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Gabin, Jean
orig. Jean-Alexis Moncorgé born May 17, 1904, Paris, France died Nov. 15, 1976, Paris French film actor. The son of a music-hall comedian, he began as a performer at the ...
Gabinius, Aulus
▪ Roman politician died 47 BC, Salonae, Dalmatia [now Split, Cro.]  Roman politician and a supporter of Pompey the Great.       Gabinius was a military tribune under ...
gabion
/gay"bee euhn/, n. 1. a cylinder of wickerwork filled with earth, used as a military defense. 2. a metal cylinder filled with stones and sunk in water, used in laying the ...
gable
—gablelike, adj. /gay"beuhl/, n. Archit. 1. the portion of the front or side of a building enclosed by or masking the end of a pitched roof. 2. a decorative member suggesting a ...
Gable
/gay"beuhl/, n. (William) Clark, 1901-60, U.S. film actor. * * * Triangular section formed by a roof with two slopes, extending from the eaves to the ridge where the two slopes ...
gable end
—gable-ended, adj. an end wall bearing a gable. [1300-50; ME] * * *
gable roof
—gable-roofed, adj. a roof sloping downward in two parts at an angle from a central ridge, so as to leave a gable at each end. See illus. at roof. [1840-50] * * *
gable window
—gable-windowed, adj. a window in or under a gable. [1300-50; ME] * * *
Gable, (William) Clark
born Feb. 1, 1901, Cadiz, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 16, 1960, Hollywood, Calif. U.S. film actor. He debuted on Broadway in 1928 and went to Hollywood in 1930. After an initial ...
Gable, (William)Clark
Ga·ble (gāʹbəl), (William) Clark. 1901-1960. American actor who received an Academy Award for his performance in It Happened One Night (1934). * * *
Gable, Christopher Michael
▪ 1999       British ballet dancer and actor (b. March 13, 1940, Hackney, London, Eng.—d. Oct. 23, 1998, near Halifax, Yorkshire, Eng.), was a popular star of the ...
Gable, Clark
▪ American actor in full  William Clark Gable   born February 1, 1901, Cadiz, Ohio, U.S. died November 16, 1960, Hollywood, California  American film actor who epitomized ...
Gable, Dan
▪ American athlete in full  Daniel Mack Gable  born October 25, 1948, Waterloo, Iowa, U.S.       American freestyle wrestler who is often considered to be the ...
Gable, Dan(iel Mack)
born Oct. 25, 1948, Waterloo, Iowa, U.S. U.S. freestyle wrestler and coach. Gable never lost a wrestling match in his high school years. After an outstanding career at Iowa ...
gabled
/gay"beuhld/, adj. 1. provided with a gable or gables: a gabled house. 2. built with a gable or gables. [1840-50; GABLE + -ED3] * * *
Gabler, Norma
▪ 2008 Norma Elizabeth Rhodes        American textbook reviewer born June 16, 1923, Garrett, Texas died July 22, 2007, Phoenix, Ariz. together with her husband, Mel ...
gableroof
gable roof n. See pitched roof. * * *
Gabo
/gah"beuh, -boh/, n. Naum /nowm/, (Naum Pevsner), 1890-1977, U.S. sculptor, born in Russia (brother of Antoine Pevsner). * * *
Gabo, Naum
orig. Naum Pevsner born Aug. 5, 1890, Bryansk, Russia died Aug. 23, 1977, Waterbury, Conn., U.S. Russian-born U.S. sculptor. He studied at the University of Munich, and in ...
Gabo,Naum
Ga·bo (gäʹbō, -bə), Naum. 1890-1977. Russian-born American sculptor and designer known for his sculptural experiments with constructivism. * * *
Gabon
/gann bawonn"/, n. 1. Official name, Gabonese Republic. a republic in W equatorial Africa: formerly a part of French Equatorial Africa; member of the French Community. 1,190,159; ...
Gabon Estuary
Inlet of the Gulf of Guinea, western Gabon. Fed by the Como and Mbeï rivers, it is 40 mi (64 km) long and 9 mi (14 km) wide at its mouth. It was explored in the 1470s by ...
Gabon, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped green-yellow-blue national flag. It has a width-to-length ratio of 3 to 4.       The French did not allow the ...
Gabonese
/gab'euh neez", -nees", gah'beuh-/, adj., n., pl. Gabonese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Gabon or its inhabitants. n. 2. an inhabitant or native of Gabon. [GABON + -ESE] * * *
gaboon
/geuh boohn", ga-, gah-/, n. 1. Also called gaboon mahogany. the soft, reddish-brown wood of an African tree, Aucoumea klaineana, used for making furniture. 2. the tree itself. ...
gaboon viper
a large, venomous snake, Bitis gabonica, of tropical African forests, having large retractable fangs and geometrically patterned scales of yellow, brown, and sometimes ...
Gabor
/gah"bawr, geuh bawr"/, n. Dennis, 1900-79, British physicist, born in Hungary: inventor of holography; Nobel prize 1971. * * *
Gabor, Dennis
▪ British engineer born June 5, 1900, Budapest, Hung. died Feb. 8, 1979, London, Eng.       Hungarian-born electrical engineer who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in ...
Gabor, Eva
▪ 1996       U.S. actress (b. Feb. 11, 1921, Budapest, Hung.—d. July 4, 1995, Los Angeles, Calif.), was the youngest (behind Magda and Zsa Zsa) of the glamorous Gabor ...
Gabor,Dennis
Ga·bor (gäʹbôr, gə-bôrʹ), Dennis. 1900-1979. Hungarian-born British physicist. He won a 1971 Nobel Prize for his work on holography. * * *
Gaboriau
/gann baw rddyoh"/, n. Émile /ay meel"/, 1835-73, French author of detective stories. * * *
Gaboriau, Émile
▪ French author born November 9, 1832/33/35, Saujon, France died c. October 1, 1873, Paris       French novelist who is best known as the father of the roman policier ...
