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/grayv"klohz', -klohdhz'/, n.pl. the clothes or wrappings in which a body is buried; cerements. [1525-35; GRAVE1 + CLOTHES] * * *
/grayv"dig'euhr/, n. 1. a person whose occupation is digging graves. 2. See burying beetle. [1585-95; GRAVE1 + DIGGER] * * *
—gravelish, adj. /grav"euhl/, n., v., graveled, graveling or (esp. Brit.) gravelled, gravelling, adj. n. 1. small stones and pebbles, or a mixture of these with sand. 2. ...
Gravel, Mike
▪ American politician byname of  Maurice Robert Gravel  born May 30, 1930, Springfield, Mass., U.S.    American politician, who served as a member of the U.S. Senate ...
/grav"euhl bluynd'/, adj. Literary. more blind or dim-sighted than sand-blind and less than stone-blind. [1590-1600] * * *
/grav"euhl duy'veuhr/, n. any of several eellike fishes of the family Scytalinidae, found off the Pacific coast of North America, esp. Scytalina cerdale, which burrows among ...
▪ France Flemish  Gravelinghe        seaport town of northern France, in the Nord département, Nord-Pas-de-Calais région and the arrondissement of Dunkirk. It is ...
/grav"euh lee/, adj. 1. of, like, or abounding in gravel. 2. harsh and grating: a gravelly voice. [1350-1400; ME gravelli. See GRAVEL, -Y1] * * *
/grayv"lee/, n. Samuel L(ee), Jr., born 1922, U.S. naval officer: first black admiral. * * *
/gray"veuhn/, v. 1. a pp. of grave3. adj. 2. deeply impressed; firmly fixed. 3. carved; sculptured: a graven idol. [1200-50; ME. See GRAVE3, -EN3] * * *
graven image
an idol. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
See gravely. * * *
Gravenhage see'S GRAVENHAGE * * *
Gravenhage, 's
/skhrddah"veuhn hah"kheuh/ a Dutch name of The Hague. * * *
graven image n. An idol or fetish carved in wood or stone. * * *
Gravenstein [grav′ən stēn΄, grä′vənstēn΄; grav′ənstīn΄, grä′vənstīn΄] n. 〚after Gravenstein, village in Denmark〛 a variety of large, yellow apple with ...
/gray"veuhr/, n. 1. any of various tools for chasing, engraving, etc., as a burin. 2. an engraver. [1350-1400; ME; see GRAVE3, -ER1] * * *
—graverobbing, n. /grayv"rob'euhr/, n. 1. a person who steals valuables from graves and tombs: Graverobbers had emptied the Mayan tomb before archaeologists could examine its ...
/grayvz/, n. 1. Morris, born 1910, U.S. painter. 2. Robert (Ranke) /rahng"keuh/, 1895-1985, English poet, novelist, and critic. /grahv/; Fr. /grddannv/, n. 1. a wine-growing ...
Graves disease
or toxic diffuse goitre or exophthalmic goitre Most common type of hyperthyroidism (oversecretion of thyroid hormone), usually with goitre and exophthalmos (eyeball ...
Graves' disease
/grayvz/, Pathol. a disease characterized by an enlarged thyroid, a rapid pulse, and increased basal metabolism due to excessive thyroid secretion; exophthalmic goiter. [1865-70; ...
Graves' disease (grāvz) n. A condition usually caused by excessive production of thyroid hormone and characterized by an enlarged thyroid gland, protrusion of the eyeballs, a ...
Graves, Michael
born July 9, 1934, Indianapolis, Ind., U.S. U.S. architect and designer. He studied at Harvard University and in 1962 began a long teaching career at Princeton University while ...
Graves, Morris
▪ American painter in full  Morris Cole Graves  born August 28, 1910, Fox Valley, Oregon, U.S. died May 5, 2001, Loleta, California       American painter best known ...
Graves, Morris Cole
▪ 2002       American artist (b. Aug. 28, 1910, Fox Valley, Ore.—d. May 5, 2001, Loleta, Calif.), was a self-taught painter whose works expressed a deeply felt ...
Graves, Nancy Stevenson
▪ 1996       U.S. Postminimalist artist and sculptor of offbeat, abstract forms, especially camels (b. Dec. 23, 1940—d. Oct. 21, 1995). * * *
Graves, Robert
▪ British writer born July 24/26, 1895, London died Dec. 7, 1985, Deyá, Majorca, Spain       English poet, novelist, critic, and classical scholar who carried on many ...
Graves, Robert (von Ranke)
born July 24/26, 1895, London, Eng. died Dec. 7, 1985, Deyá, Majorca, Spain British man of letters. He served as an officer at the Western Front during World War I and his ...
Graves, Robert James
born 1796, Dublin, Ire. died March 20, 1853, Dublin Irish physician. In 1821 he set up the Park Street School of Medicine, where he gave his advanced students responsibility ...
