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Havířov
Ha·ví·řov (häʹvə-rôf', -vîr-zhôf') A town of northeast Czech Republic southeast of Ostrava. It was founded in the 1950s. Population: 90,013. * * * ▪ Czech ...
Havlíček Borovský, Karel
▪ Czech writer pseudonym  Havel Borovský   born Oct. 31, 1821, Borová, Bohemia, Austrian Empire [now in Czech Republic] died July 29, 1856, Prague       Czech ...
Havlicek, John
▪ American athlete byname  Hondo   born April 8, 1940, Martins Ferry, Ohio, U.S.       American collegiate and professional basketball player who came to be regarded ...
havoc
—havocker, n. /hav"euhk/, n., v., havocked, havocking. n. 1. great destruction or devastation; ruinous damage. 2. cry havoc, to warn of danger or disaster. 3. play havoc ...
Havre
/hav"euhr/ for 1; /hah"vreuh, -veuhr/ for 2, n. 1. a city in N Montana. 10,891. 2. See Le Havre. * * * ▪ Montana, United States       city, seat (1911) of Hill county, ...
Havre-Saint-Pierre
▪ Canada       village, Côte-Nord (“North Shore”) region, eastern Quebec province, Canada. It lies along the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, north of ...
havurah
Seph., Ashk. /khah'vooh rddah"/; Eng. /khah'voo rah"/, n., pl. havuroth, havurot Seph. /-rddawt"/; Ashk. /-rddohs"/, Eng. havurahs. Hebrew. a Jewish fellowship, esp. an informal ...
haw
haw1 /haw/, v.i. 1. to utter a sound representing a hesitation or pause in speech. n. 2. a sound or pause of hesitation. Cf. hem2 (def. 3). [1625-35; imit.] haw2 /haw/, ...
haw-haw
/haw"haw'/, interj. 1. (used to represent the sound of a loud, boisterous laugh.) n. 2. a guffaw. [1825-35; imit.; see HA-HA1] * * *
Haw.
Hawaii. * * *
Hawaii
/heuh wuy"ee, -wah"-, -wah"yeuh, hah vah"ee/, n. 1. a state of the United States comprising the N Pacific islands of Hawaii, Kahoolawe, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Niihau, and ...
Hawaii time.
See Alaska-Hawaii time. Also called Hawaii Standard Time. [1900-05] * * *
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
a large national park that includes the active volcanoes Kilauea and Mauna Loa on the island of Hawaii and the extinct crater Haleakala on Maui. 343 sq. mi. (890 sq. km). * * ...
Hawaii, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of alternating horizontal stripes of white, red, and blue with the Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the) in the ...
Hawaii, University of
▪ university, Hawaii, United States       state university system of Hawaii, U.S., consisting of three universities and seven community colleges. Its main campus is the ...
Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time
☆ Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time [hə wä′ēə lo͞o′shən ] n. a standard time used in the zone which includes Hawaii and the western Aleutian Islands, corresponding to the ...
Hawaii-AleutianStandard Time
Ha·wai·i-A·leu·tian Standard Time (hə-wäʹē-ə-lo͞oʹshən, -wīʹē-) n. Standard time in the tenth time zone west of Greenwich, England, reckoned at 150° west and ...
Hawaiian
/heuh wuy"euhn, -wah"yeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Hawaii or the Hawaiian Islands. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Hawaii or the Hawaiian Islands. 3. the aboriginal ...
Hawaiian Gardens
a town in SW California. 10,548. * * *
Hawaiian goose
nene. [1825-35] * * *
Hawaiian guitar
a six-to-eight-string electric guitar, fretted with a piece of metal or bone to produce a whining, glissando sound, played in a horizontal position usually resting on the ...
Hawaiian hawk
io. * * *
Hawaiian high
Meteorol. See Pacific high. * * *
Hawaiian honeycreeper
any small to medium-sized finches of the subfamily Drepanidinae, native to the Hawaiian Islands and including many rare and extinct species. * * * ▪ bird       any ...
Hawaiian Islands
a group of islands in the N Pacific; 2090 mi. (3370 km) SW of San Francisco: includes the eight islands comprising the state of Hawaii and volcanic, rock, and coral islets. ...
Hawaiian Pidgin
an English-based creole widely spoken in Hawaii. * * *
Hawaiian Punch
n [C, U] a US product name for a red fruit juice drink. It is advertised on television by a cartoon character called Punchy. Hawaiian Punch is especially popular with children. * ...
Hawaiian shirt
a short-sleeved, loose-fitting, open-collar shirt originally worn in Hawaii, made of lightweight fabric printed in colorful, often bold designs of flowers, leaves, birds, ...
Hawaiiangoose
Hawaiian goose n. See nene. * * *
Hawaiianguitar
Hawaiian guitar n. An electric guitar consisting of a long fretted neck and six to eight steel strings that are plucked while being pressed with a movable steel bar. Also called ...
HawaiianIslands
Hawaiian Islands Formerly Sandwich Islands. A group of volcanic and coral islands in the central Pacific Ocean coextensive with the state of Hawaii. There are eight major islands ...
Hawaiianshirt
Hawaiian shirt n. A colorfully patterned short-sleeved sport shirt.   [From the fact that the style originated in Hawaii.] * * *
HawaiiIsland
Hawaii Island The largest and southernmost of the Hawaiian Islands. It is the top of an enormous submarine mountain and has several volcanic peaks. * * *
HawaiiStandard Time
Hawaii Standard Time n. Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time. * * *
Hawalli
/heuh wah"lee/, n. a town in E central Kuwait. 106,542. * * *
Hawarden
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       town, historic and present county of Flintshire (Sir Fflint), northeastern Wales. Hawarden Castle (1752) was the home of William E. ...
HawashRiver
Ha·wash River (häʹwäsh') See Awash River. * * *
Hawatmeh, Naʿīf
▪ Palestinian politician also spelled  Nayif Ḥawatima   born 1935, Al-Salṭ, Jordan       Palestinian politician who founded the Democratic Front for the ...
