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hypertonic
—hypertonicity /huy'peuhr toh nis"i tee/, n. /huy'peuhr ton"ik/, adj. 1. Physiol. of or pertaining to hypertonia. 2. Physical Chem. noting a solution of higher osmotic pressure ...
hypertonicity
See hypertonic. * * *
hypertorrid
adj.; hypertorridly, adv.; hypertorridness, n. * * *
hypertoxic
adj. * * *
hypertragic
adj. * * *
hypertragical
adj.; hypertragically, adv. * * *
hypertrichosis
/huy'peuhr tri koh"sis/, n. excessive growth of hair. [HYPER- + TRICHOSIS] * * * ▪ congenital disorder also called  Hirsutism,         excessive, abnormal hairiness ...
hypertrophic
See hypertrophy. * * *
hypertrophy
—hypertrophic /huy'peuhr trof"ik, -troh"fik/, adj. /huy perr"treuh fee/, n., pl. hypertrophies, v., hypertrophied, hypertrophying. n. 1. abnormal enlargement of a part or ...
hypertropical
adj. * * *
hyperurbanism
/huy'peuhr err"beuh niz'euhm/, n. Ling. a pronunciation or grammatical form or usage produced by a speaker of one dialect according to an analogical rule formed by comparison of ...
hyperuricemia
—hyperuricemic, adj. /huy'peuhr yoor'euh see"mee euh/, n. Pathol. an excess of uric acid in the blood, often producing gout. [1890-95; HYPER- + URIC- + -EMIA] * * *
hypervariable
adj.; hypervariably, adv. * * *
hypervascular
adj. * * *
hypervelocity
/huy'peuhr veuh los"i tee/, n., pl. hypervelocities. extremely high velocity, as of projectiles, space vehicles, or accelerated nuclear particles. [1945-50; HYPER- + VELOCITY] * ...
hyperventilate
/huy'peuhr ven"tl ayt'/, v., hyperventilated, hyperventilating. v.i. 1. to be afflicted with hyperventilation; breathe abnormally fast and deep. v.t. 2. to cause (a patient) to ...
hyperventilation
/huy'peuhr ven'tl ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. excessively rapid and deep breathing. 2. a condition characterized by abnormally prolonged and rapid breathing, resulting in decreased carbon ...
hypervigilant
adj.; hypervigilantly, adv.; hypervigilantness, n. * * *
hypervirulent
adj.; hypervirulently, adv. * * *
hyperviscous
adj. * * *
hypervitalize
v.t., hypervitalized, hypervitalizing. * * *
hypervitaminosis
/huy'peuhr vuy'teuh meuh noh"sis/, n. Pathol. an abnormal condition caused by an excessive intake of vitamins. [1925-30; HYPER- + VITAMIN + -OSIS] * * *
hypervoluminous
adj.; hypervoluminously, adv.; hypervoluminousness, n. * * *
hyperweak force
/huy"peuhr week", huy'-/, Physics. a hypothetical force that transforms quarks into leptons and vice versa at high energies. [HYPER- + WEAK] * * *
hypesthesia
—hypesthesic /hip'euhs thee"zik, -sik, huy'peuhs-/, adj. /hip'euhs thee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh, huy'peuhs-/, n. Pathol. an abnormally weak sense of pain, heat, cold, or ...
hypethral
/hi pee"threuhl, huy-/, adj. (of a classical building) wholly or partly open to the sky. Also, hypaethral. Cf. clithral. [ < L hypaethr(us) ( < Gk hýpaithros open to the sky, ...
hypha
—hyphal, adj. /huy"feuh/, n., pl. hyphae /-fee/. (in a fungus) one of the threadlike elements of the mycelium. [1865-70; < NL < Gk hyphé WEB] * * *
hyphal
See hypha. * * *
hyphema
/huy fee"meuh/, n. Pathol. hemorrhage in the anterior chamber of the eye, usually caused by trauma. [ < Gk hýphaim(os) bloodshot (hyp- HYP- + -(h)aimos, deriv. of haîma blood) ...
hyphen
—hyphenic /huy fen"ik/, adj. /huy"feuhn/, n. 1. a short line (-) used to connect the parts of a compound word or the parts of a word divided for any purpose. v.t. 2. ...
hyphenate
—hyphenation, n. v. /huy"feuh nayt'/; adj., n. /huy"feuh nit, -nayt'/, v., hyphenated, hyphenating, adj., n. v.t. 1. to join by a hyphen. 2. to write or divide with a ...
hyphenated
/huy"feuh nay'tid/, adj. Informal. of, pertaining to, or designating a person, group, or organization of mixed origin or identity: an Irish-American club and other hyphenated ...
hyphenated name
➡ surnames * * *
hyphenation
See hyphenate. * * *
hyphenize
—hyphenization, n. /huy"feuh nuyz'/, v.t., hyphenized, hyphenizing. hyphenate. Also, esp. Brit., hyphenise. [1850-55; HYPHEN + -IZE] * * *
Hyphochytriomycota
▪ phylum of fungi       a phylum of mostly aquatic fungi that contains approximately 23 species and is classified in the kingdom Chromista. The phylum is distinguished ...
hyphopodium
/huy'feuh poh"dee euhm/, n., pl. hyphopodia /-dee euh/. (in a fungus) a specialized hyphal branch, composed of one or two usually lobed cells, serving for attachment and for the ...
