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Слова на букву gano-hipp (15990)

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Guest, Edgar A
▪ American poet born Aug. 20, 1881, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng. died Aug. 5, 1959, Detroit  British-born U.S. writer whose sentimental verses were widely ...
Guest, Keen & Nettlefolds, PLC
▪ British engineering group       major British group of engineering companies. The group has a variety of manufacturing interests, with an emphasis on the production of ...
Guest, Val
▪ 2007 Valmond Maurice Guest        British film director and screenwriter (b. Dec. 11, 1911, London, Eng.—d. May 10, 2006, Palm Desert, Calif.), was a highly ...
guest-rope
/gest"rohp'/, n. Naut. 1. a rope suspended from the side of a vessel or a boom as an object to which other vessels can moor, or to afford a hold for persons in such vessels. 2. a ...
guest-shot
/gest"shot'/, n. an appearance as a guest, esp. on a television show. * * *
guesthouse
/gest"hows'/, n., pl. guesthouses /-how'ziz/. a small building, separate from a main house or establishment, for the housing of guests. [bef. 1000; ME; OE giest hus. See GUEST, ...
guestimate
v. /ges"teuh mayt'/; n. /ges"teuh mit, -mayt'/ v.t., guestimated, guestimating, n. guesstimate. * * *
guestlist
/gest"list'/, n. a list of guests invited to attend a social function. [GUEST + LIST1] * * *
guestof honor
guest of honor n. A person in whose honor a gathering is held. * * *
guestworker
guest worker n. A foreigner who is permitted to work in a country on a temporary basis, as for farm labor.   [Translation of German Gastarbeiter. See Gastarbeiter.] * * *
Guetary, Georges
▪ 1998       Egyptian-born French singer whose career of over 50 years on the musical theatre stage, in cabarets, on recordings, on television, and in films included a ...
Guettard, Jean-Étienne
▪ French geologist born Sept. 22, 1715, Étampes, Fr. died Jan. 6, 1786, Paris       French geologist and mineralogist who was the first to survey and map the geologic ...
Gueux
Fr. /gue/, n. See Les Gueux. * * *
Guevara
/geuh vahr"euh/; Sp. /ge vah"rddah/, n. Ernesto /erdd nes"taw/, ("Che"), 1928-67, Cuban revolutionist and political leader, born in Argentina. * * *
Guevara Arze, Walter
▪ 1997       Bolivian politician who in 1941 helped form the Nationalist Revolutionary Movement and led it to power 10 years later. He figured prominently in national ...
Guevara, Antonio de
▪ Spanish writer born c. 1480, , Treceño, Spain died April 3, 1545, Mondoñedo       Spanish court preacher and man of letters whose didactic work Reloj de príncipes ...
Guevara, Che
orig. Ernesto Guevara de la Serna born June 14, 1928, Rosario, Arg. died October 1967, Bolivia Theoretician and tactician of guerrilla warfare and prominent figure in Fidel ...
Guevara,Ernesto
Gue·va·ra (gə-värʹə, gĕ-väʹrä), Ernesto. Known as “Che.” 1928-1967. Argentine-born Cuban revolutionary leader who was Fidel Castro's chief lieutenant in the Cuban ...
Guevarist
/geuh vahr"ist/, n. a supporter of the revolutionary theories and tactics of Ernesto Guevara. [1965-70; Ernesto GUEVAR(A) + -IST, or < Sp guevarista] * * *
Guèvremont, Germaine
▪ Canadian author née  Marianne-Germaine Grignon  born Apr. 16, 1893, Saint-Jérôme, Que., Can. died Aug. 21, 1968, Montreal       French-Canadian novelist who ...
Guèye, Lamine
▪ Senegalese politician born 1891, Médine, French Sudan died June 10, 1968, Dakar, Senegal       one of the most important Senegalese politicians before that country ...
guff
/guff/, n. Informal. 1. empty or foolish talk; nonsense. 2. insolent talk. [1815-25; perh. imit.] * * *
guffaw
/gu faw", geuh-/, n. 1. a loud, unrestrained burst of laughter. v.i. 2. to laugh loudly and boisterously. [1710-20; perh. imit.] * * *
GUGB
(in the Soviet Union) the Chief Directorate for State Security, the government's secret police organization (1934-1941) functioning as part of the NKVD. Also, G.U.G.B. [ < Russ, ...
Guggenheim
/goog"euhn huym', gooh"geuhn-/, n. Daniel, 1856-1930, U.S. industrialist and philanthropist. /goog"euhn huym', gooh"geuhn-/, n. Games. category (def. 4). [from the proper name] * ...
Guggenheim Collection
▪ art collection, Venice, Italy in full  Peggy Guggenheim Collection,         in Venice, private collection of post-1910 paintings and sculpture formed by the ...
Guggenheim Museum
a museum of modern art in New York, built with money given by Solomon R Guggenheim (1861–1949), a rich businessman. The unusual circular building was designed by Frank Lloyd ...
Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao
Art museum in Bilbao, Spain. It opened in 1997 as a cooperative venture between the Guggenheim Foundation and the Basque regional administration of northwestern Spain. The ...
Guggenheim Museum, Solomon R.
Museum in New York City housing the Solomon R. Guggenheim collection of modern art. An example of the "organic architecture" of Frank Lloyd Wright, the building (constructed ...
Guggenheim, Charles Eli
▪ 2003       American film producer and director (b. March 31, 1924, Cincinnati, Ohio—d. Oct. 9, 2002, Washington, D.C.), made more than 100 documentaries during a ...
Guggenheim, Daniel
▪ American industrialist and philanthropist born July 9, 1856, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Sept. 28, 1930, Port Washington, N.Y.  American industrialist and philanthropist ...
