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Goldoni
—Goldonian, adj. /gawl doh"nee/; It. /gawl daw"nee/, n. Carlo /kahr"loh/; It. /kahrdd"law/, 1707-93, Italian dramatist. * * *
Goldoni, Carlo
born Feb. 25, 1707, Venice died Feb. 6, 1793, Paris, France Italian playwright. He practiced law but preferred to write plays, beginning with Belisario (1734). He renovated the ...
Goldoni,Carlo
Gol·do·ni (gōl-dōʹnē), Carlo. 1707-1793. Italian dramatist who wrote more than 250 plays, including 150 comedies, such as The Mistress of the Inn (1753). * * *
Goldovsky
/gohl dawf"skee, -dof"-/; Russ. /gul dawf"skyee/, n. Boris /bawr"is, bohr"-, bor"-/; Russ. /bu rddyees"/, born 1908, U.S. conductor, pianist, and opera director, born in ...
goldrush
gold rush n. 1. A rush of migrants to an area where gold has been discovered. 2. Headlong pursuit of wealth and success: a gold rush on Wall Street. * * *
Goldsboro
/gohldz"berr'oh, -bur'oh/, n. a city in E North Carolina. 31,871. * * * ▪ North Carolina, United States       city, seat (1850) of Wayne county, east-central North ...
Goldschmidt, Berthold
▪ 1997       German-born British composer (b. Jan. 18, 1903, Hamburg, Ger.—d. Oct. 17, 1996, London, Eng.), was among Germany's most promising composers when the Nazi ...
Goldschmidt, Hans
▪ German chemist byname of  Johann Wilhelm Goldschmidt   born Jan 18, 1861, Berlin died May 25, 1923, Baden-Baden, Ger.       German chemist who invented the ...
Goldschmidt, Meïr Aron
▪ Danish author born October 26, 1819, Vordingborg, Denmark died August 15, 1887, Copenhagen  Danish writer of Jewish descent whose work foreshadowed later ...
Goldschmidt, Richard B
▪ German zoologist born April 12, 1878, Frankfurt am Main died April 24, 1958, Berkeley, Calif., U.S.       German-born U.S. zoologist and geneticist, formulator of the ...
Goldschmidt, Victor Mordechai
▪ German crystallographer born Feb. 10, 1853, Mainz, Hesse died May 8, 1933, Salzburg, Austria       German mineralogist who made important studies of crystallography. ...
Goldschmidt, Victor Moritz
born Jan. 27, 1888, Zürich, Switz. died March 20, 1947, Oslo, Nor. Swiss-born Norwegian mineralogist and petrologist. He became director of the Mineralogical Institute of the ...
Goldsmid, Benjamin and Abraham
▪ British financiers Respectively,   born 1755, Amsterdam died April 15, 1808 born 1756, Amsterdam died Sept. 28, 1810, Morden, Surrey, Eng.       financiers and ...
Goldsmid, Sir Frederick John
▪ British military officer born May 19, 1818, Milan died Jan. 12, 1908, Brook Green, Hammersmith, Eng.       major general in the British Army who, through negotiations ...
Goldsmid, Sir Isaac Lyon, 1st Baronet
▪ British political activist born Jan. 13, 1778, London died April 27, 1859, London       financier, Britain's first Jewish baronet, whose work for Jewish emancipation ...
goldsmith
/gohld"smith'/, n. 1. a person who makes or sells articles of gold. 2. (formerly) such a person also acting as a banker, moneylender, etc. [bef. 1000; ME, OE. See GOLD, SMITH] * ...
Goldsmith
/gohld"smith'/, n. Oliver, 1730?-74, Irish poet, playwright, essayist, and novelist. * * *
goldsmith beetle
a brilliant golden scarabaeid beetle, Cetonia aurata, of Europe. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
Goldsmith, Jerry
▪ 2005 Jerrald King Goldsmith        American composer (b. Feb. 10, 1929, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. July 21, 2004, Beverly Hills, Calif.), demonstrated his versatility ...
Goldsmith, Myron
▪ 1997       U.S. architect who was internationally known for sleek, sculptural projects, notably the McMath-Pierce Solar Telescope Facility at the Kitt Peak (Arizona) ...
Goldsmith, Oliver
born Nov. 10, 1730, Kilkenny West, County Westmeath, Ire. died April 4, 1774, London, Eng. Irish-born British essayist, poet, novelist, and dramatist. Goldsmith attended ...
Goldsmith, Olivia
▪ 2005 Randy Goldfield        American novelist (b. 1949, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 15, 2004, New York City), used her own bitter divorce experience as the basis of her ...
Goldsmith, Raymond
▪ Belgian-American economist born Dec. 23, 1904, Brussels, Belg. died July 12, 1988, Hamden, Conn., U.S.       Belgian-born economist who devised ways to measure wealth ...
Goldsmith, Sir James Michael
▪ 1998       British-French financier (b. Feb. 26, 1933, Paris, France—d. July 18, 1997, Benahavis, Spain), amassed a fortune by buying and selling companies. ...
Goldsmith,Oliver
Gold·smith (gōldʹsmĭth'), Oliver. 1730?-1774. British writer whose literary reputation rests on his novel The Vicar of Wakefield (1766), the pastoral poem The Deserted ...
goldsmithbeetle
goldsmith beetle n. Either of two scarabaeid beetles (Cotalpa lanigera or Cetonia aurata) having metallic greenish-yellow coloring. * * *
goldstandard
gold standard n. 1. A monetary standard under which the basic unit of currency is equal in value to and exchangeable for a specified amount of gold. 2. A model of excellence; a ...
Goldstein, Eugen
▪ German physicist born Sept. 5, 1850, Gleiwitz, Prussia died Dec. 25, 1930, Berlin       German physicist known for his work on electrical phenomena in gases and on ...
Goldstein, Joseph L.
▪ American geneticist in full  Joseph Leonard Goldstein  born April 18, 1940, Sumter, S.C., U.S.       American molecular geneticist who, along with Michael S. Brown ...