Gaborone
/gah'beuh roh"nee, gab'euh-/, n. a town in and the capital of Botswana, in the SE part. 59,700. Formerly, Gaberones. * * * formerly (until 1969) Gaberones City (pop., 2001 ...
Gabreski, Francis Stanley
▪ 2003       American fighter pilot (b. Jan. 28, 1919, Oil City, Pa.—d. Jan. 31, 2002, Huntington, N.Y.), shot down more than three dozen enemy planes as an ace ...
Gabriel
/gay"bree euhl/, n. 1. one of the archangels, appearing usually as a divine messenger. Dan. 8:16, 9:21; Luke 1:19, 26. 2. Islam. the angel of revelation and the intermediary ...
Gabriel Garcia Marquez: Nobel Lecture
▪ Primary Source       Nobel Lecture, 8 December, 1982       (Translation)       The Solitude of Latin America       Antonio Pigafetta, a Florentine ...
Gabriel, Ange-Jacques
▪ French architect also called  Jacques-Ange Gabriel  born Oct. 23, 1698, Paris, France died 1782, Paris  French architect who built or enlarged many châteaus and palaces ...
Gabriel, Peter
▪ British musician born Feb. 13, 1950, Woking, Surrey, Eng.       former lead singer of the progressive rock (art rock) band Genesis and solo artist known for the ...
Gabrieli
/gah'bree el"ee, gab"ree-/; It. /gah'brddee e"lee/, n. 1. Andrea /ahn dray"euh/; It. /ahn drdde"ah/, 1510-86, Italian organist and composer. 2. his nephew, Giovanni /joh vah"nee, ...
Gabrieli, Andrea
▪ Italian composer also called  Andrea di Cannaregio , Cannareggio , or  Canareggio  born 1532/33, Venice died Aug. 30, 1585, Venice       Italian Renaissance ...
Gabrieli, Andrea and Giovanni
born с 1510–20, Venice died late 1586, Venice born с 1556, Venice died Aug. 12?, 1612, Venice Venetian composers. Andrea worked at the Bavarian court in Munich and in 1566 ...
Gabrieli, Giovanni
▪ Italian composer Introduction born 1556?, Venice died Aug. 12?, 1612, Venice       Italian Renaissance composer, organist, and teacher, celebrated for his sacred ...
Gabrielino
▪ people also called  San Gabrielino  or  Gabrieleño , self-name  Tongva        any of two, or possibly three, dialectally and culturally related North American ...
Gabriella
/gay'bree el"euh, gab'ree-/, n. a female given name. Also, Gabriela, Gabrielle /gay'bree el", gab'ree-/; Fr. /gann brddee el"/. * * *
Gabrielle
Gabrielle [gāb΄rē el′, ga΄brēəl′] n. 〚It & Sp〛 a feminine name: equiv. It. & Sp. Gabriella: see GABRIEL * * *
Gabrilowitsch
/gah'bri luv"ich/; Russ. /geuh brddyi law"vyich/, n. Ossip /aw"syip/, 1878-1936, Russian pianist and conductor, in America. * * *
Gabrilowitsch, Ossip
▪ Russian pianist born , Feb. 7, 1878, St. Petersburg died Sept. 14, 1936, Detroit       Russian-born American pianist noted for the elegance and subtlety of his ...
Gabrovo
▪ Bulgaria       town, north-central Bulgaria. It is situated on both banks of the Yantra River, at the foot of the Shipka Pass in the Balkan Mountains. A major ...
Gabú
▪ Guinea-Bissau formerly  Nova Lamego         town located in eastern Guinea-Bissau. Gabú is situated along the Colufe River, a tributary of the Gêba River, and is ...
Gabun
/geuh boohn"/, n. Gabon. * * *
gaby
/gay"bee/, n., pl. gabies. Brit. Dial. a fool. [1790-1800; orig. uncert.] * * *
Gaby
/gab"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Gabriella. * * *
gaccha
▪ Jainism       among the image-worshipping Shvetambara (Śvetāmbara) sect of the Indian religion Jainism, a group of monks and their lay followers who claim descent ...
Gacy, John Wayne
▪ American serial killer born March 17, 1942, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died May 10, 1994, Statesville, Ill.       American serial killer whose murders of 33 boys and young ...
gad
gad1 —gadder, n. —gaddingly, adv. /gad/, v., gadded, gadding, n. v.i. 1. to move restlessly or aimlessly from one place to another: to gad about. n. 2. the act of ...
Gad
/gad/, interj. (used as a mild oath.) Also, gad. [1600-10; euphemism for GOD] /gad/, n. 1. a son of Zilpah. Gen. 30:11. 2. one of the twelve tribes of Israel, traditionally ...
Gad al-Haq Ali Gad al-Haq
▪ 1997       Egyptian religious leader who, as grand sheikh of al-Azhar, the Muslim world's highest religious body, issued rulings based on strict Islamic orthodoxy, ...
gadabout
/gad"euh bowt'/, n. 1. a person who moves about restlessly or aimlessly, esp. from one social activity to another. 2. a person who travels often or to many different places, esp. ...
Gadamer, Hans-Georg
born Feb. 11, 1900, Marburg, Ger. died March 13, 2002, Heidelberg German philosopher whose system of philosophical hermeneutics, derived in part from the ideas of Wilhelm ...
Gadara
Gad·a·ra (gădʹər-ə) An ancient city of Palestine southeast of the Sea of Galilee. It was one of the Greek cities of the Decapolis.   Gadʹa·rene' (gădʹə-rēn', ...
Gadarene
Gadarene [gad′ə rēn΄] adj. 〚after the Gadarene swine (Luke 8:26-39) that ran into the sea after demons possessed them〛 moving rapidly and without control; headlong * * ...
Gadda, Carlo Emilio
▪ Italian author born , Nov. 14, 1893, Milan, Italy died May 21, 1973, Rome       Italian essayist, short-story writer, and novelist outstanding particularly for his ...
