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Слова на букву hipp-john (15990)

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hippophagist
/hi pof"euh jist/, n. a person who eats horseflesh. [1855-60; HIPPOPHAG(Y) + -IST] * * *
hippophagy
—hippophagous /hi pof"euh geuhs/, adj. /hi pof"euh jee/, n. the practice of eating horseflesh. Also, hippophagism. [1820-30; HIPPO- + -PHAGY] * * *
hippophile
/hip"euh fuyl', -fil/, n. one who loves horses. [1850-55; HIPPO- + -PHILE] * * *
hippopotamus
—hippopotamic /hip'euh peuh tam"ik/, hippopotamian /hip'euh peuh tay"mee euhn/, adj. /hip'euh pot"euh meuhs/, n., pl. hippopotamuses, hippopotami /-muy'/. a large herbivorous ...
HippoRegius
Hippo Re·gi·us (rēʹjē-əs) See Hippo. * * *
hippus
/hip"euhs/, n. Med. spasmodic contraction of the pupil of the eye. [1675-85; < NL < Gk híppos horse, complaint of the eye] * * *
hippy
hippy1 /hip"ee/, adj., hippier, hippiest. having big hips. [1890-95; HIP1 + -Y1] hippy2 /hip"ee/, n., pl. hippies. hippie. [HIP4 + -Y2] * * *
hiproof
hip roof or hipped roof n. A four-sided roof having sloping ends and sides. * * *
hipshot
/hip"shot'/, adj. 1. having the hip dislocated. 2. having one hip lower than the other: a Greek statue in hipshot pose. [1630-40; HIP1 + SHOT2] * * *
hipster
hipster1 /hip"steuhr/, n. Slang. 1. a person who is hip. 2. hepcat. 3. a person, esp. during the 1950s, characterized by a particularly strong sense of alienation from most ...
hipsterism
/hip"steuh riz'euhm/, n. the style of life of a hipster. [1955-60, Amer.; HIPSTER1 + -ISM] * * *
hirable
—hirability, n. /huyeur"euh beuhl/, adj. able to be hired; fit for hiring. Also, hireable. [1860-65; HIRE + -ABLE] * * *
Hirado
▪ Japan  city, Nagasaki ken (prefecture), Japan. It lies on Hirado Island, off the northwest coast of Kyushu. Although the city is composed of two islands, the town of ...
hiragana
/hear'euh gah"neuh/; Japn. /hee"rddah gah"nah/, n. the cursive and more widely used of the two Japanese syllabaries. Cf. katakana. [1815-25; < Japn, equiv. to hira ordinary ...
Hiragushi Denchū
▪ Japanese sculptor also called  Takutarō  born Feb. 23, 1872, Okayama prefecture, Japan died Dec. 30, 1979, Tokyo       sculptor who worked to preserve traditional ...
Ḥīrah, Al-
Ancient kingdom, Middle East. Occupying the area of the lower Euphrates River valley and the upper part of the Persian Gulf, it was ruled by the Lakhmids (3rd century AD–602), ...
Hirakata
/hee rddah"kah tah'/, n. a city on S Honshu, in Japan, NE of Osaka. 353,360. * * * ▪ Japan       city, northeastern Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), Honshu, Japan, lying ...
Hiram
/huy"reuhm/, n. 1. a king of Tyre in the 10th century B.C. I Kings 5. 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "noble." * * * (as used in expressions) Hiram Ulysses ...
Hiram College
▪ university, Hiram, Ohio, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Hiram, Ohio, U.S., about 35 miles (55 km) southeast of ...
hiramaki-e
▪ Japanese art  in Japanese lacquerwork, gold decoration in low, or “flat,” relief, a basic form of maki-e (q.v.). The pattern is first outlined on a sheet of paper with ...
hirameji
▪ Japanese art  (Japanese: “flat dust base”), in Japanese lacquerwork, variation of the jimaki technique. For this kind of ground decoration, small, irregularly shaped ...
Hiranuma
/hee rddah"noo mah'/, n. Baron Kiichiro /kee ee"chee rddaw'/, 1867?-1952, Japanese statesman. * * *
Hirata Atsutane
born Sept. 25, 1776, Akita, Japan died Oct. 4, 1843, Akita Leader of the Japanese Restoration Shintō school. He settled in Edo (modern Tokyo) at age 20 and became a disciple ...
Hiratsuka
Hi·ra·tsu·ka (hĭ-rätʹsə-kä', hē'rä-tso͞oʹkä) A city of central Honshu, Japan, on an inlet of the Pacific Ocean southwest of Yokohama. It is a commercial and ...
hircine
/herr"suyn, -sin/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a goat. 2. having a goatish odor. 3. lustful; libidinous. [1650-60; < L hircinus of a goat, equiv. to hirc(us) goat + ...
hire
—hiree, n. —hirer, n. /huyeur/, v., hired, hiring, n., adj. v.t. 1. to engage the services of (a person or persons) for wages or other payment: to hire a clerk. 2. to engage ...
