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/hoos"erddl/, n. Edmund (Gustav Albrecht) /et"moont goos"tahf ahl"brddekht/, 1859-1938, German philosopher born in Austria. * * *
Husserl, Edmund
born April 8, 1859, Prossnitz, Moravia, Austrian Empire died April 27, 1938, Freiburg im Breisgau, Ger. German philosopher, founder of phenomenology. He received a doctoral ...
Hus·serl (ho͝osʹərl, -ĕrl), Edmund. 1859-1938. Austrian-born German philosopher and mathematician. A leader in the development of phenomenology, he had a major influence on ...
Hussey of North Bradley, Marmaduke James Hussey, Baron
▪ 2007       British newspaper and television executive (b. Aug. 29, 1923, London, Eng.—d. Dec. 27, 2006, London), was appointed (1986) BBC chairman by Prime Minister ...
Hussey, Obed
▪ American inventor born 1792, Maine died Aug. 4, 1860, Exeter, Maine, U.S.       U.S. inventor of a full-sized grain reaper that was in wide use throughout Illinois, ...
Hussey, Ruth
▪ 2006 Ruth Carol O'Rourke        American actress (b. Oct. 30, 1911, Providence, R.I.—d. April 19, 2005, Newbury Park, Calif.), appeared onstage, on television, and ...
—Hussitism, n. /hus"uyt/, n. 1. a member of the religious reformist and nationalistic movement initiated by John Huss in Bohemia in the late 14th century. adj. 2. of or ...
See Hussite. * * *
/hus"ee, huz"ee/, n., pl. hussies. 1. a brazen or immoral woman. 2. a mischievous, impudent, or ill-behaved girl. [1520-30; earlier hussive HOUSEWIFE] Syn. 1. trollop, slut. 2. ...
Hustead, Ted. E.
▪ 2000       American businessman whose Wall (S.D.) Drug grew from a small Depression-era pharmacy into an internationally known $10 million-a-year business and tourist ...
Husted, Marjorie Child
▪ American businesswoman née  Marjorie Child  born c. 1892, Minneapolis, Minn., U.S. died Dec. 23, 1986, Minneapolis       American home economist and businesswoman ...
/hus"tingz/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. (before 1872) the temporary platform on which candidates for the British Parliament stood when nominated and from which they ...
/hus"euhl/, v., hustled, hustling, n. v.i. 1. to proceed or work rapidly or energetically: to hustle about putting a house in order. 2. to push or force one's way; jostle or ...
/hus"leuhr/, n. 1. an enterprising person determined to succeed; go-getter. 2. Slang. a person who employs fraudulent or unscrupulous methods to obtain money; swindler. 3. ...
/hyooh"steuhn/ or, often, /yooh"-/, n. 1. John, 1906-87 U.S. film director and writer. 2. his father, Walter, 1884-1950, U.S. actor, born in Canada. * * *
Huston, John
born Aug. 5, 1906, Nevada, Mo., U.S died Aug. 28, 1987, Middletown, R.I. U.S. film director and screenwriter. The son of Walter Huston, he was briefly a boxer, a Mexican ...
Huston, Nancy
▪ Canadian author born Sept. 16, 1953, Calgary, Alberta, Can.       Canadian novelist and nonfiction author who wrote in French and English and made prizewinning ...
Huston, Walter
orig. Walter Houghston born April 6, 1884, Toronto, Ont., Can. died April 7, 1950, Beverly Hills, Calif., U.S. Canadian-born U.S. actor. He made his stage debut in his native ...
Hus·ton (hyo͞oʹstən), John. 1906-1987. American filmmaker whose works include The Maltese Falcon (1941) and The African Queen (1951). He won an Academy Award for his ...
Huszárik, Zoltán
▪ Hungarian filmmaker Hungarian form  Huszárik Zoltán  born May 14, 1931, Domony, Hung. died Oct. 15, 1981, Budapest       Hungarian filmmaker who directed numerous ...
—hutlike, adj. /hut/, n., v., hutted, hutting. n. 1. a small or humble dwelling of simple construction, esp. one made of natural materials, as of logs or grass. 2. a simple ...
/huch/, n. 1. a pen or enclosed coop for small animals: rabbit hutch. 2. a chest, cupboard, bin, etc., for storage. 3. any of various chestlike cabinets, raised on legs and ...
Hutchence, Michael
▪ 1998       Australian rock star and lead singer for INXS, one of the most popular bands of the late 1980s and early '90s. He began his career on the Australian pub ...
Hutcheson, Francis
▪ Scotch-Irish philosopher born Aug. 8, 1694, Drumalig, County Down, Ire. died 1746, Glasgow  Scots-Irish philosopher and major exponent of the theory of the existence of a ...
/huch"inz/, n. Robert Maynard, 1899-1977, U.S. educator and college president. * * *
Hutchins, Robert Maynard
born Jan. 17, 1899, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died May 17, 1977, Santa Barbara, Calif. U.S. educator and foundation president. He attended Oberlin College and graduated from Yale ...
Hutchins,Robert Maynard
Hutch·ins (hŭchʹĭnz), Robert Maynard. 1899-1977. American educator who was president (1929-1945) and chancellor (1945-1951) of the University of Chicago. * * *
/huch"in seuhn/, n. 1. Anne Marbury /mahr"beuh ree/, 1591-1643, American religious liberal, born in England: banished from Massachusetts 1637. 2. Thomas, 1711-80, American ...
