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Слова на букву gano-hipp (15990)

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Gilmer, Elizabeth Meriwether
▪ American journalist née  Elizabeth Meriwether , pseudonym  Dorothy Dix  born Nov. 18, 1870, near Woodstock, Tenn., U.S. died Dec. 16, 1951, New Orleans, ...
Gilmore
(1940–77) a US criminal who was executed for murder in January 1977. He is mainly remembered because he chose to be shot by a firing squad, as a condemned person is allowed to ...
Gilmore, John E.
▪ 1996       U.S. jazz drummer and tenor saxophonist whose improvisations highlighted the Sun Ra trio (b. Sept. 28, 1931—d. Aug. 20, 1995). * * *
Gilmore, Patrick
▪ American bandleader in full  Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore   born Dec. 25, 1829, County Galway, Ire. died Sept. 24, 1892, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.  leading American bandmaster ...
Gilmore, Patrick (Sarsfield)
born Dec. 25, 1829, County Galway, Ire. died Sept. 24, 1892, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. Irish-born U.S. bandmaster. He immigrated to the U.S. at age 19. In 1859 he took over the ...
Gilolo
/juy loh"loh, ji-/, n. Halmahera. * * *
Gilpin, Bernard
▪ British clergyman byname  Apostle Of The North   born 1517, Kentmere, Westmorland, Eng. died March 4, 1583, Houghton-le-Spring, Durham       English cleric, one of ...
Gilpin, Laura
▪ American photographer born April 22, 1891, Colorado Springs, Colo., U.S. died Nov. 30, 1979, Santa Fe, N.M.       American photographer noted for her images of the ...
Gilroy
/gil"roy/, n. a town in W California. 21,641. * * *
Gilruth, Robert Rowe
▪ 2001       American aeronautical engineer and administrator (b. Oct. 8, 1913, Nashwauk, Minn.—d. Aug. 17, 2000, Charlottesville, Va.), oversaw the Mercury, Gemini, ...
Gilson
/zheel sawonn"/, n. Étienne Henry /ay tyen" ahonn rddee"/, 1884-1978, French historian. * * *
Gilson, Étienne
▪ French philosopher in full  Étienne-henry Gilson   born June 13, 1884, Paris, France died Sept. 19, 1978, Cravant       French Christian philosopher and historian ...
Gilsonite
/gil"seuh nuyt'/, Trademark. uintaite. [1885-90] * * *
gilt
gilt1 /gilt/, v. 1. a pt. and pp. of gild1. adj. 2. gilded. 3. gold in color; golden. n. 4. the thin layer of gold or other material applied in gilding. 5. gilt-edged ...
gilt bronze
ormolu (def. 2). [1885-90] * * *
gilt-edged
/gilt"ejd'/, adj. 1. having the edge or edges gilded: gilt-edged paper. 2. of the highest or best quality, kind, etc. 3. Finance. a. (of securities and bonds) of the highest ...
gilthead
/gilt"hed'/, n. any of several marine fishes having gold markings, as a sparid, Sparus auratus, of the Mediterranean Sea. [1545-55; GILT1 + HEAD] * * *
Gilyak
/gil"yahk, gil yahk"/ n. Nivkh. [ < Russ gilyák; of uncert. orig., perh. akin to Nivkh (Amur dial.) kil a name for neighboring Tungusic peoples (with the Russ n. suffix -(y)ak, ...
gimbal
gimbal [gim′bəl, jim′bəl] n. 〚altered < ME gemelles, twins < L gemellus, dim. of geminus, twin〛 [often pl.] a device consisting of a pivoted ring or rings capable of ...
gimbals
/jim"beuhlz, gim"-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Sometimes, gimbal. a contrivance, consisting of a ring or base on an axis, that permits an object, as a ship's compass, mounted in ...
Gimbel
/gim"beuhl/, n. Jacob, 1850-1922, U.S. retail merchant. * * *
gimcrack
/jim"krak'/, n. 1. a showy, useless trifle; gewgaw. adj. 2. showy but useless. [1325-75 for earlier sense; ME gib(e)crake; cf. ME gibben to waver ( < OF giber to shake)] Syn. 1. ...
gimcrackery
/jim"krak'euh ree/, n. 1. cheap, showy, useless trifles, ornaments, trinkets, etc. 2. obvious or contrived effects, esp. in art, music, literature, etc. [1770-80; GIMCRACK + ...
gimel
/gim"euhl/, n. 1. the third letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. 3. Music. gymel. [ < Heb gimel, akin to gamal camel] * * *
gimlet
—gimlety, adj. /gim"lit/, n. 1. a small tool for boring holes, consisting of a shaft with a pointed screw at one end and a handle perpendicular to the shaft at the other. 2. a ...
gimlet eye
—gimlet-eyed, adj. 1. a sharp or piercing glance. 2. an eye that appears to give a sharp or piercing look. [1815-25] * * *
gimlet-eyed
gimlet-eyed [gim′litīd΄] adj. having a piercing glance * * * gim·let-eyed (gĭmʹlĭt-īd') adj. Having keen vision. * * *
gimmal
/gim"euhl, jim"euhl/, n. any of various joints for transmitting motion between rotating parts, as in a timepiece. [1520-30; alter. of gemel (orig. in pl.) twin, ME gemelles ( < ...
gimme
/gim"ee/ 1. Pron. Spelling. give me. n. Slang. 2. Golf. a final short putt that a player is not required to take in informal play. 3. the gimmes, a. reliance on or a demand for ...
