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Hoe
/hoh/, n. 1. Richard, 1812-86, U.S. inventor and manufacturer of printing-press equipment. 2. his father, Robert, 1784-1833, U.S. manufacturer of printing presses. * * * ▪ ...
Hoe, Richard March
▪ American inventor and manufacturer born Sept. 12, 1812, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 7, 1886, Florence, Italy  American inventor who developed and manufactured the first ...
Hoe, Robert
▪ American inventor and manufacturer born Oct. 29, 1784, Hoes, Leicestershire, Eng. died Jan. 4, 1833, New York City       American printing-press (printing press) ...
Hoe, Robert; and Hoe, Richard (March)
born Oct. 29, 1784, Hoes, Leicestershire, Eng. died Jan. 4, 1833, New York, N.Y., U.S. born Sept. 12, 1812, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 7, 1886, Florence, Italy Father and ...
hoecake
/hoh"kayk'/, n. South Midland and Southern U.S. an unleavened cake made with flour or corn meal: originally baked on a hoe but now usually cooked on a griddle. [1735-45, Amer.; ...
Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
▪ German company       former German chemical concern founded in 1863 in the Höchst quarter of Frankfurt am Main. Originally a producer of dyestuffs, it had become, by ...
hoedown
/hoh"down'/, n. 1. a community dancing party typically featuring folk and square dances accompanied by lively hillbilly tunes played on the fiddle. 2. the hillbilly or country ...
Hoek van Holland
/hoohk vahn hawl"ahnt/. See Hook of Holland. * * *
Hoekvan Holland
Hoek van Hol·land (ho͞ok' vän hôʹlänt) See Hook of Holland. * * *
Hoel, Halvor
▪ Norwegian politician born Feb. 4, 1766, Hedmark province, Nor. died March 5, 1852, Hedmark       peasant agitator who influenced peasant opinion against Norway's ...
Hoel, Sigurd
▪ Norwegian novelist born December 14, 1890, Nord-Odal, Norway died October 14, 1960, Oslo       novelist who is considered most representative of the interwar ...
Hoenir
/hue"nir/, n. Scand. Myth. a god, one of the Aesir, companion of Odin and Loki, hostage to the Vanir. * * *
hoer
See hoe. * * *
Hoess, Rudolf Franz
▪ German Nazi commandant born Nov. 25, 1900, Baden-Baden, Ger. died April 15, 1947, Auschwitz [Oświęcim], Pol.       German soldier and Nazi partisan who served as ...
Hoëvell, Wolter Robert, Baron van
▪ Dutch statesman born July 15, 1812, Deventer, Neth. died Feb. 10, 1879, The Hague       statesman and member of the Dutch Parliament who was largely responsible for ...
Hofbauer, Saint Clement Mary
▪ German saint original name John Hofbauer born Dec. 26, 1751, Tasswitz, Moravia [now in Czech Republic] died March 15, 1820, Vienna, Austria; canonized May 20, 1909; feast ...
hofbrau
/hof"brow'/, n. an informal, German-style restaurant or tavern. [by shortening of Hofbrauhaus ( < G: lit., court brewery), a typical name for such restaurants] * * *
Hofei
Chin. /hu"fay"/, n. Wade-Giles. Hefei. * * *
Hofer
/hoh"feuhr/, n. Andreas /ahn dray"euhs/, 1767-1810, Tyrolese patriot. * * *
Hofer, Andreas
▪ Tirolean leader born Nov. 22, 1767, near Sankt Leonhard, South Tirol, Austrian Empire [now San Leonardo, Italy] died Feb. 20, 1810, Mantua, Kingdom of Italy  Tirolese ...
Hoff, Jacobus H(enricus) van't
born Aug. 30, 1852, Rotterdam, Neth. died March 1, 1911, Berlin, Ger. Dutch physical chemist. His early work on stereochemistry explained optical activity in terms of the ...
Hoff, Jacobus Henricus van 't
▪ Dutch chemist Introduction born Aug. 30, 1852, Rotterdam, Neth. died March 1, 1911, Berlin, Ger.  Dutch physical chemist and first winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry ...
Hoffa
/hof"euh/, n. James Riddle /rid"l/, ("Jimmy"), 1913-75?, U.S. labor leader: president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters 1957-71; disappeared 1975. * * *
Hoffa, James P.
