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/hay"weuhrd/, n. DuBose /deuh bohz"/, 1885-1940, U.S. playwright, novelist, and poet. * * *
Heyward, (Edwin)DuBose
Hey·ward (hāʹwərd), (Edwin) DuBose. 1885-1940. American writer whose novel Porgy (1925) and its dramatization (1927) became the basis of George Gershwin's folk opera Porgy ...
Heyward, DuBose
▪ American writer in full  Edwin Dubose Heyward   born Aug. 31, 1885, Charleston, S.C., U.S. died June 16, 1940, Tryon, N.C.       American novelist, dramatist, and ...
/hay"wood/, n. 1. John, 1497?-1580?, English dramatist and epigrammatist. 2. Thomas, 1573?-1641, English dramatist, poet, and actor. 3. a male given name. * * *
Heywood, Jasper
▪ English priest and poet born 1535, London died Jan. 9, 1598, Naples       Jesuit priest and poet whose translations of the works of the Roman playwright Seneca, ...
Heywood, John
born 1497?, London, Eng.? died after 1575, Mechelen, Belg. British playwright. His witty, satirical verse interludes (dialogues on a set subject) helped put English drama on ...
Heywood, Thomas
▪ English actor and playwright born 1574?, Lincolnshire, Eng. died Aug. 16, 1641, London       English actor-playwright whose career spans the peak periods of ...
Arabic. /khes'bah lah"/, n. a radical Shi'ite Muslim organization in Lebanon engaged in guerrilla warfare against Israel. Also, Hizballah. [ < Ar: lit., Party of God] * * * or ...
/hez'euh kuy"euh/, n. a king of Judah of the 7th and 8th centuries B.C. II Kings 18. [ < Heb hizqiyyah lit., Yahweh strengthens] * * * flourished late 8th and early 7th ...
1. See high frequency. 2. Hispanic female. * * *
Symbol, Chem. hafnium. * * *
half. * * *
hf. bd.
half-bound. * * *
hfs abbr. hyperfine structure. * * *
1. High German. 2. Brit. Home Guard. * * *
Symbol, Chem. mercury. [ < NL hydrargyrum, for L hydrargyrus (by analogy with AURUM, ARGENTUM, etc.) < Gk hydrárgyros lit., liquid silver (hydr- HYDR-1 + árgyros silver)] * * *
hectogram; hectograms. * * *
Central Semitic, to cover, conceal. hijab, from Arabic ḥijāb, curtain, veil, from ḥajaba, to veil, cover. * * *
hgb. abbr. hemoglobin. * * *
Central Semitic, to make a pilgrimage. 1. Haggai, from Hebrew ḥaggay, perhaps “born on a feast day,” from ḥag, pilgrimage-feast, from ḥāgag, to make a pilgrimage, keep ...
human growth hormone. * * *
Arabic root, to depart. hegira, from Arabic hijra, emigration, flight, from hajara, to depart. * * *
hgt abbrev. height * * *
height. * * *
(in full Home and Garden television) a television network in the US and Canada which broadcasts programmes about home decoration and gardening. * * *
hgwy abbrev. highway * * *
highway. * * *
HH abbrev. 1. Her (or His) Highness 2. His Holiness * * * HH abbr. 1. Her (or His) Highness. 2. His Holiness. * * *
Doctor of Humanities. * * *
hogshead; hogsheads. * * *
Housing and Home Finance Agency. * * *
See Department of Health and Human Services. * * *
hi1 /huy/, interj. (used as an exclamation of greeting); hello! [1425-75; late ME hy, perh. var. of hei HEY] hi2 /huy/, adj. an informal, simplified spelling of high: hi ...
Hawaii (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * *
/huy"fuy"/, n. 1. See high fidelity. 2. a phonograph, radio, or other sound-reproducing apparatus possessing high fidelity. adj. 3. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of such ...
hi-hat [hī′hat΄] n. HIGH-HAT (n. 2) * * *
hi-hat cymbals (hīʹhătʹ) pl.n. Variant of high-hat cymbals. * * *
/huy"rez"/, adj. Computers Informal. high-resolution (def. 2). [by shortening] * * *
hi-riser [hī′riz′ər] n. a couch with two mattresses, one below the other on a separate frame, that is convertible into a double bed or two single beds * * *
/huy"tek"/, n., adj. Informal. high-tech. * * *
/huy'euh lee"euh/, n. a city in SE Florida, near Miami: racetrack. 145,254. * * * City (pop., 2000: 226,419), southeastern Florida, U.S. Settled in 1910 by the aviation pioneers ...
See hiatus. * * *
hiatal hernia
hiatal hernia or hiatus hernia n. a hernia of part of the stomach into the opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes * * *
hiatal hernia n. A hernia in which part of the stomach protrudes through the esophageal opening of the diaphragm. Also called hiatus hernia. * * *
—hiatal, adj. /huy ay"teuhs/, n., pl. hiatuses, hiatus. 1. a break or interruption in the continuity of a work, series, action, etc. 2. a missing part; gap or lacuna: Scholars ...
hiatus hernia
Pathol. an abnormal condition in which part of the stomach protrudes upward through the esophageal cleft in the diaphragm, sometimes causing a backflow of acid stomach contents ...