Hawd Plateau
▪ plateau, East Africa Hawd also spelled  Haud,         plateau sloping southeastward and spanning the northern Ethiopian-Somali border, southeast of the northern ...
Hawea Lake
▪ lake, New Zealand       lake in west-central South Island, New Zealand. The lake lies at the heart of a resort area 182 miles (293 km) northwest of Dunedin by road. It ...
Hawera
▪ New Zealand       town, western North Island, New Zealand. The original settlement, situated on the east Waimate Plain, 2 miles (3 km) from the coast of South ...
Hawes, Harriet Ann Boyd
▪ American archaeologist née  Harriet Ann Boyd  born Oct. 11, 1871, Boston, Mass., U.S. died March 31, 1945, Washington, D.C.       American archaeologist who gained ...
Hawes, Stephen
▪ English poet and courtier flourished 1502–21       poet and courtier who served King Henry VII of England and was a follower of the devotional poet John Lydgate ...
hawfinch
/haw"finch'/, n. a European grosbeak, Coccothraustes coccothraustes. [1665-75; HAW1 + FINCH] * * *
hawg
/hawg/, n., v.t., v.i. Pron. Spelling. hog. * * *
Hawick
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       small burgh (town), largest town in the Scottish Borders council area of southeastern Scotland, in the historic county of ...
hawk
hawk1 —hawklike, adj. /hawk/, n. 1. any of numerous birds of prey of the family Accipitridae, having a short, hooked beak, broad wings, and curved talons, often seen circling ...
Hawk
/hawk/, n. Mil. a medium-range, mobile U.S. surface-to-air missile system. [H(oming) A(ll the) W(ay) K(iller)] * * * I Any of many small to medium-sized, diurnal birds of prey, ...
hawk moth
any of numerous moths of the family Sphingidae, noted for their very swift flight and ability to hover while sipping nectar from flowers. Also called sphingid, sphinx moth, ...
hawk owl
a gray and white diurnal owl, Surnia ulula, of northern parts of the Northern Hemisphere, resembling a hawk in appearance and actions. [1735-45] * * * ▪ bird       any ...
hawk's-beard
hawk's-beard [hôks′bird΄] n. any of a genus (Crepis) of plants of the composite family, with milky juice and small, red, orange, or yellow flower heads borne in clusters * * *
hawk's-eye
/hawks"uy'/, n. a dark-blue chatoyant quartz formed by the silicification of crocidolite, used for ornamental purposes. Cf. tiger's-eye (def. 1). [1675-85] * * ...
hawk'sbeard
hawk's beard (hôks) n. Any of various plants of the genus Crepis, resembling the dandelion and having rayed, usually yellow flower heads. * * *
Hawk, Tony
▪ 2006  In 2005 Tony Hawk's Boom Boom HuckJam—a traveling show of wild skateboard, BMX bike, and motorcycle stunts all set to the head-banging beats of top punk ...
hawk-eyed
/hawk"uyd'/, adj. having very keen sight: a hawk-eyed guard. [1810-20] * * *
hawkbill
/hawk"bil'/, n. See hawksbill turtle. [1775-85; HAWK1 + BILL2] * * *
Hawke
/hawk/, n. Robert (James Lee), born 1929, Australian political leader: prime minister 1983-91. * * *
Hawke's Bay
▪ region, New Zealand       regional council, eastern North Island, New Zealand. It consists mostly of the hill country fronting Hawke Bay to the east, stretches from ...
Hawke, Edward Hawke, 1st Baron
▪ British admiral born Feb. 21, 1710, London, Eng. died Oct. 17, 1781, Sunbury, Middlesex  British admiral whose naval victory in 1759 put an end to French plans to invade ...
Hawke, Ethan
▪ American actor, director, and novelist in full  Ethan Green Hawke  born Nov. 6, 1970, Austin, Texas, U.S.       American actor, director, and novelist known for his ...
Hawke, Robert
▪ prime minister of Australia in full  Robert James Lee Hawke,  byname  Bob Hawke  born Dec. 9, 1929, Bordertown, S.Aus., Australia    Australian labour leader and prime ...
HawkeBay
Hawke Bay (hôk) A large inlet of the southern Pacific Ocean on the east-central coast of North Island, New Zealand. * * *
hawker
hawker1 /haw"keuhr/, n. a person who hunts with hawks or other birds of prey. [bef. 1000; ME; OE hafecere. See HAWK1, -ER1] hawker2 /haw"keuhr/, n. a person who offers goods for ...
Hawkes
/hawks/, n. John, born 1925, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. * * *
Hawkes, John
▪ American author in full  John Clendennin Burne Hawkes, Jr.  born Aug. 17, 1925, Stamford, Conn., U.S. died May 15, 1998, Providence, R.I.       American author ...
Hawkesbury River
River, New South Wales, Australia. Rising in the Great Dividing Range, it flows 293 mi (472 km) northeast to the Tasman Sea north of Sydney. Known as the Wollondilly in its ...
Hawkesworth, John
▪ English writer born , 1715? died Nov. 16, 1773, London, Eng.  English writer, Samuel Johnson's (Johnson, Samuel) successor as compiler of parliamentary debates for the ...
Hawkesworth, John Stanley
▪ 2004       British television producer (b. Dec. 7, 1920, London, Eng.—d. Sept. 30, 2003, Leicester, Leicestershire, Eng.), was best known as the creator of the ...
Hawkeye
/hawk"uy'/, n., pl. Hawkeyes. a native or inhabitant of Iowa (used as a nickname). * * *
Hawkeye State
Iowa (used as a nickname). * * *
hawking
/haw"king/, n. the sport of hunting with hawks or other birds of prey; falconry. [1300-50; ME; see HAWK1, -ING1] * * *
Hawking radiation
Radiation theoretically emitted from just outside the event horizon of a black hole. Stephen W. Hawking proposed in 1974 that subatomic particle pairs (photons, neutrinos, and ...
Hawking, Stephen W(illiam)
born Jan. 8, 1942, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. English theoretical physicist. He studied at the University of Oxford and later received his Ph.D. from Cambridge. He has worked ...
