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Gorbachev
/gawr"beuh chawf', -chof'/; Russ. /geuhrdd bu chawf"/, n. Mikhail S(ergeyevich) /mi kuyl" serr gay"euh vich, mi kayl"/; Russ. /myi khu yeel" syirdd gye"yi vyich/, born 1931, ...
Gorbachev, Mikhail
▪ president of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in full  Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev   born March 2, 1931, Privolye, Stavropol kray, Russia, ...
Gorbachev, Mikhail (Sergeyevich)
born March 2, 1931, Privolye, Stavropol region, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet official and last president of the Soviet Union (1990–91). After earning a law degree from Moscow ...
Gorbachev, Raisa
▪ 2000 Raisa Maksimovna Titorenko        Russian academic and de facto first lady of the Soviet Union who rejected the virtual invisibility of her predecessors and came ...
Gorbachev,Mikhail Sergeyevich
Gor·ba·chev (gôrʹbə-chôf', -chŏf', gər-bə-chôfʹ), Mikhail Sergeyevich. Born 1931. Soviet politician who was general secretary of the Communist party from 1985-1991 ...
Gorbals
a district of south Glasgow. It used to be known for its bad slums (= streets of old buildings in a poor, dirty condition) but much of the area was rebuilt in the late 20th ...
gorbelly
—gorbellied, adj. /gawr"bel'ee/, n., pl. gorbellies. Obs. a protruding belly. [1510-20; perh. GORE1 + BELLY; cf. Sw (dial.) går-bälg] * * *
gorblimey
/gawr bluy"mee/, interj. Brit. Slang. blimey. Also, gorblimy. Cf. gor. [1895-1900; reduced form of God blind me; for sp. with r, cf. ARVO, SCARPER] * * *
Gorboduc
▪ mythical king of Britain       a mythical king of ancient Britain and the subject of the earliest English tragic play in blank verse, Gorboduc, by Thomas Norton and ...
Gorchakov
/gawr"cheuh kawf', -kof'/; Russ. /geuhrdd chyi kawf"/, n. Prince Aleksander Mikhailovich /al'ig zan"deuhr mi huy"leuh vich, -zahn"-/; Russ. /u lyi ksahndrdd" myi khuy"leuh ...
Gorchakov, Aleksandr (Mikhailovich), Prince
born June 4, 1798, Khaapsalu, Estonia, Russian Empire died Feb. 27, 1883, Baden-Baden, Ger. Russian politician and diplomat. A career diplomat, he became foreign minister in ...
Gorchakov, Aleksandr Mikhaylovich, Prince
▪ Russian statesman (Knyaz) born June 4 [June 15, New Style], 1798, Khaapsalu, Estonia, Russian Empire [now Haapsalu, Estonia] died Feb. 27 [March 11], 1883, Baden-Baden, ...
Gorchakov, Mikhail Dmitriyevich, Prince
▪ Russian statesman (Knyaz) born 1793 died May 18 [May 30, New Style], 1861, Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire [now in Poland]  Russian military officer and statesman who played ...
gorcock
gorcock [gôr′käk΄] n. 〚prob.
Gordeeva, Yekaterina; and Grinkov, Sergey
▪ Russian figure skaters Respectively,   born May 28, 1971, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.   born February 4, 1967, Moscow died November 20, 1995, Lake Placid, New York, ...
Gordian
/gawr"dee euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to Gordius, ancient king of Phrygia, who tied a knot (the Gordian knot) that, according to prophecy, was to be undone only by the person who ...
Gordian I
▪ Roman emperor Latin in full  Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus  born c. 157 died April 238       Roman emperor for three weeks in March to April ...
Gordian II
▪ Roman emperor Latin in full  Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus   died April 238       Roman emperor who ruled jointly for three weeks in ...
Gordian III
▪ Roman emperor Latin in full  Marcus Antonius Gordianus  born 225 died 244, Zaitha, Mesopotamia       Roman emperor from 238 to 244.       After the deaths of ...
Gordian knot
Gordian knot [gôr′dē ən] n. 1. Gr. Legend a knot tied by King Gordius of Phrygia, which an oracle reveals will be undone only by the future master of Asia: Alexander the ...
gordian worm
/gawr"dee euhn/, Zool. nematomorph. [after the Gordian knot, alluding to the tangles the worms sometimes form] * * *
Gordianknot
Gor·di·an knot (gôrʹdē-ən) n. 1. An exceedingly complicated problem or deadlock. 2. An intricate knot tied by King Gordius of Phrygia and cut by Alexander the Great with ...
Gordimer
Gordimer [gôr′də mər] Nadine 1923- ; South African novelist & short-story writer * * *
Gordimer, Nadine
born Nov. 20, 1923, Springs, Transvaal, S.Af. South African writer. The daughter of Jewish immigrants, she published her first book, the story collection The Soft Voice of the ...
Gordimer,Nadine
Gor·di·mer (gôrʹdə-mər), Nadine. Born 1923. South African writer whose works include Burger's Daughter (1979). She won the 1991 Nobel Prize for literature. * * *
Gordium
Ancient city, capital of Phrygia. Located in what is now northwestern Turkey, its ruins have yielded important information about ancient Phrygian culture. Excavations revealed ...
Gordon
/gawr"dn/, n. 1. Charles George ("Chinese Gordon"; "Gordon Pasha"), 1833-85, British general: administrator in China and Egypt. 2. Charles William, real name of Ralph Connor. 3. ...
Gordon Bennett!
(BrE infml spoken old-fash) a phrase used to express surprise or shock. The original Mr Bennett was a 19th–century US newspaper owner, James Gordon Bennett Junior, who was ...
Gordon Brown
➡ Brown (V) * * *
Gordon Ramsay
➡ Ramsay * * *
Gordon Richards
➡ Richards (I) * * *
Gordon riots
n [pl] a series of violent disturbances that lasted for a week in 1780 in London, England, the most serious riots ever to occur in Britain. They started when a large group of ...
Gordon River
River, southwestern Tasmania, Australia. It rises in the central highlands and then flows south and west to enter the Indian Ocean at Macquarie Harbour after a course of 115 mi ...