/huy'euh woth"euh, -waw"theuh, hee'euh-/, n. the central figure of The Song of Hiawatha (1855), a poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: named after a legendary Indian chief, fl. ...
Hib abbr. Haemophilus influenzae type b. * * *
/hi bah"chee/, n. a small Japanese-style charcoal brazier covered with a grill, usually used for outdoor cooking. [1860-65; < Japn, equiv. to hi fire (earlier fi(y) < *poi) + ...
/hee'beuh kooh"sheuh/; Japn. /hee bah"koo shah'/, n., pl. hibakushas, hibakusha. a survivor of either of the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945. [ < ...
Hibbert, Eleanor Alice
▪ 1994       (VICTORIA HOLT; JEAN PLAIDY), British novelist (b. 1906/1910?, London, England—d. Jan. 18, 1993, at sea between Athens, Greece, and Port Said, Egypt), ...
/hib"ing/, n. a town in NE Minnesota: iron mining. 21,193. * * * ▪ Minnesota, United States  city, St. Louis county, northeastern Minnesota, U.S. It lies on the Mesabi ...
Hibbler, Albert
▪ 2002 “Al”        American singer (b. Aug. 16, 1915, Tyro, Miss.—d. April 24, 2001, Chicago, Ill.), rose to fame with the Duke Ellington band (1943–51), singing ...
/huy'beuhr nak"yeuh leuhm/, n., pl. hibernacula /-leuh/. 1. a protective case or covering, esp. for winter, as of an animal or a plant bud. 2. winter quarters, as of a ...
/huy berr"nl/, adj. of or pertaining to winter; wintry. [1620-30; < L hibernalis, equiv. to hibern(us) wintry + -alis -AL1; akin to hiems winter (see HIEMAL)] * * *
—hibernation, n. —hibernator, n. /hi"beuhr nayt'/, v.i., hibernated, hibernating. 1. Zool. to spend the winter in close quarters in a dormant condition, as bears and certain ...
See hibernate. * * * State of greatly slowed metabolism and low body temperature in winter in certain animals. True hibernators include many cold-blooded animals and a few ...
See hibernation. * * *
/huy berr"nee euh/, n. Latin. Ireland. * * *
/huy berr"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Ireland or its inhabitants; Irish. n. 2. a native of Ireland. [1625-35; HIBERNI(A) + -AN] * * *
/huy berr"neuh siz'euhm/, n. an idiom or characteristic peculiar to Irish English or to the Irish. Also, Hibernianism /huy berr"nee euh niz'euhm/. [1750-60; < ML Hibernic(us) ...
/huy berr"neuh suyz'/, v.t., Hibernicized, Hibernicizing. to make Irish in character. Also, esp. Brit., Hibernicise. [1805-15; < ML Hibernic(us) (see HIBERNICISM) + -IZE] * * *
/huy berr"noh ing"glish/ or, often, /-lish/, n. 1. Also called Anglo-Irish. the English language as spoken in Ireland. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Hiberno-English. * * *
/huy berr"noh sak"seuhn/, adj. 1. having the characteristics of both the Irish and English; Anglo-Irish. 2. pertaining to or designating the style of art, esp. of manuscript ...
Hiberno-Saxon style
Decorative style that resulted when Irish (Hibernian) monks went to England in 635. It mingled the Celtic decorative tradition curvilinear and "trumpet" forms, scrolls, spirals, ...
/huy bis"keuhs, hi-/, n., pl. hibiscuses. 1. Also called China rose. a woody plant, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, of the mallow family, having large, showy flowers: the state flower of ...
/hik/, interj. (an onomatopoeic word used to imitate or represent a hiccup.) * * *
hic et ubique
/heek" et ooh bee"kwe/; Eng. /hik" et yooh buy"kwee/, Latin. here and everywhere. * * *
hic jacet
/heek" yah"ket/; Eng. /hik" jay"set/, Latin. here lies (often used to begin epitaphs on tombstones). * * *
hic requiescit in pace
/heek" re"kwee e"sheet een pah"che/, Latin. here rests in peace: a phrase used on tombstones before the name of the deceased. * * *
/hik"up, -euhp/, n., v., hiccuped or hiccupped, hiccuping or hiccupping. n. 1. a quick, involuntary inhalation that follows a spasm of the diaphragm and is suddenly checked by ...
/hich"euhnz/, n. Robert Smythe /smuydh, smuyth/, 1864-1950, English novelist. * * *
▪ musical instrument       Japanese short, double-reed wind instrument, similar to the oboe. The present Japanese form is about 18 cm (7 inches) long and has seven ...
/hik/, n. 1. an unsophisticated, boorish, and provincial person; rube. adj. 2. pertaining to or characteristic of hicks: hick ideas. 3. located in a rural or culturally ...
hick-joint pointing
/hik"joynt'/, Masonry. pointing having raked joints filled flush with the face of the masonry with a finish mortar. [1875-80] * * *
/hik"ee/, n., pl. hickeys. 1. Slang. a. a pimple. b. a reddish mark left on the skin by a passionate kiss. 2. any device or gadget whose name is not known or is momentarily ...
