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Generation Xers
➡ Generation X * * *
Generation Y
the generation born in the 1980s and 1990s, esp. in the United States. [1990-95; patterned after GENERATION X] * * *
See generation. * * *
See generational. * * *
generation gap n. A difference in values and attitudes between one generation and another, especially between young people and their parents. * * *
Gen·er·a·tion X (jĕn'ə-rāʹshən) n. The generation following the post-World War II baby boom, especially people born in the United States and Canada from the early 1960s ...
See Generation X. * * *
Generation Y n. The generation following Generation X, especially people born in the United States and Canada from the early 1980s to the late 1990s.   [Modeled on Generation ...
—generatively, adv. —generativeness, n. /jen"euhr euh tiv, -euh ray'tiv/, adj. 1. capable of producing or creating. 2. pertaining to the production of offspring. 3. Ling. a. ...
generative grammar
Ling. 1. a linguistic theory that attempts to describe the tacit knowledge that a native speaker has of a language by establishing a set of explicit, formalized rules that ...
generative phonology
Ling. a theory of phonology that uses a set of rules to derive phonetic representations from abstract underlying forms. * * *
generative semantics
Ling. a theory of generative grammar holding that the deep structure of a sentence is equivalent to its semantic representation, from which the surface structure can then be ...
generative-transformational grammar
/jen"euhr euh tiv trans'feuhr may"sheuh nl, -euh ray'tiv-/, Ling. See transformational-generative grammar. * * *
generative cell n. A cell of the male gametophyte or pollen grain in seed plants that divides to give rise directly or indirectly to sperm. * * *
generative grammar n. A linguistic theory that attempts to describe a native speaker's tacit grammatical knowledge by a system of rules that in an explicit and well-defined way ...
See generative. * * *
See generatively. * * *
/jen"euh ray'teuh vist, -euhr euh teuh-/, n. a person who follows or promotes the theories of generative grammar. [1965-70; GENERATIVE + -IST] * * *
/jen"euh ray'teuhr/, n. 1. a machine that converts one form of energy into another, esp. mechanical energy into electrical energy, as a dynamo, or electrical energy into sound, ...
/jen'euh ray"triks/, n., pl. generatrices /jen'euh ray"treuh seez', jen'euhr euh truy"seez/. Math. generator (def. 4b). [1830-40; < L generatrix producer. See GENERATE, -TRIX] * ...
—generically, adv. —genericalness, n. /jeuh ner"ik/, adj. Also, generical. 1. of, applicable to, or referring to all the members of a genus, class, group, or kind; ...
See generic. * * *
generic name n. 1. A name that is not or does not include a trademark or brand name. 2. The official nonproprietary name of a drug, under which it is licensed and identified by ...
género chico
▪ Spanish literature       (Spanish: “little genre”), Spanish literary genre of light dramatic or operatic one-act playlets, as contrasted with the género grande of ...
/jen'euh ros"i tee/, n., pl. generosities. 1. readiness or liberality in giving. 2. freedom from meanness or smallness of mind or character. 3. a generous act: We thanked him for ...
—generously, adv. —generousness, n. /jen"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. liberal in giving or sharing; unselfish: a generous patron of the arts; a generous gift. 2. free from meanness or ...
See generous. * * *
See generously. * * *
/jen'euh see"/, n. a river flowing N from N Pennsylvania through W New York into Lake Ontario. 144 mi. (230 km) long. * * * ▪ county, New York, United ...
Genesee River
River, Pennsylvania and New York, U.S. It flows north from its headwaters in Pennsylvania, bisecting Rochester, N.Y., to enter Lake Ontario after a course of 158 mi (254 ...
/jeuh nes"ik, -nee"sik/, adj. pertaining to genesis or reproduction; genetic. [GENES(IS) + -IC] * * *
/jen"euh sis/, n., pl. geneses /-seez'/. an origin, creation, or beginning. [1595-1605; < L: generation, birth < Gk génesis origin, source] * * * First book of the Bible. Its ...
—Genesiac /jeuh nee"see ak'/, Genesiacal /jen'euh suy"euh keuhl/, Genesitic, adj. /jen"euh sis/, n. the first book of the Bible, dealing with the Creation and the Patriarchs. ...
Genesis Apocryphon
▪ apocryphal work       pseudepigraphal work (not accepted in any canon of scripture), one of the most important works of the Essene community of Jews, part of whose ...
Genesius, Joseph
▪ Byzantine scholar flourished 10th century       Byzantine scholar whose history of Constantinople is one of the few known sources on the relatively obscure ...
genet1 /jen"it, jeuh net"/, n. 1. any small, Old World carnivore of the genus Genetta, esp. G. genetta, having spotted sides and a ringed tail. 2. the fur of such an ...
