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Gog·ra (gŏgʹrə, -rä) See Ghaghara. * * *
Gogua, Aleksei
▪ Abkhazian writer Abkhaz in full  Aleksei Nocha-ipa Gogua , Russian in full  Aleksei Nochevich Gogua  born March 15, 1932, Gup, Abkhazia, Georgia, U.S.S.R. [now Abkhazia, ...
Gogunda, Battle of
▪ Indian history also called  Battle of Haldighat        (June 1576), battle fought in Rajasthan (Rājasthān), northwestern India, between Pratap Singh (Singh, Rana ...
Goheen, Robert Francis
▪ 2009       American educational administrator born Aug. 15, 1919, Vengurla, British India died March 31, 2008, Princeton, N.J. instituted vast changes at Princeton ...
▪ Japanese religious art       in the Shintō religion of Japan, a kind of paper or cloth offering made to a god. The gohei consists of an upright stick to which is ...
/goy/, n., pl. goyim, gois. goy. * * *
/goy ah"nee euh/, n. a city in and the capital of Goiás, in central Brazil, SW of Brasília. 738,117. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, capital of Goiás estado (state), ...
/goy ahs"/, n. a state in central Brazil. 3,967,310; 247,826 sq. mi. (641,870 sq. km). Cap.: Goiânia. * * * ▪ state, Brazil formerly  Goyaz        estado (state), ...
▪ Celtic mythology (Celtic: “Divine Smith”),Welsh  Gofannon,         ancient Celtic smith god. Goibhniu figured in Irish tradition as one of a trio of divine ...
Ancient Celtic blacksmith god. In Irish tradition he was one of a trio of divine craftsmen. He had the gift of brewing an ale that bestowed immortality and was the provider of ...
/goy del"ik/, Ling. adj. 1. of or belonging to Goidelic; Q-Celtic. n. 2. Also called Q-Celtic. the subbranch of Celtic in which the Proto-Indo-European kw-sound remained a velar. ...
Goidelic languages
      one of two groups of the modern Celtic languages; the group includes Irish (Irish language), Manx (Manx language), and Scottish Gaelic (Scots Gaelic language). The ...
/goh"ing/, n. 1. the act of leaving or departing; departure: a safe going and quick return. 2. the condition of surfaces, as those of roads, for walking or driving: After the ...
going to Jerusalem.
See musical chairs. * * *
going train
Horol. the gear train for moving the hands of a timepiece or giving some other visual indication of the time. Cf. dial train, striking train. * * *
/goh"ing oh"veuhr/, n., pl. goings-over /goh"ingz oh"veuhr/. 1. a review, examination, or investigation: The accounts were given a thorough going-over. 2. a severe, thorough ...
/goh"ingz on", awn"/, n. Informal. 1. conduct or behavior, esp. when open to criticism: We had never seen such goings-on as at the last dance. 2. happenings; events: The American ...
Góis, Damião de
▪ Portuguese humanist born Feb. 2, 1502, Alenquer, Port. died Jan. 30, 1574, Alenquer?  leading Portuguese humanist, who had an encyclopaedic mind and was one of the most ...
/goy"teuhr/, n. Pathol. an enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front and sides of the neck, usually symptomatic of abnormal thyroid secretion, esp. hypothyroidism due to a ...
Enlargement of the thyroid gland, causing a prominent swelling at the throat. The thyroid can grow to 50 times its normal weight, interfere with breathing and swallowing, and ...
/goy"treuh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. any goiter-producing substance, as thiouracil. [1945-50; GOIT(E)R + -O- + -GEN] * * *
/goy'treuh jen"ik/, adj. tending to produce goiter. Also, goitrogenous /goy troj"euh neuhs/. [1925-30; GOIT(E)R + -O- + -GENIC] * * *
/goy"treuhs/, adj. Pathol. pertaining to or affected with goiter. [1790-1800; < F goitreux. See GOITER, -OUS] * * *
Goitschel, Christine
▪ French skier born 1944, Sallanches, France       French Alpine ski racer who won the gold medal in the slalom at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, ...
Goitschel, Marielle
▪ French skier born Sept. 28, 1945, Sainte-Maxime, France       French Alpine ski racer who won Olympic gold medals in both the slalom and giant slalom events in the ...
Goizueta, Roberto Crispulo
▪ 1998       American businessman (b. Nov. 18, 1931, Havana, Cuba—d. Oct. 18, 1997, Atlanta, Ga.), served as chairman and CEO of the Coca-Cola Co. and during his ...
Gökalp, Ziya
▪ Turkish author pseudonym of  Mehmed Ziya   born March 23, 1876, Diyarbakır, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey] died Oct. 25, 1924, Constantinople [now Istanbul], ...
▪ island, Turkey formerly  İmroz Adasi , historically  Imbros        island (adası) in the Aegean Sea, northwestern Turkey. Commanding the entrance to the ...
Gokhale, Gopal Krishna
▪ Indian social reformer born May 9, 1866, Ratnagiri district, India died Feb. 19, 1915, Pune       social reformer who founded a sectarian organization to work for ...
