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Grant's gazelle
a large gazelle, Gazella granti, with distinctive long curved horns, native to the eastern African plains. [after James A. Grant (1827-92), British explorer and Africanist] * * *
Grant'sgazelle
Grant's gazelle (grănts) n. A large gazelle (Gazella granti) of East Africa that has long curved horns.   [After James Augustus Grant (1827-1892), Scottish explorer.] * * *
Grant, Bernard Alexander Montgomery
▪ 2001 “Bernie”        Guyanese-born British politician (b. Feb. 17, 1944, Georgetown, British Guiana [now Guyana]—d. April 8, 2000, London, Eng.), was a firebrand ...
Grant, Bernie
▪ British politician in full  Bernard Alexander Montgomery Grant  born February 17, 1944, Georgetown, British Guiana [now Guyana] died April 8, 2000, London, ...
Grant, Cary
orig. Archibald Alexander Leach born Jan. 18, 1904, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Nov. 29, 1986, Davenport, Iowa, U.S. British-born U.S. film actor. He performed with an ...
Grant, Duncan
▪ British painter in full  Duncan James Corrowr Grant  born January 21, 1885, Rothiemurchus, Inverness, Scotland died May 8, 1978, Aldermaston, Berkshire, ...
Grant, George
▪ Canadian philosopher born Nov. 13, 1918, Toronto, Ont. Can. died Sept. 27, 1988, Halifax, Nova Scotia       Canadian philosopher who achieved national renown with his ...
Grant, Hugh
▪ 2002       Although in real life British film actor Hugh Grant could occasionally be a scoundrel—witness his 1995 arrest with a prostitute and his resultant “I did ...
Grant, James
▪ 1996       U.S. international organization executive (b. May 12, 1922, Beijing, China—d. Jan. 28, 1995, Mount Kisco, N.Y.), was UNICEF's executive director for 15 ...
Grant, James Augustus
▪ British explorer born April 11, 1827, Nairn, Nairn, Scot. died Feb. 11, 1892, Nairn       Scottish soldier and explorer who accompanied John Hanning Speke (Speke, ...
Grant, Joseph
▪ 2006       American animator (b. May 15, 1908, New York, N.Y.—d. May 6, 2005, Glendale, Calif.), served as both a designer and a writer on some of the classic ...
Grant, Julia
▪ American first lady née  Julia Boggs Dent  born January 26, 1826, near St. Louis, Missouri, U.S. died December 14, 1902, Washington, D.C.  American first lady ...
Grant, Ulysses S.
orig. Hiram Ulysses Grant born April 27, 1822, Point Pleasant, Ohio, U.S. died July 23, 1885, Mount McGregor, N.Y. U.S. general and 18th president of the U.S. (1869–77). He ...
Grant, Zilpah Polly
▪ American educator born May 30, 1794, Norfolk, Conn., U.S. died Dec. 3, 1874, Newburyport, Mass.       19th-century American educator (education) who, through her ...
Grant,Cary
Grant (grănt), Cary. Originally Archibald Alexander Leach. 1904-1986. British-born American actor who was the epitome of the elegant leading man in films such as The ...
Grant,Ulysses Simpson
Grant, Ulysses Simpson. Originally Hiram Ulysses Grant. 1822-1885. The 18th President of the United States (1869-1877) and a Civil War general. After his victorious Vicksburg ...
grant-in-aid
/grant"in ayd", grahnt"-/, n., pl. grants-in-aid. 1. a subsidy furnished by a central government to a local one to help finance a public project, as the construction of a highway ...
Granta
/gran"teuh/, n. Cam. * * *
grantable
See grant. * * *
Grantchester
a village near Cambridge, England. It is well known because of a famous poem, The Old Vicarage, Grantchester, by Rupert Brooke, who stayed there in 1910. * * *
grantee
/gran tee", grahn-/, n. the receiver of a grant. [1400-50; late ME; see GRANT, -EE] * * *
granter
See grantable. * * *
Granth
/grunt/, n. the sacred scripture of the Sikhs, original text compiled 1604. Also, Grunth. Also called Adigranth, Grant Sahib /grunt/. [ < Hindi < Skt grantha a tying together, a ...
Grantha alphabet
      writing system of southern India developed in the 5th century AD and still in use. The earliest inscriptions in Grantha, dating from the 5th–6th century AD, are on ...
Grantham
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, South Kesteven district, administrative and historic county of Lincolnshire, England, on the River Witham. The town is an ...
grantor
/gran"teuhr, grahn"-, gran tawr", grahn-/, n. a person or organization that makes a grant. [1620-30; < AF; see GRANT, -OR2] * * *
Grants
/grants, grahnts/, n. a town in W New Mexico. 11,451. * * * ▪ New Mexico, United States       city, seat (1981) of Cibola county, west-central New Mexico, U.S., on the ...
