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Estrada Cabrera, Manuel
▪ president of Guatemala born Nov. 21, 1857, Quetzaltenango, Guatemala died Sept. 24, 1924, Guatemala City       jurist and politician who became dictator and ruled ...
Estrada Palma, Tomás
▪ president of Cuba born July 9, 1835, near Bayamo, Cuba died Nov. 14, 1908, Oriente province       first president of Cuba, whose administration was noted for its ...
Estrada, Joseph
▪ 1999       On May 11, 1998, Joseph ("Erap") Estrada, a former star of B movies, was elected president of the Philippines. Despite lacking the support of outgoing ...
/e strahd"/, n. 1. a slightly raised platform in a room or hall. 2. a platform, as for a throne or bed of state. [1690-1700; < F < Sp estrado part of a room in which a carpet is ...
Estrades, Godefroi, comte d'
▪ marshal of France born 1607, Agen, Fr. died Feb. 26, 1686, Paris       marshal of France and one of Louis XIV's ablest diplomats.       Estrades served with ...
/es'treuh duy"awl, -ol/, n. 1. Biochem. an estrogenic hormone, C18H24O2, produced by the maturing Graafian follicle, that causes proliferation and thickening of the tissues and ...
/es"treuh gon'/, n. tarragon. * * *
/es"treuhl/, adj. estrous. [ESTR(US) + -AL1] * * *
estral cycle n. The estrous cycle. * * *
—estrangement, n. —estranger, n. /i straynj"/, v.t., estranged, estranging. 1. to turn away in feeling or affection; make unfriendly or hostile; alienate the affections of: ...
—estrangedness /i strayn"jid nis, -straynjd"-/, n. /i straynjd"/, adj. displaying or evincing a feeling of alienation; alienated. [1545-55; ESTRANGE + -ED2] * * *
See estrange. * * *
See estrangement. * * *
/i stray"/, n. 1. a person or animal that has strayed. 2. Law. a domestic animal, as a horse or a sheep, found wandering or without an owner. v.i. 3. Archaic. to ...
/e street"/, Eng. Law. n. 1. a true copy or extract of an original writing or record, as of a fine. v.t. 2. to make an estreat of (a fine, levy, etc.) for prosecution. 3. to levy ...
Estrées, Gabrielle d', Duchesse (duchess) De Beaufort, Duchesse D'étampes
▪ French noble born 1573 died April 10, 1599, Paris       mistress of King Henry IV of France and, with him, founder of the Vendôme branch of the House of Bourbon ...
Estrela Mountains
▪ mountains, Portugal Portuguese  Serra da Estrela (“Star Mountain Range”)        highest mountains in Portugal. The range lies in the north-central part of the ...
/es'trdde mah dhooh"rddah/, n. a region in W Spain, formerly a province. Also, Extremadura. * * *
See Estremadura. * * *
▪ Portugal       city, eastern Portugal. An ancient gated city, it is overlooked by a 13th-century castle, in which St. Isabel of Portugal, widow of King Dinis, died in ...
/es"tril did/, Ornith. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the family Estrildidae, comprising the grass finches, waxbills, mannikins, and other small finches. n. 2. a bird of the family ...
▪ bird family       songbird family, order Passeriformes, consisting of about 130 species of waxbills and other small finchlike birds of the Old World, many of which are ...
/es"trin/, n. Biochem., Pharm. estrone. [ < NL; see ESTRUS, -IN2] * * *
/es"tree awl', -ol', -truy-/, n. 1. Biochem. an estrogenic hormone, C18H21(OH)3, occurring in urine during pregnancy. 2. Pharm. a commercial form of this compound, obtained from ...
/es"treuh jeuhn/, n. Biochem. any of several major female sex hormones produced primarily by the ovarian follicles of female mammals, capable of inducing estrus, developing and ...
estrogen replacement therapy
the administration of estrogen, esp. in postmenopausal women, to reduce the chance of osteoporosis and sometimes to lower cholesterol levels. Abbr.: ERT [1980-85] * * *
—estrogenically, adv. /es'treuh jen"ik/, adj. 1. Biochem. promoting or producing estrus. 2. of, pertaining to, or caused by estrogen. [1925-30; (def. 1) ESTR(US) + -O- + ...
See estrogenic. * * *
estrogenreplacement therapy
estrogen replacement therapy n. Abbr. ERT The administration of estrogen, especially in postmenopausal women, to relieve menopausal symptoms and to protect against osteoporosis ...
/es"trohn/, n. 1. Biochem. an estrogenic hormone, C18H22O2, produced by the ovarian follicles and found during pregnancy in urine and placental tissue. 2. Pharm. a commercial ...