Gordon setter
one of a Scottish breed of medium-sized setters having a black-and-tan coat. [1860-65; after Alexander, 4th Duke of Gordon (1743-1827), Scottish sportsman partly responsible for ...
Gordon, Aaron David
▪ Russian author and philosopher born June 9/10, 1856, Troyanov, Ukraine died Feb. 22, 1922, Deganya, Palestine [now in Israel]       Zionist writer and philosopher who ...
Gordon, Adam Lindsay
▪ Australian author born October 19, 1833, Faial, Azores, Portugal died June 24, 1870, Brighton, Victoria, Australia       one of the first poets to write in a ...
Gordon, Anna Adams
▪ American social reformer born July 21, 1853, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. died June 15, 1931, Castile, New York  American social reformer who was a strong and effective ...
Gordon, Charles George
born Jan. 28, 1833, Woolwich, near London, Eng. died Jan. 26, 1885, Khartoum, Sudan British general. Gordon distinguished himself as a young officer in the Crimean War ...
Gordon, Dexter
▪ American musician in full  Dexter Keith Gordon  born Feb. 27, 1923, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. died April 25, 1990, Philadelphia, Pa.       American bop (bebop) ...
Gordon, Dexter (Keith)
born Feb. 27, 1923, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. died April 25, 1990, Philadelphia, Pa. U.S. tenor saxophonist, one of the most influential saxophonists in modern jazz. Gordon ...
Gordon, Irving
▪ 1997       U.S. songwriter who won a Grammy award in 1992 for "Unforgettable" after Nat King Cole's daughter Natalie recorded a new version of the song, a digital duet ...
Gordon, Jeff
▪ 1998       U.S. race-car driver Jeff Gordon sped into the history books in 1997, winning the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing's (NASCAR's) Winston Cup ...
Gordon, John Brown
▪ Confederate general born Feb. 6, 1832, Upson county, Ga., U.S. died Jan. 9, 1904, Miami, Fla.  Confederate military leader and post-American Civil War politician who ...
Gordon, Judah Leib
▪ Russian writer also called  Leon Gordon,  byname  Yalag  born Dec. 7, 1830, Vilnius, Lithuania died Sept. 16, 1892, St. Petersburg, Russia       Jewish poet, ...
Gordon, Laura de Force
▪ American lawyer, editor, and reformer née  Laura de Force  born Aug. 17, 1838, North East, Pa., U.S. died April 5, 1907, Lodi, Calif.  American lawyer, editor, and ...
Gordon, Lord George
▪ British political activist born Dec. 26, 1751, London, Eng. died Nov. 1, 1793, London  English lord and instigator of the anti-Catholic Gordon riots in London ...
Gordon, Mary
▪ American author in full  Mary Catherine Gordon  born Dec. 8, 1949, Long Island, N.Y., U.S.       American writer whose novels and short fiction deal with growing up ...
Gordon, Patrick
▪ Scottish mercenary born , March 31, 1635, Auchleuchries, Aberdeen, Scot. died Nov. 29 [Dec. 9, New Style], 1699, Moscow, Russia       Scottish soldier of fortune who ...
Gordon, Richard F., Jr.
▪ American astronaut in full  Richard Francis Gordon, Jr.  born Oct. 5, 1929, Seattle, Wash., U.S.    American astronaut who accompanied Charles Conrad (Conrad, Charles, ...
Gordon, Ruth
▪ American writer and actress in full  Ruth Gordon Jones  born October 30, 1896, Wollaston, Mass., U.S. died August 28, 1985, Edgartown, Mass.       American writer ...
Gordon, Walter Lockhart
▪ Canadian finance minister born Jan. 27, 1906, Toronto, Ont., Can. died March 21, 1987, Toronto       Canadian businessman, political leader, and finance minister who ...
Gordon,Charles George
Gor·don (gôrʹdn), Charles George. Known as “Chinese Gordon.” 1833-1885. British army officer who took part in the capture of Peking (Beijing) in 1860 and commanded the ...
Gordone, Charles
▪ 1996       U.S. playwright who became the first African-American to win the Pulitzer Prize with the Broadway production of his gritty barroom drama No Place to Be ...
gordonia
▪ tree       any of some 70 species in the genus Gordonia of the tea family (Theaceae). The genus is native to North America and East Asia and includes the loblolly bay ...
Gordonsetter
Gordon setter n. A medium-sized hunting dog of a breed originating in Scotland, and having a silky black-and-tan coat.   [After Alexander, Fourth Duke of Gordon (1745?-1827), ...
Gordonstoun
a public school(1) in north-east Scotland, established in 1934 by a German, Dr Kurt Hahn. It is well known for the importance it gives to developing students’ physical as well ...
Gordon’s{™}
a British company that has produced a popular make of gin called Gordon’s Original Dry London gin since 1769. Since 1908 it has been sold in green bottles in Britain and ...
Gordy, Berry, Jr.
▪ American businessman and musician born Nov. 28, 1929, Detroit, Mich., U.S.    American businessman, founder of the Motown Record Corporation (Motown) (1959), the most ...
Gordy, Berry,Jr.
Gor·dy (gôrʹdē), Berry, Jr. Born 1929. American music producer who founded Motown Records (1959) and inspired the “Motown sound,” popular music heavily influenced by ...
gore
gore1 /gawr, gohr/, n. 1. blood that is shed, esp. when clotted. 2. murder, bloodshed, violence, etc.: That horror movie had too much gore. [bef. 900; ME; OE gor dung, dirt; c. D ...
Gore
/gawr, gohr/, n. Albert Arnold, Jr. (Al), born 1948, vice president of the U.S. under Bill Clinton 1993-2001. /gawr"ay, gohr"ay/, n. a city in W Ethiopia. 8381. * * *
Gore Vidal
➡ Vidal * * *
Gore, Al
in full Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. born March 31, 1948, Washington, D.C., U.S. U.S. politician. He was the son of Albert Gore, who served in the U.S. Senate from Tennessee. After ...
Gore, Albert A., Jr.
