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humanfactors engineering
human factors engineering n. See ergonomics. * * *
humangrowth hormone
human growth hormone n. See growth hormone. * * *
See human. * * *
/hyooh man"iks/ or, often, /yooh-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of the nature or affairs of humankind. [1860-65; HUMAN + -ICS] * * *
humanimmunodeficiency virus
human immunodeficiency virus n. HIV. * * *
/hyooh"meuh niz'euhm/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. 1. any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, and dignity predominate. 2. devotion to or study of the ...
—humanistic, adj. —humanistically, adv. /hyooh"meuh nist/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. 1. a person having a strong interest in or concern for human welfare, values, and ...
See humanist. * * *
humanistic psychology
Twentieth-century movement in psychology, developed largely in reaction against behaviourism and psychoanalysis, that emphasizes the importance of values, intentions, and meaning ...
See humanistic. * * *
/hyooh man'i tair"ee euhn/ or, often, /yooh-/, adj. 1. having concern for or helping to improve the welfare and happiness of people. 2. of or pertaining to ethical or theological ...
—humanitarianist, n. /hyooh man'i tair"ee euh niz'euhm/ or, often, /yooh-/, n. 1. humanitarian principles or practices. 2. Ethics. a. the doctrine that humanity's obligations ...
Humanité, L'
▪ French newspaper French“Humanity”       newspaper published in Paris, the organ of the French Communist Party (Parti Communiste Franƈais; PCF), and historically ...
Branches of knowledge that investigate human beings, their culture, and their self-expression. Distinguished from the physical and biological sciences and, sometimes, from the ...
/hyooh man"i tee/ or, often, /yooh-/, n., pl. humanities. 1. all human beings collectively; the human race; humankind. 2. the quality or condition of being human; human ...
See humanize. * * *
—humanization, n. —humanizer, n. /hyooh"meuh nuyz'/ or, often, /yooh"-/, v., humanized, humanizing. v.t. 1. to make humane, kind, or gentle. 2. to make human. v.i. 3. to ...
See humanization. * * *
/hyooh"meuhn kuynd', -kuynd"/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. human beings collectively; the human race. [1635-45; from the phrase human kind; modeled on mankind] * * *
/hyooh"meuhn lee/ or, often, /yooh"-/, adv. 1. in a human manner. 2. by human means. 3. within the limits of human knowledge and capability: Is it humanly possible to predict the ...
Humann, Karl
▪ German archaeologist born Jan. 4, 1839, Steele, Prussia [Germany] died April 12, 1896, İzmir, Anatolia, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey]       German engineer and ...
human nature n. The sum of qualities and traits shared by all humans. * * *
See humanhood. * * *
/hyooh"meuh noyd'/ or, often, /yooh"-/, adj. 1. having human characteristics or form; resembling human beings. n. 2. a humanoid being: to search for humanoids in outer ...
human pap·il·lo·ma·vi·rus (păp'ə-lōʹmə-vī'rəs) n. Abbr. HPV Any of various strains of papovavirus that cause warts, especially of the hands, feet, and genitals, with ...
human resources pl.n. 1. (used with a pl. verb) The persons employed in a business or organization; personnel. 2. (used with a sing. verb) The field of personnel recruitment and ...
human rights pl.n. The basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled, often held to include the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression, and ...
humanT-cell lymphotropic virus I
human T-cell lymphotropic virus I (tēʹsĕl') n. HTLV-I. * * *
humanT-cell lymphotropic virus III
human T-cell lymphotropic virus III n. HTLV-III. * * *
humanum est errare
/hooh mah"noom est erdd rddah"rdde/; Eng. /hyooh may"neuhm est e rair"ee, -mah"-/, Latin. to err is human. * * *
Seph. /khooh mahsh"/; Ashk. /khoo"meuhsh/, n., pl. Humashim Seph. /khooh mah sheem"/; Ashk. /khoo maw"shim/. Hebrew. the Pentateuch. Also, Chumash. [hummash, akin to hamesh ...
/hooh mah"yoohn/, n. 1508-56, Mogul emperor of Hindustan 1530-56 (son of Baber). * * * ▪ Mughal emperor also called  Nāṣin al-Dīn Muḥammad  born March 6, 1508, Kabul ...
Humbard, Rex
▪ 2008 the Rev. Alpha Rex Emmanuel Humbard        American televangelist born Aug. 13, 1919, Little Rock, Ark. died Sept. 21, 2007, Lantana, Fla. used the powerful ...
/hum"beuhr/, n. an estuary of the Ouse and Trent rivers in E England. 37 mi. (60 km) long. * * *
Humber Bridge
➡ Humber * * * ▪ bridge, Kingston upon Hull, England, United Kingdom   suspension bridge extending across the River Humber at Hessle about 5 miles (8 km) west of Kingston ...
Humber River
▪ river, Newfoundland, Canada       river on the western side of the island of Newfoundland, Can., rising in the Long Range Mountains, inland from St. Pauls Inlet. It ...
Humber, River
ancient Abus River, North Sea inlet, on the eastern coast of England. Originating with the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Trent, it flows generally southward for 75 mi (121 ...
/hum"beuhr suyd'/, n. a county in NE England. 848,200; 1356 sq. mi. (3525 sq. km). * * * Region and former administrative county, eastern England. It extended along the North ...
