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groundrule double
ground rule double n. Baseball A double awarded to a batter when a batted ball bounces and goes over, strikes and goes over, or is touched by a player and goes over an outfield ...
groundsel1 /grownd"seuhl/, n. any composite plant of the genus Senecio, esp. S. vulgaris, a common weed having clusters of small yellow disk flowers without rays. [bef. 900; ME ...
groundsel tree
a composite shrub, Baccharis halimifolia, having dull, gray-green leaves and fruit with tufts of long, white hair, growing in salt marshes of eastern North America. Also called ...
/grownd"sheet'/, n. a waterproof sheet of plastic, canvas, or other durable material spread on the ground, as under a sleeping bag or in a tent, for protection against moisture. ...
ground·side (groundʹsīd') n. The part of an airport used for operations unrelated to the departure and arrival of aircraft. * * *
/grownd"sil'/, n. the lowermost sill of a framed structure, esp. one lying close to the ground. Also, groundsel. Also called ground beam, ground plate. [1400-50; late ME ...
—groundskeeping, n. /growndz"kee'peuhr/, n. 1. a person who is responsible for the care and maintenance of a particular tract of land, as an estate, a park, or a cemetery. 2. a ...
See groundskeeper. * * *
ground sloth n. Any of various massive extinct edentates, especially of the genus Megatherium, inhabiting South America during the Pleistocene Epoch and related to the sloths. ...
/grownd"speed'/, n. the speed of an aircraft with reference to the ground. Also, ground speed. [1915-20; GROUND1 + SPEED] * * *
ground squirrel n. Any of several burrowing or terrestrial squirrels of the genus Citellus or Spermophilus, including many species that hibernate during the winter. * * *
ground state n. The state of least possible energy in a physical system, as of elementary particles. Also called ground level. * * *
ground stroke n. A swing of a tennis racquet at a ball that has bounced from the ground. * * *
ground substance n. 1. The intercellular material in which the cells and fibers of connective tissue are embedded. Also called matrix. 2. See hyaloplasm. * * *
/grownd"swel'/, n. 1. a broad, deep swell or rolling of the sea, due to a distant storm or gale. 2. any surge of support, approval, or enthusiasm, esp. among the general public: ...
groundwater [groundwôt΄ər] n. water found underground in porous rock strata and soils, as in a spring: also written ground water * * * ground water also ground·wa·ter ...
ground wave n. A radio wave that travels along the surface of the earth. * * *
/grownd"wood'/, n. Papermaking. wood that has been ground for making into pulp. [1915-20; GROUND2 + WOOD1] * * *
groundwood pulp
wood pulp consisting of groundwood that has not been cooked or chemically treated, used for making newsprint and other poorer grades of paper. Also called mechanical pulp. Cf. ...
/grownd"werrk'/, n. foundation or basis: He laid the groundwork for an international conference. [1540-50; GROUND1 + WORK] * * *
ground zero n. 1. The target of a projectile, such as a missile or bomb. 2. The site directly below, directly above, or at the point of detonation of a nuclear weapon. 3. The ...
—groupwise, adv. /groohp/, n. 1. any collection or assemblage of persons or things; cluster; aggregation: a group of protesters; a remarkable group of paintings. 2. a number of ...
group annuity
Insurance. a plan in which the members of a group, usually employees of the same company, receive annuities upon retirement. * * *
group dynamics
1. the interactions that influence the attitudes and behavior of people when they are grouped with others through either choice or accidental circumstances. 2. the study of such ...
Group f.64
▪ American photography group       loose association of California photographers who promoted a style of sharply detailed, purist photography. The group, formed in 1932, ...
group genitive
(in English) a construction in which the genitive ending 's is added to an entire phrase, esp. when added to a word other than the head of the noun phrase, as the woman who lives ...
group grope
Slang. sexual activity involving several people; orgy. [1965-70] * * *
group home
a substitute home, usually located in a residential neighborhood, providing foster care for orphans, delinquents, handicapped persons, or others with special needs. * * *
group insurance
life, accident, or health insurance available to a group of persons, as the employees of a company, under a single contract, usually without regard to physical condition or age ...
group life insurance
a form of life insurance available to members of a group, typically employees of a company, under a master policy. Also called group life. [1925-30] * * *
group marriage
(among primitive peoples) a form of marriage in which a group of males is united with a group of females to form a single conjugal unit. Also called communal ...
group medicine
☆ group medicine n. 1. the practice of medicine by a number of specialists working together in association 2. medical care provided, esp. by such an association, to the members ...
Group of 77
▪ international organization       loose alliance of developing countries established on June 15, 1964. The name of the group derives from the 77 original signatories to ...
