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Guadalupe
City (pop., 2000: 669,842), central Nuevo León state, northeastern Mexico. It lies about 670 ft (200 m) above sea level on the Santa Catarina River just east of Monterrey. It ...
Guadalupe Hidalgo
/gwahd'l oohp" hi dahl"goh, -ooh"-pee/; Sp. /gwah'dhah looh"pe ee dhahl"gaw/ a city in the Federal District of Mexico: famous shrine; peace treaty 1848. 1,182,895. Official name, ...
Guadalupe Hidalgo, Treaty of
(Feb. 2, 1848) Treaty between the U.S. and Mexico that ended the Mexican War, named for the Mexico City neighbourhood where it was signed. It drew the U.S.-Mexico boundary at ...
Guadalupe Mountains
a mountain range in S New Mexico and SW Texas, part of the Sacramento Mountains. Highest peak, Guadalupe Peak, 8751 ft. (2667 m). * * *
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
a national park E of El Paso, Texas: limestone fossil reef. 129 sq. mi. (334 sq. km). * * * National park, western Texas, U.S. Established in 1972, it occupies an area of 86,416 ...
Guadalupe palm
a fan palm, Brahea (or Erythea) edulis, of southern California, having long clusters of globe-shaped, black, edible fruit. [1890-95] * * *
Guadalupe Peak
▪ mountain, Texas, United States  highest point (8,749 feet [2,667 metres]) in Texas, U.S. The peak is situated in Culberson county, 100 miles (160 km) east of the city of ...
Guadalupe, Basilica of
▪ church, Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico officially  Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe , Spanish  Basílica de Guadalupe , or  Basílica de Nuestra Señora de ...
Guadalupe, Our Lady of
▪ patron saint of Mexico Spanish  Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe , also called  the Virgin of Guadalupe   in Roman Catholicism, the Virgin Mary in her appearance before ...
GuadalupeHidalgo
Gua·da·lupe Hi·dal·go (gwädʹl-o͞op' hĭ-dälʹgō, gwä'dä-lo͞oʹpĕ ē-dälʹgō) Officially (since 1931) Gus·ta·vo A. Ma·de·ro (go͞o-stäʹvō ä' mə-dârʹō, ...
GuadalupeMountains
Gua·da·lupe Mountains (gwŏdʹl-o͞op', gwŏd'l-o͞oʹpē) A mountain range of southern New Mexico and western Texas rising to Guadalupe Peak, 2,668.4 m (8,749 ft) high, in ...
GuadalupeRiver
Guadalupe River A river, about 402 km (250 mi) long, of southeast Texas flowing southeast to the San Antonio River near its mouth on San Antonio Bay. * * *
Guadeloupe
/gwahd'l oohp"/, n. two islands (Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre) separated by a narrow channel in the Leeward Islands of the West Indies: together with five dependencies they form ...
Guadet, Marguerite-Élie
▪ French revolutionary leader born July 20, 1758, Saint-Émilion, France died June 17, 1794, Bordeaux       a leader of the Girondin faction of moderate bourgeois ...
Guadiana
Sp. /gwah dhyah"nah/; Port. /gweuh dyah"neuh/, n. a river in SW Europe, flowing S from central Spain through SE Portugal to the Gulf of Cádiz. 515 mi. (830 km) long. * * *
Guadiana River
River, Spain and Portugal. One of the longest in the Iberian Peninsula, it flows 483 mi (778 km) through south-central Spain and southeastern Portugal, forming parts of the ...
Guadix
▪ Spain       town, Granada provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southern Spain, northeast of Granada city. The town ...
guaguanche
/gweuh gwahn"chee/, n. a barracuda, Sphyraena guachanco, found chiefly off the coast of Florida. [ < AmerSp] * * *
Guahibo and Chiricoa
▪ people       two South American Indian groups inhabiting the savannas along the Orinoco River in eastern Colombia; some Guahibo also live east of the Orinoco in ...
guaiac
/gwuy"ak/, n. 1. Also called guaiacum gum, gum guaiac. a greenish-brown resin obtained from the guaiacum tree, esp. from Guaiacum officinale, used in varnishes, as a food ...
guaiacol
/gwuy"euh kohl', -kawl'/, n. Pharm. a slightly yellowish, aromatic, crystalline substance, C7H8O2, resembling creosote and usually obtained from guaiacum resin: used in medicine ...
guaiacum
/gwuy"euh keuhm/, n. 1. any of several tropical American trees or shrubs belonging to the genus Guaiacum of the caltrop family; lignum vitae. 2. the hard, heavy wood of such a ...
Guainía
▪ department, Colombia       departamento, eastern Colombia, bounded by the Guaviare River to the north, Venezuela to the east, and Brazil to the south. It lies between ...
Guainía River
▪ river, South America Spanish  Río Guainía,         in northwest South America, one of the headstreams of the Negro River (q.v.). It rises in the rain forest of ...
Guaira
Sp. /gwuy"rddah/, n. See La Guaira. * * *
Guaíra Falls
▪ waterfalls, South America Portuguese in full  Salto das Sete Quedas do Guaíra , Spanish  Salto del Guairá    former waterfalls on the Upper Paraná River at the ...
Guajará-Mirim
▪ Brazil       city and river port, western Rondônia estado (state), western Brazil. It lies along the Mamoré River. Primarily a transportation centre of regional ...
guajira
/gwah hear"euh/; Sp. /gwah hee"rddah/, n., pl. guajiras /-hear"euhz/; Sp. /-hee"rddahs/. a Cuban peasant dance with shifting rhythms. [1920-25; < AmerSp: lit., peasant woman] * * ...
Guajira Peninsula, La
▪ peninsula, South America Spanish  Península de La Guajira , Guajira also spelled  Goajira        peninsula on the northwestern coast of South America. It is ...
Gualeguaychú
▪ Argentina  city, southeastern Entre Ríos provincia (province), northeastern Argentina, on the Gualeguay River near the Uruguayan border. Cattle, poultry, and grains from ...