Humbert I
/hum"beuhrt/ (Umberto I) 1844-1900, king of Italy 1878-1900. * * * ▪ count of Savoy byname  Humbert the Whitehanded,  Italian  Umberto Biancamano  died c. ...
Humbert of Silva Candida
▪ French cardinal born c. 1000, Lorraine [France] died May 5, 1061, Rome [Italy]       cardinal, papal legate, and theologian whose ideas advanced the 11th-century ...
—humbleness, n. —humbler, n. —humblingly, adv. —humbly, adv. /hum"beuhl, um"-/, adj., humbler, humblest, v., humbled, humbling. adj. 1. not proud or arrogant; modest: to ...
humble pie
1. humility forced upon someone, often under embarrassing conditions; humiliation. 2. Obs. a pie made of the viscera and other inferior parts of deer or the like. 3. eat humble ...
humble plant.
See sensitive plant (def. 1). [1655-65] * * *
/hum"beuhl bee'/, n. Chiefly Brit. bumblebee. [1400-50; late ME humbul-be; akin to D hommel drone, G Hummelbiene kind of wild-bee, MLG homelbe; prob. akin to HUM] * * *
See humble. * * *
humble pie n. A pie formerly made from the edible organs of a deer or hog. Idiom: eat humble pie To be forced to apologize abjectly or admit one's faults in humiliating ...
See humbleness. * * *
See humbleness. * * *
/hum"bohlt/; for 1, 2, also Ger. /hoom"bawlt/, n. 1. Friedrich Heinrich Alexander /frddee"drddikh huyn"rddikh ah'lek sahn"deuhrdd/, Baron von /feuhn/, 1769-1859, German ...
Humboldt current
Humboldt current n. 〚after HUMBOLDT Baron (Friedrich Heinrich) Alexander von〛 the cold ocean current flowing north along the coasts of Chile and Peru * * *
Humboldt Current.
See Peru Current. * * *
Humboldt Glacier
▪ glacier, Greenland       largest known glacier in the world, northwestern Greenland, 210 miles (340 km) north-northeast of Dundas. It rises to a height of 328 feet ...
Humboldt River
River, northern Nevada, U.S. Rising in Elko county, it flows west and southwest for 290 mi (467 km) to Humboldt Lake (also called Humboldt Sink). Named by John C. Frémont for ...
Humboldt University of Berlin
▪ university, Berlin, Germany German  Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin , byname  University of Berlin , formerly (1810–1949)  Friedrich Wilhelm ...
Humboldt, (Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich) Alexander, Freiherr (baron) von
born Sept. 14, 1769, Berlin, Prussia died May 6, 1859, Berlin German naturalist and explorer. In 1792 he joined the mining department of the Prussian government, where he ...
Humboldt, (Karl) Wilhelm, baron von
born June 22, 1767, Potsdam, Prussia died April 8, 1835, Tegel, near Berlin German linguist and educational reformer. The elder brother of Alexander von Humboldt, he held a ...
Humboldt, Alexander von
▪ German explorer and naturalist Introduction in full  Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander, Freiherr (baron) von Humboldt  born Sept. 14, 1769, Berlin died May 6, 1859, ...
Humboldt, Baron (Friedrich Heinrich)Alexander von
Hum·boldt (hŭmʹbōlt', ho͝omʹbôlt'), Baron (Friedrich Heinrich) Alexander von. 1769-1859. German naturalist and writer. His expedition to South America, Cuba, and Mexico ...
Humboldt, Wilhelm, Baron von
▪ German language scholar born June 22, 1767, Potsdam, Prussia [Germany] died April 8, 1835, Tegel, near Berlin  German language scholar, philosopher, diplomat, and ...
Hum·boldt Bay (hŭmʹbōlt') A sheltered inlet of the Pacific Ocean in northwest California. * * *
Humboldt Current n. A cold ocean current of the South Pacific, flowing north along the western coast of South America. Also called Peru Current.   [After Humboldt, Baron ...
Humboldt Peak A mountain, 4,289.5 m (14,064 ft) high, in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of south-central Colorado. * * *
Humboldt River A river rising in the mountains of northeast Nevada and meandering about 467 km (290 mi) generally west and southwest to the Humboldt Sink, a lake in western ...
—humbugger, n. /hum"bug'/, n., v., humbugged, humbugging, interj. n. 1. something intended to delude or deceive. 2. the quality of falseness or deception. 3. a person who is ...
See humbug. * * *
/hum"bug'euh ree/, n. pretense; sham. [1825-35; HUMBUG + -ERY] * * *
/hum"ding"euhr/, n. Informal. a person, thing, action, or statement of remarkable excellence or effect. [1885-90; HUM + DING1 + -ER1] * * *
—humdrumness, n. /hum"drum'/, adj. 1. lacking variety; boring; dull: a humdrum existence. n. 2. humdrum character or routine; monotony. 3. monotonous or tedious talk. 4. ...
/hyoohm/ or, often, /yoohm/, n. David, 1711-76, Scottish philosopher and historian. * * * (as used in expressions) Carothers Wallace Hume Cronyn Hume and Jessica Tandy Hume ...
Hume Reservoir
▪ reservoir, Australia       reservoir in Australia, on the Victoria–New South Wales border, at the confluence of the Mitta-Mitta and Murray rivers, 10 mi (16 km) ...
