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Слова на букву gano-hipp (15990)

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See gawp. * * *
Turk. /gow rddah"/, n. See Tepe Gawra. * * *
/gaw"see/, adj. Scot. and North Eng. 1. (of people) well-dressed and of cheerful appearance. 2. (of things) large and handsome. Also, gawsie. [1710-20; perh. var. of GAUDY1; cf. ...
—gayness, n. /gay/, adj., gayer, gayest, n., adv. adj. 1. having or showing a merry, lively mood: gay spirits; gay music. 2. bright or showy: gay colors; gay ornaments. 3. ...
/gay/, n. 1. John, 1685-1732, English poet and dramatist. 2. a female or male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) gay rights movement Gay John Gay Lussac Joseph ...
Gay Gordons
n [sing] a lively traditional Scottish dance for several couples. * * *
gay liberation
—gay liberationist. a political and social movement to combat legal and social discrimination against homosexuals. [1965-70] * * *
Gay Nineties
the 1890s in the United States, a period regarded nostalgically as a decade of prosperous comfort and associated with gaslights, early bicycles and cars, and the Gibson girl. * * ...
gay power
the organized political influence exerted by homosexuals as a group, esp. to ensure equal rights in employment, housing, etc. * * *
gay rights movement
or homosexual rights movement Civil-rights movement that advocates equal rights for gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, and transsexuals. Supporters of gay rights seek to eliminate ...
Gay Times
Britain’s largest magazine for homosexuals, published once a month since 1984. It used to be called Gay News, but changed its name when Gay News went bankrupt after losing a ...
Gay, John
born , June 30, 1685, Barnstaple, Devon, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1732, London British poet and dramatist. From an ancient but impoverished Devonshire family, Gay was apprenticed to a ...
Gay, Sophie
▪ French author in full  Marie-Françoise-Sophie Nichault de Lavalette Gay  born July 1, 1776, Paris, Fr. died March 5, 1852, Paris       French writer and grande ...
Gay (gā), John. 1685-1732. English writer known especially for his play The Beggar's Opera (1728). * * *
/gay"fedh'euhr/, n. any of several composite plants of the genus Liatris, esp. L. spicata or L. scariosa, having hairy leaves and long clusters of purplish flowers. [1810-20, ...
/gay'leuh sak"/; Fr. /gay lyuu sak"/, n. Joseph Louis /joh"zeuhf looh"ee, -seuhf/; Fr. /zhaw zef" lwee/, 1778-1850, French chemist and physicist. * * *
Gay-Lussac's law
Thermodynamics. the principle that, for relatively low pressures, the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the absolute temperature of the gas. Also ...
Gay-Lussac, Joseph (-Louis)
born Dec. 6, 1778, Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, France died May 9, 1850, Paris French chemist and physicist. He showed that all gases expand by the same fraction of their volume ...
Gay-Lussac, Joseph-Louis
▪ French scientist Introduction born December 6, 1778, Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, France died May 9, 1850, Paris  French chemist and physicist who pioneered investigations ...
Gay-Lussac,Joseph Louis
Gay-Lus·sac (gā'lə-săkʹ, -lü-säkʹ), Joseph Louis. 1778-1850. French chemist and physicist who isolated the element boron (1809) and formulated a law that explains the ...
/gah"yeuh, guy"euh, geuh yah"/, n. a city in central Bihar, in NE India: Hindu center of pilgrimage. 179,826. * * * ▪ India       city, south-central Bihar state, ...
Gaya Maretan
/mar"i tan'/, n. Gayomart. * * *
/geuh yahl"/, n., pl. gayals, (esp. collectively) gayal. an ox, Bibos frontalis, of southeastern Asia and the Malay Archipelago, sometimes considered to be a domesticated breed ...
/gah"yeuh tree'/, n. Hinduism. a Vedic mantra expressing hope for enlightenment: recited daily by the faithful and repeated in all religious rites and ceremonies. [1835-45; < Skt ...
(1939–84) a US singer and writer of soul music who was one of the stars of the Motown(2) sound. His best-known songs include How Sweet It Is (1964), Ain’t that Peculiar ...
Gaye, Marvin
▪ American singer and composer Introduction byname of  Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr.  born April 2, 1939, Washington, D.C., U.S. died April 1, 1984, Los Angeles, ...
Gaye, Marvin (Pentz)
orig. Marvin Pentz Gay born April 2, 1939, Washington, D.C., U.S. died April 1, 1984, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. singer and songwriter. Son of a Pentecostal minister, he learned ...
/gay"i tee/, n., pl. gayeties. gaiety. * * *
gay feather n. See blazing star. * * *
Gaylānī, Rashīd ʿAlī al-
▪ prime minister of Iraq Gaylānī also spelled  Gailānī,   Gīlānī , or  Kaylānī  born 1892, Baghdad, Iraq, Ottoman Empire [now Iraq] died August 28, 1965, Beirut, ...
/gayl/, n. a female or male given name. * * *
Gayley, James
▪ American metallurgist born Oct. 11, 1855, Lock Haven, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 25, 1920, New York, N.Y.       American metallurgist who invented a device to ensure uniform ...