/zheuh nay"/; Fr. /zheuh ne"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, 1910-86, French playwright and novelist. * * * ▪ genus of mammal  any of about five species of lithe, catlike carnivores of ...
/zheuh nay"/; Fr. /zheuh ne"/, n. Edmond Charles Edouard /ed mawonn" shannrddl ay dwannrdd"/, ("Citizen Genêt"), 1763-1834, French minister to the U.S. in 1793. * * * ▪ ...
Genet, Edmond-Charles
▪ French emissary Genet also spelled  Genest   born Jan. 8, 1763, Versailles, Fr. died July 14, 1834, Schodack, N.Y., U.S.       French emissary to the United States ...
Genet, Jean
born Dec. 19, 1910, Paris, France died April 15, 1986, Paris French novelist and dramatist. An illegitimate child abandoned by his mother, Genet began to write while imprisoned ...
Genêt,Edmond Charles Edouard
Genêt, Edmond Charles Edouard. Known as “Citizen Genêt.” 1763-1834. French diplomat who attempted (1793) to draw the United States into France's war against Great Britain ...
Ge·net (zhə-nāʹ), Jean. 1910-1986. French writer who is best known for his absurdist plays, including The Balcony (1956). * * *
gene therapy n. The treatment of certain disorders, especially those caused by genetic anomalies or deficiencies, by introducing specific engineered genes into a patient's ...
—genethliacally /jen'ith luy"ik lee/, adj. /jeuh neth"lee ak'/, adj. Astrol. of or pertaining to birthdays or to the position of the stars at one's birth. [1575-85; < L ...
—genethlialogic /ji neth'lee euh loj"ik/, genethlialogical, adj. /jeuh neth'lee ol"euh jee, -al"-/, n. Astrol. the science of calculating positions of the heavenly bodies on ...
—genetically, adv. /jeuh net"ik/, adj. 1. Biol. pertaining or according to genetics. 2. of, pertaining to, or produced by genes; genic. 3. of, pertaining to, or influenced by ...
genetic code
the biochemical instructions that translate the genetic information present as a linear sequence of nucleotide triplets in messenger RNA into the correct linear sequence of amino ...
genetic counseling
the counseling of individuals with established or potential genetic problems, concerned with inheritance patterns and risks to future offspring. [1965-70] * * *
genetic disease, human
Introduction       any of the diseases and disorders that are caused by mutations in one or more genes (gene).       With the increasing ability to control ...
genetic drift
random changes in the frequency of alleles in a gene pool, usually of small populations. Cf. gene flow. [1955-60] * * * Change in the pool of genes of a small population that ...
genetic engineering
—genetic engineer. Genetics. 1. the development and application of scientific methods, procedures, and technologies that permit direct manipulation of genetic material in order ...
genetic fallacy
Logic. the fallacy of confusing questions of validity and logical order with questions of origin and temporal order. [1930-35] * * *
genetic fingerprinting
genetic fingerprinting n. DNA FINGERPRINTING * * *
genetic fingerprinting.
—genetic fingerprint. See DNA fingerprinting. [1985-90] * * *
genetic load
the extent to which a population deviates from the theoretically fittest genetic constitution. [1965-70] * * *
genetic map
an arrangement of genes on a chromosome. Also called linkage map. [1955-60] * * *
genetic marker
1. any distinct inheritable indicator of identity and ancestry. 2. See HLA antigen. 3. a chromosomal landmark or allele that allows for the tracing of a specific region of DNA, ...
genetic relationship
Historical Ling. the relationship that exists between languages that have developed from a single earlier language. Also called genealogical relationship. [1875-80] * * *
genetic screening
1. assessment of an individual's genetic makeup to detect inheritable defects that may be transmitted to offspring. 2. evaluation of a person's genetic makeup in an attempt to ...
See genetic. * * *
Genetically Modified Foods: The Political Debate
▪ 2001 Norman Myers       By 2000 genetically modified (GM) foods had created a political furor in many parts of the world. Those on one side of the controversy argued ...
genetically modified organism
Introduction  organism whose genome has been engineered in the laboratory in order to favour the expression of desired physiological traits or the production of desired ...
genetic code n. The sequence of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that determines the specific amino acid sequence in the synthesis of proteins. It is the biochemical basis of heredity ...
See genetic code. * * *
genetic counseling n. The counseling of individuals, and of prospective parents regarding their offspring, on the probabilities, dangers, diagnosis, and treatment of inherited ...
