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Слова на букву gano-hipp (15990)

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Glubb, Sir John Bagot
▪ British army officer byname  Glubb Pasha   born April 16, 1897, Preston, Lancashire, Eng. died March 17, 1986, Mayfield, East Sussex       British army officer who ...
gluc-
var. of gluco- before a vowel: glucide. * * *
glucagon
/glooh"keuh gon'/, n. Biochem. a hormone secreted by the pancreas that acts in opposition to insulin in the regulation of blood glucose levels. [1923; prob. GLUC- + Gk ágon prp. ...
glucaric acid
/glooh kar"ik/. See saccharic acid. [GLUC- + -aric, as in saccharic] * * *
glucide
—glucidic /glooh sid"ik/, adj. /glooh"suyd/, n. any of various organic compounds that consist of or contain a carbohydrate. [GLUC- + -IDE] * * *
glucinum
—glucinic /glooh sin"ik/, adj. /glooh suy"neuhm/, n. Chem. (formerly) beryllium. Symbol: Gl Also, glucinium /glooh sin"ee euhm/. [1805-15; < NL < Gk glyk(ýs) sweet (from the ...
Gluck
/glook/, n. 1. Alma (Reba Fiersohn, Mme. Efrem Zimbalist), 1884-1938, U.S. operatic soprano, born in Rumania. 2. Christoph Willibald von /krddis"tawf vil"i bahlt' feuhn/, ...
Gluck, Alma
▪ American singer original name  Reba Fiersohn  born May 11, 1884, Iaşi, Rom. died Oct. 27, 1938, New York, N.Y., U.S.  Romanian-born American singer whose considerable ...
Gluck, Christoph Willibald
later Ritter (knight) von Gluck born July 2, 1714, Erasbach, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria died Nov. 15, 1787, Vienna, Austria German opera composer. Son of a forester, he ran ...
Glück, Louise
▪ American poet in full  Louise Elisabeth Glück  born April 22, 1943, New York, New York, U.S.       American poet whose willingness to confront the horrible, the ...
Gluck,Christoph Willibald
Gluck (glo͝ok), Christoph Willibald. 1714-1787. German operatic composer noted for his emphasis on dramatic impact and musical simplicity. His works include Orfeo ed Euridice ...
Gluckman, Max
▪ South African anthropologist in full  Herman Max Gluckman  born Jan. 26, 1911, Johannesburg, S.Af. died April 13, 1975, Jerusalem       South African social ...
Glückstadt
▪ Germany       city, Schleswig-Holstein Land (state), northern Germany. It lies on the Elbe River Estuary, northwest of Hamburg. It was founded in 1616 by Christian ...
gluco-
var. of glyco-: glucoprotein. Also, esp. before a vowel, gluc-. * * *
glucochlorose
/glooh'koh klawr"ohs, -klohr"-/, n. chloralose. [GLUCO- + CHLOR(AL) + -OSE2] * * *
glucocorticoid
/glooh'koh kawr"ti koyd'/, n. Biochem. any of a class of steroid hormones that are synthesized by the adrenal cortex of vertebrates and have anti-inflammatory activity. [1945-50; ...
glucogenesis
—glucogenic, adj. /glooh'koh jen"euh sis/, n. Biochem. the production of glucose by the decomposition of glycogen or from any nonglucose precursor. [ < NL; see GLUCO-, ...
glucokinase
/glooh'koh kuy"nays, -nayz/, n. Biochem. an enzyme, found in all living systems, that serves to catalyze the phosphorylation of gluconic acid. [GLUC(ONIC ACID) + -O- + KINASE] * ...
gluconate
gluconate [glo͞o′kə nāt΄] n. 1. a salt of gluconic acid, containing the monovalent negative radical HOCH2 (CHOH) 5COO 2. an uncharged ester of this acid * * *
gluconeogenesis
—gluconeogenic /glooh'koh nee'euh jen"ik/, gluconeogenetic /glooh'koh nee'oh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /glooh'koh nee'euh jen"euh sis/, n. Biochem. glucose formation in animals from a ...
gluconeogenetic
See gluconeogenesis. * * *
gluconic acid
/glooh kon"ik/ a colorless, water-soluble acid, C6H12O7, obtained by the oxidation of glucose, used commercially in a 50-percent solution for cleaning metals. Also, glyconic ...
glucoprotein
/glooh'koh proh"teen, -tee in/, n. Biochem. glycoprotein. * * *
glucosamine
/glooh koh"seuh meen', -min/, n. Biochem. an aminosugar occurring in many polysaccharides of vertebrate tissue and also as the major component of chitin. [1880-85; GLUCOSE + ...
glucosan
/glooh"keuh san'/, n. Biochem. any of a number of polysaccharides that yield glucose upon hydrolysis. [1920-25; GLUCOSE + -an, for -ANE] * * *
glucose
—glucosic, adj. /glooh"kohs/, n. Biochem. 1. a sugar, C6H12O6, having several optically different forms, the common dextrorotatory form (dextroglucose, or d-glucose) occurring ...
glucose tolerance test
Med. a diagnostic procedure in which a measured amount of glucose is ingested and blood samples are taken periodically as a means of detecting diabetes mellitus. [1920-25] * * ...
glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
▪ pathology       hereditary metabolic defect characterized by an increased tendency of the red blood cells to break and release their hemoglobin (hemolysis), especially ...
glucoside
—glucosidal, glucosidic /glooh'keuh sid"ik/, adj. /glooh"keuh suyd'/, n. any of an extensive group of compounds that yield glucose and some other substance or substances when ...