Guam
—Guamanian /gwah may"nee euhn/, n., adj. /gwahm/, n. an island, belonging to the U.S., in the N Pacific, E of the Philippines: the largest of the Marianas group; U.S. naval ...
Guam, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. territorial flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) bordered in red and bearing at its centre a red-bordered ellipse containing a ...
Guamanian
See Guam. * * *
guan
/gwahn/, n. a large game bird of the curassow family, common in dense woodlands of Central and South America, somewhat resembling a turkey. [1735-45; < AmerSp] * * * (as used in ...
Guan Hanqing
or Kuan Han-ch'ing born 1241?, Dadu, China died 1320?, China Chinese dramatist. He belonged to a writers' guild that provided plays for performing groups. His plays often ...
Guan kilns
▪ pottery Pinyin  Guan yao,  or  Wade-Giles  Kuan yao        Chinese kilns known for creating an imperial variety of stoneware during the Song dynasty (AD ...
Guan Yu
or Kuan Yü or Guan Di died 219 Military hero of the Three Kingdoms era (3rd century AD) who started his career as the bodyguard of Liu Bei, the founder of one of the three ...
Guanabacoa
▪ Cuba       city, west-central Cuba. Nestled among hills outside Havana, it is essentially a residential suburb, although a number of industries have been established ...
guanabana
/gweuh nah"beuh neuh/, n. soursop. [ < Sp guanábana < Taino] * * *
Guanabara
/gwah'neuh bahr"euh/, n. a state in SE Brazil. 4,296,782; 452 sq. mi. (1170 sq. km). Cap.: Rio de Janeiro. * * *
Guanabara Bay
▪ bay, Brazil Portuguese  Baía de Guanabara,         bay of the Atlantic Ocean, southeastern Brazil, with Rio de Janeiro on its southwest shore and Niterói on its ...
GuanabaraBay
Gua·na·ba·ra Bay (gwä'nə-bärʹə) An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean on the southeast coast of Brazil. The city of Rio de Janeiro is on its southwest shore. * * *
Guanacaste, Cordillera de
▪ mountains, Costa Rica       range and a section of the Continental Divide in northwestern Costa Rica. It extends 70 miles (113 km) northwest–southeast and reaches a ...
guanaco
/gwah nah"koh/, n., pl. guanacos. a wild South American ruminant, Lama guanicoe, of which the llama and alpaca are believed to be domesticated varieties: related to the ...
guanadrel
/gwah"neuh drel', -dreuhl/, n. Pharm. a substance, C20H40N6O8S, used as an antihypertensive. [perh. GUAN(IDINE) + ADRE(ENERGIC) + -l, of uncert. derivation] * * *
Guanajuato
/gwah'nah hwah"taw/, n. 1. a state in central Mexico. 2,811,000; 11,805 sq. mi. (30,575 sq. km). 2. a city in and the capital of this state: center of the silver-mining region. ...
Guanare
▪ Venezuela       city, capital of Portuguesa estado (state), northwestern Venezuela. A centre of pilgrimage, Guanare contains the national shrine to Our Lady of ...
guanay
/gweuh nuy"/; Sp. /gwah nuy"/, n., pl. guanayes /-nuy"ays/; Sp. /-nah"yes/, guanays. a cormorant, Phalacrocorax bougainvillii, of islands off the coasts of Peru and Chile, a ...
Guanche and Canario
▪ people       any of the aboriginal peoples inhabiting, respectively, the western and eastern groups of the Canary Islands when first encountered by the conquering ...
Guandong
/gwahn"dawng"/, n. Pinyin. a former territory in NE China at the tip of Liaodong peninsula; leased to Japan 1905-45. Also, Kwantung. * * *
guanethidine
/gwon eth"i deen'/, n. Pharm. a potent adrenergic neuron blocking agent, C10H22N4, used in the treatment of hypertension. [1955-60; by insertion of ETH(YL) into GUANIDINE] * * *
Guang
▪ people also spelled  Guan,  also called  Gonja  or  Ngbanya        a people of northern Ghana who speak a variety of Kwa (Kwa languages) languages of the ...
Guangdong
/gwahng"dawng"/, n. Pinyin. a province in SE China. 42,800,000; 89,344 sq. mi. (231,401 sq. km). Cap.: Canton. Also, Kwangtung. * * * or Kuang-tung conventional ...
Guangwudi
or Kuang-wu ti orig. Liu Xiu born с 5 BC died AD 57, Luoyang, China Chinese emperor who restored the Han dynasty after the interlude of the Xin dynasty (AD 9–25) created by ...
Guangxi
Guangxi [gwänŋ′ sē′jwäŋ′gwäŋ′sē′] autonomous region in S China: 85,097 sq mi (220,400 sq km); pop. 42,530,000; cap. Nanning: also Guangxi-Zhuang [gwänŋ′ ...
Guangxi Zhuang
/gwahng"shee" jwahng"/, Pinyin. an administrative division in S China. 20,840,000; 85,096 sq. mi. (220,399 sq. km). Cap.: Nanning. Also, Kwangsi Chuang. Official name, Guangxi ...
GuangxiZhuangzu
Guang·xi Zhuang·zu (gwängʹshēʹ jwängʹdzo͞oʹ) also Kwang·si Chuang (kwängʹsēʹ chwängʹ) An autonomous region of southern China on the Vietnamese border. Nanning ...
Guangxu
▪ emperor of Qing dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Kuang-hsü , personal name (xingming)  Zaitian , posthumous name (shi)  Jingdi , temple name (miaohao)  (Qing) ...
Guangzhou
Chin. /gwahng"joh"/, n. Pinyin. Canton. * * * or Kuang-chou conventional Canton City (pop., 2003 est.: 4,653,131), capital of Guangdong province, China. Located on the Zhu ...