Guggenheim, Meyer
▪ American industrialist and philanthropist born Feb. 1, 1828, Langnau, Switz. died March 15, 1905, Palm Beach, Fla., U.S.       American industrialist and ...
Guggenheim, Meyer and Daniel
born Feb. 1, 1828, Langnau, Switz. died March 15, 1905, Palm Beach, Fla., U.S. born July 9, 1856, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Sept. 28, 1930, Port Washington, N.Y. U.S. ...
Guggenheim, Peggy
orig. Marguerite Guggenheim born Aug. 26, 1898, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 23, 1979, near Venice, Italy Art collector and patron of the New York school of ...
Guggenheim, Solomon (Robert)
born Feb. 2, 1861, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 3, 1949, New York, N.Y. Businessman and art collector. He became a partner in his father's Swiss embroidery import ...
guggle
/gug"euhl/, v., guggled, guggling, n. v.i., v.t. 1. to gurgle. n. 2. a guggling sound; gurgle. [1605-15; imit.; see -LE] * * *
guglet
/gug"lit/, n. goglet. * * *
Guglielmini, Domenico
▪ Italian mathematician in full  Giovanni Domenico Guglielmini   born Sept. 27, 1655, Bologna, Papal States died July 11, 1710, Padua, Republic of ...
Guglielmo Marconi
➡ Marconi (II) * * *
Guhyasamāja-tantra
▪ Buddhist text (Sanskrit: “Treatise on the Sum Total of Mysteries”),also called  Tathāgataguhyaka         (“The Mystery of Tathāgatahood [Buddhahood]”), ...
GUI
/gooh"ee/, n., pl. GUIs, GUI's. See graphical user interface. * * * ▪ Chinese vessel Wade-Giles romanization  kuei    type of Chinese vessel produced during the Shang ...
Gui River
▪ river, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Gui Jiang  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Kuei Chiang,  conventional  Kwei Kiang   northern tributary of the Xi River (Xi River ...
Gui.
Guiana. * * *
Guiana
/gee an"euh, -ah"neuh, guy an"euh/, n. 1. a vast tropical region in NE South America, bounded by the Orinoco, Negro, and Amazon rivers and the Atlantic. ab. 690,000 sq. mi. ...
Guiana current
an ocean current flowing northwest along the northeast coast of South America. * * * ▪ ocean current       surface oceanic current, a northwest-flowing branch of the ...
Guiana Highlands
▪ region, South America   plateau and low-mountain region of South America located north of the Amazon and south of the Orinoco River. Comprising a heavily forested plateau, ...
GuianaHighlands
Guiana Highlands A mountainous tableland region of northern South America extending from southeast Venezuela into Guyana and northern Brazil. * * *
Guianas, the
Region, northern South America. Located on the Atlantic and Caribbean coasts, it lies between the Orinoco, Negro, and Amazon rivers and covers an area of about 181,000 sq mi ...
Guianese
/gee'euh neez", -nees", guy'-/, adj., n., pl. Guianese. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the region of Guiana, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. an inhabitant or native of ...
guib
/gwib, geeb/, n. bushbuck. [1765-75; < F guiba, name used by Buffon; orig. obscure] * * *
Guicciardini, Francesco
▪ Italian historian and statesman born March 6, 1483, Florence died May 22, 1540, Santa Margherita a Montici, near Florence       Florentine statesman, diplomat, and ...
guidable
See guide. * * *
guidance
/guyd"ns/, n. 1. the act or function of guiding; leadership; direction. 2. advice or counseling, esp. that provided for students choosing a course of study or preparing for a ...
guidance counseling
byname  counseling and guidance        the process of helping individuals discover and develop their educational, vocational, and psychological potentialities and ...
guidance counselor
guidance counselor n. a member of the staff of a high school whose job is advising students about course selection, possible careers, preparation for college, etc. * * *
guide
—guidable, adj. —guideless, adj. —guider, n. —guidingly, adv. /guyd/, v., guided, guiding, n. v.t. 1. to assist (a person) to travel through, or reach a destination in, ...
guide center
Mil. a command to a marching formation to align itself behind a guide marching at the head of the formation. * * *
guide dog
guide dog n. a dog trained to lead a blind person * * * or Seeing Eye dog Dog professionally trained to guide and protect its blind master. They have also been used to assist ...
guide dog.
See Seeing Eye dog. [1930-35] * * *
Guide Dogs for the Blind Association
a British charity, started in 1933, which trains dogs to lead blind people. The equivalent US organization is the Guide Dog Foundation for the Blind, established in 1946. * * *
guide fossil.
See index fossil. [1905-10] * * *
guide left
Mil. a command to a marching formation to align itself with a guide marching at the left side of the formation. * * *
guide rail
a track or rail designed to control the movement of an object, as a door or window. * * *
guide right
Mil. a command to a marching formation to align itself with a guide marching at the right side of the formation. * * *
guide rope
1. a rope fastened, usually at an angle, to a hoisting or towing line, to guide the object being moved. 2. Aeron. a long rope hung downward from a balloon and trailing along the ...
guide word
catchword (def. 2). [1925-30] * * *
guideboard
/guyd"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a large board or sign, usually mounted on a post, giving directions to travelers. [1800-10; GUIDE + BOARD] * * *
guidebook
—guidebookish, guidebooky, adj. /guyd"book'/, n. a book of directions, advice, and information, esp. for travelers or tourists. [1805-15; GUIDE + BOOK] * * *
guided
/guy"did/, adj. 1. accompanied by a guide: a guided tour. 2. supervised or controlled: a guided beam. [1905-10; GUIDE + -ED2] * * * (as used in expressions) divinely guided ...