▪ 2001       In the voting held on Nov. 7, 2000, Democrat Albert A. Gore, Jr., the country's vice president, lost his bid for the U.S. presidency to Republican George W. ...
Gore, Albert,Jr.
Gore (gôr, gōr), Albert, Jr. Known as “Al.” Born 1948. Vice President of the United States (since 1993) under Bill Clinton. He earlier served as a U.S. senator from ...
Gore, Charles
▪ British clergyman born Jan. 22, 1853, Wimbledon, Surrey, Eng. died Jan. 17, 1932, London       English theologian, Anglican bishop, and an exponent of the liberal ...
Gore-Tex
/gawr"teks', gohr"-/, Trademark. a brand of breathable, water-repellent fabric laminate used on clothing, shoes, etc. * * *
Gorecki, Henryk
▪ 1994       Among the soul, pop, rock, and rap recordings on the British best-selling album charts in February 1993, the number six hit was a most surprising selection: ...
Gorée Island
▪ island, Senegal French  Île de Gorée    small island just south of Cape Verde Peninsula, Senegal, that was the site of one of the earliest European settlements in ...
Gorée, Île de
or Gorée Island Island, Senegal. Inhabited by the Lebu people when it was occupied by the Portuguese in the mid 15th century, it was later occupied by the Dutch and then taken ...
Goremykin, Ivan Logginovich
▪ Russian official born Oct. 27 [Nov. 8, New Style], 1839, Novgorod province, Russian Empire died Dec. 11 [Dec. 24], 1917, Caucasus       Russian official and ...
Goren
/gawr"ayn/, n. Charles Henry, 1901-91, U.S authority and writer on contract bridge. * * *
Goren, Charles H(enry)
born March 4, 1901, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died April 3, 1991, Encino, Calif. U.S. contract bridge authority. Goren learned bridge while a law student at McGill University. ...
Goren, Charles H.
▪ American bridge player in full  Charles Henry Goren   born March 4, 1901, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died April 3, 1991, Encino, Calif.       American contract bridge ...
Goren, Shlomo
▪ 1995       Israeli cleric (b. 1917, Zambrow, Poland—d. Oct. 29, 1994, Tel Aviv, Israel), was an important and often controversial figure in Israel's religious and ...
Gorey
/gawr"ee/, n. Edward (St. John), born 1925, U.S. writer and illustrator. * * *
Gorey, Edward
▪ American writer and illustrator in full  Edward St. John Gorey  born February 22, 1925, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died April 15, 2000, Hyannis, Mass.       American ...
Gorey, Edward (St. John)
born Feb. 22, 1925, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died April 15, 2000, Hyannis, Mass. U.S. writer, illustrator, and designer. He studied at Harvard University and worked as an ...
Gorey, Edward St. John
▪ 2001       American illustrator and writer (b. Feb. 22, 1925, Chicago, Ill.—d. April 15, 2000, Hyannis, Mass.), created meticulous black-and-white crosshatched ...
Gorgān
▪ Iran also spelled  Gurgān , formerly  Asterābad        town, north-central, Iran. It is situated along a small tributary of the Qareh River, 23 miles (37 km) ...
Gorgas
/gawr"geuhs/, n. William Crawford, 1854-1920, U.S. physician and epidemiologist: chief sanitary officer of the Panama Canal 1904-13; surgeon general of the U.S. Army 1914-18. * * ...
Gorgas, Josiah
born July 1, 1818, Dauphin county, Pa., U.S. died May 15, 1883, Tuscaloosa, Ala. U.S. army officer. A graduate of West Point, he entered the U.S. Army in 1841. In keeping with ...
Gorgas, William (Crawford)
born Oct. 3, 1854, Mobile, Ala., U.S. died July 3, 1920, London, Eng. U.S. Army surgeon. Son of the Confederate general Josiah Gorgas (1818–83), he served in the U.S. Army ...
Gorgas, William Crawford
▪ United States Army surgeon born Oct. 3, 1854, Mobile, Ala., U.S. died July 3, 1920, London, Eng.  U.S. Army surgeon who contributed greatly to the building of the Panama ...
Gorgas,William Crawford
Gor·gas (gôrʹgəs), William Crawford. 1854-1920. American army surgeon who suppressed yellow fever in Havana (1898) and in the Panama Canal Zone (1904-1913), thereby making ...
gorge
gorge1 —gorgeable, adj. —gorgedly /gawr"jid lee/, adv. —gorger, n. /gawrj/, n., v., gorged, gorging. n. 1. a narrow cleft with steep, rocky walls, esp. one through which a ...
gorge hook
1. a fishhook with two barbed prongs; a hook made by fastening two hooks back to back at the shanks. 2. gorge (def. 8). [1865-70] * * *
gorged
/gawrjd/, adj. Heraldry. (of a beast) represented wearing something about the neck in the manner of a collar: a lion gules gorged with a collar or. [1600-10; GORGE1 + -ED3] * * *
gorgeous
—gorgeously, adv. —gorgeousness, n. /gawr"jeuhs/, adj. 1. splendid or sumptuous in appearance, coloring, etc.; magnificent: a gorgeous gown; a gorgeous sunset. 2. Informal. ...
gorgeously
See gorgeous. * * *
gorgeousness
See gorgeously. * * *
gorger
See gorge. * * *
gorgerin
/gawr"jeuhr in/, n. Archit. the neckline portion of a capital of a column, or a feature forming the junction between a shaft and its capital. Also called necking. [1655-65; < F, ...
Gorges, Sir Ferdinando
born 1566?, probably at Wraxall, Somerset, Eng. died 1647, Long Ashton, Gloucestershire British colonist. After a military career, he sought royal grants to establish ...
gorget
—gorgeted, adj. /gawr"jit/, n. 1. a patch on the throat of a bird or other animal, distinguished by its color, texture, etc. 2. a piece of armor for the throat. See diag. under ...
Görgey, Artúr
▪ Hungarian army officer born Jan. 30, 1818, Toporcz, Hung., Austrian Empire [now in Slovakia] died May 20, 1916, Budapest, Hung., Austria-Hungary  Hungarian army officer ...