hypn-
hypn- pref. Variant of hypno-. * * *
hypnagogic
/hip'neuh goj"ik, -goh"jik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to drowsiness. 2. inducing drowsiness. [1885-90; < F hypnagogique; see HYPN-, -AGOGUE, -IC] * * *
hypnagogic state
Psychol. the drowsy period between wakefulness and sleep, during which fantasies and hallucinations often occur. * * *
hypno-
a combining form meaning "sleep," "hypnosis," used in the formation of compound words: hypnotherapy. Also, esp. before a vowel, hypn-. [ < Gk hýpno(s) sleep; see HYPNOS] * * *
hypnoanalysis
—hypnoanalytic /hip'noh an'l it"ik/, adj. /hip'noh euh nal"euh sis/, n. a method of psychoanalysis in which a patient is put into hypnosis in an attempt to secure analytic ...
hypnodrama
/hip"neuh drah'meuh, -dram'euh/, n. Psychiatry. the acting out of a traumatic experience, under hypnosis, by a person undergoing psychotherapy. [1965-70; HYPNO- + DRAMA] * * *
hypnogenesis
—hypnogenetic /hip'noh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /hip'neuh jen"euh sis/, n. induction of the hypnotic state. [1885-90; HYPNO- + -GENESIS] * * *
hypnogenetic
See hypnogenesis. * * *
hypnogenetically
See hypnogenetic. * * *
hypnogogic
hyp·no·gog·ic (hĭp'nə-gŏjʹĭk, -gōʹjĭk) adj. Variant of hypnagogic. * * *
hypnograph
/hip"neuh graf', -grahf'/, n. an instrument that measures activities of the human body during sleep. [HYPNO- + -GRAPH] * * *
hypnoid
hypnoid [hip′noid΄] adj. resembling sleep or hypnosis: also hypnoidal * * * hyp·noid (hĭpʹnoid') also hyp·noi·dal (hĭp-noidʹl) adj. Of or resembling hypnosis or ...
hypnoidal
/hip noyd"l/, adj. Psychol. characterizing a state that resembles mild hypnosis but that is usually induced by other than hypnotic means. Also, hypnoid. [1895-1900; HYPN- + -OID ...
hypnology
—hypnologic /hip'nl oj"ik/, hypnological, adj. —hypnologist, n. /hip nol"euh jee/, n. the science dealing with the phenomena of sleep. [1885-90; HYPNO- + -LOGY] * * *
hypnone
/hip"nohn/, n. Chem. acetophenone. [1885-90; < F; see HYPN-, -ONE] * * *
hypnopedia
/hip'neuh pee"dee euh/, n. See sleep learning. [1930-35; HYPNO- + Gk paideía child-rearing, education, deriv. of paîs, s. paid- child] * * *
hypnophobia
hyp·no·pho·bi·a (hĭp'nə-fōʹbē-ə) n. An abnormal fear of falling asleep.   hyp'no·phoʹbic adj. * * *
hypnophobic
See hypnophobia. * * *
hypnopompic
/hip'neuh pom"pik/, adj. Psychol. of or pertaining to the semiconscious state prior to complete wakefulness. [1900-05; HYPNO- + Gk pomp(é) sending away (see POMP) + -IC] * * *
Hypnos
/hip"nos/, n. the ancient Greek god of sleep. [ < Gk hýpnos sleep; c. OE swefn, L somnus, Welsh hun; cf. SOPOR] * * * ▪ Greco-Roman god Latin  Somnus    Greco-Roman god ...
hypnosis
/hip noh"sis/, n., pl. hypnoses /-seez/. 1. an artificially induced trance state resembling sleep, characterized by heightened susceptibility to suggestion. 2. ...
hypnotherapy
—hypnotherapist, n. /hip'noh ther"euh pee/, n. treatment of a symptom, disease, or addiction by means of hypnotism. [1895-1900; HYPNO- + THERAPY] * * *
hypnotic
—hypnotically, adv. /hip not"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to hypnosis or hypnotism. 2. inducing or like something that induces hypnosis. 3. susceptible to hypnotism, as a ...
hypnotically
See hypnotic. * * *
hypnotism
—hypnotist, n. —hypnotistic, adj. /hip"neuh tiz'euhm/, n. 1. the science dealing with the induction of hypnosis. 2. the act of hypnotizing. 3. hypnosis. [shortening of ...
hypnotist
hypnotist [hip′nətist] n. a person who induces hypnosis * * * See hypnotism. * * *
hypnotizability
See hypnotize. * * *
hypnotizable
See hypnotizability. * * *
hypnotization
See hypnotizability. * * *
hypnotize
—hypnotizable, adj. —hypnotizability, n. /hip"neuh tuyz'/, v., hypnotized, hypnotizing. v.t. 1. to put in the hypnotic state. 2. to influence, control, or direct completely, ...
hypnotizer
See hypnotizability. * * *
Hypnus
Hypnus [hip′nəs] n. alt. sp. of HYPNOS * * *
hypo
hypo1 /huy"poh/, n., pl. hypos, v. Informal n. 1. a hypodermic syringe or injection. 2. a stimulus or boost. v.t. 3. to administer a hypodermic injection to. 4. to stimulate by ...
hypo
hypo1 /huy"poh/, n., pl. hypos, v. Informal n. 1. a hypodermic syringe or injection. 2. a stimulus or boost. v.t. 3. to administer a hypodermic injection to. 4. to stimulate by ...
hypo-
a prefix appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it meant "under" (hypostasis); on this model used, especially as opposed to hyper-, in the formation of compound words ...