/gay"lawrd'/, n. a male given name. * * *
/gay"leuh suyt'/, n. a rare mineral, hydrated carbonate of sodium and calcium. [1826; named after J. L. GAY-LUSSAC; see -ITE1] * * * ▪ mineral  a carbonate mineral, hydrated ...
/gay"lee/, adv. gaily. * * *
See gay. * * *
/gah yoh"mahrt/, n. Zoroastrianism. the first Aryan and the sixth creation of Ahura Mazda. Also called Gaya Maretan. * * * In later Zoroastrianism, the first man and the ...
/gay"wingz"/, n., pl. gaywings. See fringed polygala. [1840-50, Amer.; GAY + WING + -S3] * * *
gaz abbrev. gazetteer * * *
1. gazette. 2. gazetteer. * * *
/gah"zeuh, gaz"euh, gay"zeuh/, n. a seaport on the Mediterranean Sea, in the Gaza Strip, adjacent to SW Israel; occupied by Israel 1967-94; since 1994 under Palestinian ...
Gaza Strip
a coastal area on the E Mediterranean: formerly in the Palestine mandate, occupied by Israel 1967-94; since 1994 under Palestinian self-rule. * * * Gaza Strip Introduction ...
/geuh zay"boh/, n., pl. gazabos. Older Slang. a fellow; man; boy. Also, gazebo. [1895-1900; perh. < Sp gazapo sly customer, sharpie, lit., bunny, young rabbit, akin to Pg ...
/geuh zay"nee euh/, n. any of several composite plants of the genus Gazania, native to southern Africa, having showy flowers with variously colored rays. [ < NL (1791), after ...
▪ historical region, South Africa also called  Machanganaland, or Matshangana-tsonga,         former nonindependent Bantustan, northeastern Transvaal, South Africa, ...
/geuh zahr"/, n. a silk fabric of loose construction with a stiff hand. * * *
—gazeless, adj. —gazer, n. —gazingly, adv. /gayz/, v., gazed, gazing, n. v.i. 1. to look steadily and intently, as with great curiosity, interest, pleasure, or ...
gazebo1 /geuh zay"boh, -zee"-/, n., pl. gazebos, gazeboes. 1. a structure, as an open or latticework pavilion or summerhouse, built on a site that provides an attractive view. 2. ...
/gayz"hownd'/, n. one of any of several breeds of hounds, as the Afghan, borzoi, greyhound, Saluki, or whippet, that hunts by sighting the game rather than by scent. Also called ...
—gazellelike, adj. /geuh zel"/, n., pl. gazelles, (esp. collectively) gazelle. any small antelope of the genus Gazella and allied genera, of Africa and Asia, noted for graceful ...
gazelle hound
Saluki. * * *
Gazelle Peninsula
Peninsula, extending northeast from the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea. Located in the South Pacific Ocean, the Gazelle Peninsula is about 50 mi (80 km) wide but tapers ...
See gaze. * * *
/geuh zet"/, n., v., gazetted, gazetting. n. 1. a newspaper (now used chiefly in the names of newspapers): The Phoenix Gazette. 2. Chiefly Brit. an official government journal ...
/gaz'i tear"/, n. 1. a geographical dictionary. 2. Archaic. a journalist, esp. one appointed and paid by the government. [1605-15; GAZETTE + -EER] * * *
/gah'zee ahn tep"/, n. a city in S Turkey in Asia. 294,950. Formerly, Aintab. * * * formerly Aintab City (pop., 1997: 712,800), south-central Turkey. Located north of Aleppo, ...
/geuh zil"yeuhn/, n. an extremely large, indeterminate number. [ga-, var. of KA- + ZILLION] * * *
/gaz"euh jeen'/, n. an apparatus for impregnating a liquid with a gas, esp. carbon dioxide. Also, gasogene. [1850-55; < F gazogène. See GAS, -O-, -GEN] * * *
/geuh spah"choh/; Sp. /gahth pah"chaw, gahs-/, n. Spanish Cookery. a soup made of chopped tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, garlic, oil, and vinegar, and served cold. [1835-45; < ...
—gazumper, n. /geuh zump"/, Brit. Slang. v.t. 1. to cheat (a house buyer) by raising the price, at the time a contract is to be signed, over the amount originally agreed ...
➡ Gascoigne. * * *
Gb abbrev. gilbert * * * GB abbr. 1. gigabyte. 2. Great Britain. * * *
GB plate
n a white sign with the letters GB on it in black, attached to the back of a car to show that the car is from Great Britain. Many British people attach GB plates to their cars ...
Gbagbo, Laurent
▪ 2004       In 2003 Pres. Laurent Gbagbo of Côte d'Ivoire was, in large measure, a victim of his own success. For some 30 years he fought for the rights of workers in ...
/geuh bahr"ee/, n., pl. Gbaris, (esp. collectively) Gbari. Gwari. * * *
▪ Liberia also called  Gbanga,  or  Gbanka         city, north-central Liberia, West Africa, at the intersection of roads from Monrovia and northern Sierra Leone. A ...