▪ American labour leader in full  James Phillip Hoffa  born May 19, 1941, Detroit, Michigan, U.S.       American labour leader elected general president of the ...
Hoffa, James R.
▪ American labour leader in full  James Riddle Hoffa  byname  Jimmy Hoffa  born February 14, 1913, Brazil, Indiana, U.S. died July 30, 1975, Bloomfield Hills, near ...
Hoffa, Jimmy
orig. James Riddle Hoffa born Feb. 14, 1913, Brazil, Ind., U.S. disappeared July 30, 1975, Bloomfield Hills, near Detroit, Mich. U.S. labour leader. He moved with his family ...
Hoffa,James Riddle
Hof·fa (hŏfʹə), James Riddle. Known as “Jimmy.” 1913-1975?. American labor leader who became president of the Teamsters Union (1957) and attempted to organize all ...
Hoffer, Eric
▪ American writer born July 25, 1902, New York City died May 21, 1983, San Francisco       American longshoreman and philosopher whose writings on life, power, and ...
Hoffman
/hof"meuhn/, n. Malvina /mal vee"neuh/, 1887-1966, U.S. sculptor. * * * (as used in expressions) Hoffman Abbie Abbott Hoffman Hoffman Dustin Hoffman Samuel Kurtz * * *
Hoffman Estates
a city in NE Illinois. 38,258. * * *
Hoffman, Abbie
orig. Abbott Hoffman born Nov. 30, 1936, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died April 12, 1989, New Hope, Pa. U.S. political activist. He attended Brandeis University and the University ...
Hoffman, Alice
▪ American author born March 16, 1952, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American novelist whose books about women in search of their identities mix realism and the ...
Hoffman, Daniel
▪ American poet in full  Daniel Gerard Hoffman   born April 3, 1923, New York, New York, U.S.       American poet and educator whose verse is noted for its merging of ...
Hoffman, Dustin
born Aug. 8, 1937, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. U.S. actor. He acted in off-Broadway plays from 1965 and made his screen debut in The Graduate (1967), a phenomenal hit. He played ...
Hoffman, Malvina
▪ American sculptor born June 15, 1887, New York, N.Y., U.S. died July 10, 1966, New York City       American sculptor, remembered for her portraiture and for her ...
Hoffman, Paul G.
▪ American manufacturer in full  Paul Gray Hoffman  born April 26, 1891, Chicago died Oct. 8, 1974, New York City       American automobile-manufacturing executive ...
Hoffman, Philip Seymour
▪ 2007       Virtually nobody was surprised when American character actor Philip Seymour Hoffman was announced as the winner of the 2006 Academy Award for best actor. He ...
Hoffman, Samuel (Kurtz)
born April 15, 1902, Williamsport, Pa., U.S. died June 26, 1995, Santa Barbara, Calif. U.S. aeronautical design and rocket propulsion engineer. At North American Aviation ...
Hoffman, Samuel Kurtz
▪ American engineer born April 15, 1902, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, U.S. died June 26, 1995, Santa Barbara, California       American propulsion engineer, who led U.S. ...
Hoffman,Malvina
Hoff·man (hôfʹmən), Malvina. 1887-1966. American sculptor who created 110 figures of ethnic types for the Field Museum in Chicago (1930-1933). * * *
HoffmanEstates
Hoffman Estates A village of northeast Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. Population: 46,561. * * *
Hoffmann
/hof"meuhn/; for 1, 2 also Ger. /hawf"mahn'/, n. 1. E(rnst) T(heodor) A(madeus) (Wilhelm) /erddnst tay"aw dohrdd' ah'mah day"oos vil"helm/, 1776-1822, German author, composer, ...
Hoffmann von Fallersleben, August Heinrich
▪ German poet born April 2, 1798, Fallersleben, near Braunschweig, Hanover [Germany] died Jan. 19, 1874, Corvey Castle, near Höxter, Ger.       German patriotic poet, ...
Hoffmann, E(rnst) T(heodor) A(madeus)
orig. Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann born Jan. 24, 1776, Königsberg, Prussia died June 25, 1822, Berlin, Ger. German writer and composer, a major figure of German ...
Hoffmann, E.T.A.
