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greenling
/green"ling/, n. any spiny-finned food fish of the genus Hexagrammos, of North Pacific coasts. [1400-50; late ME; see GREEN, -LING1] * * * ▪ marine fish       any of a ...
greenly
See green. * * *
greenmail
—greenmailer, n. /green"mayl'/, n. Stock Exchange. the practice of buying a large block of a company's stock in order to force a rise in stock prices or an offer by the company ...
greenmailer
See greenmail. * * *
greenmanure
green manure n. A growing crop, such as clover or grass, that is plowed under the soil to improve fertility. * * *
greenmarket
green·mar·ket (grēnʹmär'kĭt) n. See farmers' market. * * *
greenmonkey
green monkey n. See vervet. * * *
GreenMountains
Green Mountains A range of the Appalachian Mountains extending from southern Quebec, Canada, through Vermont to western Massachusetts. The range rises to 1,339.9 m (4,393 ft) at ...
greenness
/green"nis/, n. 1. the quality or state of being green. 2. green vegetation, grass, or the like; verdure or verdancy. 3. lack of maturity or experience; youthfulness. 4. the ...
Greenock
/gree"neuhk, gren"euhk/, n. a seaport in the Strathcylde region, in SW Scotland, on the Firth of Clyde. 69,171. * * * ▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       industrial burgh ...
greenockite
/gree"neuh kuyt'/, n. a yellow mineral, cadmium sulfide, CdS, associated with zinc ores and used as a source of cadmium. [1840-45; named after Charles Cathcart, Lord Greenock ...
greenonion
green onion n. An immature onion pulled before the bulb has developed; a scallion. * * *
Greenough
/gree"noh/, n. Horatio, 1805-52, U.S. sculptor. * * *
Greenough, Horatio
▪ American sculptor and writer born September 6, 1805, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. died December 18, 1852, Somerville       Neoclassical sculptor and writer on art. He ...
Greenough,Horatio
Gree·nough (grēʹnō'), Horatio. 1805-1852. American sculptor whose principal work is the neoclassical statue of George Washington at the Smithsonian Institution in ...
Greenpeace
a large international pressure group that aims to protect the environment. Its members are well known for taking direct action and putting their own lives in danger in order to ...
greenpepper
green pepper n. The unripened green fruit of a bell pepper. * * *
greenplover
green plover n. See lapwing. * * *
greenrevolution
green revolution n. A significant increase in agricultural productivity resulting from the introduction of high-yield varieties of grains, the use of pesticides, and improved ...
GreenRiver
Green River 1. A river rising in central Kentucky and flowing about 595 km (370 mi) generally northwest to the Ohio River near Evansville, Indiana. 2. A river, about 1,175 km ...
greenroom
/green"roohm', -room'/, n. a lounge in a theater, broadcasting studio, or the like, for use by performers when they are not onstage, on camera, etc. [1695-1705; GREEN + ROOM, ...
greens fee
a fee paid by golfers in order to play on a golf course. Also, green fee. [1905-10] * * *
Greens, the
German die Grünen Environmentalist political party founded in West Germany in 1979. Initially, it arose out of protests against nuclear power in Germany in the 1970s, and ...
greensand
/green"sand'/, n. a sandstone containing much glauconite, which gives it a greenish hue. [1790-1800; GREEN + SAND] * * *
greensand process
a process for casting iron with sand not previously heated. * * *
Greensboro
/greenz"berr'oh, -bur'oh/, n. a city in N North Carolina. 155,642. * * * City (pop., 2000: 223,891), north-central North Carolina, U.S. Established in 1808 as the county seat, ...
Greensburg
/greenz"berrg/, n. a city in SW Pennsylvania. 17,588. * * * ▪ Pennsylvania, United States       city, seat of Westmoreland county, southwestern Pennsylvania, U.S., 30 ...
greenschist
/green"shist'/, n. Petrol. schist colored green by an abundance of chlorite, epidote, or actinolite. Cf. greenstone. [GREEN + SCHIST] * * *
greenschist facies
One of the major divisions of the mineral facies classification of metamorphic rocks, encompassing the rocks that formed under fairly low temperatures (480–660 °F, or ...
greensfee
greens fee n. The fee charged to play on a golf course. * * *
greenshank
/green"shangk'/, n. an Old World shore bird, Tringa nebularia, having green legs. [1760-70; GREEN + SHANK] * * * ▪ bird       (species Tringa nebularia), Old World ...
greensick
See greensickness. * * *
greensickness
—greensick, adj. /green"sik'nis/, n. Pathol. chlorosis (def. 2). [1575-85; GREEN + SICKNESS] * * *
greenside
green·side (grēnʹsīd') adj. Sports Situated beside a putting green: a greenside bunker. * * *
greenskeeper
/greenz"kee'peuhr/, n. a person charged with the care and maintenance of a golf course. Also, greenkeeper. [GREEN + 'S1 + KEEPER] * * *
Greensleeves
a famous English song that has been popular since the 16th century. Its gentle tune has been arranged in many different musical styles. In the song a man sings sadly that he ...
greensnake
green snake n. Any of several slender, yellow-green nonvenomous North American snakes of the genus Opheodrys, such as the grass snake. * * *
greensoap
green soap n. A translucent, yellowish-green soft or liquid soap made chiefly from vegetable oils and used in the treatment of skin disorders. * * *
Greenspan
(1926– ) a US economist who has been chairman of the Federal Reserve since 1987 and has a very important influence on US economic policy and the financial markets. * * *
Greenspan, Alan
born March 6, 1926, New York, N.Y. U.S. economist and chairman of the board of the Federal Reserve System. He grew up an only child and initially wanted to be a professional ...
