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function space
Math. a linear space, the elements of which are functions. [1930-35] * * *
function word
a word, as a preposition, article, auxiliary, or pronoun, that chiefly expresses grammatical relationships, has little semantic content of its own, and belongs to a small, closed ...
—functionability, n. /fungk"sheuh neuh beuhl/, adj. functional (def. 3). [FUNCTION + -ABLE] * * *
—functionality, n. —functionally, adv. /fungk"sheuh nl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a function or functions: functional difficulties in the administration. 2. capable of ...
functional analysis
the branch of mathematics that deals with the theory of vector spaces and linear functionals. [1945-50] * * * Branch of mathematical analysis dealing with functionals, or ...
functional calculus
the branch of symbolic logic that includes the sentential calculus and that deals with sentential functions and quantifiers and with logical relations between sentences ...
functional change.
See functional shift. * * *
functional disease
Pathol. a disease in which there is an abnormal change in the function of an organ, but no structural alteration in the tissues involved (opposed to organic disease). [1870-75] * ...
functional group
a group of atoms responsible for the characteristic behavior of the class of compounds in which the group occurs, as the hydroxyl group in alcohols. [1935-40] * * * In ...
functional illiterate
—functional illiteracy. —functionally illiterate. a person with some basic education who still falls short of a minimum standard of literacy or whose reading and writing ...
functional imperative
Sociol. a requirement for the survival of any social system, as communication, control of conflict, or socialization. * * *
functional load
Ling. the relative frequency of occurrence of words that are differentiated in one and the same position by only one distinctive feature. In English, the opposition of voiced and ...
functional magnetic resonance imaging
▪ medicine       neuroimaging technique used in biomedical research and in diagnosis that detects changes in blood flow in the brain. This technique compares brain ...
functional representation
Govt. representation in a governing body on the basis of social class or occupation. * * *
functional sentence perspective
Ling. the organization of a sentence in terms of the role of its elements in distinguishing between old and new information, esp. the division of a sentence into theme and ...
functional shift
a change in the grammatical function of a word, as in the use of the noun input as a verb or the noun fun as an adjective. Also called functional change. [1940-45] * * *
functional group n. An atom or group of atoms, such as a carboxyl group, that replaces hydrogen in an organic compound and that defines the structure of a family of compounds and ...
functional illiterate n. A person whose skills in reading and writing are insufficient for ordinary practical needs. * * *
/fungk"sheuh nl iz'euhm/, n. 1. (usually cap.) Chiefly Archit., Furniture. a. a design movement evolved from several previous movements or schools in Europe in the early 20th ...
functional isomer n. Any of several chemical compounds having the same molecular formula but different functional groups. * * *
/fungk"sheuh nl ist/, n. 1. a person who advocates, or works according to, the principles of functionalism. adj. 2. of or pertaining to functionalism. 3. built or made according ...
func·tion·al·i·ty (fŭngk'shə-nălʹĭ-tē) n. 1. The quality of being functional. 2. A useful function within a computer application or program. 3. The capacity of a ...
—functionalization, n. /fungk"sheuh nl uyz'/, v.t., functionalized, functionalizing. to make functional. Also, esp. Brit., functionalise. [1860-65; FUNCTIONAL + -IZE] * * *
See functional. * * *
functional shift n. A shift in the syntactic function of a word, as when a noun serves as a verb. * * *
/fungk"sheuh ner'ee/, n., pl. functionaries. a person who functions in a specified capacity, esp. in government service; an official: civil servants, bureaucrats, and other ...
function key n. A key on a computer keyboard that activates a function within a given application when pressed, either alone or in various combinations with the alt key, the ...
See function. * * *
function word n. A word, such as a preposition, a conjunction, or an article, that has little semantic content of its own and chiefly indicates a grammatical relationship. Also ...
/fungk"teuhr/, n. 1. that which functions. 2. Ling. a function word or affix. Cf. contentive. [1935-40; FUNCT(ION) + -OR2] * * *
/fund/, n. 1. a supply of money or pecuniary resources, as for some purpose: a fund for his education; a retirement fund. 2. supply; stock: a fund of knowledge; a fund of ...
/fund"rayz'/, v., fund-raised, fund-raising. v.t. 1. to collect by fund-raising: The charity needs to fund-raise more than a million dollars. v.i. 2. to engage in ...
/fund"ray'zeuhr/, n. 1. a person who solicits contributions or pledges. 2. a gathering held for such solicitation: a fund-raiser to aid the campaign of the Senate ...
/fund"ray'zing/ n. the act or process of raising funds, as for nonprofit organizations or for a political cause. Also, fundraising. [1935-40] * * *
/fun"deuh meuhnt/, n. 1. the buttocks. 2. the anus. 3. a base or basic principle; underlying part; foundation. [1250-1300; < L fundamentum foundation; r. ME fondement < OF. See ...