guided missile
an aerial missile, as a rocket, steered during its flight by radio signals, clockwork controls, etc. [1940-45] * * * Projectile provided with means for altering its direction ...
guided missile cruiser
a naval cruiser equipped with long-range guided missiles and missile launchers. * * *
guided wave
a wave the energy of which is concentrated near a boundary or between parallel boundaries separating different materials and that has a direction of propagation parallel to these ...
guidedmissile
guid·ed missile (gīʹdĭd) n. A self-propelled missile that can be guided while it is in flight. * * *
guidedog
guide dog n. A dog that has been specially trained to guide a blind or visually impaired person. * * *
guidedwave
guided wave n. An electromagnetic or acoustic wave transmitted by a process that limits its physical dispersion along the length of its transmission. * * *
guidefossil
guide fossil n. See index fossil. * * *
guideline
/guyd"luyn'/, n. 1. any guide or indication of a future course of action: guidelines on the government's future policy. 2. a lightly marked line used as a guide, as in composing ...
guidepost
/guyd"pohst'/, n. 1. a post, usually mounted on the roadside or at the intersection of two or more roads, bearing a sign for the guidance of travelers. 2. anything serving as a ...
guider
See guidable. * * *
guiderope
guide rope n. A rope fastened to another rope that is lifting a load, used to guide the rope and steady the load. * * *
Guiders
➡ Guide * * *
Guides Association
➡ Guide * * *
guideway
/guyd"way'/, n. a structure, usually made of concrete, that is used to support and guide trains or individual vehicles that ride over it. [1875-80, for an earlier sense; GUIDE + ...
guideword
guide·word (gīdʹwûrd') n. A word or term that appears at the top of each page or column in a reference book, such as a dictionary, to indicate the first or last entry on the ...
Guidi Family
▪ Italian family       an Italian family that originated in the Romagna in the 10th century and came to dominate by the mid-12th century the Florentine contado ...
Guiding Light
the oldest US television soap opera. It began as a radio series in 1936 and moved to television in 1952. It has won several Emmy awards. Actors who appeared in The Guiding Light ...
Guido
/gwee"doh/; It. /gwee"daw/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Adler Guido Guido di Pietro Bülow Hans Guido baron von Guido of Burgundy Cavalcanti Guido Guido ...
Guido d'Arezzo
—Guidonian /gwi doh"nee euhn/, adj. /gwee"daw dah rddet"tsaw/, (Guido Aretinus) ("Fra Guittone") c995-1049?, Italian monk and music theorist: reformer of musical notation. * * ...
Guido da Siena
▪ Italian painter flourished 13th century, Siena, Republic of Siena [Italy]       one of the first Italian painters to break with the centuries-old conventions of ...
Guido Delle Colonne
▪ Italian author born c. 1215, , Sicily? died c. 1290, , Sicily?       jurist, poet, and Latin prose writer whose poetry was praised by Dante and whose Latin version ...
Guidod'Arezzo
Gui·do d'A·rez·zo (gwēʹdō dä-rĕtʹsō) or Guido A·re·ti·no (är'ĕ-tēʹnō), 990?-1050. Benedictine monk and music theorist who devised the four-line staff, thereby ...
guidon
/guyd"n/, n. Mil. 1. a small flag or streamer carried as a guide, for marking or signaling, or for identification. 2. the soldier carrying it. Cf. colorbearer. [1540-50; < MF < ...
guidwillie
/gyuud'wil"ee, gweed'-/, n., adj. Scot. Obs. goodwilly. * * *
Guienne
/gwee yen"/, n. a former province in SW France. Also, Guyenne. * * *
Guier, Lake
▪ lake, Senegal French  Lac de Guier         lake, northwestern Senegal. It is situated 40 miles (64 km) east of the city of Saint-Louis. Lake Guier is fed by the ...
guige
/geej, geezh/, n. Armor. a shoulder strap attached to the inner side of a shield. [1350-1400; ME gige < OF guige extra strap for shield] * * *
Guignol
▪ French puppet       most prominent puppet character in France, where his name became synonymous with puppet theatre. The hand puppet was created by the puppeteer ...
Guija
/gee"hah/, n. Lake, a lake on the border between SE Guatemala and NW El Salvador, in Central America. ab. 20 mi. (32 km) long. * * *
Guilbert, Yvette
▪ French singer and actress original name  Emma Laure Esther Guilbert  born Jan. 20, 1867?, Paris died Feb. 4, 1944, Aix-en-Provence, Fr.       French singer, ...
guild
/gild/, n. 1. an organization of persons with related interests, goals, etc., esp. one formed for mutual aid or protection. 2. any of various medieval associations, as of ...
guild socialism
—guild socialist. —guild-socialistic, adj. a form of socialism developed in England in the 20th century, emphasizing decentralization of industry and services with control to ...
guilder
/gil"deuhr/, n. 1. a silver or nickel coin and monetary unit of the Netherlands, equal to 100 cents; florin. Abbr.: Gld.,f.,fl. 2. a former gold coin of the Netherlands; ...
Guildford
▪ England, United Kingdom  town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Surrey, England, at a ford across the River Wey on the north side of the gap by ...
