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gulden
/goohl"dn/, n., pl. guldens, gulden. guilder. [1590-1600; < D gulden (florijin) golden (florin)] * * *
Gülek Bogaz
/gyuu lek" boh ahz"/ Turkish name of the Cilician Gates. * * *
gules
/gyoohlz/, Heraldry. n. 1. the tincture red. adj. 2. of the tincture red: a lion gules. [1300-50; ME goules < OF gueules red fur neckpiece, deriv. of gole throat < L gula] * * *
gulf
—gulflike, adj. —gulfy, adj. /gulf/, n. 1. a portion of an ocean or sea partly enclosed by land. 2. a deep hollow; chasm or abyss. 3. any wide separation, as in position, ...
Gulf & Western Inc.
Former U.S. corporation, founded in 1958 by Charles Bluhdorn. One of the most highly diversified conglomerates in the U.S., Gulf & Western took control of the Paramount Pictures ...
Gulf + Western Inc.
      corporation that was founded in 1958 by Charles Bluhdorn and became one of the most highly diversified conglomerates in the United States. Gulf + Western took ...
Gulf Coast
▪ region, United States  geographic area in the extreme southern United States along the northern portion of the Gulf of Mexico (Mexico, Gulf of). Stretching in a large, ...
Gulf Cooperation Council
an association of Persian Gulf nations formed for the purpose of collective defense against aggression. Abbr.: GCC * * * Persian Gulf international organization founded in Abu ...
Gulf Intracoastal Waterway
System of inland waterways, including rivers and canals, along the U.S. coast of the Gulf of Mexico. It extends from Apalachee Bay, Fla., west to the Mexican border at ...
Gulf Intracoastal Waterway.
See under Intracoastal Waterway. * * *
Gulf Islands National Seashore
▪ recreation area, United States       group of barrier islands along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico (Mexico, Gulf of) in the southern United States, located near ...
Gulf of Mexico
part of the western Atlantic Ocean between the south-east coast of the US, Mexico and Cuba. At its northern edge are the US Gulf States of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, ...
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
➡ Vietnam War * * * (Aug. 5, 1964) Resolution by the U.S. Congress authorizing Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson to use "all necessary measures" to repel armed attacks against U.S. ...
Gulf Oil Corp.
Major U.S. petroleum company. Gulf Oil began with an oil gusher near Beaumont, Texas, in 1901 and was incorporated in 1907. The oil well was developed by the Pittsburgh Mellon ...
Gulf Oil Corporation
▪ American corporation       former American petroleum company; it was acquired by Chevron Corporation in 1984.       Although Gulf Oil was originally ...
Gulf States
1. the states of the U.S. bordering on the Gulf of Mexico: Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. 2. Also called Persian Gulf States. the oil-producing countries ...
Gulf States' Construction Boom
▪ 2008  In the early 21st century, virtually all six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries— Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates ...
Gulf Stream
1. a warm ocean current flowing N from the Gulf of Mexico, along the E coast of the U.S., to an area off the SE coast of Newfoundland, where it becomes the western terminus of ...
Gulf Stream system
a major ocean-current system consisting of the Gulf Stream and the Florida and North Atlantic currents. Also called Gulf Stream. * * *
Gulf War
a conflict (Jan.-Feb. 1991) between Iraq and the United States and its allies to expel Iraq from Kuwait. * * *
Gulf War syndrome
Gulf War syndrome n. a chronic medical condition of unproven origin experienced by some Gulf War (1991) veterans, characterized variously by fatigue, headaches, memory loss, ...
GulfIntracoastal Waterway
Gulf Intracoastal Waterway (gŭlf) An inland waterway of bays, canals, and rivers from northwest Florida to Brownsville, Texas. It is approximately 1,770 km (1,100 mi) long. * ...
Gulfof
Gulf of For names of actual gulfs, see the specific element of the name; for example, Mexico, Gulf of; Lions, Gulf of. * * *
Gulfport
/gulf"pawrt', -pohrt'/, n. 1. a city in SE Mississippi, on the Gulf of Mexico. 39,676. 2. a town in W Florida. 11,180. * * * ▪ Mississippi, United States       city, ...
GulfStates
Gulf States 1. The countries bordering the Persian Gulf in southwest Asia, including Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Oman. 2. The ...
GulfStream
Gulf Stream A warm ocean current of the northern Atlantic Ocean off eastern North America. It originates in the Gulf of Mexico and, as the Florida Current, passes through the ...
GulfWar
Gulf War n. A war fought in 1991 in which a coalition of countries led by the United States destroyed much of the military capability of Iraq and drove the Iraqi army out of ...
GulfWar syndrome
Gulf War syndrome n. A medical condition affecting some veterans of the Gulf War, characterized by fatigue, headache, joint pain, skin rashes, nausea, dizziness, and respiratory ...
gulfweed
/gulf"weed'/, n. 1. a coarse, olive-brown, branching seaweed, Sargassum bacciferum, common in the Gulf Stream and tropical American seas, characterized by numerous berrylike air ...
gulgul
/gul"gul/, n. a preparation of pulverized seashells and oil, applied to the wooden hull of a ship as a protection against boring worms. [orig. uncert.] * * *
Gulia, Dmitrii
▪ Abkhazian writer and educator Abkhaz in full  Dyrmit Iosip-ipa Gulia , Russian in full  Dmitrii Iosifovich Gulia  born Feb. 21, 1874, Varcha, Abkhazia died April 7, ...
Guliston
▪ Uzbekistan also spelled  Gulistan,  formerly  (until 1961) Mirzachul,         city, eastern Uzbekistan. It lies in the southeastern part of the Mirzachül ...
gull
gull1 —gull-like, adj. /gul/, n. any of numerous long-winged, web-toed, aquatic birds of the family Laridae, having usually white plumage with a gray back and wings. [1400-50; ...