Golan Heights
Golan Heights [gō′län΄] the hilly region northeast of the Sea of Galilee: part of SW Syria until occupation (1967) & annexation (1981) by Israel: also the Golan * * ...
Go·lan Heights (gōʹlän') An upland region between northeast Israel and southwest Syria northeast of the Sea of Galilee. Fortified by Syria after 1948, the area was captured ...
/gol kon"deuh/, n. 1. a ruined city in S India, near the modern city of Hyderabad: capital of a former Muslim kingdom; famous for its diamond cutting. 2. (often l.c.) a rich mine ...
/gohld/, n. 1. a precious yellow metallic element, highly malleable and ductile, and not subject to oxidation or corrosion. Symbol: Au; at. wt.: 196.967; at. no.: 79; sp. gr.: ...
/gohld, gawld/, n. Nanay. /gohld/, n. 1. Herbert, born 1924, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. 2. Thomas, born 1920, U.S. astronomer, born in Austria: formulated the ...
gold basis
a gold standard as a basis for prices. * * *
Gold Beach
▪ World War II       the centre beach of the five designated landing areas of the Normandy Invasion of World War II. It was assaulted and taken from defending German ...
gold beetle
any of several beetles having a golden luster, as a chrysomelid, Metriona bicolor, that feeds on morning glories and roses. Also called goldbug. * * *
Gold Blend{™}
n [U] a make of instant coffee. It is made by Nescafé. Many people in Britain remember a series of television advertisements for the coffee in the 1990s in which a man and a ...
gold bond
a bond payable in gold. * * *
gold bronze
an alloy of about 90 percent copper, 5 percent zinc, 3 percent lead, and 2 percent tin. * * *
gold bug
gold bug n. Informal one who buys, or advocates buying, gold as protection against an anticipated collapse in the value of currency, stocks, etc. * * *
gold bullion standard
a gold standard in which gold is not coined but may be purchased at a fixed price for foreign exchange. [1930-35] * * *
gold card
➡ credit cards * * *
gold certificate
a former U.S. paper currency issued by the federal government for circulation from 1865 to 1933, equal to and redeemable for gold to a stated value. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
gold chloride
a yellow to red, water-soluble compound, AuCl3, used chiefly in photography, gilding ceramic ware and glass, and in the manufacture of purple of Cassius. Also called gold ...
Gold Coast
1. a former British territory in W Africa; now a part of Ghana. 2. a wealthy residential area along a shore, as in Florida between Miami and Palm Beach or in Chicago along the ...
Gold Cup
▪ motorboating       premier annual motorboat-racing prize in the United States, instituted by the American Power Boat Association in 1904. The first race for the cup ...
gold digger
1. a person who seeks or digs for gold in a gold field. 2. Informal. a woman who associates with or marries a man chiefly for material gain. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
gold digging
1. the work of digging for gold. 2. gold diggings, a region where digging or seeking for gold, esp. by placer mining, is carried on. [1795-1805] * * *
gold dust
gold in fine particles. [1695-1705] * * *
gold fever
greed and excitement caused by a gold rush. [1840-50] * * *
gold field
an area or district where gold is mined. [1850-55] * * *
gold fixing
Finance. 1. the procedure by which the price of gold is established. 2. the price itself, esp. as established daily in the London gold market. Also, gold fix. Also called ...
gold foil
—gold-foil, adj. sheets of gold slightly thicker than gold leaf. [1275-1325; ME] * * *
gold leaf
—gold-leaf, adj. gold in the form of very thin foil, as for gilding. [1720-30] * * * ▪ art       extremely thin sheet of gold (about 0.1 micrometre, or 4 millionths ...
gold medal
—gold medalist. a medal, traditionally of gold or gold color, awarded to a person or team finishing first in a competition, meet, or tournament; championship medal. Cf. bronze ...
gold mine
1. a mine yielding gold. 2. a source of great wealth or profit, or any desirable thing. 3. a copious source or reserve of something required: a gold mine of information about ...
gold mining
the act or process of mining gold. [1555-65] * * *
gold note
a former U.S. bank note payable in gold coin. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
gold orange
Chem. See methyl orange. * * *
gold plate
1. tableware or containers made of gold. 2. a plating, esp. electroplating, of gold. * * *
gold point
1. the point at which it is equally expensive to buy, sell, export, import, or exchange gold in adjustment of foreign claims or counterclaims. 2. the melting point of gold, equal ...
gold processing
Introduction  preparation of the ore for use in various products.       For thousands of years the word gold has connoted something of beauty or value. These images are ...
gold reserve
the stock of gold held by a government or central bank to back its promissory notes or currency or to settle its international debts. [1865-70, Amer.] * * * Fund of gold bullion ...
gold rush
a large-scale and hasty movement of people to a region where gold has been discovered, as to California in 1849. [1875-80, Amer.] * * * Rapid influx of fortune seekers to the ...
gold standard
a monetary system with gold of specified weight and fineness as the unit of value. [1825-35, Amer.] * * * Monetary system in which the standard unit of currency is a fixed ...
gold star
—gold-star, adj. 1. a gold-colored star displayed, as on a service flag, to indicate that a member of one's family, organization, or the like, was killed in war as a member of ...
gold stick
(in England) 1. the gilded rod carried on state occasions by certain members of the royal household. 2. the bearer of it. [1795-1805] * * *
gold therapy
administration of gold salts as a treatment for disease, esp. rheumatoid arthritis. Also called chrysotherapy. [1935-40] * * *
gold trichloride.