Hickey, James Aloysius Cardinal
▪ 2005       American Roman Catholic prelate (b. Oct. 11, 1920, Midland, Mich.—d. Oct. 24, 2004, Washington, D.C.), held to conservative theological policies while ...
/hik"ok/, n. James Butler ("Wild Bill"), 1837-76, U.S. frontiersman. * * *
Hickok, Wild Bill
orig. James Butler Hickok born May 27, 1837, Troy Grove, Ill., U.S. died Aug. 2, 1876, Deadwood, Dakota Territory U.S. frontiersman. He left home in 1865 to farm in Kansas, ...
Hickok,James Butler
Hick·ok (hĭkʹŏk'), James Butler. Known as “Wild Bill.” 1837-1876. American frontier scout and marshal whose law enforcement exploits against Western outlaws are the ...
/hik"euh ree, hik"ree/, n., pl. hickories. 1. any of several North American trees belonging to the genus Carya, of the walnut family, certain species of which bear edible nuts or ...
/hik"euh ree, hik"ree/, n. a city in W North Carolina. 20,757. * * * Any of about 18 species of deciduous timber and nut-producing trees that make up the genus Carya, in the ...
Hickory Hills
a town in NE Illinois. 13,778. * * *
hickory horned devil
hickory horned devil n. REGAL MOTH * * *
hickory pine.
See bristlecone pine. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
Hickory, Dickory, Dock
the title and first line of an old nursery rhyme. The full song is: Hickory, dickory, dock, The mouse ran up the clock. The clock struck one, The mouse ran down, Hickory, ...
Hickox, Richard
▪ 2009       British conductor born March 5, 1948, Stokenchurch, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died Nov. 23, 2008, Cardiff, Wales was noted for his promotion of English ...
/hiks/, n. 1. Edward, 1780-1849, U.S. painter. 2. Granville, 1902-82, U.S. writer, educator, and editor. 3. Sir John Richard, born 1904, British economist: Nobel prize 1972. * * *
Hicks Beach, Sir Michael Edward, 9th Baronet, 1st Earl St. Aldwyn Of Coln, Viscount Quenington Of Quenington, Viscount St. Aldwyn Of Coln
▪ British statesman born Oct. 23, 1837, London, Eng. died April 30, 1916, London       British Conservative statesman who was chancellor of the Exchequer (1885–86, ...
Hicks yew
a hybrid yew, Taxus media hicksii, having a columnar manner of growth. [after Hicks nurseries in Westbury, New York] * * *
Hicks, David Nightingale
▪ 1999       British interior decorator known for his use of bold, vibrant colours, for his mixture of antique and contemporary furnishings and modern art, and for the ...
Hicks, Edward
born April 4, 1780, Attleboro, Pa., U.S. died Aug. 23, 1849, Newtown, Pa. U.S. painter. He was a coach and sign painter from an early age. In middle age he began to produce ...
Hicks, Elias
▪ American minister born March 19, 1748, Hempstead Township, Long Island, New York [U.S.] died February 27, 1830, Jericho, Long Island, New York, U.S.  early advocate of the ...
Hicks, Granville
▪ American critic born Sept. 9, 1901, Exeter, N.H., U.S. died June 18, 1982, Franklin Park, N.J.  critic, novelist, and teacher who was one of the foremost practitioners of ...
Hicks, Sir John R(ichard)
born April 8, 1904, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, Eng. died May 20, 1989, Blockley, Gloucestershire British economist. He taught at several institutions, notably the University ...
Hicks, Sir John R.
▪ British economist in full  Sir John Richard Hicks  born April 8, 1904, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England died May 20, 1989, Blockley, ...
Hicks (hĭks), Edward. 1780-1849. American painter of primitive works, notably The Peaceable Kingdom, of which nearly 100 versions exist. * * *
/hik"suyt/, n. a member of the liberal body of Quakers in the U.S., who asserted the sufficiency of the Inner Light in religious life. [1825-35, Amer.; after Elias Hicks ...
Hickson, Joan
▪ 1999       British actress who, after a distinguished career in more than 80 motion pictures and dozens of plays, gained international celebrity in her late 70s, ...
a centre for showjumping (= the sport of riding over difficult barriers) in Sussex, England. Many national and international competitions are held there. * * *
/hiks"vil/, n. Slang. a backward, provincial place; backwater. [HICK + -S3 + -ville, extracted from place names; cf. SQUARESVILLE] * * *
/hiks"vil/, n. a town on W Long Island, in SE New York. 43,245. * * *
/hik"wawl'/, n. Brit. Dial. any of certain European woodpeckers, esp. the green woodpecker. [1400-50; late ME hygh-whele, orig. imit.] * * *
—hickiness, n. /hik"ee/, adj., hickier, hickiest. Informal. hick (def. 2). [HICK + -Y1] * * *
/hik"ee hawrs'/, n. South Atlantic States (chiefly North Carolina). a seesaw. [hicky of unclear orig.] * * *
/hid/, v. pt. and a pp. of hide1. * * *
Hida Range
▪ mountain range, Japan Japanese  Hida-sammyaku,    mountain group in the Chūbu chihō (region) of central Honshu, Japan. The range stretches from north to south along the ...