Grants Pass
a city in SW Oregon. 14,997. * * * ▪ Oregon, United States  city, seat (1886) of Josephine county, southwestern Oregon, U.S., on the Rogue River, in the Klamath Mountains, ...
grantsman
/grants"meuhn, grahnts"-/, n., pl. grantsmen. an expert in grantsmanship. [1965-70; back formation from GRANTSMANSHIP] * * *
grantsmanship
/grants"meuhn ship', grahnts"-/, n. skill in securing grants, as for research, from federal agencies, foundations, or the like. [1960-65, Amer.; GRANT + -S3 + -MANSHIP] * * *
Grant’s Tomb
the impressive stone building in which US President Ulysses S Grant and his wife are buried, in Riverside Park, New York City. It was designed by John Duncan and completed in ...
granular
—granularity, n. —granularly, adv. /gran"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. of the nature of granules; grainy. 2. composed of or bearing granules or grains. 3. showing a granulated ...
granular snow
granular snow n. 1. a rare form of opaque precipitation consisting of very tiny ice crystals 2. CORN SNOW * * *
granularity
See granular. * * *
granularly
See granularity. * * *
granulate
—granulater, granulator, n. —granulative /gran"yeuh lay'tiv, -leuh tiv/, adj. /gran"yeuh layt'/, v., granulated, granulating. v.t. 1. to form into granules or grains. 2. to ...
granulated sugar
a coarsely ground white sugar, widely used as a sweetener. * * *
granulation
/gran'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of granulating. 2. a granulated condition. 3. any of the grains of a granulated surface. 4. Pathol. a. the formation of ...
granulation tissue
Pathol. tissue formed in ulcers and in early wound healing and repair, composed largely of newly growing capillaries and so called from its irregular surface in open wounds; ...
granulative
See granulate. * * *
granulator
See granulative. * * *
granule
/gran"yoohl/, n. 1. a little grain. 2. a small particle; pellet. 3. a corpuscle; sporule. [1645-55; < LL granulum small grain. See GRAIN, -ULE] * * *
granulite
—granulitic /gran'yeuh lit"ik/, adj. /gran"yeuh luyt'/, n. a metamorphic rock composed of granular minerals of uniform size, as quartz, feldspar, or pyroxene, and showing a ...
granulite facies
One of the major divisions of the mineral facies classification of metamorphic rocks, encompassing rocks that formed under intense temperature-pressure conditions (higher than ...
granulitic
See granulite. * * *
granuloblast
—granuloblastic, adj. /gran"yeuh loh blast'/, n. Cell Biol. an immature granulocyte. [GRANULE + -O- + -BLAST] * * *
granulocyte
—granulocytic /gran'yeuh loh sit"ik/, adj. /gran"yeuh loh suyt'/, n. Cell Biol. a circulating white blood cell having prominent granules in the cytoplasm and a nucleus of two ...
granulocyte-macrophagecolony-stimulating factor
gran·u·lo·cyte-mac·ro·phage colony-stimulating factor (grănʹyə-lō-sīt'măkʹrə-fāj') n. Abbr. GMCSF A naturally occurring protein that stimulates the production of ...
granulocytic
See granulocyte. * * *
granuloma
—granulomatous /gran'yeuh lom"euh teuhs/, adj. /gran'yeuh loh"meuh/, n., pl. granulomas, granulomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. an inflammatory tumor or growth composed of ...
granuloma inguinale
/ing'gweuh nal"ee, -nay"lee, -nah"lay/, Pathol. a venereal disease marked by deep ulceration of the skin of the groin and external genitals, caused by the bacterium ...
granulomatosis
/gran'yeuh loh meuh toh"sis/, n. Pathol. any disease characterized by the formation of numerous granulomas. [1910-15; < NL granulomat- (s. of granuloma) GRANULOMA + -OSIS] * * *
granulomatous
See granuloma. * * *
granulomatous thyroiditis
▪ pathology also called  subacute thyroiditis,  giant-cell thyroiditis,  pseudotuberculous thyroiditis , or  de Quervain's thyroiditis        inflammatory disease ...
granulopoietin
/gran'yeuh loh poy eet"n, -poy"i tn/, n. Biochem. a hormone that promotes the production of white blood cells. [GRANULE + -O- + -POIET(IC) + -IN2] * * *
granulose
/gran"yeuh lohs'/, adj. granular. [1850-55; GRANULE + -OSE1] * * *
granum
/gray"neuhm/, n., pl. grana /-neuh/. 1. (in prescriptions) a grain. 2. Bot. one of the structural units of a chloroplast in vascular plants, consisting of layers of thylakoids. [ ...
Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de
▪ Spanish cardinal born Aug. 20, 1517, Besançon, France died Sept. 21, 1586, Madrid       minister of King Philip II of Spain; he played a major role in the early ...
Granville
/gran"vil/, n. 1. Earl of. See Carteret, John. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ France       seaside resort, market and harbour town, Manche département, Basse-Normandie ...
Granville, Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl, Viscount Granville Of Stone Park, Baron Leveson Of Stone
▪ British statesman born May 11, 1815, London died March 31, 1891, London       British foreign secretary in William E. Gladstone's first and second administrations, ...
Granville, John Carteret, 1st Earl, Viscount Carteret, Baron Carteret Of Hawnes
▪ British statesman born April 22, 1690 died Jan. 2, 1763, Bath, Somerset, Eng.       English statesman, a vigorous opponent of Robert Walpole (Walpole, Robert, 1st ...