Greenspan,Alan
Green·span (grēnʹspăn'), Alan. Born 1926. American economist who was appointed chairman of the board of governors of the Federal Reserve System in 1987. * * *
greenstick fracture
/green"stik'/ an incomplete fracture of a long bone, in which one side is broken and the other side is still intact. See illus. under fracture. [1880-85; GREEN + STICK1] * * *
greenstickfracture
green·stick fracture (grēnʹstĭk') n. A partial bone fracture, usually occurring in children, in which the bone is bent but only broken on one side. * * *
greenstone
/green"stohn'/, n. any of various altered basaltic rocks having a dark-green color caused by the presence of chlorite, epidote, etc. [1765-75; GREEN + STONE] * * *
greensward
—greenswarded, adj. /green"swawrd'/, n. green, grassy turf. [1590-1600; GREEN + SWARD] * * *
greentea
green tea n. Tea made from leaves that are not fermented before being dried. * * *
greenth
/greenth/, n. green growth; verdure. [1745-55; GREEN + -TH1] * * *
greenthumb
green thumb n. An extraordinary ability to make plants grow well. * * *
greenturtle
green turtle n. A large marine turtle (Chelonia mydas) having greenish flesh that is prized as food, especially in turtle soup. * * *
Greenville
/green"vil/, n. 1. a city in NW South Carolina. 58,242. 2. a city in W Mississippi, on the Mississippi River. 40,613. 3. a city in E North Carolina. 35,740. 4. a city in NE ...
greenway
/green"way'/, n. any scenic trail or route set aside for travel or recreational activities. [1970-75] * * *
Greenwich
/grin"ij, -ich, gren"-/ for 1, 3; /gren"ich, grin"-, green"wich/ for 2, n. 1. a borough in SE London, England: located on the prime meridian from which geographic longitude is ...
Greenwich (mean) time
Greenwich (mean) time or Greenwich time n. mean solar time of the meridian (0° longitude) at Greenwich, England: see also COORDINATED UNIVERSAL TIME, UNIVERSAL TIME * * *
Greenwich hour angle
hour angle measured from the meridian of Greenwich, England. * * *
Greenwich Mean Time
➡ GMT. * * *       the name for mean solar time of the longitude (0°) of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in England. The meridian at this longitude is called the ...
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
Former name for mean solar time of the longitude (0°) of the former Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England, or Greenwich meridian. GMT was used to avoid potentially confusing ...
Greenwich meridian
▪ geography       imaginary line used to indicate 0° longitude that passes through Greenwich, a borough of London, and terminates at the North and South poles. An ...
Greenwich Observatory.
See Royal Greenwich Observatory. * * *
Greenwich Time
the time as measured on the prime meridian running through Greenwich, England: used in England and as a standard of calculation elsewhere. Also called Greenwich Mean Time, ...
Greenwich Village
/gren"ich, grin"-/ a section of New York City, in lower Manhattan: inhabited and frequented by artists, writers, and students. * * * Residential section, Lower Manhattan, New ...
GreenwichMean Time
Green·wich Mean Time (grĕnʹĭch, grĭnʹĭj) n. Abbr. GMT See universal time. * * *
Greenwichtime
Greenwich time n. See universal time. * * *
GreenwichVillage
Green·wich Village (grĕnʹĭch, -ĭj, grĭnʹ-) A mainly residential section of lower Manhattan in New York City. Settled during colonial times, the area began to attract ...
greenwood
/green"wood'/, n. a wood or forest when green, as in summer. [1300-50; ME; see GREEN, WOOD1] * * * ▪ Mississippi, United States       city, seat (1871) of Leflore ...
Greenwood
/green"wood'/, n. 1. a city in W South Carolina. 21,613. 2. a city in NW Mississippi. 20,115. 3. a town in central Indiana. 19,327. * * * ▪ Mississippi, United ...
Greenwood, Arthur
▪ British politician born Feb. 8, 1880, Hunslet, Yorkshire, Eng. died June 9, 1954, London       British Labour Party politician who was a noteworthy advocate of ...
Greenwood, Ron
▪ 2007  British association football (soccer) manager (b. Nov. 11, 1921, Worsthorne, Lancashire, Eng.—d. Feb. 9, 2006, Sudbury, Suffolk, Eng.), managed West Ham United ...
Greer
/grear/, n. 1. a town in NW South Carolina. 10,525. 2. a female given name. * * *
Greer, Germaine
▪ Australian writer born Jan. 29, 1939, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia       Australian-born English writer and feminist who championed the sexual freedom of ...
Greer, Jane
▪ 2002 Bettejane Greer        American actress (b. Sept. 9, 1924, Washington, D.C.—d. Aug. 24, 2001, Los Angeles, Calif.), made only a few notable motion pictures but ...