Hume, Alexander
▪ Scottish poet born , c. 1560, Polwarth, Berwick, Scot. died Dec. 4, 1609, Logie, near Stirling, Stirling       Scots poet known for a collection of religious ...
Hume, Allan Octavian
▪ British colonial official born June 6, 1829, Montrose, Forfarshire, Scot. died July 31, 1912, London, Eng.       British administrator in India, one of the leading ...
Hume, Basil Cardinal
▪ 2000       Roman Catholic prelate (b. March 2, 1923, Newcastle upon Tyne, Eng.—d. June 17, 1999, London, Eng.), served as the ninth archbishop of Westminister and ...
Hume, David
born May 7, 1711, Edinburgh, Scot. died Aug. 25, 1776, Edinburgh Scottish philosopher, historian, and economist. He conceived of philosophy as the inductive, experimental ...
Hume, Hamilton
▪ Australian explorer born , June 19, 1797, near Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia died April 19, 1873, Coomer Cottage, Yass, New South Wales       Welsh explorer ...
Hume, John
born Jan. 18, 1937, Londonderry, N.Ire. Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in Northern Ireland from 1979 to 2001 and corecipient with David Trimble of the ...
Hume, Joseph
▪ British politician born Jan. 22, 1777, Montrose, Angus, Scot. died Feb. 20, 1855, County of Norfolk, Eng.  British radical politician responsible for a number of social ...
Hume, Paul Chandler
▪ 2002       American music critic (b. Dec. 13, 1915, Chicago, Ill.—d. Nov. 26, 2001, Baltimore, Md.), wrote highly esteemed reviews for the Washington Post for 35 ...
Hume, Sir Patrick, 2nd Baronet
▪ Scottish politician Hume also spelled  Home , also called (1690–97)  Lord Polwarth , or (from 1697)  1st Earl of Marchmont  born Jan. 13, 1641 died Aug. 1, 1724, ...
Hume (hyo͞om), David. 1711-1776. Scottish philosopher and historian whose skeptical arguments concerning induction, causation and religion, including the thesis that human ...
Hume, John. born 1937. Politician of Northern Ireland. Head of the Social Democratic and Labour Party since 1979, Hume shared the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize with David Trimble for ...
Hume-Rothery, William
▪ English metallurgist born May 15, 1899, Worcester Park, Surrey, Eng. died Sept. 27, 1968, Oxford, Oxfordshire       British founder of scientific metallurgy, ...
/hyooh mek"teuhnt/ or, often, /yooh-/, n. 1. a substance that absorbs or helps another substance retain moisture, as glycerol. adj. 2. moistening; diluting. 3. of or pertaining ...
/hyooh"meuhr euhl/ or, often, /yooh"-/, adj. 1. Anat., Zool. of or pertaining to the humerus or brachium. 2. of or pertaining to the shoulder. [1605-15; < L (h)umer(us) HUMERUS + ...
humeral veil
Eccles. a fringed scarf, usually white and ornamented in the middle, worn over the shoulders by a priest or subdeacon during certain parts of a High Mass. [1850-55] * * *
humeral veil n. Roman Catholic Church A vestment resembling a shawl worn over the shoulders by a subdeacon during High Mass and by a priest when holding the monstrance. * * *
/hyooh"meuhr euhs/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n., pl. humeri /-meuh ruy'/. Anat. 1. the long bone in the arm of humans extending from the shoulder to the elbow. See diagrams under ...
Humfrey, Pelham
▪ English composer born 1647 or 1648 died July 14, 1674, Windsor, Berkshire, Eng.       English composer and lutenist, especially admired for his anthems and sacred ...
/hyooh"mik/ or, often, /yooh"-/, adj. Chem. of or noting a substance, as an acid, obtained from humus. [1835-45; < L hum(us) ground, mould + -IC] * * *
humic acid
a brown, melanin-tinted mixture of polymers, found in lignite, peat, and soils, where it acts as a cation exchange agent: used in drilling fluids and inks. [1835-45] * * * ▪ ...
/hyooh mik"euh leuhs/ or, often, /yooh-/, adj. Biol. of or pertaining to organisms that live in or on soil. [ < L hum(us) earth (see HUMUS) + -I- + -COLOUS] * * *
—humidly, adv. —humidness, n. /hyooh"mid/ or, often, /yooh"-/, adj. containing a high amount of water or water vapor; noticeably moist: humid air; a humid ...
See humidify. * * *
/hyooh mid"euh fuy'euhr/ or, often, /yooh-/, n. 1. a device for increasing the amount of water vapor in the air of a room or building, consisting of a container for water and a ...
—humidification, n. /hyooh mid"euh fuy'/ or, often, /yooh-/, v.t., humidified, humidifying. to make humid. [1880-85; HUMID + -IFY] * * *
/hyooh mid"euh stat'/ or, often, /yooh-/, n. an instrument for measuring and controlling humidity. [1905-10; HUMID + -I- + -STAT] * * *
/hyooh mid"i tee/ or, often, /yooh-/, n. 1. humid condition; moistness; dampness. 2. See relative humidity. 3. an uncomfortably high amount of relative humidity: It's not the ...
See humid. * * *
/hyooh"mi dawr'/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. a container or storage room for cigars or other preparations of tobacco, fitted with means for keeping the tobacco suitably ...
