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gastraea or gastrea [gas trē′ə] 〚ModL < Gr gastēr, stomach〛 n. the hypothetical ancestral form of flatworms, structured like the gastrula stage in embryology * * *
—gastralgic, adj., n. /ga stral"jee euh, -jeuh/, n. 1. neuralgia of the stomach. 2. any stomach pain. [1815-25; < NL; see GASTR-, -ALGIA] * * *
/ga strek"teuh mee/, n., pl. gastrectomies. partial or total excision of the stomach. [1885-90; GASTR- + -ECTOMY] * * * Surgical removal of all or part of the stomach to treat ...
/gas"trik/, adj. pertaining to the stomach. [1650-60; GASTR- + -IC] * * *
gastric bypass
a surgical procedure by which all or part of the stomach is circumvented by anastomosis to the small intestine, performed to overcome obstruction or in the treatment of morbid ...
gastric gland
▪ anatomy  any of the branched tubules in the inner lining of the stomach that secrete gastric juice and protective mucus.       There are three types of gastric ...
gastric juice
the digestive fluid, containing pepsin and other enzymes, secreted by the glands of the stomach. [1720-30] * * *
gastric lavage
Med. the washing out of the stomach; lavage. * * *
gastric mill
Zool. 1. a gizzard in decapod crustaceans, as lobsters, crabs, and shrimps, having an arrangement of teeth and small bones for grinding food and bristles for filtering small ...
gastric ulcer
Pathol. a peptic ulcer located in the stomach's inner wall, caused in part by the corrosive action of the gastric juice on the mucous membrane. [1905-10] * * *
gastric juice n. The colorless, watery, acidic digestive fluid that is secreted by various glands in the mucous membrane of the stomach and consists chiefly of hydrochloric acid, ...
gastric reflux n. A backflow of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus, caused by relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter. * * *
gastric ulcer n. An ulcer occurring in the mucous membrane of the stomach. * * *
▪ province, Sweden       landskap (province), eastern Sweden. It lies along the Gulf of Bothnia, in the administrative län (county) of Gävleborg. It is one of the ...
/gas"trin/, n. a hormone that stimulates the secretion of gastric juice. [1900-05; GASTR- + -IN2] * * * ▪ hormone       any of a group of digestive hormones secreted by ...
—gastritic /ga strit"ik/, adj. /ga struy"tis/, n. inflammation of the stomach, esp. of its mucous membrane. [1800-10; < NL; see GASTR-, -ITIS] * * * Inflammation in the ...
a combining form meaning "stomach," used in the formation of compound words: gastrology. Also, esp. before a vowel, gastr-. [ < Gk, comb. form of gastér] * * *
—gastrocnemial, gastrocnemian, adj. /gas'trok nee"mee euhs, gas'treuh nee"-/, n., pl. gastrocnemii /-mee uy'/. Anat. the largest muscle in the calf of the leg, the action of ...
gastrocnemius muscle
▪ anatomy also called  leg triceps,    large posterior muscle of the calf of the leg. It originates at the back of the femur (thighbone) and patella (kneecap) and, joining ...
/gas"troh seel'/, n. Embryol. archenteron. Also, gastrocoele. [1800-10; GASTRO- + COEL] * * *
/gas'troh kol"ik/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or involving the stomach and colon. [1840-50; GASTRO- + COLIC] * * *
gastrocolic omentum.
See greater omentum. * * *
gastroderm [gas′trō dʉrm΄] n. ENDODERM * * *
—gastrodermal, adj. /gas'troh derr"mis/, n. Zool. the inner cell layer of the body of an invertebrate. [GASTRO- + -DERMIS] * * *
gas·tro·du·o·de·nal (găs'trō-do͞o'ə-dēʹnəl, -dyo͞o'-, -do͞o-ŏdʹn-əl, -dyo͞o-) adj. Of or relating to the stomach and the duodenum: gastroduodenal disease. * * *
/gas'troh dooh'euh dn os"teuh mee, -dyooh'-/, n., pl. gastroduodenostomies. Surg. See under gastroenterostomy. [1885-90; GASTRO- + DUODENO- + -STOMY] * * *
gas·tro·en·ter·ic (găs'trō-ĕn-tĕrʹĭk) adj. Gastrointestinal. * * *
—gastroenteritic /gas'troh en'teuh rit"ik/, adj. /gas'troh en'teuh ruy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the stomach and intestines. [1815-25; GASTROENTER(O)- + -ITIS] * * ...
a combination of gastro- and entero-: gastroenterostomy. * * *
See gastroenterology. * * *
See gastroenterologic. * * *
See gastroenterologic. * * *
—gastroenterologic /gas'troh en'teuhr euh loj"ik/, gastroenterological, adj. —gastroenterologist, n. /gas'troh en'teuh rol"euh jee/, n. the study of the structure, functions, ...
/gas'troh en'teuh ros"teuh mee/, n., pl. gastroenterostomies. Surg. the making of a new passage between the stomach and the duodenum (gastroduodenostomy) or, esp., the jejunum ...
gas·tro·e·soph·a·ge·al (găs'trō-ĭ-sŏfʹə-jē'əl) adj. Of or relating to the stomach and esophagus. * * *
gastroesophageal reflux disease
▪ pathology       relatively common digestive disorder characterized by frequent passage of gastric contents from the stomach back into the esophagus. The most common ...