Guildford Four
four Irishmen who spent 18 years in prison because a court of law said they were members of the IRA and found them guilty of putting bombs in pubs in Guildford and Woolwich, ...
guildhall
/gild"hawl'/, n. (in Britain) the hall built or used by a guild or corporation for its assemblies; town hall. Also, gildhall. [bef. 1000; ME; OE gegyld healle; see GUILD, HALL] * ...
guilds
➡ Freemasonry * * *
guildship
/gild"ship/, n. 1. guild (defs. 1, 2). 2. the condition or standing of a guild member. [bef. 1000; GUILD + -SHIP; prob. not continuous with OE gieldscipe] * * *
guildsman
/gildz"meuhn/, n., pl. guildsmen. a member of a guild. [1870-75; GUILD + 'S1 + MAN1] * * *
guildsocialism
guild socialism n. An English socialist doctrine of the early 20th century according to which industry would be owned by the state but managed by guilds of workers. * * *
guile
/guyl/, n. insidious cunning in attaining a goal; crafty or artful deception; duplicity. [1175-1225; ME < OF < Gmc; akin to WILE] Syn. trickery, fraud, craft. See deceit. * * *
guileful
—guilefully, adv. —guilefulness, n. /guyl"feuhl/, adj. insidiously cunning; artfully deceptive; wily. [1300-50; ME; see GUILE, -FUL] * * *
guilefully
See guileful. * * *
guilefulness
See guilefully. * * *
guileless
—guilelessly, adv. —guilelessness, n. /guyl"lis/, adj. free from guile; sincere; honest; straightforward; frank. [1720-30; GUILE + -LESS] Syn. artless, ingenuous, naive, ...
guilelessly
See guileless. * * *
guilelessness
See guilelessly. * * *
Guilford
/gil"feuhrd/, n. a town in S Connecticut, on Long Island Sound. 17,375. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United States       town (township), New Haven county, southern ...
Guilford College
▪ college, Greensboro, North Carolina, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Greensboro, North Carolina, U.S., affiliated with ...
Guilford Courthouse, Battle of
▪ United States history       (March 15, 1781), in the American Revolution, strategic victory for the Americans in North Carolina over the British, who soon afterward ...
Guilford, Joy Paul
▪ American psychologist born March 7, 1897, Marquette, Nebraska, U.S. died November 26, 1987, Los Angeles, California       American psychologist and practitioner of ...
Guilin
/gwee"lin"/, n. Pinyin. a city in the NE Guangxi Zhuang region, in S China. 235,000. Also, Kweilin. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Kuei-lin , also spelled ...
Guillain-Barré syndrome
/gee yan"beuh ray"/, Pathol. an uncommon, usually self-limited form of polyneuritis, occurring after a viral illness or immunization and manifested by loss of muscle strength, ...
Guillain-BarréSyndrome
Guil·lain-Bar·ré Syndrome (gē-yănʹbə-rāʹ) n. A temporary inflammation of the nerves, causing pain, weakness, and paralysis in the extremities and often progressing to ...
Guillaume
Fr. /gee yohm"/, n. Charles Édouard Fr. /shannrddl ay dwannrdd"/, 1861-1938, Swiss physicist: Nobel prize 1920. * * * (as used in expressions) Dufay Guillaume Dupuytren ...
Guillaume d'Orange
▪ legendary hero       central hero of some 24 French epic poems, or chansons de geste (chanson de geste), of the 12th and 13th centuries. The poems form what is ...
Guillaume de Lorris
▪ medieval French author flourished 13th century       French author of the first and more poetic part of the medieval verse allegory the Roman de la rose, started by ...
Guillaume de Machaut
/gee yohm deuh mann shoh"/ 1300-77, French poet and composer. * * *
Guillaume, Charles Édouard
▪ French physicist born Feb. 15, 1861, Fleurier, Switz. died June 13, 1938, Sèvres, France       French physicist whose exhaustive studies of ferronickel alloys ...
Guillaumin, Armand
▪ French painter in full  Jean-Baptiste-Armand Guillaumin  born February 16, 1841, Paris, France died June 26, 1927, Paris       French landscape painter and ...
Guillem, Sylvie
▪ 2003       When Sylvie Guillem was first seen on the ballet stage, it was her extraordinary, and seemingly effortless, extension that caught the public's attention. By ...
guillemet
/gil"euh met'/; Fr. /geeeu may"/, n. one of two marks « or » used in French, Italian, and Russian printing to enclose quotations. [ < F, dim. of Guillaume William, prob. name ...
Guillemin
/gee'euh man"/; Fr. /geeyeu maonn"/, n. Roger (Charles Louis) /roj"euhr chahrlz looh"ee/; Fr. /rddaw zhay" shannrddl lwee/, born 1924, U.S. physiologist, born in France: Nobel ...
Guillemin, Roger C(harles) L(ouis)
born Jan. 11, 1924, Dijon, Fr. French-born U.S. physiologist. He and his colleagues discovered, isolated, and synthesized hypothalamic hormones that regulate thyroid activity, ...
Guillemin, Roger Charles Louis
▪ American physiologist born Jan. 11, 1924, Dijon, France       French-born American physiologist whose researches into the hormones produced by the hypothalamus gland ...
guillemot
/gil"euh mot'/, n. 1. a black or brown-speckled seabird of the genus Cepphus, of northern seas, having a sharply pointed black bill, red legs, and white wing patches, as C. ...
Guillén
/geel yen"/; Sp. /gee lyen"/, n. Jorge /hawrdd"he/, 1893-1984, Spanish poet, in the U.S. 1940-75. * * *
Guillén, Jorge
▪ Spanish poet born January 18, 1893, Valladolid, Spain died February 6, 1984, Málaga       Spanish lyric poet who experimented with different metres and used verbs ...
Guillén, Nicolás
▪ Cuban poet in full  Nicolás Guillén Batista  born July 10, 1902, Camagüey, Cuba died July 16, 1989, Havana       Cuban poet of social protest and a leader of the ...
Guillen, Ozzie
▪ 2006       At the start of the 2005 Major League Baseball season, Chicago's National League (NL) Cubs and American League (AL) White Sox had gone a combined 185 years ...