Hawking, Stephen W.
▪ British physicist in full  Stephen William Hawking   born Jan. 8, 1942, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng.    English theoretical physicist whose theory of exploding black holes ...
Hawking,Stephen William
Haw·king (hôʹkĭng), Stephen William. Born 1942. British theoretical physicist noted for his research into the origin of the universe. His work influenced the development of ...
Hawkingradiation
Hawking radiation n. A form of radiation believed to emanate from black holes, arising from the creation of pairs of subatomic particles in the space adjacent to the black hole, ...
Hawkins
/haw"kinz/, n. 1. Sir Anthony Hope ("Anthony Hope"), 1863-1933, English novelist and playwright. 2. Coleman, 1904-69, U.S. jazz saxophonist. 3. Also, Hawkyns. Sir John, 1532-95, ...
Hawkins, Coleman
▪ American musician in full  Coleman Randolph Hawkins  born November 21, 1904, St. Joseph, Mo., U.S. died May 19, 1969, New York, N.Y.  American jazz musician whose ...
Hawkins, Coleman (Randolph)
born Nov. 21, 1904, St. Joseph, Mo., U.S. died May 19, 1969, New York, N.Y. U.S. jazz musician. Hawkins came to prominence as a member of Fletcher Henderson's big band ...
Hawkins, Erick
born April 23, 1909, Trinidad, Colo., U.S. died Nov. 23, 1994, New York, N.Y. U.S. modern dancer. He worked with George Balanchine (1935–37) before joining the Martha Graham ...
Hawkins, Erskine
▪ 1994       U.S. bandleader and trumpeter (b. July 26, 1914, Birmingham, Ala.—d. Nov. 11, 1993, Willingboro, N.J.), headed a popular swing band in the 1930s and '40s. ...
Hawkins, Frederick
▪ 1995       ("ERICK"), U.S. modern dancer and choreographer (b. April 23, 1909, Trinidad, Colo.—d. Nov. 23, 1994, New York, N.Y.), was the first male dancer in Martha ...
Hawkins, Screamin' Jay
▪ 2001 Jalacy J. Hawkins        American blues singer (b. July 18, 1929, Cleveland, Ohio—d. Feb. 12, 2000, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France), was acclaimed as much for his ...
Hawkins, Sir John
born 1532, Plymouth, Devon, Eng. died Nov. 12, 1595, at sea off Puerto Rico English naval administrator and commander. A relative of Sir Francis Drake, he became a merchant in ...
Hawkins, Sir Richard
▪ English seaman Hawkins also spelled  Hawkyns   born c. 1560 died April 18, 1622, London       English seaman and adventurer whose Observations in His Voyage Into ...
Hawkins,Coleman Randolph
Haw·kins (hôʹkĭnz), Coleman Randolph. 1901?-1969. American jazz saxophonist. Noted for his improvisational solos, he established the saxophone as a leading jazz ...
Hawkins,Sir John
Haw·kins or Haw·kyns (hôʹkĭnz), Sir John. 1532-1595. English naval hero who commanded the rear squadron in the defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588). * * *
hawkish
—hawkishly, adv. —hawkishness, n. /haw"kish/, adj. 1. resembling a hawk, as in appearance or behavior. 2. advocating war or a belligerently threatening diplomatic ...
hawkishly
See hawkish. * * *
hawkishness
See hawkish. * * *
hawkmoth
hawk·moth or hawk moth (hôkʹmôth', -mŏthʹ) n. Any of various thick-bodied moths of the family Sphingidae, having long narrow forewings and characteristically feeding by ...
hawknose
—hawknosed, adj. /hawk"nohz'/, n. a nose curved like the beak of a hawk. [1525-35; back formation from hawk-nosed; see HAWK1, NOSE, -ED3] * * *
Hawks
/hawks/, n. Howard (Winchester), 1896-1977, U.S. film director. * * *
Hawks, Howard
▪ American director born May 30, 1896, Goshen, Ind., U.S. died Dec. 26, 1977, Palm Springs, Calif.       U.S. motion-picture director who maintained a consistent ...
Hawks, Howard (Winchester)
born May 30, 1896, Goshen, Ind., U.S. died Dec. 26, 1977, Palm Springs, Calif. U.S. film director, screenwriter, and producer. He served as a pilot in World War I, then wrote ...
Hawks,Howard Winchester
Hawks (hôks), Howard Winchester. 1896-1977. American filmmaker whose works include His Girl Friday (1940) and The Big Sleep (1946). * * *
hawksbill
hawks·bill (hôksʹbĭl') n. A tropical sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) valued as a source of tortoiseshell. Also called tortoiseshell. * * *
hawksbill (turtle)
hawksbill (turtle) or hawksbill [hôks′bil΄] n. a medium-sized marine turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata, family Cheloniidae) having a hawklike beak and a horny shell from which ...
hawksbill turtle
/hawks"bil'/ a sea turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata, the shell of which is the source of tortoise shell: an endangered species. Also called hawksbill, hawkbill, tortoiseshell ...
hawkshaw
/hawk"shaw'/, n. a detective. [1900-05; after Hawkshaw, a detective in the play The Ticket of Leave Man (1863) by Tom Taylor] * * *
Hawkshaw, Sir John
▪ British engineer born 1811, Yorkshire, Eng. died June 2, 1891, London  British civil engineer noted for his work on the Charing Cross and Cannon Street railways, with their ...
Hawksmoor
/hawks"moor'/, n. Nicholas, 1661-1736, English architect. * * *
Hawksmoor, Nicholas
▪ British architect born c. 1661, probably at East Drayton, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died March 25, 1736, London  English architect whose association with Sir Christopher Wren ...
hawkweed
/hawk"weed'/, n. 1. any composite plant of the genus Hieracium, usually bearing yellow flowers. 2. any of various related plants. [1555-65; trans. of NL, L hieracium < Gk ...
Hawkwood, Sir John
▪ Anglo-Italian mercenary Italian  byname Giovanni Acuto   born c. 1320, , Sible Hedingham, Essex, Eng. died March 16/17, 1394, Florence [Italy]       mercenary ...