/es"treuhs/, adj. pertaining to or involving the estrus. Also, estral, oestrous. [1895-1900; see OESTROUS] * * *
estrous cycle
a series of physiological changes in sexual and other organs in female mammals, extending from one period of heat to the next, accompanied by behavioral changes indicating ...
estrous cycle n. The recurrent set of physiological and behavioral changes that take place from one period of estrus to another. * * *
Estrup, Jacob Brønnum Scavenius
▪ prime minister of Denmark born April 16, 1825, Sorø, Den. died Dec. 24, 1913, Copenhagen  statesman and conservative prime minister of Denmark from 1875 to ...
—estrual /es"trooh euhl/, adj. /es"treuhs/, n. Zool. 1. Also, estrum /es"treuhm/, oestrus. the period of heat or rut; the period of maximum sexual receptivity of the female. 2. ...
See estuary. * * *
/es"chooh euh ruyn', -euhr in/, adj. 1. formed in an estuary. 2. found in estuaries. [1840-50; ESTUAR(Y) + -INE1] * * *
—estuarial /es'chooh air"ee euhl/, adj. /es"chooh er'ee/, n., pl. estuaries. 1. that part of the mouth or lower course of a river in which the river's current meets the sea's ...
Estuary English
n [U] (sometimes disapprov) a type of spoken English, especially common among younger people in Britain, that combines standard English and cockney. It began in the area around ...
Es·tu·ar·y English (ĕsʹcho͞o-ĕr'ē) n. An accent used by many speakers of various social classes in southeastern England, characterized by a mixture of features drawn ...
Elect. See electrostatic unit. Also, ESU. * * *
See esurient. * * *
See esurience. * * *
—esurience, esuriency, n. —esuriently, adv. /i soor"ee euhnt/, adj. hungry; greedy. [1665-75; < L esurient- (s. of esuriens, prp. of esurire) hungering, equiv. to esur- ...
See esurience. * * *
▪ Celtic deity       (Celtic: “Lord,” or “Master”), powerful Celtic deity, one of three mentioned by the Roman poet Lucan in the 1st century AD; the other two ...
ESV abbr. Earth satellite vehicle. * * *
▪ Hungary German  Gran , Latin  Strigonium , Slovak  Ostrihom   town, Komárom-Esztergom megye (county), northwestern Hungary. It is a river port on the Danube River ...
/et/, v. Chiefly North Atlantic, South Midland, and Southern U.S. Nonstandard. a pt. of eat. /et/, conj. Latin. and. * * * (as used in expressions) Conservatoire des Arts et ...
Symbol Chem. ethyl. * * * (as used in expressions) Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers La Vérendrye Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de peine forte et dure Montesquieu Charles ...
et al.
/et al", ahl", awl"/ 1. and elsewhere. [ < L et alibi] 2. and others. [ < L et alii (masc. pl.), et alia (neut. pl.)] * * *
et cetera
/et set"euhr euh, se"treuh/, adv. and others; and so forth; and so on (used to indicate that more of the same sort or class might have been mentioned, but for brevity have been ...
et hoc genus omne
/et hohk" ge"noos ohm"ne/; Eng. /et hok" jee"neuhs om"nee/, Latin. and all this (or that) sort of thing. Also, et id genus omne. * * *
et id genus omne
/et id" ge"noos ohm"ne/; Eng. /et id" jee"neuhs om"nee/, Latin See et hoc genus omne. * * *
et seq.
pl. et seqq., et sqq. and the following. [ < L et sequens] * * *
et seqq.
and those following. Also, et sqq. [ < L et sequentes, et sequentia] * * *
et tu, Brute
/et tooh" brddooh"tay/, Latin. and thou, Brutus!: alleged dying words of Julius Caesar uttered as his friend Brutus stabbed him. * * *
et ux.
Chiefly Law. See et uxor. * * *
et uxor
/et uk"sawr, -sohr, ug"zawr, -zohr/, Latin. and wife (used chiefly in its abbreviated form, in legal abstracts of title). Abbr.: et ux. * * *
et vir
/et vear"/, Latin. and husband (used chiefly in legal abstracts of title). * * *
/ay"teuh, ee"teuh/, n. 1. the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet (H). 2. the vowel sound represented by this letter. [ < Gk êta; cf. Heb heth HETH] * * * ▪ Basque ...
