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Слова на букву gano-hipp (15990)

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Herodotus
/heuh rod"euh teuhs/, n. 484?-425? B.C., Greek historian. * * * born 484?, Helicarnassus, Asia Minor died 430/420 BC Greek historian. He resided in Athens and then in Thurii ...
Héroët, Antoine
▪ French poet byname  La Maison-neuve   born 1492?, Paris died 1568, Digne, Fr.       Renaissance court poet whose works are representative of the amalgam of ...
heroic
—heroically, adv. —heroicalness, heroicness, heroicity /hear'oh is"i tee/, n. /hi roh"ik/, adj. 1. Also, heroical. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a hero or ...
heroic age
1. one of the five periods in human history, when, according to Hesiod, gods and demigods performed heroic and glorious deeds. 2. any period in the history of a nation, esp. in ...
heroic couplet
Pros. a stanza consisting of two rhyming lines in iambic pentameter, esp. one forming a rhetorical unit and written in an elevated style, as, Know then thyself, presume not God ...
heroic drama
Restoration tragedy, esp. that popular in England c1660-1700, using highly rhetorical language and written in heroic couplets. * * *
heroic play
▪ drama also called  heroic drama  or  heroic tragedy        a type of play prevalent in Restoration England during the 1660s and 1670s.       Modeled after ...
heroic poem
a poem written in an epic style using lines of iambic pentameter. [1685-95] * * *
heroic poetry
      narrative verse that is elevated in mood and uses a dignified, dramatic, and formal style to describe the deeds of aristocratic warriors and rulers. It is usually ...
heroic prose
      narrative prose tales that are the counterpart of heroic poetry in subject, outlook, and dramatic style. Whether composed orally or written down, the stories are ...
heroic quatrain
Pros. a poetic stanza consisting of four lines of iambic pentameter rhyming alternately. Also called elegiac quatrain. * * *
heroic stanza
▪ poetry also called  heroic quatrain        in poetry, a rhymed quatrain in heroic verse with rhyme scheme abab. The form was used by William Shakespeare and John ...
heroic stanza.
See elegiac stanza. [1920-25] * * *
heroic tenor
Music. heldentenor. * * *
heroic verse
a form of verse adapted to the treatment of heroic or exalted themes: in classical poetry, dactylic hexameter; in English and German, iambic pentameter; and in French, the ...
heroically
See heroic. * * *
heroicalness
See heroically. * * *
heroiccouplet
heroic couplet n. A verse unit consisting of two rhymed lines in iambic pentameter. * * *
heroicdrama
heroic drama n. Restoration tragedy or tragicomedy composed in heroic couplets and generally characterized by exotic settings, bombastic rhetoric, and exaggerated ...
heroicize
/hi roh"euh suyz'/, v.t., heroicized, heroicizing. heroize. Also, esp. Brit., heroicise. [HEROIC + -IZE] * * *
heroicmeter
heroic meter n. See heroic verse. * * *
heroicomic
/hi roh'i kom"ik/, adj. blending heroic and comic elements: a heroicomic poem. Also, heroicomical. [1705-15; HEROI(C) + COMIC] * * *
heroicstanza
heroic stanza n. A four-line stanza consisting of two heroic couplets. * * *
heroicverse
heroic verse n. One of several verse forms traditionally used in epic and dramatic poetry, especially: a. The dactylic hexameter in Greek and Latin. b. The iambic pentameter in ...
heroin
/her"oh in/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, narcotic powder, C21H23NO5, derived from morphine, formerly used as an analgesic and sedative: manufacture and importation of heroin ...
heroine
/her"oh in/, n. 1. a woman of distinguished courage or ability, admired for her brave deeds and noble qualities. 2. the principal female character in a story, play, film, ...
heroinism
her·o·in·ism (hĕrʹō-ĭ-nĭz'əm) n. Addiction to heroin. * * *
heroism
/her"oh iz'euhm/, n. 1. the qualities or attributes of a hero or heroine: He showed great heroism in battle. 2. heroic conduct; courageous action: Pat's returning into the ...
heroize
—heroization, n. /hear"oh uyz'/, v.t., heroized, heroizing. to make a hero of: a war film that heroizes the warrior. Also, heroicize; esp. Brit., heroise. [1730-40; HERO + ...
Hérold
/ay rddawld"/, n. Louis Joseph /lwee zhaw zef"/, 1791-1833, French composer. * * *
Hérold, Ferdinand
▪ French composer in full  Louis-Joseph-Ferdinand Hérold  born Jan. 28, 1791, Paris died Jan. 19, 1833, Paris  French composer of early romantic operas who stands midway ...
heron
/her"euhn/, n. any of numerous long-legged, long-necked, usually long-billed birds of the family Ardeidae, including the true herons, egrets, night herons, and ...
Heron
/hear"on/, n. Hero (def. 2). * * * Any of about 60 species of long-legged wading birds in the same family (Ardeidae) as egrets and bitterns. They are found worldwide but are ...
Heron Island
▪ island, Coral Sea       coral formation of the Capricorn Group, in the southern Great Barrier Reef, in the Coral Sea, off the east coast of Queensland, Australia. The ...
Heron of Alexandria
or Hero of Alexandria flourished с. AD 62, Alexandria, Egypt Greek mathematician and inventor. He is remembered for his formula for the area of a triangle and for inventing ...
Heron's formula
Formula for finding the area of a triangle in terms of the lengths of its sides. In symbols, if a, b, and c are the lengths of the sides: Area = s(s -a)(s -b)(s -c)where s is ...
heron's-bill
/her"euhnz bil'/, n. stork's-bill (def. 1). [1570-80] * * *
Heron, Patrick
▪ 2000       British painter and critic, known for his use of light and vivid colour, who was one of the U.K.'s most prominent post–World War II abstract painters and ...
heronry
/her"euhn ree/, n., pl. heronries. a place where a colony of herons breeds. [1610-20; HERON + -RY] * * *
heronsbill
heronsbill [her′ənz bil΄] n. any of a genus (Erodium) of plants of the geranium family, with fine leaves and yellow, white, or reddish flowers * * *
Herophilus
born с 335 BC, Chalcedon, Bithynia died с 280 Alexandrian physician, often called the father of anatomy. He performed public dissections on human corpses; studied the ...
