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great council
1. (in Norman England) an assembly composed of the king's tenants in chief that served as the principal council of the realm and replaced the witenagemot. 2. (formerly in Italy) ...
great crested flycatcher
a North American flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus, noted for its use of the castoff skins of snakes in building its nest. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
great crested grebe
a large Old World grebe, Podiceps cristatus, having black, earlike tufts of feathers projecting backward from the top of the head. See illus. under grebe. * * *
Great Daedala.
See under Daedala. * * *
Great Dane
one of a breed of large, powerful, shorthaired dogs ranging in color from fawn to brindle, blue, black, or white with black spots. [1765-75] * * * Breed of working dog developed ...
Great Depression
the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through ...
Great Dionysia
▪ Greek festival also called  City Dionysia         ancient dramatic festival in which tragedy, comedy, and satyric drama originated; it was held in Athens in ...
Great Dismal Swamp
▪ region, United States also called  Dismal Swamp   marshy region on the Coastal Plain of southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina, U.S., between Norfolk, ...
Great Divide
1. the continental divide of North America; the Rocky Mountains. 2. any similar continental divide. 3. the passage from life to death: He crossed the Great Divide before his ...
Great Dividing Range
a mountain range extending along the E coast of Australia: vast watershed region. 100 to 200 mi. (160-320 km) wide. * * * Main watershed of eastern Australia. It comprises a ...
Great Dog
Astron. the constellation Canis Major. * * *
great doxology.
See Gloria in Excelsis Deo. Also called greater doxology. * * *
Great Drought
▪ Holocene Epoch       climatic interval of the Holocene Epoch that affected much of what is now the western United States and had a profound influence upon the plants, ...
Great Dyke
▪ hills, Zimbabwe       narrow series of long, low ridges and hills in Zimbabwe, trending for about 320 miles (515 km). Consisting of four igneous complexes, they ...
Great Eastern
▪ ship  steamship considered to be the prototype of the modern ocean liner. Designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel (Brunel, Isambard Kingdom) and John Scott Russell (Russell, ...
great egret
great egret n. a large, white heron (Egretta alba) found in the marshy areas of every continent * * *
Great Entrance
Eastern Ch. the solemn procession in which the unconsecrated Eucharistic elements are carried from the prothesis through the nave of the church and into the bema. Cf. Little ...
Great Escarpment
▪ mountains, Africa       plateau edge of southern Africa that separates the region's highland interior plateau from the fairly narrow coastal strip. It lies ...
Great Exhibition
an exhibition of products from many countries around the world that took place in London in 1851. It was the world’s first international trade fair (= a large event where ...
Great Expectations
a novel (1861) by Charles Dickens. * * *
Great Falls
a city in central Montana, on the Missouri River. 56,725. * * * ▪ Montana, United States       city, seat (1887) of Cascade county, west-central Montana, U.S. It lies ...
Great Fear
(1789) In the French Revolution, a period of panic and riot by peasants and others amid rumors of an "aristocratic conspiracy" by the king and the privileged to overthrow the ...
Great Festival
Islam. See 'Id al-Adha. * * *
Great Fire
➡ Fire of London * * *
Great Fire of London
➡ Fire of London. * * * (September 2–5, 1666) Worst fire in London's history. It destroyed a large part of the city, including most of the civic buildings, St. Paul's ...
Great Fish River
River, southeastern Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Flowing southeast for much of its 400-mi (644-km) run, it joins the Koonap River before entering the Indian Ocean ...
Great Game
Rivalry between Britain and Russia in Central Asia in the late 19th century. The term was used by Rudyard Kipling in his novel Kim (1901). British attitudes were influenced by ...
Great Gatsby
a novel (1925) by the US writer F Scott Fitzgerald. The story is about Jay Gatsby, a man who has become very rich through illegal activities, and his attempts to win back his ...
Great Gatsby, The
/gats"bee/ a novel (1925) by F. Scott Fitzgerald. * * *
Great Glen
(also Glen More) a long valley running across the Highlands of Scotland from the west coast near Fort William to the east coast near Inverness. Loch Ness fills part of the ...