Greer,Germaine
Greer (grîr), Germaine. Born 1939. Australian feminist best known for her book The Female Eunuch (1970), a study of female conditioning and sexual stereotypes. * * *
greet
greet1 —greeter, n. /greet/, v.t. 1. to address with some form of salutation; welcome. 2. to meet or receive: to be greeted by cheering crowds; to greet a proposal with boos ...
greeter
See greet. * * *
greeting
—greetingless, adj. /gree"ting/, n. 1. the act or words of a person who greets. 2. a friendly message from someone who is absent: a greeting from a friend in another ...
greeting card
card1 (def. 4). [1895-1900] * * *
greetingcard
greeting card n. A folded card bearing a message of greeting, congratulation, or other sentiment, usually sent or given on a special occasion or holiday. * * *
greetings cards
Specialist greetings card shops, newsagents and department stores sell millions of cards every year to help people celebrate important events in the lives of their friends and ...
grefa
/gree"feuh, -fah/, n. Slang. griefo. * * *
Greg
/greg/, n. a male given name, form of Gregory. * * *
Greg Dyke
➡ Hutton Inquiry * * *
Greg Rusedski
➡ Rusedski * * *
gregale
/gray gah"lay/, n. a strong northeast wind that blows in the central and western Mediterranean area. Also, grégal /gray gahl"/, gregau /gray gow"/. Also called ...
gregarine
/greg"euh ruyn', -euhr in/, n. 1. a type of sporozoan parasite that inhabits the digestive and other cavities of various invertebrates and produces cysts filled with ...
gregarinian
See gregarine. * * *
gregarious
—gregariously, adv. —gregariousness, n. /gri gair"ee euhs/, adj. 1. fond of the company of others; sociable. 2. living in flocks or herds, as animals. 3. Bot. growing in open ...
gregariously
See gregarious. * * *
gregariousness
See gregariously. * * *
Gregg
/greg/, n. John Robert, 1864-1948, U.S. educator: inventor of a system of shorthand. * * *
Gregg shorthand
      system of rapid writing based on the sounds of words that uses the curvilinear motion of ordinary longhand. Devised by the Irishman John Robert Gregg (Gregg, John ...
Gregg, John Robert
▪ American stenographer born June 17, 1867, Rockcorry, County Monaghan, Ire. died Feb. 23, 1948, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Irish-born American inventor of a shorthand ...
grego
/gree"goh, gray"-/, n., pl. gregos. a short, hooded coat of thick, coarse fabric, originally worn in the eastern Mediterranean countries. [1740-50; perh. < Pg (cf. Sp griego, It ...
Grégoire, Henri
born Dec. 4, 1750, Vého, Lorraine, France died May 20, 1831, Paris French prelate who defended of the Constitutional Church in the French Revolution as well as the rights of ...
Gregoras, Nicephorus
▪ Byzantine scholar Nicephorus also spelled  Nikephoros  born c. 1292, Heraclea Pontica, sultanate of Rūm [now Eregli, Turkey] died c. 1360, near Constantinople, Byzantine ...
Gregorian
/gri gawr"ee euhn, -gohr"-/, adj. of or pertaining to any of the popes named Gregory, esp. Gregory I or Gregory XIII. [1590-1600; < NL gregorianus of, pertaining to Pope Gregory, ...
Gregorian calendar
the reformed Julian calendar now in use, according to which the ordinary year consists of 365 days, and a leap year of 366 days occurs in every year whose number is exactly ...
Gregorian chant
1. the plain song or cantus firmus used in the ritual of the Roman Catholic Church. 2. a melody in this style. [1745-55; named after Pope GREGORY I; see -IAN] * * * Liturgical ...
Gregorian mode
Music. See church mode. [named after Pope GREGORY I; see -IAN] * * *
Gregorian Reform
      eleventh-century religious reform movement associated with its most forceful advocate, Pope Gregory VII (Gregory VII, Saint) (reigned 1073–85). Although long ...
Gregorian telescope
a telescope similar in design to the Cassegrainian telescope but less widely used. [1755-65; named after James GREGORY; see -IAN] * * *
Gregorian University
▪ university, Rome, Italy in full  Pontifical Gregorian University,  Latin  Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana,  byname  The Greg,         Roman Catholic ...
Gregorian water
Rom. Cath. Ch. a mixture of water, salt, ashes, and wine, blessed and sprinkled over the altar in the consecration of a church. [1645-55] * * *
Gregoriancalendar
Gre·go·ri·an calendar (grĭ-gôrʹē-ən, -gōrʹ-) n. The solar calendar in use throughout most of the world, sponsored by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 as a corrected version ...
Gregorianchant
Gregorian chant n. Roman Catholic Church An unaccompanied, monophonic liturgical chant.   [After Gregory I, Saint.] * * *
Gregory
/greg"euh ree/, n. 1. Lady Augusta (Isabella Augusta Persse), 1852-1932, Irish dramatist. 2. Horace, 1898-1982, U.S. poet and critic. 3. James, 1638-75, Scottish ...
Gregory (VI)
▪ antipope flourished 11th century , Italy       antipope from May to December 1012.       From the middle 10th to the early 11th century, Rome, and particularly ...
Gregory (VIII)
▪ antipope original French name  Maurice Bourdin,  Portuguese  Maurício Bordinho,  or  Bordino   born , Limoges?, Aquitaine died c. 1140       antipope from 1118 ...
Gregory I
Saint ("Gregory the Great") A.D. c540-604, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 590-604. * * *
Gregory I, Saint
known as Gregory the Great born с 540, Rome died March 12, 604, Rome Pope (590–604) and doctor of the church. A Roman patrician, by age 32 he had attained the office of ...
Gregory I,Saint
Greg·o·ry I (grĕgʹə-rē), Saint Known as “Gregory the Great.” 540?-604. Pope (590-604) who increased papal authority, enforced rules of life for the clergy, and ...
Gregory II
died A.D. 731, pope 715-731. * * *
Gregory II Cyprius
▪ Greek Orthodox patriarch original name  George Of Cyprus   born 1241, Cyprus died 1290, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]       Greek Orthodox ...