hypoacidity
—hypoacid /huy'poh as"id/, adj. /huy'poh euh sid"i tee/, n. Pathol. acidity in a lesser degree than is usual or normal, as of the gastric juice. [1895-1900; HYPO- + ACIDITY] * ...
hypoadenia
/huy'poh euh dee"nee euh/, n. Pathol. a deficiency of glandular activity. [HYPO- + ADEN- + -IA] * * *
hypoadrenalism
/huy'poh euh dreen"l iz'euhm, -euh dren"-/, n. underactivity of the adrenal gland, as in Addison's disease. Also, hypoadrenia /huy"poh euh dree"nee euh/. [HYPO- + ADRENAL + ...
hypoaeolian mode
/huy"poh ee oh"lee euhn, huy'-/, Music. a plagal church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from E to E, with the final on A. [ < LL ...
hypoalbuminemia
/huy'poh al byooh'meuh nee"mee euh/, n. Pathol. an abnormally small quantity of albumin in the blood. [1935-40; < NL; see HYPO-, ALBUMIN, -EMIA] * * *
hypoalimentation
/huy'poh al'euh men tay"sheuhn/, n. Pathol. insufficient or inadequate nourishment. Also called subalimentation. [HYPO- + ALIMENTATION] * * *
hypoallergenic
/huy'poh al'euhr jen"ik/, adj. designed to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response, as by containing relatively few or no potentially irritating substances: ...
hypobaric
/huy'peuh bar"ik/, adj. Med. (of an anesthetic) having a specific gravity lower than that of cerebrospinal fluid. Cf. hyperbaric (def. 1). [1925-30; HYPO- + Gk bár(os) weight + ...
hypobarism
See hypobaric. * * *
hypobaropathy
/huy'poh beuh rop"euh thee/, n. Pathol. a condition produced in high altitudes, caused by diminished air pressure and reduced oxygen intake; mountain sickness. [HYPO- + BARO- + ...
hypobasis
/huy'poh bay"sis/, n., pl. hypobases /-seez/. Archit. 1. the lowermost distinctively treated part of a base. 2. a lower base beneath an upper and more important one. [HYPO- + ...
hypoblast
—hypoblastic, adj. /huy"peuh blast'/, n. Embryol. 1. the endoderm. 2. the cells entering into the inner layer of a young gastrula, capable of becoming endoderm and, to a ...
hypoblastic
See hypoblast. * * *
hypobranchial
/huy'peuh brang"kee euhl/, adj. Zool. situated below the gills or beneath the branchial arches. [1840-50; HYPO- + BRANCHIAL] * * *
hypocalcemia
/huy'poh kal see"mee euh/, n. Pathol. an abnormally small amount of calcium in the blood. [1920-25; HYPO- + CALC- + -EMIA] * * *
hypocaust
/huy"peuh kawst', hip"euh-/, n. a hollow space or system of channels in the floor or walls of some ancient Roman buildings that provided a central heating system by receiving and ...
hypocenter
/huy"peuh sen'teuhr/, n. Geol. focus (def. 5). [1900-05; HYPO- + CENTER] * * *
hypocentral
See hypocenter. * * *
hypochlorite
/huy'peuh klawr"uyt, -klohr"-/, n. a salt or ester of hypochlorous acid. [1840-50; HYPO- + CHLORITE2] * * *
hypochlorous
/huy'peuh klawr"euhs, -klohr"-/, adj. of or derived from hypochlorous acid. [1835-45; HYPO- + CHLOROUS] * * *
hypochlorous acid
a weak, unstable acid, HOCl, existing only in solution and in the form of its salts, used as a bleaching agent and disinfectant. [1835-45] * * *
hypochlorousacid
hy·po·chlo·rous acid (hī'pə-klôrʹəs, -klōrʹ-) n. A weak, unstable acid, HOCl, occurring only in solution and used as a bleach, an oxidizer, a deodorant, and a ...
hypocholesteremia
/huy'poh keuh les'teuh ree"mee euh/, n. Pathol. an abnormally low amount of cholesterol in the blood. Also, hypocholesterolemia /huy'poh keuh les'teuhr euh lee"mee euh/. [HYPO- + ...
hypochondria
/huy'peuh kon"dree euh/, n. 1. Also, hypochondriasis /huy'poh keuhn druy"euh sis/. Psychiatry. an excessive preoccupation with one's health, usually focusing on some particular ...
hypochondriac
—hypochondriacally, adv. /huy'peuh kon"dree ak'/, adj. 1. Also, hypochondriacal /huy'poh keuhn druy"euh keuhl/. Psychiatry. a. pertaining to or suffering from hypochondria. b. ...
hypochondriacal
See hypochondriac. * * *
hypochondriacally
See hypochondriacal. * * *
hypochondriasis
hypochondriasis [hī΄pōkän drī′ə sis, hī΄pəkän drī′ə sis; ] also [hip΄ōkän drī′ə sis, hip΄əkän drī′ə sis, hī΄pōkəndrī′ə sis, ...
hypochondrium
/huy'peuh kon"dree euhm/, n., pl. hypochondria /-dree euh/. Anat. either of two regions of the abdomen, situated on each side of the epigastrium and above the lumbar ...
hypochromia
—hypochromic, adj. /huy'peuh kroh"mee euh/, n. Pathol. 1. an anemic condition due to a deficiency of hemoglobin in the red blood cells. 2. insufficient color or ...