▪ people also spelled  Baya  or  Gbeya         a people of southwestern Central African Republic, east-central Cameroon, northern Congo (Brazzaville), and ...
Also kpp. To be(come) bent, curved, to cut. jumper2, from from Arabic jubba, a long garment with wide, open sleeves, from jabba, to cut. * * *
Gbe (bĕ, gbĕ) n. A closely related group of Kwa languages, including Ewe and Fon, that are spoken in coastal Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Nigeria.   [Gbe, language, voice.] * * *
Central Semitic root, appearing in various nouns denoting “border,” “frontier,” “mountain.” javelina, from Arabic (ḫinzīr) jabalī, mountain (swine), from jabal, ...
see gpr. * * *
1. gigacycle; gigacycles. 2. gigacycles per second. * * *
1. Girls' Clubs of America. 2. Aeron. See ground-controlled approach. * * *
See Gulf Cooperation Council. * * *
GCD or gcd abbrev. greatest common divisor * * * gcd abbr. greatest common divisor. * * *
Brit. General Certificate of Education. * * *
GCF or gcf abbrev. greatest common factor * * * gcf abbr. greatest common factor. * * *
(in full Government Communications Headquarters) a British government centre in Cheltenham, England, responsible to the Foreign Secretary. It was set up after World War II to ...
Mil. ground-controlled interception. * * *
G clef n. See treble clef. * * *
▪ Buddhist rite Tibetan“to cut off,” or “to cut up”       esoteric Tibetan Buddhist rite that aims at “cutting off” the human ego and thus destroying the ...
Mil. ground-controlled radar. * * *
gcs abbrev. gigacycles per second * * *
(in full General Certificate of Secondary Education) n (in England, Wales and Northern Ireland) a school examination in any one of several subjects. Most students take GCSEs at ...
GCT abbr. Greenwich civil time. * * *
Real Estate. garbage disposal. * * *
Symbol, Chem. gadolinium. * * *
1. good. 2. guard. * * *
/gduyonnsk/; Eng. /geuh dahnsk", -dansk"/, n. a seaport in N Poland, on the Gulf of Danzig. 402,200. German, Danzig. * * * German Danzig City (pop., 2000 est.: 456,574), ...
Gdańsk, Gulf of
Inlet of the Baltic Sea. Bordered by Poland on the west and south and Russia on the east, it extends 40 mi (64 km) from north to south and 60 mi (97 km) east to west, reaching a ...
gourde; gourdes. * * *
guardian. * * *
genomic DNA. * * *
gross domestic product. * * *
German Democratic Republic. Also, G.D.R. * * *
gds abbrev. goods * * *
goods. * * *
/geuh din"ee euh, -yeuh/; Pol. /gdi"nyah/, n. a seaport in N Poland, on the Gulf of Danzig. 211,900. * * * ▪ Poland       city, Pomorskie województwo (province), ...
/zhay/, n. 1. a family of South American Indian languages spoken in southern and eastern Brazil and northern Paraguay. 2. a member of any of several Ge-speaking peoples. Symbol, ...
Ge Hong
or Ko Hung born 283, Danyang, China died 343, Danyang Chinese alchemist and Daoist philosopher. He received a Confucian education but later became interested in the Daoist ...
Ge kiln
▪ pottery Pinyin  Ge yao , Wade-Giles romanization  Ko yao        kiln known for the wares it produced during the early Song dynasty (960–1162), probably in the ...
Ge languages
      a group of about 10 South American Indian languages that extend through inland eastern Brazil as far as the Uruguayan border. Most linguists classify the Ge ...
Ge'ez (gē-ĕzʹ, gŭʹəz) n. An ancient Afro-Asiatic language that is related to Amharic and other modern languages of Ethiopia and Eritrea and is still used as a liturgical ...
ge- pref. Variant of geo-. * * *
/zhay"pah"noh kar"ib/, n. a linguistic phylum comprising a large number of aboriginal languages with scattered distribution in South America east of the Andes. * * *
/geen/, n. See heart cherry. [1525-35; < MF guigne, of uncert. orig.] * * *
geanticlinal [jē΄an΄ti klī′nəl] n. now rare var. of GEANTICLINE adj. of, or having the nature of, a geanticline * * * See geanticline. * * *
—geanticlinal /jee an'ti kluyn"l, jee'an-/, adj. /jee an"ti kluyn'/, n. Geol. an anticlinal upwarp of regional extent. [1890-95; < Gk gê earth + ANTICLINE] * * *
—gearless, adj. /gear/, n. 1. Mach. a. a part, as a disk, wheel, or section of a shaft, having cut teeth of such form, size, and spacing that they mesh with teeth in another ...
gear lever
Brit. gearshift. [1900-05] * * *
gear pump.
See lobular pump. [1920-25] * * *
gear ratio
Mach. 1. the ratio of the rotational speeds of the first and final gears in a train of gears or of any two meshing gears. 2. the ratio of the diameters of the pitch surfaces of ...
