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—healthily, adv. —healthiness, n. /hel"thee/, adj., healthier, healthiest. 1. possessing or enjoying good health or a sound and vigorous mentality: a healthy body; a healthy ...
/hee"lee/, n. Timothy Michael, 1855-1931, Irish nationalist politician. * * *
Healy, George
▪ American painter in full  George Peter Alexander Healy   born July 15, 1813, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. died June 24, 1894, Chicago, Illinois  American academic painter ...
Healy, James Augustine
▪ American religious leader born April 6, 1830, near Macon, Georgia, U.S. died August 5, 1900, Portland, Maine       first African American Roman Catholic (Roman ...
Healy, T(imothy) M(ichael)
born May 17, 1855, Bantry, County Cork, Ire. died March 26, 1931, Dublin Irish political leader. Soon after he entered Parliament in 1880, the "Healy Clause" of the Land Act of ...
Healy, T.M.
▪ Irish leader and politician in full  Timothy Michael Healy,  byname  Tim Healy  born May 17, 1855, Bantry, County Cork, Ire. died March 26, 1931, Dublin  leader in the ...
a fashionable furniture shop in central London, England, known especially for selling modern furniture. It was moved to its present building by Ambrose Heal (1872–1959), whose ...
/hee"nee/, n. Seamus /shay"meuhs/, born 1939, Irish poet: Nobel prize 1995. * * *
Heaney, Seamus
▪ Irish poet in full  Seamus Justin Heaney   born April 13, 1939, near Castledàwson, County Londonderry, N.Ire.       Irish poet whose work is notable for its ...
Heaney, Seamus (Justin)
born April 13, 1939, near Castledàwson, County Londonderry, N.Ire. Irish poet. After studying at Queen's University in Belfast, he became a teacher and lecturer. Appalled by ...
Heaney,Seamus Justin
Hea·ney (hēʹnē), Seamus Justin. Born 1939. Irish poet whose work is typified by dense, earthy imagery and concern for the political crises of his homeland. His books include ...
See High Energy Astrophysical Observatory. * * *
—heaper, n. —heapy, adj. /heep/, n. 1. a group of things placed, thrown, or lying one on another; pile: a heap of stones. 2. Informal. a great quantity or number; multitude: ...
—hearable, adj. —hearer, n. /hear/, v., heard /herrd/, hearing. v.t. 1. to perceive by the ear: Didn't you hear the doorbell? 2. to learn by the ear or by being told; be ...
Heard and McDonald Islands
▪ territory, Australia officially  Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands        subantarctic island groups, together forming an external territory of ...
Heard Island And Mcdonald Islands
Heard Island and McDonald Islands Introduction Heard Island and McDonald Islands Background: These uninhabited, barren, sub- Antarctic islands were transferred ...
Heard Island (hûrd) An island of the southern Indian Ocean near the coast of Antarctica. First discovered by an American navigator in 1853, it was placed under Australian ...
See hear. * * *
—hearingless, adj. /hear"ing/, n. 1. the faculty or sense by which sound is perceived. 2. the act of perceiving sound. 3. opportunity to be heard: to grant a hearing. 4. an ...
hearing aid
a compact electronic amplifier worn to improve one's hearing, usually placed in or behind the ear. [1920-25] * * * Device that increases the loudness of sounds in the user's ...
hearing-ear dog
/hear"ing ear'/ a dog that has been trained to alert a hearing-impaired person to sounds, as a telephone ringing or dangerous noises. Also called hearing dog. [1975-80; on the ...
/hear"ing im paird'/, adj. 1. having reduced or deficient hearing ability; hard-of-hearing: special programs for hearing-impaired persons. n. 2. (used with a pl. v.) ...
hearing aid n. A small electronic apparatus that amplifies sound and is worn in or behind the ear to compensate for impaired hearing. * * *
hearing dog n. A dog trained to assist a deaf or hearing-impaired person by signaling the occurrence of certain sounds, such as a ringing telephone or doorbell. * * *
—hearkener, n. /hahr"keuhn/, v.i. 1. Literary. to give heed or attention to what is said; listen. v.t. 2. Archaic. to listen to; hear. Also, harken. [1150-1200; ME hercnen, OE ...
/herrn/, n. Lafcadio /laf kad"ee oh'/, ("Koizumi Yakumo"), 1850-1904, U.S. journalist, novelist, and essayist, born in Greece; Japanese citizen after 1894. * * *
Hearn, (Patricio) Lafcadio (Tessima Carlos)
Japanese Koizumi Yakumo born June 27, 1850, Levkás, Ionian Islands, Greece died Sept. 26, 1904, Ōkubo, Japan Irish-U.S.-Japanese writer, translator, and teacher. He ...
Hearn, Francis Dayle
▪ 2003 “Chick”        American sports broadcaster (b. Nov. 27, 1916, Buda, Ill.—d. Aug. 5, 2002, Los Angeles, Calif.), was for more than 40 years the play-by-play ...
