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Слова на букву gano-hipp (15990)

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Gellhorn, Martha Ellis
▪ 1999       American journalist and novelist (b. Nov. 8, 1908, St. Louis, Mo.—d. Feb. 15, 1998, London, Eng.), as one of the first female war correspondents, candidly ...
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       community formerly known for mining, Caerphilly county borough, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales, lying in the middle of ...
Gellius, Aulus
▪ Latin rhetorician flourished 2nd century AD       Latin author remembered for his miscellany Noctes Atticae (“Attic Nights”), in which many fragments of lost ...
Gellner, Ernest Andre
▪ 1996       Czech-born British philosopher, social anthropologist, and director of the Centre for the Study of Nationalism at the Central European University in Prague ...
Gelman, Juan
▪ 2009 born May 3, 1930, Buenos Aires, Arg.  At a ceremony in Spain in 2008 during which the Argentine poet Juan Gelman received the Cervantes Prize—the highest literary ...
Gelmírez, Diego
▪ Spanish archbishop born c. 1068 died c. 1139       Spanish bishop and archbishop of Santiago (Santiago de Compostela) de Compostela, site of the supposed shrine of ...
▪ tyrant of Gela and Syracuse born c. 540 BC died 478       tyrant of the cities of Gela (491–485) and Syracuse (485–478) in Sicily.       On the death of ...
Gelosi, Compagnia dei
▪ Italian theatrical troupe  (Italian: “Company of Jealous Ones”), one of the earliest and most famous of the commedia dell'arte companies of 16th-century Italy. The name ...
/jel see"mee euhm/, n., pl. gelsemiums, gelsemia /-mee euh/. the dried rhizome and roots of yellow jasmine, formerly used as a sedative in the form of a powder, tincture, or ...
/gel'zeuhn kirdd"kheuhn/, n. a city in W Germany, in the Ruhr valley. 287,600. * * * ▪ Germany       city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), western Germany. It ...
gel·sol·in (jĕl'sŏlʹĭn) n. A calcium-dependent actin-binding protein that modulates actin filament length and gelation and thus influences the structure of the ...
gelt1 /gelt/, v. a pt. and pp. of geld1. gelt2 /gelt/, n. Slang. money. [1890-95; < Yiddish < MHG geld money; in earlier Brit. dial. uses < G or D; see GELD2] * * *
Geltzer, Yekaterina (Vasilyevna)
born Nov. 14, 1876, Moscow, Russia died Dec. 12, 1962, Moscow Russian prima ballerina of the Bolshoi Ballet. She graduated from the Bolshoi Theatre's ballet school in 1894 and ...
Geltzer, Yekaterina Vasilyevna
▪ Russian dancer born Nov. 14 [Nov. 2, old style], 1876, Moscow died Dec. 12, 1962, Moscow  prima ballerina of the Moscow Bolshoi Theatre who, during the period of disorder ...
/ge"loog"pah"/, n. Lamaism. See Yellow Hats. * * *
—gemless, adj. —gemlike, adj. /jem/, n., v., gemmed, gemming, adj. n. 1. a cut and polished precious stone or pearl fine enough for use in jewelry. 2. something likened to or ...
gem jade.
See imperial jade. * * *
Gem State
Idaho (used as a nickname). * * *
▪ museum, Berlin, Germany German“Picture Gallery”       art museum in Berlin, possessing one of the top collections of European paintings from the 13th to 18th ...
—Gemaric, adj. —Gemarist, n. /geuh mahr"euh/; Seph. Heb. /geuh mah rddah"/; Ashk. Heb. /geuh maw"rddeuh/, n. 1. the section of the Talmud consisting essentially of commentary ...
See Gemara. * * *
See Gemaric. * * *
/geuh may"tree euh/, n. a cabbalistic system of interpretation of the Scriptures by substituting for a particular word another word whose letters give the same numerical ...
/jeuh muy el"/, n. Amin /ah meen"/, born 1942, Lebanese political leader: president 1982-88. * * *
Gemayel Family
▪ Lebanese family       Maronite Christian family prominent in Lebanese politics before and after the start of that country's civil war in 1975.       Pierre ...
Tooth, nail. Oldest form *g̑embh-, becoming *gembh- in centum languages. Derivatives include comb, unkempt, and gem. 1. Suffixed o-grade form *gombh-o-. a. (i) comb, kame, from ...
Ger. /geuh muyn"shahft'/, n., pl. gemeinschaften Ger. /-shahf'teuhn/. (often cap.) 1. an association of individuals having sentiments, tastes, and attitudes in common; ...
Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
▪ social theory       ideal types of social organizations that were systematically elaborated by German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies (Tönnies, Ferdinand () in his ...
gemel bottle
/jem"euhl/ a bottle consisting of two flasks set side by side with the necks curving in opposite directions. [see GIMMALS] * * *
gemilut ḥesed
▪ Judaism (Hebrew: “bestowing kindness”),also called  Gemilut Ḥasadim        (“bestowing kindnesses”), in Judaism, an attribute of God said to be imitated ...
—geminately, adv. v. /jem"euh nayt'/; adj., n. /jem"euh nit, -nayt'/, v., geminated, geminating, adj., n. v.t., v.i. 1. to make or become doubled or paired. adj. 2. Also, ...
/jem'euh nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a doubling; duplication; repetition. 2. Phonet. the doubling of a consonantal sound. 3. Rhet. the immediate repetition of a word, phrase, etc., for ...
▪ pulsar  isolated pulsar (a rapidly rotating neutron star) about 500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Gemini, unique in that about 99 percent of its radiation is ...
/jem"euh nuy', -nee/, n.pl., gen. Geminorum /jem'euh nawr"euhm, -nohr"-/ for 1. 1. Astron. the Twins, a zodiacal constellation between Taurus and Cancer containing the bright ...
Gemini program
a series of US space flights (1963–6) with two men in each. During the Gemini flights astronauts made space ‘walks’ and brought two spacecraft together in space for the ...
Gem·i·ni·an (jĕm'ə-nīʹən, -nēʹ-) n. One who is born under the sign of Gemini. * * *
/je'mee nyah"nee/, n. Francesco /frddahn ches"kaw/, c1680-1762, Italian violinist and composer. * * *
Geminiani, Francesco
▪ Italian musician baptized Dec. 5, 1687, Lucca, Tuscany died Sept. 17, 1762, Dublin       Italian composer, violinist, teacher, writer on musical performance, and a ...
/jem"euh nidz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Astron. a collection of meteors making up a meteor shower (Geminid meteor shower) visible around December 13, having its apparent origin ...
/jem'euh nee flawr"euhs, -flohr"-/, adj. Bot. having flowers arranged in pairs. [1865-70; < L gemin(us) twin + -I- + -FLOROUS] * * *
Gemistus Plethon, George
born с 1355, Constantinople died 1450/52, Mistra, Morea Byzantine philosopher and humanist scholar. He served as lay theologian with the Byzantine delegation to the 1438–45 ...
/jem"euh/, n., pl. gemmae /jem"ee/. 1. a bud. 2. Bot. a cell or cluster of cells, or a leaflike or budlike body, that separates from the parent plant to form a new organism, as ...
Gemma Augustea
(Latin; "Gem of Augustus") Sardonyx cameo depicting the glorification of Caesar Augustus. He is sitting next to the goddess Roma, and both are trampling the armour of defeated ...
/je may"sheuhs/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling gemmae. [1850-55; GEMM(A) + -ACEOUS] * * *
▪ stained glass technique plural  Gemmaux,         in stained glass, technique employing fused layers of coloured glass fragments illuminated from behind, creating an ...
/jem"ayt/, adj., v., gemmated, gemmating. Bot., Zool. adj. 1. having buds; increasing by budding. v.i. 2. to put forth buds; increase by budding. [1840-50; < L gemmatus budded, ...
/je may"sheuhn/, n. Biol. reproduction by gemmae. [1750-60; < F gemmation. See GEMMATE, -ION] * * *
Gemmell, David
▪ 2007       British fantasy novelist (b. Aug. 1, 1948, London, Eng.—d. July 28, 2006, Udimore, East Sussex, Eng.), wrote more than 30 historic fantasy adventure ...
/je mif"euhr euhs/, adj. bearing buds or gemmae; gemmiparous. [1650-60; GEMM(A) + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
/jem"euh fawrm'/, adj. shaped like a bud. [GEMM(A) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
/je mip"euhr euh/, n.pl. gemmiparous animals, as hydra. Also, gemmipares /je mip"euh reez'/. [GEMM(A) + -I- + NL -para, deriv. of L parere to bear] * * *
—gemmiparity /jem'euh par"i tee/, n. —gemmiparously, adv. /je mip"euhr euhs/, adj. producing or reproducing by buds or gemmae. [1785-95; < NL gemmiparus. See GEMMA, ...