gimme cap
a visored cap decorated with the symbol or name of a product, company, etc. [1975-80; so called from its being given away as a promotional item] * * *
gimmecap
gimme cap n. Slang A cloth cap with a bill, adorned with the name of an organization or a product logo: “one-size-fits-all gimme caps” (Charles Leerhsen). * * *
gimmick
—gimmicker, n. —gimmicky, adj. /gim"ik/, n. 1. an ingenious or novel device, scheme, or stratagem, esp. one designed to attract attention or increase appeal. 2. a concealed, ...
gimmickry
/gim"ik ree/, n. 1. the use of gimmicks. 2. an abundance of gimmicks. Also, gimmickery /gim"ik ree, -ik euh ree/. [1950-55; GIMMICK + -RY] * * *
gimmicky
See gimmick. * * *
gimmie
gimmie [gim′ē] adj., n. alt. sp. of GIMME * * *
gimp
gimp1 /gimp/, n. 1. a flat trimming of silk, wool, or other cord, sometimes stiffened with wire, for garments, curtains, etc. 2. a coarse thread, usually glazed, employed in ...
gimpy
See gimp2. * * *
Gimson, Ernest
▪ British designer born Dec. 21, 1864, Leicester, Eng. died Aug. 12, 1919, Sapperton, near Cirencester       English designer of furniture, one of the Cotswold school ...
gin
gin1 /jin/, n. 1. an alcoholic liquor obtained by distilling grain mash with juniper berries. 2. an alcoholic liquor similar to this, made by redistilling spirits with flavoring ...
gin and tonic
/jin/ a drink made with gin and quinine water, served in a tall glass and usually garnished with a slice of lime or lemon. [1930-35] * * *
gin block
/jin/, Mach. a block having a large sheave in an open metal frame, used esp. to support a cargo whip. [1870-75] * * *
Gin Lane
a drawing (1751) by William Hogarth. It is a shocking picture of people in a London street who are too drunk to care about their homes or families. Gin, a strong alcoholic drink, ...
gin mill
/jin/, Slang. a bar or saloon, esp. a cheap or disreputable one. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
gin rickey
/jin/ a rickey made with gin. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
gin rummy
Cards. gin4 (def. 1). [1940-45] * * * Rummy game for two players in which each is dealt 10 cards and a player may win a hand by matching or sequencing by suit all the cards in ...
gin sling
n a drink consisting of a mixture of gin, sugar, water and lemon or lime juice, served with ice. Many people in Britain still think of it as upper-middle-class, the typical drink ...
Gina
/jee"neuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Ginastera
/hee'nahs te"rddah/, n. Alberto /ahl berdd"taw/, 1916-83, Argentine composer. * * *
Ginastera, Alberto
▪ Argentine composer in full  Alberto Evaristo Ginastera  born April 11, 1916, Buenos Aires, Arg. died June 25, 1983, Geneva, Switz.       a leading 20th-century ...
ginep
/keuh nep", geuh-/, n. genip. * * *
Giner de Los Ríos, Francisco
▪ Spanish philosopher born Oct. 10, 1839, Ronda or possibly Málaga, Spain died Feb. 17, 1915, Madrid       Spanish philosopher, literary critic, and educator who ...
gingal
/jin"gawl/, n. jingal. Also, gingall. * * *
gingelli
gingelli or gingelly [jin′jə lē] n. var. of GINGILI * * *
ginger
/jin"jeuhr/, n. 1. a reedlike plant, Zingiber officinale, native to the East Indies but now cultivated in most tropical countries, having a pungent, spicy rhizome used in cookery ...
Ginger
/jin"jeuhr/, n. a female given name, form of Virginia or Regina. * * * Herbaceous perennial plant (Zingiber officinale; family Zingiberaceae), probably native to South Asia, or ...
ginger ale
a carbonated soft drink flavored with ginger extract. [1835-45] * * *
ginger beer
a soft drink similar to ginger ale but containing more ginger flavor. [1800-10] * * * ▪ alcoholic beverage       beverage, once popular in the United Kingdom, made by ...
ginger family
the plant family Zingiberaceae, characterized by tropical, often aromatic herbaceous plants having rhizomes, long sheathing leaves, and clusters of tubular flowers, and including ...
ginger group
Chiefly Brit. the most active group within an organization, as a political party. [1925-30] * * *
ginger jar
a Chinese ceramic jar having a wide mouth, a globular body, and a dome-shaped cover. [1880-85] * * *
ginger lily
any of various plants belonging to the genus Hedychium, of the ginger family, native to Asia, esp. the white ginger, H. coronarium, having white, fragrant flowers. [1895-1900] * ...
Ginger Rogers
➡ Rogers (II) * * *
gingerale
ginger ale n. An effervescent sweetened soft drink flavored with ginger. * * *
gingerbeer
ginger beer n. A nonalcoholic drink similar to ginger ale but flavored with fermented ginger. * * *
gingerbread
—gingerbready, adj. /jin"jeuhr bred'/, n. 1. a type of cake flavored with ginger and molasses. 2. a rolled cookie similarly flavored, often cut in fanciful shapes, and ...
gingerbread palm
gingerbread palm or gingerbread tree n. DOUM * * *
gingerbread palm.