Hutchinson Family
U.S. singing group, significant figures in the development of a native popular music tradition. Born and raised in Milford, N.H., the Hutchinson brothers Judson (1817–59), ...
Hutchinson Family, The
▪ American singing group       American singing group of the mid-19th century, significant figures in the development of native popular music tradition. In contrast to ...
Hutchinson, Alfred
▪ South African author born 1924, Hectorspruit, Transvaal, S.Af. died Oct. 14, 1972, Nigeria       writer and teacher noted for his imaginative experiments with ...
Hutchinson, Anne
orig. Anne Marbury (baptized July 20, 1591, Alford, Lincolnshire, Eng. died August or September 1643, Pelham Bay, N.Y.) Anglo-American religious leader. In 1612 she married ...
Hutchinson, G Evelyn
▪ American biologist born , Jan. 30, 1903, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. died May 17, 1991, London       English-born American zoologist known for his ecological ...
Hutchinson, Sir Jonathan
▪ British pathologist born July 23, 1828, Selby, Yorkshire, Eng. died June 26, 1913, Haslemere, Surrey       British surgeon, pathologist, pioneer in the study of ...
Hutchinson, Thomas
born Sept. 9, 1711, Boston, Mass. died June 3, 1780, London, Eng. American colonial administrator. The son of a wealthy Boston merchant, he pursued business ventures before ...
Hutchinson, Anne. 1591-1643. English-born American colonist and religious leader who was banished from Boston (1637) for her religious beliefs, which included an emphasis on ...
Hutchinson, Thomas. 1711-1780. American colonial official who was unpopular as governor of Massachusetts (1771-1774) because he supported British policies. * * *
Hutch·in·son-Gil·ford syndrome (hŭchʹĭn-sən-gĭlʹfərd) n. See progeria.   [After Sir Jonathan Hutchinson (1828-1913) and Hastings Gilford (1861-1941), British ...
▪ rodent Introduction  any of 26 living and recently extinct species of Caribbean rodents (rodent). The surviving species of hutia are short-limbed and stout and have a large ...
/hut"meuhnt/, n. an encampment of huts. [1885-90; HUT + -MENT] * * *
Hutson, Don
▪ American athlete byname of  Donald Montgomery Hutson  born January 31, 1913, Pine Bluff, Arkansas, U.S. died June 26, 1997, Rancho Mirage, California       American ...
Hutt River
▪ river, New Zealand       river in southern North Island, New Zealand. It rises in the Tararua Range and, fed by the Pakuratahi, Mangaroa, Akatarawa, and Whakatikei ...
Hutt, William Ian deWitt
▪ 2008       Canadian theatrical actor and director born May 2, 1920, Toronto, Ont. died June 27, 2007, Stratford, Ont. became a member of the Stratford Festival of ...
Hutten, Philipp von
▪ German administrator also called  Philipp Von Urre, or Philipp Von Utre   born c. 1511, Königshofen, Lower Franconia [now in Germany] died 1546, ...
—Hutterian /heuh tear"ee euhn, hoo-/, adj. /hut"euh ruyt', hoot"-/, n. a member of an Anabaptist sect following the principles of Jacob Hutter (d. 1536) of Moravia and ...
Hutton Inquiry
an inquiry (2003–04) set up by the British government and led by Lord Hutton, a retired Law Lord, to investigate the circumstances surrounding the death of a government expert, ...
Hutton, Alfred
▪ English fencing master born 1839, Beverly, Yorkshire, Eng. died 1910, London  English fencing master. He organized numerous fencing exhibitions, displays, and lectures, ...
Hutton, Betty
▪ 2008 Elizabeth June Thornburg; “the Blonde Bombshell”        American actress and singer born Feb. 26, 1921 , Battle Creek, Mich. died March 12, 2007 , Palm ...
Hutton, James
born June 3, 1726, Edinburgh, Scot. died March 26, 1797, Edinburgh Scottish geologist, chemist, and naturalist. After short careers in law and medicine, he followed his ...
Hutton, Sir Leonard
▪ British cricketer born June 23, 1916, Fulneck, Yorkshire, Eng. died Sept. 6, 1990, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey       cricketer (cricket) considered one of England's ...
/hooh"tooh/, n., pl. Hutus, (esp. collectively) Hutu. a member of a Bantu farming people of Rwanda and Burundi, in central Africa. * * * Bantu-speaking people of Rwanda and ...
/khoot"speuh, hoot"-/, n. Slang. chutzpa. Also, hutzpah. * * *
☆ hutzpah [hoots′pə, khoots′pə; hoots′pä, khoots′pä ] n. CHUTZPAH * * * hutz·pah (KHo͝otʹspə, ho͝otʹ-) n. Variant of chutzpah. * * *
/huks"lee euhn, huks lee"euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic or suggestive of Aldous Huxley or his writings. 2. of or pertaining to Thomas Henry Huxley, his ...
/huks"lee/, n. 1. Aldous (Leonard) /awl"deuhs/, 1894-1963, English novelist, essayist, and critic. 2. Sir Andrew Fielding, born 1918, English physiologist: Nobel prize for ...
Huxley, Aldous
▪ British author Introduction in full  Aldous Leonard Huxley  born July 26, 1894, Godalming, Surrey, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1963, Los Angeles  English novelist and critic ...
Huxley, Aldous (Leonard)
born July 26, 1894, Godalming, Surrey, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1963, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. British novelist and critic. Grandson of T.H. Huxley and brother of Julian Huxley, he ...