Hearn, Lafcadio
▪ American writer and translator also called  (from 1895) Koizumi Yakumo   born June 27, 1850, Levkás, Ionian Islands, Greece died Sept. 26, 1904, Ōkubo, ...
Hearn (hûrn), Lafcadio. Pen name Koizumi Yakumo. 1850-1904. Greek-born American writer noted for his exotic stories and novels. He spent the last 15 years of his life in Japan, ...
Hearne, Samuel
▪ British explorer born 1745, London, Eng. died November 1792, England       English seaman, fur trader, and explorer, the first European to make an overland trip to ...
Hearne, Thomas
▪ British historian born July 1678, Littlefield Green, White Waltham, Berkshire, Eng. died June 10, 1735, Oxford, Oxfordshire       English historian and antiquarian ...
/hear"say'/, n. 1. unverified, unofficial information gained or acquired from another and not part of one's direct knowledge: I pay no attention to hearsay. 2. an item of idle or ...
hearsay evidence
Law. testimony based on what a witness has heard from another person rather than on direct personal knowledge or experience. [1745-55] * * *
hearsay rule
Law. the rule making hearsay evidence inadmissible. * * *
—hearselike, adj. /herrs/, n. 1. a vehicle for conveying a dead person to the place of burial. 2. a triangular frame for holding candles, used at the service of Tenebrae in ...
/herrst/, n. 1. William Randolph, 1863-1951, U.S. editor and publisher. 2. his son, William Randolph, Jr., born 1908, U.S. publisher and editor. * * *
Hearst, Patricia
▪ American heiress byname  Patty Hearst , married name  Shaw  born Feb. 20, 1954, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.       an heiress of the William Randolph Hearst ...
Hearst, Randolph Apperson
▪ 2001       American publishing executive (b. Dec. 2, 1915, New York, N.Y.—d. Dec. 18, 2000, New York), was the last surviving son of newspaper tycoon William ...
Hearst, William Randolph
born April 29, 1863, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1951, Beverly Hills, Calif. U.S. newspaper publisher. Hearst in 1887 took over the struggling San Francisco ...
Hearst, William Randolph, Jr.
▪ 1994       U.S. journalist and newspaper proprietor (b. Jan. 27, 1908, New York, N.Y.—d. May 14, 1993, New York), shared a 1956 Pulitzer Prize for international ...
Hearst,William Randolph
Hearst (hûrst), William Randolph. 1863-1951. American newspaper and magazine publisher. Beginning with the San Francisco Examiner in 1887, he built the world's largest ...
/hahrt/, n. 1. Anat. a hollow, pumplike organ of blood circulation, composed mainly of rhythmically contractile smooth muscle, located in the chest between the lungs and slightly ...
heart attack
Pathol. damage to an area of heart muscle that is deprived of oxygen, usually due to blockage of a diseased coronary artery, typically accompanied by chest pain radiating down ...
heart back.
See shield back. * * *
heart block
Pathol. a defect in the electrical impulses of the heart resulting in any of various arrhythmias or irregularities in the heartbeat. [1900-05] * * * ▪ ...
heart cam
a cam with a single lobe having the general shape of a heart. [1870-75] * * *
heart cherry
1. a large, heart-shaped variety of sweet cherry having soft flesh. 2. the tree bearing this fruit. Also called gean. [1590-1600] * * *
heart disease
any condition of the heart that impairs its functioning. [1860-65] * * * Any disorder of the heart. Examples include coronary heart disease, congenital heart disease, and ...
heart failure
1. a condition in which the heart fatally ceases to function. 2. Also called congestive heart failure. a condition in which the heart fails to pump adequate amounts of blood to ...
Heart Is a Lonely Hunter, The
a novel (1940) by Carson McCullers. * * *
heart murmur
Med. murmur (def. 3). * * *
Heart of Darkness
a short novel (1902) by Joseph Conrad. * * *
Heart of Oak
a British song written in 1770, with words by the English actor David Garrick, which celebrates the qualities and achievements of British sailors. Heart of oak are our ...
heart of palm
the stripped terminal bud of a cabbage palm, esp. of the genus Euterpe, eaten in salads or as a vegetable. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
heart point
Heraldry. See fess point. * * *
Heart River
▪ river, North Dakota, United States       river, Billings county, southwestern North Dakota, U.S. It rises in the badlands (badland) and flows about 200 miles (320 km) ...
heart rot
▪ plant pathology       widespread disease of trees, root crops, and celery. Most trees are susceptible to heart-rotting fungi that produce a discoloured, lightweight, ...
heart shell
1. any of numerous bivalve mollusks, esp. of the families Cardiidae and Carditidae, having a heart-shaped shell. 2. the shell itself. [1745-55] * * *
Heart Sūtra
▪ Buddhist text Sanskrit  Prajñāpāramitāhṛdaya-sūtra        (“Sūtra on the Heart of the Prajñāpāramitā”), extremely brief distillation of the essence ...
heart tamponade
Pathol. tamponade (def. 2). * * *
heart transplant
Procedure to remove a diseased heart and replace it with a healthy one from a legally dead donor. The first was performed in 1967 by Christiaan Barnard. The diseased heart is ...
heart urchin
an echinoderm of the order Spatangoida, having an elongate, somewhat heart-shaped outer covering. [1835-45] * * * ▪ echinoderm  any echinoid marine invertebrate of the order ...
