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Hastings, Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st marquess of
▪ British colonial administrator in full  Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st marquess of Hastings, 2nd earl of Moira  born Dec. 9, 1754, County Down, Ire. [now in Down, ...
Hastings, Frank Abney
▪ British naval officer born 1794 died , June 1, 1828, Zacynthus, Ionian Islands [Greece]       British naval officer who fought in the War of Greek Independence and ...
Hastings, Warren
born Dec. 6, 1732, Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, Eng. died Aug. 22, 1818, Daylesford British colonial administrator in India. He worked for the English East India ...
Hastings, William Hastings, Baron
▪ English soldier and diplomat born c. 1430 died 1483       English soldier and diplomat, a supporter of King Edward IV and the Yorkists against the Lancastrians in the ...
Hastings,Thomas
Hastings, Thomas. 1860-1929. American architect who with John Merven Carrère formed an important architectural firm whose designs include that of the New York Public Library ...
Hastings,Warren
Hastings, Warren. 1732-1818. British colonial administrator who as governor-general of India (1773-1785) carried out land and legal reforms and instituted British control of the ...
hasty
—hastily, adv. —hastiness, n. /hay"stee/, adj., hastier, hastiest. 1. moving or acting with haste; speedy; quick; hurried. 2. made or done with haste or speed: a hasty ...
hasty pudding
1. New England. cornmeal mush. 2. Chiefly Brit. a dish made of flour or oatmeal stirred into seasoned boiling water or milk and quickly cooked. [1590-1600] * * *
hastypudding
hasty pudding n. 1. Cornmeal mush served with maple syrup, brown sugar, or other sweetening. 2. Chiefly British. A mush made with flour or oatmeal. * * *
hat
—hatless, adj. —hatlessness, n. —hatlike, adj. /hat/, n., v., hatted, hatting. n. 1. a shaped covering for the head, usually with a crown and brim, esp. for wear ...
Hat Act
(1732) British law that restricted colonial manufacture and export of hats in competition with English hat makers, limiting the number of apprentices and forbidding the use of ...
hat cheo
▪ Vietnamese theatre       Vietnamese peasant theatre. It is generally (though not always) played out-of-doors in the forecourt of a village communal house. It is ...
hat dance
a Mexican folk dance in which the man places his sombrero on the ground as an offer of love and the woman dances on the hat's brim and then places the hat on her head to indicate ...
hat tree
☆ hat tree n. a stand with arms or hooks to hold hats, coats, etc. * * *
hat tree.
See hall tree. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
hat trick
1. Cricket. the knocking off by one bowler of three wickets with three successive pitches: so called because formerly such a bowler was rewarded with a hat. 2. Ice Hockey, ...
Hat Yai
▪ Thailand also spelled  Haad Yai,         city on the Malay Peninsula, extreme southern Thailand. It has become a modern, rapidly growing commercial city by virtue ...
hat-trick
n (in sport) a series of three successes, e.g. scoring three goals in the same game or winning an event three times in a row. The expression was first used in cricket. A bowler ...
Hata Tsutomu
▪ prime minister of Japan born Aug. 24, 1935, Tokyo, Japan       politician who was briefly prime minister of Japan in 1994.       Hata was the son of a ...
hatable
/hay"teuh beuhl/, adj. hateable. * * *
Hatano Seiichi
▪ Japanese scholar born July 21, 1877, Matsumoto, Nagano prefecture, Japan died Jan. 17, 1950, Tokyo       Japanese scholar and author of pioneering works on ...
Hatasu
/heuh tah"sooh/, n. Hatshepsut. * * *
hatband
/hat"band'/, n. 1. a band or ribbon placed about the crown of a hat, just above the brim. 2. a black band similarly worn as a sign of mourning. [1375-1425; late ME; see HAT, ...
hatbox
/hat"boks'/, n. a case or box for a hat. [1785-95; HAT + BOX1] * * *
hatch
hatch1 —hatchable, adj. —hatchability, n. —hatcher, n. /hach/, v.t. 1. to bring forth (young) from the egg. 2. to cause young to emerge from (the egg) as by brooding or ...
Hatch Act
either of two acts of Congress (1939, 1940), regulating expenditures, contributions, and procedures in political campaigns. [named after Carl A. Hatch (1889-1963), U.S. lawyer ...
hatch boat
a small fishing vessel having covered wells for holding the catch. [1865-70] * * *
Hatchard’s
a famous bookshop in Piccadilly in central London, England, It was established in 1797. * * *
hatchback
/hach"bak'/, n. a style of automobile in which the rear deck lid and window lift open as a unit. Also called liftback. [1965-70; HATCH2 + BACK1] * * *
hatcheck
/hat"chek'/, adj. 1. of, noting, or engaged in the checking of hats, coats, umbrellas, etc., into temporary safekeeping: a hatcheck girl. 2. used in checking hats, coats, etc.: a ...
hatchel
/hach"euhl/, n., v., hatcheled, hatcheling or (esp. Brit.) hatchelled, hatchelling. n. 1. hackle1 (def. 5). v.t. 2. hackle1 (def. 8). [1275-1325; var. of earlier hetchel, ME ...
hatcher
See hatch2. * * *
hatchery
/hach"euh ree/, n., pl. hatcheries. a place for hatching eggs of hens, fish, etc., esp. a large, commercial or government site where the young are hatched, cared for, and sold or ...
hatchet
—hatchetlike, adj. /hach"it/, n. 1. a small, short-handled ax having the end of the head opposite the blade in the form of a hammer, made to be used with one hand. See illus. ...
hatchet face
—hatchet-faced, adj. a thin face with sharp features. [1640-50] * * *
hatchet job
a maliciously destructive critique or act: The special committee has done a hatchet job on the new proposal. Also called ax job. [1940-45] * * *
hatchet man
1. a professional murderer. 2. a writer or speaker who specializes in defamatory attacks, as on political candidates or public officials. 3. a person whose job it is to execute ...