Goldstine, Herman Heine
▪ 2005       American mathematician and computer scientist (b. Sept. 13, 1913, Chicago, Ill.—d. June 16, 2004, Bryn Mawr, Pa.), helped build the first modern computers ...
goldstone
/gohld"stohn'/, n. aventurine. [1620-30; GOLD + STONE] * * *
goldthread
/gohld"thred'/, n. a white-flowered plant, Coptis trifolia, of the buttercup family, having a slender, yellow root that is sometimes used as a tonic. [1770-80, Amer.; GOLD + ...
goldtone
goldtone or gold-tone [gōld′tōn΄] adj. made to resemble gold in color, sheen, etc. [goldtone earrings] * * *
goldurn
/gol"derrn"/, n., adj., adv., v.t. Informal. goldarn. * * *
goldurned
/gol"derrnd"/, adj., superl. goldurnedest, adv. Informal. goldarned. * * *
Goldwasser
/gohld"vah seuhr, -wah-/, Ger. /gawlt"vah'seuhrdd/, n. a liqueur flavored with spices, figs, lemons, and herbs, and having minute flakes of gold leaf in suspension. [1915-20; < ...
Goldwater
/gohld"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. Barry Morris, born 1909, U.S. politician: U.S senator 1953-64 and 1968-87. * * *
Goldwater, Barry
▪ United States senator in full  Barry Morris Goldwater   born Jan. 1, 1909, Phoenix, Ariz., U.S. died May 29, 1998, Paradise Valley, Ariz.  U.S. senator from Arizona ...
Goldwater, Barry M(orris)
born Jan. 1, 1909, Phoenix, Airz., U.S. died May 29, 1998, Paradise Valley, Ariz. U.S. senator. He headed the family department-store business from 1937, and during World War ...
Goldwater, Barry Morris
▪ 1999       American politician (b. Jan. 1, 1909, Phoenix, Ariz.—d. May 29, 1998, Phoenix), was considered the founder and icon of the modern conservative movement in ...
Goldwater,Barry Morris
Gold·wa·ter (gōldʹwô'tər, -wŏt'ər), Barry Morris. 1909-1998. American politician. A conservative Republican, he served as U.S. senator from Arizona (1953-1965 and ...
goldwork
/gohld"werrk'/, n. work produced by a goldsmith. [1675-85; GOLD + WORK] * * * ▪ art  sculpture, vessels, jewelry, ornamentation, and coinage made from gold. A brief ...
Goldwyn
/gohld"win/, n. Samuel (Samuel Goldfish), 1882-1974, U.S. movie producer, born in Poland. * * *
Goldwyn, Samuel
orig. Schmuel Gelbfisz later Samuel Goldfish born July 1879, Warsaw, Pol. died Jan. 31, 1974, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. U.S. film producer. He emigrated alone at age 13 from ...
Goldwyn,Samuel
Gold·wyn (gōldʹwĭn), Samuel. 1882-1974. Polish-born American film producer who founded his own film company (1917) and merged with Louis B. Mayer to form Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer ...
Goldwynism
/gohld"wi niz'euhm/, n. a phrase or statement involving a humorous and supposedly unintentional misuse of idiom, as "Keep a stiff upper chin," esp. such a statement attributed to ...
golem
/goh"leuhm, -lem/, n. 1. Jewish Folklore. a figure artificially constructed in the form of a human being and endowed with life. 2. a stupid and clumsy person; blockhead. 3. an ...
golf
—golfer, n. /golf, gawlf/; Brit. also /gof/, n. 1. a game in which clubs with wooden or metal heads are used to hit a small, white ball into a number of holes, usually 9 or 18, ...
golf bag
a bag, usually made of canvas, for carrying golf clubs and golf balls. [1890-95] * * *
golf ball
1. a small, white ball with a tough cover and a resilient core of rubber, used in playing golf. 2. a ball-shaped printing element on certain electric typewriters. [1535-45] * * *
golf cart
1. a small, battery-powered, three- or four-wheel vehicle used for transporting one or two golfers and their equipment around a golf course. 2. See caddie cart. [1950-55] * * *
golf club
1. any of various long-handled clubs with wooden or metal heads, for hitting the ball in golf. Cf. iron (def. 5), wood1 (def. 8). 2. an organization of golf players or the ...
golf clubs
➡ golf * * *
golf course
the ground or course over which golf is played. A standard full-scale golf course has 125 to 175 acres (51 to 71 hectares), usually with 18 holes varying from 100 to 650 yd. (91 ...
golf courses
➡ golf * * *
golf widow
a woman whose husband frequently leaves her alone while he plays golf. [1915-20] * * *
GOLF: Senior Golf
▪ 1996       One of sports' biggest recent success stories was the Professional Golfers' Association's (PGA's) Senior Tour. Beginning in 1980 with two tournaments and ...
golfball
golf ball n. A small hard dimpled ball used in golf. * * *
golfclub
golf club n. 1. One of a set of clubs having a slender shaft and a head of wood or iron, used in golf. 2. An organization of golfers. * * *
golfcourse
golf course n. A large tract of land laid out for golf. Also called golf links. * * *
Golfe du Lion
/gawlf dyuu lee awonn"/ French name of the Gulf of Lions. * * *
golfer
See golf. * * *
Golfito
▪ Costa Rica       city, southern Costa Rica. It is located on sheltered El Golfito Inlet, off the Gulf of Dulce and surrounded by steep hills. The heavy rainfall ...
Golgi
/gawl"jee/, n. Camillo /kah meel"law/, 1843?-1926, Italian physician and histologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1906. * * *
Golgi apparatus
Golgi apparatus [gôl′jē, gōl′jē] n. 〚after C. Golgi (1844-1926), It neurologist, who first observed it (1909)〛 a network of stainable cytoplasmic fibers, rods, ...
Golgi body
Cell Biol. an organelle, consisting of layers of flattened sacs, that takes up and processes secretory and synthetic products from the endoplasmic reticulum and then either ...
Golgi, Camillo
born July 7, 1843/44, Corteno, Italy died Jan. 21, 1926, Pavia Italian physician and cytologist. He devised a way to stain nerve tissue and with it discovered a neuron, now ...