Hidaka Range
▪ mountain range, Japan Japanese  Hidaka-sammyaku,    mountain range, southernmost portion of the Shiribeshi Mountain system, on Hokkaido, Japan, projecting into the ...
—hidalgoism, hidalgism /hi dal"jiz euhm/, n. /hi dal"goh/; Sp. /ee dhahl"gaw/, n., pl. hidalgos /-gohz/; Sp. /-gaws/. 1. a man of the lower nobility in Spain. 2. (in Spanish ...
/hi dal"goh/; Sp. /ee dhahl"gaw/, n. 1. Juan /hwahn/, c1600-85, Spanish composer and harpist. 2. a state in central Mexico. 1,409,000; 8057 sq. mi. (20,870 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Hidalgo (y Costilla), Miguel
born May 8, 1753, near Pénjamo, Guanajuato, Mex. died July 30, 1811, Chihuahua Mexican priest, called the father of Mexican independence. Ordained in 1789, he had an ...
Hidalgo del Parral
▪ Mexico formerly  Parral         city, south-central Chihuahua estado (state), north-central Mexico. The city, renamed in honour of the patriot Miguel Hidalgo y ...
Hidalgo y Costilla
/ee dhahl"gaw ee kaws tee"yah/ Miguel /mee gel"/, 1753-1811, Mexican priest, patriot, and revolutionist. * * *
Hidalgo y Costilla, Miguel
▪ Mexican leader born May 8, 1753, Corralejo, near Guanajuato, Mexico died July 31, 1811, Chihuahua  Catholic priest who is called the father of Mexican ...
Hidalgo y Costillo,Miguel
Hi·dal·go y Co·stil·lo (ē-dälʹgō ēkō-stēʹyō), Miguel. 1753-1811. Mexican priest and revolutionary. Although the revolt he initiated (1810) against Spanish rule ...
/hee daht"sah/, n., pl. Hidatsas, (esp. collectively) Hidatsa for 1. 1. a member of a Siouan people dwelling on the Missouri River. 2. the Siouan language of the Hidatsa tribe. * ...
—hiddenly, adv. —hiddenness, n. /hid"n/, adj. 1. concealed; obscure; covert: hidden meaning; hidden hostility. v. 2. pp. of hide1. Syn. 1. secret, veiled; occult. * * *
hidden agenda
an often duplicitously undisclosed plan or motive. [1985-90] * * *
hidden tax
any tax paid by a manufacturer, supplier, or seller that is added on to the price the consumer pays. * * *
hidden agenda n. An undisclosed plan, especially one with an ulterior motive. * * *
/hid"n uyt'/, n. Mineral. a rare, transparent variety of spodumene, colored yellow-green to emerald-green by chromium: used as a gem. [after William E. Hidden (1853-1918), U.S. ...
hide1 —hidable, adj. —hidability, n. —hider, n. /huyd/, v., hid, hidden or hid, hiding, n. v.t. 1. to conceal from sight; prevent from being seen or discovered: Where did ...
/huyd"euh bed'/, Trademark. a brand of hideaway bed. * * *
hide-and-go-seek (hīdʹn-gō-sēkʹ) n. See hide-and-seek. * * * ➡ hide-and-seek * * *
/huyd"n seek"/, n. one of a variety of children's games in which, according to specified rules, one player gives the others a chance to hide and then attempts to find them. Also ...
☆ hide-out [hīd′out΄ ] n. Informal a hiding place, as for gangsters * * *
/huyd"euh way'/, n. 1. a place to which a person can retreat for safety, privacy, relaxation, or seclusion; refuge: His hideaway is in the mountains. 2. See hideaway bed. adj. 3. ...
hideaway bed
a sofa, loveseat, etc., that can be converted into a bed, usually by folding out a concealed mattress and springs. * * *
—hideboundness, n. /huyd"bownd'/, adj. 1. narrow and rigid in opinion; inflexible: a hidebound pedant. 2. oriented toward or confined to the past; extremely conservative: a ...
See hideous. * * *
—hideously, adv. —hideousness, hideosity /hid'ee os"i tee/, n. /hid"ee euhs/, adj. 1. horrible or frightful to the senses; repulsive; very ugly: a hideous monster. 2. ...
See hideosity. * * *
See hideosity. * * *
/huyd"owt'/, n. a safe place for hiding, esp. from the law. Also, hide-out. [1870-75; n. use of v. phrase hide out] * * *
/huy"dee hohl'/, n. Informal. a nook or cranny used as a hiding place. [1810-20; HIDE1 + -EY2 + HOLE] * * *
/hee"de yaw"shee/, n. Toyotomi /taw"yaw taw"mee/, 1536-98, Japanese general and statesman: prime minister and dictator of Japan 1585-98. * * *
hiding1 /huy"ding/, n. 1. act of concealing; concealment: to remain in hiding. 2. a secret refuge or means of concealment. [1250-1300; ME; see HIDE1, -ING1] hiding2 /huy"ding/, ...