—fundamentality, fundamentalness, n. —fundamentally, adv. /fun'deuh men"tl/, adj. 1. serving as, or being an essential part of, a foundation or basis; basic; underlying: ...
fundamental bass
/bays/, Music. a bass consisting of the roots of the chords employed. [1745-55] * * *
fundamental frequency
Physics. 1. the lowest frequency at which a medium will freely oscillate. 2. the frequency of the fundamental. [‡1960-65] * * *
fundamental interaction
In physics, the effect of any of the four fundamental forces gravitational, electromagnetic, strong, and weak. All known natural forces can be traced to these fundamental ...
fundamental law
the organic law of a state, esp. its constitution. [1910-15] * * *
Fundamental Laws
▪ Russia [1906]       (1906), laws promulgated by the Russian emperor Nicholas II, ostensibly to carry out the governmental reforms promised in his earlier October ...
Fundamental laws of arithmetic
▪ Table Fundamental laws of arithmetic   Commutative law of addition: a + b = b + a Associative law of addition: a + ( b + c ) = ( a + b ) + c Commutative law ...
fundamental particle
fundamental particle n. ELEMENTARY PARTICLE * * *
fundamental particle.
See elementary particle. [1930-35] * * *
fundamental sequence
Math. an infinite sequence, x1, x2, ..., whose terms are points in Ek, in which there exists a point y such that the limit as n goes to infinity of xn = y if and only if for ...
fundamental star
Astron. one of a number of stars with positions that have been determined accurately and that are used as reference stars for the determination of positions of other celestial ...
fundamental theorem of algebra
Theorem of equations proved by Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1799. It states that every polynomial equation of degree n with complex number coefficients has n roots, or solutions, in ...
fundamental theorem of arithmetic
Fundamental principle of number theory proved by Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1801. It states that any integer greater than 1 can be expressed as the product of prime numbers in only ...
fundamental theorem of calculus
Basic principle of calculus. It relates the derivative to the integral and provides the principal method for evaluating definite integrals (see differential calculus; integral ...
fundamental unit
Physics. See base unit. * * *
—fundamentalist, n., adj. /fun'deuh men"tl iz'euhm/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to ...
fundamentalism, Christian
Conservative Protestant movement that arose out of 19th-century millennialism in the U.S. It emphasized as fundamental the literal truth of the Bible, the imminent physical ...
fundamentalism, Islamic
Conservative religious movement that seeks a return to Islamic values and Islamic law (see Sharia) in the face of Western modernism, which is seen as corrupt and ...
See fundamentalism. * * *
See fundamentalist. * * *
➡ fundamentalism * * *
See fundamental. * * *
fundamental particle n. See elementary particle. * * *
▪ Japanese art (Japanese: “dusted base”),also called  Kinji, or Kindami,    in Japanese (arts, East Asian) lacquerwork, variation of the jimaki technique. In this kind ...
funded debt
a debt, as in the form of bonds, having a long period of maturity. [1810-20] * * *
funder [fun′dər] n. a provider of funds as for the support of a charitable or nonprofit organization * * *
fun·di (fŭnʹdī') n. Plural of fundus. * * *
See fundus. * * *
fund·raise or fund-raise also fund raise (fŭndʹrāz') intr.v. fund·raised, fund·rais·ing, fund·rais·es To engage in fundraising. * * *
fundraiser [fund′rā΄zər] n. 1. a person or organization engaged in fundraising 2. an event organized for the purpose of fundraising: Also fund-raiser n. * * ...
fundraising [fund′rā΄ziŋ] n. the act or occupation of soliciting money for charitable organizations, political parties, etc.: also fund-raising * * * fund·rais·ing or ...
—fundic, adj. /fun"deuhs/, n., pl. fundi /-duy/. Anat. the base of an organ, or the part opposite to or remote from an aperture. [1745-55; < L: lit., bottom] * * *
/fun"dee/, n. Bay of, an inlet of the Atlantic in SE Canada, between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, having swift tidal currents. * * *
Fundy National Park
▪ park, New Brunswick, Canada  national park in New Brunswick, Canada, on the Atlantic coast overlooking the Bay of Fundy, noted for its unusually high and fast-running tides ...
Fundy, Bay of
Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, southeastern Canada Located between the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, it extends 94 mi (151 km) inland and is 32 mi (52 km) wide at its ...
Fundy,Bay of
Fun·dy (fŭnʹdē), Bay of An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean in southeast Canada between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. * * *
/fyuu"neuhn/, n. German name of Fyn. * * * Danish Fyn Island and county (pop., 2001: 472,064) of Denmark. It covers an an area of 1,346 sq mi (3,486 sq km), and it is located ...