Gull Falls
▪ waterfall, Iceland Icelandic  Gullfoss   waterfall, southwestern Iceland, on the Hvítá river, a tributary of the Ölfusá. It is fed by the meltwaters of the Lang ...
gull wing
an airplane wing that slants briefly upward from the fuselage and then extends horizontally outward. [1930-35] * * *
Gull, Sir William Withey
born Dec. 31, 1816, Colchester, Essex, Eng. died Jan. 29, 1890, London British physician. A famous and popular teacher, Gull was one of the first clinicians to describe ...
Gull, Sir William Withey, 1st Baronet
▪ English physician born Dec. 31, 1816, Colchester, Essex, Eng. died Jan. 29, 1890, London       leading English physician of his time, lecturer and physician at Guy's ...
gull-wing
/gul"wing'/, adj. 1. (of an automobile door) hinged at the top and opening upward. 2. having gull-wing doors: a gull-wing sports car. 3. having or resembling airplane gull ...
Gullah
/gul"euh/, n. 1. a member of a population of black Americans inhabiting the Sea Islands and the coastal regions of South Carolina, Georgia, and northeastern Florida. 2. a ...
gullet
/gul"it/, n. 1. the esophagus. 2. the throat or pharynx. 3. a channel for water. 4. a gully or ravine. 5. a preparatory cut in an excavation. 6. a concavity between two sawteeth, ...
gulley
gulley1 /gul"ee/, n., pl. gulleys. gully1 (defs. 1, 2). gulley2 /gul"ee, gool"ee/, n., pl. gulleys. Scot. and North Eng. gully2. * * *
gullibility
See gullible. * * *
gullible
—gullibility, n. —gullibly, adv. /gul"euh beuhl/, adj. easily deceived or cheated. Also, gullable. [1815-25; GULL2 + -IBLE] Syn. credulous, trusting, naive, innocent, simple, ...
gullibly
See gullibility. * * *
Gullikson, Timothy Edward
▪ 1997       ("TIM"), U.S. tennis player and coach who had a successful career in doubles with his identical twin, Tom, but was better known for guiding the careers of ...
Gulliver
Gul·li·ver (gŭlʹə-vər) n. An Englishman who travels to the imaginary lands of Lilliput, Brobdingnag, and Laputa and the country of the Houyhnhnms in Jonathan Swift's ...
Gulliver's Travels
/gul"euh veuhrz/ a social and political satire (1726) by Jonathan Swift, narrating the voyages of Lemuel Gulliver to four imaginary regions: Lilliput, Brobdingnag, Laputa, and ...
Gulliver’s Travels
a novel (1726) by Jonathan Swift in which he attacked the British attitudes of his time towards religion, science, the law, etc, using satire. Lemuel Gulliver, an English ...
Gullstrand
/gul"strand'/; Swed. /goohl"strddahnd'/, n. Allvar /ahl"vahrdd/, 1862-1930, Swedish oculist: Nobel prize for medicine 1911. * * *
Gullstrand, Allvar
born June 5, 1862, Landskrona, Swed. died July 28, 1930, Stockholm Swedish ophthalmologist. He contributed to knowledge of the cornea and of astigmatism, improved ...
gullwing
gull·wing (gŭlʹwĭng') adj. Hinged at the top so as to swing upward. Used of a type of automobile door. * * *
gully
gully1 /gul"ee/, n., pl. gullies, v., gullied, gullying. n. 1. a small valley or ravine originally worn away by running water and serving as a drainageway after prolonged heavy ...
Gully, John
▪ English boxer and politician born August 21, 1783, Wick, Gloucestershire, England died March 9, 1863, Durham, Durham       prizefighter, racehorse fancier, and ...
gullywasher
/gul"ee wosh'euhr, -waw'sheuhr/, n. Chiefly Midland and Western U.S. a usually short, heavy rainstorm. [1815-25; GULLY1 + WASHER] * * *
Gulmarg
▪ India       resort town situated in Jammu and Kashmir state, northern India. Located at an elevation of 8,500 feet (2,600 metres), Gulmarg (meaning “Meadow of ...
gulosity
/gyooh los"i tee/, n. gluttony or greediness. [1490-1500; < LL gulositas, equiv. to L gulos(us) (gul(a) throat, appetite + -osus -OSE1) + itas -ITY] * * *
gulp
—gulper, n. —gulpingly, adv. —gulpy, adj. /gulp/, v.i. 1. to gasp or choke, as when taking large drafts of a liquid. v.t. 2. to swallow eagerly, or in large drafts or ...
gulper
See gulp. * * * ▪ fish       any of nine species of deep-sea fish constituting three families, placed by some authorities in the order Anguilliformes (eels) and by ...
gulpingly
See gulper. * * *
Gulu
▪ Uganda       town located in northwestern Uganda, situated about 175 miles (285 km) north of Kampala at an elevation of about 3,600 feet (1,100 metres). It is the ...
gum
gum1 —gumless, adj. —gumlike, adj. /gum/, n., v., gummed, gumming. n. 1. any of various viscid, amorphous exudations from plants, hardening on exposure to air and soluble in ...
gum ammoniac
a brownish-yellow gum resin, having an acrid taste, occurring in tearlike fragments from a plant, Dorema ammoniacum, of western Asia: used in porcelain ceramics and in medicine ...
gum arabic
a water-soluble, gummy exudate obtained from the acacia tree, esp. Acacia senegal, used as an emulsifier, an adhesive, in inks, and in pharmaceuticals. Also called acacia, gum ...