hire purchase
hire purchase n. Brit. INSTALLMENT PLAN * * *
hire-purchase system
/huyeur"perr"cheuhs/, Brit. a system of payment for a commodity in regular installments while using it. Also called hire-purchase. [1895-1900] * * *
hireable
See hirable. * * *
hired gun
Informal. 1. a person hired to kill someone, as a gunfighter or professional killer. 2. a person hired to bear arms and fight for another, as a bodyguard or mercenary. 3. a ...
hired hand
1. a hired laborer, esp. on a farm or ranch; farm hand or ranch hand. 2. an employee. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
hiredgun
hired gun (hīrd) n. Slang 1. One, especially a professional killer, who is hired to kill another person. 2. One hired to fight for or protect another. 3. One who is proficient ...
hiredhand
hired hand n. 1. A paid employee, especially on a farm or ranch. 2. Informal. A paid employee. * * *
hireling
/huyeur"ling/, n. 1. a person who works only for pay, esp. in a menial or boring job, with little or no concern for the value of the work. adj. 2. serving for pay only. 3. venal; ...
hirepurchase
hire purchase n. Chiefly British Purchase of a commodity on an installment plan. * * *
hirer
See hirable. * * *
Hiri Motu
▪ language also called  Police Motu,  Pidgin Motu,  or  Hiri         pidgin variety of vernacular Motu, an Austronesian language (Austronesian languages) ...
hiring hall
an employment office operated by a union for placing members in jobs. [1930-35] * * *
hiringhall
hir·ing hall (hīrʹĭng) n. A union-operated placement center where jobs from various employers are allotted to registered applicants according to a set order based usually on ...
Hirohito
/hear'oh hee"toh/; Japn. /hee"rddaw hee"taw/, n. ("Showa") 1901-89, emperor of Japan 1926-89. * * * or Shōwa emperor born April 29, 1901, Tokyo, Japan died Jan. 7, 1989, ...
Hironaka Heisuke
▪ Japanese mathematician born April 9, 1931, Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan       Japanese mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1970 for his work in algebraic ...
Hirosaki
▪ Japan  city, Aomori ken (prefecture), northern Honshu, Japan. The isolated volcanic cone of Mount Iwaki, a pilgrimage site, rises to the west. Located on the Tsugaru ...
Hiroshige
/hear'oh shee"gay/; Japn. /hee"rddaw shee"ge/, n. Ando /ahn"daw"/, ("Tokube"), 1797-1858, Japanese painter. * * * I in full Andō Hiroshige known as Utagawa Hiroshige or ...
Hiroshige,Ando
Hi·ro·shi·ge (hîr'ō-shēʹgā, hē'rô-shēʹgĕ), Ando. 1797-1858. Japanese artist who captured the serenity of his country's landscape with his superbly composed color ...
Hiroshima
/hear'oh shee"meuh, hi roh"sheuh meuh/; Japn. /hee"rddaw shee"mah/, n. a seaport on SW Honshu, in SW Japan: first military use of atomic bomb August 6, 1945. 899,394. * * * City ...
Hirpini
▪ ancient Italian tribe       in ancient times, an inland Samnite tribe in the south of Italy. To the north of them were the Pentri and Caraceni, who, with the Hirpini ...
Hirsch
/herrsh/, n. John Stephen, born 1930, Canadian stage director, born in Hungary. * * *
Hirsch, Crazylegs
▪ 2005 Elroy Leon Hirsch        American athlete and sports administrator (b. June 17, 1923, Wausau, Wis.—d. Jan. 28, 2004, Madison, Wis.), became one of professional ...
Hirsch, E.D., Jr.
▪ American literary critic and educator in full  Eric Donald Hirsch, Jr.  born March 22, 1928, Memphis, Tenn., U.S.       American literary critic and educator who is ...
Hirsch, Maurice, baron de
▪ European businessman (French), German in full  Moritz, Freiherr (baron) von Hirsch auf Gereuth  born Dec. 9, 1831, Munich, Bavaria [Germany] died April 21, 1896, ...
Hirsch, Samson Raphael
born June 20, 1808, Hamburg died Dec. 31, 1888, Frankfurt-on-Main, Ger. German Jewish scholar. He served as rabbi in Oldenburg, Emden, Nikolsburg, and Frankfurt am Main. In his ...
Hirsch, Samuel
▪ American religious philosopher and rabbi born June 8, 1815, Thalfang, near Trier, Prussia [Germany] died May 14, 1889, Chicago, Ill., U.S.       religious ...
Hirschfeld, Al
▪ American caricaturist byname of  Albert Hirschfeld   born June 21, 1903, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S. died January 20, 2003, New York, New York       American ...
Hirschfeld, Al(bert)
born June 21, 1903, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died Jan. 20, 2003, New York, N.Y. U.S. caricaturist. He lived mostly in New York City. He studied art in Europe and traveled in East ...
Hirschfeld, Albert
▪ 2004 “Al”        American caricaturist (b. June 21, 1903, St. Louis, Mo.—d. Jan. 20, 2003, New York, N.Y.), needed only a few strokes of his pen to capture the ...
Hirschi, Travis
▪ American criminologist born April 15, 1935, Rockville, Utah, U.S.       American criminologist known for his social-control perspective on juvenile delinquency and ...
