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Слова на букву gano-hipp (15990)

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hard tick
any tick of the family Ixodidae, characterized by a hard shield on the back and mouth parts that project from the head. Cf. soft tick. * * *
hard time
1. a period of difficulties or hardship. 2. Slang. time actually served in a prison or other penal institution: He had merely been fined before, but now was sentenced to 90 days' ...
Hard Times
a novel (1845) by Charles Dickens. It tells how Thomas Gradgrind, a tough businessman, tries to bring up his children according to strict principles, and realizes too late that ...
Hard Times token
any of a series of U.S. copper tokens, issued 1834-41, bearing a political inscription or advertising message and serving as currency during coin shortages. * * *
hard water
water that contains magnesium, calcium, or iron salts and therefore forms a soap lather with difficulty. * * * Water that contains mineral salts of calcium and magnesium, ...
hard wheat
a wheat, as durum wheat, characterized by flinty, dark-colored kernels that yield a flour used in making bread, macaroni, etc. [1805-15] * * *
hard-and-fast
—hard-and-fastness, n. /hahrd"n fast", -fahst"/, adj. strongly binding; not to be set aside or violated: hard-and-fast rules. [1865-70] Syn. fixed, precise, inflexible, ...
hard-ass
/hahrd"as'/, n. Slang (vulgar). a person who follows rules and regulations meticulously and enforces them without exceptions. Also, hardass. * * *
hard-assed
See hard-ass. * * *
hard-asset
/hahrd"as"et/, adj. denoting an asset with intrinsic value: diamonds and other hard-asset commodities. * * *
hard-bill
/hahrd"bil'/, n. Ornith. a seed-eating bird. * * *
hard-bitten
/hahrd"bit"n/, adj. 1. tough; stubborn. 2. conditioned by battle or struggle: a hard-bitten army. 3. grim or severe in judgment or attitude: a hard-bitten old teacher. 4. ...
hard-boil
/hahrd"boyl"/, v.t. to boil (an egg) until the yolk and white have become firm or solid. [1890-95] * * *
hard-boiled
—hard-boiledness, n. /hahrd"boyld"/, adj. 1. Cookery. (of an egg) boiled in the shell long enough for the yolk and white to solidify. 2. Informal. tough; unsentimental: a ...
hard-boiled fiction
▪ American literature       a tough, unsentimental style of American crime writing that brought a new tone of earthy realism or naturalism to the field of detective ...
hard-bound
☆ hard-bound [härd′bound΄ ] adj. HARDCOVER * * *
hard-case
/hahrd"kays'/, adj. rough and hard-bitten: hard-case juvenile delinquents. [1915-20] * * *
hard-coated
/hahrd"koh"tid/, adj. having a coarsely textured coat, as a dog. [1895-1900] * * *
hard-core
/hahrd"kawr", -kohr"/, adj. 1. unswervingly committed; uncompromising; dedicated: a hard-core segregationist. 2. pruriently explicit; graphically depicted: hard-core ...
hard-edge
/hahrd"ej'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a style of abstract painting associated with the 1960s and marked chiefly by sharply outlined geometric or nongeometric ...
hard-edged
/hahrd"ejd'/, adj. realistic and uncompromising: a hard-edged documentary. [1950-55] * * *
hard-favored
/hahrd"fay"veuhrd/, adj. South Midland U.S. (of a person) hard-featured. [1505-15] * * *
hard-featured
—hard-featuredness, n. /hahrd"fee"cheuhrd/, adj. having stern, harsh, or unattractive features. [1740-50] * * *
hard-fisted
—hard-fistedness, hardfistedness, n. /hahrd"fis"tid/, adj. 1. stingy; miserly; closefisted. 2. tough-minded; ruthless: hard-fisted revolutionists. 3. having hard or strong ...
hard-handed
—hard-handedness, hardhandedness, n. /hahrd"han"did/, adj. 1. oppressive or tyrannical; stern or cruel. 2. having hands hardened by toil. Also, hardhanded. [1580-90] * * *
hard-hat
/hahrd"hat'/, n. Informal. 1. a construction worker, esp. a member of a construction workers' union. 2. a working-class conservative. adj. 3. pertaining to or characteristic of ...
hard-hit
hard-hit (härdʹhĭtʹ) adj. Badly or adversely affected: “Official rescue and recovery efforts were... just getting underway in this ravaged port city and more than a dozen ...
hard-hitting
/hahrd"hit"ing/, adj. 1. striking or capable of striking with force. 2. strikingly or effectively forceful: a hard-hitting exposé. [1830-40] * * *
hard-knock
/hahrd"nok"/, adj. beset with hardship. * * *
hard-laid
/hahrd"layd"/, adj. describing a rope the lay of which is at a relatively great angle to its axis; short-laid. * * *
hard-line
/hahrd"luyn'/, adj. adhering rigidly to a dogma, theory, or plan; uncompromising or unyielding: hard-line union demands. Also, hardline. [1960-65, Amer.] * * *
hard-liner
/hahrd"luy"neuhr/, n. a person who adheres rigidly to a dogma, theory, or plan. Also, hardliner. [1960-65; HARD-LINE + -ER1] * * *
hard-news
See hardnews. * * *
hard-nose
/hahrd"nohz'/, n. Slang. a person who is tough, practical, and unsentimental, esp. in business: We need a hard-nose to run the department. Also, hardnose. * * *
hard-nosed
/hahrd"nohzd'/, adj. Informal. hardheaded or tough; unsentimentally practical: a hard-nosed labor leader. Also, hardnosed. [1885-90] Syn. realistic, down-to-earth; intractable, ...