Great Glen of Scotland
Great Glen of Scotland GLEN MORE * * *
great go
Brit. Informal. great (def. 21). [1810-20] * * *
Great Goddess
See Great Mother. * * *
great gray owl
a large, dish-faced, gray owl, Strix nebulosa, of northern North America and western Eurasia, having streaked and barred plumage. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
Great Grimsby
Great Grimsby [grimz′bē] seaport in Humberside, NE England, at the mouth of the Humber estuary: county district pop. 91,000 * * *
great gross
a unit of quantity equivalent to 12 gross. Abbr.: GGR [1525-35] * * *
great guns
1. Informal. in a relentlessly energetic or successful manner: The new president has the company going great guns. 2. (used as an expression of surprise, astonishment, ...
great hall
➡ castles * * * Main space in a medieval manor house, monastery, or college, in which meals were eaten. In large manor houses it also served other purposes: Justice was ...
great helm
Armor. helm2 (def. 1). * * *
great horned owl
a large, brown-speckled owl, Bubo virginianus, common in the Western Hemisphere, having prominent ear tufts. See illus. under owl. [1670-80] * * * Horned owl species (Bubo ...
Great hurricane of 1780
      hurricane ( tropical cyclone) of October 1780, one of the deadliest on record in the Atlantic Ocean. More than 20,000 people were killed as the storm swept through ...
Great Idaean Mother
/uy dee"euhn/ Cybele. * * *
Great Karoo
▪ plateau, South Africa Karoo also spelled  Karroo , Afrikaans  Groot Karoo , also called  Central Karoo        plateau basin in Western Cape province, South ...
Great Karroo
Great Karroo see KARROO * * *
Great Kei River
▪ river, South Africa Afrikaans  Groot-kei,         river, Eastern province, South Africa. Formed southeast of Queenstown by the junction of the White Kei (Wit Kei) ...
Great Khingan
/khing"ahn"/ a mountain range in NE China: highest peak, 5000 ft. (1525 m). * * *
great kiskadee.
See under kiskadee. * * *
Great Lake
▪ lake, Tasmania, Australia       largest natural freshwater lake in Australia, lying on Tasmania's Central Plateau at an elevation of 3,398 feet (1,036 m). It has an ...
Great Lakes
a series of five lakes between the U.S. and Canada, comprising Lakes Erie, Huron, Michigan, Ontario, and Superior; connected with the Atlantic by the St. Lawrence River. * * ...
Great Lakes Naval Training Center
a U.S. Navy training center in NE Illinois, S of Waukegan. * * *
great laurel
a tall shrub, Rhododendron maximum, of eastern North America, having rose-pink flowers. Also called great rhododendron, rosebay. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
Great Leap Forward
Failed industrialization campaign undertaken by the Chinese Communists between 1958 and early 1960. Mao Zedong hoped to develop labor-intensive methods of industrialization that ...
great lobelia
a North American plant, Lobelia siphilitica, having long, showy clusters of blue flowers. * * *
Great Malvern
▪ England, United Kingdom also known as  Malvern        town, Malvern Hills district, administrative and historic county of Worcestershire, England. Great Malvern ...
Great Man-Made River
▪ 1997  One of the largest water-transmission projects in the world, the Great Man-Made River (GMR) in Libya was aimed at bringing high-quality sweet water from underground ...
Great Miami
Miami (def. 2). * * *
Great Migration
▪ African-American history       in U.S. history, the widespread migration of African Americans in the 20th century from rural communities in the South to large cities ...
Great Mogul
1. the emperor of the former Mogul Empire in India founded in 1526 by Baber. 2. (l.c.) an important or distinguished person. * * *
Great Mogul diamond
▪ gem       the largest diamond ever found in India. It was discovered as a 787-carat rough stone in the Golconda mines in 1650 and subsequently was cut by the Venetian ...
Great Mosque of Eṣfahān
Persian Masjed-e Jāmiʽ Complex of buildings, chiefly of the Seljūq period (see Seljūq dynasty), in Eṣfahān, Iran. The mosque (completed с 1130) has a central courtyard ...
Great Mother
a vaguely defined deity symbolizing maternity, the fertility of the earth, and femininity in general; the central figure in the religions of ancient Anatolia, the Near East, and ...
Great Mother of the Gods
or Cybele Deity of the ancient Mediterranean world. Her cult originated in Phrygia in Asia Minor and spread to the Greek world, where she was identified with Rhea. It reached ...
Great Nebula of Orion.
See Orion nebula. * * *
Great Neck
a town on NW Long Island, in SE New York. 10,800. * * * ▪ New York, United States       village, in the town (township) of North Hempstead, (North Hempstead) Nassau ...
Great North Road
the name of the old road between London and Edinburgh. It used to be the main road north from London, before it was replaced in the 20th century by motorways. Some parts of the ...
