. A prickly Eurasian plant (Dipsacus fullonum) having bristly flower heads used by fullers to raise the nap on cloth. * * *
Fuller, (Sarah) Margaret
married name Marchesa Ossoli born May 23, 1810, Cambridgeport, Mass., U.S. died July 19, 1850, at sea off Fire Island, N.Y. U.S. critic, teacher, and woman of letters. She ...
Fuller, (Sarah)Margaret
Fuller, (Sarah) Margaret. 1810-1850. American writer and critic who edited the transcendentalist periodical Dial (1840-1842), was a pioneering literary critic for the New York ...
Fuller, Andrew
▪ British minister born Feb. 6, 1754, Wicken, Cambridgeshire, Eng. died May 7, 1815, Kettering, Northamptonshire       English Baptist minister and theologian. He is ...
Fuller, Charles
▪ American author in full  Charles H. Fuller, Jr.   born March 5, 1939, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American playwright who is best known for A Soldier's Play ...
Fuller, George
▪ American artist born January 17, 1822, Deerfield, Massachusetts, U.S. died March 21, 1884, Brookline, Massachusetts       American painter noted for his haunting, ...
Fuller, Henry Blake
▪ American novelist born Jan. 9, 1857, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died July 28, 1929, Chicago       American novelist who wrote about his native city of ...
Fuller, J F C
▪ British army officer born Sept. 1, 1878, Chichester, Sussex, Eng. died Feb. 10, 1966, Falmouth, Cornwall  British army officer, military theoretician, and war historian who ...
Fuller, J(ohn) F(rederick) C(harles)
born Sept. 1, 1878, Chichester, Sussex, Eng. died Feb. 10, 1966, Falmouth, Cornwall British military theoretician and historian. He served as chief of staff of the British tank ...
Fuller, Loie
orig. Marie Louise Fuller born Jan. 15, 1862, Fullersburg, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 1, 1928, Paris, Fr. U.S. improvisational dance performer and pioneer of modern dance. She began ...
Fuller, Margaret
▪ American author and educator in full  Sarah Margaret Fuller , married name  Marchesa Ossoli  born May 23, 1810, Cambridgeport [now part of Cambridge], Mass., U.S. died ...
Fuller, Melville (Weston)
born Feb. 11, 1833, Augusta, Me., U.S. died July 4, 1910, Sorrento U.S. jurist. After graduating from Bowdoin College and Harvard Law School, he built a major legal practice in ...
Fuller, Melville Weston
▪ chief justice of United States born Feb. 11, 1833, Augusta, Maine, U.S. died July 4, 1910, Sorrento, Maine  eighth chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States ...
Fuller, R Buckminster
▪ American architect Introduction born July 12, 1895, Milton, Mass., U.S. died July 1, 1983, Los Angeles  U.S. engineer and architect who developed the geodesic dome, the ...
Fuller, R(ichard) Buckminster
born July 12, 1895, Milton, Mass., U.S. died July 1, 1983, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. inventor, futurist, architect, and author. The grandnephew of Melville Fuller, he was ...
Fuller, R(ichard)Buckminster
Fuller, R(ichard) Buckminster. 1895-1983. American architect and inventor who sought to solve practical problems with simple designs that require a minimum of materials and ...
Fuller, Ray W.
▪ 1997       U.S. biochemist who, as a pharmacological researcher at Eli Lilly & Co. from 1963, helped to create fluoxetine—the popular antidepressant drug known by ...
Fuller, Roy
▪ British author in full  Roy Broadbent Fuller   born Feb. 11, 1912, Failsworth, Lancashire, Eng. died Sept. 27, 1991, London       British poet and novelist, best ...
Fuller, Sarah
▪ American educator born Feb. 15, 1836, Weston, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 1, 1927, Newton Lower Falls, Mass.  American educator, an early and powerful advocate of teaching deaf ...
Fuller, Thomas
▪ English scholar, preacher, and author born June 19, 1608, Aldwincle, Northamptonshire, Eng. died Aug. 16, 1661, London  British scholar, preacher, and one of the most ...
Fuller,Melville Weston
Ful·ler (fo͝olʹər), Melville Weston. 1833-1910. American jurist who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1888-1910) and maintained that governmental powers ...