See gemmiparous. * * *
gem·mol·o·gy (jĕ-mŏlʹə-jē) n. Variant of gemology. * * *
/jem'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. the process of reproduction by gemmules. [GEMMULE + -ATION] * * *
/jem"yoohl/, n. 1. Bot. gemma. 2. Zool. an asexually produced mass of cells that is capable of developing into an animal, as a freshwater sponge. 3. Evolution. one of the ...
/jem'yoo lif"euhr euhs/, adj. Zool. producing or reproducing by gemmules. [1840-50; GEMMULE + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
—gemmily, adv. —gemminess, n. /jem"ee/, adj., gemmier, gemmiest. 1. having gems; set with gems. 2. like a gem, esp. in being bright, glittering, or sparkling. [1400-50; late ...
See gemology. * * *
See gemological. * * *
—gemological, gemmological /jem'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —gemologist, gemmologist, n. /je mol"euh jee/, n. the science dealing with natural and artificial gemstones. Also, ...
/geuh moht"/, n. (in Anglo-Saxon England) a legislative or judicial assembly. Also, gemote. [OE gemot, equiv. to ge- collective prefix + mot meeting; see MOOT] * * *
Gempei War
(1180–85) Final struggle between two Japanese warrior clans, the Minamoto (Genji) and the Taira (Heike), for supremacy in Japan, resulting in the Minamoto's victory and the ...
/jem pil"id/, n. 1. any of several fishes of the family Gempylidae, comprising the snake mackerels. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the gempylids. [ < NL Gempylidae name of ...
/gems/, n., pl. gemses /gem"siz, -ziz/. chamois (def. 1). Also, gemse /gem"zeuh/. [ < G; OHG gamiza < LL camoc- (s. of camox)] * * *
/gemz"bok'/, n., pl. gemsboks, (esp. collectively) gemsbok. a large antelope, Oryx gazella, of southern and eastern Africa, having long, straight horns and a long, tufted ...
Gemsbok National Park
Nature preserve, southwestern Botswana. It was joined with the Republic of South Africa's Kalahari Gemsbok National Park in 2000 to form Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. It was ...
/gemz"buk'/, n., pl. gemsbucks, (esp. collectively) gemsbuck. gemsbok. * * *
/jem"stohn'/, n. a precious or semiprecious stone that can be cut and polished for use as a gem. [bef. 1000; ME gimstone, OE gimstan. See GEM, STONE] * * * Any of various ...
/geuh mooht"lik -moot"-/; Ger. /geuh myuut"likh/, adj. 1. comfortable and pleasant; cozy. 2. friendly; easygoing. Also, gemuetlich. [1850-55; < G; late MHG gemüetlich, equiv. to ...
/geuh myuut"likh kuyt'/, n. German. warm cordiality; comfortable friendliness; congeniality. Also, Gemuetlichkeit. * * *
To marry. Oldest form *g̑emə₁-, becoming *gemə₁- in centum languages. Suffixed zero-grade form *gm̥ə-o-. gamete, gamo-, -gamous, -gamy, from Greek gamos, ...
gen gen1 [jen] n. 〚prob. < gen(eral information)〛 [Informal, Chiefly Brit.] the basic or general information about someone or something gen2 abbrev. 1. gender 2. genera 3. ...
Gen abbrev. 1. General 2. Bible Genesis * * *
Gen X
/jen" eks"/. See Generation X. Also, GenX, Gen-X. * * *
Gen Y
/jen" wuy"/. See Generation Y. Also, GenY. [1990-95] * * *
See genə-. * * *
Gen-X (jĕnʹĕksʹ) adj. Of or relating to Generation X.   Genʹ-Xʹer n. * * *
See Gen-X. * * *
1. Mil. General. 2. Genesis. 3. Geneva. * * *
1. gender. 2. general. 3. genitive. 4. genus. * * *
Gen. Mtg.
Banking. general mortgage. * * *
—genal, adj. /jee"neuh, gen"euh/, n., pl. genae /jee"nee, gen"ee/. Zool., Anat. the cheek or side region of the head. [1820-30; < L: cheek; c. Gk génys jaw, CHIN] * * *
/jeuh nap", zheuh-/, v.t., genapped, genapping. to singe (worsted yarn) in order to remove loose or protruding fibers. [1855-60; after Genappe, Belgium, where the yarn was ...
genappe yarn
a worsted yarn that has been genapped and made smooth and lustrous. [1890-95] * * *
Gencer, Leyla
▪ 2009 Ayshe Leyla Ceyrekgil        Turkish soprano born Oct. 10, 1928?, Istanbul, Tur. died May 9/10, 2008, Milan, Italy performed more than 70 roles throughout her ...