Great Northern Expedition
▪ Russian exploration       (1733–42), in Russian history, the continuation of an enterprise initially conceived by the emperor Peter I the Great to map the northern ...
Great Northern Railway Co.
U.S. railroad founded by James J. Hill in 1890. Hill bought a Minnesota railroad, the St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, in 1878, and extended it north to the Canadian border and ...
Great Northern Railway Company
▪ American railway       American railroad founded by James J. Hill (Hill, James Jerome) in 1890. It developed out of a struggling Minnesota railroad, the St. Paul and ...
Great Observatories
▪ United States satellite observatories   a semiformal grouping of four U.S. satellite observatories (satellite observatory) that had separate origins: the Hubble Space ...
Great Ormond Street
a street in central London which contains the Hospital for Sick Children, which most people call the Great Ormond Street Hospital. It is the best-known children’s hospital in ...
Great Ouse
Ouse (def. 2). * * *
great pace.
See geometrical pace. * * *
great pastern bone.
See under pastern. * * *
Great Plague
the bubonic plague that occurred in London in 1665 and killed about 15 percent of the city's population. Also, great plague. * * *
Great Plague of London
(1664–66) Epidemic of plague that ravaged London, killing more than 75,000 of a total population estimated at 460,000. As early as 1625, 40,000 Londoners had died of the ...
Great Plains
a semiarid region E of the Rocky Mountains, in the U.S. and Canada. * * * Continental slope of central North America. It stretches from the Rio Grande at the U.S.-Mexico border ...
Great Poland Lakeland
▪ geographical region, Poland Polish  Pojezierze Wielkopolskie   lake district in west-central Poland that covers more than 20,000 square miles (55,000 square km). It ...
Great Power
—Great-Power, great-power, adj. a nation that has exceptional military and economic strength, and consequently plays a major, often decisive, role in international ...
great primer
Print. an 18-point type of a size larger than Columbian, formerly used for Bibles. [1675-85] * * *
Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.
See Cultural Revolution. * * *
Great Pyrenees
one of a breed of large dogs having a heavy, white coat, raised originally in the Pyrenees for herding sheep and as a watchdog. [1935-40] * * * ▪ breed of dog also called ...
great ragweed.
See under ragweed. * * *
Great Rebellion.
See English Civil War. * * *
Great Red Spot
Astron. See Red Spot. * * * Storm on the planet Jupiter that moves in longitude but remains centred at about latitude 22° south. A high-pressure centre, it is oval, measuring ...
Great Republic
▪ ship       American clipper ship designed and built by Donald McKay (McKay, Donald). At about 4,555 registered tons and a length of 325 feet (99 m), it was the largest ...
great rhododendron.
See great laurel. * * *
Great Rift
Astron. a group of large dark clouds in the Milky Way between the constellations Cygnus and Sagittarius. * * * ▪ astronomy       in astronomy, a complex of dark nebulae ...
Great Rift Valley
a series of rift valleys running from N to S, from the Jordan Valley in SW Asia to Mozambique in SE Africa. * * * or Rift Valley or East African Rift System Rift system (see ...
great room
great room n. FAMILY ROOM * * *
Great Russian
1. a member of the main stock of the Russian people, dwelling chiefly in the northern or central parts of the Russian Federation in Europe. 2. the Russian language, excluding ...
Great Rye Island
▪ island, Slovakia Slovak  Vel'ký Žitný Ostrov        riverine island, Západní Slovensko kraj (region), Slovakia. The island lies southeast of Bratislava, ...
Great Saint Bernard Pass
ancient Mons Jovis Pass in the Alps. One of the highest of the Alpine frontier passes, at 8,100 ft (2,469 m), it lies on the Italian-Swiss border east of the Mont Blanc group ...
Great Salt Desert
Dasht-i-Kavir. * * *
Great Salt Lake
a shallow salt lake in NW Utah. 2300 sq. mi. (5950 sq. km); 80 mi. (130 km) long; maximum depth 60 ft. (18 m). * * * Lake, northern Utah, U.S. It is the largest inland body of ...
Great Salt Lake Desert
an arid region in NW Utah, extending W from the Great Salt Lake to the Nevada border. 110 mi. (177 km) long; ab. 4000 sq. mi. (10,360 sq. km). * * *
Great Sand Dunes National Monument
National monument, south-central Colorado, U.S. At the eastern edge of the San Luis Valley, it parallels for about 10 mi (16 km) the western base of the Sangre de Cristo ...