glucosidic
See glucoside. * * *
glucosidically
See glucosidic. * * *
glucosin
/glooh"koh sin/, n. Biochem. any of a class of compounds, some of which are highly toxic, derived from reactions of glucose with ammonia. [GLUCOSE + -IN2] * * *
glucosuria
—glucosuric, adj. /glooh'kohs yoo ree"euh/, n. Pathol. glycosuria. * * *
glucuronic acid
/glooh"kyeuh ron"ik, glooh'-/ Biochem. an acid, C6H10O7, formed by the oxidation of glucose, found combined with other products of metabolism in the blood and urine. Also, ...
glucuronide
/glooh kyoor"euh nuyd'/, n. Biochem. a glycoside that yields glucuronic acid upon hydrolysis. Also, glycuronide. [1930-35; GLUCURON(IC ACID) + -IDE] * * *
glue
—gluelike, adj. —gluer, n. /glooh/, n., v., glued, gluing. n. 1. a hard, impure, protein gelatin, obtained by boiling skins, hoofs, and other animal substances in water, that ...
glue cell
colloblast. * * *
glue sniffing
—glue sniffer. the inhaling of the fumes of certain kinds of glue for the hallucinogenic or euphoric effect. [1960-65, Amer.] * * *
glue-sniffing
☆ glue-sniffing [glo͞o′snif΄iŋ ] n. the practice of inhaling the fumes of glue containing toluene or other solvents for the intoxicating and euphoric effects: it may cause ...
glueball
/glooh"bawl'/, n. Physics. a hypothetical object consisting of two or more gluons. Also, gluonium. [GLUE + BALL1] * * *
Glueck, Sheldon; and Glueck, Eleanor
orig. Eleanor Touroff born Aug. 15, 1896, Warsaw died March 10, 1980, Cambridge, Mass., U.S. born April 12, 1898, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 25, 1972, Cambridge, ...
gluepot
/glooh"pot'/, n. a double boiler in which glue is melted. [1475-85; GLUE + POT1] * * *
gluey
—glueyness, n. /glooh"ee/, adj., gluier, gluiest. 1. like glue; viscid; sticky. 2. full of or smeared with glue. [1350-1400; ME; see GLUE, -Y1] * * *
glug
/glug/, v., glugged, glugging, n. v.i. 1. to make the sound of liquid pouring from a bottle. n. 2. such a sound. [1890-95; imit.] * * *
gluiness
See gluey. * * *
glum
—glumly, adv. —glumness, n. /glum/, adj., glummer, glummest. sullenly or silently gloomy; dejected. [1425-75; late ME; var. of GLOOM] Syn. moody, sulky; despondent, ...
glumaceous
/glooh may"sheuhs/, adj. Bot. 1. glumelike; chaffy. 2. consisting of or having glumes. [1820-30; GLUME + -ACEOUS] * * *
glume
—glumelike, adj. /gloohm/, n. Bot. one of the characteristic chafflike bracts of the inflorescence of grasses, sedges, etc., esp. one of the pair of bracts at the base of a ...
glumly
See glum. * * *
glumness
See glumly. * * *
gluon
/glooh"on/, n. Physics. an unobserved massless particle with spin 1 that is believed to transmit the strong force between quarks, binding them together into baryons and ...
gluonium
/glooh oh"nee euhm/, n., pl. gluoniums, gluonia /-nee euh/. Physics. glueball. [cf. GLUON, CHARMONIUM] * * *
Glushko, Valentin Petrovich
▪ Soviet scientist born Aug. 20 [Sept. 2, New Style], 1908, Odessa, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Jan. 10, 1989, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Soviet rocket scientist, ...
gluside
/glooh"suyd/, n. Chem. saccharin. [perh. alter. (by syncope) of GLUCOSIDE] * * *
glut
—gluttingly, adv. /glut/, v., glutted, glutting, n. v.t. 1. to feed or fill to satiety; sate: to glut the appetite. 2. to feed or fill to excess; cloy. 3. to flood (the market) ...
glutamate
/glooh"teuh mayt'/, n. a salt or ester of glutamic acid. [1875-80; GLUTAM(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
glutamic acid
/glooh tam"ik/, Biochem. an amino acid, HOOCCH2CH2CH(NH2)COOH, obtained by hydrolysis from wheat gluten and sugar-beet residues, used commercially chiefly in the form of its ...
glutamicacid
glu·tam·ic acid (glo͞o-tămʹĭk) n. A nonessential amino acid, C5H9NO4, occurring widely in plant and animal tissue and proteins, and having monosodium glutamate as a ...
glutamine
/glooh"teuh meen', -min/, n. Biochem. a crystalline amino acid, HOOCCH(NH2)CH2CH2CONH2, related to glutamic acid. Abbr.: Gln; Symbol: Q [1880-85; GLUT(EN) + -AMINE] * * * One of ...
glutaraldehyde
/glooh'teuh ral"deuh huyd'/, n. Biochem. a nonflammable liquid, C5H8O2, soluble in water and alcohol, toxic and an irritant, used for tanning leather and as a fixative for ...
glutathione
/glooh'teuh thuy"ohn/, n. Biochem. a crystalline, water-soluble peptide of glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine, C10H17N3O6S, found in blood and in animal and plant tissues, and ...