Genda Minoru
▪ Japanese naval officer born Aug. 16, 1904, Hiroshima, Japan died Aug. 15, 1989, Tokyo       Japanese naval officer and air strategist who was chosen by Admiral ...
/zhahn"dahrm/; Fr. /zhahonn dannrddm"/, n., pl. gendarmes /-dahrmz/; Fr. /-dannrddm"/. 1. a police officer in any of several European countries, esp. a French police officer. 2. ...
/zhahn dahr"meuh ree/; Fr. /zhahonn dannrdd meuh rddee"/, n. gendarmes collectively; a body of gendarmes. Also, gendarmery. [1545-55; < F; see GENDARME, -ERY] * * *
gender1 —genderless, adj. /jen"deuhr/, n. 1. Gram. a. (in many languages) a set of classes that together include all nouns, membership in a particular class being shown by the ...
gender bender
—gender-bending, adj. Informal. one, as a cross-dresser, that blurs differences between the sexes. [1980-85] * * *
gender gap
the differences between women and men, esp. as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes. [1980-85] * * * Difference in ...
gender identity
a person's inner sense of being male or female, usually developed during early childhood as a result of parental rearing practices and societal influences and strengthened during ...
gender role
the public image of being male or female that a person presents to others. * * *
gender-bender [jen′dər ben΄dər] n. a person who looks or behaves in a way regarded as androgynous or as typical of the opposite sex gender-bending [jen′dər ...
See gender bender. * * *
gen·der-neu·tral (jĕnʹdər-no͞o'trəl, -nyo͞o'-) adj. Free of explicit or implicit reference to gender or sex, as is the term police officer (instead of policewoman or ...
/jen"deuhr spi sif"ik/, adj. for, characteristic of, or limited to either males or females: Left-handedness is not gender-specific. * * *
gender bender or gen·der-ben·der (jĕnʹdər-bĕnʹdər) n. Slang 1. One who dresses or acts in an androgynous manner. 2. Something, such as a theatrical performance or a book, ...
/jen"deuhrd/, adj. characteristic of, suited to, or biased toward one gender or the other: gendered diapers. * * *
gender gap n. A disproportionate difference, as in attitudes and voting preferences, between the sexes. * * *
gen·der·ize (jĕnʹdə-rīz') tr.v. gen·der·ized, gen·der·iz·ing, gen·der·iz·es To make gender-based distinctions within or among: genderize a mailing list by ...
gen·der·lect (jĕnʹdər-lĕkt') n. A variety of speech or conversational style used by a particular gender.   [gender + dialect.] * * *
See gender. * * *
/jeen/, n. the basic physical unit of heredity; a linear sequence of nucleotides along a segment of DNA that provides the coded instructions for synthesis of RNA, which, when ...
/jeen/, n. a male given name, form of Eugene. * * * I Unit of heredity that occupies a fixed position on a chromosome. Genes achieve their effects by directing protein ...
gene amplification
1. an increase in the frequency of replication of a DNA segment. 2. such an increase induced by a polymerase chain reaction. [1970-75] * * *
Gene Autry
➡ Autry * * *
gene flow
Ecol. the alteration of the frequencies of alleles of particular genes in a population, resulting from interbreeding with organisms from another population having different ...
gene frequency
the frequency of occurrence or proportions of different alleles of a particular gene in a given population. Also called allele frequency. [1925-30] * * *
Gene Kelly
➡ Kelly (II) * * *
gene map
gene map n. a graphic representation of the linear sequence of genes, and of the relative distances between them, on a chromosome or chromosome segment * * *
gene mapping
Genetics. 1. any of a number of methods used to construct a model of the linear sequence of genes of a particular chromosome. 2. the act of constructing such a model. [1975-80] * ...
gene pool
the total genetic information in the gametes of all the individuals in a population. [1945-50] * * *
gene splicing
Genetics. See recombinant DNA technology. [1975-80] * * *
gene therapy
Med. the application of genetic engineering to the transplantation of genes into human cells in order to cure a disease caused by a genetic defect, as a missing enzyme. Cf. gene ...
gene transfer
Biotech. the insertion of copies of a gene into living cells in order to induce synthesis of the gene's product: the desired gene may be microinjected directly into the cell or ...
Gene Tunney
➡ Tunney * * *
gene-splic·ing (jēnʹsplī'sĭng) n. The process in which fragments of DNA from one or more different organisms are combined to form recombinant DNA. * * *
geneal abbrev. genealogy * * *
genealogy. * * *
genealogical [jē΄nē ə läj′i kəl, jen΄ēə läj′i kəl] adj. 1. of genealogy 2. tracing a line of descent genealogically adv. * * * See genealogy. * * *
genealogical relationship
Historical Ling. See genetic relationship. * * *
genealogical tree.
