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Galoistheory
Ga·lois theory (găl-wäʹ) n. The part of algebra concerned with the relation between solutions of a polynomial equation and the fields containing those solutions. It gives ...
galoot
/geuh looht"/, n. Slang. an awkward, eccentric, or foolish person. Also, galloot. [1805-15; orig. uncert.] * * *
galop
/gal"euhp/, n. 1. a lively round dance in duple time. 2. a piece of music for, or in the rhythm of, this dance. Also called gallopade, galopade. [1830-40; < F galop; see ...
galore
/geuh lawr", -lohr"/, adv. in abundance; in plentiful amounts: food and drink galore. [1660-70; < Ir go leor enough, plenty (ScotGael gu leòr, leòir), equiv. to go, particle ...
galosh
/geuh losh"/, n. a waterproof overshoe, esp. a high one. Also, galoshe, golosh. [1325-75; ME < OF galoche, of obscure orig.] * * *
gals.
gallons. * * *
Galston, Arthur William
▪ 2009       American plant physiologist and bioethicist born April 21, 1920, Brooklyn, N.Y. died June 15, 2008, Hamden, Conn. conducted research in the late 1950s ...
Galswintha
▪ Merovingian queen French  Galswinthe   born c. 540, Spain died 568, Neustria       daughter of Athanagild, Visigothic king of Spain, and Goisuintha; sister of ...
Galsworthy
/gawlz"werr'dhee, galz"-/, n. John, 1867-1933, English novelist and dramatist: Nobel prize 1932. * * *
Galsworthy, John
born Aug. 14, 1867, Kingston Hill, Surrey, Eng. died Jan. 31, 1933, Grove Lodge, Hampstead English novelist and playwright. Galsworthy gave up a law career to become a writer, ...
Galsworthy,John
Gals·wor·thy (gälzʹwûr'thē), John. 1867-1933. British writer. Author of The Forsyte Saga (1906-1921) and many other Forsyte stories, he won the 1932 Nobel Prize for ...
Galt, John
▪ Scottish author and administrator born May 2, 1779, Irvine, Ayrshire, Scot. died April 11, 1839, Greenock, Renfrewshire  prolific Scottish novelist admired for his ...
Galt, Sir Alexander Tilloch
born Sept. 6, 1817, London, Eng. died Sept. 19, 1893, Montreal, Que., Can. British-Canadian statesman. He immigrated to Lower Canada (later Quebec) in 1835 and worked for the ...
Galtieri, Leopoldo Fortunato
▪ 2004       Argentine military ruler (b. July 15, 1926, Caseros, Arg.—d. Jan. 12, 2003, Buenos Aires, Arg.), initiated the disastrous (for Argentina) 1982 war with ...
Galton
—Galtonian /gawl toh"nee euhn/, adj. /gawl"tn/, n. Sir Francis, 1822-1911, English scientist and writer. * * *
Galton, Sir Francis
born Feb. 16, 1822, near Sparkbrook, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng. died Jan. 17, 1911, Grayshott House, Haslemere, Surrey British explorer, anthropologist, and ...
Galty Mountains
▪ mountains, Ireland also spelled  Galtee Mountains,         mountain range, extending across the border between southwestern County Tipperary and southeastern County ...
galumph
/geuh lumf"/, v.i. to move along heavily and clumsily. [1872; phonesthemic invention of Lewis Carroll, perh. b. GALLOP and TRIUMPHANT] * * *
Galuppi
/gah loohp"pee/, n. Baldassare /bahl'dahs sah"rdde/, ("Il Buranello"), 1706-85, Italian composer. * * *
Galuppi, Baldassare
▪ Italian composer byname  Il Buranello   born Oct. 18, 1706, island of Burano, near Venice [Italy] died Jan. 3, 1784, Venice  Italian composer whose comic operas won him ...
Galuth
Seph. /gah looht"/; Ashk., /gaw"leuhs/, n. (sometimes l.c.) Hebrew. the forced exile of Jews, esp. from countries where they were most persecuted. Also, Galut, galut. [galuth ...
galv
1. galvanic. 2. galvanized. * * *
Galvani
/gahl vah"nee/, n. Luigi /looh ee"jee/, 1737-98, Italian physiologist whose experiments led to the discovery that electricity can result from chemical action. * * *
Galvani, Luigi
born Sept. 9, 1737, Bologna, Papal States died Dec. 4, 1798, Bologna, Cisalpine Republic Italian physician and physicist. His early research focused on comparative anatomy, ...
Galvani,Luigi
Gal·va·ni (găl-väʹnē, gäl-), Luigi. 1737-1798. Italian physiologist and physician who asserted that animal tissues generate electricity. Although he was proved wrong, his ...
galvanic
—galvanically, adv. /gal van"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or produced by galvanism; producing or caused by an electric current. 2. affecting or affected as if by galvanism; ...
galvanic battery
Elect. battery (def. 1a). [1795-1805] * * *
galvanic cell
Elect. cell (def. 7a). * * *
galvanic couple
Elect. See voltaic couple. [1895-1900] * * *
galvanic pile
Elect. See voltaic pile. [1795-1805] * * *
galvanic skin response
a change in the electrical conductivity of the skin caused by an emotional reaction to a stimulus. [1960-65] * * *
galvanically
See galvanic. * * *
galvaniccell
galvanic cell n. See primary cell. * * *
galvaniccouple
galvanic couple n. See voltaic couple. * * *
galvanicskin response
galvanic skin response n. A change in the ability of the skin to conduct electricity, caused by an emotional stimulus, such as fright. * * *
galvanism
/gal"veuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. Elect. electricity, esp. as produced by chemical action. 2. Med. the therapeutic application of electricity to the body. [1790-1800; < F galvanisme, ...