Graves,Robert Ranke
Graves (grāvz), Robert Ranke. 1895-1985. British writer and critic whose works include poetic delineations of his tour of service in World War I, love poems, and the critical ...
/grayvz'end"/, n. a seaport in NW Kent, in SE England, on the Thames River: incorporated into Gravesham 1974. 52,963. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, ...
/grayv"sheuhm/, n. a borough in NW Kent, in SE England. 95,329. * * * ▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county ...
/grayv"suyd'/, n. 1. the area beside a grave. adj. 2. being or conducted beside a grave: a graveside funeral service. [1830-40; GRAVE1 + SIDE1] * * *
grave·site (grāvʹsīt') n. A place used for graves or a grave. * * *
/grayv"stohn'/, n. a stone marking a grave, usually giving the name, date of death, etc., of the person buried there. [1175-1225; ME; see GRAVE1, STONE] * * *
/greuh vet"ee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an advanced Upper Paleolithic industry of Europe dating to c25,000 B.C. and characterized by straight, ...
/grayv"yahrd'/, n. 1. a burial ground, often associated with smaller rural churches, as distinct from a larger urban or public cemetery. 2. Informal. See graveyard shift. 3. a ...
graveyard school
▪ British poetry       genre of 18th-century British poetry that focused on death and bereavement. The graveyard school consisted largely of imitations of Robert Blair's ...
graveyard shift
1. a work shift usually beginning at about midnight and continuing for about eight hours through the early morning hours. 2. those who work this shift. Also called graveyard ...
graveyard stew
Slang. See milk toast. [appar. so called because it was served to sick people] * * *
graveyard watch
1. See graveyard shift. 2. Naut. See middle watch. [1925-30] * * *
graveyard shift n. 1. A work shift that runs during the early morning hours, as from midnight to 8 A.M. 2. The workers on such a shift. * * *
/grav'i chem"beuh loh', grah'vi-/, n., pl. gravicembali /-chem"beuh lee'/, gravicembalos. a harpsichord. [1855-60; < It, alter. of clavicembalo harpsichord (by assoc. with grave ...
—gravidity /greuh vid"i tee/, gravidness, n. —gravidly, adv. /grav"id/, adj. pregnant. [1590-1600; < L gravidus, equiv. to grav(is) burdened, loaded + -idus -ID4] * * *
/grav"i deuh/, n., pl. gravidas, gravidae /-dee'/. Obstet. 1. a woman's status regarding pregnancy; usually followed by a roman numeral designating the number of times the woman ...
See gravid. * * *
See gravidity. * * *
See gravidity. * * *
/greuh vim"i teuhr/, n. 1. an instrument for measuring the specific gravity of a solid or liquid. 2. Also called gravity meter. an instrument for measuring variations in the ...
—gravimetrically, adv. /grav'euh me"trik/, adj. of or pertaining to measurement by weight. Also, gravimetrical. [1870-75; gravi- (comb. form of L gravis heavy) + -METRIC] * * *
gravimetric analysis
Chem. analysis by weight. Cf. volumetric analysis. [1930-35] * * * ▪ chemistry       a method of quantitative chemical analysis in which the constituent sought is ...
See gravimetric. * * *
/greuh vim"i tree/, n. the measurement of weight or density. [1855-60; gravi- (comb. form of L gravis heavy) + -METRY] * * *
Gravina in Puglia
▪ Italy       walled town, Puglia (Apulia) regione, southern Italy. The town's cathedral and the castle of the Orsini family are notable local monuments, and there are ...
graving dock
Naut. an excavated shore dry dock for the repair and maintenance of ships. [1830-40] * * *
graving piece
Naut. a piece of wood let into a wooden hull to replace decayed wood. [1795-1805] * * *
grav·ing dock (grāʹvĭng) n. A dry dock where the hulls of ships are repaired and maintained. * * *
/grav"euh sfear'/, n. the area in which the gravitational force of a celestial body is predominant. [GRAVI(TY) + SPHERE] * * *
/grav"i tahs', -tas'/, n. seriousness or sobriety, as of conduct or speech. [1920-25; < L gravitas; see GRAVITY] * * *
—gravitater, n. /grav"i tayt'/, v.i., gravitated, gravitating. 1. to move or tend to move under the influence of gravitational force. 2. to tend toward the lowest level; sink; ...
See gravitate. * * *
—gravitational, adj. —gravitationally, adv. /grav'i tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. Physics. a. the force of attraction between any two masses. Cf. law of gravitation. b. an act or ...
