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Слова на букву enol-gano (15990)

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ethyl nitrite
Chem. a colorless or yellowish, very volatile, highly aromatic, flammable liquid, C2H2NO2, used chiefly in the preparation of organic substances. Also called nitrous ...
ethyl nitrite spirit
Pharm. a four percent solution of ethyl nitrite in alcohol, formerly used in medicine as a diaphoretic, diuretic, and antispasmodic. Also called spirit of nitrous ether, sweet ...
ethyl oenanthate
/i nan"thayt/, Chem. a colorless to yellowish, oily, water-insoluble liquid, C9H18O2, having a fruitlike odor, found naturally in the alcohols of cognac and other wines: ...
ethyl oxide
Chem. ether (def. 1). * * *
ethyl sulfide
Chem. a colorless, oily, slightly water-soluble liquid, C4H10S, having a garliclike odor: used chiefly as a solvent for certain salts and in organic synthesis. Also called ...
ethyl urethane
Chem. urethane (def. 2). Also, ethyl urethan. * * *
ethyl-para-aminobenzoate
ethyl-para-aminobenzoate [eth΄əl par΄ə am΄ə nō ben′zō āt΄, eth΄əl par ə am΄ə nō ben′zōit] n. BENZOCAINE * * *
ethylacetate
ethyl acetate n. A colorless volatile flammable liquid, CH3COOC2H5, used in perfumes, flavorings, lacquers, pharmaceuticals, and rayon and as a general solvent. * * *
ethylalcohol
ethyl alcohol n. See alcohol. * * *
ethylamine
/eth"euhl euh meen', -min, -am'in/, n. Chem. a flammable liquid with an odor of ammonia, C2H7N, used as a stabilizer for rubber latex, as a dye intermediate, and in organic ...
ethylate
—ethylation, n. /eth"euh layt'/, v., ethylated, ethylating, n. Chem. v.t. 1. to introduce one or more ethyl groups into (a compound). n. 2. Also called ethoxide. a metallic ...
ethylation
See ethylate. * * *
ethylbenzene
/eth'euhl ben"zeen, -ben zeen"/, n. Chem. a colorless liquid, C8H10, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of styrene and as a solvent and diluent for paints and ...
ethylchloride
ethyl chloride n. A chemical compound, C2H5Cl, a gas at ordinary temperatures and a colorless volatile flammable liquid when compressed, used as a solvent, as a refrigerant, and ...
ethyldichloroarsine
/eth'euhl duy klawr'oh ahr"seen, -klohr'-/, n. Chem. a colorless, volatile, poisonous liquid, C2H5AsCl2, having an irritating, fruitlike odor: formerly used as a blister ...
ethylenation
/eth'euh leuh nay"sheuhn/, n. Chem. the process of introducing an ethylene group into a compound. [ETHYLENE + -ATION] * * *
ethylene
—ethylenic /eth'euh lee"nik, -len"ik/, adj. /eth"euh leen'/, Chem. adj. 1. containing the ethylene group. n. 2. Also called ethene, olefiant gas. a colorless, flammable gas, ...
ethylene alcohol
glycol (def. 1). * * *
ethylene bromide
▪ chemical compound also called  ethylene dibromide  or  1,2-dibromoethane        a colourless, sweet-smelling, nonflammable, toxic liquid belonging to the family ...
ethylene chloride
▪ chemical compound also called  ethylene dichloride  or  1,2-dichloroethane        a colourless, toxic, volatile liquid having an odour resembling that of ...
ethylene dibromide
Chem. See EDB. Also called ethylene bromide. * * *
ethylene dichloride
Chem. a colorless, heavy, oily, toxic liquid, C2H4Cl2, having a chloroformlike odor: used in the synthesis of vinyl chloride, and as a solvent for fats, waxes, resins, etc. Also ...
ethylene glycol
Chem. glycol (def. 1). [1900-05] * * * Simplest member of the glycol family, also called 1,2-ethanediol (HOCH2CH2OH). It is a colourless, oily liquid with a mild odour and ...
ethylene group
Chem. the bivalent group, -C2H4-, derived from ethylene or ethane. Also called ethylene radical. * * *
ethylene oxide
Chem. a colorless, odorless, gaseous, toxic, ring compound, C2H4O, usually obtained by the oxidation of ethylene: used chiefly in the synthesis of ethylene glycol. [1895-1900] * ...
ethylene series
Chem. See alkene series. * * *
ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
/eth"euh leen duy"euh meen te"treuh euh see"tik, -set"ik, -min-; eth'euh leen duy'euh meen te'treuh euh see"tik, -set"ik, -min-/, Chem., Pharm. See EDTA. [1940-45; ETHYLENE + ...
ethyleneglycol
ethylene glycol n. A colorless syrupy alcohol, HOCH2CH2OH, used as an antifreeze in cooling and heating systems. * * *
ethylenic
See ethylene. * * *
ethylether
ethyl ether n. See ether. * * *
ethylic
/e thil"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the ethyl group. [1865-70; ETHYL + -IC] * * *
ethylmercaptan
ethyl mercaptan n. A colorless organic liquid, C2H5SH, that has a strong odor and is added to odorless fuel and fuel systems as a warning agent. * * *
ethyne
/eth"uyn, e thuyn"/, n. Chem. acetylene. [ETH(YL) + -yne (var. of -INE1)] * * *
ethynyl
/e thuyn"l/, adj. Chem. containing the ethynyl group. [ETHYNE + -YL] * * *
ethynyl group
Chem. the univalent group HC=C-, derived from acetylene. Also called ethynyl radical. * * *
ethynylation
/e thuyn'l ay"sheuhn/, n. Chem. the process of introducing the ethynyl group into a compound. [ETHYNYL (GROUP) + -ATION] * * *
ETI
extraterrestrial intelligence. * * *
etic
/et"ik/, adj. Ling. pertaining to or being the raw data of a language or other area of behavior, without considering the data as significant units functioning within a system. ...