gum band
Chiefly Pennsylvania and West Virginia. a rubber band. * * *
gum benzoin
benzoin (def. 1). Also called gum benjamin. * * *
gum bichromate process
a contact printing method in which the image is formed on a coating of sensitized gum containing a suitable colored pigment and potassium or ammonium dichromate. Also called gum ...
gum dammar
dammar (def. 1). [1865-70] * * *
gum elastic
rubber1 (def. 1). [1780-90] * * *
gum elemi
1. elemi. 2. gumbo-limbo. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
gum eraser
a block of gummy, easily crumbled rubber used to erase smudges, pencil marks, and the like esp. from artwork. * * *
gum guaiac
guaiac. * * *
gum myrtle
any of several trees of the genus Angophora, native to Australia, allied to and resembling the eucalyptus. * * *
Gum Nebula
Largest known emission nebula in terms of how much of the sky it occupies as seen from Earth, extending over about 35° in the southern constellations Puppis and Vela. A complex ...
gum plant
gumweed. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
gum print
Photog. a print made by the gum bichromate process. * * *
gum resin
—gum-resinous, adj. a plant exudation consisting of a mixture of gum and resin. [1705-15] * * *
gum thus
/thus/ thickened turpentine, used in certain oil paints. [thus < L thus, tus frankincense (see THURIFER)] * * *
gum tragacanth
tragacanth. [1565-75] * * *
gum tree
1. any tree that exudes gum, as a eucalyptus, the sour gum, or the sweet gum. 2. any of various other gum-yielding trees, as the sapodilla. [1670-80, Amer.] * * *
gum turpentine
gum turpentine n. TURPENTINE (n. 2) * * *
gumaccroides
gum ac·croi·des (ə-kroiʹdēz, ăk-roiʹ-) n. See acaroid resin.   [Alteration of New Latin acaroīdēs. See acaroid resin.] * * *
Gumal Pass
or Gomal Pass Mountain pass, southern North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan. Lying along the Gumal River valley in the Sulaiman Range, it is the most important pass between ...
Gumal River
▪ river, Central Asia       river that rises in eastern Afghanistan near Sarwāndī on the Khumbur Khūlē Range and enters western Pakistan near Domandi, being joined ...
gumammoniac
gum ammoniac n. See ammoniac2. * * *
gumarabic
gum arabic n. A gum exuded by various African trees of the genus Acacia, especially A. senegal, used in the preparation of pills and emulsions and the manufacture of mucilage and ...
gumball
/gum"bawl'/, n. a brightly colored ball of sugar-coated chewing gum. [1880-85, Amer.; GUM1 + BALL1] * * *
gumband
gum band n. Pennsylvania See rubber band.   [Alteration and partial translation of German Gummiband, rubber band : Gummi, rubber, gum; see gummite + Band, band (from Middle High ...
gumbenjamin
gum benjamin n. See benzoin. * * *
gumbenzoin
gum benzoin n. See benzoin. * * *
gumbo
/gum"boh/, n., pl. gumbos, adj. n. 1. a stew or thick soup, usually made with chicken or seafood, greens, and okra or sometimes filé as a thickener. 2. okra. 3. soil that ...
Gumbo
/gum"boh/, n. (sometimes l.c.) a French patois spoken by blacks and Creoles in Louisiana and the French West Indies. * * * In soil science, any of various fine-grained, rich, ...
gumbo-limbo
/gum"boh lim"boh/, n., pl. gumbo-limbos. a tropical American tree, Bursera simaruba, having reddish bark and yielding a sweet, aromatic resin used in varnishes. Also called gum ...
gumboil
/gum"boyl'/, n. Pathol. a small abscess on the gum, originating in an abscess in the pulp of a tooth. Also called parulis. [1745-55; GUM2 + BOIL2] * * *
gumboot
/gum"booht'/, n. a rubber boot. [1840-50, Amer.; GUM1 + BOOT1] * * *
gumbotil
/gum"beuh til/, n. Geol. a sticky clay formed by the thorough weathering of glacial drift, the thickness of the clay furnishing means for comparing relative lengths of ...
gumdrop
/gum"drop'/, n. a small candy made of gum arabic, gelatin, or the like, sweetened and flavored. [1855-60, Amer.; GUM1 + DROP] * * *
Gumel
▪ Nigeria also spelled  Gummel        town and traditional emirate, northern Jigawa state, northern Nigeria. The emirate was founded about 1750 by Dan Juma of Kano ...
gumi
/gooh"mee/, n. a spreading shrub, Elaeagnus multiflora, of eastern Asia, having fragrant yellowish-white flowers and edible red fruit. [ < Japn] * * *
Gumilyov, Nikolay Stepanovich
▪ Russian poet Gumilyov also spelled  Gumilev   born April 15, 1886, Kronshtadt, Russia died Aug. 24, 1921, Petrograd [St. Petersburg]       Russian poet and ...
gumline
gumline [gum′līn΄] n. the edge of the gums, where they meet the teeth * * *
gumma
—gummatous, adj. /gum"euh/, n., pl. gummas, gummata /gum"euh teuh/. Pathol. a rubbery, tumorlike lesion associated with tertiary syphilis. [1715-25; < NL; see GUM1] * * * ▪ ...
gummatous
See gumma. * * *
gummed
/gumd/, adj. covered with a gummy substance. [1400-50; late ME; see GUM1, -ED2] * * *
gumminess
See gummy. * * *
gummite
/gum"uyt/, n. Mineral. a yellow to red alteration product of pitchblende and a minor ore of uranium, having a greasy luster and occurring in gumlike masses. [1865-70; orig. G ...