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
▪ art museum and sculpture garden, Washington, District of Columbia, United States       art museum and sculpture garden located in Washington, D.C. (Washington), part ...
Hirst
(1965– ) an English artist. He became famous in the early 1990s with a series of works consisting of dead animals in glass cases full of formaldehyde (= a special liquid that ...
Hirst, Damien
▪ 1997       On Nov. 28, 1995, Damien Hirst was awarded the Turner Prize, Great Britain's most prestigious award for contemporary art. Whether Hirst's work indicated a ...
Hirst, Ivan
▪ 2001       British army officer (b. March 1, 1916, Saddleworth, Yorkshire, Eng.—d. March 10, 2000, Marsden, West Yorkshire, Eng.), was credited with resurrecting ...
hirsute
—hirsuteness, n. /herr"sooht, herr sooht"/, adj. 1. hairy; shaggy. 2. Bot., Zool. covered with long, rather stiff hairs. 3. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of ...
hirsuteness
See hirsute. * * *
hirsutism
/herr"sooh tiz'euhm, herr sooh"tiz-/, n. Med. excessive hairiness, esp. in women. [1925-30; HIRSUTE + -ISM] * * *
hirsutulous
/herr sooh"cheuh leuhs/, adj. hirtellous. [HIRSUTE + -ULOUS] * * *
Hirt, Alois Maxwell
▪ 2000 “Al”        American jazz and pop musician (b. Nov. 7, 1922, New Orleans, La.—d. April 27, 1999, New Orleans), became the most popular American trumpeter of ...
Hirt, Hermann
▪ German linguist born Dec. 19, 1865, Magdeburg, Prussia [Germany] died Sept. 12, 1936, Giessen, Ger.  German linguist whose comprehensive Indogermanische Grammatik, 7 vol. ...
hirtellous
/herr tel"euhs/, adj. minutely hirsute. Also, hirsutulous. [ < L hirt(us) hairy + NL -ellus dim. adj. suffix; see -OUS] * * *
Hirtius, Aulus
▪ Roman soldier born c. 90 BC died April 21, 43, near Mutina, Gallia Cispadana [now Modena, Italy]       Roman soldier and writer.       Beginning about 54 BC ...
hirudin
/hir"yeuh din, hir"euh-, hi roohd"n/, n. a gray or white, water-soluble acidic polypeptide obtained from the buccal gland of leeches, used in medicine chiefly as an ...
Hirudinea
/hir'oo din"ee euh/, n. the class comprising the leeches. [ < NL; see HIRUDINEAN] * * *
hirudinean
/hir'oo din"ee euhn/, n. 1. any annelid worm of the class Hirudinea, comprising the leeches. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the Hirudinea. [1825-35; < NL Hirudine(a) (L ...
hirudinoid
/hi roohd"n oyd'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a leech. [HIRUDIN(EAN) + -OID] * * *
hirundine
/hi run"din, -duyn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling the swallow. [1825-35; < LL hirundineus of a swallow, equiv. to hirundin- (s. of hirundo) swallow + -eus adj. suffix; ...
Hirundinidae
▪ bird family       songbird family, order Passeriformes, consisting of swallows and martins, 74 species of small, streamlined birds, noted for their strong and nimble ...
Hirwaun
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       locality, Rhondda Cynon Taff (Rhondda) county borough, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales, at the northwestern end of the ...
his
/hiz/; unstressed /iz/, pron. 1. the possessive form of he (used as an attributive or predicative adjective): His coat is the brown one. This brown coat is his. Do you mind his ...
His
Biochem. histidine. * * *
His Master’s Voice
➡ HMV. * * *
His, Wilhelm
born Dec. 29, 1863, Basel, Switz. died Nov. 10, 1934, Wiesental Swiss cardiologist. His father, Wilhelm His (1831–1904), first realized that each nerve fibre stems from a ...
his-and-her
/hiz"euhn herr"/, adj. denoting two matching or identical items, one intended for use by a male and the other by a female: his-and-her towels in the bathroom; his-and-her ...
his/her
his/her [hiz′hʉr′, hiz′ôr hʉr′] possessive pronominal adj. his or her: used to avoid the masculine implication of the generic use of his * * *
his/hers
his/hers [hiz′hʉrz′] pron. his or hers: used to avoid the masculine implication of the generic use of his * * *
Hisar
▪ India also spelled  Hissar        city, northwestern Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India. It is located on the Sirhind branch of the Western Yamuna Canal. ...
Hisarlık
▪ archaeological site, Turkey       archaeological mound lying on the Küçük Menderes River near the mouth of the Dardanelles in Turkey. Long known to bear the ...
Ḥisdai ibn Shaprut
▪ Spanish-Jewish physician and writer in full  Ḥisdai Abu Yusuf Ben Isaac Ben Ezra Ibn Shaprut, Ḥisdai  also spelled  Ḥasdai  born c. 915, , Jaén, Spain died c. ...
Hishām ibn al-Kalbī
▪ Arab scholar in full  Hishām ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Kalbī , also called  Abū al-Mundhir   born before 747, Al-Kūfah, Iraq died 819/821, Al-Kūfah       scholar ...
