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▪ paleontology       extinct genus of reptile very closely related to the ancestral archosaurs (a group containing present-day crocodiles and birds and ancestral ...
/yooh'peuh tawr"ee euhm, -tohr"-/, n. any of numerous composite plants of the genus Eupatorium, having flat-topped clusters of flowers and comprising the bonesets or ...
/yooh pa"trid, yooh"peuh-/, n., pl. eupatridae /yooh pa"tri dee'/. one of the hereditary aristocrats of ancient Athens and other states of Greece, who at one time formed the ...
Eupen and Malmédy
Fr. /ue pen"; mannl may dee"/ a district on the Belgian-German border: ceded to Belgium 1919; reannexed to Germany 1940; now part of Belgium. * * *
▪ region, Belgium       region in Verviers arrondissement, Liège province, Wallonia région, Belgium. Eupen-et-Malmédy lies along the border with Germany and consists ...
—eupeptic /yooh pep"tik/, adj. /yooh pep"sheuh, -see euh/, n. good digestion (opposed to dyspepsia). Also, eupepsy /yooh"pep see/. [1700-10; < NL < Gk eupepsía good digestion, ...
eupeptic [yo͞o pep′tik] adj. 〚< Gr eupeptos (< eu- (see EU-) + peptein, to digest: see COOK) + -IC〛 1. of or having normal digestion 2. healthy and happy; cheerful * * ...
See eupeptic. * * *
euphausiid [yo͞o΄fə yo͞o′sid΄yo͞o΄fə yo͞o′sē id΄] n. 〚< ModL Euphausia, name of the genus < Gr eu- (see EU-) + ? pha(inein), to show (see -PHANE) + ousia, ...
—euphemist, n. —euphemistic, euphemistical, euphemious /yooh fee"mee euhs/, adj. —euphemistically, euphemiously, adv. /yooh"feuh miz'euhm/, n. 1. the substitution of a ...
➡ slang * * *
See euphemism. * * *
See euphemist. * * *
See euphemist. * * *
▪ paleontology       extinct genus of gastropods (snails) abundant during the Late Carboniferous Period (between 320 and 286 million years ago) in the shallow seas that ...
—euphemization, n. —euphemizer, n. /yooh"feuh muyz'/, v., euphemized, euphemizing. v.t. 1. to refer to by means of euphemism. v.i. 2. to employ euphemism. Also, esp. Brit., ...
See euphemize. * * *
See euphenics. * * *
☆ euphenics [yo͞o fen′iks ] n. 〚coined (1963) by Joshua Lederberg, U.S. geneticist
/yooh foh"nee euh, -fohn"yeuh/, n. any of several small tanagers of the genus Euphonia, having a melodious song, most species of which have yellow and glossy black ...
—euphonically, adv. —euphonicalness, n. /yooh fon"ik/, adj. pertaining to or characterized by euphony. Also, euphonical. [1805-15; EUPHON(Y) + -IC] * * *
See euphonic. * * *
—euphoniously, adv. —euphoniousness, n. /yooh foh"nee euhs/, adj. pleasant in sound; agreeable to the ear; characterized by euphony: a sweet, euphonious voice. [1765-75; ...
See euphonious. * * *
See euphoniously. * * *
/yooh foh"nee euhm/, n. a brass musical instrument similar to the baritone tuba but somewhat smaller, with a wider bore and mellower tone, and often having a second ...
/yooh"feuh nuyz'/, v.t., euphonized, euphonizing. to make euphonious. Also, esp. Brit. euphonise. [1765-75; EUPHON(Y) + -IZE] * * *
/yooh"feuh nee/, n., pl. euphonies. agreeableness of sound; pleasing effect to the ear, esp. a pleasant sounding or harmonious combination or succession of words: the majestic ...
euphony and cacophony
▪ sound       sound patterns used in verse to achieve opposite effects: euphony is pleasing and harmonious; cacophony is harsh and discordant. Euphony is achieved ...
/yooh fawr"bee euh/, n. any plant of the genus Euphorbia, comprising the spurges. [1350-1400; ME euforbia for L euphorbea, an African plant named after Euphorbos, a Greek ...
▪ plant family       spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Malpighiales, containing some 7,500 species in 275 genera. Many members are important food sources; ...
/yooh fawr'bee ay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family of plants. Cf. spurge family. [1850-55; < NL Euphorbiace(ae) name of family (see EUPHORBIA, ...
—euphoric /yooh fawr"ik, -for"-/, adj. /yooh fawr"ee euh, -fohr"-/, n. Psychol. a feeling of happiness, confidence, or well-being sometimes exaggerated in pathological states ...