gummose
gum·mose (gŭmʹōs') adj. Variant of gummous. * * *
gummosis
gummosis [gu mō′sis] n. 〚ModL < L gummi, GUM1 + -OSIS〛 the giving off of gummy substances as a result of cell degeneration: a characteristic of certain plant diseases, ...
gummous
/gum"euhs/, adj. consisting of or resembling gum; gummy. [1660-70; < L gummosus, equiv. to gumm(i) GUM1 + -osus -OUS] * * *
gummy
—gumminess, n. /gum"ee/, adj., gummier, gummiest. 1. of, resembling, or of the consistency of gum; viscid; mucilaginous. 2. covered with or clogged by gum or sticky matter. 3. ...
gump
/gump/, n. Dial. a foolish or stupid person. [1815-25; orig. uncert.] * * *
gumplant
gum plant n. Any of several North American plants of the genus Grindelia, especially G. squarrosa, having sticky leaves and bracts and yellow, rayed flower heads. * * *
Gumplowicz, Ludwig
▪ Austrian scholar Polish Ludwik Gumplowicz born March 9, 1838, Kraków, Republic of Kraków [now in Poland] died Aug. 19/20, 1909, Graz, Austria       sociologist and ...
gumption
—gumptionless, adj. —gumptious, adj. /gump"sheuhn/, n. Informal. 1. initiative; aggressiveness; resourcefulness: With his gumption he'll make a success of himself. 2. ...
gumresin
gum resin n. A mixture of gum and resin that exudes from some plants or trees. * * *
Gumri
/goom ree"/, n. a city in NW Armenia, NW of Yerevan. 120,000. Formerly, Aleksandropol, Leninakan. * * *
gumshoe
/gum"shooh'/, n., v., gumshoed, gumshoeing. n. 1. Slang. a detective. 2. a shoe made of gum elastic or India rubber; rubber overshoe. 3. sneaker (def. 1). v.i. 4. Slang. a. to ...
gumtree
gum tree n. See gum1. * * *
Gümüşhane
▪ Turkey also spelled  Gümüşane,         city, northeastern Turkey. It lies along the Harşit River, at an elevation of 5,000 feet (1,500 metres), about 40 miles ...
Gümüşpala, Ragıp
▪ Turkish general born 1897, Edirne, Tur. died June 6, 1964, Istanbul       Turkish general and founder of the Justice Party (JP).       A career army officer, ...
gumweed
/gum"weed'/, n. any of various New World composite plants of the genus Grindelia, having yellow flower heads and covered with a viscid secretion. Also called gum plant. [GUM1 + ...
gumwood
/gum"wood'/, n. the wood of a gum tree, esp. the wood of a eucalyptus or of the sweet gum. [1675-85; GUM1 + WOOD1] * * *
gun
gun1 —gunless, adj. /gun/, n., v., gunned, gunning. n. 1. a weapon consisting of a metal tube, with mechanical attachments, from which projectiles are shot by the force of an ...
gun brig
a naval brig of the 18th century having from 8 to 12 guns. [1795-1805] * * *
gun camera
an aircraft-mounted motion-picture camera recording the firing of all weapons on the gun-target line of the pilot. [1920-25] * * *
gun carriage
the structure on which a gun is mounted or moved and from which it is fired. [1760-70] * * *
gun crew
the sailors and petty officers in charge of a gun on a ship. [1860-65] * * *
gun deck
(formerly, on a warship) any deck, other than the weather deck, having cannons from end to end. [1670-80] * * *
gun dog
a dog trained to help a hunter, as by pointing or retrieving game. Also, gundog. [1735-45] * * *
gun lap
gun lap n. Track & Field the final lap of a race, signaled by the firing of a starter's pistol as the runner in the lead begins the lap * * *
gun laws
n [pl] laws passed to restrict the sale of guns and to control their use. In the US many people feel strongly that ordinary people should not be allowed to own guns because of ...
gun moll
Slang. 1. a female companion of a criminal. 2. a female criminal. Also called moll. [1905-10; gun in earlier Brit. argot "thief" (see GANEF), later taken as GUN1, which has ...
gun room
1. a room in which guns are kept. 2. Brit. a room on a warship for the use of junior naval officers. [1620-30] * * *
gun tackle
Naut. a tackle composed of a fall rove through two single blocks and secured to one of them so as to secure a mechanical advantage of two or three, neglecting friction, depending ...
Gun War
▪ South African history       (1880–81), southern African war that ended 10 years of rule by the British Cape Colony over Basutoland (Lesotho). Cape magistrates had ...
gun-shy
—gun-shyness, n. /gun"shuy'/, adj. 1. frightened by the sound of a gunshot: a gun-shy bird dog. 2. hesitant, wary, or distrustful, esp. because of previous unpleasant ...
gun-toting
/gun"toh'ting, -toht'n/, adj. carrying a gun, esp. a pistol. [1910-15] * * *
gun.
gunnery. * * *
guna
/goon"euh/, n. (in Sankhya and Vedantic philosophy) one of the three qualities of prakriti, or nature, which are passion (rajas), dullness or inertia (tamas), and goodness or ...
gunasthana
In Jainism, any of the 14 stages of spiritual development through which a soul passes on its way to liberation. The goal is to gradually purify the soul and to gain release from ...
gunboat
/gun"boht'/, n. 1. a small, armed warship of light draft, used in ports where the water is shallow. 2. any small ship carrying mounted guns. [1770-80; GUN1 + BOAT] * * *
gunboat diplomacy
diplomatic relations involving the use or threat of military force, esp. by a powerful nation against a weaker one. [1925-30] * * *
gunboatdiplomacy
gunboat diplomacy n. Diplomacy involving intimidation by threat or use of military force: “in the days when gunboat diplomacy was a more accepted tool of world powers” ...
guncarriage
gun carriage n. A frame or structure upon which a gun is mounted for firing or maneuvering. * * *
guncontrol
gun control n. Regulation of the sale and use of rifles and handguns. * * *
guncotton
/gun"kot'n/, n. a highly explosive cellulose nitrate, made by digesting clean cotton in a mixture of one part nitric acid and three parts sulfuric acid: used in making smokeless ...
gunda
/goon"deuh/, n. Anglo-Indian. goonda. * * *
Gundagai
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, southeastern New South Wales, Australia, on the Murrumbidgee River. The site, originally a sheep run called Willia Ploma, was ...
gundi
/gun"dee/, n., pl. gundis. either of two small desert rodents, Ctenodactylus gundi or C. vali, of northern Africa, living in dry, rocky areas and characterized by comblike ...