/hahrt"free'/, adj. not in love. [1740-50] * * *
heart-lung machine
/hahrt"lung"/ a device through which blood is shunted temporarily for oxygenation during surgery, while the heart or a lung is being repaired. [1955-60] * * *
heart-lung machine (härtʹlŭngʹ) n. An apparatus through which blood is temporarily diverted, especially during heart surgery, to oxygenate it and pump it throughout the body, ...
heart-rending [härt′ren΄diŋ] adj. causing much grief or mental anguish heart-rendingly adv. * * * heart-rend·ing or heart·rend·ing (härtʹrĕn'dĭng) adj. Causing ...
heart-search·ing (härtʹsûr'chĭng) n. An examination of one's conscience, innermost feelings, and motives.   heartʹ-search'ing adj. * * *
heart-stopping [härt′stäp΄iŋ] adj. very exciting, deeply moving, etc.; specif., a) very beautiful or pleasurable b) suspenseful [a heart-stopping ninth inning] c) ...
heart-stricken [härt′struk΄härt′strik΄ən] adj. deeply grieved or greatly dismayed: also heart-struck [härt′struk΄] * * * heart-strick·en (härtʹstrĭk'ən) also ...
heart-struck (härtʹstrŭk') adj. Variant of heart-stricken. * * *
/hahrt"teuh hahrt'/, adj. 1. frank; sincere: We had a heart-to-heart talk about his poor attendance. n. 2. Informal. a frank talk, esp. between two persons. [1865-70] * * *
/hahrt"hohl'/, adj. 1. not in love. 2. wholehearted; sincere. [1425-75; late ME] * * *
—heartaching, adj. /hahrt"ayk'/, n. emotional pain or distress; sorrow; grief; anguish. [bef. 1000; ME hert ache, OE heort ece; see HEART, ACHE] * * *
heart attack n. Sudden interruption or insufficiency of the supply of blood to the heart, typically resulting from occlusion or obstruction of a coronary artery and often ...
/hahrt"beet'/, n. Physiol. a pulsation of the heart, including one complete systole and diastole. [1840-50; HEART + BEAT] * * *
heart block n. A condition in which faulty transmission of the impulses that control the heartbeat results in a lack of coordination in the contraction of the atria and ...
/hahrt"brayk'/, n. great sorrow, grief, or anguish. [1575-85; HEART + BREAK] * * *
/hahrt"bray'keuhr/, n. a person, event, or thing causing heartbreak. [1655-65; HEARTBREAK + -er1] * * *
—heartbreakingly, adv. /hahrt"bray'king/, adj. causing intense anguish or sorrow. [1600-10; HEARTBREAK + -ING2] * * *
See heartbreaking. * * *
—heartbrokenly, adv. —heartbrokenness, n. /hahrt"broh'keuhn/, adj. crushed with sorrow or grief. [1580-90; HEART + BROKEN] * * *
See heartbroken. * * *
See heartbrokenly. * * *
/hahrt"berrn'/, n. 1. an uneasy burning sensation in the stomach, typically extending toward the esophagus, and sometimes associated with the eructation of an acid fluid. 2. ...
/hahrt"berr'ning/, n. rankling discontent, esp. from envy or jealousy; grudge. [1505-15; HEART + BURNING] * * *
heart disease n. A structural or functional abnormality of the heart, or of the blood vessels supplying the heart, that impairs its normal functioning. * * *
—heartedly, adv. —heartedness, n. /hahr"tid/, adj. 1. having a specified kind of heart (now used only in combination): hardhearted; sad-hearted. 2. fixed or present in the ...
—heartener, n. —hearteningly, adv. /hahr"tn/, v.t. to give courage or confidence to; cheer. [1520-30; HEART + -EN1] * * *
heart failure n. 1. Cessation of normal heart function. 2. The inability of the heart to pump blood at an adequate rate, resulting in congestion in the lungs, shortness of ...