Golgi,Camillo
Gol·gi (gōlʹjē), Camillo. 1844?-1926. Italian histologist. He shared a 1906 Nobel Prize for research on the structure of the nervous system. * * *
Golgiapparatus
Golgi apparatus n. A network of stacked membranous vesicles present in most living cells that functions in the formation of secretions within the cell. Also called Golgi body, ...
Golgotha
/gol"geuh theuh/, n. 1. a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified; Calvary. 2. a place of suffering or sacrifice. 3. a place of burial. Also, golgotha (for defs. 2, ...
Goliad
▪ Texas, United States       historic city, seat (1837) of Goliad county, southern Texas, U.S., near the San Antonio River, 85 miles (137 km) southeast of San Antonio ...
goliard
—goliardery /gohl yahr"deuh ree/, n. —goliardic, adj. /gohl"yeuhrd/, n. (sometimes cap.) one of a class of wandering scholar-poets in Germany, France, and England, chiefly in ...
goliardic
See goliard. * * *
Goliath
/geuh luy"euhth/, n. 1. the giant warrior of the Philistines whom David killed with a stone from a sling. I Sam. 17:48-51. 2. (usually l.c.) a giant. 3. (usually l.c.) a very ...
Goliath crane
a gantry crane for heavy work, as in steel mills. [1890-95; after GOLIATH] * * *
Golijov, Osvaldo
▪ 2007       For the Argentine-born American composer Osvaldo Golijov, 2006 was another busy year. Among other events, there were major festivals of his music at New ...
golilla
/goh lee"euh, -leel"yeuh/, n. a collar of lawn or linen, slightly rolled under at the edge and starched to stand out from the neckline, worn in Spain in the 17th ...
Golitsyn family
Russian noble family descended from the 14th-century Lithuanian grand duke Gediminas. Three members played prominent roles as statesmen around the time of Peter I the Great (r. ...
Golitsyn, Boris Alekseyevich
▪ Russian statesman born July 30 [July 20, old style], 1654 died Nov. 8 [Oct. 28, O.S.], 1714  Russian statesman who played a major role during the early years of the reign ...
Golitsyn, Boris Borisovich, Knyaz
▪ Russian physicist (Prince), Golitsyn also spelled  Galitzin   born March 2 [Feb. 18, old style], 1862, St. Petersburg, Russia died May 17 [May 4, O.S.], 1916, near ...
Golitsyn, Dmitry Mikhaylovich, Knyaz
▪ Russian statesman (Prince) born June 13 [June 3, old style], 1665, Russia died April 25 [April 14, O.S.], 1737, St. Petersburg       Russian statesman who ...
Golitsyn, Vasily (Vasilyevich), Prince
born 1643, Russia died May 2, 1714, Kholmogory, Russia Russian statesman and chief adviser to Sophia Alekseyevna. After commanding in the Ukraine, he served in the court of ...
Golitsyn, Vasily Vasilyevich, Knyaz
▪ Russian statesman (Prince) born 1643, Russia died May 2 [April 21, old style], 1714, Kholmogory, Russia       Russian statesman who was the chief adviser to Sophia ...
Golkar
▪ Indonesian political organization byname of  Partai Golongan Karya , English  Party of Functional Groups        Indonesian social and political organization that ...
Gollancz, Sir Victor
born April 9, 1893, London, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1967, London British publisher, writer, and humanitarian. Born to a family of orthodox Jews, Gollancz evolved a religious outlook ...
golliwog
golliwog or golliwogg [gäl′ē wôg΄, gäl′ēwäg΄] n. 〚arbitrary formation, ? after POLLIWOG〛 1. a grotesque black doll used in illustrations by Florence K. Upton ...
golliwogg
/gol"ee wog'/, n. (sometimes cap.) 1. a grotesque black doll. 2. a grotesque person. Also, golliwog. [1890-95; after the name of a doll in an illustrated series of children's ...
golly
/gol"ee/, interj. Informal. (used as a mild exclamation expressing surprise, wonder, puzzlement, pleasure, or the like.) [1840-50; euphemistic alter. of GOD] * * *
gollywobbler
/gol"ee wob'leuhr/, n. Naut. a very large quadrilateral staysail set between the foremast and mainmast of a schooner. [orig. uncert.] * * *
Golmud
▪ China Chinese (Pinyin)  Ge'ermu , Wade-Giles romanization  Ko-erh-mu        city, central Qinghai (Tsinghai) sheng (province), western China. Golmud is an ...
Golombek, Harry
▪ 1996       British international chess grandmaster, writer, and chess correspondent for The Times, 1945-85, and The Observer, 1955-79 (b. March 1, 1911—d. Jan. 7, ...
golosh
/geuh losh"/, n. galosh. * * *
Golovin, Fyodor Alekseyevich, Count
▪ Russian statesman (Graf) born 1650, Russia died July 30 [Aug. 10, New Style], 1706       Russian statesman and diplomat who served prominently during the reign ...
Golovkin, Gavriil Ivanovich, Count
▪ Russian statesman (Graf) born 1660, Russia died 1734       Russian statesman and diplomat who was a close associate of Peter I the Great (reigned 1682–1725) and ...
Golovnin, Vasily Mikhaylovich
▪ Russian naval officer born April 8 [April 19, New Style], 1776, Ryazan province, Russia died June 29 [July 11], 1831, St. Petersburg       Russian naval officer and ...
golp
/golp/, n. Heraldry. a roundel purpure. [1555-65; perh. < Sp golpe a wound] * * *
Golschmann
/gohlsh"mahn/, n. Vladimir /vlad"euh mear'/, 1893-1972, French orchestra conductor in the U.S. * * *
Golshiri, Hushang
▪ 2001       Iranian writer and political activist (b. 1936/37, Esfahan, Iran—d. June 5, 2000, Tehran, Iran), was a prominent figure in Persian secular literature, but ...
Goltz
/gawlts/, n. Baron Kolmar von der /kawl"mahrdd feuhn deuhrdd/, 1843-1916, German field marshal. * * *
Goltz, Colmar, baron von der
▪ Prussian military officer in full  Wilhelm Leopold Colmar, baron von der Goltz,  Turkish title  Goltz Pasha   born Aug. 12, 1843, near Labiau, East Prussia [now Polessk, ...