Gorgias
/gawr"jee euhs/, n. c483-c375 B.C., Greek philosopher. * * *
Gorgon
—Gorgonian /gawr goh"nee euhn/, adj. /gawr"geuhn/, n. 1. Class. Myth. any of three sister monsters commonly represented as having snakes for hair, wings, brazen claws, and eyes ...
gorgoneion
/gawr'geuh nee"on/, n., pl. gorgoneia /-nee"euh/. a representation of the head of a Gorgon, esp. that of Medusa. [1835-45; < Gk, equiv. to Gorgon-, s. of Gorgó GORGON + -eion ...
Gorgonian
/gawr goh"nee euhn/, n. 1. any of numerous alcyonarian corals of the order Gorgonacea, having a usually branching, horny or calcareous skeleton. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining ...
gorgonize
/gawr"geuh nuyz'/, v.t., gorgonized, gorgonizing. to affect as a Gorgon; hypnotize; petrify. Also, esp. Brit., gorgonise. [1600-10; GORGON + -IZE] * * *
Gorgonzola
/gawr'geuhn zoh"leuh/, n. a strongly flavored, semisoft variety of Italian milk cheese veined with mold. Also called Gorgonzola cheese. [1875-80; after Gorgonzola, Italy, a ...
Gorham
/gawr"euhm/, n. a town in SW Maine. 10,101. * * *
gorhen
gorhen [gôr′hen΄] n. 〚prob.
Gori
▪ Georgia       city, administrative centre of Gori rayon (sector), Georgia, on the Kura River. Gori is one of the oldest cities in Georgia, founded in the 7th century ...
Goria, Giovanni Giuseppe
▪ 1995       Italian politician (b. July 30, 1943, Asti, Italy—d. May 21, 1994, Asti), was Italy's finance minister (1982-87, 1992-93) as well as the country's ...
gorilla
—gorillalike, adj. —gorillian, gorilline /geuh ril"uyn, -in/, adj. —gorilloid, adj. /geuh ril"euh/, n. 1. the largest of the anthropoid apes, Gorilla gorilla, terrestrial ...
gorily
See gory. * * *
goriness
See gorily. * * *
goring
/gawr"ing, gor"-/, n. Naut. the triangular area along a leech of a square sail, created by the presence of a gore. [1620-30; GORE3 + -ING1] * * *
Göring
/gair"ing, gerr"-/; Ger. /gue"rdding/, n. Hermann Wilhelm /her"mahn vil"helm, herr"meuhn wil"helm/; Ger. /herdd"mahn vil"helm/, 1893-1946, German field marshal and Nazi party ...
Göring, Hermann
or Hermann Goering born Jan. 12, 1893, Rosenheim, Ger. died Oct. 15, 1946, Nürnberg German Nazi leader. He fought in World War I with the German air force. In 1922 he joined ...
Göring,Hermann Wilhelm
Gö·ring also Goe·ring (gĕrʹĭng, gûrʹ-, gœʹrĭng), Hermann Wilhelm. 1893-1946. German Nazi politician and military leader who was responsible for the buildup of German ...
Gorizia
/gaw rddee"tsyah/, n. a city in NE Italy, on the Isonzo River, N of Trieste. 43,213. German, Görz. * * * ▪ Italy German  Görz , Slovene  Gorica        town, ...
Gorj
▪ county, Romania       judeţ (county), southwestern Romania, occupying an area of 2,163 square miles (5,602 square km). The Transylvanian Alps (Southern Carpathians) ...
gork
/gawrk/, n. Medical Slang (disparaging and offensive). a patient whose brain has suffered severe and irreversible damage and whose vital functions are being maintained by ...
Gorki
/gawr"kee/; Russ. /gawrdd"kyee/, n. 1. Also, Gorky. Maxim /mak"sim/; Russ. /mu ksyeem"/ (Aleksey Maksimovich Pyeshkov), 1868-1936, Russian novelist, short-story writer, and ...
Gorky
/gawr"kee/; for 2 also Russ. /gawrdd"kyee/, n. 1. Arshile /ahr"sheel/ (Vosdanig Adoian), 1904-48, American painter, born in Armenia. 2. Maxim. See Gorki, Maxim. * * *
Gorky, Arshile
orig. Vosdanik Adoian born April 15, 1904, Khorkom, Van, Turkish Armenia died July 21, 1948, Sherman, Conn., U.S. Armenian-born U.S. painter. In 1920 he emigrated from Turkish ...
Gorky, Maksim
orig. Aleksey Maksimovich Peshkov born March 28, 1868, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia died June 14, 1936, Nizhny Novgorod Russian writer. After a childhood of poverty and misery (his ...
Gorky,Arshile
Gorky, Arshile. 1904-1948. Armenian-born American painter considered a transitional figure between surrealism and abstract expressionism. His works include The Liver Is the ...
Gorky,Maksim
Gorky also Gorki, Maksim also Maxim Pen name of Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov. 1868-1936. Russian writer who supported the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 and helped develop socialist ...
Görlitz
/guerdd"lits/, n. a city in E Germany, on the Neisse River, at the Polish boundary. 79,506. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Saxony Land (state), extreme eastern Germany. ...
Gorlovka
/gawr lawf"keuh, -lof"-/; Russ. /gawrdd"leuhf keuh/, n. a city in SE Ukraine, N of Donetsk. 345,000. * * *
gorm
gorm (gôrm) n. Upper Southern U.S. Variant of gaum. * * *
Gorman, R C
▪ 2006       American artist (b. July 26, 1931, Chinle, Ariz.—d. Nov. 3, 2005, Albuquerque, N.M.), was a celebrated Navajo artist whose graceful paintings, sculptures, ...
gormand
—gormandism, n. /gawr"meuhnd/, n. gourmand. * * *
gormandize
—gormandizer, n. v. /gawr"meuhn duyz'/; n. /gawr'meuhn deez"/, v., gormandized, gormandizing, n. v.i., v.t. 1. to eat greedily or ravenously. n. 2. gourmandise1. Also, esp. ...
gormandizer
See gormandize. * * *
gormless
/gawrm"lis/, adj. Chiefly Brit. Informal. gaumless. [resp. by speakers with r-less accents] * * *
Gormley
(1950– ) an English sculptor.He is best known for his sculptures of people and figures, especially The Angel of the North neat Gateshead in north-east England, the largest ...