See gold chloride. * * *
Gold, Thomas
▪ 2005       Austrian-born astronomer (b. May 22, 1920, Vienna, Austria—d. June 22, 2004, Ithaca, N.Y.), originated bold, unconventional theories in cosmology and ...
gold-exchange standard
/gohld"iks chaynj'/ a monetary system in one country in which currency is maintained at a par with that of another country that is on the gold standard. * * * ▪ monetary ...
/gohld"fild"/, adj. Jewelry. composed of a layer of gold backed with a base metal. Cf. filled gold. [1900-05] * * *
gold-of-pleas·ure (gōldʹəv-plĕzhʹər) n. A Eurasian plant (Camelina sativa) having small yellow flowers and seeds rich in oil. * * *
/gohld"playt"/, v.t., gold-plated, gold-plating. 1. to coat (base metal) with gold, esp. by electroplating. 2. to incorporate costly features or refinements into (something) ...
gold-plated [gōld′plāt΄id] adj. 1. plated with gold 2. Informal expensive, splendid, etc., often to an extravagant degree * * *
/gohld"play"ting/, n. 1. the incorporation of costly and unnecessary features or refinements into a product or structure. 2. any expensive nonessential item, convenience, or ...
/gohl"deuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/gol"dahrn"/, n., adj., adv., v.t. Informal. goddamn (used as a euphemism in expressions of anger, disgust, surprise, etc.). Also, goldurn. [1825-35] * * *
/gol"dahrnd"/, adj., superl. goldarnedest, adv. Informal. goddamned (used as a euphemism in expressions of anger, disgust, surprise, etc.). Also, goldurned. [1905-10; GOLDARN + ...
Goldbach conjecture
/gohld"bahk/, Math. an unproved theorem that every even integer greater than 2 can be written as the sum of two prime numbers. [1940-45] * * *
Goldbach, Christian
▪ Russian mathematician born March 18, 1690, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died Nov. 20, 1764, Moscow, Russia       Russian mathematician whose ...
Goldbarth, Albert
▪ American poet born Jan. 31, 1948, Chicago, Ill., U.S.       American poet whose erudition and wit found expression in compulsively wordy but dazzling ...
goldbeater [gōld′bēt΄ər] n. a person who pounds gold into thin leaves for use in gilding goldbeating n. * * * See goldbeating. * * *
goldbeater's skin
/gohld"bee'teuhrz/ the prepared outside membrane of the large intestine of the ox, used by goldbeaters to lay between the leaves of the metal while they beat it into gold ...
—goldbeater, n. /gohld"bee'ting/, n. the art or process of beating out gold into gold leaf. Also, gold beating. [1755-65; GOLD + BEATING] * * *
gold beetle n. See gold bug. * * *
/gohld"berrg/, n. 1. Arthur Joseph, 1908-90, U.S. jurist, statesman, and diplomat: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1962-65; ambassador to the U.N. 1965-68. 2. Reuben ...
Goldberg, Arthur J(oseph)
born Aug. 8, 1908, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 19, 1990, Washington, D.C. U.S. jurist. After passing the Illinois bar examination at the age of 20, he practiced law in ...
Goldberg, Arthur J.
▪ United States jurist in full  Arthur Joseph Goldberg   born Aug. 8, 1908, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 19, 1990, Washington, D.C.       labour lawyer who served as ...
Goldberg, Bertrand
▪ 1998       American architect (b. July 17, 1913, Chicago, Ill.—d. Oct. 8, 1997, Chicago), changed the shape of Chicago's modern skyline with his pioneering design ...
Goldberg, Rube
▪ American cartoonist byname of  Reuben Lucius Goldberg   born July 4, 1883, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Dec. 7, 1970, New York, N.Y.       American cartoonist ...
Goldberg, Whoopi
▪ American actress original name  Caryn Elaine Johnson  born Nov. 13, 1955, New York, N.Y., U.S.    American comedian, actress, and producer who is known for her work in ...
Goldberg,Arthur Joseph
Gold·berg (gōldʹbərg), Arthur Joseph. 1908-1990. American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1962-1965) and a representative to the United ...
/gohld"berr geuhr/, n. Joseph, 1874-1929, U.S. physician, born in Austria: discovered the cause of and treatment for pellagra. * * *
/gohld berr"gee euhn/, adj. See Rube Goldberg. [GOLDBERG + -IAN] * * *
/gohld"brik'/, n. 1. Informal. a brick made to look like gold, sold by a swindler. 2. Informal. anything supposed to be valuable but which turns out to be worthless. 3. Also, ...