Guangzhouwan
/gwahng"joh"wahn"/, n. Pinyin. a former French-leased territory (1898-1945) on the SW coast of Guangdong province, in S China. ab. 190 sq. mi. (490 sq. km). Also, Kwangchowan. * ...
guanidine
/gwan"i deen', -din, gwah"ni-/, n. Chem. a colorless, crystalline, strongly alkaline, water-soluble solid, CH5N3, used chiefly in the manufacture of plastics, resins, rubber ...
Guaniguanico, Cordillera de
▪ hills, Cuba       low range of hills in Pinar del Río province, western Cuba. It extends about 40 mi (64 km) northeast from Mantua and comprises the Sierra de los ...
guanine
/gwah"neen/, n. Biochem. a purine base, C5H5N5O, that is a fundamental constituent of DNA and RNA, in which it forms base pairs with cytosine. Symbol: G Cf. guanosine. [GUAN(O) + ...
guanine deaminase
Biochem. an enzyme, found in liver, brain, spleen, pancreas, and kidney, that converts guanine into xanthine and ammonia. * * *
guano
/gwah"noh/, n. 1. a natural manure composed chiefly of the excrement of sea birds, found esp. on islands near the Peruvian coast. 2. any similar substance, as an artificial ...
guanosine
/gwah"neuh seen', -sin/, n. Biochem. a ribonucleoside component of ribonucleic acid, comprising ribose and guanine. [1905-10; GUAN(INE) + -OSE + -INE2] * * *
guanosine monophosphate
Biochem. See GMP. [MONO- + PHOSPHATE] * * *
guanosine triphosphate
Biochem. See GTP. * * *
guanosinemonophosphate
guanosine mon·o·phos·phate (mŏn'ō-fŏsʹfāt') n. GMP. * * *
guanosinetriphosphate
guanosine triphosphate n. GTP. * * *
Guantánamo
/gwahn tah"neuh moh'/; Sp. /gwahn tah"nah maw'/, n. a city in SE Cuba: U.S. naval base. 129,005. * * * City (pop., 1994 est.: 207,796), capital of Guantánamo province, eastern ...
Guantánamo Bay
a bay on the SE coast of Cuba. * * * Inlet of the Caribbean Sea, southeastern Cuba. It is one of the largest bays in the world: its harbour is about 6 mi (9 km) wide and 12 mi ...
Guantánamo Bay detention camp
▪ United States detention facility, Cuba also called  Gitmo   U.S. detention facility on the Guantánamo Bay Naval Base, located on the coast of Guantánamo Bay in ...
Guanxiu
▪ Chinese painter Wade-Giles romanization  Kuan-hsiu   born 832, Jinhua, Zhejiang province, China died 912       Tang dynasty Chan (in Japanese, Zen) painter known ...
Guanyin
/gwahn"yin"/, n. Buddhism. Kwan-yin. * * *       in Chinese Buddhism, the bodhisattva of infinite compassion and mercy. See Avalokiteśvara. * * *
guanylic acid
/gwah nil"ik/. See GMP. [1895-1900; GUAN(INE) + -YL + -IC] * * *
guanylicacid
gua·nyl·ic acid (gwä-nĭlʹĭk) n. See GMP.   [guanine + -yl + -ic.] * * *
Guaporé
Port. /gwah poo rdde"/; Sp. /gwah'paw rdde"/, n. 1. a river forming part of the boundary between Brazil and Bolivia, flowing NW to the Mamoré River. 950 mi. (1530 km) long. 2. ...
Guaporé River
or Iténez River, west-central South America. Rising in southwestern Brazil (where it is known as the Iténez), it flows northwest past Mato Grosso city. It continues ...
guar
/gwahr/, n. a plant, Cyamopsis tetragonolobus, of the legume family, grown as a forage crop and for its seeds, which produce a gum (guar gum) used as a thickening agent and ...
guar gum.
See under guar. [1945-50] * * *
guar.
guaranteed. * * *
guaracha
/gweuh rah"cheuh/; Sp. /gwah rddah"chah/, n., pl. guarachas /-cheuhz/; Sp. /-chahs/. 1. a vigorous Cuban dance in triple meter. 2. the music for this dance. [1820-30; < Sp, ...
guarana
/gwahr'euh nah", gwahr"euh nah'/, n. 1. a woody, climbing shrub Paullinia cupana, of the soapberry family, growing in parts of South America, having seeds that contain caffeine ...
Guaranda
▪ Ecuador       city, central highland Ecuador, on a headstream of the Chimbo River in the Cordillera (mountains) de Guaranda of the Andes. It is about 15 mi (24 km) ...
guarani
/gwahr'euh nee", gwahr"euh nee'/, n., pl. guarani, guaranis. a paper money and monetary unit of Paraguay, equal to 100 centimos. [1940-45; < Sp, after GUARANI] * * * South ...
Guarani
/gwahr'euh nee"/, n., pl. Guaranis, Guaranies, (esp. collectively) Guarani. 1. a member of an Indian people now living principally in Paraguay. 2. a language belonging to the ...
guarantee
/gar'euhn tee"/, n., v., guaranteed, guaranteeing. n. 1. a promise or assurance, esp. one in writing, that something is of specified quality, content, benefit, etc., or that it ...
guaranteed annual income
1. Also called guaranteed income. compensation provided by the government to any family or individual whose annual income falls below a specified level. 2. See guaranteed annual ...
guaranteed annual wage
a provision in a contract with an employer guaranteeing the employee a minimum income or work over a period of one year. Also called annual wage. [1935-40] * * *
guaranteed bond
a bond issued by a corporation in which payment of the principal, interest, or both is guaranteed by another corporation. [1960-65] * * *
guaranteed stock
stock for which dividends are guaranteed by a company other than the one issuing the stock. [1890-95] * * *
guaranteed wage plan
▪ business       system by which an employer ensures a minimum annual amount of employment or wages (or both) to employees who have been with the employer for a required ...