Hawkyns
/haw"kinz/, n. Sir John. See Hawkins, Sir John. * * *
Hawkyns,Sir John
Haw·kyns (hôʹkĭnz), Sir John. See Hawkins, Sir John. * * *
Hawley Harvey Crippen
➡ Crippen * * *
Hawn
(1945– ) a US actor who has often played innocent and silly characters in comedy films. She first became famous on the comedy television series Laugh-In (1968–74). She won an ...
Haworth
/hah"weuhrth, haw"-/, n. Sir Walter Norman, 1883-1950, English chemist: Nobel prize 1937. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Bradford metropolitan borough, ...
Haworth, Sir Norman
▪ British chemist in full  Sir Walter Norman Haworth  born March 19, 1883, Chorley, Lancashire, Eng. died March 19, 1950, Birmingham       British chemist, cowinner, ...
Haworth,Sir Walter Norman
Haworth, Sir Walter Norman. 1883-1950. British biochemist. He shared a 1937 Nobel Prize for his research on carbohydrates and vitamin C. * * *
haworthia
ha·wor·thi·a (hô-wûrʹthē-ə, -thē-) n. Any of numerous succulent South African herbs of the genus Haworthia, having densely imbricate, often warty leaves that are ...
Ḥawrān
▪ region, Syria also spelled  Haurān,         region of southwestern Syria extending southeastward from Mount Hermon to the Jordanian frontier. Although rock-strewn ...
Hawrani, Akram al-
▪ Syrian politician born 1910, Ḥamāh, Syria died 1996, Amman, Jordan       radical politician and populist leader who had a determining influence on the course of ...
HawRiver
Haw River (hô) A river, about 209 km (130 mi) long, rising in north-central North Carolina and flowing generally southeast to join the Deep River and form the Cape Fear ...
hawse
/hawz, haws/, n., v., hawsed, hawsing. Naut. n. 1. the part of a bow where the hawseholes are located. 2. a hawsehole or hawsepipe. 3. the distance or space between the bow of an ...
hawsehole
/hawz"hohl', haws"-/, n. Naut. a hole in the stem or bow of a vessel for an anchor cable. [1655-65] * * *
hawsepipe
/hawz"puyp', haws"-/, n. Naut. an iron or steel pipe in the stem or bow of a vessel through which an anchor cable passes. [1860-65; HAWSE + PIPE1] * * *
hawser
/haw"zeuhr, -seuhr/, n. Naut. a heavy rope for mooring or towing. [1300-50; ME haucer < AF hauceour, equiv. to MF hauci(er) to hoist ( < LL *altiare to raise, deriv. of L altus ...
hawser bend
a knot uniting the ends of two lines. [1895-1900] * * *
hawser-laid
/haw"zeuhr layd', -seuhr-/, adj. Ropemaking. 1. cable-laid (def. 1). 2. plain-laid. [1760-70] * * *
hawthorn
—hawthorny, adj. /haw"thawrn'/, n. any of numerous plants belonging to the genus Crataegus, of the rose family, typically a small tree with stiff thorns, certain North American ...
Hawthorn, John Michael
▪ British automobile racer byname  Mike Hawthorn   born April 10, 1929, Mexborough, Yorkshire, Eng. died Jan. 22, 1959, near Onslow, Surrey       automobile racer who ...
Hawthorne
/haw"thawrn'/, n. 1. Nathaniel, 1804-64, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. 2. a city in SW California, SW of Los Angeles. 56,447. 3. a city in NE New Jersey. 18,200. * * *
Hawthorne effect
Psychol. a positive change in the performance of a group of persons taking part in an experiment or study due to their perception of being singled out for special ...
Hawthorne research
▪ socioeconomics also called  Hawthorne effect        socioeconomic experiments conducted by Elton Mayo (Mayo, Elton) in 1927 among employees of the Hawthorne Works ...
Hawthorne, Nathaniel
born July 4, 1804, Salem, Mass., U.S. died May 19, 1864, Plymouth, N.H. U.S. novelist and short-story writer. Descended from Puritans, he was imbued with a deep moral ...
Hawthorne, Sir Nigel Barnard
▪ 2002       British actor (b. April 5, 1929, Coventry, Eng.—d. Dec. 26, 2001, Baldock, Hertfordshire, Eng.), displayed his versatility in roles both comic and classic ...
Hawthorne,Nathaniel
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. 1804-1864. American writer whose novels, such as The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851), and short stories, including “Young ...
Hawthornesque
/haw'thawr nesk"/ characteristic of or resembling the style, manner, or subjects of the writings of Nathaniel Hawthorne. [HAWTHORNE + -ESQUE] * * *
Hawtrey, Sir Ralph
▪ British economist born Nov. 22, 1879, Slough, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died March 21, 1975, London       British economist who developed a concept that later became ...
hay
—hayey, adj. /hay/, n. 1. grass, clover, alfalfa, etc., cut and dried for use as forage. 2. grass mowed or intended for mowing. 3. Slang. a. a small sum of money: Twenty ...
Hay
/hay/, n. John Milton, 1838-1905, U.S. statesman and author. * * * I In agriculture, dried grasses and other foliage used as animal feed. Typical hay crops are timothy, ...
hay doodle
doodle2. * * *
Hay Festival
a book festival which started in 1988 and is held every year in Hay-on-Wye, a small town in Wales which is famous for having a lot of bookshops that sell old or second-hand ...
hay fever
Pathol. a type of allergic rhinitis affecting the mucous membranes of the eyes and respiratory tract, affecting susceptible persons usually during the summer, caused by pollen of ...
hay rake
a farm implement used to rake hay from a swath into a windrow. Also, hayrake. [1715-25] * * *
Hay River
▪ Northwest Territories, Canada       town, southern Fort Smith region, Northwest Territories, Canada, on the southwestern shore of Great Slave Lake. The settlement, ...
hay shock
South Midland and Southern U.S. a haycock. * * *
Hay Wain
the best-known painting (1821) by the English artist John Constable. It is in the National Gallery in London, and shows a typical English countryside scene of the period, in ...