Héroult, Paul-Louis-Toussaint
▪ French scientist born April 10, 1863, Thury-Harcourt, Fr. died May 9, 1914, near Antibes       French chemist who invented the electric-arc furnace (electric ...
heroworship
hero worship n. Intense or excessive admiration for a hero or a person regarded as a hero. * * *
herp.
herpetology. Also, herpet. * * *
herpangina
/herr'pan juy"neuh, heuhr pan"jeuh neuh/, n. Pathol. an infectious disease, esp. of children, characterized by a sudden occurrence of fever, loss of appetite, and throat ...
herpes
/herr"peez/, n. Pathol. 1. any of several diseases caused by herpesvirus, characterized by eruption of blisters on the skin or mucous membranes. Cf. chickenpox, genital herpes, ...
herpes genitalis
/jen'i tay"lis/. See genital herpes. [1905-10; < NL: genital herpes] * * *
herpes labialis
/lay'bee ay"lis/. See oral herpes. [1805-15; < NL: labial herpes] * * *
herpes simplex
/sim"pleks/ either of two herpes diseases caused by a herpesvirus that infects humans and some other animals and produces small, transient blisters on the skin or mucous ...
herpes zoster
/zos"teuhr/, Pathol. shingles. [1800-10; < NL: lit., belt herpes] * * * ▪ pathology also called  shingles        acute viral infection affecting the skin and nerves, ...
herpes zoster virus.
See varicella zoster virus. * * *
herpeslabialis
herpes la·bi·a·lis (lā'bē-āʹlĭs) n. See cold sore.   [New Latin herpēs labiālis: Latin herpēs, herpes + Medieval Latin labiālis, of the lip.] * * *
herpessimplex
herpes simplex n. 1. A recurrent viral disease caused by the herpes simplex virus, type one, and marked by the eruption of fluid-containing vesicles on the mouth, lips, or ...
herpesvirus
/herr"peez vuy'reuhs/, n., pl. herpesviruses. a DNA-containing virus of the family Herpesviridae, certain members of which cause such diseases in humans as oral and genital ...
herpeszoster
herpes zoster n. See shingles.   [New Latin herpēs zōstēr: Latin herpēs, herpes + Greek zōstēr, girdle.] * * *
herpetic
/heuhr pet"ik/, adj. Pathol. of, pertaining to, or caused by herpes. [1775-85; < Gk herpet-, s. of hérpes (see HERPES) + -IC] * * *
herpetol.
1. herpetology. 2. herpetological. * * *
herpetologic
See herpetology. * * *
herpetological
See herpetologic. * * *
herpetologically
See herpetologic. * * *
herpetologist
See herpetologic. * * *
herpetology
—herpetologic /herr'pi tl oj"ik/, herpetological, adj. —herpetologically, adv. —herpetologist, n. /herr'pi tol"euh jee/, n. the branch of zoology dealing with reptiles and ...
Herr
/herdd/; Eng. /hair/, n., pl. Herren /herdd"euhn/; Eng. /hair"euhn/. the conventional German title of respect and term of address for a man, corresponding to Mr. or in direct ...
Herr, Herbert Thacker
▪ American engineer born March 19, 1876, Denver, Colo., U.S. died Dec. 19, 1933, Philadelphia       U.S. engineer who made important improvements in steam ...
Herrenvolk
/herdd"euhn fawlk'/, n., pl. Herrenvölker /-fuel'keuhrdd/. German. See master race. * * *
Herrera
/erdd rdde"rddah/, n. Francisco de /frddahn thees"kaw dhe/, ("el Viejo"), 1576-1656, Spanish painter and etcher. * * * (as used in expressions) Herrera Francisco the ...
Herrera Campins, Luis
▪ 2008  Venezuelan politician born May 4, 1925, Acarigua, Venez. died Nov. 9, 2007, Caracas, Venez. served (1979–84) as president of Venezuela during a time when the ...
Herrera y Reissig, Julio
▪ Uruguayan poet born August 1, 1875, Montevideo, Uruguay died March 18, 1910, Montevideo       Uruguayan poet who was one of the most original poets writing in Spanish ...
Herrera, Fernando de
▪ Spanish poet byname  El Divino   born 1534?, Sevilla, Spain died 1597, Sevilla       lyric poet and man of letters who was one of the leading figures in the first ...
Herrera, Francisco, the Elder
born с 1576, Sevilla, Spain died 1656, Madrid Spanish painter. His early works are in the Mannerist style. Under the influence of Francisco Zurbarán, he developed the ...
Herrera, Francisco, the Younger
born 1622, Sevilla, Spain died Aug. 25, 1685, Madrid Spanish painter and architect. The son of Francisco Herrerra the Elder, a successful painter, his religious works are in ...
Herrera, Juan de
▪ Spanish architect born c. 1530, Mobellán, Spain died January 15, 1597, Madrid       architect, principal designer of the monumental Escorial (El Escorial), a ...
Herrerasaurus
▪ dinosaur  primitive carnivorous dinosaur or close relative of dinosaurs found as fossils in Argentine deposits from the Late Triassic Period (228 million to 200 million ...
Herreshoff, Nathanael Greene
▪ American naval architect born March 18, 1848, Bristol, R.I., U.S. died June 2, 1938, Bristol       American naval architect who was recognized as the foremost yacht ...
Herrhausen, Alfred
▪ German industrialist born Jan. 30, 1930, Essen, Ger. died Nov. 30, 1989, Bad Homburg, W.Ger.       West German captain of industry, chairman of the country's largest ...
Herrick
/her"ik/, n. 1. Robert, 1591-1674, English poet. 2. Robert, 1868-1938, U.S. novelist. * * *
Herrick, James Bryan
born Aug. 11, 1861, Oak Park, Ill., U.S. died March 7, 1954, Chicago U.S. physician and clinical cardiologist. He received his M.D. from Rush Medical College. His case report ...