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
▪ monument, Colorado, United States       area of large sand dunes and mountainous terrain in south-central Colorado, U.S. Covering some 150,000 acres (60,700 ...
Great Sandy Desert
1. a desert in NW Australia, ab. 300 mi. (485 km) long; 500 mi. (800 km) wide; ab. 160,000 sq. mi. (414,400 sq. km). 2. See Rub'al Khali. * * * Wasteland, northern Western ...
Great Sanhedrin
Sanhedrin (def. 1). * * *       the supreme Jewish legislative and judicial court in Jerusalem under Roman rule. See sanhedrin. * * *
Great Scarcies River
▪ river, Africa also called  Kolenté River,         river in western Africa, rising 25 miles (40 km) north of Kindia in the Fouta Djallon highlands of western ...
Great Schism
a period of division in the Roman Catholic Church, 1378-1417, over papal succession, during which there were two, or sometimes three, claimants to the papal office. * * *
Great Scott
a euphemistic interjection or oath, usually expressing surprise, amazement, or the like. [1880-85; Scott, euphemism for GOD] * * *
great seal
1. the principal seal of a government or state. 2. (caps.) Brit. a. the Lord Chancellor, keeper of the principal seal of Great Britain. b. his office. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
great skua.
See under skua (def. 1). [1950-55] * * *
Great Slave Lake
a lake in NW Canada, in the Northwest Territories. 11,172 sq. mi. (28,935 sq. km). * * * Lake, south-central Northwest Territories, Canada. Named for the Slave Indians, it is ...
Great Smokies
➡ Great Smoky Mountains * * *
Great Smoky Mountains
a range of the Appalachian Mountains in North Carolina and Tennessee; most of the range is included in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. 720 sq. mi. (1865 sq. km). Highest ...
Great Smoky Mountains National Park
a national park in SE Tennessee and SW North Carolina, including most of the Great Smoky Mountains: hardwood forest. 808 sq. mi. (2092 sq. km). * * * National preserve, eastern ...
Great Society
the goal of the Democratic party under the leadership of President Lyndon B. Johnson, chiefly to enact domestic programs to improve education, provide medical care for the aged, ...
great soil group
according to a system of classification that originated in Russia, any of several broad groups of soils with common characteristics usually associated with particular climates ...
Great Spirit
the chief deity in the religion of many North American Indian tribes. * * *
Great St. Bernard Pass
Great St. Bernard Pass mountain pass in the Pennine Alps, on the border between SW Switzerland & Italy: 8,110 ft (2,472 m) high * * *
Great St. Bernard.
See St. Bernard, Great. * * *
Great Star of Africa
also called  Cullinan I        the largest (530.2 carats) gem cut from the Cullinan diamond. * * *
Great Sunday
Eastern Ch. See Easter Sunday. [trans. of LGk megalè heméra lit., great day] * * *
Great Synagogue
(according to Jewish tradition) a council of 120 members, established by Ezra, that directed the Jews chiefly in religious matters, c450-c200 B.C., and made significant ...
great tit
an Old World titmouse, Parus major, yellowish green above with white cheeks. [1895-1900] * * *
great toe
Anat. See big toe. * * *
Great Train Robbery
I. The Great Train Robbery a 10-minute US silent film (1903) which has been called ‘the first real movie’, because it was the first to tell a story. It is a western about ...
Great Trek
Emigration of some 12,000–14,000 Boers (see Afrikaners) from Cape Colony (South Africa) between 1835 and the early 1840s, in rebellion against British policies and in search of ...
Great tunnels of the world
▪ Table Great tunnels of the world tunnel location length br>km       miles year completed use notes Seikan Japan 53.9 33.5 1988 railway passes under stormy Tsugaru ...
Great Universal Stores
the former name for GUS. * * *
great unwashed
the general public; the populace or masses. Also, Great Unwashed. [1855-60] * * *
Great Victoria Desert
a desert in SW central Australia. 125,000 sq. mi. (324,000 sq. km). Also called Victoria Desert. * * * Arid region, Western Australia and South Australia. Lying between Gibson ...
Great Vowel Shift
Ling. a series of changes in the quality of the long vowels between Middle and Modern English as a result of which all were raised, while the high vowels /ee/ and /ooh/, already ...