Group of Eight
➡ G8 * * *
Group of Seven
G-7. * * *
group practice
1. Also called group medicine. the practice of medicine by an association of physicians and other health professionals who work together, usually in one suite of offices. 2. any ...
group representation
Govt. representation in a governing body on the basis of interests rather than by geographical location. * * *
Group Theatre
New York theatre company (1931–41) founded by Harold Clurman, Cheryl Crawford, and Lee Strasberg to present U.S. plays of social significance. Embracing the acting principles ...
group theory
the branch of mathematics that deals with the structure of mathematical groups and mappings between them. [1895-1900] * * * In modern algebra, a system consisting of a set of ...
group therapy
psychotherapy in which a number of patients discuss their problems together, usually under the leadership of a therapist, using shared knowledge and experiences to provide ...
group velocity
Physics. the velocity of finite numbers of waves undergoing simple harmonic motion, equal to the phase velocity when it does not vary with the wavelengths of the waves. The group ...
group work
Sociol. a method, used by professional social workers, of aiding a group or members of a group toward individual adjustment and increased participation in community activity by ...
grouper1 /grooh"peuhr/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) grouper, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species), groupers. any of various sea basses of the family Serranidae, esp. ...
group home n. A small supervised residential facility, as for mentally ill people or wards of the state, in which residents typically participate in daily tasks and are often ...
/grooh"pee/, n. Informal. 1. a young person, esp. a teenage girl, who is an ardent admirer of rock musicians and may follow them on tour. 2. an ardent fan of a celebrity or of a ...
/grooh"ping/, n. 1. an act or process of placing in groups. 2. a set or arrangement of persons or things in a group. [1740-50; See GROUP, -ING1, -ING2] * * *
group insurance n. Insurance purchased by a group of persons, such as the employees of a company, often at a reduced individual rate. * * *
/grooh"piz euhm/, n. the tendency to conform to the general thinking and behavior of a group. [1930-35; GROUP + -ISM] * * *
/grooh"poyd/, n. Math. an algebraic system closed under a binary operation. Also called monoid. Cf. group (def. 9), semigroup. [GROUP + -OID] * * *
group practice n. 1. The practice of health care by an association of medical, dental, or veterinary professionals who share premises and other resources. 2. An association of ...
group theory n. The branch of mathematics concerned with groups and the description of their properties. * * *
See group therapy. * * *
group therapy n. A form of psychotherapy that involves sessions guided by a therapist and attended by several clients who confront their personal problems together. The ...
/groohp"thingk'/, n. 1. the practice of approaching problems or issues as matters that are best dealt with by consensus of a group rather than by individuals acting ...
groupuscule [gro͞o′pə skyo͞ol΄] n. 〚Fr, small group〛 a small, activist group or faction * * *
group·ware (gro͞opʹwâr') n. Software that integrates work on a single project by several concurrent users at separated workstations. * * *
grouse1 —grouseless, adj. —grouselike, adj. /grows/, n., pl. grouse, grouses. 1. any of numerous gallinaceous birds of the subfamily Tetraoninae. Cf. black grouse, ...
See grouse2. * * *
—grouter, n. /growt/, n. 1. a thin, coarse mortar poured into various narrow cavities, as masonry joints or rock fissures, to fill them and consolidate the adjoining objects ...
grout box
a conical object of expanded metal, buried in poured concrete with an anchor bolt held in its inner and smaller end. * * *
See grout. * * *
groutlock brick
/growt"lok'/ a brick chamfered on its inner angles to allow space for vertical and horizontal reinforcing rods sealed in grout. [GROUT + LOCK1] * * *
/grow"tee/, adj., groutier, groutiest. sulky; surly; bad-tempered. [1825-35; grout to grumble, sulk, of uncert. orig. (cf. GROUSE2, GROUCH) + -Y1] * * *
—groved, adj. —groveless, adj. /grohv/, n. 1. a small wood or forested area, usually with no undergrowth: a grove of pines. 2. a small orchard or stand of fruit-bearing ...
/grohv/, n. 1. Sir George, 1820-1900, English musicologist. 2. Robert Moses ("Lefty"), 1900-75, U.S. baseball player. * * * (as used in expressions) Garden Grove Grove Andrew ...
Grove City
a town in central Ohio. 16,793. * * *
Grove, Andrew S.
born Sept. 2, 1936, Budapest, Hung. Hungarian-born U.S. businessman. He studied at CCNY before earning his Ph.D. from UC-Berkeley in 1963. After working for Fairchild ...
Grove, Frederick Philip
▪ Canadian novelist born 1871, Russia died Aug. 19, 1948, Simcoe, Ont., Can.       Canadian novelist whose fame rests on sombre naturalistic works that deal frankly and ...