hypochromic anemia
Pathol. an anemia characterized by an abnormally low concentration of hemoglobin in the red blood cells, often due to iron deficiency. [1920-25; HYPO- + CHROMIC] * * *
hypocoly
▪ songbird       (Hypocolius ampelinus), Middle Eastern songbird believed by some authorities to be related to the waxwing (family Bombycillidae) but often separated as ...
hypocorism
/huy pok"euh riz'euhm, hi-/, n. 1. a pet name. 2. the practice of using a pet name. 3. the use of forms of speech imitative of baby talk, esp. by an adult. [1840-50; < Gk ...
hypocoristic
—hypocoristically, adv. /huy'peuh keuh ris"tik, hip'euh-/, adj. endearing, as a pet name, diminutive, or euphemism. [1600-10; < Gk hypokoristikós diminutive, equiv. to ...
hypocoristically
See hypocoristic. * * *
hypocotyl
—hypocotylous, adj. /huy'peuh kot"l/, n. Bot. the part of a plant embryo directly below the cotyledons, forming a connection with the radicle. See diag. under ...
hypocrinism
/huy'peuh kruy"niz euhm/, n. Pathol. an abnormal condition caused by insufficient secretion from a gland, esp. an endocrine gland. Also, hypocrinia /huy'peuh krin"ee euh/. [HYPO- ...
hypocrisy
/hi pok"reuh see/, n., pl. hypocrisies. 1. a pretense of having a virtuous character, moral or religious beliefs or principles, etc., that one does not really possess. 2. a ...
hypocrite
—hypocritical, adj. —hypocritically, adv. /hip"euh krit/, n. 1. a person who pretends to have virtues, moral or religious beliefs, principles, etc., that he or she does not ...
hypocritical
hyp·o·crit·i·cal (hĭp'ə-krĭtʹĭ-kəl) adj. 1. Characterized by hypocrisy: hypocritical praise. 2. Being a hypocrite: a hypocritical rogue.   hyp'o·critʹi·cal·ly ...
hypocritically
See hypocritical. * * *
hypocycloid
—hypocycloidal, adj. /huy'peuh suy"kloyd/, n. Geom. a curve generated by the motion of a point on the circumference of a circle that rolls internally, without slipping, on a ...
hypoderm
hypoderm [hī′pədʉr′məhī′pō dʉrm΄, hī′pədʉrm΄; hip′ōdʉrm΄, hip′ədʉrm΄] n. 〚ModL: see HYPO- & DERMA1〛 HYPODERMIS: also hypoderma ...
hypoderma
/huy'peuh derr"meuh/, n. Bot., Zool. hypodermis. [1820-30; HYPO- + -DERMA] * * *
hypodermal
hypodermal [hī΄pō dʉr′məl, hī΄pədʉrm′məl; hip΄ōdʉr′məl, hip΄ədʉr′məl] adj. 1. of the hypodermis 2. lying under the epidermis * * * hy·po·der·mal ...
hypodermic
—hypodermically, adv. /huy'peuh derr"mik/, adj. 1. characterized by the introduction of medicine or drugs under the skin: hypodermic injection. 2. introduced under the skin: a ...
hypodermic injection
hypodermic injection n. the injection of a medicine or drug under the skin * * *
hypodermic needle
a hollow needle used to inject solutions subcutaneously. [1905-10] * * *
hypodermic syringe
a small glass piston or barrel syringe having a detachable, hollow needle for use in injecting solutions subcutaneously. Also called syringe. [1890-95] * * *
hypodermically
See hypodermic. * * *
hypodermicinjection
hypodermic injection n. A subcutaneous, intracutaneous, intramuscular, or intravenous injection by means of a hypodermic syringe and needle. * * *
hypodermicneedle
hypodermic needle n. 1. A hollow needle used with a hypodermic syringe. 2. A hypodermic syringe including the needle. * * *
hypodermicsyringe
hypodermic syringe n. A piston syringe that is fitted with a hypodermic needle for giving injections. * * *
hypodermis
—hypodermal, adj. /huy'peuh derr"mis/, n. 1. Zool. an underlayer of epithelial cells in arthropods and certain other invertebrates that secretes substances for the overlying ...
hypodorian mode
/huy"poh dawr"ee euhn, -dohr"-, hip"oh-, huy'poh-, hip'oh-/, Music. a plagal church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from A to A, ...
hypodynamia
—hypodynamic /huy'poh duy nam"ik/, adj. /huy'poh duy nam"ee euh, -nay"mee euh, -di-/, n. Pathol. diminished strength; adynamia. [ < NL, equiv. to hypo- HYPO- + Gk dýnam(is) ...
hypoesthesia
/huy'poh es thee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. hypesthesia. [HYPO- + ESTHESIA] * * *
hypoeutectic
hypoeutectic [hī΄pō yo͞o tek′tik, hip΄ōtek′tik] adj. containing less of the secondary component than is present in a eutectic solution or alloy hypoeutectoid adj. * * ...