Gaddafi
/geuh dah"fee/, n. Muammar (Muhammad), al- or el-, /mooh ahm"ahr al, el/, Qadhafi. * * *
Gaddafi,Muammar al-
Gad·da·fi (gə-däʹfē), Muammar al-. See Qaddafi, Muammar al-. * * *
gadder
See gad1. * * *
Gaddi
/gahd"dee/, n. Taddeo /tahd de"aw/, 1300-66, Italian painter and architect. * * *
Gaddi, Agnolo
▪ Italian artist born c. 1350, , Florence [Italy] died Oct. 16, 1396, Florence       son and pupil of Taddeo Gaddi, who was himself the major pupil of the Florentine ...
Gaddi, Taddeo
born с 1300, Florence died 1366?, Florence Italian painter active in Florence. He was the son of a painter and mosaicist and a student of Giotto. His best-known works are ...
Gaddis, William
▪ American author in full  William Thomas Gaddis  born Dec. 29, 1922, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 16, 1998, East Hampton, N.Y.       American novelist of complex, ...
Gaddis, William (Thomas)
born Dec. 29, 1922, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 16, 1998, East Hampton, N.Y. U.S. novelist. He attended Harvard University and later wrote speeches and screenplays. His long ...
Gaddis, William Thomas
▪ 1999       American writer of complex satiric works who was considered one of the most important post-World War II modernist novelists and whose first novel, The ...
Gade, Niels
▪ Danish composer born Feb. 22, 1817, Copenhagen died Dec. 21, 1890, Copenhagen       Danish composer who founded the Romantic nationalist school in Danish music. He ...
Gades, Antonio
▪ 2005 Antonio Esteve Ródenas        Spanish dancer and choreographer (b. Nov. 14, 1936, Elda, Spain—d. July 20, 2004, Madrid, Spain), popularized flamenco and other ...
gadfly
/gad"fluy'/, n., pl. gadflies. 1. any of various flies, as a stable fly or warble fly, that bite or annoy domestic animals. 2. a person who persistently annoys or provokes others ...
gadfly petrel
      any of several species of petrels distinguished from others by their fluttering type of flight. See petrel. * * *
gadget
—gadgety /gaj"i tee/, adj. /gaj"it/, n. a mechanical contrivance or device; any ingenious article. [1850-55; orig. uncert.; cf. F gâchette the catch of a lock, sear of a ...
gadgeteer
/gaj'i tear"/, n. a person who invents or is particularly fond of using gadgets. [1935-40; GADGET + -EER] * * *
gadgetry
/gaj"i tree/, n. mechanical or electronic contrivances; gadgets: the gadgetry of the well-equipped modern kitchen. [1915-20; GADGET + -RY] * * *
gadgety
See gadget. * * *
Gadhelic
/geuh del"ik/, adj., n. Goidelic. * * *
gadid
/gay"did/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the cod family, Gadidae. n. 2. a gadid fish. Also, gadoid /gay"doyd/. [1885-90; < NL Gadidae, equiv. to Gad(us) the cod genus ( < Gk ...
Gadifer de La Salle
▪ Poitevin adventurer flourished c. 1340–1415       Poitevin adventurer who, with Jean de Béthencourt (Béthencourt, Jean de), began the conquest of the Canary ...
Gadite
/gad"uyt/, n. a member of the tribe of Gad. [GAD + -ITE1] * * *
gadogado
ga·do ga·do (gäʹdō gäʹdō) n. An Indonesian salad of mixed vegetables dressed with a peanut and coconut milk sauce.   [Indonesian, from menggado, to eat side dishes ...
gadoid
/gay"doyd/, adj., n. gadid. [1835-45; < NL Gad(us) (see GADID) + -OID] * * *
gadolinite
/gad"l euh nuyt'/, n. a silicate mineral from which the rare-earth metals gadolinium, holmium, and rhenium are extracted. [1795-1805; named after J. Gadolin (1760-1852), Finnish ...
gadolinium
—gadolinic, adj. /gad'l in"ee euhm/, n. Chem. a rare-earth metallic element. Symbol: Gd; at. wt.: 157.25; at. no.: 64. [1885-90; see GADOLINITE, -IUM] * * * ▪ chemical ...
gadroon
—gadrooned, adj. —gadroonage, n. /geuh droohn"/, n. 1. Archit. an elaborately carved or indented convex molding. 2. a decorative series of curved, inverted flutings, or of ...
gadrooned
See gadroon. * * *
gadrooning
/geuh drooh"ning/, n. ornamentation with gadroons. [1880-85; GADROON + -ING1] * * *
Gadsbodikins
/gadz'bod"i kinz/, interj. Archaic. (a euphemistic form of God's body, used as a mild oath.) Also, Oddsbodikins, Odsbodikins, Odsbodkins. [1670-80; GAD + 's1 + bodikin (BODY + ...
Gadsden
/gadz"deuhn/, n. 1. James, 1788-1858, U.S. railroad promoter and diplomat. 2. a city in NE Alabama. 47,565. * * * ▪ Alabama, United States       city, seat (1866) of ...
Gadsden Purchase
a tract of 45,535 sq. mi. (117,935 sq. km), now contained in New Mexico and Arizona, purchased for $10,000,000 from Mexico in 1853, the treaty being negotiated by James ...
Gadsden, James
born May 15, 1788, Charleston, S.C., U.S. died Dec. 26, 1858, Charleston U.S. soldier and diplomat. He was appointed an officer in the U.S. Army in 1812. He established ...
Gadsden,James
Gads·den (gădzʹdən), James. 1788-1858. American diplomat, politician, and railroad promoter who negotiated the Gadsden Purchase. * * *
GadsdenPurchase
Gadsden Purchase An area in extreme southern New Mexico and Arizona south of the Gila River. It was purchased by the United States from Mexico in 1853 to ensure territorial ...