Herrick, Robert
(baptized Aug. 24, 1591, London, Eng. died October 1674, Dean Prior, Devonshire) English poet. Educated at Cambridge and later ordained, he became known as a poet in the 1620s ...
Herrick,Robert
Her·rick (hĕrʹĭk), Robert. 1591-1674. English lyric poet whose sensuous, simple works, such as “Delight in Disorder” (1648), are marked by his affinity for Latin verse ...
Herries, John Maxwell, 4th Baron
▪ Scottish noble also called  (until 1566) Sir John Maxwell Of Terregles, Master Of Maxwell   born c. 1512 died Jan. 20, 1583, Edinburgh, Scot.       a leading ...
Herriman, George
▪ American cartoonist born 1881, New Orleans, La., U.S. died May 1944, Hollywood, Los Angeles, Calif.       American cartoonist who created “Krazy Kat,” a comic ...
Herriman, George (Joseph)
born 1881, New Orleans, La., U.S. died May 1944, Hollywood, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. cartoonist. He grew up in California and "passed" as white, along with his Creole parents. ...
Herrin
/her"in/, n. a town in S Illinois. 10,040. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, Williamson county, southern Illinois, U.S. It lies about 15 miles (25 km) ...
herring
—herringlike, adj. /her"ing/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) herring, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) herrings. 1. an important food fish, Clupea harengus ...
herring gull
a common, large gull, Larus argentatus, of the Northern Hemisphere. See illus. under gull. [1820-30, Amer.] * * * Most common of the Atlantic gulls in the Northern ...
herringbone
/her"ing bohn'/, n. 1. a pattern consisting of adjoining vertical rows of slanting lines, any two contiguous lines forming either a V or an inverted V, used in masonry, textiles, ...
herringbone bond
a brickwork bond in which the exposed brickwork is bonded to the heart of the wall by concealed courses of bricks laid diagonally to the faces of the wall in a herringbone ...
herringbone bridging
Carpentry. See cross bridging. Also called herringbone strutting. * * *
herringbone gear
a helical gear having teeth that lie on the pitch cylinder in a V-shaped form so that one half of each tooth is on a right-handed helix and the other half on a left-handed helix. ...
herringbone stitch
a type of cross-stitch in embroidery similar to the catch stitch in sewing, consisting of an overlapped V-shaped stitch that when worked in a continuous pattern produces a ...
herringchoker
/her"ing choh'keuhr/, n. Canadian Slang. a native or resident of any of the Maritime Provinces but especially of New Brunswick. [1895-1900; HERRING + CHOKER] * * *
herringgull
herring gull n. A common seagull (Larus argentatus) of the Northern Hemisphere having gray and white plumage with black wing tips. * * *
Herrington, Arthur William Sidney
▪ American engineer and manufacturer born March 30, 1891, Coddenham, East Suffolk, Eng. died Sept. 6, 1970, Indianapolis, Ind., U.S.       American engineer and ...
Herriot
/e rddyoh"/, n. Édouard /ay dwannrdd"/, 1872-1957, French statesman, political leader, and author. * * *
Herriot, Édouard
born July 5, 1872, Troyes, France died March 26, 1957, Lyon French politician and writer. He became mayor of Lyon in 1905 and kept the post for most of his life. Elected as a ...
Herriot, James
orig. James Alfred Wight born Oct. 3, 1916, Glasgow, Scot. died Feb. 23, 1995, Thirlby, near Thirsk, Yorkshire, Eng. British veterinarian and writer. Wight joined the practice ...
Herrmann
/herr"meuhn/, n. Bernard, 1911-75, U.S. conductor and composer. * * *
Herrmann, Bernard
born June 29, 1911, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 24, 1975, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. composer. He studied at New York University and Juilliard and was one of a group of young ...
Herrmann, Wilhelm
▪ German theologian in full  Johann Wilhelm Herrmann  born December 6, 1846, Melkow, near Magdeburg, Prussia [now in Germany] died January 3, 1922, Marburg, ...
Herrnhuter
/hairn"hooh'teuhr, hern"-/, n. Moravian (def. 4). [ < G, equiv. to Herrnhut lit., Lord's safekeeping, a town near Dresden, Germany + -er -ER1] * * *
herry
—herryment, n. /her"ee/, v.t., v.i., herried, herrying. Scot. harry. * * *
hers
/herrz/, pron. 1. a form of the possessive case of she used as a predicate adjective: The red umbrella is hers. Are you a friend of hers? 2. that or those belonging to her: Hers ...
Hers' disease
also called  Glycogenosis Type Vi,         hereditary deficiency of the liver enzyme glycogen phosphorylase, which governs the metabolic breakdown of glycogen to the ...
Hersant, Robert Joseph Emile
▪ 1997       French publisher and politician who, as founder of France's largest media empire, was accused of controlling the press, particularly to advance his ...
Herschbach, Dudley R.
▪ American chemist and educator in full  Dudley Robert Herschbach  born June 18, 1932, San Jose, Calif., U.S.       American chemist and educator who, with Yuan T. ...
Herschel
/herr"sheuhl, hair"-/, n. 1. Sir John Frederick William, 1792-1871, English astronomer. 2. his father, Sir William (Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel), 1738-1822, English astronomer, ...
Herschel family
Family of British astronomers. The German-born William Herschel (1738–1822) immigrated to England in 1757 and initially supported himself through music. In order to study ...
Herschel, Caroline Lucretia
▪ British-German astronomer born March 16, 1750, Hannover, Hanover died Jan. 9, 1848, Hannover  German-born British astronomer noted for her contributions to the ...
Herschel, Sir John, 1st Baronet
▪ English scientist Introduction born March 7, 1792, Slough, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died May 11, 1871, Collingwood, Kent  English astronomer and successor to his father, Sir ...