See gravitation. * * *
gravitational collapse
Astron. 1. the final stage of stellar evolution in which a star collapses to a final state, as a white dwarf, neutron star, or black hole, when the star's nuclear reactions no ...
gravitational constant
Physics. constant of gravitation. See under law of gravitation. [1900-05] * * *
gravitational field
Physics. 1. the attractive effect, considered as extending throughout space, of matter on other matter. 2. the region surrounding an astronomical body in which the force of ...
gravitational lens
Astron. a heavy, dense body, as a galaxy, that lies along our line of sight to a more distant object, as a quasar, and whose gravitational field refracts the light of that ...
gravitational mass
Physics. the mass of a body as measured by its gravitational attraction for other bodies. Cf. inertial mass. * * *
gravitational radiation
▪ physics  the transmission of variations in the gravitational field as waves. According to general relativity (relativity), the curvature of space-time is determined by the ...
gravitational radius
Astron. See Schwarzschild radius. * * * ▪ astrophysics also called  Schwarzschild radius        the radius below which the gravitational attraction between the ...
gravitational redshift
Physics, Astron. (in general relativity) the shift toward longer wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation emitted by a source in a gravitational field, esp. at the surface of a ...
gravitational wave
Astron., Physics. (in general relativity) a propagating wave of gravitational energy produced by accelerating masses, esp. during catastrophic events, as the gravitational ...
gravitational collapse n. 1. The implosion of a star or other celestial body under the influence of its own gravity, resulting in a body that is many times smaller and denser ...
gravitational constant n. Abbr. G The constant in Newton's law of gravitation that yields the force one body exerts on another when multiplied by the product of the masses of the ...
gravitational interaction n. A weak, fundamental interaction between two physical objects due to their mass and energy, especially an interaction occurring between elementary ...
gravitational lens n. A massive celestial object, such as a galaxy, whose gravity bends and focuses the light of a more distant object, resulting in a magnified, distorted, or ...
See gravitational. * * *
gravitational wave n. A hypothetical wave that is held to propagate the force of gravity and to travel at the speed of light. Also called gravity wave. * * *
/grav"i tay'tiv/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to gravitation. 2. tending or causing to gravitate. [1790-1800; GRAVITATE + -IVE] * * *
/grav"i ton'/, n. Physics. the theoretical quantum of gravitation, usually assumed to be an elementary particle that is its own antiparticle and that has zero rest mass and ...
/grav"i tee/, n., pl. gravities. 1. the force of attraction by which terrestrial bodies tend to fall toward the center of the earth. 2. heaviness or weight. 3. gravitation in ...
gravity cell
Elect. a cell containing two electrolytes that have different specific gravities. * * *
gravity clock
a clock driven by its own weight as it descends a rack, cord, incline, etc. * * *
gravity dam
a dam resisting the pressure of impounded water through its own weight. [1935-40] * * *
gravity escapement
Horol. an escapement, used esp. in large outdoor clocks, in which the impulse is given to the pendulum by means of a weight falling through a certain distance. [1840-50] * * *
gravity fault
Geol. a fault along an inclined plane in which the upper side or hanging wall appears to have moved downward with respect to the lower side or footwall (opposed to reverse ...
gravity feed
—gravity-fed /grav"i tee- fed'/, adj. 1. the supplying of fuel, materials, etc., by force of gravity. 2. a system or device designed for this purpose. [1910-15] * * *
gravity hinge
a hinge closing automatically by means of gravity. * * *
gravity meter
Geol. gravimeter (def. 2). [1940-45] * * *
gravity railroad
a railroad depending partly on the force of gravity for motive power. * * *
gravity wave
1. Astron., Physics. See gravitational wave. 2. a wave created by the action of gravity on local variations in the density of a stratified fluid, as the atmosphere, or at an ...
gravity wind
/wind/ a light wind directed downslope, occurring at night because of the cooling and densification of the air near the ground. Also called drainage wind. [1925-30] * * *
gravity, centre of
Imaginary point where the total weight of a material body may be thought to be concentrated. Since weight and mass are proportional, the same point may also be called the centre ...
gravity assist n. The use of the energy obtained from a gravitational field to change the speed or shape of a spacecraft's orbit. * * *
gravity wave n. See gravitational wave. * * *
/grahv"lahks/, n. Scandinavian Cookery. boned salmon, cured by marinating in sugar, salt, pepper, and other spices, esp. dill. [1960-65; < Sw gravlax, Norw gravlaks, equiv. to ...
/greuh vyoor", gray"vyeuhr/, n. 1. an intaglio process of photomechanical printing, such as photogravure or rotogravure. 2. a print produced by gravure. 3. the metal or wooden ...
gravure printing
Printing processes used for catalogs, magazines, newspaper supplements, cartons, floor and wall coverings, textiles, and plastics. The Bohemian Karel Klíč made photogravure a ...