/hyooh'meuh fi kay"sheuhn/, or, often, /yooh'-/, n. the formation of humus. [1895-1900; HUM(US) + -I- + -FICATION] * * *
/hyooh"meuh fuyd'/, or, often, /yooh"-/, adj. transformed into humus. [1905-10; HUM(US) + -IFY + -ED2] * * *
—humiliator, n. —humiliatory /hyooh mil"ee euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/ or, often, /yooh-/, humiliative, adj. /hyooh mil"ee ayt'/ or, often, /yooh-/, v.t., humiliated, ...
—humiliatingly, adv. /hyooh mil"ee ay'ting/ or, often, /yooh-/, adj. lowering the pride, self-respect, or dignity of a person; mortifying: Such a humiliating defeat was good ...
/hyooh mil'ee ay"sheuhn/ or, often, /yooh-/, n. 1. an act or instance of humiliating or being humiliated. 2. the state or feeling of being humiliated; mortification. [1350-1400; ...
/hyooh"meuh lis/ or, often, /yooh"-/, adj. (of a cumulus cloud) having a small, flattened appearance. [ < NL, L: low, HUMBLE] * * *
/hyooh mil"i tee/ or, often, /yooh-/, n. the quality or condition of being humble; modest opinion or estimate of one's own importance, rank, etc. [1275-1325; ME humilite < L ...
/hyooh"mint/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. the gathering of political or military intelligence through secret agents. Cf. comint, elint, sigint. [1975-80; hum(an) int(elligence)] * * *
/hyooh"miz euhm/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. the philosophy or principles of David Hume, esp. his epistemological skepticism. [1855-60; HUME + -ISM] * * *
▪ mineral  member of a group of layered silicate minerals related to the olivines that are nearly always restricted in occurrence to altered limestones and dolomites adjacent ...
/hyooh"mi cheuhr, -choor'/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. 1. a measure of the discomfort most people feel because of the combined effects of atmospheric temperature and humidity; ...
—hummability, n. /hum"euh beuhl/, adj. (of a piece of music) able to be hummed easily; melodic; tuneful. [1940-45; HUM + -ABLE] * * *
Hummel, Johann Nepomuk
born Nov. 14, 1778, Pozsony, Hung. died Oct. 17, 1837, Weimar, Thuringia Austrian composer, pianist, and conductor. Hummel was a piano prodigy. Moving at age eight to Vienna, ...
/hum"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that hums. 2. Slang. humdinger. 3. a hummingbird. [1595-1605; HUM + -ER1] * * *
—hummingly, adv. /hum"ing/, adj. 1. making a droning sound; buzzing. 2. very busy; briskly active: a humming office. [1570-80; HUM + -ING2] * * *
/hum"ing berrd'/, n. a very small nectar-sipping New World bird of the family Trochilidae, characterized by the brilliant, iridescent plumage of the male, a slender bill, and ...
hummingbird moth.
See hawk moth. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
—hummocky, adj. /hum"euhk/, n. 1. Also, hammock. an elevated tract of land rising above the general level of a marshy region. 2. a knoll or hillock. 3. Also, hommock. a ridge ...
See hummock. * * *
/hoom"euhs/, n. Middle Eastern Cookery. a paste or dip made of chickpeas mashed with oil, garlic, lemon juice, and tahini and usually eaten with pita. Also, hommos. [ < dial. Ar ...
/hyooh mung"geuhs, -mong"-/ or, often, /yooh-/, adj. Slang. extraordinarily large. Also, humungous. [1965-70, Amer.; expressive coinage, perh. reflecting HUGE and MONSTROUS, with ...
—humorful, adj. —humorless, adj. —humorlessly, adv. —humorlessness, n. /hyooh"meuhr/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. 1. a comic, absurd, or incongruous quality causing amusement: ...
/hyooh"meuhr euhl/ or, often, /yooh"-/, adj. Physiol. of, pertaining to, or proceeding from a fluid of the body. [1375-1425; late ME < ML humoralis. See HUMOR, -AL1] * * *
humoral immunity
Immunol. See antibody-mediated immunity. * * *
humoral immunity n. The component of the immune system involving antibodies that are secreted by B cells and circulate as soluble proteins in blood plasma and lymph. * * *
—humoresquely, adv. /hyooh'meuh resk"/ or, often, /yooh'-/, n. a musical composition of humorous or capricious character. [1875-80; HUMOR + -ESQUE, modeled on G Humoreske] * * ...
—humoristic, humoristical, adj. /hyooh"meuhr ist/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. 1. a person who is skillful in the use of humor, as in writing, talking, or acting. 2. a person with ...
hu·mor·less (hyo͞oʹmər-lĭs) adj. 1. Lacking a sense of humor. 2. Said or done without humor: “She winked at me, but it was humorless; a wink of warning” (Truman ...
See humorless. * * *
See humorlessly. * * *
humorous1 —humorously, adv. —humorousness, n. /hyooh"meuhr euhs/ or, often, /yooh"-/, adj. 1. characterized by humor; funny; comical: a humorous anecdote. 2. having or ...