Hay, Harry
▪ 2003 Henry Hay, Jr.        American gay rights activist (b. April 7, 1912, Worthing, Eng.—d. Oct. 24, 2002, San Francisco, Calif.), believed that homosexuals should ...
Hay, John
▪ United States statesman born Oct. 8, 1838, Salem, Ind., U.S. died July 1, 1905, Newbury, N.H.  U.S. secretary of state (1898–1905) who skillfully guided the diplomacy of ...
Hay, John (Milton)
born Oct. 8, 1838, Salem, Ind., U.S. died July 1, 1905, Newbury, N.H. U.S. diplomat and writer. He studied law in Springfield, Ill., where he met Abraham Lincoln. He served as ...
Hay, Oliver Perry
▪ American paleontologist born May 22, 1846, Saluda, Ind., U.S. died Nov. 2, 1930, Washington, D.C.       American paleontologist who did much to unify existing ...
Hay, Sir Gilbert
▪ Scottish translator also called Sir Gilbert Of The Haye flourished 1456       Scottish translator of works from the French, whose prose translations are the earliest ...
Hay,John Milton
Hay (hā), John Milton. 1838-1905. American public official and writer who served as ambassador to Great Britain (1897-1898) and U.S. secretary of state (1898-1905). His ...
Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
/hay"pawns"foot/ an agreement (1901) between the U.S. and Great Britain giving the U.S. the sole right to build a canal across Central America connecting the Atlantic and ...
hay-scented fern
/hay"sen'tid/ a fern, Dennstaedtia punctilobula, of eastern North America, having brittle, yellow-green fronds. [1860-65] * * *
Haya
▪ people also called  Wahaya,  Ziba,  or  Waziba        East African people who speak a Bantu language (also called Hays) and inhabit the northwestern corner of ...
Haya de la Torre, Víctor Raúl
born Feb. 22, 1895, Trujillo, Peru died Aug. 2, 1979, Lima Peruvian political theorist and activist. The son of wealthy parents, in 1914 he founded APRA, a left-of-centre ...
Hayabusa
▪ Japanese spacecraft       a Japanese spacecraft that was launched on May 9, 2003, from the Kagoshima Space Center, landed on the asteroid Itokawa in November 2005, ...
Hayagrīva
      (Sanskrit: “Horse Neck”), in northern Buddhism, one of the eight fierce protective deities. See dharmapāla. * * *
Hayakawa
/hah'yeuh kah"weuh/, n. 1. S(amuel) I(chiye) /i chee"ay/, 1906-92, U.S. semanticist, educator, and politician, born in Canada: senator 1977-83. 2. Sessue /sesh"ooh/; Japn. /se ...
Hayakawa, S(amuel) I(chiye)
Ha·ya·ka·wa (hī'ə-kouʹə), S(amuel) I(chiye). 1906-1992. Canadian-born American philologist, educator, and legislator. Noted for his writings on general semantics, such as ...
Hayakawa, S.I.
▪ United States senator in full  Samuel Ichiyé Hayakawa   born July 18, 1906, Vancouver, B.C., Can. died Feb. 27, 1992, Greenbrae, Calif., U.S.  scholar, university ...
Hayam Wuruk
▪ ruler of Majapahit also called (after 1350) Rajasanagara born 1334, Java [now in Indonesia] died 1389, Java       ruler of the Javan Hindu state of Majapahit at the ...
Hayami, Masaru
▪ 2003       By 2002 Masaru Hayami, the governor of the Bank of Japan (BOJ), had become so alarmed at his country's faltering economy and its sluggish pace of reform ...
hayashi
▪ Japanese music       in Japanese music, any of various combinations of flute and percussion instruments. In nō (Noh theatre) and Kabuki drama, the hayashi normally ...
Hayashi Fumiko
▪ Japanese author original name  Miyata Fumiko   born Dec. 31, 1904, Shimonoseki, Japan died June 28, 1951, Tokyo       Japanese novelist whose realistic stories deal ...
Hayashi Razan
born August 1583, Kyōto, Japan died Feb. 4, 1657, Edo Japanese Neo-Confucian scholar. Originally a student of Buddhism, he became a loyal adherent of Neo-Confucianism, and ...
Hayashi Senjūrō
▪ prime minister of Japan born Feb. 23, 1876, Kanazawa, Japan died Feb. 4, 1943, Tokyo       army officer and later prime minister of Japan.       Hayashi was a ...
Hayashi Shihei
▪ Japanese military strategist born June 1738, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died July 28, 1793, Sendai       Japanese scholar, a specialist in military affairs, who first ...
Hayashi Tadasu, Count
▪ Japanese diplomat (Hakushaku) born Feb. 22, 1850, Chiba prefecture, Japan died July 10, 1913, Tokyo  Japanese diplomat who negotiated the Anglo-Japanese Alliance of ...
haycock
/hay"kok'/, n. a small conical pile of hay stacked in a hayfield while the hay is awaiting removal to a barn. [1425-75; late ME; see HAY, COCK3] * * *
Ḥaydar, Shaykh
▪ Ṣafavid leader also spelled  Sheykh Ḥeydar   died July 9, 1488, near Darband, on the foothills of the Elburz Mountains       one of the founders of the ...
Hayden
/hayd"n/, n. 1. Melissa (Mildred Herman), born 1928, Canadian ballerina in the U.S. 2. Robert Earl, 1913-80, U.S. poet. * * *
Hayden, Carl T(rumbull)
▪ American political leader born Oct. 2, 1877, Tempe, Ariz., U.S. died Jan. 25, 1972, Mesa, Ariz.       Democratic political leader who served 56 years in both houses ...
Hayden, Ferdinand Vandiveer
▪ American geologist born Sept. 7, 1829, Westfield, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 22, 1887, Philadelphia, Pa.       American geologist who was a pioneer investigator of the ...