Gundisalvo, Domingo
▪ Spanish philosopher Latin  Dominicus Gundissalinus   flourished 12th century, , Spain       archdeacon of Segovia, philosopher and linguist whose Latin translations ...
Gundlakamma River
▪ river, India       river, east-central Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. The Gundlakamma rises in the Nallamalla Range of the Eastern Ghats. After crossing the ...
Gundobad
▪ king of Burgundy also called  Gundibald   died 516       barbarian general during the last days of the Roman Empire in the west, and king of the Burgundians (c. ...
gundog
gun dog n. A dog trained or bred to assist hunters, as in flushing or retrieving game. * * *
Gundulić, Ivan
▪ Croatian author in full  Ivan Franov Gundulić  born January 8, 1589, Dubrovnik, republic of Venice [now in Croatia] died December 8, 1638, Dubrovnik       Croatian ...
gunfight
/gun"fuyt'/, n. a battle between two or more people or groups armed with guns, esp. a confrontation between two gunfighters using revolvers in the frontier days of the American ...
gunfighter
/gun"fuy'teuhr/, n. a person highly skilled in the use of a gun and a veteran of many gunfights, esp. one living during the frontier days of the American West. [1890-95, Amer.; ...
gunfire
/gun"fuyeur'/, n. 1. the firing of a gun or guns. 2. Mil. the tactical use of firearms, esp. artillery, as distinguished from other weapons, as bayonets, torpedoes, or ...
gunflint
/gun"flint'/, n. the flint in a flintlock. [1725-35; GUN1 + FLINT] * * *
Gunflint microfossils
▪ paleontology       assemblage of microscopic fossils uncovered in the Gunflint Iron Formation, a rock layer about two billion years old exposed in western Ontario, ...
gung-ho
/gung"hoh"/, Informal. adj. 1. wholeheartedly enthusiastic and loyal; eager; zealous: a gung-ho military outfit. adv. 2. in a successful manner: The business is going ...
Gunga Din
a poem (1892) by Rudyard Kipling. It is written in the language of an ordinary British soldier praising a Hindu who carries water for the British Army in India and dies taking ...
gunge
/gunj/, n., v., gunged, gunging. Brit. Informal. n. 1. soft, sticky matter; goo. v.t. 2. to clog with gunge (often fol. by up). [1935-40; expressive coinage; cf. GUNK, GRUNGE] * ...
gungho
gung ho or gung-ho (gŭngʹhōʹ) adj. Slang Extremely enthusiastic and dedicated.   [Earlier Gung Ho, motto of certain U.S. Marine forces in Asia during World War II, from ...
Gungl, Joseph
▪ Austro-Hungarian bandleader and composer born Dec. 1, 1810, Zsámbék, Hung. died Jan. 31, 1889, Weimar, Ger.       Austro-Hungarian bandmaster and composer of more ...
Gungunhana
▪ king of Gaza also spelled  Gungunyana   born c. 1850 died Dec. 23, 1906, Terceira Island, Azores       southern African king who ruled the last great independent ...
Gunite
/gun"uyt/, n. a mixture of cement, sand or crushed slag, and water, sprayed over reinforcement as a lightweight concrete construction. Also, gunite. [1910-15; formerly ...
gunk
/gungk/, n. Informal. any sticky or greasy residue or accumulation: gunk on the oil filter. [1932, Amer.; orig. a trademark name for a degreasing solvent] * * *
gunk hole
a quiet anchorage, as in a cove, used by small yachts. [1905-10] * * *
Gunkel, Hermann
▪ German biblical scholar born May 23, 1862, Springe, Hannover [Ger.] died March 11, 1932, Halle       German Old Testament scholar who was one of the first to develop ...
gunkhole
gunkhole [guŋk′hōl΄] n. 〚< ?〛 a small, sheltered cove for anchoring small watercraft vi. gunkholed, gunkholing to make a series of short pleasure trips by boat, as from ...
gunky
/gung"kee/, adj., gunkier, gunkiest. Informal. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or resembling gunk. [GUNK + -Y1] * * *
gunlock
/gun"lok'/, n. the mechanism of a firearm by which the charge is exploded. [1645-55; GUN1 + LOCK1] * * *
gunmaker
—gunmaking, n. /gun"may'keuhr/, n. a person or company that makes guns. [1350-1400; ME; see GUN1, MAKER] * * *
gunman
—gunmanship, n. /gun"meuhn/, n., pl. gunmen. 1. a person armed with or expert in the use of a gun, esp. one ready to use a gun unlawfully. 2. a person who makes guns. [1615-25; ...
gunmetal
/gun"met'l/, n. 1. any of various alloys or metallic substances with a dark gray or blackish color or finish, used for chains, belt buckles, etc. 2. Also called gunmetal gray. a ...
gunmoll
gun moll n. Slang The girlfriend of a gangster.   [Obsolete British slang gun, thief (short for slang ganef. See ganef) + moll.] * * *
Gunn effect
/gun/, Physics, Electronics. the onset of microwave oscillations in a thin slice of a semiconductor when a voltage exceeding a given value is applied across the slice. [named ...