Eta Aquarids
/ay"teuh, ee"teuh/, Astron. See under Aquarids. * * *
Eta Carinae
a star and its surrounding nebula in the constellation Carina: the star was brighter than every star except Sirius in the 1840s and now is of seventh magnitude; the nebula is the ...
eta meson
Physics. a neutral meson with strangeness 0 that is its own antiparticle. Symbolically represented by the small greek letter Eta. [1960-65] * * *
e·ta-c particle (āʹtə-sēʹ, ēʹtə-) n. An electrically neutral meson having a mass 5,832 times that of the electron and a mean lifetime of approximately 3.1 × 10-22 ...
/ay'tah zhair", ay'teuh-/; Fr. /ay tann zherdd"/, n., pl. étagères /-zhairz"/; Fr. /-zherdd"/. a stand with a series of open shelves for small objects, bric-a-brac, etc. Also, ...
▪ India       city, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India, northeast of Agra. It is a marketplace for agricultural products. Several colleges affiliated with ...
et al. abbr. Latin et alii (and others). * * *
/ayt"l on'/, n. Optics. an interferometer consisting of two glass plates that reflect approximately half of each ray of light incident upon them and that are separated by a ...
/et"euh meen'/, n. a lightweight cotton or worsted fabric constructed in plain weave and loosely woven. [1750-60; < F; see ESTAMIN] * * *
▪ France       town, Essonne département, Île-de-France région, northern France. It lies along the Juine River, about 28 miles (45 km) south of Paris. The town in ...
Étampes, Anne de Pisseleu, duchesse d'
▪ French political figure born 1508 died c. 1580       mistress of King Francis I of France and the major supporter of the party of the Duke d'Orléans in opposition ...
Etana Epic
Ancient Mesopotamian myth concerning dynastic succession. The gods chose Etana as the first king, but his wife, though pregnant, could not give birth, and thus Etana had no ...
etaoin shrdlu
/et"ee oyn' sherrd"looh, -oh'in, ee"tee-/ the letters produced by running the finger down the first two vertical rows of keys at the left of the keyboard of a Linotype machine: ...
eta particle n. An electrically neutral meson having a mass 1,071 times that of the electron and a mean lifetime of approximately 3.5 × 10-8 seconds. * * *
/ay tap"/; Fr. /ay tannp"/, n., pl. étapes /ay taps"/; Fr. /ay tannp"/. Mil. 1. a place where troops camp after a day's march. 2. a day's march. 3. Archaic. supplies issued to ...
—etatist, adj. /ay tah"tiz euhm/, n. See state socialism. [1920-25; < F étatisme, equiv. to état state (OF estat < L status STATUS) + -isme -ISM] * * *
▪ India       city, west-central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies along the Yamuna River, southeast of Agra. The city is crossed by numerous ravines, one ...
See et cetera. * * *
/et set"euhr euh, -se"treuh/, n., pl. etceteras. 1. a number of other things or persons unspecified. 2. etceteras, extras or sundries. [1375-1425; n. use of ET CETERA] * * *
etceteras [et set′ər əz, etse′trəz] pl.n. additional things or persons * * *
—etcher, n. /ech/, v.t. 1. to cut, bite, or corrode with an acid or the like; engrave with an acid or the like, as to form a design in furrows that when charged with ink will ...
/ech"euhnt/, n. a chemical used to etch designs into metal, glass, or other material. [1925-30; ETCH + -ANT] * * *
etched glass
      type of glassware whose decorative design has been cut into the surface by the corrosive action of an acid. An etched-glass surface may be either rough and frosted ...
Etchells, E W
▪ 1999       American boat builder and yachtsman who helped build navy destroyers and icebreakers during World War II, won numerous national and international yachting ...
See etch. * * *
/ech"ing/, n. 1. the act or process of making designs or pictures on a metal plate, glass, etc., by the corrosive action of an acid instead of by a burin. 2. an impression, as on ...
etching ground
ground1 (def. 11). [1780-90] * * *
ETD abbrev. estimated time of departure * * * ETD abbr. estimated time of departure. * * *
/i tee"euh kleez'/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Oedipus and the brother of Polynices, by whom he was slain. Cf. Seven against Thebes (def. 1). * * *
/i tee"euh kleuhs/, n. Class. Myth. one of the Seven against Thebes. * * *
/et'ee oh kreet"n, ee'tee-/, adj. noting or pertaining to certain inscriptions found on Crete, written in an early form of the Greek alphabet. [1890-95; < Gk Eteókret(es) true ...
—eternality /ee'terr nal"i tee/, eternalness, n. —eternally, adv. /i terr"nl/, adj. 1. without beginning or end; lasting forever; always existing (opposed to temporal): ...