See humorous. * * *
See humorously. * * *
/hyooh"meuhr/, n., v.t., Chiefly Brit. humor. Usage. See -or1. * * * I (Latin; "fluid") In early Western physiological theory, one of the four body fluids thought to determine ...
humours, comedy of
▪ drama       a dramatic genre most closely associated with the English playwright Ben Jonson (Jonson, Ben) from the late 16th century. The term derives from the Latin ...
—humper, n. —humpless, adj. /hump/, n. 1. a rounded protuberance, esp. a fleshy protuberance on the back, as that due to abnormal curvature of the spine in humans, or that ...
/hump"bak'/, n. 1. a back that is humped in a convex position. 2. kyphosis. 3. the humpback whale. [1690-1700; appar. back formation from HUMPBACKED] * * *
humpback salmon
a pink salmon inhabiting North Pacific waters: so-called because of the hump that appears behind the head of the male when it is ready for spawning. Also called humpy, ...
humpback whale
a large whalebone whale of the genus Megaptera having long narrow flippers, and noted for its habit of arching deeply as it dives: once abundant in coastal waters, it is now rare ...
/hump"bakt'/, adj. having a hump on the back. [1675-85; b. huckbacked (huck haunch + BACKED) and crumpbacked (OE crump crooked + BACKED)] * * *
humpbacked fly
▪ insect also called  coffin fly,         any of numerous species of tiny, dark-coloured flies with humped backs that are in the fly order, Diptera, and can be found ...
humpback salmon n. See pink salmon. * * *
humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae Elizabeth Morales n. A baleen whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) having a rounded back and long knobby flippers. Humpback whales communicate ...
/humpt/, adj. having a hump. [1705-15; HUMP + -ED3] * * *
humped cattle
any of several breeds of domestic cattle developed from the Indian species Bos indicus and characterized by a hump of fat and muscle over the shoulders. * * *
Humpen glass
▪ decorative arts  extremely large, cylindrical beaker (Humpen), often with outward-curving sides, on a simple base, made in Germany in the 16th and 17th centuries. Typical ...
/hoom"peuhrdd dingk'/; Eng. /hum"peuhr dingk'/, n. Engelbert /eng"euhl berddt'/; Eng. /eng"geuhl berrt'/, 1854-1921, German composer. * * *
Humperdinck, Engelbert
born Sept. 1, 1854, Sieberg, Hanover died Sept. 27, 1921, Neustrelitz, Ger. German composer. He studied piano, organ, cello, and composition with Ferdinand Hiller. His ...
Hum·per·dinck (ho͝omʹpər-dĭngk', hŭmʹ-), Engelbert. 1854-1921. German composer who wrote the fairy tale opera Hansel and Gretel (1893). * * *
an inarticulate expression resembling a snort; spelling pron. /humf/, interj. 1. (used to indicate disbelief, contempt, etc.) v.i., v.t. 2. to utter by or as if by expressing ...
/hum"free/, n. 1. (Duke of Gloucester) 1391-1447, English soldier and statesman (youngest son of Henry IV). 2. Doris, 1895-1958, U.S. dancer, choreographer, and teacher. 3. ...
Humphrey Bogart
➡ Bogart * * *
Humphrey Davy
➡ Davy * * *
Humphrey De Hauteville
▪ Norman mercenary Italian  Umfredo D'altavilla,  French  Onfroi De Hauteville  born , Hauteville-la-Guichard, Normandy died 1057, Melfi, Apulia       soldier of ...
Humphrey Lyttleton
➡ Lyttleton * * *
Humphrey, Doris
born Oct. 17, 1895, Oak Park, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 29, 1958, New York, N.Y. U.S. dancer and modern-dance choreographer. She was a member of the Denishawn troupe from 1917 to ...
Humphrey, Hubert H
▪ vice president of United States born May 27, 1911, Wallace, S.D., U.S. died Jan. 13, 1978, Waverly, Minn.   38th vice president of the United States (1965–69) in the ...
Humphrey, Hubert H(oratio)
born May 27, 1911, Wallace, S.D., U.S. died Jan. 13, 1978, Waverly, Minn. U.S. politician. He worked as a pharmacist and a teacher before becoming Minnesota campaign manager ...
Humphrey, Percy
▪ 1996       U.S. jazz trumpeter and bandleader who became a fixture in New Orleans, La., performing both with bands he fronted and with the Preservation All Stars, with ...
Humphrey, William
▪ 1998       American writer who featured small-town Texan family life in his works; his first and best-known novel, Home from the Hill, was published in 1957 and filmed ...
Hum·phrey (hŭmʹfrē, hŭmpʹ-), Doris. 1895-1958. American dancer and choreographer known for developing techniques of fall and recovery. * * *
Humphrey,Hubert Horatio
Humphrey, Hubert Horatio. 1911-1978. Vice President of the United States (1965-1969) under Lyndon Johnson. He ran unsuccessfully for the presidency in 1968. * * *
Humphreys Peak
▪ mountain, Arizona, United States       highest point (12,633 feet [3,851 metres]) in Arizona, U.S., 10 miles (16 km) north of Flagstaff on the Colorado Plateau. ...
Humphreys, Josephine
▪ American author born Feb. 2, 1945, Charleston, S.C., U.S.       American novelist noted for her sensitive evocations of family life in the southern United ...
Humphreys, Joshua
▪ American ship designer born June 17, 1751, Haverford Township, Pa., U.S. died Jan. 12, 1838, Haverford, Pa.       American shipbuilder and naval architect who ...