Huxley, Elspeth Josceline Grant
▪ 1998       British writer (b. July 23, 1907, London, Eng.—d. Jan. 10, 1997, Tetbury, Gloucestershire, Eng.), was the versatile, prolific author of more than 30 books ...
Huxley, Hugh Esmor
▪ British biologist born Feb. 25, 1924, Birkenhead, Cheshire, Eng.       English molecular biologist whose study (with Jean Hanson) of muscle ultrastructure using the ...
Huxley, Sir Andrew Fielding
▪ British physiologist born Nov. 22, 1917, Hampstead, London, Eng.    English physiologist, cowinner (with Sir Alan Hodgkin (Hodgkin, Sir Alan) and Sir John Carew Eccles ...
Huxley, Sir Julian
▪ British biologist in full  Sir Julian Sorell Huxley  born June 22, 1887, London died Feb. 14, 1975, London  English biologist, philosopher, educator, and author who ...
Huxley, Sir Julian (Sorell)
born June 22, 1887, London, Eng. died Feb. 14, 1975, London British biologist, philosopher, and author. He was a grandson of T.H. Huxley and brother of Aldous Huxley. His ...
Huxley, T(homas) H(enry)
born May 4, 1825, Ealing, Middlesex, Eng. died June 29, 1895, Eastbourne, Sussex British biologist. The son of a schoolmaster, he earned a medical degree. After working as a ...
Huxley, T.H.
▪ British biologist Introduction in full  Thomas Henry Huxley  born May 4, 1825, Ealing, Middlesex, Eng. died June 29, 1895, Eastbourne, Sussex  English biologist, ...
Huxley,Aldous Leonard
Hux·ley (hŭksʹlē), Aldous Leonard. 1894-1963. British writer. His best-known work, Brave New World (1932), paints a grim picture of a scientifically organized utopia. * * *
Huxley,Andrew Fielding
Huxley, Andrew Fielding. Born 1917. British physiologist. He shared a 1963 Nobel Prize for research on nerve cells. * * *
Huxley,Thomas Henry
Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1825-1895. British biologist who championed Darwin's theory of evolution. His works include Zoological Evidence as to Man's Place in Nature (1863) and ...
Hu Yao·bang (ho͞oʹ youʹbängʹ) also Hu Yao-pang (-pängʹ), 1915-1989. Chinese politician who served as general secretary of the Communist Party from 1980 to 1989. * * *
/huy"geuhnz, hoy"-/; Du. /hoy"gens/, n. Christian /kris"cheuhn/; Du. /krddis"tee ahn'/, 1629-95, Dutch mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. Also, Huyghens. * * *
Huygens eyepiece
Optics. an eyepiece consisting of two plano-convex lenses, the plane sides of which both face the eye. [1830-40; named after C. HUYGENS] * * *
Huygens principle
Optics, Physics. the principle that all points on a wave front of light are sources of secondary waves and that surfaces tangential to these waves define the position of the wave ...
Huygens' principle
▪ optics       in optics, a statement that all points of a wave front of light in a vacuum or transparent medium may be regarded as new sources of wavelets that expand ...
Huy·gens' principle (hīʹgənz) n. The principle that any point on a wave front of light may be regarded as the source of secondary waves and that the surface that is tangent ...
Huygens, Christiaan
or Christian Huyghens born April 14, 1629, The Hague died July 8, 1695, The Hague Dutch mathematician, astronomer, and physicist. He was the first to use a pendulum to ...
Huygens, Constantijn
▪ Dutch diplomat and poet born Sept. 4, 1596, The Hague died March 28, 1687, The Hague  the most versatile and the last of the true Dutch Renaissance virtuosos, who made ...
Huy·gens (hīʹgənz, hoiʹgĕns), Christiaan. 1629-1695. Dutch physicist and astronomer who discovered Saturn's rings (1655), pioneered the use of pendulums in clocks (1657), ...
Huynh Phu So
▪ Vietnamese philosopher Huynh also spelled  Huyen,  also called  Dao Khung, or Phat Song  born 1919, Hoa Hao, Cochinchina [now in Vietnam] died 1947, Long ...
Huynh Tan Phat
▪ Vietnamese leader born 1913, near My Tho, Vietnam died Sept. 30, 1989, Ho Chi Minh City       one of the leading theoreticians of the National Liberation Front ...
/wees mahonns"/, n. Joris Karl /zhoh rddees" kahrddl/, (Charles Marie Georges Huysmans), 1848-1907, French novelist. * * *
Huysmans, Camille
▪ Belgian writer and statesman born May 26, 1871, Bilzen, Belg. died Feb. 25, 1968, Antwerp  socialist writer and statesman, a leader of the moderate wing of the Flemish ...
Huysmans, Joris-Karl
orig. Charles-Marie-Georges Huysmans born Feb. 5, 1848, Paris, France died May 12, 1907, Paris French Decadent writer. His early works, influenced by contemporary naturalism, ...
Huysum, Jan van
▪ Dutch painter born April 15, 1682, Amsterdam, Neth. died Feb. 8, 1749, Amsterdam       Dutch painter known for his still lifes of flowers and fruits.       He ...
Huy·ton-with-Ro·by (hītʹn-wĭth-rōʹbē, -wĭth-) An urban district of northwest England, a residential suburb of Liverpool. Population: 174,100. * * * ▪ England, ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Hu-chou , formerly  Wuxing        city, northern Zhejiang (Chekiang) sheng (province), southeastern China. It is situated close to ...
/heuh zah"/, interj. 1. (used as an exclamation of joy, applause, appreciation, etc.) hurrah! n. 2. the exclamation "huzzah." 3. an instance of giving praise or applause; ...