See family tree. [1805-15] * * *
See genealogical. * * *
See genealogical. * * *
—genealogical /jee'nee euh loj"i keuhl, jen'ee-/, genealogic, adj. —genealogically, adv. —genealogist, n. /jee'nee ol"euh jee, -al"-, jen'ee-/, n., pl. genealogies. 1. a ...
Genealogy Takes Root on the Internet
▪ 2004       By 2003 the number of people who had discovered the benefit of using the Internet to research their ancestry had increased dramatically. Many Web sites ...
gene amplification n. A cellular process characterized by the production of multiple copies of a particular gene or genes to amplify the phenotype that the gene confers on the ...
/jen"ee ahrk'/, n. a chief of a family or tribe. [1720-30; < Gk geneárches founder of a family, equiv. to gene(á) race (see GENE) + árches -ARCH] * * *
▪ genetics also spelled  Genecenter,         any of a number of areas on the Earth from which arose important crop plants and domestic animals. As few as four of ...
Genée, Dame Adeline
orig. Anina Margarete Kirstina Petra Jensen born Jan. 6, 1878, Hinnerup, Den. died April 23, 1970, Esher, Surrey, Eng. Danish-born British dancer, choreographer, and ...
Geneen, Harold
▪ 1998       American business executive who built the International Telephone and Telegraph Corp. (ITT) into a worldwide business conglomerate. During Geneen's tenure ...
gene flow n. Transfer of genes from one population to another of the same species, as by migration or the dispersal of seeds and pollen. * * *
gene frequency n. The frequency of occurrence of an allele in relation to that of other alleles of the same gene in a population. * * *
gene map n. See genetic map. * * *
gene pool n. The collective genetic information contained within a population of sexually reproducing organisms. * * *
/jen"euhr euh/, n. a pl. of genus. * * *
—generability, generableness, n. /jen"euhr euh beuhl/, adj. capable of being generated or produced. [1350-1400; ME < L generabil(is) creative, productive, equiv. to gener(are) ...
—generalness, n. /jen"euhr euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to all persons or things belonging to a group or category: a general meeting of the employees. 2. of, pertaining to, ...
general admission
an admission charge for unreserved seats at a theatrical performance, sports event, etc. [1945-50] * * *
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
an international organization formed in 1948 to establish common rules governing tariffs and to eliminate restrictive trade practices. Abbr.: GATT * * * ▪ international ...
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
Set of multilateral trade agreements aimed at the abolition of quotas and the reduction of tariff duties among the signing nations. Originally signed by 23 countries at Geneva ...
General American
any form of American English speech considered to show few regional peculiarities, usually including all dialects except for eastern New England, New York City, Southern, and ...
General American English
General American English (GAE) is a term for the standard English of the US, though few Americans have heard of the name. GAE includes grammar and vocabulary as well as ...
general anesthesia
general anesthesia n. see ANESTHESIA (sense 2) * * *
General Assembly
1. the legislature in some states of the U.S. 2. the main deliberative body of the United Nations, composed of delegations from member nations. [1610-20, Amer.] * * *
General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
the group of people governing the Church of Scotland. It consists of ministers (= priests) and other officials who are elected by members of the Church. It is responsible for ...
General Assembly, United Nations
  one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN) and the only body in which every member of the organization is represented and allowed to vote. As of 2006 there ...
General Association of Regular Baptist Churches
▪ American religious organization       association of independent conservative Baptist churches in the United States, organized in 1932 after 22 Baptist churches ...
general average
Insurance. any damage or loss to a ship or its cargo voluntarily sustained, as freight jettisoned in a storm, by all parties to a voyage (distinguished from particular average). ...
general aviation
aviation including business flying, sports flying, and crop dusting. * * *
General Confederation of Labour
▪ Argentine labour union Spanish  Confederación General del Trabajo (CGT)        major labour-union federation in Argentina. The CGT was formed in 1930. Its ...
General Confederation of Labour–Workers' Force
▪ French labour union French  Confédération Générale du Travail–Force Ouvrière  (CGT–FO),        French labour-union federation that is most influential ...
general contractor
general contractor n. a person who contracts to construct a building or buildings, for a stipulated sum, in accordance with certain plans and specifications, or to remodel or ...
General Council of Congregational Christian Churches
▪ American Protestant church       Protestant church in the United States, organized in 1931 by a merger of the National Council of the Congregational Churches and the ...