galvanization
See galvanize. * * *
galvanize
—galvanization, n. —galvanizer, n. /gal"veuh nuyz'/, v.t., galvanized, galvanizing. 1. to stimulate by or as if by a galvanic current. 2. Med. to stimulate or treat (muscles ...
galvanized iron
iron or steel, esp. in sheets, coated with zinc to prevent rust. [1830-40] * * *
galvanizer
See galvanization. * * *
galvanizing
Protection of iron or steel against exposure to the atmosphere and consequent rusting by application of a zinc coating. Properly applied, galvanizing may protect from ...
galvano-
a combining form representing galvanic or galvanism in compound words: galvanometer. * * *
galvanocautery
/gal'veuh noh kaw"teuh ree, gal van'oh-/, n., pl. galvanocauteries. Med. 1. a cautery heated by a galvanic current. 2. cauterization by means of such a cautery. [1870-75; ...
galvanomagnetic
galvanomagnetic [gal΄və nō mag net′ik] adj. designating or of any electrical or thermal effect resulting from a current that is passing through a conductor or semiconductor ...
galvanomagnetic effect
/gal'veuh noh mag net"ik, gal van"oh-/, Elect., Physics. any of several phenomena that occur when an electric current is passed through a conductor or semiconductor situated in a ...
galvanometer
/gal'veuh nom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for detecting the existence of small electric currents and determining their strength. [1795-1805; GALVANO- + -METER] * * * Instrument ...
galvanometric
See galvanometer. * * *
galvanometrical
See galvanometric. * * *
galvanometry
—galvanometric /gal'veuh noh me"trik, gal van'euh-/, galvanometrical, adj. —galvanometrically, adv. /gal'veuh nom"i tree/, n. the method or process of determining the ...
galvanoplastic
—galvanoplastically, adv. /gal'veuh noh plas"tik, gal van'oh-/, adj. Print. pertaining to reproduction by electrotypy. [1840-50; GALVANO- + -PLASTIC] * * *
galvanoplasty
/gal"veuh noh plas'tee, gal van"oh-/, n. Print. electrotypy. [1865-70; GALVANO- + -PLASTY] * * *
galvanoscope
—galvanoscopic /gal'veuh neuh skop"ik, gal van'euh-/, adj. —galvanoscopist /gal'veuh nos"keuh pist/, n. —galvanoscopy, n. /gal"veuh neuh skohp', gal van"euh-/, n. an ...
galvanoscopic
See galvanoscope. * * *
galvanoscopy
See galvanoscopic. * * *
galvanotaxis
—galvanotactic /gal'veuh noh tak"tik, gal van'oh-/, adj. /gal'veuh noh tak"sis, gal van'oh-/, n. movement of an organism or any of its parts in a particular direction in ...
galvanotherapy
/gal'veuh noh ther"euh pee, gal van'oh-/, n. Med. treatment employing electric current. [GALVANO- + THERAPY] * * *
Galveston
/gal"veuh steuhn/, n. a seaport in SE Texas, on an island at the mouth of Galveston Bay. 61,902. * * * City (pop., 2000: 57,247) and port of entry, southeastern Texas, U.S. ...
Galveston Bay
an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico. * * * ▪ bay, Texas, United States       inlet of the Gulf of Mexico (Mexico, Gulf of), on the southeastern shore of Texas, U.S. ...
Galveston hurricane of 1900
also called  Great Galveston hurricane        hurricane ( tropical cyclone) of September 1900, one of the deadliest natural disasters in U.S. history, claiming more than ...
Galveston plan.
See commission plan. [after GALVESTON, the first U.S. city to adopt such a plan] * * *
Gálvez, José, Marqués De La Sonora
▪ Spanish colonial administrator born 1720, Vélez-Málaga, Spain died 1787, Aranjuez       Spanish colonial administrator particularly noted for his work as inspector ...
Gálvez, José, marquess de la Sonora
born 1720, Vélez-Málaga, Spain died 1787, Aranjuez Spanish colonial administrator. He was noted for his work as inspector general in New Spain (Mexico), in 1765–71, where ...
Gálvez, Manuel
▪ Argentine author born July 18, 1882, Paraná, Argentina died November 14, 1962, Buenos Aires       novelist and biographer, whose documentation of a wide range of ...
Galway
/gawl"way/, n. 1. a county in S Connaught, in W Republic of Ireland. 171,836; 2293 sq. mi. (5940 sq. km). 2. its county seat: a seaport in the W part. 37,714. * * * County ...
Galway, Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny et Raineval
▪ French soldier also called  (1692–97) Viscount Galway, Baron Portarlington   born April 9, 1648, Paris died Sept. 3, 1720, Hampshire, Eng.       French soldier ...
Galway, Sir James
born Dec. 8, 1939, Belfast, N.Ire. Irish flutist. He went to London as a teenager to study flute, completing his studies with Jean-Pierre Rampal and Marcel Moyse (1889–1984) ...