Eternal City
Eternal City name for ROME2 * * *
Eternal City, The
the city of Rome, Italy. * * *
Eternal Father, Strong to Save
the title and first line of a Christian hymn written in 1860 by William Whiting. It is especially associated with sailors, as it asks God to help ‘those in peril on the sea’. ...
See eternal. * * *
/i terr"nl uyz'/, v.t., eternalized, eternalizing. to eternize. Also, esp. Brit., eternalise. [1610-20; ETERNAL + -IZE] * * *
See eternality. * * *
See eternality. * * *
/i terrn"/, adj. Archaic. eternal. [1325-75; ME < L aeternus, contr. of aeviternus, equiv. to aev(um) age + -i- -I- + -ternus, extended form of -ernus suffix of temporal ...
/i terr"ni tee/, n., pl. eternities. 1. infinite time; duration without beginning or end. 2. eternal existence, esp. as contrasted with mortal life: the eternity of God. 3. ...
See eternize. * * *
—eternization, n. /i terr"nuyz/, v.t., eternized, eternizing. 1. to make eternal; perpetuate. 2. to immortalize. Also, esp. Brit., eternise. [1560-70; < ML eternizare. See ...
/i tee"zheuhn/, adj. (of certain Mediterranean winds) occurring annually. [1595-1605; < L etesi(ae) < Gk etesíai (ánemoi) periodic (winds) + -AN] * * *
etesian climate.
See Mediterranean climate. * * *
etesian wind
▪ climatology       remarkably steady southbound drift of the lower atmosphere over the eastern Mediterranean and adjacent lands in summer. From about mid-May to ...
/edh/, n. a letter in the form of a crossed d, written ð, used in Old English writing to represent both voiced and unvoiced th and in modern Icelandic and in phonetic alphabets ...
Ethiopia. * * *
ethacrynic acid
/eth"euh krin"ik, eth'-/, Pharm. a whitish crystalline powder, C13H12Cl2O4, that is a potent diuretic used in the treatment of acute pulmonary edema and other edemas associated ...
eth·a·cryn·ic acid (ĕth'ə-krĭnʹĭk) n. A diuretic compound, C13H12Cl2O4, primarily used in the treatment of severe edema.   [methylene + acetic + butyric + -yl + phenol ...
/eth"al, ee"thal/, n. Chem. See cetyl alcohol. [1830-40; ETH(ER) + -AL3] * * *
/e tham"byeuh tawl', -tol'/, n. Pharm. an antimicrobial substance, C10H24N2O2, active against susceptible bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, in the treatment, in combination ...
eth·a·mine (ĕthʹə-mēn', ĕth-ămʹēn') n. See ethylamine. * * *
/ee"theuhn/, n. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "strength." * * *
Ethan Frome
/frohm/ a novel (1911) by Edith Wharton. * * *
/eth"euh nal', -nl/, n. Chem. acetaldehyde. [ETHANE + -AL3] * * *
/eth"ayn/, n. Chem. a colorless, odorless, flammable gas, C2H6, of the methane series, present in natural gas, illuminating gas, and crude petroleum: used chiefly in organic ...
/eth"euh nim/; Seph. Heb. /e tah neem"/, n. Chiefly Biblical. a month equivalent to Tishri in the modern Jewish calendar. I Kings 8:2. [ < Heb ethanim] * * *
/eth"euh nawl', -nol'/, n. Chem. alcohol (def. 1). [1895-1900; ETHANE + -OL1] * * * or ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol Organic compound, most important of the alcohols, chemical ...
/eth'euh nol"euh meen', -noh"leuh-, -neuh lam"in/, n. Chem. a viscous liquid with an odor of ammonia, C2H7NO, used to remove carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide from natural gas, ...
/eth'klawr vuyn"l, -klohr-/, n. Pharm. a colorless to yellow, pungent, aromatic liquid, C7H9ClO, used as a hypnotic and sedative, esp. in the short-term management of ...
/eth"euhl/, n. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "noble." * * * (as used in expressions) Merman Ethel Ethel Agnes Zimmerman Ethel Florence Lindesay ...
Ethel Rosenberg
➡ Rosenberg (I) * * *
/eth"euhl berrt'/, n. 1. A.D. 552?-616, king of Kent 560-616. 2. a male given name: from Old English words meaning "noble" and "bright." * * *
Ethelbert I
or Aethelberht I died Feb. 24, 616 King of Kent (560–616). He married the Christian Bertha, daughter of the king of Paris, and, when St. Augustine of Canterbury and other ...
Ethelred II
/eth"euhl red'/, ("the Unready") A.D. 968?-1016, king of the English 978-1016. * * * or Aethelred Unraed known as Ethelred the Unready born 968? died April 23, 1016, ...