/gray"vee/, n., pl. gravies. 1. the fat and juices that drip from cooking meat, often thickened, seasoned, flavored, etc., and used as a sauce for meat, potatoes, rice, etc. 2. ...
gravy boat
a small dish, often boat-shaped, for serving gravy or sauce. [1890-95] * * *
gravy train
Slang. a position in which a person or group receives excessive and unjustified money or advantages with little or no effort: The top executives were on the gravy train with ...
gravy boat © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. An elongated dish or pitcher for serving gravy. * * *
gravy train n. Slang An occupation or other source of income that requires little effort while yielding considerable profit. * * *
gray1 —grayly, adv. —grayness, n. /gray/, adj., grayer, grayest, n., v. adj. 1. of a color between white and black; having a neutral hue. 2. dark, dismal, or gloomy: gray ...
/gray/, n. 1. Asa /ay"seuh/, 1810-88, U.S. botanist. 2. Thomas, 1716-71, English poet. * * * (as used in expressions) gray fox Gray Asa Gray Thomas Otis Harrison Gray Anne Gray ...
gray birch
a small, bushy birch, Betula populifolia, of stony or sandy areas of the eastern U.S., having grayish-white bark and triangular leaves. [1850-55, Amer.] * * * ▪ tree also ...
gray body
Physics. any body that emits radiation at each wavelength in a constant ratio less than unity to that emitted by a black body at the same temperature. * * *
gray card
Photog. a card of controlled reflectance held near a subject to approximate middle tones and used as a target for an exposure meter. * * *
gray catbird.
See under catbird. * * *
gray duck
any of several ducks in which certain immature or female plumages are predominantly gray, as the gadwall and the pintail. [1880-85] * * *
gray eminence
a person who wields unofficial power, esp. through another person and often surreptitiously or privately. Also, éminence grise. [1940-45; trans. of F éminence grise] * * *
gray fox
a fox, Urocyon cinereoargenteus, ranging from Central America through the southwestern and eastern U.S., having blackish-gray upper parts and rusty-yellowish feet, legs, and ...
Gray Friar
a Franciscan friar: so called from the traditional color of the habit worn by the order. [1275-1325; ME] * * *
gray goods
a woven fabric as it comes from the loom and before it has been submitted to the finishing process. Also called greige, griege. [1950-55] * * *
gray iron
pig iron or cast iron having much of its carbon in the form of graphite and exhibiting a gray fracture. [1655-65] * * *
gray jay
a gray jay, Perisoreus canadensis, of northern North America, noted for its boldness in stealing food from houses, traps, camps, etc. Also called Canada jay, camp robber, whiskey ...
Gray Lady
a female worker in the American Red Cross who serves as a volunteer aide in medical services. * * *
gray manganese ore
manganite. * * *
gray market
a market operating within the law but charging prices substantially below list prices or those fixed by an official agency. Cf. black market. [1945-50] * * *
gray matter
1. Anat. nerve tissue, esp. of the brain and spinal cord, that contains fibers and nerve cell bodies and is dark reddish-gray. Cf. white matter. 2. Informal. brains or ...
gray mold
1. a disease of plants, characterized by a gray, furry coating on the decaying parts, caused by any of several fungi. 2. any fungus causing this disease, as Botrytis cinerea. * * ...
gray mullet
mullet1 (def. 1). * * *
gray nurse shark
a sand shark, Odontaspis arenarius, abundant in S African and Australian coastal waters and estuaries. [1895-1900; see NURSE SHARK] * * *
gray ox
kouprey. * * *
Gray Panther
a member of an organized group of elderly people seeking to secure or protect their rights by collective action. * * *
gray parrot
an ashy-gray, African parrot, Psittacus erithacus, having a short, red tail, noted esp. for its ability to mimic speech. Also called African gray. * * *
gray pine.
See jack pine. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
gray power
the organized influence exerted by elderly people as a group, esp. for social or political purposes or ends. [1975-80] * * *
gray scale
a scale of achromatic colors having several, usually ten, equal gradations ranging from white to black, used in television and photography. [1935-40] * * *
gray sea eagle
a grayish-brown sea eagle, Haliaetus albicilla, of the Old World and Greenland, having a white tail. Also called white-tailed sea eagle. * * *
gray seal
▪ mammal  (Halichoerus grypus), seal of the family Phocidae, found in North Atlantic waters along the coast of Newfoundland, the British Isles, and in the Baltic region. It ...
gray skate
a skate, Raja batis, of coastal seas off Great Britain. * * *
gray snapper
a snapper, Lutjanus griseus, of shallow waters off the coast of Florida, having a grayish-green body with a brown spot on each scale. Also called mangrove snapper. [1765-75, ...
gray squirrel
a common, grayish squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis, of eastern North America. See illus. under squirrel. [1615-25, Amer.] * * *
gray trout
a common weakfish, Cynoscion regalis, inhabiting Atlantic and Gulf coastal waters of the U.S. Also called gray sea trout. * * *
gray urn
a smooth, urn-shaped edible mushroom, Urnula craterium, commonly found in North America on fallen hardwood. * * *
gray water
dirty water from sinks, showers, bathtubs, washing machines, and the like, that can be recycled, as for use in flushing toilets. [1975-80] * * *
gray whale
a grayish-black whalebone whale, Eschrichtius robustus, of the North Pacific, growing to a length of 50 ft. (15.2 m): now rare. [1855-60] * * * ▪ mammal  a slender baleen ...
gray wolf
a wolf, Canis lupus, having a usually grizzled, blackish, or whitish coat: formerly common in Eurasia and North America, some subspecies are now reduced in numbers or near ...