See genetic counseling. * * *
genetic disorder n. A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease, inherited disorder. * * *
genetic drift n. Random fluctuations in the frequency of the appearance of a gene in a small isolated population, presumably owing to chance rather than natural selection. * * *
See genetic engineering. * * *
genetic engineering n. Scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism. It involves the production and use of recombinant DNA and has been ...
genetic fingerprint n. See DNA fingerprint. * * *
/jeuh net"euh sist/, n. a specialist or expert in genetics. [1910-15; GENETIC + -IST] * * *
genetic load n. 1. The relative difference between the theoretically most fit genotype within a population and the average genotype. 2. The aggregate of deleterious genes that ...
genetic map n. A graphic representation of the arrangement of genes or DNA sequences on a chromosome. Also called gene map. * * *
genetic marker n. A gene or DNA sequence having a known location on a chromosome and associated with a particular gene or trait. Genetic markers associated with certain diseases ...
/jeuh net"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Biol. the science of heredity, dealing with resemblances and differences of related organisms resulting from the interaction of their ...
genetics, human
▪ biology Introduction       study of the inheritance of characteristics by children from parents. Inheritance in humans does not differ in any fundamental way from ...
genetic screening n. The process of analyzing DNA samples to detect the presence of a gene or genes associated with an inherited disorder. * * *
/jeuh nee"veuh/, n. Hollands. [1700-10; < D genever < OF genevre < L juniperus JUNIPER] * * * I French Genève German Genf Italian Ginevra City (pop., 2001 est.: urban agglom., ...
/jeuh nee"veuh/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of the canton of Geneva, in SW Switzerland, on the Lake of Geneva: seat of the League of Nations 1920-46. 155,800. 2. a canton in ...
Geneva Accords
➡ Vietnam War * * * ▪ history of Indochina       collection of documents relating to Indochina and issuing from the Geneva Conference of April 26–July 21, 1954, ...
Geneva bands
two bands or pendent stripes made usually of white lawn and worn at the throat as part of clerical garb, originally by the Swiss Calvinist clergy. Also called bands. [1880-85] * ...
Geneva Bible
▪ religion also called  Breeches Bible        new translation of the Bible published in Geneva (New Testament, 1557; Old Testament, 1560) by a colony of Protestant ...
Geneva Catechism
▪ religion       doctrinal confession prepared by John Calvin (Calvin, John) to instruct children in Reformed theology. Recognizing that his first catechism (1537) was ...
Geneva City Conservatory and Botanical Gardens
▪ research centre, Geneva, Switzerland French  Conservatoire Et Jardin Botaniques De La Ville De Genève,        major botanical research centre in Geneva, Switz., ...
Geneva Convention
one of a series of international agreements, first made in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1864, establishing rules for the humane treatment of prisoners of war and of the sick, the ...
Geneva Conventions
Series of four international agreements (1864, 1906, 1929, 1949) signed in Geneva, Switz. , that established the humanitarian principles by which the signatory countries are to ...
Geneva cross
a red Greek cross on a white background, displayed to distinguish ambulances, hospitals, and persons belonging to the Red Cross Society. [1885-90] * * *
Geneva gown
a loose, large-sleeved, black preaching gown worn by members of the Protestant clergy: so named from its use by the Calvinist clergy of Geneva, Switzerland. [1810-20] * * *
Geneva mechanism
▪ device also called  Geneva Stop,         one of the most commonly used devices for producing intermittent rotary motion, characterized by alternate periods of ...
Geneva nomenclature
Chem. an internationally accepted system for naming organic carbon compounds. * * *
Geneva Protocol
officially Protocol for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes (1924) League of Nations draft treaty to ensure collective security in Europe. Submitted by Edvard ...
Geneva Summit
(1955) Meeting in Geneva of the leaders of the U.S., France, Britain, and the Soviet Union that sought to end the Cold War. Such issues as disarmament, unification of Germany, ...
Geneva, Academy of
▪ academy, Geneva, Switzerland French  Académie De Genève,  also called  Institut Jean-jacques Rousseau,         private school of education founded at Geneva, ...
Geneva, Lake
French Lac Léman German Genfersee Lake, on the border of southwestern Switzerland and southeastern France. About 134 sq mi (347 sq km) of the lake's area is Swiss and 90 sq mi ...
Geneva, University of
Institution of higher learning in Geneva, Switzerland. It was founded by John Calvin and Théodor de Bèze (1519–1605) in 1559 as Schola Genevensis (later called the Academy), ...
Geneva, Lake also Lake Le·man (lēʹmən, lə-măɴʹ) A lake on the Swiss-French border between the Alps and the Jura Mountains. It is traversed east to west by the Rhone ...
Geneva bands pl.n. Two strips of white cloth that hang from the front of the collar of some clerical and academic robes.   [After Geneva, Switzerland.] * * *
Geneva Convention n. One of a series of agreements first formulated at an international convention held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1864, establishing rules for the treatment of ...