Gormley of Ashton-in-Makerfield, Joseph Gormley
▪ 1994       BARON, British labour leader (b. July 5, 1917, Ashton-in-Makerfield, Lancashire, England—d. May 27, 1993, Wigan, Greater Manchester, England), was the ...
Gorno-Altai Autonomous Region
/gawr"noh al tuy", -ahl-/; Russ. /gawrdd"neuh ul tuy"/ an autonomous region in the Russian Federation, in the Altai territory bordering China and Mongolia. 192,000; 35,753 sq. ...
Gorno-Altaysk
▪ Russia also spelled  Gorno-Altajsk , or  Gorno-Altaisk , formerly (until 1932)  Ulala , or (1932–48)  Oyrot Tura        city and administrative centre of ...
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region
/gawr"noh beuh dahk shahn", -dahk shahn"/; Russ. /gawrdd"neuh beuh dukh shahn"/ an autonomous region in SE Tadzhikistan (Tajikistan). 161,000; 25,784 sq. mi. (63,700 sq. km). ...
Goroka
▪ Papua New Guinea       town, east-central Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Goroka is a centre of European settlement in the central highlands and a ...
gorp
/gawrp/, n. Informal. a mixture of nuts, raisins, dried fruits, seeds, or the like eaten as a high-energy snack, as by hikers and climbers. [1955-60; perh. alter. of GLOP] * * *
Görres, Joseph von
▪ German writer in full  Johann Joseph von Görres   born Jan. 25, 1776, Koblenz, archbishopric of Trier [Germany] died Jan. 29, 1848, Munich, Bavaria  German Romantic ...
Gorrie, John
▪ American physician born Oct. 3, 1803, Charleston, S.C., U.S. died June 16, 1855, Apalachicola, Fla.       American physician who discovered the cold-air process of ...
gorse
—gorsy, adj. /gawrs/, n. any spiny shrub of the genus Ulex, of the legume family, native to the Old World, esp. U. europaeus, having rudimentary leaves and yellow flowers and ...
Gorshin, Frank
▪ 2006       American actor and comedian (b. April 5, 1933, Pittsburgh, Pa.—d. May 17, 2005, Burbank, Calif.), was best known for his manic portrayal of the ...
Gorshkov, Sergey Georgyevich
▪ Soviet admiral born Feb. 13 [Feb. 26, New Style], 1910, Kamenets-Podolsky, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kam'yanets-Podilskyy, Ukraine] died May 13, 1988, Moscow, Russia, ...
Gorsky, Aleksandr (Alexeyevich)
born Aug. 18, 1871, St. Petersburg, Russia died Oct. 20, 1924, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian dancer, choreographer, and influential director of the Bolshoi Ballet. He ...
Gorst, Sir John Eldon
▪ British lawyer and politician born May 24, 1835, Preston, Lancashire, Eng. died April 4, 1916, London       lawyer and politician whose reorganization of the British ...
Gorter, Herman
▪ Dutch poet born Nov. 26, 1864, Wormerveer, Neth. died Sept. 15, 1927, Brussels, Belg.       outstanding Dutch poet of the 1880 literary revival, a movement nourished ...
Gorton
/gawr"tn/, n. John Grey, born 1911, Australian political leader: prime minister 1968-71. * * *
Gorton, Sir John Grey
▪ 2003       Australian politician (b. Sept. 9, 1911, Melbourne, Australia—d. May 19, 2002, Sydney, Australia), was a colourful, nationalistic Australian prime ...
Gortyn
Ancient city, south-central Crete, Greece. Although unimportant in Minoan times, it later displaced Phaestus as the dominant city. It shared or disputed control of Crete with ...
Görtz, Georg Heinrich, Baron von
▪ German statesman born 1668, Franconia [Germany] died March 12, 1719, Stockholm, Sweden  German statesman who was a key financial and diplomatic adviser to King Charles XII ...
gory
—gorily, adv. —goriness, n. /gawr"ee, gohr"ee/, adj., gorier, goriest. 1. covered or stained with gore; bloody. 2. resembling gore. 3. involving much bloodshed and violence: ...
goryō
In Japanese mythology, vengeful spirits of the dead. They were originally thought to be spirits of nobles who had been killed unjustly and who avenged themselves by bringing ...
Görz
/guerddts/, n. German name of Gorizia. * * *
Gorzów Wielkopolski
▪ Poland German  Landsberg an der Warthe        city, one of two capitals (with Zielona Góra) of Lubuskie województwo (province), northwestern Poland, on the Warta ...
GorzówWielkopolski
Go·rzów Wiel·ko·pol·ski (gôʹzho͝of vyĕl'kə-pôlʹskē) A city of western Poland on the Warta River west-northwest of Poznań. Founded as a German city in 1257, it was ...
Gosala
/goh sah"leuh/, n. died c484 B.C., Indian religious leader: founder of the Ajivaka sect. * * *
Goschen, George Joachim Goschen, 1st Viscount
▪ British economist born August 10, 1831, London died February 7, 1907, Seacox Heath, Kent, England       British economist and administrator, who worked for both ...
Goscinny, René
▪ French writer born Aug. 4, 1926, Paris died Nov. 5, 1977, Paris       French writer who is best known for the comic strip “Astérix”, which he created with ...
Gosden, Freeman F(isher); and Correll, Charles J.
born May 5, 1899, Richmond, Va., U.S. died Dec. 10, 1982, Los Angeles, Calif. born Feb. 2, 1890, Peoria, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 26, 1972, Chicago, Ill. U.S. comedians. They ...
goserelin
go·se·rel·in (gō'sə-rĕlʹĭn) n. A synthetic peptide analogue of gonadotropin-releasing hormone used to treat prostate cancer, endometriosis, and advanced breast ...