Guarantees, Law of
▪ Italy [1871] Italian  Legge Delle Guarentigie        (May 13, 1871), attempt by the Italian government to settle the question of its relationship with the pope, who ...
guarantor
/gar"euhn tawr', -teuhr/, n. 1. a person, group, system, etc., that guarantees. 2. a person who makes or gives a guarantee, guaranty, warrant, etc. [1850-55; GUARANT(EE) + ...
guaranty
/gar"euhn tee'/, n., pl. guaranties, v., guarantied, guarantying. n. 1. a warrant, pledge, or formal assurance given as security that another's debt or obligation will be ...
guaranty and suretyship
▪ law       in law, assumption of liability for the obligations of another. In modern usage the term guaranty has largely superseded suretyship.       Legal ...
Guarapuava
/gwah'rddah pwah"vah/, n. a city in S Brazil. 126,080. * * *
Guaratinguetá
▪ Brazil       city, eastern São Paulo estado (state), Brazil. It lies in the Mantiqueira Mountains at 1,785 feet (544 metres) above sea level at the confluence of the ...
guard
—guardable, adj. —guarder, n. —guardless, adj. —guardlike, adj. /gahrd/, v.t. 1. to keep safe from harm or danger; protect; watch over: to guard the ruler. 2. to keep ...
guard band
Radio. an unassigned range of radio frequencies either just above or just below the band of frequencies required for the signal transmitted by a broadcasting station. It helps to ...
guard cell
Bot. either of two specialized epidermal cells that flank the pore of a stoma and usually cause it to open and close. [1870-75] * * *
guard dog
a large, aggressive dog, as a German shepherd or Doberman pinscher, trained to guard persons or property and often to attack or restrain on command. Also, guarddog. [1790-1800] * ...
guard duty
a military assignment involving watching over or protecting a person or place or supervising prisoners. [1890-95] * * *
guard hair
the long, usually stiff outer hair protecting the underfur in certain animals. [1910-15] * * *
guard of honor
a guard specially designated for welcoming or escorting distinguished guests or for accompanying a casket in a military funeral. Also called honor guard. [1915-20] * * *
guard pin
Horol. (in a lever escapement) a pin on the lever, meeting the safety roller in such a way as to prevent the lever from overbanking. See diag. under lever escapement. [1875-80] * ...
guard ring
a ring worn tightly in front of another ring to prevent the latter from slipping off the finger. [1810-20] * * *
Guarda
▪ Portugal       city, north-central Portugal. Lying on the northeast side of the Estrela Mountains (Serra da Estrela) at an elevation of 3,465 ft (1,056 m), it is ...
Guardafui
/gwahr'deuh fwee"/, n. Cape, a cape at the E extremity of Africa. * * *
guardant
/gahr"dnt/, adj. Heraldry. (of an animal) depicted full-faced but with the body seen from the side: a lion guardant. Also, gardant. [1565-75; < F gardant, prp. of garder. See ...
guardcell
guard cell n. One of the paired epidermal cells that control the opening and closing of a stoma in plant tissue. * * *
guarded
—guardedly, adv. —guardedness, n. /gahr"did/, adj. 1. cautious; careful; prudent: to be guarded in one's speech. 2. protected, watched, or restrained, as by a ...
guardedly
See guarded. * * *
guardedness
See guardedly. * * *
guardee
/gahr"dee/, n. Brit. Informal. guardsman (def. 3). [1900-05; GUARD + -EE] * * *
guarder
See guard. * * *
guardhair
guard hair n. Any of the long coarse hairs forming a layer that covers and protects the soft underfur of certain mammals. * * *
guardhouse
/gahrd"hows'/, n., pl. guardhouses /-how'ziz/. 1. a building used for housing military personnel on guard duty. 2. a building used for the temporary detention of military ...
guardhouse lawyer
Mil. Slang. a person in military service, esp. an inmate of a guardhouse or brig, who is or claims to be an authority on military law, regulations, and soldiers' ...
Guardi
/gwahrdd"dee/, n. Francesco /frddahn ches"kaw/, 1712-93, Italian painter. * * *
Guardi, Francesco
born 1712, Venice died 1793, Venice Italian landscape painter. He and his two brothers collaborated in a flourishing studio-workshop in Venice; their sister was married to ...
Guardi, Gianantonio
▪ Venetian painter in full  Giovanni Antonio Guardi  born May 1699, Vienna died Jan. 23, 1760, Venice       painter of the 18th-century Venetian ...
guardian
—guardianless, adj. /gahr"dee euhn/, n. 1. a person who guards, protects, or preserves. 2. Law. a person who is entrusted by law with the care of the person or property, or ...
guardian ad litem
/gahr"dee euhn ad luy"teuhm/, Law. a person appointed by a court as guardian of an infant or other person to act on his or her behalf in a particular action or proceeding. Cf. ...
guardian angel
1. an angel believed to protect a particular person, as from danger or error. 2. a person who looks after or is concerned with the welfare of another. [1625-35] * * *
Guardian Angels
a US organization of young people who work to protect people from crime in large US cities. They do not have weapons, and the police work with them. Members wear red caps, and ...
Guardian reader
n an educated middle-class British person who tolerates different opinions and behaviour, and who is therefore thought to be typical of the kind of people who regularly read The ...
guardian spirit
      supernatural teacher, frequently depicted in animal form, who guides an individual in every important activity through advice and songs; the belief in guardian ...
Guardian, The
formerly The Manchester Guardian Influential newspaper published in London and Manchester, Eng. , considered one of Britain's best papers. Founded in 1821 as the weekly ...
guardianship
/gahr"dee euhn ship'/, n. 1. the position and responsibilities of a guardian, esp. toward a ward. 2. care; responsibility; charge. [1545-55; GUARDIAN + -SHIP] * * *
Guardmember
Guard·mem·ber (gärdʹmĕm'bər) n. A member of the National Guard. * * *
guardof honor
guard of honor n. See honor guard. * * *
guardrail
/gahrd"rayl'/, n. 1. Also, guardrailing. a protective railing, as along a road or stairway. 2. Railroads. a rail laid parallel to a track to prevent derailment or to keep ...
guardroom
/gahrd"roohm', -room'/, n. 1. a room used by military guards during the period they are on duty. 2. a room in which military prisoners are kept. [1755-65; GUARD + ROOM] * * *
Guards Division
the infantry division (= soldiers who fight on foot) in the British army. It consists of the Coldstream Guards, the Grenadier Guards, the Irish Guards, the Scots Guards, and the ...