/gear"boks'/, n. 1. a transmission, as in an automobile. 2. a shield or housing for gears. Also, gear box. [1885-90; GEAR + BOX1] * * *
/gear"ing/, n. Mach. 1. an assembly of parts, esp. a train of gears, for transmitting and modifying motion and torque in a machine. 2. the act or process of equipping with ...
gear ratio n. The ratio of the speed of rotation of the powered gear of a gear train to that of the final or driven gear. * * *
/gear"set'/, n. Auto., Mach. a combination of gears that mesh to provide a particular gear ratio. [GEAR + SET] * * *
/gear"shift'/, n. 1. See shift lever. 2. a device for selecting, engaging, and disengaging gears for a system for the transmission of power, esp. in a motor vehicle. [1925-30, ...
gear train n. A system of interconnected gears. * * *
/gear"hweel', -weel'/, n. a wheel having teeth or cogs that engage with those of another wheel or part; cogwheel. Also, gear wheel. [1870-75; GEAR + WHEEL] * * *
Geat (gēt, yăt) n. A member of an ancient Germanic people of southern Sweden conquered by the Swedes in the sixth century A.D.   [Old English Gēat.] * * *
/geb/, n. Egyptian Religion. the god of the earth and the father of Osiris and Isis. Also, Keb. * * * or Keb In ancient Egyptian religion, the god of the earth and the physical ...
born. [ < G geboren] * * *
/gay"beuh/; Port. /zhe"bah/, n. a river in W Africa, flowing N from NW Guinea-Bissau to the Atlantic Ocean. ab. 190 mi. (305 km) long. * * *
Gebel-Williams, Gunther
▪ 2002       German-born American circus animal trainer (b. Sept. 12, 1934, Schweidnitz, Ger. [now Swidnica, Pol.]—d. July 19, 2001, Venice, Fla.), was one of the most ...
Ge·bel Mu·sa (jĕbʹəl mo͞oʹsə, -sä) See Jebel Musa. * * *
/jee"beuhr/, n. (Jabir ibn Hayyan) 8th-century A.D. Arab alchemist. Also, Jabir. * * * ▪ Spanish alchemist flourished 14th century       unknown author of several ...
▪ music German“music for use”, also called  utility music        music intended, by virtue of its simplicity of technique and style, primarily for performance by ...
/gek"oh/, n., pl. geckos, geckoes. any of numerous small, mostly nocturnal tropical lizards of the family Gekkonidae, usually having toe pads that can cling to smooth surfaces: ...
/ged/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) ged, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) geds. Scot. and North Eng. any fish of the pike family. Also, gedd. [1275-1325; ME gedde ...
1. general educational development. 2. general equivalency diploma. * * *
Ged, William
▪ Scottish goldsmith born 1690, Edinburgh, Scot. died Oct. 19, 1749, Leith, Midlothian       Scottish goldsmith who invented (1725) stereotyping (stereotype), a process ...
/ged'l uy"euh, gi dahl"yeuh/, n. the governor of Judah after its conquest by Babylon. II Kings 25:22-26. * * *
Gedaliah, fast of
▪ Judaism       a minor Jewish observance (on Tishri 3) that mournfully recalls the assassination of Gedaliah, Jewish governor of Judah and appointee of Nebuchadrezzar, ...
Gedanken experiment
/geuh dahng"keuhn/, Physics. See thought experiment. [ < G, pl. of Gedanke thought] * * *
/ged"eez/, n. 1. Norman Bel /bel/, 1893-1958, U.S. industrial and stage designer and architect. 2. Sir Patrick, 1854-1932, Scottish biologist, sociologist, and town planner. * * *
Geddes, James
▪ American engineer, lawyer, and politician born July 22, 1763, near Carlisle, Pa. [U.S.] died Aug. 19, 1838, Geddes, N.Y., U.S.       American civil engineer, lawyer, ...
Geddes, Norman Bel
▪ American theatrical designer original name  Norman Melancton Geddes   born April 27, 1893, Adrian, Mich., U.S. died May 8, 1958, New York, N.Y.       American ...
Geddes, Sir Patrick
▪ Scottish biologist and sociologist born Oct. 2, 1854, Ballater, Aberdeen, Scot. died April 17, 1932, Montpellier, Fr.       Scottish biologist and sociologist who was ...
Geddes,Norman Bel
Ged·des (gĕdʹēz), Norman Bel. 1893-1958. American architect and theatrical and industrial designer who popularized the concept of streamlining. * * *
▪ grand duke of Lithuania (Lithuanian), Polish  Gedymin  born c. 1275 died 1341       grand duke of Lithuania, the strongest contemporary ruler of eastern ...
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county of Nottinghamshire, east-central England. The district takes its name ...
Historic region, South Asia. It was located west of the Indus River, in what is now the Balochistan region of Pakistan. In 325 BC Alexander the Great's forces suffered ...
gee1 /jee/, interj., v., geed, geeing. interj. 1. (used as a word of command to a horse or other draft animal directing it to turn to the right.) 2. gee up, (used as a word of ...
gee whiz
Informal. gee2. [1880-85, Amer.; appar. euphemistic alter. of JESUS, with final syllable replaced by WHIZ1] * * *
Gee, Kenneth
▪ British athlete born 1916, Wigan, Lancashire, Eng.       English rugby player, a member of the powerful Wigan club that won the Rugby League (RL) Challenge Cup in ...