General Court
1. the state legislature of Massachusetts or New Hampshire. 2. (in colonial New England) any of various local assemblies having both legislative and judicial powers. [1620-30, ...
general court-martial
a court-martial having the authority to try any offense against military law and to impose a sentence of dishonorable discharge or of death when provided by law. [1805-15] * * *
general delivery
1. a postal service that delivers mail to a specific post office where it is held for pickup by the addressee. 2. the postal department that handles such mail. [1830-40, Amer.] * ...
general discharge
Mil. 1. a discharge from military service of a person who has served honorably but who has not met all the conditions of an honorable discharge. 2. a certificate of such a ...
General Dynamics Corp.
Major U.S. defense contractor. Its forerunner, the Electric Boat Co., was founded in 1899 and built the Holland, the first submarine purchased by the U.S. Navy. After World War ...
general election
1. U.S. Politics. a. a regularly scheduled local, state, or national election in which voters elect officeholders. Cf. primary (def. 15). b. a state or national election, as ...
General Electric
(abbr GE) a US company that produces electrical products and aircraft engines, and owns NBC and Universal. It is the largest company in the world and was formed in 1892 when ...
General Electric Co.
▪ American corporation       major American corporation and one of the largest and most diversified corporations in the world. Its products include electrical and ...
General Electric Co. (GE)
Major U.S. corporation and one of the largest companies in the world. Its products include electrical and electronic equipment, plastics, aircraft engines, medical imaging ...
General Electric Company
➡ Marconi. * * *
General Federation of Women's Clubs International
      umbrella organization in the United States founded in 1890 to coordinate its members' efforts at promoting volunteer community service. During its more than ...
General Foods Corp.
Former U.S. manufacturer of packaged grocery and meat products. It was incorporated in 1922, having developed from the earlier Postum Cereal Co. founded by C.W. Post. It soon ...
General Foods Corporation
▪ American corporation       former American manufacturer of packaged grocery and meat products.       The company was incorporated in 1922, having developed from ...
General George Custer
➡ Custer * * *
General Gordon
➡ Gordon * * *
General Grant National Memorial
▪ monument, New York City, New York, United States also called  Grant's Tomb,         mausoleum of U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant (Grant, Ulysses S.) in New York ...
general headquarters
U.S. Army. the headquarters of the commanding officer of a large military force. Abbr.: GHQ, G.H.Q. [1855-60] * * *
General Hospital
a popular US television soap opera on ABC, set in a hospital. It began in 1963 and has won four Emmy awards as the Best Daytime Drama Series (1981, 1984, 1994 and 1996). * * *
General Italian Confederation of Labour
▪ Italian trade union Italian  Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro (CGIL),         Italy's largest trade-union federation. It was organized in Rome in 1944 as ...
General James Wolfe
➡ Wolfe (I) * * *
general linguistics
the study of the characteristics of language in general rather than of a particular language; theoretical, rather than applied, linguistics. * * *
General Medical Council
(abbr the GMC) a professional organization in Britain, started in 1858, which keeps a register (= an official list of names) of qualified doctors. It encourages good standards in ...
General Mills, Inc.
Leading U.S. producer of packaged foods, flour, breakfast cereals, snacks, and prepared mixes. General Mills was incorporated in 1928 to acquire Washburn Crosby Co. and four ...
General Motors
(abbr GM) the US car company that is the largest in the world, based in Detroit. It produces the Chevrolet, Oldsmobile, Cadillac, Buick, Pontiac, Saab, Hummer and Daewoo brands ...
General Motors Corp. (GM)
U.S. corporation, the world's largest automotive manufacturer for most of the 20th century and into the 21st. It was founded in 1908 by William C. Durant to consolidate several ...
General Motors Corporation
▪ American company  American corporation that became the world's largest motor-vehicle manufacturer in 1931 and maintained that status until 2008, when it was surpassed by ...
General National Vocational Qualifications
➡ vocational training * * *
general of the air force
the highest ranking officer in the U.S. Air Force. * * *
general of the armies
U.S. Army. a special rank held by John J. Pershing, equivalent to general of the army. * * *
general of the army
U.S. Army. the highest ranking military officer; the next rank above general. Cf. fleet admiral. [1940-45] * * *
general order
general order Mil. n. 1. any of a numbered series of orders under competent authority, including general directives, announcements, etc. 2. any of the permanent orders giving in ...
general orders
Mil. 1. a set of permanent orders from a headquarters establishing policy for a command or announcing official acts. 2. a set of permanent orders governing the duties and ...
general paralysis
Pathol. a syphilitic brain disorder characterized by chronic inflammation and degeneration of cerebral tissue resulting in mental and physical deterioration. Also called general ...
general paresis
general paresis or general paralysis n. PARESIS (sense 2) * * *
general partner
a partner with unlimited liability for the debts of the partnership. Cf. special partner. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
general partnership
a partnership in which each of the partners is fully liable for the firm's debts. Cf. limited partnership. * * *
General Postal Union
former name of Universal Postal Union. Abbr.: GPU * * *
general practice.