Gadus
      fish genus of the family Gadidae, including the individuals and groups known as bib, cod, pollock, and whiting (qq.v.). * * *
gadwall
/gad"wawl'/, n., pl. gadwalls, (esp. collectively) gadwall. a grayish-brown wild duck, Anas strepera, found in temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere. [1660-70; orig. ...
Gadzooks
/gad'zoohks"/, interj. Archaic. (used as a mild oath.) Also, Odzooks, Odzookers. [1645-55; perh. repr. God's hooks (i.e., the nails of Christ's Cross); cf. GAD] * * *
gae
gae gae1 [gā] vi. gaed [gād] gaen [gān] gaeing Scot. GO1 gae2 [gā] vt., vi. alt. pt. of GIE (give) * * *
Gaea
/jee"euh/, n. the ancient Greek goddess of the earth, mother of the Titans. [ < Gk gaîa earth] * * * Greek goddess of the earth. She was both mother and wife to Uranus, or ...
Gaekwar dynasty
▪ Indian history Gaekwar also spelled  Gaikwar  or   Gaekwad        Indian ruling family whose capital was at Baroda (now Vadodara) in Gujarat (Gujarāt) state. ...
Gael
/gayl/, n. 1. a Scottish Celt or Highlander. 2. a Gaelic-speaking Celt. [1590-1600; < ScotGael Gaidheal, OIr Goidel] Gaelic (def. 1). Also, Gael. * * *
Gaelic
/gay"lik/, n. 1. a Celtic language that includes the speech of ancient Ireland and the dialects that have developed from it, esp. those usually known as Irish, Manx, and Scots ...
Gaelic football
n [U] a sport played by two teams of 15 players each. They play with a round ball that can be kicked, punched or bounced, but not carried. Points are scored either by kicking the ...
Gaelic revival
Resurgence of interest in Irish language, literature, history, and folklore inspired by the growing Irish nationalism of the early 19th century. With the 17th-century English ...
Gaeltacht
Gael·tacht (gālʹtəKHt) n. The collection of regions in Ireland where Irish Gaelic is spoken as a native language.   [Irish Gaelic, from Gael, a Gael. See Gael.] * * *
Gaeta
Ga·e·ta (gä-āʹtə, -ĕʹtä) A city of west-central Italy northwest of Naples on the Gulf of Gaeta, an inlet of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Gaeta was a favorite resort of the ...
Gaetano
(as used in expressions) Donizetti Domenico Gaetano Maria Mosca Gaetano Gaetano Appolino Baldassare * * *
Gaetulia
▪ region, North Africa       ancient district of interior North Africa that in Roman times, at least, was inhabited by wandering tribes, the Gaetuli. The area, not ...
Gafencu, Grigore
born Jan. 30, 1892, Bucharest, Rom. died Jan. 30, 1957, Paris, France Romanian politician. A journalist, he became editor of Argus (1924) and in the 1930s founded Timpul, which ...
gaff
gaff1 /gaf/, n. 1. an iron hook with a handle for landing large fish. 2. the spur on a climbing iron, esp. as used by telephone linemen. 3. Naut. a spar rising aft from a mast to ...
gaff sail
Naut. See under gaff1 (def. 3). Also called gaff-headed sail /gaf"hed'id/. * * *
gaff topsail
Naut. 1. Also called fore-and-aft topsail. a jib-headed fore-and-aft sail set above a gaff. 2. a quadrilateral fore-and-aft sail set above the spanker of a bark, between the gaff ...
gaff-rigged
/gaf"rigd'/, adj. Naut. (of a sailboat) having one or more gaff sails. [1930-35] * * *
gaff-topsail
gaff-topsail [gaf′täp′sāl΄; ] naut. [, gaf′täp′səl] n. a topsail the lower edge of which is attached to a gaff * * * gaff-top·sail (găfʹtŏpʹsəl, -sāl') n. ...
gaff-topsail catfish
/gaf'top"sayl', -seuhl/ a sea catfish, Bagre marinus, occurring in the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico from Cape Cod to Panama, and having the spine of the dorsal fin greatly ...
gaffe
/gaf/, n. a social blunder; faux pas. [1905-10; < F: blunder, prob. special use of gaffe GAFF1] * * *
gaffer
/gaf"euhr/, n. 1. the chief electrician on a motion-picture or television production. 2. Informal. an old man. 3. Brit. a foreman or overseer, esp. the boss of a group of ...
gaffle
/gaf"euhl/, v., gaffled, gaffling. New England (chiefly Maine). v.t. 1. to take hold of; seize. v.i. 2. to take as one's own (used in the phrase gaffle on to): I'm going to ...
Gaffney
/gaf"nee/, n. a city in N South Carolina. 13,453. * * * ▪ South Carolina, United States       city, seat of Cherokee county, northern South Carolina, U.S., near the ...
gaffrig
gaff rig n. Nautical A rig with a fore-and-aft sail that has its upper edge supported by a gaff. * * *
Gafsa
▪ Tunisia also spelled  Qafṣah , Latin  Capsa        town situated in west-central Tunisia. The ancient name of the locality is applied to the Mesolithic ...
gag
gag1 /gag/, v., gagged, gagging, n. v.t. 1. to stop up the mouth of (a person) by putting something in it, thus preventing speech, shouts, etc. 2. to restrain by force or ...
gag law
1. any law restricting freedom of the press, free speech, or the right of petition. 2. See gag rule. [1790-1800, Amer.] * * *
gag order
a court order banning reporters, attorneys, and other parties involved in a case before a court of law from reporting on or publicly disclosing anything relating to the ...
gag rule
any rule restricting open discussion or debate concerning a given issue, esp. in a deliberative body. [1800-10, Amer.] * * * Parliamentary device to limit debate; specifically, ...
Gág, Wanda Hazel
▪ American writer and artist born March 11, 1893, New Ulm, Minnesota, U.S. died June 27, 1946, New York, New York       American artist and author whose dynamic visual ...
gaga
/gah"gah'/, adj. Informal. 1. excessively and foolishly enthusiastic: The public went gaga over the new fashions. 2. ardently fond; infatuated: He's gaga over the new girl in ...
gagaku
/gah gah"kooh/, n. 1. the select group of Japanese men who, as both dancers and musicians, perform the bugaku. 2. the style of music played to accompany the bugaku. [ < Japn < ...