Goltz, Rüdiger, Count von der
▪ German army officer in full  Gustav Adolf Joachim Rüdiger, Count Von Der Goltz   born Dec. 8, 1865, Züllichau, Brandenburg, Prussia [now Sulechów, Pol.] died Nov. 4, ...
Goltzius, Hendrick
born 1558, Mulebrecht, Neth. died Jan. 1, 1617, Haarlem Dutch printmaker and painter. He set up his own copperplate-engraving business in Haarlem and became the leading master ...
Goltzius, Hendrik
▪ Dutch painter and printmaker born 1558, Mulebrecht, Neth. died Jan. 1, 1617, Haarlem  printmaker and painter, the leading figure of the Mannerist school of Dutch ...
Golub, David
▪ 2001       American pianist and chamber music conductor (b. 1950, Chicago, Ill.—d. Oct. 16, 2000, Milan, Italy), gained renown first as accompanist to violinist ...
Golub, Leon
▪ 2005       American painter (b. Jan. 21, 1922, Chicago, Ill.—d. Aug. 8, 2004, New York, N.Y.), expressed his strong opposition to the Vietnam War through his series ...
Golubnichy, Vladimir
▪ Soviet athlete born June 2, 1936, Sumy, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.    Soviet race walker who won four Olympic medals and dominated the 20-kilometre (12.43-mile) walk in the 1960s ...
Gomarist
▪ religious group also called  Contra-remonstrant, or Counter-remonstrant,         follower of the Dutch Calvinist theologian Franciscus Gomarus (Gomarus, Franciscus) ...
Gomarus, Franciscus
▪ Dutch theologian English  Francis Gomar , French  François Gomar   born January 30, 1563, Bruges, Flanders [now in Belgium] died January 11, 1641, Groningen, ...
Gomati River
▪ river, India also called  Gumti   tributary of the Ganges (Ganga) River (Ganges River), central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It rises in northern Uttar Pradesh ...
Gombe
▪ Nigeria       town and traditional emirate, southeastern Gombe state, northeastern Nigeria. Gombe emirate was founded in 1804 by Buba Yero (Abubakar), a follower of ...
gombeen
/gom been"/, n. Irish Eng. usury. [1860-65; < Ir gaimbín interest, esp. exorbitant interest, lit., bit, small piece, dim. of gamba lump, hunk] * * *
gombeen (man)
gombeen (man) or gombeen [gäm bēn′] n. in Ireland, a) a shopkeeper who engages in usury on the side b) an avaricious and opportunistic businessman, entrepreneur, etc. * * *
gombeen-man
/gom been"man'/, n., pl. gombeen-men. Irish Eng. a usurer or moneylender. [1880-85] * * *
Gomberg
/gom"berrg/, n. Moses, 1866-1947, U.S. chemist, born in Russia. * * *
Gomberg, Moses
▪ American chemist born Feb. 8, 1866, Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire [now Kirovograd, Ukraine] died Feb. 12, 1947, Ann Arbor, Mich., U.S.       Russian-born American ...
Gombert, Nicolas
▪ Flemish composer born c. 1490, southern Flanders [now in Belgium] died c. 1556, Tournai, Flanders       one of the leading Flemish composers of the Renaissance, whose ...
gombo
/gum"boh/, n., pl. gombos. gumbo. * * *
Gömbös, Gyula
▪ Hungarian premier born Dec. 26, 1886, Murga, Hung., Austria-Hungary [now in Hungary] died Oct. 6, 1936, Munich, Ger.       Hungarian premier (1932–36) who was known ...
Gombrich
(Ernst Hans Gombrich 1909–2001 ) a British art historian, born in Vienna, Austria. He wrote several important books about art, including Art and Illusion (1960) and The Story ...
Gombrich, Sir Ernst Hans Josef
▪ 2002       Austrian-born art historian (b. March 30, 1909, Vienna, Austria-Hungary—d. Nov. 3, 2001, London, Eng.), as one of the field's greatest popularizers, ...
gombroon
/gom broohn"/, n. a type of Persian pottery ware. [1690-1700; after Gombroon a town on the Persian Gulf] * * *
Gombroon ware
▪ pottery       in Islāmic (Islamic arts) ceramics, pierced white pottery and porcelain dating from the 18th century and noted for its colourless glaze and delicate ...
Gombrowicz, Witold
born Aug. 4, 1904, Małoszyce, Russian Empire died July 25, 1969, Vence, France Polish novelist, story writer, and dramatist. He is best known for his novel Ferdydurke (1937). ...
Gomel
/goh"meuhl/; Russ. /gaw"myil/, n. a city in SE Byelorussia (Belarus), on a tributary of the Dnieper. 383,000. * * *
gomer
/goh"meuhr/, n. Slang. 1. an undesirable hospital patient. 2. an enemy aviator, esp. in a dogfight. [1965-70; of disputed orig.] * * *
gomeral
gomeral [gäm′ər əl] n. 〚< ? obs. gome, a man (< OE guma: see HOMAGE) + -(e)rel, depreciatory suffix < OFr -erel〛 Scot. a simpleton; fool * * *
gomerel
/gom"euhr euhl/, n. Scot. and North Eng. a fool. Also, gomeral, gomeril. [1805-15; obs. gome man (OE guma; c. Goth guma, L homo) + -REL] * * *
Gomes, Diogo
▪ Portuguese explorer flourished 1440–84       Portuguese explorer sent by Prince Henry the Navigator to investigate the West African coast about ...
Gómez
/goh"mez/; Sp. /gaw"mes/, n. Juan Vicente /hwahn bee sen"te/, 1857?-1935, Venezuelan soldier and political leader: commander in chief and dictator of Venezuela 1908-35; president ...
Gómez de Avellaneda, Gertrudis
▪ Cuban writer born March 23, 1814, Puerto Príncipe, Cuba died Feb. 1, 1873, Madrid, Spain       Cuban playwright and poet who is considered one of the foremost ...