Guards regiment
n any of the regiments in the Guards Division of the British army or in the Household Cavalry. * * *
guardsman
/gahrdz"meuhn/, n., pl. guardsmen. 1. a person who acts as a guard. 2. a member of the U.S. National Guard. 3. Brit. a member of any select body of troops traditionally organized ...
Guare, John
born Feb. 5, 1938, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. dramatist. After studying at the Yale School of Drama he began staging short plays in New York City. In 1971 he earned critical ...
Guare,John
Guare (gwâr), John. Born 1938. American playwright whose works include Six Degrees of Separation (1990). * * *
guargum
guar gum n. A water-soluble paste made from the seeds of the guar plant and used as a thickener and stabilizer in foods and pharmaceuticals. * * *
Guárico
▪ state, Venezuela       estado (state), north-central Venezuela, bounded north by the central highlands and south by the Orinoco River. It has an area of 25,091 sq mi ...
Guarini
/gwah rddee"nee/, n. Guarino /gwah rddee"naw/, 1624-83, Italian architect. * * *
Guarini, (Giovanni) Battista
born Dec. 10, 1538, Ferrara died Oct. 7, 1612, Venice Italian poet. In 1567 he entered the service of Alfonso II, duke of Ferrara, as courtier and diplomat. In 1579 he replaced ...
Guarini, Battista
▪ Italian poet born Dec. 10, 1538, Ferrara died Oct. 7, 1612, Venice  Renaissance court poet who, with Torquato Tasso (Tasso, Torquato), is credited with establishing the ...
Guarini, Guarino
▪ Italian architect, priest, mathematician, and theologian also called  Camillo Guarini   born Jan. 17, 1624, Modena, Duchy of Modena [Italy] died March 6, 1683, ...
Guarino Veronese
▪ Italian scholar also called  Guarino Guarini  and  Guarino da Verona   born 1374, Verona, March of Verona [Italy] died December 14, 1460, Ferrara, Duchy of ...
Guarino, Battista
▪ Italian scholar born 1435, Ferrara, Duchy of Ferrara died 1513       Italian Renaissance scholar who left an account of contemporary goals and techniques of proper ...
Guarneri
/gwahr nair"ee/; It. /gwahrdd ne"rddee/, n. Giuseppe Antonio /jooh zep"pe ahn taw"nyaw/, (Joseph Guarnerius), 1683-1745, Italian violinmaker. * * *
Guarneri Family
▪ Italian violin makers Latin  Guarnerius,         celebrated family of violin makers of Cremona, Italy. The first was Andrea (c. 1626–98), who worked with ...
Guarneri, Andrea
Italian musical-instrument maker. He apprenticed with Nicolò Amati from 1641 to 1654 (see Amati family). Setting up his own shop in Cremona, he made violas and cellos as well ...
Guarnerius
/gwahr nair"ee euhs/, n., pl. Guarneriuses. a violin made by Guarneri or by a member of his family. * * *
Guarujá
▪ Brazil       city, southeastern São Paulo estado (state), Brazil, on the Atlantic coast of Santo Amaro Island. Although it contains shipyards, Guarujá is known ...
Guarulhos
/gwah rddooh"lyoos/, n. a city in SE Brazil, NE of São Paulo. 311,318. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, southeastern São Paulo estado (state), Brazil, on the Tietê River ...
Guas, Juan
▪ Spanish architect Guas also spelled  Was   born , Lyon died c. 1496, , Toledo, Spain  architect, the central figure of the group of Spanish architects who developed the ...
Guastalla
▪ Italy       town, Emilia-Romagna region, northern Italy, in the Po Valley, northeast of Parma. It was probably founded in the 7th century by the Lombards. In the 15th ...
Guat
Guat abbrev. Guatemala * * *
Guat.
Guatemala. * * *
Guatemala
—Guatemalan, adj., n. /gwah'teuh mah"leuh/; Sp. /gwah'te mah"lah/, n. 1. a republic in N Central America. 11,558,407; 42,042 sq. mi. (108,889 sq. km). 2. Also called Guatemala ...
Guatemala City
Guatemala City capital of Guatemala, in the S part: pop. 2,000,000 * * * City (pop., 1994: city, 823,301; 1999 est.: metro area, 3,119,000), capital of Guatemala. The largest ...
Guatemala, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped blue-white-blue national flag; when used for official purposes, it incorporates the national coat of arms (arms, coat of) in ...
Guatemalan
See Guatemala. * * *
Guató
▪ people       Indians of the lowlands and marshes of the upper Paraguay River (along the modern-day border between Brazil and Bolivia). Traditionally, the Guató were ...
Guattari, Pierre-Félix
▪ French psychiatrist and philosopher born April 30, 1930, Colombe, France died August 29, 1992, near Blois       French psychiatrist and philosopher and a leader of ...
guava
/gwah"veuh/, n. 1. any of numerous tropical and subtropical American trees or shrubs belonging to the genus Psidium, of the myrtle family, esp. P. guajava, bearing large, yellow, ...
Guaviare
Gua·via·re (gwäv-yärʹē, -yäʹrĕ) A river of central and eastern Colombia flowing about 1,046 km (650 mi) east from the Andes to the Orinoco River on the ...
Guaviare River
River, central and eastern Colombia. It rises in the Andes Mountains in south-central Colombia and is known as the Guayabero in its upper course. It meanders northeast before ...
guayabera
/gwuy'euh ber"euh/; Sp. /gwah'yah be"rddah/, n., pl. guayaberas /-ber"euhz/; Sp. /-be"rddahs/. a sport shirt or lightweight jacket, often with several large front pockets, ...