hypoeutectoid
/huy'poh yoo tek"toyd/, adj. (of steel) having less carbon than the 0.8 percent of eutectoid steel. [1910-15; HYPO- + EUTECTOID] * * *
hypofunction
/huy'poh fungk"sheuhn/, n. Pathol. abnormally diminished function, esp. of glands or other organs. [1900-05; HYPO- + FUNCTION] * * *
hypogastric
/huy'peuh gas"trik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or situated in the hypogastrium. [1605-15; < NL hypogastricus. See HYPOGASTRIUM, -IC] * * *
hypogastric artery
Anat. See iliac artery (def. 3). [1790-1800] * * *
hypogastrium
/huy'peuh gas"tree euhm/, n., pl. hypogastria /-tree euh/. Anat. the lower and median part of the abdomen. [1675-85; < NL < Gk hypogástrion, equiv. to hypo- HYPO- + gastríon ...
hypogea
hy·po·ge·a (hī'pə-jēʹə) n. Plural of hypogeum. * * *
hypogeal
/huy'peuh jee"euhl, hip'euh-/, adj. underground; subterranean. Also, hypogaeal, hypogeous, hypogaeous. [1680-90; < L hypoge(us) ( < Gk hypógeios underground, subterranean, ...
hypogeally
See hypogeal. * * *
hypogene
—hypogenic /huy'peuh jen"ik, hip'euh-/, adj. /huy"peuh jeen', hip"euh-/, adj. Geol. 1. formed beneath the earth's surface, as granite (opposed to epigene). 2. formed by ...
hypogenesis
—hypogenetic /huy'poh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /huy'peuh jen"euh sis/, n. Pathol. underdevelopment of an organ or function, esp. in the embryo. [HYPO- + GENESIS] * * *
hypogenous
/huy poj"euh neuhs, hi-/, adj. growing beneath, or on the undersurface, as fungi on leaves. [1870-75; HYPOGENE + -OUS] * * *
hypogeous
hypogeous [hī΄pō jē′əs, hip΄ōjē′əs] adj. HYPOGEAL * * *
hypogeum
/huy'peuh jee"euhm, hip'euh-/, n., pl. hypogea /-jee"euh/. 1. Anc. Archit. the underground part of a building, as a vault. 2. an underground burial chamber. [1700-10; < L ...
hypogeusia
hypogeusia [hī΄pō gyo͞o′sē ə, hī΄pōjo͞o′sē ə] n. a disease characterized by a decreased ability to taste and, sometimes, to smell: associated with a zinc ...
hypoglossal
/huy'peuh glos"euhl, -glaw"seuhl/, Anat. adj. 1. situated under the tongue. n. 2. See hypoglossal nerve. [1825-35; HYPO- + Gk glôss(a) tongue (see GLOSS2) + -AL1] * * *
hypoglossal nerve
Anat. either one of the twelfth pair of cranial nerves, consisting of motor fibers that innervate the muscles of the tongue. [1840-50] * * *
hypoglossalnerve
hypoglossal nerve n. Either of the 12th pair of cranial nerves that innervate the muscles of the tongue. * * *
hypoglottis
/huy'peuh glot"is/, n. 1. Anat. the underside of the tongue. 2. Pathol. ranula. Also, hypoglossis /huy'peuh glos"is, -glaw"sis/. [1650-60; < Gk hypoglottís. See HYPO-, ...
hypoglycemia
—hypoglycemic, adj. /huy'poh gluy see"mee euh/, n. Pathol. an abnormally low level of glucose in the blood. [1890-95; HYPO- + GLYC- + -EMIA] * * * Below-normal levels of blood ...
hypoglycemic
hy·po·gly·ce·mic (hī'pō-glī-sēʹmĭk) adj. 1. Of or relating to hypoglycemia. 2. Lowering the concentration of glucose in the blood: a hypoglycemic drug. * * *
hypognathous
—hypognathism, n. /huy pog"neuh theuhs/, adj. having the lower jaw or mandible longer than the upper. [1870-75; HYPO- + -GNATHOUS] * * *
hypogonadism
/huy'peuh goh"na diz'euhm, -gon"a-/, n. Pathol. 1. diminished hormonal or reproductive functioning in the testes or the ovaries. 2. a manifestation of this, as delayed pubescence ...
hypogynous
—hypogyny, n. /huy poj"euh neuhs, hi-/, adj. Bot. 1. situated on the receptacle beneath the pistil and free of the ovary, as stamens, petals, or sepals. 2. having stamens, ...
hypogyny
See hypogynous. * * *
hypohidrosis
/huy'poh hi droh"sis, -huy-/, n. Pathol. abnormally diminished sweating. [HYPO- + HIDROSIS] * * *
hypoid gear
/huy"poyd/ a gear resembling a bevel gear in form but designed to mesh with a similar gear in such a way that their axes would not intersect, one axis crossing over the other at ...
hypoionian mode
/huy"poh uy oh"nee euhn, hip"oh-, huy'poh-, hip'oh-/, Music. a plagal church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from G to G, with ...
hypokalemia
—hypokalemic, adj. /huy'poh kay lee"mee euh/, n. Pathol. an abnormally low concentration of potassium in the blood. [1945-50; HYPO- + NL kal(ium) potassium (deriv. of kali, as ...
hypokinesia
—hypokinetic /huy'poh ki net"ik, -kuy-/, adj. /huy'poh ki nee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh, -kuy-/, n. Pathol. abnormally diminished muscular function or mobility. Also, ...
hypokinesis
hypokinesis [hī΄pō ki nē′zhə, hī΄pō kī nē′zhəhī΄pō ki nē′sis] n. 〚ModL
hypolimnetic
See hypolimnion. * * *
hypolimnial
See hypolimnetic. * * *
hypolimnion
—hypolimnetic /huy'poh lim net"ik, hip'oh-/, hypolimnial, adj. /huy'peuh lim"nee on', -nee euhn, hip'euh-/, n., pl. hypolimnia /-nee euh/. (in certain lakes) the layer of water ...