Hayden, Melissa
▪ 2007 Mildred Herman        Canadian-born ballet dancer (b. April 25, 1923, Toronto, Ont.—d. Aug. 9, 2006, Winston-Salem, N.C.), had technical and dramatic skills ...
Hayden, Robert
▪ American poet in full  Robert Earl Hayden , original name  Asa Bundy Sheffey  born August 4, 1913, Detroit, Michigan, U.S. died February 25, 1980, Ann Arbor, ...
Hayden, Sophia
▪ American architect born Oct. 17, 1868, Santiago, Chile died Feb. 3, 1953, Winthrop, Mass., U.S.       American architect who fought for the aesthetic integrity of her ...
Hayden,Robert
Hay·den (hādʹn), Robert. 1913-1980. American poet whose works, such as Heart-Shape in the Dust (1940), often explore the history and experiences of African Americans. * * *
Haydn
/huyd"n/, n. 1. Franz Joseph /franz joh"zeuhf, -seuhf, frants/; Ger. /frddahnts yoh"zef/, 1732-1809, Austrian composer. 2. (Johann) Michael, 1737-1806, Austrian composer (brother ...
Haydn, (Franz) Joseph
born March 31, 1732, Rohrau, Austria died May 31, 1809, Vienna Austrian composer. Intended for the priesthood, he was recruited at age eight to the choir at St. Stephen's ...
Haydn, Joseph
▪ Austrian composer Introduction in full  Franz Joseph Haydn   born March 31, 1732, Rohrau, Austria died May 31, 1809, Vienna  Austrian composer who was one of the most ...
Haydn, Michael
▪ German musician in full  Johann Michael Haydn  baptized Sept. 14, 1737, Rohrau, Austria died Aug. 10, 1806, Salzburg       one of the most accomplished composers of ...
Haydn,Franz Joseph
Haydn (hīdʹn), Franz Joseph. 1732-1809. Austrian composer who exerted great influence on the development of the classical symphony. A contemporary of Mozart, he wrote numerous ...
Haydon, Benjamin Robert
▪ English painter and writer born Jan. 25, 1786, Plymouth, Devon, Eng. died June 22, 1846, London       English historical painter and writer, whose Autobiography has ...
Hayek
/hah"yek/, n. Friedrich August von /free"drik aw"geuhst von/; Ger. /frddee"drddikh ow"goost feuhn/, 1899-1992, British economist, born in Austria: Nobel prize 1974. * * *
Hayek, F.A.
▪ British economist Introduction also called  Friedrich A. Hayek , in full  Friedrich August von Hayek  born May 8, 1899, Vienna, Austria died March 23, 1992, Freiburg, ...
Hayek, Friedrich (August) von
born May 8, 1899, Vienna, Austria died March 23, 1992, Freiburg, Ger. Austrian-born British economist. He moved to London in 1931 and held positions at the University of London ...
Hayek, Salma
▪ Mexican-Lebanese actress, director, and producer in full  Salma Hayek-Jiminez  born Sept. 2, 1966, Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mex.       Mexican-Lebanese actress, ...
Hayek,Friedrich August von
Hay·ek (hīʹək, -ĕk), Friedrich August von. 1899-1992. Austrian-born British economist. He shared a 1974 Nobel Prize for work on the theory of optimum allocation of ...
hayer
See hay. * * *
Hayes
/hayz/, n. 1. Carlton J(oseph) H(untley), 1882-1964, U.S. historian, educator, and diplomat. 2. Helen (Helen Hayes Brown MacArthur), 1900-93, U.S. actress. 3. Roland, 1887-1977, ...
Hayes (Brown), Helen
born Oct. 10, 1900, Washington, D.C., U.S. died March 17, 1993, Nyack, N.Y. U.S. actress. She began her stage career at age five and made her Broadway debut at nine. She went ...
Hayes River
▪ river, Canada       river in northeastern Manitoba, Canada, rising from several lakes in the central part of the province and flowing northeastward for 300 miles (500 ...
Hayes, Bob
in full Robert Lee Hayes born Dec. 20, 1942, Jacksonville, Fla., U.S. died Sept. 18, 2002, Jacksonville U.S. sprinter and football player. He was a star sprinter and running ...
Hayes, Elvin
▪ American athlete in full  Elvin Ernest Hayes   born Nov. 17, 1945, Rayville, La., U.S.    American basketball player who was one of the most prolific scorers and ...
Hayes, Helen
▪ 1994       (HELEN HAYES BROWN), U.S. actress (b. Oct. 10, 1900, Washington, D.C.—d. March 17, 1993, Nyack, N.Y.), as the luminous first lady of the American theatre, ...
Hayes, Isaac Israel
▪ American explorer born March 5, 1832, Chester county, Pa., U.S. died Dec. 17, 1881, New York, N.Y.  American physician and Arctic explorer who sought to prove the existence ...
Hayes, Isaac Lee, Jr.
▪ 2009       American singer-songwriter, musician, and actor born Aug. 20, 1942, Covington, Tenn. died Aug. 10, 2008, East Memphis, Tenn. was a pioneering figure in ...
Hayes, John Michael, Jr.
▪ 2009       American screenwriter born May 11, 1919, Worcester, Mass. died Nov. 19, 2008, Hanover, N.H. crafted the screenplays for some of director Alfred ...
Hayes, Lucy
▪ American first lady née  Lucy Ware Webb  born August 28, 1831, Chillicothe, Ohio, U.S. died June 25, 1889, Fremont, Ohio  American first lady (1877–81), the wife of ...
Hayes, Patrick Joseph
▪ archbishop of New York born Nov. 20, 1867, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 4, 1938, Monticello, N.Y.       archbishop of New York and cardinal who unified Roman ...
Hayes, Peter Lind
▪ 1999       American entertainer who was best known for his appearances with his wife, Mary Healy, in nightclub acts, in several television series, on radio, in films, ...
Hayes, Robert Lee
▪ 2003 “Bob”        American sprinter and football player (b. Dec. 20, 1942, Jacksonville, Fla.—d. Sept. 18, 2002, Jacksonville), commanded an incredible speed ...