/fyooh"neuhr euhl/, n. 1. the ceremonies for a dead person prior to burial or cremation; obsequies. 2. a funeral procession. 3. be someone's funeral, Informal. to have unpleasant ...
funeral director
1. a person, usually a licensed embalmer, who supervises or conducts the preparation of the dead for burial and directs or arranges funerals. 2. a person who owns or operates a ...
funeral home
an establishment where the dead are prepared for burial or cremation, where the body may be viewed, and where funeral services are sometimes held. Also called funeral chapel, ...
funeral pie
Pennsylvania Dutch Cookery. a traditional pie made with a black filling of raisins and lemon juice and presented to a bereaved family. * * *
funeral director n. One whose business is to arrange for the burial or cremation of the dead and assist at the funeral rites and who is usually an embalmer. Also called ...
funeral home n. An establishment in which the dead are prepared for burial or cremation and in which wakes and funerals may be held. * * *
/fyooh"neuhr euh luyz'/, v.t., funeralized, funeralizing. to hold or officiate at a funeral service for. Also, esp. Brit., funeralise. [1645-55 for earlier sense; FUNERAL + ...
/fyooh"neuh rer'ee/, adj. of or pertaining to a funeral or burial: a funerary urn. [1685-95; < LL funerarius of, relating to a funeral. See FUNERAL, -ARY] * * *
—funereally, adv. /fyooh near"ee euhl/, adj. 1. of or suitable for a funeral. 2. mournful; gloomy; dismal: a funereal aloofness that was quite chilling. [1715-25; < L ...
See funereal. * * *
▪ Spain       town, Navarra provincia (province) and comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northern Spain. It lies along the Arga River.       At the ...
/fyooh nest"/, adj. boding or causing evil or death; fatal; disastrous. [1645-55; < F funeste < L funestus, deriv. of funus funeral, death] * * *
funfair [fun′fer΄] n. Brit. an amusement park or carnival with rides, games, sideshows, etc. * * * fun fair n. Chiefly British An amusement park. * * *
/fun"fest'/, n. a party or other gathering for fun and entertainment. [1915-20; FUN + -FEST] * * *
/fyuunf"keerdd'kheuhn/, n. German name of Pécs. * * *
/fung"geuhl/, adj. fungous. [1825-35; < NL fungalis. See FUNGUS, -AL1] * * *
fungal diseases
or mycoses Diseases caused by any fungus that invades the tissues. Superficial fungal infections (e.g., athlete's foot) are confined to the skin. Subcutaneous infections, which ...
/fun"juy, fung"guy/, n. a pl. of fungus. * * *
/fun"juy, fung"guy/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Biol. a taxonomic kingdom, or in some classification schemes a division of the kingdom Plantae, comprising all the fungus groups and ...
Fungi Imperfecti
/im'peuhr fek"tuy/ a class of fungi for which a sexually reproductive stage of the life cycle has not been found. [ < NL: lit., imperfect fungi] * * *
a combining form representing fungus in compound words: fungicide. * * *
See fungible. * * *
—fungibility, n. /fun"jeuh beuhl/, adj. Law. (esp. of goods) being of such nature or kind as to be freely exchangeable or replaceable, in whole or in part, for another of like ...
See fungicide. * * *
See fungicidal. * * *
—fungicidal, adj. —fungicidally, adv. /fun"jeuh suyd', fung"geuh-/, n. a substance or preparation, as a spray or dust, used for destroying fungi. [1885-90; FUNGI- + -CIDE] * ...
/fun"jeuh fawrm', fung"geuh-/, adj. having the form of a fungus or mushroom. [1815-25; FUNGI- + -FORM] * * *
/fun"jeuh stat', fung"geuh-/, n. a fungistatic substance or preparation. [FUNGI- + -STAT] * * *
—fungistatically, adv. /fun'jeuh stat"ik, fung'geuh-/, adj. (of a substance or preparation) inhibiting the growth of a fungus. [1920-25; FUNGI- + -STATIC] * * *
—fungitoxicity /fun'ji tok sis"i tee, fung'gi-/, n. /fun'ji tok"sik, fung'gi-/, adj. toxic to fungi. [1950-55; FUNGI- + TOXIC] * * *
/feuhn jiv"euhr euhs/, adj. feeding on fungi, as certain insects. [1820-30; FUNGI- + -VOROUS] * * *
/fung"goh/, n., pl. fungoes. Baseball. 1. (in practice sessions) a ball tossed into the air by the batter and struck as it comes down. 2. a batted ball, esp. a fly ball, hit in ...
/fung"goyd/, adj. 1. resembling a fungus; of the nature of a fungus. 2. Pathol. characterized by funguslike growths. n. 3. Pathol. a growth having the characteristics of a ...
/fung gos"i tee/, n., pl. fungosities for 2. 1. the condition of being fungous. 2. a fungous excrescence. [1710-20; < L fungos(us) FUNGOUS + -ITY] * * *
/fung"geuhs/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or caused by fungi; fungal. 2. of the nature of or resembling a fungus. [1375-1425; late ME < L fungosus fungous, spongy. See FUNGUS, ...