/hahrt"felt'/, adj. deeply or sincerely felt: heartfelt sympathy. [1725-35; HEART + FELT1] * * *
—hearthless, adj. /hahrth/, n. 1. the floor of a fireplace, usually of stone, brick, etc., often extending a short distance into a room. 2. home; fireside: the joys of family ...
hearth money n. Roman Catholic Church See Peter's pence. * * *
hearth·rug (härthʹrŭg') n. A rug laid on a floor in front of a fireplace. * * *
/hahrth"suyd'/, n. fireside. [1795-1805; HEARTH + SIDE1] * * *
/hahrth"stohn'/, n. 1. a stone forming a hearth. 2. home; fireside; hearth. 3. a soft stone, or a preparation of powdered stone and clay, used to whiten or scour hearths, steps, ...
/hahr"tl ee/, adv. 1. in a hearty manner; cordially: He was greeted heartily. 2. sincerely; genuinely: He sympathized heartily with their plight. 3. without restraint; ...
heartiness [härt′ē nis] n. a hearty quality or state * * * See hearty. * * *
/hahrt"land', -leuhnd/, n. 1. the part of a region considered essential to the viability and survival of the whole, esp. a central land area relatively invulnerable to attack and ...
heart·leaf (härtʹlēf') n. See wild ginger. * * *
—heartlessly, adv. —heartlessness, n. /hahrt"lis/, adj. 1. unfeeling; unkind; unsympathetic; harsh; cruel: heartless words; a heartless ruler. 2. Archaic. lacking courage or ...
See heartless. * * *
See heartlessly. * * *
heart massage n. See cardiac massage. * * *
heart rate n. Abbr. HR The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually expressed as beats per minute. * * *
—heartrendingly, adv. /hahrt"ren'ding/, adj. causing or expressing intense grief, anguish, or distress. [1680-90; HEART + RENDING] * * *
Heart River (härt) A river, about 290 km (180 mi) long, of southwest North Dakota flowing eastward to the Missouri River near Bismarck. * * *
▪ card game       card game in which players aim to avoid taking tricks that contain hearts. Hearts first appeared in the United States about 1880, although it derives ...
hearts and flowers
(used with a sing. or pl. v.) maudlin sentimentality: The play is a period piece, full of innocence abused and hearts and flowers. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
/hahrts"eez'/, n. 1. peace of mind. 2. the pansy or other plant of the genus Viola. 3. the lady's-thumb. Also, heart's-ease. [1375-1425; late ME hertes ese. See HEART, EASE] * * *
—heartsickening, adj. —heartsickness, n. /hahrt"sik'/, adj. extremely depressed or unhappy. [1520-30; HEART + SICK1] Syn. dejected, sick-at-heart, despondent, dispirited. * * ...
See heartsick. * * *
—heartsomely, adv. —heartsomeness, n. /hahrt"seuhm/, adj. Chiefly Scot. 1. giving cheer, spirit, or courage: a heartsome wine. 2. cheerful; spirited. [1560-70; HEART + ...
/hahrt"sawr', -sohr'/, adj. heartsick. [1175-1225; ME. See HEART, SORE; cf. OE heortsarnes grief] * * *
/hahrt"stop'euhr/, n. something so frightening or emotionally gripping as to make one's heart seem to stop beating: We didn't crash, but it was a heartstopper. [HEART + ...
heart·string (härtʹstrĭng') n. 1. heartstrings The deepest feelings or affections: a tug at the heartstrings. 2. One of the nerves or tendons formerly believed to brace and ...
/hahrt"stringz'/, n.pl. the deepest feelings; the strongest affections: to tug at one's heartstrings. [1475-85; HEART + STRINGS] * * *
/hahrt"throb'/, n. 1. a rapid beat or pulsation of the heart. 2. a passionate or sentimental emotion. 3. sweetheart. [1840-50; HEART + THROB] * * *
/hahrt"wawr'ming/, adj. gratifying; rewarding; satisfying: a heartwarming response to his work. [1895-1900; HEART + WARMING] * * *
/hahrt"wood'/, n. the hard central wood of the trunk of an exogenous tree; duramen. [1795-1805; HEART + WOOD1] * * * Dead, central wood of trees. Its cells usually contain ...
/hahrt"werrm'/, n. 1. a parasitic nematode, Dirofilaria immitis, transmitted by mosquito and invading the heart and pulmonary arteries of dogs, wolves, and foxes throughout its ...
heartworm disease
      parasitic disease, predominantly of dogs but also occurring in cat (cat, domestic)s, that is caused by the nematode Dirofilaria immitis. Infective larvae ...