Hishām ibn ʿAbd al-Malik
▪ Umayyad caliph born 691, Damascus [now in Syria] died Feb. 6, 743, Damascus       the tenth caliph, who reigned during the final period of prosperity and glory of ...
Hishida Shunsō
▪ Japanese painter born Sept. 21, 1874, Nagano prefecture, Japan died Sept. 16, 1911, Tokyo       painter who, with his friend Yokoyama Taikan, contributed to the ...
Hishikawa Moronobu
▪ Japanese printmaker also called Kichibē born 1618, Yasuda, Japan died 1694, Edo [now Tokyo]       Japanese printmaker, the first great master of ukiyo-e ...
Hislop
(1960– ) an English comic writer, journalist and broadcaster. He has been the editor of Private Eye since 1986, and regularly appears on radio and television, including the ...
hisn
/hiz"euhn/, pron. Nonstandard. his (def. 2). Also, his'n. [1350-1400; ME hysene; cf. HERN2] * * *
Ḥiṣn al-Ghurāb
▪ ancient city, Arabia Arabic“Crow Castle”ancient  Cane        historic mountain site located on the southern coast of Arabia in southern Yemen. On the summit of ...
Hispania
/hi spay"nee euh, -spayn"yeuh/, n. Latin. Spain. * * * ▪ ancient region, Iberian Peninsula       in Roman times, region comprising the Iberian Peninsula, now occupied ...
Hispanic
—Hispanically, adv. /hi span"ik/, adj. 1. Spanish. 2. Latin American: the United States and its Hispanic neighbors. n. 3. Also, Hispano. Also called Hispanic American. an ...
Hispanic-American
See Hispanic American. * * *
HispanicAmerican
Hispanic American n. 1. A U.S. citizen or resident of Hispanic descent. 2. A Spanish American.   His·panʹic-A·merʹi·can (hĭ-spănʹĭk-ə-mĕrʹĭ-kən) adj. * * *
Hispanicism
/hi span"euh siz'euhm/, n. an idiom peculiar to Spanish. [1830-40; HISPANIC + -ISM] * * *
Hispanicist
/hi span"euh sist/, n. Hispanist. [HISPANIC + -IST] * * *
Hispanicization
See Hispanicize. * * *
Hispanicize
—Hispanicization, n. /hi span"euh suyz'/, v.t., Hispanicized, Hispanicizing. (sometimes l.c.) 1. to make Spanish or Latin American, as in character, custom, or style. 2. to ...
hispanidad
/ees pah'nee dhahdh"/, n. (often cap.) Spanish. hispanism, esp. as directed toward political objectives. * * *
Hispaniola
/his'peuhn yoh"leuh/; Sp. /ees'pahn yaw"lah/, n. an island in the West Indies, comprising the republic of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. 29,843 sq. mi. (77,293 sq. km). ...
hispanism
/his"peuh niz'euhm/, n. (often cap.) 1. a movement in Latin America for the promotion of Spanish or of native culture and influence. Cf. hispanidad. 2. a word, phrase, feature, ...
Hispanist
/his"peuh nist/, n. a specialist in the Spanish or Portuguese language or in Spanish or Latin-American literature or culture. Also, Hispanicist. [1930-35; < Sp hispanista, equiv. ...
Hispano
/hi span"oh, -spah"noh/, n. Hispanic (def. 3). * * *
Hispano-
a combining form representing Spain or Spanish in compound words: Hispano-American. [ < L Hispan(us) pertaining to Hispania the Iberian Peninsula + -O-] * * *
Hispano-American
See Hispano American. * * *
Hispano-Moresque ware
▪ pottery  tin-glazed, lustred earthenware made by Moorish potters in Spain, chiefly at Málaga in the 15th century, and in the region of Manises, near Valencia, in the 16th ...
HispanoAmerican
Hispano American n. A Hispanic American.   His·paʹno-A·merʹi·can (hĭ-spănʹō-ə-mĕrʹĭ-kən) adj. * * *
Hispanophile
His·pan·o·phile (hĭ-spănʹə-fīl') n. An admirer of Spain or of Spanish-speaking countries or peoples.   His·pan'o·philʹi·a (-fĭlʹē-ə) n. * * *
Hispanophilia
See Hispanophile. * * *
Hispanophobe
His·pan·o·phobe (hĭ-spănʹə-fōb') n. One who has an aversion to Spain or to Spanish-speaking countries or peoples.   His·pan'o·phoʹbi·a n. * * *
Hispanophobia
See Hispanophobe. * * *
Hisperic style
▪ Latin writing       a style of Latin writing that probably originated in the British Isles in the 7th century. It is characterized by extreme obscurity intentionally ...
hispid
—hispidity, n. /his"pid/, adj. Bot., Zool. rough with stiff hairs, bristles, or minute spines. [1640-50; < L hispidus rough, shaggy; akin to HIRSUTE] * * *
hispidity
See hispid. * * *
hispidulous
/hi spij"euh leuhs/, adj. Bot., Zool. covered with stiff, short hairs. [1850-55; HISPID + -ULOUS] * * *
hiss
—hisser, n. —hissingly, adv. /his/, v.i. 1. to make or emit a sharp sound like that of the letter s prolonged, as a snake does, or as steam does when forced under pressure ...