Gee, Maurice
▪ New Zealander author born Aug. 22, 1931, Whaketane, N.Z.       novelist best known for his realistic evocations of New Zealand life. He also wrote popular books for ...
/jee"string'/, n. G-string. Also, gee string. * * *
/jee"hwiz", -wiz"/, adj. Informal. arousing or characterized by surprise, wonder, or triumphant achievement: a gee-whiz technology; a gee-whiz reaction to the sight of the Grand ...
/jee"bung/, n. 1. any of various small trees or shrubs of the genus Persoonia, native to Australia and New Zealand, having small white or yellow flowers and fleshy, edible ...
/gee"chee/, n. Gullah. * * *
/jee"gaw, gee"-/, n. gewgaw. * * *
/geek/, n. Slang. 1. a carnival performer who performs sensationally morbid or disgusting acts, as biting off the head of a live chicken. 2. a peculiar or offensive person, esp. ...
See geek. * * *
▪ Belgium also spelled  Gheel        commune, Antwerp province, northern Belgium, in the Kempenland (Campine) Plateau, east of Antwerp. Renowned for its unique system ...
/ji lawng"/, n. a seaport in SE Australia, SW of Melbourne. 125,279. * * * ▪ Victoria, Australia       second largest city of Victoria, Australia, and a major port on ...
Geelvink Bay
Du. /khayl"vingk/ former (Dutch) name of Sarera Bay. * * *
/geep/, n., pl. geep. the hybrid offspring of a goat and a sheep. Also called shoat. [1970-75; G(OAT) + (SH)EEP] * * *
Geer, Dirk Jan de
▪ prime minister of The Netherlands born Dec. 14, 1870, Groningen, Neth. died Nov. 28, 1960, Soest       conservative statesman and prime minister of The Netherlands ...
Geertgen tot Sint Jans
flourished с 1475–1495, Netherlands, Hapsburg empire Dutch painter. Little is known of his career. His name means "Little Gerard of the Brethren of St. John," after the ...
Geertz, Clifford
▪ American anthropologist in full  Clifford James Geertz   born Aug. 23, 1926, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Oct. 30, 2006, Philadelphia, Pa.       American ...
Geertz, Clifford (James)
born Aug. 23, 1926, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. U.S. cultural anthropologist, a leading proponent of a form of anthropology that stresses the importance of symbols and ...
Geertz, Clifford James
▪ 2007       American cultural anthropologist (b. Aug. 23, 1926, San Francisco, Calif.—d. Oct. 30, 2006, Philadelphia, Pa.), was a leading rhetorician and proponent of ...
/gees/, n. a pl. of goose. * * *
Geesink, Anton
▪ Dutch athlete born April 6, 1934, Utrecht, Neth.    Dutch athlete who was the first non-Japanese to win a world championship in judo.       Standing 6 feet 6 inches ...
gee whiz interj. Used to express mild surprise, amazement, or enthusiasm. * * *
/gee ez", gay-/, n. a Semitic language of ancient Ethiopia, now used only as the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Church. Also, Ge'ez. Also called Ethiopic. * * *
/gee"zeuhr/, n. Slang. an odd or eccentric man: the old geezer who sells shoelaces on the corner. [1880-85; var. of guiser (see GUISE (v.), -ER1), repr. dial. pron.] * * *
Geffrye Museum
a museum of furniture in east London, England. Most of the museum consists of a series of rooms, each one showing what an ordinary English home would look like in various periods ...
gefilte fish
/geuh fil"teuh/, Jewish Cookery. a forcemeat of boned fish, esp. such freshwater fish as carp, pike, or whitefish, blended with eggs, matzo meal, and seasoning, shaped into balls ...
ge·fil·te fish (gə-fĭlʹtə) n. Finely chopped fish, usually whitefish, pike, or carp, mixed with crumbs, eggs, and seasonings, cooked in a broth in the form of balls or ...
Gegenbaur, Karl
born Aug. 21, 1826, Würzburg, Bavaria died June 14, 1903, Heidelberg, Ger. German anatomist. A strong supporter of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, he showed that ...
/gay"geuhn shuyn'/, n. Astron. a faint, elliptical patch of light in the night sky that appears opposite the sun, being a reflection of sunlight by meteoric material in space. ...
/gi hen"euh/, n. 1. the valley of Hinnom, near Jerusalem, where propitiatory sacrifices were made to Moloch. II Kings 23:10. 2. hell (def. 1). 3. any place of extreme torment or ...
/gay"leuh nuyt'/, n. a mineral, aluminum calcium silicate, occurring in prismatic crystals varying in color from gray-green to brown. [1810-20; named after A. F. Gehlen ...
/ger"ig/, n. Henry Louis ("Lou"), 1903-41, U.S. baseball player. * * *
Gehrig, (Henry) Lou(is)
born June 19, 1903, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 2, 1941, New York U.S. baseball player, one of the game's great hitters. Gehrig attended Columbia University before joining ...