—heartiness, n. /hahr"tee/, adj., heartier, heartiest, n., pl. hearties. adj. 1. warm-hearted; affectionate; cordial; jovial: a hearty welcome. 2. genuine; sincere; heartfelt: ...
heart–lung machine
      a type of artificial heart (q.v.). * * *
—heatable, adj. —heatful, adj. —heatless, adj. —heatlike, adj. /heet/, n. 1. the state of a body perceived as having or generating a relatively high degree of warmth. 2. ...
heat barrier
Aerospace. See thermal barrier. [1950-55] * * *
heat capacity
Thermodynam. the heat required to raise the temperature of a substance one degree. Cf. specific heat. [1900-05] * * * Ratio of heat absorbed by a material to the change in ...
heat content
Thermodynam. enthalpy. * * *
heat cramp
a cramp or muscular spasm caused by loss of water and salt following prolonged exertion in hot weather. [1935-40] * * *
heat death
Thermodynam. See under entropy (def. 3). [1925-30] * * *
heat devil
a wavering, shimmering disturbance of air above or around a hot surface. * * *
heat engine
Thermodynam. a mechanical device designed to transform part of the heat entering it into work. [1890-95] * * *
heat equation
Math., Thermodynam. a partial differential equation the solution of which gives the distribution of temperature in a region as a function of space and time when the temperature ...
heat exchanger
a device for transferring the heat of one substance to another, as from the exhaust gases to the incoming air in a regenerative furnace. [1900-05] * * * Any of several devices ...
heat exhaustion
a condition characterized by faintness, rapid pulse, nausea, profuse sweating, cool skin, and collapse, caused by prolonged exposure to heat accompanied by loss of adequate fluid ...
heat gun
a hand-held device that produces a flameless stream of extremely hot air, as for rapid drying or for softening paint for removal. * * *
heat index
a number representing the effect of temperature and humidity on humans by combining the two variables into an "apparent" temperature, introduced as a replacement for the ...
heat island
an urban area having higher average temperature than its rural surroundings owing to the greater absorption, retention, and generation of heat by its buildings, pavements, and ...
heat lamp
a lamp fitted with an infrared bulb to supply heat esp. as part of physical therapy. * * *
heat lightning
lightning too distant for thunder to be heard, observed as diffuse flashes near the horizon on summer evenings. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
heat of condensation
Physics. the heat liberated by a unit mass of gas at its boiling point as it condenses to a liquid: equal to the heat of vaporization. * * *
heat of fusion
Physics. the heat absorbed by a unit mass of a given solid at its melting point that completely converts the solid to a liquid at the same temperature: equal to the heat of ...
heat of solidification
Physics. the heat liberated by a unit mass of liquid at its freezing point as it solidifies: equal to the heat of fusion. * * *
heat of sublimation
Physics. the heat absorbed by one gram or unit mass of a substance in the process of changing, at a constant temperature and pressure, from a solid to a gaseous state. Cf. ...
heat of vaporization
Physics. the heat absorbed per unit mass of a given material at its boiling point that completely converts the material to a gas at the same temperature: equal to the heat of ...
heat pipe
heat pipe n. a thin, sealed metal tube that efficiently transfers heat without a pump, using a fluid that vaporizes at the hot end, condenses as it reaches the cooler end, and ...
Heat productivities
▪ Table Heat productivities isotope heat productivity, A (calories per gram per year) U-235 4.29 U-238 0.71 natural uranium 0.73 Th-232 0.20 K-40 0.22 natural ...
Heat productivities of various rocks
▪ Table Heat productivities of various rocks rock type abundances U ppm Th ppm Rb ppm K % granite 3.4 50 220 4.45 andesite 1.9 6.4 67 2.35 oceanic ...
heat prostration
Med. See heat exhaustion. [1935-40] * * *
heat pump
a device that uses a compressible refrigerant to transfer heat from one body, as the ground, air, or water, to another body, as a building, with the process being ...
heat rash
heat rash n. MILIARIA * * *
heat rash.
See prickly heat. [1885-90] * * *
heat reservoir
Thermodynam. a hypothetical body of infinitely large mass capable of absorbing or rejecting unlimited quantities of heat without undergoing appreciable changes in temperature, ...
heat shield
Aerospace. a coating or structure that surrounds part of the nose cone or other vulnerable surfaces of a spacecraft and, by heat absorption or ablation, protects them from ...
heat sink
1. Thermodynam. any environment or medium that absorbs heat. 2. Also, heatsink. Electronics. a metallic heat exchanger designed to absorb and dissipate excess heat from one of ...
heat transfer
▪ physics       any or all of several kinds of phenomena, considered as mechanisms, that convey energy and entropy from one location to another. The specific mechanisms ...
heat treatment
See heattreater. * * *
heat wave
1. an air mass of high temperature covering an extended area and moving relatively slowly. 2. a period of abnormally hot and usually humid weather. [1875-80] * * *
/heet"moohn"/, n. William Least /leest/, (William Trogden), born 1939, U.S. writer. * * *
/heet"seel'/, v.t. to wrap in clear plastic and make airtight by applying heat to seal the edges. [1960-65] * * *
—heat treatment. /heet"treet'/, v.t. to subject (a metal or alloy) to controlled heating and cooling to improve hardness or other properties. [1905-10] * * *
Changing the properties of materials such as metals or glass by processes involving heating. It is used to harden, soften, or modify other properties of materials that have ...
heat capacity n. The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one mole or one gram of a substance by one degree Celsius without change of phase. * * *
—heatedly, adv. —heatedness, n. /hee"tid/, adj. 1. made hot or hotter; warmed. 2. excited; inflamed; vehement: a heated discussion. [1585-95; HEAT + -ED2] Syn. 2. passionate, ...