Ethelred the Unready
(c. 969–1016) the king of England from 978–1016. His name ‘the Unready’ comes from an old English word and means that he received bad advice. During his rule the Danes ...
Eth·el·red II also Aeth·el·red II (ĕthʹəl-rĕd'), Called “Ethelred the Unready.” 968?-1016. King of the English (978-1016) whose reign was a series of ultimately ...
/eth"euhl stan'/, n. Athelstan. * * *
/eth"een/, n. Chem. ethylene (def. 2). [1870-75; ETH(YL) + -ENE] * * *
/eth"euh fon'/, n. Chem. a solid compound, C2H6ClO3P, used as a growth regulator to accelerate the ripening of tomatoes, citrus fruit, apples, and other crops. [1970-75; as ...
—etheric /i ther"ik, i thear"-/, adj. /ee"theuhr/, n. 1. Also called diethyl ether, diethyl oxide, ethyl ether, ethyl oxide, sulfuric ether. Chem., Pharm. a colorless, highly ...
—ethereality, etherealness, n. —ethereally, adv. —ethereous, adj. /i thear"ee euhl/, adj. 1. light, airy, or tenuous: an ethereal world created through the poetic ...
See ethereal. * * *
See etherealize. * * *
—etherealization, n. /i thear"ee euh luyz'/, v.t., etherealized, etherealizing. to make ethereal. Also, esp. Brit., etherealise. [1820-30; ETHEREAL + -IZE] * * *
See ethereality. * * *
See ethereality. * * *
/eth"euhr ij, eth"rij/, n. Sir George, 1635?-91, English dramatist. * * *
Etherege, Sir George
born с 1635, Maidenhead, Berkshire, Eng.? died с May 10, 1692 British playwright. He is remembered as the creator of the Restoration comedy of manners. His first comedy, Love ...
Etherege,Sir George
Eth·er·ege (ĕthʹər-ĭj, ĕthʹrĭj), Sir George. 1635?-1692?. English playwright of the Restoration whose comedic works, such as She Would if She Could (1668), gave rise to ...
See ether. * * *
Etheridge, Melissa
▪ 2009 Melissa Lou Etheridge  born May 29, 1961, Leavenworth, Kan.       Following the release of her album The Awakening (2007), an audio autobiography of her career ...
See etherify. * * *
—etherification, n. /i ther"euh fuy', ee"theuhr-/, v.t., etherified, etherifying. Chem. to convert into an ether. [1855-60; ETHER + -IFY] * * *
See etherize. * * *
—etherization, n. —etherizer, n. /ee"theuh ruyz'/, v.t., etherized, etherizing. 1. Med. to put under the influence of ether; anesthetize. 2. to render groggy or numb, as if ...
See etherization. * * *
/ee"theuhr net'/ Trademark. a local-area network protocol featuring a bus topology and a 10 megabit per second data transfer rate. * * * Telecommunications networking protocol ...
/eth"ik/, n. 1. the body of moral principles or values governing or distinctive of a particular culture or group: the Christian ethic; the tribal ethic of the Zuni. 2. a complex ...
—ethically, adv. —ethicalness, ethicality, n. /eth"i keuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to or dealing with morals or the principles of morality; pertaining to right and wrong in ...
Ethical Culture
a movement founded by Felix Adler in 1876 that stresses the importance of ethical behavior independent of religious beliefs. * * * ▪ 19th century social ...
Ethical Policy
▪ Dutch history       in Indonesian history, a program introduced by the Dutch in the East Indies at the turn of the 20th century aimed at promoting the welfare of the ...
ethical relativism
Philosophical view that what is right or wrong and good or bad is not absolute but variable and relative, depending on the person, circumstances, or social situation. Rather ...
See ethically. * * *
See ethical. * * *
See ethically. * * *
/eth"euh sist/, n. a person who specializes in or writes on ethics or who is devoted to ethical principles. Also, ethician /e thish"euhn/. [1890-95; ETHIC + -IST] * * *
/eth"euh suyz'/, v.t., ethicized, ethicizing. to make ethical; treat or regard as ethical. [1810-20; ETHIC + -IZE] * * *
/eth"iks/, n.pl. 1. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a system of moral principles: the ethics of a culture. 2. the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of ...
Ethics of the Fathers.
See Pirke Avoth. * * *
/i thin"euh mayt'/, n. Pharm. a crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C9H13NO2, used as a hypnotic. [formerly a trademark] * * *
/eth"uyn, e thuyn"/, n. Chem. acetylene. [1875-80; ETH(YL) + -INE1] * * *
eth·i·nyl estradiol (ĕthʹə-nĭl') n. A synthetic estrogen derivative commonly used in oral contraceptive preparations.   [ethinyl, variant of ethynyl, containing an ...