HV abbrev. high voltage * * * HV abbr. 1. high velocity. 2. high voltage. * * *
heating, ventilating, and air conditioning. * * *
▪ island, Croatia Italian  Lesina        island in the Adriatic Sea, part of Croatia. At 116 square miles (300 square km) in area and 43 miles (69 km) in length, it ...
▪ Zoroastrianism       in Zoroastrianism, the attribute of kingly glory. Introduced to the Persian religion from Iran as part of Mithraism, hvarenah is thought of as a ...
high-voltage direct current. * * *
▪ Iceland       village, southwestern Iceland. It lies midway between the lake of Thingvallavatn to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the south. The centre of ...
▪ Slovak poet pseudonym of  Pavol Országh   born Feb. 2, 1849, Vyšný Kubín, Slovakia, Austrian Empire [now in Dolny Kubin, Slovakia] died Nov. 8, 1921, Dolny Kubin, ...
See hydrolyzed vegetable protein. Also, H.V.P. * * *
heavy. * * *
1. Real Estate. hardwood. 2. high water. 3. hot water (heat). * * *
/hwuy"nahn"/, n. Older Spelling. Huainan. * * *
/hwahn, wahn/, n., pl. hwan. a former monetary unit of South Korea. [ < Korean, the reading of a character used as a graphic synonym of won ( < MChin, equiv. to Chin yuán ...
Hwang Hai
/hwahng" huy"/ Older Spelling. See Yellow Sea. * * *
Hwang Ho
/hwahng" hoh"/; Chin. /hwahng" hu"/ Older Spelling. See Huang He. Also called Yellow River. See map under Chang Jiang. * * *
Hwang Woo Suk
▪ South Korean scientist born Dec. 15, 1953, Buyeo, S.Kor.    South Korean scientist whose revolutionary claims of having cloned human embryos from which he extracted stem ...
Hwang Woo Suk and Moon Shin Yong
▪ 2005       In February 2004 two researchers from Seoul (S.Kor.) National University announced that they had successfully cloned human embryos. Hwang Woo Suk, a ...
▪ Zimbabwe formerly  Wankie,         town, western Zimbabwe. It was founded about 1900 after the discovery of coal in the vicinity and was named for a local chief, ...
Hwange National Park
formerly Wankie National Park National preserve, northwestern Zimbabwe. Located on the Botswana frontier, it was established in 1928 as a game reserve and in 1930 as a national ...
Hwang Ho (hwängʹ hōʹ) See Huang He. * * *
Military and philosophical code developed in the Korean state of Silla during the 6th century. It formed the basis for training an elite society of young warriors known as the ...
Hwei (hwā) n. Variant of Hui. * * *
▪ people       the inhabitants of one of the subkingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England that coincided with the medieval diocese of Worcester, a territory that then encompassed ...
Arabic root, to weave. haik, from Moroccan Arabic ḥāʾik, an outer garment, from classical Arabic, weaver, active participle of ḥāka, to weave. * * *
high-water mark. Also, H.W.M., h.w.m. * * *
Central Semitic, to be(come) white. houri, from Arabic ḥūrīya, nymph, houri, from ḥūr, plural (also used as singular) of ʾaḥwar, feminine ḥawrāʾ, characterized by ...
highway. Also, hwy. * * *
hwy. abbr. highway. * * *
/huy/, n. a male given name, form of Hiram. * * *
HY antigen
/aych"wuy"/, Immunol. an antigen encoded by a gene on the Y (male) chromosome, active in the development of male structures. [1975-80; H(uman) Y (chromosome)] * * *
Elect. (formerly) henry. * * *
/huy"euh sinth/, n. 1. a bulbous plant, Hyacinthus orientalis, of the lily family, widely cultivated for its cylindrical cluster of fragrant flowers in a variety of colors. 2. ...
hyacinth bean
an Old World tropical vine, Dolichos lablab, of the legume family, having purple or white flowers and black or white seeds in a papery, beaked pod. Also called bonavist, ...
hyacinth bean n. A twining vine (Dolichos lablab) of the Old World tropics, having purple or white flowers and edible pods and seeds. Also called lablab. * * *
/huy'euh sin"thin/, n. Chem. phenylacetaldehyde. [HYACINTH + -IN2] * * *
/huy'euh sin"thin, -thuyn/, adj. 1. of or like the hyacinth. 2. adorned with hyacinths. [1650-60; < L hyacinthinus < Gk hyakínthinos. See HYACINTH, -INE1] * * *
/huy'euh sin"theuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a youth loved but accidentally killed by Apollo: from the youth's blood sprang the hyacinth. * * * In Greek mythology, a young man of great ...
/huy"euh deez'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. Astron. a group of stars comprising a moving cluster in the constellation Taurus, supposed by the ancients to indicate the approach of ...
—hyaenic, adj. /huy ee"neuh/, n. hyena. * * *
▪ fossil mammal genus  extinct genus of carnivorous (carnivore) mammals (mammal) that first appeared in the fossil record about 42 million years ago during the middle of the ...
Hyakutake, Comet
▪ astronomy  long-period comet that, because of its relatively close passage to Earth, was observed as one the brightest comets of the 20th century. It was discovered on ...