See family practice. [1815-25] * * *
general practitioner
a medical practitioner whose practice is not limited to any specific branch of medicine or class of diseases. Abbr.: G.P. [1880-85] * * *
general precession
Astron. the precession that results from both lunisolar precession and planetary precession; precession of the equinoxes. * * *
general quarters
Mil. a condition of readiness for combat on a warship, during which crew members remain at their battle stations and have guns and ammunition ready for immediate loading. * * *
general relativity
Physics. See under relativity (def. 2). * * *
general rule
Law. See under rule (def. 10). * * *
General San Martín
Gen·er·al San Mar·tín (jĕn'ər-əl săn mär-tēnʹ, hĕn'ĕ-rälʹ sän) A city of eastern Argentina, a manufacturing suburb of Buenos Aires. Population: 407,506. * * ...
General Santos
▪ Philippines formerly  (1954) Buayan,         city, southern Mindanao, Philippines. The city is named for General Paulino Santos, who directed the pioneer ...
General Secretary
General Secretary n. the head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union * * *
General Security, Committee of
▪ French history French  Comité De Sûreté Générale,         organ of the French Revolutionary government. It directed the political police and Revolutionary ...
general semantics
a philosophical approach to language, developed by Alfred Korzybski, exploring the relationship between the form of language and its use and attempting to improve the capacity to ...
General Services Administration
U.S. Govt. an independent agency, created in 1949, that manages federal property, records, construction, etc. Abbr.: GSA * * *
general sessions
a court of general jurisdiction in criminal cases in some U.S. states. [1685-95] * * *
general solution
Math. a solution to a differential equation that contains arbitrary, unevaluated constants. Cf. particular solution. * * *
general staff
Mil. a group of officers who are without command and whose duty is to assist high commanders in planning and carrying out orders in peace and war. * * * Group of military ...
general store
a store, usually in a rural area, that sells a wide variety of merchandise, as clothing, food, or hardware, but is not divided into departments. [1825-35, Amer.] * * * ▪ ...
general strike
a mass strike in all or many trades and industries in a section or in all parts of a country. [1800-10, Amer.] * * * Stoppage of work by a substantial proportion of workers in ...
General Stud Book
      in horse breeding, prototype of the breeding record of purebred horses, or studbook (q.v.). * * *
General Synod
the group of people governing the Church of England. It consists of three levels: bishops, clergy and laity (= members of the Church who are not priests). The Archbishop of ...
general theory of relativity
Physics. See under relativity (def. 2). [1930-35] * * *
general will
▪ philosophy of Rousseau       theory of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Rousseau, Jean-Jacques), 18th-century French political philosopher, that in a democratic society the ...
General, Municipal, and Boilermakers' Union
▪ British trade union formerly  General and Municipal Workers' Union (GMWU)        one of the largest trade unions in Great Britain and one of the two giant general ...
general-obligation bond
/jen"euhr euhl ob'li gay"sheuhn/ a bond issued by a state or city and backed by general tax revenue and the issuer's credit. Cf. revenue bond. * * *
/jen"euhr euhl perr"peuhs/, adj. useful in many ways; not limited in use or function: a good general-purpose dictionary. [1890-95] * * *
general admission n. 1. The section of unreserved seating for an audience, as at an auditorium or stadium: The only tickets that remain unsold are for general admission. 2. An ...
Gen·er·al American (jĕnʹər-əl) n. The speech of native speakers of American English that many consider to be typical of the United States, noted for its exclusion of ...
general anesthesia n. Anesthesia characterized by unconsciousness, muscle relaxation, and loss of sensation over the entire body, and resulting from the administration of a ...
general anesthetic n. Any of various anesthetic drugs, usually administered by inhalation or intravenous injection, that produce general anesthesia. * * *
general assembly n. 1. A legislative body, especially a U.S. state legislature. 2. General Assembly Abbr. GA The principal deliberative body of the United Nations, in which each ...
general aviation n. 1. The operation of civilian aircraft for purposes other than commercial passenger transport, including personal, business, and instructional flying. 2. The ...