glutch
/gluch/, Newfoundland. v.t. 1. to swallow. n. 2. a mouthful. [cf. Brit. dial. glutch, with same sense; of uncert. orig.] * * *
glute
glute (glo͞ot) n. Slang A gluteus muscle. Often used in the plural. * * *
gluteal
/glooh"tee euhl, glooh tee"euhl/, adj. Anat. pertaining to the buttock muscles or the buttocks. [1795-1805; GLUTE(US) + -AL1] * * *
glutei
glutei [glo͞ot′ē ī΄; ] also [ glo͞o tē′ī΄] n. pl. of GLUTEUS * * *
glutelin
/glooht"l in/, n. Biochem. any of a group of simple proteins of vegetable origin, esp. one from wheat. [1905-10; perh. alter. of glutenin. See GLUTEN, -IN2] * * *
gluten
/glooht"n/, n. 1. the tough, viscid, nitrogenous substance remaining when the flour of wheat or other grain is washed to remove the starch. 2. Archaic. glue or a gluey ...
gluten bread
bread made from gluten flour. [1840-50] * * *
gluten flour.
See bread flour. * * *
glutenin
/glooht"n in/, n. a simple protein of cereal grains that imparts adhesive properties to flour. [1890-1900; GLUTEN + -IN1] * * *
glutenous
/glooht"n euhs/, adj. 1. like gluten. 2. containing gluten, esp. in large amounts. [GLUTEN + -OUS] * * *
glutes
/glooh"teez/, n.pl. Informal. the muscles of the buttocks. [glute shortening of GLUTEUS + -S3] * * *
glutethimide
/glooh teth"euh muyd'/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, C13H15NO2, used as a hypnotic and sedative. [1950-55; GLUTE(N) + THI- + (A)MIDE] * * *
gluteus
/glooh"tee euhs, glooh tee"-/, n., pl. glutei /-tee uy', -tee"uy/. Anat. any of several muscles of the buttocks, esp. the gluteus maximus. [1675-85; < NL < Gk glout(ós) the rump ...
gluteus maximus
/mak"seuh meuhs/, pl. glutei maximi /mak"seuh muy'/. 1. the broad, thick, outermost muscle of the buttocks, involved in the rotation and extension of the thigh. 2. Facetious. the ...
gluteus medius
/mee"dee euhs/, pl. glutei medii /mee"dee uy'/. the muscle of the buttocks lying between the gluteus maximus and the gluteus minimus, involved in the abduction of the thigh. [ < ...
gluteus minimus
/min"euh meuhs/, pl. glutei minimi /min"euh muy'/. the innermost muscle of the buttocks, involved in the abduction and rotation of the thigh. [ < NL: smallest gluteus] * * *
gluteus muscle
▪ anatomy       any of the large, fleshy muscles of the buttocks, stretching from the back portion of the pelvic girdle (hipbone) down to the greater trochanter, the ...
gluteusmaximus
gluteus max·i·mus (măkʹsə-məs) n. pl. glutei max·i·mi (măkʹsə-mī') The largest and outermost gluteus.   [New Latin glūteus maximus: glūteus, gluteus + maximus, ...
glutinant
/glooht"n euhnt/, n. a nematocyst that discharges a thread covered with a sticky secretion. [1675-85; < L glutinant- (s. of glutinans), prp. of glutinare to glue. See GLUTEN, ...
glutinosity
See glutinously. * * *
glutinous
—glutinously, adv. —glutinousness, glutinosity /glooht'n os"i tee/, n. /glooht"n euhs/, adj. of the nature of glue; gluey; viscid; sticky. [1375-1425; late ME; < L glutinosus ...
glutinously
See glutinous. * * *
glutinousness
See glutinously. * * *
glutose
/glooh"tohs/, n. an ingredient of a syrupy mixture obtained by the action of alkali on levulose or found in the unfermentable reducing portion of cane molasses. [GLU(COSE) + ...
glutton
glutton1 /glut"n/, n. 1. a person who eats and drinks excessively or voraciously. 2. a person with a remarkably great desire or capacity for something: a glutton for work; a ...
gluttonize
/glut"n uyz'/, v., gluttonized, gluttonizing. Archaic. v.i. 1. to eat like a glutton. v.t. 2. to feast gluttonously on. Also, esp. Brit., gluttonise. [1650-60; GLUTTON1 + -IZE] * ...
gluttonous
—gluttonously, adv. —gluttonousness, n. /glut"n euhs/, adj. 1. tending to eat and drink excessively; voracious. 2. greedy; insatiable. [1300-50; ME; see GLUTTON1, -OUS] * * *
gluttonously
See gluttonous. * * *
gluttony
/glut"n ee/, n. excessive eating and drinking. [1175-1225; ME glotonie, glutonie < OF glotonie; see GLUTTON1, -Y3] Syn. gormandizing, intemperance, voracity. * * *
Gly
Biochem. glycine. * * *
glyburide
/gluy byoor"uyd/, n. Pharm. a hypoglycemic substance, C23H28ClN3O5S, used orally in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. [GLY(CO)- + -buride, of uncert. derivation] * * *
glyc-
var. of glyco- before a vowel: glycemia. * * *
glyc.