Grove, Lefty
▪ American baseball player byname of  Robert Moses Grove  born March 6, 1900, Lonaconing, Maryland., U.S. died May 22, 1975, Norwalk, Ohio       American professional ...
Grove, Sir George
born Aug. 13, 1820, London, Eng. died May 28, 1900, London British musicologist. He was trained as a civil engineer, and he erected lighthouses in Jamaica and Bermuda. He ...
Grove, Sir William Robert
▪ British physicist born July 11, 1811, Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales died Aug. 1, 1896, London       British physicist and a justice of Britain's high court (from 1880), ...
Grove,Robert Moses
Grove, Robert Moses. Known as “Lefty.” 1900-1975. American baseball player. A left-handed pitcher for the Philadelphia Athletics (1925-1933) and the Boston Red Sox ...
Grove,Sir George
Grove (grōv), Sir George. 1820-1900. British musicologist whose Dictionary of Music and Musicians (first published 1878-1889) has become a standard reference work. * * *
—groveler; esp. Brit., groveller, n. —grovelingly; esp. Brit., grovellingly, adv. /gruv"euhl, grov"-/, v.i., groveled, groveling or (esp. Brit.) grovelled, grovelling. 1. to ...
See grovel. * * *
/groh"veuhr/, n. a male given name. * * *
Grover Cleveland
➡ Cleveland (II) * * *
Grover Cleveland: Against a Free Silver Policy
▪ Primary Source              Congress attempted to end bimetallism in 1853 by abolishing silver coins, but neglected to mention silver dollars in its bill, so ...
Grover Cleveland: American Interest in the Cuban Revolution
▪ Primary Source              Although the strife in Cuba was not a major issue in the presidential campaign of 1896, its importance for America was already ...
Grover Cleveland: First Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Wednesday, March 4, 1885       In the presence of this vast assemblage of my countrymen I am about to supplement and seal by the oath which ...
Grover Cleveland: Second Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Saturday, March 4, 1893       In obedience of the mandate of my countrymen I am about to dedicate myself to their service under the ...
/grohvz/, n. 1. Leslie Richard, 1896-1970, U.S. general. 2. a city in SE Texas. 17,090. * * *
Groves, Leslie Richard
▪ United States general born Aug. 17, 1896, Albany, N.Y., U.S. died July 13, 1970, Washington, D.C.  American army officer in charge of the Manhattan Engineer District ...
—growable, adj. /groh/, v., grew, grown, growing. v.i. 1. to increase by natural development, as any living organism or part by assimilation of nutriment; increase in size or ...
/groh/, n. Galusha Aaron /geuh looh"sheuh/, 1822-1907, U.S. political leader: Speaker of the House 1861-63. * * *
grow light
a fluorescent light bulb designed to emit light of a wavelength conducive to plant growth. * * *
/groh"euhn, grow"-/, n. decomposed granite. [1745-55; < Cornish *growan (c. Breton grouan), deriv. of grou gravel] * * *
/grohd/, v. Nonstandard. a pt. and pp. of grow. * * *
/groh"euhr/, n. 1. a person who grows something: He is a grower of flowers and vegetables. 2. a person or thing that grows in a certain way: This plant is a quick ...
—growingly, adv. /groh"ing/, adj. 1. becoming greater in quantity, size, extent, or intensity: growing discontent among industrial workers. 2. having or showing life. [bef. ...
growing degree-day
a degree-day above 41°F (5°C), used in relation to plant growth. Cf. cooling degree-day, heating degree-day. * * *
growing pains
1. dull, quasi-rheumatic pains of varying degree in the limbs during childhood and adolescence, often popularly associated with the process of growing. 2. emotional difficulties ...
growing point
Bot. the undifferentiated end of a root, shoot, or vegetative axis consisting of a single cell or group of cells that divide to form primary meristematic tissue. [1825-35] * * *
growing season
Period of the year, also called frost-free season, during which growing conditions for native vegetation and cultivated crops are the most favourable. It usually becomes shorter ...
growing-equity mortgage
/groh"ing ek"wi tee/ a type of mortgage under which the interest rate is fixed but monthly payments increase annually to include more of the principal, so that the mortgage can ...
See grower. * * *
grow·ing pains (grōʹĭng) pl.n. 1. Pains in the limbs and joints of children or adolescents, often attributed to rapid growth but arising from various unrelated causes. 2. ...
—growlingly, adv. /growl/, v.i. 1. to utter a deep guttural sound of anger or hostility: The dog growled at the mail carrier. 2. to murmur or complain angrily; grumble. 3. to ...