Granville-Barker
/gran"vil bahr"keuhr/, n. Harley, 1877-1946, English dramatist, actor, and critic. * * *
Granville-Barker, Harley
born Nov. 25, 1877, London, Eng. died Aug. 31, 1946, Paris, France British producer, playwright, and critic. An actor from age 15, he directed his own first play, The Marrying ...
Granville-Barker,Harley
Gran·ville-Bar·ker (grăn'vĭl-bärʹkər), Harley. 1877-1946. British actor, playwright, theater manager, and critic particularly noted for his productions and criticism of ...
Granz, Norman
▪ 2002       American concert and record producer (b. Aug. 6, 1918, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. Nov. 22, 2001, Geneva, Switz.), presented top musicians in Jazz at the ...
grape
—grapelike, adj. /grayp/, n. 1. the edible, pulpy, smooth-skinned berry or fruit that grows in clusters on vines of the genus Vitis, and from which wine is made. 2. any vine ...
grape family
the plant family Vitaceae, characterized by woody climbing vines with tendrils, having alternate, simple or compound leaves, and bearing clusters of small flowers and berries, ...
grape fern
any of several ferns of the genus Botrychium, comprising several species having grapelike clusters of sporangia. * * *
grape hyacinth
any plant belonging to the genus Muscari, of the lily family, as M. botryoides, having globular, blue flowers resembling tiny grapes. [1725-35] * * * Any of the approximately 50 ...
grape ivy
a hairy vine, Cissus rhombifolia, native to tropical America, having glossy trifoliate leaves and often cultivated as a houseplant. * * *
Grape Nuts{™}
n [U] a breakfast food consisting of crisp pieces of cooked wheat, usually eaten with milk. It is made by the US Kraft Foods company and is also sold in Britain. * * *
grape phylloxera
Small, greenish yellow insect (Phylloxera vitifoliae, order Homoptera) that is highly destructive to grape plants in Europe and the western U.S. It sucks fluid from grapevines, ...
grape phylloxera.
See under phylloxera. * * *
grape stake
a post used in vineyards to support wires along which grapevines are trained. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
grape sugar
dextrose. [1825-35] * * *
grape-hyacinth
▪ plant       any plant of the genus Muscari of the family Hyacinthaceae, consisting of about 50 species of small bulbous perennials native to the Mediterranean region. ...
grapefern
grape fern n. Any of various ferns of the genus Botrychium, having a fertile frond bearing small, grapelike clusters of spore cases. Also called moonwort. * * *
grapefruit
/grayp"frooht'/, n. 1. a large, roundish, yellow-skinned, edible citrus fruit having a juicy, acid pulp. 2. the tropical or semitropical tree, Citrus paradisi, yielding this ...
grapefruit league
Baseball Informal. a series of training games played by major-league teams before the opening of the season (so named because they take place in the citrus-growing South, as in ...
grapehyacinth
grape hyacinth n. Any of various plants of the genus Muscari, native to Eurasia and having narrow leaves and dense terminal racemes of rounded, usually blue flowers. * * *
grapeline
/grap"lin/, n. Naut. grapnel. [alter. of GRAPPLING] * * *
grapery
/gray"peuh ree/, n., pl. graperies. 1. a building where grapes are grown. 2. a vineyard. [1805-15; GRAPE + -ERY] * * *
Grapes of Wrath
a novel (1939) by the US writer John Steinbeck which won the Pulitzer Prize. It tells the story of the Joad family, whose farm is ruined in the Dust Bowl, and their journey to ...
Grapes of Wrath, The
a novel (1939) by John Steinbeck. * * *
grapeshot
/grayp"shot'/, n. a cluster of small cast-iron balls formerly used as a charge for a cannon. [1740-50; GRAPE + SHOT1] * * * ▪ weaponry        cannon charge consisting ...
grapestone
/grayp"stohn'/, n. the seed of a grape. [1580-90; GRAPE + STONE] * * *
grapesugar
grape sugar n. Dextrose obtained from grapes. * * *
grapevine
/grayp"vuyn'/, n. 1. a vine that bears grapes. 2. Also called grapevine telegraph. a person-to-person method of spreading rumors, gossip, information, etc., by informal or ...
Grapevine
/grayp"vuyn'/, n. a town in N Texas. 11,801. * * *
grapey
/gray"pee/, adj., grapier, grapiest. grapy. * * *
graph
/graf, grahf/, n. 1. a diagram representing a system of connections or interrelations among two or more things by a number of distinctive dots, lines, bars, etc. 2. Math. a. a ...
graph paper
paper printed with a pattern of straight or curved lines, esp. a grid of small squares, for plotting or drawing graphs and curves. [1925-30] * * *
graph theory
Math. the branch of mathematics dealing with linear graphs. [1965-70] * * * Mathematical theory of networks. A graph consists of nodes (also called points or vertices) and ...
graph-
var. of grapho- before a vowel: grapheme. * * *
graphalloy
/graf"euh loy'/, n. a compound of graphite impregnated with Babbitt metal, bronze, copper, gold, etc., used as a low-friction material. [GRAPH(ITE) + ALLOY] * * *
grapheme
—graphemically, adv. /graf"eem/, n. Ling. 1. a minimal unit of a writing system. 2. a unit of a writing system consisting of all the written symbols or sequences of written ...