Herschel, Sir William
▪ British-German astronomer Introduction original name  Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel   born Nov. 15, 1738, Hannover, Hanover died Aug. 25, 1822, Slough, Buckinghamshire, ...
herself
/heuhr self"/, pron. 1. an emphatic appositive of her or she: She herself wrote the letter. 2. a reflexive form of her: She supports herself. 3. (used in absolute constructions): ...
Hersey
/herr"see, -zee/, n. John Richard, 1914-93, U.S. journalist, novelist, and educator. * * *
Hersey, John
▪ American author in full  John Richard Hersey  born June 17, 1914, Tientsin, China died March 24, 1993, Key West, Fla., U.S.       American novelist and journalist ...
Hersey, John (Richard)
born June 17, 1914, Tianjin, China died March 24, 1993, Key West, Fla., U.S. Chinese-born U.S. novelist and journalist. Born to missionaries, he worked as a correspondent in ...
Hersey, John Richard
▪ 1994       U.S. journalist and novelist (b. June 17, 1914, Tianjin [Tientsin], China—d. March 24, 1993, Key West, Fla.), as a foreign correspondent in East Asia, ...
Hersh, Seymour
▪ 2005       In 2004 the world was as stunned by the torture of Iraqi inmates by American soldiers at the Abu Ghraib prison as it had been by the massacre of the ...
Hersh, Seymour (Myron)
born April 8, 1937, Chicago, Ill., U.S. U.S. journalist. He graduated from the University of Chicago in 1954. He began his journalistic career in 1959 as a police reporter, and ...
Hershey
/herr"shee/, n. 1. Alfred Day, 1908-97, U.S. biologist: helped lay the foundation of modern molecular genetics; Nobel prize for medicine 1969. 2. Lewis B(laine), 1893-1977, U.S. ...
Hershey bar{™}
n America’s oldest chocolate sweet, sometimes called the ‘Great American Chocolate Bar’. It was first produced by Milton Hershey in 1894. US soldiers kept Hershey bars to ...
Hershey, A(lfred) D(ay)
born Dec. 4, 1908, Owosso, Mich., U.S. died May 22, 1997, Syosset, N.Y. U.S. biologist. He worked principally at the Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C. He and Salvador ...
Hershey, A.D.
▪ American biologist in full  Alfred Day Hershey   born Dec. 4, 1908, Owosso, Mich., U.S. died May 22, 1997, Syosset, N.Y.       American biologist who, along with ...
Hershey, Alfred Day
▪ 1998       American biochemist (b. Dec. 4, 1908, Owosso, Mich.—d. May 22, 1997, Syosset, N.Y.), was recognized as one of the founders of molecular genetics and ...
Hershey, Milton Snavely
▪ American manufacturer born Sept. 13, 1857, near Hockersville, Pa., U.S. died Oct. 13, 1945, Hershey, Pa.  American manufacturer and philanthropist who founded the Hershey ...
Hershey,Alfred Day
Her·shey (hûrʹshē), Alfred Day. 1908-1997. American biologist. He shared a 1969 Nobel Prize for investigating the mechanism of viral infection in living cells. * * *
Hershey,Milton Snavely
Hershey, Milton Snavely. 1857-1945. American industrialist and philanthropist who founded the Hershey Chocolate Company (1903) and established the town of Hershey (1909) near ...
Hershko, Avram
▪ Israeli chemist original name  Ferenc Herskó  born December 31, 1937, Karcag, Hungary       Hungarian-born Israeli biochemist who shared the 2004 Nobel Prize for ...
Herskovits, Melville J.
▪ American anthropologist in full  Melville Jean Herskovits   born Sept. 10, 1895, Bellefontaine, Ohio, U.S. died Feb. 25, 1963, Evanston, Ill.       American ...
Herskowitz
/herr"skeuh vits/, n. Melville (Jean), 1895-1963, American anthropologist. * * *
Herstmonceux
Herstmonceux [hʉrst΄mən so͞o′] village in East Sussex, S England: site of the Royal Greenwich Observatory * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       village (parish), ...
herstory
/herr"steuh ree, herrs"tree/, n., pl. herstories. history (used esp. in feminist literature and in women's studies as an alternative form to distinguish or emphasize the ...
Herter
/herr"teuhr/, n. Christian Archibald, 1895-1966, U.S. politician: Secretary of State 1959-61. * * *
Hertford
/hahr"feuhrd, hahrt"feuhrd/, n. 1. a city in and the county seat of Hertfordshire, in SE England. 20,379. 2. Hertfordshire. * * * Town (pop., 1995 est.: 23,000), East ...
Hertford, Edward Seymour, Earl of, Baron Beauchamp
▪ English lord [1539-1621] born c. 1539 died April 6, 1621       English lord whose secret marriage to an heir to the throne angered Queen Elizabeth I and probably ...
Hertfordshire
/hahr"feuhrd shear', -sheuhr, hahrt"-/, n. a county in SE England. 938,100; 631 sq. mi. (1635 sq. km). Also called Hertford, Herts /hahrts, herrts/. * * * Administrative (pop. ...
Hertling, Georg, Graf von
▪ German statesman (count of) born Aug. 31, 1843, Darmstadt, Hesse-Darmstadt died Jan. 4, 1919, Ruhpolding, Ger.  conservative German statesman and philosopher who became ...
Hertogenbosch's
Hertogenbosch's see 'S HERTOGENBOSCH * * *
Hertogenbosch, 's
Du. /serdd"toh kheuhn baws'/. See 's Hertogenbosch. * * *
Hertsmere
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative county of Hertfordshire, England. Most of the borough belongs to the historic county of ...
Hertwig, Oskar
▪ German biologist born April 21, 1849, Friedberg, Hessen died October 25, 1922, Berlin       German embryologist and cytologist who was the first to recognize that the ...
Hertwig, Richard von
▪ German biologist born September 23, 1850, Friedberg, Hessen died October 3, 1937, Munich  German biologist particularly noted for the development of the germ-layer theory, ...
hertz
/herrts/, n., pl. hertz, hertzes. the SI unit of frequency, equal to one cycle per second. Abbr.: Hz [1925-30; named after H. R. HERTZ] * * * ▪ unit of ...