hatchet-faced
See hatchet face. * * *
hatchetface
hatchet face n. A long, gaunt face with sharp features.   hatchʹet-faced' (hăchʹĭt-fāst') adj. * * *
hatchetfish
/hach"it fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) hatchetfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) hatchetfishes. 1. any deep-sea fishes of the genera Argyropelicus, ...
hatchetjob
hatchet job n. Slang A crude or ruthless effort usually ending in destruction: did a hatchet job on the mayor's reputation. * * *
hatchetman
hatchet man n. Slang 1. A man hired to commit murder. 2. One assigned to carry out a ruthless task or a vicious or unscrupulous order. * * *
Hatchett, Charles
▪ British chemist born Jan. 2, 1765, London, Eng. died March 10, 1847, London       English manufacturer, chemist, and discoverer in 1801 of niobium, which he called ...
hatchettite
/hach"i tuyt'/, n. a soft yellowish mineral wax, C38H78, darkening on exposure: found in bogs and coal beds. Also, hatchettine /hach"i teen', -tin/. Also called ...
hatchetwork
/hach"it werrk'/, n. destruction, damage, or paring done by or as if by a hatchet. [1690-1700; HATCHET + WORK] * * *
Hatchie
Hatch·ie (hăchʹē) A river rising in northern Mississippi and flowing about 290 km (180 mi) generally northwest to the Mississippi River. * * *
hatching
/hach"ing/, n. hachure (def. 2). [1655-65; HATCH3 + -ING1] * * * ▪ drawing technique also called  cross-hatching    technique used by draftsmen, engravers, and other ...
hatchling
/hach"ling/, n. a young bird, reptile, or fish recently emerged from an egg. [1895-1900; HATCH1 + -LING1] * * *
hatchment
/hach"meuhnt/, n. Heraldry. a square tablet, set diagonally, bearing the coat of arms of a deceased person. [1540-50; var. (by syncopation and aspiration) of ACHIEVEMENT] * * ...
hatchure
/hach"euhr/, n., v.t. hachure. * * *
hatchway
/hach"way'/, n. 1. Naut. hatch2 (def. 1a). 2. the opening of any trap door, as in a floor, ceiling, or roof. [1620-30; HATCH2 + WAY] * * *
hate
—hater, n. /hayt/, v., hated, hating, n. v.t. 1. to dislike intensely or passionately; feel extreme aversion for or extreme hostility toward; detest: to hate the enemy; to hate ...
hate crime
hate crime n. a crime, esp. against a person, that is motivated by hatred of the victim's race, ethnicity, religion, or gender * * * In law, a crime directed at a person or ...
hate mail
letters, telegrams, etc., that express prejudice or disagreement in abusive or threatening terms. * * *
hate sheet
a newspaper or other publication that consistently expresses biased hatred toward some race, nationality, religion, or other group. * * *
hate speech
speech that attacks a person or group on the basis of race, religion, gender, or sexual orientation. * * *
hateable
/hay"teuh beuhl/, adj. meriting hatred or loathing. Also, hatable. [1605-15; HATE + -ABLE] * * *
hatecrime
hate crime n. A crime motivated by prejudice against a social group: “ [His]murders were hate crimes targeting victims by gender” (Jane Caputi and Diana E.H. Russell). * * *
hateful
—hatefully, adv. —hatefulness, n. /hayt"feuhl/, adj. 1. arousing hate or deserving to be hated: the hateful oppression of dictators. 2. unpleasant; dislikable; distasteful: ...
hatefully
See hateful. * * *
hatefulness
See hatefully. * * *
hatemail
hate mail n. Correspondence that expresses the sender's animosity, disapproval, or prejudice, often in offensive language. * * *
hatemonger
—hatemongering, n. /hayt"mung'geuhr, -mong'-/, n. a person who kindles hatred, enmity, or prejudice in others. [HATE + MONGER] * * *
hater
See hate. * * *
hatespeech
hate speech n. Bigoted speech attacking or disparaging a social or ethnic group or a member of such a group. * * *
Hatfield
/hat"feeld'/, n. a town in central Hertfordshire, in SE England: incorporated into Welwyn Hatfield 1974. Also called Bishop's Hatfield. * * * ▪ England, United ...
Hatfield and McCoy Families
▪ American family       two American Appalachian mountaineer families who, with their kinfolk and neighbours, engaged in a legendary feud that attracted nationwide ...
Hatfield, Hurd
▪ 1999       American actor whose long distinguished stage, screen, and television career was overshadowed by his brilliant portrayal of the handsome, aristocratic, but ...
Hatfield, Robert Lee
▪ 2004 “Bobby”        American singer (b. Aug. 10, 1940, Beaver Dam, Wis.—d. Nov. 5, 2003, Kalamazoo, Mich.), was one-half of the Righteous Brothers “blue-eyed ...
Hatfield-McCoy Feud
/hat"feeld'meuh koy"/, U.S. Hist. a blood feud between two mountain clans on the West Virginia-Kentucky border, the Hatfields of West Virginia and the McCoys of Kentucky, that ...
Hatfields and McCoys
Two families of the U.S. Appalachian Mountains who engaged in a backwoods feud in the late 19th century. The families, each with at least 13 children and numerous other ...
hath
/hath/, v. Archaic. 3rd pers. sing. pres. indic. of have. * * *
hatha yoga
hatha yoga [hath′ə] n. YOGA (sense 1) * * * Sanskrit“Discipline of Force”       school of Yoga that stresses mastery of the body as a way of attaining a state of ...
hatha-yoga
/hath"euh yoh"geuh, hut"euh-/, n. (in Yoga) a method utilizing physical exercises to control the body and attain union of the self with the Supreme Being. [ < Skt] * * *
Hathaway
/hath"euh way'/, n. Anne, 1557-1623, the wife of William Shakespeare. * * *
Hathaway, Anne
▪ wife of Shakespeare also called  Agnes Hathwey   born c. 1556 died Aug. 6, 1623, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, Eng.  wife of William Shakespeare.       She ...