hard-of-hearing
/hahrd"euhv hear"ing/, adj., n. hearing-impaired. [1555-65] * * *
hard-on
/hahrd"on', -awn'/, n., pl. hard-ons. Slang (vulgar). an erection of the penis. [1890-95] * * *
hard-pressed
/hahrd"prest"/, adj. heavily burdened or oppressed, as by overwork or financial difficulties; harried; put-upon. Also, hardpressed. [1815-25] Syn. assailed, plagued, beset, ...
hard-put
/hahrd"poot"/, adj. See hard (def. 55). [1890-95] * * *
hard-rock
/hahrd"rok'/, adj. (loosely) of or pertaining to igneous or metamorphic rocks, as in mining (hard-rock mining) and geology (hard-rock geology). Cf. soft-rock geology. [1920-25] * ...
hard-sell
/hahrd"sel"/, v., hard-sold, hard-selling, adj. v.t., v.i. 1. to sell or advertise (something) in a forceful and insistent way: to hard-sell new car models to reluctant ...
hard-set
/hahrd"set"/, adj. 1. firmly or rigidly set; fixed: a hard-set smile. 2. in a difficult position: The troops were hard-set before their supplies came. 3. determined; ...
hard-shell
/hahrd"shel'/, adj. 1. Also, hard-shelled. 2. having a firm, hard shell, as a crab in its normal state; not having recently molted. 3. rigid or uncompromising. n. 4. See ...
hard-shell clam
quahog. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
hard-shell crab
a crab, esp. an edible crab, that has not recently molted and has a hard shell. [1900-05] * * *
hard-shellclam
hard-shell clam n. See quahog. * * *
hard-shellcrab
hard-shell crab n. A marine crab with a fully hardened shell, especially an edible crab in this stage. * * *
hard-shelled
hard-shelled (härdʹshĕld') adj. Variant of hard-shell. * * *
hard-shelled clam
hard-shelled clam or hard-shell clam n. QUAHOG * * *
hard-shelled crab
☆ hard-shelled crab or hard-shell crab n. a crab, esp. an edible sea crab, before it has shed its hard shell * * *
hard-spun
/hahrd"spun"/, adj. (of yarn) compactly twisted in spinning. [1905-10] * * *
hard-surface
/hahrd"serr"fis/, v.t., hard-surfaced, hard-surfacing. to make the surface of (something) hard or firm, as by compacting or paving it: to hard-surface a parking area. [1925-30, ...
hard-ticket
n. /hahrd"tik"it/; adj. /hahrd"tik'it/, n. 1. a ticket entitling one to a reserved seat. 2. an entertainment for which seats are reserved in advance. adj. 3. of, pertaining to, ...
hard-wire
hard-wire (härdʹwīr') tr.v. hard-·wired, hard-·wir·ing, hard-·wires 1. To connect (electronic components, for example) by electrical wires or cables. 2. To implement (a ...
hard-wired
/hahrd"wuyeurd"/, adj. 1. Computers. a. built into a computer's hardware and thus not readily changed. b. (of a terminal) connected to a computer by a direct circuit rather than ...
hardanger
/hahr dang"euhr/, n. embroidery openwork having elaborate symmetrical designs created by blocks of satin stitches within which threads of the embroidery fabric are ...
Hardanger Fjord
Fjord, southwestern Norway. The country's second-largest fjord, it extends inland 70 mi (113 km) from the North Sea to the Hardanger Plateau. It has a maximum depth of 2,922 ft ...
Hardanger Plateau
▪ plateau, Norway also called  Vidda        plateau in southwestern Norway. The largest peneplain (an eroded, almost level plain) in Europe, it has an area of about ...
hardback
/hahrd"bak'/, n., adj. hardcover. [1740-50; HARD + BACK1] * * *
hardball
/hahrd"bawl'/, n. 1. baseball, as distinguished from softball. 2. play hardball, to act or work aggressively, competitively, or ruthlessly, as in business or politics. adj. 3. ...
hardboard
/hahrd"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a material made from wood fibers compressed into sheets, having many household and industrial uses. [1925-30; HARD + BOARD] * * *
hardboot
/hahrd"booht'/, n. a horse-racing enthusiast. [1920-25; HARD + BOOT1] * * *
hardbound
/hahrd"bownd"/, adj. (of a book) bound with a stiff cover, usually of cloth or leather; casebound. Cf. paperback. [1725-35; HARD + BOUND1] * * *
hardcase
hard case n. 1. A tough, unsentimental person. 2. A person who is persistently insolent or difficult to control. * * *
hardcoal
hard coal n. See anthracite. * * *
hardcopy
hard copy n. A printed copy, especially of the output of a computer or word processor. * * *
hardcore
hard core n. 1. The most dedicated, unfailingly loyal faction of a group or organization: the hard core of the separatist movement. 2. An intractable core or nucleus of a ...
hardcourt
See hard court. * * *
hardcourt
hard court n. A tennis court with a hard surface, such as asphalt, rather than grass. Courts with a clay surface are usually considered hard courts outside of the United ...
hardcover
—hardcovered, adj. /hahrd"kuv"euhr/, n. 1. a book bound in cloth, leather, or the like, over stiff material: Hardcovers are more durable than paperbacks. adj. 2. bound in ...
harddisk
hard disk n. A rigid magnetic disk fixed permanently within a drive unit and used for storing computer data. Hard disks generally offer more storage and quicker access to data ...
harddrive
hard drive n. A disk drive that reads data stored on hard disks. Also called hard disk drive. * * *
Hardecanute
/hahr'deuh keuh nooht", -nyooht"/, n. 1019?-42, king of Denmark 1035-42, king of England 1040-42 (son of Canute). Also, Hardicanute, Harthacnut. * * * ▪ king of Denmark and ...
hardedge
hard·edge (härdʹĕj') n. A form of abstract painting characterized by clearly defined geometric shapes and often bright colors. * * *
Hardee, William J
▪ Confederate general born Oct. 12, 1815, near Savannah, Ga., U.S. died Nov. 6, 1873, Wytheville, Va.  Confederate general in the American Civil War (1861–65) who wrote a ...