Gosford
▪ New South Wales, Australia       city, east-central New South Wales, Australia, at the north end of the Brisbane Water branch of Broken Bay.       Surveyed and ...
Gosford, Archibald Acheson, 2nd earl of
▪ governor of British North America born Aug. 1, 1776, Ireland died March 27, 1849, Armagh, County Armagh       governor-in-chief of British North America in 1835–37, ...
gosh
/gosh/, interj. (used as an exclamation or mild oath): Gosh, this bag is heavy! [1750-60; euphemistic alter. of GOD] * * *
goshawk
/gos"hawk'/, n. any of several powerful, short-winged hawks, as Accipiter gentilis, of Europe and America, formerly much used in falconry. [bef. 1000; ME goshauk, OE goshafoc. ...
Goshen
/goh"sheuhn/, n. 1. a pastoral region in Lower Egypt, occupied by the Israelites before the Exodus. Gen. 45:10. 2. a land or place of plenty and comfort. 3. a city in N Indiana. ...
Goshen College
▪ college, Goshen, Indiana, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Goshen, Ind., U.S. It is a Mennonite liberal arts college that ...
Gosho Heinosuke
▪ Japanese director born Feb. 1, 1902, Tokyo died May 1, 1981, Shizuoka, Japan       Japanese motion-picture director and writer famous for films concerning the ...
Gosiute
Go·siute (gōʹsho͞ot) n. pl. Gosiute or Go·siutes 1. a. A Native American people inhabiting an area southwest of Great Salt Lake. b. A member of this people. 2. The ...
Goslar
▪ Germany  city, Lower Saxony Land (state), north-central Germany. It lies at the northern foot of the Harz Mountains (Harz), south of Braunschweig. Founded in 922 to ...
Goślicki, Wawrzyniec
▪ Polish bishop Latin pseudonym  Laurentius Grimalus   born c. 1530, near Płock, Pol. died Oct. 31, 1607, Ciążeń       Roman Catholic bishop and diplomat whose ...
gosling
/goz"ling/, n. 1. a young goose. 2. a foolish, inexperienced person. [1375-1425; late ME goselyng; see GOOSE, -LING1; c. ON gaeslingr] * * *
gosmore
/gos"mawr, -mohr/, n. cat's-ear. [perh. alter. of GOSSAMER] * * *
Gosnold, Bartholomew
▪ English explorer born c. 1572, Grundisburgh, Suffolk, Eng. died Aug. 22, 1607, Jamestown, Va.       English explorer and colonizer.       The eldest son of an ...
gospel
/gos"peuhl/, n. 1. the teachings of Jesus and the apostles; the Christian revelation. 2. the story of Christ's life and teachings, esp. as contained in the first four books of ...
gospel music
a now popularized form of impassioned rhythmic spiritual music rooted in the solo and responsive church singing of rural blacks in the American South, central to the development ...
gospel side
(in some Protestant churches) the left side of a church, facing the altar. Cf. epistle side. [1890-95] * * *
gospel truth
an unquestionably true statement, fact, etc. [1640-50] * * *
gospeler
/gos"peuh leuhr/, n. Eccles. a person who reads or sings the Gospel. Also, esp. Brit., gospeller. [bef. 1000; ME; OE godspellere. See GOSPEL, -ER1] * * *
gospelmusic
gospel music n. A kind of distinctively American religious music that is associated with evangelism and is based on the melodies of folk music blended with elements of spirituals ...
gospelside
gospel side also Gospel side n. The left side of an altar or a chancel as the congregation faces it.   [So called from the practice in some churches of reading the Gospel and ...
Gosplan
/gos plahn"/, n. (in the Soviet Union) the official planning organization, which drew up projects embracing trade and industry, agriculture, education, and public health. [ < ...
gospodin
/geuh spu dyeen"/, n., pl. gospoda /-spu dah"/. Russian. a title of respect corresponding to Mr. * * *
gosport
/gos"pawrt', -pohrt'/, n. a flexible speaking tube for communication between separate cockpits or compartments of an aircraft. [1940-45; after Gosport, England] * * * ▪ ...
Goss, Porter J.
▪ 2005       On Aug. 10, 2004, Porter Goss, an eight-term Florida Republican congressman and House Intelligence Committee chairman, was tapped to replace George Tenet as ...
Gossaert
/go sahrt"/, n. Jan /yahn/. See Mabuse, Jan. Also, Gossart. * * *
gossamer
/gos"euh meuhr/, n. 1. a fine, filmy cobweb seen on grass or bushes or floating in the air in calm weather, esp. in autumn. 2. a thread or a web of this substance. 3. an ...
gossamer-winged butterfly
▪ insect       any of a group of small, often brightly coloured butterflies (order Lepidoptera) that includes several hundred species commonly called coppers, blues, ...
gossamery
See gossamer. * * *
gossan
/gos"euhn, goz"-/, n. a rust-colored deposit of mineral matter at the outcrop of a vein or orebody containing iron-bearing materials. Also called iron hat. [1770-80; orig. dial. ...
Gossart, Jan
or Jan Gossaert or Jan Mabuse born с 1478, Maubeuge?, France died Oct. 1, 1532, Antwerp? Flemish painter. After a stay in Italy (1508–09), Gossart turned from the ornate ...
Gosse
/gaws, gos/, n. Sir Edmund William, 1849-1928, English poet, biographer, and critic. * * *
Gosse, Philip Henry
▪ British naturalist born April 6, 1810, Worcester, Worcestershire, Eng. died Aug. 23, 1888, St. Mary Church, Devon  English naturalist who invented the institutional ...
Gosse, Sir Edmund
born Sept. 21, 1849, London, Eng. died May 16, 1928, London British literary historian and critic. He worked principally as a librarian and translator (of Henrik Ibsen's plays, ...
Gossec, François-Joseph
▪ French composer born Jan. 17, 1734, Vergnies, Hainaut, Austrian Netherlands [now in Belgium] died Feb. 16, 1829, Passy, near Paris, France       one of the principal ...
Gossett, Louis, Jr.