Great Wall (of China)
Chinese Wanli Changcheng Defensive wall, northern China. One of the largest building-construction projects ever carried out, it runs (with all its branches) about 4,000 mi ...
Great Wall of China
a system of fortified walls with a roadway along the top, constructed as a defense for China against the nomads of the regions that are now Mongolia and Manchuria: completed in ...
Great War
Great War n. World War I * * * (old-fash) World War I. * * *
Great War.
See World War I. * * *
Great Week
Eastern Ch. See Holy Week. [1650-60; trans. of LGk megalé hebdomás] * * *
Great Western
▪ ship       earliest regular transatlantic steamer. On its maiden voyage, the Great Western left Bristol, Eng., on April 8, 1838, and arrived in New York City 15 days ...
Great Western Tiers
▪ mountains, Tasmania, Australia also called  Great Western Mountains  or  Western Tiers        mountains in central Tasmania, Australia. They form the northern ...
great wheel
Horol. the wheel immediately driven by the power source. * * *
Great White Father
Facetious. 1. the president of the U.S. 2. any man who holds a position of great authority. [1915-20, Amer.; after the epithet supposedly used for the U.S. president by American ...
Great White Fleet
a group of 16 US war ships sent on a tour around the world for 15 months (1907–9) by President Theodore Roosevelt. His main aim was to show foreign countries, especially ...
great white heron
1. a large white heron, Ardea occidentalis, of Florida and the Florida Keys. 2. a large white egret, Casmerodius albus, of southeastern Europe, tropical Africa, Asia, New ...
great white hope
n (AmE) any white boxer who was thought to have a chance of beating Jack Johnson, who was the first African-American heavyweight champion and not popular with many white ...
great white shark
a large shark, Carcharodon carcharias, of tropical and temperate seas, known to occasionally attack swimmers. Also called white shark. [1930-35] * * * or white shark Large, ...
Great White Way
the theater district along Broadway, near Times Square in New York City. * * *
great willow herb
either of two tall, large-flowered willow herbs, Epilobium angustifolium or E. hirsutum. * * *
great world
great world n. 〚transl. of Fr grand monde〛 fashionable society and its way of life * * *
Great Yarmouth
a seaport in E Norfolk, in E England. 77,200. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough (district), administrative county of Norfolk, England. The borough ...
great year
Astron. See Platonic year. [1905-10] * * *
Great Year.
See Magnus Annus. * * *
Great Zimbabwe
Extensive stone ruins of southeastern Zimbabwe. Located southeast of Nyanda, Zimb., it is the largest of many such ruins in southern Africa. Extending over more than 60 acres ...
Great Zimbabwe.
See under Zimbabwe (def. 2). * * *
great- [grāt] 〚
/grayt"ant', -ahnt'/, n. a grandaunt. [1650-60] * * *
great-circle sailing
/grayt"serr"keuhl/, Navig. sailing between two points more or less according to an arc of a great circle, in practice almost always using a series of rhumb lines of different ...
great-circle track
the route of a ship following the arc of a great circle, appearing as a curved line on a Mercator chart and as a straight line on a gnomonic chart. [1955-60] * * *
/grayt'grand"ant', -ahnt'/, n. an aunt of one's grandfather or grandmother. * * *
/grayt'gran"chuyld'/, n., pl. great-grandchildren. a grandchild of one's son or daughter. [1745-55] * * *
/grayt'gran"daw'teuhr/, n. a granddaughter of one's son or daughter. [1745-55] * * *
/grayt'gran"fah'dheuhr, -grand"-/, n. a grandfather of one's father or mother. [1505-15] * * *
/grayt'gran"mudh'euhr, -grand"-, -gram"-/, n. a grandmother of one's father or mother. [1520-30] * * *
/grayt'gran"nef'yooh, -nev'yooh, -grand"-/, n. a grandson of one's nephew or niece. * * *
/grayt'gran"nees', -grand"-/, n. a granddaughter of one's nephew or niece. [1795-1805] * * *
/grayt'gran"pair'euhnt, -par'-, -grand"-/, n. a grandfather or grandmother of one's father or mother. [1880-85] * * *
/grayt'gran"sun', -grand"-/, n. a grandson of one's son or daughter. [1710-20] * * *
/grayt'grand"ung'keuhl/, n. an uncle of one's grandfather or grandmother. [1800-10] * * *
great-great- [grāt′grāt′] see GREAT- * * *
/grayt"nef'yooh, -nev'yooh/, n. a son of one's nephew or niece; grandnephew. [1575-85] * * *
/grayt"nees'/, n. a daughter of one's nephew or niece; grandniece. [1880-85] * * *
/grayt"ung'keuhl/, n. a granduncle. * * *
Great Abaco (grāt') The largest island of the Abaco and Cays group in the northern Bahamas. * * *
great ape n. Any of various anthropoid apes of the family Pongidae, which includes the chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans. * * *
great auk n. A large flightless sea bird (Pinguinus impennis) formerly common on northern Atlantic coasts but extinct since the middle of the 19th century. * * *
GreatAustralian Bight
Great Australian Bight A wide bay of the Indian Ocean on the southern coast of Australia. Much of the coastline consists of high cliffs extending inland to form the Nullarbor ...