graphemic
See grapheme. * * *
graphemically
See graphemic. * * *
graphemics
/gra fee"miks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Ling. the study of writing systems and of their relation to speech. [1950-55; GRAPHEME + -ICS] * * *
graphic
—graphically, adv. —graphicalness, graphicness, n. /graf"ik/, adj. Also, graphical. 1. giving a clear and effective picture; vivid: a graphic account of an earthquake. 2. ...
graphic accent
any mark written above a letter, esp. one indicating stress in pronunciation, as in Spanish rápido. * * *
graphic arts
1. Also called graphics. the arts or techniques, as engraving, etching, drypoint, woodcut, lithography, and other methods, by which copies of an original design are printed from ...
graphic design
the art or profession of visual communication that combines images, words, and ideas to convey information to an audience, esp. to produce a specific effect. * * * The art and ...
graphic equalizer
graphic equalizer n. an electronic equalizer with set ranges of frequencies which may be increased or reduced independently * * *
graphic granite
a pegmatite that has crystals of gray quartz imbedded in white or pink microcline in such a manner that they resemble cuneiform writing. [1830-40] * * *
graphic novel
a novel in the form of comic strips. [1985-90] * * *
Graphic Novels: Not Just Comic Books
▪ 2005       Long a fixture on the fringes of American popular culture, the graphic novel seemed poised to enter the literary mainstream once again in 2004. The year saw ...
graphical user interface
a software interface designed to standardize and simplify the use of computer programs, as by using a mouse to manipulate text and images on a display screen featuring icons, ...
graphical user interface (GUI)
Computer display format that allows the user to select commands, call up files, start programs, and do other routine tasks by using a mouse to point to pictorial symbols (icons) ...
graphically
See graphic. * * *
graphicaluser interface
graphical user interface n. GUI. * * *
graphicarts
graphic arts pl.n. 1. The fine or applied visual arts and associated techniques involving the application of lines and strokes to a two-dimensional surface. 2. The fine or ...
graphicdesign
graphic design n. The practice or profession of designing print or electronic forms of visual information, as for an advertisement, publication, or website.   graphic designer ...
graphicdesigner
See graphic design. * * *
graphicequalizer
graphic equalizer n. An electronic equalizer that allows one to increase or decrease a fixed set of frequency ranges in an audio system. * * *
graphicness
See graphically. * * *
graphicnovel
graphic novel n. A novel whose narrative is related through a combination of text and art, often in comic-strip form. * * *
graphics
/graf"iks/, n. 1. (used with a sing. v.) the art of drawing, esp. as used in mathematics, engineering, etc. 2. (used with a pl. v.) See graphic arts (def. 1). 3. (used with a pl. ...
graphite
—graphitic /greuh fit"ik/, adj. /graf"uyt/, n. a very common mineral, soft native carbon, occurring in black to dark-gray foliated masses, with metallic luster and greasy feel: ...
graphite cloth
a nonwoven fabric made by embedding carbon fibers in a plastic bonding material, used in layers as a substitute for sheet metal, as in the construction of aircraft wings. * * *
graphitic
See graphite. * * *
graphitization
See graphitize. * * *
graphitize
—graphitization, n. /graf"i tuyz'/, v.t., graphitized, graphitizing. 1. to convert into graphite. 2. to cover (the surface of an object) with graphite. Also, esp. Brit., ...
grapho-
a combining form meaning "writing," used in the formation of compound words: graphomotor. Also, esp. before a vowel, graph-. Cf. -graph, -graphic, -graphy. [ < Gk, comb. form of ...
graphological
See graphology. * * *
graphologist
See graphological. * * *
graphology
—graphologic /graf'euh loj"ik/, graphological, adj. —graphologist, n. /gra fol"euh jee/, n. 1. the study of handwriting, esp. when regarded as an expression of the writer's ...
graphomotor
/graf'euh moh"teuhr/, adj. Med. pertaining to the muscular movements in writing. [GRAPHO- + MOTOR] * * *
graphophone
—graphophonic /graf'euh fon"ik/, adj. /graf"euh fohn'/, n. a phonograph for recording and reproducing sounds on wax records. [GRAPHO- + -PHONE] * * *
Graphotype
—graphotypic /graf'euh tip"ik/, adj. /graf"euh tuyp'/, Trademark. a typewriterlike machine for embossing letters upon thin sheets of metal, as for use in an addressing ...
graphpaper
graph paper n. Paper ruled usually into small squares of equal size for use in drawing charts, graphs, or diagrams. * * *
grapiness
See grapey. * * *
grapnel
/grap"nl/, n. 1. a device consisting essentially of one or more hooks or clamps, for grasping or holding something; grapple; grappling iron. 2. a small anchor with three or more ...
grappa
/grddahp"pah/, n. an unaged brandy, originally from Italy, distilled from the pomace of a wine press. [1890-95; < It: grape stalk < Gmc; see GRAPE] * * *
Grappelli, Stephane
▪ 1998       French violinist (b. Jan. 26, 1908, Paris, France—d. Dec. 1, 1997, Paris), was one of the few notable jazz improvisers on violin and one of the first ...
grappier cement
/grap"ee ay'/ a by-product of the calcination of hydraulic lime, having similar properties and made from ground, unslaked lumps. [1900-05; < F grappier, deriv. of grappe bunch of ...