/grow"leuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that growls. 2. Informal. a pitcher, pail, or other container brought by a customer for beer. 3. Brit. Slang. a four-wheeled, horse-drawn ...
grow light n. A fluorescent lamp that emits a spectrum of light similar to that of the sun, used to grow plants indoors. Also called grow lamp. * * *
—growliness, n. /grow"lee/, adj., growlier, growliest. 1. resembling a growl in pitch and harshness: This cold has made my voice growly. 2. irritable; grouchy. [1915-20; GROWL ...
n [U] a substance that people put on their gardens to make plants grow better. * * *
/grohn/, adj. 1. advanced in growth: a grown boy. 2. arrived at full growth or maturity; adult: a grown man. v. 3. pp. of grow. * * *
—grown-upness, n. /grohn"up"/, adj. 1. having reached the age of maturity. 2. characteristic of or suitable for adults: grown-up behavior; grown-up fiction. [1625-35; adj. use ...
/grohn"up'/, n. a mature, fully grown person; adult. [1805-15; n. use of v. phrase grow up] * * *
/grohth/, n. 1. the act or process, or a manner of growing; development; gradual increase. 2. size or stage of development: It hasn't yet reached its full growth. 3. completed ...
growth cone
Cell Biol. a flattened area at the end of a growing axon or dendrite, having radiating filopodia and lemellopodia that function as guides for the outgrowth of embryonic nerve ...
growth factor
any of various proteins that promote the growth, organization, and maintenance of cells and tissues. * * *
growth fund
a mutual fund that invests primarily in growth stocks. [1965-70] * * *
growth hormone
any substance that stimulates or controls the growth of an organism, esp. a species-specific hormone, as the human hormone somatotropin, secreted by the anterior pituitary gland. ...
growth hormone (GH)
or somatotropin Peptide hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. It promotes growth of bone and other body tissues by stimulating protein synthesis and fat ...
growth hormone releasing factor
Biochem. a substance produced in the hypothalamus that regulates the release of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland. Abbr.: GRF * * *
growth medium
▪ biology also called  Culture Medium, or Nutrient Broth,         solution freed of all microorganisms by sterilization (usually in an autoclave, where it undergoes ...
growth ring
In a cross section of the stem of a woody plant, the amount of wood added during a single growth period. In temperate regions this period is usually one year, in which case the ...
growth ring.
See annual ring. [1905-10] * * *
growth company n. A company whose rate of growth significantly exceeds that of the average in its field or the overall rate of economic growth. * * *
growth factor n. A substance that affects the growth of a cell or an organism. * * *
growth fund n. A mutual fund that offers long-term capital appreciation. * * *
growth hormone n. Abbr. GH 1. A polypeptide hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that promotes growth of the body, especially by stimulating release of ...
growth ring n. A growth layer in secondary xylem seen in a cross section. * * *
/groyn/, n. groin (def. 4). * * *
Groza, Lou
▪ 2001 “The Toe”        American professional football player (b. Jan. 25, 1924, Martins Ferry, Ohio—d. Nov. 29, 2000, Middleburgh Heights, Ohio), was regarded as ...
grozing iron
/groh"zing/ 1. (in plumbing) a hot iron for finishing soldered joints. 2. a steel tool for cutting glass. [1680-90; part trans. of D gruisijzer, equiv. to gruis- (s. of gruizen ...
/grawz"nee/; Russ. /grddaw"znee/, n. a city in and the capital of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Republic of the Russian Federation in Europe. 401,000. * * * ▪ Russia also ...
West Semitic, to ladle, scoop. carafe, probably from Arabic ġarrāfa, dipper, cup, from ġarafa, to ladle, spoon, scoop. * * *
West Semitic, to drag, draw, pull. jar1, from Arabic jarra, earthen jar, from jarra, to draw, pull. * * *
Also ġwr. Central Semitic noun *ġār-, *ġarr-, *miġarr, cave. realgar, from Arabic rahj al-ġār, powder of the cave, from ġār, cave. * * *
GRT abbrev. gross registered tons * * *
(in the Soviet Union) the Chief Intelligence Directorate of the Soviet General Staff, a military intelligence organization founded in 1920 and functioning as a complement to the ...
Gruau, Rene
▪ 2005 Renato Zavagli Ricciardelli delle Camminate        Italian-born graphic designer and illustrator (b. Feb. 4, 1909, Rimini, Italy—d. March 31, 2004, Rome, ...
—grubber, n. /grub/, n., v., grubbed, grubbing. n. 1. the thick-bodied, sluggish larva of several insects, as of a scarab beetle. 2. a dull, plodding person; drudge. 3. an ...
grub beam
Shipbuilding. a curved, laminated wooden beam forming part of a rounded stern. * * *
grub hoe
a heavy hoe for digging up roots, stumps, etc. * * *
grub saw
a handsaw for cutting stone. [1850-55] * * *
Grub Street
1. a street in London, England: formerly inhabited by many impoverished minor writers and literary hacks; now called Milton Street. 2. petty and needy authors, or literary hacks, ...