—fungic /fun"jik/, adj. —funguslike, adj. /fung"geuhs/, n., pl. fungi /fun"juy, fung"guy/, funguses, adj. n. 1. any of a diverse group of eukaryotic single-celled or ...
fungus bug.
See flat bug. * * *
fungus gnat
any of several mosquitolike insects of the family Mycetophilidae, the larvae of which feed on fungi or decaying vegetation. [1880-85] * * * ▪ insect also called  mushroom ...
fungus root
n. mycorrhiza. * * *
fungus stone.
See stone fungus. * * *
fungus weevil
▪ insect  any of approximately 3,000 species of weevils (insect order Coleoptera) whose adults are usually found on dead twigs or fungi and whose larvae feed on fungi, seeds, ...
fun house also fun·house (fŭnʹhous') n. A building or an attraction in an amusement park or a carnival that features various devices intended to surprise, frighten, bewilder, ...
/fyooh"ni keuhl/, n. Bot. the stalk of an ovule or seed. [1655-65; < L funiculus. See FUNICULUS, -CLE1] * * *
/fyooh nik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a rope or cord, or its tension. 2. worked by a rope or the like. n. 3. See funicular railway. [1655-65; < L funicul(us) (see ...
funicular railway
a short, very steep railway having two parallel sets of tracks, upon each of which runs a car or train raised or lowered by means of a cable that simultaneously lowers or raises ...
/fyooh nik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. Bot. having a funicle. [1820-30; FUNICUL(US) + -ATE1] * * *
/fyooh nik"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. funiculi /-luy'/. 1. Anat. a conducting cord, as a nerve cord or umbilical cord. 2. Bot. a funicle. 3. Entomol. (in certain insects) the portion ...
Funj Dynasty
▪ Sudanese dynasty also spelled  Fung,         line of kings that ruled in the Nilotic Sudan of Eastern Africa in the 16th–19th century. At its greatest extent, ...
funk1 —funker, n. /fungk/, n. 1. cowering fear; state of great fright or terror. 2. a dejected mood: He's been in a funk ever since she walked out on him. v.t. 3. to be afraid ...
/foongk, fungk/, n. Casimir /kaz"euh mear'/, 1884-1967, U.S. biochemist, born in Poland: discovered thiamine, the first vitamin isolated. * * * ▪ ...
Funk & Wagnalls dictionaries
      family of English-language dictionaries noted for their emphasis on ease of use and current usage.       The first Funk & Wagnalls dictionary was A Standard ...
Funk, I(saac) K(auffman)
born Sept. 10, 1839, Clifton, Ohio, U.S. died April 4, 1912 U.S. publisher. He was ordained a Lutheran minister in 1861 but resigned the pulpit in 1872 to travel in Europe and ...
Funk, Isaac Kauffman
▪ American publisher born Sept. 10, 1839, Clifton, Ohio, U.S. died April 4, 1912       American publisher who was also a Lutheran minister, religious journalist, ...
Funk, Walther
▪ German economist born Aug. 18, 1890, Trakehnen, East Prussia, Ger. died May 31, 1960, Düsseldorf, W.Ger.       German Nazi and economist who was economics minister ...
Funk (fŭngk, fo͞ongk), Casimir. 1884-1967. Polish-born American biochemist whose research of deficiency diseases led to his discovery of vitamins, which he named in 1912. * * *
/fungkt/, adj. Southern U.S. (chiefly Kentucky). (of tobacco) rotten; moldy. [1890-95; funk punk (n.) (ME fonk; c. D vonk, G Funke) + -ED3] * * *
funk hole n. A dugout or similar place of shelter or refuge.   [From funk1.] * * *
/fung"kee euh, foong"-/, n. See plantain lily. [1830-40; < NL; named after C. H. Funck (d. 1839), German botanist; see -IA] * * *
See funky2. * * *
funky1 /fung"kee/, adj., funkier, funkiest. overcome with great fear; terrified. [1830-40; FUNK1 + -Y1] funky2 —funkily, adv. —funkiness, n. /fung"kee/, adj., funkier, ...
—funnellike, adj. /fun"l/, n., v., funneled, funneling or (esp. Brit.) funnelled, funnelling. n. 1. a cone-shaped utensil with a tube at the apex for conducting liquid or other ...
funnel cake
a crisp, deep-fried cake, made by pouring batter through a funnel into fat or oil, usually in a spiral shape, and dusted with powdered sugar. * * *
funnel cloud
a rapidly rotating funnel-shaped cloud extending downward from the base of a cumulonimbus cloud, which, if it touches the surface of the earth, is a tornado or waterspout. Also ...
funnel weaver
▪ spider also called  grass spider   any of certain members of the spider family Agelenidae (order Araneida). Agelenids are notable for their funnel-shaped webs; they are a ...
funnel-web spider
▪ arachnid  family of spiders in the order Araneida that are named for their funnel-shaped webs. Their webs open wide at the mouth of the tube, and the spider sits in the ...