/fool"euh reen'/, n. any of a class of molecules of carbon having a roughly spherical shape. [1985-90; after R. Buckminster FULLER; see -ENE] * * * Any of a class of all-carbon ...
/fool"euhr teuhn/, n. a city in SW California, SE of Los Angeles. 102,034. * * * City (pop., 2000: 126,003), southern California, U.S. Laid out in 1887, it developed as a citrus ...
full gainer n. A forward dive in which the diver executes a full back somersault before entering the water. * * *
full house n. A poker hand containing three of a kind and a pair, ranked above a flush and below four of a kind. * * *
Process that increases the thickness and compactness of woven or knitted wool by subjecting it to moisture, heat, friction, and pressure until shrinkage of 10–25% is ...
full marks pl.n. Chiefly British Full or due credit or praise. * * *
full moon n. 1. The moon when it is visible as a fully illuminated disk. 2. The period of the month when such a moon occurs. * * *
full nelson n. A wrestling hold in which both hands are thrust under the opponent's arms from behind and then pressed against the back of the opponent's neck. * * *
fullness [fool′nis] n. 〚ME fulnesse〛 the quality or state of being full * * * See full1. * * *
fullness of time
the proper or destined time. [1550-60] * * *
/fool"euhm/, n. fulham. * * *
full rhyme n. See perfect rhyme. * * *
full stop n. 1. A period indicating the end of a sentence. 2. A complete halt, as one made by a motor vehicle. * * *
/fool"ee, fool"lee/, adv. 1. entirely or wholly: You should be fully done with the work by now. 2. quite or at least: Fully half the class attended the ceremony. [bef. 900; ME, ...
/fool"meuhr/, n. any of certain oceanic birds of the petrel family, esp. Fulmarus glacialis, a gull-like Arctic species. [1690-1700; orig. dial. (Hebrides) < Icel ful stinking, ...
/ful"meuh neuhnt/, adj. 1. occurring suddenly and with great intensity or severity; fulminating. 2. Pathol. developing or progressing suddenly: fulminant plague. [1595-1605; < L ...
—fulminator, n. —fulminatory /ful"meuh neuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /ful"meuh nayt'/, v., fulminated, fulminating, n. v.i. 1. to explode with a loud noise; detonate. 2. to ...
fulminate of mercury
See mercury fulminate. * * *
fulminateof mercury
fulminate of mercury n. A gray crystalline powder, HgC2N2O2, that when dry explodes under percussion or heat and is used in detonators and as a high explosive. * * *
fulminating compound
a fulminate. * * *
fulminating powder
1. powder that explodes by percussion. 2. a fulminate. [1795-1805] * * *
/ful'meuh nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a violent denunciation or censure: a sermon that was one long fulmination. 2. violent explosion. [1495-1505; < L fulmination- (s. of fulminatio) a ...
See fulmination. * * *
See fulmination. * * *
/ful"min/, v.t., v.i., fulmined, fulmining. Archaic. to fulminate. [1580-90; < L fulminare] * * *
/ful min"ik/, adj. 1. highly explosive; unstable. 2. of or derived from fulminic acid. [1815-25; < L fulmin- (s. of fulmen) lightning, thunder + -IC] * * *
fulminic acid
an unstable acid, CNOH, isomeric with cyanic acid, and known only in the form of its salts. [1815-25] * * *
ful·min·ic acid (fo͝ol-mĭnʹĭk, fŭl-) n. An unstable acid, HONC, that forms highly explosive salts.   [Latin fulmen, fulmin-, lightning that strikes; see fulminate + ...
/fool"nis/, n. fullness. * * *
—fulsomely, adv. —fulsomeness, n. /fool"seuhm, ful"-/, adj. 1. offensive to good taste, esp. as being excessive; overdone or gross: fulsome praise that embarrassed her ...
See fulsome. * * *
See fulsomely. * * *
/fool"tn/, n. 1. Robert, 1765-1815, U.S. engineer and inventor: builder of the first profitable steamboat. 2. a city in central New York. 13,312. 3. a city in central Missouri. ...