/yooh fawr"ee euhnt, -fohr"-/, adj. 1. tending to induce euphoria. n. 2. a euphoriant substance. [EUPHORI(A) + -ANT] * * *
See euphoria. * * *
See euphoric. * * *
/yooh fawr'i jen"ik, -fohr'-/, adj. giving rise to a feeling of well-being. [EUPHOR(IA) + -I- + -GENIC] * * *
▪ Greek poet and grammarian born c. 275 BC?       Greek poet and grammarian, of Chalcis in Euboea, whose poetry was highly regarded in Hellenistic literary circles and ...
euphotic [yo͞o fōt′ik] adj. 〚 EU- + PHOTIC〛 Ecol. of or pertaining to the uppermost portion of a body of water that receives sufficient sunlight for photosynthesis: see ...
euphotic zone
/yooh foh"tik/, Oceanog. the layer of sea water that receives enough sunlight for photosynthesis to occur: it varies greatly with season and latitude, from 0 to 1200 ft. (0-360 ...
born с 390 BC, Greece died с 325, Athens? Greek sculptor and painter active in Athens. The only surviving work identified as his is the fragments of a colossal marble statue ...
/yooh"freuh see/, n., pl. euphrasies. Bot. eyebright. [1425-75; late ME eufrasie < ML eufrasia < Gk euphrasía cheerfulness, gladness (Compare EUPHRAÍNEIN to cheer, be glad)] * ...
—Euphratean, adj. /yooh fray"teez/, n. a river in SW Asia, flowing from E Turkey through Syria and Iraq, joining the Tigris to form the Shatt-al-Arab near the Persian Gulf. ...
Euphrates Dam
▪ dam, Syria also called  Ṭabaqah, or Tabqa, Dam,        dam on the Euphrates River in north-central Syria. The dam, which is located 30 miles (50 km) upriver from ...
Euphrates River
Turkish Fırat Nehri Arabic Al-Furāt River, Middle East. The largest river in Southwest Asia, it rises in Turkey and flows southeast across Syria and through Iraq. Formed by ...
/yooh"froh, -vroh/, n. Naut. a suspended batten or plate of wood or brass pierced with holes through which the cords of a crowfoot are rove to suspend an awning. [1805-15; ...
or Euphronios flourished с 520–470 BC, Athens, Greece Greek vase painter and potter. His signature has been identified on 20 vessels, 8 that he signed as painter and 12 as ...
/yooh fros"euh nee'/, n. Class. Myth. one of the Graces. [ < Gk, personification of euphrosýne mirth, merriment] * * *
/yooh"fyooh eez'/, n. the main character in John Lyly's works Euphues, the Anatomy of Wit (1579), and Euphues and His England (1580). Cf. euphuism. * * *
—euphuist, n. —euphuistic, euphuistical, adj. —euphuistically, adv. /yooh"fyooh iz'euhm/, n. 1. an affected style in imitation of that of Lyly, fashionable in England about ...
See euphuism. * * *
euphuistic [yo͞o΄fyo͞o is′tik] adj. of, having the nature of, or characterized by euphuism SYN.- BOMBASTIC euphuistical adj. euphuistically adv. * * * See euphuist. * * *
See euphuist. * * *
See euphuist. * * *
/yooh plas"tik/, adj. Physiol. capable of being transformed into organized tissue. [1840-50; < Gk eúplast(os) malleable + -IC. See EU-, PLASTIC] * * *
euploid [yo͞o′ploid΄] adj. 〚 EU- + -PLOID〛 with the complement of chromosomes being an exact multiple of the haploid number, as diploid, triploid, etc.: see ...
See euploid. * * *
eupnea or eupnoea [yo͞op nē′ə] n. 〚ModL < Gr eupnoia < eu- (see EU-) + pnoē, breathing < pnein, to breathe: see PNEUMA〛 Obs. normal breathing: see APNEA, DYSPNEA * * ...
See eupnea. * * *
See eupneic. * * *
▪ Greek dramatist flourished 5th century BC, Athens       one of the leading Athenian poets of the vigorous and satirical Old Comedy, and a rival of ...
▪ plant family       family of dicotyledonous flowering plants with one genus, Euptelea, and two species of trees or large shrubs. The group is characterized by ...
Eur abbrev. 1. Europe 2. European * * *
var. of Euro- before a vowel. * * *
1. Europe. 2. European. * * *
/yoo raf"ri keuhn, yeuh-/, adj. 1. of mixed European and African descent. n. 2. a person of European and African descent. [1885-90; EUR- + AFRICAN] * * *
/yoo rayl"pas', -pahs', yeuh-, yoor"ayl-, yerr"-/, n. a pass allowing unlimited railroad travel during a specified time period and for a fixed price in participating European ...
/yoor'euh mer"i keuhn, yerr'-/, adj. Euro-American. [1940-45; EUR- + AMERICAN] * * *
/yoo ray"zheuh, -sheuh, yeuh-/, n. Europe and Asia considered together as one continent. [EUR- + ASIA] * * *
/yoo ray"zheuhn, -sheuhn, yeuh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Eurasia. 2. of mixed European and Asian descent. n. 3. the offspring of a European and an Asian. [1835-45; EURASI(A) ...