Humphreys, West Hughes
▪ American jurist born Aug. 26, 1806, Montgomery County, Tenn., U.S. died Oct. 16, 1882, near Nashville, Tenn.       federal judge, the only U.S. government official ...
Humphreys, William Jackson
▪ American physicist born Feb. 3, 1862, Gap Mills, Va., U.S. died Nov. 10, 1949, Washington, D.C.       American atmospheric physicist who applied basic physical laws ...
Hum·phreys Peak (hŭmʹfrēz', hŭmpʹ-) A mountain, 3,853.1 m (12,633 ft) high, in the San Francisco Peaks of north-central Arizona. It is the highest point in the state. * * ...
(1934– ) an Australian comedian who is well known in Britain for two characters he has created: ‘housewife superstar’ Dame Edna Everage, for which Humphries wears women’s ...
Humphries, Barry
▪ 1999       In the spring of 1998, after a lengthy absence from the theatre, self-proclaimed international megastar Dame Edna Everage returned to the live stage in ...
(1943– ) a British journalist and presenter on television and radio. He presents a number of news and political programmes on BBC television and radio, including the Today ...
Humpty Dumpty
/hump"tee dump"tee/ 1. an egg-shaped character in a Mother Goose nursery rhyme that fell off a wall and could not be put together again. 2. (sometimes l.c.) something that has ...
humpy1 —humpiness, n. /hum"pee/, adj., humpier, humpiest. 1. full of humps. 2. resembling a hump; humplike. [1700-10; HUMP + -Y1] humpy2 /hum"pee/, n., pl. humpies. ...
/hooh'mooh hooh'mooh nooh'kooh nooh'kooh ah'pooh ah"ah/, n. either of two triggerfishes, esp. Rhinecantus aculeatus, of Indo-Pacific coral reefs. [ < Hawaiian: pig-snouted ...
/hyooh"myeuh lin/ or, often, /yooh"-/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of human insulin produced by genetically engineered bacteria. * * *
/hyooh"myeuh lon'/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. a bitter constituent of hops, C21H30O5, having antibiotic properties. Also, humulone /hyooh"myeuh lohn'/ or, often, /yooh"-/. [1915-20; ...
/hyooh mung"geuhs/ or, often, /yooh-/, adj. Slang. humongous. * * *
/hyooh"meuhs/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. the dark organic material in soils, produced by the decomposition of vegetable or animal matter and essential to the fertility of the ...
/hum"vee/, n. a military vehicle that combines the features of a jeep with those of a light truck. [1985-1990; from the pronunciation of the initials HMMWV for H(igh)-M(obility) ...
—Hunlike, adj. /hun/, n. 1. a member of a nomadic and warlike Asian people who devastated or controlled large parts of eastern and central Europe and who exercised their ...
Hun Sen
▪ 1998       On July 5, 1997, Hun Sen, the second prime minister of Cambodia, ordered troops to attack the stronghold of Prince Norodom Ranariddh, the first prime ...
/hoohn"doohn"/, n. a mythical Chinese being personifying chaos. * * *
Húna Bay
/hooh"neuh/ an inlet of the Greenland Sea on the NW coast of Iceland. * * *
/hooh"nahn"/, n. 1. Pinyin, Wade-Giles. a province in S China. 37,810,000; 81,274 sq. mi. (210,500 sq. km). Cap.: Changsha. 2. Also, Hunam /hooh"nahm"/. Chinese Cookery. a style ...
Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq
▪ Arab scholar in full  Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq al-Ibādī , Latin name  Johannitius   born 808, al-Ḥīrah, near Baghdad, Iraq died 873, Baghdad       Arab scholar ...
/hunch/, v.t. 1. to thrust out or up in a hump; arch: to hunch one's back. 2. to shove, push, or jostle. v.i. 3. to thrust oneself forward jerkily; lunge forward. 4. to stand, ...
/hunch"bak'/, n. 1. a person whose back is humped in a convex position because of abnormal spinal curvature. Cf. kyphosis, kyphoscoliosis. 2. humpback (def. 1). [1705-15; back ...
Hunchback of Notre Dame, The
(French, Notre Dame de Paris), a novel (1831) by Victor Hugo. * * *
/hunch"bakt'/, adj. humpbacked. [1590-1600; b. huckbacked see (HUMPBACKED) and bunchbacked] * * *
Huncke, Herbert
▪ 1997       U.S. writer who gave the Beat Generation its name; a drug addict, thief, and prostitute who spent much of the 1950s in prison, he was muse to such writers ...
Hund, Friedrich
▪ German physicist in full  Friedrich Hermann Hund  born February 4, 1896, Karlsruhe, Germany died March 31, 1997, Karlsruhe       German physicist known for his work ...
hundred; hundreds. * * *
Hundertwasser, Friedensreich
▪ 2001 Friedrich Stowasser        Austrian artist and architect (b. Dec. 15, 1928, Vienna, Austria—d. Feb. 19, 2000, on board the Queen Elizabeth II at sea), ...