Gregory II, Saint
▪ pope born 669, Rome died Feb. 11, 731, Rome; feast day February 11       pope from 715 to 731.       Before his election (May 19) he had served as subdeacon ...
Gregory III
died A.D. 741, pope 731-741. * * *
Gregory III, Saint
▪ pope born , Syria died November 741; feast day November 28       pope from 731 to 741.       A priest when elected pope by acclamation, he was the last pope to ...
Gregory IV
died A.D. 844, pope 827-844. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died Jan. 25, 844, Rome       pope from 827 to 844.       Cardinal priest of St. Mark's Basilica, Rome, he ...
Gregory IX
(Ugolino di Segni or Ugolino of Anagni) c1143-1241, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1227-41. * * * orig. Ugo di Segni born before 1170 died Aug. 22, 1241, Rome Pope (1227–41) who ...
Gregory Narekatzi, Saint
▪ Armenian poet also called Gregory Of Narek born 951 died 1003, ; feast day February 27       poet and theologian who is generally considered the first great Armenian ...
Gregory of Nazianzus, Saint
born с 330, Arianzus, near Nazianzus, in Cappadocia, Asia Minor died с 389, Arianzus; Eastern feast day January 25 and 30; Western feast day February 2 One of the Church ...
Gregory of Nyssa
/nis"euh/ Saint, A.D. c330-395?, Christian bishop and theologian in Asia Minor (brother of Saint Basil). * * *
Gregory of Nyssa, Saint
born с 335, Caesarea, Cappadocia, Asia Minor died с 394; feast day March 9 Eastern Orthodox theologian and mystic. Initially a teacher of rhetoric, he turned to religion ...
Gregory of Nyssa,Saint
Gregory of Nys·sa (nĭsʹə), Saint. A.D. 335?-394?. Eastern theologian and church father who led the conservative faction during the Trinitarian controversy of the fourth ...
Gregory Of Rimini
▪ Italian philosopher Italian  Gregorio Da Rimini   born 13th century, , Rimini, near Venice [Italy] died November 1358, Vienna [now in Austria]       Italian ...
Gregory of Sinai
▪ Greek Orthodox monk also called  Gregory Sinaites  born 13th century died Nov. 27, 1346, Mt. Paroria, near modern Burgas, Bulg.       Greek Orthodox monk, ...
Gregory of Tours
Saint, A.D. 538?-594, Frankish bishop and historian. * * *
Gregory of Tours, Saint
orig. Georgius Florentius born Nov. 30?, 538/539, Clermont, Aquitaine? died Nov. 17, 594?, Tours, Neustria Frankish bishop and writer. Born into an aristocratic family that ...
Gregory of Tours,Saint
Gregory of Tours (to͝or, to͞or), Saint. 538-594. Frankish prelate and historian who produced a valuable history of the sixth-century Franks. * * *
Gregory Peck
➡ Peck * * *
Gregory Thaumaturgus, Saint
▪ Greek Christian apostle born c. 213, , Neocaesarea, Pontus Polemoniacus [now Niksar, Turkey] died c. 270, , Neocaesarea; feast day November 17       Greek Christian ...
Gregory the Illuminator, Saint
▪ Armenian apostle born 240, Vagarshapat [now Ejmiadzin], Armenia died 332, Armenia; feast day September 30       according to tradition, the 4th-century apostle of ...
Gregory V
(Bruno of Carinthia) died A.D. 999, German ecclesiastic: pope 996-999. * * * ▪ pope original name  Brun Von Kärnten , English  Bruno of Carinthia  born 972, ...
Gregory VI
(Johannes Gratianus) died 1048, German ecclesiastic: pope 1045-46. * * * ▪ pope original name Giovanni Graziano died late 1047, Cologne       pope from 1045 to ...
Gregory VII
Saint (Hildebrand) c1020-85, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1073-85. * * *
Gregory VII, Saint
orig. Hildebrand born 1020, near Soana, Papal States died May 25, 1085, Salerno, Principality of Salerno; canonized 1606; feast day May 25 Pope (1073–85). Educated in a ...
Gregory VII,Saint
Gregory VII, Saint Originally Hil·de·brand (hĭlʹdə-brănd') 1020?-1085. Pope (1073-1085) who sought to establish the supremacy of the pope within the Church and the ...
Gregory VIII
(Alberto de Mora or Alberto di Morra) died 1187, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1187. * * * ▪ pope original name Alberto De Morra born , Benevento, Papal States died 1187, ...
Gregory X
(Teobaldo Visconti) c1210-76, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1271-76. * * * orig. Tebaldo Visconti born с 1210, Piacenza, Lombardy [Italy] died Jan. 10, 1276, Arezzo, ...
Gregory X, Blessed
▪ pope original name  Tedaldo, or Tebaldo, Visconti   born c. 1210, Piacenza, Lombardy [Italy] died Jan. 10, 1276, Arezzo, Tuscany; beatified Sept. 12, 1713; feast days ...
Gregory XI
(Pierre Roger de Beaufort) 1330-78, French ecclesiastic: pope 1370-78. * * * ▪ pope original name  Pierre-roger De Beaufort   born 1329, Limoges-Fourche, France died March ...
Gregory XII
(Angelo Correr, Corrario, or Corraro) c1327-1417, Italian ecclesiastic: installed as pope in 1406 and resigned office in 1415. * * * ▪ pope original name  Angelo Correr ...