Hyakutake, Yuji
▪ 2003       Japanese amateur astronomer (b. 1951, Japan—d. April 10, 2002, Kokubu, Japan), discovered the comet that came to be named after him, Comet Hyakutake, ...
var. of hyalo- before a vowel: hyalite. * * *
hyalin [hī′ə lin] n. 〚 HYAL(O)- + -IN1〛 any of various glassy translucent substances, esp. such a substance occurring normally in vertebrate cartilage * * * hy·a·lin ...
n. /huy"euh leen', -lin/; adj. /huy"euh lin, -luyn'/, n. 1. Also, hyalin /huy"euh lin/. Biochem. a. a horny substance found in hydatid cysts, closely resembling chitin. b. a ...
hyaline cartilage
Anat. the typical, translucent form of cartilage, containing little fibrous tissue. [1850-55] * * *
hyaline membrane disease
hyaline membrane disease n. a respiratory disease of unknown cause of newborn infants, esp. if premature, characterized by an abnormal membrane of protein lining the alveoli of ...
hyaline membrane disease.
Pathol. See respiratory distress syndrome. [1950-55] * * *
hyaline cartilage n. Semitransparent, opalescent cartilage with a blue tint, consisting of cells that synthesize a surrounding matrix of hyaluronic acid, collagen, and protein. ...
hyalinemembrane disease
hyaline membrane disease n. See respiratory distress syndrome. * * *
/huy'euh leuh neuh zay"sheuhn/, n. Pathol. a condition in which normal tissue deteriorates into a homogeneous, translucent material. [1915-20; HYALINIZE + -ATION] * * *
/huy"euh leuh nuyz'/, v.i., hyalinized, hyalinizing. to become hyaline. Also, esp. Brit., hyalinise. [1925-30; HYALINE + -IZE] * * *
/huy"euh luyt'/, n. a colorless variety of opal, sometimes transparent like glass, and sometimes whitish and translucent. [1785-95; HYAL- + -ITE1] * * *
a combining form meaning "glass," used in the formation of compound words: hyaloplasm. Also, esp. before a vowel, hyal-. [ < Gk, comb. form of hýalos glass] * * *
hyalogen [hī al′ə jən] n. 〚 HYALO- + -GEN〛 any of the various insoluble, mucoidlike substances found in animal tissue and producing hyalins upon hydrolysis * * *
/huy"euh leuh graf', -grahf'/, n. an instrument used in hyalography. [HYALO- + -GRAPH] * * *
—hyalographer, n. /huy'euh log"reuh fee/, n. the technique of writing or engraving on glass. [HYALO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
/huy"euh loyd'/, n. 1. See hyaloid membrane. adj. 2. glassy; hyaline. [1660-70; < Gk hyaloeidés like glass. See HYAL-, -OID] * * *
hyaloid membrane
the delicate, pellucid, and nearly structureless membrane enclosing the vitreous humor of the eye. [1825-35] * * *
/huy al"euh mear', huy"euh leuh-/, n. Cell Biol. the transparent part of a blood platelet, surrounding the chromomere. [1935-40; HYALO- + -MERE] * * *
/huy al"euh fayn', huy"euh leuh-/, n. Mineral. a variety of orthoclase in which some of the potassium is replaced by barium. [1850-55; HYALO- + -PHANE] * * * ▪ ...
—hyaloplasmic, adj. /huy al"euh plaz'euhm, huy"euh leuh-/, n. Cell Biol. See ground substance. [1885-90; HYALO- + -PLASM] * * *
hyaluronic acid
/huy"euh loo ron"ik, huy'-/, Biochem. a mucopolysaccharide serving as a viscous medium in the tissues of the body and as a lubricant in joints. [1930-35; HYAL(OID) (in reference ...
hy·a·lu·ron·ic acid (hī'ə-lo͝o-rŏnʹĭk) n. A gellike aminoglycan that is found in the tissue space, the synovial fluid of joints, and the vitreous humor of the eyes and ...
/huy'euh loo ron"i days', -dayz'/, n. 1. Biochem. a mucolytic enzyme found in the testes, in snake venom, and in hemolytic streptococci and certain other bacteria, that decreases ...
Hy·an·nis (hī-ănʹĭs) A town of southeast Massachusetts on Nantucket Sound in south-central Cape Cod. It is a popular summer resort. Population: 14,120. * * * ▪ ...
Hyannis Port
/huy an"is/ a town in SE Massachusetts, on Nantucket Sound: summer resort. * * *
Hyatt, Alpheus
▪ American zoologist and paleontologist born April 5, 1838, Washington, D.C. died Jan. 15, 1902, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.       U.S. zoologist and paleontologist who ...
Hyatt, Anna Vaughn
▪ American sculptor married name  Anna Hyatt Huntington  born March 10, 1876, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S. died October 4, 1973, Redding, Connecticut       American ...
Hyatt, John Wesley
▪ American inventor born November 28, 1837, Starkey, New York, U.S. died May 10, 1920, Short Hills, New Jersey       American inventor who discovered the process for ...
/huy"euhts vil'/, n. a city in central Maryland. 12,709. * * * ▪ Maryland, United States       city, Prince George's county, central Maryland, U.S., a northeastern ...
/huy"brid/, n. 1. the offspring of two animals or plants of different breeds, varieties, species, or genera, esp. as produced through human manipulation for specific genetic ...