/fun"l fawrm'/, adj. shaped like a funnel, as the corolla of the morning-glory; infundibuliform. [1820-30; FUNNEL + -FORM] * * *
funnies [fun′ēz] pl.n. Informal 1. comic strips 2. the section or supplement of a newspaper containing comic strips: with the * * * (also the funny papers, the funny pages, ...
See funny. * * *
See funnily. * * *
funny1 —funnily, adv. —funniness, n. /fun"ee/, adj., funnier, funniest, n., pl. funnies. adj. 1. providing fun; causing amusement or laughter; amusing; comical: a funny ...
funny bone
1. the part of the elbow where the ulnar nerve passes by the internal condyle of the humerus, which when struck causes a peculiar, tingling sensation in the arm and hand; crazy ...
funny book
Older Use. See comic book. [1945-50] * * *
funny business
Informal. improper or unethical conduct, as deception or trickery: He won't stand for any funny business here. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
funny car
funny car n. a type of racing vehicle used on a drag strip, that resembles a standard automobile except in having large rear tires and a one-piece fiberglass body that must be ...
funny farm
Slang (offensive). a psychiatric hospital. [1960-65] * * *
funny money
Slang. 1. counterfeit currency. 2. money from undisclosed or questionable sources. 3. currency of little value, as of a nation whose currency has been artificially inflated or ...
funny pages
➡ funnies * * *
funny paper
funny1 (def. 7b). [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
funny papers
➡ funnies * * *
funny bone n. Informal 1. A point on the elbow where the ulnar nerve runs close to the surface and produces a sharp tingling sensation if knocked against the bone. 2. A sense of ...
funny book n. A comic book. * * *
funny farm n. Offensive Slang A mental health facility or hospital. * * *
/fun"ee man'/, n., pl. funnymen. a comedian or humorist. [1840-50; FUNNY1 + MAN1] * * *
funny money n. Informal 1. Counterfeit currency. 2. Money from an obscure or questionable source. 3. Currency that has been artificially inflated or deflated for social or ...
funny paper n. A section or supplement of a newspaper containing comic strips. * * *
/fun"steuhr/, n. a person who creates or seeks fun, as a comedian or reveler. [1780-90; FUN + -STER] * * *
/fun"steuhn/, n. Frederick 1865-1917, U.S. general. * * *
Funt, Allen
▪ 2000       American broadcaster and student of human nature whose trademark “Smile! You're on Candid Camera” became an American catchphrase as a result of the ...
/fooh kah"heuh/, n. pl. of faqih. * * *
—furless, adj. /ferr/, n., adj., v., furred, furring. n. 1. the fine, soft, thick, hairy coat of the skin of a mammal. 2. the skin of certain animals, as the sable, ermine, or ...
fur farm
—fur farming. a farm on which animals, as minks, are raised for their pelts. [1910-15] * * *
Fur languages
      two closely related languages that form part of the Nilo-Saharan language family (Nilo-Saharan languages). Fur proper is spoken mainly in western Sudan (Sudan, The) ...
fur seal
any of several eared seals, as Callorhinus alascanus, having a plush underfur used in making coats, trimmings, etc. [1765-75] * * * Any of nine species of eared seals valued for ...
furlong; furlongs. * * *
/fyoor"an, fyoo ran"/, n. a colorless, liquid, unsaturated, five-membered heterocyclic compound, C4H4O, obtained from furfural: used chiefly in organic synthesis. Also called ...
fu·ra·nose (fyo͝orʹə-nōs') n. A sugar having a cyclic structure resembling that of furan. * * *
/fyoor'euh zol"i dohn'/, n. Pharm. a nitrofuran, C8H7N3O5, that is used in the treatment of giardiasis, and bacterial gastroenteritis and dysentery. [1950-55; prob. fur(anyl) + ...
—furbearing, adj. /ferr"bair'euhr/, n. any furry animal, esp. one whose fur is of commercial value. Also, fur-bearer. [1905-10; FUR + BEARER] * * *
See furbearer. * * *
/ferr"beuh loh'/, n. 1. a ruffle or flounce, as on a woman's skirt or petticoat. 2. any bit of showy trimming or finery. v.t. 3. to ornament with or as if with ...
—furbisher, n. /ferr"bish/, v.t. 1. to restore to freshness of appearance or good condition (often fol. by up): to furbish a run-down neighborhood; to furbish up one's command ...
Furbish lousewort
/ferr"bish/. See under lousewort. [1975-80; after Kate Furbish (1834-1931), U.S. botanist, its discoverer] * * *
Furbish, Catherine
▪ American botanist byname  Kate Furbish  born May 19, 1834, Exeter, N.H., U.S. died Dec. 6, 1931, Brunswick, Maine       American botanist, who devoted her lifelong ...