—hidropoietic /hid'roh poy et"ik, huy'droh-/, adj. /hid'roh poy ee"sis, huy'droh-/, n. the production of sweat. [hidro-, erroneously for Gk hidroto-, comb. form of hidrós ...
—hidrotic /hi drot"ik, huy-/, adj. /hi droh"sis, huy-/, n. the excessive production of sweat. [1890-95; < Gk hídrosis sweating, equiv. to hidro-, var. s. of hidroûn to sweat, ...
hidrotic [hī drät′ik, hidrät′ik] adj. 〚ML hidroticus < Gr hidrōtikos < hidrōs, sweat〛 1. having to do with sweat 2. causing sweat; sudorific n. a sudorific drug * * ...
/huy"dee/, interj. South Midland U.S. howdy1 (used as a greeting). * * *
hidy-hole or hidey-hole [hī′dē hōl΄] n. [Chiefly Brit.] informal var. of HIDEAWAY * * *
/huy/, v., hied, hieing or hying. v.i. 1. to hasten; speed; go in haste. v.t. 2. to hasten (oneself): Hie yourself down to this once-in-a-lifetime sale! [bef. 900; ME hien, hyen, ...
/hee"leuh meuhn/, n. Australian. a shield made of wood or bark. [1790-1800; < Dharuk (h)i-li-mang] * * *
Hielm, Jonas Anton
▪ Norwegian politician born Dec. 30, 1782, Kristiansand, Nor. died March 30, 1848, Christiania [now Oslo]       political leader who defended Norway's position within ...
/huy"euh meuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to winter; wintry. [1550-60; < L hiemalis pertaining to winter, equiv. to hiem(s) winter (akin to Gk chión snow, cheimón winter, Skt hima ...
Hien Vuong
▪ Vietnamese ruler also called Chua Hien, Nguyen Phuoc Tan, or Thai Ton born 1619? died 1687       member of the Nguyen (Nguyen Dynasty) family (q.v.) who ruled in ...
var. of hiero- before a vowel: hierarchy. * * *
Ancient city, Upper Egypt. Located south of Thebes, it was the prehistoric residence of the kings of Upper Egypt. Now an archaeological site, it reveals the beginning of Egypt's ...
Hi·er·ap·o·lis (hī-ə-răpʹə-lĭs) An ancient city of northwest Asia Minor in present-day Turkey. The Roman city was known for its baths fed by hot springs. Hierapolis ...
—hierarchal, adj. /huy"euh rahrk', huy"rahrk/, n. 1. a person who rules or has authority in sacred matters; high priest. 2. a person having high position or considerable ...
hierarchal [hī′ər är΄kəl] adj. of a hierarch or hierarchy * * *
—hierarchically, adv. /huy'euh rahr"ki keuhl, huy rahr"-/, adj. of, belonging to, or characteristic of a hierarchy. Also, hierarchic. [1425-75; late ME. See HIERARCH, -ICAL] * ...
See hierarchical. * * *
—hierarchist, n. /huy"euh rahr'kiz euhm, huy"rahr kiz'-/, n. hierarchical principles, rule, or influence. [1840-50; HI-ERARCH(Y) + -ISM] * * *
See hierarchize. * * *
/huy"euh rahr kuyz', huy"rahr-/, v.t., hierarchized, hierarchizing. to arrange in a hierarchy. Also, esp. Brit., hierarchise. [1880-85; HIERARCH(Y) + -IZE] * * *
/huy"euh rahr'kee, huy"rahr-/, n., pl. hierarchies. 1. any system of persons or things ranked one above another. 2. government by ecclesiastical rulers. 3. the power or dominion ...
—hieratically, adv. /huy'euh rat"ik, huy rat"-/, adj. 1. Also, hieratical. of or pertaining to priests or the priesthood; sacerdotal; priestly. 2. noting or pertaining to a ...
hieratic script
▪ writing system       ancient Egyptian cursive writing, used from the 1st dynasty (c. 2925–c. 2775 BC) until about 200 BC. Derived from the earlier, pictorial ...
See hieratic. * * *
a combining form meaning "sacred," "priestly," used in the formation of compound words: hierocracy. Also, esp. before a vowel, hier-. [ < Gk hieró(s) holy, sacred] * * *
Hierocles Of Alexandria
▪ Egyptian philosopher flourished c. 430       Neoplatonist philosopher who, after studying under the Greek philosopher Plutarch of Athens and visiting Constantinople, ...
—hierocratic /huy'euhr euh krat"ik, huy'reuh-/, hierocratical, adj. /huy'euh rok"reuh see, huy rok"-/, n., pl. hierocracies. rule or government by priests or ...