Gunn, Neil Miller
▪ Scottish author born Nov. 8, 1891, Dunbeath, Caithness, Scot. died Jan. 15, 1973, Inverness       Scottish author whose novels are set in the Highlands and in the ...
Gunn, Thom
▪ British poet original name  Thomson William Gunn   born August 29, 1929, Gravesend, Kent, England died April 25, 2004, San Francisco, California, U.S.       English ...
Gunn, Thom William
▪ 2005       British-born American poet and critic (b. Aug. 29, 1929, Gravesend, Kent, Eng.—d. April 25, 2004, San Francisco, Calif.), presented a singular voice in a ...
Gunn, Thom(son William)
born Aug. 29, 1929, Gravesend, Kent, Eng. died April 25, 2004, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. British-U.S. poet. Educated at Cambridge and Stanford universities, he lived in San ...
Gunnar
/goon"nahr, goon"euhr/, n. 1. Scand. Legend. the husband of Brynhild: corresponds to Gunther in the Nibelungenlied. 2. a male given name. [ < ON Gunnarr, equiv. to gunn battle + ...
Gunnarsson, Gunnar
▪ Icelandic author born May 18, 1889, Fljótsdalur, Iceland died November 21, 1975, Reykjavík       Icelandic novelist and short-story writer who, like many Icelanders ...
Gunnbjørn Mountain
▪ mountain, Greenland Danish  Gunnbjørns Fjeld        mountain in southeastern Greenland, 40 miles (65 km) inland from the Blosseville Coast. The highest point in ...
Gunnbjørn,Mount
Gunn·bjørn (go͝onʹbyôrn'), Mount The highest peak, 3,702.4 m (12,139 ft), of Greenland, near the southeast coast. * * *
Gunnedah
▪ New South Wales, Australia       town, east-central New South Wales, Australia. It lies at the junction of the Conadilly and Namoi rivers, in the centre of the ...
Gunneffect
Gunn effect (gŭn) n. The production of microwave oscillations when a constant voltage in excess of a critical level is applied to opposite faces of a semiconductor.   [After ...
gunnel
gunnel1 /gun"l/, n. any small eellike blenny of the family Pholididae (Pholidae), esp. Pholis gunnellus (rock gunnel), common in shallow waters of the North Atlantic. Also called ...
Gunnell
(1966– ) an English athlete who was the first woman to hold the world, Olympic, Commonwealth and European titles in the women’s 400-metre hurdles race all at the same time. * ...
gunner
—gunnership, n. /gun"euhr/, n. 1. a person who operates a gun or cannon. 2. Army. an occupational title in the artillery. 3. Navy. a person skilled in handling ammunition and ...
gunnera
gun·ner·a (gŭnʹər-ə, gə-nĭrʹə) n. Any of several plants of the tropical genus Gennera, having gigantic leaves and small, red to purple drupes.   [New Latin Gunnera, ...
Gunnerales
▪ plant order       small order of dicotyledonous (dicotyledon) flowering plants containing two families, Gunneraceae and Myrothamnaceae, each with just one ...
gunnery
/gun"euh ree/, n. 1. the art and science of constructing and operating guns, esp. large guns. 2. the act of firing guns. 3. guns collectively. [1490-1500; GUN1 + -ERY] * * *
gunnery sergeant
Marine Corps. a noncommissioned officer ranking above a staff sergeant and below a first or master sergeant. [1960-65, Amer.] * * *
gunnerysergeant
gunnery sergeant n. 1. Abbr. GySgt A noncommissioned rank in the U.S. Marine Corps that is above staff sergeant and below master sergeant and first sergeant. 2. One who holds ...
gunning
/gun"ing/, n. 1. the act, practice, or art of shooting with guns; gunnery. 2. the hunting of game with guns. [1555-65; GUN1 + -ING1] * * *
Gunnison
Gun·ni·son (gŭnʹĭ-sən) A river, about 290 km (180 mi) long, of west-central Colorado flowing southwest, west, and northwest into the Colorado River at Grand Junction. * * ...
gunny
/gun"ee/, n., pl. gunnies. a strong, coarse material made commonly from jute, esp. for bags or sacks; burlap. [1705-15; < Hindi goni < Skt: sack, perh. orig. of hide; cf. GAUR] * ...
gunnysack
/gun"ee sak'/, n. a sack made of gunny or burlap. Also called gunny-bag /gun"ee bag'/. [1860-65; GUNNY + SACK1] Regional Variation. CROCUS SACK, CROKER SACK, GRASS SACK, and ...
gunpaper
/gun"pay'peuhr/, n. Mil. a type of paper treated with nitric acid so that it has a composition similar to that of guncotton. [1850-55; GUN1 + PAPER] * * *
gunplay
/gun"play'/, n. the exchange of gunshots, usually with intent to wound or kill. [1880-85, Amer.; GUN1 + PLAY] * * *
gunpoint
/gun"poynt'/, n. 1. the point or aim of a gun. 2. at gunpoint, under threat of being shot: He carried out the robber's orders at gunpoint. [1955-60; GUN1 + POINT] * * *
gunport
/gun"pawrt', -pohrt'/, n. an aperture, as in a protective wall or the side of a ship, through which a gun can be aimed and fired. [1760-70; GUN1 + PORT4] * * *
gunpowder
—gunpowdery, adj. /gun"pow'deuhr/, n. 1. an explosive mixture, as of potassium nitrate, sulfur, and charcoal, used in shells and cartridges, in fireworks, for blasting, etc. 2. ...