Gagarin
/gah gahr"in, geuh-/; Russ. /gu gah"rddyin/, n. Yuri Alekseyevich /yoor"ee al'ik say"euh vich/; Russ. /yooh"rddyi u lyi ksye"yi vyich/, 1934-68, Russian astronaut: first human ...
Gagarin, Yury (Alekseyevich)
born March 9, 1934, near Gzhatsk, Russian S.F.S.R. died March 27, 1968, near Moscow Soviet cosmonaut. Son of a carpenter on a collective farm, he graduated from the Soviet air ...
Gagarin, Yury Alekseyevich
▪ Soviet cosmonaut born March 9, 1934, near Gzhatsk, Russian S.F.S.R. [now Gagarin, Russia] died March 27, 1968, near Moscow, U.S.S.R. [now Russia]  Soviet cosmonaut who in ...
Gagarin,Yuri Alekseyevich
Ga·ga·rin (gə-gärʹĭn), Yuri Alekseyevich. 1934-1968. Soviet cosmonaut. In 1961 he became the first person to travel in space. He was killed while flying a routine aircraft ...
gage
gage1 /gayj/, n., v., gaged, gaging. n. 1. something, as a glove, thrown down by a medieval knight in token of challenge to combat. 2. Archaic. a challenge. 3. Archaic. a pledge ...
Gage
/gayj/, n. Thomas, 1721-87, British general in America 1763-76. * * *
Gage, Frances Dana Barker
▪ American social reformer and writer née  Frances Dana Barker  born Oct. 12, 1808, Marietta, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 10, 1884, Greenwich, Conn.  American social reformer and ...
Gage, Matilda Joslyn
▪ American suffragist née  Matilda Joslyn  born March 25, 1826, Cicero, N.Y., U.S. died March 18, 1898, Chicago, Ill.  American women's rights advocate who helped to lead ...
Gage, Thomas
▪ British general born 1721, Firle, Sussex, Eng. died April 2, 1787, England  British general who successfully commanded all British forces in North America for more than 10 ...
Gage,Thomas
Gage (gāj), Thomas. 1721-1787. British general and colonial administrator. As governor of Massachusetts (1774-1775) his attempts to suppress colonial resistance led to the ...
gager
gag·er (gāʹjər) n. Variant of gauger. * * *
Gagern, Friedrich, Freiherr von
▪ German military commander born October 24, 1794, Weilburg, near Mainz died April 20, 1848, near Kandern, Baden       Hans Christoph von Gagern's eldest son, a German ...
Gagern, Hans Christoph, Freiherr von
▪ German politician and writer born Jan. 25, 1766, Kleinniedesheim, near Worms died Oct. 22, 1852, Hornau, near Höchst, Ger.       conservative German administrator, ...
Gagern, Heinrich, Freiherr von
▪ German politician born August 20, 1799, Bayreuth, Germany died May 22, 1880, Darmstadt, Hesse-Darmstadt  second son of Hans Christoph von Gagern, liberal, anti-Austrian ...
Gagern, Maximilian Freiherr von
▪ German diplomat and politician born March 25, 1810, Weilburg, Germany died October 17, 1889, Vienna       10th son of Hans Christoph, liberal Dutch and German ...
gagger
gagger1 /gag"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that gags. 2. an L-shaped rod for reinforcing sand in a foundry mold. [1855-60; GAG1 + -ER1] gagger2 /gag"euhr/, n. a person who ...
gaggle
/gag"euhl/, v., gaggled, gaggling, n. v.i. 1. to cackle. n. 2. a flock of geese when not flying. Cf. skein. 3. an often noisy or disorderly group or gathering: a politician ...
gaglaw
gag law n. 1. A law intended to limit freedom of the press, as by instituting censorship or restricting access to information. 2. See gag rule. * * *
Gagliano, Marco da
▪ Italian composer born May 1, 1582, Florence [Italy] died Feb. 25, 1643, Florence       one of the earliest composers of Italian opera.       Gagliano worked in ...
gagline
gag line n. A line, as in a comedy routine or speech, intended to provoke laughter. * * *
gagman
/gag"man'/, n., pl. gagmen. 1. a person who writes comic material for public performers. 2. a comedian who uses a patter of jokes and funny remarks. Also, gagster ...
Gagnoa
▪ Côte d’Ivoire       town, southern Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast). It is the chief collecting point for a forest region that sends coffee, cocoa, and timber (sipo ...
Gagny
▪ town, France       town, a northeastern suburb of Paris, Seine–Saint-Denis département, Île-de-France région, north-central France. Gagny was the embarkation ...
gagorder
gag order n. Law A court order forbidding public reporting or commentary, as by the news media, on a case currently before the court. * * *
gagrule
gag rule n. A rule, as in a legislative body, limiting discussion or debate on an issue. Also called gag law. * * *
gagster
gagster [gag′stər] n. 1. GAGMAN 2. a person fond of making jokes (gags) * * *
Gahadavala dynasty
(с 1050–с 1250) One of the many ruling families of North India on the eve of the 12th–13th century Muslim conquests. Its history illustrates all the features of the early ...
Gahanbar
In Zoroastrianism, any of six festivals occurring at irregular intervals during the year and marking the change of seasons in Iran. Globally they are aligned with the six stages ...
Gahanna
/geuh han"euh/, n. a town in central Ohio. 18,001. * * *
Gahn, Johan Gottlieb
▪ Swedish mineralogist born Aug. 19, 1745, Voxna, near Söderhamn, Swed. died Dec. 8, 1818, Stockholm       Swedish mineralogist and crystallographer who discovered ...
gahnite
/gah"nuyt/, n. a dark-green to black mineral of the spinel group, zinc aluminate, ZnAl2O4. [1800-10; named after J. G. Gahn (1745-1818), Swedish chemist; see -ITE1] * * ...