Hayes, Rutherford B(irchard)
born Oct. 4, 1822, Delaware, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 17, 1893, Fremont, Ohio 19th president of the U.S. (1877–81). He practiced law in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he represented ...
Hayes, Rutherford B.
▪ president of United States in full  Rutherford Birchard Hayes  born October 4, 1822, Delaware, Ohio, U.S. died January 17, 1893, Fremont, Ohio  19th president of the ...
Hayes, Woody
▪ American football coach byname of  Wayne Woodrow Hayes  born February 14, 1913, Clifton, Ohio, U.S. died March 12, 1987, Upper Arlington, Ohio  American collegiate ...
Hayes,Helen
Hayes (hāz), Helen. 1900-1993. American actress whose 50-year career included acclaimed performances on stage, as in Victoria Regina (1935-1939), and in motion pictures, such ...
Hayes,Roland
Hayes, Roland. 1887-1977. American tenor known for his renditions of classical songs and spirituals. * * *
Hayes,Rutherford Birchard
Hayes, Rutherford Birchard. 1822-1893. Library of Congress The 19th President of the United States (1877-1881). Winning the controversial election of 1876 by one electoral vote, ...
HayesRiver
Hayes River A river, about 483 km (300 mi) long, of eastern Manitoba, Canada, flowing northeast to Hudson Bay. * * *
hayfever
hay fever n. An allergic condition affecting the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract and the eyes, most often characterized by nasal discharge, sneezing, and itchy, ...
hayfield
/hay"feeld'/, n. a field where grass, alfalfa, etc., are grown for making into hay. [1775-85; HAY + FIELD] * * *
Hayford, John Fillmore
▪ American engineer and geodesist born May 19, 1868, Rouses Point, N.Y., U.S. died March 10, 1925, Evanston, Ill.       American civil engineer and early geodesist who ...
hayfork
/hay"fawrk'/, n. 1. a forklike tool for pitching hay. 2. a machine for loading or unloading hay. [1545-55; HAY + FORK] * * *
haylage
/hay"lij/, n. silage of about 40 to 50 percent moisture made from forage stored in a silo. [1955-60; HAY + (SI)LAGE] * * *
Hayley
/hay"lee/, n. a female given name. * * *
Hayley, William
▪ English poet and biographer born Oct. 29, 1745, Chichester, Sussex, Eng. died Nov. 12, 1820, Felpham, near Chichester  English poet, biographer, and patron of the ...
haylift
/hay"lift'/, n. an airlift of hay for animals that have been snowed in. [HAY + (AIR)LIFT] * * *
hayloft
/hay"lawft', -loft'/, n. a loft in a stable or barn for the storage of hay. [1565-75; HAY + LOFT] * * *
haymaker
/hay"may'keuhr/, n. 1. a person or machine that cuts hay and spreads it to dry. 2. Slang. a punch delivered with great force, esp. one that results in a knockout. [1400-50; ...
Hayman Island
▪ island, Coral Sea       northernmost of the Cumberland Islands, at the northern entrance to Whitsunday Passage (Coral Sea), off northeastern Queensland, Australia. An ...
Haymarket
/hay"mahr'kit/, n. 1. a famous London market 1644-1830. 2. a street in London, site of this market, known for its theaters. 3. a playhouse erected in London in 1720 and still in ...
Haymarket Riot
(May 4, 1886) Violent confrontation between police and labour protesters in Chicago that dramatized the labour movement's struggle for recognition. Radical unionists had called ...
Haymarket Square
a square in Chicago: scene of a riot (Haymarket Riot) in 1886 between police and labor unionists. * * *
Haymerle, Heinrich, Baron von
▪ Austrian diplomat in full  Heinrich Karl, Baron Von Haymerle   born Dec. 7, 1828, Vienna, Austria died Oct. 10, 1881, Vienna       diplomat and foreign minister of ...
haymow
/hay"mow'/, n. 1. hay stored in a barn. 2. hayloft. [1470-80; HAY + MOW2] * * *
Haynau, Julius, Freiherr von
▪ Austrian general (baron of) born Oct. 14, 1786, Kassel, Hesse-Kassel [Germany] died March 14, 1853, Vienna, Austrian Empire  Austrian general whose military successes were ...
Hayne, Paul Hamilton
▪ American poet born Jan. 1, 1830, Charleston, S.C., U.S. died July 6, 1886, Grovetown, Ga.  American poet and literary leader, one of the best-known poets of the ...
Hayne, Robert Young
born Nov. 10, 1791, Colleton District, S.C., U.S. died Sept. 24, 1839, Asheville, N.C. U.S. politician. In 1823 he entered the U.S. Senate, where he became a spokesman for the ...
Haynes
/haynz/, n. Elwood /el"wood'/, 1857-1925, U.S. inventor. * * *
Haynes, Elwood
▪ American industrialist born Oct. 14, 1857, Portland, Ind., U.S. died April 13, 1925, Kokomo, Ind.       American automobile pioneer who built one of the first ...
Haynes, Johnny
▪ 2006  English association football (soccer) player (b. Oct. 17, 1934, London, Eng.—d. Oct. 18, 2005, Edinburgh, Scot.), played the midfield for Fulham Football Club ...
hayrack
/hay"rak'/, n. 1. a rack for holding hay for feeding horses or cattle. 2. a rack or framework mounted on a wagon, for use in carrying hay, straw, or the like. 3. the wagon and ...
hayrick
/hay"rik'/, n. 1. Chiefly Midland U.S. rick1 (def. 1). 2. Chiefly Brit. a haystack. [1400-50; late ME heyrek. See HAY, RICK1] * * *
hayride
/hay"ruyd'/, n. a pleasure ride or outing, usually at night, by a group in an open wagon or truck partly filled with hay. [1855-60, Amer.; HAY + RIDE] * * *
HayRiver
Hay River A river of northwest Canada rising in northeast British Columbia and flowing about 853 km (530 mi) generally northeast across northwest Alberta to Great Slave Lake in ...