Galwegian
/gal wee"jeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the region of Galloway, Scotland. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Galloway. [1765-75; irreg. < ML Galwedi(a) GALLOWAY + -AN] * * *
galyak
/gal"yak/, n. a sleek, flat fur made from lambskin or from the pelt of a young goat. Also, galyac. [of uncert. orig.] * * *
gam
gam1 /gam/, n. Slang. a person's leg, esp. an attractive female leg. [1775-85; prob. < Polari < It gamba leg; see JAMB1] gam2 /gam/, n., v., gammed, gamming. n. 1. a herd or ...
gam-
gam- pref. Variant of gamo-. * * *
Gama
/gam"euh/; Port. /gah"meuh/, n. Vasco da /vas"koh deuh/; Port. /vahsh"koo deuh/, c1460-1524, Portuguese navigator: discovered the sea route from Portugal around the continent of ...
gama grass
/gah"meuh/ an ornamental, reedlike grass, Tripsacum dactyloides, one of the largest in the U.S., growing from 4 to 7 ft. (1.2 to 2.1 m) high. [1825-35, Amer.; var. of GRAMA] * * *
Gama, Basílio da
▪ Brazilian poet in full  José Basílio da Gama  born 1740, São José do Rio das Mortes, Braz. died July 31, 1795, Lisbon, Port.       neoclassical poet and author ...
Gama, Vasco da
▪ Portuguese navigator Introduction Portuguese  Vasco da Gama, 1er conde da Vidigueira  born c. 1460, Sines, Port. died Dec. 24, 1524, Cochin, India       Portuguese ...
Gama, Vasco da, 1st count da Vidigueira
born с 1460, Sines, Port. died Dec. 24, 1524, Cochin, India Portuguese navigator. On his first voyage to India (1497–99), he traveled around the Cape of Good Hope with four ...
Gama,Vasco da
Ga·ma (gămʹə, gäʹmə), Vasco da. 1460?-1524. Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator. The first European to sail to India (1497-1498), he opened the rich lands of ...
Gamagōri
▪ Japan       city, southern Aichi ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan, facing Mikawa Bay. The city has been well known for the manufacture of cotton textiles since ...
Gamaliel
/geuh may"lee euhl, -mayl"yeuhl/, n. 1. ("the Elder" or "Gamaliel I"), died A.D. 50?, the teacher of Paul (Acts 22:3); the grandson of Hillel. 2. his grandson ("the Younger" or ...
Gamaliel I
or Rabban Gamaliel flourished 1st century Early rabbinic figure and patriarch of the Jewish community of Israel. Grandson of the renowned Hillel, he became a respected scholar ...
Gamaliel II
or Gamaliel of Jabneh flourished 2nd century Rabbi and president of the Sanhedrin. The grandson of Gamaliel I, he rallied the Jews who had taken refuge in the city of Jabneh ...
Gamaliel III
▪ Jewish scholar flourished 3rd century AD       eldest son of Judah ha-Nasi, and the renowned editor of the Mishna (the basic compilation of Jewish oral ...
GamaVasco da
GamaVasco da see DA GAMA Vasco * * *
Gamay
/ga may", gam"ay/, n. 1. a grape grown esp. in the Beaujolais region of France and in N California. 2. the dry red wine made from this grape. [ < F gamay, gamet, after Gamay, a ...
gamb
gamb or gambe [gamb] n. 〚dial. Fr gambe (Fr jambe) < ML gamba, a leg (in LL, a hoof) < Gr kampē, a turn, bend: see CAMPUS〛 an animal's leg or shank, esp. on a coat of arms * ...
gamba
gam·ba (gämʹbə, gămʹ-) n. See viola da gamba. * * *
gambado
gambado1 /gam bay"doh/, n., pl. gambados, gambadoes. 1. either of a pair of large protective boots or gaiters fixed to a saddle instead of stirrups. 2. any long gaiter or ...
Gambaga Scarp
▪ cliffs, Ghana       line of cliffs along the Volta River basin, northeastern Ghana, western Africa. The scarp forms the elevated northern boundary of the Volta River ...
gambeson
/gam"beuh seuhn/, n. Armor. a quilted garment worn under mail. [1300-50; ME ga(u)mbeson a military tunic < OF gambison, gambeison, prob. < Gmc] * * *
Gambetta
/gam bet"euh/; Fr. /gahonn be tann"/, n. Léon /lay awonn"/, 1838-82, French statesman. * * *
Gambetta, Léon
born April 2, 1838, Cahors, France died Dec. 31, 1882, Ville-d'Avray, near Paris French republican statesman who helped found the Third Republic. He became famous as a lawyer ...
Gambia
—Gambian, adj., n. /gam"bee euh/, n. 1. a river in W Africa, flowing W to the Atlantic. 500 mi. (800 km) long. 2. The, a republic extending inland along both sides of this ...
Gambia River
River, western Africa. Rising in Guinea and flowing northwest through Senegal and west through The Gambia to the Atlantic Ocean, it is 700 mi (1,120 km) long. It is the only ...
Gambia, flag of The
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of horizontal stripes of red, blue, and green separated by two thinner stripes of white. The flag has a width-to-length ...
Gambia, The
officially Republic of the Gambia Country, western Africa. Constituting an enclave in Senegal, it lies along the Gambia River, stretching inland 295 mi (475 km) from the ...