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Disorder characterized by frequent passage of gastric contents from the stomach back into the esophagus. Symptoms of GERD may include heartburn, coughing, frequent clearing of ...
gastroesophagealreflux disease
gastroesophageal reflux disease n. Abbr. GERD A chronic condition in which the lower esophageal sphincter allows gastric acids to reflux into the esophagus, causing heartburn, ...
gastroesophageal sphincter n. See lower esophageal sphincter. * * *
/gas'troh hi pat"ik/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or involving the stomach and the liver. [GASTRO- + HEPATIC] * * *
gastrohepatic omentum.
See lesser omentum. [1825-35] * * *
/gas'troh in tes"teuh nl/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or affecting the stomach and intestines. [1825-35; GASTRO- + INTESTINAL] * * *
gastrointestinal series.
See GI series. * * *
gastrointestinal system drugs
▪ Table Gastrointestinal system drugs generic name common trade name(s) common use(s) cimetidine Tagamet ulcers, acid-peptic disorders, and occasional ...
gastrointestinal tract
      the portion of the digestive system (digestive system, human) that includes the esophagus, the stomach, the pancreas, the small intestine, the large intestine, ...
/gas'troh ji jooh nos"teuh mee/, n., pl. gastrojejunostomies. Surg. See under gastroenterostomy. [1890-95; GASTRO- + JEJUNOSTOMY] * * *
/gas"treuh lith/, n. Pathol. a calculous concretion in the stomach. [1850-55; GASTRO- + -LITH] * * *
See gastrological. * * *
See gastrology. * * *
See gastrological. * * *
See gastrological. * * *
—gastrologic /gas'treuh loj"ik/, gastrological, adj. —gastrologically, adv. —gastrologist, n. /ga strol"euh jee/, n. the study of the structure, functions, and diseases of ...
/gas"treuh nohm'/, n. a connoisseur of good food; gourmet; epicure. Also, gastronomer /ga stron"euh meuhr/, gastronomist. [1815-25; < F, back formation from gastronomie ...
gas·tro·nom·ic (găs'trə-nŏmʹĭk) also gas·tro·nom·i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj. Of or relating to gastronomy.   gas'tro·nomʹi·cal·ly adv. * * *
See gastronomic. * * *
gas·tron·o·mist (gă-strŏnʹə-mĭst) n. See gastronome. * * *
—gastronomic /gas'treuh nom"ik/, gastronomical, adj. —gastronomically, adv. /ga stron"euh mee/, n. 1. the art or science of good eating. 2. a style of cooking or ...
/gas"treuh plas'tee/, n. 1. any plastic surgery on the stomach. 2. See gastric bypass. [1945-50; GASTRO- + -PLASTY] * * *
/gas"treuh pod'/, n. 1. any mollusk of the class Gastropoda, comprising the snails, whelks, slugs, etc. adj. 2. Also, gastropodous /ga strop"euh deuhs/. belonging or pertaining ...
See gastropod. * * *
See gastropodan. * * *
➡ pub * * *
—gastroscopic /gas'treuh skop"ik/, adj. /gas"treuh skohp'/, n. Med. a lighted flexible tubular instrument passed through the mouth for examining the esophagus, stomach, and ...
See gastroscope. * * *
See gastroscopic. * * *
/ga stros"keuh pee/, n., pl. gastroscopies. Med. the examination with a gastroscope to detect disease. [1850-55; GASTRO- + -SCOPY] * * *
/ga stros"teuh mee/, n., pl. gastrostomies. Surg. 1. the construction of an artificial opening from the stomach through the abdominal wall, permitting intake of food or drainage ...
—gastrotomic /gas'treuh tom"ik/, adj. /ga strot"euh mee/, n., pl. gastrotomies. Surg. the operation of cutting into the stomach. [1650-60; GASTRO- + -TOMY] * * *
—gastrotrichan /gas tro"tri keuhn/, adj. /gas"treuh trik/, n. any of the microscopic, multicellular animals of the class or phylum Gastrotricha, of fresh or salt waters, ...
/gas'troh vas"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. Zool. serving for digestion and circulation, as a cavity. [1875-80; GASTRO- + VASCULAR] * * *
—gastrular, adj. /gas"troo leuh/, n., pl. gastrulas, gastrulae /-lee'/. Embryol. a metazoan embryo in an early state of germ layer formation following the blastula stage, ...
See gastrula. * * *
/gas"troo layt'/, v.i., gastrulated, gastrulating. Embryol. to undergo gastrulation. [GASTRUL(A) + -ATE1] * * *
/gas'troo lay"sheuhn/, n. Embryol. 1. the formation of a gastrula. 2. any process, as invagination, by which a blastula or other form of embryo is converted into a ...
gas turbine turbojet engine Precision Graphics n. An internal-combustion engine consisting essentially of an air compressor, combustion chamber, and turbine wheel that is turned ...