Hathaway,Anne
Hath·a·way (hăthʹə-wā'), Anne. 1556?-1623. The wife of William Shakespeare. She married the playwright in 1582. * * *
hathayoga
ha·tha yoga (hŭʹtə, häʹthə) n. A form of yogic exercise that emphasizes specific postures in combination with controlled breathing. It is widely practiced in the ...
Hathor
/hath"awr, -euhr/, n. Egyptian Relig. the goddess of love and joy, often represented with the head, horns, or ears of a cow. * * * or Athyr In ancient Egyptian religion, the ...
Hathor-headed
/hath"euhr hed'id/, adj. (of an ancient Egyptian column) having a capital in the form of the head of Hathor; Hathoric. [1900-05] * * *
Hathoric
/heuh thawr"ik, -thor"-/, adj. of or pertaining to Hathor. [1900-05; HATHOR + -IC] * * *
Hathras
▪ India       city, west-central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies south of Aligarh city, with which it is connected by road and rail. It is a trade centre ...
Hatia Islands
▪ island cluster, Bangladesh       cluster of islands situated in the Meghna (Meghna River) estuary of the Padma River (Ganges [Ganga] River (Ganges River)) delta, ...
hātif
▪ Arabian mythology       in Arab folklore, a mysterious nocturnal voice that is sometimes prophetic. A hātif is mentioned in the Bible (Ezekiel 21:2 and 7; Amos 7:16) ...
Hatikvah
Seph. Heb. /hah teek"vah/; Ashk. Heb. /hah tik"vaw/; Eng. /hah tik"veuh/, n. the national anthem of Israel. * * *
Hatoyama Ichirō
▪ prime minister of Japan born Jan. 1, 1883, Tokyo, Japan died March 7, 1959, Tokyo       one of Japan's most important post-World War II prime ...
hatpin
/hat"pin'/, n. a long pin for securing a woman's hat to her hair, often having a bulbous decorative head of colored glass, simulated pearl, or the like. [1890-95; HAT + PIN] * * ...
Hatra
▪ ancient city, Iraq Arabic  Al-Ḥaḍr  ruined city located in the Al-Jazīrah (Jazīrah, Al-) region of present-day northern Iraq, 180 miles (290 km) northwest of ...
hatrack
/hat"rak'/, n. a frame, stand, or post having knobs or hooks for hanging hats. [1870-75; HAT + RACK1] * * *
hatred
/hay"trid/, n. the feeling of one who hates; intense dislike or extreme aversion or hostility. [1125-75; ME; see HATE, -RED] Syn. animosity, detestation, loathing, ...
Hatshepsut
/hat shep"sooht/, n. 1495-75 B.C., queen of Egypt. Also, Hatasu, Hatshepset /hat shep"set/. * * * Queen of Egypt (с 1472–58 BC). Daughter of Thutmose I and wife of Thutmose ...
Hatta
/hat"euh/, n. Mohammed, born 1902, Indonesian political leader: vice president of the Republic of Indonesia 1945-49, 1950-56; prime minister 1948, 1949-50. * * *
Hatta, Mohammad
born Aug. 12, 1902, Bukittinggi, Dutch East Indies died March 14, 1980, Jakarta, Indon. Indonesian independence leader and prime minister (1948–50). While at school in The ...
hatter
hatter1 /hat"euhr/, n. a maker or seller of hats. [1350-1400; ME; see HAT, -ER1] hatter2 /hat"euhr/, n. Australian Informal. 1. a person who has become eccentric from living ...
Hatteras
/hat"euhr euhs/, n. Cape, a promontory on an island off the E coast of North Carolina. * * *
Hatteras Abyssal Plain
▪ submarine plain, Atlantic Ocean       submarine plain forming the floor of the northwestern Atlantic Ocean. It lies east of the North American continental shelf ...
Hatteras, Cape
Long, narrow, curved sandbar forming a promontory on Hatteras Island, N.C., U.S. It extends 70 mi (113 km) along the Outer Banks between the Atlantic Ocean and Pamlico ...
HatterasIsland
Hat·ter·as Island (hătʹər-əs) A long barrier island off the eastern coast of North Carolina between Pamlico Sound and the Atlantic Ocean, with Cape Hatteras projecting ...
Hatti
—Hattian, n., adj. /hat"ee/, n. 1. an ancient people who lived in central Anatolia before its conquest by the Hittites. 2. (in ancient inscriptions) the Hittites or the land of ...
Hattian language
also called  Hattic  or  Khattic  or  Khattish        non-Indo-European language of ancient Anatolia. The Hattian language appears as hattili ‘in Hattian' in ...
Hattic
/hat"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to the Hatti. [1920-25; HATT(I) + -IC] * * *
Hattie
Hattie [hat′ē] n. a feminine name: see HARRIET * * *
Hattiesburg
/hat"eez berrg'/, n. a city in SE Mississippi. 40,865. * * * ▪ Mississippi, United States       city, seat (1908) of Forrest county, southeastern Mississippi, U.S., on ...
Ḥaṭṭīn, Battle of
▪ Middle Eastern history       (July 4, 1187), battle in northern Palestine that marked the defeat and annihilation of the Christian Crusader armies of Guy de Lusignan, ...
Hatto I
▪ archbishop of Mainz born c. 850, , Swabia died May 15, 913       archbishop of Mainz and counsellor to the German king Arnulf of Bavaria, the last East Frankish ...