Gambian
See Gambia. * * * ➡ Gambia * * *
GambiaRiver
Gambia River A river of western Africa flowing about 1,126 km (700 mi) from northern Guinea through southeast Senegal and Gambia to the Atlantic Ocean at Banjul. * * *
gambier
/gam"bear/, n. an astringent extract obtained from the leaves and young shoots of a tropical Asian shrub, Uncaria gambir, of the madder family, used in medicine, dyeing, tanning, ...
Gambier Islands
/gam"bear/ a group of islands in French Polynesia, belonging to the Tuamotu Archipelago. 8226; 12 sq. mi. (31 sq. km). * * * Island group (pop., 1996: 1,087), French ...
GambierIslands
Gam·bier Islands (gămʹbîr') An island group of French Polynesia in the south-central Pacific Ocean. * * *
Gambino, Carlo
▪ American crime boss born Sept. 1, 1902, Palermo, Sicily, Italy died Oct. 15, 1976, Massapequa, N.Y., U.S.  head of one of the Five Families of organized crime in New York ...
gambit
/gam"bit/, n. 1. Chess. an opening in which a player seeks to obtain some advantage by sacrificing a pawn or piece. 2. any maneuver by which one seeks to gain an advantage. 3. a ...
gamble
—gambler, n. /gam"beuhl/, v., gambled, gambling, n. v.i. 1. to play at any game of chance for money or other stakes. 2. to stake or risk money, or anything of value, on the ...
gambler
See gamble. * * *
Gambling
➡ nightlife * * * Betting or staking of something of value on the outcome of a game or event. Commonly associated with gambling are horse racing, boxing, numerous ...
gambling house
a building for gambling, esp. for a large number of betting games. [1830-40] * * *
Gamboa
▪ Panama       town, Balboa district, (Panama) Canal Zone, at the end of Gatún Lake on the Panama Railroad, 16 miles (26 km) north of Panama City. It is headquarters of ...
gamboge
—gambogian, adj. /gam bohj", -boohzh"/, n. 1. Also, cambogia. a gum resin from various Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, esp. G. hanburyi, used as a yellow pigment and as a ...
gambol
/gam"beuhl/, v., gamboled, gamboling or (esp. Brit.) gambolled, gambolling, n. v.i. 1. to skip about, as in dancing or playing; frolic. n. 2. a skipping or frisking about; ...
Gambon
(1940– ) an English actor, born in Ireland. He has acted in many successful plays and films, but is best known for playing the main character in The Singing Detective (1986), a ...
gambrel
/gam"breuhl/, n. 1. the hock of an animal, esp. of a horse. 2. Also called gambrel stick. a wood or metal device for suspending a slaughtered animal. [1540-50; < ONF gamberel, ...
gambrel roof
—gambrel-roofed, adj. a gable roof, each side of which has a shallower slope above a steeper one. Cf. mansard (def. 1). See illus. under roof. [1755-65, Amer.] * * *
gambrelroof
gambrel roof n. A two-sided roof with a double slope on each side, the lower slope having the steeper pitch. * * *
Gambrinus
/gam bruy"neuhs/, n. a mythical Flemish king, the reputed inventor of beer. * * *
Gamburtsev Mountains
▪ mountains, Antarctica Russian  Gory Gamburtseva,         subglacial range in the central part of eastern Antarctica, extending 750–800 miles (1,200–1,300 km). ...
gambusia
/gam byooh"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. any fish of the genus Gambusia, comprising small livebearers that feed on aquatic insect larvae and are used to control ...
game
game1 —gameless, adj. —gamelike, adj. —gameness, n. /gaym/, n., adj., gamer, gamest, v., gamed, gaming. n. 1. an amusement or pastime: children's games. 2. the material or ...
game bird
any bird hunted chiefly for sport, as a quail or pheasant, esp. such a bird that is protected by game laws. [1865-70] * * *
game birds
➡ field sports * * *
Game Boy{™}
n an electronic device with a small computer screen that can be held in the hand. It is used for playing computer games with special cartridges (= sealed cases) that fit it. Game ...
game fish
an edible fish capable of affording sport to the angler in its capture. [1860-65] * * *
game fowl
a domestic fowl of a breed much used for fighting. [1775-85] * * *
game law
a law enacted for the preservation of game, as by restricting the number and kinds of game that may be taken and by designating periods of the year when specified game may be ...
game laws
game laws n. laws regulating hunting and fishing in order to preserve game * * *
Game Master
the person who controls a role-playing game. * * *
game of chance
a game in which the outcome is determined by chance rather than by the skill of its players, as roulette. [1920-25] * * *
game of skill
a game in which the outcome is determined by skill rather than by chance, as chess. * * *
game park
a game preserve, esp. in Africa. [1965-70] * * *
game plan
1. a carefully thought-out strategy or course of action, as in politics, business, or one's personal affairs. 2. Sports. the overall strategy of a team for winning a specific ...
game point
(in tennis, squash, handball, etc.) the point that if won would enable the scorer or the scorer's side to win the game. [1945-50] * * *
game room
a room used for recreation, esp. for table games. [1905-10] * * *
game show
a television or radio program in which contestants answer questions or play games of skill or chance in order to win money or other prizes. * * * or quiz show Radio or ...
game theory
a mathematical theory that deals with strategies for maximizing gains and minimizing losses within prescribed constraints, as the rules of a card game: widely applied in the ...