Hertz
—Hertzian /herrt"see euhn, hairt"-/, adj. /herrts, hairts/; Ger. /herddts/, n. 1. Gustav /goos"tahf/, 1887-1975, German physicist: Nobel prize 1925. 2. Heinrich Rudolph ...
Hertz effect
Physics. the effect of ultraviolet radiation in lowering the sparking voltage across a spark gap: an example of photoelectric effect. [after H. R. HERTZ] * * *
Hertz, Gustav
▪ German physicist in full  Gustav Ludwig Hertz  born July 22, 1887, Hamburg, Ger. died Oct. 30, 1975, Berlin, E.Ger.  German physicist who, with James Franck (Franck, ...
Hertz, Heinrich
▪ German physicist born Feb. 22, 1857, Hamburg died Jan. 1, 1894, Bonn  German physicist who was the first to broadcast and receive radio waves.       He received his ...
Hertz, Heinrich (Rudolf)
born Feb. 22, 1857, Hamburg, Ger. died Jan. 1, 1894, Bonn German physicist. While a professor at Karlsruhe Polytechnic (1885–89), he produced electromagnetic waves in the ...
Hertz, Henrik
▪ Danish author original name  Heyman Hertz   born August 25/27, 1797/98, Copenhagen, Denmark died February 25, 1870, Copenhagen       dramatist and poet, once among ...
Hertz, Joseph Herman
▪ British rabbi born Sept. 25, 1872, Rebrény, Hung. died Jan. 14, 1946, London       chief rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth and author of ...
Hertz,Heinrich Rudolf
Hertz (hûrts, hĕrts), Heinrich Rudolf. 1857-1894. German physicist who was the first to produce radio waves artificially. * * *
Hertzberg, Arthur
▪ 2007       American rabbi and intellectual (b. June 9, 1921, Lubaczow, Pol.—d. April 17, 2006, Westwood, N.J.), advocated for a range of causes, including the ...
Hertzberg, Ewald Friedrich, Graf von
▪ Prussian statesman (count of) born Sept. 2, 1725, Lottin, Pomerania died May 27, 1795, Berlin  Prussian statesman and foreign minister who aimed at the expansion of ...
Hertzian wave
Physics. an electromagnetic wave produced by oscillations in an electric circuit, as a radio or radar wave: first investigated by H. R. Hertz. [1895-1900] * * *
Hertzian waves
Hertzian waves [hert′sē ən, hʉrt′sē ən] n. 〚after HERTZ Heinrich Rudolf, who discovered them〛 [sometimes h- w-] radio waves or other electromagnetic radiation ...
Hertzianwave
Hertz·i·an wave (hûrtʹsē-ən, hĕrtʹ-) n. An electromagnetic wave, usually of radio frequency, produced by the oscillation of electricity in a conductor.   [After Hertz, ...
Hertzog
Du. /herdd"tsawkh/, n. James Barry Munnik /muen"euhk/, South African statesman and general: prime minister 1924-39. * * *
Hertzog, J B M
▪ prime minister of South Africa born April 3, 1866, near Wellington, Cape Colony died Nov. 21, 1942, Pretoria, Union of South Africa       soldier and statesman who ...
Hertzog, J(ames) B(arry) M(unnik)
born April 3, 1866, near Wellington, Cape Colony died Nov. 21, 1942, Pretoria, S.Af. Prime minister of the Union of South Africa (1924–39). His political principles were ...
Hertzsprung, Ejnar
▪ Danish astronomer born Oct. 8, 1873, Frederiksberg, near Copenhagen died Oct. 21, 1967, Roskilde, Den.  Danish astronomer who classified types of stars by relating their ...
Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
/hairt"sproong rus"euhl/, Astron. the graph showing the absolute magnitude plotted against the surface temperature for a group of stars. Also called H-R diagram. [after Danish ...
Hertzsprung-Russelldiagram
Hertz·sprung-Rus·sell diagram (hĕrts'sprŭng-rŭsʹəl) n. A graph of the absolute magnitude of stars plotted against their surface temperature or color, used in the study of ...
Hertzsprung–Russell diagram
▪ astronomy  in astronomy, graph in which the absolute magnitudes (intrinsic brightness) of stars are plotted against their spectral types. Of great importance to theories of ...
Hertz{™}
an international company that hires out cars and other vehicles. Branches of Hertz are often seen at airports. * * *
Heruli
▪ German people       an east Germanic people originally from Scandinavia. They raided towns in the Roman Empire, scoring their greatest success in AD 267, when they ...
Hervey Bay
Inlet and city (pop., 2001: 41,890), southeastern Queensland, Australia. Named in 1770 by Capt. James Cook and surveyed in 1804, the bay measures 55 by 40 mi (89 by 64 km). ...
Hervey, John Hervey, Baron
▪ English politician [1696-1743] born October 15, 1696 died August 5, 1743, Ickworth, Suffolk, England  politician and wit whose Memoirs of the Reign of George the Second are ...
Hervieu, Paul-Ernest
▪ French author born Sept. 9, 1857, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France died Sept. 25, 1915, Paris       French novelist and playwright, most of whose dramas were tragedies ...
Herwegh, Georg
▪ German poet born May 31, 1817, Stuttgart, Württemberg [Germany] died April 7, 1875, Baden-Baden, Ger.  poet whose appeal for a revolutionary spirit in Germany was ...
Herz, Henri
▪ Austrian musician born Jan. 6, 1803, Vienna, Austria died Jan. 5, 1888, Paris, France       brilliant Austrian pianist, teacher, and composer.       Herz ...
Herzberg
/herrts"berrg/, n. Gerhard /gair"hahrd, -hahrt/, born 1904, Canadian physicist, born in Germany: Nobel prize for chemistry 1971. * * *
Herzberg, Gerhard
▪ 2000       German-born Canadian physicist and molecular spectroscopist (b. Dec. 25, 1904, Hamburg, Ger.—d. March 3, 1999, Ottawa, Ont.), was awarded the 1971 Nobel ...