hypolithic
/huy'peuh lith"ik, hip'euh-/, adj. growing beneath rocks. [HYPO- + LITHIC] * * *
hypolydian mode
/huy"poh lid"ee euhn, hip"oh-, huy'poh-, hip'oh-/, Music. a plagal church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from C to C, with the ...
hypomania
—hypomanic /huy'peuh man"ik/, adj., n. /huy'peuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. Psychiatry. a mania of low intensity. [1880-85; HYPO- + -MANIA] * * *
hypomanic
See hypomania. * * *
hypomixolydian mode
/huy"poh mik'seuh lid"ee euhn, hip"oh-, huy'poh-, hip'oh-/, Music. a plagal church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from D to D, ...
hypomotility
/huy'peuh moh til"i tee/, n. Pathol. abnormally slow motility, as of the stomach or intestine (opposed to hypermotility). [1895-1900; HYPO- + MOTILITY] * * *
hypomyotonia
/huy'peuh muy'euh toh"nee euh/, n. abnormally diminished muscular tone. [HYPO- + MYOTONIA] * * *
hyponastic
See hyponasty. * * *
hyponasty
—hyponastic, adj. —hyponastically, adv. /huy"peuh nas'tee/, n. Bot. increased growth along the lower surface of a plant or plant part, causing it to bend upward. [1870-75; ...
hyponatremia
hy·po·na·tre·mi·a (hī'pō-nə-trēʹmē-ə) n. A deficiency of sodium in the blood.   [hypo- + New Latin natrium, sodium; see hypernatremia + -emia.] * * *
hyponitrite
/huy'poh nuy"truyt/, n. a salt or ester of hyponitrous acid. [1840-50; HYPONITR(OUS ACID) + -ITE1] * * *
hyponitrous
/huy'peuh nuy"treuhs/, adj. of or derived from hyponitrous acid. [1820-30; HYPO- + NITROUS] * * *
hyponitrous acid
an unstable, crystalline acid, H2N2O2. [1820-30] * * *
hyponym
—hyponymous /huy pon"euh meuhs/, adj. /huy"peuh nim/, n. Ling. a term that denotes a subcategory of a more general class: "Chair" and "table" are hyponyms of "furniture." Cf. ...
hyponymy
/huy pon"euh mee/, n. Ling. the state or quality of being a hyponym. [1950-55; HYP- + -onymy (see -ONYM, -Y3), on the model of HOMONYMY, SYNONYMY] * * *
hypoparathyroidism
▪ pathology       inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone, usually caused by accidental surgical removal of large amounts of parathyroid tissue (during thyroid ...
hypophalangism
/huy'poh feuh lan"jiz euhm/, n. the condition of having fewer than the normal number of phalanges per finger or toe. [1910-15; HYPO- + PHALANGE + -ISM] * * *
hypopharynx
/huy'peuh far"ingks/, n., pl. hypopharynges /-feuh rin"jeez/, hypopharynxes. 1. Entomol. a tonguelike lobe on the floor of the mouth in many insects. 2. Anat. the lower part of ...
hypophloeodal
/huy'peuh flee"euh dl, hip'euh-/, adj. living or growing beneath bark, as insect larvae. Also, hypophloeodic, hypophloeous. [HYPO- + Gk phloiód(es) like bark (phloi(ós) bark + ...
hypophonesis
/huy'poh feuh nee"sis, -foh-/, n. Med. a sound of less than usual intensity in percussion or auscultation. [HYPO- + -PHONE + -SIS] * * *
hypophonia
/huy'peuh foh"nee euh/, n. Pathol. an abnormally weak voice due to lack of coordination of the speech muscles. [HYPO- + -PHONIA] * * *
hypophosphatasia
▪ pathology also called  Rathbun's Syndrome,         rare hereditary disorder characterized by very low levels of tissue and serum alkaline phosphatase (the enzyme ...
hypophosphate
/huy'peuh fos"fayt/, n. a salt or ester of hypophosphoric acid. [1860-65; HYPOPHOSPHOR(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
hypophosphatemia
Low phosphate levels in blood. It usually occurs in conjunction with other metabolic disturbances, disrupting energy metabolism and impairing delivery of oxygen to tissues. ...
hypophosphite
/huy'peuh fos"fuyt/, n. a salt of hypophosphorous acid, as sodium hypophosphite, NaH2PO2. [1810-20; HYPO- + PHOSPHITE] * * *
hypophosphoric
/huy'peuh fos fawr"ik, -for"-/, adj. of or derived from hypophosphoric acid. [1850-55; HYPO- + PHOSPHORIC] * * *
hypophosphoric acid
a tetrabasic acid, H4P2O6, produced by the slow oxidation of phosphorous in moist air. [1850-55] * * *
hypophosphorous
/huy'peuh fos"feuhr euhs, -fos fawr"euhs, -fohr"-/, adj. of or derived from hypophosphorous acid. [1810-20; HYPO- + PHOSPHOROUS] * * *
hypophosphorous acid
a colorless or yellowish, water-soluble, liquid, monobasic acid, H3PO2, having a sour odor, and used as a reducing agent. [1810-20] * * *
hypophosphorousacid
hy·po·phos·pho·rous acid (hī'pō-fŏsʹfər-əs, -fŏs-fôrʹəs, -fōrʹ-) n. A clear, colorless or slightly yellow liquid, H3PO2, used as a reducing agent. * * *
hypophrygian mode
/huy"poh frij"ee euhn, hip"oh-, huy'poh-, hip'oh-/, Music. a plagal church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from B to B, with the ...