Gray's Inn
Gray's Inn n. see INNS OF COURT * * *
Gray's Inn.
See under Inns of Court (def. 1). * * *
Gray, Alasdair
▪ Scottish novelist, playwright, and artist born Dec. 28, 1934, East Glasgow, Scot.       Scottish novelist, playwright, and artist best known for his novel Lanark ...
Gray, Asa
born Nov. 18, 1810, Sauquoit, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 30, 1888, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. botanist. He received a medical degree from Fairfield Medical School, where he spent his ...
Gray, Charles
▪ 2001 Donald Marshall Gray        British character actor (b. Aug. 29, 1928, Bournemouth, Hampshire, Eng.—d. March 7, 2000, London, Eng.), was a classical and ...
Gray, Dolores
▪ 2003       American singer and actress (b. June 7, 1924, Chicago, Ill.—d. June 26, 2002, New York, N.Y.), had a rich contralto voice that gained her success in ...
Gray, Elisha
▪ American inventor born Aug. 2, 1835, Barnesville, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 21, 1901, Newtonville, Mass.  U.S. inventor and contestant with Alexander Graham Bell (Bell, ...
Gray, Gordon Joseph Cardinal
▪ 1994       Scottish prelate (b. Aug. 10, 1910, Leith, near Edinburgh, Scotland—d. July 19, 1993, Edinburgh), as spiritual leader of some 800,000 Roman Catholics in ...
Gray, Harold
▪ American cartoonist born Jan. 20, 1894, Kankakee, Ill., U.S. died May 9, 1968, La Jolla, Calif.       U.S. cartoonist and creator of “Little Orphan Annie,” one of ...
Gray, Horace
▪ United States jurist born March 24, 1828, Boston died Sept. 15, 1902, Washington, D.C.  justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, 1881–1902.       Admitted to the bar in ...
Gray, John
▪ 1999       With his 1992 book Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus, relationship guru John Gray managed to parlay the rather obvious observation that men and women ...
Gray, L Patrick, III
▪ 2006       American lawyer and government official (b. July 18, 1916, St. Louis, Mo.—d. July 6, 2005, Atlantic Beach, Fla.), served as interim director of the FBI ...
Gray, L(ouis) Patrick, III
▪ 2006       American lawyer and government official (b. July 18, 1916, St. Louis, Mo.—d. July 6, 2005, Atlantic Beach, Fla.), served as interim director of the FBI ...
Gray, Robert
▪ American explorer born May 10, 1755, Tiverton, R.I. died , summer 1806, at sea near eastern U.S. coast       captain of the first U.S. ship to circumnavigate the ...
Gray, Simon
▪ 2009 Simon James Holliday Gray        British dramatist born Oct. 21, 1936, Hayling Island, Hampshire, Eng. died Aug. 6, 2008, London, Eng. wrote plays, often set in ...
Gray, Sir James
▪ British zoologist born Oct. 14, 1891, London died Dec. 14, 1975, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.       English zoologist who played a leading part in changing the ...
Gray, Spalding
▪ 2005       American writer, monologuist, and actor (b. June 5, 1941, Barrington, R.I.—found dead March 7, 2004, New York, N.Y.), was a master storyteller who used ...
Gray, Thomas
born Dec. 26, 1716, London, Eng. died July 30, 1771, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire British poet. He studied and later settled at Cambridge, where he wrote poems of wistful ...
Gray, Walter de
▪ English clergyman Gray also spelled  Grey   died May 1, 1255, Fulham, Middlesex [now part of London], Eng.       English churchman who rose to high ecclesiastical ...
Gray (grā), Asa. 1810-1888. American botanist who greatly enlarged and improved the description of North American flora and was the chief American advocate of Charles Darwin's ...
Gray, Robert. 1755-1806. American explorer who twice circumnavigated the globe (1787-1790 and 1790-1793) and discovered Grays Harbor and the Columbia River (1792). * * *
Gray, Thomas. 1716-1771. British poet considered a forerunner of English romanticism. His most famous work is Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard (1751). * * *
gray-cheeked thrush
/gray"cheekt'/ a North American thrush, Catharus minimus, having olive upper parts and grayish cheeks. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
/gray"hed"id/, adj. 1. having gray hair. 2. of or pertaining to old age or old people. 3. old. Also, grey-headed. [1525-35] * * *
gray·an·o·tox·in (grā'ănʹə-tŏk'sĭn) n. A neurotoxin found in the nectar of certain species of rhododendron (Rhododendron spp.) and laurel (Kalmia spp.) and in ...