▪ German writer, composer, and painter in full  Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann , original name  Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann   born January 24, 1776, Königsberg, ...
Hoffmann, Heinrich
▪ German physician and writer in full  Heinrich Hoffmann-Donner , pseudonyms  Reimerich Kinderlieb,  Heinrich Kinderlieb,  Peter Struwwel,  Heulalius von Heulenburg, ...
Hoffmann, Josef
(b. Dec. 15, 1870, Pirnitz, Moravia d. May 7, 1956, Vienna, Austria) Austrian architect and designer. He studied under Otto Wagner in Vienna but in 1899 helped found the Vienna ...
Hoffmann, Max
▪ German general born Jan. 25, 1869, Homberg an der Efze, Hesse [Germany] died July 8, 1927, Bad Reichenhall, Ger.  German officer who was primarily responsible for several ...
Hoffmann, Roald
▪ American chemist born July 18, 1937, Złoczów, Pol.       Polish-born American chemist, corecipient, with Fukui Kenichi of Japan, of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry ...
Hoffmann,Roald
Hoff·mann (hŏfʹmən, hôfʹmän'), Roald. Born 1937. Polish-born American chemist. He shared a 1981 Nobel Prize for applying quantum-mechanics theories to the analysis of ...
Hoffnung
(1925–59) a British cartoonist and musician, born in Germany. His humorous drawings, especially of musicians, are still very popular on greetings cards, etc. * * *
Hofmann
/hof"meuhn/; Ger., Pol. /hawf"mahn/, n. 1. August Wilhelm von /ow"goost vil"helm feuhn/, 1818-92, German chemist. 2. Hans, 1880-1966, U.S. painter, born in Germany. 3. Josef ...
Hofmann, Albert
▪ 2009       Swiss chemist born Jan. 11, 1906, Baden, Switz. died April 29, 2008, Burg, Switz. discovered the psychedelic drug lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), which ...
Hofmann, August Wilhelm von
▪ German chemist born April 8, 1818, Giessen, Hesse-Darmstadt [Germany] died May 2, 1892, Berlin  German chemist whose research on aniline, with that of Sir William Henry ...
Hofmann, Gert
▪ German author born Jan. 29, 1931, Limbach, Saxony, Ger. died July 1, 1993, near Munich       German novelist who examined morality and the resonances of Nazism in ...
Hofmann, Hans
born March 21, 1880, Weissenberg, Ger. died Feb. 17, 1966, New York, N.Y., U.S. German-born U.S. painter and art teacher. From 1898 he studied art in Munich, and in 1904 he ...
Hofmann, Josef Casimir
▪ American pianist and composer born Jan. 20, 1876, Podgorze, near Kraków, Pol. died Feb. 16, 1957, Los Angeles       Polish-born American pianist, especially noted ...
Hofmann, Melchior
▪ German mystic Hofmann also spelled  Hoffmann   born c. 1495, Schwäbisch-Hall, Swabia [Germany] died 1543/44, Strassburg [now Strasbourg, France]       German ...
Hofmann,Hans
Hof·mann (hŏfʹmən, hôfʹmän'), Hans. 1880-1966. German-born American artist who opened two art schools in New York City and Provincetown, Massachusetts, (1932-1958) that ...
Hofmann,Josef Casimir
Hofmann, Josef Casimir. 1876-1957. Polish-born American pianist and composer who helped found the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia (1924). * * *
Hofmannsthal
/hawf"mahns tahl'/, n. Hugo von /hooh"goh feuhn/, 1874-1929, Austrian poet, playwright, and librettist. * * *
Hofmannsthal, Hugo von
born Feb. 1, 1874, Vienna, Austria died July 15, 1929, Rodaun, a suburb of Vienna Austrian poet, dramatist, and essayist. Born into an aristocratic banking family, he made his ...
Hofmannsthal,Hugo von
Hof·manns·thal (hôfʹmäns-täl', hōfʹ-), Hugo von. 1874-1929. Austrian writer who established his reputation with lyric poems and a number of plays, including Yesterday ...
Hofmannswaldau, Christian Hofmann von
▪ German poet born Dec. 25, 1617, Breslau, Silesia died April 18, 1679, Breslau  poet who was the leading representative of the “Second Silesian School,” the German ...