hypophyge
/huy pof"i jee, hi-/, n. apophyge (def. 2). [ < Gk hypophygé flight from under, evasion, equiv. to hypo- HYPO- + phygé flight; see APOPHYGE] * * *
hypophyllous
/huy'peuh fil"euhs, hip'euh-/, adj. growing on the undersurface of leaves, as a fungus. [1850-55; HYPO- + -PHYLLOUS] * * *
hypophyseal
See hypophysial. * * *
hypophysectomy
/huy pof'euh sek"teuh mee, hi-/, n., pl. hypophysectomies. Surg. excision of the pituitary gland. [1905-10; HYPOPHYS(IS) + -ECTOMY] * * *
hypophysial
See hypophysis. * * *
hypophysis
—hypophyseal, hypophysial /huy pof'euh see"euhl, -zee"-, hi-/, adj. /huy pof"euh sis, hi-/, n., pl. hypophyses /-seez'/. Anat. See pituitary gland. [1700-10; < Gk hypóphysis ...
hypopiesis
/huy'poh puy ee"sis/, n. Pathol. abnormally low arterial blood pressure; hypotension. Also, hypopiesia /huy'poh puy ee"zheuh, -zee euh, -sheuh, -see euh/. [HYPO- + Gk piésis a ...
hypopigmentation
hy·po·pig·men·ta·tion (hī'pō-pĭg'mən-tāʹshən) n. Diminished pigmentation, especially of the skin. * * *
hypopituitarism
/huy'poh pi tooh"i teuh riz'euhm, -tyooh"-/, n. Pathol. 1. abnormally diminished activity of the pituitary gland, esp. of the anterior lobe. 2. the condition produced by this, ...
hypopituitary
See hypopituitarism. * * *
hypoplasia
—hypoplastic, adj. /huy'peuh play"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. 1. Pathol. abnormal deficiency of cells or structural elements. 2. (in plants) inability to mature properly ...
hypoplastic
See hypoplasia. * * *
hypoploid
—hypoploidy, n. /huy"peuh ployd'/, Biol. adj. 1. having a chromosome number that is less than the diploid number. n. 2. a hypoploid cell or organism. [1925-30; HYPO- + ...
hypoploidy
See hypoploid. * * *
hypopnea
/huy pop"nee euh, hi-/, n. Pathol. abnormally shallow and slow breathing. [HYPO- + -PNEA] * * *
hypopneic
See hypopnea. * * *
hypopotassemia
—hypopotassemic, adj. /huy'poh peuh ta see"mee euh/, n. Pathol. hypokalemia. [1930-35; < NL; see HYPO-, POTASSIUM, -EMIA] * * *
hypopraxia
/huy'peuh prak"see euh/, n. Pathol. abnormally decreased activity; listlessness. [HYPO- + NL -praxia < Gk prâx(is) action (see PRAXIS) + NL -ia -IA] * * *
hypoproteinemia
/huy'peuh proh'tee nee"mee euh, -teeeuh nee"-/, n. Pathol. an abnormally low concentration of protein in the blood. [1930-35; HYPO- + PROTEIN + -EMIA] * * *
hypoprothrombinemia
▪ pathology       disease characterized by a deficiency of the blood-clotting substance prothrombin, resulting in a tendency to prolonged bleeding. Hypoprothrombinemia ...
hypopyon
/huy poh"pee on', hi-/, n. Ophthalm. an effusion of pus into the anterior chamber of the eye. [1650-60; HYPO- + Gk pýon pus, discharge from a sore] * * *
hyporchema
—hyporchematic /huy'peuhr kee mat"ik/, adj. /huy'peuhr kee"meuh/, n., pl. hyporchemata /-meuh teuh/. a lively choral ode sung in ancient Greece in honor of Apollo or ...
hyposecretion
/huy'poh si kree"sheuhn/, n. a diminished secretion. [1905-10; HYPO- + SECRETION] * * *
hyposensitive
See hyposensitivity. * * *
hyposensitivity
—hyposensitive, adj. /huy'poh sen'si tiv"i tee/, n., pl. hyposensitivities. Pathol. low or diminished sensitivity to stimulation. [HYPO- + SENSITIVITY] * * *
hyposensitization
See hyposensitize. * * *
hyposensitize
—hyposensitization, n. /huy'peuh sen"si tuyz'/, v.t., hyposensitized, hyposensitizing. Med. to cause (a person) to become less sensitive to (a substance producing an allergic ...