Eurasian Plate
a major tectonic division of the earth's crust, comprising the continents of Europe and Asia as well as several suboceanic basins (the West European, Norwegian, Lofoten, ...
/yoo rat"euhm, yeuh-, yoor"at'-, yerr"-/, n. an organization formed in 1957, comprising France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy, and West Germany, for coordinated ...
/uerdd/, n. a department in NW France. 422,952; 2331 sq. mi. (6035 sq. km). Cap.: Evreux. * * *
Eure River
River, northern France. From its source in the Perche Hills it flows chiefly through agricultural and wooded regions on its 140-mi (225-km) course, passing through Chartres ...
/uerdd ay lwannrdd"/, n. a department in central France. 335,151; 2293 sq. mi. (5940 sq. km). Cap.: Chartres. * * *
/yoo ree"keuh, yeuh-/, interj. 1. (cap.) I have found (it): the reputed exclamation of Archimedes when, after long study, he discovered a method of detecting the amount of alloy ...
/yoo ree"keuh, yeuh-/, n. a city in NW California. 24,153. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, port, and seat (1856) of Humboldt county, northern California, ...
Eureka Stockade
▪ Australian history       (Dec. 3, 1854), the most celebrated rebellion in Australian history. It involved the gold prospectors of Ballarat, Victoria, and was named for ...
—eurythmically, adv. /yoo ridh"mik, yeuh-/, adj. 1. characterized by a pleasing rhythm; harmoniously ordered or proportioned. 2. of or pertaining to eurhythmics. Also, ...
/yoo ridh"miks, yeuh-/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) the art of interpreting in bodily movements the rhythm of musical compositions: applied to a method invented by Emile ...
/yoo ridh"mee, yeuh-/, n. rhythmical movement or order; harmonious motion or proportion. Also, eurythmy. [1615-25; < L eurythmia < Gk eurythmía good proportion, gracefulness. ...
▪ king of Visigoths born 420 died 484       king of a great Visigothic realm (usually called the kingdom of Toulouse) in the western part of the Roman Empire that ...
See Euripides. * * *
—Euripidean, adj. /yoo rip"i deez', yeuh-/, n. c480-406? B.C., Greek dramatist. * * * born с 484, Athens died 406 BC, Macedonia Greek playwright. With Aeschylus and ...
/yoo ruy"peuhs, yeuh-/, n., pl. euripi /-puy/. a strait, esp. one in which the flow of water is violent. [1595-1605; < L euripus < Gk eúripos (applied esp. to the strait between ...
Euripus Strait
or Evripos Strait Narrow strait in the Aegean Sea. Located between the Greek island of Euboea and the mainland of central Greece, it is 5 mi (8 km) long and varies from 130 ft ...
euro1 /yoor"oh, yerr"-/, n., pl. euros, (esp. collectively) euro. wallaroo. [ < Ngajuri (Australian Aboriginal language spoken around Jamestown and Peterborough, South Australia) ...
/yoor"oh, yerr"oh/, adj. Informal. European: a Euro expert. [independent use of EURO-] * * * Single currency of 12 countries of the European Union (EU), including Germany, ...
Euro's First Birthday
▪ 2000  On Jan. 1, 1999, 11 European nations embarked on the European Union's (EU's) most ambitious project ever. In a move that would lead in 2002 to the abolition of their ...
a shortening of European used as a combining form, esp. with the meaning "western European," particularly in reference to the European financial market or the European Economic ...
/yoor'oh euh mer"i keuhn, yerr'-/, adj. common to Europe and to America. Also, Euramerican. [1925-30] * * *
n (infml) a Member of the European Parliament. * * *
n a person, especially a politician, who is not enthusiastic about increasing the powers of the European Union: a group of Euro-sceptic Conservative backbenchers. * * *
➡ European Union * * *
—Eurobanker, n. —Eurobanking, n. /yoor"euh bangk', yerr"-/, n. a western European bank that deals in Eurocurrency. [1965-70; EURO- + BANK2] * * *
/yoor"euh bond'/, n. a bond issued by a non-European corporation and offered for sale in the European market, to be repaid in the currency of issue, esp. a U.S. corporate bond ...
—Eurocentrism, n. /yoor'euh sen"trik, yerr'-/, adj. 1. centered on Europe and Europeans. 2. considering Europe and Europeans as focal to world culture, history, economics, ...
See Eurocentric. * * *
See Eurocentrism. * * *
/yoo rok"li don', yeuh-/, n. gregale. [1605-15; < Gk euroklýdon, equiv. to Eúro(s) EURUS + klýdon wave, surge; cf. klýzein to dash against, wash] * * *
—Eurocommunist, n., adj. /yoor'euh kom"yeuh niz'euhm, yerr'-/, n. a form of Communism that developed in some western European nations independently of the Soviet ...