Étienne
Fr. /ay tyen"/, n. Estienne (def. 1). * * * (as used in expressions) Bonnet Georges Étienne Boullée Étienne Louis Cartier Sir George Étienne Baronet Choiseul Étienne ...
etiolate
—etiolation, n. /ee"tee euh layt'/, v., etiolated, etiolating. v.t. 1. to cause (a plant) to whiten or grow pale by excluding light: to etiolate celery. 2. to cause to become ...
etiolation
See etiolate. * * *
etiologic
—etiologically, adv. /ee'tee euh loj"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to causes or origins. 2. Pathol. originating from; causal: etiologic agent. 3. of or pertaining to ...
etiological
See etiologic. * * *
etiologically
See etiologic. * * *
etiologist
See etiologic. * * *
etiology
—etiologist, n. /ee'tee ol"euh jee/, n., pl. etiologies. 1. Pathol. a. the study of the causes of diseases. b. the cause or origin of a disease. 2. the study of causation. 3. ...
etiquette
/et"i kit, -ket'/, n. 1. conventional requirements as to social behavior; proprieties of conduct as established in any class or community or for any occasion. 2. a prescribed or ...
Etna
/et"neuh/, n. Mount, an active volcano in E Sicily. 10,758 ft. (3280 m). Also, Aetna. * * *
Etna, Mount
Active volcano, eastern coast of Sicily, Italy. The highest active volcano in Europe, its elevation is more than 10,000 ft (3,200 m); its base has a circumference of about 93 mi ...
Etna,Mount
Et·na also Aet·na (ĕtʹnə), Mount An active volcano, 3,325.1 m (10,902 ft) high, of eastern Sicily. Its first known eruption occurred in 475 B.C. * * *
ETO
(in World War II) European Theater of Operations. Also, E.T.O. * * *
Etō Shimpei
▪ Japanese statesman born March 18, 1834, Hizen province, Japan died April 13, 1874, Saga prefecture, Kyushu       statesman who played a leading role in the Meiji ...
Eto'o, Samuel
▪ 2002       Samuel Eto'o of Cameroon was a rising star in African association football (soccer) in 2001. Though still unseasoned, the lanky 20-year-old was shaping up ...
Etobicoke
Etobicoke [i tō′bi kō΄] 〚ult. < Ojibwa (? Wahdobekaug or Wadopikang), place where the black alders grow〛 city in SE Ontario, Canada: part of metropolitan Toronto: pop. ...
etodolac
e·to·do·lac (ĭ-tōʹdə-lăk) n. A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, used especially for the treatment of osteoarthritis.   [eto-(alteration of ethyl) + indole + ...
étoile
/ay twannl"/, n., pl. étoiles /ay twannl"/. French. 1. a star or something shaped like a star. 2. See prima ballerina. * * *
Eton
/eet"n/, n. a town in Berkshire, in S England, on the Thames River, W of London: the site of Eton College. 3954. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), ...
Eton collar
a broad, stiff collar, originally of linen, as that worn folded outside an Eton jacket. [1890-95] * * *
Eton College
a preparatory school for boys in Eton, England, founded in 1440 by Henry VI. * * * Largest public school (independent secondary school) in England and one of the most ...
Eton jacket
1. a boy's black waist-length jacket with wide lapels and an open front, as worn by students at Eton College. 2. a similar short jacket worn by women. [1880-85] * * *
Etoncollar
Eton collar n. A broad white collar worn over the lapels of a jacket.   [After Eton College, England.] * * *
Etonian
/ee toh"nee euhn/, n. 1. a person who is or has been a pupil at Eton College. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Eton College. [1740-50; ETON + -IAN] * * *
Etonjacket
Eton jacket n. A waist-length black jacket that has wide lapels and is cut square at the hips.   [After Eton College, England.] * * *
etorphine
/i tawr"feen, i tohr"-/, n. Pharm. a narcotic analgesic, C25H33NO4, used for immobilizing large animals. [1970-75; prob. et(henom)orphine a chemical component; see ETHENE, -O-, ...
Etosha National Park
National reserve, northern Namibia. Covering some 8,598 sq mi (22,269 sq km), it centres on the Etosha Pan, a vast expanse of salt with lone salt springs, used by animals as ...
Etosha Pan
▪ salt pan, Namibia  extremely flat salt pan, northern Namibia, covering an area of approximately 1,900 square miles (4,800 square km) at an elevation of about 3,400 feet ...
étouffée
/ay'tooh fay"/, n., pl. étouffées /-fayz"/; Fr. /-fay"/. New Orleans Cookery. a stew of crayfish, vegetables, and seasonings, served over white rice. [ < LaF; F (à ...
Etr.
Etruscan (def. 3). * * *
etrog
/es"rohg, -reuhg, et"-/; Seph. Heb. /et rddawg"/; Ashk. Heb. /es rddohg"/, n., pl. etrogs, etrogim Seph. Heb. /et rddaw geem"/; Ashk. Heb. /es rddoh"gim/. Judaism. a citron for ...