Gehrig, Lou
▪ American athlete in full  Henry Louis Gehrig , original name  Ludwig Heinrich Gehrig , byname  the Iron Horse  born June 19, 1903, New York, New York, U.S. died June ...
Gehrig,Henry Louis
Geh·rig (gĕrʹĭg), Henry Louis. Known as “Lou.” 1903-1941. American baseball player. Between 1923 and 1939 he played in 2,130 consecutive games, which was a major league ...
Gehry, Frank
▪ 1995       In designing the new American Center in Paris, which opened in June 1994, Frank Gehry created an exciting space for promoting U.S. culture. The complex, ...
Gehry, Frank O(wen)
born Feb. 28, 1929, Toronto, Ont., Can. Canadian-born U.S architect. He studied at the University of Southern California and Harvard University. In his early buildings, his use ...
Gehry, Frank O.
▪ American architect in full  Frank Owen Gehry , original name  Ephraim Owen Goldberg  born Feb. 28, 1929, Toronto, Ont., Can.       American architect and designer ...
Gehr·y (gârʹē, gărʹē), Frank. Born 1929. Canadian-born American architect. His designs, which incorporate elements of sculpture and collage, include the Walt Disney ...
Geibel, Emanuel
▪ German poet in full  Franz Emanuel August Geibel   born Oct. 17, 1815, Lübeck [Germany] died April 6, 1884, Lübeck, Ger.  German poet who was the centre of a circle of ...
/guy"geuhr/, n. Hans /hahns/, 1882-1947, German physicist. * * * (as used in expressions) Geiger counter Geiger Müller counter Geiger Abraham Geiger Theodor Julius * * *
Geiger counter
an instrument for detecting ionizing radiations, consisting of a gas-filled tube in which electric-current pulses are produced when the gas is ionized by radiation, and of a ...
Geiger, Abraham
born May 24, 1810, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died Oct. 23, 1874, Berlin German Jewish theologian. He served as rabbi in Wiesbaden from 1832 and in Breslau 1838–63. He helped ...
Geiger, Hans
▪ German physicist byname of  Johannes Wilhelm Geiger   born Sept. 30, 1882, Neustadt an der Haardt, Ger. died Sept. 24, 1945, Potsdam       German physicist who ...
Geiger, Rudolf Oskar Robert Williams
▪ German meteorologist born Aug. 24, 1894, Erlangen, Ger. died 1981       German meteorologist, one of the founders of microclimatology, the study of the climatic ...
Geiger, Theodor Julius
born Nov. 9, 1891, Munich, Ger. died June 16, 1952, at sea German sociologist. An early critic of the Nazis, Geiger fled to Copenhagen, where in 1938 at the University of ...
Geiger-Müller threshold
/guy"geuhr mul"euhr, -myooh"leuhr/, Physics. the minimum voltage applied to an ionization chamber, as in a Geiger counter, at which the charge collected per count is independent ...
Geiger-Müller tube
Physics. a tube functioning as an ionization chamber within a Geiger counter. Also called Geiger tube. [1925-30; see GEIGER-MÜLLER THRESHOLD] * * *
Gei·ger-Mül·ler counter (gīʹgər-mülʹər) n. See Geiger counter. * * *
Gei·ger counter (gīʹgər) n. An instrument that detects and measures the intensity of radiation, such as particles from radioactive material, consisting of a Geiger tube and ...
gei·ger tree (gīʹgər) n. A small evergreen tree (Cordia sebestena) native to the Florida Keys, the West Indies, and northern South America, having large orange and scarlet ...
Geiger tube Precision Graphics n. A metal or glass tube filled with gas that is ionized by passing charged particles, producing within the tube an electric charge indicative of ...
Geijer, Erik Gustaf
▪ Swedish author born Jan. 12, 1783, Ransäter, Värmland, Sweden died April 23, 1847, Stockholm  Swedish poet, historian, philosopher, and social and political theorist who ...
/gee"kee/, n. Sir Archibald, 1835-1924, Scottish geologist. * * *
Geikie, Sir Archibald
▪ British geologist born Dec. 28, 1835, Edinburgh, Scot. died Nov. 10, 1924, Haslemere, Surrey, Eng.       British geologist who became the foremost advocate of the ...
Gein, Ed
▪ American serial killer in full  Edward Theodore Gein  born Aug. 27, 1906, Plainfield, Wis., U.S. died July 26, 1984, Madison, Wis.       American serial killer ...
/guy"zeuhl/, n. Theodor Seuss /soohs/ ("Dr. Seuss"), 1904-91, U.S. humorist, illustrator, and author of children's books. * * *
Geisel, Ernesto
▪ 1997       Brazilian army general and politician (b. Aug. 3, 1908, Bento Gonçalves, Brazil—d. Sept. 12, 1996, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), was president of Brazil from ...
Geisel, Theodor Seuss
known as Dr. Seuss born March 2, 1904, Springfield, Mass., U.S. died Sept. 24, 1991, La Jolla, Calif. U.S. writer and illustrator. He studied at Dartmouth College and did ...