See heated. * * *
heat engine n. A device that converts heat energy into work. * * *
/hee"teuhr/, n. 1. any of various apparatus for heating, esp. for heating water or the air in a room. 2. Electronics. the element of a vacuum tube that carries the current for ...
heat exchanger parallel flow heat exhanger Precision Graphics n. A device, such as an automobile radiator, used to transfer heat from a fluid on one side of a barrier to a fluid ...
heat exhaustion n. A condition caused by exposure to heat, resulting in the depletion of body fluids and causing weakness, dizziness, nausea, and often collapse. The condition ...
—heathless, adj. —heathlike, adj. /heeth/, n. 1. a tract of open and uncultivated land; wasteland overgrown with shrubs. 2. any of various low-growing evergreen shrubs common ...
/heeth/, n. Edward (Richard George), born 1916, British statesman: prime minister 1970-74. * * * ▪ plant  any of the low evergreen shrubs of the genus Erica, of the family ...
heath aster
☆ heath aster n. a North American wildflower (Aster ericoides) of the composite family, with small, stiff leaves and white flowers, growing in dry, open places; dog fennel * * *
heath cock
the male of the black grouse. [1580-90] * * *
heath family
the plant family Ericaceae, characterized by evergreen or deciduous shrubs, trees, and woody plants growing in acid soil and having simple leaves, often showy flowers either ...
heath grass
a European grass, Sieglingia decumbens, growing in spongy, wet, cold soils. Also called heather grass. * * *
heath hen
1. an American gallinaceous bird, Tympanuchus cupido cupido, closely related to the prairie chicken: extinct. 2. the female of the black grouse. [1585-95] * * *
Heath Robinson
(1872–1944) a cartoonist and illustrator who was known especially for his comic drawings of strange and complicated machines for doing very simple tasks. As a result, any ...
Heath, Percy Leroy
▪ 2006       American musician (b. April 30, 1923, Wilmington, N.C.— d. April 28, 2005, Southampton, N.Y.), became renowned for his melodic bass playing in the Modern ...
Heath, Sir Edward
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom in full  Sir Edward Richard George Heath  born July 9, 1916, Broadstairs, Kent, England died July 17, 2005, Salisbury, ...
Heath, Sir Edward (Richard George)
born July 9, 1916, Broadstairs, Kent, Eng. British politician, prime minister of Britain (1970–74). He held various government positions after being elected to Parliament in ...
Heath, Sir Edward Richard George
▪ 2006       British politician (b. July 9, 1916, Broadstairs, Kent, Eng.—d. July 17, 2005, Salisbury, Wiltshire, Eng.), as prime minister (1970–74) of the United ...
Heath,Edward Richard George
Heath (hēth), Edward Richard George. Born 1916. British politician who as prime minister (1970-1974) secured his country's entry into the Common Market (1973) and sought to ...
/heeth"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. heathberries. 1. crowberry. 2. any berry found on heaths, esp. the bilberry. [bef. 1000; ME; OE haeth berian (pl.); see HEATH, BERRY] * * *
heathbird [hēth′bʉrd΄] n. a bird living on heaths; specif., BLACK GROUSE * * *
a character in the novel Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë. He is found as a baby and brought up by the family of Catherine Earnshaw. He develops a strong love for her, but ...
Heathcoat, John
born Aug. 7, 1783, Duffield, Derbyshire, Eng. died Jan. 18, 1861, Tiverton, Devon British inventor. The lacemaking machine he patented in 1809, the most complex textile machine ...
—heathendom, n. —heathenhood, n. —heathenness, n. —heathenship, n. /hee"dheuhn/, n., pl. heathens, heathen, adj. n. 1. an unconverted individual of a people that do not ...
See heathen. * * *
—heathenishly, adv. —heathenishness, n. /hee"dheuh nish/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to heathens: heathenish practices of idolatry. 2. like or befitting heathens; ...
See heathenish. * * *
/hee"dheuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. a belief or practice of heathens; idolatry. 2. barbaric morals or behavior; barbarism. [1595-1605; HEATHEN + -ISM] * * *
/hee"dheuh nuyz'/, v., heathenized, heathenizing. v.t. 1. to make heathen. v.i. 2. to become heathen. Also, esp. Brit., heathenise. [1675-85; HEATHEN + -IZE] * * *
See heathendom. * * *
—heathered, adj. /hedh"euhr/, n. 1. any of various heaths, esp. Calluna vulgaris, of England and Scotland, having small, pinkish-purple flowers. adj. 2. (of a yarn or fabric ...