grapple
—grappler, n. /grap"euhl/, v., grappled, grappling, n. v.i. 1. to hold or make fast to something, as with a grapple. 2. to use a grapple. 3. to seize another, or each other, in ...
grapple ground
an anchorage, esp. for small vessels. * * *
grapple plant
a procumbent, thorny plant, Harpagophytum procumbens, of southern Africa. Also called wait-a-bit. [1815-25] * * *
grapple shot
Naut. a grapnellike projectile fired from a gun and used as a hold for the end of a line in rescue operations or in kedging. Also called anchor shot. [1880-85] * * *
grappler
See grapple. * * *
grappling
/grap"ling/, n. grapnel. [1590-1600; GRAPPLE + -ING1] * * *
grappling iron
a grapnel. Also called grappling hook. [1530-40] * * *
grappling iron hook
grappling iron hook GRAPNEL: also grappling n. * * *
graptolite
—graptolitic /grap'teuh lit"ik/, adj. /grap"teuh luyt'/, n. any colonial animal of the extinct class Graptolithina, most common in the Ordovician and Silurian Periods, thought ...
grapy
/gray"pee/, adj., grapier, grapiest. 1. of, like, or composed of grapes. 2. tasting of grapes or grape juice: a grapy wine. Also, grapey. [1350-1400; ME. See GRAPE, -Y1] * * *
GRAS
/gras/ generally recognized as safe: a status label assigned by the FDA to a listing of substances (GRASlist) not known to be hazardous to health and thus approved for use in ...
Grasmere
/gras"mear, grahs"-/, n. 1. a lake in Westmoreland, in NW England. 1 mi. (1.6 km) long. 2. a village on this lake: Wordsworth's home 1790-1808. * * * ▪ England, United ...
grasp
—graspable, adj. —grasper, n. —graspless, adj. /grasp, grahsp/, v.t. 1. to seize and hold by or as if by clasping with the fingers or arms. 2. to seize upon; hold ...
grasping
—graspingly, adv. —graspingness, n. /gras"ping, grahs"-/, adj. 1. greedy; avaricious: a sly, grasping man. 2. being used to grasp or tending to grasp; tenacious. [1540-50; ...
graspingly
See grasping. * * *
graspingness
See graspingly. * * *
grass
—grassless, adj. —grasslike, adj. —grassward, grasswards, adv. adj. /gras, grahs/, n. 1. any plant of the family Gramineae, having jointed stems, sheathing leaves, and ...
Grass
/grahs/; Ger. /grddahs/, n. Günter (Wilhelm) /goon"teuhr wil"helm/; Ger. /gyuun"teuhrdd vil"helm/, born 1927, German novelist, poet, and playwright. * * * I Any of many low, ...
grass bug.
See rhopalid bug. * * *
grass carp
a large carp of the genus Ctenopharyngodon, of southern Chinese inland waters, that grazes on water weeds. [1880-85] * * *
grass cloth
a fabric made from tough vegetable fibers, used for table linens, wall coverings, etc. Also, grasscloth. Also called Canton linen, China grass cloth. [1850-55] * * *
grass court
an outdoor tennis court having a grass surface. Cf. clay court, hard court. [1880-85] * * *
grass family
the large plant family Gramineae (or Poaceae), characterized by mostly herbaceous but sometimes woody plants with hollow and jointed stems, narrow sheathing leaves, petalless ...
grass finch
1. any of several Australian weaverbirds, esp. of the genus Poephila. 2. the vesper sparrow. Also, grassfinch. [1775-85, Amer.] * * * ▪ bird       any of several small ...
grass hockey
Canadian. See field hockey. [1920-25] * * *
grass of Parnassus
      (Parnassia), any of about 15 species of low perennial herbs, in the family Parnassiaceae, distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The plants grow in tufts ...
grass owl
      any of certain grassland owl species, belonging to the family Tytonidae, which also includes the barn owls. See barn owl. * * *
grass parakeet
any of several Australian parakeets, esp. the budgerigar. [1830-40] * * *
grass pink
1. a pink, Dianthus plumarius, of Europe and Asia, having fragrant, fringed pink, purplish, or white flowers. 2. an orchid, Calopogon tuberosus, having clusters of rose or ...
grass roots
(used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. the common or ordinary people, esp. as contrasted with the leadership or elite of a political party, social organization, etc.; the rank and ...
grass rug
a rug woven of strong marsh grass and cotton, usually with stenciled designs. * * *
grass sack
South Midland U.S. a gunnysack. Regional Variation. See gunnysack. * * *
grass shears
special shears for trimming grass that is hard to cut properly with a mower, as around the base of a tree. * * *
grass skiing
turfskiing. [1965-70] * * *
grass snake
1. Also called ring snake. a common European snake, Natrix natrix, having a collar of bright orange or yellow. 2. any of various small, slender snakes of North America, as the ...
grass snipe
the pectoral sandpiper. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
grass sorghum
any of several varieties of sorghum, as Sudan grass, grown for pasturage and hay. * * *
grass sponge
a large, dark brown, commercial sponge, Spongia graminea, of Florida, the West Indies, and the Gulf of Mexico. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
grass style
a style of Japanese calligraphy and sumi-e painting, characterized chiefly by free or loose brush strokes. * * *
grass tree
any Australian plant of the genus Xanthorrhoea, of the lily family, having a stout, woody stem bearing a tuft of long grasslike leaves and a dense flower spike. [1795-1805] * * ...
grass widow
—grasswidowhood, n. 1. a woman who is separated, divorced, or lives apart from her husband. 2. a woman whose husband is away from home frequently or for a long time, as on ...
grass widower
1. a man who is separated, divorced, or lives apart from his wife. 2. a man whose wife is away from home frequently or for a long time, as on business or to pursue a sport or ...