Hatton Garden
a street in central London, England, where there are a lot of jewellery companies. * * *
Hatton, John Liptrot
▪ British composer born Oct. 12, 1808, Liverpool, Eng. died Sept. 20, 1886, Margate, Kent       composer of light music, operas, and songs, popular in England in the ...
Hatton, Ragnhild Marie Hanssen
▪ 1996       Norwegian historian and author of important biographical studies of Kings Charles XII of Sweden, Louis XIV of France, and George I of England (b. Feb. 10, ...
Hatton, Sir Christopher
▪ English noble born 1540, Holdenby, Northamptonshire, Eng. died 1591, London       favourite of Queen Elizabeth I and lord chancellor of England from 1587 to ...
hattrick
hat trick n. Sports 1. Three goals scored by one player in one game, as in ice hockey. 2. Three wickets taken in cricket by a bowler in three consecutive balls. 3. Three ...
Hattusa
also spelled  Hattusas, Hattusha, or Khattusas,         ancient Hittite city on the site of modern Boğazköy (q.v.). * * *
Hattusas
/haht'too sahs"/, n. the capital of the ancient Hittite empire in Asia Minor: site of modern Boghazköy, Turkey. Also, Khattusas. * * *
Hattusilis I
▪ Hittite king also called  Labarnas Ii        (reigned c. 1650–c. 1620 BC), early king of the Hittite Old Kingdom in Anatolia.       The son of the ...
Hattusilis III
▪ Hittite king flourished 13th century BC       Hittite king during the New Kingdom (reigned c. 1286–c. 1265 BC); he came to power by overthrowing his nephew ...
Hatty
/hat"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Harriet. Also, Hattie. * * *
Hatzfeldt, Melchior, Graf von Gleichen und
▪ German field marshal (count of Gleichen and) born Oct. 10, 1593, Krottorf, Sayn, Ger. died Jan. 9, 1658, Castle Powitzko, near Trachenberg, Silesia       a field ...
Hatzidakis, Georgios N.
born Nov. 12, 1848, Mírthio, Crete, Ottoman Empire [now in Greece] died June 26, 1941, Athens, Greece       the first and most important linguist of modern Greece, noted ...
hau tree
/how/ a clambering tree, Hibiscus tileaceus, of tropical shores, having leathery, ovate leaves and yellow flowers that turn dark red as they fade, and yielding a fiber used as ...
Hau, Lene Vestergaard
▪ 2002       In 2001 Danish scientist Lene Vestergaard Hau became one of the all-time most prominent women physicists when the journal Nature published a paper in which ...
Haua Fteah
/how'euh feuh tee"euh/ a cave site in Cyrenaica that has produced archaeological evidence of the longest sequence of human habitation in northern Africa, extending to about ...
haubergeon
haubergeon [hô′bər jən] n. obs. var. of HABERGEON * * * hau·ber·geon (hôʹbər-jən) n. Variant of habergeon. * * *
hauberk
/haw"berrk/, n. Armor. a long defensive shirt, usually of mail, extending to the knees; byrnie. [1250-1300; ME < OF hauberc, earlier halberc < Frankish *halsberg, equiv. to *hals ...
Hauch, Johannes Carsten
▪ Danish author born May 12, 1790, Fredrikshald [now Halden], Norway died March 4, 1872, Rome, Italy       Danish poet, dramatist, and novelist whose works expressed ...
Häufebecher
▪ metalwork  (German: “stacking cup”), beaker, usually of silver, that is part of a set that can be stacked or piled up. Pieces are made so that the base of one fits into ...
Hauff, Wilhelm
▪ German writer born Nov. 29, 1802, Stuttgart, Württemberg [Germany] died Nov. 18, 1827, Stuttgart  German poet and novelist best known for his fairy tales (fairy ...
Haug, Émile
▪ French geologist in full  Gustave-émile Haug   born June 19, 1861, Drusenheim, France died Aug. 28, 1927, Niderbronn       French geologist and paleontologist ...
Haug, Thorleif
▪ Norwegian skier born Sept. 28, 1894, Lier, Nor. died Dec. 12, 1934, Drammen       Norwegian Nordic skier who won three gold medals and a bronze at the inaugural ...
Hauge, Alfred
▪ Norwegian writer born October 17, 1915, Sjernarøy, Norway died October 31, 1986, Stavanger       Norwegian novelist and poet, best known for his trilogy describing ...
Haugesund
▪ Norway       town, southwestern Norway. A North Sea port, Haugesund is a shipbuilding and repair centre and has a 928-foot (283-metre) drydock that was the largest in ...
haugh
/hahkh, hahf/, n. Scot. a stretch of alluvial land forming part of a river valley; bottom land. [bef. 900; ME halche, hawgh, OE healh corner, nook] * * *
Haughey, Charles
▪ prime minister of Ireland in full  Charles James Haughey  born Sept. 16, 1925, Castlebar, County Mayo, Ire. died June 13, 2006, Dublin       prime minister of ...
Haughey, Charles James
▪ 2007       Irish politician (b. Sept. 16, 1925, Castlebar, County Mayo, Ire.—d. June 13, 2006, Dublin, Ire.), was prime minister of Ireland (1979–81, ...
haughtily
See haughty. * * *
haughtiness
See haughtily. * * *
Haughton, Billy
▪ American jockey byname of  William R. Haughton   born Nov. 23, 1923, Gloversville, N.Y., U.S. died July 15, 1986, Valhalla, N.Y.       American harness-racing ...
Haughton, Percy Duncan
▪ American football coach born July 11, 1876, Staten Island, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 27, 1924, New York, N.Y.       innovative American college football coach whose ...
haughty
—haughtily, adv. —haughtiness, n. /haw"tee/, adj., haughtier, haughtiest. 1. disdainfully proud; snobbish; scornfully arrogant; supercilious: haughty aristocrats; a haughty ...