Guilleragues, Gabriel-Joseph de Lavergne, viscount of
▪ French author and diplomat French in full  Gabriel-Joseph de Lavergne, vicomte de Guilleragues  born Nov. 18, 1628, Bordeaux, France died March 4, 1685, Constantinople, ...
guilloche
/gi lohsh"/, n. an ornamental pattern or border, as in architecture, consisting of paired ribbons or lines flowing in interlaced curves around a series of circular ...
guillotine
/gil"euh teen', gee"euh-/; esp. for v. /gil'euh teen", gee'euh-/, n., v., guillotined, guillotining. n. 1. a device for beheading a person by means of a heavy blade that is ...
guilt
/gilt/, n. 1. the fact or state of having committed an offense, crime, violation, or wrong, esp. against moral or penal law; culpability: He admitted his guilt. 2. a feeling of ...
guilt trip
Informal. a feeling of guilt or responsibility, esp. one not justified by reality. * * *
guilt-trip
/gilt"trip'/, v.t., guilt-tripped, guilt-tripping. Informal. to attempt to instill a guilt trip in; play upon the guilt feelings of. [1975-80] * * *
guiltily
See guilty. * * *
guiltiness
See guiltily. * * *
guiltless
—guiltlessly, adv. —guiltlessness, n. /gilt"lis/, adj. 1. free from guilt; innocent. 2. having no knowledge or experience; innocent (usually fol. by of). 3. destitute or ...
guiltlessly
See guiltless. * * *
guiltlessness
See guiltlessly. * * *
guilttrip
guilt trip n. Informal A usually prolonged feeling of guilt or culpability. Idiom: lay a guilt trip on To make or try to make (someone) feel guilty. * * *
guilty
—guiltily, adv. —guiltiness, n. /gil"tee/, adj., guiltier, guiltiest. 1. having committed an offense, crime, violation, or wrong, esp. against moral or penal law; justly ...
Guimarães
▪ Portugal       city, northwestern Portugal. Guimarães lies at the foot of the Serra de Santa Catarina (2,018 feet [615 m]), northeast of the city of Porto. Founded ...
Guimarães Rosa, João
▪ Brazilian author born June 27, 1908, Cordisburgo, Braz. died Nov. 19, 1967, Rio de Janeiro       novelist and short-story writer whose innovative prose style, derived ...
Guimarães, Bernardo
▪ Brazilian author born Aug. 15, 1825, Ouro Prêto, Braz. died March 10, 1884, Ouro Prêto       poet, dramatist, and regional novelist whose works marked a major ...
Guimard, Hector
▪ French architect born March 10, 1867, Lyon, Fr. died May 20, 1942, New York, N.Y., U.S.       architect, decorator, and furniture designer, probably the best-known ...
Guimard, Madeleine
▪ French ballerina baptized Dec. 27, 1743, Paris, Fr. died May 4, 1816, Paris  leading ballerina at the Paris Opéra for nearly 30 years.       Guimard was dancing at ...
Guimerá, Ángel
▪ Catalan writer born May 6, 1847, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain died July 18, 1924, Barcelona       Catalan playwright, poet, orator, and fervent ...
Guimet Museum
▪ museum, Paris, France French  Musée Guimet        museum in Paris, housing art collections from all parts of Asia. The original collection was begun in Lyon, Fr., ...
guimpe
/gimp, gamp/, n. 1. a chemisette or yoke of lace, embroidery, or other material, worn with a dress cut low at the neck. 2. gimp1. 3. a part of the habit of nuns of certain ...
Guin.
Guinea. * * *
Guinan, Texas
▪ American actress byname of  Mary Louise Cecelia Guinan   born Jan. 12, 1884, Waco, Texas, U.S. died Nov. 5, 1933, Vancouver, B.C., Can.       American actress of ...
Guinea
—Guinean, adj., n. /gin"ee/, n. 1. a coastal region in W Africa, extending from the Gambia River to the Gabon estuary. 2. Formerly, French Guinea. an independent republic in W ...
Guinea corn
durra. [1665-75, Amer.] * * *
Guinea Current
an ocean current flowing E along the Guinea coast of W Africa. * * * ▪ ocean current       surface oceanic current of the Atlantic Ocean, the eastward continuation of ...
guinea fowl
any of several African, gallinaceous birds of the subfamily Numidinae, esp. a common species, Numida meleagris, that has a bony casque on the head and dark gray plumage spotted ...
guinea grains.
See grains of paradise. * * *
guinea grass
a grass, Panicum maximum, native to Africa, used for forage in warm regions of North and South America. [1750-60] * * *
guinea hen
1. the female of the guinea fowl. 2. any member of the guinea fowl family. [1570-80] * * *
Guinea Highlands
▪ plateau, Africa French  Dorsale Guinéenne,         mountainous plateau extending from the southern Fouta Djallon highlands through southeastern Guinea, northern ...
Guinea pepper
Guinea pepper n. 1. any of several African plants (genus Xylopia) of the custard-apple family, esp. a tree ( X. aethiopica) with fruits used in spices and folk medicine 2. the ...
Guinea pepper.
See grains of paradise. [1590-1600] * * *
guinea pig
1. a short-eared, tailless rodent of the genus Cavia, usually white, black, and tawny, commonly regarded as the domesticated form of one of the South American wild species of ...
guinea worm
a long, slender, roundworm, Dracunculus medinensis, parasitic under the skin of humans and animals, common in parts of India and Africa. Also, Guinea worm. [1690-1700] * * * or ...
Guinea, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped red-yellow-green national flag. It has a width-to-length ratio of 2 to 3.       When Charles de Gaulle reorganized the ...
Guinea, Gulf of
Great inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, western Central African coast. It includes the Bights of Benin and Biafra, and its major tributaries are the Casamance, Volta, and Niger ...