See Eurocommunism. * * *
—Eurocratic, adj. /yoor"euh krat', yerr"-/, n. a member of the executive and technical staff at the headquarters of the European Common Market. [1960-65; EURO- + -CRAT] * * *
See Eurocrat. * * *
/yoor"oh kerr'euhn see, -kur'-, yerr"-/, n., pl. Eurocurrencies. funds deposited in the bank of a European country in the currency of another country. Also called Euromoney ...
/yoor"euh dol'euhr, yerr"-/, n. a U.S. dollar deposited in or credited to a European bank. Cf. Asiadollar. [1955-60; EURO- + DOLLAR] * * * U.S. dollar that has been deposited ...
Eurodollars [yoor′ō däl΄ərz] pl.n. deposits of U.S. dollars in banks outside the U.S., especially in Europe Eurodollar adj. * * *
euroky [yo͞o΄rē ō′kēyo͞o rō′kē] n. 〚contr. < euryoky
/yoor'oh mahr"kit, yerr'-, yoor"euh mahr'-, yerr"-/, n. 1. Also, Euromart /yoor"euh mahrt', yerr"-/. See Common Market (def. 1). 2. Finance. the money market in Eurocurrency or ...
Euromart [yoor′əmär΄kityoor′ō märt΄] n. EUROPEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY: also Euromarket [yoor′əmär΄kit] * * *
/yoo roh"peuh, yeuh-/, n. 1. Also, Europe. Class. Myth. a sister of Cadmus who was abducted by Zeus in the form of a bull and taken to Crete, where she bore him Rhadamanthus, ...
Europa Island
Europa Island Introduction Europa Island Background: A French possession since 1897, the island is heavily wooded; it is the site of a small military garrison ...
/yoor"oh pat'nt, yerr"-/, n. a patent on inventions that is granted by a central authority under a unified European convention and is valid in participating European ...
/yoor"euhp, yerr"-/ for 1; /yoo roh"pee, yeuh-/ for 2, n. 1. a continent in the W part of the landmass lying between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, separated from Asia by the ...
▪ 1998 by Birna Helgadottir The European welfare state suffered a year of crisis in 1997. In the years after World War II, generations of Europeans had grown accustomed to ...
Europe, Concert of
▪ European history       in the post-Napoleonic era, the vague consensus among the European monarchies favouring preservation of the territorial and political status ...
Europe, Council of
Organization of more than 40 European states formed to promote European unity, protect human rights, and facilitate social and economic progress. Established in 1949 by 10 ...
Europe, history of
Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its ...
Europe, James Reese
▪ American composer and bandleader byname  Jim   born Feb. 22, 1881, Mobile, Ala., U.S. died May 9/10, 1919, Boston, Mass.       American bandleader, arranger, ...
—Europeanly, adv. /yoor'euh pee"euhn, yerr'-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Europe or its inhabitants. 2. native to or derived from Europe: traditional European customs; ...
European Aeronautic Defence and Space Co. (EADS)
European aerospace company that is one of the world's largest. It was formed (2000) from the merger of Aerospatiale Matra of France, DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (Dasa) of Germany, ...
European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company
▪ European consortium Introduction  major European aerospace company that builds commercial and military aircraft, space systems, propulsion systems, missiles, and other ...
▪ 1994 Europe.       After a long period of uncertainty and introspection, the European Community (EC)—or the European Union, as it became known after the Maastricht ...
European Atomic Energy Community
(abbr EURATOM) an organization started in 1957 with the aim of developing the use of nuclear energy within the European Community and ensuring that member countries have a supply ...
European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)
International organization established in 1958 to form a common market for developing peaceful uses of atomic energy. It originally had six members; it now includes all members ...
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
      organization established in 1991 to develop a private business sector in the countries of central and eastern Europe after the collapse of communism in the region. ...
European beech
a beech, Fagus sylvatica, of Europe, cultivated in North America in many ornamental varieties. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
European bird cherry.
See under bird cherry (def. 1). * * *
European blastomycosis
Pathol. cryptococcosis. * * *
European chafer
a scarab beetle, Amphimallon majalis. [1945-50] * * *
European chestnut.
See under chestnut (def. 1). * * *
European Coal and Steel Community
an economic union created in 1952 and providing for the pooling of coal, iron, and steel production in Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West ...
European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)
Administrative agency designed to integrate the coal and steel industries of France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. It originated in the plan of ...
European Commission
one of the main institutions of the European Union. It consists of 25 members ( European Commissioners) who make proposals for new laws, deal with the administrative work of the ...
European Commissioner
n any of 25 members of the European Commission. They are appointed for five years, and each Commissioner is in charge of a particular department such as Transport or ...
European Common Market.
See Common Market (def. 1). Abbr.: ECM * * *
European Community
1. an association of W European countries that includes the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom), the European Economic Community, the European Parliament, and allied ...
European Community (EC)
Organization formed in 1967 with the merger of the European Economic Community, European Coal and Steel Community, and European Atomic Energy Community. The merger created a ...
European corn borer.