Hypospray
/huy"poh spray'/, Trademark. a brand name for an instrument, similar to a hypodermic syringe, but using no needle, for forcing extremely fine jets of a solution through the ...
hypostasis
/huy pos"teuh sis, hi-/, n., pl. hypostases /-seez'/. 1. Metaphys. a. something that stands under and supports; foundation. b. the underlying or essential part of anything as ...
hypostasize
/huy pos"teuh suyz', hi-/, v.t., hypostasized, hypostasizing. to assume the reality of (an idea, proposition, etc.); hypostatize. Also, esp. Brit., hypostasise. [1800-10; ...
hypostatic
—hypostatically, adv. /huy'peuh stat"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a hypostasis; fundamental. 2. Theol. pertaining to or constituting a distinct personal being or ...
hypostatical
See hypostatic. * * *
hypostatically
See hypostatic. * * *
hypostatization
See hypostatize. * * *
hypostatize
—hypostatization, n. /huy pos"teuh tuyz', hi-/, v.t., hypostatized, hypostatizing. to treat or regard (a concept, idea, etc.) as a distinct substance or reality. Also, esp. ...
hyposthenia
—hyposthenic /huy'pos then"ik/, adj. /huy'pos thee"nee euh/, n. abnormal lack of strength; weakness. [HYPO- + STHENIA] * * *
hyposthenic
See hyposthenia. * * *
hypostome
—hypostomial, adj. /huy"peuh stohm'/, n. Zool. any of several parts or organs of the mouth, as the labrum of a crustacean. [1860-65; HYPO- + -STOME] * * *
hypostyle
/huy"peuh stuyl', hip"euh-/, Archit. adj. 1. having many columns carrying the roof or ceiling: a hypostyle hall. n. 2. a hypostyle structure. [1825-35; < Gk hypóstylos resting ...
hypostyle hall
Imposing interior space with a flat roof that rests on many rows of columns. The design allows for the construction of large spaces without arches. It was used extensively in ...
hyposulfite
/huy'peuh sul"fuyt/, n. 1. Also called hydrosulfite. a salt of hyposulfurous acid. 2. See sodium thiosulfate. Also, hyposulphite. [1820-30; HYPO- + SULFITE] * * *
hyposulfite of soda
      most important salt of thiosulfuric acid, an unstable compound of sulfur (q.v.). * * *
hyposulfurous
/huy'peuh sul fyoor"euhs, -sul"feuhr euhs/, adj. of or derived from hyposulfurous acid. Also, hydrosulfurous, hyposulphurous. [1810-20; HYPO- + SULFUROUS] * * *
hyposulfurous acid
an acid, H2S2O4, next in a series below sulfurous acid, known only in solution or in the form of its salts. [1810-20] * * *
hyposulfurousacid
hy·po·sul·fu·rous acid (hī'pō-sŭl-fyo͝orʹəs, -sŭlʹfər-əs) n. An unstable acid, H2S2O4, known only in aqueous solution and used as a bleaching and reducing agent. ...
hypotactic
See hypotaxis. * * *
hypotaxis
—hypotactic /huy'peuh tak"tik, hip'euh-/, adj. /huy'peuh tak"sis/, n. Gram. dependent relation or construction, as of clauses; syntactic subordination. [1880-85; < Gk ...
hypotension
/huy'peuh ten"sheuhn/, n. Pathol. 1. decreased or lowered blood pressure. 2. a disease or condition characterized by this symptom. Also called low blood pressure. [1890-95; HYPO- ...
hypotensive
/huy'poh ten"siv/, adj. 1. characterized by or causing low blood pressure, as shock. n. 2. a hypotensive person or agent. [1900-05; HYPOTENS(ION) + -IVE] * * *
hypotenuse
/huy pot"n oohs', -yoohs'/, n. Geom. the side of a right triangle opposite the right angle. Also, hypothenuse. [1565-75; earlier hypotenusa < L hypotenusa < Gk hypoteínousa ...
hypoth.
1. hypothesis. 2. hypothetical. * * *
hypothalamic
See hypothalamus. * * *
hypothalamus
—hypothalamic /huy'poh theuh lam"ik, hip'oh-/, adj. /huy'peuh thal"euh meuhs/, n., pl. hypothalami /-muy'/. Anat. a region of the brain, between the thalamus and the midbrain, ...
hypothallus
/huy'peuh thal"euhs, hip'euh-/, n., pl. hypothalli /-thal"uy/. 1. a layer of hyphae rimming the thallus of certain lichens. 2. a filmlike residue at the base of the sporangia of ...
hypothec
/huy poth"ik, hi-/, n. 1. Roman and Civil Law. a mortgage or security held by a creditor on the property of a debtor without possession of it, created either by agreement or by ...
hypothecary
/huy poth"i ker'ee, hi-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a hypothec. 2. created or secured by a hypothec. [1650-60; HYPOTHEC + -ARY] * * *
hypothecate
hypothecate1 —hypothecation, n. —hypothecator, n. /huy poth"i kayt', hi-/, v.t., hypothecated, hypothecating. 1. to pledge to a creditor as security without delivering over; ...
hypothecation
See hypothecate. * * *
hypothecator
See hypothecation. * * *
hypothecium
—hypothecial, adj. /huy'peuh thee"shee euhm, -see euhm/, n., pl. hypothecia /-shee euh, -see euh/. Mycol. the layer of hyphal tissue directly beneath the hymenium of an ...
hypothenar
/huy poth"euh nahr', -neuhr, huy'peuh thee"neuhr/, Anat. n. 1. the fleshly prominence on the palm at the base of the little finger. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or situated on the ...
hypothenuse
/huy poth"euh noohs', -nyoohs'/, n. hypotenuse. * * *
hypothermal
/huy'peuh therr"meuhl/, adj. 1. lukewarm; tepid. 2. characterized by subnormal body temperature. 3. Geol. (of mineral deposits) formed at great depths and high ...
hypothermia
—hypothermic, adj. /huy'peuh therr"mee euh/, n. 1. Pathol. subnormal body temperature. 2. Med. the artificial reduction of body temperature to slow metabolic processes, as for ...


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