Grass, Günter
▪ German writer in full  Günter Wilhelm Grass  born Oct. 16, 1927, Danzig [now Gdańsk, Pol.]    German poet, novelist, playwright, sculptor, and printmaker who, with his ...
Grass, Günter (Wilhelm)
born Oct. 16, 1927, Danzig German novelist, poet, and playwright. Grass was involved in the Hitler Youth, was drafted at age 16 and wounded in battle, and became a prisoner of ...
Grass, Gunter Wilhelm
▪ 1996       In 1995 Günter Grass, Germany's best-known living author, published Ein weites Feld ("A Broad Field"), an ambitious novel dealing with German ...
Grass, GünterWilhelm
Grass (gräs), Günter Wilhelm. Born 1927. German writer whose novels, notably The Tin Drum (1959) and Dog Years (1963), concern the political and social climate of Germany ...
grass-green
/gras"green", grahs"-/, adj. yellowish green. * * *
grass-of-Parnassus
/gras"euhv pahr nas"euhs, grahs"-/, n. any plant belonging to the genus Parnassia, of the saxifrage family, growing in marshy areas, having broad, smooth leaves and a single, ...
grass-roots
/gras"roohts', -roots', grahs"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or involving the common people, esp. as contrasted with or separable from an elite: a grass-roots movement for nuclear ...
grass-tree
grass-tree [gras′trē΄] adj. designating a family (Xanthorrhoeaceae, order Liliales) of monocotyledonous plants * * *
grasscloth
grass cloth n. A loosely woven fabric made with grass or vegetable fibers. * * *
grasscutter
/gras"kut'euhr, grahs"-/, n. 1. a device used to cut grass, as a lawn mower. 2. Baseball. a ground ball that travels with great speed across the infield close to and barely ...
Grasse
/grddahs/, n. 1. François Joseph Paul /frddahonn swann" zhaw zef" pawl/, Comte de (Marquis de Grasse-Tilly), 1722-1788, French admiral. 2. a city in S France, near the ...
Grasse, Comte FrançoisJoseph Paul de
Grasse, Comte François Joseph Paul de. Marquis de Grasse-Tilly. 1722?-1788. French naval officer who during the American Revolution commanded the French fleet in Chesapeake Bay, ...
Grasse, François-Joseph-Paul, comte de, marquis de Grasse-Tilly
▪ French naval commander born September 13, 1722, Le Bar, France died January 11, 1788, Paris       French naval commander who engaged British forces during the ...
grasserie
/gras"euh ree, grah"seuh-/, n. a virus disease of silkworms, characterized by yellowness of the integument and an excessive accumulation of fluid within the body. Also called ...
grassfamily
grass family n. A large and widespread family of plants, the Gramineae (or Poaceae), characterized by usually hollow stems, sheath-forming leaves in two longitudinal rows, and ...
grassgreen
grass green n. A moderate yellow-green to strong or dark yellowish-green.   grassʹ-greenʹ (grăsʹgrēnʹ) adj. * * *
grasshopper
/gras"hop'euhr, grahs"-/, n. 1. any of numerous herbivorous, orthopterous insects, esp. of the families Acrididae and Tettigoniidae, having the hind legs adapted for leaping and ...
grasshopper engine
a steam engine having a piston attached to one end of a beam that is hinged to an upright at the other end, the connecting rod being suspended from near the center of the ...
grasshopper mouse
▪ rodent       any of three species of terrestrial, nocturnal, insectivorous and carnivorous mice that are physiologically adapted to semiarid and arid habitats in the ...
grasshopper pie
a custardlike pie, flavored and colored with green crème de menthe and served in a graham-cracker crust. * * *
grasshopper sparrow
a brown and white North American sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum, having a buffy breast and a buzzing insectlike song. [1880-85] * * *
grassland
/gras"land', grahs"-/, n. 1. an area, as a prairie, in which the natural vegetation consists largely of perennial grasses, characteristic of subhumid and semiarid climates. 2. ...
Grassman
/grahs"meuhn, -mahn/; Ger. /grddahs"mahn'/, n. Hermann Günther /herdd"mahn gyuun"teuhrdd/, 1809-77, German mathematician and linguist. * * *
Grassman's law
Ling. an observation, made by H. G. Grassman, that when aspirated consonants occurred in successive syllables in Sanskrit and classical Greek, one, usually the first, was ...
Grassmann, Hermann Günther
▪ German mathematician born April 15, 1809, Stettin, Prussia [now Szczecin, Pol.] died Sept. 26, 1877, Stettin, Ger.       German mathematician chiefly remembered for ...