Hardee, William J(oseph)
born Oct. 12, 1815, near Savannah, Ga., U.S. died Nov. 6, 1873, Whytheville, Va. U.S. military leader. A graduate of West Point (1838), he wrote Rifle and Light Infantry ...
harden
—hardenable, adj. —hardenability, n. /hahr"dn/, v.t. 1. to make hard or harder: to harden steel. 2. to make pitiless or unfeeling: to harden one's heart. 3. to make rigid or ...
Harden
/hahr"dn/, n. Sir Arthur, 1865-1940, English biochemist: Nobel prize 1929. * * *
Harden, Maximilian Felix Ernst
▪ German journalist original name  Felix Ernst Witkowski   born Oct. 20, 1861, Berlin died Oct. 30, 1927, Montana-Vermala, Valais, Switz.  political journalist, a spokesman ...
Harden, Sir Arthur
born Oct. 12, 1865, Manchester, Eng. died June 17, 1940, Bourne, Buckinghamshire British biochemist. His more than 20 years of study of sugar fermentation advanced knowledge of ...
Hardenberg
/hahrdd"dn berddk'/, n. Novalis. * * *
Hardenberg, Karl August, Fürst von
▪ Prussian statesman Introduction also called (until 1814)  Freiherr (baron) von Hardenberg  born May 31, 1750, Essenrode, near Gifhorn, Brunswick died Nov. 26, 1822, ...
Hardenberg, Karl August, prince von
born May 31, 1750, Essenrode, near Gifhorn, Brunswick died Nov. 26, 1822, Genoa, Italy Prussian statesman who preserved the integrity of the Prussian state during the Napoleonic ...
hardenbergia
/hahr'dn berr"jee euh/ any vine or shrub belonging to the genus Hardenbergia, of the legume family, native to Australia, having evergreen foliage and long clusters of usually ...
hardened
/hahr"dnd/, adj. 1. made or become hard or harder. 2. pitiless; unfeeling. 3. firmly established or unlikely to change; inveterate: a hardened criminal. 4. inured; toughened: a ...
hardener
/hahr"dn euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that hardens. 2. a substance mixed with paint or other protective covering to make the finish harder or more durable. 3. Photog. a ...
hardening
/hahr"dn ing/, n. 1. a material that hardens another, as an alloy added to iron to make steel. 2. the process of becoming hard or rigid. [1620-30; HARDEN + -ING1] * * * In ...
hardeningof the arteries
hardening of the arteries n. Arteriosclerosis. * * *
Harderwijk
▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), central Netherlands. Chartered in 1231, Harderwijk was an important port on the former Zuiderzee and was a member of the ...
Hardey, Mother Mary Aloysia
▪ Roman Catholic nun original name  Mary Ann Hardey  born Dec. 8, 1809, Piscataway, Md., U.S. died June 17, 1886, Paris, France       American religious leader who ...
hardfisted
hardfisted [härd′fist′id] adj. stingy; miserly * * *
hardgoods
hardgoods [härd′goodz΄] pl.n. durable goods, such as automobiles, furniture, etc.: also written hard goods * * *
hardhack
/hahrd"hak'/, n. 1. a woolly-leaved North American shrub, Spiraea tomentosa, of the rose family, having short, spikelike clusters of rose-colored flowers. 2. See shrubby ...
hardhanded
hardhanded [härd′han΄did] adj. 1. having hands made hard by work 2. severe; tyrannical; ruthless: said of a ruler or rule hardhandedness n. * * *
hardhat
hard·hat or hard-hat (härdʹhăt') n. 1. a. A lightweight protective helmet, usually of metal or reinforced plastic, worn by workers in industrial settings. b. Informal. A ...
hardhead
hardhead1 /hahrd"hed'/, n. 1. a shrewd, practical person. 2. a blockhead. 3. a freshwater fish, Mylopharodon conocephalus, of California. 4. the Atlantic croaker. See under ...
hardhead sponge
any of several commercial sponges, as Spongia officinalis dura, of the West Indies and Central America, having a harsh, fibrous, resilient skeleton. [1880-85] * * *
hardheaded
—hardheadedly, adv. —hardheadedness, n. /hahrd"hed"id/, adj. 1. not easily moved or deceived; practical; shrewd. 2. obstinate; stubborn; willful. Also, ...
hardheadedly
See hardheaded. * * *
hardheadedness
See hardheadedly. * * *
hardhearted
—hardheartedly, adv. —hardheartedness, n. /hahrd"hahr"tid/, adj. unfeeling; unmerciful; pitiless. [1175-1225; ME hardherted. See HARD, -HEARTED] Syn. heartless, merciless, ...
hardheartedly
See hardhearted. * * *
hardheartedness
See hardheartedly. * * *
Hardicanute
/hahr'deuh keuh nooht", -nyooht"/, n. Hardecanute. * * *
Hardie
(1856–1915) a Scottish miner who became a politician. He started the Scottish Parliamentary Labour Party in 1888, and the Independent Labour Party in 1893, and then played a ...
Hardie, J Keir
▪ British labour leader born Aug. 15, 1856, Legbrannock, Lanark, Scot. died Sept. 26, 1915, Glasgow  British labour leader, first to represent the workingman in Parliament ...