GreatBarrier Reef
Great Barrier Reef The largest coral reef in the world, about 2,011 km (1,250 mi) long, off the northeast coast of Australia. Its vividly colored banks are known for their ...
Great Basin A desert region of the western United States comprising most of Nevada and parts of Utah, California, Idaho, Wyoming, and Oregon. John C. Frémont explored and named ...
Great Bear n. See Ursa Major. * * *
GreatBear Lake
Great Bear Lake A lake of central mainland Northwest Territories, Canada. The Great Bear River, about 113 km (70 mi) long, flows westward from the lake to the Mackenzie River. * ...
greatblue heron
great blue heron n. A large American heron (Ardea herodias) having blue-gray plumage and a predominantly white head with a dark crest. * * *
Great Britain 1. An island off the western coast of Europe comprising England, Scotland, and Wales. It is separated from the mainland by the English Channel and from Ireland by ...
great circle n. 1. A circle described by the intersection of the surface of a sphere with a plane passing through the center of the sphere. 2. A segment of such a circle ...
—greatcoated, adj. /grayt"koht'/, n. Chiefly Brit. a heavy overcoat. [1655-65; GREAT + COAT] * * *
Great Dane n. Any of various large powerful dogs of a breed developed in Germany, having a muscular body, a short smooth coat, and a narrow head. * * *
GreatDismal Swamp
Great Dismal Swamp See Dismal Swamp. * * *
great divide n. 1. A large or major watershed of a landmass. 2. A major point of division, especially death. * * *
Great Divide See Continental Divide. * * *
GreatDividing Range
Great Dividing Range also Eastern Highlands A chain of mountains curving along the eastern coast of Australia. * * *
/grayt"n/, v.t. 1. to make greater; enlarge; increase. v.i. 2. to become greater. [1325-75; ME; see GREAT, -EN1] * * *
/gray"teuhr/, adj. designating a city or country and its adjacent area: Greater New York; Greater Los Angeles. [1570-80; GREAT + -ER4] * * * (as used in expressions) Greater ...
Greater Antilles
Greater Antilles group of islands in the West Indies, made up of the N & W Antilles, including the islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, & Puerto Rico * * * ▪ islands, West ...
Greater Antilles.
See under Antilles. * * *
Greater Caucasus
▪ mountains, Eurasia also called  Great Caucasus,  Russian  Bolshoy Kavkaz,    major range of the Caucasus (q.v.) Mountains, extending west-east for about 750 miles ...
greater celandine
celandine (def. 1). * * *
Greater Dionysia
(in ancient Athens) the chief festival in honor of Dionysus, celebrated in early spring and notable for the performance of dithyrambs, tragedies, comedies, and satyr plays. Also ...
greater Ionic.
See under Ionic (def. 2). * * *
Greater London
London (def. 5). * * * ▪ county, England, United Kingdom  metropolitan county of southeastern England that is also generally known as London. A brief treatment of the ...
Greater London at a glance
▪ Table Greater London at a glance borough area population key features square miles square km (2001) INNER LONDON City of London (London, City of) 1.1 3   7,185 St. ...
Greater London Authority
(abbr the GLA) the local authority that is responsible for Greater London. It is made up of an elected Mayor of London, the separately elected London Assembly, and about 500 ...
Greater Manchester
a metropolitan county in central England, with the city of Manchester as its center. 2,708,900; 498 sq. mi. (1290 sq. km). * * * Metropolitan county (pop., 2001: 2,482,352), ...
greater omentum
Anat. the peritoneal fold attached to the stomach and the colon and hanging over the small intestine. Also called caul, gastrocolic omentum. Cf. lesser omentum. * * *
greater prairie chicken.