See doom palm. [1860-65] * * *
gingerbread plum
a tree, Neocarya macrophylla, of western Africa, bearing a large, edible, starchy fruit. [1820-30] * * *
gingerbreadpalm
gingerbread palm n. See doom palm. * * *
gingerbready
See gingerbread. * * *
gingergroup
ginger group n. Chiefly British A highly active or galvanizing group within a larger organization or body. * * *
gingerliness
See gingerly. * * *
gingerly
—gingerliness, n. /jin"jeuhr lee/, adv. 1. with great care or caution; warily. adj. 2. cautious, careful, or wary. [1510-20; ginger-, perh. < MF gensor, genzor delicate, ...
gingerroot
gin·ger·root (jĭnʹjər-ro͞ot', -ro͝ot') n. See ginger. * * *
gingersnap
/jin"jeuhr snap'/, n. a small, brittle cookie flavored with ginger and molasses. Also called, Brit., ginger nut. [1795-1805; GINGER + SNAP] * * *
gingery
/jin"jeuh ree/, adj. 1. having the flavor or pungence of ginger; spicy: gingery cookies. 2. piquant; sharp and lively: gingery humor. 3. of the color of ginger. [1850-55; GINGER ...
gingham
/ging"euhm/, n. yarn-dyed, plain-weave cotton fabric, usually striped or checked. [1605-15; < D gingang < Malay gangan, gingan with space between, hence, striped] * * * ▪ ...
gingili
gingili [jin′ji lē] n. 〚Hindi jinjalī < Ar juljulān〛 1. SESAME 2. the oil of the sesame seed: Also gingilli * * *
gingiva
/jin juy"veuh, jin"jeuh-/, n., pl. gingivae /-juy"vee, -jeuh vee'/. gum2 (def. 1). [1885-90; < L gingiva] * * *
gingival
/jin juy"veuhl, jin"jeuh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the gums. 2. Phonet. alveolar. [1660-70; GINGIV(A) + -AL1] * * *
gingivectomy
/jin'jeuh vek"teuh mee/, n., pl. gingivectomies. Dentistry. surgical removal of gum tissue. [GINGIV(A) + -ECTOMY] * * *
gingivitis
/jin'jeuh vuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the gums. [1870-75; < NL; see GINGIVA, -ITIS] * * *       inflammation of the gums (gingivae). Symptoms include tender, ...
gingko
gingko [giŋ′kō] n. pl. gingkoes var. of GINKGO * * * ging·ko (gĭngʹkō) n. Variant of ginkgo. * * *
ginglymoid
/jing"gleuh moyd', ging"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a ginglymus. [1660-70; GINGLYM(US) + -OID] * * *
ginglymus
/jing"gleuh meuhs, ging"-/, n., pl. ginglymi /-muy'/. Anat. a joint in which movement is limited to one plane. Also called hinge joint. [1650-60; < NL < Gk gínglymos hinge] * * *
Gingold, Josef
▪ 1996       Russian-born U.S. violinist and teacher (b. Oct. 28, 1909—d. Jan. 11, 1995). * * *
Gingoog
▪ Philippines       city and port, northern Mindanao, Philippines. It lies at the head of Gingoog Bay, which is an inlet of the Bohol Sea. It was founded in 1750 by ...
Gingrich
/ging"grich/, n. Newt(on), born 1943, U.S. politician. * * *
Gingrich, Newt
▪ 1996       On Jan. 4, 1995, Newt Gingrich became speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, the first Republican in 40 years to hold the powerful position. A blunt, ...
Gingrich,Newton Leroy
Ging·rich (gĭngʹgrĭch), Newton Leroy. Known as “Newt.” Born 1943. American politician. A U.S. representative from Georgia first elected in 1979, he served as Speaker of ...
Gini, Corrado
▪ Italian statistician born May 23, 1884, Motta di Livenza, Treviso, Italy died Mar. 13, 1965, Rome       Italian statistician and demographer.       Gini was ...
gink
/gingk/, n. Slang (sometimes disparaging and offensive). person; fellow. [1905-10, Amer.; orig. uncert.] * * *
ginkgo
/ging"koh, jing"-/, n., pl. ginkgoes. a large shade tree, Ginkgo biloba, native to China, having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy seeds with edible kernels: the sole surviving ...
ginkgophyte
▪ plant division Introduction       any member of the division Ginkgophyta, a group of gymnospermous plants of particular interest to paleobotanists. Two of the three ...
ginmill
gin mill n. Slang A bar or saloon. * * *
ginned
/jind/, adj. Slang. drunk; intoxicated; inebriated. [1895-1900; GIN1 + -ED3] * * *
ginner
☆ ginner [jin′ər ] n. a person who operates a cotton gin * * *
ginnery
/jin"euh ree/, n., pl. ginneries. a mill for ginning cotton. [1895-90, Amer.; GIN2 + -ERY] * * *
Ginnie
Ginnie or Ginny [jin′ē] n. a feminine name: see VIRGINIA1 * * *
Ginnie Mae
/jin"ee/, Finance. 1. See Government National Mortgage Association. 2. a bond or certificate sold by the Government National Mortgage Association. [1970-75; formed from the ...
GinnieMae
Gin·nie Mae (jĭnʹē māʹ) n. A security issued by the Government National Mortgage Association and secured by mortgages serviced by certain federal agencies.   [Alteration ...
Ginnungagap
/gin"oohng gah gahp"/, n. Scand. Myth. a primordial void, filled with mists, existing between Niflheim and Muspelheim. [ < ON, perh. lit., magical gap] * * *
Ginny
/jin"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Virginia or Genevieve. * * *
Gino
/jee"noh/, n. a male given name. * * *
ginrummy
gin rummy n. A variety of rummy for two or more persons in which a player may win by matching all his or her cards or may end the game by melding with unmatched cards that add up ...
Ginsberg
/ginz"berrg/, n. Allen, 1926-97, U.S. poet associated with the Beat Generation. * * *
Ginsberg, Allen
▪ 1998       American poet (b. June 3, 1926, Newark, N.J.—d. April 5, 1997, New York, N.Y.), was the poet laureate of the cultural movement in the 1950s whose members ...