Hybrid Cars Hit the Road
▪ 2005       Hybrid cars began grabbing headlines in 2004, especially after movie stars were seen arriving at the Academy Awards in these environmentally friendly ...
hybrid chip
Electronics. an integrated circuit that comprises both diffused active devices and thin-film components. Also called hybrid integrated circuit. * * *
hybrid computer
a computer system containing both analog and digital hardware. [1965-70] * * *
hybrid corn
1. a crossbred corn, esp. the grain of corn developed by hybridization of repeatedly self-pollinated, and therefore genetically pure, varieties. 2. a plant grown from the grain ...
hybrid perpetual
a type of cultivated rose bred from varieties having vigorous growth and more or less recurrent bloom. [1840-50] * * *
hybrid tea
a type of cultivated rose originally produced chiefly by crossing the tea rose and the hybrid perpetual. [1885-90] * * *
hybrid vigor
heterosis. [1915-20] * * *
/huy"bri diz'euhm/, n. 1. Also, hybridity /huy brid"i tee/. the quality or condition of being hybrid. 2. the production of hybrids. [1835-45; HYBRID + -ISM] * * *
See hybridism. * * *
See hybridism. * * *
See hybridize. * * *
—hybridizable, adj. —hybridization, n. —hybridist, hybridizer, n. /huy"bri duyz'/, v., hybridized, hybridizing. v.t. 1. to cause to produce hybrids; cross. 2. to breed or ...
See hybridization. * * *
/huy'bri doh"meuh/, n., pl. hybridomas. Biotech. a hybrid cell made in the laboratory by fusing a normal cell with a cancer cell, usu. a myeloma or lymphoma, in order to combine ...
hybrid tea n. Any of a class of cultivated hybrid roses originally developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, noted especially for their long-stemmed flowers in a wide ...
hybrid vigor n. Increased vigor or other superior qualities arising from the crossbreeding of genetically different plants or animals. Also called heterosis. * * *
—hybristic, adj. /huy"bris/, n. hubris. * * *
1. hydraulics. 2. hydrostatics. * * *
/huy dan"toh in/, n. Pharm. a colorless, needlelike, crystalline compound, C3H4N2O2, used in the synthesis of pharmaceutical substances and resins. [1865-70; HYD(ROGEN) + ...
Hydaspes, Battle of the
▪ 326 BC       (326 BC), fourth and last pitched battle fought by Alexander the Great during his campaign of conquest in Asia. It took place after Alexander's conquest ...
/huy"deuh thohd'/, n. Bot. a specialized leaf structure through which water is exuded. [ < G Hydathode (1894) < Gk hydat-, s. of hýdor water + hodós way, path; cf. -ODE2, ...
/huy"deuh tid/, Pathol. n. 1. a cyst with watery contents that is produced in humans and animals by a tapeworm in the larval state; cysticerus. 2. a cystic vestige of an ...
hydatidiform mole
▪ pathology       in human pregnancy, abnormal growth of the chorion, the outermost vascular membrane that in a normal pregnancy would enclose the embryo and ultimately ...
/huyd/, n. 1. Douglas, 1860-1949, Irish author and statesman: president of Ireland. 1938-45. 2. Edward. See Clarendon, Edward Hyde. * * *
Hyde de Neuville, Jean-Guillaume, Baron
▪ French diplomat born Jan. 24, 1776, La Charité, France died May 28, 1857, Paris  diplomat and one of the most consistent defenders of Bourbon ...
Hyde Park
1. a public park in London, England. 2. a village in SE New York, on the Hudson: site of the estate and burial place of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt. 2550 * * ...
Hyde Park Corner
➡ Hyde Park * * *
Hyde, Charles Cheney
▪ American lawyer born May 22, 1873, Chicago died Feb. 13, 1952, New York City       U.S. attorney and authority on international law who was an early advocate of ...
Hyde, Douglas
▪ president of Ireland Irish  Dubhighlas de Hide ; pseudonym  An Craoibhín Aoibhinn  born January 17, 1860, Frenchpark, County Roscommon, Ire. died July 12, 1949, ...
Hyde, Henry Baldwin
▪ American businessman born , Feb. 15, 1834, Catskill, N.Y., U.S. died May 2, 1899, New York City       American capitalist who was the founder of the Equitable Life ...
Hyde, Henry John
▪ 2008       American politician born April 18, 1924, Chicago, Ill. died Nov. 29, 2007, Chicago served (1975–2007) in the U.S. House of Representatives, where during ...
Hyde, Philip Jean
▪ 2007       American photographer (b. Aug. 15, 1921, San Francisco, Calif.—d. March 30, 2006, Reno, Nev.), captured images of environmentally imperiled deserts, ...
Hyde, Sir Nicholas
▪ chief justice of England Hyde also spelled  Hide   died Aug. 25, 1631       chief justice of England during the reign of Charles I.       Hyde entered ...
Hyde (hīd), Douglas. 1860-1949. Irish nationalist and writer who founded the Gaelic League (1893) and was president of Ireland (1938-1945). * * *
Hyde, Edward. First Earl of Clarendon. 1609-1674. English politician who was chief adviser to Charles I during the English Civil War and later to Charles II, who appointed him ...
I. Hyde Park1 A large public park in west-central London, England. A royal deer park under Henry VIII, it was opened to the public in 1635.   II. Hyde Park2 A village of ...
Hyder Ali
/huy"deuhr ah"lee, ah lee"/. See Haidar Ali. * * * born 1722, Budikote, Mysore, India died Dec. 7, 1782, Chittoor Muslim ruler of Mysore, in southern India. He organized the ...
/huy"deuhr euh bahd', -bad', huy"dreuh-/, n. 1. a former state in S India, now part of Andhra Pradesh. 2. a city in and the capital of Andhra Pradesh, India, in the W part. ...