/hun"drid/, n., pl. hundreds, (as after a numeral) hundred, adj. n. 1. a cardinal number, ten times ten. 2. a symbol for this number, as 100 or C. 3. a set of this many persons ...
hundred and eighty degree turn
1. a reversal of direction. 2. a complete reversal in thinking or behavior. Also, 180° turn. * * *
Hundred Days
1. the period from March 20 to June 28, 1815, between the arrival of Napoleon in Paris, after his escape from Elba, and his abdication after the battle of Waterloo. 2. a special ...
Hundred Days of Reform
▪ Chinese history       (1898), in Chinese history, imperial attempt at renovating the Chinese state and social system. It occurred after the Chinese defeat in the ...
Hundred Flowers
the 1957 political campaign in the People's Republic of China to encourage greater freedom of intellectual expression, initiated by Mao Zedong under the slogan "Let a hundred ...
Hundred Flowers Campaign
▪ Chinese history       movement begun in May 1956 within the communist government of China to lift the restrictions imposed upon Chinese intellectuals and thus grant ...
Hundred Years War
a war between France and England that lasted, with long periods between battles, from the 1340s to the 1450s. The English were trying to get control of France, and won some major ...
Hundred Years' War
the series of wars between England and France, 1337-1453, in which England lost all its possessions in France except Calais. * * * (1337–1453) Intermittent armed conflict ...
hundred's place
Math. hundred (def. 8). [1935-40] * * *
/hun"drid peuhr sen"teuhr/, n. a completely patriotic, sometimes jingoistic person. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
/hun"drid fohld'/, adj. 1. a hundred times as great or as much. 2. comprising a hundred parts or members. adv. 3. in a hundredfold measure. [1125-75; ME hundredfald. See HUNDRED, ...
➡ counties * * *
hundreds and thousands
(BrE) (AmE sprinkles) n [pl] tiny pieces of coloured sugar or chocolate, used for decorating cakes, sweets, ice cream, etc. * * *
/hun"dridth, -dritth/, adj. 1. next after the ninety-ninth; being the ordinal number for 100. 2. being one of 100 equal parts. n. 3. a hundredth part, esp. of one (1/100). 4. the ...
/hun"drid wayt'/, n., pl. hundredweights, (as after a numeral) hundredweight. 1. Also called cental, quintal. a unit of avoirdupois weight commonly equivalent to 100 pounds ...
▪ Romania Hungarian  Vajdahunyad , German  Eisenstadt        city, Hunedoara judeţ (county), west-central Romania, in the eastern foothills of the ...
/hun"i keuhr/, n. James (Gibbons) /gib"euhnz/, 1860-1921, U.S. music critic and writer. * * *
Huneker, James Gibbons
▪ American art critic and writer born Jan. 31, 1860, Philadelphia died Feb. 9, 1921, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.       U.S. critic of music, art, and literature, a leading ...
/hung/, v. 1. pt. and pp. of hang. 2. hung over, Informal. suffering the effects of a hangover: On New Year's Day the houseguests were all hung over. Also, hungover. 3. hung up, ...
hung jury
a jury that cannot agree on a verdict. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
Hung Vuong
▪ king of Vietnam flourished c. 2879 BC       legendary founder of the first Vietnamese state—Van Lang (the Land of the Tattooed Men)—probably located north of what ...
hung-over also hung over or hung·o·ver (hŭngʹōʹvər) adj. Suffering from a hangover. * * *
/hung"up"/, adj. Slang. 1. beset with psychological problems. 2. worried; anxious; concerned. * * *
/hoong"wooh"/, n. (Chu Yüan-chang) 1328-98, emperor of China 1368-98: founder of the Ming dynasty. * * * ▪ emperor of Ming dynasty Introduction Pinyin  Hongwu  (reign name, ...
1. Also, Hung Hungarian. 2. Hungary. * * *
/hung gair"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Hungary, its people, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Hungary. Cf. Magyar. 3. Also called ...
Hungarian bromegrass
a pasture grass, Bromus inermis, native to Europe, having smooth blades. Also called awnless bromegrass. * * *
Hungarian goulash
goulash (def. 1). * * *
Hungarian language
Finno-Ugric language of Hungary, with substantial minority populations in Slovakia, Transylvania in Romania, and northern Serbia. Hungarian has about 14.5 million speakers ...
Hungarian literature
Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Hungarian language.       No written evidence remains of the earliest Hungarian literature, but ...
Hungarian pointer
vizsla. * * *
Hungarian Revolution
(1956) Popular uprising in Hungary following a speech by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in which he attacked the period of Joseph Stalin's rule. Encouraged by the new freedom ...
Hungarian Socialist Party
▪ political party, Hungary Hungarian  Magyar Szocialista Párt        left-wing Hungarian political party. Although the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSzP) was founded ...
/hung"geuh ree/, n. a republic in central Europe. 9,935,774; 35,926 sq. mi. (93,050 sq. km). Cap.: Budapest. Hungarian, Magyarország. * * * Hungary Introduction Hungary ...
Hungary, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-white-green national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.       The tricolour flag of Hungary was ...