Hardie, J(ames) Keir
born Aug. 15, 1856, Legbrannock, Lanark, Scot. died Sept. 26, 1915, Glasgow British labour leader. A coal miner, he led strikes and helped form unions, then worked as a ...
hardihood
/hahr"dee hood'/, n. 1. boldness or daring; courage. 2. audacity or impudence. 3. strength; power; vigor: the hardihood of youth. 4. hardy spirit or character; determination to ...
hardily
/hahr"dl ee/, adv. in a hardy manner: The plants thrived hardily. [1175-1225; ME; see HARDY1, -LY] * * *
hardiment
/hahr"dee meuhnt/, n. Archaic. hardihood. [1325-75; ME < OF; see HARDY1, -MENT] * * *
Hardin
/hahr"dn/, n. John Wesley, 1853-95, U.S. outlaw in the West. * * *
Hardin, Frieda Mae
▪ 2001 Frieda Mae Green        American naval “yeomanette” (b. Sept. 22, 1896, Eden Valley, Minn.—d. Aug. 9, 2000, Livermore, Calif.), enlisted in the Naval ...
Hardin, John Wesley
▪ American outlaw born May 26, 1853, Bonham county, Texas, U.S. died Aug. 19, 1895, El Paso, Texas       most notorious killer and quick-draw gunman of the Texas ...
hardiness
/hahr"dee nis/, n. 1. the capacity for enduring or sustaining hardship, privation, etc.; capability of surviving under unfavorable conditions. 2. courage; boldness; ...
Harding
/hahr"ding/, n. 1. Chester, 1792-1866, U.S. portrait painter. 2. Warren G(amaliel), 1865-1923, 29th president of the U.S. 1921-23. 3. a male given name. * * *
Harding, Chester
▪ American painter born September 1, 1792, Conway, Massachusetts, U.S. died April 1, 1866, Boston       American painter of Romantic portraits of prominent American and ...
Harding, Florence
▪ American first lady née  Florence Mabel Kling  born August 15, 1860, Marion, Ohio, U.S. died November 21, 1924, Marion  American first lady (1921–23), the wife of ...
Harding, John, Baron Harding of Petherton
▪ British military officer original name  Allan Francis Harding  born February 10, 1896, South Petherton, Somerset, Eng. died January 20, 1989, Nether Compton, ...
Harding, Karl Ludwig
▪ German astronomer born Sept. 29, 1765, Lauenburg [Germany] died Aug. 31, 1834, Göttingen       astronomer, discovered (1804) and named Juno, third minor planet to be ...
Harding, Saint Stephen
▪ Roman Catholic abbot born c. 1060, Sherborne, Dorsetshire, Eng. died March 28, 1134, Cîteaux, Burgundy, Fr.; canonized 1623; feast day July 16       third abbot of ...
Harding, Warren
▪ 2003       American rock climber (b. June 18, 1924, Oakland, Calif.—d. Feb. 27, 2002, Happy Valley, Calif.), was the first climber to scale El Capitan, the 1,098-m ...
Harding, Warren G(amaliel)
born Nov. 2, 1865, Caledonia, Ohio, U.S. died Aug. 2, 1923, San Francisco, Calif. 29th president of the U.S. (1921–23). He became a newspaper publisher in Marion, Ohio, where ...
Harding, Warren G.
▪ president of United States in full  Warren Gamaliel Harding  born November 2, 1865, Caledonia [now Blooming Grove], Ohio, U.S. died August 2, 1923, San Francisco, ...
Harding,Florence Mabel King
Har·ding (härʹdĭng), Florence Mabel King. 1860-1924. First Lady of the United States (1921-1923) as the wife of President Warren G. Harding. She worked tirelessly for her ...
Harding,Warren Gamaliel
Harding, Warren Gamaliel. 1865-1923. The 29th President of the United States (1921-1923), who made several misguided appointments that led to a corrupt administration. He died in ...
Hardinge, Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron
▪ viceroy of India born June 20, 1858, London, Eng. died Aug. 2, 1944, Penshurst, Kent  British diplomat and viceroy of India who improved British relations in India and was ...
Hardinge, Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount
▪ governor general of India born March 30, 1785, Wrotham, Kent, England died September 24, 1856, South Park, near Tunbridge Wells, Kent  British soldier and statesman who was ...
hardknocks
hard knocks pl.n. Informal The practical experiences of life, including hardships and disappointments: “He hadn't grown up in the school of hard knocks. Politically he had ...
hardlabor
hard labor n. Compulsory physical labor coincident with a prison term imposed as punishment for a crime. * * *
hardlanding
hard landing n. The landing by impact of a spacecraft unequipped with or not using devices such as retrorockets to slow it down. * * *
hardline
hard line n. A firm, uncompromising policy or position.   hardʹ-lineʹ adj. hardʹ-linʹer n. * * *
hardly
/hahrd"lee/, adv. 1. only just; almost not; barely: We had hardly reached the lake when it started raining. hardly any; hardly ever. 2. not at all; scarcely: That report is ...
hardmaple
hard maple n. See sugar maple. * * *
hardmouthed
/hahrd"mowdhd', -mowtht'/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a horse not sensitive to the pressure of a bit. 2. stubborn; obstinate; self-willed. [1610-20; HARD + MOUTH + -ED3] * * *
hardness
/hahrd"nis/, n. 1. the state or quality of being hard: the hardness of ice. 2. a relative degree or extent of this quality: wood of a desirable hardness. 3. that quality in water ...