Ginsberg, Allen (Irwin)
born June 3, 1926, Newark, N.J., U.S. died April 5, 1997, New York, N.Y. U.S. poet. Ginsberg was the son of a poet. He attended Columbia University, where he met Jack Kerouac. ...
Ginsberg, Harold Samuel
▪ 2004       American microbiologist (b. May 27, 1917, Daytona Beach, Fla.—d. Feb. 2, 2003, Woods Hole, Mass.), did pioneering work in virology; his research into ...
Ginsberg,Allen
Gins·berg (gĭnzʹbərg), Allen. 1926-1997. American poet and a leading figure of the Beat Generation. Known for his long incantatory works, his books include Howl (1956) and ...
Ginsburg
/ginz"berrg/, n. Ruth Bader /bay"deuhr/, born 1933, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court since 1993. * * *
Ginsburg, Christian David
▪ British biblical scholar born Dec. 25, 1831, Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire [now in Poland] died March 7, 1914, Palmers Green, Middlesex, Eng.       Hebrew and biblical ...
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
orig. Ruth Joan Bader born March 15, 1933, Brooklyn, N.Y., N.Y., U.S. U.S. jurist. Although she graduated at the top of her class at Columbia Law School (1959), she was turned ...
Ginsburg,Ruth Bader
Gins·burg (gĭnzʹbərg), Ruth Bader. Born 1933. American jurist who was appointed an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court in 1993. * * *
ginseng
/jin"seng/, n. 1. any of several plants of the genus Panax, esp. P. pseudoginseng, of eastern Asia, or P. qinquefolius, of North America, having an aromatic root used ...
ginseng family
the plant family Araliaceae, characterized by often prickly herbaceous plants, trees, and shrubs having alternate leaves and dense clusters of small, whitish or greenish flowers, ...
Ginza
/gin"zeuh/, n. the, a district in Tokyo, Japan, famous for its department stores, nightclubs, and bars. * * * ▪ district, Tokyo, Japan       commercial zone, Chuo ward, ...
Ginzberg
/ginz"berrg/, n. Asher /ash"euhr/, (Achad Ha-Am, Ahad Ha-am), 1856-1927, Hebrew philosophical writer and editor, born in Russia. * * *
Ginzberg, Louis
▪ Lithuanian-American scholar born Nov. 28, 1873, Kovno, Lithuania [now Kaunas, Lithuania] died Nov. 11, 1953, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Lithuanian-born American ...
Ginzburg, Aleksandr Ilich
▪ 2003       Russian journalist, dissident, and human rights advocate (b. Nov. 21, 1936, Moscow, U.S.S.R.—d. July 19, 2002, Paris, France), edited the literary journal ...
Ginzburg, Natalia
▪ Italian author née  Levi  born July 14, 1916, Palermo, Italy died Oct. 7, 1991, Rome       Italian author who dealt unsentimentally with family relationships in ...
Ginzburg, Ralph
▪ 2007       American publisher, author, and photojournalist (b. Oct. 28, 1929, New York, N.Y.—d. July 6, 2006, New York City), was at the centre of two highly ...
Ginzburg, Vitaly Lazarevich
▪ Russian physicist born October 4 [September 21, Old Style], 1916, Moscow, Russia    Russian physicist and astrophysicist, who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2003 for ...
ginzo
/gin"zoh/, n., pl. ginzoes. Slang (disparaging and offensive). an Italian. [1930-35; orig. uncert.; cf. GUINEA in this sense] * * *
Gioberti, Vincenzo
born April 5, 1801, Turin, Piedmont died Nov. 26, 1852, Paris, France Italian philosopher and politician whose writings helped bring about the unification of the Italian ...
Gioconda
Gioconda [jō kän′də; ] It [ jō̂ kō̂n′dä] La [lä] 〚It, lit., the cheerful one〛 a portrait by Leonardo da Vinci, more commonly called MONA LISA * * *
Gioconda, La
/lah' joh kon"deuh, jee'euh-/; It. /lah jaw kawn"dah/ 1. See Mona Lisa. 2. an opera (1876) by Amilcare Ponchielli. * * *
Giocondo, Fra Giovanni
▪ Italian architect original name  Giovanni da Verona , also called  Giocondo da Verona  born c. 1433, , Verona, Republic of Venice died July 1, 1515, ...
giocoso
/jeuh koh"soh/; It. /jaw kaw"saw/, adj., adv. Music. merry; playful. [1820-30; < It: playful < L jocosus JOCOSE] * * *
Gioia del Colle
▪ Italy       town, Puglia (Apulia) regione, southern Italy. It has machinery, textile, distilling, and cheese-making industries.       Medieval monuments ...
Giolitti, Giovanni
born Oct. 22, 1842, Mondovì, Piedmont, Kingdom of Sardinia died July 17, 1928, Cavour, Italy Italian politician and prime minister five times between 1892 and 1921. He served ...
Giono
/jeuh noh"/; Fr. /jaw noh"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, 1895-1970, French novelist. * * *
Giono, Jean
▪ French author born March 30, 1895, Manosque, Fr. died Oct. 8, 1970, Manosque       French novelist, a celebrant of nature whose works are set in Provence and whose ...
Giordano
/jawr dah"noh/; It. /jawrdd dah"naw/, n. 1. Luca /looh"keuh/; It. /looh"kah/, ("Luca Fapresto"), 1632-1705, Italian painter. 2. Umberto /oom ber"toh, um-/; It. /oohm berdd"taw/, ...
Giordano, Gus
▪ 2009 August T. Giordano        American jazz dancer and choreographer born July 10, 1923, St. Louis, Mo. died March 9, 2008, Chicago, Ill. was one of the pioneers of ...