/hedh"euhr/, n. a female given name. * * * or Scotch heather Low evergreen shrub (Calluna vulgaris) of the heath family, widespread in western Europe and Asia, North America, ...
heath·ered (hĕthʹərd) adj. Flecked with various colors; speckled: heathered yarn. * * *
—heatheriness, n. /hedh"euh ree/, adj. 1. of or like heather. 2. abounding in heather. Also, heathy. [1525-35; HEATHER + -Y1] * * *
heath hen n. A subspecies of the prairie chicken (Tympanuchus cupido subsp. cupido) that became extinct in eastern North America during the first part of the 20th century. * * *
the largest airport in Britain and the busiest airport for international flights in the world. It is 15 miles/24 kilometres west of London and was opened in 1946. By 1961 it had ...
/hee"thee/, adj., heathier, heathiest. heathery. [1400-50; late ME hethy. See HEATH, -Y1] * * *
heat index n. A measurement of the air temperature in relation to the relative humidity, used as an indicator of the perceived temperature. Also called apparent temperature, ...
I Process of raising the temperature of an enclosed space. Heat can be delivered by convection, radiation, and thermal conduction. With the exception of the ancient Romans, who ...
heating degree-day
a degree-day below the standard temperature of 65°F or 19°C, used in estimating fuel consumption. Cf. cooling degree-day, growing degree-day. * * *
Heating element ceramics
▪ Table Heating element ceramics ceramic material temperature of maximum use in air common name chemical formula (°C/°F) silicon carbide SiC 1,500/2,730 molybdenum ...
heating pad
a flexible fabric-covered pad containing insulated electrical heating elements for applying heat esp. to the body. * * *
heat island n. An area, such as a city or industrial site, having consistently higher temperatures than surrounding areas because of a greater retention of heat, as by buildings, ...
Heatley, Norman George
▪ 2005       British biochemist (b. Jan. 10, 1911, Woodbridge, Suffolk, Eng.—d. Jan. 5, 2004, Oxford, Eng.), devised a way to isolate penicillin from its substrate and ...
heat lightning n. Intermittent flashes of light near the horizon, usually seen on a hot summer evening, unaccompanied by thunder and thought to be cloud reflections of distant ...
heatof combustion
heat of combustion n. The amount of heat released per unit mass or unit volume of a substance when the substance is completely burned. * * *
heatof fusion
heat of fusion n. The amount of heat required to convert a unit mass of a solid at its melting point into a liquid without an increase in temperature. * * *
heatof transformation
heat of transformation n. See latent heat. * * *
heatof vaporization
heat of vaporization n. The amount of heat required to convert a unit mass of a liquid at its boiling point into vapor without an increase in temperature. * * *
heat·proof (hētʹpro͞of') adj. Unaffected by heat. Used especially of plastic, glass, or ceramic utensils that may be used directly over a flame or in an oven. * * *
heat prostration n. See heat exhaustion. * * *
heat pump n. A device that warms or cools a building by transferring heat from a relatively low-temperature reservoir to one at a higher temperature. * * *
heat rash n. An inflammatory skin condition caused by obstruction of the ducts of the sweat glands, resulting from exposure to high heat and humidity and characterized by the ...
heat shield n. A barrier that prevents the heating of a space or an object by absorbing, reflecting, or dissipating external heat, especially a protective structure on a ...
heat sink n. 1. An environment capable of absorbing heat from an object with which it is in thermal contact without a phase change or an appreciable change in temperature. 2. A ...
/heet"strohk'/, n. a disturbance of the temperature-regulating mechanisms of the body caused by overexposure to excessive heat, resulting in fever, hot and dry skin, and rapid ...
See heat-treat. * * *
heat wave n. A period of unusually hot weather. * * *
➡ weather * * *
/hohm/, n. helm2 (def. 1). [1565-75; < MF, OF helme < Gmc; see HELM2] * * *
—heaver, n. —heaveless, adj. /heev/, v., heaved or (esp. Naut.) hove; heaving; n. v.t. 1. to raise or lift with effort or force; hoist: to heave a heavy ax. 2. to throw, esp. ...
/heev"hoh"/, n. Informal. an act of rejection, dismissal, or forcible ejection: The bartender gave the noisy drunk the old heave-ho. [n. use of phrase heave ho, ME havehou, ...
heave-off hinge
/heev"awf', -of'/. See loose-joint hinge. * * *
heave ho interj. Used as a command to sailors to pull hard on a rope or cable. * * *
—heavenless, adj. /hev"euhn/, n. 1. the abode of God, the angels, and the spirits of the righteous after death; the place or state of existence of the blessed after the mortal ...
Heaven's Gate
U.S. religious group that committed mass suicide in 1997 and that had been founded on a belief in unidentified flying objects. Established by Marshall H. Applewhite ...