See furbish. * * *
—furcation /feuhr kay"sheuhn/, n. adj. /ferr"kayt, -kit/; v. /ferr"kayt/, adj., v., furcated, furcating. adj. 1. forked; branching. v.i. 2. to form a fork; branch. [1810-20; < ...
See furcate. * * *
See furcately. * * *
Furchgott, Robert F(rancis)
born June 4, 1916, Charleston, S.C., U.S. U.S. pharmacologist. He received his Ph.D. from Northwestern University. With Louis J. Ignarro and Ferid Murad, he found that nitric ...
Furchgott, Robert F.
▪ American scientist in full  Robert Francis Furchgott  born June 4, 1916, Charleston, S.C., U.S.       American pharmacologist who, along with Louis J. Ignarro ...
—furcular, adj. /ferr"kyeuh leuh/, n., pl. furculae /-lee'/. 1. the forked clavicular bone of a bird; wishbone. 2. the ventral, forked appendage on the abdomen of a springtail ...
See furcula. * * *
/ferr"kyeuh leuhm/, n., pl. furcula /-leuh/. furcula. [ < NL] * * *
Furet, Francois
▪ 1998       French historian whose reinterpretation of the French Revolution challenged the then-prevailing Marxist viewpoint and reshaped the country's perception of ...
Furetière, Antoine
▪ French author born Dec. 28, 1619, Paris died March 14, 1688, Paris  French novelist, satirist, and lexicographer, remarkable for the variety of his ...
/ferr"feuhr/, n., pl. furfures /ferr"fyeuh reez', -feuh-/. 1. the formation of flakelike particles on the surface of the skin, as of dandruff. 2. furfures, these ...
—furfuraceously, adv. /ferr'fyeuh ray"sheuhs, -feuh-/, adj. 1. of or containing bran 2. resembling bran; branlike. 3. scaly; scurfy. [1640-50; < LL furfuraceus. See FURFUR, ...
/ferr"fyeuh ral', -feuh-/, n. a colorless, oily liquid, C5H4O2, having an aromatic odor, obtained from bran, sugar, wood, corncobs, or the like, by distillation: used chiefly in ...
/ferr"fyeuh ran', -feuh-/, n. furan. [1875-80; FURFUR + -AN] * * *
fur·fu·res (fûrʹfyə-rēz') n. Plural of furfur. * * *
/ferr"fyeuhr euhl, -feuhr-/, n. (erroneously) furfural. Also, furfurole /ferr"fyeuh rohl', -feuh-/. [1835-45] * * *
/fyoor"ee ee'/, n.pl. Rom. Myth. fury (def. 3). * * *
Furies [fyoor′ēz] pl.n. 〚ME < L Furiae, pl. of furia, FURY〛 Gr. & Rom. Myth.Gr. Myth. Rom. Myth. the three terrible female spirits with snaky hair (Alecto, Tisiphone, and ...
/fyoor'ee oh"soh/; It. /fooh rddyaw"zaw/, Music. adj. 1. forceful; turbulent. adv. 2. forcefully; turbulently. [1660-70, for an earlier sense; < It: lit., furious, equiv. to ...
—furiously, adv. —furiousness, n. /fyoor"ee euhs/, adj. 1. full of fury, violent passion, or rage; extremely angry; enraged: He was furious about the accident. 2. intensely ...
See furious. * * *
—furlable, adj. —furler, n. /ferrl/, v.t. 1. to gather into a compact roll and bind securely, as a sail against a spar or a flag against its staff. v.i. 2. to become ...
furlough. * * *
/ferr"lawng, -long/, n. a unit of distance, equal to 220 yards (201 m) or 1/8 mile (0.2 km). Abbr.: fur. [bef. 900; ME; OE furlang length of a furrow. See FURROW, LONG1] * * ...
/ferr"loh/, n. 1. Mil. a vacation or leave of absence granted to an enlisted person. 2. a usually temporary layoff from work: Many plant workers have been forced to go on ...
Furman University
▪ university, Greenville, South Carolina, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Greenville, South Carolina, U.S. It has a ...
furmenty [fʉr′mə tēfʉr′mən tē] n. FRUMENTY: also furmety [fʉr′mə tē] or furmity [fʉr′mə tē] * * *
/foor"mint/, n. 1. a variety of grape from which Tokay is made. 2. the vine bearing this grape, grown in northeastern Hungary. [ < Hungarian < MF fromenté, fourmenté a type of ...
fur·mi·ty (fûrʹmĭ-tē) n. Variant of frumenty. * * *
—furnacelike, adj. /ferr"nis/, n., v., furnaced, furnacing. n. 1. a structure or apparatus in which heat may be generated, as for heating houses, smelting ores, or producing ...