Grasso
/gras"oh, grah"soh/, n. Ella T(ambussi) /tam booh"see/, 1919-81, U.S. politician: congresswoman 1971-75; governor of Connecticut 1975-80. * * *
Grasso, Ella
▪ American politician née  Ella Rosa Giovanna Oliva Tambussi   born May 10, 1919, Windsor Locks, Conn., U.S. died Feb. 5, 1981, Hartford, Conn.       American public ...
Grasso,Ella Tambussi
Gras·so (grăsʹō, gräʹsō), Ella Tambussi. 1919-1981. American public official. As governor of Connecticut (1975-1981), she was the first woman elected to an American state ...
grassplot
/gras"plot', grahs"-/, n. a plot of ground covered with or reserved for grass. [1600-10; GRASS + PLOT] * * *
grassquit
/gras"kwit', grahs"-/, n. any of several tiny finches, esp. of the genus Tiaris, of tropical America and the West Indies. [1840-50; GRASS + QUIT2] * * *
grassroots
grass roots pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) 1. People or society at a local level rather than at the center of major political activity. Often used with the. 2. The ...
grasssnake
grass snake n. Any of several greenish nonvenomous snakes, especially Opheodrys vernalis of eastern North America or Natrix natrix of Europe. * * *
grasstree
grass tree n. Any of several woody-stemmed Australian plants of the genus Xanthorrhoea, having stiff grasslike leaves, palmlike stems, and a spike of small white flowers. * * *
grasswidow
grass widow n. 1. A woman who is divorced or separated from her husband. 2. A woman whose husband is temporarily absent. 3. An abandoned mistress. 4. The mother of a child born ...
grasswidower
grass widower n. 1. A man who is divorced or separated from his wife. 2. A man whose wife is temporarily absent. * * *
grassy
—grassiness, n. /gras"ee, grah"see/, adj., grassier, grassiest. 1. covered with grass. 2. of, like, or pertaining to grass; grasslike. 3. of the color of grass: grassy ...
grate
grate1 —grateless, adj. —gratelike, adj. /grayt/, n., v., grated, grating. n. 1. a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove. 2. ...
grateful
—gratefully, adv. —gratefulness, n. /grayt"feuhl/, adj. 1. warmly or deeply appreciative of kindness or benefits received; thankful: I am grateful to you for your help. 2. ...
Grateful Dead
a US rock band that formed in 1965 in San Francisco. They were known for their many stage performances and their willingness to change songs each time they played them. Their ...
Grateful Dead, the
▪ American rock group Introduction       American rock band that was the incarnation of the improvisational, psychedelic (psychedelic rock) music that flowered in and ...
gratefully
See grateful. * * *
gratefulness
See gratefully. * * *
grater
/gray"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that grates. 2. any of various kitchen devices for grating food: a cheese grater. [1400-50; late ME. See GRATE2, -ER1] * * *
Gratiae
/gray"shee ee'/, n.pl. grace (def. 12). [ < L, pl. of GRATIA GRACE; cf. Gk Chárites] * * *
Gratian
/gray"shee euhn, -sheuhn/, n. (Flavius Gratianus) A.D. 359-383, Roman emperor 375-383. * * * Latin in full Flavius Gratianus Augustus born 359, Sirmium, Pannonia died Aug. 25, ...
Gratian's Decretum
▪ canon law Latin  Decretum Gratiani, or Concordia Discordantium Canonum,         collection of nearly 3,800 texts touching on all areas of church discipline and ...
graticule
/grat"i kyoohl'/, n. 1. Navig. a network of parallels and meridians on a map or chart. 2. Optics. a reticle. [1885-90; < F < L craticula, dim. of cratis. See GRATE2, -CULE] * * *
gratification
/grat'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the state of being gratified; great satisfaction. 2. something that gratifies; source of pleasure or satisfaction. 3. the act of gratifying. 4. ...
gratifier
See gratify. * * *
gratify
—gratifiable, adj. —gratifiedly /grat"euh fuy'id lee, -fuyd'-/, adv. —gratifier, n. /grat"euh fuy'/, v.t., gratified, gratifying. 1. to give pleasure to (a person or ...
gratifying
—gratifyingly, adv. /grat"euh fuy'ing/, adj. tending to gratify; giving or causing satisfaction; pleasing. [1605-15; GRATIFY + -ING2] Syn. See interesting. * * *
gratifyingly
See gratifier. * * *
gratin
/grat"n, graht"-/; Fr. /grddann taonn"/, n. See au gratin. [1800-10; < F, MF; see GRATE2] * * *
gratinate
/grat"n ayt'/, v.t., gratinated, gratinating. to gratiné. [1900-05; GRATIN + -ATE1] * * *
gratiné
/grat'n ay", graht'-/; Fr. /grddann tee nay"/, v.t., gratinéed, gratinéing. to bake or broil (food) in au gratin style. [1930-35; < F: ptp. of gratiner to cook au gratin, ...
gratinéed
gratinéed [grät΄'n ād′, grat΄'n ād′] adj. with a browned crust of bread crumbs and grated cheese: also gratiné * * *
grating
grating1 /gray"ting/, n. 1. a fixed frame of bars or the like covering an opening to exclude persons, animals, coarse material, or objects while admitting light, air, or fine ...
gratis
/grat"is, gray"tis/, adv. 1. without charge or payment; free: The manufacturer provided an extra set of coat buttons gratis. adj. 2. free; gratuitous. [1400-50; late ME < L ...
gratitude
/grat"i toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. the quality or feeling of being grateful or thankful: He expressed his gratitude to everyone on the staff. [1400-50; late ME < ML gratitudin- (s. of ...