See under corn borer. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
European Court of Human Rights
the court of law of the Council of Europe, started in 1950 and based in Strasbourg, France. It decides whether the agreed Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and ...
European Court of Justice
(also the Court of Justice of the European Communities) the court of law of the European Union since 1958. Its base is in Luxembourg, with judges from each of the member ...
European cranberry.
See under cranberry (def. 1). * * *
European Cup
(also the UEFA European Championship) 1. a football competition held every year between major European teams that have won the equivalent of the Football League in their own ...
European Defense Community
      an abortive attempt by western European powers, with United States support, to counterbalance the overwhelming conventional military ascendancy of the Soviet Union ...
European Defense Community (EDC)
Attempt by western European powers, with U.S. support, to counterbalance the overwhelming conventional military ascendancy of the Soviet Union in Europe by creating a ...
European Economic Area
(abbr the EEA) a free-trade area created in 1994 that includes the countries of the European Union together with Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein. * * *
European Economic Co-operation, Organisation for
      organization set up by a convention signed in Paris in April 1948 to coordinate efforts to restore Europe's economy under the European Recovery Program ( Marshall ...
European Economic Community
official name of the Common Market (def. 1). Abbr.: EEC [1955-60] * * *
European Economic Community (EEC)
later European Community (EC) known as the Common Market Association of European countries designed to promote European economic unity. It was established by the Treaty of Rome ...
European elder
an elder, Sambucus nigra, of Europe and Asia, bearing black fruit. Also called bourtree. * * *
European elk
the moose, Alces alces. * * *
European Environment and Sustainable Development Advisory Councils
      network of advisory councils from several European countries established to promote the exchange of information and ideas on environmental and ...
European exploration
Introduction       the exploration of regions of the Earth for scientific, commercial, religious, military, and other purposes by Europeans beginning in the 15th ...
European finch
greenfinch. [1945-50] * * *
European Free Trade Association
an economic association established in 1960 and originally composed of Austria, Denmark, Britain, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, and Switzerland, that maintains free trade in ...
European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
International organization whose purpose is to remove barriers to trade in industrial goods among its members. The EFTA's current members are Iceland, Liechteinstein, Norway, ...
European heat wave of 2003
      record high temperatures across Europe in 2003 that resulted in at least 30,000 deaths (more than 14,000 in France alone). The heat wave raised concerns over ...
European larch
a pine tree, Larix decidua, of northern and central Europe, having slender, yellow-gray branchlets and oval cones with downy scales, grown for timber and as an ...
European law
Introduction       laws and legal traditions that are either shared by or characteristic of the countries of Europe. Broadly speaking, European law can refer to the ...
European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
▪ political party, Europe , byname  European Liberal Democrats , formerly (1976–86)  Federation of Liberal and Democratic Parties in the European Community , (1986–93) ...
European linden.
See under linden (def. 1). * * *
European Monetary System
a Common Market program designed to narrow the fluctuation of western European currencies against one another. Abbr.: EMS * * *
European Monetary Union
European Monetary Union n. a union of those 12 members of the European Union that use the euro as their only legal currency * * * See also Economic and Monetary Union. * * *
European Parliament
a deliberative and legislative assembly of the European Community that advises member nations on policy matters. * * * Legislative assembly of the European Union ...
European People's Party
▪ political party, Europe , in full  European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats , formerly (1953–79)  Christian Democrat ...
European Plain
▪ plain, Europe Introduction       one of the greatest uninterrupted expanses of plain on the Earth's surface. It sweeps from the Pyrenees Mountains on the ...
European plan
(in hotels) a system of paying a fixed rate that covers lodging and service but not meals. Abbr.: EP Cf. American plan. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
European raspberry
an erect, shrubby plant, Rubus idaeus, of Eurasia, having conical or thimble-shaped red fruit. * * *
European Recovery Program
a plan for aiding the European nations in economic recovery after World War II, proposed by U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall in 1947 and implemented in 1948 under the ...
European red mite
a red to red-brown mite, Panonychus ulmi, with white spots and dorsal spines: a widely distributed pest of fruit trees as well as other trees and shrubs. [1965-70] * * *
European redstart.
See under redstart (def. 1). * * *
European Socialists, Party of
▪ political party, Europe , formerly (1974–92)  Confederation of Socialist Parties of the European Community        transnational parliamentary group representing ...
European Southern Observatory
▪ astrophysics organization       astrophysical organization founded in 1962. Its activities are financially supported and administered by a consortium of 13 European ...
European Space Agency
a multinational organization that provides for and promotes cooperation among its member European countries in space research and technology. Abbr.: ESA * * * ▪ European ...
European Space Agency (ESA )
French Agence Spatiale Européenne Western European space and space-technology research organization headquartered in Paris. It was founded in 1975 from the merger of the ...
European spruce sawfly.
See under spruce sawfly. * * *
European Union
1. an association of European nations formed in 1993 for the purpose of achieving political and economic integration. Formerly known as the European Economic Community, the ...