Gregory XIII
(Ugo Buoncompagni) 1502-85, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1572-85, educator and innovator of the modern calendar. * * * orig. Ugo Buoncompagni born June 7, 1502, Bologna, ...
Gregory XIV
(Niccolò Sfandrati) 1535-91, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1590-91. * * * ▪ pope original name Niccolò Sfondrati born Feb. 11, 1535, Somma, near Milan [Italy] died Oct. 16, ...
Gregory XV
(Alessandro Ludovisi) 1554-1623, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1621-23. * * * ▪ pope original name  Alessandro Ludovisi   born Jan. 9, 1554, Bologna, Papal States [Italy] died ...
Gregory XVI
(Bartolommeo Alberto Cappellari) 1765-1846, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1831-46. * * * ▪ pope original name  Bartolomeo Alberto Mauro Cappellari   born Sept. 18, 1765, ...
Gregory, Augusta, Lady
orig. Isabella Augusta Persse born March 5, 1852, Roxborough, County Galway, Ire. died May 22, 1932, Coole Irish playwright and theatre manager, an important figure in the ...
Gregory, Cynthia
▪ American ballerina born July 8, 1946, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.       American ballerina who was noted principally for classical roles.       Gregory began ...
Gregory, Dick
▪ American comedian and civil rights activist byname of  Richard Claxton Gregory   born Oct. 12, 1932, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.    African-American comedian, civil rights ...
Gregory, Horace
▪ American poet and critic in full  Horace Victor Gregory   born April 10, 1898, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. died March 11, 1982, Shelburne Falls, Mass.       American ...
Gregory, James
▪ Scottish mathematician and astronomer also spelled  James Gregorie  born November 1638, Drumoak [near Aberdeen], Scot. died October 1675, Edinburgh       Scottish ...
Gregory, Rogan
▪ 2006       In 2005 New York-based designer Rogan Gregory successfully merged the concept of cutting-edge fashion with social responsibility via the high-profile spring ...
Gregory, Wilton D.
▪ American religious leader in full  Wilton Daniel Gregory  born December 7, 1947, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.    American Roman Catholic prelate, archbishop of Atlanta, ...
Gregory,Lady Isabella Augusta Persse
Gregory, Lady Isabella Augusta Persse. 1852-1932. Irish playwright. She was a founder (1899) and director (1904-1932) of the Abbey Theatre, for which she wrote a number of short ...
GregoryXIII
Gregory XIII, Originally Ugo Buoncompagni. 1502-1585. Pope (1572-1585) who established many Catholic universities and seminaries and sponsored the adoption of the Gregorian ...
Greiff, León de
▪ Colombian poet born July 22, 1895, Medellín, Colom. died July 11, 1976, Bogotá       Latin-American poet notable for his stylistic innovations.       De ...
Greifswald
▪ Germany       city, Mecklenburg–West Pomerania Land (state), northeastern Germany. It lies 20 miles (30 km) southeast of Stralsund near the mouth of the Ryck ...
greige
/gray, grayzh/, n. 1. Textiles. See gray goods. adj. 2. unbleached and undyed: greige linen. [1925-30; < F grège (of silk) raw < It greggio GRAY] * * *
Grein, Jack Thomas
▪ British critic, playwright, and theatre manager original name  Jacob Thomas Grein  born Oct. 11, 1862, Amsterdam died June 22, 1935, London       Dutch-born British ...
greisen
/gruy"zeuhn/, n. a hydrothermally altered rock of granitic texture composed chiefly of quartz and mica, common in the tin mines of Europe. [1875-80; < G] * * * ▪ ...
gremial
/gree"mee euhl/, n. Eccles. a cloth placed on the lap of the bishop, as during the celebration of Mass or when he confers orders. [1555-65; < LL gremialis growing in a cluster ...
grémio
▪ Portuguese guild Portuguese‘‘guild "       any of the organized guilds that were founded during the Moorish occupation of Portugal (714–1249) by men who worked ...
gremlin
/grem"lin/, n. 1. a mischievous invisible being, said by airplane pilots in World War II to cause engine trouble and mechanical difficulties. 2. any cause of trouble, ...
gremmie
/grem"ee/, n. Slang. a novice surfer or one with poor form. [1960-65; GREM(LIN) + -IE] * * *
gremmy
/grem"ee/, n., pl. gremmies. gremmie. * * *
Grenache
/greuh nahsh"/, n. a variety of grape used in winemaking, esp. for table wines in the Rhône Valley of France and for a type of rosé in California. [ < F grenache < Catalan ...
Grenada
—Grenadian /gri nay"dee euhn/, adj., n. /gri nay"deuh/, n. 1. one of the Windward Islands, in the E West Indies. 2. an independent country comprising this island and the S ...
Grenada, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a diagonally divided field of yellow-green-yellow-green with a red border; in addition to the six yellow stars in the ...
grenade
/gri nayd"/, n., v., grenaded, grenading. n. 1. a small shell containing an explosive and thrown by hand or fired from a rifle or launching device. 2. a similar missile ...
grenade launcher
Mil. a device attached to the muzzle of a rifle, permitting the firing of rifle grenades. [1955-60] * * *
Grenadian
See Grenada. * * * ➡ Grenada * * *
grenadier
—grenadierial, adj. —grenadierly, adv. —grenadiership, n. /gren'euh dear"/, n. 1. (in the British army) a member of the first regiment of household infantry (Grenadier ...