See under prairie chicken (def. 1). * * *
greater roadrunner.
See under roadrunner. * * *
greater scaup.
See under scaup. * * *
greater shearwater
a sooty-brown and white shearwater, Puffinus gravis, of eastern coasts of the Western Hemisphere. * * *
greater siren.
See mud eel. * * *
Greater Sunda Islands.
See under Sunda Islands. * * *
greater weever.
See under weever (def. 1). * * *
greater yellowlegs
greater yellowlegs n. see YELLOWLEGS * * *
greater yellowlegs.
See under yellowlegs. [1925-30] * * *
Greater Antilles An island group of the northern West Indies including Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico. * * *
greater omentum n. A fold of the peritoneum, passing from the stomach to the transverse colon. Also called caul. * * *
GreaterSunda Islands
Greater Sunda Islands See Sunda Islands. * * *
greatest common divisor
the largest number that is a common divisor of a given set of numbers. Abbr.: G.C.D. Also called greatest common factor, highest common factor. [1920-25] * * *
greatest lower bound
a lower bound that is greater than or equal to all the lower bounds of a given set: 1 is the greatest lower bound of the set consisting of 1, 2, 3. Abbr.: glb Also called ...
greatest-integer function
/gray"tist in"ti jeuhr/ the function that assigns to each real number the greatest integer less than or equal to the number. Symbol: [x] * * *
greatestcommon divisor
great·est common divisor (grāʹtĭst) n. Abbr. gcd The largest number that divides evenly into each of a given set of numbers. Also called greatest common factor, highest ...
Great Falls A city of central Montana on the Missouri River north-northeast of Helena. At the center of extensive hydroelectric power installations, Great Falls is popularly ...
Great Grimsby See Grimsby. * * *
Greathead, James Henry
▪ British engineer born Aug. 6, 1844, Grahamstown, S.Af. died Oct. 21, 1896, London, Eng.  British civil engineer who improved the tunneling shield, the basic tool of ...
—greatheartedly, adv. —greatheartedness, n. /grayt"hahr"tid/, adj. 1. having or showing a generous heart; magnanimous. 2. high-spirited; courageous; fearless: greathearted ...
See greathearted. * * *
See greatheartedly. * * *
greathorned owl
great horned owl n. A large North American owl (Bubo virginianus) having prominent ear tufts and brownish plumage with a white throat. * * *
GreatIndian Desert
Great Indian Desert See Thar Desert. * * *
Great Karroo See Karroo. * * *
Great Lakes A group of five freshwater lakes of central North America between the United States and Canada, including Lakes Superior, Huron, Erie, Ontario, and Michigan. French ...
great laurel n. See rosebay. * * *
/grayt"lee/, adv. 1. in or to a great degree; much: greatly improved in health. 2. in a great manner. [1150-1200; ME gretli; see GREAT, -LY] * * *
GreatMiami River
Great Miami River See Miami River. * * *
Great Namaqualand See Namaqualand. * * *
See greatly. * * *
GreatOuse River
Great Ouse River See Ouse River. * * *
GreatPee Dee
Great Pee Dee See Pee Dee. * * *
Great Plains A vast grassland region of central North America extending from the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba southward to Texas. Much of the area ...
Great Power n. One of the nations having great political, social, and economic influence in international affairs. * * *
Great Pyrenees n. Any of a breed of large, heavy-boned dogs having a thick white coat and originally developed to guard sheep. * * *
GreatRift Valley
Great Rift Valley also Rift Valley A geologic depression of southwest Asia and eastern Africa extending from the Jordan River valley to Mozambique. The region is marked by a ...
great room n. A large open room in a private residence often featuring a high or vaulted ceiling and used especially for recreation and relaxation. * * *
Great Russian n. A Russian. Used formerly in distinguishing ethnic Russians from other constituent peoples of the Soviet Union or the Russian Empire.   [Translation of Russian ...
1. the second part of the four-year undergraduate course at Oxford University in Greek and Latin, including the Greek and Latin languages and the literature, history and ...
GreatSaint Bernard Pass
Great Saint Bernard Pass An Alpine pass, 2,473.6 m (8,110 ft) high, on the Italian-Swiss border. Known to the ancient Romans, it is named for Saint Bernard of Menthon, who ...
GreatSalt Lake
Great Salt Lake A shallow body of salt water of northwest Utah between the Wasatch Range on the east and the Great Salt Lake Desert on the west. The lake is a remnant of ...