See goldbrick. * * *
/gohld"bug'/, n. 1. Informal. a person, esp. an economist or politician, who supports the gold standard. 2. Informal. a person who believes in buying gold bullion as a personal ...
gold coast n. Informal 1. A rich neighborhood. 2. The executive suite or suites in a company's headquarters.   [After the Gold Coast.] * * *
Gold Coast (gōld) 1. A section of coastal western Africa along the Gulf of Guinea roughly corresponding to present-day Ghana. It was named for the large quantities of gold ...
/gohld"krest'/, n. a Eurasian kinglet, Regulus regulus, having a bright yellow patch on the top of the head. [GOLD + CREST] * * *       European species of kinglet ...
/gohld"kup'/, n. a Mexican climbing shrub, Solandra guttata, of the nightshade family, having cup-shaped yellow flowers marked with purple. [1570-80; GOLD + CUP] * * *
gold digger n. Informal A woman who seeks money and expensive gifts from men. * * *
—goldenly, adv. —goldenness, n. /gohl"deuhn/, adj. 1. bright, metallic, or lustrous like gold; of the color of gold; yellow: golden hair. 2. made or consisting of gold: ...
/gohl"deuhn/, n. a city in central Colorado. 12,237. * * * (as used in expressions) Golden Bull of 1356 golden eagle Golden Gate Bridge Golden Horde golden lion tamarin golden ...
golden age
1. the most flourishing period in the history of a nation, literature, etc. 2. Class. Myth. the first and best of the four ages of humankind; an era of peace and innocence that ...
golden ager
/ay"jeuhr/ an elderly person, esp. one who has retired. [1960-65, Amer.; GOLDEN AGE + -ER1] * * *
golden alexanders
a plant, Zizia aurea, of the parsley family, native to eastern North America, having compound leaves and umbels of yellow flowers. [ME alisaundre ( < OF < ML), OE alexandre < ML ...
golden algae
▪ class of algae also called  golden-brown algae,         members of the class Chrysophyceae (about 1,200 species) found in both marine and fresh waters. Diverse in ...
golden aster
any North American, asterlike, composite plant of the genus Chrysopsis, having bright, golden-yellow flower heads, as C. mariana, of the eastern U.S. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
golden bantam corn
a horticultural variety of sweet corn having yellow kernels. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
Golden Bough
Class. Myth. a branch of mistletoe, sacred to Proserpina, that served Aeneas as a pass to the underworld. * * *
golden buck
a dish consisting of Welsh rabbit topped with a poached egg. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
Golden Bull
an edict of Charles IV, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, issued in 1356 and in force until the extinction of the empire in 1806, in which the selection of the emperor was ...
Golden Bull of 1222
▪ Hungarian history       charter granted by King Andrew II of Hungary, which stated the basic rights and privileges of the Hungarian nobility and clergymen and the ...
Golden Bull of 1356
Constitution for the Holy Roman Empire promulgated by Charles IV. Stamped with a golden seal, the document gave seven electors the power to choose the ruler of Germany by a ...
Golden Bull of Emperor Charles IV
▪ Holy Roman Empire [1356]       constitution for the Holy Roman Empire promulgated in 1356 by the emperor Charles IV. It was intended to eliminate papal (pope) ...
golden calf
1. a golden idol set up by Aaron and worshiped by the Israelites. Ex. 32. 2. either of the two similar idols set up by Jeroboam. I Kings 12:28, 29. 3. money or material goods as ...
golden cat
▪ mammal  either of two cats of the family Felidae: the African golden cat (Felis aurata), or the Asian golden cat (F. temmincki), also known as Temminck's ...
golden chain
laburnum. * * * ▪ tree  any of several small trees of the genus Laburnum, of the pea family (Fabaceae), especially L. anagyroides. This species, which is native to southern ...
golden club
an aquatic plant, Orontium aquaticum, of the arum family, native to the eastern U.S., having blue-green leaves and a clublike spadix covered with tiny yellow flowers. [1830-40; ...
golden cup
▪ plant also called  Mexican tulip poppy   ornamental perennial plant of the poppy family (Papaveraceae) native to southwestern North America. It is one of two species of ...
golden currant
a western North American shrub, Ribes aureum, of the saxifrage family, having purplish fruit and fragrant, drooping clusters of yellow flowers that turn reddish. [1900-05, ...
Golden Delicious
a bright yellow type of Delicious apple. * * *
golden eagle
a large eagle, Aquila chrysaëtos, of the Northern Hemisphere, having golden-brown feathers on the back of the head and neck. See illus. under raptorial. [1780-90] * * ...
golden eardrops
pl. eardrops. (used with a sing. v.) a Californian plant, Dicentra chrysantha, of the fumitory family, having bluish-green foliage and branched clusters of yellow flowers. * * *
golden fizz
a drink containing egg yolk, gin or vodka, lemon juice, sugar, and soda water. * * *
Golden Fleece
Class. Myth. a fleece of pure gold, kept at Colchis by King Aeëtes from whom it was stolen by Jason and the Argonauts with the help of Aeëtes's daughter, Medea. * * *
Golden Fleece, The Order of the
▪ European knighthood order French  L'Ordre de la Toison d'Or,  German  Der Orden vom Goldenen Vlies,  Spanish  La Orden del Toisón de Oro         order of ...