Gómez de la Serna
/gaw"meth dhe lah serdd"nah, -mes/ Ramón /rddah mawn"/, ("Ramón"), 1888-1963, Spanish novelist, dramatist, biographer, and critic. * * *
Gómez de la Serna, Ramón
▪ Spanish writer born July 5, 1891, Madrid died Jan. 12, 1963, Buenos Aires       Spanish writer whose greguerías, brief poetic statements characterized by a free ...
Gómez Farías, Valentín
▪ president of Mexico born Feb. 14, 1781, Guadalajara, Mex. died July 5, 1858, Mexico City       the leader of Mexican liberalism in the mid-19th century, notable for ...
Gómez Palacio
▪ Mexico       city, now a suburb of Torreón (to the southeast across the Río Nazas), northeastern Durango estado (state), north central Mexico. It is an important ...
Gómez y Báez, Máximo
▪ Cuban revolutionary commander born November 18, 1836, Baní, Dominican Republic died June 17, 1905, Havana, Cuba       commander in chief of the Cuban revolutionary ...
Gómez, Juan Vicente
born 1857/64, San Antonio de Táchira, Venez. died Dec. 17, 1935, Maracay Dictator of Venezuela (1908–35). Though he had almost no formal education, he rose to power by ...
Gómez, Laureano Eleuterio
▪ president of Colombia in full  Laureano Eleuterio Gómez Castro   born Feb. 20, 1889, Bogotá, Colombia died July 13, 1965, Bogotá  extremely conservative politician who ...
GómezPalacio
Gó·mez Pa·la·ci·o (gōʹmĕz pə-läʹsē-ō, gōʹmĕs pä-läʹsyō) A city of north-central Mexico west of Monterrey. It is a processing and transportation center in an ...
gomme syrup
/gawm/. See simple syrup (def. 1). * * *
gommie
/gom"ee/, n. Canadian Slang (chiefly the Maritime Provinces). a fool. [Hiberno-E gom (akin to gommel < Ir gamal lout, simpleton) + -IE] * * *
Gomorrah
—Gomorrean, adj. /geuh mawr"euh, -mor"euh/, n. 1. Also, Douay Bible, Gomorrha. an ancient city destroyed, with Sodom, because of its wickedness. Gen. 19:24, 25. 2. any ...
Gompers
/gom"peuhrz/, n. Samuel, 1850-1924, U.S. labor leader, born in England: president of the American Federation of Labor 1886-94, 1896-1924. * * *
Gompers, Samuel
born Jan. 27, 1850, London, Eng. died Dec. 13, 1924, San Antonio, Texas, U.S. British-born U.S. labour leader, first president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL). He ...
Gompers,Samuel
Gom·pers (gŏmʹpərz), Samuel. 1850-1924. British-born American labor leader who as president of the American Federation of Labor (1886-1924, except 1895) won higher wages, ...
Gomperz, Theodor
▪ Austrian philosopher and classical scholar born March 29, 1832, Brünn, Moravia died Aug. 29, 1912, Baden bei Wien, Austria       philosopher and classical scholar, ...
gomphiasis
/gom fuy"euh sis/, n. Dentistry. looseness of the teeth. [1700-10; < Gk gomphí(os) molar tooth + -ASIS] * * *
gomphosis
/gom foh"sis/, n., pl. gomphoses /-foh"seez/. Anat. an immovable articulation in which one bone or part is received in a cavity in another, as a tooth in its socket. [1570-80; < ...
Gomulka
/geuh mool"keuh/, n. Wladyslaw /vlah di"slahf/, 1905-82, Polish political leader: First Secretary of the Polish Communist party 1956-70. * * *
gomuti
/geuh mooh"tee/, n., pl. gomutis. 1. Also called gomuti palm, sugar palm. a sago palm, Arenga pinnata, of the East Indies, yielding palm sugar. 2. a black, horsehairlike fiber ...
Gomułka, Władysław
born Feb. 6, 1905, Białobrzegi, near Krosno, Pol., Austria-Hungary died Sept. 1, 1982, Warsaw, Pol. Leader of the Polish Communist Party (1956–70). In 1926 he joined the ...
gon-
var. of gono- before a vowel: gonidium. * * *
gonad
—gonadal, gonadial /goh nay"dee euhl/, gonadic /goh nad"ik/, adj. /goh"nad, gon"ad/, n. Anat. a sex gland in which gametes are produced; an ovary or testis. [1875-80; < NL ...
gonadal
See gonad. * * *
gonadic
See gonadal. * * *
gonadotrope
/goh nad"euh trohp'/, n. Biochem. a gonadotropic substance. [GONAD + -O- + -TROPE] * * *
gonadotropic
/goh nad'euh trop"ik, -troh"pik, gon'euh doh-/, adj. Biochem. pertaining to substances formed in the anterior pituitary gland that affect the activity of the ovary or ...
gonadotropin
/goh nad'euh troh"pin, gon'euh doh-/, n. Biochem. a gonadotropic substance. Also, gonadotrophin /goh nad'euh troh"fin, gon'euh doh-/. Cf. chorionic gonadotropin. [1935-40; ...
gonadotropin releasing hormone
1. Biochem. a peptide hormone, produced by the hypothalamus, that stimulates the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland to secrete luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating ...
gonadotropin-releasinghormone
go·nad·o·tro·pin-re·leas·ing hormone (gō-năd'ə-trōʹpĭn-rĭ-lēsʹĭng, -trŏpʹĭn-) n. Abbr. GnRH A hormone produced by the hypothalamus that signals the anterior ...
Gonaïves
Fr. /gaw nann eev"/, n. 1. Gulf of, an inlet of the Caribbean Sea, between the two peninsulas of W Haiti. 2. a seaport in W Haiti. 25,925. * * * ▪ Haiti       city, ...
gonangium
—gonangial, adj. /goh nan"jee euhm/, n., pl. gonangia /-jee euh/, gonangiums. a reproductive polyp of a colonial hydroid, giving rise asexually to medusa buds. [1870-75; < NL, ...
Gonâve
/goh nahv"/; Fr. /gaw nannv"/, n. 1. Also called Gonâve Island. an island in the Gulf of Gonaïves, in W Haiti. 287 sq. mi. (743 sq. km). 2. Gulf of. Also called Gonâve Gulf. ...