GAI
See guaranteed annual income. * * *
gai saber
▪ poetry Old Provençal: “gay knowledge” or “gay science”        the art of composing love poetry; especially the art of the Provençal troubadours ...
Gaia
Gaia [gā′ə, gī′ə] n. var. of GAEA * * * Gai·a (gāʹə) n. Variant of Gaea. * * *
Gaia hypothesis
/gay"euh/ a model of the earth as a self-regulating organism, advanced as an alternative to a mechanistic model. [1970-75; < Gk gaîa earth; see GAEA] * * * Model of the Earth ...
gaiety
/gay"i tee/, n., pl. gaieties. 1. the state of being gay or cheerful; gay spirits. 2. Often, gaieties. merrymaking or festivity: the gaieties of the New Year season. 3. ...
Gaiety Girls
n [pl] the women who sang and danced in musical comedies at the Gaiety Theatre in London, England, in the 1890s. They were well known for their beauty, and many of them married ...
gaijin
/guy"jeen/; Eng. /guy"jin/, n., pl. gaijin /-jeen/; Eng. /-jin/. Japanese. an outsider; foreigner. * * *
Gail
/gayl/, n. a female or male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "joy." * * *
Gailhard, John
▪ English author also called  Jean Gailhard   flourished 17th century       English author of an educational treatise on proper training for the English nobility ...
gaillard
/gal"yeuhrd/, n. galliard. * * *
Gaillard Cut
/gil yahrd", gay"lahrd/ an artificial cutting in the Panama Canal Zone, NW of the city of Panama: excavated for the Panama Canal. 8 mi. (13 km) long. Formerly, Culebra ...
Gaillard, Château
▪ castle, France  (French: “Saucy Castle”), 12th-century castle built by Richard the Lion-Heart on the Andelys cliff overlooking the Seine River in France; substantial ...
GaillardCut
Gail·lard Cut (gĭl-yärdʹ, gāʹlärd') Formerly Cu·le·bra Cut (ko͞o-lāʹbrə). An excavation, about 13 km (8 mi) long and 14 m (45 ft) deep, through Culebra Mountain, a ...
gaillardia
/gay lahr"dee euh/, n. any composite plant of the genus Gaillardia, including the blanket-flowers. [1885-90; < NL, named after Gaillard de Charentonneau, 18th-century French ...
gaily
/gay"lee/, adv. 1. with merriment; merrily; joyfully; cheerfully. 2. with showiness; showily. Also, gayly. [1350-1400; ME; see GAY, -LY] * * *
Gaiman, Neil
▪ 2005       In the eight years since the conclusion of his groundbreaking Sandman series for DC Comics, Neil Gaiman had established himself as a successful novelist, an ...
gain
gain1 —gainable, adj. /gayn/, v.t. 1. to get (something desired), esp. as a result of one's efforts: to gain possession of an object; to gain permission to enter a country. 2. ...
gainer
/gay"neuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that gains. 2. See full gainer. [1530-40; GAIN1 + -ER1] * * *
Gaines
/gaynz/, n. Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849, U.S. general. * * *
Gaines's Mill, Battle of
      in the American Civil War, one of the Seven Days' Battles, which ended the Peninsular Campaign. See Cold Harbor, battles of. * * *
Gaines, Ernest J.
▪ American author in full  Ernest James Gaines   born Jan. 15, 1933, Oscar, La., U.S.       American writer whose fiction, as exemplified by The Autobiography of Miss ...
Gaines, William Maxwell
▪ American publisher born March 1, 1922, New York, New York, U.S. died June 3, 1992, New York City       American publisher who launched Mad magazine (1952), an ...
Gainesville
/gaynz"vil/, n. 1. a city in N Florida. 81,371. 2. a city in N Georgia. 15,280. 3. a city in N Texas. 14,081. * * * ▪ Florida, United States       city, seat (1853) of ...
gainful
—gainfully, adv. —gainfulness, n. /gayn"feuhl/, adj. profitable; lucrative: gainful employment. [1545-55; GAIN1 + -FUL] * * *
gainfully
See gainful. * * *
gainfulness
See gainfully. * * *
gaingiving
/gayn"giv'ing, gayn giv"-/, n. Archaic. a misgiving. [1325-75; gain- (ME gein-) against + GIVE + -ING1] * * *
gainless
—gainlessness, n. /gayn"lis/, adj. 1. unprofitable. 2. unavailing. [1630-40; GAIN1 + -LESS] * * *
gainly
—gainliness, n. /gayn"lee/, adj. graceful; comely; handsome. [1850-55; prob. back formation from UNGAINLY] * * *
gainsay
—gainsayer, n. /gayn"say', gayn say"/, v.t., gainsaid, gainsaying. 1. to deny, dispute, or contradict. 2. to speak or act against; oppose. [1250-1300; ME gainsaien. See AGAIN, ...
gainsayer
See gainsay. * * *
Gainsborough
/gaynz"berr'oh, -bur'oh/; Brit. /gaynz"beuhr euh/, n. Thomas, 1727-88, English painter. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, West Lindsey district, ...
Gainsborough chair
      type of English armchair made in the mid-18th century. A wide chair with a high back, it was normally upholstered in leather. The sides are open, and the short, ...
Gainsborough, Thomas
(baptized May 14, 1727, Sudbury, Eng. died Aug. 2, 1788, London) British painter. At 13 he left his native Suffolk to study in London. By с 1750, back in Suffolk, he had ...
Gainsborough,Thomas
Gains·bor·ough (gānzʹbûr'ō, -bər-ə), Thomas. 1727-1788. British portrait and landscape painter. His masterpieces include The Blue Boy and The Harvest Wagon (both c. ...
Gainza Paz, Alberto
▪ Argentine journalist born March 16, 1899, Buenos Aires died Dec. 26, 1977, Buenos Aires       editor of the influential Buenos Aires daily La Prensa (Prensa, La) ...