▪ bird family       bird family, order Passeriformes, containing about 220 species in nearly 60 genera, limited in distribution to Central and South America. This is one ...
Furnas, J C
▪ 2002       American author and social historian (b. Nov. 24, 1905, Indianapolis, Ind.—d. June 3, 2001, Stanton, N.J.), published a noted social history of the U.S. ...
Furneaux Group
▪ islands, Australia       cluster of islands and rocks in Bass Strait off northeastern Tasmania, southern Australia. The largest are Flinders, Cape Barren, Clarke, and ...
Furneaux, Tobias
▪ British explorer born Aug. 21, 1735, Swilly, near Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng. died Sept. 19, 1781, Swilly       British naval officer and explorer who was first to ...
/ferr"nis/, n. Horace Howard, 1833-1912, and his son Horace Howard, 1865-1930, U.S. Shakespearean scholars and editors. * * * ▪ region, England, United ...
Furness, Frank Heyling
▪ American architect born 1839, Philadelphia died June 27, 1912, Media, Pa., U.S.       U.S. architect, significant for the forceful originality of his buildings and ...
Furness, Horace Howard
▪ American editor born November 2, 1833, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died August 13, 1912, Wallingford  American compiler, with his son and others, of variorum editions of 20 of ...
—furnisher, n. /ferr"nish/, v.t. 1. to supply (a house, room, etc.) with necessary furniture, carpets, appliances, etc. 2. to provide or supply (often fol. by with): The delay ...
See furnish. * * *
/ferr"ni shing/, n. 1. furnishings, a. furniture, carpeting, etc., for a house or room. b. articles or accessories of dress: men's furnishings. 2. that with which anything is ...
furnishings [fʉr′nish iŋz] pl.n. 1. the furniture, carpets, and the like for a room, apartment, etc. 2. articles of dress; things to wear [men's furnishings] * * *
Furniss, Harry
▪ Anglo-Irish caricaturist born March 26, 1854, Wexford, County Wexford, Ire. died Jan. 14, 1925, Hastings, East Sussex, Eng.  British caricaturist and illustrator, best ...
furniture. * * *
—furnitureless, adj. /ferr"ni cheuhr/, n. 1. the movable articles, as tables, chairs, desks or cabinets, required for use or ornament in a house, office, or the like. 2. ...
furniture industry
Introduction       all the companies and activities involved in the design, manufacture, distribution, and sale of functional and decorative objects of household ...
/ferr"neuh veuhl/, n. Frederick James, 1825-1910, English philologist and editor. * * *
Furnivall, Frederick James
▪ British scholar born Feb. 4, 1825, Egham, Surrey, Eng. died July 2, 1910, London  English literary scholar who, partly by his own efforts in textual criticism and partly ...
Furnivall,Frederick James
Fur·ni·vall (fûrʹnə-vəl), Frederick James. 1825-1910. British philologist who founded numerous literary societies and as a member of the Philological Society proposed the ...
/foor"oh/; Japn. /fooh"rddaw/, n., pl. furos, Japn. furo. a short, deep Japanese bathtub, often with a seat, in which a person sits upright while soaking in hot water. Also ...
/fyoor'oh kooh"meuh rin/, n. Biochem. psoralen. [furo-, comb. form repr. FURAN or FURFURAL + COUMARIN] * * *
/fyoor"awr, -euhr/, n. 1. a general outburst of enthusiasm, excitement, controversy, or the like. 2. a prevailing fad, mania, or craze. 3. fury; rage; madness. Also, esp. Brit., ...
fu·ro·re (fyo͝o-rôʹrĭ) n. Chiefly British Variant of furor.   [Italian, from Latin furor, frenzy. See furor.] * * *
fu·ro·se·mide (fyo͝o-rōʹsə-mīd') n. A white to yellow crystalline powder, C12H11ClN2O5S, used as a diuretic.   [furfural + sulf- + -emide(alteration of amide).] * * *
/ferr"fee/, n., pl. furphies. Australian. a false report; rumor. [1910-15; after Furphy carts water and rubbish carts manufactured by the Furphy family of Shepparton, Victoria, ...
Furphy, Joseph
▪ Australian author pseudonym  Tom Collins   born Sept. 26, 1843, Yering, near Yarra Glen, Vic., Australia died Sept. 13, 1912, Claremont, W. Aus., Australia  Australian ...
/ferrd/, adj. 1. having fur. 2. made with or of fur, as garments. 3. clad in fur or furs, as persons: elegantly furred in chinchilla. 4. coated with matter, as the ...
Furrer, Jonas
▪ Swiss statesman born March 3, 1805, Winterthur, Switz. died July 25, 1861, Bad Ragaz       Swiss statesman, president of the Swiss Confederation four ...
furrier1 /ferr"ee euhr/, n. a person who buys and sells furs, or one who makes, repairs, or cleans furs and fur garments; a fur dealer or fur dresser. [1570-80; re-formation, ...