Giordano, Luca
born Oct. 18, 1632, Naples died Jan. 3, 1705, Naples Italian painter active in Naples. He was inspired by the work of José de Ribera and (after extensive travel in Florence, ...
Giordano, Umberto
▪ Italian composer born Aug. 28, 1867, Foggia, Italy died Nov. 12, 1948, Milan       Italian opera composer in the verismo, or “realist,” style, known for his opera ...
Giorgi, Giovanni
▪ Italian physicist born November 27, 1871, Lucca, Italy died August 19, 1950, Castiglioncello       Italian physicist who proposed a widely used system for the ...
Giorgio
(as used in expressions) Giorgio Barbarelli Giorgio da Castelfranco Armani Giorgio Chirico Giorgio de Morandi Giorgio Vasari Giorgio * * *
Giorgione
/jawr joh"nee/; It. /jawrdd jaw"ne/, n. (Giorgione de Castelfranco, Giorgio Barbarelli) 1478?-1511, Italian painter. * * * or Giorgio da Castelfranco orig. Giorgio ...
Giotto
/jot"oh/; It. /jawt"taw/, n. (Giotto di Bondone) 1266?-1337, Florentine painter, sculptor, and architect. * * * ▪ European space program  European space probe that came ...
Giotto (di Bondone)
Giotto (di Bondone) or Giotto [jō̂t′tō̂ dē bō̂n dō̂′ne; ] E [ jät′ō] 1266?-1337; Florentine painter & architect * * * born 1266–67/1276, Vespignano, near ...
Giotto di Bondone
▪ Italian painter Introduction born 1266–67/1276, Vespignano, near Florence [Italy] died Jan. 8, 1337, Florence  the most important Italian painter of the 14th century, ...
Giovanni
(as used in expressions) Giovanni Antonio Canal Giovanni da Bologna Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi Stefano di Giovanni Albinoni Tomaso Giovanni Boccaccio Giovanni Enrico ...
Giovanni Da Pian Del Carpini
▪ Franciscan author English  John Of Plano Carpini  born c. 1180, , Pian del Carpine?, near Perugia, Umbria died Aug. 1, 1252, Antivari [Bar], ...
Giovanni di Paolo
▪ Italian painter in full  Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia  born c. 1403, Siena, Republic of Siena [Italy] died 1482, Siena       painter whose religious paintings ...
Giovanni di Paolo (di Grazia)
born с 1403, Siena, Republic of Siena died 1482, Siena Italian painter active in Siena. A prolific artist, he produced his most characteristic works from the 1440s, notably ...
Giovanni, Nikki
▪ American poet byname of  Yolande Cornelia Giovanni, Jr.   born June 7, 1943, Knoxville, Tenn., U.S.       African-American poet whose writings ranged from calls for ...
gip
—gipper, n. /jip/, v.t., v.i., gipped, gipping, n. gyp1. * * *
gipon
/ji pon", jip"on/, n. jupon. * * * ▪ dress  tunic worn under armour in the 14th century and later adapted for civilian use. At first a tight-fitting garment worn next to the ...
Gipp, George
▪ American athlete byname  the Gipper   born February 18, 1895, Laurium, Michigan, U.S. died December 14, 1920, South Bend, Indiana       American gridiron football ...
Gippius, Zinaida Nikolayevna
▪ Russian poet Gippius also spelled  Hippius   born Nov. 20 [Nov. 8, Old Style], 1869, Belyov, Russia died Sept. 9, 1945, Paris, Fr.       Russian Symbolist poet who ...
Gippsland
Region, southeastern Victoria, Australia. It extends northwest from Western Port (near Melbourne) to the New South Wales border and south from the Eastern Highlands to the ...
Gipsy
—gipsydom, n. —gipsyesque, gipsyish, gipsylike, gipseian, adj. —gipsyhood, n. —gipsyism, n. /jip"see/, n., pl. Gipsies, adj. Chiefly Brit. Gypsy. Also, gipsy. * * *
Gir National Park
▪ national park, India       national park in Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India, located about 37 miles (60 km) south-southwest of Junagadh in a hilly ...
Gir Range
▪ mountains, India       low mountain range in western Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India, on the southern Kathiawar Peninsula. The range is extremely rugged ...
giraffe
/jeuh raf"/ or, esp. Brit., /-rahf"/, n. 1. a tall, long-necked, spotted ruminant, Giraffa camelopardalis, of Africa: the tallest living quadruped animal. 2. (cap.) Astron. the ...
giraffish
See giraffe. * * *
Giraldi, Giambattista
▪ Italian poet and dramatist also called  Cynthius,  Italian  Cinzio, or Cinthio  born 1504, Ferrara [Italy] died Dec. 30, 1573, Ferrara       Italian poet and ...
Giraldus Cambrensis
or Gerald of Wales born с 1146, Manorbier Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales died с 1223 Historian and archdeacon of Brecknock, Wales (1175–1204). Educated in Paris, he returned ...
girandole
/jir"euhn dohl'/, n. 1. a rotating and radiating firework. 2. an ornate bracket for candelabra or the like, sometimes with a reflecting mirror at the back of the shelf. 3. a ...
Girard
/jeuh rahrd"/, n. Stephen 1. 1750-1831, U.S. merchant, banker, and philanthropist, born in France. 2. a city in NE Ohio. 12,517. * * *
Girard, Stephen
born May 20, 1750, Bordeaux, France died Dec. 26, 1831, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. French-born American financier and philanthropist. He became a sailor at age 14; by 1774 he was ...
Girardelli, Marc
▪ 1994       An Austrian-born Alpine ski racer who represented Luxembourg could justly claim to be the most versatile performer in his sport since becoming, in 1989, the ...