See grub. * * *
See grubby. * * *
Grubbs, Robert H.
▪ American chemist born Feb. 27, 1942, near Possum Trot, Ky., U.S.       American chemist who, with Richard R. Schrock (Schrock, Richard R.) and Yves Chauvin (Chauvin, ...
grubby1 —grubbily, adv. —grubbiness, n. /grub"ee/, adj., grubbier, grubbiest. 1. dirty; slovenly: children with grubby faces and sad eyes. 2. infested with or affected by ...
Grubenmann, Hans Ulrich; and Grubenmann, Johannes
▪ Swiss engineers Respectively,   born March 23, 1709, Teufen, Switz. died Jan. 24, 1783, Teufen born 1707, Teufen?, Switz. died 1771, Teufen?       Swiss carpenters ...
Gruber, Karl
▪ 1996       Austrian politician and diplomat who served as foreign minister in the years immediately following World War II (b. May 3, 1909—d. Feb. 1, 1995). * * *
—grubstaker, n. /grub"stayk'/, n., v., grubstaked, grubstaking. n. 1. provisions, gear, etc., furnished to a prospector on condition of participating in the profits of any ...
See grubstake. * * *
/grub"street'/, adj. 1. produced by a hack; poor in quality: a grubstreet book. n. 2. See Grub Street (def. 2). [1640-50] * * *
/grub"werrm'/, n. grub (def. 1). [1745-55; GRUB + WORM] * * *
Gruden, Jon
▪ 2004       By the time the Tampa Bay Buccaneers put the finishing touches on their 48–21 rout of the Oakland Raiders in Super Bowl XXXVII, the National Football ...
—grudgeless, adj. —grudger, n. /gruj/, n., adj., v., grudged, grudging. n. 1. a feeling of ill will or resentment: to hold a grudge against a former opponent. adj. 2. done, ...
See grudge. * * *
—grudgingly, adv. /gruj"ing/, adj. displaying or reflecting reluctance or unwillingness: grudging acceptance of the victory of an opponent. [1375-1425; late ME. See GRUDGE, ...
See grudging. * * *
Gru·dziadz (gro͞oʹjôɴts') A city of north-central Poland on the Vistula River northeast of Bydgoszcz. Founded by the Teutonic Knights, it passed to Poland in 1466 and was ...
/grooh/, v.i., grued, gruing. Chiefly Scot. to shudder. [1275-1325; ME] * * *
/grooh"euhl/, n. a light, usually thin, cooked cereal made by boiling meal, esp. oatmeal, in water or milk. [1275-1325; ME < MF, OF, equiv. to gru- ( < Gmc; see GROUT) + -el dim. ...
—gruelingly, adv. /grooh"euh ling, grooh"ling/, adj. 1. exhausting; very tiring; arduously severe: the grueling Boston marathon. n. 2. any trying or exhausting procedure or ...
See grueling. * * *
Gruen, Victor
▪ American architect born July 18, 1903, Vienna, Austria died Feb. 14, 1980, Vienna  Austrian-born American architect and city planner best known as a pioneer of the regional ...
/grooh"euhn berrg'/, n. Louis, 1884-1964, U.S. pianist and composer, born in Russia. * * *
—gruesomely, adv. —gruesomeness, n. /grooh"seuhm/, adj. 1. causing great horror; horribly repugnant; grisly: the site of a gruesome murder. 2. full of or causing problems; ...
See gruesome. * * *
See gruesomely. * * *
—gruffish, adj. —gruffly, adv. —gruffness, n. /gruf/, adj., gruffer, gruffest. 1. low and harsh; hoarse: a gruff voice. 2. rough, brusque, or surly: a gruff ...
See gruff. * * *
See gruffly. * * *
—gruffily, adv. —gruffiness, n. /gruf"ee/, adj., gruffier, gruffiest. gruff. [1780-90; GRUFF + -Y1] * * *
Gruffydd, William John
▪ Welsh poet born Feb. 14, 1881, Bethel, Caernarvonshire, Wales died Sept. 29, 1954, Caernarvon       Welsh-language poet and scholar whose works represented first a ...
/grooh"grooh/, n. 1. any of several spiny-trunked, tropical feather palms, as Acrocomia totai, of tropical America, having a swollen trunk with rings of blackish spines. 2. Also ...
/grooh"euh fawrm'/, adj. Ornith. of or pertaining to birds of the order Gruiformes, including cranes, rails, and coots. [1895-1900; < NL gruiformis, sing. of Gruiformes, equiv. ...