Geisel,Theodor Seuss
Gei·sel (gīʹzəl), Theodor Seuss. Pen name Dr. Seuss (so͞os) 1904-1991. American writer and illustrator of children's books. His works, known for their humorous verse and ...
/gay"sheuh, gee"-/, n., pl. geisha, geishas. a Japanese woman trained as a professional singer, dancer, and companion for men. [1890-95; < Japn, equiv. to gei arts ( < Chin) + ...
Geissler tube
/guys"leuhr/ a sealed glass tube with platinum connections at the ends, containing rarefied gas made luminous by an electrical discharge. [1865-70; named after H. Geissler ...
Geissler, Heinrich
▪ German glassblower in full  Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Geissler   born May 26, 1815, Igelshieb, Thuringia, Saxe-Meiningen [Germany] died January 24, 1879, Bonn, Prussia ...
Geithner, Timothy
▪ American public official in full  Timothy Franz Geithner  born Aug. 18, 1961, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American public official who served as president of the ...
—geitonogamous, adj. /guyt'n og"euh mee/, n. Bot. pollination of a flower by pollen from another flower on the same plant. Cf. xenogamy. [1875-80; < Gk geitono- (s. of geíton) ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Ko-chiu        city, southern Yunnan sheng (province), China. It lies near the Vietnamese border and is the site of China's most ...
/jel/, n., v., gelled, gelling. n. 1. Physical Chem. a semirigid colloidal dispersion of a solid with a liquid or gas, as jelly, glue, etc. 2. Theat. gelatin (def. 5). 3. ...
gel chromatography
▪ chemistry also called  Gel Filtration,         in analytical chemistry, technique for separating chemical substances by exploiting the differences in the rates at ...
gel electrophoresis
Biochem. a technique for separating protein molecules of varying sizes in a mixture by moving them through a block of gel, as of agarose or polyacrylamide, by means of an ...
gel mineral
a colloidal mineral. * * *
Cold; to freeze. Derivatives include chill, jelly, and glacier. 1. chill, from Old English c(i)ele, chill, from Germanic *kaliz, coldness. 2. cold, from Old English ceald, cold, ...
Ge·la (jĕʹlä) A city of southern Sicily, Italy, on the Mediterranean Sea. Founded c. 688 B.C. by Greek colonists from Crete and Rhodes, it reached the height of its ...
See gel. * * *
/jel"euh deuh, jeuh lah"-/, n. a large baboonlike cliff-dwelling monkey, Theropithecus gelada, native to mountains of Ethiopia, having a brown coat and, in the male, a luxuriant ...
/geuh len"deuh loy'feuhr/, n. Skiing. a participant in cross-country skiing. [1930-35; < G, equiv. to Gelände countryside + Läufer runner] * * *
/geuh len"deuh sproong'/; Ger. /geuh len"deuh shprddoong'/, n. Skiing. a jump, usually over an obstacle, in which one plants both poles in the snow in advance of the skis, bends ...
Gelasius I
/jeuh lay"shee euhs, -zhee-, -zee-/ Saint, died A.D. 496, pope 492-496. * * *
Gelasius I, Saint
born probably Africa died Nov. 19, 496, feast day November 21 Pope (492–496). He combated the Acacian Schism in the East, which advocated the Monophysite heresy. He ...
Gelasius II
(Giovanni de Gaeta) died 1119, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1118-19. * * * ▪ pope original name  Giovanni Da Gaeta , English  John Of Gaeta  born , Gaeta, Kingdom of ...
gel·ate (jĕlʹāt') intr.v. gel·at·ed, gel·at·ing, gel·ates To gel. * * *
/jeuh lah"tee/, n. Italian Cookery. a rich ice cream, made with eggs and usually containing a relatively low percentage of butterfat. Also, gelato /jeuh lah"toh/. [ < It, pl. of ...
/jeuh lat'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. the process of gelatinizing. [1855-60; GELAT(IN) + -I- + -FICATION] * * *
/jel"euh tn/, n. 1. a nearly transparent, faintly yellow, odorless, and almost tasteless glutinous substance obtained by boiling in water the ligaments, bones, skin, etc., of ...
gelatin dynamite
a high explosive consisting of a gelatinized mass of nitroglycerin with cellulose nitrate added. Also called gelignite, nitrogelatin. [1885-90] * * *
gelatin process
▪ photographic process also called  gelatin dry-plate process        photographic process in which gelatin is used as the dispersing vehicle for the light-sensitive ...
—gelatination, n. /jeuh lat"n ayt'/, v.t., v.i., gelatinated, gelatinating. gelatinize. [1790-1800; GELATIN + -ATE1] * * *
See gelatinize. * * *
—gelatinization, n. —gelatinizer, n. /jeuh lat"n uyz', jel"euh tn-/, v., gelatinized, gelatinizing. v.t. 1. to make gelatinous. 2. to coat with gelatin, as paper. v.i. 3. to ...
/jeuh lat"n oyd'/, adj. 1. resembling gelatin; gelatinous. n. 2. a gelatinoid substance. [1865-70; GELATIN + -OID] * * *
—gelatinously, adv. —gelatinousness, gelatinity /jel'euh tin"i tee/, n. /jeuh lat"n euhs/, adj. 1. having the nature of or resembling jelly, esp. in consistency; ...