(in prescriptions) glycerite. [ < NL glyceritum] * * *
Glycas, Michael
▪ Byzantine historian and theologian Glycas also spelled  Glykas  flourished 12th century       Byzantine historian, theologian, and poet, author of a world chronicle ...
glycemia
—glycemic, glycaemic, adj. /gluy see"mee euh/, n. Med. the presence of glucose in the blood. Also, glycaemia. [1900-05; GLYC- + -EMIA] * * *
glyceraldehyde
/glis'euh ral"deuh huyd'/, n. Biochem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C3H6O3, that is an intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism and yields glycerol on reduction. ...
glyceric
/gli ser"ik, glis"euhr ik/, adj. of or derived from glycerol. [1860-65; GLYCER(OL) + -IC] * * *
glyceric acid
a colorless, syrupy liquid, C3H6O4, obtained by oxidizing glycerol. [1860-65] * * *
glycericacid
gly·cer·ic acid (glĭ-sĕrʹĭk) n. A colorless syrupy acid, C3H6O4, obtained from oxidation of glycerol.   [glycerin + -ic.] * * *
glyceride
/glis"euh ruyd', -euhr id/, n. Chem., Biochem. any of a group of esters obtained from glycerol by the replacement of one, two, or three hydroxyl groups with a fatty acid: the ...
glycerin
/glis"euhr in/, n. Chem. glycerol. Also, glycerine /glis"euhr in, -euh reen', glis'euh reen"/. [1830-40; < F glycérine, equiv. to Gk glyker(ós) sweet + -ine -IN2] * * *
glycerinate
glycerinate1 /glis"euhr euh nayt'/, v.t., glycerinated, glycerinating. to impregnate with glycerin. [1895-1900; GLYCERIN + -ATE1] glycerinate2 /glis"euhr euh nayt'/, n. any salt ...
glycerite
/glis"euh ruyt'/, n. Pharm. a preparation of a medicinal substance dissolved in or mixed with glycerin. [1870-75; GLYCER(IN) + -ITE1] * * *
Glycerius
▪ Roman emperor flourished 5th century       Western Roman emperor from 473 to 474.       Glycerius was made emperor on March 5, 473, by Gundobad, the nephew and ...
glycerol
/glis"euh rawl', -rol'/, n. a colorless, odorless, syrupy, sweet liquid, C3H8O3, usually obtained by the saponification of natural fats and oils: used for sweetening and ...
glycerolysis
/glis'euh rol"euh sis/, n., pl. glycerolyses /-seez'/. chemical decomposition resulting from the interaction of a compound and glycerol. [GLYCERO(L) + -LYSIS] * * *
glyceryl
/glis"euhr il/, adj. containing the glyceryl group. [1835-45; GLYCER(IN) + -YL] * * *
glyceryl group
the trivalent group (C3H5)-3, derived from glycerol. Also called glyceryl radical. * * *
glyceryl monoacetate
/mon'oh as"i tayt'/ acetin. [MONO- + ACETATE] * * *
glyceryl trinitrate
/truy nuy"trayt/ nitroglycerin. [1890-95; TRI- + NITRATE] * * *
glyceryl trioleate
/truy oh"lee ayt'/ olein. [1880-85; TRI- + OLEATE] * * *
glyceryl tripalmitate
/truy pal"mi tayt', -pahl"-, -pah"mi-/ palmitin. [TRI- + PALMITATE] * * *
glycin
gly·cin (glīʹsĭn) also gly·cine (-sēn', -sĭn) n. A poisonous crystalline compound, C8H9NO3, used as a photographic developer.   [Probably from glycine.] * * *
glycine
/gluy"seen, gluy seen"/, n. Biochem. a colorless, crystalline, sweet, water-soluble solid, H2NCH2COOH, the simplest amino acid: used chiefly in organic synthesis and biochemical ...
glyco-
a combining form with the meanings "sugar," "glucose and its derivatives," used in the formation of compound words: glycolipid. Also, gluco-. Also, esp. before a vowel, ...
glycogen
/gluy"keuh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. Biochem. a white, tasteless polysaccharide, (C6H10O5)n, molecularly similar to starch, constituting the principal carbohydrate storage material in ...
glycogen storage disease
Pathol. any of several inherited disorders of glycogen metabolism that result in excess accumulation of glycogen in various organs of the body. Also called glycogenosis /gluy'koh ...
Glycogen storage disorders
▪ Table Glycogen storage disorders (GSDs) type enzyme defect clinical features type I (von Gierke disease) glucose-6-phosphatase hypoglycemia, enlarged liver and kidneys, ...
glycogenesis
/gluy'keuh jen"euh sis/, n. Biochem. the formation of glycogen from monosaccharides in the body, esp. glucose. Also, glycogeny /gluy koj"euh nee/. [1870-75; GLYCO- + -GENESIS] * ...
glycogenetic
/gluy'koh jeuh net"ik/, adj. Biochem. of or pertaining to the formation of sugar in the liver. Also, glycogenous /gluy koj"euh neuhs/. [1870-75; GLYCO- + -GENETIC] * * *
glycogenic
/gluy'keuh jen"ik/, adj. Biochem. 1. of or pertaining to glycogen. 2. glycogenetic. [1855-60; GLYCOGEN + -IC] * * *
glycogenic acid.