Haugwitz, Christian, Count von
▪ Prussian minister and diplomat in full Christian August Heinrich Kurt, Graf Von Haugwitz born June 11, 1752, , Peuke-bei-Öls, Silesia [now in Poland] died Feb. 9, 1832, ...
Hauhau
Member of the Pai Marire, a religious-military cult of the Maori people of New Zealand. The cult was founded in 1864 by Te Ua Haumene, who claimed to have been visited by the ...
Hauksbee, Francis, The Elder
▪ British scientist Hauksbee also spelled  Hawksbee   died c. 1713       self-educated English scientist and eclectic experimentalist whose discoveries came too ...
Hauksbee, Francis, The Younger
▪ British scientist born 1687 died Jan. 11, 1763       English instrument maker, scientist, and lecturer. He may have been a son of Francis Hauksbee the ...
haul
/hawl/, v.t. 1. to pull or draw with force; move by drawing; drag: They hauled the boat up onto the beach. 2. to cart or transport; carry: He hauled freight. 3. to cause to ...
haulage
/haw"lij/, n. 1. the act or labor of hauling. 2. the amount of force expended in hauling. 3. a charge made, esp. by a railroad, for hauling equipment, commodities, etc. [1820-30; ...
haulageway
/haw"lij way'/, n. a passageway by which coal, ore, etc., is hauled to the surface from an underground mine. [1905-10; HAULAGE + WAY] * * *
haulback
/hawl"bak'/, n. (in lumbering) a small line for pulling a cable back to its original position after it has been used to haul a log away. Also called trip line. [1900-05, Amer.; ...
hauler
/haw"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who hauls. 2. a commercial trucking company. 3. a vehicle used for hauling or trucking. 4. Slang. a car capable of very high speeds. [1665-75; HAUL + ...
haulier
/hawl"yeuhr/, n. Brit. Dial. hauler. * * *
haulm
/hawm/, n. 1. stems or stalks collectively, as of grain or of peas, beans, or hops, esp. as used for litter or thatching. 2. a single stem or stalk. Also, halm. [bef. 900; ME ...
Haumea
▪ dwarf planet       unusual dwarf planet orbiting the Sun in the Kuiper belt beyond Pluto. It was discovered in 2003 by a team of American astronomers at Cerro ...
haunch
—haunched, adj. —haunchless, adj. /hawnch, hahnch/, n. 1. the hip. 2. the fleshy part of the body about the hip. 3. a hindquarter of an animal. 4. the leg and loin of an ...
haunch bone
the ilium or hipbone. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
haunt
—haunter, n. /hawnt, hahnt/; for 10 also /hant/, v.t. 1. to visit habitually or appear to frequently as a spirit or ghost: to haunt a house; to haunt a person. 2. to recur ...
haunted
/hawn"tid, hahn"-/, adj. 1. inhabited or frequented by ghosts: a haunted castle. 2. preoccupied, as with an emotion, memory, or idea; obsessed: His haunted imagination gave him ...
haunter
See haunt. * * *
haunting
—hauntingly, adv. /hawn"ting, hahn"-/, adj. 1. remaining in the consciousness; not quickly forgotten: haunting music; haunting memories. n. 2. the act of a person or thing that ...
hauntingly
See haunting. * * *
Hauppauge
/hah"pawg, -pog/, n. a city on central Long Island, in SE New York. 20,960. * * *
Haupt, Herman
▪ American engineer born March 26, 1817, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Dec. 14, 1905, Jersey City, N.J.  American civil engineer and inventor, known especially for his work on ...
Hauptman, Herbert A.
▪ American mathematician and crystallographer in full  Herbert Aaron Hauptman  born Feb. 14, 1917, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American mathematician and ...
Hauptmann
/howpt"mahn'/, n. Gerhart /gerdd"hahrddt/, 1862-1946, German dramatist, novelist, and poet: Nobel prize 1912. * * *
Hauptmann, Bruno
▪ American convict born Nov. 26, 1899, Saxony, Ger. died April 3, 1936, Trenton, N.J., U.S.       German-born American carpenter and burglar who in 1935 was convicted ...
Hauptmann, Gerhart
▪ German writer in full  Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann  born Nov. 15, 1862, Bad Salzbrunn, Silesia, Prussia [Germany] died June 6, 1946, Agnetendorf, Ger. [now ...
Hauptmann, Gerhart (Johann Robert)
born Nov. 15, 1862, Bad Salzbrunn, Silesia, Prussia died June 6, 1946, Agnetendorf, Ger. German playwright and poet. He studied sculpture before turning to literature in his ...
Hauptmann, Moritz
born Oct. 13, 1792, Dresden, Saxony died Jan. 3, 1868, Leipzig German musicologist. After studying composition and violin with Louis Spohr, he played in a number of orchestras. ...
Hauptmann,Gerhart
Haupt·mann (houptʹmän', houpʹ-), Gerhart. 1862-1946. German writer. Known primarily for his naturalistic plays, such as The Weavers (1892), he also wrote novels and poetry. ...
Hauptschule
▪ German education       (German: “head school”), in Germany, five-year upper elementary school preparing students for vocational school, apprenticeship in trade, or ...
Hauraki Gulf
▪ gulf, New Zealand       large gulf of the South Pacific Ocean indenting eastern North Island, New Zealand. It is entered from the north by the Jellicoe and Cradock ...
HaurakiGulf
Hau·ra·ki Gulf (hou-räʹkē, -răkʹē) An inlet of the southern Pacific Ocean on the northern coast of North Island, New Zealand. * * *
hauriant
/hawr"ee euhnt/, adj. Heraldry. (of a fish) represented as erect, with the head upward: a dolphin hauriant. [1565-75; var. of haurient < L haurient- (s. of hauriens) drawing, ...