Guayama
/gwah yah"mah/, n. a city in S Puerto Rico. 21,097. * * * ▪ Puerto Rico       town, southeastern Puerto Rico. It is situated on the divide between the Sierra de Cayey ...
Guayaquil
/gwah'yah keel"/, n. 1. a seaport in W Ecuador, on the Gulf of Guayaquil. 823,219. 2. Gulf of, an arm of the Pacific in SW Ecuador. * * * in full Santiago de Guayaquil Largest ...
Guayaquil Conference
▪ South American history       (July 26–27, 1822), meeting between Simón Bolívar (Bolívar, Simón) and José de San Martín (San Martín, José de), leaders of the ...
Guayas River
River, western Ecuador. Its two principal tributaries, the Daule and Babahoyo rivers, rise on the western slopes of the Andes Mountains and unite just above the city of ...
Guayasamin, Oswaldo
▪ 2000       Ecuadoran painter and sculptor whose art, especially his murals, usually reflected his leftist political leanings and his championship of the ...
Guaycuruan languages
also spelled  Guaicuruan        group of Guaycurú-Charruan languages spoken in Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay. Of the Guaycuruan tribes, formerly inhabiting the Gran ...
Guaymas
/gwuy"mahs/, n. a seaport in NW Mexico. 84,730. * * * ▪ Mexico       city and port, southwestern Sonora estado (state), Mexico. (Mexico) On a bay of the Gulf of ...
Guaymí
▪ people       Central American Indians of western Panama, divisible into two main groups, the Northern Guaymí and the Southern Guaymí. The Guaymí language is one of ...
Guaynabo
/gwuy nah"boh/; Sp. /gwuy nah"vaw/, n. a city in N Puerto Rico, SE of Bayamón. 65,075. * * * ▪ Puerto Rico       town, northeastern Puerto Rico, part of the ...
guayule
/gwah yooh"lee, wah-/; Sp. /gwah yooh"le/, n., pl. guayules /-leez/; Sp. /-les/. 1. a composite shrub, Parthenium argentatum, of the southwestern U.S. and Mexico, yielding a form ...
Gubaidulina, Sofia Asgatovna
▪ 2000       Sofia Gubaidulina might have been the envy of many a contemporary composer when two of her new works were performed in New York City on the same day in ...
Guban
▪ plain, Somalia       coastal plain, northwestern Somalia, running parallel to the Gulf of Aden for about 150 miles (240 km) between Seylac (Zeila) in the west and ...
gubbah
/gub"euh/, n. Australian. a white person. Also, gub /gub/. [ < Australian Pidgin E, repr. government man] * * *
Gubbio
▪ Italy       town, Umbria regione of central Italy, lying at the foot of Mount Ingino, just northeast of Perugia. Gubbio (medieval Eugubium) grew up on the ruins of ...
gubernaculum
—gubernacular, adj. /gooh'beuhr nak"yeuh leuhm/, n., pl. gubernacula /-leuh/. Anat., Zool. a part or organ that directs the movement or course of another part. [1655-65; < NL, ...
gubernatorial
/gooh'beuhr neuh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-, gyooh'-/, adj. of or pertaining to a state governor or the office of state governor. [1725-35, Amer.; < L gubernator- (s. of gubernator) ...
guberniya
/gooh ber"nee euh/; Russ. /gooh byerdd"nyi yeuh/, n. 1. (in the Soviet Union) an administrative division of the volosts, smaller than a district. 2. (in Russia before 1917) an ...
Gubkin
▪ Russia       city, Belgorod oblast (region), Russia. It was founded in the 1930s in connection with the development of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly (KMA), one of the ...
Gucci, Maurizio
▪ 1996       Italian business executive who oversaw the resurrection of the family fashion empire in the 1980s until he was forced off the board of directors in 1993 (b. ...
Gucci, Paolo
▪ 1996       Italian designer and businessman whose ongoing legal and personal disputes with various relatives contributed to the sale of the family-owned fashion ...
Guchkov, Aleksandr (Ivanovich)
born Oct. 26, 1862, Moscow, Russia died Feb. 14, 1936, Paris, France Russian politician. After Nicholas II issued the October Manifesto (1905), Guchkov helped found the ...
Guchkov, Aleksandr Ivanovich
▪ Russian statesman born Oct. 26 [Oct. 14, Old Style], 1862, Moscow, Russia died Feb. 14, 1936, Paris, France       statesman and leader of the moderate liberal ...
guck
/guk, gook/, n. Informal. 1. slime or oozy dirt: the guck in a stagnant pond. 2. any oozy, sticky, or slimy substance: a can of guck to patch the roof. Also, gook. [1945-50; ...
Gudbrands Valley
Norwegian Gudbrandsdalen Valley, south-central Norway. It extends about 140 mi (225 km) above Lake Mjøsa and Lillehammer. It was the scene of severe fighting in World War II ...
guddle
/gud"l/, v., guddled, guddling, n. Scot. v.t. 1. to catch (fish) by groping with the hands, as under rocks or along a riverbank. v.i. 2. to grope for fish under stones, along a ...
gude
/gyuud/, adj., n., interj., adv. Scot. and North Eng. good. * * *
Gude
/gyuud/, n. Scot. and North Eng. God. * * *
Gudea
/gooh dee"euh/, n. fl. c2250 B.C., Sumerian ruler. * * *
Guderian, Heinz
▪ German general born June 17, 1888, Kulm, Ger. died May 14, 1954, Schwangau bei Füssen, W.Ger.  German general and tank expert who became one of the principal architects ...