European Union (EU)
Organization of most of the states of western Europe, formed in 1993, to oversee their economic and political integration. It was created by the Maastricht Treaty and ratified ...
European Union's Proposed Constitution
▪ 2006       The ratification process for the Constitution of Europe stalled in 2005. The constitution was established through a European Union treaty signed in Rome in ...
European white hellebore.
See under hellebore (def. 2). * * *
European Community or European Communities Abbr. EC An economic and political organization formed in 1967 from the consolidation of three western European treaty organizations, ...
Europeancorn borer
European corn borer n. See corn borer. * * *
EuropeanEconomic Community
European Economic Community Informally the Common Market. Abbr. EEC An economic organization established in 1958 to reduce tariff barriers and promote trade among western ...
/yoor'euh pee"euh niz'euhm, yerr'-/, n. 1. European characteristics, ideas, methods, sympathies, etc. 2. a European trait or practice. 3. belief in or advocacy of the unification ...
/yoor'euh pee"euh nist, yerr'-/, n. a person who advocates Europeanism, esp. the unification of Europe. [1965-70; EUROPEAN + -IST] * * *
See Europeanize. * * *
—Europeanization, n. /yoor'euh pee"euh nuyz', yerr'-/, v.t., Europeanized, Europeanizing. to make European. Also, esp. Brit., Europeanise. [1840-50; EUROPEAN + -IZE] * * *
European oyster n. An oyster (Ostrea edulis) having a round flat shell and a metallic taste, native to northern Europe and cultured primarily in the northwestern United States ...
European plan n. Abbr. EP A hotel plan in which the rates include only the charges for a room and not for meals. * * *
European Union Abbr. EU An economic and political union established in 1993 after the ratification of the Maastricht Treaty by members of the European Community, which forms its ...
/yoo roh"pee euhm, yeuh-/, n. Chem. a rare-earth metallic element whose salts are light pink. Symbol: Eu; at. wt.: 151.96; at. no.: 63. [1900-05; EUROPE + -IUM] * * * ▪ ...
—Europocentrism, n. /yoo roh'peuh sen"trik, yoor'euh peuh-/, adj. Eurocentric. [1925-30; EUROPE + -O- + -CENTRIC, on the model of ETHNOCENTRIC, etc.] * * *
▪ port, The Netherlands       port on the southwestern coast of The Netherlands. It lies opposite the Hoek van Holland, at the entrance of the New Waterway Canal, a ...
▪ music       form of popular music made in Europe for general European consumption. Although Europop hits contain traces of their national origins and often gain ...
a train that takes people through the Channel Tunnel between Britain and France or Belgium: the Eurostar service to Lille See also Eurotunnel. * * *
▪ class of fungi       class of fungi in the phylum Ascomycota (sac fungi) within the kingdom Fungi. The members of Eurotiomycetes produce saclike structures (asci) ...
a company formed in 1986 that built and now manages the Channel Tunnel. It also operates a shuttle train service that takes cars, trucks and their passengers between England and ...
Eurovision Song Contest
a competition, taking place every year, in which a singers or groups of singers from many European countries sing songs specially written for the occasion. Groups of judges from ...
/yoor"euhs, yerr"-/, n. the ancient Greek personification of the east wind. Cf. Volturnus. * * *
a combining form meaning "broad," "wide," used in the formation of compound words: eurypterid. [ < Gk, comb. form of eurýs wide] * * *
Eu·ry·a·le (yo͝o-rīʹə-lē) n. Greek Mythology A Gorgon, sister of Medusa and Stheno. * * *
/yoo ruy"beuh teez', yeuh-/, n. (in the Odyssey) a companion of Odysseus. * * *
/yoor"euh bath', yerr"-/, n. a eurybathic organism. [by back formation from EURYBATHIC] * * *
/yoor'euh bath"ik, yerr'-/, adj. Ecol. of or pertaining to marine or freshwater life that can tolerate a wide range of depths (opposed to stenobathic). [1900-05; EURY- + Gk ...
/yoo rib"ee euh/, n. Class. Myth. a Titan, daughter of Pontus and Gaea. * * *
/yoor'i klee"euh, yerr'-/, n. (in the Odyssey) the nurse of Telemachus who recognized the disguised Odysseus by a scar on his leg. Also, Euryclia /yoor'i kluy"euh, yerr'-/. * * *
/yoo rid"euh see', yeuh-/, n. Class. Myth. 1. Also called Agriope. the wife of Orpheus. 2. the wife of Creon of Thebes. Also, Eurydike /yoo rid"i kee', yeuh-/. * * ...
euryhaline [yo͞o΄ri hā′līn΄, yoor΄əhal′īn΄, yoor΄əhal′īn΄] adj. 〚Ger euryhalin < eury-, EURY- + Gr halinos, saline < hals, SALT〛 Biol. able to exist in ...
euryhygric [yoor΄ihī grik, yoor΄əhī′grik] adj. 〚 EURY- + HYGR- + -IC〛 Biol. able to withstand a wide range of humidity: opposed to STENOHYGRIC * * *
/yoo rim"euh keuhs, yeuh-/, n. (in the Odyssey) a deceitful suitor of Penelope. * * *
—euryphage /yoor"euh fayj', yerr"-/, n. /yoo rif"euh geuhs, yeuh-/, adj. Ecol. (of an animal) able to subsist on a wide variety of foods. Cf. stenophagous. [1925-30; EURY- + ...