Hauriou, Maurice-Jean-Claude-Eugène
▪ French political scientist born August 17, 1856, Ladiville, France died March 12, 1929, Toulouse       French political scientist and educator whose theoretical work ...
Haury, Emil W.
▪ American anthropologist and archaeologist in full  Emil Walter Haury   born May 2, 1904, Newton, Kan., U.S. died Dec. 5, 1992, Tucson, Ariz.       American ...
Hausa
/how"sah, -seuh, -zeuh/, n., pl. Hausas, (esp. collectively) Hausa for 1. 1. a member of an indigenous people of northern Nigeria and southern Niger whose culture has been ...
Hausa language
Afro-Asiatic language of northern Nigeria and southern Niger. Hausa, which is spoken by some 31 million people, belongs to the Chadic branch of Afro-Asiatic. Outside of ...
Hausa states
▪ historical region, Africa       group of neighbouring African states, occasionally interconnected from the mid-14th century by loose alliances. Their territory lay ...
Hausdorff space
/hows"dawrf, howz"-/, Math. a topological space in which each pair of points can be separated by two disjoint open sets containing the points. [named after Felix Hausdorff ...
hausen
/haw"zeuhn/; Ger. /how"zeuhn/, n. beluga (def. 1). [1735-45; < G; OHG huso; see ISINGLASS] * * * also called  Beluga,         large species of sturgeon (q.v.). * * *
Hauser, Kaspar
▪ German youth born April 30, 1812 died Dec. 17, 1833, Ansbach, Bavaria [Germany]       German youth around whom gathered one of the 19th century's most celebrated ...
hausfrau
/hows"frow'/, n., pl. hausfraus, hausfrauen /-frow'euhn/. a housewife. [1790-1800; < G, equiv. to Haus HOUSE + Frau wife, woman] * * *
Haushofer
/hows"hoh feuhr/, n. Karl, 1860-1946, German geographer and general: political adviser to Hitler. * * *
Haushofer, Karl
▪ German officer and political geographer born Aug. 27, 1869, Munich, Bavaria [Germany] died March 13, 1946, Pähl, W.Ger.  German army officer, political geographer, and ...
Haushofer, Karl (Ernst)
born Aug. 27, 1869, Munich, Bavaria died March 13, 1946, Pähl, W.Ger. German officer and leading proponent of geopolitics. As an army officer in Japan (1908–10), he studied ...
Hausmalerei
▪ pottery painting  (German: “home painting”), white pottery wares obtained from a factory and painted at home by a Hausmaler (free-lance home painter or decorator), most ...
hausmannite
▪ mineral       a manganese oxide mineral (Mn2+Mn3+2O4) that occurs as brownish black crystals or granular masses in high-temperature hydrothermal veins and in contact ...
Hausser, Paul
▪ German military officer born October 7, 1880, Brandenburg an der Havel, Germany died December 21, 1972, Ludwigsburg, West Germany  German SS general and field commander ...
Haussmann
—Haussmannization /hows'meuh neuh zay"sheuhn/, n. /hows"meuhn/; Fr. /ohs mannn"/, n. Georges Eugène /zhawrddzh ue zhen"/, Baron, 1809-91, French administrator who improved the ...
Haussmann, Baron Georges Eugène
Hauss·mann (housʹmən, ōs-mänʹ), Baron Georges Eugène. 1809-1891. French public official who planned and oversaw numerous municipal improvements to Paris during the tenure ...
Haussmann, Georges-Eugène
later Baron Haussmann born March 27, 1809, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 11, 1891, Paris French administrator and city planner. He entered the French civil service in 1831 and became ...
Haussmann, Georges-Eugène, Baron
▪ French civil servant born March 27, 1809, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 11, 1891, Paris  French administrator responsible for the transformation of Paris from its ancient character ...
haust.
(in prescriptions) draught. [ < L haustus. See HAUSTELLUM] * * *
haustellate
/haw stel"it, haw"steuh layt'/, adj. Zool. 1. having a haustellum. 2. adapted for sucking, as the mouthparts of certain insects. [1825-35; HAUSTELL(UM) + -ATE1] * * *
haustellum
/haw stel"euhm/, n., pl. haustella /haw stel"euh/. (in certain crustaceans and insects) an organ or part of the proboscis adapted for sucking blood or plant juices. [1810-20; < ...
haustorial
See haustorium. * * *
haustorium
—haustorial, adj. /haw stawr"ee euhm, -stohr"-/, n., pl. haustoria /haw stawr"ee euh, -stohr"-/. 1. a projection from the hypha of a fungus into the organic matter from which ...
haut monde
/oh' mond"/; Fr. /oh mawonnd"/ high society. Also, haute-monde /oht'mond"/. [ < F] * * *
Haut-Rhin
/oh rddaonn"/, n. a department in NE France. 635,209; 1354 sq. mi. (3505 sq. km). Cap.: Colmar. * * *
hautbois
/hoh"boy, oh"boy/, n., pl. hautbois. hautboy. * * *
hautboy
—hautboyist, n. /hoh"boy, oh"boy/, n. oboe. [1565-75; < MF hautbois, equiv. to haut high (see HAUGHTY) + bois wood (see BUSH1)] * * *
haute
/oht/, adj. 1. high-class or high-toned; fancy: an haute restaurant that attracts a monied crowd. 2. high; elevated; upper. Also, haut /oh/; esp. before a vowel /oht/. [1780-90; ...
haute couture
/oht' kooh toor"/; Fr. /oht kooh tyuurdd"/ 1. high fashion; the most fashionable and influential dressmaking and designing. 2. the fashions so created. 3. the leading dressmaking ...
haute cuisine
/oht' kwi zeen"/; Fr. /oht kwee zeen"/ fine or gourmet cooking; food preparation as an art. [ < F] * * *
haute école
/oht' ay kohl", -kawl"/; Fr. /oh tay kawl"/, pl. hautes écoles /ohts' ay kohl", -kawl/; Fr. /oht zay kawl"/. 1. a series of intricate steps, gaits, etc., taught to an exhibition ...
haute vulgarisation
haute vulgarisation [ōt vül gȧ rē zȧ syōn′] n. 〚Fr, lit., high popularization〛 vulgarization, or popularization, on a higher level, esp. as done by academics, ...