Gunpowder Plot
an unsuccessful plot to kill King James I and the assembled Lords and Commons by blowing up Parliament, November 5, 1605, in revenge for the laws against Roman Catholics. Cf. Guy ...
gunpowder tea
gunpowder tea n. Chinese green tea whose leaves are rolled into pellets * * *
gunpowdertea
gunpowder tea n. A Chinese green tea, each leaf of which is rolled into a pellet. * * *
gunroom
gun·room (gŭnʹro͞om', -ro͝om') n. The quarters of midshipmen and junior officers on a British warship. * * *
gunrunner
gun·run·ner (gŭnʹrŭn'ər) n. One that smuggles firearms and ammunition.   gunʹrun'ning n. * * *
gunrunning
—gunrunner, n. /gun"run'ing/, n. the smuggling of guns or other ammunition into a country. [1880-85; GUN1 + RUNNING] * * *
guns and butter
guns and butter n. a symbol for the economic policy of a government insofar as spending is allocated for either military or social purposes * * *
Guns N' Roses
▪ American rock group       American band that invigorated late 1980s heavy metal music with its raw energy. The principal members were Axl Rose (original name William ...
Guns N’Roses
a US hard rock band, formed in 1986. They were especially popular until the mid 1990s and became known for the violent words of some of their songs. Their albums have included ...
gunsel
/gun"seuhl/, n. Slang. 1. a criminal armed with a gun. 2. a catamite. [1910-15; prob. < Yiddish genzel gosling < MHG gensel (dim. of gans goose); sense of def. 1, by influence of ...
gunship
/gun"ship'/, n. a helicopter or fixed-wing airplane armed with rapid-fire guns or cannons and used to provide close air support for troops in combat. [1965-70; GUN1 + SHIP] * * *
gunshot
/gun"shot'/, n. 1. the shooting of a gun: We heard three gunshots. 2. a bullet, projectile, or other shot fired from a gun. 3. the range of a gun: The bear was out of ...
gunsight
▪ firearms also called  Sight,         any of numerous optical devices that aid in aiming a firearm. Its forms include the simple iron sights on pistols and the more ...
gunslinger
—gunslinging, adj. /gun"sling'euhr/, n. 1. Informal. gunfighter. 2. Slang. a person who acts in an aggressive and decisive manner, esp. in business or politics, as an investor ...
gunslinging
See gunslinger. * * *
gunsmith
—gunsmithing, n. /gun"smith'/, n. a person who makes or repairs firearms. [1580-90; GUN1 + SMITH] * * *
Gunsmoke
a successful US television western series (1955–75), the longest ever made. It developed strong characters and did not emphasize violence. The stories were set in Dodge City ...
gunstock
/gun"stok'/, n. the stock or support in which the barrel of a shoulder weapon is fixed. [1485-95; see GUN1, STOCK] * * *
gunstock stile
(in a door) a diminished stile having an oblique transition between the broader and narrower parts. * * *
Güntekin, Reșat Nuri
▪ Turkish writer born November 25, 1889, Constantinople died December 6, 1956, London       prolific Turkish novelist, short-story writer, journalist, and playwright. ...
gunter
/gun"teuhr/, n. Naut. a jib-headed sail fastened to a vertical spar that is attached to a short mast, usually by two rings, in such a way that the spar can slide up the mast to ...
Gunter
/gun"teuhr/, n. Edmund, 1581-1626, English mathematician and astronomer: inventor of various measuring instruments and scales. * * *
Gunter's chain
Gunter's chain [gun′tərz] n. 〚after E. Gunter (1581-1626), Eng mathematician who invented it〛 a surveyor's chain 66 ft (20.117 m) in length: it consists of 100 links, each ...
Gunter's chain.
See under chain (def. 8a). [1670-80; named after E. GUNTER] * * *
Gunter'schain
Gun·ter's chain (gŭnʹtərz) n. See chain.   [After Gunter, Edmund.] * * *
Gunter, Edmund
▪ English mathematician born 1581, Hertfordshire, Eng. died Dec. 10, 1626, London       English mathematician who invented many useful measuring devices, including a ...
Gunter, Sue
▪ 2006  American basketball coach (b. May 22, 1939, Walnut Grove, Miss.—d. Aug. 4, 2005, Baton Rouge, La.), accumulated 708 career wins, the third most in women's collegiate ...
Gunter,Edmund
Gun·ter (gŭnʹtər), Edmund. 1581-1626. English astronomer and mathematician who invented a surveying chain, quadrant, and scale and introduced the trigonometric terms cosine ...
Guntersville
▪ Alabama, United States       city, seat (1836) of Marshall county, northeastern Alabama, U.S., on Guntersville Lake, about 35 miles (55 km) southeast of Huntsville. ...
Gunther
/gun"theuhr/ for 1, 3; /goon"teuhr/ for 2, n. 1. John, born 1901, U.S. journalist and author. 2. (in the Nibelungenlied) a king of Burgundy and the husband of Brunhild, beheaded ...
Günther, Ignaz
▪ German sculptor born Nov. 22, 1725, Altmannstein, Bavaria died June 26, 1775, Munich   sculptor who was one of the leading Rococo artists in Germany. His career was ...
Günther, Johann Christian
▪ German poet born April 8, 1695, Striegau, Silesia died March 15, 1723, Jena       one of the most important German lyric poets of the period between the Middle Ages ...
Gunther, John
born Aug. 30, 1901, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died May 29, 1970, New York, N.Y. U.S. journalist and author. He worked for the Chicago Daily News London bureau (1924–36) before ...
Guntram
▪ king of Burgundy French  Gontran   born c. 532 died March 28, 592 or 593       Merovingian king of Burgundy who strove to maintain a balance of power among his ...