/gas"werrks'/, n., pl. gasworks. (used with a sing. v.) a plant where heating and illuminating gas is manufactured and piped to homes and buildings. Also called ...
gat1 /gat/, v. Archaic. pt. of get. gat2 /gat/, n. Older Slang. a pistol or revolver. [1900-05, Amer.; shortening of GATLING GUN] gat3 /gat/, n. a passage or channel that extends ...
/gat"toohtht', -toohdhd'/, adj. gap-toothed. [1350-1400; ME gat tothed] * * *
/gah"teuh/, n. the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum. [ < AmerSp, Sp: cat < LL catta CAT1] * * *
▪ Russia formerly (until 1929)  Khotchino , or (1929–44)  Krasnogvardeysk        city, Leningrad oblast (province), northwestern Russia, lying 15 miles (24 km) ...
gate1 /gayt/, n., v., gated, gating. n. 1. a movable barrier, usually on hinges, closing an opening in a fence, wall, or other enclosure. 2. an opening permitting passage through ...
gate array
Computers, Electronics. See logic array. [1975-80] * * *
gate leg
Furniture. a leg attached to a hinged frame that can be swung out to support a drop leaf. Cf. swing leg. [1900-05] * * *
Gate Theatre
▪ theatre, Dublin, Ireland       Dublin dramatic company, founded in 1928 by Hilton Edwards and Micheál MacLiammóir (MacLiammóir, Micheál), whose repertoire included ...
gate theory
a theory proposing that neural stimulation beyond a certain threshold level, as by application of an electric current, can overwhelm the ability of the nerve center to sense ...
/gayt"krash'euhr/, n. Informal. a person who attends or enters a social function without an invitation, a theater without a ticket, etc. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
gate-leg table
/gayt"leg'/ a table having drop leaves supported by gate legs. Also, gate-legged table. [1900-05] * * *
gate-leg table (gātʹlĕg') n. A drop-leaf table with paired legs that swing out to support the leaves. * * *
/ga toh", gah-/; Fr. /gah toh"/, n., pl. gâteaux /-tohz"/; Fr. /-toh"/. French Cookery. a cake, esp. a very light sponge cake with a rich icing or filling. [1835-45; < F; OF ...
See gatecrasher. * * *
gate·crash·er (gātʹkrăsh'ər) n. Slang One who gains admittance, as to a party or concert, without being invited or without paying.   gateʹcrash' v. * * *
/gay"tid/, adj. 1. (of patterns in a foundry mold) linked by gates. 2. being a residential neighborhood protected by gates, walls, guards, or other security measures [1620-30; ...
gat·ed community (gāʹtĭd) n. A subdivision or neighborhood, often surrounded by a barrier, to which entry is restricted to residents and their guests. * * *
/gayt"fohld'/, n. Print. foldout (def. 1). [1960-65; GATE1 + FOLD1] * * *
/gayt"hows'/, n., pl. gatehouses /-how'ziz/. 1. a house at or over a gate, used as a gatekeeper's quarters, fortification, etc. 2. a house or structure at the gate of a dam, ...
/gayt"kee'peuhr/, n. 1. a person in charge of a gate, usually to identify, count, supervise, etc., the traffic or flow through it. 2. guardian; monitor: the gatekeepers of ...
gateleg table
gateleg table [gāt′leg΄] n. a table with drop leaves supported by gatelike legs swung back against the frame to permit the leaves to drop: also gatelegged table * * * ▪ ...
/gayt"meuhn, -man'/, n., pl. gatemen /-meuhn, -men'/. a gatekeeper. [1790-1800; GATE1 + MAN1] * * *
/gayt"pohst'/, n. the vertical post on which a gate is suspended by hinges, or the post against which the gate is closed. [1515-25; GATE1 + POST1] * * *
/gay"teuhr/, n. gator. Also, 'gater. * * *
/gayts/, n. 1. Horatio, 1728-1806, American Revolutionary general, born in England. 2. William (Bill), born 1956, U.S. entrepreneur. * * * (as used in expressions) Dawes Charles ...
Gates of Paradise
▪ work by Ghiberti Italian  Porta del Paradiso,    the pair of gilded bronze doors (1425–52) designed by the sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti (Ghiberti, Lorenzo) for the north ...
Gates of the Arctic National Park
National preserve, northern Alaska, U.S. Its area of 11,756 sq mi (30,448 sq km) is entirely north of the Arctic Circle. Proclaimed a national monument in 1978, the area ...
Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve
▪ park, Alaska, United States       large, remote wilderness area in northern Alaska, U.S. It is part of a vast region of national parks, monuments, and preserves ...
Gates, Bill
in full William Henry Gates III born Oct. 28, 1955, Seattle, Wash., U.S. U.S. computer programmer and businessman. As a teenager, he helped computerize his high school's ...
Gates, Bill and Melinda
▪ 2007       On May 4, 2006, the Prince of Asturias Foundation in Spain announced that the 2006 Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation would go to ...
Gates, Frederick T.
▪ American philanthropist in full  Frederick Taylor Gates   born July 2, 1853, Maine, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 6, 1929, Phoenix, Ariz.       American philanthropist and ...