Herzberg,Gerhard
Herz·berg (hûrtsʹbûrg'), Gerhard. 1904-1999. German-born Canadian physicist. He won a 1971 Nobel Prize for chemistry for his contributions to the understanding of the ...
Herzegovina
—Herzegovinian, adj., n. /her'tseuh goh vee"neuh/, n. a historic region in SE Europe: a former Turkish province; a part of Austria-Hungary 1878-1914; now part of Bosnia and ...
Herzegovinian
See Herzegovina. * * *
Herzen, Aleksandr (Ivanovich)
born April 6, 1812, Moscow, Russia died Jan. 21, 1870, Paris, France Russian writer and political activist. As a student at the University of Moscow, he joined a socialist ...
Herzen, Aleksandr Ivanovich
▪ Russian writer Introduction Herzen also spelled  Hertzen, or Gertsen   born April 6 [March 25, Old Style], 1812, Moscow, Russia died Jan. 21 [Jan. 9], 1870, Paris, ...
Herzl
/herdd"tseuhl/; Eng. /herrt"seuhl, hairt"-/, n. Theodor /tay"aw dohrdd'/, 1860-1904, Hungarian-born Austrian Jewish writer and journalist: founder of the political Zionist ...
Herzl, Theodor
born May 2, 1860, Budapest, Hungary died July 3, 1904, Edlach, Austria Hungarian Zionist leader. Growing up Jewish in Hungary, he believed that assimilation was the best ...
Herzl,Theodor
Her·zl (hĕrtʹsəl), Theodor. 1860-1904. Hungarian-born Austrian founder of Zionism. As a correspondent during the Alfred Dreyfus affair, he determined that the solution to ...
Herzliyya
▪ Israel       city, west central Israel, on the Plain of Sharon and the Mediterranean Sea, at the north of the Tel Aviv–Yafo metropolitan area. Founded in 1924 with ...
Herzog
/herrt"sog, herr"zog/; Fr. /erdd zawg"/ for 2, n. 1. Chaim /khuy"im/, 1918-97, Israeli political leader: president 1983-1997. 2. Maurice, born 1919, French mountaineer: climbed ...
Herzog, Chaim
▪ 1998       Irish-born Israeli politician, soldier, lawyer, and author (b. Sept. 17, 1918, Belfast, Ire.—d. April 17, 1997, Tel Aviv, Israel), was an eloquent and ...
Herzog, Isaac Halevi
▪ Israeli rabbi born November 1888, Łomża, Pol. died July 25, 1959, Jerusalem       scholar, author, religious philosopher, lecturer, chief rabbi of the Irish Free ...
Herzog, Jacques, and de Meuron, Pierre
▪ 2002       The 2001 Pritzker Architecture Prize was awarded to Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, a pair of Swiss architects whose modernist designs were ...
Herzog, Jacques; and de Meuron, Pierre
Respectively,   born April 19, 1950, Basel, Switz.   born May 8, 1950, Basel       Swiss architects known for their reappropriation of traditional architectural ...
Herzog, Johann Jakob
▪ German theologian born Aug. 12, 1805, Basel, Switz. died Sept. 30, 1882, Erlangen, Ger.       German Protestant theologian, professor of church history (University of ...
Herzog, Roman
▪ 1995       When the time came to choose a candidate for Germany's first postunification presidential election, Chancellor Helmut Kohl (q.v.) and his ruling Christian ...
Herzog, Werner
orig. Werner H. Stipetic (b. Sept. 5, 1942, Munich, Ger.) German filmmaker. He won two awards for his first feature film, Signs of Life (1967), which introduced the theme of a ...
Herzog,Chaim
Her·zog (hûrtʹzôg, hĕrtʹsōKH), Chaim. 1918-1997. Irish-born Israeli politician who served as president (1983-1993). A staunch defender of Israeli security, he established ...
Hesburgh, Theodore M.
▪ American priest and educator in full  Theodore Martin Hesburgh  born May 25, 1917, Syracuse, N.Y., U.S.       American Roman Catholic priest and educator under ...
Heschel, Abraham Joshua
born 1907, Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire died Dec. 23, 1972, New York, N.Y., U.S. Polish-born U.S. Jewish philosopher and theologian. He studied at the University of Berlin and ...
Hesdin
▪ France       town, Pas-de-Calais département, Nord-Pas-de-Calais région, northern France, 20 mi (32 km) north-northeast of Abbeville. It was founded in 1554 by the ...
Heshen
or Ho-shen born 1750, China died Feb. 22, 1799, Beijing Infamous Chinese courtier who abused his influence with the Qianlong emperor to assume high ministerial positions and ...
Heshvan
/hesh"veuhn, -vahn, khesh"-/, n. the second month of the Jewish calendar. Also, Cheshvan. Also called Marheshvan, Marcheshvan. Cf. Jewish calendar. [1825-35; < Heb ...
Hesilrige, Sir Arthur, 2nd Baronet
▪ Scottish statesman , Hesilrige also spelled  Haselrig   born c. 1601 died Jan. 7, 1661, London, Eng.       a leading English Parliamentarian from the beginning of ...