See hierocracy. * * *
See hierocratic. * * *
/huy'euhr euh dee"keuhn, huy'reuh-/, n. Eastern Ch. a monk who is also a deacon. [HIERO- + DEACON] * * *
—hierodulic, adj. /huy"euhr euh doohl', -dyoohl', huy"reuh-/, n. a slave in service in an ancient Greek temple. [1825-35; < Gk hieródoulos temple slave, equiv. to hieró(n) ...
See hierodule. * * *
hieroglyph [hī′ər ō glif΄, hī′rə glif΄] n. HIEROGLYPHIC * * * hi·er·o·glyph (hīʹər-ə-glĭf', hīʹrə-) n. 1. A picture or symbol used in hieroglyphic ...
—hieroglyphically, adv. /huy'euhr euh glif"ik, huy'reuh-/, adj. 1. Also, hieroglyphical. 2. designating or pertaining to a pictographic script, particularly that of the ancient ...
Hieroglyphic Hittite
an extinct language of the Anatolian branch of Indo-European, written in a pictographic script in Syria c1200-c600 B.C.: the same language as written in cuneiform in Anatolia is ...
hieroglyphic writing
Introduction       a system that employs characters in the form of pictures. These individual signs, called hieroglyphs (hieroglyph), may be read either as pictures, as ...
See hieroglyphic. * * *
Hi·er·o·glyph·ic Luvian or Hi·er·o·glyph·ic Luwian (hī'ər-ə-glĭfʹĭk, hī'rə-) n. A dialect of Luvian found in documents and inscriptions in an indigenous ...
/huy'euhr euh glif"ist, huy'reuh-, huy'euh rog"leuh fist, huy rog"-/, n. 1. a person who studies hieroglyphics; hieroglyphologist. 2. a person who writes in ...
—hieroglyphologist, n. /huy'euhr euh gli fol"euh jee, huy'reuh-/, n. the study of hieroglyphic writing. [HIEROGLYPH(ICS) + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
/huy"euhr euh gram', huy"reuh-/, n. a sacred symbol, as an emblem, pictograph, or the like. [1650-60; HIERO- + -GRAM1] * * *
—hierogrammatic /huy'euhr euh greuh mat"ik, huy'reuh-/, hierogrammatical, adj. —hierogrammatist, n. /huy'euhr euh gram"euht, -at, huy'reuh-/, n. a writer of hierograms. Also, ...
/huy'euh rol"euh tree, huy rol"-/, n. worship or veneration of saints or sacred things. Cf. hagiology. [1805-15; HIERO- + -LATRY] * * *
—hierologic /huy'euhr euh loj"ik, huy'reuh-/, hierological, adj. —hierologist, n. /huy'euh rol"euh jee, huy rol"-/, n. 1. literature or learning regarding sacred things. 2. ...
/huy"euhr euh mungk', huy"reuh-/, n. Eastern Ch. a monk who is also a priest. [1775-85; partial trans. of LGk or MGk hierómonachos. See HIERO-, MONK] * * *
/huy"euh ron', huy"ron/, n., pl. hiera /-euhr euh/. (in ancient Greece) a temple or a sacred place. [ < Gk hierón] * * *
Hieron I
▪ tyrant of Syracuse died 467/466 BC, Catana, Sicily       brother of the tyrant Gelon and tyrant of Syracuse, Sicily, from 478 to 467/466 BC.       Hieron ...
Hieron II
▪ tyrant and king of Syracuse died 216/215 BC       tyrant and then king of Syracuse, Sicily, from about 270 to 216/215 BC, who struggled against the Mamertini and ...
/huy'euhr euh nim"ik, huy'reuh-/, adj. of or pertaining to St. Jerome. Also, Hieronymian. [1650-60; < L Hieronym(us) Jerome + -IC] * * *
/huy'euh ron"euh muyt', huy ron"-/, n. a member of a congregation of hermits named after St. Jerome. [1720-30; < L Hieronym(us) Jerome + -ITE1] * * *
/huy'euh ron"euh meuhs, huy ron"-/, n. Eusebius /yooh see"bee euhs/. See Jerome, Saint. * * *
—hierophantic, adj. —hierophantically, adv. /huy"euhr euh fant', huy"reuh-, huy er"euh-/, n. 1. (in ancient Greece) an official expounder of rites of worship and ...
See hierophant. * * *
hieros gamos
(Greek: "sacred marriage") Sexual relations of fertility deities enacted in myths and rituals, characteristic of societies based on cereal agriculture (e.g., Mesopotamia, ...
Hierro, Jose
▪ 2003       Spanish poet (b. April 3, 1922, Madrid, Spain—d. Dec. 20, 2002, Madrid), was one of Spain's most recognizable and beloved contemporary literary figures. ...
Hierta, Lars Johan
▪ Swedish politician and journalist born Jan. 23, 1801, Uppsala, Swed. died Nov. 20, 1872, Stockholm       journalist and politician who became a leading agitator for ...
—hierurgical, adj. /huy"euh rerr'jee, huy"rerr-/, n., pl. hierurgies. a holy act or rite of worship. [1670-80; < Gk hierourgía, deriv. of hierourgós ritually sacrificing ...