Golden Gate
a strait in W California, between San Francisco Bay and the Pacific. 2 mi. (3.2 km) wide. * * * ▪ strait, California, United States  strait, in California, western coastal ...
Golden Gate Bridge
a bridge connecting N California with San Francisco peninsula. 4200-ft. (1280-m) center span. * * * Suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, San Francisco. From its ...
Golden Gate Highlands National Park
▪ park, South Africa       national park in southeastern Free State province, South Africa, near the Lesotho border. Established in 1963, it has an area of 18.5 square ...
Golden Globe Award
n any of several film and television awards given at a special ceremony each year since 1944 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Compare Oscar, Emmy. * * *
Golden Gloves
▪ boxing       amateur boxing competition initiated by Arch Ward, sports editor of the Chicago Tribune. First sponsored by the Tribune in 1926, annual tournaments were ...
golden glow
☆ golden glow n. a tall garden black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia laciniata) with numerous globular, yellow ray flower heads * * *
golden goose
a legendary goose that laid one golden egg a day and was killed by its impatient owner, who wanted all the gold immediately. * * *
golden gram.
See under gram2 (def. 2). * * *
golden hamster
a small light-colored hamster, Mesocricetus auratus, native to Asia Minor and familiar as a laboratory animal and pet. See illus. under hamster. Also called Syrian ...
golden handcuffs
a series of raises, bonuses, etc., given at specified intervals or tied to length of employment so as to keep an executive from leaving the company. [1985-90] * * *
golden handshake
1. a special incentive, as generous severance pay, given to an older employee as an inducement to elect early retirement. 2. the giving or offering of such an ...
Golden Hind
➡ Drake. * * *
Golden Horde
the army of Mongol Tartars that overran eastern Europe in the 13th century, established a khanate in Russia, and maintained suzerainty there until the 15th century. * * ...
Golden Horn
an inlet of the Bosporus, in European Turkey: forms the inner part of Istanbul. * * *
Golden Horseshoe
Canadian. the urban and agricultural area surrounding Toronto. * * *
Golden House of Nero
▪ palace, Rome, Italy Latin  Domus Aurea         palace in ancient Rome that was constructed by the emperor Nero between AD 65 and 68, after the great fire of 64 (an ...
golden jubilee.
See under jubilee (def. 1). * * *
golden larch
▪ plant       (Pseudolarix amabilis), coniferous tree of the family Pinaceae, native to China. A golden larch resembles a tree of the true larch genus (Larix) but has ...
golden lion tamarin
a monkey, Leontopithecus rosalia rosalia, of tropical rain forests of southeastern Brazil, having a silky golden coat and a long golden mane: threatened with extinction. * * ...
golden mean
1. the perfect moderate course or position that avoids extremes; the happy medium. 2. See golden section. [1580-90] * * *
golden mole
any of several burrowing insectivores of the family Chrysochloridae, of southern Africa, the fur of which has an iridescent, often golden luster. * * * ▪ ...
golden nematode
a yellowish nematode, Heterodera rostochiensis, that is parasitic on the roots of potatoes, tomatoes, and other solanaceous plants. [1945-50] * * *
golden number
▪ time measurement       in chronology, the position of a solar, or calendar, year within the 19-year Metonic cycle (q.v.) after which the phases of the Moon recur on ...
golden oldie
(sometimes caps.) Informal. something once popular or valued that has retained its appeal or for which interest has been reawakened, esp. a popular song or record. [1965-70, ...
golden oriole
an Old World oriole, Oriolus oriolus, the male of which is bright yellow with black wings. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
golden parachute
an employment contract or agreement guaranteeing a key executive of a company substantial severance pay and other financial benefits in the event of job loss caused by the ...
golden perch
a freshwater food fish, Plectroplites ambiguus, that inhabits inland waters of Australia. Also called callop. * * *
golden pheasant
an Asiatic pheasant, Chrysolophus pictus, having brilliant scarlet, orange, gold, green, and black plumage. * * *
golden plover
either of two plovers of the genus Pluvialis, having the back marked with golden-yellow spots, P. apricaria, of Europe, or P. dominica, of America. [1775-85] * * *
golden polypody.
See hare's-foot fern. * * *
golden ragwort.