Hiss
/his/, n. Alger, 1904-96, U.S. public official, accused of espionage 1948 and imprisoned for perjury 1950-54. * * *
Hiss, Alger
born Nov. 11, 1904, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Nov. 15, 1996, New York, N.Y. U.S. government official. He attended Harvard Law School and clerked for Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. ...
Hiss,Alger
Hiss (hĭs), Alger. 1904-1996. American public official. Accused of espionage at the height of the Communist scare, he was convicted of perjury (1950) in a controversial case. * ...
Hissarlik
/hi sahr lik"/, n. the modern name of the site of ancient Troy. * * *
hisself
/hi self", hiz-/, pron. Nonstandard. himself. [1350-1400; ME; see HIS, SELF] * * *
hisser
See hiss. * * *
hissing
/his"ing/, n. 1. the act of emitting a hiss. 2. the sound of a hiss. 3. Archaic. an occasion or object of scorn. [1350-1400; ME; see HISS, -ING1] * * *
hissy
/his"ee/, n., pl. hissies. Slang. a fit of anger; temper tantrum. Also called hissy fit. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
hissy fit
☆ hissy fit [his′ē ] n. Dial. a fit of anger: usually in the phrase have (or throw) a hissy fit: also hissy n. pl. hissies * * *
hissyfit
his·sy fit (hĭsʹē) n. Chiefly Southern and South Midland U.S. See tantrum.   [From hissy1.] * * *
hist
/st, sst/; spelling pron. /hist/, interj. (a sibilant exclamation used to attract attention). [1595-1605; repr. in writing the sound sequence st] * * *
hist-
var. of histo- before a vowel: histidine. * * *
hist.
1. histology. 2. historian. 3. historical. 4. history. * * *
Histadrut
/his tah drooht"/, n. a labor federation in Israel, founded in 1920. * * * ▪ Israeli labour organization English  General Federation of Labour        Israeli labour ...
histaminase
/hi stam"euh nays', -nayz'/, n. Biochem., Pharm. an enzyme that catalyzes the decomposition of histamine, used in treating allergies. [1925-30; HISTAMINE + -ASE] * * *
histamine
—histaminic /his'teuh min"ik/, adj. /his"teuh meen', -min/, n. 1. Physiol. a histidine-derived amine compound that is released mainly by damaged mast cells in allergic ...
histamine blocker
Pharm. any of various substances that act at a specific receptor site to block certain actions of histamine. * * *
histamine headache.
See cluster headache. * * *
histaminic
See histamine. * * *
hister beetle
▪ insect       any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. Some ...
Histiaeus
▪ ruler of Miletus died 494/493 BC       tyrant of the Anatolian city of Miletus under the Persian king Darius I and a reputed instigator of the revolt (499–494) of ...
histidine
/his"ti deen', -din/, n. Biochem. an essential amino acid, C3H3N2CH2CH(NH2)COOH, that is a constituent of proteins and is important as the iron-binding site in hemoglobin. Also, ...
histiocyte
histiocyte [his′tē ō sīt΄] n. 〚< Gr histion, web, dim. of histos (see HISTO-) + -CYTE〛 a large macrophage, found in connective tissue, that participates in the body's ...
histiocytic
See histiocyte. * * *
histiocytosis
his·ti·o·cy·to·sis (hĭs'tē-ō'sī-tōʹsĭs) n. pl. his·ti·o·cy·to·ses (-sēz) Any of several abnormal conditions characterized by the appearance of histiocytes in ...
histioid
/his"tee oyd'/, adj. histoid. * * *
histo-
a combining form meaning "tissue," used in the formation of compound words: histology. Also, esp. before a vowel, hist-. [ < Gk, comb. form of histós web (of a loom), tissue] * ...
histoblast
/his"teuh blast'/, n. Biol. a cell or group of cells capable of forming tissue. [1885-90; HISTO- + -BLAST] * * *
histochemical
See histochemistry. * * *
histochemically
See histochemical. * * *
histochemistry
—histochemical /his'teuh kem"i keuhl/, adj. —histochemically, adv. /his'teuh kem"euh stree/, n. the branch of science dealing with the chemical components of cellular and ...
histocompatibility
—histocompatible, adj. /his'toh keuhm pat'euh bil"i tee/, n. Immunol. the condition of having antigenic similarities such that cells or tissues transplanted from one (the ...
histocompatibility antigen
Immunol. any antigen on the surface of tissue or blood cells that provokes the immune response and subsequent rejection when transplanted to an individual of a different ...
histocompatibilityantigen
histocompatibility antigen n. Any of the genetically determined antigens on the surface of cell membranes that serve to identify a cell as self or nonself. These antigens ...
histocompatible
See histocompatibility. * * *
histodialysis
his·to·di·al·y·sis (hĭs'tō-dī-ălʹĭ-sĭs) n. See histolysis. * * *
histogen
/his"teuh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. Bot. a region in a plant in which tissues differentiate. [1920-25; HISTO- + -GEN] * * *
histogenesis
—histogenetic /his'teuh jeuh net"ik/, adj. —histogenetically, adv. /his'teuh jen"euh sis/, n. Biol. the origin and development of tissues. [1850-55; HISTO- + -GENESIS] * * ...