Geneva cross n. A red Greek or St. George's cross on a white ground, used as a symbol by the Red Cross and as a sign of neutrality.   [After Geneva, Switzerland.] * * *
Geneva gown n. A loose black academic or clerical gown with wide sleeves.   [After Geneva, Switzerland.] * * *
/jeuh nee"veuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Geneva, Switzerland. 2. Calvinistic. n. 3. a native or inhabitant of Geneva, Switzerland. 4. a Calvinist. [1555-65; GENEV(A) + ...
/jen'euh veez", -vees"/, adj., n., pl. Genevese. Genevan. * * *
/jen"euh veev'/, n. 1. Saint, A.D. 422-512, French nun: patron saint of Paris. 2. a female given name. Also, Geneviève Fr. /zheuhneu vyev"/. * * *
Geneviève, Saint
▪ French saint French  Sainte Geneviève,  German  Sankt Genovefa  born c. 422, , city, Nanterre, France? died c. 500, , Paris; feast day January 3       patron ...
Genf [genf] Ger. name for GENEVA (the city & the canton) * * *
Geng Jingzhong
▪ Chinese general Wade-Giles romanization  Cheng Ching-chung   died 1682       Chinese general whose revolt was one of the most serious threats to the authority of ...
Genghis Khan
/jeng"gis kahn"/ or, often, /geng"-/ 1162-1227, Mongol conqueror of most of Asia and of E Europe to the Dnieper River. Also, Jenghis Khan, Jenghiz Khan. * * * or Chinggis Khan ...
Gen·ghis Khan (jĕngʹgĭs känʹ, gĕngʹ-) also Jen·ghis Khan or Jen·ghiz Khan (jĕnʹgĭz känʹ, -gĭs, jĕngʹ-), Originally Temujin. 1162?-1227. Mongol conqueror who ...
genial1 —genially, adv. —geniality /jee'nee al"i tee/, genialness, n. /jeen"yeuhl, jee"nee euhl/, adj. 1. warmly and pleasantly cheerful; cordial: a genial disposition; a ...
See genial1. * * *
See geniality. * * *
See geniality. * * *
/jen"ik/, adj. Biol. of, pertaining to, resembling, or arising from a gene or genes. [1920-25; GENE + -IC] * * *
See genic. * * *
—geniculately, adv. /jeuh nik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. Biol. 1. having kneelike joints or bends. 2. bent at a joint like a knee. [1660-70; < L geniculatus knotted, equiv. to ...
See geniculate. * * *
/jeuh nik'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the state of being geniculate. 2. a geniculate formation. [1605-15; < LL geniculation- (s. of geniculatio) a kneeling < L geniculat(us) (see ...
/jee"nee/, n. 1. Islamic Myth. jinn. 2. a spirit, often appearing in human form, that when summoned by a person carries out the wishes of the summoner. 3. any spirit; ...
/jee"nee uy'/, n. a pl. of genius. * * *
/jen"in/, n. Biochem. aglycon. [1910-15; extracted from the names of aglycons, such as sapogenin, saligenin, etc.] * * *
/geuh nip"/, n. 1. Also, ginep. a genipap. 2. a tropical American tree, Melicoccus bijugatus, of the soapberry family, bearing a yellow, sweet, edible fruit. 3. the fruit itself. ...
/jen"euh pap'/, n. 1. a tropical American tree, Genipa americana, of the madder family, bearing an edible fruit used for preserves or in making beverages. 2. the fruit itself. ...
/jeuh nis"teuh/, n. 1. any plant belonging to the genus Genista, of the legume family, having showy flowers and including many species of broom. 2. a related plant, Cytisus ...
genitive. * * *
/jen"i tl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or noting reproduction. 2. of or pertaining to the sexual organs. 3. Psychoanal. a. of or pertaining to the genital phase of psychosexual ...
genital herpes
Pathol. a sexually transmitted disease caused by herpes simplex virus type 2, characterized primarily by transient blisters on and around the genitals. Also called herpes ...
genital phase
Psychoanal. 1. the final stage of psychosexual development, in which a person achieves an affectionate, mature relationship with a sexual partner. 2. the childhood stage between ...
genital ridge
the area in the vertebrate embryo that develops into ovaries in the female and testes in the male. * * *
genital warts
Pathol. warts occurring in the genital and anal areas and spread mainly by sexual contact, sometimes affecting the cervix in women and associated with an increased risk of ...
genital herpes n. A highly contagious, sexually transmitted viral infection of the genital and anal regions caused by herpes simplex and characterized by small clusters of ...
—genitalic /jen'i tal"ik/, genitalial, adj. /jen'i tay"lee euh, -tayl"yeuh/, n.pl. Anat. the organs of reproduction, esp. the external organs. [1875-80; < L genitalia, neut. ...