Haute-Garonne
/oht gann rddawn"/, n. a department in S France. 777,431; 2458 sq. mi. (6365 sq. km). Cap.: Toulouse. * * *
Haute-Loire
/oht lwannrdd"/, n. a department in central France. 205,491; 1931 sq. mi. (5000 sq. km). Cap.: Le Puy. * * *
Haute-Marne
/oht mannrddn"/, n. a department in E France. 212,304; 2416 sq. mi. (6255 sq. km). Cap.: Chaumont. * * *
Haute-Normandie
Haute-Normandie [ōt nō̂r män dē′] metropolitan region of NW France: 4,756 sq mi (12,318 sq km); pop. 1,737,000; chief city, Rouen * * * ▪ region, ...
haute-piece
/hoht"pees'/, n. Armor. a standing flange fixed to or formed on a pauldron as a protection for one side of the neck. [1490-1500; < F: lit., high piece] * * *
Haute-Saône
/oht sohn"/, n. a department in E France. 222,254; 2075 sq. mi. (5375 sq. km). Cap.: Vesoul. * * *
Haute-Savoie
/oht sann vwah"/, n. a department in E France. 447,795; 1775 sq. mi. (4595 sq. km). Cap.: Annecy. * * *
Haute-Vienne
/oht vyen"/, n. a department in central France. 352,149; 2145 sq. mi. (5555 sq. km). Cap.: Limoges. * * *
hautecouture
haute couture n. 1. The leading establishments or designers for the creation of exclusive fashions. 2. a. The creation of exclusive fashions. b. The fashions created.   [French ...
hautecuisine
haute cuisine n. 1. Elaborate or skillfully prepared food, especially that of France. 2. The characteristic manner or style of preparing such food.   [French : haute, feminine ...
Hautefeuille, Jean de
▪ French physicist born March 20, 1647, Orléans, France died Oct. 18, 1724, Orléans       French physicist who built a primitive internal-combustion ...
Hauterive
Fr. /oht rddeev"/, n. a town in SE Quebec, in E Canada. 13,995. * * *
Hauterivian Stage
▪ geology       third of six main divisions (in ascending order) in the Lower Cretaceous Series, representing rocks deposited worldwide during the Hauterivian Age, which ...
Hautes-Alpes
/oht zannlp"/, n. a department in SE France. 97,358; 2179 sq. mi. (5645 sq. km). Cap.: Gap. * * *
Hautes-Pyrénées
/oht pee rdday nay"/, n. a department in SW France. 227,222; 1751 sq. mi. (4535 sq. km). Cap.: Tarbes. * * *
hauteur
/hoh terr"/; Fr. /oh tuerdd"/, n. haughty manner or spirit; arrogance. [1620-30; < F, equiv. to haut high (see HAUGHTY) + -eur -OR1] * * *
Hauteville, House of
▪ line of Norman lords Italian  Altavilla         line of Norman lords and knights who were founders of fiefdoms and kingdoms in southern Italy and Sicily in the 11th ...
hautmonde
haut monde also haute monde (ōmŏndʹ) n. Fashionable society.   [French : haut, high + monde, world, society.] * * *
Hauts-de-Seine
/oh deuh sen"/, n. a department in N France. 1,438,930; 63 sq. mi. (163 sq. km). Cap.: Nanterre. * * *
Haüy, René-Just
born Feb. 28, 1743, Saint-Just-en-Chaussée, France died June 1, 1822, Paris French mineralogist, one of the founders of the science of crystallography. He studied theology and ...
Haüy, Valentin
▪ French educator born Nov. 13, 1745, Saint-Just-en-Chaussée, France died March 18, 1822, Paris       French professor of calligraphy known as the “father and ...
haüynite
/ah wee"nuyt/, n. a relatively rare feldspathoid mineral related to sodalite: sometimes confused with lapis lazuli. Also, haüyne /ah ween"/. [1865-70; < F haüyne (Haüy + ...
HAV
HAV abbr. hepatitis A virus. * * *
Havana
/heuh van"euh/, n. 1. Spanish, Habana. a seaport in and the capital of Cuba, on the NW coast. 1,800,000. 2. a cigar made in Cuba or of Cuban tobacco. * * * Spanish La ...
Havana brown
Havana brown n. any of a breed of domestic cat with a chestnut-brown coat, a long, tapering muzzle, and forward-tilting ears * * *
Havanan
See Havana1. * * *
Havant
▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Hampshire, England, adjoining Portsmouth in the southeastern corner ...
Havantand Waterloo
Hav·ant and Wa·ter·loo (hăvʹənt; wôʹtər-lo͞o', wŏtʹər-) An urban district of southern England near the English Channel east of Southampton. It is a manufacturing ...
Havard-Williams, Peter
▪ 1996       Welsh librarian and international library management consultant whose more than 40-year career included influential posts at university libraries in ...
Havarti
havarti [hə vär′tē] n. a pale-yellow, semisoft Danish cheese * * * Ha·var·ti (hə-värʹtē) n. A mild, semisoft, pale yellow cheese of Danish origin.   [AfterHavarti, ...