Etruria
/i troor"ee euh/, n. an ancient country located between the Arno and Tiber rivers, roughly corresponding to modern Tuscany in W Italy. * * * Ancient country, central Italy. It ...
Etrurian
See Etruria. * * *
Etruscan
/i trus"keuhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to Etruria, its inhabitants, civilization, art, or language. n. 2. an inhabitant of ancient Etruria. 3. the extinct language of Etruria, not ...
Etruscan alphabet
      writing system of the Etruscans, derived from a Greek alphabet (originally learned from the Phoenicians) as early as the 8th century BC. It is known to modern ...
Etruscan art
(с 8th–4th centuries BC) Art of the people of Etruria. The art of the Etruscans falls into three categories: funerary, urban, and sacred. Because of Etruscan attitudes toward ...
Etruscan language
Language spoken by the ancient people of Etruria in what is now Italy. Its proposed relations with the Indo-European family have not been generally accepted, and Etruscan ...
Etruscan religion
Beliefs and practices of the ancient people of Etruria in western Italy. The Etruscans believed that the gods manifested their nature and will in every aspect of the natural ...
Etruscan ware
a black ceramic ware ornamented in encaustic colors, developed by Josiah Wedgwood. [1955-60] * * *
Etruscology
—Etruscologist, n. /ee'tru skol"euh jee/, n. the study of Etruscan antiquities. [1885-90; ETRUSC(AN) + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
ETS
Trademark. Educational Testing Service. * * *
etseq.
et seq. abbr. Latin et sequens (and the following one or ones). * * *
Etta
/et"euh/, n. a female given name, form of Henrietta. * * *
Ettarre
/i tahr", e tahr"euh/, n. Arthurian Romance. the vain and heartless lady beloved by Sir Pelleas. * * *
Etterbeek
▪ Belgium  municipality, Brussels-Capital Region, central Belgium. First mentioned in the early 12th century, Etterbeek is one of the 19 suburban communes that, with ...
Etty, William
▪ English painter born March 10, 1787, York, Yorkshire, Eng. died Nov. 13, 1849, York  one of the last of the English academic history painters.       In 1807 he was ...
étude
/ay"toohd, ay"tyoohd, ay toohd", ay tyoohd"/; Fr. /ay tyuud"/, n., pl. études /ay"toohdz, ay"tyoohdz, ay toohdz", ay tyoohdz"/; Fr. /ay tyuud"/. 1. a musical composition, ...
etui
/ay twee", et"wee/, n., pl. etuis. a small, often decorative case, esp. one for needles, toilet articles, or the like. Also, etwee. [1605-15; < F étui, OF estui holder, n. ...
etux.
et ux. abbr. Latin et uxor (and wife). * * *
ETV
See educational television. * * *
ety
ety or etym abbrev. etymology * * *
ety.
etymology. * * *
etym.
1. etymological. 2. etymology. Also, etymol. * * *
etyma
et·y·ma (ĕtʹə-mə) n. A plural of etymon. * * *
etymological
etymological [et΄ə mə läj′i kəl] adj. 〚< L etymologicus < Gr etymologikos + -AL〛 of or according to the etymology, or to the principles of ...
etymologically
See etymological. * * *
etymologist
etymologist [et΄ə mäl′ə jist] n. an expert in etymology * * * et·y·mol·o·gist (ĕt'ə-mŏlʹə-jĭst) n. A specialist in etymology. * * *
etymologize
—etymologizable, adj. /et'euh mol"euh juyz'/, v., etymologized, etymologizing. v.t. 1. to trace the history of (a word). v.i. 2. to study etymology. 3. to give or suggest the ...
etymology
—etymological /et'euh meuh loj"i keuhl/, etymologic, adj. —etymologically, adv. —etymologist, n. /et'euh mol"euh jee/, n., pl. etymologies. 1. the derivation of a word. 2. ...
etymon
/et"euh mon'/, n., pl. etymons, etyma /-meuh/. the linguistic form from which another form is historically derived, as the Latin cor "heart," which is the etymon of English ...
Etzel
/et"seuhl/, n. Germanic Legend. Attila: represented in the Nibelungenlied as the second husband of Kriemhild after the death of Siegfried. Cf. Atli. * * *
EU
European Union. * * *
Eu
Symbol, Chem. europium. * * *
eu-
a combining form meaning "good," "well," occurring chiefly in words of Greek origin (eupepsia); in scientific coinages, esp. taxonomic names, it often has the sense "true, ...
Euaʿ
▪ island, Tonga       volcanic and limestone island in the Tongatapu Group of Tonga, southwestern Pacific Ocean. The second largest of the group, ʿEua is hilly and ...
eubacteria
/yooh'bak tear"ee euh/, n.pl., sing. eubacterium /-tear"ee euhm/. Bacteriol. spherical or rod-shaped bacteria of the order Eubacteriales, characterized by simple, ...
eubacterium
▪ bacteria plural  eubacteria , also called  bacteria        term formerly used to describe and differentiate any of a group of prokaryotic true bacteria from the ...
Eubie Blake
➡ Blake (I) * * *
Euboea
—Euboean, adj., n. —Euboic /yooh boh"ik/, adj. /yooh bee"euh/, n. a Greek island in the W Aegean Sea. 165,369; 1586 sq. mi. (4110 sq. km). Cap.: Chalcis. Also called ...
Euboea, Gulf of
▪ gulf, Greece Modern Greek  Evvoïkós Kólpos,         arm of the Aegean Sea, between the island of Euboea (northeast) and the Greek mainland (southwest). Trending ...