game warden
a public official who enforces game laws. * * *
gamebag
/gaym"bag'/, n. a bag, usually of leather or canvas, for carrying game, esp. birds, killed by a hunter. [1820-30; GAME1 + BAG] * * *
gamebird
game bird n. A bird, such as a pheasant or grouse, that is widely hunted for sport. * * *
gamecast
/gaym"kast', -kahst'/, n. Radio and Television. the broadcast of a team sport game. [GAME1 + (BROAD)CAST] * * *
gamecock
/gaym"kok'/, n. a rooster of a fighting breed, or one bred and trained for fighting. [1670-80; GAME1 + COCK1] * * *
gamefish
game fish n. See sport fish. * * *
gamekeeper
—gamekeeping, n. /gaym"kee'peuhr/, n. a person employed, as on an estate or game preserve, to prevent poaching and provide a natural environment conducive to the propagation of ...
gamelan
/gam"euh lan', -leuhn/, n. an Indonesian orchestra consisting of bowed stringed instruments, flutes, and a great variety of percussion instruments. Also, gamelin /gam"euh ...
gamelaw
game law n. A regulation intended for the management or conservation of game animals. * * *
Gamelin, Maurice
▪ French officer born Sept. 20, 1872, Paris, Fr. died April 18, 1958, Paris  French army commander in chief at the beginning of World War II who proved unable to stop the ...
Gamelin, Maurice (-Gustave)
born Sept. 20, 1872, Paris, France died April 18, 1958, Paris French army commander. He entered the army in 1893 and rose to division command in World War I and army chief of ...
gamely
/gaym"lee/, adv. in a game or plucky manner: They struggled gamely. [1860-65; GAME1 (adj.) + -LY] * * *
gameness
gameness [gām′nis] n. a game, or plucky, quality * * * See gamely. * * *
gameof chance
game of chance n. A game, usually played for money or stakes, in which the winner is determined by a chance event, as by drawing numbers or throwing dice. * * *
gameplan
game plan n. 1. Sports. The strategy devised before or used during an event. 2. A strategy for reaching an objective: “Harvey decided the best game plan was to stay loose” ...
gamepoint
game point n. 1. A situation in a game, especially tennis, in which one side or player needs only one point to win. 2. The winning point in a game. * * *
gamer
/gay"meuhr/, n. a person who plays games. [1610-20; GAME1 + -ER1] * * *
gameroom
game room n. A recreation room, especially a room used for table games, such as pool or table tennis. * * *
Games
(as used in expressions) Commonwealth Games Highland Games Isthmian Games Olympic Games Pan American Sports Games Pythian Games Secular Games sports and games * * *
GAMES AND TOYS: POG Power
▪ 1996       The game of POGs, which had been played since the 1920s when Hawaiian dairy workers at the Haleakala Dairy on Maui flipped milkcaps during their lunch ...
Games of the XXIX Olympiad
▪ 2009 by Melinda C. Shepherd       During Aug. 8–24, 2008, Beijing, along with six other cities in China (Qingdao, Hong Kong, Tianjin, Shanghai, Shenyang, and ...
Games of the XXVII Olympiad
▪ 2001 by Melinda C. Shepherd       From Sept. 15 to Oct. 1, 2000, Sydney, Australia, played host to the world as the site of the Games of the XXVII Olympiad. Despite ...
Games of the XXVIII Olympiad
▪ 2005 by Melinda C. Shepherd On Aug. 13, 2004, the Olympic Games returned home to Greece, birthplace of the ancient Games and site of the inaugural modern Olympics. The ...
Games, Abram
▪ 1997       British graphic designer best known for the World War II posters he created while serving as official war poster designer for England; his works were noted ...
gameshow
game show n. A television show in which contestants compete for prizes by playing games of knowledge or chance. * * *
gamesman
/gaymz"meuhn/, n., pl. gamesmen. 1. a person who is skilled at manipulating events and circumstances to gain or maintain personal advantage, esp. in business or politics. 2. a ...
gamesmanship
/gaymz"meuhn ship'/, n. 1. the use of methods, esp. in a sports contest, that are dubious or seemingly improper but not strictly illegal. 2. the technique or practice of ...
gamesome
—gamesomely, adv. —gamesomeness, n. /gaym"seuhm/, adj. playful; frolicsome. [1300-50; ME; see GAME1, -SOME1] * * *
gamesomely
See gamesome. * * *
gamesomeness
See gamesomely. * * *
gamester
/gaym"steuhr/, n. a gambler. [1545-55; GAME1 + -STER] * * *
gamet-
var. of gameto- before a vowel: gametangium. * * *
gametangial
See gametangium. * * *
gametangium
/gam'i tan"jee euhm/, n., pl. gametangia /-jee euh/. Bot. an organ or body bearing gametes, as in mosses and liverworts. [1885-90; < NL; see GAMET-, ANGIO-, -IUM] * * *
gamete
—gametic /geuh met"ik/, gametal /geuh meet"l/, adj. —gametically, adv. /gam"eet, geuh meet"/, n. Biol. a mature sexual reproductive cell, as a sperm or egg, that unites with ...
gameteintrafallopian transfer
gamete intrafallopian transfer n. Abbr. GIFT A technique of assisted reproduction in which eggs and sperm are inserted directly into a woman's fallopian tubes, where ...
gametheory
game theory n. A mathematical method of decision-making in which a competitive situation is analyzed to determine the optimal course of action for an interested party, often used ...