Gairdner, Lake
▪ lake, South Australia, Australia       largest of a group of shallow depressions west of Lake Torrens in central South Australia, 240 miles (386 km) northwest of ...
Gairy, Sir Eric Matthew
▪ 1998       Grenadan politician (b. Feb. 18, 1922, St. Andrew's Parish, Grenada—d. Aug. 23, 1997, Grand Anse, Grenada), served as the first prime minister of Grenada ...
Gaiseric
/guy"zeuh rik/, n. Genseric. * * * ▪ king of Vandals also spelled  Genseric  died 477       king of the Vandals (Vandal) and the Alani (428–477) who conquered a ...
gait
/gayt/, n. 1. a manner of walking, stepping, or running. 2. any of the manners in which a horse moves, as a walk, trot, canter, gallop, or rack. v.t. 3. to teach a specified gait ...
Gaitán, Jorge Eliécer
▪ Colombian politician born Jan. 26, 1902, Bogotá died April 9, 1948, Bogotá       political leader who was considered a champion of the Colombian people and was ...
gaited
/gay"tid/, adj. having a specified gait (usually used in combination): slow-gaited; heavy-gaited oxen. [1580-90; GAIT + -ED3] * * *
gaiter
—gaiterless, adj. /gay"teuhr/, n. 1. a covering of cloth or leather for the ankle and instep and sometimes also the lower leg, worn over the shoe or boot. Cf. upper (def. ...
Gaithersburg
/gay"theuhrz berrg'/, n. a town in central Maryland. 26,424. * * *
Gaitskell
/gayt"skeuhl/, n. Hugh Todd Naylor /nay"leuhr/ 1906-63, English economist and statesman: Labour party leader 1955-63. * * *
Gaitskell, Hugh
▪ British statesman born , April 9, 1906, London died Jan. 18, 1963, London  British statesman, leader of the British Labour Party from December 1955 until his sudden death ...
Gaitskell, Hugh (Todd Naylor)
born April 9, 1906, London, Eng. died Jan. 18, 1963, London British politician. He taught political economy at the University of London and in World War II served in the ...
Gaius
/gay"euhs/, n. 1. A.D. c110-c180, Roman jurist and writer, esp. on civil law. 2. Caius. * * * (as used in expressions) Gaius Caesar Germanicus Gaius Aurelius Valerius ...
Gaius, Saint
▪ pope Gaius also spelled  Caius   born , Dalmatia? died April 22?, 296, Rome; feast day April 22       pope from 283 (possibly December 17) to 296. Nothing about ...
Gajah Mada
died 1364 Prime minister of the Majapahit empire and a national hero in Indonesia. Born a commoner, Gajah Mada rose to power on his intelligence, courage, and loyalty to King ...
Gajdusek
/guy"doo shek', -deuh-/, n. D(aniel) Carleton /kahrl"teuhn/, born 1923, U.S. medical researcher, esp. on viral diseases: Nobel prize 1976. * * *
Gajdusek, D(aniel) Carleton
born Sept. 9, 1923, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S. U.S. physician and researcher. He received his M.D. from Harvard University. He provided the first medical description of the ...
Gajdusek, D. Carleton
▪ American physician in full  Daniel Carleton Gajdusek   born Sept. 9, 1923, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S.   found dead Dec. 12, 2008, Tromsø, Nor.       American physician ...
gal
gal1 /gal/, n. Informal. a girl or woman. [1785-95; orig. dial. pron. of GIRL] Usage. See girl. gal2 /gal/, n. a centimeter-gram-second unit of acceleration, equal to one ...
gal Friday
a woman who acts as a general assistant in a business office or to an executive and has a wide variety of esp. secretarial and clerical duties. [1955-60; modeled on MAN ...
Gal Oya
▪ river, Sri Lanka       river, eastern Sri Lanka. It rises in the hill country east of Badulla and flows north and east past Inginiyagala to the Indian Ocean 10 miles ...
Gal, Uziel
▪ 2003       Israeli army officer and inventor (b. Dec. 15, 1923, Germany—d. Sept. 7, 2002, Philadelphia, Pa.), designed the Uzi submachine gun, a compact automatic ...
gal-
To call, shout. 1. call, from Old Norse kalla, to call, from Germanic expressive form *kall-. 2. clatter, from Old English *clatrian, to clatter, from Germanic *klat-. 3. ...
Gal.
Galatians. * * *
gal.
gallon; gallons. * * *
gala
/gay"leuh, gal"euh/; esp. Brit. /gah"leuh/, adj. 1. festive; festal; showy: Her birthday parties were always gala occasions. n. 2. a festive occasion; celebration; special ...
galabia
/jeuh lah"bee euh/, n. djellabah. Also, galabiya, galabiyah, galabieh. [1715-25; < Egyptian Ar gallabiyah] * * *
galact-
var. of galacto- before a vowel: galactagogue. * * *
galactagogue
galactagogue [gə lak′tə gäg΄] n. 〚 GALACT(O)- + -AGOGUE〛 an agent that stimulates or increases the secretion of milk * * *
galactan
/geuh lak"teuhn, -tan/, n. Biochem. any of the class of hexosans, as agar, that yield galactose upon hydrolysis. Also, galactosan. [1885-90; < G; see GALACT-, -ANE] * * *
galactic
/geuh lak"tik/, adj. 1. Astron. a. of or pertaining to a galaxy. b. of or pertaining to the Milky Way. 2. immense; huge; vast: a problem of galactic proportions. 3. Physiol. ...
galactic cluster
Astron. See open cluster. * * *       in astronomy, any group of young stars held together by mutual gravitation (see star cluster). * * *
galactic coordinate
In astronomy, a galactic latitude or longitude, useful for describing the relative positions and motions of components of the Milky Way Galaxy. Galactic latitude is measured in ...