Guinea,Gulf of
Guinea, Gulf of A broad inlet of the Atlantic Ocean formed by the great bend in the west-central coast of Africa. It includes the Bights of Benin and Biafra. * * *
Guinea-Bissau
/gin"ee bi sow"/, n. a republic on the W coast of Africa, between Guinea and Senegal: formerly a Portuguese overseas province; gained independence in 1974. 1,178,584; 13,948 sq. ...
Guinea-Bissau, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of two horizontal stripes of yellow and green and, at the hoist, a vertical red stripe with a black star. The flag has a ...
guinea-hen flower
/gin"ee hen'/. See checkered lily. [1590-1600] * * *
guineafowl
guinea fowl n. Any of several pheasantlike birds of the family Numididae native to Africa, especially a widely domesticated species (Numida meleagris) having blackish plumage ...
Guinean
See Guinea. * * *
guineapig
guinea pig n. 1. Any of various small, short-eared domesticated rodents of the genus Cavia, having variously colored hair and no visible tail. They are widely kept as pets and ...
guineaworm
guinea worm n. A long threadlike nematode worm (Dracunculus medinensis) of tropical Asia and Africa that is a subcutaneous parasite of humans and other mammals and causes ...
Güines
▪ Cuba       city, west-central Cuba. The city is situated in a fertile agricultural region where irrigation facilitates the growing of sugarcane, tobacco, and various ...
Guines, Tata
▪ 2009 Federico Arístides Soto Alejo        Cuban percussionist born June 30, 1930, Güines, Cuba died Feb. 4, 2008, Havana, Cuba was hailed as the King of the Congas ...
Guinevere
/gwin"euh vear'/, n. 1. Arthurian Romance. wife of King Arthur and mistress of Lancelot. 2. a female given name. * * * ▪ legendary queen of Britain       wife of ...
Guiney, Louise Imogen
▪ American poet and essayist born Jan. 7, 1861, Roxbury [now in Boston], Mass., U.S. died Nov. 2, 1920, Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, Eng.  American poet and essayist, a ...
Guingamp
▪ France       town, northwestern France, in the Côtes-d'Armor département, Brittany région, on the right bank of the Trieux River, east-northeast of Brest, the ...
Guinness
/gin"is/, n. Sir Alec born 1914, English actor. * * *
Guinness Book of Records
a book, published every year by Guinness World Records, which gives all the records achieved in a very wide range of fields and activities. For example, the names of the oldest, ...
Guinness PLC
Manufacturer of distilled liquors and brewer of a distinctive, dark, creamy stout. It originated in Dublin, where Arthur Guinness bought a small brewery in the late 18th ...
Guinness, (de Cuffe), Sir Alec
born April 2, 1914, London, Eng. died Aug. 5, 2000, Midhurst, West Sussex British actor. He made his stage debut in 1934. His reputation soared after 1936, when he joined the ...
Guinness, Sir Alec
▪ 2001 Alec Guinness de Cuffe        British actor (b. April 2, 1914, Marylebone, London, Eng.—d. Aug. 5, 2000, Midhurst, West Sussex, Eng.), was one of the 20th ...
Guinness, Sir Benjamin Lee, 1st Baronet
▪ Irish brewer born November 1, 1798, Dublin, Ireland died May 19, 1868, London, England       Irish brewer and first lord mayor of Dublin under the reformed ...
Guinness,Sir Alec
Guin·ness (gĭnʹĭs), Sir Alec. Born 1914. British actor known for his extraordinary range of roles. His films include The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), for which he won an ...
guipure
/gi pyoor"/; Fr. /gee pyuurdd"/, n., pl. guipures /-pyoorz"/; Fr. /-pyuurdd"/. 1. any of various laces, often heavy, made of linen, silk, etc., with the pattern connected by ...
Guipúzcoa
▪ province, Spain       province, in the autonomous Basque Country, northern Spain, situated on the Bay of Biscay between Vizcaya (Biscay) province and the French ...
Guipuzcoana, Compañía
▪ Spanish trading company Spanish“Guipúzcoa Company”, also called  Caracas Company         trading concern chartered by the Spanish crown in 1728, with a ...
guira
▪ bird  (Guira guira), bird of eastern tropical South America in the cuckoo family, Cuculidae. It is 40 cm (16 inches) long, with gray-brown streaked body, short frowsy ...
Güira de Melena
▪ Cuba       city, west-central Cuba. It lies amid a fertile agricultural and livestock-raising region known primarily for tobacco, although potatoes and bananas, ...
Güiraldes, Ricardo
▪ Argentine writer born , Feb. 13, 1886, Buenos Aires died Oct. 8, 1927, Paris       Argentine novelist and poet best remembered for his novel Don Segundo Sombra ...
guiro
/gwear"oh/; Sp. /gee"rddaw/, n., pl. guiro. a South American musical instrument consisting of a hollow gourd with serrated surface that is scraped with a stick. [1895-1900; < ...
Guisan, Henri
▪ Swiss military leader born Oct. 21, 1874, Mézières, Switz. died April 8, 1960, Lausanne       Swiss military leader and national hero; he was commander in chief of ...
guisard
/guy"zeuhrd/, n. a person who wears a mask; mummer. [1620-30; GUISE + -ARD] * * *
guisarme
/gi zahrm"/, n. a shafted weapon having as a head a curved, double-edged blade with a beak at the back. Also, gisarme. [1200-50; ME < OF g(u)isarme, gisarne, prob. of Gmc orig.; ...
Guiscard
Fr. /gees kannrdd"/, n. Robert Fr. /rddaw berdd"/, (Robert de Hauteville) c1015-85, Norman conqueror in Italy. * * *
Guiscard,Robert
Guis·card (gē-skärʹ), Robert. See Robert Guiscard. * * *
guise
/guyz/, n., v., guised, guising. n. 1. general external appearance; aspect; semblance: an old principle in a new guise. 2. assumed appearance or mere semblance: under the guise ...