Eubulides Of Miletus
▪ Greek philosopher born 4th century BC       a member of the Megarian school of philosophy in Athens and renowned as an inventor of logical paradoxes, the most famous ...
Eubulus
▪ Greek statesman flourished 4th century BC       Athenian statesman noted for his able financial administration.       Eubulus first became prominent in 355 BC, ...
eucaine
/yooh kayn", yooh"kayn/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline solid, C15H21NO2, formerly a local anesthetic, used in veterinary medicine as a substitute for cocaine. Also called ...
eucalyptol
/yooh'keuh lip"tawl, -tohl/, n. Chem. cineole. Also, eucalyptole /yooh'keuh lip"tohl/. [1875-80; EUCALYPT(US) + -OL2] * * *
eucalyptus
—eucalyptic, adj. /yooh'keuh lip"teuhs/, n., pl. eucalypti /-tuy/, eucalyptuses. any of numerous often tall trees belonging to the genus Eucalyptus, of the myrtle family, ...
eucalyptus oil
eucalyptus oil n. an essential oil derived from eucalyptus leaves, used as an antiseptic and expectorant * * *
eucarpic
/yooh kahr"pik/, adj. (of a fungus) having only part of the thallus converted into fruiting bodies. Also, eucarpous. Cf. holocarpic. [EU- + -CARPIC] * * *
eucaryote
—eucaryotic /yooh kar'ee ot"ik/, adj. /yooh kar"ee oht', -ee euht/, n. eukaryote. * * *
eucharis
eucharis [yo͞o′kə ris] n. 〚ModL < Gr, charming, gracious < eu- (see EU-) + charis, favor (see EUCHARIST)〛 any of a genus (Eucharis) of South American plants of the lily ...
Eucharist
—Eucharistic, Eucharistical, adj. —Eucharistically, adv. /yooh"keuh rist/, n. 1. the sacrament of Holy Communion; the sacrifice of the Mass; the Lord's Supper. 2. the ...
Eucharistic
See Eucharist. * * *
Eucharistical
See Eucharistic. * * *
Euchite
/yooh"kuyt/, n. a member of a mendicant, ascetic sect living chiefly in Syria and Mesopotamia in the 4th-7th centuries A.D., and holding a belief that the demon in each person ...
euchologion
Gk. /ef'khaw law"yee awn/; Eng. /yooh'keuh loh"jee on', -euhn/, n., pl. euchologia Gk. /-yee ah/; Eng. /-jee euh/. Eastern Ch. a service book containing liturgies, prayers, and ...
euchology
/yooh kol"euh jee/, n., pl. euchologies. euchologion. [1650-60] * * *
euchre
/yooh"keuhr/, n., v., euchred, euchring. n. 1. Cards. a game played by two, three, or four persons, usually with the 32, but sometimes with the 28 or 24, highest cards in the ...
euchred
/yooh"keuhrd/, adj. Australian Informal. utterly done in or at the end of one's tether; exhausted. [1865-70; EUCHRE + -ED2] * * *
euchromatic
See euchromatin. * * *
euchromatin
—euchromatic /yooh'kreuh mat"ik/, adj. /yooh kroh"meuh tin/, n. Genetics. the part of a chromosome that condenses maximally during metaphase and contains most of the ...
euchromosome
/yooh kroh"meuh sohm'/, n. Genetics. autosome. [1910-15; EU- + CHROMOSOME] * * *
Eucken
/oy"keuhn/, n. Rudolph Christoph /rddooh"dawlf krddis"tawf/, 1846-1926, German philosopher: Nobel prize for literature 1908. * * *
Eucken, Rudolf Christoph
born Jan. 5, 1846, Aurich, East Friesland died Sept. 14, 1926, Jena, Ger. German philosopher. He taught primarily at the University of Jena (1874–1920). Distrusting abstract ...
Eucla Basin
▪ region, Australia       artesian depression in Western Australia and South Australia, Australia. Sloping southward to the Great Australian Bight and underlying the ...
euclase
/yooh"klays, -klayz/, n. a rare green or blue mineral, beryllium aluminum silicate, BeAlSiO4(OH), occurring in prismatic crystals. [1795-1805; < F; see EU-, -CLASE] * * *
Euclid
/yooh"klid/, n. 1. fl. c300 B.C., Greek geometrician and educator at Alexandria. 2. a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland. 59,999. * * * flourished с 300 BC, Alexandria, ...
Euclid's axioms and common notions
▪ Table Euclid's axioms 01 Given two points there is one straight line that joins them. 02 A straight line segment can be prolonged indefinitely. 03 A circle can be ...
Euclidean
/yooh klid"ee euhn/, adj. of or pertaining to Euclid, or adopting his postulates. Also, Euclidian. [1650-60; < L Euclide(us) of Euclid ( < Gk Eukleídeios) + -AN] * * * (as used ...
Euclidean algorithm
Algebra. a method based on the division algorithm for finding the greatest common divisor of two given integers. [1950-55] * * * ▪ mathematics       procedure for ...
Euclidean geometry
geometry based upon the postulates of Euclid, esp. the postulate that only one line may be drawn through a given point parallel to a given line. [1860-65] * * * Study of points, ...
Euclidean group
Math. the set of rigid motions that are also affine transformations. * * *
Euclidean space
Math. 1. ordinary two- or three-dimensional space. 2. any vector space on which a real-valued inner product is defined. Also called Cartesian space. [1880-85] * * * In geometry, ...