histogenetic
See histogenesis. * * *
histogenetically
See histogenetic. * * *
histogenic
See histogenetic. * * *
histogenically
See histogenetic. * * *
histogram
/his"teuh gram'/, n. Statistics. a graph of a frequency distribution in which rectangles with bases on the horizontal axis are given widths equal to the class intervals and ...
histography
—histographer, n. —histographic /his'teuh graf"ik/, adj. —histographically, adv. /hi stog"reuh fee/, n., pl. histographies. a treatise on or description of organic ...
histoid
/his"toyd/, adj. 1. Pathol. resembling normal tissue in structure. 2. similar to or derived from one kind of tissue. Also, histioid. [1870-75; HIST- + -OID] * * *
histologic
See histological. * * *
histological
See histology. * * *
histologically
See histological. * * *
histologist
/hi stol"euh jist/, n. a specialist in histology. [1855-60; HISTOLOG(Y) + -IST] * * *
histology
—histological /his'tl oj"i keuhl/, histologic, adj. —histologically, adv. /hi stol"euh jee/, n. 1. the branch of biology dealing with the study of tissues. 2. the structure, ...
histolysis
—histolytic /his'tl it"ik/, adj. /hi stol"euh sis/, n. disintegration or dissolution of organic tissues. [1855-60; HISTO- + -LYSIS] * * *
histolytic
See histolysis. * * *
histolytically
See histolytic. * * *
histomoniasis
his·to·mo·ni·a·sis (hĭs'tə-mə-nīʹə-sĭs) n. See blackhead.   [New Latin Histomonas, genus of zooflagellates (histo- + Greek monas, monad; see monad) + -iasis.] * * *
histomorphology
—histomorphological /his'teuh mawr'feuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —histomorphologically, adv. /his'toh mawr fol"euh jee/, n. histology. [HISTO- + MORPHOLOGY] * * *
histone
/his"tohn/, n. Biochem. any of a group of five small basic proteins, occurring in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, that organize DNA strands into nucleosomes by forming molecular ...
histopathologic
See histopathology. * * *
histopathological
See histopathologic. * * *
histopathologically
See histopathologic. * * *
histopathologist
See histopathologic. * * *
histopathology
—histopathologic /his'teuh path'euh loj"ik/, histopathological, adj. —histopathologist, n. /his'toh peuh thol"euh jee/, n. the science dealing with the histological structure ...
histophysiologic
See histophysiology. * * *
histophysiological
See histophysiologic. * * *
histophysiology
—histophysiological /his'teuh fiz'ee euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. /his'teuh fiz'ee ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of physiology dealing with tissues. [1885-90; HISTO- + PHYSIOLOGY] * * *
histoplasmosis
/his'toh plaz moh"sis/, n. Pathol. an infectious disease of the reticuloendothelial system, caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum and characterized by fever, anemia, and ...
historian
/hi stawr"ee euhn, -stohr"-/, n. 1. an expert in history; authority on history. 2. a writer of history; chronicler. [1400-50; late ME. See HISTORY, -AN] * * *
historiated
his·to·ri·at·ed (hĭ-stôrʹē-ā'tĭd, -stōrʹ-, -stŏrʹ-) adj. Adorned with the figures of humans, animals, or birds, often for narrative purposes. Used especially of ...
historic
/hi stawr"ik, -stor"-/, adj. 1. well-known or important in history: a historic building; historic occasions. 2. historical (defs. 1-5). [1605-15; < L historicus < Gk historikós ...
historical
—historically, adv. —historicalness, n. /hi stawr"i keuhl, -stor"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, treating, or characteristic of history or past events: historical records; ...
historical criticism
▪ literary criticism       literary criticism in the light of historical evidence or based on the context in which a work was written, including facts about the author's ...
Historical determinations of the Earth's radius and flattening
▪ Table Historical determinations of the Earth's radius and flattening author year method equatorial radius (in metres) l/f* P. Bouguer and P.-L. M. de ...
historical geography
      geographic study of a place or region at a specific time or period in the past, or the study of geographic change in a place or region over a period of time. The ...
historical geology
the branch of geology dealing with the history of the earth. [1920-25] * * *
historical linguistics
the study of changes in a language or group of languages over a period of time. Also called diachronic linguistics. [1920-25] * * * also called  Diachronic Linguistics, ...
historical materialism
(in Marxist theory) the doctrine that all forms of social thought, as art or philosophy, and institutions, as the family or the state, develop as a superstructure founded on an ...
historical method
the process of establishing general facts and principles through attention to chronology and to the evolution or historical course of what is being studied. [1835-45] * * *
historical novel
a narrative in novel form, characterized chiefly by an imaginative reconstruction of historical events and personages. [1820-30] * * * ▪ literature       a novel that ...