—grumly, adv. —grumness, n. /grum/, adj., grummer, grummest. (of a person's appearance) grim; glum; surly. [1630-40; prob. b. GRIM and GLUM] * * *
Grumbach, Wilhelm von
▪ German knight born June 1, 1503, Rimpar, near Würzburg [Germany] died April 18, 1567, Gotha, Saxony  German knight and adventurer who led several attempts by German ...
—grumbler, n. —grumblingly, adv. —grumbly, adj. /grum"beuhl/, v., grumbled, grumbling, n. v.i. 1. to murmur or mutter in discontent; complain sullenly. 2. to utter low, ...
See grumble. * * *
See grumbler. * * *
See grumbler. * * *
/groohm/, n. 1. blood when viscous. 2. a clot of blood. [1545-55 for sense "lump"; < LL grumus hillock] * * *
Grumiaux, Arthur, Baron
▪ Belgian violinist born March 21, 1921, Villers-Perwin, Belg. died Oct. 16, 1986, Brussels       Belgian violinist noted for both his performing and his ...
Grumman, Leroy Randle
▪ American engineer born Jan. 4, 1895, Huntington, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 4, 1982, Manhasset, N.Y.       American aeronautical engineer and founder of the Grumman ...
/grum"it/, n. grommet. * * *
—grumousness, n. /grooh"meuhs/, adj. 1. Also, grumose /grooh"mohs/. Bot. formed of clustered grains or granules. 2. having or resembling grume; clotted. [1655-65; < L grum(us) ...
/grump/, n. 1. a person given to constant complaining. 2. Informal. the grumps, a depressed or sulky mood. v.i. 3. to complain or sulk. [1835-45; prob. back formation from ...
/grum"fee, groom"pee/, n. Chiefly Scot. a familiar name for a pig. Also, grumphy. [1775-85; grumph to grunt (imit.) + -IE] * * *
See grumpy. * * *
See grumpily. * * *
—grumpily, adv. —grumpiness, n. /grum"pee/, adj., grumpier, grumpiest. surly or ill-tempered; discontentedly or sullenly irritable; grouchy. Also, grumpish. [1770-80; grump ...
Grün, Anastasius
▪ Austrian poet pseudonym of  Anton Alexander, Count (Graf) von Auersperg   born April 11, 1806, Laibach, Austria [now Ljubljana, Slovenia] died Sept. 12, 1876, ...
Grünberg, Peter
▪ German scientist born May 18, 1939, Plzen, Czechoslovakia [now Czech Republic]       Czech-born German scientist who, with Albert Fert (Fert, Albert), received the ...
▪ German education       in Germany, the first four years of primary school (in certain cities of Germany, the first six years).       Before the 1920s, ...
Grundtvig, N.F.S.
▪ Danish bishop and poet in full  Nikolai Frederik Severin Grundtvig   born September 8, 1783, Udby, Denmark died September 2, 1872, Copenhagen  Danish bishop and poet, ...
/grun"dee/ Felix, 1777-1840, American politician: senator 1829-38, 1839-40; attorney general 1838-39. —Grundyist, Grundyite, n. /grun"dee/, n. Mrs. a narrow-minded, ...
Grundy, Mrs.
▪ fictional character       fictional English character who typifies the censorship enacted in everyday life by conventional opinion. She first appears (but never ...
/grun"dee iz'euhm/, n. 1. a prudish adherence to conventionality, esp. in personal behavior. 2. (l.c.) an instance of such prudishness. [1830-40; GRUNDY + -ISM] * * *
/grddyuu"neuh vahlt'/, n. Mathias /mah tee"ahs/, (Mathias Neithardt-Gothardt), c1470-1528, German painter and architect. * * *
Grünewald, Matthias
orig. Mathis Gothardt Neithardt or Mathis Gothart Nithart born с 1480, Würzburg, bishopric of Würzburg died August 1528, Halle, archbishopric of Magdeburg German ...
Grü·ne·wald (gro͞oʹnə-wôld', grüʹnə-vält'), Matthias. Originally Mathis Gothardt Nithart. Died 1528. German painter noted for his paintings of religious scenes, ...
/grunj/, n. Slang. 1. dirt; filth; rubbish. 2. something of inferior quality; trash: He didn't know good music from grunge. 3. a person who works hard, usually for meager ...
grunge rock
➡ grunge * * *
Grunge, a Fleeting Fashion Rage
▪ 1994       In the MTV era, music groups reign as trendsetters in the realm of clothing styles for U.S. youth. This phenomenon helped provide an explanation for the ...
—grunginess, n. /grun"jee/, adj., grungier, grungiest. Slang. 1. ugly, run-down, or dilapidated: a grungy, abandoned mill town. 2. dirty; filthy: a pair of grungy ...