Ethio-Semitic languages
      the Semitic languages of Ethiopia and Eritrea, including Geʿez (Geʿez language), the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox church; Amharic (Amharic ...
eth·i·on (ĕthʹē-ŏn') n. A highly toxic, liquid organophosphate pesticide, C9H22O4P2S3.   [ethyl + thion-.] * * *
/eth'ee on"euh muyd'/, n. Pharm. an antimicrobial substance, C8H10N2S, used against susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis in combination with other drugs in the treatment of any ...
/ee"thee op'/, adj., n. Ethiopian. Also, Ethiope /ee"thee ohp'/. [1350-1400; ME < L Aethiops < Gk Aithíops] * * *
/ee'thee oh"pee euh/, n. 1. Formerly, Abyssinia. a republic in E Africa: formerly a monarchy. 58,732,577; 409,266 sq. mi. (1,060,000 sq. km). Present boundaries include Eritrea. ...
Ethiopia, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped green-yellow-red national flag with a central blue disk bearing a yellow star in outline. The flag's width-to-length ratio is ...
/ee'thee oh"pee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Ethiopia or to its inhabitants. 2. belonging to the part of Africa south of the equator. 3. Zoogeog. belonging to a ...
Ethiopian chant
▪ vocal music       vocal liturgical music of the Ethiopian Orthodox (Ethiopian Orthodox church) Christians in eastern Africa. A musical notation for Ethiopian chant ...
Ethiopian Church
the Monophysitic church founded by Frumentius in the 4th century A.D., and resembling the Coptic Church in doctrine, practice, and discipline, but using Ethiopic in its liturgy. ...
Ethiopian literature
      writings either in classical Geʿez (Geʿez language) (Ethiopic) or in Amharic (Amharic language), the principal modern language of Ethiopia. The earliest extant ...
Ethiopian Orthodox church
Independent Christian patriarchate in Ethiopia. Traditionally thought to have been founded by the preaching of the apostle Matthew or the eunuch of the Acts of the Apostles, the ...
Ethiopian Plateau
▪ region, Ethiopia       highlands covering much of Ethiopia and central Eritrea. They consist of the rugged Western Highlands and the more limited Eastern Highlands. ...
Ethiopian region
▪ faunal region also called  Afrotropical Region,        one of the major land areas of the world defined on the basis of its characteristic animal life. Part of the ...
Religious movement among sub-Saharan Africans during the colonial era. It originated in South Africa in the 1880s, with the formation of all-African Christian churches such as ...
Ethiopian Jew n. A member of a people of uncertain origin, living since ancient times in what is now central Ethiopia and practicing a form of Judaism. During the period ...
See Ethiopian Jew. * * *
/ee'thee op"ik, -oh"pik/, adj. 1. Ethiopian. n. 2. a subdivision of Semitic languages that includes Amharic, Tigré, Tigrinya, and Geez, all of Ethiopia. 3. Geez. [1650-60; < L ...
Ethiopic alphabet
      writing system used to write the Geʿez (Geʿez language) literary and ecclesiastical language and the Amharic, Tigre, and Tigrinya languages of Ethiopia and ...
Ethiopic languages
Group of Semitic languages, spoken by more than 25 million people in Eritrea and Ethiopia. Ethiopic has been divided by linguists into North Ethiopic, comprising Geʾez, Tigré, ...
/eth"moyd/, Anat. adj. 1. Also, ethmoidal. of or pertaining to a bone at the base of the cranium and the root of the nose, containing numerous perforations for the filaments of ...
/eth"nahrk/, n. the ruler of a people, tribe, or nation. [1635-45; < Gk ethnárches. See ETHNO-, -ARCH] * * *
/eth"nahr kee/, n., pl. ethnarchies. the government, office, or jurisdiction of an ethnarch. [1605-15; < Gk ethnarchía. See ETHNARCH, -Y3] * * *
—ethnically, adv. /eth"nik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or characteristic of a people, esp. a group (ethnic group) sharing a common and distinctive culture, religion, language, or ...
ethnic cleansing
the elimination of an unwanted ethnic group or groups from a society, as by genocide or forced emigration. [1985-90] * * * The creation of an ethnically homogenous geographic ...
ethnic group
Social group or category of the population that, in a larger society, is set apart and bound together by common ties of language, nationality, or culture. Ethnic diversity, the ...