Gates, Henry Louis (Jr.)
born Sept. 16, 1950, Keyser, W.Va., U.S. U.S. critic and scholar. Gates attended Yale University and the University of Cambridge. He has chaired Harvard University's department ...
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.
▪ 1997       A pioneering critic and scholar, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., emerged as an influential spokesman for African-American culture and almost single-handedly ...
Gates, Horatio
born с 1728, Maldon, Essex, Eng. died April 10, 1806, New York, N.Y., U.S. English-born American general. He served in the British army during the French and Indian War. In ...
Gates, John Warne
▪ American financier born May 8, 1855, Turner Junction, Ill., U.S. died Aug. 9, 1911, Paris, France       American financier and steel magnate who leveraged an $8,000 ...
Gates, Melinda
▪ American businesswoman and philanthropist née  Melinda Ann French  born Aug. 15, 1964, Dallas, Texas, U.S.    American businesswoman and philanthropist who—with her ...
Gates, Robert
▪ 2007       U.S. Pres. George W. Bush in November 2006 appointed former director of central intelligence Robert Gates as his new secretary of defense. Gates replaced ...
Gates, Robert M.
▪ American government official in full  Robert Michael Gates  born Sept. 25, 1943, Wichita, Kan., U.S.       U.S. government official who served as director of the ...
Gates (gāts), Horatio. 1728?-1806. American Revolutionary general who became a hero after winning the Battle of Saratoga (1777) but suffered a humiliating defeat at Camden, ...
Gates,William Henry
Gates, William Henry. Known as “Bill.” Born 1955. American computer software designer and business executive who cofounded Microsoft in 1975 and as chairman built it into one ...
/gayts"hed'/, n. a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in NE England: seaport on the Tyne River opposite Newcastle. 222,000. * * * ▪ England, United ...
/gayt"way'/, n. 1. an entrance or passage that may be closed by a gate. 2. a structure for enclosing such an opening or entrance. 3. any passage by or point at which a region may ...
gateway drug
any mood-altering drug, as a stimulant or tranquilizer, that does not cause physical dependence but may lead to the use of addictive drugs, as heroin. [1985-90] * * *
gateway drug n. A habit-forming substance whose use may lead to the abuse of drugs that are more addictive or more dangerous. * * *
Gath [gath] n. 〚Heb, lit., wine press〛 Bible one of the cities of the Philistines: 2 Sam. 1:20 * * * Gath (găth) An ancient city of Palestine east-northeast of Gaza. It ...
/gah"teuh, -tah/, n. Zoroastrianism. one of several groups of hymns (the Gathas) forming the oldest part of the Avesta. [ < Avestan gatha-; c. Skt gatha song] * * *
—gatherable, adj. —gatherer, n. /gadh"euhr/, v.t. 1. to bring together into one group, collection, or place: to gather firewood; to gather the troops. 2. to bring together or ...
See gather. * * *
/gadh"euhr ing/, n. 1. an assembly or meeting. 2. an assemblage of people; group or crowd. 3. a collection, assemblage, or compilation of anything. 4. the act of a person or ...
/gah"tik/, n. 1. an ancient Iranian language of the Indo-European family; the language in which the Gathas were written. Cf. Avestan. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or expressed in ...
/gat"n oh'/; Fr. /gann tee noh"/, n. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada, near Hull. 74,988. * * * ▪ Quebec, Canada  city, Outaouais region, southwestern Quebec province, ...
Gatineau River
▪ river, Quebec, Canada French  Rivière Gatineau        river in Outaouais region, southwestern Quebec province, Canada. The river rises in a chain of lakes north ...
/gay"ting/, n. Cell Biol. the process by which a channel in a cell membrane opens or closes. [GATE1 + -ING1] * * *
/gat"leuhn berrg'/, n. a town in E Tennessee: resort. 3210. * * * ▪ Tennessee, United States       city, Sevier county, eastern Tennessee, U.S. It lies about 30 miles ...
Gatling gun
/gat"ling/ an early type of machine gun consisting of a revolving cluster of barrels around a central axis, each barrel being automatically loaded and fired every revolution of ...
Gatling, Richard Jordan
▪ American inventor born Sept. 12, 1818, Maney's Neck, N.C., U.S. died Feb. 26, 1903, New York, N.Y.       American inventor best known for his invention of the ...
Gatling,Richard Jordan
Gat·ling (gătʹlĭng), Richard Jordan. 1818-1903. American firearms inventor of the first rapid-firing gun (patented 1862). * * *
Gatling gun n. A machine gun having a cluster of barrels that are fired in sequence as the cluster is rotated.   [After Gatling, Richard Jordan.] * * *
/gay"teuhr/, n. Southern U.S. Informal. alligator. Also, gater, 'gater. [1835-45, Amer.; shortened form] * * *
Gat·or·ade (gāʹtə-rād') A trademark used for a thirst-quenching beverage drunk especially by athletes. * * *
a US drink intended for people who play a lot of sport. It replaces liquids in the body rapidly and adds carbohydrates. It was invented in 1965 at the University of Florida for ...