Fulton, John
▪ American bullfighter in full  Fulton John Short   born May 25, 1933, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 8, 1998, Sevilla, Spain  American bullfighter and painter, who was ...
Fulton, Mary Hannah
▪ American physician and missionary born May 31, 1854, probably Ashland, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 7, 1927, Pasadena, Calif.       American physician and missionary to China ...
Fulton, Robert
born Nov. 14, 1765, Lancaster county, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 24, 1815, New York, N.Y. U.S. inventor and engineer. Born to Irish immigrant parents, he studied painting with ...
Fulton, Robert. 1765-1815. American engineer and inventor who developed the first useful submarine and torpedo (1800) and produced the first practical steamboat, the Clermont ...
Wade-Giles romanization  Fu-Lu-Shou         in Chinese mythology, a collective term for the three so-called stellar gods, taken from their names: Fuxing, Luxing, and ...
▪ wife of Mark Antony died 40 BC, Sicyon, Greece       in Roman history, the wife of Mark Antony, and a participant in the struggle for power following the death of ...
fulvic acid
▪ chemical compound       one of two classes of natural acidic organic polymer that can be extracted from humus found in soil, sediment, or aquatic environments. Its ...
/ful"veuhs/, adj. tawny; dull yellowish-gray or yellowish-brown. [1655-65; < L fulvus deep yellow, tawny, reddish-yellow; see -OUS] * * *
/fum'euh did"l, fum"euh did'l/, n. flumadiddle. [var. of FLUMADIDDLE] * * *
/fyooh"mij/, n. Old Eng. Law. a tax payable to the king for each hearth in every house owned by a person not exempt from church taxes and poor taxes. Also, feuage, ...
FuManchu mustache
Fu Man·chu mustache (fo͞o' măn-cho͞oʹ) n. A mustache with ends that hang downward toward or below the chin.   [After Fu Manchu, character in novels by Sax Rohmer, pen name ...
/fyooh"meuh rayt'/, n. Biochem. the salt of fumaric acid, a key chemical intermediate in the Krebs cycle. [1860-65; FUMAR(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
/fyooh mar'ee ay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Fumariaceae. Cf. fumitory family. [ < Fumariace(ae) (Fumari(a) the type genus (ML fumaria, fumarium fumitory; see ...
/fyooh mar"ik/, adj. of or derived from fumaric acid. [ < NL Fumar(ia) + -IC] * * *
fumaric acid
a colorless, odorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C4H4O4, isomeric with maleic acid, essential to cellular respiration in most eukaryotic organisms: used in the ...
fu·mar·ic acid (fyo͞o-mărʹĭk) n. An organic acid, C4H4O4, found in various plants and produced synthetically and used mainly in resins, paints, varnishes, and ...
—fumarolic /fyooh'meuh rol"ik/, adj. /fyooh"meuh rohl'/, n. a hole in or near a volcano, from which vapor rises. [1805-15; < F fumerolle < LL fumariolum, dim. of L fumarium ...
See fumarole. * * *
/fyooh'meuh tawr"ee euhm, -tohr"-/, n., pl. fumatoria /-tawr"ee euh, -tohr"-/. an airtight structure in which plants are fumigated to destroy fungi or insects. [ < NL, equiv. to ...
fu·ma·to·ry (fyo͞oʹmə-tôr'ē, -tōr'ē) adj. Of or relating to smoke or fumigation. n. pl. fu·ma·to·ries See fumatorium.   [From Latin fūmāre, to smoke, from ...
—fumbler, n. —fumblingly, adv. —fumblingness, n. /fum"beuhl/, v., fumbled, fumbling, n. v.i. 1. to feel or grope about clumsily: She fumbled in her purse for the keys. 2. ...
See fumble. * * *
—fumeless, adj. —fumelike, adj. —fumer, n. —fumingly, adv. /fyoohm/, n., v., fumed, fuming. n. 1. Often, fumes. any smokelike or vaporous exhalation from matter or ...