Goncalves da Silva, Neuma
▪ 2001       Brazilian samba dancer (b. May 8, 1922, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.—d. July 17, 2000, Rio de Janeiro), widely known as the “first lady of samba,” helped run ...
Gonçalves Dias
/gooonn sawl"vis dee"ahs/, Antonio /aonn taw"nyoo/ 1823-64, Brazilian poet. * * *
Gonçalves Dias, Antônio
born Aug. 10, 1823, Boa Vista, near Caxias, Maranhão, Braz. died Nov. 3, 1864, off the coast of Maranhão Brazilian poet. A respected ethnologist and scholar, he lived much of ...
Gonçalves, António Aurélio
▪ Cape Verdean writer born Sept. 25, 1901, São Vicente, Cape Verde Islands died Sept. 30, 1984       Portuguese African story writer, novelist, critic, and teacher ...
Gonçalves, Nuno
flourished 1450–72 Portuguese painter. He is recorded as court painter to Alfonso V in 1450, but his works for the Portuguese court have not survived. His altarpiece for ...
Goncalves, Vasco dos Santos
▪ 2006       Portuguese military officer (b. May 3, 1921, Lisbon, Port.—d. June 11, 2005, Almancil, Port.), was a key figure in the Armed Forces Movement (MFA), which ...
Goncharov
/gon"cheuh rawf', -rof'/; Russ. /geuhn chyi rddawf"/, n. Ivan Alexandrovich /i vahn" al'ig zan"dreuh vich, -zahn"-, uy"veuhn/; Russ. /ee vahn" u lyi ksahn"drddeuh vyich/, ...
Goncharov, Ivan Aleksandrovich
▪ Russian writer born June 18 [June 6, old style], 1812, Simbirsk [now Ulyanovsk], Russia died Sept. 27 [Sept. 15, O.S.], 1891, St. Petersburg  Russian novelist and travel ...
Goncharova, Natalya
▪ Russian artist Russian  Nataliya Sergeyevna Goncharova, Goncharova  also spelled  Gontcharova  born June 4, 1881, Ladyzhino, Russia died Oct. 17, 1962, ...
Goncourt
/gawonn koohrdd"/; for 2 also Eng. /gon koor"/, n. 1. Edmond Louis Antoine Huot de /ed mawonn" lwee ahonn twannn" yuu oh" deuh/, 1822-96, and his brother Jules Alfred Huot de ...
Goncourt, Edmond (-Louis-Antoine Huot de) and Jules (-Alfred Huot de)
born May 26, 1822, Nancy, France died July 16, 1896, Champrosay born Dec. 17, 1830, Paris died June 20, 1870, Auteuil French writers. The Goncourt brothers were enabled by a ...
Goncourt, Edmond and Jules
▪ French authors in full  Edmond-Louis-Antoine Huot de Goncourt  and  Jules-Alfred Huot de Goncourt  Respectively,   born May 26, 1822, Nancy, France died July 16, 1896, ...
Goncourt,Edmond Louis Antoine Huot de
Gon·court (gôɴ-ko͝orʹ), Edmond Louis Antoine Huot de. 1822-1896. French writer who collaborated with his brother Jules Alfred Huot de Goncourt (1830-1870) on numerous ...
Gond
/gond/, n. a member of an aboriginal people of Dravidian stock, in central India and the Deccan. * * * ▪ people       group of aboriginal peoples (now referred to as ...
Gonda
▪ India       city, eastern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies northeast of Lucknow, on a tributary of the Ghaghara River (Ghāghara River). It is situated ...
Gondar
/gon"deuhr/, n. a city in NW Ethiopia, N of Lake Tana: a former capital. 38,600. * * *
Gonder
Gonder [gän′dər] city in NW Ethiopia: former capital: pop. 88,000: formerly sp. Gondar * * * ▪ Ethiopia also spelled  Gondar   city, northwestern Ethiopia. It stands ...
Gondi
/gon"dee/, n. a Dravidian language, the language of the Gonds. * * *
Gondi Family
▪ French family       French family of Florentine origin, whose diplomats and bankers were prominent in France from the 16th century. The family established itself in ...
Gondi language
      one of the Dravidian languages of India. In the early 21st century it was spoken by about 2.7 million people, mostly Gonds. Gondi has many dialects (dialect), ...
gondola
/gon"dl euh/ or, esp. for 1, /gon doh"leuh/, n. 1. a long, narrow, flat-bottomed boat having a tall, ornamental stem and stern and sometimes a small cabin for passengers, rowed ...
gondola back
a chair or couch back curving forward and downward to form arms. * * *
gondolacar
gondola car n. An open railroad freight car with low sides. * * *
gondoletta
/gon'dl et"euh/, n. a small Venetian gondola. Also, gondolet /gon'dl et"/. [1595-1605; < It, dim. of GONDOLA] * * *
gondolier
/gon'dl ear"/, n. a person who rows or poles a gondola. [1595-1605; < It gondoliere. See GONDOLA, -IER2] * * *
Gondoliers
a comic opera (1889) by Gilbert and Sullivan (I). It is set in Venice, Italy, where a gondolier (= a person who takes people on a boat through the canals of Venice) is believed ...
Gondomar
/gawn'daw mahrdd"/, n. Diego Sarmiento de Acuña /dye"gaw sahrdd myen"taw dhe ah kooh"nyah/, Count of, 1567-1626, Spanish diplomat. * * *
Gondomar, Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, Count de
▪ Spanish diplomat and ambassador born Nov. 1, 1567 died Oct. 2, 1626       Spanish diplomat and ambassador to England who became one of the most influential men at the ...
Gondophernes
▪ Indo-Parthian king also spelled  Gondophares  flourished 1st century CE       an Indo-Parthian king in the areas of Arachosia, Kabul, and Gandhara (present ...
Gondwana
/gond wah"neuh/, n. a hypothetical landmass in the Southern Hemisphere that separated toward the end of the Paleozoic Era to form South America, Africa, Antarctica, and ...