See gluconic acid. [1885-90] * * *
glycogenolysis
gly·co·gen·ol·y·sis (glī'kə-jə-nŏlʹĭ-sĭs) n. pl. gly·co·gen·ol·y·ses (-sēz') The biochemical breakdown of glycogen to glucose.   gly'co·gen'o·lytʹic ...
glycogenolytic
See glycogenolysis. * * *
glycol
/gluy"kawl, -kol/, n. 1. Also called ethylene glycol, ethylene alcohol. a colorless, sweet liquid, C2H6O2, used chiefly as an automobile antifreeze and as a solvent. 2. Also ...
glycolate
/gluy"keuh layt'/, n. a salt or ester of glycolic acid. [1860-65; GLYCOL(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
glycolic
/gluy kol"ik/, adj. pertaining to or derived from glycol. Also, glycollic. [1850-55; GLYCOL + -IC] * * *
glycolic acid
a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble powder, C2H4O3, that is a major substrate for photorespiration in plants: used chiefly for textile printing and dyeing and in ...
glycolicacid
gly·col·ic acid (glī-kŏlʹĭk) n. A colorless crystalline compound, C2H4O3, found in sugar beets, cane sugar, and unripe grapes that is used in leather dyeing and tanning ...
glycolipid
/gluy'keuh lip"id/, n. Biochem. any of a class of lipids, comprising the cerebrosides and gangliosides, that upon hydrolysis yield galactose or a similar sugar, a fatty acid, and ...
glycolysis
/gluy kol"euh sis/, n. Biochem. the catabolism of carbohydrates, as glucose and glycogen, by enzymes, with the release of energy and the production of lactic or pyruvic ...
glycolytic
—glycolytically, adv. /gluy'keuh lit"ik/, adj. Biochem. of, relating to, or causing glycolysis. [1895-1900; GLYCO- + -LYTIC] * * *
glyconeogenesis
—glyconeogenetic /gluy'koh nee'oh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /gluy'koh nee'euh jen"euh sis/, n. Biochem. gluconeogenesis. [GLYCO- + NEO- + -GENESIS] * * *
glyconic acid
/gluy kon"ik/. See gluconic acid. * * *
glycoprotein
/gluy'koh proh"teen, -tee in/, n. Biochem. any of a group of complex proteins, as mucin, containing a carbohydrate combined with a simple protein. Also, glucoprotein. Also called ...
glycosaminoglycan
/gluy'kohs euh mee'noh gluy"kan/, n. any of a class of polysaccharides derived from hexosamine that form mucins when complexed with proteins: formerly called ...
glycoside
—glycosidic /gluy'keuh sid"ik/, adj. /gluy"keuh suyd'/, n. Biochem. any of the class of compounds that yield a sugar and an aglycon upon hydrolysis. [1925-30; GLYCOSE + -IDE] * ...
glycosidic
See glycoside. * * *
glycosuria
—glycosuric, adj. /gluy'kohs yoo ree"euh/, n. Pathol. excretion of glucose in the urine, as in diabetes. Also, glucosuria. [1855-60; GLYCOSE + -URIA] * * *
glycosuric
See glycosuria. * * *
glycuronic acid
/gluy"kyeuh ron"ik, gluy'-/, Biochem. See glucuronic acid. * * *
glycuronide
/gluy kyoor"euh nuyd'/, n. Biochem. glucuronide. Also, glycuronid /gluy kyoor"euh nid/. * * *
glycyl
/gluy"seuhl/, Biochem. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a glycinic residue present in a polypeptide or protein. n. 2. the acyl radical C2H4NO of glycine. [1900-05; GLYC(INE) + -YL] * ...
Glyn
/glin/, n. 1. Elinor, 1864-1943, English writer. 2. Also, Glynis /glin"is/, Glynn, Glynne. a male or female given name. * * *
Glyn, Elinor
▪ English author née  Sutherland  born Oct. 17, 1864, Jersey, Channel Islands died Sept. 23, 1943, London       English novelist and short-story writer known for her ...
Glyndebourne
a large, grand house near Brighton in southern England which is well known for the opera festival that takes place there every summer. A theatre was built in the garden for the ...
Glyndebourne Touring Opera
➡ Glyndebourne * * *
glyoxaline
/gluy ok"seuh leen', -lin/, n. imidazole. [1855-60; GLY(COL) + OXAL(IC) + -INE2] * * *
glyoxylate
/gluy ok"seuh layt'/, n. Biochem. a salt or ester of glyoxylic acid. [1855-60; GLYOXYL(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
glyoxylic acid
/gluy"ok sil"ik, gluy'-/ a water-soluble crystalline compound, C2H2O3, that is an intermediate in photorespiration in plants. [1855-60; GLY(COL) + OX(ALIC) + -YL + -IC] * * *
glyph
—glyphic, adj. /glif/, n. 1. a pictograph or hieroglyph. 2. a sculptured figure or relief carving. 3. Archit. an ornamental channel or groove. [1720-30; < Gk glyph(é) carving, ...
glyphic
See glyph. * * *
glyphography
glyphography [glif äg′rə fē] n. 〚< Gr glyphē (see GLYPH) + -GRAPHY〛 a method of producing a printing plate by engraving on a wax-coated copperplate which is then used ...
glyphosate
gly·phos·ate (glī-fŏsʹāt) n. A white compound, C3H8NO5P, that is soluble in water, used as a broad-spectrum herbicide.   [glycine + phosphate.] * * *
glyptic
/glip"tik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to carving or engraving on gems or the like. n. 2. the act or process of producing glyptic ornaments. [1810-20; < Gk glyptikós of engraving, ...
glyptics
/glip"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) glyptography (def. 2). [1810-20; see GLYPTIC, -ICS] * * *
Glyptodon
▪ paleontology  genus of extinct giant mammals (mammal) related to modern armadillos (armadillo) found as fossils in deposits in North and South America dating from the ...
glyptodont
/glip"teuh dont'/, n. any edentate mammal of the extinct genus Glyptodon, of the Pleistocene Epoch, having the body covered by a horny and bony armor. [1830-40; < NL, s. of ...
glyptograph
/glip"teuh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. an engraved or carved design, as on a gem. 2. an object, as a gem, having such a design. [ < Gk glyptó(s) carved + -GRAPH] * * *
glyptographer
See glyptography. * * *
glyptographic
See glyptographer. * * *
glyptographical
See glyptographer. * * *
glyptography
—glyptographer, n. —glyptographic /glip'teuh graf"ik/, adj. /glip tog"reuh fee/, n. 1. the description or study of engraved gems or other stones. 2. Also called glyptics. the ...