Grattan
/grat"n/, n. Henry, 1746-1820, Irish statesman and orator. * * *
Grattan, Henry
born July 3, 1746, Dublin, Ire. died June 6, 1820, London, Eng. Irish politician. He entered the Irish Parliament in 1775 and, as a brilliant orator, soon became the leading ...
Grattan,Henry
Grat·tan (grătʹn), Henry. 1746-1820. Irish politician and orator who supported suffrage for Catholics and opposed the union of Ireland with England (1800). * * *
grattoir
/grah twahr"/; Fr. /grddann twannrdd"/, n., pl. grattoirs /-twahrz"/; Fr. /-twannrdd"/. Archaeol. a flaked stone implement, usually Upper Paleolithic, retouched at the end and ...
gratuitous
—gratuitously, adv. —gratuitousness, n. /greuh tooh"i teuhs, -tyooh"-/, adj. 1. given, done, bestowed, or obtained without charge or payment; free; voluntary. 2. being ...
gratuitous contract
Law. a contract for the benefit of only one of the parties, the other party receiving nothing as consideration. [1650-60] * * *
gratuitously
See gratuitous. * * *
gratuitousness
See gratuitously. * * *
gratuity
/greuh tooh"i tee, -tyooh"-/, n., pl. gratuities. 1. a gift of money, over and above payment due for service, as to a waiter or bellhop; tip. 2. something given without claim or ...
gratulant
/grach"euh leuhnt/, adj. expressing gratification; congratulatory. [1425-75; late ME: joyful < L gratulant- (s. of gratulans), equiv. to gratul- express joy (see GRATULATE) + ...
gratulate
—gratulatorily /grach"euh leuh tawr'euh lee, -tohr'-/, adv. —gratulatory, adj. /grach"euh layt'/, v., gratulated, gratulating. Archaic. v.t. 1. to hail with joy; express joy ...
gratulation
/grach'euh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a feeling of joy. 2. the expression of joy. [1425-75; late ME gratulacioun < L gratulation- (s. of gratulatio). See GRATULATE, -ION] * * *
gratulatory
See gratulation. * * *
Gratz, Rebecca
▪ American philanthropist born March 4, 1781, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Aug. 27, 1869, Philadelphia  American philanthropist who was a proponent of Jewish education and a ...
Grau, Enrique
▪ 2005       Colombian artist (b. Dec. 18, 1920, Panama City, Pan.—d. April 1, 2004, Bogotá, Colom.), depicted Afro-Colombian and Indian figures in a style that ...
Grau, Shirley Ann
▪ American author born July 8, 1929, New Orleans, La., U.S.       American novelist and short-story writer noted for her examinations of evil and isolation among ...
Graubünden
/grddow'byuun"deuhn/, n. German name of Grisons. * * * ▪ canton and historical league, Switzerland (German), French  Grisons , Italian  Grigioni , Romansh ...
Grauman’s Chinese Theater
the original name of a famous Hollywood cinema, now called Mann’s Chinese Theater, which was built in 1927 by Sid Grauman and designed like a Chinese pagoda (= religious ...
Graun, Carl Heinrich
▪ German composer Carl also spelled  Karl  born May 7, 1704, Wahrenbrück, Saxony died Aug. 8, 1759, Berlin  German composer of operas and sacred music, known especially ...
Graunt, John
▪ English statistician born April 24, 1620, London died April 18, 1674, London       English statistician, generally considered to be the founder of the science of ...
graupel
/grow"peuhl/, n. See snow pellets. [1885-90; < G; dim. of Graupe hulled grain] * * *
Graupner, Christoph
▪ German composer born Jan. 13, 1683, Kirchberg, Saxony died May 10, 1760, Darmstadt, Hesse-Darmstadt       one of the principal German composers of the period of Bach ...
Graustark
—Graustarkian, adj. /grow"stahrk, graw"-/, n. a novel (1901) by George Barr McCutcheon about the romantic and melodramatic adventures of military and courtly figures in the ...
Graustarkian
☆ Graustarkian [grou stärk′ē ən ] adj. 〚after Graustark, imaginary kingdom in novels by G. B. McCutcheon (1866-1928), U.S. novelist〛 of, like, or characteristic of ...
gravamen
/greuh vay"meuhn/, n., pl. gravamina /-vam"euh neuh/. Law. 1. the part of an accusation that weighs most heavily against the accused; the substantial part of a charge or ...
grave
grave1 —graveless, adj. —gravelike, adj. —graveward, gravewards, adv., adj. /grayv/, n. 1. an excavation made in the earth in which to bury a dead body. 2. any place of ...
grave accent
grave accent [gräv, grāv] n. a mark ( ˋ ) used to indicate: a) the quality or length of a vowel, as in French chère b) in French, a distinction in meaning, as in où, ...


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