See under ragwort. * * *
golden rain tree
an ornamental tree, Koelreuteria paniculata, of the soapberry family, native to China and adjacent areas, having pinnate leaves, large clusters of fragrant yellow flowers, and ...
golden ratio
▪ mathematics also known as the  golden section,  golden mean , or  divine proportion        in mathematics, the irrational number (1 + √5)/2, often denoted ...
golden ratio/rectangle/section
Numerical proportion considered to be an aesthetic ideal in classical design. It refers to the ratio of the base to the height of a rectangle or to the division of a line ...
golden retriever
one of an English breed of retrievers having a thick, flat or wavy, golden coat. [1915-20] * * * ▪ breed of dog   breed of sporting dog developed in Scotland in the 19th ...
golden rose
Rom. Cath. Ch. a gold, bejeweled ornament in the form of a rose or spray of roses, blessed and presented by the pope in recognition of service to the Holy See. * * * ▪ ...
golden rule
1. a rule of ethical conduct, usually phrased "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you," or, as in the Sermon on the Mount, "Whatsoever ye would that men should do to ...
golden section
Fine Arts, Math. a ratio between two portions of a line, or the two dimensions of a plane figure, in which the lesser of the two is to the greater as the greater is to the sum of ...
golden shiner
a small, silvery freshwater minnow, Notemigonus crysoleucas, native to eastern North America and introduced into western North America: often used as live bait in sport ...
golden shower.
a tree, Cassia fistula, of the legume family, native to India, having long, drooping clusters of yellow flowers. Also called pudding-pipe tree. [1910-15] * * *
Golden Spike National Historic Site
▪ Utah, United States       national historic site at Promontory in Box Elder County, northern Utah, U.S., near the Great Salt Lake, commemorating the completion in 6 ...
Golden Spurs, Battle of the
▪ European history also called  Battle Of Courtrai, or Battle Of Kortrijk        (July 11, 1302), military engagement on the outskirts of Kortrijk in Flanders (now in ...
golden stars
a plant, Bloomeria crocea, of the amaryllis family, native to southern California, having clusters of golden-orange, starlike flowers. * * *
Golden State
California (used as a nickname). * * *
golden syrup
Brit. treacle (def. 1b). * * *
Golden Temple
Punjabi Darbar Sahib or Harimandir Chief house of worship for the Sikhs of India (see Sikhism) and their most important pilgrimage site, located in the city of Amritsar in ...
Golden Thirteen
▪ first African-American naval officers       group of African Americans who in 1944 became the first group of black servicemen to complete officer training for the ...
golden thistle.
See Spanish oyster plant. [1590-1600] * * *
Golden Treasury
a book (1861) of English poetry. The poems were chosen by Francis Turner Palgrave with some help from Lord Tennyson. It had an important influence on future collections of poems, ...
Golden Triangle
1. (sometimes l.c.) an area of Southeast Asia encompassing parts of Burma, Laos, and Thailand, significant as a major source of opium and heroin. 2. Canadian. the peninsula ...
Golden Valley
a town in SE Minnesota. 22,775. * * *
golden warbler.
See yellow warbler. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
golden wattle
1. a broad-leaved, Australian acacia, Acacia pycnantha, of the legume family, having short clusters of yellow flowers and yielding tanbark and a useful gum. 2. any similar ...
golden wedding
the fiftieth anniversary of a wedding. * * *
Golden Week
▪ Japanese holidays Japanese  Ōgon Shūkan , also called  Ōgata Renkyū        series of four holidays closely spaced together and observed at the end of April ...
golden whistler
      songbird, a species of thickhead (q.v.). * * *
Golden Wonder{™}
a popular British make of potato crisps/chips (= very thin slices of fried potato sold in small bags, often with salt or other flavours). * * *
golden years
the years of retirement, normally after age 65. [1950-55] * * *
Golden, William Theodore
▪ 2008       American government official and philanthropist born Oct. 25, 1909 , New York, N.Y. died Oct. 7, 2007, New York City was a principal force behind the ...
golden-brown algae
/gohl"deuhn brown'/ a group of mostly marine, motile algae of the phylum Chlorophyta, characterized by the presence of the pigments chlorophyll, carotene, and xanthophyll, which ...
golden-crowned kinglet
/gohl"deuhn krownd'/ a yellowish-green kinglet, Regulus satrapa, of North America, having a yellow or orange patch on the top of the head. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
golden age n. 1. A period of great peace, prosperity, and happiness. 2. Greek & Roman Mythology. The first age of the world, an untroubled and prosperous era during which people ...
golden ager n. A senior citizen. * * *
golden Al·ex·an·ders (ăl'ĭg-zănʹdərz) n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) An herb (Zizia aurea) of eastern North America, having compound umbels of small yellow flowers ...
golden aster n. Any of various North American plants of the genus Chrysopsis having yellow, rayed flower heads. * * *
golden bantam n. A variety of corn having large, bright-yellow kernels on a relatively small ear. * * *
golden calf n. 1. A golden image of a sacrificial calf fashioned by Aaron and worshiped by the Israelites. 2. a. Money as an object of worship; mammon. b. The subject of intense ...
golden chinquapin n. See chinquapin. * * *
golden club n. An aquatic plant (Orontium aquaticum) of the eastern United States, having a clublike, golden-yellow spadix, small blue-green berries, and floating leaves. * * *
golden eagle n. A large eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) of mountainous areas of the Northern Hemisphere, having dark plumage with brownish-yellow feathers on the back of the head and ...
/gohl"deuhn uy'/, n., pl. goldeneyes, (esp. collectively) goldeneye. 1. either of two diving ducks, Bucephala clangula, of Eurasia and North America, or B. islandica (Barrow's ...