Guise
/geez/, n. 1. François de Lorraine /frddahonn swann" deuh law rdden"/, 2nd Duc de, 1519-63, French general and statesman. 2. his son, Henri I de Lorraine /ahonn rddee"/, Duc de, ...
Guise, Charles de Lorraine, 4e duc de
▪ French noble (4th duke of) born Aug. 20, 1571 died Sept. 30, 1640, Cuna, Italy       duke of Guise who lived through the rapid decline in the family's ...
Guise, Claude de Lorraine, 1er duc de
▪ French noble (1st duke of) born Oct. 20, 1496, Condé-sur-Moselle, Fr. died April 12, 1550, Joinville       count and later (from 1527) duke of Guise, the first of ...
Guise, François de Lorraine, 2e duc de, Duc D'aumale, Prince De Joinville
▪ French noble byname  The Scarred , French  Le Balafré  born Feb. 24, 1519, Bar, Fr. died Feb. 24, 1563, Orléans       the greatest figure produced by the House ...
Guise, François de Lorraine, 2nd duke de
born Feb. 24, 1519, Bar, France died Feb. 24, 1563, Orléans French soldier and loyal servant to the French crown, the greatest figure produced by the house of Guise. He fought ...
Guise, Henri I de Lorraine, 3e duc de
▪ French noble (3rd duke of),byname  Henry Of Guise, or The Scarred,  French  Henri De Guise, or Le Balafré  born Dec. 31, 1550 died Dec. 23, 1588, Blois, Fr.  popular ...
Guise, Henri I de Lorraine, 3rd duke de
born Dec. 31, 1550 died Dec. 23, 1588, Blois, France French leader of the Catholic party and the Holy League during the French Wars of Religion. When Catherine de Médicis ...
Guise, Henri II de Lorraine, 5e duc de
▪ French noble born April 4, 1614, Blois, France died June 2, 1664       duke of Guise whose multiple attempts to revive the family's power came to ...
Guise, Henri II de Lorraine, 5th duke de
born April 4, 1614, Blois, France died June 2, 1664 French leader of the house of Guise. He was already archbishop of Rheims when he became duke de Guise in 1640. After being ...
Guise, house of
Noble French Roman Catholic family that played a major role in French politics during the Reformation. Claude de Lorraine (1496–1550) was created the 1st duke de Guise in 1527 ...
Guise, Louis I de Lorraine, 1er cardinal de
▪ French cardinal (1st cardinal of) born Oct. 21, 1527 died May 29, 1578       brother of François, 2nd duc de Guise.       Named bishop of Troyes (1545) and ...
Guise, Louis II de Lorraine, 2e cardinal de
▪ French cardinal (2nd cardinal of) born July 6, 1555, Dampierre, Fr. died Dec. 24, 1588, Blois       brother of Henri de Lorraine, 3rd duc de Guise, whom he supported ...
Guise, Louis III de Lorraine, 3e cardinal de
▪ French cardinal (3rd cardinal of) born Jan. 22, 1575 died June 21, 1621, Saintes, Fr.       last of the cardinals of the House of Guise, brother of Charles, 4th duc ...
Guise,Second Duke
Guise (gēz), Second Duke Title of François de Lorraine. 1519-1563. French general and politician who suppressed the Huguenots. * * *
Guise,Third Duke
Guise, Third Duke Title of Henri de Lorraine. 1550-1588. French military leader who helped plan the massacre of Huguenots on Saint Bartholomew's Day, 1572. His designs on the ...
guitar
/gi tahr"/, n. a stringed musical instrument with a long, fretted neck, a flat, somewhat violinlike body, and typically six strings, which are plucked with the fingers or with a ...
Guitar Hero
▪ electronic game series       popular electronic game series developed and released by American companies RedOctane, Harmonix Music Systems, and Activision (now ...
guitarfish
/gi tahr"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) guitarfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) guitarfishes. any sharklike ray of the family Rhinobatidae, of warm ...
guitarist
/gi tahr"ist/, n. a performer on the guitar. [1760-70; GUITAR + -IST] * * *
guitguit
/gwit"gwit'/, n. any of several tropical American honeycreepers. [1890-95; imit.] * * *
Guitry
/gee"tree/; Fr. /gee trddee"/, n. Sacha /sah"sheuh/; Fr. /sann shann"/, 1885-1957, French actor and dramatist, born in Russia. * * *
Guitry, Lucien
▪ French actor born Dec. 13, 1860, Paris died June 1, 1925, Paris       French actor noted for his combination of broad range and economy of ...
Guitry, Sacha
born Feb. 21, 1885, St. Petersburg, Russia died July 24, 1957, Paris, France Russian-born French actor and dramatist. Son of the French actor Lucien Guitry (1860–1925), he ...
Guittone d'Arezzo
▪ Italian poet born c. 1230, Arezzo, Tuscia [Italy] died 1294, Florence       founder of the Tuscan school of courtly poetry.       Knowledge of Guittone's life ...
guiver
/guy"veuhr/, n. Australian Slang. guyver. * * *
Guiyang
/gwee"yahng"/, n. Pinyin. a city in and the capital of Guizhou province, in S China. 660,000. Also, Kweiyang. * * * or Kuei-yang City (pop., 1999 est.: 1,320,566), capital of ...
Guizar, Tito
▪ 2000 Federico Arturo Guízar Tolentino        Mexican actor who paved the way in Hollywood for Mexican performers as the first of the singing charros, the ...
Guizhou
/gwee"joh"/, n. Pinyin. 1. Also, Kweichow. a province in S China. 17,140,000; 67,181 sq. mi. (173,999 sq. km). Cap.: Guiyang. 2. former name of Fengjie. * * * or Kuei-chou ...