General Court n. 1. A legislative body having judicial powers in colonial New England. 2. The state legislature of Massachusetts or New Hampshire. * * *
general court-martial n. A court-martial consisting of at least five officers for trying major offenses. * * *
/jen"euhr euhl see/, n. the office or tenure of a general. [1860-65; GENERAL + -CY] * * *
general delivery n. 1. A department of a post office that holds mail for addressees until it is picked up. 2. Mail directed to this department. * * *
general election n. An election involving all or most constituencies of a state or nation in the choice of candidates. * * *
/jen'euhr euh lis"euh moh'/, n., pl. generalissimos. (in certain countries) the supreme commander of the armed forces. [1615-25; < It, superl. of generale GENERAL] * * *
/jen"euhr euh list/, n. a person whose knowledge, aptitudes, and skills are applied to a field as a whole or to a variety of different fields (opposed to specialist). [1605-15; ...
▪ French history       the basic administrative unit of 17th- and 18th-century France. It was first established in the late 14th century to organize the collection of ...
/jen'euh ral"i tee/, n., pl. generalities. 1. an indefinite, unspecific, or undetailed statement: to speak in generalities about human rights. 2. a general principle, rule, or ...
See generalize. * * *
/jen'euhr euh leuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of generalizing. 2. a result of this process; a general statement, idea, or principle. 3. Logic. a. a proposition ...
—generalizable, adj. —generalizer, n. /jen"euhr euh luyz'/, v., generalized, generalizing. v.t. 1. to infer (a general principle, trend, etc.) from particular facts, ...
gen·er·al·ized (jĕnʹər-ə-līzd') adj. 1. Biology. Not specifically adapted to a particular environment or function; not specialized. 2. Generally prevalent: observed a ...
generalized coordinates
Physics. the least number of coordinates needed to specify the state of a given system. [1880-85] * * *
generalized other
Sociol. an individual's internalized impression of societal norms and expectations. * * *
See generalizable. * * *
/jen"euhr euh lee/, adv. 1. usually; commonly; ordinarily: He generally comes home at noon. 2. with respect to the larger part; for the most part: a generally accurate ...
See general. * * *
Generalof the Air Force
General of the Air Force n. 1. The highest commissioned rank in the U.S. Air Force. 2. One who holds this rank. * * *
Generalof the Army
General of the Army n. 1. The highest commissioned rank in the U.S. Army. 2. One who holds this rank. * * *
general paresis n. A brain disease occurring as a late consequence of syphilis, characterized by dementia, progressive muscular weakness, and paralysis. * * *
general partnership n. A partnership in which each of the partners is liable for all of the firm's debts, and the actions of one partner are binding on each of the other ...
general practitioner n. Abbr. GP A physician whose practice is not oriented to a specific medical specialty but instead covers a variety of medical problems in patients of all ...
general relativity n. The geometric theory of gravitation developed by Albert Einstein, incorporating and extending the theory of special relativity to accelerated frames of ...
General Sar·mien·to (sär-myĕnʹtō) A city of eastern Argentina, a suburb of Buenos Aires. Population: 646,891. * * *
gen·er·al semantics (jĕnʹər-əl) n. (used with a sing. verb) A discipline developed by Alfred Korzybski that proposes to improve human behavioral responses through a more ...
/jen"euhr euhl ship'/, n. 1. skill as commander of a large military force or unit. 2. the rank or functions of a general. 3. management or leadership. [1585-95; GENERAL + ...
general staff n. Abbr. GS A group of military officers charged with assisting the commander of a division or higher unit in planning, coordinating, and supervising operations. * ...
general store n. A retail store, usually located in a rural community, that sells a wide variety of merchandise but is not divided into departments. * * *
/jen"euh rayt'/, v., generated, generating. v.t. 1. to bring into existence; cause to be; produce. 2. to create by a vital or natural process. 3. to create and distribute vitally ...
—generational, adj. —generationally, adv. /jen'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the entire body of individuals born and living at about the same time: the postwar generation. 2. the ...
generation gap
a lack of communication between one generation and another, esp. between young people and their parents, brought about by differences of tastes, values, outlook, etc. [1965-70] * ...
Generation of 1898
▪ Spanish literature also called  Generation of '98 , Spanish  Generación del 1898  or  Generación del '98        in Spain, the novelists, poets, essayists, and ...
Generation of 1927
▪ Spanish literature Spanish  Generación del 1927        in Spain, a group of poets and other writers who rose to prominence in the late 1920s and who derived their ...
Generation X
the generation born in the United States after 1965. [after the novel of the same name (1991) by Doug Coupland] * * *

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