Havasupai
/hah'veuh sooh"puy/, n., pl. Havasupais, (esp. collectively) Havasupai for 1. 1. a member of a small tribe of nomadic North American Indians now living in Arizona. 2. the Yuman ...
Havdala
▪ Jewish ceremony (Hebrew: “Separation”),also spelled  Habdalah, or Havdalah,         a ceremony in Jewish homes and in synagogues concluding the Sabbath and ...
Havdalah
Seph. /hahv dah lah"/; Ashk. /hahv daw"leuh/, n. Hebrew. a religious ceremony, observed by Jews at the conclusion of the Sabbath or a festival, that consists of blessings over ...
have
/hav/; unstressed /heuhv, euhv/; for 26 usually /haf/, v. and auxiliary v., pres. sing. 1st pers. have, 2nd have or (Archaic) hast, 3rd has or (Archaic) hath, pres. pl. have; ...
have-not
/hav"not', -not"/, n. Usually, have-nots. an individual or group that is without wealth, social position, or other material benefits (contrasted with have). [1830-40] * * *
Havel
/hah"vel/, n. Václav /vahts"lahf/, born 1936, Czech writer and political leader: president of Czechoslovakia 1989-92; president of the Czech Republic since 1993. * * *
Havel River
River, northeastern Germany. It flows south out of Mecklenburg to Spandau (in Berlin), where it is joined by the Spree River. Curving past Potsdam and Brandenburg, the Havel ...
Havel, Václav
Ha·vel (häʹvəl), Václav. Born 1936. Czech writer and politician. A widely known playwright whose works include The Increased Difficulty of Concentration (1967) and The ...
Havell, Robert, Jr.
▪ American painter born November 25, 1793, Reading, Berkshire, England died November 11, 1878, Tarrytown, New York, U.S.       American landscape painter and printmaker ...
havelock
/hav"lok/, n. a cap cover with a flap hanging over the back of the neck, for protection from the sun. [1860-65, Amer.; named after Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857), English general ...
Havelock
/hav"lok, -leuhk/, n. 1. a town in SE North Carolina. 17,718. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ Swaziland       town on the northwest border of Swaziland. Located in the ...
Havelock, Sir Henry
▪ British soldier born April 5, 1795, near Sunderland, Durham, Eng. died Nov. 24, 1857, Lucknow [India]  British soldier in India who distinguished himself in 1857 during the ...
Havelok (the Dane)
Middle English metrical romance of some 3,000 lines, written с 1300. Of the literature produced after the Norman Conquest, it offers the first view of ordinary life. Composed ...
haven
—havenless, adj. —havenward, adv. /hay"veuhn/, n. 1. a harbor or port. 2. any place of shelter and safety; refuge; asylum. v.t. 3. to shelter, as in a haven. [bef. 1050; ME; ...
haven't
/hav"euhnt/ contraction of have not. Usage. See contraction. * * *
haver
/hay"veuhr/, v.i. Chiefly Brit. to equivocate; vacillate. [1780-90; orig. uncert.] /khah verdd"/, n., pl. haverim /khah've rddeem"/. Hebrew. friend; comrade; companion. * * *
Haverford
/hav"euhr feuhrd/, n. a township in SE Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia. 52,349. * * *
Haverford College
Private liberal arts college in Haverford, Pa. , near Philadelphia. Founded by Quakers in 1833 as a men's college, it became coeducational in 1980. It is consistently ranked as ...
Haverfordwest
▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Hwlffordd        market town, historic and present county of Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro), southwestern Wales. The town grew up as a ...
Haverhill
/hay"veuhr euhl, -vreuhl/, n. a city in NE Massachusetts, on the Merrimack River. 46,865. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       city, Essex county, northeastern ...
Havering
/hay"veuhr ing/, n. a borough of Greater London, England. 237,200. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of London, forming part of its ...
havers
/hay"veuhrz/, interj. Chiefly Scot. nonsense; poppycock. [pl. of haver nonsense, akin to HAVER] * * *
haversack
/hav"euhr sak'/, n. 1. a single-strapped bag worn over one shoulder and used for carrying supplies. 2. a soldier's bag for rations, extra clothing, etc. [1740-50; earlier ...
Haversian
Haversian [hə vʉr′zhən, hə vʉr′shən] adj. 〚after C. Havers ( c. 1650-1702), Eng physician〛 designating or of the canals through which blood vessels and connective ...
Haversian canal
/heuh verr"zheuhn/, (sometimes l.c.) Anat. a microscopic channel in bone, through which a blood vessel runs. [1835-45; named after Clopton Havers (d. 1702), English anatomist; ...
Haversian system
(sometimes l.c.) Anat. a Haversian canal and the series of concentric bony plates surrounding it. [1835-45; see HAVERSIAN CANAL] * * *
Haversiancanal
Ha·ver·sian canal (hə-vûrʹzhən) n. Any of the tiny, interconnecting, longitudinal channels in bone tissue through which blood vessels, nerve fibers, and lymphatics ...
Haversiansystem
Haversian system n. A structural unit of bone consisting of a Haversian canal and corresponding lamellae of compact bone. * * *
haversine
/hav"euhr suyn'/, n. Trigonom. one half the versed sine of a given angle or arc. [1870-75; HA(LF) + VER(SED) + SINE1] * * *
Havilah
/hav"euh lah', -leuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Haviland
/hav"euh leuhnd/, n. John, 1792-1852, English architect, in the U.S. * * *
Haviland Crater
▪ crater, Kansas, United States also called  Brenham Crater        small, shallow impact crater in farmland near Haviland, Kiowa county, Kansas, U.S. The depression, ...
Havírov
Ha·ví·řov (häʹvə-rôf', -vîr-zhôf') A town of northeast Czech Republic southeast of Ostrava. It was founded in the 1950s. Population: 90,013. * * * ▪ Czech ...


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