See genital. * * *
genital mutilation n. The cutting or excision of all or some of the genital organs, especially ritualistic clitoridectomy. * * *
/jen"i tlz/, n.pl. genitalia. [pl. n. use of GENITAL] * * *
genital wart n. A pointed papilloma typically found on the skin or mucous membranes of the anus and the external genital organs. It is caused by a virus that is transmitted ...
genitival [jen΄i tī′vəl] adj. of or in the genitive case * * * gen·i·ti·val (jĕn'ĭ-tīʹvəl) adj. Of, relating to, or in the genitive case.   gen'i·tiʹval·ly ...
See genitival. * * *
—genitival /jen'i tuy"veuhl/, adj. —genitivally, adv. /jen"i tiv/, Gram. adj. 1. (in certain inflected languages) noting a case of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, used ...
a combining form representing genital in compound words: genitourinary. * * *
/jen"i teuhr/, n. a parent, esp. a father. [1400-50; late ME < L, equiv. to geni- (var. s. of gignere to beget) + -tor -TOR; c. Gk genétor, Skt janitar-] * * *
/jen'i toh yoor"euh ner'ee/, adj. of or pertaining to the genital and urinary organs; urogenital. [1825-35; GENITO- + URINARY] * * *
genitourinary system n. See urogenital system. * * *
/jen"i cheuhr, -choor'/, n. 1. birth; generation. 2. Astrol. nativity. [1540-50; (MF) < L genitura. See GENITAL, -URE] * * *
/jeen"yeuhs/, n., pl. geniuses for 2, 3, 8, genii /jee"nee uy'/ for 6, 7, 9. 1. an exceptional natural capacity of intellect, especially as shown in creative and original work in ...
genius loci
/gen"i oos' loh"kee/; Eng. /jee"nee euhs loh"suy, -kuy/, Latin. 1. guardian of a place. 2. the distinctive character or atmosphere of a place with reference to the impression ...
ge·ni·us lo·ci (jēʹnē-əs lōʹsī', -kē, -kī) n. 1. The distinctive atmosphere or pervading spirit of a place. 2. The guardian deity of a place.   [Latin genius locī: ...
▪ Judaism also spelled  Geniza (Hebrew: “hiding place”),  plural  Genizot, Genizoth, or Genizahs,         in Judaism, a repository for timeworn sacred ...
Genje carpet
 floor covering handwoven in Azerbaijan in or near the city of Gäncä (also spelled Gendje or Gänjä; in the Soviet era it was named Kirovabad, and under Imperial Russia, ...
genl abbrev. general * * *
General. * * *
Gennadios II Scholarios
▪ patriarch of Constantinople also spelled  Gennadius Ii Scholarius,  original name  Georgios Scholarios  born c. 1405, , Constantinople died c. 1473       first ...
Gennadius I of Constantinople, Saint
▪ Byzantine theologian died 471, Constantinople; feast day August 25       Byzantine theologian, biblical exegete, and patriarch, a champion of Christian Orthodoxy who ...
Gennadius Of Marseilles
▪ French theologian flourished 5th century, , Marseille [now in France]       theologian-priest whose work De viris illustribus (“On Famous Men”) constitutes the ...
Gennadius Of Novgorod
▪ Russian Orthodox archbishop died after 1504       Russian Orthodox archbishop of Novgorod, Russia, whose leadership in suppressing Judaizing Christian sects ...
/jeuh nahr"oh/; It. /jen nah"rddaw/, n. San /san/; It. /sahn/, Januarius. * * *
Gennaro, Peter
▪ 2001       American dancer and choreographer (b. Nov. 23, 1919, Metairie, La.—d. Sept. 28, 2000, New York, N.Y.), gained public attention as a member of the trio who ...
Gennep, Arnold van
▪ French anthropologist in full  Charles-Arnold Kurr van Gennep   born 1873, Württemberg, Ger. died 1957       French ethnographer and folklorist, best known for his ...
Gennes (zhĕn), Pierre-Gilles de. Born 1932. French physicist who won a 1991 Nobel Prize for his contributions to the understanding of how complex forms of matter, such as ...
Gennes, Pierre-Gilles de
▪ 2008       French physicist born Oct. 24, 1932, Paris, France died May 18, 2007, Orsay, France was awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize for Physics for his discoveries about ...
▪ town, France       town, a northwestern industrial suburb of Paris, in Hauts-de-Seine département, Île-de-France région, north-central France. Although of ...
/jen"oh euh/, n. (sometimes cap.) Naut. a large jib for cruising and racing yachts, overlapping the mainsail. Also called genoa jib, Genoa jib, reaching jib. [1930-35; after ...