Gatski, Gunner
▪ 2006 Frank Gatski        American football player (b. March 18, 1919, Farmington, W.Va.—d. Nov. 22, 2005, Morgantown, W.Va.), blocked for quarterback Otto Graham and ...
See General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. * * *
▪ Queensland, Australia       town and shire, southern Queensland, Australia. It lies along Lockyer Creek, about 58 miles (93 km) west of Brisbane. Probably named after ...
/gah toohn"/, n. 1. a town in the N Canal Zone of Panama. 2. a large dam near this town. 11/2 mi. (2 km) long. * * *
Gatun Lake
an artificial lake in the Canal Zone, forming part of the Panama Canal: created by the Gatun dam. 164 sq. mi. (425 sq. km). See map under Panama Canal. * * * Spanish Lago ...
Ga·tún Lake (gə-to͞onʹ, gä-) An artificial lake of central Panama formed by the impounding of the Chagres River. It is a major link in the Panama Canal system. * * *
a major international airport, 27 miles/43kilometres south of London. It is Britain’s second largest airport. Compare Heathrow. * * *
To rejoice; also to have religious fear or awe. Oldest form *geə₂u-, colored to *gaə₂u-, contracted to *gau- (before consonants) and *gāw- (before vowels). 1. Suffixed ...
—gauchely, adv. —gaucheness, n. /gohsh/, adj. lacking social grace, sensitivity, or acuteness; awkward; crude; tactless: Their exquisite manners always make me feel ...
See gauche. * * *
See gauchely. * * *
Gaucher disease
▪ disease       rare inherited metabolic disorder characterized by anemia, mental and neurologic impairment, yellowish pigmentation of the skin, enlargement of the ...
Gaucher's disease
/goh shayz"/, Pathol. a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism that causes spleen and liver enlargement, abnormal fragility and pain of the bones, and progressive neurologic ...
Gaucher, Yves
▪ 2001       Canadian abstract artist (b. Jan. 3, 1934, Montreal, Que.—d. Sept. 8, 2000, Montreal), was a painter, printmaker, and collagist who was best known for ...
/goh'sheuh ree"/; Fr. /gohsheu rddee"/, n., pl. gaucheries /-reez"/; Fr. /-rddee"/. 1. lack of social grace, sensitivity, or acuteness; awkwardness; crudeness; tactlessness. 2. ...
Gauches, Cartel des
▪ French political historian       (French: “Coalition of the Left”), in the French Third Republic (1870–1940), a coalition of left-wing parties in the Chamber of ...
/gow"choh/; Sp. /gow"chaw/, n., pl. gauchos /-chohz/; Sp. /-chaws/. 1. a native cowboy of the South American pampas, usually of mixed Spanish and Indian ancestry. 2. gauchos. ...
gaucho literature
Latin American poetic genre that imitates the payadas ("ballads") traditionally sung to guitar accompaniment by wandering gaucho minstrels of Argentina and Uruguay. By ...
/gawd/, n. a showy ornament or trinket. [1300-50; ME, perh. < AF, n. use of gaudir to rejoice < L gaudere to enjoy] * * *
▪ ancient city, India       a city, a country, and a literary style in ancient India. The city is better known under its Anglicized name, Gaur. Its first recorded ...
/gaw"deuh ree/, n., pl. gauderies. 1. ostentatious show. 2. finery; gaudy or showy things: a fashionable dandy and his gaudery. [1520-30; GAUD + -ERY] * * *
Gaudí (i Cornet)
Gaudí (i Cornet) [gou dē′ē kôr′net] Antonio [än tō̂′nyō̂] 1852-1926; Sp. architect * * *
Gaudí (i Cornet), Antoni
Spanish Antonio Gaudí y Cornet born June 25, 1852, Reus, Spain died June 10, 1926, Barcelona Spanish (Catalan) architect. Though his early works were Mudéjar (Spanish ...
Gaudí i Cornet
/gow dee" ee kawrdd"net/ Antoni /ahn taw"nee/, 1852-1926, Spanish architect and designer. * * *
Gaudí, Antoni
▪ Spanish architect Introduction Catalan in full  Antoni Gaudí i Cornet , Spanish  Antonio Gaudí y Cornet   born June 25, 1852, Reus, Spain died June 10, 1926, ...
Gau·dí (gouʹdē, gou-dēʹ), Antonio. 1852-1926. Spanish architect who worked mainly in Barcelona, developing a startling new style that paralleled developments in art ...
Gaudier-Brzeska, Henri
▪ French sculptor original name  Henri Gaudier  born October 4, 1891, Saint Jean-de-Braye, France died June 5, 1915, Neuville-Saint-Vaast       French artist who was ...
See gaudy1. * * *
Gaudin, Lucien
▪ French fencer born 1886, Arras, France died 1934, Paris  French fencer (fencing). One of the great classical fencers of the 20th century, Gaudin was once described as ...
Gaudin, Martin-Michel-Charles, Duc De Gaëte
▪ French finance minister born Jan. 19, 1756, Saint-Denis, Fr. died Nov. 5, 1841, Gennevilliers       French finance minister throughout the French Consulate and the ...