Eucommiaceae
▪ plant family  family of dicotyledonous flowering plants comprising the single species Eucommia ulmoides. It is an elmlike tree of central and eastern China notable as a ...
Eucratides
▪ king of Bactria also spelled  Eukratides  flourished middle of the 2nd century BC    the last important king of Greek Bactria       Called “the Great” on the ...
eucrite
/yooh"kruyt/, n. Petrog. a basic gabbro consisting mainly of bytownite and augite. [1895-1900; < G Eukrit < Gk eúkritos readily chosen, equiv. to eu- EU- + kritós separated ...
Eucryphia
▪ plant genus       genus of evergreen shrubs and trees, constituting the family Eucryphiaceae, with about five species native to Australia and Chile. They are planted ...
eucryptite
/yooh krip"tuyt/, n. a mineral, lithium aluminum silicate, LiAlSiO4, occurring in colorless to white hexagonal crystals: used as a source of lithium. [EU- + CRYPT(O)- + -ITE1] * ...
Eucumbene, Lake
▪ lake, New South Wales, Australia  one of Australia's largest reservoirs (capacity 3,890,000 acre-feet [4,798,000,000 cubic m], surface area 56 square miles [145 square ...
eudaemon
eu·dae·mon also eu·dai·mon or eu·de·mon (yo͞o-dēʹmən) n. A good or benevolent spirit. * * *
eudaemonia
eudaemonia or eudemonia [yo͞o΄di mō′nē ə] n. 〚Gr eudaimonia, happiness < eudaimōn, blessed with a good genius, fortunate < eu- (see EU-) + daimōn (see ...
eudaemonism
eudaemonism [yo͞o dē′mən iz΄əm] n. 〚Gr eudaimonismos, a calling happy < eudaimonizein, to call happy < eudaimōn: see EUDAEMONIA〛 the ethical doctrine that personal ...
eudaemonist
See eudaemonism. * * *
eudaemonistic
See eudaemonist. * * *
eudaemonistical
See eudaemonist. * * *
eudemon
/yooh dee"meuhn/, n. a good or benevolent demon or spirit. Also, eudaemon. [1620-30; < Gk eudaímon blessed with a good genius, fortunate, happy, equiv. to eu- EU- + daímon ...
eudemonia
/yooh'di moh"nee euh/, n. 1. happiness; well-being. 2. Aristotelianism. happiness as the result of an active life governed by reason. Also, eudaemonia. [ < Gk eudaimonía. See ...
eudemonic
/yooh'di mon"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining or conducive to happiness. 2. pertaining to eudemonics or eudemonism. Also, eudaemonic. [1825-35; < Gk eudaimonikós. See EUDEMON, -IC] * * *
eudemonics
/yooh'di mon"iks/, n. (usually used with a sing. v.) 1. the theory or art of happiness. 2. the practice of eudemonism. Also, eudaemonics. [1825-35; see EUDEMONIC, -ICS] * * *
eudemonism
—eudemonist, n. —eudemonistic, adj. —eudemonistically, adv. /yooh dee"meuh niz'euhm/, n. Ethics. the doctrine that the basis of moral obligations is to be found in the ...
Eudemus Of Rhodes
▪ Greek philosopher also spelled  Eudemos , or  Eudemis  flourished before 300 BC       Greek philosopher who was a pupil of Aristotle and a friend of ...
Eudes
▪ king of Franks German  Odo   died Jan. 1, 898       count of Paris and the first king of the West Franks (France) who was not of Merovingian or Carolingian ...
Eudes, Saint John
▪ French priest French  Saint Jean Eudes   born Nov. 14, 1601, Ri, near Argentan, Fr. died Aug. 19, 1680, Caen; canonized 1925; feast day August 19       founder of ...
eudiometer
—eudiometric /yooh'dee euh me"trik/, eudiometrical, adj. —eudiometrically, adv. /yooh'dee om"i teuhr/, n. Chem. a graduated glass measuring tube for gas analysis. [1770-80; < ...
eudiometry
/yooh'dee om"i tree/, n. Chem. the measurement and analysis of gases with the eudiometer. [1790-1800; EUDIOMET(E)R + -Y3] * * *
Eudocia
▪ Byzantine empress original name  Athenais   born c. 400, Athens died Oct. 20, 460, Jerusalem       wife of the Eastern Roman emperor Theodosius II. She was a ...
Eudocia Macrembolitissa
born 1021, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire died 1096, Constantinople Byzantine empress and regent, called the wisest woman of her time. As the wife of Constantine X Ducas, she ...
Eudora
/yooh dawr"euh, -dohr"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Eudora Welty
➡ Welty * * *
Eudoxia
▪ Byzantine queen died Oct. 6, 404       wife of, and a powerful influence over, the Eastern Roman emperor Arcadius (reigned 383–408).       Her father was a ...
Eudoxus
/yooh dok"seuhs/, n. a crater in the first quadrant of the face of the moon: about 40 miles (64 km) in diameter. * * *
Eudoxus of Cnidus
▪ Greek mathematician and astronomer Introduction born c. 395–390 BC, Cnidus, Asia Minor [now in Turkey] died c. 342–337 BC, Cnidus       Greek mathematician and ...
Eudoxus Of Cyzicus
▪ Greek explorer born 2nd century BC       Greek navigator and explorer who made the first known attempt to circumnavigate Africa from western Europe. Following two ...