/yoo rip"teuh rid, yeuh-/, n. any aquatic arthropod of the extinct order Eurypterida, from the Paleozoic Era, closely related to trilobites and scorpions. [1870-75; < NL ...
/yoo ris"thee euhs, -thyoohs, yeuh-/, n. Class. Myth. a king of Mycenae and cousin of Hercules, upon whom he imposed 12 labors. Cf. labors of Hercules. * * *
eurytherm [yo͞o′ri thʉrm΄, yoor′əthʉrm΄] n. 〚Ger, independent of temperature variations: see EURY- & THERM〛 Biol. an organism that can live in a wide range of ...
eu·ry·ther·mal (yo͝or'ə-thûrʹməl) also eu·ry·ther·mic (-mĭk) or eu·ry·ther·mous (-məs) adj. Adaptable to a wide range of temperatures. Used of an ...
—eurythmically, adv. /yoo ridh"mik, yeuh-/, adj. eurhythmic. Also, eurythmical. * * *
/yoo ridh"miks, yeuh-/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) eurhythmics. * * * Method of musical training for young children. Eurythmics was developed by Swiss musician Émile ...
/yoo ridh"mee, yeuh-/, n. eurhythmy. * * *
eurytopic [yo͞o΄ri täp′ik, yoor΄ətäp′ik] adj. 〚< Ger eurytop, widely distributed (
See eurytopic. * * *
Eusden, Laurence
▪ British poet baptized Sept. 6, 1688, Spofforth, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 27, 1730, Coningsby, Lincolnshire       British poet who, by flattering the Duke of ...
▪ Mozambican-Portuguese athlete byname of  Eusebio Ferreira da Silva  born January 25, 1942, Lourenço Marques [now Maputo], Mozambique       the greatest Portuguese ...
/yooh see"bee euhs/, n. pope A.D. 309 or 310. * * *
Eusebius (Pamphili)
Eusebius (Pamphili) or Eusebius [yo͞o sē′bē əs pam′fə lī΄] A.D. 264?-340; Gr. ecclesiastical historian * * *
Eusebius of Caesarea
(Pamphili) A.D. 263?-c340, Christian theologian and historian: Bishop of Caesarea c315-c340. * * * flourished 4th century, Caesarea Palestinae, Palestine Bishop and historian ...
Eusebius of Dorylaeum
▪ bishop flourished 5th century       bishop of Dorylaeum and famous opponent of the Nestorians (Nestorian) (who believed that the divine and human persons remained ...
Eusebius of Emesa
▪ bishop born c. 300, Edessa, Macedonia [now in Greece] died c. 359, Antioch, Syria [now Antakya, Tur.]       bishop of Emesa, one of the chief doctrinal writers on ...
Eusebius of Laodicea
▪ bishop born , Alexandria, Egypt died c. 269, Laodicea [now al-Lādhiqīyah], Syria       deacon of Alexandria who became bishop of Laodicea, after risking his life by ...
Eusebius of Myndus
▪ Greek philosopher flourished 4th century AD       Neoplatonist philosopher, a pupil of Aedesius of Pergamum. He was distinguished from the other members of the ...
Eusebius of Nicomedia
▪ bishop died c. 342       an important 4th-century Eastern church bishop who was one of the key proponents of Arianism (the doctrine that Jesus Christ is not of the ...
Eusebius of Samosata, Saint
▪ bishop and martyr died c. 379, Dolikha, probably in Asia Minor; feast day: Eastern Church, June 22; Western Church, June 21       Christian martyr and famous opponent ...
Eusebius of Vercelli, Saint
▪ bishop born 4th century, Sardinia died Aug. 1, 370/71, Vercelli, Italy; feast day August 2       noted supporter of St. Athanasius the Great (Athanasius, Saint) of ...
Eusebius, Saint
▪ pope born , Greece died 309/310, Sicily; feast day August 17, formerly September 26       pope from April 18 to Aug. 17, 309/310. His epitaph, written by Pope Damasus ...
Eusebiusof Caesarea
Eu·se·bi·us of Cae·sa·re·a (yo͞o-sēʹbē-əs; sē'zə-rēʹə, sĕs'ə-, sĕz'ə-), A.D. 260?-340?. Palestinian theologian whose Ecclesiastical History, written in ...