/grun"yeuhn/, n. a small, silvery food fish, Leuresthes tenuis, of southern California, that spawns at high tide in wet sand. [1915-20; prob. < Sp gruñon grunter, deriv. of ...
/greuh nit"skee/, n. Nicolas, 1913-69, African statesman: president of the Republic of Togo 1963-67. * * *
—gruntingly, adv. /grunt/, v.i. 1. to utter the deep, guttural sound characteristic of a hog. 2. to utter a similar sound. 3. to grumble, as in discontent. v.t. 4. to express ...
grunt work
Slang. work that is repetitious, often physically exhausting, and boring. * * *
/grun"teuhr/, n. 1. a hog. 2. any animal or person that grunts. 3. grunt (def. 7). [1400-50; late ME; see GRUNT, -ER1] * * *
/grunt/, n. Granth. * * *
grunting ox
the yak. * * *
See grunter. * * *
Grunwald, Henry
▪ 2006       Austrian-born American magazine editor (b. Dec. 2, 1922, Vienna, Austria—d. Feb. 26, 2005, New York, N.Y.), introduced the most extensive innovations to ...
Gruppe 47
▪ German literary group English  Group 47         informal association of German-speaking writers that was founded in 1947 (hence its name). Gruppe 47 originated with ...
Gruppo 63
▪ Italian literary movement EnglishGroup 63       avant-garde Italian literary movement of the 1960s. It was composed of Italian intellectuals who shared the desire for ...
/grus, groohs/, n., gen. Gruis /grooh"is/. Astron. the Crane, a southern constellation between Indus and Piscis Austrinus. [ < L grus crane; akin to Gk géranos] * * *
/grush"ee, grooh"shee/, adj. Scot. healthy; thriving. Also, grush. [orig. uncert.] * * *
▪ people       ethnolinguistic group among the inhabitants of northern Ghana and adjacent areas of Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) and Togo. The linguistic groups ...
/gruch/, n., v.t., v.i. Brit. Dial. grudge. [1175-1225; ME. See GRUDGE] * * *
/grooh yair", gri-/; Fr. /grddyuu yerdd"/, n. a firm, pale-yellow cheese, made of whole milk and having small holes, produced chiefly in France and Switzerland. Also called ...
Gruyère (cheese)
Gruyère (cheese) [gro͞o yer′, grēyer; ] Fr [ grü yer′] n. 〚after Gruyère, district in W Switzerland, where first produced〛 [often g- c-] a light-yellow Swiss cheese, ...
/gril"id/, n. cricket1 (def. 1). [ < NL Gryllidae the cricket family, equiv. to Gryll(us) a genus (L grillus cricket) + -idae -ID2] * * *
/gril'oh blat"id/, n. a primitive insect of the order Grylloblattidea, having a soft, unpigmented wingless body with long antennae and no eyes, living under stones in moderately ...
▪ paleontology  extinct molluskan genus found as fossils in rocks from the Jurassic period to the Eocene epoch (between 208 million and 36.6 million years ago). Related to ...
Gryphius, Andreas
▪ German author born Oct. 2, 1616, Glogau, Silesia [now Głogów, Pol.] died July 16, 1664, Glogau       lyric poet and dramatist, one of Germany's leading writers in ...
/grif"euhn/, n. Class. Myth. griffin1. * * *
/gruys"bok, grays"-/, n. either of two small, usually solitary antelopes of southern Africa, Raphicerus melanotis, or R. sharpei (Sharpe's grysbok), having a light to dark ...
Arabic root, to prick, insert, plant. Megrez, from Arabic maġriz, base, root, from ġaraza, to prick, insert, plant. * * *
Grønland [grön′län] Dan. name for GREENLAND * * *
Grain. Oldest form *g̑r̥ə-no-, becoming *gr̥ə-no- in centum languages. 1. a. corn1, from Old English corn, grain; b. kernel, from Old English derivative noun cyrnel, seed, ...
1. General Schedule (referring to the Civil Service job classification system). 2. general staff. 3. German silver. * * *
1. See General Services Administration. 2. Girl Scouts of America. Also, G.S.A. * * *
GSC abbr. general staff corps. * * *
➡ GlaxoSmithKline. * * *
Guaranteed Student Loan. * * *
GSO abbr. general staff officer. * * *
G spot n. An area of tissue surrounding the female urethra and running along the roof of the vagina, postulated to be erectile and to enhance sexual arousal.   [First described ...
1. galvanic skin response. 2. galvanic skin reflex. * * *
Greenwich Sidereal Time. * * *
▪ Switzerland       Alpine village and resort, Bern canton, west-central Switzerland, lying in the valley of the Saane River. Situated on the northwest side of the ...