Euemerus
/yooh ee"meuhr euhs, -em"euhr-/, n. Euhemerus. * * *
Eufaula
/yooh faw"leuh/, n. a town in SE Alabama. 12,097. * * * ▪ Alabama, United States       city, Barbour county, southeastern Alabama, U.S. It lies on the Chattahoochee ...
euflavine
/yooh flay"veen, -vin/, n. Chem. acriflavine. [EU- + FLAVINE] * * *
Eugen
(as used in expressions) Bleuler Eugen Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht Heydrich Reinhard Tristan Eugen Eugen Ionescu Janácek Leos Eugen Rommel Erwin Johannes Eugen * * *
Eugene
/yooh jeen"/ or, for 2, /yooh"jeen/, n. 1. a city in W Oregon. 105,624. 2. a male given name: from a Greek word meaning "wellborn." * * * I City (pop., 2000: 137,893), western ...
Eugène
/ue zhen"/, n. Prince (François Eugène de Savoie-Carignan), 1663-1736, Austrian general, born in France. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 137,893), western Oregon, U.S. Located on ...
Eugene I.
See Eugenius I. * * *
Eugene II.
See Eugenius II. * * *
Eugene III.
See Eugenius III. * * *
Eugene IV.
See Eugenius IV. * * *
Eugene of Savoy
orig. François-Eugène, prince de Savoie-Carignan born Oct. 18, 1663, Paris, France died April 24, 1736, Vienna, Austria French-Austrian general. Born in Paris, he was the ...
Eugene O’Neill
➡ O’Neill * * *
Eugene V Debs
➡ Debs * * *
Eugene Victor Debs
➡ Debs * * *
Eugenia
/yooh jee"nee euh, -jeen"yeuh/, n. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning "nobility." Also, Eugenie /yooh jee"nee/. * * * ▪ plant genus       large genus of ...
eugenic
—eugenically, adv. /yooh jen"ik/, adj. 1. of or bringing about improvement in the type of offspring produced. 2. having good inherited characteristics. Also, eugenical. Cf. ...
eugenically
See eugenic. * * *
eugenicist
/yooh jen"euh sist/, n. 1. a specialist in eugenics. 2. an advocate of eugenic measures. Also, eugenist /yooh"jeuh nist, yooh jen"ist/. [1905-10; EUGENIC + -IST] * * *
eugenics
/yooh jen"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of or belief in the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or a human population, esp. by such means as ...
Eugénie
/ue zhay nee"/, n. Comtesse de Teba /de te"bah/, (Marie Eugénie de Montijo de Guzmán), 1826-1920, wife of Napoleon III, born in Spain: Empress of France 1853-71. * * * orig. ...
Eugenikos, Markos
▪ Greek theologian born c. 1392, , Constantinople died June 23, 1445, Constantinople       Greek Orthodox metropolitan of Ephesus (near modern Selçuk, Tur.) and ...
eugenist
eu·gen·ist (yo͞oʹjə-nĭst) n. Variant of eugenicist. * * *
Eugenius I
/yooh jee"nee euhs, -jeen"yeuhs/ Saint, died A.D. 657, pope 654-657. Also, Eugene I. * * *
Eugenius I, Saint
▪ pope also known as  Eugene  born , Rome died June 2, 657, Rome; feast day June 2       pope from 654 to 657. He was elected while his predecessor, Pope St. Martin I ...
Eugenius II
died A.D. 827, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 824-827. Also, Eugene II. * * * ▪ pope also known as  Eugene  born , Rome died Aug. 27, 827, Rome       pope from 824 to ...
Eugenius III
(Bernardo Pignatelli or Paganelli) died 1153, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1145-53. Also, Eugene III. * * * orig. Bernard of Pisa born , near Pisa died July 8, 1153, Tivoli, near ...
Eugenius III, Blessed
▪ pope also known as  Eugene,  original name  Bernard of Pisa,  Italian  Bernardo di Pisa,  or  Bernardo Paganelli di Montemagno?   born , near Pisa died July 8, 1153, ...
Eugenius IV
(Gabriele or Gabriel Condolmieri or Condulmer) 1383-1447, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1431-47. Also, Eugene IV. * * * ▪ pope also known as  Eugene original name Gabriele ...
eugenol
/yooh"jeuh nawl', -nohl'/, n. Chem., Pharm. a colorless, oily, spicy, aromatic, very slightly water-soluble liquid, C10H12O2, extracted from certain essential oils, as oil of ...
eugeosyncline
—eugeosynclinal, adj. /yooh jee'oh sing"kluyn, -sin"-/, n. Geol. a former marine zone, bordering an ocean basin, marked by very thick deposits of sediment in which the products ...
Euglena
/yooh glee"neuh/, n. a genus of green freshwater protozoans having a reddish eyespot and a single flagellum, found esp. in stagnant waters. [1895-1900; < NL < Gk eu- EU- + gléne ...
euglenoid movement
euglenoid movement [yo͞o glē′noid΄] n. the expansion and contraction of the cell body of various flagellates * * *
euglenophyte
/yooh glee"neuh fuyt'/, n. Biol. any member of the protist phylum Euglenophyta, comprising unicellular organisms, either green and photosynthetic or colorless and ...
euglobulin
eu·glob·u·lin (yo͞o-glŏbʹyə-lĭn) n. Any of a class of simple proteins that are soluble in dilute salt solutions and insoluble in distilled water. * * *
euglossine bee
▪ bee tribe also called  orchid bee  or  long-tongued bee        any of a large group of brightly coloured, bees important to the ecology of New World tropical ...