Glyptothek
▪ museum, Munich, Germany       museum in Munich that houses a collection of Greek and Roman sculpture owned by the Bavarian state. The building, commissioned by King ...
GM
GM abbrev. 1. General Manager 2. general merchandise 3. Grand Master * * * GM abbr. 1. general manager. 2. grand master (chess). * * * ➡ General Motors. * * *
gm.
gram; grams. * * *
GMAT
1. Trademark. Graduate Management Admissions Test. 2. Greenwich Mean Astronomical Time. * * *
GMB
(in full the General, Municipal and Boilermakers Union) one of the largest British trade unions, formed in 1989 when two large trade unions combined. In 2004, as a protest ...
Gmc
Germanic. Also, Gmc. * * *
GMCSF
GMCSF abbr. granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. * * *
gmd
Central Semitic, to become hard, congeal, freeze, contract. Jumada, from Arabic jumādā, a month name, from jamada, to freeze. * * *
gmelina
gmel·i·na (gmĕlʹĭ-nə, gmāʹlĭ-) n. A deciduous tree (Gmelina arborea) native to southeast Asia, having large opposite leaves, brownish-yellow flowers grouped in cymose ...
gmelinite
      hydrated sodium aluminosilicate mineral in the zeolite family [(Na2,Ca)Al2Si4O12·6H2O]. Its crystal structure and chemical composition are similar to those of ...
gml
I. gml1 Common Semitic noun *gamal-, camel. camel; camelopard, from Latin, from Greek kamēlos, from a Semitic source akin to Hebrew gāmāl, Aramaic gamlā, and Arabic jamal, ...
GMP
Biochem. guanosine monophosphate: a ribonucleotide constituent of ribonucleic acid that is the phosphoric acid ester of the nucleoside guanosine. Also called guanylic acid. * * *
gmr
To complete, finish, bring to an end. Gemara, from Aramaic gəmārā, completion, from gəmar, to complete. * * *
ġmr
Central Semitic noun *ġumr-, sheaf. omer; Lag b'Omer>>, from Hebrew ʿōmer, sheaf, period from the second day of Passover to the first day of Shavuot (from the offering of a ...
GMT
Greenwich Mean Time. Also, G.M.T. * * *
GMTV
a British breakfast television show on ITV. It is a mixture of news and interviews with people such as actors and sports stars. It started in 1993 and it is broadcast every day ...
Gmunden
▪ Austria       town, north-central Austria, where the Traun River flows out of Lake Traun (Traunsee), a mountain lake. The site of Celtic and Roman settlements, ...
GMW
See gram-molecular weight. * * *
Gn
Gn Bible abbrev. Genesis * * * Gn abbr. Bible Genesis. * * *
Gnadenhütten Massacre
(March 8, 1782) Murder of 96 Indians, mostly Delawares, by American troops at an Ohio village during the American Revolution. The Indians, converted peaceful Christians, were ...
Gnaeus
(as used in expressions) Agricola Gnaeus Julius Coriolanus Gnaeus Marcius Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus * * *
Gnam-ri-srong-brtsan
born с 570 died с 619 Descendant of a line of rulers of Yarlong, united tribes in central and southern Tibet that became known to China's Sui dynasty (581–618). After his ...
gnamma hole
/nam"euh/, Australian. a hollow in bare rock, narrow at the opening and wider at the bottom, in which water collects. Also called namma hole. [1900-05; < Nyungar namma] * * *
gnar
/nahr/, v.i., gnarred, gnarring. to snarl; growl. Also, gnarr. [1490-1500; imit; cf. OE gnyrran, G knarren, knirren, MD gnerren, gnorren] * * *
gnarl
gnarl1 /nahrl/, n. 1. a knotty protuberance on a tree; knot. v.t. 2. to twist into a knotted or distorted form. [1805-15; back formation from GNARLED] Syn. 2. contort, ...
gnarled
/nahrld/, adj. 1. (of trees) full of or covered with gnarls; bent; twisted. 2. having a rugged, weather-beaten appearance: a gnarled old sea captain. 3. crabby; ...
gnarly
—gnarliness, n. /nahr"lee/, adj., gnarlier, gnarliest. 1. gnarled. 2. Slang. distasteful; distressing; offensive; gross: a comic noted for his gnarly humor. [1820-30; GNARL1 + ...
gnarr
gnarr (när) v. Variant of gnar. * * *
gnash
—gnashingly, adv. /nash/, v.t. 1. to grind or strike (the teeth) together, esp. in rage or pain. 2. to bite with grinding teeth. v.i. 3. to gnash the teeth. n. 4. an act of ...