Gold·en Fleece (gōlʹdən) n. Greek Mythology The fleece of the golden ram, stolen by Jason and the Argonauts from the king of Colchis. * * *
Golden Gate A strait in western California connecting the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay. Discovered in 1579 by Sir Francis Drake, it was known as the Golden Gate long ...
golden glow n. A tall plant (Rudbeckia laciniata) cultivated for its large, yellow, many-rayed double flower heads. * * *
golden handcuffs pl.n. Slang (used with a sing. verb) A lucrative incentive to an executive intended to discourage resignation or ensure long-term cooperation after departure. * ...
golden handshake n. Slang A lucrative severance agreement offered to an employee typically as an inducement to retire. * * *
Golden Horde n. The Mongol army that swept over eastern Europe in the 13th century and established a suzerain in Russia.   [From the golden tent of their commander.] * * *
Golden Horn An inlet of the Bosporus in northwest Turkey forming the harbor of Istanbul. * * *
goldenlion tamarin
golden lion tamarin n. A small arboreal Brazilian monkey (Leontopithecus rosalia), having a silky golden coat, lionlike mane, and long, partially webbed digits. * * *
See golden. * * *
golden mean n. The course between extremes. * * *
golden needles pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) See enokidake. * * *
See goldenly. * * *
goldenoak mushroom
golden oak mushroom n. See shiitake. * * *
golden oldie n. A recording, movie, or other form of entertainment that was very popular in the past. * * *
golden parachute n. Slang An employment agreement that guarantees a key executive lucrative severance benefits if control of the company changes hands followed by management ...
golden pheasant n. A pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) of Tibet and western China that has a long tail and brilliantly colored plumage. * * *
goldenrain tree
goldenrain tree [gōl′dən rān΄] n. a small, deciduous Asian tree (Koelreuteria paniculata) of the soapberry family having small yellow flowers and papery fruit pods * * ...
golden retriever n. A retriever of a breed originating in Scotland, having a dense coat of golden hair with feathering at the neck, legs, and tail. * * *
/gohl"deuhn rod'/, n. 1. any composite plant of the genus Solidago, most species of which bear numerous small, yellow flower heads. 2. a strong to vivid yellow. adj. 3. of the ...
golden rule n. The biblical teaching that one should behave toward others as one would have others behave toward oneself. * * *
/gohl"deuhn seel'/, n. 1. a plant, Hydrastis canadensis, of the buttercup family, having a thick yellow rootstock. 2. Also called hydrastis. the rhizomes and roots of this plant, ...
golden section n. A ratio, observed especially in the fine arts, between the two dimensions of a plane figure or the two divisions of a line such that the smaller is to the ...
Goldenson, Leonard Harry
▪ 2000       American motion picture, radio, and television executive (b. Dec. 7, 1905, Scottsdale, Pa.—d. Dec. 27, 1999, Sarasota, Fla.), was a low-key, ...
▪ plant       (species Lamarckia aurea), ornamental annual grass of the family Poaceae, native to the Mediterranean region and cultivated in gardens for its golden, ...
golden trout n. A small freshwater trout (Salmo aguabonita) native to the southern Sierra Nevada, having a bright red-orange belly and cheeks and gold sides with a red-orange ...
golden umbrella n. Slang A golden parachute. * * *
Goldenweiser, Alexander
▪ American anthropologist born Jan. 29 [Jan. 17, Old Style], 1880, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died July 6, 1940, Portland, Ore., U.S.       American anthropologist ...
/gohld"uy'/, n., pl. goldeyes, (esp. collectively) goldeye. a silvery, herringlike game fish, Hiodon alosoides, found in the fresh waters of central North America. [GOLD + EYE] * ...
Goldfaden, Avrom
▪ Jewish author Avrom also spelled  Abraham , original name  Avrom Goldenfoden , Yiddish  Avrom Goldfadn  born July 24 [July 12, Old Style], 1840, Starokonstantinov, ...
gold·field (gōldʹfēld') n. An area containing abundant deposits of gold or gold ore. * * * ▪ Nevada, United States       mining ghost town, seat (1907) of ...
/gohld"feeldz'/, n., pl. goldfields. any of several Californian, composite herbs of the genus Lasthenia, having yellow flowers. [1910-15, Amer.; GOLD + FIELD + -S3] * * *
/gohld"finch'/, n. 1. a European finch, Carduelis carduelis, having a crimson face and wings marked with yellow. 2. any of certain related American finches of the genus ...
/gohld"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) goldfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) goldfishes. 1. a small, usually yellow or orange fish, Carassius auratus, of ...
gold fix or gold fixing n. The regular setting of the price of gold as a commodity. * * *
gold foil n. Gold rolled or beaten into sheets somewhat thicker than gold leaf. * * *
Goldhaber, Maurice
▪ American physicist born April 18, 1911, Lemberg, Austria-Hungary       U.S. physicist whose contributions to nuclear physics include the discovery that the nucleus of ...