—hungeringly, adv. /hung"geuhr/, n. 1. a compelling need or desire for food. 2. the painful sensation or state of weakness caused by the need of food: to collapse from ...
hunger strike
a deliberate refusal to eat, undertaken in protest against imprisonment, improper treatment, objectionable conditions, etc. [1885-90] * * *
—hunger striker. /hung"geuhr struyk'/, v.i., hunger-struck, hunger-striking. to go on a hunger strike. [1910-15] * * *
/hung"geuhr lee/, adj. Archaic. marked by a hungry look. [1350-1400; ME hongerliche. See HUNGER, -LY] * * *
hunger strike n. A voluntary fast undertaken as a means of protest, as by a prisoner.   hunger striker n. * * *
See hunger strike. * * *
hung jury n. A jury that is unable to agree on a verdict. * * *
/hoohng"nahm"/, n. a seaport in W North Korea. 150,000. * * *
/hung"oh"veuhr/, adj. hung (def. 2). [1945-50] * * *
See hungry. * * *
See hungrily. * * *
—hungrily, adv. —hungriness, n. /hung"gree/, adj. hungrier, hungriest. 1. having a desire, craving, or need for food; feeling hunger. 2. indicating, characteristic of, or ...
Hung·shui He (ho͝ongʹshwāʹ hŭʹ) See Hongshui He. * * *
Hungtow Island
/hoong"toh'/ an island off the SE coast of Taiwan. 8 mi. (13 km) long. * * *
hung up adj. Informal 1. Delayed; hindered: motorists hung up in traffic. 2. also hung-up (hŭngʹŭpʹ) Anxious; nervous: He got hung up on the details. She was all hung-up ...
hunh [hun] interj. Informal 1. used to ask a question 2. used to express anger, contempt, etc.: a snorting sound: See also HUH * * *
/hungk/, n. 1. a large piece or lump; chunk. 2. Slang. a. a handsome man with a well-developed physique. b. a large or fat person. [1805-15; < D dial. hunke] Syn. 1. block, ...
Hünkâr İskelesi, Treaty of
(1833) Alliance between the Ottoman Empire and Russia, signed at the village of Hünkâr İskelesi (Unkiar Skelessi), near Istanbul. In return for Russian military aid, the ...
/hung"keuhr/, v.i. 1. to squat on one's heels (often fol. by down). 2. Informal. a. to hunch: The driver hunkered over the steering wheel. b. to hide, hide out, or take shelter ...
—Hunkerism, n. —Hunkerous, adj. —Hunkerousness, n. /hung"keuhr/, n. a member of the conservative faction in the Democratic party in New York State, 1845-48. Cf. ...
Hunkers and Barnburners
Two factions of the New York state Democratic Party in the 19th century. The party split over slavery in the 1840s. The conservative Hunkers (so called by their opponents as ...
/hungk"pah peuh/, n., pl. Hunkpapas, (esp. collectively) Hunkpapa. a member of a North American Indian people belonging to the Teton branch of the Dakota. * * *
/hungks/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. a crabbed, disagreeable person. 2. a covetous, stingy person; miser. [1595-1605; orig. uncert.; cf. -S4] * * *
hunky1 /hung"kee/, adj. Slang. 1. satisfactory; well; right. 2. even; leaving no balance. [1860-65, Amer.; orig. uncert.] hunky2 /hung"kee/, n., pl. hunkies. (sometimes cap.) ...
/hung"kee dawr"ee, -dohr"ee/, adj. Slang. about as well as one could wish or expect; satisfactory; fine; OK. [1865-70; HUNKY1 + dory < ?] * * *
▪ submarine in full  H.L. Hunley         first submarine to sink an enemy ship. Operated from 1863 to 1864, it was a Confederate invention of the American Civil ...
—Hunnishness, n. /hun"ish/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Huns. 2. (sometimes l.c.) barbarous; destructive. [1810-20; HUN + -ISH1] * * *
See Hunnish. * * *
Hunsaker, Jerome C.
▪ American aeronautical engineer in full  Jerome Clarke Hunsaker   born Aug. 26, 1886, Creston, Iowa, U.S. died Sept. 10, 1984, Boston, Mass.       American ...
▪ mountain region, Germany       southernmost mountain region of the Rhenish Uplands in central Rhineland-Palatinate Land (state), western Germany, bounded by the Rhine ...
—huntable, adj. —huntedly, adv. /hunt/, v.t. 1. to chase or search for (game or other wild animals) for the purpose of catching or killing. 2. to pursue with force, ...
/hunt/, n. 1. (James Henry) Leigh /lee/, 1784-1859, English essayist, poet, and editor. 2. Richard Morris, 1828-95, U.S. architect. 3. (William) Holman /hohl"meuhn/, 1827-1910, ...
hunt and peck
a slow and inefficient method of typing by looking for each key separately before striking it: used by untrained typists. Also, hunt-and-peck. Cf. touch system. [1935-40] * * *
hunt board
1. Eng. Furniture. a semicircular drinking table, often having a groove serving as a guide for coasters and a well for unopened bottles. 2. U.S. Furniture. a high sideboard ...
hunt box.
See hunting box. * * *
hunt button
Fox Hunting. a button engraved with the insignia of one's hunt and worn on the coat and vest as part of the hunt uniform. See diag. under pink coat. * * *
Hunt Lieberson, Lorraine
▪ 2007  American mezzo-soprano (b. March 1, 1954, near San Francisco, Calif.—d. July 3, 2006, Santa Fe, N.M.), was known for her rich voice. meticulous artistry, and intense ...
Hunt of Llanfairwaterdine, John Hunt, Baron
▪ 1999       British soldier and mountaineer who was the leader of the 1953 British expedition during which Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay became the first ...

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