gametic
See gamete. * * *
gametically
See gametic. * * *
gameto-
a combining form representing gamete: gametophore. Also, esp. before a vowel, gamet-. [ < NL gamet(a) GAMETE + -o- -O-] * * *
gametocide
/geuh mee"teuh suyd', gam"i-/, n. a substance that kills gametes or gametocytes. [GAMETO- + -CIDE] * * *
gametocyte
/geuh mee"teuh suyt', gam"i-/, n. Biol. a cell that produces gametes. [1895-1900; GAMETO- + -CYTE] * * *
gametogenesis
—gametogenic, gametogenous /gam'i toj"euh neuhs/, adj. /geuh mee'teuh jen"euh sis, gam'i-/, n. Biol. the development of gametes. [1895-1900; GAMETO- + -GENESIS] * * *
gametogenic
See gametogenesis. * * *
gametogenous
See gametogenic. * * *
gametophore
—gametophoric /geuh mee'teuh fawr"ik, -for"-, gam'i-/, adj. /geuh mee"teuh fawr', -fohr', gam"i-/, n. Bot. a part or structure bearing gametangia. [1890-95; GAMETO- + -PHORE] * ...
gametophoric
See gametophore. * * *
gametophyte
—gametophytic /geuh mee'teuh fit"ik, gam'i-/, adj. /geuh mee"teuh fuyt', gam"i-/, n. Bot. the sexual form of a plant in the alternation of generations. Cf. ...
gametophytic
See gametophyte. * * *
gametothallus
/geuh mee'teuh thal"euhs, gam'i-/, n. Mycol. a gamete-producing thallus. [GAMETO- + THALLUS] * * *
gamewarden
game warden n. An official in charge of managing game animals or wildlife, especially by the enforcement of game laws. * * *
gamey
/gay"mee/, adj., gamier, gamiest. gamy. * * *
gamic
/gam"ik/, adj. Biol. sexual (def. 3). [1855-60; < Gk gamikós bridal of marriage, equiv. to gám(os) marriage, wedding + -ikos -IC] * * *
Gamilaraay
/gah"mee lahr'uy, gah'mee lahr"uy/, n. Kamilaroi. * * *
gamily
gamily [gām′ə lē] adv. in a gamy manner; esp., pluckily * * * See gamy. * * *
gamin
/gam"in/, n. a neglected boy left to run about the streets; street urchin. [1830-40; < F, orig. boy assisting a glassblower, young boy; of uncert. orig.] * * *
gamine
/gam"een, -in, ga meen"/, n. 1. a neglected girl who is left to run about the streets. 2. a diminutive or very slender girl, esp. one who is pert, impudent, or playfully ...
gaminess
/gay"mee nis/, n. 1. the taste or odor of game, esp. when slightly tainted. 2. gameness; pluck. 3. squalor or lewdness. [GAMY + -NESS] * * *
gaming
/gay"ming/, n. 1. gambling. 2. the playing of games, esp. those developed to teach something or to help solve a problem, as in a military or business situation. [1495-1505; GAME1 ...
Gaming Board for Great Britain
the government organization that controls gambling in Britain. People or companies who want to run casinos (= gambling clubs), lotteries, bingo or gambling machines must have a ...
gaming table
a table used for gambling, esp. one designed with a game board and slots for chips. [1590-1600] * * *
gaming, Indian
▪ gambling Introduction  in the United States, gambling enterprises that are owned by federally recognized Native American tribal governments and that operate on ...
gamma
/gam"euh/, n. 1. the third letter of the Greek alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. 3. the third in a series of items. 4. (cap.) Astron. a star that is ...
gamma decay
Type of radioactivity in the most common form of which an unstable atomic nucleus dissipates energy by gamma emission, producing gamma rays. Gamma decay also includes two other ...
gamma function
▪ mathematics       generalization of the factorial function to nonintegral values, introduced by the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler (Euler, Leonhard) in the 18th ...
gamma globulin
Immunol. a protein fraction of blood plasma that responds to stimulation of antigens, as bacteria or viruses, by forming antibodies: administered therapeutically in the treatment ...
gamma iron
Metall. an allotrope of iron, stable between 910°C and 1400°C and having a face-centered cubic lattice. [1895-1900] * * *
gamma ray
Physics. 1. a photon of penetrating electromagnetic radiation (gamma radiation) emitted from an atomic nucleus. 2. a photon emitted by an electron as a result of internal ...
gamma-aminobutyric acid
/gam"euh euh mee'noh byooh tir"ik, -am'euh noh-/. See GABA. [1960-65; AMINO- + BUTYRIC ACID] * * *
gamma-aminobutyricacid
gam·ma-a·mi·no·bu·tyr·ic acid (găm'ə-ə-mē'nō-byo͞o-tîrʹĭk, -ăm'ə-) n. Abbr. GABA An amino acid, C4H9NO2, that is not found in proteins, but occurs in the ...
gamma-interferon
gam·ma-in·ter·feron (găm'ə-ĭn'tər-fîrʹŏn') n. A lymphokine produced by macrophages and T cells that is involved in regulation of the immune system and activation of ...
gamma-ray astronomy
/gam"euh ray'/ the branch of astronomy that deals with the study of celestial objects by means of the gamma rays that come from them. [1960-1965] * * * Study of astronomical ...
gamma-ray burster
▪ astronomy       any of a class of very distant objects responsible for intense, nonrepeating flashes of high-energy gamma rays that appear unpredictably at arbitrary ...
gamma-rayastronomy
gam·ma-ray astronomy (gămʹə-rā') n. The branch of astronomy that deals with the origin and nature of emissions from extraterrestrial sources in the gamma-ray range of ...