/eth"ni keuhl/, adj. 1. ethnic. 2. of, pertaining to, or concerned with ethnology. [1540-50; ETHNIC + -AL1] * * *
See ethnical. * * *
ethnic cleansing n. The systematic elimination of an ethnic group or groups from a region or society, as by deportation, forced emigration, or genocide. * * *
/eth nis"i tee/, n., pl. ethnicities. 1. ethnic traits, background, allegiance, or association. 2. an ethnic group: Representatives of several ethnicities were present. [1765-75, ...
a combining form meaning "race," "culture," "people," used in the formation of compound words: ethnography. [ < Gk, comb. form of éthnos] * * *
—ethnoarchaeologist, n. /eth'noh ahr'kee ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of archaeology that studies contemporary primitive cultures and technologies as a way of providing analogies ...
See ethnoastronomy. * * *
eth·no·as·tron·o·my (ĕth'nō-ə-strŏnʹə-mē) n. The study of the knowledge, interpretations, and practices of contemporary cultures regarding celestial objects or ...
—ethnobiological /eth'noh buy'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —ethnobiologist, n. /eth'noh buy ol"euh jee/, n. Anthropol. 1. the scientific study of the way plants and animals are ...
See ethnobotany. * * *
See ethnobotanical. * * *
See ethnobotanical. * * *
—ethnobotanic /eth'noh beuh tan"ik/, ethnobotanical, adj. —ethnobotanist, n. /eth'noh bot"n ee/, n. 1. the plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. 2. Anthropol. the ...
See ethnocentrism. * * *
See ethnocentric. * * *
See ethnocentric. * * *
—ethnocentric, adj. —ethnocentrically, adv. —ethnocentricity /eth'noh sen tris"i tee/, n. /eth'noh sen"triz euhm/, n. 1. Sociol. the belief in the inherent superiority of ...
ethnography. * * *
See ethnography. * * *
See ethnographer. * * *
See ethnographer. * * *
See ethnographer. * * *
—ethnographer, n. —ethnographic /eth'neuh graf"ik/, ethnographical, adj. —ethnographically, adv. /eth nog"reuh fee/, n. a branch of anthropology dealing with the scientific ...
ethnography of speaking
Anthropol. Ling. the scientific description of the varieties and characteristics of language use within a culture. Also called ethnography of communication. * * *
See ethnohistory. * * *
See ethnohistorian. * * *
See ethnohistorian. * * *
—ethnohistorian /eth'noh hi stawr"ee euhn, -stohr"-/, n. —ethnohistorical /eth'noh hi stawr"i keuhl, -stor"-/, ethnohistoric, adj. —ethnohistorically, adv. /eth'noh ...
1. ethnological. 2. ethnology. * * *
—ethnolinguist, n. —ethnolinguistic, adj. /eth'noh ling gwis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of language as an aspect or part of culture, esp. the study of the ...
See ethnology. * * *
See ethnologic. * * *
Ethnological Museum
▪ museum, Berlin, Germany German  Ethnologisches Museum        museum in Berlin, housing one of the world's largest and most comprehensive ethnographic collections. ...
See ethnologic. * * *
See ethnologic. * * *
—ethnological /eth'neuh loj"i keuhl/, ethnologic, adj. —ethnologically, adv. —ethnologist, n. /eth nol"euh jee/, n. 1. a branch of anthropology that analyzes cultures, esp. ...
See ethnomethodology. * * *
—ethnomethodologist, n. /eth'noh meth'euh dol"euh jee/, n. the sociological study of the rules and rituals underlying ordinary social activities and interactions. [1960-65; ...
See ethnomusicology. * * *
See ethnomusicological. * * *
—ethnomusicological /eth'noh myooh'zi keuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —ethnomusicologically, adv. —ethnomusicologist, n. /eth'noh myooh'zi kol"euh jee/, n. the study of folk and ...
eth·no·nym (ĕthʹnō-nĭm') n. The name of a people or ethnic group.   eth'no·nymʹic adj. * * *
See ethnonym. * * *
—ethnopharmacological /eth'noh fahr'meuh keuh loj"i keuhl/, ethnopharmacologic, adj. /eth'noh fahr'meuh kol"euh jee/, n. the scientific study of substances used medicinally, ...
/eth"nos/, n. an ethnic group. [ < Gk ethnós; cf. ETHNO-] * * *
/eth'noh suy"euhns/, n. the study of the systems of knowledge and classification of material objects and concepts by primitive and non-Western peoples. [1960-65; ETHNO- + ...