Hardness of prominent abrasive materials
▪ Table Hardness of prominent abrasive materials abrasive materials hardness Mohs scale (Mohs hardness) Vickers scale (Vickers hardness) Knoop scale (Knoop ...
hardness tester
▪ device       device that indicates the hardness of a material, usually by measuring the effect on its surface of a localized penetration by a standardized rounded or ...
hardnews
See hard news. * * *
hardnews
hard news n. News, as in a newspaper or television report, that deals with formal or serious topics and events.   hardʹnews' or hardʹ-news' (härdʹno͞oz', -nyo͞oz') adj. * ...
Hardoi
▪ India       city, central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies northwest of Lucknow on the Northern Railway, at a major road junction. Hardoi is a market ...
Hardouin, Jean
▪ French scholar born Dec. 22, 1646, Quimper, France died Sept. 3, 1729, Paris       French Jesuit scholar who edited numerous secular and ecclesiastical works, most ...
Hardouin-Mansart
/annrdd dwaonn mahonn sannrdd"/, n. Jules /zhyuul/. See Mansart, Jules Hardouin-. Also, Hardouin-Mansard. * * *
hardpalate
hard palate n. The relatively hard, bony anterior portion of the palate. * * *
hardpan
/hahrd"pan'/, n. 1. any layer of firm detrital matter, as of clay, underlying soft soil. Cf. caliche, duricrust. 2. hard, unbroken ground. 3. the fundamental or basic aspect of ...
hardrock
hard rock n. A style of rock 'n' roll characterized by a harsh, amplified sound and loud, distorted electric guitars. * * *
hardrubber
hard rubber n. Ebonite. * * *
hards
/hahrdz/, n.pl. the refuse or coarser parts of flax or hemp, separated in hackling. Also, hurds. [bef. 900; ME herdes, OE heordan] * * *
hardsauce
hard sauce n. A creamy sauce of butter and sugar with rum, brandy, or vanilla flavoring, served chilled with puddings, gingerbread, or fruitcakes. * * *
hardscape
hard·scape (härdʹskāp') n. The part of a building's grounds consisting of structures, such as patios, retaining walls, and walkways, made with hard materials.   [hard + ...
hardscrabble
/hahrd"skrab'euhl/, adj. providing or yielding meagerly in return for much effort; demanding or unrewarding: the hardscrabble existence of mountainside farmers. [1795-1805, ...
hardsell
hard sell n. Informal 1. Aggressive, high-pressure selling or promotion. 2. A person or organization that resists pressure from salespeople; a difficult sales prospect. * * *
hardship
/hahrd"ship/, n. 1. a condition that is difficult to endure; suffering; deprivation; oppression: a life of hardship. 2. an instance or cause of this; something hard to bear, as a ...
hardstand
/hahrd"stand'/, n. a hard-surfaced area on which heavy vehicles or airplanes can be parked. Also, hardstanding /hahrd"stan'ding/. [1955-60; HARD + STAND] * * *
hardtack
/hahrd"tak'/, n. a hard, saltless biscuit, formerly much used aboard ships and for army rations. Also called pilot biscuit, pilot bread, ship biscuit, ship bread. [1830-40; HARD ...
hardtail
/hahrd"tayl'/, n., pl. hardtails, (esp. collectively) hardtail. See blue runner. [1880-85, Amer.; HARD + TAIL1] * * *
hardtop
/hahrd"top'/, n. 1. a style of car having a rigid metal top and no center posts between windows. 2. Also called hardtop convertible. a similar style of car that is designed to ...
hardwall
/hahrd"wawl'/, n. a type of gypsum plaster used as a basecoat. [HARD + WALL] * * *
Hardwar
Har·dwar (härʹdwär', hûrʹ-) See Haridwar. * * *
hardware
/hahrd"wair'/, n. 1. metalware, as tools, locks, hinges, or cutlery. 2. the mechanical equipment necessary for conducting an activity, usually distinguished from the theory and ...
hardware cloth
galvanized steel wire screen with a mesh usually between 0.25 and 0.5 in. (0.64 and 1.27 cm), used for coarse sieves, animal cages, and the like. * * *
hardware platform
a group of compatible computers that can run the same software. * * *
hardwearing
/hahrd"wair"ing/, adj. resistant to extensive wear; durable: a pair of hardwearing jeans. [1905-10; HARD + WEARING] * * *
Hardwick
/hahrd"wik/, n. Elizabeth, born 1916, U.S. novelist and critic. * * *
Hardwick, Elizabeth
▪ 2008       American novelist, short-story writer, and essayist born July 27, 1916, Lexington, Ky. died Dec. 2, 2007, New York, N.Y. was known for her eloquent ...
Hardwicke, Philip Yorke, 1st earl of, Viscount Royston
▪ English lawyer also called  (1733–54) Baron Hardwicke Of Hardwicke   born Dec. 1, 1690, Dover, Kent, Eng. died March 6, 1764, London       English lord ...
hardwiring
/hahrd"wuyeur"ing/, n. 1. a fixed connection between electrical and electronic components and devices by means of wires (as distinguished from a wireless connection). 2. ...
hardwood
/hahrd"wood'/, n. 1. the hard, compact wood or timber of various trees, as the oak, cherry, maple, or mahogany. 2. a tree yielding such wood. adj. 3. made or constructed of ...
hardworking
/hahrd"werr"king/, adj. industrious; zealous: a hardworking family man. [1765-75; HARD + WORKING] * * *
hardy
hardy1 /hahr"dee/, adj., hardier, hardiest. 1. capable of enduring fatigue, hardship, exposure, etc.; sturdy; strong: hardy explorers of northern Canada. 2. (of plants) able to ...