/huy'feuh looht"n/, adj. highfalutin. Also, hifalutin'. * * *
▪ Japan       city, Tokyo to (metropolis), Honshu, Japan, east of Lake Sayama. The town of Kumegawa, now the city centre, was a post station in the 8th century and an ...
▪ Japan  (Japanese: “East Ōsaka”), city, Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies to the east of Ōsaka and was formed in 1967 by the merger of the three ...
Higashikuni Naruhiko
▪ prime minister of Japan also called (until 1947)  Imperial Prince (Shinnō) Higashikuni Naruhiko  born February 3, 1887, Kyōto, Japan died January 20, 1990, ...
/hee gah"shee aw"sah kah'/; Eng. /hi gah'shee oh sah"keuh/, n. a city on S Honshu, in Japan, W of Osaka. 521,635. * * *
/hee gah'shee yah"meuh/; Japn. /hee gah"shee yah"mah/, adj. of or pertaining to the period of Japanese art history, esp. during the second half of the 15th century, influenced by ...
Higden, Ranulf
▪ British historian Higden also spelled  Higdon   born c. 1280, , western England died March 12, 1364, Chester, Cheshire       English monk and chronicler remembered ...
Higginbotham, A Leon, Jr.
▪ 1999       American lawyer, judge, and scholar whose nearly 30 years as an influential federal judge included service as chief judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for ...
/hig"inz/, n. George V., born 1939, U.S. novelist. * * *
Higgins, Alexander Pearce
▪ British lawyer born April 24, 1865, Worcestershire, Eng. died April 2, 1935, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       English international lawyer and expert in maritime ...
Higgins, Billy
▪ 2002       American drummer (b. Oct. 11, 1936, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. May 3, 2001, Inglewood, Calif.), helped create the free jazz idiom while a member of Ornette ...
Higgins, George Vincent
▪ 2000       American crime novelist whose sharply drawn underworld characters in such dialogue-rich novels as The Friends of Eddie Coyle (1972), a runaway best-seller ...
/hig"in seuhn/, n. Thomas Wentworth Storrow /stor"oh/, 1823-1911, U.S. clergyman, author, and social reformer. * * *
Higginson, Thomas Wentworth
▪ American social reformer in full  Thomas Wentworth Storrow Higginson   born December 22, 1823, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S. died May 9, 1911, Cambridge  American ...
Higginson,Thomas Wentworth Storrow
Hig·gin·son (hĭgʹən-sən), Thomas Wentworth Storrow. 1823-1911. American writer and soldier who led the first Black regiment in the Union Army (1862-1864). He wrote many ...
/hig"euhl/, v.i., higgled, higgling. to bargain, esp. in a petty way; haggle. [1625-35; appar. var. of HAGGLE] * * *
/hig"euhl dee pig"euhl dee/, adv. 1. in a jumbled, confused, or disorderly manner; helter-skelter. adj. 2. confused; jumbled. [1590-1600; rhyming compound of uncert. orig.] * * *
/hig"leuhr/, n. a peddler or huckster. [1630-40; HIGGLE + -ER1] * * *
Higgs boson
/higz/, Physics. a hypothetical type of heavy, electrically neutral particle with zero spin. Also called Higgs particle. [named after Peter W. Higgs (born 1929), English ...
Higgs particle
or Higgs boson Carrier of an all-pervading fundamental field (Higgs field) that is hypothesized as a means of endowing mass on some elementary particles through its interactions ...
Higgs boson (hĭgz) n. A hypothetical, massive subatomic particle with zero electric charge whose existence would explain the masses of the elementary particles.   [Fundamental ...
/huy/, adj., higher, highest, adv., higher, highest, n. adj. 1. having a great or considerable extent or reach upward or vertically; lofty; tall: a high wall. 2. having a ...
high and mighty
1. in a self-important, grandiose, or arrogant manner: They talk high and mighty, but they owe everyone in town. 2. persons who are members of or identify with the higher social ...
High Atlas
▪ mountains, Morocco French  Haut Atlas,  or  Great Atlas    mountain range in central Morocco. It extends northeastward for 460 miles (740 km), from the Atlantic Coast ...
high bar
Gymnastics. See horizontal bar. * * *
high beam
an automobile headlight beam providing bright, long-range illumination of a darkened road and chiefly for use in driving in nonurban areas. Also, highbeam. Cf. low ...
high blood pressure
elevation of the arterial blood pressure or a condition resulting from it; hypertension. Abbr.: HBP [1915-20] * * *
high blower
a horse that produces a blowing sound when exhaling. [1825-35] * * *
high board
a diving board three meters above the water. * * *
High Church
—High Churchman. (sometimes l.c.) (in the Anglican church) emphasizing the Catholic tradition, esp. in adherence to sacraments, rituals, and obedience to church authority. Cf. ...
high comedy
comedy dealing with polite society, characterized by sophisticated, witty dialogue and an intricate plot. Cf. low comedy. [1890-95] * * *
high command
1. the leadership or highest authority of a military command or other organization. 2. the highest headquarters of a military force. [1915-20] * * *
High Commission
➡ High Commissioner * * *
High Commission, Court of
English ecclesiastical court instituted by Henry VIII to enforce the Act of Supremacy (1534). It became a controversial instrument of repression, used against those who refused ...
high commissioner
1. a representative of one sovereign member of the Commonwealth of Nations in the country of another, having a rank and responsibilities generally similar to those of an ...
high concept
a simple and often striking idea or premise, as of a story or film, that lends itself to easy promotion and marketing. [1980-85] * * *
High Court
1. See Supreme Court. 2. a superior court. [1250-1300; ME] * * *
High Court of Admiralty
In England, formerly the court presided over by the deputy of the admiral of the fleet. It was established с 1360 to deal with matters of discipline and cases of piracy and ...