/gohl"dee, gawl"-/, n., pl. Goldis, (esp. collectively) Goldi. Nanay. * * *
Goldie Hawn
➡ Hawn * * *
Goldie's fern
/gohl"deez/ a wood fern, Dryopteris goldiana, of northeastern North America, having large, golden-green, leathery fronds with blades that tilt backward. [after its discoverer, ...
Goldie, Sir George
▪ British colonial administrator original name  George Dashwood Goldie-taubman   born May 20, 1846, near Douglas, Isle of Man died Aug. 20, 1925, London  British colonial ...
/gohl"dee loks'/, n., pl. goldilocks. (used with a sing. v.) a person with golden hair. [1540-50; obs. goldy golden + LOCK2 + -S3] * * *
Goldilocks and the Three Bears
a popular children’s story. Goldilocks, a young girl with golden curly hair, goes to a house where three bears live (Mother Bear, Father Bear and Baby Bear). The bears are not ...
Goldin, Daniel Saul
▪ American engineer born July 23, 1940, New York City, New York, U.S.    American engineer who was the longest-serving National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ...
Goldin, Nan
▪ American photographer born Sept. 12, 1953, Washington, D.C., U.S.       American photographer noted for visual narratives detailing her own world of addictive and ...
/gohl"ding/, n. 1. Louis, 1895-1958, English novelist and essayist. 2. William Gerald, born 1911, British novelist: Nobel prize 1983. * * *
Golding, Louis
▪ British author born Nov. 19, 1895, Manchester, Eng. died Aug. 9, 1958, London  English novelist and essayist, an interpreter of British Jewish life.       The son of ...
Golding, Sir William
▪ British novelist in full  Sir William Gerald Golding  born Sept. 19, 1911, St. Columb Minor, near Newquay, Cornwall, Eng. died June 19, 1993, Perranarworthal, near ...
Golding, Sir William (Gerald)
born Sept. 19, 1911, St. Columb Minor, near Newquay, Cornwall, Eng. died June 19, 1993, Perranarworthal, near Falmouth, Cornwall British novelist. Educated at the University of ...
Golding, Sir William Gerald
▪ 1994       British novelist (b. Sept. 19, 1911, St. Columb Minor, Cornwall, England—d. June 19, 1993, Perranarworthal, Cornwall), won the 1983 Nobel Prize for ...
Golding,William Gerald
Gold·ing (gōlʹdĭng), William Gerald. 1911-1993. British writer noted for his dark novels, such as The Lord of the Flies (1954) and Pincher Martin (1956). He won the 1983 ...
gold leaf n. Gold beaten into extremely thin sheets used especially for gilding. * * *
/gohld"meuhn/, n. 1. Edwin Franko /frang"koh/, 1878-1956, U.S. composer and bandmaster. 2. Emma, 1869-1940, U.S. anarchist leader, born in Russia. * * *
Goldman, Emma
born June 27, 1869, Kovno, Lith., Russian Empire died May 14, 1940, Toronto, Ont., Can. International anarchist. She immigrated to the U.S. in 1885, settling in Rochester, N.Y. ...
Goldman, Eric Frederick
▪ American historian born June 17, 1915, Washington, D.C., U.S. died Feb. 19, 1989, Princeton, N.J.       American historian, author, and special advisor to President ...
Goldman, James
▪ 1999       American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter (b. June 30, 1927, Chicago, Ill.—d. Oct. 28, 1998, New York, N.Y.), probed the lives of historical ...
Gold·man (gōldʹmən), Emma. 1869-1940. Russian-born American anarchist. Jailed repeatedly for her advocacy of birth control and opposition to military conscription, she was ...
Goldman-Rakic, Patricia Shoer
▪ 2004       American neuroscientist (b. April 22, 1937, Salem, Mass.—d. July 31, 2003, New Haven, Conn.), provided the first comprehensive map of the frontal lobe of ...
Goldmann, Nahum
▪ Israeli Zionist leader born July 10, 1895, Wisznewo, Lithuania died August 29, 1982, Bad Reichenhall, West Germany [now in Germany]       Israeli Zionist leader who ...
/gohld"mahrk'/, n. Karl /kahrl/, 1830-1915, Hungarian composer. * * *
Goldmark, Josephine Clara
▪ American labour leader born Oct. 13, 1877, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 15, 1950, White Plains, N.Y.       American reformer whose research contributed to the ...
Goldmark, Karl
▪ Hungarian composer born May 18, 1830, Keszthely, Hung. died Jan. 2, 1915, Vienna, Austria       Austro-Hungarian composer whose opera Die Königin von Saba (1875; ...
Goldmark, Peter Carl
born , Dec. 2, 1906, Budapest, Hung. died Dec. 7, 1977, Westchester county, N.Y., U.S. Hungarian-U.S. engineer. He earned a doctorate from the University of Vienna before ...
gold mine n. Informal A rich or plentiful source of something desired. * * *
/gohld"muy'neuhr/, n. a person who mines gold or works in a gold mine. [1850-55; GOLD + MINER] * * *

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