Hardy
/hahr"dee/, n. 1. Godfrey Harold, 1877-1947, English mathematician. 2. Oliver, 1892-1957, U.S. motion-picture comedian. 3. Thomas, 1840-1928, English novelist and poet. * * ...
hardy ageratum
the mistflower. * * *
Hardy Boys
two young brothers, Frank and Joe Hardy, who are characters in a US series of mystery adventure books for boys. They were created by Edward Stratemeyer, who also created Nancy ...
Hardy country
➡ Hardy (III) * * *
Hardy, Albert
▪ 1996       ("BERT"), British photojournalist who covered the world as chief photographer for Picture Post magazine, 1941-57 (b. May 19, 1913—d. July 3, 1995). * * *
Hardy, Alexandre
▪ French dramatist born 1572?, Paris, France died 1632?       playwright, the first Frenchman known to have made his living as a dramatist, who claimed authorship of ...
Hardy, Godfrey Harold
▪ English mathematician born February 7, 1877, Cranleigh, Surrey, England died December 1, 1947, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire  leading English pure mathematician whose work was ...
Hardy, Sir Thomas Masterman, Baronet
▪ British naval officer born April 5, 1769, Portisham, Dorset, Eng. died Sept. 20, 1839, London       British naval officer closely associated with Adm. Horatio ...
Hardy, Thomas
born June 2, 1840, Higher Bockhampton, Dorset, Eng. died Jan. 11, 1928, Dorchester, Dorset British novelist and poet. Son of a country stonemason and builder, he practiced ...
Hardy,Oliver
Har·dy (härʹdē), Oliver. 1892-1957. American comedian famous for the slapstick films he made with his partner Stan Laurel, including The Music Box (1932) and Way Out West ...
Hardy,Thomas
Hardy, Thomas. 1840-1928. British writer noted for his Wessex novels, including Far from the Madding Crowd (1874), The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886), and Tess of the d'Urbervilles ...
Hardy-Weinberg law
/hahr"dee wuyn"berrg/, Genetics. a principle stating that in an infinitely large, randomly mating population in which selection, migration, and mutation do not occur, the ...
Hardy-Weinberglaw
Har·dy-Wein·berg law (härʹdē-wīnʹbûrg) n. A fundamental principle in population genetics stating that the genotype frequencies and gene frequencies of a large, randomly ...
hare
—harelike, adj. /hair/, n., pl. hares, (esp. collectively) hare, v., hared, haring. n. 1. any rodentlike mammal of the genus Lepus, of the family Leporidae, having long ears, a ...
hare and hounds
an outdoor game in which certain players, the hares, start off in advance on a long run, scattering small pieces of paper, called the scent, with the other players, the hounds, ...
Hare coursing
➡ field sports * * *
Hare Krishna
/hahr"ee krish"neuh, har"ee/ a religious sect based on Vedic scriptures, whose followers engage in joyful congregational chanting of Krishna's name: founded in the U.S. in ...
Hare Krishna movement
officially International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) 20th-century Hindu religious movement. It was founded in the U.S. by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami (1896–1977) ...
hare's-foot fern
/hairz"foot'/ a fern, Polypodium aureum, of tropical America, having a brown, scaly rootstock and green or deep bluish-green fronds. Also called golden polypody, rabbit's-foot ...
hare's-tail grass
▪ plant  (species Lagurus ovatus), annual grass of the family Poaceae, native to shores of the Mediterranean region, naturalized in Australia, and cultivated as an ornamental ...
Hare, R M
▪ 2003       British moral philosopher (b. March 21, 1919, Backwell, Somerset, Eng.—d. Jan. 29, 2002, Ewelme, Oxfordshire, Eng.), attempted to provide a rational ...
Hare, Sir David
▪ British playwright and director born June 5, 1947, St. Leonards, Sussex, Eng.       British playwright and director, noted for his deftly crafted satires examining ...
Hare, Sir John
▪ British actor original name  John Fairs   born May 16, 1844, Giggleswick, Yorkshire, Eng. died Dec. 28, 1921, London       English actor-manager of London's Garrick ...
Hare-wallaby
also called  Gray Kangaroo,         one of the largest species of kangaroo (q.v.). * * *
hareand hounds
hare and hounds n. A game in which one group of players leaves a trail of paper scraps for a pursuing group to follow. * * *
harebell
/hair"bel'/, n. 1. a low plant, Campanula rotundifolia, of the bellflower family, having narrow leaves and blue, bell-shaped flowers. 2. a plant, Endymion nonscriptus, of the ...
harebrained
—harebrainedly, adv. —harebrainedness, n. /hair"braynd'/, adj. giddy; reckless. Also, hairbrained. [1545-55; HARE + BRAINED] Syn. rattlebrained, scatterbrained, half-baked, ...
hareem
/hah reem"/, n. harem. * * *
HareKrishna
Ha·re Krish·na (hä'rē krĭshʹnə) n. pl. Hare Krish·nas 1. A chant to the Hindu god Krishna. 2. Informal. a. A member of the International Society for Krishna ...
Harel, Isser
▪ 2004 Isser Halperin        Israeli spymaster (b. 1912, Vitebsk, Belorussia, Russian Empire [now in Belarus]—d. Feb. 18, 2003, Petah Tiqwa, Israel), directed the ...