/eth'noh ther"euh pee/, n. Psychol. a type of group therapy that focuses on the special needs and concerns of a particular ethnic minority. [ETHNO- + THERAPY] * * *
/ee"theuh gram'/, n. Ethology. a pictorial inventory of the repertoire of behavior patterns shown by the members of a species. [1965-70; etho- (as comb. form repr. ETHOLOGY) + ...
ethology. * * *
See ethology. * * *
See ethological. * * *
—ethological /ee'theuh loj"i keuhl, eth'euh-/, adj. —ethologically, adv. —ethologist, n. /ee thol"euh jee, i thol"-/, n. the study of animal behavior with emphasis on the ...
/ee"thos, ee"thohs, eth"os, -ohs/, n. 1. Sociol. the fundamental character or spirit of a culture; the underlying sentiment that informs the beliefs, customs, or practices of a ...
/eth'oh suk"seuh muyd'/, n. Pharm. an anticonvulsant, C7H11NO2, used in medicine to treat certain kinds of epilepsy, esp. petit mal. [ETH(YL) + -O- + suximide appar. shortening ...
/eth ok"suyd/, n. Chem. ethylate. [ETH(YL) + OXIDE] * * *
/e thok"see/, n. Chem. the radical C2H5O-. Also called ethoxyl /e thok"sil/. [ETH(YL) + OXY-2 ( + -(Y)L)] * * *
eth·ox·yl (ĭ-thŏkʹsəl) also eth·ox·y (ĭ-thŏkʹsē) n. The univalent radical C2H5O.   [ethyl + oxo- + -yl.] * * *
/es"rohg, -reuhg, et"-/; Seph. Heb. /et rddawg"/; Ashk. Heb. /es rddohg"/, n., pl. ethrogs, ethrogim Seph. Heb. /et rddaw geem"/; Ashk. Heb. /es rddoh"gim/. Judaism. etrog. * * *
/eth"euhl/, adj. 1. Chem. containing the ethyl group, as ethyl ether, C4H10O. n. 2. a type of antiknock fluid, containing tetraethyl lead and other ingredients for a more even ...
ethyl acetate
Chem. a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid, C4H8O2, having a fragrant, fruitlike odor: used chiefly as a scent in the manufacture of perfumes, flavorings, and confections, and ...
ethyl acetoacetate
▪ chemical compound also called  acetoacetic ester        an ester widely used as an intermediate in the synthesis of many varieties of organic chemical compounds. ...
ethyl alcohol
Chem. alcohol (def. 1). [1865-70] * * * ▪ chemical compound also called  ethanol,  grain alcohol , or  alcohol        a member of a class of organic compounds ...
ethyl aminobenzoate
/euh mee'noh ben"zoh ayt', -it, am'euh noh-/, Pharm. benzocaine. [AMINO- + BENZOATE] * * *
ethyl butyrate
Chem. a colorless, volatile, nontoxic liquid having the odor of pineapple, C6H12O2, used chiefly in flavoring extracts, and in the manufacture of perfumes and sprays. Also called ...
ethyl caproate
/kap"roh ayt'/, Chem. a colorless to yellow liquid, soluble in alcohol or ether, C8H16O2, used chiefly in artificial fruit essences and organic synthesis. Also, ethyl capronate ...
ethyl carbamate
/kahr"beuh mayt', kahr bam"ayt/, Chem. urethane (def. 2). * * *
ethyl cellulose
Chem. an ethyl ether of cellulose, in the form of white granules obtained from the treatment of wood pulp with alkali: used in plastics and lacquers. * * *
ethyl chloride
Chem. a flammable gas, C2H5Cl, used as a refrigerant, solvent, and anesthetic. Also called chloroethane. * * * ▪ chemical compound also called ...
ethyl enanthate
/i nan"thayt/, Chem. See ethyl oenanthate. * * *
ethyl ether
Chem. ether (def. 1). [1875-80] * * * ▪ chemical compound also called  diethyl ether        well-known anesthetic, commonly called simply ether, an organic compound ...
ethyl group
Chem. the univalent group, C2H5-, derived from ethane. Also called ethyl radical. * * *
ethyl hexoate
/hek"soh ayt'/, Chem. See ethyl caproate. [hexo(ic acid) (from HEXANE) + -ATE2] * * *
ethyl malonate
Chem. a colorless, water-insoluble liquid, C7H12O4, having a pleasant, aromatic odor: used chiefly as an intermediate in the synthesis of barbiturates. * * *
ethyl mercaptan
Chem. mercaptan. * * *
ethyl nitrate
Chem. a colorless, sweet, water-insoluble, extremely explosive liquid, C2H5NO3, used chiefly in organic synthesis. Also called nitric ether. * * *

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