See gaudily. * * *
gaudy1 —gaudily, adv. —gaudiness, n. /gaw"dee/, adj., gaudier, gaudiest. 1. brilliantly or excessively showy: gaudy plumage. 2. cheaply showy in a tasteless way; flashy. 3. ...
/gaw"feuhr, gof"euhr/, n., v.t. goffer. * * *
/gaw"feuhr ing, gof"euhr-/, n. goffering. * * *
/gaw'geuh mee"leuh/, n. an ancient village in Assyria, E of Nineveh: Alexander the Great defeated Darius III here in 331 B.C. The battle is often mistakenly called "battle of ...
Gaugamela, Battle of
(331 BC) Clash between the forces of Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia that brought the fall of the Persian empire. Attempting to stop Alexander's incursions, Darius ...
—gaugeable, adj. —gaugeably, adv. /gayj/, v., gauged, gauging, n. v.t. 1. to determine the exact dimensions, capacity, quantity, or force of; measure. 2. to appraise, ...
gauge theory
▪ physics       class of quantum field theory, a mathematical theory involving both quantum mechanics and Einstein's special theory of relativity that is commonly used ...
See gauge. * * *
/gay"jeuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that gauges. 2. a worker or inspector who checks the dimensions or quality of machined work. 3. a customs official, collector of excise ...
gauging station
▪ hydrology       site on a stream, canal, lake, or reservoir where systematic observations of gauge height (water level) or discharge are obtained. From the continuous ...
Gaugler, William
▪ American fencing master born Aug. 5, 1931, Highland Park, Mich., U.S.    American fencing master. He was one of the most prominent and respected students of the great ...
/goh gaonn"/, n. (Eugène Henri) Paul /ue zhen" ahonn rddee" pawl/, 1848-1903, French painter. * * *
Gauguin, (Eugène Henri)Paul
Gau·guin (gō-găɴʹ), (Eugène Henri) Paul. 1848-1903. French artist whose paintings are characterized by simplified forms and brilliant colors and are partially responsible ...
Gauguin, (Eugène-Henri-) Paul
born June 7, 1848, Paris, France died May 8, 1903, Atuona, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia French painter, sculptor, and printmaker. He spent his childhood in Lima ...
Gauguin, Paul
▪ French painter Introduction in full  Eugène-Henri-Paul Gauguin  born June 7, 1848, Paris, France died May 8, 1903, Atuona, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands, French ...
/gow hah"tee/, n. a city in W Assam, in E India, on the Brahmaputra River. 122,981. * * *
/gawl/, n. 1. an ancient region in W Europe, including the modern areas of N Italy, France, Belgium, and the S Netherlands: consisted of two main divisions, one part S of the ...
Gaul, Charly
▪ 2006       Luxembourgian cyclist (b. Dec. 8, 1932, Luxembourg—d. Dec. 6, 2005, Luxembourg), was one of international cycling's greatest climbing specialists; in ...
/gow"luy'teuhr/, n. the leader or chief official of a political district under Nazi control. [1935-40; < G, equiv. to Gau region + Leiter director] * * *
/gaw"lish/, n. 1. the extinct, Celtic language of ancient Gaul. adj. 2. of or pertaining to ancient Gaul, its inhabitants, or their language. [1650-60; GAUL + -ISH1] * * *
Gaulish language
      ancient Celtic language or languages spoken in western and central Europe and Asia Minor before about 500. Gaulish is attested by inscriptions from France and ...
Gaulle, Charles de
▪ president of France Introduction in full  Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle  born November 22, 1890, Lille, France died November 9, 1970, ...
/goh"liz euhm, gaw"-/, n. 1. a political movement in France led by Charles de Gaulle. 2. the principles and policies of the Gaullists. [1945-50; Charles (DE) GAULLE + -ISM] * * *
/goh"list, gaw"-/, n. 1. a supporter of the political principles of Charles de Gaulle. 2. a French person who supported the French resistance movement against the Nazi occupation ...
Gault, Henri Andre Paul Victor
▪ 2001       French food critic (b. Nov. 4, 1929, Pacy-sur-Eure, France—d. July 9, 2000, Saint-Sulpice-en-Pareds, France), collaborated with Christian Millau on the ...
gaultheria [gôl thir′ē ə] n. 〚ModL, after M. Gaulthier, 18th-c. Cdn physician〛 any of a large genus (Gaultheria) of evergreen shrubs of the heath family, including ...
Gaultier, Denis
▪ French composer also called  Gaultier le Jeune (“the Younger”)   born 1597 or 1603, Marseille? died January 1672, Paris, France       celebrated lute virtuoso ...
/gawm, gahm/, v.t. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. to smear or cover with a gummy, sticky substance (often fol. by up): My clothes were gaumed up from that axle ...
/gawm"lis/, adj. Chiefly Brit. Informal. lacking in vitality or intelligence; stupid, dull, or clumsy. Also, gormless. [1740-50; dial. (Scots, N England) gaum heed, attention (ME ...
▪ Benedictine monk , French  Gaunilon   flourished 11th century       Benedictine monk of the Marmoutier Abbey near Tours, France, who opposed St. Anselm of ...