Grenadier Guards
one of the oldest and best-known regiments in the British army. It was the first regiment of Foot Guards. * * *
grenadilla
/gren'euh dil"euh/, n. granadilla. * * *
grenadine
grenadine1 /gren'euh deen", gren"euh deen'/, n. a thin fabric of leno weave in silk, nylon, rayon, or wool. [1850-55; < F, perh. after GRANADA, Spain. See ...
Grenadines
/gren'euh deenz", gren"euh deenz'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a chain of about 600 islands in the E West Indies in the Windward Islands: a former British colony; now divided ...
Grenadines, The
Chain of about 600 islands and islets, southeastern Lesser Antilles, West Indies. The islands span over 60 mi (100 km) at the eastern end of the Caribbean Sea. The northern ...
Grendel
/gren"dl/, n. Eng. and Scand. Myth. the monster killed by Beowulf. * * *
Grenfell
/gren"fel/, n. Sir Wilfred Thomason /tom"euh seuhn/, 1865-1940, English physician and missionary in Labrador and Newfoundland. * * *
Grenfell, George
▪ English missionary and explorer born Aug. 21, 1849, Sancreed, Cornwall, Eng. died July 1, 1906, Basoko, Congo Free State [now the Democratic Republic of the ...
Grenfell, Sir Wilfred
▪ British missionary born Feb. 28, 1865, Parkgate, Cheshire, Eng. died Oct. 9, 1940, Charlotte, Vt., U.S.  English medical missionary who was the tireless benefactor of the ...
Grenfell, Sir Wilfred (Thomason)
born Feb. 28, 1865, Parkgate, Cheshire, Eng. died Oct. 9, 1940, Charlotte, Vt., U.S. English medical missionary. Having joined the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen, ...
Grenoble
/greuh noh"beuhl/; Fr. /grddeuh naw"bleu/, n. a city in and the capital of Isère, in SE France. 169,740. * * * City (pop., 1999: 153,317), southeastern France. It lies along ...
Grenoble I, II, and III, Universities of
▪ university, Grenoble, France French  Universités De Grenoble I, Ii, Et Iii,         coeducational, autonomous, state-financed institutions of higher learning in ...
Grenville
/gren"vil/, n. 1. George, 1712-70, British statesman: prime minister 1763-65. 2. Also, Greynville. Sir Richard, 1541?-91, English naval commander. 3. William Wyndham, Baron, ...
Grenville, George
born Oct. 14, 1712 died Nov. 13, 1770, London, Eng. English politician. He entered Parliament in 1741, held a number of ministerial appointments, then served as prime minister ...
Grenville, Kate
▪ 2007       Following the publication of her first novel in more than five years, Australian novelist Kate Grenville captured the Commonwealth Writers' Prize in 2006 ...
Grenville, Sir Richard
▪ English naval commander born June 15, 1542 died September 1591       colourful and daring English naval commander who fought heroically, against overwhelming odds, in ...
Grenville, William Wyndham Grenville, Baron
▪ British politician born Oct. 25, 1759 died Jan. 12, 1834, Dropmore Lodge, Buckinghamshire, Eng.  British politician, son of prime minister George Grenville; he was himself ...
Grenville,George
Gren·ville (grĕnʹvĭl', -vəl), George. 1712-1770. British political leader who as prime minister (1763-1765) instigated the Stamp Act (1765), which provoked rebellious ...
Grenville,Sir Richard
Grenville, Sir Richard. 1542?-1591. English naval officer who commanded the fleet carrying the first colonists to Virginia (1585) and organized the English defense against the ...
Gresham
/gresh"euhm/, n. 1. Sir Thomas, 1519?-79, English merchant and financier. 2. a town in NW Oregon. 33,005. * * *
Gresham's law
Econ. the tendency of the inferior of two forms of currency to circulate more freely than, or to the exclusion of, the superior, because of the hoarding of the latter. [1855-60; ...
Gresham'slaw
Gresh·am's law (grĕshʹəmz) n. The theory holding that if two kinds of money in circulation have the same denominational value but different intrinsic values, the money with ...
Gresham, Sir Thomas
▪ English financier born 1518/19, London, Eng. died Nov. 21, 1579, London       English merchant, financier, and founder of the Royal Exchange.       Gresham was ...
Gresham, Walter Quintin
▪ American politician born March 17, 1832, near Lanesville, Ind., U.S. died May 28, 1895, Washington, D.C.       leading Republican politician after the American Civil ...
Gresham,Sir Thomas
Gresham, Sir Thomas. 1519-1579. English financier. A founder of the Royal Exchange, he is traditionally credited with Gresham's law. * * *
Gresset, Jean-Baptiste-Louis
▪ French author born Aug. 29, 1709, Amiens, Fr. died June 16, 1777, Amiens  French poet and dramatist who received immediate and lasting acclaim for his irreverently comic ...
Gressly, Amanz
▪ Swiss geologist born July 17, 1814, Bärschwil, Switz. died April 13, 1865, Bern       Swiss geologist who originated the study of stratigraphic facies when he ...
Gressmann, Hugo
▪ German religious scholar born March 21, 1877, Mölln, Ger. died April 6, 1927, Chicago, Ill., U.S.       German Old Testament scholar who was a prominent advocate of ...
gressorial
/gre sawr"ee euhl, -sohr"-/, adj. Zool. adapted for walking, as the feet of some birds. [1835-45; < L gress(us), ptp. of gradi to walk + -orial, as in GRALLATORIAL] * * *
Greta
/gret"euh/, n. a female given name, form of Margaret. Also, Gretta. * * *
Greta Garbo
➡ Garbo * * *
Gretchen
/grech"euhn/; Ger. /grddayt"sheuhn/, n. a female given name, form of Margaret. * * *
Gretna
/gret"neuh/, n. a city in SE Louisiana, near New Orleans. 20,615. * * * ▪ Louisiana, United States       city, seat (1884) of Jefferson parish, southeastern Louisiana, ...