eugonic
/yooh gon"ik/, adj. Bacteriol. thriving on artificial media, as certain bacteria (opposed to dysgonic). [EU- + GON(O)- + -IC] * * *
euhedral
/yooh hee"dreuhl/, adj. Petrog. idiomorphic (def. 1). [1905-10; EU- + -HEDRAL] * * *
euhemerism
—euhemerist, n. —euhemeristic, adj. —euhemeristically, adv. /yooh hee"meuh riz'euhm, -hem"euh-/, n. 1. (often cap.) the theory of Euhemerus that the mythologies of various ...
euhemerist
See euhemerism. * * *
euhemeristic
See euhemerist. * * *
euhemeristically
See euhemerist. * * *
euhemerize
/yooh hee"meuh ruyz', -hem"euh-/, v.t., v.i., euhemerized, euhemerizing. to treat or explain (myths) by euhemerism. Also, esp. Brit., euhemerise. [1840-50; EUHEMER(US) + -IZE] * ...
Euhemerus
/yooh hee"meuhr euhs, -hem"euhr-/, n. fl. c300 B.C., Greek mythographer. Also, Euemerus, Evemerus. Cf. euhemerism. * * * ▪ Greek mythographer also spelled  Euemeros,  or ...
eukaryote
—eukaryotic /yooh kar'ee ot"ik/, adj. /yooh kar"ee oht', -ee euht/, n. Biol. any organism having as its fundamental structural unit a cell type that contains specialized ...
eukaryotic
See eukaryote. * * *
eukinetics
/yooh'ki net"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Dance. an applied system of controlled body movement, developed by Kurt Jooss and designed to enlarge a dancer's potential for ...
eulachon
/yooh"leuh kon'/, n. candlefish. [1800-10, Amer.; < Chinook Jargon, prob. < Clatsop (a division of the Lower Chinook once resident on the south bank of the Columbia and the ...
Eulalius
▪ antipope died 423       antipope from December 418 to April 419. He was an archdeacon set up against Pope St. Boniface I (Boniface I, Saint) by a clerical faction. ...
Eulenburg, Botho, Graf zu
▪ Prussian statesman born July 31, 1831, near Bartenstein, Prussia died November 5, 1912, Berlin       Prussian statesman associated with the Conservative Party in ...
Eulenburg, Philipp, Fürst zu
▪ German diplomat in full  Philipp Friedrich Karl Alexander Botho, Fürst zu Eulenburg und Hertefeld, Graf (count) von Sandels  born Feb. 12, 1847, Königsberg, Prussia [now ...
Eulenkrüg
▪ pottery jug       south German (Germany) mid-16th-century owl jugs. Few examples of this early faience are known, and they range in date from 1540 to 1561. Originating ...
Eulenspiegel, Till
German peasant trickster of folk and literary tales. The historical Till is said to have died in 1350; anecdotes associated with his name were printed с 1500 in Low German and ...
Euler
/oy"leuhr/; Ger., Swed. /oy"leuhrdd/, n. 1. Leonhard Ger. /lay"awn hahrddt'/, 1707-83, Swiss mathematician. 2. Ulf Svante von /oolf svahn"teuh fawn/, 1905-83, Swedish ...
Euler characteristic
▪ mathematics       in mathematics, a number, C, that is a topological characteristic of various classes of geometric figures based only on a relationship between the ...
Euler's diagram
Logic. one of a number of graphic representations of the logical relations among classes by means of relations among circles or other geometric figures. [named after L. EULER] * ...
Euler's formula
1. Math. the theorem that ei x = cos(x) + i sin(x). 2. Mech. a formula for determining the maximum load that can be applied to a given column without causing it to ...
Euler's phi-function
Math. the function that assigns to each integer the number of positive integers less than the given integer and relatively prime to the given integer. Also called ...
Euler, Leonhard
born April 15, 1707, Basel, Switz. died Sept. 18, 1783, St. Petersburg, Russia Swiss mathematician. In 1733 he succeeded Daniel Bernoulli (see Bernoulli family) at the St. ...
Euler, Ulf von
▪ Swedish physiologist in full  Ulf Svante von Euler-Chelpin   born Feb. 7, 1905, Stockholm, Sweden died March 9, 1983, Stockholm       Swedish physiologist who, with ...
Euler,Leonhard
Eu·ler (oiʹlər), Leonhard. 1707-1783. Swiss mathematician noted both for his work in analysis and algebra, including complex numbers and logarithms, and his introduction of ...
Euler,Ulf Svante von
Euler, Ulf Svante von. 1905-1983. Swedish physiologist. He shared a 1970 Nobel Prize for studies of nerve impulse transmission. * * *
Euler-Chelpin
/oy"leuhrdd kel"pin/, n. Hans Karl August Simon von /hahns kahrddl ow"goost zee"mawn feuhn/, 1873-1964, German chemist in Sweden: Nobel prize 1929. * * *
Euler-Chelpin, Hans von
▪ Swedish biochemist in full  Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin  born Feb. 15, 1873, Augsburg, Ger. died Nov. 7, 1964, Stockholm, Sweden  Swedish biochemist who ...