Guntur
/goon toor"/, n. a city in E Andhra Pradesh, in SE India. 269,991. Also, Guntar /goon tahr"/. * * * ▪ India  city, northeastern Andhra Pradesh state, southern India, in ...
gunwale
/gun"l/, n. Naut. 1. the upper edge of the side or bulwark of a vessel. 2. the sheer strake of a wooden vessel; the uppermost strake beneath the plank-sheer. Also, ...
gunyah
/gun"yeuh/, n. Australian. 1. an aboriginal hut or shelter. 2. any crude bush hut or shelter. [1790-1800; < Dharuk gu-n'i] * * *
Günz
—Günzian, adj. /gints/; Ger. /gyuunts/, n. the first stage of the glaciation of Eurasia during the Pleistocene. Cf. Nebraskan (def. 4). [1905-10; after a region in the Alps; ...
Günz Glacial Stage
      major division of Pleistocene time and deposits in the Alpine region of Europe (the Pleistocene Epoch began about 1,600,000 years ago and ended about 10,000 years ...
Günz-Mindel Interglacial Stage
      major division of Pleistocene time and deposits in the Alpine region of Europe and one of the divisions of the geological system that recognized the multiplicity of ...
Günzburg, David, Baron
▪ Russian Hebraist and community leader born July 5, 1857, Kamenets-Podolsky, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kam'yanets-Podilskyy, Ukraine] died Dec. 22, 1910, St. Petersburg, ...
Günzburg, Horace, Baron
▪ Russian philanthropist and civil-rights activist born Feb. 8, 1833, Zvenigorodka, Russia died March 2, 1909, St. Petersburg       Russian businessman, philanthropist, ...
Günzburg, Joseph, Baron
▪ Russian philanthropist and banker born 1812, Vitebsk, Russia died Jan. 12, 1878, Paris       Jewish philanthropist, banker, and financier who contributed much to the ...
Guo
(as used in expressions) Guo Moruo Guo Kaizhen Guo Xiang * * *
Guo Jingjing
▪ 2009 born Oct. 15, 1981, Baoding, Hebei province, China       As the 2008 Olympic Games opened in Beijing, one of the top favourites to win gold was diver Guo ...
Guo Moruo
/gwaw" maw"rddwaw", -zhwaw"/ 1892-1978, Chinese intellectual, writer, poet, scholar, and government official. * * * or Kuo Mo-jo orig. Guo Kaizhen born November 1892, Shawan, ...
Guo Songtao
▪ Chinese diplomat Wade-Giles romanization  Kuo Sung-t'ao  born April 11, 1818, Xiangyin, Hunan province, China died July 18, 1891, Xiangyin       Chinese diplomat ...
Guo Taiqi
▪ Chinese diplomat Wade-Giles romanization  Kuo T'ai-ch'i , also spelled  Quo Tai-chi  born December 1888, Guangji [now Wuxue], Hubei province, China died Feb. 29, 1952, ...
Guo Xi
▪ Chinese painter Wade-Giles romanization  Kuo Hsi  flourished 1020–1090, Wenxian, Henan province, China    one of the most famous artists of the Northern Song period in ...
Guo Xiang
or Kuo Hsiang died 312, China Chinese Neo-Daoist philosopher. He was a high government official who adapted and completed another philosopher's unfinished commentary on the ...
Guo Ziyi
▪ Chinese general Wade-Giles romanization  Kuo Tzu-i  born 697, Huaxian, Shaanxi province, China died July 781, China       one of the greatest of Chinese generals, ...
Guoyu
Guo·yu (gwôʹyo͞oʹ) also Kuo·yu (kwôʹ-) n. See Mandarin.   [Chinese (Mandarin) : guó, nation, country + yǔ, language.] * * *
guppy
/gup"ee/, n., pl. guppies. a small, freshwater topminnow, Poecilia reticulata, often kept in aquariums. Also called rainbow fish. [named after R.J.L. Guppy (1836-1916) of ...
Gupta
/goop"teuh, gup"-/, n. 1. a dynasty of N India (A.D. 320-540) whose court was the center of classical Indian art and literature. 2. the empire of this dynasty, encompassing all ...
Gupta dynasty
(4th–6th centuries) Rulers of an empire in northern and parts of central and western India. The dynasty was founded by Chandra (Candra) Gupta I (r. 320–с 330). The Gupta ...
Gupta script
      any of a group of Indian alphabetic writing systems (sometimes modified to represent syllables instead of single sounds) derived from a northern Indian alphabet of ...
Gupta, Modadugu
▪ 2007       In 2006 Indian scientist Modadugu Gupta was at the forefront of what some in the scientific community had termed the Blue Revolution—the dramatic ...
Gupta, Sanjay
▪ American neurosurgeon and medical correspondent born Oct. 23, 1969, Novi, Mich., U.S.    American neurosurgeon and chief medical correspondent for CNN ( Cable News ...
Gur
/goor/, n. a branch of the Niger-Congo subfamily of languages, including Mossi and other languages spoken in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Ivory Coast, and Mali. Also called ...
Gur languages
formerly Voltaic languages Branch of the huge Niger-Congo language family. Gur comprises some 85 languages and language complexes spoken by about 20,000,000 people mainly in ...
Gūr-e Amīr
▪ mausoleum, Samarkand, Uzbekistan also spelled  Gur-Emir , English  Tomb of the Commander   mausoleum of the 14th-century Mongol conqueror Timur, or Tamerlane, in ...
Gurage
Gu·ra·ge (go͞o-räʹgĕ) n. 1. (used with a pl. verb) A group of tribes in southern Ethiopia. 2. Any of the Semitic languages of the Gurage. * * * ▪ ...


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