/jen"oh euh/, n. a seaport in NW Italy, S of Milan. 798,892. Italian, Genova. * * * Italian Genova ancient Genua City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 603,560) and seaport, northwestern ...
Genoa salami
a hard, garlic-flavored salami of pork and veal or, esp. in the U.S., pork and beef. * * *
Genoa, Conference of
(1922) Post–World War I meeting at Genoa, Italy, to discuss the economic reconstruction of Central and Eastern Europe and to improve relations between Soviet Russia and Western ...
Genoa, Gulf of
▪ gulf, Italy Italian  Golfo di Genova        northern portion of the Ligurian Sea (an inlet of the Mediterranean Sea), extending eastward around the northwest coast ...
genoa jib n. See genoa. * * *
See genocide. * * *
See genocidal. * * *
—genocidal, adj. /jen"euh suyd'/, n. the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group. [1940-45; < Gk géno(s) race + -CIDE] * * ...
/jen'oh eez", -ees"/, adj., n., pl. Genoese. adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Genoa or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Genoa. Also, Genovese ...
Genoese lace
      bobbin lace made at Genoa, Italy, from the second half of the 16th century; it developed from the earlier knotted fringe called punto a groppo. The early laces ...
/jen"euh gram', jee"neuh-/, n. a graphic representation of the personalities and interplay of generations within a family, used to identify repetitive patterns of behavior; a ...
/zhayn wahz"/, n. a light yellow cake made with eggs and butter and typically layered, filled, and frosted or made into petits fours for serving. [1930-35; < F; fem. of génois ...
—genomic /ji noh"mik, -nom"ik/, adj. /jee"nohm/, n. Genetics. a full set of chromosomes; all the inheritable traits of an organism. Also, genom /jee"nom/. [1925-30; < G Genom, ...
See genome. * * *
genomic DNA
the DNA constituting the genome of a cell or organism, as distinguished from extrachromosomal DNAs, such as plasmids. Abbr.: gDNA [1985-90] * * *
genomic DNA n. The full complement of DNA contained in the genome of a cell or organism. * * *
/jee noh"miks, -nom"iks/, n. (used with a singular v.) the study of genomes. [1985-90] * * * Introduction  study of the structure, function, and inheritance of the genome ...
See genotoxin. * * *
See genotoxic. * * *
ge·no·tox·in (jē'nə-tŏkʹsĭn) n. A chemical or other agent that damages cellular DNA, resulting in mutations or cancer.   [New Latin geno-, gene (from Greek genos, race, ...
—genotypic /jen'euh tip"ik, jee'neuh-/, genotypical, adj. —genotypically, adv. /jen"euh tuyp', jee"neuh-/, n. Genetics. 1. the genetic makeup of an organism or group of ...
See genotype. * * *
See genotypic. * * *
See genotypic. * * *
/je"naw vah'/, n. Italian name of Genoa. * * *
See Genoese. * * *
Genovese, Eugene D(ominick)
born May 19, 1930, Brooklyn, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. historian. He earned a doctorate at Columbia University and taught at Rutgers, Columbia, Cambridge, and elsewhere. He is ...
Genovese, Vito
▪ American gangster byname  Don Vitone   born Nov. 27, 1897, Rosiglino, Italy died Feb. 14, 1969, Springfield, Mo., U.S.       one of the most powerful of American ...
Genovesi, Antonio
▪ Italian philosopher and economist born Nov. 1, 1712, Castiglione, Republic of Venice [Italy] died Sept. 23, 1769, Naples, Republic of Naples       Italian philosopher ...
/zhahn"reuh/; Fr. /zhahonn"rddeu/, n., pl. genres /-reuhz/; Fr. /-rddeu/, adj. n. 1. a class or category of artistic endeavor having a particular form, content, technique, or the ...
genre painting
genre painting n. painting in which subjects or scenes from everyday life are treated realistically * * * Painting of scenes from everyday life, of ordinary people at work or ...
/gen roh", gen"roh/, n., pl. genro. any of the unofficial elder statesmen of Japan who influenced the government c1875-1940. [1875-80; < Japn genro senior statesman (from a ...
/gen roh"kooh/; Japn. /gen rddaw"koo/, n. a period of Japanese cultural history, c1675-1725, characterized by depiction of everyday secular activities of urban dwellers in ...
Genroku period
(1688–1704) Period in Japanese history characterized by a flourishing of the culture of the non-samurai city dweller. The term is often used to cover a longer cultural period ...