—gauntly, adv. —gauntness, n. /gawnt/, adj., gaunter, gauntest. 1. extremely thin and bony; haggard and drawn, as from great hunger, weariness, or torture; emaciated. 2. ...
/gawnt, gahnt/, n. John of. See John of Gaunt. * * *
gauntlet1 —gauntleted, adj. /gawnt"lit, gahnt"-/, n. 1. a medieval glove, as of mail or plate, worn by a knight in armor to protect the hand. 2. a glove with an extended cuff ...
gauntleted [gänt′id] adj. wearing a gauntlet, or glove * * *
See gaunt. * * *
See gauntly. * * *
/gawn"tree/, n., pl. gauntries. gantry. * * *
/gawp/, v.i. gawp. * * *
/goweur, gow"euhr/, n., pl. gaurs, (esp. collectively) gaur. a massive wild ox, Bibos gaurus, of southeastern Asia and the Malay Archipelago, growing to a height of 6 ft. (1.8 m) ...
/gows/, n. Elect. 1. the centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic induction, equal to the magnetic induction of a magnetic field in which one abcoulomb of charge, moving with a ...
—Gaussian, adj. /gows/, n. Karl Friedrich /kahrddl frddee"drddikh/, 1777-1855, German mathematician and astronomer. * * * ▪ unit of measurement       unit of magnetic ...
Gauss elimination
▪ mathematics       in linear and multilinear algebra, a process for finding the solutions of a system of simultaneous linear equations by first solving one of the ...
Gauss law
Physics. the principle that the total electric flux of a closed surface in an electric field is equal to 4 pi times the electric charge inside the surface. Also, Gauss' law, ...
Gauss's law
▪ fluxes       either of two statements describing electric and magnetic fluxes. Gauss's law for electricity states that the electric flux across any closed surface is ...
Gauss, Carl Friedrich
orig. Johann Friedrich Carl Gauss born April 30, 1777, Brunswick, Duchy of Brunswick died Feb. 23, 1855, Göttingen, Hanover German mathematician, astronomer, and ...
Gauss,Karl Friedrich
Gauss (gous), Karl Friedrich. 1777-1855. German mathematician and astronomer known for his contributions to algebra, differential geometry, probability theory, and number ...
Gaussian curve
Statistics. See normal curve. [1900-05] * * *
Gaussian distribution
Statistics. See normal distribution. [1965-70] * * *
Gaussian image
Optics. the point in an optical system with spherical aberration at which the paraxial rays meet. Also called Gaussian image point. * * *
Gaussian integer
Math. a complex number of the form a + bi where a and b are integers. * * *
Gauss·i·an distribution (gouʹsē-ən) n. See normal distribution.   [After Gauss, Karl Friedrich.] * * *
/gows"mee'teuhr/, n. a magnetometer for measuring the intensity of a magnetic field, calibrated in gauss. [GAUSS + -METER] * * *
/gaw"teuh meuh, gow"-/, n. Buddha (def. 1). Also, Gotama. Also called Gautama Buddha. * * *
Gau·ta·ma (gôʹtə-mə, gouʹ-), Siddhartha. See Buddha1. * * *
Gauteng [gou′teŋ΄] province of South Africa, in the N part: 7,263 sq mi (18,810 sq km); pop. 6,869,000; cap. Johannesburg * * * ▪ province, South ...
Gauthey, Emiland-Marie
▪ French engineer born Dec. 3, 1732, Châlon-sur-Saône, France died July 14, 1806, Paris       French engineer, best known for his construction of the Charolais Canal, ...
/goh tyay"/, n. Théophile /tay aw feel"/, 1811-72, French poet, novelist, and critic. * * *
Gautier d'Arras
▪ French author died 1185       author of early French romances. He lacked the skill and profundity of his contemporary Chrétien de Troyes, but his work, emphasizing ...
Gautier de Metz
▪ French poet also called  Gauthier de Més en Loherains  flourished 13th century       French poet and priest who is usually credited with the authorship of a ...
Gautier, Hubert
▪ French engineer born Aug. 21, 1660, Nîmes, France died Sept. 27, 1737, Paris       French engineer and scientist, author of the first book on bridge ...
Gautier, Léon
▪ French critic in full  Émile-théodore-léon Gautier   born Aug. 8, 1832, Le Havre, France died Aug. 25, 1897, Paris  literary historian who revived an interest in early ...
Gautier, Théophile
Gau·tier (gō-tyāʹ), Théophile. 1811-1872. French writer who influenced French literature during its shift from romanticism to aestheticism and naturalism. His works include ...
Gautsch von Frankenthurn, Paul, Baron
▪ prime minister of Austria born Feb. 26, 1851, Döbling, Austria died April 20, 1918, Vienna       statesman who served three times as Austrian prime ...