Gretna Green
a village in S Scotland, near the English border, to which many English couples formerly eloped to be married. * * * ▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       village in ...
Gretna Green marriage
Brit. Informal. marriage without parental consent; elopement. [1860-65] * * *
GretnaGreen
Gret·na Green (grĕtʹnə) A village of southern Scotland on the English border. It was famous as a place for runaway marriages from 1754 until 1856, when the Scottish law was ...
Grétry
/grdday trddee"/, n. André Ernest Modeste /ahonn drdday" erdd nest" maw dest"/, 1741-1813, French operatic composer. * * *
Grétry, André-Ernest-Modeste
▪ Belgian-French composer born Feb. 10/11, 1741, Liège [now in Belgium] died Sept. 24, 1813, Montmorency, near Paris, France       French composer of operas, a leader ...
Grettis saga
Latest of the Icelanders' sagas, written с 1320. It tells of the brave and wellborn Grettir, who at 14 kills a man and is outlawed. He spends his years of exile performing ...
Gretzky, Wayne
▪ 2000       On April 18, 1999, Canadian athlete Wayne Gretzky said goodbye to the National Hockey League (NHL) as he played in his last professional game. His ...
Gretzky, Wayne (Douglas)
born Jan. 26, 1961, Brantford, Ont., Can. Canadian ice-hockey player, considered the greatest in the history of the game. As centre and captain for the Edmonton Oilers ...
Gretzky,Wayne
Gretz·ky (grĕtʹskē), Wayne. Born 1961. Canadian hockey player. A center mainly for the Edmonton Oilers (1978-1988) and Los Angeles Kings (1989-1995), he became the National ...
Greuze
/grdduez/, n. Jean Baptiste /zhahonn bann teest"/, 1725-1805, French painter. * * *
Greuze, Jean-Baptiste
born Aug. 21, 1725, Tournus, Fr. died March 21, 1805, Paris French painter. He studied at the Royal Academy in Paris. His first exhibited painting, The Father Reading the Bible ...
Greuze,Jean Baptiste
Greuze (grœz), Jean Baptiste. 1725-1805. French painter of moralistic genre works, such as The Paralytic Tended by His Children (1763). * * *
Grevelingen Lake
▪ lake, The Netherlands Dutch  Grevelingenmeer,        nontidal saltwater lake, southwestern Netherlands, located between the joined islands of Schouwen and Duiveland ...
Greville
/grev"il/, n. Fulke /foolk/, 1st Baron Brooke, 1554-1628, English poet and statesman. * * *
Greville, Fulke, 1st Baron Brooke
▪ English writer born October 3, 1554, Beauchamp Court, Warwickshire, England died September 30, 1628, Warwick       English writer who, on his tomb, styled himself ...
Grévin, Jacques
▪ French author born 1538, Clermont-en-Beauvais, Fr. died Nov. 5, 1570, Turin, Savoy       French poet and dramatist who is credited with writing the first original ...
Grévy, (François-Paul-) Jules
born Aug. 15, 1807, Mont-sous-Vaudrey, France died Sept. 19, 1891, Mont-sous-Vaudrey French politician who served as president (1879–87) in the Third Republic. A lawyer, he ...
Grévy, Jules
▪ president of France born Aug. 15, 1807, Mont-sous-Vaudrey, Fr. died Sept. 19, 1891, Mont-sous-Vaudrey       French Republican political figure whose term as president ...
grew
/grooh/, v. pt. of grow. * * *
Grew, Nehemiah
(baptized Sept. 26, 1641, Mancetter Parish, Warwickshire, Eng. died March 25, 1712, London) British botanist. A physician and professor, Grew's training in animal anatomy led to ...
grewsome
—grewsomely, adv. —grewsomeness, n. /grooh"seuhm/, adj. gruesome. * * *
grex
/greks/, n. a numerical system for measuring the size of fibers, filaments, or yarns, based on the weight in grams of 10,000 meters of the fibrous material. [from the expression ...
grey
—greyly, adv. —greyness, n. /gray/, adj., greyer, greyest, n., v.t., v.i. gray1. * * * (as used in expressions) De Grey River Grey Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey Lady Jane Grey ...
Grey
/gray/, n. 1. Charles, 2nd Earl, 1764-1845, British statesman: prime minister 1830-34. 2. Sir Edward (Viscount Fallodon), 1862-1933, British statesman. 3. Sir George, 1812-98, ...
Grey Cup
▪ Canadian football trophy   Grey Cup Tabletrophy awarded annually to the winner of the professional Canadian Football League (CFL) play-offs. The cup was first awarded in ...
Grey Cup Table
▪ Table Grey Cup year result 1909 U. of Toronto 1910 U. of Toronto 1911 U. of Toronto 1912 Hamilton Alerts 1913 Hamilton Tigers 1914 Toronto Argonauts 1915 Hamilton ...
grey plover
Brit. the black-bellied plover. * * *
Grey's Anatomy
▪ American television show       prime-time American television medical drama that debuted on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) network in 2005. The series ...
Grey, Charles Grey, 1st Earl, Viscount Howick
▪ British general also called  (1801–06) Baron Grey De Howick  born 1729, Howick, Northumberland, Eng. died Nov. 14, 1807, Howick       British general in the ...