/jenz/, n., pl. gentes /jen"teez/. 1. a group of families in ancient Rome claiming descent from a common ancestor and united by a common name and common ancestral religious ...
gens du monde
/zhahonn dyuu mawonnd"/, French. people of the world; leaders in society; fashionable people. * * *
Genscher, Hans-Dietrich
▪ German foreign minister born March 21, 1927, Reideburg, near Halle, Germany    chairman (1974–85) of the West German Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei; ...
/jen"seng"/, n. ginseng. * * *
/jen"seuhr ik, gen"-/, n. A.D. c390-477, king of the Vandals, conqueror in northern Africa and Italy. Also, Gaiseric. * * *
gent1 /jent/, n. Informal. gentleman (defs. 1, 2). [1555-65; by shortening] gent2 /jent/, adj. Obs. elegant; graceful. [1175-1225; ME < OF < L genitus begotten, born] * * *
/khent/, n. Flemish name of Ghent. * * *
gentleman or gentlemen. Also, gent. * * *
/jen'teuh muy"sin/, n. Pharm. a highly toxic broad-spectrum antibiotic mixture of related aminoglycoside substances derived from the actinomycete bacterium Micromonospora ...
—genteelly, adv. —genteelness, n. /jen teel"/, adj. 1. belonging or suited to polite society. 2. well-bred or refined; polite; elegant; stylish. 3. affectedly or ...
genteel comedy
▪ literary subgenre       early 18th-century subgenre of the comedy of manners that reflected the behaviour of the British upper class. Contrasted with Restoration ...
/jen tee"liz euhm/, n. a word or phrase used in place of another, supposedly less genteel term: "Limb" is a genteelism for "leg." [1925-30; GENTEEL + -ISM] * * *
See genteel. * * *
See genteelly. * * *
gen·tes (jĕnʹtēz') n. Plural of gens. * * *
/jen"sheuhn/, n. 1. any of several plants of the genera Gentiana, Gentianella, and Gentianopsis, having usually blue, or sometimes yellow, white, or red, flowers, as the fringed ...
gentian family
the plant family Gentianaceae, typified by herbaceous plants having simple opposite leaves, usually blue flowers with five united petals, and fruit in the form of a capsule, and ...
gentian violet
a dye derived from rosaniline, used in chemistry as an indicator and in medicine as a fungicide, bactericide, anthelmintic, and in the treatment of burns. Also called crystal ...
▪ plant family       the gentian family of the flowering plant order Gentianales, containing 87 genera and nearly 1,700 species of annual and perennial herbs and, ...
/jen'shee euh nay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Gentianaceae. Cf. gentian family. [1850-55; < NL Gentianace(ae) name of the family (L gentian(a) GENTIAN + -aceae ...
▪ plant order Introduction   gentian order of flowering plants, consisting of 5 families with more than 1,100 genera and nearly 17,000 species. The families are ...
gentian violet n. A dye used in microscopy as a biological stain and in medicine as a bactericide, fungicide, and anthelmintic. * * *
Gentil, Émile
▪ governor of the French Congo born April 4, 1866, Volmunster, France died March 30, 1914, Bordeaux       French colonial administrator who explored the areas of the ...
/jen"tuyl/, adj. (sometimes cap.) 1. of or pertaining to any people not Jewish. 2. Christian, as distinguished from Jewish. 3. Mormon Ch. not Mormon. 4. heathen or pagan. 5. (of ...
Gentile da Fabriano
orig. Gentile di Niccolò di Massio born с 1370, Fabriano, Papal States died 1427, Rome Italian painter. He was probably trained in the Lombardy region. In 1409 he was ...
Gentile, Giovanni
born May 30, 1875, Castelvetrano, Italy died April 15, 1944, Florence Italian philosopher, sometimes called the "philosopher of fascism. " A university professor, he and ...
Gentileda Fabriano
Gen·ti·le da Fa·bri·a·no (jĕn-tēʹlā dä fä'brē-äʹnō), 1370?-1427. Italian painter of religious subjects best known for The Adoration of the Magi (1423). * * *
Gentileschi, Artemisia
born 1593, Rome, Papal States died 1652/53, Naples, Kingdom of Naples Italian painter. The daughter of Orazio Gentileschi, she studied with him and with the landscape painter ...
Gentileschi, Orazio
orig. Orazio Lomi born 1562, Pisa died с 1639, London, Eng. Italian painter. He went to Rome с 1576–78 and painted frescoes in various churches (с 1590–1600). His ...
Gen·ti·le·schi (jĕn'tē-lĕsʹkē), Artemisia. 1593?-1652?. Italian Renaissance painter whose works include self-portraits and paintings of courageous women of the Old ...
/jen"tl es', jen'tl es"/, n. the quality of being gentle. [1300-50; ME < MF gentillesse, equiv. to gentil (see GENTEEL, GENTLE) + -esse n. suffix] * * *
Gentili, Alberico
▪ Italian jurist born Jan. 14, 1552, San Ginesio, Papal States [Italy] died June 19, 1608, London, Eng.       Italian jurist considered by many to be the founder of the ...