Guderian, Heinz (Wilhelm)
born June 17, 1888, Kulm, Ger. died May 14, 1954, Schwangau bei Füssen, W.Ger. German general and tank expert. His book Attention! Tanks! (1937) incorporated theories by the ...
gudgeon
gudgeon1 /guj"euhn/, n. 1. a small, European, freshwater fish, Gobio gobio, of the minnow family, having a threadlike barbel at each corner of the mouth, used as bait. 2. any of ...
gudgeon pin
Brit. See wrist pin. [1890-95] * * *
gudgeonpin
gudgeon pin n. See wrist pin. * * *
Gudmundsson
/gyuud"moon son/, n. Kristmann /krddist"mahn/, born 1902, Icelandic novelist. * * *
Gudmundsson, Kristmann
▪ Icelandic author born October 23, 1901, Thverfell, Iceland died November 20, 1983, Reykjavík       Icelandic novelist who gained an international reputation with his ...
Gudmundsson, Tómas
▪ Icelandic poet born January 6, 1901, Efri-Brú, Iceland died November 14, 1983, Reykjavík       poet best known for introducing Reykjavík as a subject in Icelandic ...
Gudrun
/good"roohn/, n. (in the Volsunga Saga) the daughter of the king of the Nibelungs. Cf. Kriemhild. [ON Guthrun, equiv. to gunn(r), guth(r) battle + -rún fem. n. suffix] * * ...
Guéckédou
▪ Guinea       town, southern Guinea, at the intersection of roads from Kailahun (Sierra Leone), Kissidougou, and Macenta. It is the chief trading centre for rice, ...
Guedalla
/gwi dal"euh/, n. Philip 1889-1944, English writer. * * *
Guei, Robert
▪ 2003       Ivorian military leader (b. March 16, 1941, Kabakouma, French West Africa—d. Sept. 19, 2002, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire), mounted in 1999 the first ...
guelder rose
/gel"deuhr/ a shrub, Viburnum opulus, of the honeysuckle family, native to the Old World, having broad clusters of white flowers and scarlet fruit. Also called cranberry bush, ...
guelderrose
guelderrose [gel′dər rōz΄] n. 〚after Guelderland (or GELDERLAND)〛 SNOWBALL (sense 2) * * * guel·der rose (gĕlʹdər) n. A Eurasian shrub (Viburnum opulus) having ...
Guelders
/gel"deuhrz/, n. Gelderland. * * *
Guelf and Ghibelline
▪ European history Guelf also spelled  Guelph        members of two opposing factions in German and Italian politics during the Middle Ages. The split between the ...
Guelma
▪ Algeria       town, northeastern Algeria. It lies on the right bank of the Wadi el-Rabate just above its confluence with the Wadi Seybouse. Originally settled as ...
Guelmim
▪ Morocco also spelled  Goulimine,  or  Guelmin        town, southwestern Morocco. Situated in the southern Anti-Atlas mountains near the northwestern edge of the ...
Guelph
—Guelphic, Guelfic, adj. —Guelphism, Guelfism, n. /gwelf/, n. 1. a member of the political party in medieval Italy and Germany that supported the sovereignty of the papacy ...
Guelph, University of
Public university in Guelph, Ont. , Can. It is an important centre for research in scientific agriculture, having been established (1964) through the merger of Ontario ...
Guelphs and Ghibellines
Opposing factions in German and Italian politics during the Middle Ages. The terms Guelph (see Welf dynasty) and Ghibelline (from Waiblingen, the castle of the Welfs' ...
guemal
/gway"meuhl, gay"-/, n. huemul. * * *
Guenevere
/gwen"euh vear'/, n. a female given name: from a Welsh word meaning "white, fair." * * *
guenon
/geuh nawonn", -non"/, n. any of several long-tailed African monkeys, esp. of the genus Cercopithecus, having a grizzled coat. [1830-40; < F < ?] * * * ▪ primate  any of ...
Guéranger, Prosper-Louis-Pascal
▪ French monk born April 4, 1805, Sablé-sur-Sarthe, France died Jan. 30, 1875, Solesmes       monk who restored Benedictine monasticism in France and pioneered the ...
Guercino, Il
(Italian: "The Squinter") orig. Giovanni Francesco Barbieri born Feb. 8, 1591, Cento, Papal States died Dec. 22, 1666, Bologna Italian painter. Strongly influenced by the ...
guerdon
—guerdoner, n. —guerdonless, adj. /gerr"dn/, n. 1. a reward, recompense, or requital. v.t. 2. to give a guerdon to; reward. [1325-75; ME < OF, var. of werdoun < ML ...
Guéret
▪ France       town and capital of Creuse département, Limousin région, central France. It lies about 45 miles (73 km) northeast of Limoges. The feudal capital of the ...
guereza
/geuh rez"euh/, n. a colobus monkey, esp. of the species Colobus guereza. [ < Amharic gureza monkey, or < a related word in a Cushitic language, e.g., Oromo gureezaa] * * * ▪ ...
Guericke
/gair"euh kee, -keuh, gwair"-/; Ger. /gyuu"rddi keuh/, n. Otto von /awt"oh feuhn/, 1602-86, German physicist. * * *
Guericke, Otto von
▪ Prussian physicist, engineer, and philosopher born Nov. 20, 1602, Magdeburg, Prussian Saxony [now in Germany] died May 11, 1686, Hamburg  German physicist, engineer, and ...
gueridon
/ger"ee don'/; Fr. /gay rddee dawonn"/, n., pl. gueridons /-donz'/; Fr. /-dawonn"/. Fr. Furniture. a small table or stand, as for holding a candelabrum. [1850-55; < F guéridon, ...
guerilla
—guerillaism, n. /geuh ril"euh/, n., adj. guerrilla. * * *
Guérin, Camille
▪ French biologist born Dec. 22, 1872, Poitiers, Fr. died June 9, 1961, Paris       French co-developer, with Albert Calmette (Calmette, Albert), of Bacillus ...
Guérin, Maurice de
▪ French poet born Aug. 4/5, 1810, Château du Cayla, near Andillac, Fr. died July 19?, 1839, Château du Cayla       French Romantic poet who achieved cultish ...