Hays
/hayz/, n. 1. Will (Harrison), 1879-1954, U.S. lawyer, politician, and official of the motion-picture industry. 2. a city in central Kansas. 16,301. * * * ▪ Kansas, United ...
Hays, Arthur Garfield
▪ American lawyer born Dec. 12, 1881, Rochester, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 14, 1954, New York City       American lawyer who defended, usually without charge, persons ...
Hays, Will H.
▪ American politician byname of  William Harrison Hays   born Nov. 5, 1879, Sullivan, Ind., U.S. died March 7, 1954, Sullivan  prominent American political figure who was ...
Hays,William Harrison
Hays (hāz), William Harrison. Known as “Will.” 1879-1954. American politician and motion-picture executive who as president of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors ...
hayseed
/hay"seed'/, n. 1. grass seed, esp. that shaken out of hay. 2. small bits of the chaff, straw, etc., of hay. 3. an unsophisticated person from a rural area; yokel; ...
haystack
/hay"stak'/, n. a stack of hay with a conical or ridged top, built up in the mowed field so as to prevent the accumulation of moisture and promote drying. Also, esp. Brit., ...
Hayter, Stanley William
▪ British artist born Dec. 27, 1901, London died May 4, 1988, Paris       English printmaker and painter who founded Atelier 17, the most influential print workshop of ...
Hayti
/hay"tee/, n. 1. former name of Haiti (def. 1). 2. Also Haiti. a former name of Hispaniola. * * *
Hayton
▪ king of Little Armenia also spelled  Haithon, or Hethum   died 1271       king of Little Armenia, now in Turkey, from 1224 to 1269; the account of his travels in ...
hayward
/hay"wawrd'/, n. an officer having charge of hedges and fences around a town common, esp. to keep cattle from breaking through and to impound stray cattle. [1175-1225; ME ...
Hayward
/hay"weuhrd/, n. 1. Leland, 1902-71, U.S. theatrical producer. 2. a city in central California, SE of Oakland. 94,167. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, ...
Hayward Gallery
an art gallery on the South Bank in central London, England. It opened in 1968, mainly for exhibitions of 19th- and 20th-century art. There have also been displays of sculpture ...
haywire
/hay"wuyeur'/, n. 1. wire used to bind bales of hay. adj. Informal. 2. in disorder: The town is haywire because of the bus strike. 3. out of control; disordered; crazy: The car ...
Haywood
/hay"wood'/, n. 1. William Dudley ("Big Bill"), 1869-1928, U.S. labor leader: a founder of the Industrial Workers of the World; in the Soviet Union after 1921. 2. a male given ...
Haywood, Eliza
▪ British author née Fowler born 1693? died Feb. 25, 1756, London  prolific English writer of sensational romantic novels that mirrored contemporary 18th-century ...
Haywood, William D
▪ American labour leader byname  Big Bill Haywood   born Feb. 4, 1869, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S. died May 18, 1928, Moscow       American radical who led the ...
Haywood, William D(udley)
born Feb. 4, 1869, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S. died May 18, 1928, Moscow, Russia U.S. labour leader. A miner from the age of 15, he chaired the founding convention of the ...
Haywood,William Dudley
Hay·wood (hāʹwo͝od'), William Dudley. Known as “Big Bill.” 1869-1928. American labor leader. A socialist who helped found the Industrial Workers of the World (1905), he ...
Hayworth
(1918–87) a US actor and dancer famous for her beauty and known as ‘The Love Goddess’. She was a major Hollywood star, especially in the 1940s. She began in musical films, ...
Hayworth, Rita
orig. Margarita Carmen Cansino born Oct. 17, 1918, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died May 14, 1987, New York City U.S. film actress. She danced with her father in nightclubs from age ...
Hayworth,Rita
Hay·worth (hāʹwûrth'), Rita. Originally Margarita Carmen Cansino. 1918-1987. American actress and dancer known for her glamour and sex appeal. Her films include Cover Girl ...
Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty
▪ United States-Panama [1903]       (Nov. 18, 1903), agreement between the United States and Panama granting exclusive canal rights to the United States across the ...
Hay–Pauncefote Treaty
▪ United States-United Kingdom [1900-01]       (1900–01), either of two agreements between Britain and the United States, the second of which freed the United States ...
Haza, Ofra
▪ 2001       Israeli singer (b. Nov. 19, 1957, Tel Aviv, Israel—d. Feb. 23, 2000, Tel Aviv), achieved international stardom by setting traditional Jewish-Yemenite song ...
Hazael
▪ king of Damascus flourished 9th century BC       king of Damascus, whose history is given at length in the Bible, II Kings 8–13.       Hazael became king ...
hazan
Seph. /khah zahn"/; Ashk. /khah"zeuhn/, n., pl. hazanim Seph. /khah zah neem"/; Ashk. /khah zaw"nim/, Eng. hazans. Hebrew. a cantor of a synagogue. Also, hazzan, chazan, ...
Ḥazāra
▪ people       people of Mongol descent dwelling in the mountains of central Afghanistan. They number about 1,650,000, of whom about 1,500,000 live in Afghanistan, and ...
hazard
—hazardable, adj. —hazarder, n. —hazardless, adj. /haz"euhrd/, n. 1. an unavoidable danger or risk, even though often foreseeable: The job was full of hazards. 2. something ...
Hazard, Paul
▪ French critic in full  Paul-gustave-marie-camille Hazard   born Aug. 30, 1878, Nordpeene, Fr. died April 13, 1944, Paris       French educator, historian of ideas, ...
hazardlight
hazard light n. A light on a vehicle that blinks to indicate that the vehicle poses danger to others. * * *
hazardous
—hazardously, adv. —hazardousness, n. /haz"euhr deuhs/, adj. 1. full of risk; perilous; risky: a hazardous journey. 2. dependent on chance. [1570-80; HAZARD + -OUS] Syn. 1. ...
hazardous waste
any industrial by-product, esp. from the manufacture of chemicals, that is destructive to the environment or dangerous to the health of people or animals: Hazardous wastes often ...
hazardously
See hazardous. * * *


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