Gnassingbe, Faure
▪ 2006  When the longtime president of Togo, Gen. Gnassingbé Eyadéma, died in February 2005, the military named his son Faure Gnassingbé his successor. International ...
gnat
—gnatlike, adj. /nat/, n. 1. any of certain small flies, esp. the biting gnats or punkies of the family Ceratopogonidae, the midges of the family Chironomidae, and the black ...
gnatcatcher
/nat"kach'euhr/, n. any tiny insect-eating, New World warbler of the genus Polioptila, having a long, mobile tail and a slender bill. [1835-45; GNAT + CATCHER] * * * Any of ...
gnateater
/nat"ee'teuhr/, n. any small, long-legged antbird of the genus Conopophaga, of South America. Also called antpipit. [GNAT + EATER] * * *       any of certain bird species ...
gnathal
gna·thal (nāʹthəl, năthʹəl) adj. Gnathic.   [Greek gnathos, jaw; See genu-2 in Indo-European Roots + -al1.] * * *
gnathic
/nath"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to the jaw. Also, gnathal. [1880-85; < Gk gnáth(os) jaw + -IC] * * *
gnathic index
Craniom. the ratio of the distance from basion to prosthion to the distance from basion to nasion, expressed in percent of the latter. * * *
gnathion
/nay"thee on', nath"ee-/, n. Craniom. the lowest point on the anterior margin of the lower jaw in the midsaggital plane. [1885-90] * * *
gnathite
/nay"thuyt, nath"uyt/, n. Anat. any of the mouth appendages of an insect or other arthropod. [1865-70; < Gk gnáth(os) jaw + -ITE1] * * *
gnathonic
—gnathonically, adv. /na thon"ik/, adj. sycophantic; fawning. [1630-40; < L gnathonicus, deriv. of Gnathon- (s. of Gnatho) name of a sycophantic character in the Roman comedy ...
gnatty
/nat"ee/, adj., gnattier, gnattiest. infested with gnats. [1905-10; GNAT + -Y1] * * *
gnaw
—gnawable, adj. —gnawer, n. /naw/, v., gnawed, gnawed or gnawn, gnawing. v.t. 1. to bite or chew on, esp. persistently. 2. to wear away or remove by persistent biting or ...
gnawer
See gnaw. * * *
gnawing
—gnawingly, adv. /naw"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that gnaws. 2. Usually, gnawings. persistent, dull pains; pangs: the gnawings of hunger. [1300-50; ME; see GNAW, ...
gnawn
/nawn/, v. a pp. of gnaw. * * *
gnb
Northwest Semitic, to steal. ganef, from Yiddish, from Hebrew gannāb, thief, from gānab, to steal. * * *
gnd.
gnd. abbr. ground1 (electricity). * * *
Gneisenau, August (Wilhelm Anton), Count Neidhardt von
born Oct. 27, 1760, Schildau, near Torgau, Saxony died Aug. 23, 1831, Posen, Prussia Prussian field marshal and military reformer. Along with Gerhard J.D. von Scharnhorst, he ...
Gneisenau, August, Count Neidhardt von
▪ Prussian field marshal in full  August Wilhelm Anton, Graf Neidhardt Von Gneisenau   born Oct. 27, 1760, Schildau, near Torgau, Saxony [Germany] died Aug. 23, 1831, Posen, ...
gneiss
—gneissic, adj. /nuys/, n. a metamorphic rock, generally made up of bands that differ in color and composition, some bands being rich in feldspar and quartz, others rich in ...
gneissic
See gneiss. * * *
gneissoid
/nuy"soyd/, adj. resembling gneiss. [1840-50; GNEISS + -OID] * * *
gneissose
See gneissic. * * *
Gneist, Rudolf von
▪ German jurist born August 13, 1816, Berlin, Prussia [now in Germany] died July 22, 1895, Berlin  liberal German jurist, legal reformer, legislator, and political ...
Gnetaceae
▪ gnetophyte family       a family of tropical gymnosperms in the order Gnetales (division Gnetophyta), composed of one genus, Gnetum, with 30 or more species. Trees ...
gnetophyte
▪ plant Introduction       any member of the division Gnetophyta, a small group of gymnospermous vascular plants that are represented by three living genera: Ephedra, ...
Gniezno
/gnyez"naw/, n. a city in W central Poland, ENE of Posen: important in the early history of the country; 10th-century cathedral. 50,600. German, Gnesen /gnay"zeuhn/. * * * ▪ ...
GNMA
See Government National Mortgage Association. * * *
gnn
West Semitic, to cover, surround. 1. Magen David, from Hebrew māgēn dāwīd, shield of David, from māgēn (< *maginn), shield, from gānan, to cover, defend. 2. jinni, from ...
gnō-
To know. Oldest form *g̑neə₃-, colored to *g̑noə₃-, contracted to *g̑nō- (becoming *gnō- in centum languages). Derivatives include know, cunning, uncouth, ignore, ...
gnocchi
/nok"ee, noh"kee/; It. /nyawk"kee/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) Italian Cookery. a dish of little dumplings made from potatoes, semolina, flour, or a combination of these ...
gnome
gnome1 —gnomish, adj. /nohm/, n. 1. (in folklore) one of a species of diminutive beings, usually described as shriveled little old men, that inhabit the interior of the earth ...
gnomic
gnomic1 /noh"mik, nom"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a gnome. [1805-15; GNOME1 + -IC] gnomic2 —gnomically, adv. /noh"mik, nom"ik/, adj. 1. like or containing gnomes ...
gnomic poetry
      aphoristic verse containing short, memorable statements of traditional wisdom and morality. The Greek word gnomē means “moral aphorism” or “proverb.” Its ...