Grey, Charles Grey, 2nd Earl
born March 13, 1764, Falloden, Northumberland, Eng. died July 17, 1845, Howick, Northumberland British politician, leader of the Whig Party, and prime minister ...
Grey, Henry George Grey, 3rd Earl
▪ British statesman also called  (1806–45) Viscount Howick   born Dec. 28, 1802, Howick, Northumberland, Eng. died Oct. 9, 1894, Howick       British statesman who, ...
Grey, Lady Jane
born October 1537, Bradgate, Leicestershire, Eng. died Feb. 12, 1554, London Titular queen of England for nine days in 1553. The great-granddaughter of Henry VII, she was ...
Grey, Sir Edward, 3rd Baronet
born April 25, 1862, London, Eng. died Sept. 7, 1933, Fallodon, near Embleton, Northumberland British statesman. A relative of Earl Grey, he entered Parliament as a Liberal ...
Grey, Sir George
▪ British colonial administrator born April 14, 1812, Lisbon died Sept. 19, 1898, London  British colonial administrator who was called upon to govern in periods of crisis, ...
Grey, Zane
orig. Pearl Grey born Jan. 31, 1872, Zanesville, Ohio, U.S. died Oct. 23, 1939, Altadena, Calif. U.S. novelist. He began his career as a dentist. He first visited the American ...
Grey,Charles
Grey (grā), Charles. Second Earl Grey. 1764-1845. British politician who as prime minister (1830-1834) implemented parliamentary and social reforms, notably the abolition of ...
Grey,Lady Jane
Grey, Lady Jane. 1537-1554. Queen of England for nine days (1553). Proclaimed queen on the death of Edward VI (July 10, 1553), she was imprisoned after her short reign, replaced ...
Grey,Zane
Grey, Zane. 1875-1939. American writer of Western adventure novels, including Riders of the Purple Sage (1912). * * *
grey-headed
/gray"hed"id/, adj. gray-headed. * * *
greyback
/gray"bak'/, n. grayback. * * *
greybeard
/gray"beard'/, n. graybeard. * * *
greyhen
/gray"hen"/, n. Brit. the female of the black grouse. [1400-50; late ME. See GREY, HEN] * * *
greyhound
/gray"hownd'/, n. 1. one of a breed of tall, slender, short-haired dogs, noted for its keen sight and swiftness. 2. a swift ship, esp. a fast ocean liner. Also, grayhound. [bef. ...
Greyhound bus
n any of the buses of the Greyhound Lines Company, the largest US bus company operating between towns and cities. It was established in 1914 and took its present name in 1930 ...
Greyhound Derby
one of the most important races in Britain for greyhounds (= dogs that can run very fast). It took place once a year at White City until 1984, when it was moved to Wimbledon. ...
Greyhound Lines, Inc.
U.S. corporation that has provided the major intercity bus transportation in the U.S. and Canada. It was founded in 1926 as Motor Transit Management. Backed by the railroads, ...
greyhound racing
n [U] a popular sport in Britain in which greyhounds (= large thin dogs) race around a circular track chasing an imitation hare. People make bets on the races, and refer to the ...
greyish
/gray"ish/, adj. grayish. * * *
greylag
/gray"lag'/, n. graylag. * * * Most common Eurasian representative (Anser anser) of the so-called gray goose, and ancestor of all Occidental domestic geese. It nests in ...
Greylock, Mount
▪ mountain, Massachusetts, United States       highest point (3,491 feet [1,064 metres]) in Massachusetts, U.S. It lies 5 miles (8 km) south-southwest of North Adams, ...
Greymouth
▪ New Zealand       town and port, western South Island, New Zealand. Established in 1863 as a government depot at the mouth of the Grey River, on the north Westland ...
Greynville
/grayn"vil, gren"-/, n. Sir Richard. See Grenville, Sir Richard. * * *
greywacke
/gray"wak', -wak'euh/, n. graywacke. * * *
GRF
See growth hormone releasing factor. * * *
Gṛhya-sūtra
▪ Hindu text       any of the Hindu religious manuals detailing the domestic (gṛhya) religious ceremonies performed by the householder over his own fire. They make up, ...
gri-gri
☆ gri-gri [grē′grē΄ ] n. alt. sp. of GRIS-GRIS * * *
gribble
/grib"euhl/, n. a small, marine isopod crustacean of the genus Limnoria that destroys submerged timber by boring into it. [1830-40; perh. akin to GRUB] * * * ▪ ...
Gribeauval, Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de
▪ French officer and engineer born Sept. 15, 1715, Amiens, France died May 9, 1789, Paris       French military officer and engineer whose developments of French ...
Griboyedov, Aleksandr Sergeyevich
▪ Russian dramatist Griboyedov also spelled  Griboedov   born Jan. 4 [Jan. 15, New Style], 1795, Moscow, Russia died Jan. 30 [Feb. 11], 1829, Tehrān, ...
grice
/gruys/, n. Chiefly Scot. a pig, esp. a young or suckling pig. [1175-1225; ME gris < ON griss pig] * * *
Grice, H(erbert)Paul
Grice (grīs), H(erbert) Paul. 1913-1988. British logician best known for his studies of the pragmatics of communication and his theory of conversational maxims.   Gricʹe·an ...
Gricean
See Grice, Herbert Paul. * * *
grid
/grid/, n. 1. a grating of crossed bars; gridiron. 2. Elect. a. a metallic framework employed in a storage cell or battery for conducting the electric current and supporting the ...


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