Girardin, Émile de
▪ French journalist born June 21, 1806, Paris died April 27, 1881, Paris  popular French journalist, called the Napoleon of the press for his success in publishing ...
Girardon, François
(baptized March 17, 1628, Troyes, Fr. died Sept. 1, 1715, Paris) French sculptor. He studied in Troyes and in Rome, and in 1657 he became a member of the French Royal Academy. ...
Girardot
▪ Colombia       river port, central Colombia, at the confluence of the upper Magdalena (there bridged) and Bogotá rivers, opposite Flandes. The site, once a canoe ...
girasol
/jir"euh sawl', -sol'/, n. 1. an opal that reflects light in a bright luminous glow. 2. See Jerusalem artichoke (def. 1). adj. 3. (of a stone) translucent and bluish-white with ...
Giraud
/zhee rddoh"/, n. Henri Honoré /ahonn rddee" aw naw rdday"/, 1879-1949, French general. * * *
Giraud, Henri
▪ French military officer born Jan. 18, 1879, Paris died March 11, 1949, Dijon, Fr.       army officer and one of the leaders, in World War II, of the French Committee ...
Giraud, Henri (-Honoré)
born Jan. 18, 1879, Paris, France died March 11, 1949, Dijon French army officer. In World War II he commanded forces in northern France but was captured by the Germans in ...
Giraudoux
/zhear'euh dooh", zhear"euh dooh'/; Fr. /zhee rddoh dooh"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, 1882-1944, French novelist, playwright, and diplomat. * * *
Giraudoux, (Hippolyte)Jean
Gi·rau·doux (zhē-rō-do͞oʹ), (Hippolyte) Jean. 1882-1944. French writer primarily known for his dramas, such as Electra (1937), that are based on Greek mythology or ...
Giraudoux, (Hyppolyte-) Jean
born Oct. 29, 1882, Bellac, France died Jan. 31, 1944, Paris French novelist, essayist, and playwright. He made the diplomatic service his career, while becoming known as an ...
Giraudoux, Jean
▪ French author born Oct. 29, 1882, Bellac, Fr. died Jan. 31, 1944, Paris       French novelist, essayist, and playwright who created an impressionistic form of drama ...
gird
gird1 —girdingly, adv. /gerrd/, v.t., girded or girt, girding. 1. to encircle or bind with a belt or band. 2. to surround; enclose; hem in. 3. to prepare (oneself) for action: ...
girder
—girderless, adj. /gerr"deuhr/, n. 1. a large beam, as of steel, reinforced concrete, or timber, for supporting masonry, joists, purlins, etc. 2. a principal beam of wood, ...
girdle
—girdlelike, adj. —girdlingly, adv. /gerr"dl/, n., v., girdled, girdling. n. 1. a lightweight undergarment, worn esp. by women, often partly or entirely of elastic or boned, ...
girdle tie
▪ Egyptian ornament also called  tyet   in Egyptian religion, protective amulet formed like a knot and made of gold, carnelian, or red glazed ware. Most samples of the ...
girdle-tailed lizard
/gerr"dl tayld'/ any African lizard of the family Cordylidae, having a spiny tail used in defense. * * * ▪ lizard  any of various south and east African and Madagascan ...
girdler
/gerrd"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that girdles. 2. any of several insects, as a beetle, Oncideres cingulata (twig girdler), that cut a groove around the bark of a twig, ...
Giresun
▪ Turkey also spelled  Keresun         city and seaport, northeastern Turkey. It lies along the Black Sea about 110 miles (175 km) west of Trabzon. The older parts of ...
Girgenti
It. /jeerdd jen"tee/, n. former name of Agrigento. * * *
Giri, Varahagiri Venkata
▪ president of India born Aug. 10, 1894, Berhampore [now Brahmapur], India died June 24, 1980, Madras [now Chennai]       statesman, president of India from 1969 to ...
Giridih
▪ India       town, east-central Jharkhand state, northeastern India. It lies 72 miles (115 km) northeast of Hazaribagh (Hazaribag), on both banks of the Usri River. In ...
girl
/gerrl/, n. 1. a female child, from birth to full growth. 2. a young, immature woman, esp. formerly, an unmarried one. 3. a daughter: My wife and I have two girls. 4. Informal ...
girl Friday
pl. girl Fridays. See gal Friday. [1935-40; modeled on MAN FRIDAY] * * *
girl groups
▪ music Introduction       primarily American female vocal groups popular from the early to the mid-1960s, the period between the heyday of early rock and roll and the ...
girl guide
(sometimes caps.) a member of a British organization of girls (Girl Guides) founded in England by Lord Robert S. S. Baden-Powell and his sister Lady Agnes as a sister ...
Girl Guides
➡ Guide. * * *
Girl of the Golden West, The
(Italian, La fanciulla del West), an opera (1910) by Giacomo Puccini. * * *
girl scout
(sometimes caps.) a member of an organization of girls (Girl Scouts) founded in the U.S. in 1912 by Juliette Low that seeks to develop certain skills, as well as health, ...