/jen"tl iz'euhm/, n. the quality of being a gentile, esp. heathenism; paganism. [1570-80; GENTILE + -ISM] * * *
/jen til"i tee/, n. 1. good breeding or refinement. 2. affected or pretentious politeness or elegance. 3. the status of belonging to polite society. 4. members of polite society ...
/jen"teuh sayt'/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of gentisic acid. [GENTIS(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
gentisic acid
/jen tis"ik, -tiz"-/, Pharm. a crystalline, water-soluble compound, C7H6O4, used chiefly in the form of its sodium salt as an analgesic and diaphoretic. [1875-80; GENTI(AN) + -s- ...
—gentleness, n. —gently, adv. /jen"tl/, adj., gentler, gentlest, v., gentled, gentling. adj. 1. kindly; amiable: a gentle manner. 2. not severe, rough, or violent; mild: a ...
gentle breeze
Meteorol. a wind of 8-12 mph (4-5 m/sec). [1900-05] * * *
gentle craft
the sport of angling or fishing (usually prec. by the). Also called gentle art. * * *
gentle sex
women in general. Also, gentler sex. [1575-85] * * *
gentle breeze n. A wind with a speed from 8 to 12 miles (13 to 19 kilometers) per hour, according to the Beaufort scale. * * *
/jen"tl fohk'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) persons of good family and breeding. Also, gentlefolks. [1585-95; GENTLE + FOLK] * * *
—gentlemanlike, adj. /jen"tl meuhn/, n., pl. gentlemen. 1. a man of good family, breeding, or social position. 2. (used as a polite term) a man: Do you know that gentleman over ...
gentleman friend
Older Use. a man with whom a woman is romantically involved; suitor. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
Gentleman Jim
➡ Corbett. * * *
gentleman of fortune
an adventurer. [1880-85] * * *
gentleman of the road
1. a highwayman. 2. a tramp or hobo. [1720-30] * * *
Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod.
See Black Rod (def. 1). * * *
gentleman's gentleman
a valet. [1715-25] * * *
Gentleman's Magazine
▪ British periodical       (1731–1914), long-popular English periodical that gave the name “magazine” to its genre. It was the first general periodical in England, ...
gen·tle·man's agreement or gen·tle·men's agreement (jĕnʹtl-mənz) n. An unwritten agreement guaranteed only by the pledged word or secret understanding of the ...
gentleman's gentleman n. A manservant; a valet. * * *
/jen"tl meuhn euht ahrmz"/, n., pl. gentlemen-at-arms. (in England) one of a guard of 40 gentlemen who attend the sovereign on state occasions. [1855-60] * * *
/jen"tl meuhn kom"euh neuhr/, n., pl. gentlemen-commoners. (formerly) a member of a class of commoners enjoying special privileges at Oxford University. [1680-90] * * *
/jen"tl meuhn fahr"meuhr/, n., pl. gentlemen-farmers. 1. a man whose wealth or income from other sources permits him to farm for pleasure rather than for basic income. 2. a man ...
/jen"tl meuhn pen"sheuh neuhr/, n., pl. gentlemen-pensioners. (formerly) a gentleman-at-arms. [1620-30] * * *
gentleman farmer n. pl. gentlemen farmers A man of independent means who farms chiefly for pleasure rather than income. * * *
—gentlemanliness, n. /jen"tl meuhn lee/, adj. like, befitting, or characteristic of a gentleman. [1375-1425; late ME; see GENTLEMAN, -LY] * * *
gentleman’s gentleman
n (old-fash) a rich man’s personal servant. * * *
gentlemen's agreement
1. an agreement that, although unenforceable at law, is binding as a matter of personal honor. 2. an unwritten agreement by a socially prominent clique, private club, etc., to ...
gentlemen’s club
➡ gentlemen’s clubs * * *
gentlemen’s clubs
The gentlemen’s club is a British institution. Gentlemen’s clubs are comfortable, private places with bars, a restaurant, a library and sometimes bedrooms. They attract as ...
See gentle. * * *
gen·tle·peo·ple (jĕnʹtl-pē'pəl) pl.n. Used as a form of address for a group of people. * * *
/jen"tl perr'seuhn/, n. a person of good family and position; gentleman or lady. [1970-75; GENTLE(MAN) + -PERSON] Usage. See -person. * * *
—gentlewomanly, adj. /jen"tl woom'euhn/, n., pl. gentlewomen. 1. a woman of good family, breeding, or social position 2. a civilized, educated, sensitive, or well-mannered ...
See gentlewoman. * * *

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