See gelatinous. * * *
See gelatinously. * * *
gelation1 /je lay"sheuhn, jeuh-/, n. solidification by cold; freezing. [1850-55; < L gelation- (s. of gelatio) a freezing, equiv. to gelat(us) (see GELATIN) + -ion- ...
gelato [jə lät′ō] n. pl. gelati [jə lät′ē] or gelatos 〚It, pl. of gelato, orig., frozen, pp. of gelare, to freeze < L: see GELATIN〛 [often in italics] an Italian ...
/gel"beuhr/, n. Jack, born 1932, U.S. playwright. * * *
Gelber, Jack
▪ 2004       American playwright (b. April 12, 1932, Chicago, Ill.—d. May 9, 2003, New York, N.Y.), broke new theatrical ground in 1959 with his controversially raw ...
geld1 —gelder, n. /geld/, v.t., gelded or gelt, gelding. 1. to castrate (an animal, esp. a horse). 2. to take strength, vitality, or power from; weaken or subdue. [1250-1300; ...
Gelder, Aert de
▪ Dutch painter Aert also spelled  Arent   born Oct. 26, 1645, Dordrecht, United Provinces [now The Netherlands] died Aug. 28, 1727, Dordrecht  the only Dutch artist of the ...
/gel"deuhr land'/; Du. /khel"deuhrdd lahnt'/, n. a province in E Netherlands. 1,717,458; 1965 sq. mi. (5090 sq. km). Cap.: Arnhem. Also called Guelders. * * * ▪ province, The ...
/gel"ding/, n. 1. a castrated male animal, esp. a horse. 2. a eunuch. [1350-1400; ME < ON geldingr. See GELD1, -ING3] * * *
(1951– ) an Irish pop singer who was the singer of the punk(1) group the Boomtown Rats in the 1970s. In 1984 he heard about the lack of food in Ethiopia and brought together ...
/jeuh lek"ee id/, n. 1. any of numerous small moths of the family Gelechiidae, including many crop pests, as the Angoumois grain moth and potato tuberworm. adj. 2. belonging or ...
gelechiid moth
▪ insect       any of more than 4,500 species of moths (order Lepidoptera), some of which are important pests. The brown adults have gray or silver markings and average ...
/zheuh lay"/, n. a jellied substance, esp. a cosmetic gel or a jellied food. Also, gelee. [ < F; see JELLY] * * *
/zheuh lay"/, n. Claude /klohd/. See Lorraine, Claude. * * *
gel electrophoresis n. Electrophoresis performed in a gel composed of agarose, polyacrylamide, or starch. * * *
Gelfond, Aleksandr Osipovich
▪ Russian mathematician born October 24, 1906, St. Petersburg, Russia died November 7, 1968, Moscow       Russian mathematician who originated basic techniques in the ...
Gelibolu [gel΄ē bō̂ lo͞o′] seaport in S European Turkey, on the Gallipoli Peninsula: strategic point in the defense of the Dardanelles and Bosporus straits: pop. 18,000 * ...
—gelidity /jeuh lid"i tee/, gelidness, n. —gelidly, adv. /jel"id/, adj. very cold; icy. [1600-10; < L gelidus icy cold, equiv. to gel(um) frost, cold + -idus -ID4] * * *
See gelid. * * *
See gelidity. * * *
See gelidity. * * *
/jel"ig nuyt'/, n. See gelatin dynamite. [GEL(ATIN) + L ign(is) fire + -ITE1] * * *
▪ king of Vandals flourished 6th century       last Vandal king (ruled 530–534) of the area called by the Romans “Africa” (roughly, modern ...
Gelinas, Gratien
▪ 2000       Canadian actor, director, producer, and playwright whose creation of the street urchin character Fridolin in the 1930s and performances of that character on ...
▪ soil  one of the 12 soil orders of the U.S. Soil Taxonomy (soil). Gelisols are perennially frozen soils of the Arctic and Antarctic regions, but they are also found at ...
/gel mahn", -man"/, n. Murray, born 1929, U.S. physicist: devised a system for classifying elementary particles and postulated theory of quarks; Nobel prize 1969. * * *
Gell-Mann, Murray
born Sept. 15, 1929, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. physicist. He entered Yale University at 15 and earned his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951. From ...
Gell-Mann (gĕlʹmănʹ), Murray. Born 1929. American physicist. He won a 1969 Nobel Prize for his study of subatomic particles. * * *
Gellar, Sarah Michelle
▪ 2001       In recent years a number of American television shows that catered to the youth market had emerged, with varying degrees of success. In 2000, however, one ...
▪ Welsh folklore       in Welsh tradition, the trusted hound of Prince Llewellyn the Great of Wales. Having been left to guard his master's infant son, Gellert killed a ...
Gellert, Christian Fürchtegott
▪ German writer born July 4, 1715, Hainichen, Saxony [now in Germany] died Dec. 13, 1769, Leipzig  poet and novelist, a prominent representative of the German Enlightenment ...

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