/hid'noh kahr"payt/, n. a salt or ester of hydnocarpic acid. [1900-05; HYDNOCARP(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
hydnocarpic acid
/hid"noh kahr"pik, hid'-/, Pharm. an acid, C16H28O2, obtained from chaulmoogra oil, and used in the treatment of leprosy. [1900-05; < Gk hýdno(n) truffle + karp(ós) fruit + ...
hydr-1 var. of hydro-1 before a vowel: hydrant. hydr-2 var. of hydro-2 before a vowel: hydride. * * *
/huy"dreuh/, n., pl. hydras, hydrae /-dree/ for 1-3, gen. hydrae /-dree/ for 4. 1. (often cap.) Class. Myth. a water or marsh serpent with nine heads, each of which, if cut off, ...
/huy"dreuh hed'id/, adj. 1. containing many problems, difficulties, or obstacles. 2. having many branches, divisions, facets, etc. [1590-1600] * * *
/huy dras"id/, n. an acid that does not contain oxygen, as hydrochloric acid, HCl. [1820-30; HYDR-2 + ACID] * * *
▪ invertebrate genus       genus of marine hydrozoan polyps (phylum Cnidaria), a group of invertebrate animals with a thin tubelike body that attaches to a surface. ...
/huy dree"mee euh/, n. Med. hydremia. * * *
/huy"dreuh gawg', -gog'/, adj. 1. causing the discharge of watery fluid, as from the bowels. n. 2. Also, hydragog. Pharm. a hydragogue agent. [1630-40; < L hydragogus < Gk ...
/huy dral"euh zeen'/, n. Pharm. a white crystalline powder, C8H8N4, that dilates blood vessels and is used in the treatment of hypertension. [1950-55; HYDR-2 + (PHTH)AL(IC) + ...
hy·dra·mine (hīʹdrə-mēn') n. A dihydric alcohol in which one hydroxyl has been replaced with an amino group. * * *
▪ pathology also called  Polyhydramnios,         excess of amniotic fluid, the liquid that surrounds the fetus in the uterus. Chronic hydramnios, in which fluid ...
/huy drayn"jeuh, -jee euh, -dran"-/, n. any shrub belonging to the genus Hydrangea, of the saxifrage family, several species of which are cultivated for their large, showy flower ...
▪ plant family       the hydrangea family of flowering plants, in the order Cornales, comprising 19 genera and about 260 species of woody ornamental trees, shrubs, ...
/huy"dreuhnt/, n. 1. an upright pipe with a spout, nozzle, or other outlet, usually in the street, for drawing water from a main or service pipe, esp. for fighting fires. 2. a ...
/huy"dreuhnth/, n. Zool. the terminal part of a hydroid polyp that bears the mouth and tentacles and contains the stomach region. [1870-75; HYDR(A) + Gk ánth(os) flower] * * *
/huy"drahrk/, adj. Ecol. (of a sere) originating in a wet habitat. [1910-15; HYDR-1 + -ARCH] * * *
/huy drahr"jeuh luyt'/, n. Mineral. gibbsite. [1795-1805; HYDR-1 + ARGILLITE] * * *
/huy drahr"jeuh riz'euhm/, n. Pathol. mercurialism. Also, hydrargyria /huy'drahr jir"ee euh/, hydrargyriasis /huy drahr'jeuh ruy"euh sis/. [HYDRARGYR(UM) + -ISM] * * *
—hydrargyric /huy'drahr jir"ik/, adj. /huy drahr"jeuhr euhm/, n. mercury. [1555-65; < NL, equiv. to L hydrargyr(us) ( < Gk hydrárgyros mercury, equiv. to hydr- HYDR-1 + ...
/huy"drays, -drayz/, n. Biochem. any of the class of enzymes that catalyze the addition of a water molecule into a compound without causing hydrolysis. [1940-45; HYDR-1 + -ASE] * ...
/huy dras"teen, -tin/, n. Pharm. an alkaloid, C21H21NO6, that is extracted from the roots of goldenseal and forms prismatic crystals: used as an astringent and to inhibit uterine ...
/huy dras"teuh neen', -nin/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, poisonous alkaloid, C11H13NO3, synthesized from hydrastine: used to arrest bleeding, esp. in the uterus. [1885-90; ...
/huy dras"tis/, n. goldenseal (def. 2). [ < NL (Linnaeus), the genus name < Gk hydr- HYDR-1 + NL -astis < ?] * * *
—hydration, n. /huy"drayt/, n., v., hydrated, hydrating. n. 1. any of a class of compounds containing chemically combined water. In the case of some hydrates, as washing soda, ...
/huy"dray tid/, adj. 1. chemically combined with water in its molecular form. 2. (of paper pulp) beaten until gelatinous for making into water-resistant paper. [1800-10; HYDRATE ...
hydrated alumina.
See aluminum hydroxide. * * *
hydrated lime.
See slaked lime. * * *
See hydrate. * * *
hydration number
the number of molecules of water with which an ion can combine in an aqueous solution of given concentration. [HYDRATE + -ION] * * *
/huy"dray teuhr/, n. 1. something that hydrates. 2. a compartment or drawer, as in a refrigerator, for keeping perishable foods fresh and preventing moisture loss. [HYDRATE + ...
hydraulics. * * *
—hydraulically, adv. /huy draw"lik, -drol"ik/, adj. 1. operated by, moved by, or employing water or other liquids in motion. 2. operated by the pressure created by forcing ...
hydraulic accumulator
1. an apparatus in which gas, usually air, is used as a cushion or shock absorber in a hydraulic system. 2. (in a hydraulic system) an apparatus for storing energy. [1875-80] * * ...
hydraulic brake
a brake operated by fluid pressures in cylinders and connecting tubular lines. [1870-75] * * *
hydraulic cement
cement that can solidify under water. [1850-55] * * *
hydraulic civilization
      according to the theories of the German-American historian Karl A. Wittfogel, any culture having an agricultural system that is dependent upon large-scale ...
hydraulic coupling.