Girl Scouts
▪ youth organization also called (in Great Britain and some other countries)  Girl Guides        worldwide organization for girls, dedicated to training them in ...
girl-o
/gerrl"oh/, n., pl. girl-os. Australian Informal. a girl or young woman. [GIRL + -O] * * *
girlFriday
girl Friday n. Informal An efficient and faithful woman aide or employee.   [girl + man Friday.] * * *
girlfriend
/gerrl"frend'/, n. 1. a frequent or favorite female companion; sweetheart. 2. a female friend. Also, girl friend. [1855-60; GIRL + FRIEND] * * *
GirlGuide
Girl Guide (gûrl) n. A member of the Girl Guides, a British organization of young women and girls founded in 1910. * * *
girlhood
/gerrl"hood/, n. 1. the state or time of being a girl. 2. girls collectively: the nation's girlhood. [1775-85; GIRL + -HOOD] * * *
girlie
/gerr"lee/, adj. Informal. 1. featuring nude or scantily clad young women: a girlie show; girlie magazines. n. 2. Offensive. a term of address used for a girl or woman. Also, ...
girlish
—girlishly, adv. —girlishness, n. /gerr"lish/, adj. of, like, or befitting a girl or girlhood: girlish laughter. [1555-65; GIRL + -ISH1] * * *
girlishly
See girlish. * * *
girlishness
See girlishly. * * *
GirlScout
Girl Scout n. A member of the Girl Scouts, an organization of young women and girls, founded in the United States in 1912 on the plan of the Girl Guides, for character ...
girlwonder
girl wonder n. An extremely talented and accomplished young woman. * * *
girly
/gerr"lee/, adj., n., pl. girlies. girlie. * * *
girn
girn1 /gerrn/, v.i., v.t., n. Scot. grin1. girn2 /gerrn/, n., v.t. Scot. grin2. * * *
Girnar Hills
▪ physical region, India       physiographic region on the Kathiawar Peninsula, Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India. At the foot of one of the hills is a rock ...
giro
/juy"roh/, n., pl. giros. autogiro. [by shortening] * * *
Girodet-Trioson, Anne-Louis
▪ French painter original name  Anne-louis Girodet De Roucy  born Jan. 29, 1767, Montargis, France died Dec. 9, 1824, Paris  painter whose works exemplify the first phase ...
Girodias, Maurice
▪ French publisher original name  Maurice Kahane  born April 12, 1919, Paris, France died July 3, 1990, Paris       French publisher of banned books, including many ...
Girolamo
(as used in expressions) Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola Girolamo Fabrici Fracastoro Girolamo Frescobaldi Girolamo Savonarola Girolamo * * *
Girona
▪ Spain Spanish  Gerona         city, capital of Girona provincia (province), in the Catalonia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northeastern Spain. It ...
Gironde
/jeuh rond"/; Fr. /zhee rddawonnd"/, n. 1. an estuary in SW France, formed by the junction of the Garonne and Dordogne rivers. 45 mi. (72 km) long. 2. a department in SW France. ...
Gironde Estuary
Estuary on the Bay of Biscay, southwestern France. Formed by the confluence of the Garonne and Dordogne rivers, it extends for about 45 mi (72 km) inland. It is navigable for ...
Girondin
or Girondist Label applied to a loose grouping of republican politicians, some of them originally from the département of Gironde, who played a leading role in the Legislative ...
Girondist
—Girondism, n. /jeuh ron"dist/, n. 1. Fr. Hist. a member of a political party (1791-93) of moderate republicans whose leaders were deputies from the department of ...
Gironella Pous, Jose Maria
▪ 2004       Spanish novelist (b. Dec. 31, 1917, Darníus, Spain—d. Jan. 3, 2003, Arenys de Mar, Spain), wrote the first best-selling novel published in Spain, Los ...
Gironella, Alberto
▪ 2000       Mexican painter who was an important member of a generation of Mexican artists that drew inspiration from Surrealism and rebelled against the politically ...
Gironella, José María
▪ Spanish author born December 31, 1917, Darníus, Gerona, Spain died January 3, 2003, Arenys de Mar       Spanish author best remembered for his long historical novel ...
girosol
/jir"euh sawl', -sohl', -sol'/, n. girasol. * * *
Giroud, Francoise
▪ 2004 France Gourdji        French journalist (b. Sept. 21, 1916, Geneva, Switz.—d. Jan. 19, 2003, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France), cofounded and edited L'Express, ...
Giroux, Robert
▪ 2009       American editor and publisher born April 8, 1914, Jersey City, N.J. died Sept. 5, 2008, Tinton Falls, N.J. introduced and guided many of the top authors ...
girsh
/gerrsh/, n. qirsh. * * *
girt
girt1 /gerrt/, v. a pt. and pp. of gird1. girt2 /gerrt/, v.t. gird1 (def. 1). girt3 /gerrt/, n., v.t. girth. girt4 /gerrt/, n. 1. Carpentry. a. a timber or plate connecting the ...
girth
/gerrth/, n. 1. the measure around anything; circumference. 2. a band that passes underneath a horse or other animal to hold a saddle in place, esp. one having a buckle at each ...
Girtin
/gerr"tin/, n. Thomas, 1775-1802, English painter. * * *
Girtin, Thomas
▪ British artist born Feb. 18, 1775, London, Eng. died Nov. 9, 1802, London       British artist who at the turn of the 19th century firmly established the aesthetic ...
girtline
/gerrt"luyn'/, n. Naut. gantline. [1760-70; GIRT1 + LINE1] * * *
Giry, Arthur
▪ French historian in full  Jean-marie-joseph-arthur Giry   born Feb. 28/29, 1848, Trévoux, Fr. died Nov. 13, 1899, Paris       French historian noted for his ...
GIS
▪ computer system in full  geographic information system        computer system for performing geographical analysis. GIS has four interactive components: an input ...
gisant
Fr. /zhee zahonn"/, n., pl. gisants Fr. /-zahonn"/. a sculptured representation of a dead person in a recumbent position, usually as part of a sepulchral monument. [ < F, n. use ...
gisarme
/gi zahrm"/, n. guisarme. * * *
Gisborne
/giz"beuhrn/, n. a seaport on E North Island, in N New Zealand. 31,790. * * * ▪ New Zealand       city (“district”) and port on Poverty Bay, east coast of North ...