galactic coordinates
Astron. a system of coordinates utilizing galactic latitude and galactic longitude to define the position of a celestial body with reference to the Milky Way. [1930-35] * * *
galactic equator
Astron. the great circle on the celestial sphere that is equidistant from the galactic poles, being inclined approximately 62° to the celestial equator and lying about one ...
galactic halo
In astronomy, a nearly spherical volume of thinly scattered stars, globular clusters, and tenuous gas observed surrounding spiral galaxies. It may extend far beyond the disk and ...
galactic latitude
Astron. the angular distance from the galactic equator of a point on the celestial sphere. [1905-10] * * *
galactic longitude
Astron. the angular distance in degrees measured eastward in the galactic plane from a radius drawn from the earth as center to the constellation Sagittarius. [1910-15] * * *
galactic nebula
Astron. a nebula in the Milky Way. * * *
galactic noise
galactic noise n. radio waves emanating from sources outside the solar system but within the Milky Way galaxy * * *
galactic plane
Astron. the plane of the galactic equator. [1840-50] * * *
galactic pole
Astron. either of the two opposite points on the celestial sphere that are farthest north and south of the Milky Way. [1840-50] * * *
galactic year
Astron. the duration of a complete rotation of the Milky Way, approximately 200 million years. * * *
galacticequator
galactic equator n. The great circle of the celestial sphere that lies in the plane bisecting the band of the Milky Way, inclined at an angle of approximately 62° to the ...
galacticnoise
galactic noise n. Radio-frequency radiation originating outside the solar system. * * *
galactin
/geuh lak"tin/, n. Biochem. prolactin. [1830-40; GALACT- + -IN2] * * *
galacto-
a combining form meaning "milk," used in the formation of compound words: galactopoietic. Also, esp. before a vowel, galact-. [ < Gk galakto-, comb. form of galakt-, s. of gála ...
galactoid
/geuh lak"toyd/, adj. resembling milk; milky. [1880-85; GALACT- + -OID] * * *
galactometer
—galactometry, n. /gal'euhk tom"i teuhr/, n. a lactometer. [1835-45; GALACTO- + -METER] * * *
galactophore
/geuh lak"teuh fawr', -fohr'/, n. Anat. a galactophorous duct. [1900-05; GALACTO- + -PHORE] * * *
galactophorous
/gal'euhk tof"euhr euhs/, adj. Anat. bearing milk; lactiferous. [1810-20; < Gk galaktophóros. See GALACTO-, -PHOROUS] * * *
galactopoiesis
ga·lac·to·poi·e·sis (gə-lăk'tə-poi-ēʹsĭs) n. Secretion and continued production of milk by the mammary glands.   ga·lac'to·poi·etʹic (-ĕtʹĭk) adj. * * *
galactopoietic
—galactopoiesis /geuh lak'teuh poy ee"sis/, n. /geuh lak'teuh poy et"ik/, adj. 1. increasing the secretion of milk. n. 2. a galactopoietic agent or medicine. [1655-65; GALACTO- ...
galactorrhea
/geuh lak'teuh ree"euh/, n. Pathol. 1. an abnormally abundant flow of milk in a lactating woman. 2. secretion of milk from the breast of a nonlactating person. Also, ...
galactosamine
/geuh lak tos"euh meen', -min, -toh"seuh-/, n. Biochem. an amino sugar that is a major component of glycolipids and chondroitin. [1895-1900; GALACTOSE + -AMINE] * * *
galactosan
/geuh lak'teuh san', -seuhn/, n. galactan. [GALACTOSE + -AN] * * *
galactoscope
/geuh lak"teuh skohp'/, n. a lactoscope. [GALACTO- + -SCOPE] * * *
galactose
/geuh lak"tohs/, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble hexose sugar, C6H12O6, obtained in its dextrorotatory form from milk sugar by hydrolysis and in its levorotatory ...
galactosemia
—galactosemic, adj. /geuh lak'teuh see"mee euh/, n. Pathol. an inherited disorder characterized by the inability to metabolize galactose and requiring a galactose-free diet to ...
galactosemic
See galactosemia. * * *
galactosidase
ga·lac·to·si·dase (gə-lăkʹtō-sĭ-dās', -dāz', -lăk-tōʹ-) n. An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a galactoside. * * *
galactoside
galactoside [gə lak′tə sīd΄] n. 〚 GALACTOS(E) + -IDE〛 any glycoside which contains galactose * * * ga·lac·to·side (gə-lăkʹtə-sīd') n. Any of a group of ...
galago
/geuh lay"goh, -lah"-/, n., pl. galagos. See bush baby. [ < NL: the genus name, of uncert. orig.] * * * Any of six species of small, tree-dwelling primates (genus Galago) found ...
galah
/geuh lah"/, n. 1. an Australian cockatoo, Kakatoe roseicapilla, having rose-colored underparts. 2. Australian. a fool. [1885-90; < Yuwaalaraay (Australian Aboriginal language ...
Galahad
/gal"euh had'/, n. 1. Sir, Arthurian Romance. the noblest and purest knight of the Round Table, son of Lancelot and Elaine: gained the Holy Grail. 2. a man showing devotion to ...
Galamian, Ivan
▪ Iranian musician in full  Ivan Alexander Galamian   born January 23, 1903, Tabrīz, Persia [now Iran] died April 14, 1981, New York, New York, ...
Galan, Antonio Jose
▪ 2002       Spanish bullfighter (b. Nov. 19, 1948, Bujelance, Spain—d. Aug. 12, 2001, Burgos, Spain), as one of Spain's most exciting toreros of the 1970s, thrilled ...
Galan, Julio
▪ 2007       Mexican painter (b. Dec. 5, 1958, Múzquiz, Coahuila, Mex.—d. Aug. 4, 2006, en route to Monterey, Mex.), was a Neo-Expressionist whose colourful ...
galangal
/geuh lang"geuhl/, n. the aromatic, medicinal rhizome of certain eastern Asian plants belonging to the genus Alpinia, of the ginger family. [var. of GALINGALE] * * *


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