Guérin, Mother Théodore, Saint
▪ Roman Catholic nun original name  Anne-Thérèse Guérin   born Oct. 2, 1798, Étables, Côtes-du-Nord, France died May 14, 1856, St. Mary-of-the-Woods, Ind., U.S.; ...
Guérin, Pierre-Narcisse, Baron
▪ French painter and teacher born March 13, 1774, Paris died July 16, 1833, Rome  French painter and the teacher of both Eugène Delacroix and Théodore Géricault. He won ...
guérite
/gay reet"/; Fr. /gay rddeet"/, n., pl. guérites /-reets"/; Fr. /-rddeet"/. Fr. Furniture. a wicker chair having a tall back arched over the seat to form a hood. [1700-10; < F, ...
Guernes de Pont-Sainte-Maxence
▪ French author flourished 12th century       wandering scholar from the Île-de-France, author of the first vernacular life of St. Thomas Becket, which reveals ...
Guernica
/gwair"ni keuh/; Sp. /gerdd nee"kah/, n. 1. Basque town in northern Spain: bombed and destroyed in 1937 by German planes helping the insurgents in the Spanish Civil War. 2. ...
Guernsey
/gerrn"zee/, n., pl. Guernseys for 2, 3. 1. Isle of, one of the Channel Islands, in the English Channel. With adjacent islands: 51,138; 241/2 sq. mi. (63 sq. km). 2. one of a ...
Guernsey cattle
➡ Guernsey * * *
Guernsey lily
a bulbous plant, Nerine sarniensis, of the amaryllis family, native to southern Africa, having clusters of crimson flowers. [1655-65] * * *
Guernsey, flag of
▪ Flag History       flag of a British crown possession, flown subordinate to the Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the), that consists of a white field (background) ...
Guerrero
/gerdd rdde"rddaw/, n. a state in S Mexico. 2,013,000; 24,885 sq. mi. (64,452 sq. km). Cap.: Chilpancingo. * * * State (pop., 2000: 3,079,649), southwestern Mexico. It covers ...
Guerrero, Francisco
▪ Spanish composer born , Oct. 4?, 1528, Sevilla, Spain died Nov. 8, 1599, Sevilla       one of the leading Spanish composers of the 16th century.       Guerrero ...
Guerrero, Lalo
▪ 2006 Eduardo Guerrero, Jr.        American singer-songwriter (b. Dec. 24, 1916, Tucson, Ariz.—d. March 17, 2005, Palm Springs, Calif.), captured the spirit of daily ...
Guerrero, Vicente
▪ Mexican leader born Aug. 10, 1782, Tixtla, Mex. died Feb. 14, 1831, Chilapa       hero of the Mexican efforts to secure independence.       Guerrero began his ...
guerrilla
—guerrillaism, n. /geuh ril"euh/, n. 1. a member of a band of irregular soldiers that uses guerrilla warfare, harassing the enemy by surprise raids, sabotaging communication ...
Guerrilla Girls
▪ American art activists       American group of art activists, founded in 1985 with the twofold mission of bringing attention to women artists and artists of colour and ...
guerrilla theater
the presentation of short propaganda plays or skits, usually on sociopolitical themes, as war or repression, often on the streets or in other nontheater locations. [1965-70] * * *
guerrilla warfare
the use of hit-and-run tactics by small, mobile groups of irregular forces operating in territory controlled by a hostile, regular force. [1835-45] * * * ▪ military ...
guerrillatheater
guerrilla theater n. See street theater. * * *
Guesclin, Bertrand du
▪ constable of France born c. 1320 , La Motte, near Dinan, France died July 13, 1380, Châteauneuf-de-Randon  national French hero, an outstanding military leader during the ...
Guesde
—Guesdism, n. —Guesdist, adj., n. /ged/, n. Jules /zhyuul/, (Mathieu Basile), 1845-1922, French socialist leader, editor, and writer. * * *
Guesde, Jules
orig. Mathieu Basile born Nov. 12, 1845, Paris, France died July 28, 1922, Saint-Mandé French labour organizer. He consulted with Karl Marx in 1880 on a socialist program, ...
guess
—guessable, adj. —guesser, n. —guessingly, adv. /ges/, v.t. 1. to arrive at or commit oneself to an opinion about (something) without having sufficient evidence to support ...
guesser
See guess. * * *
guesstimate
v. /ges"teuh mayt'/; n. /ges"teuh mit, -mayt'/, v., guesstimated, guesstimating, n. Informal. v.t. 1. to estimate without substantial basis in facts or statistics. n. 2. an ...
guesswork
/ges"werrk'/, n. work or procedure based on or consisting of the making of guesses or conjectures. [1715-25; GUESS + WORK] * * *
guest
—guestless, adj. /gest/, n. 1. a person who spends some time at another person's home in some social activity, as a visit, dinner, or party. 2. a person who receives the ...
Guest
/gest/, n. Edgar A(lbert), 1881-1959, U.S. journalist and writer of verse, born in England. * * *
guest beers
➡ pub * * *
guest flag
a rectangular white flag flown at the starboard main spreader or main yardarm of a yacht when the owner is away but guests are on board. * * *
guest of honor
1. a person in whose honor a dinner, party, etc., is given. 2. a distinguished person invited to a dinner, meeting, etc., esp. on some unique occasion. * * *
guest room
a room for the lodging of guests. Also, guestroom. [1630-40] * * *
guest worker
a foreign worker permitted to work in a country, esp. in Western Europe, on a temporary basis. [1965-70; trans. of G Gastarbeiter] * * *
Guest, Barbara
▪ 2007 Barbara Ann Pinson        American poet (b. Sept. 6, 1920, Wilmington, N.C.—d. Feb. 15, 2006, Berkeley, Calif.), was a member of a group of writers that became ...
Guest, Edgar (Albert)
born Aug. 20, 1881, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng. died Aug. 5, 1959, Detroit, Mich., U.S. British-born U.S. writer. His family immigrated to the U.S. when he was 10 years old. ...


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