Euless
/yooh"lis/, n. a city in N Texas. 24,002. * * *
eulogia
/yooh loh"jee euh/; for 2 also Gk. /ev'law yee"ah/, n. 1. Also called antidoron, holy bread. Eastern Ch. blessed bread given to the congregation during vespers or at the end of ...
eulogist
/yooh"leuh jist/, n. a person who eulogizes. [1800-10; EULOG(Y) + -IST] * * *
eulogistic
—eulogistically, adv. /yooh'leuh jis"tik/, adj. pertaining to or containing eulogy; laudatory. Also, eulogistical. [1815-25; EULOGIST + -IC] * * *
eulogistically
See eulogy. * * *
eulogium
/yooh loh"jee euhm/, n., pl. eulogiums, eulogia /-jee euh/. 1. a eulogy. 2. eulogistic language. [1700-10; < ML, equiv. to L eu- EU- + (e)logium inscription on a tombstone] * * *
eulogize
—eulogization, n. —eulogizer, n. /yooh"leuh juyz'/, v.t., eulogized, eulogizing. 1. to praise highly. 2. to speak or write a eulogy about. Also, esp. Brit., ...
eulogizer
See eulogist. * * *
eulogy
/yooh"leuh jee/, n., pl. eulogies. 1. a speech or writing in praise of a person or thing, esp. a set oration in honor of a deceased person. 2. high praise or ...
Eumaeus
/yooh mee"euhs/, n. (in the Odyssey) the faithful swineherd of Odysseus. * * *
eumelanin
/yooh mel"euh nin/, n. Biochem. a pigment containing melanin, found in bird feathers. [EU- + MELANIN] * * *
Eumenes
▪ Greek general born c. 362 BC died 316       Greek general who upheld the cause of the Macedonian royal house in the civil war that followed the death of Alexander ...
Eumenes I
/yooh men"eez/ king of Pergamum. 263-241 B.C. * * * ▪ ruler of Pergamum died 241 BC       ruler of Pergamum, in Mysia, from 263 to 241 who, in 262, liberated his city ...
Eumenes II
king of Pergamum. 197-c159 B.C. * * * died 160/159 BC King of Pergamum (197 BC–с 160). He continued the policy of his father, Attalus I Soter, of cooperation with Rome. He ...
Eumenides
/yooh men"i deez'/, n. 1. (used with a pl. v.) Class. Myth. a euphemistic name for the Furies, meaning "the Kindly Ones." 2. (italics) (used with a sing. v.) a tragedy (485 B.C.) ...
Eumenius
▪ Roman orator and teacher flourished AD 300       Roman orator and teacher of rhetoric, born in Augustodunum, Gaul (now Autun, France), who was the author of Oratio ...
Eumetazoa
/yooh met'euh zoh"euh/, n. the major division, or subkingdom, of Animalia comprising the eumetazoans. [ < NL; see EU-, METAZOA] * * *
eumetazoan
/yooh met'euh zoh"euhn/, n. 1. any of a major division, or subkingdom, of multicellular animals with a digestive tract, including all animals except the sponges. adj. 2. of or ...
eumolpique
▪ prosody       poetic measure devised by the French poet and composer Antoine Fabre d'Olivet (1767–1825). It consists of two unrhymed alexandrines (alexandrine) ...
Eumolpus
Mythological ancestor of the priestly class, the Eumolpids, at Eleusis in ancient Greece. His name means "sweet singer." Three divergent identities for him exist in legend: he ...
Eumycota
/yooh'muy koh"teuh/, n. Biol. a phylum of true fungi, distinguished from the funguslike slime molds, Myxomycota, and similar organisms by having a mycelial thallus: in some ...
Eunapius
▪ Greek historian born c. 345, , Sardis, Lydia died c. 420       Greek rhetorician and historiographer whose Lives of the Philosophers and Sophists is important as a ...
Eunice
/yooh"nis/, n. 1. a city in S central Louisiana. 12,479. 2. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning "good victory." * * *
Eunomia
/yooh noh"mee euh/, n. Class. Myth. one of the Horae: the personification of order. * * *
Eunomius
▪ Greek bishop born c. 335, , Cappadocia, Asia Minor died c. 394, , Dakora, Cappadocia       extreme proponent of Arianism (q.v.). With the Arian philosopher and ...
eunuch
/yooh"neuhk/, n. a castrated man, esp. one formerly employed by Oriental rulers as a harem guard or palace official. [1350-1400; ME eunuk < L eunuchus < Gk eunoûchos eunuch, ...
eunuchism
/yooh"neuh kiz'euhm/, n. the state of being a eunuch. Also, eunuchry /yooh"neuhk ree/. [1610-20; EUNUCH + -ISM] * * *
eunuchize
/yooh"neuh kuyz'/, v.t., eunuchized, eunuchizing. to castrate; emasculate. Also, esp. Brit., eunuchise. [1625-35; EUNUCH + -IZE] * * *
eunuchoid
/yooh"neuh koyd'/, adj. 1. affected with eunuchoidism. n. 2. a person affected with eunuchoidism. [1905-10; EUNUCH + -OID] * * *
eunuchoidism
/yooh"neuh koy diz'euhm/, n. Pathol. an abnormal condition in males, characterized by lack of fully developed reproductive organs and the manifestation of certain female sex ...
Eunus
▪ Roman slave flourished 2nd century BC       leader of a slave (slavery) revolt against the Romans in Sicily from 135 to 132 BC.       A Syrian by birth, Eunus ...
euonymus
/yooh on"euh meuhs/, n. any of several shrubs or small trees of the genus Euonymus, of northern temperate regions, having opposite leaves, branching clusters of small, greenish ...
Euoplocephalus
▪ dinosaur genus  armoured North American dinosaur of the Late Cretaceous Period (99 million to 65 million years ago). Like its close relative Ankylosaurus and the more ...

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