/gray"bak'/, n. 1. any of various marine and aquatic animals that are dark gray above and light-colored or white below, as the gray whale, the alewife, certain whitefish, and ...
—graybearded, adj. /gray"beard'/, n. 1. Sometimes Disparaging. a man whose beard is gray; old man; sage. 2. bellarmine. Also, greybeard. [1570-80; GRAY1 + BEARD] * * *
      any of numerous cuckoo-shrikes of the genus Coracina. See cuckoo-shrike. * * *
gray eminence n. See éminence grise. * * *
/gray"fish'/, n., pl. grayfishes, (esp. collectively) grayfish. a name used in marketing for any of several American sharks, esp. the dogfishes of the genus Squalus. [1785-95; ...
/gray"hownd'/, n. greyhound. * * *
/gray"ish/, adj. 1. having a tinge of gray; slightly gray: The sky was full of dark, grayish clouds. 2. similar to gray: a grayish color; a grayish purple. Also, ...
gray jay n. A bird (Perisoreus canadensis) of North American conifer forests, having gray plumage and a black-capped head. Also called camp robber, Canada jay, moosebird, whiskey ...
/gray"lag'/, n. a common, gray, wild goose, Anser anser, of Europe, that is the ancestor of most breeds of domestic goose. Also, greylag. [1705-15; GRAY1 + LAG1 (with reference ...
/gray"ling/, n. 1. any freshwater fish of the genus Thymallus, related to the trouts but having a longer and higher, brilliantly colored dorsal fin. 2. any of several grayish or ...
See gray1. * * *
/gray"mayl'/, n. a means of preventing prosecution, as for espionage, by threatening to disclose government secrets during trial. [1975-80; GRAY1 (in sense "indeterminate") + ...
gray market n. The business of buying or selling goods, such as imports, at prices below those set by an official regulatory agency.   [gray1 + black market.] * * *
gray matter n. 1. Brownish-gray nerve tissue, especially of the brain and spinal cord, composed of nerve cell bodies and their dendrites and some supportive tissue. 2. Informal. ...
gray mullet n. See mullet. * * *
See grayly. * * *
/grayz"bee/, n., pl. graysbies. a serranid fish, Epinephelus cruentatus, inhabiting warm waters of the western Atlantic Ocean, having a reddish-gray body marked with vermilion ...
/gray"seuhn/, n. David, pen name of Ray Stannard Baker. * * *
Grays Peak (grāz) A mountain, 4,352.4 m (14,270 ft) high, in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains in central Colorado. It is the highest elevation in the range. * * *
gray squirrel n. A common squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) of eastern North America, having grayish or blackish fur. * * *
/gray"wak', -wak'euh/, n. Geol. a dark-gray coarse-grained wacke. Also, greywacke. [1805-15; partly trans., partly adapted from G Grauwache; see WACKE] * * * or dirty ...
gray·wa·ter (grāʹwô'tər, -wŏt'ər) n. Wastewater from household baths and washing machines that is recycled especially for use in gardening or for flushing toilets. * * *
/gray"wedh'euhr/, n. sarsen. [1785-95; GRAY1 + WETHER] * * *
gray whale n. A whalebone whale (Eschrichtius robustus) of northern Pacific waters, having grayish-black coloring with white blotches. Also called devilfish. * * *
gray wolf n. A large, tawny gray wolf (Canis lupus) that formerly occupied diverse habitats throughout northern North America and Eurasia but now lives in fewer, more limited ...
Gray’s Anatomy
the name by which Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical is commonly known. It is a book consisting of descriptions and illustrations of the human body, first written in 1858 by ...
Gray’s Elegy
the name most people use to refer to the poem called Elegy written in a Country Church Yard (1751) by Thomas Gray. It describes life in the country and the dignity of man, and ...
/grddahts/, n. a city in SE Austria. 243,405. * * * City (pop., 2001: 226,424), capital of Steiermark (Styria) state, southeastern Austria. The country's second largest city, ...
See grazeable. * * *
graze1 —grazeable, adj. —grazer, n. /grayz/, v., grazed, grazing. v.i. 1. to feed on growing grass and pasturage, as do cattle, sheep, etc. 2. Informal. to eat small portions ...
See graze1. * * *
See grazeable. * * *
Graziani, Rodolfo, marquess di Neghelli
▪ Italian military officer born Aug. 11, 1882, Filettino, Italy died Jan. 11, 1955, Rome       Italian field marshal, administrator, and adherent of Benito ...
Graziani, Roldolfo, marquess di Neghelli
born Aug. 11, 1882, Filettino, Italy died Jan. 11, 1955, Rome Italian field marshal and adherent of Benito Mussolini. He was commander in chief of Italian forces in Libya ...