Hesiod
—Hesiodic /hee'see od"ik, hes'ee-/, adj. /hee"see euhd, hes"ee-/, n. fl. 8th century B.C., Greek poet. * * * flourished с 700 BC Greek poet. One of the earliest Greek ...
hesitancy
/hez"i teuhn see/, n., pl. hesitancies. hesitation; indecision or disinclination. Also, hesitance. [1610-20; < L haesitantia. See HESITANT, -ANCY] * * *
hesitant
—hesitantly, adv. /hez"i teuhnt/, adj. 1. hesitating; undecided, doubtful, or disinclined. 2. lacking readiness of speech. [1640-50; < L haesitant- (s. of haesitans), prp. of ...
hesitantly
See hesitant. * * *
hesitate
—hesitater, hesitator, n. —hesitatingly, adv. /hez"i tayt'/, v.i., hesitated, hesitating. 1. to be reluctant or wait to act because of fear, indecision, or disinclination: ...
hesitater
See hesitate. * * *
hesitatingly
See hesitater. * * *
hesitation
/hez'i tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of hesitating; a delay due to uncertainty of mind or fear: His hesitation cost him the championship. 2. a state of doubt or uncertainty. 3. a ...
hesitation waltz
a waltz based on the frequent use of a step that consists of a pause and glide. [1910-15] * * *
hesitative
—hesitatively, adv. /hez"i tay'tiv/, adj. characterized by hesitation; hesitating. [1785-95; HESITATE + -IVE] * * *
Hesper
/hes"peuhr/, n. Hesperus. * * *
Hespere
/hes"peuh ree'/, n. Class. Myth. one of the Hesperides. * * *
Hesperia
Hesperia [hes pir′ē ə] n. 〚L < Gr Hesperia < hesperos: see HESPERIAN〛 the Western Land: the ancient Greek name for Italy and the Roman name for Spain * * *
Hesperian
/he spear"ee euhn/, adj. 1. western; occidental. 2. of or pertaining to the Hesperides. n. 3. a native or inhabitant of a western land. [1540-50; < L Hesperi(us) of, toward the ...
Hesperidean
See Hesperidian. * * *
Hesperides
—Hesperidian /hes'peuh rid"ee euhn/, adj. /he sper"i deez'/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a. (used with a pl. v.) nymphs, variously given as three to seven in number, who guarded with ...
Hesperidian
See Hesperides. * * *
hesperidin
/he sper"i din/, n. Biochem. a crystallizable, bioflavinoid glycoside, C28H34O15, occurring in most citrus fruits, esp. in the spongy envelope of oranges and lemons. [1830-40; < ...
hesperidium
—hesperidate /he sper"i dayt'/, hesperideous, adj. /hes'peuh rid"ee euhm/, n., pl. hesperidia /-peuh rid"ee euh/. Bot. the fruit of a citrus plant, as an orange. [1865-70; < ...
hesperinos
/es pe'rddee naws"/; Eng. /hes'peuhr euh nos", hes"peuhr euh nos'/, n. Gk. Orth. Ch. vespers (def. 1). [ < LGk, Gk hesperinós pertaining to evening, equiv. to hésper(os), ...
hesperornis
/hes'peuh rawr"nis/, n. a toothed aquatic bird of the extinct genus Hesperornis, fossils of which are found in rocks of Cretaceous age in Kansas, having the rear legs modified ...
Hesperorthis
▪ fossil genus       extinct genus of brachiopods, or lamp shells, which as fossils are especially characteristic of Ordovician marine rocks (438 to 505 million years ...
Hesperus
/hes"peuhr euhs/, n. an evening star, esp. Venus. Also, Hesper. [1350-1400; ME < L < Gk hésperos evening, western; akin to WEST, L vesper VESPER] * * * ▪ Greco-Roman ...
Hess
/hes/, n. 1. Dame Myra, 1890-1965, English pianist. 2. Victor Francis, 1883-1964, U.S. physicist, born in Austria: Nobel prize 1936. 3. Walter Rudolf, 1881-1973, Swiss ...
Hess's law of heat summation
▪ chemistry       rule first enunciated by Germain Henri Hess (Hess, Germain Henri), a Swiss-born Russian chemist, in 1840, stating that the heat absorbed or evolved in ...
Hess, (Walter Richard) Rudolf
born April 26, 1894, Alexandria, Egypt died Aug. 17, 1987, West Berlin, W.Ger. German Nazi leader. He joined the fledgling Nazi Party in 1920 and soon became Adolf Hitler's ...
Hess, (Walter Richard)Rudolf
Hess (hĕs), (Walter Richard) Rudolf. 1894-1987. German Nazi leader. When Hitler became chancellor (1933), he named Hess as deputy führer and later (1939) as second in ...
Hess, Dame Myra
▪ British pianist born Feb. 25, 1890, London died Nov. 25, 1965, London  English pianist known for her interpretations of the works of Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, and Robert ...
Hess, Germain Henri
▪ Russian chemist born Aug. 7, 1802, Geneva, Switz. died Nov. 30, 1850, St. Petersburg, Russia       chemist whose studies of heat in chemical reactions formed the ...
Hess, Leon
▪ 2000       American oil tycoon and owner of the National Football League's New York Jets; his oil production and exploration company, Amerada Hess Corp., was the ...
Hess, Moses
▪ German author and Zionist original name  Moritz Hess   born June 21, 1812, Bonn [Germany] died April 6, 1875, Paris, Fr.       German journalist and socialist who ...
Hess, Orvan Walter
▪ 2003       American obstetrician and gynecologist (b. June 18, 1906, Margaretville, N.Y.—d. Sept. 6, 2002, New Haven, Conn.), developed the first fetal heart ...
Hess, Rudolf
▪ German Nazi leader born April 26, 1894, Alexandria, Egypt died Aug. 17, 1987, West Berlin [Germany]  German National Socialist who was Adolf Hitler's (Hitler, Adolf) deputy ...
Hess, Victor Francis
born June 24, 1883, Waldstein, Styria, Austria died Dec. 17, 1964, Mount Vernon, N.Y., U.S. Austrian-born U.S. physicist. He received his doctorate from the University of ...
Hess, Walter Rudolf
born March 17, 1881, Frauenfeld, Switz. died Aug. 12, 1973, Locarno Swiss physiologist. He worked at the University of Zürich (1917–51). His interests centred on the nerves ...
Hess,Walter Rudolf
Hess, Walter Rudolf. 1881-1973. Swiss physiologist. He shared a 1949 Nobel Prize for his research on the brain's control of the body. * * *
Hesse
/hes"euh/ for 1; /hes/ for 2, n. 1. Hermann /herdd"mahn/, 1877-1962, German novelist and poet: Nobel prize 1946. 2. German, Hessen /hes"euhn/. a state in central Germany. ...