/ferr"ee euh ree/, n., pl. furrieries. 1. the business, trade, or craftsmanship of a furrier. 2. Archaic. furs in general. [1760-70; FURRI(ER)1 + -ERY] * * *
/ferr"euh neuhr, fur"-/, n. Dial. a foreigner. * * *
See furry. * * *
/ferr"ing/, n. 1. the act of lining, trimming, or clothing with fur: Furring this coat will take several weeks. 2. the fur used: What kind of furring would you like? 3. the ...
—furrower, n. —furrowless, adj. —furrowlike, adj. —furrowy, adj. /ferr"oh, fur"oh/, n. 1. a narrow groove made in the ground, esp. by a plow. 2. a narrow groovelike or ...
—furrily, adv. —furriness, n. /ferr"ee/, adj., furrier, furriest. 1. consisting of or resembling fur: a deep, furry rug in front of the fireplace; the furry undergrowth of ...
Furry Dance
a traditional event that takes place in May each year in Helston, a small town in Cornwall, England. People dance through the streets and some of the houses wearing formal ...
fur seal n. Any of several eared seals of the genera Callorhinus or Arctocephalus, having thick, soft underfur that is valued commercially for use in making garments. * * *
Fursey, Saint
▪ Irish saint also called  Fursa,  Latin  Furseus  born c. 567, , near Lough Corrib?, Ire. died c. 650, , Ponthieu, Fr.; feast day January 16       monk, visionary, ...
Furst, Janos
▪ 2008       Hungarian violinist and conductor born Aug. 8, 1935 , Budapest, Hung. died Jan. 3, 2007 , Paris, France was best known as the founding leader (1966–71) ...
▪ German history German  League of Princes        league founded on July 23, 1785, under the leadership of King Frederick II the Great of Prussia to preserve the ...
Furtado, Celso Monteiro
▪ 2005       Brazilian economist (b. July 26, 1920, Pombal, Braz.—d. Nov. 20, 2004, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.), played a leading role in forming Latin American economic ...
/fyuurddt/, n. a city in S Germany, near Nuremberg. 100,700. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Bavaria Land (state), south-central Germany. It is situated at the junction ...
—furtherer, n. /ferr"dheuhr/, compar. adv. and adj. of far with superl. furthest, v. adv. 1. at or to a greater distance; farther: I'm too tired to go further. 2. at or to a ...
further education
Brit. See adult education. [1895-1900] * * *
/ferr"dheuhr euhns/, n. the act of furthering; promotion; advancement. [1400-50; late ME fortheraunce. See FURTHER, -ANCE] * * *
See further. * * *
/ferr"dheuhr mawr', -mohr'/, adv. moreover; besides; in addition: Furthermore, he left orders not to be disturbed. [1150-1200; ME; see FURTHER, MORE] * * *
/ferr"dheuhr mohst'/, adj. most distant: Their house is furthermost on the right. [1350-1400; ME; see FURTHER, -MOST] * * *
/ferr"dhist/, adj., adv. superl. of far with further as compar. farthest. * * *
—furtively, adv. —furtiveness, n. /ferr"tiv/, adj. 1. taken, done, used, etc., surreptitiously or by stealth; secret: a furtive glance. 2. sly; shifty: a furtive ...
See furtive. * * *
See furtively. * * *
/foorddt"veng'leuhrdd/, n. Wilhelm /vil"helm/, 1886-1954, German orchestral conductor. * * *
Furtwängler, (Gustav Heinrich Ernst Martin) Wilhelm
born Jan. 25, 1886, Berlin died Nov. 30, 1954, near Baden-Baden, W.Ger. German conductor and composer. After private composition studies with Joseph Rheinberger (1839–1901), ...
Furtwängler, Adolf
▪ German archaeologist born June 30, 1853, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden [Germany] died Oct. 10, 1907, Athens, Greece       German archaeologist whose catalogs of ancient ...
Furtwängler, Wilhelm
▪ German conductor in full  Gustav Heinrich Ernst Martin Wilhelm Furtwängler  born Jan. 25, 1886, Berlin, Ger. died Nov. 30, 1954, near Baden-Baden, W.Ger.  German ...
Furt·wäng·ler (fo͝ortʹvĕng'lər), Wilhelm. 1886-1954. German composer and conductor known for his passionate interpretation of romantic music, notably that of Wagner. * * *
—furuncular /fyoo rung"kyeuh leuhr/, furunculous, adj. /fyoor"ung keuhl/, n. Pathol. boil2. [1670-80; < L furunculus petty thief, boil, equiv. to fur thief (cf. FURTIVE) + ...
See furuncle. * * *
/fyoo rung'kyeuh loh"sis/, n. Pathol. the condition characterized by the presence of boils. [1885-90; < L furuncul(us) (see FURUNCLE) + -OSIS] * * *

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