gamma-rayburst
gamma-ray burst n. A short-lived, localized, and intense burst of gamma radiation that originates outside the solar system from an unknown source. * * *
gammacamera
gamma camera n. An electronic instrument used in medical diagnostics to image the distribution of radioactive compounds in animal tissue. * * *
gammacorrection
gamma correction n. A correction to the contrast of images and displays, performed by either software or hardware, and designed to correct for the fact that the intensity ...
gammadecay
gamma decay n. 1. A radioactive process in which an atomic nucleus loses energy by emitting a gamma ray without a change in its atomic or mass numbers. 2. The decay of an ...
gammadion
gammadion [gə mā′dē ən] n. pl. gammadia [gə mā′dēə] 〚MGr, dim. < Gr gamma〛 a figure made by four capital gammas radiating from a center; esp., a swastika * * *
gammaglobulin
gamma globulin also gam·ma·glob·u·lin (găm'ə-glŏbʹyə-lĭn) n. 1. A protein fraction of blood serum containing many antibodies that protect against bacterial and viral ...
gammagram
/gam"euh gram'/, n. a record of the intensity and distribution of radioactivity in tissue following the application of radioactive tracers; scintigram. [GAMMA + -GRAM1] * * *
gammaray
gamma ray n. Electromagnetic radiation emitted by radioactive decay and having energies in a range from ten thousand (104) to ten million (107) electron volts. * * *
gammarid
▪ crustacean       any member of the family Gammaridae, the largest of 80 or so families that make up the crustacean order Amphipoda. The name is sometimes also used to ...
gammer
/gam"euhr/, n. Brit. Archaic. an old woman. [1565-75; contr. of GODMOTHER; cf. GAFFER] * * *
Gammexane
      trade name for an insecticide composed of the most toxic of the isomeric forms of benzene hexachloride (q.v.). * * *
gammon
gammon1 /gam"euhn/, Backgammon. n. 1. the game of backgammon. 2. a victory in which the winner throws off all his or her pieces before the opponent throws off any. v.t. 3. to win ...
gammoner
See gammon2. * * *
gammopathy
/ga mop"euh thee/, n. Immunol. a disorder of the immune system characterized by abnormally increased levels of immunoglobulins in the blood. [GAMM(A GLOBULIN) + -O- + -PATHY] * * ...
gammy
/gam"ee/, adj., gammier, gammiest. Brit. Informal. disabled; lame: a gammy leg. [1830-40; orig. dial., perh. < dial. F; cf. Normandy dial. gambier having bad legs, gambie lame, ...
gamo-
a combining form meaning "joined, united," "joining, union," used in the formation of compound words: gamopetalous. [comb. form repr. Gk gámos marriage] * * *
gamogenesis
—gamogenetic /gam'oh jeuh net"ik/, gamogenetical, adj. —gamogenetically, adv. /gam'euh jen"euh sis/, n. Biol. sexual reproduction. [1860-65; GAMO- + -GENESIS] * * *
gamogenetic
See gamogenesis. * * *
gamogenetically
See gamogenetic. * * *
gamonalismo
▪ South American social issue       a term meaning “bossism,” used in Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia. It is derived from gamonal, a word meaning a “large landowner,” ...
gamopetalous
/gam'euh pet"l euhs/, adj. Bot. having the petals united. [1820-30; < NL; see GAMO-, PETALOUS] * * *
gamophyllous
/gam'euh fil"euhs/, adj. Bot. having leaves united by their edges. [1870-75; GAMO- + -PHYLLOUS] * * *
gamosepalous
/gam'euh sep"euh leuhs/, adj. Bot. having the sepals united. See illus. under calyx. [1825-35; GAMO- + -SEPALOUS] * * *
Gamow
/gam"awf, -of/, n. George, 1904-68, U.S. nuclear physicist and writer, born in Russia. * * *
Gamow, George
orig. Georgy Antonovich Gamov born March 4, 1904, Odessa, Russian Empire died Aug. 19, 1968, Boulder, Colo., U.S. Russian-born U.S. nuclear physicist and cosmologist. After ...
Gamow,George
Ga·mow (gāʹmou, gămʹôf, -ŏf), George. 1904-1968. Russian-born American nuclear physicist known for his work on radioactivity and genetic information as well as his books ...
gamp
/gamp/, n. Brit. Informal. an umbrella. [1860-65; after the umbrella of Mrs. Sarah Gamp in Dickens' Martin Chuzzlewit] * * *
gamut
/gam"euht/, n. 1. the entire scale or range: the gamut of dramatic emotion from grief to joy. 2. Music. a. the whole series of recognized musical notes. b. the major ...
gamy
—gamily, adv. /gay"mee/, adj., gamier, gamiest. 1. having the tangy flavor or odor of game: I like the gamy taste of venison. 2. having the flavor or odor of game or other meat ...
gan
/gan/, v. pt. of gin3. * * *
Gan language
▪ Chinese language Wade-Giles romanization  Kan language        Chinese language (Chinese languages) of the Sino-Tibetan language family (Sino-Tibetan languages) ...
Gan River
or Kan River River, southeastern China. Located in Jiangxi province, it flows north through Lake Poyang to enter the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) after a course of 537 mi (864 ...
ganache
ganache [gə näsh′] n. 〚Fr〛 a rich, thick filling or frosting of heavy cream and usually chocolate * * * ga·nache (gə-näshʹ) n. A rich icing made of chocolate and ...