gnomish
See gnome1. * * *
gnomist
/noh"mist/, n. a writer of aphorisms. [1870-75; GNOME2 + -IST] * * *
gnomology
—gnomologic /noh'meuh loj"ik/, gnomological, adj. —gnomologist, n. /noh mol"euh jee/, n. 1. a collection or anthology of gnomes or aphorisms. 2. gnomic or aphoristic ...
gnomon
/noh"mon/, n. 1. the raised part of a sundial that casts the shadow; a style. See illus. under sundial. 2. an early astronomical instrument consisting of a vertical shaft, ...
gnomonic
/noh mon"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a gnomon or to a sundial. 2. of or pertaining to the measurement of time by a gnomon or a sundial. 3. gnomic2. Also, ...
gnomonical
See gnomonic. * * *
gnosis
/noh"sis/, n. knowledge of spiritual matters; mystical knowledge. [1695-1705; < NL < Gk gnósis a seeking to know, equiv. to gno-, base of gignóskein KNOW + -sis -SIS] * * *
Gnossus
—Gnossian, adj. /nos"euhs/, n. Knossos. * * *
gnostic
—gnostically, adv. /nos"tik/, adj. Also, gnostical. 1. pertaining to knowledge. 2. possessing knowledge, esp. esoteric knowledge of spiritual matters. 3. (cap.) pertaining to ...
Gnosticism
/nos"teuh siz'euhm/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. a group of ancient heresies, stressing escape from this world through the acquisition of esoteric knowledge. [GNOSTIC + -ISM] * * ...
Gnosticize
—Gnosticizer, n. /nos"teuh suyz'/, v., Gnosticized, Gnosticizing. v.i. 1. to adopt or maintain Gnostic views. v.t. 2. to explain on Gnostic principles; give a Gnostic ...
gnotobiosis
/noh'toh buy oh"sis/, n. an environmental condition in which germfree animals have been inoculated with strains of known microorganisms. [1945-50; < Gk gnot(ós) known + -O- + ...
gnotobiote
/noh'toh buy"oht/, n. a gnotobiotic animal. [ < Gk gnot(ós) known + -o- + -biote, back formation from BIOTIC] * * *
gnotobiotic
/noh'toh buy ot"ik/, adj. (of germfree animals) inoculated with microorganisms of a given type. [1945-50; GNOTOBIOTE + -IC] * * *
gnotobiotics
gnotobiotics [nō΄tō bī ät′iks] n. the study of organisms raised in germ-free conditions: often a specific microorganism is also introduced gnotobiotic [nō΄tō bī ...
GNP
See gross national product. Also, G.N.P. * * *
GnRH
See gonadotropin releasing hormone. * * *
GNT
➡ Good News Bible. * * *
gnu
/nooh, nyooh/, n., pl. gnus, (esp. collectively) gnu. either of two stocky, oxlike antelopes of the genus Connochaetes, the silver-gray, white-bearded C. taurinus of the eastern ...
GNVQ
(in full General National Vocational Qualification) n a type of qualification introduced in 1992 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is designed to prepare students in ...
go
go1 /goh/, v., went, gone, going, n., pl. goes, interj., adj. v.i. 1. to move or proceed, esp. to or from something: They're going by bus. 2. to leave a place; depart: People ...
go clubbing
➡ nightlife * * *
go fish
a card game for two or more persons similar to the game of authors. * * *
go on holiday
➡ holidays and vacations * * *
go or no-go
/noh"goh'/ go/no-go. * * *
go running
➡ sport and fitness * * *
go-ahead
/goh"euh hed'/, n. 1. permission or a signal to proceed: They got the go-ahead on the construction work. 2. Chiefly Hawaii and California. a sandal held on the foot by a strap ...
go-around
/goh"euh rownd'/, n. 1. an act or instance of going around something, as a circle, course, or traffic pattern, and returning to the starting point. 2. a series or pattern of ...
go-between
/goh"bi tween'/, n. a person who acts as an agent or intermediary between persons or groups; emissary. [1590-1600; n. use of v. phrase go between] Syn. middleman, negotiator, ...
go-by
/goh"buy'/, n. Informal. a going by without notice; an intentional passing by; snub: to give one the go-by. [1605-15; n. use of v. phrase go by] * * *
go-cart
/goh"kahrt'/, n. 1. a small carriage for young children to ride in; stroller. 2. a small framework with casters, wheels, etc., in which children learn to walk; walker. 3. a ...
Go-Daigo
born Nov. 26, 1288, Kyōto, Japan died Sept. 19, 1339, Mount Yoshino, near Nara Emperor of Japan whose efforts to overthrow the Kamakura shogunate (see Kamakura period) resulted ...
go-devil
/goh"dev'euhl/, n. 1. a flexible, jointed apparatus forced through a pipeline to free it from obstructions. 2. a dart dropped into a well, esp. an oil well, to explode a charge ...
go-getter
—go-getting, adj. /goh"get"euhr, -get'-/, n. Informal. an enterprising, aggressive person. [1920-25, Amer.; prob. from the exhortation Go get 'em!; see -ER1] * * *
go-go
/goh"goh'/, adj. Informal. 1. full of energy, vitality, or daring: the go-go generation. 2. stylish, modern, or up-to-date: the go-go social set. 3. of or pertaining to the music ...
go-go dancer
an entertainer who performs popular dances on a stage or platform for the patrons of a discotheque or nightclub. [1960-65] * * *
go-kart
/goh"kahrt'/, n. kart. [1955-60] * * *
go-moku
/gaw maw"kooh/, n. gobang. [ < Japn go-moku(-narabe), equiv. to go-muku lit., five eyes + narabe line up] * * *

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