▪ American actor born May 27, 1936, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.       American stage, screen, and television actor. In 1983 Gossett received an Academy Award for best ...
gossip
—gossipingly, adv. /gos"euhp/, n., v., gossiped or gossipped, gossiping or gossipping. n. 1. idle talk or rumor, esp. about the personal or private affairs of others: the ...
gossiper
See gossip. * * *
gossipmonger
/gos"euhp mung'geuhr, -mong'-/, n. a person especially fond of or addicted to gossiping. [1830-40; GOSSIP + MONGER] * * *
gossipry
See gossiper. * * *
gossipy
—gossipiness, n. /gos"euh pee/, adj. 1. given to or fond of gossip: a gossipy neighbor. 2. full of gossip: a gossipy tabloid. [1810-20; GOSSIP + -Y1] * * *
gossoon
/go soohn"/, n. Irish Eng. a boy; lad. [1675-85; < Ir garsún boy < AF, OF garçon] * * *
gossypol
/gos"euh pawl', -pol'/, n. a toxic pigment, C30H30O8, derived from cottonseed oil, made nontoxic by heating, presently under study as a potential male contraceptive and ...
gossypose
/gos"euh pohs'/, n. Chem. raffinose. [ < NL Gossyp(ium) genus name (L gossypion, gossypinum (Pliny) cotton plant) + -OSE2] * * *
got
/got/, v. 1. a pt. and pp. of get. auxiliary verb. 2. Informal. must; have got (fol. by an infinitive). Usage. See get. * * *
Göta Canal
▪ canal, Sweden Swedish  Göta Kanal   artificial waterway (canals and inland waterways) that crosses southern Sweden to connect Lake Vänern (Väner, Lake) with the ...
GötaCanal
Gö·ta Canal (yœʹtə) A system of rivers, lakes, and canals of southern Sweden extending from the Kattegat at the mouth of the Göta River, about 93 km (58 mi) long, to the ...
Götaland
▪ region, Sweden       major region of southern Sweden, comprising the landskap (provinces) of Västergötland, Dalsland, Östergötland, Småland, Öland, ...
Gotama
/gaw"teuh meuh, goh"-/, n. Buddha. Also, Gautama. Also called Gotama Buddha. * * *
Gotarzes I
▪ king of Parthia flourished 1st century BC       king of Parthia (reigned 91–87 or 91–81/80 BC).       Gotarzes first appeared as “satrap of satraps” ...
Gotarzes II
▪ king of Parthia died AD 51  king of Parthia (reigned c. AD 38–51).       Gotarzes killed his brother Artabanus, but a second brother, Vardanes, was able to expel ...
Gotch, Frank
▪ American wrestler born April 27/28, 1878, Humboldt, Iowa, U.S. died Dec. 16, 1917  American professional freestyle, or catch-as-catch-can, wrestler, considered one of the ...
gotcha
/goch"euh/ Pron. Spelling. got you (usually used interjectionally). * * *
Gotcha!
a humorous way of writing the phrase ‘I’ve got you!’, which a person says when they have found or caught somebody, or when they win an argument. Many people were shocked ...
Göteborg
/yue'teuh bawrdd"yeu/, n. a seaport in SW Sweden, on the Kattegat. 431,273. Also, Gothenburg. * * * or Gothenburg City (pop., 2001 est.: 471,267), southwestern Sweden. The ...
Göteborg och Bohus
▪ former county, Sweden       former län (county) of southwestern Sweden, located in a coastal area along the Skagerrak and Kattegat. Founded as a county in 1680, it ...
Gotemba
▪ Japan  city, Shizuoka ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the eastern foot of Mount Fuji. Best known as a recreational and tourist centre, the city has a picturesque ...
Goth
/goth/, n. 1. one of a Teutonic people who in the 3rd to 5th centuries invaded and settled in parts of the Roman Empire. 2. a person of no refinement; barbarian. [bef. 900; ME ...
Goth.
Gothic. Also, Goth, goth. * * *
Gotha
/goh"tah/, n. a city in S Thuringia, in central Germany. 58,279. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Thuringia Land (state), central Germany. It lies on the northern edge of ...
Gotham
—Gothamite, n. /goth"euhm, goh"theuhm/ for 1; /got"euhm, goh"theuhm/ for 2, n. 1. a journalistic nickname for New York City. 2. an English village, proverbial for the ...
Gothamite
See Gotham. * * *
Gothenburg
/goth"euhn berrg', got"n-/, n. Göteborg. * * *
gothic
—gothically, adv. —gothicness, gothicity /go this"i tee/, n. /goth"ik/, adj. 1. (usually cap.) noting or pertaining to a style of architecture, originating in France in the ...
Gothic alphabet
      writing system invented in the 4th century AD by Ulfilas, an Arian bishop, for recording the Gothic language; this writing system should not be confused with ...
Gothic arch
a pointed arch, esp. one having only two centers and equal radii. See illus. under arch. [1730-40] * * *
Gothic architecture
Architectural style in Europe that lasted from the mid 12th century to the 16th century, particularly a style of masonry building characterized by cavernous spaces with the ...
Gothic armor
white armor of the 15th century, marked esp. by much fluting and ornamentation. * * *
Gothic art
Architecture, sculpture, and painting that flourished in Western and central Europe in the Middle Ages. It evolved from Romanesque art and lasted from the mid-12th century to ...
Gothic language
Extinct Germanic language spoken by the Goths. Its records antedate those of other Germanic languages by about four centuries. Best known from a translation of the Bible into ...
Gothic novel
n any of a class of English novels dealing with frightening or magic subjects. Most Gothic novels are set in ruined castles or large old houses with ghosts, and were written in ...
Gothic Revival
the return to a Gothic style in British architecture that occurred between the middle of the 18th century and the middle of the 19th century. Many British churches were built in ...
Gothically
See Gothic. * * *
Gothicarch
Gothic arch n. A pointed arch, especially one with a jointed apex. * * *
Gothicism
/goth"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. conformity or devotion to the gothic style in the arts. 2. the principles and techniques of the gothic style. 3. (sometimes l.c.) barbarism; ...