historical present
Gram. the present tense used in narrating a past event as if happening at the time of narration. [1960-65] * * *
historical school
1. a school of economists that arose in Germany in the 19th century in reaction to the principles of the classical economists, and that maintained that the factors making up an ...
historical school of economics
      branch of economic thought, developed chiefly in Germany in the last half of the 19th century, that sought to understand the economic situation of a nation in the ...
historical sociology
the sociological study of the origins and development of societies and of other social phenomena that seeks underlying laws and principles. * * *
historicallinguistics
historical linguistics n. (used with a sing. verb) The study of linguistic change over time in language or in a particular language or language family, sometimes including the ...
historically
See historical. * * *
historicalmaterialism
historical materialism n. A major tenet in the Marxist theory of history that regards material economic forces as the base on which sociopolitical institutions and ideas are ...
historicalness
See historically. * * *
historicalnovel
historical novel n. A novel that re-creates a period or event in history and often uses historical figures as some of its characters. * * *
historicalpresent
historical present n. The present tense used in the narration of events set in the past.   Our Living Language When telling stories about past events, people often switch into ...
historicalschool
historical school n. A school of theorists, as in law or economics, stressing the influence of historical conditions. * * *
historicism
—historicist, n., adj. /hi stawr"euh siz'euhm, -stor"-/, n. 1. a theory that history is determined by immutable laws and not by human agency. 2. a theory that all cultural ...
historicist
See historicism. * * *
historicity
/his'teuh ris"i tee/, n. historical authenticity. [1875-80; prob. < F historicité. See HISTORIC, -ITY] * * *
historicization
See historicize. * * *
historicize
/hi stawr"euh suyz', -stor"-/, v., historicized, historicizing. v.i. 1. to interpret something as a product of historical development. v.t. 2. to narrate as history; render ...
historico-
historico- [his tôr′i kō] combining form historical, historical and [historicoliterary] * * *
historied
/his"teuh reed, his"treed/, adj. abounding in notable history; having an illustrious past; storied: Italy is a richly historied land. [1810-20; HISTORY + -ED3] * * *
historiographer
—historiographership, n. /hi stawr'ee og"reuh feuhr, -stohr'-/, n. 1. a historian, esp. one appointed to write an official history of a group, period, or institution. 2. an ...
historiographic
See historiography. * * *
historiographical
See historiographic. * * *
historiographically
See historiographic. * * *
historiography
—historiographic /hi stawr'ee euh graf"ik, -stohr'-/, historiographical, adj. —historiographically, adv. /hi stawr'ee og"reuh fee, -stohr'-/, n., pl. historiographies. 1. the ...
history
/his"teuh ree, his"tree/, n., pl. histories. 1. the branch of knowledge dealing with past events. 2. a continuous, systematic narrative of past events as relating to a particular ...
History of lunar observation and exploration
▪ Table History of lunar observation and exploration time period accomplishment prehistoric and early historic times Basic knowledge of Moon's motion, phases, and markings ...
History of Science, Museum of the
▪ museum, Oxford, England, United Kingdom       University of Oxford collection of early scientific instruments and apparatus. Although not given its present name until ...
History of Woman Suffrage
▪ American publication       publication that appeared, over the course of some 40 years, in six volumes and nearly 6,000 pages chronicling the American woman suffrage ...
history plays
➡ Shakespeare * * *
history, philosophy of
Branch of philosophy concerned with questions about the meaningfulness of history and the nature of historical explanation. Philosophy of history in the traditional sense is ...
histosol
/his"teuh sawl', -sol'/, n. a worldwide soil type rich in organic matter, as peat, esp. prevalent in wet, poorly drained areas. [1970-75; HISTO- + -SOL] * * * ▪ FAO soil ...
histotome
/his"teuh tohm'/, n. a microtome. [HISTO- + -TOME] * * *
histrionic
—histrionically, adv. /his'tree on"ik/, adj. Also, histrionical. 1. of or pertaining to actors or acting. 2. deliberately affected or self-consciously emotional; overly ...
histrionically
See histrionic. * * *
histrionicpersonality disorder
histrionic personality disorder n. A psychological disorder characterized by excessive emotionality and attention-seeking behavior. * * *
histrionics
/his'tree on"iks/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. dramatic representation; theatricals; acting. 2. behavior or speech for effect, as insincere or exaggerated expression of ...
hit
—hitless, adj. —hittable, adj. —hitter, n. /hit/, v., hit, hitting, n. v.t. 1. to deal a blow or stroke to: Hit the nail with the hammer. 2. to come against with an impact ...
hit batsman
Baseball. a batter who, having been struck by a pitch, is awarded first base. * * *
hit list
Slang. 1. a list of persons singled out as targets for murder. 2. a list of people or programs to be acted against or disposed of. [1970-75] * * *
hit man
Slang. 1. a hired killer, esp. a professional killer from the underworld. 2. See hatchet man (def. 3). Also, hitman. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
hit parade
1. a listing or category of popular songs ranked according to their popularity with listeners, usually as shown by sales of records. 2. any sequential listing of popular or ...