▪ Buddhist writings Tibetan“collected works”       the collected writings of a Tibetan or Mongolian lama. These series of works represent an indigenous contribution ...
1. gigaton; gigatons. 2. Also called GT car, grand touring car, grand touring. Auto. a. an automobile in the style of a coupe, usually seating two but occasionally four, and ...
Gt Brit
Gt Brit or Gt Br abbrev. Great Britain * * *
1. gilt. 2. great. 3. (in prescriptions) a drop. [(def. 3) < L gutta] * * *
Gt. Br.
Great Britain. Also, Gt. Brit. * * *
Gt. Brit. abbr. Great Britain. * * *
gtc abbrev. good till canceled: added to an order for stocks or securities * * * GTC abbr. good till canceled. * * *
Gtd abbrev. guaranteed * * *
guaranteed. * * *
GTE Corp.
formerly (1959–82) General Telephone and Electronics Corp. Former U.S. holding company for several U.S. and international telephone companies. It specialized in providing ...
GTE Corporation
▪ American company formerly (1959–82)  General Telephone and Electronics Corporation        U.S. holding company for several U.S. and international telephone ...
See Gran Turismo Omologato. * * *
▪ Tibetan Buddhist cake       sacrificial cakes used in Tibetan Buddhist ceremonies as offerings to deities. The unbaked cakes are prepared by kneading parched barley ...
Biochem. guanosine triphosphate: an ester of guanosine and triphosphoric acid that is an important metabolic cofactor and precursor in the biosynthesis of cyclic GMP. * * *
gas turbine ship. * * *
Gtsang dynasty
(1565?–1642) Last secular native ruling house in Tibet. The Gtsang kings allied themselves with the Karma-pa order of Buddhists against the new reformed Dge-lugs-pa order. The ...
(in prescriptions) drops. [ < L guttae] * * *
1. genitourinary. 2. Guam (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * * ▪ Chinese vessel Wade-Giles romanization  ku    type of Chinese vessel, it was a tall wine beaker ...
Gu Kaizhi
▪ Chinese painter Wade-Giles romanization  Ku K'ai-chih  born c. 344, Wuxi, Jiangsu province, China died c. 406       one of the earliest many-faceted artists in ...
Gu Yanwu
▪ Chinese philosopher Wade-Giles romanization  Ku Yen-wu   born July 15, 1613, Kunshan, Jiangsu province, China died Feb. 15, 1682, Quwo, Shaanxi province       one ...
/gwah keuh moh"lee/; Sp. /gwah'kah maw"le/, n. Mexican Cookery. a dip of mashed avocado mixed with tomato, onion, and seasonings. [1915-20; < MexSp < Nahuatl ahuacamolli lit., ...
Guacanayabo, Gulf of
Inlet of the Caribbean Sea, southeastern Cuba. It stretches in a broad horseshoe from the southern coast of Camagüey province about 70 mi (110 km) to the southwestern shore of ...
/gwah"cheuh roh'/, n., pl. guacharos. a nocturnal, fruit-eating, South American bird, Steatornis caripensis, the young of which yield an oil derived from their fat. Also called ...
/gwah"koh/, n., pl. guacos. 1. a climbing composite plant, Mikania guaco, of tropical America. 2. its leaves, or a substance obtained from them, sometimes used locally as an ...
/gwahd'l euh hahr"euh/; Sp. /gwah'dhah lah hah"rddah/, n. a city in and the capital of Jalisco, in W Mexico. 2,000,000. * * * City (pop., 2000: city, 1,646,183; metro. area, ...
Guadalajara, University of
▪ university, Guadalajara, Mexico Spanish  Universidad De Guadalajara,         coeducational state-supported autonomous institution of higher learning at Guadalajara, ...
/gwahd'l keuh nal"/, n. the largest of the Solomon Islands, in the W central Pacific: U.S. victory over the Japanese 1942-43. 23,922; ab. 2500 sq. mi. (6475 sq. km). * * ...
Guadalcanal Island
▪ island, Solomon Islands       largest island of the country of Solomon Islands, southwestern Pacific Ocean. The island has an area of 2,047 square miles (5,302 ...
Guadalcanal, Battle of
▪ World War II  (August 1942–February 1943), series of World War II land and sea clashes between Allied and Japanese forces on and around Guadalcanal, one of the southern ...
/gwah'dhahl kee veerdd"/, n. a river in S Spain, flowing W to the Gulf of Cádiz. 374 mi. (602 km) long. * * *
Guadalquivir River
Arabic Wādī al-Kabīr ancient Baetis River, southern Spain. Rising in the mountains of Jaén province, it flows west 408 mi (657 km) to empty into the Gulf of Cádiz. Spain's ...

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