Gondwanaland
Gond·wa·na·land (gŏnd-wäʹnə-lănd') n. The hypothetical protocontinent of the Southern Hemisphere that, according to the theory of plate tectonics, broke up into India, ...
gone
/gawn, gon/, v. 1. pp. of go1. adj. 2. departed; left. 3. lost or hopeless. 4. ruined. 5. that has passed away; dead. 6. past. 7. weak and faint: a gone feeling. 8. used up. 9. ...
gone away
Fox Hunting. the cry uttered by the huntsman as a signal to the field that the hounds are in full cry and the hunt is on. * * *
Gone With the Wind
/wind/ a novel (1936) by Margaret Mitchell. * * *
gonef
gonef [gän′əf] n. alt. sp. of GANEF * * *
goneness
/gawn"nis, gon"-/, n. a sinking sensation; exhaustion or faintness. [1840-50, Amer.; GONE + -NESS] * * *
goner
/gaw"neuhr, gon"euhr/, n. Informal. a person or thing that is dead, lost, or past recovery. [1840-50; GONE + -ER1] * * *
Goneril
/gon"euhr il/, n. (in Shakespeare's King Lear) the elder of Lear's two faithless daughters. Cf. Cordelia, Regan. * * *
gonfalon
/gon"feuh leuhn/, n. 1. a banner suspended from a crossbar, often with several streamers or tails. 2. a standard, esp. one used by the medieval Italian republics. [1585-95; < It ...
gonfalonier
/gon'feuh leuh near"/, n. 1. the bearer of a gonfalon. 2. a chief magistrate or some other elected official in any of several medieval Italian republics. [1580-90; < F < It ...
gonfanon
/gon"feuh neuhn/, n. a gonfalon that hangs directly from a pole, esp. from the shaft of a lance just below the lance head. [1250-1300; ME go(u)nfano(u)n < OF gunfanun, gonfanon, ...
gong
—gonglike, adj. /gawng, gong/, n. 1. a large bronze disk, of Asian origin, having an upturned rim, that produces a vibrant, hollow tone when struck, usually with a stick or ...
gong buoy
Naut. a buoy in which one or more gongs are struck by hammers that swing freely with the motion of the buoy. * * *
Gong Li
▪ 1995       When Gong Li's (Kung Li's) sensuous smile first appeared in close-up in Red Sorghum, a legend was born. A major event at the 1988 Berlin Film Festival, Red ...
Gong Qinwang
▪ Chinese official ChinesePrince Gong Wade-Giles romanization  Kung Ch'in-wang , original name  Yixin  born Jan. 11, 1833, Beijing, China died May 30, 1898, ...
Gong Xian
▪ Chinese painter Wade-Giles romanization  Kung Hsien  born c. 1618, Kunshan, Jiangsu province, China died 1689       most important artist of the group known as the ...
Gong Zizhen
▪ Chinese author Wade-Giles romanization  Kung Tzu-chen , also called  Gong Ding'an , courtesy name (zi)  Seren , literary name (hao)  Ding'an  born August 22, 1792, ...
gongbi
▪ Chinese painting Wade-Giles romanization  kung-pi        in Chinese painting, meticulous brush technique that delimits details very precisely and without ...
Gongola River
▪ river, Nigeria       principal tributary of the Benue River, northeastern Nigeria. It rises in several branches (including the Lere and Maijuju rivers) on the eastern ...
Góngora (y Argote), Luis de
born July 11, 1561, Córdoba, Spain died May 23, 1627, Córdoba Spanish poet. Very influential in his era, he developed the difficult, complex poetic style that became known as ...
Góngora y Argote
/gawng"gaw rddah' ee ahrdd gaw"te/ Luis de /lwees de/, 1561-1627, Spanish poet. * * *
Góngora y Argote, Luis de
▪ Spanish poet born July 11, 1561, Córdoba, Spain died May 23, 1627, Córdoba  one of the most influential Spanish poets of his era. His Baroque, convoluted style, known as ...
Gongorism
—Gongorist, n. —Gongoristic, adj. /gong"geuh riz'euhm, gawng"-/, n. imitation of the ornate and intricate style of Góngora y Argote. [1805-15; < Sp gongorismo. See GÓNGORA ...
Gongoristic
See Gongorism. * * *
Gongsun Hong
▪ Chinese scholar Wade-Giles romanization  Kung-sun Hung   born 200 BC, Zichuan [now in Shandong province], China died 121 BC, Chang'an [now Xi'an, Shaanxi ...
Gongsun Long
▪ Chinese philosopher Wade-Giles romanization  Kung-sun Lung   born 325, Zhao state [now in Hebei province], China died 250 BCE, China  one of the best known ...
gonidial
See gonidium. * * *
gonidium
—gonidial, gonidic, adj. —gonidioid, adj. /geuh nid"ee euhm/, n., pl. gonidia /-nid"ee euh/. 1. (in algae) any one-celled asexual reproductive body, as a tetraspore or ...
gonif
/gon"euhf/, n. ganef. Also, goniff. * * *
goniff
goniff or gonif [gän′if] n. var. of GANEF * * *
gonio-
a combining form meaning "angle," used in the formation of compound words: goniometer. Cf. -gon. [ < Gk, comb. form of gonía] * * *
goniometer
—goniometric /goh'nee euh me"trik/, goniometrical, adj. —goniometrically, adv. —goniometry, n. /goh'nee om"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring solid angles, as of ...
goniometric
See goniometer. * * *
goniometrical
See goniometric. * * *
goniometry
goniometry [gō΄nē äm′ə trē] n. 〚 GONIO- + -METRY〛 the theory or science of measuring angles goniometric [gō΄nē ə me′trik] adj. * * * See goniometric. * * *
gonion
/goh"nee on'/, n., pl. gonia /-nee euh/. Craniom. a point on each side of the lower jaw at the mandibular angle. [1875-80] * * *
Gonionemus
▪ hydrozoan genus       genus of small marine hydrozoans (order Limnomedusae, phylum Cnidaria). The conspicuous jellyfish stage of Gonionemus species is bell-shaped and ...