hit squad
Slang. 1. a team of hit men, as one organized for the purpose of assassinating a political figure. 2. a group of political terrorists. [1975-80] * * *
hit-and-miss
/hit"n mis"/, adj. sometimes successful or rewarding and sometimes not. [1895-1900] * * *
hit-and-run
—hit-and-runner, n. /hit"n run"/, adj., v., hit-and-ran, hit-and-running. adj. 1. guilty of fleeing the scene of an accident or injury one has caused, esp. a vehicular ...
hit-or-miss
/hit"euhr mis"/, adj. careless; inattentive; haphazard: The professor criticized the hit-or-miss quality of our research. [1600-10] * * *
hit-run
/hit"run"/, adj. hit-and-run (defs. 1, 2, 4). * * *
hit-skip
/hit"skip"/, adj. hit-and-run (defs. 1, 2). * * *
Hita
▪ Japan       city, Ōita ken (prefecture), Kyushu, Japan, in the centre of the Hita plateau. It grew as a castle town in the late 16th century and is now a market for ...
Hitachi
Hi·ta·chi (hĭ-täʹchē) A city of east-central Honshu, Japan, on the Pacific Ocean northeast of Tokyo. It is the center of an important industrial area. Population: ...
Hitachi, Ltd.
▪ Japanese manufacturer       highly diversified Japanese manufacturing corporation that comprises more than 1,000 subsidiaries, including 335 overseas corporations. ...
hitch
hitch1 —hitcher, n. /hich/, v.t. 1. to fasten or tie, esp. temporarily, by means of a hook, rope, strap, etc.; tether: Steve hitched the horse to one of the posts. 2. to ...
Hitch Hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy
a successful radio series (1978–80), book (1979) and television series (1981) written by Douglas Adams. They are about Arthur Dent’s comic adventures in space after the earth ...
Hitchcock
/hich"kok/, n. 1. Sir Alfred (Joseph), 1899-1980, U.S. film and television director and producer, born in England. 2. Thomas, Jr. (Tommy), 1900-44, U.S. polo player. * * *
Hitchcock chair
U.S. Furniture. a side chair of the early 19th century that has turned legs, a turned crest rail, and one or more slats in the back, and that is painted or stenciled in colors or ...
Hitchcock, Albert Spear
▪ American botanist born Sept. 4, 1865, Owosso, Mich., U.S. died Dec. 16, 1935, at sea, en route from Europe to the U.S.       U.S. botanist and specialist on the ...
Hitchcock, H(ugh) Wiley
▪ 2008       American musicologist born Sept. 28, 1923, Detroit, Mich. died Dec. 5, 2007, New York, N.Y. was a founding director (1971–93) of the Institute for ...
Hitchcock, Sir Alfred
born Aug. 13, 1899, London, Eng. died April 29, 1980, Bel Air, Calif., U.S. British-born film director. He worked in the London office of a U.S. film company from 1920 and was ...
Hitchcock, Thomas, Jr.
▪ American athlete byname  Tommy Hitchcock   born Feb. 11, 1900, Aiken, S.C., U.S. died April 19, 1944, Salisbury, Wiltshire, Eng.  American polo player, generally ...
Hitchcock,Sir Alfred Joseph
Hitch·cock (hĭchʹkŏk'), Sir Alfred Joseph. 1899-1980. British director known for his suspense films, including The 39 Steps (1935), Strangers on a Train (1951), and Psycho ...
hitcher
See hitch. * * *
hitchhike
—hitchhiker, n. /hich"huyk'/, v., hitchhiked, hitchhiking, n. v.i. 1. to travel by standing on the side of the road and soliciting rides from passing vehicles. v.t. 2. to ask ...
hitchhiker
See hitchhike. * * *
hitching post
a post to which horses, mules, etc., are tied. [1835-45] * * *
hitchingpost
hitch·ing post (hĭchʹĭng) n. A post to which an animal, especially a horse, is hitched. * * *
Hitchings, George Herbert
born April 18, 1905, Hoquiam, Wash., U.S. died Feb. 27, 1998, Chapel Hill, N.C. U.S. pharmacologist. He earned a Ph.D. from Harvard University. Over nearly 40 years, he and ...
Hitchings,George Herbert
Hitch·ings (hĭchʹĭngz), George Herbert. 1905-1998. American biochemist. He shared a 1988 Nobel Prize for developing drugs to treat leukemia and gout. * * *
Hite Report, The
▪ work by Hite in full  The Hite Report: A Nationwide Study of Female Sexuality        publication by feminist Shere Hite in 1976 that, while flawed in its handling ...
hither
/hidh"euhr/, adv. 1. to or toward this place: to come hither. 2. hither and thither, in various quarters; here and there: They scurried hither and thither to escape the rain. 3. ...
hithermost
/hidh"euhr mohst'/ or, esp. Brit., /-meuhst/, adj. nearest in this direction. [1555-65; HITHER + -MOST] * * *
hitherto
/hidh"euhr tooh'/, adv. 1. up to this time; until now: a fact hitherto unknown. 2. to here. [1175-1225; ME hiderto. See HITHER, TO] * * *
hitherward
/hidh"euhr weuhrd/, adv. hither. Also, hitherwards. [bef. 1100; ME, OE hiderward. See HITHER, -WARD] * * *

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