Graziano, Rocky
▪ American boxer original name  Thomas Rocco Barbella  born January 1, 1919, , New York, New York, U.S. died May 22, 1990, New York       American boxer and world ...
/gray"zheuhr/, n. Chiefly Brit. a person who grazes cattle for the market. [1225-75; ME grasier. See GRAZE1, -IER1] * * *
/gray"zing/, n. 1. pastureland; a pasture. 2. Informal. the act or practice of switching television channels frequently to watch several programs. [1400-50; late ME; see GRAZE1, ...
/graht'see oh"soh/; It. /grddah tsyaw"zaw/, Music. adj. 1. graceful; flowing. adv. 2. gracefully; flowingly. [1800-10; < It: lit., gracious, gentle, equiv. to grazi(a) GRACE + ...
Grazzini, Anton Francesco
▪ Italian writer byname  Il Lasca (Italian: “The Roach”)   born March 22, 1503, Florence [Italy] died Feb. 18, 1584, Florence       Italian poet, playwright, and ...
Common Semitic noun *ġārib-, *ġurāb-, raven. grab2, from Arabic ġurāb, raven, swift galley. * * *
Graduate Record Examination. * * *
—greaseless, adj. —greaselessness, n. —greaseproof, adj. n. /grees/; v. /grees, greez/, n., v., greased, greasing. n. 1. the melted or rendered fat of animals, esp. when in ...
grease cup
oilcup. [1830-40] * * *
grease gun
a hand-operated pump for greasing bearings under pressure. [1915-20] * * *
grease monkey
Slang. a mechanic, esp. one who works on automobiles or airplanes. [1905-10] * * *
grease paint
1. an oily mixture of melted tallow or grease and a pigment, used by actors, clowns, etc., for making up their faces. 2. theatrical makeup. [1885-90] * * *
grease pencil
a pencil of pigment and compressed grease encased in a spiral paper strip that can be partially unwound to expose a new point and used esp. for writing on glossy surfaces. * * *
/grees"bawl'/, n. Slang (disparaging and offensive). 1. a person of Mediterranean or Latin American descent. 2. a person having oily or slicked-back hair. 3. greaser (def. ...
grease gun n. 1. A hand-powered pump used to force grease under pressure into bearings. 2. A submachine gun. * * *
See grease. * * *
grease monkey n. Slang A mechanic, especially one who works on motor vehicles or aircraft. * * *
greasepaint [grēs′pānt΄] n. a mixture of grease and coloring matter used by performers in making up for the stage, etc. * * * grease·paint also grease paint ...
grease pencil n. A pencil of hard grease mixed with colorings, used especially for marking on glossy or glazed surfaces. * * *
See greaseless. * * *
/gree"seuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that greases. 2. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a Latin American, esp. a Mexican. 3. Slang. a swaggering young tough, esp. a member of a ...
/grees"wood'/, n. 1. a shrub, Sarcobatus vermiculatus, of the goosefoot family, growing in alkaline regions of the western U.S., containing a small amount of oil. 2. any of ...
See greasy. * * *
See greasily. * * *
—greasily, adv. —greasiness, n. /gree"see, -zee/, adj., greasier, greasiest. 1. smeared, covered, or soiled with grease. 2. composed of or containing grease; oily: greasy ...
greasy spoon
Slang. a cheap and rather unsanitary restaurant. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
greasy spoon n. Slang A small, inexpensive, often unsanitary restaurant. * * *
—greatness, n. /grayt/, adj., greater, greatest, adv., n., pl. greats, (esp. collectively) great, interj. adj. 1. unusually or comparatively large in size or dimensions: A ...
Great Abaco
/ab"euh koh'/. See under Abaco. * * * ▪ island, The Bahamas       island, The Bahamas, located about 55 miles (86 km) north of the capital city, Nassau, on New ...
Great Ajax
Class. Myth. Ajax (def. 1). * * *
Great Alföld
Great Alföld See Alföld. * * * ▪ region, Hungary Hungarian  Nagy-Alföld,  Nagy Magyar Alföld , or  Alföld , English  Great Hungarian Plain        a flat, ...
Great American Desert
the area of desert in the south-west US and northern Mexico. It runs from southern California north into Idaho and Oregon and east to the Rocky Mountains. It includes the Mojave ...
great American novel
any novel that is regarded as having successfully represented an important time in US history or one that tells a story that is typical of America. Many US writers have tried to ...
great ape
any of several apes of the family Pongidae, characterized by a relatively hairless face with protrusive lips and by hands with complex fingerprints and flat nails, including the ...
Great Appalachian Valley
▪ region, North America also called  Great Valley Region,         longitudinal chain of valley lowlands of the Appalachian mountain system of North America. Extending ...