High Court of Justice
(also the High Court) the branch of the legal system in England and Wales that deals mainly with serious civil cases (= ones concerned with the private rights of citizens rather ...
High Court of Justice.
See under Supreme Court of Judicature. * * *
High Court of Justiciary
(also the High Court) the court in Scotland that deals with the most serious criminal cases (e.g. murder). It also deals with appeals (= reviews of cases) from lower ...
high day
1. a holy or festal day. 2. heyday1. [1150-1200; ME heye dai feast day] * * *
High Energy Astrophysical Observatory
one of a series of three U.S. satellites launched (1977-79) into orbit around the earth and equipped with instruments for studying high-energy phenomena, as x-rays, gamma rays, ...
high explosive
—high-explosive, adj. a class of explosive, as TNT, in which the reaction is so rapid as to be practically instantaneous, used in shells and bombs. [1875-80] * * *
high fashion.
—high-fashion, adj. See haute couture. [1940-45] * * *
high fidelity
—high-fidelity, adj. Electronics. sound reproduction over the full range of audible frequencies with very little distortion of the original signal. Also called ...
high finance
large-scale financial transactions or institutions. [1900-05] * * *
high frequency
—high-frequency, adj. the range of frequencies in the radio spectrum between 3 and 30 megahertz. [1890-95] * * *
high fulham.
See under fulham. * * *
High German
1. the group of West Germanic languages that in A.D. c400-c500 underwent the second consonant shift described by Grimm's Law. Abbr.: HG 2. German (def. 4). [1700-10] * * *
High God
▪ deity also called  Sky God,         in anthropology and the history of religion, a type of supreme deity found among many nonliterate peoples of North and South ...
high hat
1. See top hat. 2. Slang. See table tripod. [1885-90] * * *
High Holidays
High Holidays n. the period encompassing Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur in the Jewish calendar: also High Holy Days * * *
High Holy Day
Judaism. either of two holy days of special significance, Rosh Hashanah or Yom Kippur. Also called High Holiday. * * *
high horse
a haughty attitude or temper; a contemptuous manner. [1375-1425; late ME] * * *
high hurdles
Track. a race in which runners leap over hurdles 42 in. (107 cm) high. Cf. low hurdles. [1890-95] * * *
high jinks
Informal. boisterous celebration or merrymaking; unrestrained fun: The city is full of conventioneers indulging in their usual high jinks. Also, hijinks. [1760-70; see JINK] Syn. ...
high jump
Track. 1. a field event in which athletes, using a running start, compete in jumping for height over a crossbar supported by two upright poles. 2. a jump for height made in this ...
high jumper
Track. a participant in the high jump. [1895-1900] * * *
high key
Motion Pictures. a style of lighting that is bright, even, and produces little contrast between light and dark areas of the scene. [1915-20] * * *
high life
high life [hī′līf΄] 1. the way of life of fashionable society; luxurious, extravagant way of life 2. a dance with a strong, syncopated beat, originating in W Africa: also ...
high liver
Informal. a person who lives extravagantly or luxuriously. [1880-85] * * *
High Mass
Rom. Cath. Ch. a Mass celebrated according to the complete rite, in which the liturgy is sung by the celebrant. Cf. Low Mass. [1100-50; ME, late OE] * * *
high milling
a process for making fine flour, in which the grain is alternately ground and sifted a number of times. Cf. low milling. * * *
high muck-a-muck
☆ high muck-a-muck [muk′ə muk΄ ] n. Slang a person in a position of importance and authority; esp., one who is overbearing: also high muckamuck * * *
high muckety-muck
☆ high muckety-muck [muk′ə tē muk΄ ] n. Slang HIGH MUCK-A-MUCK * * *
high noon
1. the exact moment of noon. 2. the high point of a stage or period; peak; pinnacle: a book written at the high noon of his career. 3. Informal. a crisis or ...
High Peak
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), northwestern part of the administrative county of Derbyshire, north-central England. Most of the borough ...
high place
(in ancient Semitic religions) a place of worship, usually a temple or altar on a hilltop. * * * Hebrew bama. In ancient Israel or Canaan, a shrine built on an elevated ...
High Plains
▪ region, United States       region in the United States, comprising the southern portion of the Great Plains, or, in its most specific sense, the northern portion of ...
High Point
a city in central North Carolina. 64,107. * * * ▪ North Carolina, United States       city, Guilford county, north-central North Carolina, U.S. It lies about 20 miles ...

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