/fyuu may"/, adj. French. smoked. * * *
fumé blanc
fumé blanc [fo͞o′mā bläŋk′, fyo͞o′bläŋk′; ] Fr [ fü mā blän′] n. SAUVIGNON BLANC (sense 2): name used by some California wineries * * *
Fu·mé Blanc (fo͞o-māʹ bläɴʹ) n. See Sauvignon Blanc.   [French fumé, smoky (from past participle of fumer, to smoke) + French blanc, white.] * * *
/fyoohmd/, adj. darkened or colored by exposure to ammonia fumes, as oak and other wood. [1605-15; FUME + -ED2] * * *
fumed oak
fumed oak n. oak wood given a darker color and more distinct marking by exposure to ammonia fumes * * *
/fyooh"mit/, n. a stock made by simmering fish, chicken, game, etc., in water, wine, or in both, often boiled down to concentrate the flavor and used as a flavoring. Also, ...
Fr. /fyuu muez"/, n., pl. fumeuses Fr. /-muez"/. Fr. Furniture. a chair of the 18th century, having a crest rail incorporating a place for pipes and tobacco. [ < F: lit., smoker ...
/fyooh"mi geuhnt/, n. any volatile or volatilizable chemical compound used as a disinfectant or pesticide. [1720-30; < L fumigant- (s. of fumigans, prp. of fumigare), equiv. to ...
—fumigation, n. —fumigatory /fyooh"mi geuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, -gay'teuh ree/, adj. /fyooh"mi gayt'/, v.t., fumigated, fumigating. to expose to smoke or fumes, as in ...
See fumigate. * * *
/fyooh"mi gay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that fumigates. 2. a structure in which plants are fumigated to destroy insects. [1850-55, Amer.; FUMIGATE + -OR2] * * *
fuming nitric acid
a colorless, yellowish, or brownish fuming corrosive liquid, usually prepared from nitric acid by the addition of excess nitrogen dioxide: used in organic synthesis for ...
fuming sulfuric acid.
See pyrosulfuric acid. * * *
/fyooh"mi tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, n., pl. fumitories. any plant of the genus Fumaria, esp. a delicate herb, F. officinalis, having finely dissected, grayish leaves and spikes of ...
fumitory family
the plant family Fumariaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants having deeply cut basal or alternate leaves, flowers with four petals of which one or two are spurred or lobed, ...
/fyooh"mee/, adj., fumier, fumiest. emitting or full of fumes; fumelike. [1560-70; FUME + -Y1] * * *
/fun/, n., v., funned, funning, adj. n. 1. something that provides mirth or amusement: A picnic would be fun. 2. enjoyment or playfulness: She's full of fun. 3. for or in fun, as ...
fun and games
Informal. frivolously diverting activity. [1915-20] * * *
fun fair
an amusement park. [1920-25] * * *
fun house
(in an amusement park) a building that is specially constructed and has devices for surprising and amusing patrons walking through. [1945-50] * * *
Fu·na·ba·shi (fo͞o'nə-bäʹshē, -nä-) A city of east-central Honshu, Japan, a suburb of Tokyo on Tokyo Bay. Population: 539,740. * * * ▪ Japan       city, ...
/fooh'neuh fooh"tee/, n. a village in and the capital of Tuvalu. 900. * * * Coral atoll (pop., 2000 est.: 4,590), Tuvalu, west-central Pacific Ocean. It is the location of ...
Funafuti Atoll
▪ atoll, Tuvalu       coral atoll, site of Fongafale village, capital of Tuvalu, in the west-central Pacific Ocean. The atoll comprises some 30 islets, with a total land ...
See funambulist. * * *
—funambulism, n. /fyooh nam"byeuh list/, n. a tightrope walker. [1785-95; < L funambul(us) ropedancer + -IST] * * *
▪ historical state, Indochina       ancient state in Cambodia that arose in the 1st century AD and was incorporated into the state of Chenla in the 6th century. Funan ...
Port. /fooonn shahl"/, n. a seaport in and the capital of the Madeira islands, on SE Madeira: winter resort. 38,340. * * * City (pop., 2001: 102,521), capital of the autonomous ...
/fungk"sheuhn/, n. 1. the kind of action or activity proper to a person, thing, or institution; the purpose for which something is designed or exists; role. 2. any ceremonious ...
function key
a key on a computer terminal or microcomputer keyboard that, when pressed, causes a specific computational or mechanical operation to be carried out. * * *

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