Harel, Yossi
▪ 2009 Yosef Hamburger        Israeli Zionist and intelligence officer born Jan. 4, 1918?, Jerusalem, British Palestine [now in Israel] died April 26, 2008, Tel Aviv, ...
harelip
—harelipped, adj. /hair"lip'/, n. 1. a congenitally deformed lip, usually the upper one, in which there is a vertical fissure causing it to resemble the cleft lip of a hare. 2. ...
harelipped
See harelip. * * *
harem
/hair"euhm, har"-/, n. 1. the part of a Muslim palace or house reserved for the residence of women. 2. the women in a Muslim household, including the mother, sisters, wives, ...
harem pants
women's pants usually made of soft fabric and having full legs gathered at the ankle. [1950-55] * * *
harempants
harem pants pl.n. Loosely fitted women's trousers that are gathered at the ankle.   [From the association of harems with Turkey, the origin of this style of clothing.] * * *
Hārer
▪ Ethiopia also spelled  Harar        city, eastern Ethiopia, in the Ch'erch'er Mountains, at an elevation of 6,000 feet (1,800 metres). Probably founded in the 7th ...
harewood
/hair"wood'/, n. the greenish-gray wood of the sycamore maple, used for making furniture. [1655-65; var. of obs. airewood, equiv. to obs. aire harewood ( < dial. G Ähre
Harewood House
a large, grand house to the north of Leeds in England, built between 1759 and 1771. Much of the inside of the house was designed by Robert Adam and the park around it was ...
Hare–Hawes–Cutting Act
▪ United States history       (1933), the first law setting a specific date for Philippine independence from the United States. It was passed by Congress as a result of ...
Harford
▪ county, Maryland, United States       county, northeastern Maryland, U.S., bounded by Pennsylvania to the north, the Susquehanna River to the east, Chesapeake Bay ...
Hargeisa
/hahr gay"seuh/, n. a city in NW Somalia. 70,000. * * *
Hargeysa
▪ Somalia also spelled  Hargeisa         city, northwestern Somalia, and the capital of the Republic of Somaliland (Somaliland), a self-declared independent state ...
Hargis, Billy James
▪ 2005       American evangelist (b. Aug. 3, 1925, Texarkana, Texas—d. Nov. 27, 2004, Tulsa, Okla.), founded the Christian Crusade, an international ministry with a ...
Hargobind
born 1595, Wadali, India died 1644, Kiratpur, near the Himalayas Sixth Sikh Guru (1606–44). He became Guru after the execution of his father, Guru Arjan, by the Mughal rulers ...
Hargrave box kite
       kite designed, built, and flown by the aeronautical pioneer Lawrence Hargrave (Hargrave, Lawrence) in the 1890s.       Hargrave began his experiments with ...
Hargrave, Lawrence
▪ British aeronautical engineer born Jan. 29, 1850, Greenwich, London, Eng. died July 6, 1915, Sydney, Australia       English aviation pioneer and inventor of the box ...
Hargreaves
/hahr"greevz/, n. James, died 1778, English inventor of spinning machinery. * * *
Hargreaves, Alison
▪ 1996       British mountaineer who died in a blizzard while descending from an apparently successful assault on the Himalayan peak K2 only weeks after she had become ...
Hargreaves, James
(baptized Jan. 8, 1720, Stanhill, Lancashire, Eng. died April 22, 1778, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire) British inventor of the spinning jenny. A poor, uneducated spinner and ...
Hargreaves, Roger
▪ British cartoonist born 1935, Cleckheaton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 12, 1988, Kent county       British cartoonist who created whimsical characters best known in ...
Hargreaves,James
Har·greaves (härʹgrēvz'), James. Died 1778. British inventor of the spinning jenny (c. 1764). He patented his device in 1770. * * *
Hari Krishen
▪ Sikh Gurū born 1656, Kiratpur [now in Uttar Pradesh state], India died 1664, Delhi       eighth Sikh (Sikhism) Guru, who was installed at five years of age and ...
Hari Rai
born 1630, Punjab, India died 1661, Punjab Seventh Sikh Guru (1644–61). He was nominated as Guru by his grandfather, Guru Hargobind, and his leadership marked a decline in ...
hari-kari
/hahr"ee kahr"ee, har"ee kar"ee/, n. hara-kiri. * * *
Hariana
/hur'ee ah"neuh/, n. Haryana. * * *
Haribhadra
▪ Indian author also called  Haribhadra Suri  flourished 8th century       noncanonical author of treatises on the Indian religion Jainism, known for his ...
haricot
haricot1 /har"euh koh'/, n. 1. any plant of the genus Phaseolus, esp. P. vulgaris, the kidney bean. 2. the seed or unripe pod of any of these plants, eaten as a ...
haricot vert
/ann rddee koh verdd"/, pl. haricots verts /ann rddee koh verdd"/. French. See green bean. * * *
Haridwar
Har·i·dwar (härʹĭ-dwär', hûrʹ-) or Har·dwar (härʹdwär', hûrʹ-) A city of northern India on the Ganges River north-northeast of Delhi. It is a Hindu pilgrimage ...
Harihara
▪ Hindu deity also spelled  Hari-hara    in Hinduism, a syncretic deity combining the two major gods Vishnu (Hari) and Shiva (Hara). Images of Harihara (also known as ...
Harijan
/har"i jan'/, n., pl. Harijans, (esp. collectively) Harijan. (often l.c.) Hinduism. 1. untouchable (def. 5). 2. a member of the group formerly known as untouchables in India: a ...
harim
/hair"euhm, har"-, ha reem"/, n. harem. * * *
Harimandir
▪ temple, Amritsar, India also spelled  Harmandir , also called  Darbār Sāhib (Punjabi: “Sacred Audience”) , or  Golden Temple   the chief gurdwārā, or house of ...
Haring Estuary
▪ channel, The Netherlands Dutch  Haringvliet,         freshwater channel, southwestern Netherlands. A distributary of the Hollands Diep, it ultimately (through other ...
Haring, Bernhard
▪ 1999       German Roman Catholic liberal theologian whose beliefs in pacifism, ecumenism, and freedom of conscience were set forth in some 80 books and 1,000 articles; ...