/yooh"skeuhr euh, e ooh"-/, n. the Basque language. Also, Euskara. * * *
—eusociality /yooh soh'shee al"i tee/, n. /yooh soh"sheuhl/, adj. Animal Behav. of or pertaining to a form of insect society, as that of ants, characterized by specialization ...
/yooh"sawl, -sol/, n. Pharm. an antiseptic solution prepared from chlorinated lime and boric acid, formerly used in treating wounds. [1910-15; E(dinburgh) U(niversity) ...
/yooh"steuhs/, n. a male given name: from a Greek word meaning "steadfast." * * *
Eustace IV
▪ English count French  Eustache   died Aug. 17?, 1153, near Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, Eng.       count of Boulogne (from 1150) and eldest son of King Stephen of ...
Eustace, Saint
▪ martyr Latin  Eustachius   died 2nd century, ; Western feast day September 2; Eastern feast day November 2       one of the most famous early Christian martyrs ...
Eustachian tube
/yooh stay"sheuhn, -stay"kee euhn/, Anat. a canal extending from the middle ear to the pharynx; auditory canal. See diag. under ear1. [1735-45; named after EUSTACHIO; see -AN] * ...
eu·sta·chian tube or Eu·sta·chian tube (yo͞o-stāʹshən, -shē-ən, -kē-ən) n. Anatomy A slender tube that connects the tympanic cavity with the nasal part of the ...
/e'ooh stah"kyaw/, n. Bartolommeo /bahrdd'taw lawm me"aw/, 1524?-1574, Italian anatomist. Latin, Eustachius /yooh stay"kee euhs/. * * *
E·u·sta·chi·o (ĕ'o͞o-stäʹkyō), Bartolommeo. 1520-1574. Italian anatomist. A founder of modern anatomy, he is noted for his descriptions of the human ear and heart. * * *
/yooh stay"sheuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
—eustatic /yooh stat"ik/, adj. —eustatically, adv. /yooh"steuh see/, n., pl. eustasies. Geol. any uniformly global change of sea level that may reflect a change in the ...
▪ bishop of Sebaste born c. 300 died 377 or 380       bishop of Sebaste (now Sabasṭiyah, West Bank) and metropolitan of Roman Armenia noted for several extreme or ...
Eustathius of Antioch, Saint
▪ bishop of Antioch also called  Eustathius The Great  born , Side, Pamphylia died c. 337, possibly in Thrace; feast day: Western Church, July 16; Eastern Church, February ...
Eustathius of Thessalonica
▪ Greek Orthodox metropolitan born 12th century, Constantinople died c. 1194, Thessalonica, Greece       metropolitan (archbishop) of Thessalonica (c. 1175–94), ...
See eustasy. * * *
/yooh"steel, yooh stee"lee/, n., pl. eusteles. Bot. an arrangement of the xylem and phloem in discrete strands, separated by areas of parenchymatous tissue. [1915-20; EU- + ...
▪ paleontology  genus of extinct lobe-finned fishes (crossopterygians (crossopterygian)) preserved as fossils in rocks of the late Devonian Period (about 370 million years ...
Eustis, Dorothy Leib Harrison Wood
▪ American dog breeder and trainer née  Dorothy Leib Harrison  born May 30, 1886, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Sept. 8, 1946, New York, N.Y.  American philanthropist and ...
(also Euston Station) a major train station in north London for trains to and from the Midlands, northern England and Scotland. It also has a station on the London Underground. * ...
Euston Station
➡ Euston * * *
/yooh"stuyl/, adj. having an intercolumniation of 21/4 diameters. See illus. under intercolumniation. [1555-65; < Gk eústylos well columned (i.e., with the columns well spaced); ...
Eutaw Springs, Battle of
▪ United States history       (September 8, 1781), American Revolution engagement fought near Charleston, South Carolina, between British troops under Lieutenant ...
/yooh"tak see, yooh tak"see/, n. good order or management. [1605-15; < Gk eutaxía, equiv. to eútakt(os) well arranged (see EU-, TACTIC) + -ia -Y3] * * *
/yooh tek"tik/, Physical Chem. adj. 1. of greatest fusibility: said of an alloy or mixture whose melting point is lower than that of any other alloy or mixture of the same ...
/yooh tek"toyd/, adj. 1. resembling a eutectic. n. 2. a eutectoid alloy. [1900-05; EUTECT(IC) + -OID] * * *
—Euterpean, adj. /yooh terr"pee/, n. Class. Myth. the Muse of music and lyric poetry. * * * ▪ Muse       in Greek religion, one of the nine Muses, patron of tragedy ...
—euthanasiast /yooh'theuh nay"zee ast'/, n. —euthanasic /yooh'theuh nay"zik/, adj. /yooh'theuh nay"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. 1. Also called mercy killing. the act of ...
/yooh"theuh nuyz'/, v.t., euthanized, euthanizing. to subject to euthanasia: to euthanize injured animals. Also, euthanatize /yooh than"euh tuyz'/; esp. Brit., euthanise, ...

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