Guizot
/gee zoh"/, n. François Pierre Guillaume /frddahonn swann" pyerdd gee yohm"/, 1787-1874, French historian and statesman. * * *
Guizot, François
▪ French politician and historian in full  François-Pierre-Guillaume Guizot  born October 4, 1787, Nîmes, France died October 12, 1874, Val-Richer  French political ...
Guizot, François (-Pierre-Guillaume)
born Oct. 4, 1787, Nîmes, France died Oct. 12, 1874, Val-Richer French political figure and historian. He studied law but became a professor of history at the University of ...
Guizot, FrançoisPierre Guillaume
Gui·zot (gē-zōʹ), François Pierre Guillaume. 1787-1874. French historian and politician who advocated a constitutional monarchy, served as premier (1847-1848), and ...
Gujarat
/gooj'euh raht", gooh'jeuh-/, n. 1. a region in W India, N of the Narbada River. 2. a state in W India, on the Arabian Sea. 30,930,000; 72,138 sq. mi. (186,837 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Gujarat Plains
▪ plains, India       vast plains area of central Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, western India. The plains extend over about 12,800 square miles (33,000 square km) and are ...
Gujarat States
a group of former princely states, in W India: placed under a special agency (Gujarat States Agency) in 1933; now divided between Gujarat and Maharashtra states. * * *
Gujarāt woodwork
 architectural carving executed in the state of Gujarāt in India. Gujarāt was the chief centre of wood carving in India from at least the 15th century. Even when stone as a ...
Gujarati
/gooj'euh rah"tee, gooh'jeuh-/, n. an Indic language of western India. [1600-10; < Hindi < Skt Gurjara GUJARAT] * * *
Gujarati language
      Indo-Aryan language that is spoken in Gujarāt state and in the neighbouring states of Mahārāshtra and Rājasthān in India; it is the official language of ...
Gujranwala
/gooj'reuhn wah"leuh, goohj'-/, n. a city in NE Pakistan. 597,000. * * * ▪ Pakistan       city, northeastern Punjab province, Pakistan. The city is connected by rail ...
Gujrat
▪ Pakistan also spelled  Gujarat         city, northeastern Punjab province, Pakistan. The city lies just north of the Chenab River and is connected with Lahore and ...
Gujrat, Battle of
▪ Second Sikh War       (Feb. 21, 1849), engagement between the Sikh army of Sher Singh and a British-Indian army led by Hugh Gough (Gough, Sir Hugh), 1st Baron (later ...
Gukovo
▪ Russia       city, Rostov oblast (province), southwestern Russia. It is one of the centres of the coal industry in the Donets Basin and is located in the eastern ...
gul
gul (go͞ol) n. A stylized octagonal motif in Oriental rugs.   [Persian, rose. See julep.] * * *
Gül Baba
▪ Turkish dervish also spelled  Gülbaba  born , Merzifon, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey] died Sept. 2, 1541, Buda [now in Budapest], Hung.       Turkish Bektashi ...
Gul, Abdullah
▪ 2008 born Oct. 29, 1950, Kayseri, Tur.       On Aug. 28, 2007, Abdullah Gul was elected the 11th president of Turkey. He inherited his politics from his father (the ...
gula
—gular, adj. /gyooh"leuh, gooh"-/, n., pl. gulae /-lee/, gulas. 1. Zool. a. the upper part of the throat or gullet. b. the front or forward part of the neck. 2. Archit. a. a ...
Gulācsy, Lajos
▪ Hungarian painter Hungarian form  Gulācsy Lajos  born Oct. 12, 1882, Budapest, Hung. died Feb. 21, 1932, Budapest       Hungarian painter and a forerunner of ...
gulag
/gooh"lahg/, n. (sometimes cap.) 1. the system of forced-labor camps in the Soviet Union. 2. a Soviet forced-labor camp. 3. any prison or detention camp, esp. for political ...
gular
gular [gyo͞o′lər] adj. 〚< L gula, throat (see GULLET) + -AR〛 of or on the throat * * * gu·lar (go͞oʹlər, gyo͞oʹ-) adj. Of, relating to, or located on the ...
Gulbarga
Gul·bar·ga (gŭlʹbər-gä') A city of south-central India west of Hyderabad. It is a manufacturing center in an agricultural area. Population: 304,099. * * * ▪ ...
Gulbenkian Museum
▪ museum, Lisbon, Portugal in full  Calouste Gulbenkian Museum , Portuguese  Museo Calouste Gulbenkian        museum in Lisbon, Port., featuring a renowned and ...
Gulbenkian, Calouste (Sarkis)
born March 29, 1869, Istanbul, Turk. died July 20, 1955, Lisbon, Port. Turkish-born British financier, industrialist, and philanthropist. In 1911 he helped found the Turkish ...
Gulbransson, Olaf
▪ Norwegian artist born May 26, 1873, Christiania, Nor. died Sept. 18, 1958, Tegernsee, W.Ger.       illustrator identified with the German satirists of the early 20th ...
gulch
/gulch/, n. a deep, narrow ravine, esp. one marking the course of a stream or torrent. [1825-35; cf. Brit. dial. gulch, gulsh to run with a full stream, gush, (of land) to sink ...
Gulda, Friedrich
▪ 2001       Austrian pianist and composer (b. May 16, 1930, Vienna, Austria—d. Jan. 27, 2000, Weissenbach, Austria), was noted for his renditions of the classical ...
Guldberg, Cato Maximilian
▪ Norwegian chemist born Aug. 11, 1836, Christiania [now Oslo], Nor. died Jan. 14, 1902, Christiania       Norwegian chemist who, with Peter Waage, formulated the law ...


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