Gananoque
▪ Ontario, Canada       town, southeastern Ontario, Canada. It lies along the St. Lawrence River, at the mouth of the Gananoque River. The town was founded by Charles ...
Gāṇapatya
▪ Hindu sect       member of an esoteric Hindu sect devoted to the worship of the elephant-headed Gaṇeśa (Ganesha) (also called Gaṇapati) as the supreme deity. The ...
Ganassa, Zan
▪ Italian actor pseudonym of  Alberto Naselli , Naselli also spelled  Naseli  born 1540? died 1584?       one of the most important and influential actors and ...
Gäncä
Gän·cä (gän-jäʹ) or Gyan·dzhe (gyän-) Formerly Ki·ro·va·bad (kĭ-rōʹvə-băd', kyĭ'rə-və-bätʹ). A city of western Azerbaijan southeast of Tbilisi, Georgia. An ...
Gance, Abel
orig. Eugène Alexandre Péréthon born Oct. 25, 1889, Paris, France died Nov. 10, 1981, Paris French film director and screenwriter. He worked in the cinema from 1909, ...
Gand
/gahonn/, n. French name of Ghent. * * *
Ganda
/gan"deuh, gahn"-/, n. Luganda. * * * or Baganda People of southern Uganda. They speak Luganda, a Bantu language of the Benue-Congo group. Numbering 3.7 million, the Ganda are ...
Gandak River
▪ river, Asia also called  Narayani River        river in central Nepal and northern India. It is formed by the union of the Kali and Trisuli rivers, which rise in ...
Gandar, Laurence Owen Vine
▪ 1999       South African newspaper editor whose antiapartheid articles in 1965 introduced investigative journalism to South Africa by revealing the dreadful prison ...
gander
/gan"deuhr/, n. 1. the male of the goose. Cf. goose (def. 2). 2. Slang. a look: Take a gander at his new shoes. [bef. 1000; 1910-15 for def. 2; ME; OE gan(d)ra; c. MLG ganre, D ...
Gander
/gan"deuhr/, n. a town in E Newfoundland, in Canada: airport on the great circle route between New York and northern Europe. * * * ▪ Newfoundland, Canada       town, ...
Gandhara
/gun dahr"euh/, n. 1. an ancient region in NW India and E Afghanistan. adj. 2. Also, Gandharan /gun dahr"euhn/. of or pertaining to Gandhara, its inhabitants, or its art. * * ...
Gandhara art
Style of Buddhist art that developed in what is now northwestern Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan from the 1st to the 7th century AD. It was contemporaneous with Mathura art. ...
Gandhi
/gahn"dee, gan"-/, n. 1. Indira /in dear"euh/, 1917-84, Indian political leader: prime minister 1966-77 and 1980-84 (daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru). 2. Mohandas Karamchand ...
Gandhi cap
a white cap, pointed in front and back and having a wide band, worn by men in India. [1920-25] * * *
Gandhi, Indira
▪ prime minister of India in full  Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi   born Nov. 19, 1917, Allahabad, India died Oct. 31, 1984, New Delhi       politician who served as ...
Gandhi, Indira (Priyadarshini)
orig. Indira Priyadarshini Nehru born Nov. 19, 1917, Allahabad, India died Oct. 31, 1984, New Delhi Prime minister of India (1966–77, 1980–84). The only child of ...
Gandhi, Mohandas K(aramchand)
known as Mahatma Gandhi born Oct. 2, 1869, Porbandar, India died Jan. 30, 1948, Delhi Preeminent leader of Indian nationalism and prophet of nonviolence in the 20th ...
Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
▪ Indian leader Introduction byname  Mahatma (“Great-Souled”) Gandhi  born Oct. 2, 1869, Porbandar, India died Jan. 30, 1948, Delhi  leader of the Indian nationalist ...
Gandhi, Rajiv
▪ prime minister of India in full  Rajiv Ratna Gandhi   born Aug. 20, 1944, Bombay, India died May 21, 1991, Sriperumbudur, near Madras  the leading general secretary of ...
Gandhi, Rajiv (Ratna)
born Aug. 20, 1944, Bombay [Mumbai], India died May 21, 1991, Sriperumbudur, near Madras [Chennai] Indian politician, prime minister of India (1984–89). Son of Indira Gandhi, ...
Gandhi, Sonia
▪ 1996       Throughout 1995 a single question held out hope for—or haunted—political life in India: What would Sonia Gandhi choose to do? The Italian-born Sonia was ...
Gandhi,Indira Nehru
Gan·dhi (gänʹdē, gănʹ-), Indira Nehru. 1917-1984. Indian political leader who served as prime minister (1966-1977 and 1980-1984). She was assassinated by Sikh ...
Gandhi,Mohandas Karamchand
Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand. Known as “Mahatma.” 1869-1948. Indian nationalist and spiritual leader who developed the practice of nonviolent disobedience that forced Great ...
Gandhian
/gahn"dee euhn, gan"-/, adj. of or pertaining to Mohandas Gandhi or to Gandhiism. [1920-25; GANDHI + -AN] * * *
Gandhiism
—Gandhiist, Gandhist /gahn"dist, gan"-/, n. /gahn"dee iz'euhm, gan"-/, n. the principles associated with Mohandas Gandhi, esp. his principles of noncooperation and passive ...


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