Great Artesian Basin
▪ basin, Australia also called  Great Australian Basin,         one of the largest areas of artesian water in the world, underlying about one-fifth of Australia. It ...
Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. (A&P)
U.S. corporation operating one of the largest supermarket chains in the U.S., mostly under the A&P name. The company had its start in 1859, when the Great American Tea Co. was ...
Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, Inc.
▪ American company       German-owned food distribution company that operates supermarket chains in the United States and Canada. Headquarters are in Montvale, New ...
Great Attractor
a vast concentration of matter whose gravitational pull alters the direction and speed of the Milky Way and other galaxies as they spread apart in the expanding universe posited ...
great auk
a large, flightless auk, Pinguinus impennis, of rocky islands off North Atlantic coasts: extinct since 1844. [1820-30] * * * Flightless seabird (Pinguinus impennis) extinct ...
Great Australian Bight
a wide bay in S Australia. * * * Bay of the Indian Ocean, southern Australian coast. Its generally accepted boundaries are from Cape Pasley, Western Australia, to Cape Carnot, ...
Great Awakening
the series of religious revivals among Protestants in the American colonies, esp. in New England, lasting from about 1725 to 1770. [1730-40, Amer.] * * * Religious revival in ...
Great Bahama Bank
▪ shoal, The Bahamas       large shoal off The Bahamas, separated from Little Bahama Bank (north) by Northwest Providence Channel. Its shallow waters extend southeast ...
Great Bahama Canyon
▪ submarine canyon, Atlantic Ocean       submarine canyon in the Atlantic Ocean off the Bahamas, one of the greatest yet discovered. It lies northeast of the Great ...
great barracuda
a large barracuda, Sphyraena barracuda, of Atlantic and western Pacific seas. See illus. under barracuda. * * *
Great Barrier Island
▪ island, New Zealand       island marking the northeastern corner of Hauraki Gulf, eastern North Island, New Zealand. Separated from the Coromandel Peninsula (south) ...
Great Barrier Reef
a coral reef parallel to the coast of Queensland, in NE Australia. 1250 mi. (2010 km) long. Also called Barrier Reef. * * * Long stretch of coral reef, shoals, and islets in the ...
Great Barrington
▪ Massachusetts, United States       town (township), Berkshire county, southwestern Massachusetts, U.S. It lies along the Housatonic River, in the Berkshire Hills, ...
Great Basin
a region in the Western U.S. that has no drainage to the ocean: includes most of Nevada and parts of Utah, California, Oregon, and Idaho. 210,000 sq. mi. (544,000 sq. km). * * ...
Great Basin Indian
▪ people Introduction  member of any of the indigenous North American peoples inhabiting the traditional culture area comprising almost all of the present-day states of Utah ...
Great Basin National Park
National preserve, eastern Nevada, U.S. Made a national park in 1986, the area was previously part of the Humboldt National Forest. It has an area of 121 sq mi (313 sq km) and ...
great basinet
Armor. a basinet having a beaver permanently attached. * * *
Great Bear
Astron. the constellation Ursa Major. * * *
Great Bear Lake
a lake in NW Canada, in the Northwest Territories. 12,275 sq. mi. (31,792 sq. km). * * * Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada. Lying astride the Arctic Circle, it was visited ...
Great Belt
▪ strait, Denmark Danish  Store Bælt    strait between the Danish islands of Funen (Fyn) and Langeland (west) and Zealand (Sjælland) and Lolland (east). It is about ...
Great Bend
a city in central Kansas. 16,608. * * * ▪ Kansas, United States       city, seat (1872) of Barton county, central Kansas, U.S. Great Bend lies on the Arkansas River ...
great black-backed gull
/blak"bakt'/. See under black-backed gull. * * *
Great Blizzard of 1888
▪ United States history       winter storm that pummeled the Atlantic coast of the United States, from the Chesapeake Bay to Maine, in March 1888. The blizzard caused ...
great blue heron
a large American heron, Ardea herodias, having bluish-gray plumage. See illus. under heron. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
great blue shark.
See blue shark. * * *
Great Britain
an island of NW Europe, separated from the mainland by the English Channel and the North Sea: since 1707 the name has applied politically to England, Scotland, and Wales. ...
great bustard
a large bustard, Otis tarda, of southern and central Europe and western and central Asia, having a wingspread of about 8 ft. (2.4 m). * * *
great calorie
great calorie n. CALORIE (sense 2) * * *
Great Chain of Being
▪ philosophy also called  Chain of Being        conception of the nature of the universe that had a pervasive influence on Western thought, particularly through the ...
great circle
1. a circle on a spherical surface such that the plane containing the circle passes through the center of the sphere. Cf. small circle. 2. a circle of which a segment represents ...
great circle route
▪ navigation       the shortest course between two points on the surface of a sphere. It lies in a plane that intersects the sphere's centre and was known by ...

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