—gauzelike, adj. /gawz/, n. 1. any thin and often transparent fabric made from any fiber in a plain or leno weave. 2. a surgical dressing of loosely woven cotton. 3. any ...
gauze weave
leno (def. 1). * * *
See gauze and gauzy. * * *
See gauzily. * * *
—gauzily, adv. —gauziness, n. /gaw"zee/, adj., gauzier, gauziest. like gauze; transparently thin and light. [1790-1800; GAUZE + -Y1] * * *
/geuh vahzh"/; Fr. /gann vannzh"/, n. forced feeding, as by a flexible tube and a force pump. [1885-90; < F, equiv. to gav(er) to stuff (OF (dial.) gave gullet, throat) + -age ...
Gavarni, Paul
▪ French artist pseudonym of  Hippolyte-Guillaume-Sulpice Chevalier  born January 13, 1804, Paris, France died November 24, 1866, Paris       French lithographer and ...
Ga·var·nie (găv'ər-nēʹ, gä-vär-) A waterfall, about 422 m (1,384 ft) high, of southwest France in the Pyrenees south of Lourdes. Nearby is the Cirque de Gavarnie, a ...
Gavazzeni, Gianandrea
▪ 1997       Italian composer and conductor who was best known for his nearly 50 years of conducting opera at La Scala in Milan (b. July 25, 1909—d. Feb. 5, 1996). * ...
Gavazzi, Alessandro
▪ Italian religious reformer born March 21, 1809, Bologna, Kingdom of Italy died Jan. 9, 1899, Rome       reformer in church and politics during the Risorgimento ...
/gayv/, v. pt. of give. * * *
gavel1 /gav"euhl/, n. 1. a small mallet used by the presiding officer of a meeting, a judge, etc., usually to signal for attention or order. 2. a similar mallet used by an ...
adj. from the opening to the closing of a formal session or series of sessions: gavel-to-gavel television coverage of the Congressional hearing. [1970-75] * * *
/gav"euhl kuynd'/, n. Eng. Law. 1. (originally) a tenure of land in which the tenant was liable for a rental in money or produce rather than for labor or military service. 2. a ...
Gaveston, Piers, Earl of Cornwall
▪ English noble born c. 1284 died June 19, 1312, near Warwick, Warwickshire, Eng.       favourite of the English king Edward II. The king's inordinate love for him ...
—gavialoid, adj. /gay"vee euhl/, n. a large crocodilian, Gavialis gangeticus, of India and Pakistan, having elongated, garlike jaws: an endangered species. Also called ...
Gavilan, Kid
▪ 2004 Gerardo González        Cuban-born boxer (b. Jan. 6, 1926, Camagüey, Cuba—d. Feb. 13, 2003, Miami, Fla.), was one of the most popular boxers of the 1950s and ...
/gav"in/, n. a male given name. * * *
Gavin, James Maurice
▪ United States general born March 22, 1907, New York, New York, U.S. died February 23, 1990, Baltimore, Maryland  U.S. Army commander known as “the jumping general” ...
/yayv"le/, n. a seaport in E Sweden. 87,378. * * * ▪ Sweden  town and port, capital of Gävleborg län (county), east-central Sweden, on an inlet of the Gulf of Bothnia, ...
▪ county, Sweden       län (county), east-central Sweden, on the shores of the Gulf of Bothnia (Bothnia, Gulf of). It is composed of the traditional landskap ...
/geuh vot"/, n. 1. an old French dance in moderately quick quadruple meter. 2. a piece of music for, or in the rhythm of, this dance, often forming one of the movements in the ...
▪ Serbian clergyman original name  Gavrilo Dožič , or Dožitch  born May 17, 1881, Morača, Montenegro died May 7, 1950, Belgrade       patriarch of the Serbian ...
Gavyn Davies
➡ Hutton Inquiry * * *
/gaw/, n. Chiefly Scot. a narrow, trenchlike depression, esp. a furrow in the earth or a worn or thin area in cloth. [1785-95; orig. uncert.] * * *
/gah"win, gaw"-/, n. Arthurian Romance. one of the knights of the Round Table: a nephew of King Arthur. * * * Knight of King Arthur's Round Table. A nephew of Arthur, he ...
Gawain and the Green Knight
a long English poem written in the 14th century by an unknown author. It is about Sir Gawain, a knight at the court of King Arthur, who is told to perform various tasks by the ...
/gawk/, v.i. 1. to stare stupidly; gape: The onlookers gawked at arriving celebrities. n. 2. an awkward, foolish person. [1775-85; appar. repr. OE word meaning fool, equiv. to ...
See gawk. * * *
See gawky. * * *
—gawkily, gawkishly, adv. —gawkiness, gawkishness, n. /gaw"kee/, adj., gawkier, gawkiest. awkward; ungainly; clumsy. Also, gawkish /gaw"kish/. [1715-25; GAWK + -Y1] * * *
▪ South Australia, Australia       town, South Australia, northeast of Adelaide. It lies at the confluence of the North and South Para rivers (which there form the ...
Gawler Ranges
▪ mountains, South Australia, Australia       mountains and hills in South Australia, extending 100 miles (160 km) east-west across the northern part of Eyre Peninsula, ...
/gawp/, v.i. Chiefly Northern U.S. to stare with the mouth open in wonder or astonishment; gape: Crowds stood gawping at the disabled ship. Also, gaup. [1720-30; Brit. dial., ...

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