Giscard d'Estaing
/zhees kannrdd des taonn"/; Eng. /zhee- skahr" de stang"/ Valéry /vann lay rddee"/, born 1926, French political leader: president 1974-81. * * *
Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry
Gis·card d'Es·taing (zhĭ-skärʹ dĕs-tăngʹ, -tăɴʹ), Valéry. Born 1926. French political leader who as president of France (1974-1981) struggled against rising ...
Giselle
/ji zel"/; Fr. /zhee zel"/, n. 1. (italics) a ballet (1841) choreographed by Jean Coralli and Jules Perrot, with musical score by Adolphe Adam. 2. Also, Gisele. a female given ...
Gish
/gish/, n. Dorothy, 1898-1968, and her sister Lillian, 1896-1993, U.S. film actresses. * * *
Gish, Dorothy
▪ American actress in full  Dorothy Elizabeth Gish  born March 11, 1898, Massillon, Ohio, U.S. died June 4, 1968, Rapallo, Italy  American actress who, like her sister ...
Gish, Lillian
▪ American actress in full  Lillian Diana Gish  born Oct. 14, 1893, Springfield, Ohio, U.S. [see Researcher's Note] died Feb. 27, 1993, New York, N.Y.  American actress ...
Gish, Lillian (Diana)
born Oct. 14, 1893, Springfield, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 27, 1993, New York, N.Y. U.S. film and theater actress. She acted on Broadway and with touring companies from age five, ...
Gish, Lillian Diana
▪ 1994       U.S. actress (b. Oct. 14, 1893, Springfield, Ohio—d. Feb. 27, 1993, New York, N.Y.), was a fragile beauty whose film heroines projected a waiflike ...
Gish,Lillian Diana
Gish (gĭsh), Lillian Diana. 1893-1993. American actress best known for her roles in silent films, such as The Birth of a Nation (1915). Her sister Dorothy (1898-1968) was also ...
Gísla saga
▪ Icelandic literature       an Icelandic saga set in northwestern Iceland and written probably before the middle of the 13th century, which tells of an outlaw poet, ...
Gislebertus
flourished с 1120–1140, France French sculptor. His most notable works are the tympanum sculpture of the western doorway of the Romanesque cathedral at Autun, depicting the ...
gismo
/giz"moh/, n., pl. gismos. Informal. a gadget or device: What is this gismo supposed to do? Also, gizmo. [1940-45; orig. uncert.] * * *
gismondine
▪ mineral also called  Gismondite,         rare mineral in the zeolite family. Many specimens have been found in Ireland and Iceland in basaltic lavas, along with ...
Gisors
▪ France       market town, Eure département, Haute-Normandie région, northwestern France. It lies in the valley of the Epte River, northwest of Paris and southwest ...
Gissing
/gis"ing/, n. George (Robert), 1857-1903, English novelist. * * *
Gissing, George
▪ English novelist in full  George Robert Gissing  born Nov. 22, 1857, Wakefield, Yorkshire, Eng. died Dec. 28, 1903, Saint-Jean-de-Luz, France  English novelist, noted for ...
Gissing, George (Robert)
born Nov. 22, 1857, Wakefield, Yorkshire, Eng. died Dec. 28, 1903, Saint-Jean-de-Luz, France British novelist. He had a brilliant academic career but an unhappy personal life; ...
Gissing,George Robert
Gis·sing (gĭsʹĭng), George Robert. 1857-1903. British writer best known for his novels about poverty and hardship, such as New Grub Street (1891). * * *
gist
/jist/, n. 1. the main or essential part of a matter: What was the gist of his speech? 2. the ground of a legal action. [1720-30; < AF (cest action) gist (this matter) lies, 3rd ...
Gist, Christopher
▪ American colonial explorer born c. 1706, , Maryland [now in U.S.] died 1759, South Carolina or Georgia       American colonial explorer and military scout who wrote ...
Gisulph II
▪ prince of Salerno Italian  Gisulfo   born c. 1040 died after 1089       prince of Salerno, the last important Lombard ruler to oppose the Norman conquest of ...
git
/git/, n. Brit. Slang. a foolish or contemptible person. [1945-50; var. of GET] * * *
git-go
/git"goh'/, n. Dial. 1. start; beginning: to work hard from the git-go. 2. pep; energy; get-up-and-go. * * *
git-up-and-git
/git"up'euhn git"/, n. Informal. get-up-and-go. * * *
Gita
/gee"tah/, n. Hinduism. See Bhagavad-Gita. * * *
Gītagovinda
▪ poem by Jayadeva       (Sanskrit: “The Poem in which the Cowherd Is Sung”), lyrical poem celebrating the romance of the divine cowherd Krishna and his beloved, ...
gitalin
/jit"euh lin, ji tay"-, ji tal"in/, n. Pharm. a mixture of glycosides from Digitalis purpurea, used chiefly in the management of congestive heart failure. [(DI)GITAL(IS) + ...
gite
gite (zhēt) n. A simple, usually inexpensive rural vacation retreat especially in France.   [French gîte, lodging, lair, from Old French giste, from feminine past participle ...
Gitega
▪ Burundi       town, central Burundi. The town lies about 40 miles (65 km) east of the national capital of Bujumbura. Constituting the second largest town in the ...
gitim
Seph. /gee teem"/; Ashk. /git"im/, n. Hebrew. a pl. of get. * * *
gittern
/git"euhrn/, n. cittern. * * * ▪ musical instrument       either of two medieval stringed musical instruments, the guitarra latina and the guitarra morisca. The latter ...
gittin
Seph. /gee teen"/; Ashk. /git"in/, n. Hebrew. a pl. of get. * * *

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