See fluid coupling. * * *
hydraulic equivalence
▪ geology       size–density relationship that governs the deposition of mineral particles from flowing water. Two particles of different sizes and densities are said ...
hydraulic fluid
a fluid, usually of low viscosity, as oil, used in a hydraulic system. [1940-45] * * *
hydraulic jump
Sudden change in water level, analogous to a shock wave, commonly seen below weirs and sluice gates where a smooth stream of water suddenly rises at a foaming front. The fact ...
hydraulic lift
an elevator operated by fluid pressure, esp. one used for raising automobiles in service stations and garages. * * *
hydraulic mining
placer mining using a pressurized stream of water. Also called hydraulicking /huy draw"li king, -drol"i king/. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *       use of a powerful jet of water ...
hydraulic motor
a motor that converts the kinetic or potential energy of a fluid into mechanical energy. * * *
hydraulic pile
Building Trades. a hollow pile through which a jet of water is forced to wash away the ground beneath. * * *
hydraulic power
▪ engineering also called  Fluid Power,         power transmitted by the controlled circulation of pressurized fluid, usually a water-soluble oil or water–glycol ...
hydraulic press
a machine permitting a small force applied to a small piston to produce, through fluid pressure, a large force on a large piston. [1850-55] * * * Machine consisting of a ...
hydraulic radius
the ratio of the cross-sectional area to the perimeter of a pipe, outlet, or the like, through which a fluid is flowing. [1875-80] * * *
hydraulic ram
a device by which the energy of descending water is utilized to raise a part of the water to a height greater than that of the source. [1800-10] * * *
hydraulic torque converter
an apparatus in which a fluid, usually oil, transmits torque from one shaft to another, producing a different torque in the other shaft. Cf. fluid coupling. * * *
hydraulic transmission
▪ technology       device employing a liquid to transmit and modify linear or rotary motion and linear or turning force (torque). There are two main types of hydraulic ...
See hydraulic. * * *
hydraulic press n. A machine in which a large force is exerted on the larger of two pistons in a pair of hydraulically coupled cylinders by means of a relatively small force ...
hydraulic ram n. 1. A water pump in which the downward flow of naturally running water is intermittently halted by a valve so that the flow is forced upward through an open pipe ...
/huy draw"liks, -drol"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science that deals with the laws governing water or other liquids in motion and their applications in engineering; ...
▪ musical instrument       earliest known mechanical pipe organ. It was invented in the 3rd century BC by Ctesibius of Alexandria, culminating prior attempts to apply a ...
/huy draw"leuhs/, n., pl. hydrauli /-luy/, hydrauluses. a pipe organ of ancient Greece and Rome using water pressure to maintain the air supply. [1870-75; < L < Gk hýdraulos ...
hydrazide [hī′drə zīd΄] n. 〚 HYDRAZ( + -IDE〛 any of several derivatives of hydrazine in which at least one of the hydrogens has been replaced by an acyl group * * ...
/huy"dreuh zeen'/, n. 1. Also called diamine. a colorless, oily, fuming liquid, N2H4, that is a weak base in solution and forms a large number of salts resembling ammonium salts: ...
/huy'dreuh zoh"ayt/, n. a salt of hydrazoic acid; azide. [1905-10; HYDRAZO(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
/huy'dreuh zoh"ik/, adj. noting or pertaining to hydrazoic acid; triazoic. [1890-95; HYDR-2 + AZ- + -IC] * * *
hydrazoic acid
a colorless, very explosive, poisonous liquid, HN3, having a penetrating odor and irritating to the eyes and mucous membranes. Also called azoimide. [1890-95] * * *
/huy"dreuh zohn'/, n. any of a class of compounds containing the group > C=NNH2. [1885-90; HYDR-2 + AZ- + (KET)ONE] * * *
—hydremic, adj. /huy dree"mee euh/, n. Med. the state of having an excess of water in the blood. Also, hydraemia. [HYDR-1 + -EMIA] * * *
▪ water vessel   large water vessel in Greek pottery of the Archaic period (c. 750–c. 480 BC) and the Classical period (c. 480–c. 330 BC). It is found in both the ...
hydric1 /huy"drik/, adj. pertaining to or containing hydrogen. [1850-55; HYDR-2 + -IC] hydric2 /huy"drik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or adapted to a wet or moist ...
/huy"druyd, -drid/, n. a binary compound formed by hydrogen and another, usually more electropositive, element or group, as sodium hydride, NaH, or methyl hydride, CH4. [1840-50; ...
/huy dril"euh/, n. a submerged aquatic plant, Hydrilla verticillata, native to the Old World, that has become a pest weed in U.S. lakes and waterways. [ < NL (1814), the genus ...
/huy'dree od"ik/, adj. of or derived from hydriodic acid. [1810-20; HYDR-2 + IODIC] * * *
hydriodic acid
a colorless corrosive liquid, HI, an aqueous solution of hydrogen iodide. [1810-20] * * *
hy·dri·od·ic acid (hī'drē-ŏdʹĭk) n. A clear, colorless or pale yellow aqueous solution of hydrogen iodide, HI, that is a strong acid and reducing agent. * * *

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