/hev"euhn bawrn"/, adj. of or as of heavenly origin: the heaven-born gods. [1585-95] * * *
/hev"euhn sent'/, adj. providentially opportune: A heaven-sent rain revived the crops. [1640-50] * * *
See heavenly. * * *
—heavenliness, n. /hev"euhn lee/, adj. 1. of or in the heavens: the heavenly bodies. 2. of, belonging to, or coming from the heaven of God, the angels, etc. 3. resembling or ...
heavenly bamboo
nandina. * * *
Heavenly City.
See New Jerusalem. * * *
—heavenwardly, adv. —heavenwardness, n. /hev"euhn weuhrd/, adv. 1. Also, heavenwards. toward heaven. adj. 2. directed toward heaven: heavenward prayer. [1200-50; ME ...
See heavenward. * * *
See heave. * * *
☆ heaves [hēvz] pl.n. [with sing. v.] chronic emphysema of horses, characterized by forced breathing, coughing, heaving of the flanks, etc. * * * ▪ animal pathology also ...
/hev"ee euhr dheuhn air"/, adj. (of an aircraft) weighing more than the air that it displaces, hence having to obtain lift by aerodynamic means. [1900-05] * * *
/hev"euh lee/, adv. 1. with a great weight or burden: a heavily loaded wagon. 2. in a manner suggestive of carrying a great weight; ponderously; lumberingly: He walked heavily ...
heaviness [hev′ē nis] n. a heavy quality or state * * * See heavy. * * *
/hev"ee suyd'/, n. Oliver, 1850-1925, English physicist. * * *
Heaviside layer
Heaviside layer [hev′ē sīd΄] n. 〚after O. Heaviside (1850-1925), Eng physicist〛 E LAYER * * *
Heaviside layer.
See E layer. [1910-15; named after O. HEAVISIDE] * * *
Heaviside unit function
Math. the function that is zero for any number less than zero and that is 1 for any number greater than or equal to zero. [1935-40; named after O. HEAVISIDE] * * *
Heaviside, Oliver
born May 18, 1850, London, Eng. died Feb. 3, 1925, Torquay, Devon English physicist. In 1902 he predicted the presence of the ionosphere. Since Arthur Kennelly (1861–1939) ...
Heav·i·side layer (hĕvʹē-sīd') n. See E layer.   [After OliverHeaviside (1850-1925), British physicist.] * * *
—heaviness, n. /hev"ee/, adj., heavier, heaviest, n., pl. heavies, adv. adj. 1. of great weight; hard to lift or carry: a heavy load. 2. of great amount, quantity, or size; ...
heavy artillery
1. guns and howitzers of large caliber. 2. guns and howitzers of 155-mm caliber and larger. Cf. light artillery (def. 2), medium artillery. * * *
heavy bomber
a large plane capable of carrying heavy bomb loads for long distances, esp. at high altitudes. Cf. light bomber, medium bomber. [1920-25] * * *
heavy breathing
heavy breathing n. Informal 1. a representation, as in a novel or film, of strong emotion or sexual passion 2. a ponderous or pompous quality, as of writing ...
heavy chain
Immunol. either of an identical pair of Y-shaped polypeptides that, together with the light chains, constitute the antibody molecule. Also called H chain [1960-65] * * *
heavy cream
thick cream having a high percentage of butterfat. * * *
heavy cruiser
a naval cruiser having 8-in. (20.3-cm) guns as its main armament. Cf. light cruiser. * * *
heavy hitter
—heavy-hitter, adj. 1. a baseball player who makes many extra-base hits. 2. a very important or influential person: the secretary of state and other heavy hitters. [1975-80] * ...
heavy hydrogen
1. either of the heavy isotopes of hydrogen, esp. deuterium. 2. deuterium. [1930-35] * * *
heavy ion
▪ nuclear physics       in nuclear physics, any particle with one or more units of electric charge and a mass exceeding that of the helium-4 nucleus (alpha particle). ...
heavy metal
—heavy-metal, adj. 1. any metal with a specific gravity of 5.0 or greater, esp. one that is toxic to organisms, as lead, mercury, copper, and cadmium. 2. aggressive and heavily ...
heavy mineral oil.
See under mineral oil. * * *
heavy nitrogen
the stable isotope of nitrogen having a mass number of 15. * * *
heavy oil and tar sand
Introduction       crude oils (crude oil) below 20° API gravity are usually considered to be heavy. The lighter conventional crudes are often waterflooded to enhance ...
heavy oxygen
either of the two stable isotopes of oxygen having mass numbers of 17 and 18. * * *
heavy spar
Mineral. barite. [1780-90] * * *
heavy water
water in which hydrogen atoms have been replaced by deuterium, used chiefly as a coolant in nuclear reactors. Also called deuterium oxide. [1930-35] * * * or deuterium ...

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