Hesse, Eva
born Jan. 11, 1936, Hamburg, Ger. died May 29, 1970, New York, N.Y., U.S. German-born U.S. sculptor. She arrived in New York City with her family in 1939, fleeing the Nazi ...
Hesse, Hermann
born July 2, 1877, Calw, Ger. died Aug. 9, 1962, Montagnola, Switz. German novelist and poet. He left the seminary because of his inability to adapt to the life there. His ...
Hesse,Hermann
Hes·se (hĕsʹə), Hermann. 1877-1962. German-born Swiss writer whose works, including Siddhartha (1922) and Steppenwolf (1927), concern the duality of human existence and the ...
Hesse-Darmstadt
▪ former landgraviate, Germany German  Hessen-darmstadt,         former landgraviate, grand duchy, and state of Germany. It was formed in 1567 in the division of old ...
Hesse-Kassel
▪ former landgraviate, Germany also spelled  Hesse-cassel,  also called  (1944–45) Electoral Hesse,  German  Hessen-kassel, Hessen-cassel, or Kurhessen, ...
Hesse-Nassau
/hes"nas"aw/, n. a former state in W Germany, now part of Hesse. German, Hessen-Nassau /hes"euhn nahs"ow/. * * *
Hesselman engine
/hes"euhl meuhn/ a low-compression oil engine requiring a spark for ignition. [after Swedish engineer Knut Jonas Elias Hesselman (1877-1957), its inventor] * * *
Hessen
▪ state, Germany Introduction also spelled  Hesse    Land (state) in the west-central part of Germany. Hessen is bounded by the states of Lower Saxony to the north, ...
Hessian
/hesh"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the state of Hesse or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Hesse. 3. a Hessian mercenary used by England during the American ...
Hessian boots
knee-high tasseled boots, fashionable in England in the early 19th century. [1800-10] * * *
Hessian fly
a small fly, Phytophaga destructor, the larvae of which feed on the stems of wheat and other grasses. [1780-90, Amer.] * * * ▪ insect  small fly in the gall midge family, ...
Hessianboot
Hessian boot n. A man's high, tasseled boot introduced into England by Hessians in the 19th century. * * *
Hessianfly
Hessian fly n. A small fly (Mayetiola destructor) having larvae that infest and destroy wheat and other grain plants. * * *
hessite
/hes"uyt/, n. a rare mineral, silver telluride, Ag2Te, found in silver ores: sometimes contains gold. [1840-50; named after G. H. Hess, 19th-century Swiss chemist; see -ITE1] * * ...
hessonite
/hes"euh nuyt'/, n. Mineral. essonite. [ < Gk hesson- (s. of hésson) less, inferior + -ITE1] * * * also called  Essonite, or Cinnamon Stone,         translucent, ...
hest
/hest/, n. Archaic. behest. [bef. 1150; ME hest(e), OE haes; akin to hatan to bid] * * *
Hester
/hes"teuhr/, n. a female given name, form of Esther. * * *
Hestia
/hes"tee euh/, n. the ancient Greek goddess of the hearth. Cf. Vesta. * * * Greek goddess of the hearth and 1 of the 12 chief deities of Mount Olympus. She was the daughter of ...
Heston
(1924– ) a US actor famous for playing leading parts in big historical films. He was Moses in The Ten Commandments (1956) and received an Oscar for Ben-Hur (1959). He is known ...
Heston and Isleworth
/hes"teuhn; uy"zeuhl werrth'/ a former borough, now part of Hounslow, in SE England, near London. * * *
Heston, Charlton
orig. John Charlton Carter born Oct. 4, 1924, Evanston, Ill., U.S. U.S. actor. He made his Broadway debut in Antony and Cleopatra (1947) and his film debut in Dark City ...
Heston, Willie
▪ American athlete byname of  William Martin Heston   born Sept. 9, 1878, Galesburg, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 9, 1963, Traverse City, Mich.       U.S. collegiate ...
Hesychasm
▪ Eastern Orthodoxy       in Eastern Christianity, type of monastic life (monasticism) in which practitioners seek divine quietness (Greek hēsychia) through the ...
Hesychast
—Hesychastic, adj. /hes"i kast'/, n. one of a sect of mystics that originated in the 14th century among the monks on Mt. Athos, Greece. [1825-35; < ML hesychasta < Gk ...
Hesychius of Alexandria
flourished 5th century AD Greek scholar and linguist. He compiled the Alphabetical Collection of All Words, the most complete Greek lexicon known from antiquity. Though ...
Hesychius Of Jerusalem
▪ Eastern Orthodox monk died c. 450       priest-monk, renowned in the Eastern Church as a theologian, biblical commentator, and preacher. He played a prominent role in ...
Hesychius Of Miletus
▪ Byzantine historian flourished 6th century       Byzantine historian and literary biographer whose chronicle of world history influenced later Byzantine historical ...
het
het [khet] n. the eighth letter of the Hebrew alphabet (ח) * * *
het up
/het/, Informal. 1. indignant; irate; upset: She was really het up about the new city tax. 2. enthusiastic: John is suddenly het up about racing cars. [1920-25; het, archaic or ...
hetaera
—hetaeric, adj. /hi tear"euh/, n., pl. hetaerae /-tear"ee/. 1. a highly cultured courtesan or concubine, esp. in ancient Greece. 2. any woman who uses her beauty and charm to ...
hetaeric
See hetaera. * * *
hetaerism
—hetaerist, n. —hetaeristic /het'euh ris"tik/, adj. /hi tear"iz euhm/, n. 1. concubinage. 2. a social system in which the women are considered common property. Also, ...
hetaira
—hetairic, adj. /hi tuyeur"euh/, n., pl. hetairai /-tuy"ruy/. hetaera. * * *
Hetepheres
▪ queen of Egypt       ancient Egyptian (Egypt, ancient) queen, wife of the king Snefru, who bore the title “Daughter of God” and represented the direct royal blood ...


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