GreatSandy Desert
Great Sandy Desert A vast arid area of northwest Australia north of the Gibson Desert. * * *
Great Sark See Sark. * * *
great seal n. The principal seal of a government or state, with which official documents are stamped. * * *
great skua n. A predatory gull-like sea bird (Catharacta skua) of northern regions, having brownish plumage. * * *
GreatSlave Lake
Great Slave Lake A lake of southern Northwest Territories, Canada. The British fur trader Samuel Hearne (1745-1792) came upon the lake in 1771 while exploring for the Hudson's ...
GreatSmoky Mountains
Great Smoky Mountains A range of the Appalachian Mountains on the North Carolina-Tennessee border rising to 2,026.1 m (6,643 ft) at Clingmans Dome. The mountains, named for the ...
GreatSouth Bay
Great South Bay An arm of the Atlantic Ocean between the southern shore of Long Island and offshore barrier islands. * * *
Great Spirit n. The principal deity in the religion of many Native American peoples. * * *
GreatVictoria Desert
Great Victoria Desert An arid region of south-central Australia sloping to the Nullarbor Plain on the south. * * *
GreatVowel Shift
Great Vowel Shift n. A series of phonetic changes occurring in Early Modern English in which the Middle English low and mid long vowels were raised, (ä) and (ō) becoming (ā) ...
GreatWall of China
Great Wall of China A line of fortifications extending about 2,414 km (1,500 mi) across northern China. Built in the third century B.C. by some 300,000 laborers (mainly ...
Great War n. World War I. * * *
greatwhite shark
great white shark n. A large shark (Carcharodon carcharias) of temperate and tropical waters that grows to about 7 meters (23 feet). It is the only shark known to feed regularly ...
Great Zimbabwe See Zimbabwe1. * * *
—greaved, adj. /greev/, n. Armor. a piece of plate armor for the leg between the knee and the ankle, usually composed of front and back pieces. Also called jamb, jambeau. See ...
/greevz/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) crackling (def. 3). [1605-15; < LG greven; c. OHG griubo, G Grieben] * * *
Greaves, John
▪ English mathematician, astronomer, and antiquary born 1602, Colemore, near Alresford, Hampshire, Eng. died Oct. 8, 1652       English mathematician, astronomer, and ...
Greb, Harry
▪ American athlete byname of  Edward Henry Greb , also called  the Human Windmill  born June 6, 1894, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. died October 22, 1926, New York, New ...
Gréban, Arnoul
▪ French author born 1420, probably Le Mans, Anjou, Fr. died 1471, probably Le Mans       French author of an important 15th-century religious drama known as Mystère ...
/greeb/, n. any diving bird of the family Podicipedidae, related to the loons, but having a rudimentary tail and lobate rather than webbed toes. Cf. great crested grebe, ...
Grebel, Konrad
▪ Swiss religious leader born c. 1498, Zürich died 1526, Maienfeld, Switz.       chief founder of the Swiss Brethren, an Anabaptist movement centred on ...
Grechaninov, Aleksandr
▪ Russian composer in full  Aleksandr Tikhonovich Grechaninov , Grechaninov also spelled  Gretchaninov  born Oct. 13 [Oct. 25, New Style], 1864, Moscow, Russia died Jan. ...
/gree"sheuhn/, adj. 1. Greek (esp. with reference to ancient Greece). n. 2. a Greek. 3. an expert in the Greek language or Greek literature. [1540-50; < L Graeci(a) GREECE + ...
Grecian bend
(esp. in the late 19th century) a posture or walk, often considered fashionable, in which the body is bent forward from the waist. * * *
Grecian profile
a profile distinguished by the absence of the hollow between the upper ridge of the nose and the forehead, thereby forming a straight line. * * *
/gree"siz euhm/, n. 1. the spirit of Greek thought, art, etc. 2. adoption or imitation of this. 3. an idiom or peculiarity of Greek. Also, esp. Brit., Graecism. [1560-70; < ML ...
/gree"suyz/, v., Grecized, Grecizing. v.t. 1. to impart Greek characteristics to. 2. to translate into Greek. v.i. 3. to conform to what is Greek; adopt Greek speech, customs, ...
/grek"oh/; Sp., It. /grdde"kaw/, n. 1. José /hoh zay"/; Sp. /haw se"/, born 1918, U.S. dancer and choreographer, born in Italy. 2. El /el/. See El Greco. * * * (as used in ...

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