Gothicize
—Gothicizer, n. /goth"euh suyz'/, v.t., Gothicized, Gothicizing. to make gothic, as in style. Also, esp. Brit., Gothicise. [1740-50; GOTHIC + -IZE] * * *
Gothicrevival
Gothic revival n. An architectural style imitating elements of Gothic design, popular in Europe and North America from the late 18th to the beginning of the 20th century, ...
Gotland
—Gotlander, Gottlander, n. /got"leuhnd/; Swed. /gawt"lund, gawl"lund/, n. an island in the Baltic, forming a province of Sweden. 55,346; 1212 sq. mi. (3140 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Gotō Islands
Japanese Gotō-rettō Island chain, China Sea, part of Nagasake prefecture, Japan. Lying off the western coast of Japan, the chain comprises more than 100 islands, of which 34 ...
Gotō Shimpei
▪ Japanese political leader in full  Hakushaku (count) Gotō Shimpei  born July 25, 1857, Muzusawa, Rikuchū province, Japan died April 13, 1929, ...
Gotō Shōjirō
▪ Japanese political leader in full  Hakushaku (count) Gotō Shōjirō  born April 13, 1838, Tosa province, Japan died August 4, 1897, Tokyo  one of the leaders of the ...
gotra
/goh"treuh/, n. a Hindu clan tracing its paternal lineage from a common ancestor, usually a saint or sage. [1875-80; < Skt] * * * Lineage segment within an Indian caste, ...
gotta
/got"euh/, Pron. Spelling. got to; have got to. Usage. See get. * * *
gotten
/got"n/, v. a pp. of get. Usage. See get. * * *
Götterdämmerung
/got'euhr dam"euh roong', -rung'/; Ger. /guet'euhrdd dem"euh rddoong'/, n. 1. German Myth. the destruction of the gods and of all things in a final battle with evil powers: ...
Gottfried
(as used in expressions) Benn Gottfried Bürger Gottfried August Ehrenberg Christian Gottfried Gottfried von Strassburg Herder Johann Gottfried von Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm ...
Gottfried von Strassburg
flourished с 1210 German poet, one of the greatest of the Middle Ages. Little is known of his life. His courtly epic Tristan und Isolde (с 1210) is the classic version of the ...
Gotthard, Saint
▪ Bavarian archbishop also spelled  Godehard   born c. 960, , near Niederaltaich, Bavaria [Germany] died May 4, 1038, Hildesheim; canonized 1131; feast day May ...
Gotthelf, Jeremias
▪ Swiss writer pseudonym of  Albert Bitzius   born Oct. 4, 1797, Morat, Switz. died Oct. 22, 1854, Lützelflüh  Swiss novelist and short-story writer whose vivid narrative ...
Gotti, John
▪ American organized-crime boss bynames  Teflon Don  and  Dapper Don  born October 27, 1940, South Bronx, New York, U.S. died June 10, 2002, Springfield, ...
Gotti, John Joseph
▪ 2003       American organized crime leader (b. Oct. 27, 1940, South Bronx, N.Y.—d. June 10, 2002, Springfield, Mo.), arranged the murder of the head of the Gambino ...
Göttingen
/guet"ing euhn/, n. a city in central Germany. 123,600. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Lower Saxony Land (state), central Germany. It lies on the Leine River, about 60 ...
Göttingen, University of
German Georg-August-Universität zu Göttingen Eminent European university, founded in 1737 in Göttingen, Germany. It was one of the first and most influential secular ...
Göttinger Hain
▪ German literary group English  Göttingen Grove , also called  Göttinger Hainbund  or  Göttinger Dichterbund        a literary association of the German ...
Gottlieb
/got"leeb/, n. Adolph, 1903-74, U.S. painter. * * * (as used in expressions) Clausewitz Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Daimler Gottlieb Wilhelm Fichte Johann Gottlieb Kölreuter ...
Gottlieb, Adolph
▪ American painter born March 14, 1903, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 4, 1974, New York       American painter important as an early and outstanding member of the New ...
Gottlob
(as used in expressions) Frege Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Oehlenschläger Adam Gottlob Werner Abraham Gottlob * * *
Gottman, Jean
▪ French geographer in full  Jean-iona Gottman   born Oct. 10, 1915, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kharkiv, Ukraine] died Feb. 28, 1994, Oxford, ...
Gottman, Jean-Iona
▪ 1995       French geographer (b. Oct. 10, 1915, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire—d. Feb. 28, 1994, Oxford, England), introduced the concept and term megalopolis ...
Gottschalk
/got"shawk/, n. Louis Moreau /maw roh", moh-/, 1829-69, U.S. pianist and composer. * * *
Gottschalk Of Orbais
▪ Roman Catholic theologian Gottschalk also spelled  Gottescalc, Godescalc, or Godescalchus   born c. 803, Saxony [Germany] died c. 868, Hautvillers, near Reims, ...
Gottschalk, Louis Moreau
born May 8, 1829, New Orleans, La., U.S. died Dec. 18, 1869, Rio de Janeiro, Braz. U.S. composer and pianist. He was exposed early to the music of New Orleans's Caribbean and ...
Gottschalk,Louis Moreau
Gott·schalk (gŏchʹôk', gŏtʹshôk'), Louis Moreau. 1829-1869. American composer and pianist whose compositions, such as The Dying Poet (1864), often incorporate ...
Gottsched, Johann Christoph
▪ German literary critic born Feb. 2, 1700, Judithenkirch, near Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died Dec. 12, 1766, Leipzig, Saxony ...
gottuvadyam
▪ lute       long-necked stringed instrument of the lute family. The gottuvadyam is a staple instrument of the Carnatic music tradition of India. It is similar to the ...
Gottwald
/gawt"vahlt/, n. Klement /kle"ment/, 1896-1953, Czech Communist leader: prime minister 1946-48; president 1948-53. * * *
Gottwald, Klement
born Nov. 23, 1896, Dedice, Moravia, Austria-Hungary died March 14, 1953, Prague, Czech. Czechoslovak communist politician and journalist. A charter member of Czechoslovakia's ...


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