Haring, Keith
born May 4, 1958, Reading, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 16, 1990, New York, N.Y. U.S. painter and draftsman. He studied at New York City's School of Visual Arts and developed a unique ...
Haringey
/har"ing gay'/, n. a borough of Greater London, England. 232,800. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       inner borough of London, part of the historic county ...
Harington, Sir John
▪ English author born 1561 died Nov. 20, 1612, Kelston, Somerset, Eng.       English Elizabethan courtier, translator, author, and wit who also invented the flush ...
Haringvliet
Freshwater channel, southwestern Netherlands. A distributary of the Hollandsch Canal, the Haring flows about 20 mi (32 km) to discharge into the North Sea. Its low shores were ...
Haripunjaya
▪ ancient kingdom, Thailand       an ancient Mon kingdom centred in the Mae Nam (river) Ping Valley in northwestern Thailand. It was founded in the mid-7th century by a ...
Ḥarīrī, al-
▪ Islamic scholar in full  Abū Muḥammad al-Qāsim ibn ʿAlī al-Ḥarīrī  born 1054, near Al-Baṣrah, Iraq died 1122, Al-Baṣrah  scholar of Arabic language and ...
Hariri, Rafiq al-
▪ 1994       The fact that Rafiq al-Hariri, who was installed as prime minister of Lebanon on Oct. 29, 1992, was still being hailed in 1993 as his country's "Mr. ...
Hariri, Rafiq Bahaa Edine al-
▪ 2006       Lebanese business tycoon, politician, and philanthropist (b. Nov. 1, 1944, Sidon, Lebanon—d. Feb. 14, 2005, Beirut, Lebanon), used his personal wealth, ...
HariRud
Ha·ri Rud (här'ē ro͞odʹ) A river, about 1,126 km (700 mi) long, of northwest Afghanistan, northeast Iran, and southern Turkmenistan. * * * ▪ river, Central Asia in ...
Harischandra Range
▪ mountain range, India       eastward-extending spur of the Western Ghats, in west-central India. The range lies between the Godavari (Godavari River) and the Bhima ...
Harishchandra
▪ Indian writer also called Bhartendu born Sept. 9, 1850, Vārānasi, India died Jan. 6, 1885, Vārānasi       Indian poet, dramatist, critic, and journalist, ...
harissa
ha·ris·sa (hä-rēʹsə) n. A spicy North African sauce made from chili peppers, garlic, cumin, and other seasonings.   [Arabic harīsa, dish of pounded meat and bulgur, from ...
Hārītī
▪ Buddhist character Japanese  Kishi-mojin,         in Buddhist mythology, a child-devouring ogress who is said to have been converted from her cannibalistic habits ...
Harizi, Judah ben Solomon
▪ Spanish-Jewish poet born c. 1170, , Spain died c. 1235       man of letters, last representative of the golden age of Spanish Hebrew poetry. He wandered through ...
Härjedalen
▪ province, Sweden       landskap (province), northern Sweden, comprising the upper valley of the Ljusnan (river) in Norrland region. It is bounded by Norway on the ...
Harjo, Joy
▪ American author, academic, musician and artist born May 9, 1951, Tulsa, Okla., U.S.       American poet, writer, academic, musician, and Native American ...
hark
/hahrk/, v.i. 1. to listen attentively; hearken. v.t. 2. Archaic. to listen to; hear. 3. hark back, a. (of hounds) to return along the course in order to regain a lost scent. b. ...
Hark! the Herald Angels Sing
the title and first line of a popular carol sung at Christmas. It was written by Charles Wesley in the 18th century. * * *
Harkarvy, Benjamin
▪ 2003       American dance teacher, choreographer, and artistic director (b. Dec. 16, 1930, New York, N.Y.—d. March 30, 2002, New York City), had an international ...
harken
—harkener, n. /hahr"keuhn/, v.i., v.t. hearken. * * *
Harkhuf
▪ governor of Aswan flourished c. 2290–70 BC       governor of southern Upper Egypt who journeyed extensively throughout Nubia (the modern Sudan).       As ...
Harkins
/hahr"kinz/, n. William Draper, 1873-1951, U.S. chemist. * * *
Harkins, William Draper
▪ American chemist born Dec. 28, 1873, Titusville, Pa., U.S. died March 7, 1951, Chicago       American chemist whose investigations of nuclear chemistry, particularly ...
Harkness
/hahrk"nis/, n. Edward Stephan, 1874-1940, U.S. philanthropist. * * *
Harkness, Anna M. Richardson
▪ American philanthropist née  Anna M. Richardson  born Oct. 25, 1837, Dalton, Ohio, U.S. died March 27, 1926, New York, N.Y.       American philanthropist, perhaps ...
Harkness, Ned
▪ 2009 Nevin D. Harkness        Canadian hockey and lacrosse coach born Sept. 19, 1921, Ottawa, Ont. died Sept. 19, 2008, Rochester, N.Y. held the distinction of ...
harl
harl [härl] n. 〚ME herle, prob. < MLowG harle〛 1. a filament, esp. of hemp or flax 2. HERL * * *
Harlan
/hahr"leuhn/, n. 1. John Marshall, 1833-1911, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1877-1911. 2. his grandson, John Marshall, 1899-1971, U.S. jurist: ...
Harlan, John Marshall
born June 1, 1833, Boyle county, Ky., U.S. died Oct. 14, 1911, Washington, D.C. U.S. jurist. In the 1850s he was a lawyer and county judge in Boyle county, Ky. From 1861 to ...
Harlan,John Marshall
Har·lan (härʹlən), John Marshall. 1833-1911. American jurist. As an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1877-1911) he was known for his outspoken dissenting ...


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