Goniophora
▪ clam genus       extinct genus of clams found in Silurian to Devonian rocks (the Silurian Period began 444 million years ago and lasted about 28 million years; it was ...
gonioscope
—gonioscopy /goh'nee os"keuh pee/, n. —gonioscopic /goh'nee euh skop"ik/, adj. /goh'nee euh skohp'/, n. an optical instrument used for measuring the angle of the anterior ...
gonium
/goh"nee euhm/, n., pl. gonia /-nee euh/. Cell Biol. the germ cell during the phase marked by mitosis. [ < NL; see GON-, -IUM] * * *
gonna
/gaw"neuh/; unstressed /geuh neuh/, Pron. Spelling. going to: Are we gonna go soon? * * *
Gonne, Maud
▪ Irish patriot married name  Maud MacBride  born 1865, Aldershot, Hampshire, Eng. died April 27, 1953, Dublin, Ire.       Irish patriot, actress, and feminist, one ...
Gonne,Maud
Gonne (gŏn, gŭn), Maud. 1865-1953. Irish patriot and actress. A leader of the Irish independence movement, she was a founder (1906) of Sinn Fein. William Butler Yeats's play ...
gono-
a combining form meaning "sexual," "reproductive," used in the formation of compound words: gonophore. Also, esp. before a vowel, gon-. [ < Gk, comb. form of gónos, goné seed, ...
gonococcal
See gonococcus. * * *
gonococcic
See gonococcal. * * *
gonococcus
—gonococcal, gonococcic /gon'euh kok"sik/, adj. —gonococcoid, adj. /gon'euh kok"euhs/, n., pl. gonococci /-kok"suy, -see/. the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, causing ...
gonof
gonof or gonoph [gän′əf] n. alt. sp. of GANEF * * *
gonophore
—gonophoric /gon'euh fawr"ik, -for"-/, gonophorous /goh nof"euhr euhs/, adj. /gon"euh fawr', -fohr'/, n. Zool. an asexually produced bud in hydrozoans that gives rise to the ...
gonophoric
See gonophore. * * *
gonophorous
See gonophoric. * * *
gonopodium
—gonopodial, adj. /gon'euh poh"dee euhm/, n., pl. gonopodia /-poh"dee euh/. Ichthyol. the modified anal fin of a male poeciliid fish, serving as an organ of copulation. [GONO- ...
gonopore
/gon"euh pawr', -pohr'/, n. Zool. an opening through which eggs or sperm are released, esp. in invertebrates. [1895-1900; GONO- + PORE2] * * *
gonorrhea
—gonorrheal, adj. —gonorrheic, adj. /gon'euh ree"euh/, n. Pathol. a contagious, purulent inflammation of the urethra or the vagina, caused by the gonococcus. Also, esp. ...
gonorrheal
See gonorrhea. * * *
gonorrheic
See gonorrheal. * * *
gonotheca
—gonothecal, adj. /gon'euh thee"keuh/, n., pl. gonothecae /-see/. Zool. the part of the perisarc covering a gonangium. [1860-65; GONO- + THECA] * * *
Gonsalves,Paul
Gon·sal·ves (gən-sôlʹvəz), Paul. 1920-1974. American jazz tenor saxophonist known for his affinity for ballads and his fast, driving solos. After playing briefly with ...
Gonville, Edmund
▪ British priest Gonville also spelled  Gonvile        (d. 1351), parish priest who founded Gonville Hall (1349), since 1557 Gonville and Caius College, at the ...
gonyaulax
/goh'nee aw"laks/, n. any marine dinoflagellate of the genus Gonyaulax, sometimes occurring in great numbers and causing red tide. [ < NL < Gk góny KNEE + aûlax furrow] * * ...
gonycampsis
/gon'euh kamp"sis/, n. abnormal curvature of the knee. [ < Gk góny KNEE + kámpsis bending, curving, equiv. to kámp(tein) to bend + -sis -SIS] * * *
gonys
—gonydeal, gonydial /goh nid"ee euhl/, adj. /goh"nis/, n. the ridge along the tip of the lower mandible of a bird's bill at the junction of the two joined halves, esp. ...
Gonzaga dynasty
Italian dynasty that ruled Mantua 1328–1707 and Montferrat and Casale 1536–1707. Its history began with Luigi I (or Lodovico; 1267–1360), who gained control of Mantua in ...
Gonzaga University
▪ university, Spokane, Washington, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Spokane, Washington, U.S. It is affiliated with the ...
Gonzaga, Tomás Antônio
▪ Portuguese poet pseudonym  Dirceu,  also spelled  Dirceo  born Aug. 11, 1744, Porto, Port. died c. 1810, Mozambique       poet whose popularity in Portugal up to ...
Gonzales
/geuhn zah"lis/, n. Richard Alonzo ("Pancho"), born 1928, U.S. tennis player. * * *
Gonzales, Alberto R.
▪ United States official born Aug. 4, 1955, San Antonio, Texas, U.S.    American lawyer, judge, and attorney general of the United States (2005–07), the first Hispanic to ...
Gonzales, Pancho
▪ American tennis player byname of  Richard Alonzo Gonzales , Gonzales also spelled  Gonzalez  born May 9, 1928, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. died July 3, 1995, Las Vegas, ...
Gonzales, Richard Alonzo
▪ 1996       ("PANCHO"), U.S. tennis player (b. May 9, 1928, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. July 3, 1995, Las Vegas, Nev.), was a fiery-tempered tennis ace whose deadly ...
Gonzalez Cruchaga, the Right Rev. Carlos
▪ 2009       Chilean Roman Catholic bishop born June 8, 1921, Santiago, Chile died Sept. 21, 2008, Santiago adamantly defended human rights during the Chilean military ...
González de Clavijo, Ruy
▪ Spanish diplomat born , Madrid, Spain died April 2, 1412, Madrid       Spanish diplomat who traveled to the court of Timur (Tamerlane) at Samarkand, in Turkistan, and ...
González de Mendoza, Pedro, Cardinal
▪ Spanish cardinal born May 3, 1428, Guadalajara, Castile [Spain] died January 11, 1495, Guadalajara       Spanish prelate and diplomat who influenced Isabella ...
Gonzalez Gonzalez, Pedro
▪ 2007 Ramiro Gonzalez Gonzalez        Mexican American actor (b. May 24, 1925, Aguilares, Texas—d. Feb. 6, 2006, Culver City, Calif.), was such a hit when he appeared ...


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