Hofmeister, Sebastian
▪ Swiss religious reformer byname  Oeconomus   born 1476, Schaffhausen, Switzerland died June 26, 1533, Zofingen       Swiss religious Reformer who was a prominent ...
Hofmeister, Wilhelm
▪ German botanist born May 18, 1824, Leipzig died January 12, 1877, Lindenau, near Leipzig       German botanist whose investigations of plant structure made him a ...
Hofmeyr, Jan
▪ South African politician born July 4, 1845, Cape Town died Oct. 16, 1909, London       statesman and leader of the Afrikaner Bond (a political party of Dutch South ...
Hofsjökull
▪ glacier, Iceland       large glacier in central Iceland that covers a circular area (384 sq mi [994 sq km]) nearly 25 mi (40 km) in diameter. It rises to a height of ...
Hofstadter
/hof"stat'euhr, -stah'teuhr/, n. 1. Richard, 1916-70, U.S. historian. 2. Robert, 1915-90, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1961. * * *
Hofstadter, Richard
▪ American historian born Aug. 6, 1916, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 24, 1970, New York City       U.S. historian whose popular books on the political, social, and ...
Hofstadter, Robert
▪ American physicist born Feb. 5, 1915, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 17, 1990, Stanford, Calif.       American scientist who was a joint recipient of the Nobel Prize ...
Hofstadter,Robert
Hof·stadt·er (hŏfʹstătʹər), Robert. 1915-1990. American physicist. He shared a 1961 Nobel Prize for determining the structure of protons and neutrons. * * *
Hofstetter, Ernest
▪ 2008       Swiss mountaineer born Aug. 14, 1911, Davos, Switz. died June 1, 2007 , Argentière, France was a member of the Swiss team of amateur climbers who in the ...
Hofstra University
▪ university, Hempstead, New York, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Hempstead, New York, U.S. It consists of eight schools, ...
Hōfu
▪ Japan  city, Yamaguchi ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, facing the Inland Sea. Numerous prehistoric remains and tombs of the Tumulus period indicate that it was an early ...
Hofuf
/hoo foohf"/, n. a city in E Saudi Arabia. 100,000. Also, Hufuf. Also called Al Hufuf. * * *
Hofzinser, Johann Nepomuk
▪ Austrian magician born June 19, 1806, Vienna, Austria died March 11, 1875, Vienna       Austrian amateur conjurer who was one of the most brilliant inventors of small ...
hog
—hoglike, adj. /hawg, hog/, n., v., hogged, hogging. n. 1. a hoofed mammal of the family Suidae, order Artiodactyla, comprising boars and swine. 2. a domesticated swine ...
hog cholera
Vet. Pathol. an acute, usually fatal, highly contagious disease of swine caused by an RNA virus of the genus Pestivirus, characterized by high fever, lack of appetite, diarrhea, ...
hog fuel
wood chips or shavings, residue from sawmills, etc., used for fuel, landfill, animal feed, and surfacing paths and running tracks. * * *
hog heaven
Slang. heaven (def. 6). * * *
hog house
▪ agriculture also called  pigpen        building for housing swine, particularly one with facilities for housing a number of hogs under one roof. Typical housing ...
hog Latin.
See pig Latin. [1800-10] * * *
hog peanut
a twining plant, Amphicarpaea bracteata, of the legume family, bearing pods that ripen in or on the ground. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
hog plum
▪ plant also called  Yellow Mombin        (species Spondias mombin), ornamental purplish green flowered tree, of the cashew family (Anacardiaceae), native to tropical ...
hog plum.
See yellow mombin. [1690-1700] * * *
hog score
Curling. a line at each end of the rink, parallel to the foot score and usually 7 yd. (6.4 m) in advance of the tee. [1780-90] * * *
hog sucker
any of several suckers of the genus Hypentelium, inhabiting cool streams of eastern North America and characterized by a broad head that is concave above. Also called ...
hog-backed
/hawg"bakt', hog"-/, adj. cambered, as the ridge of a roof, a hill, etc. [1645-55] * * *
hog-nosed skunk
/hawg"nohzd', hog"-/, n. 1. Also called badger skunk, rooter skunk. a large, naked-muzzled skunk, Conepatus mesoleucus, common in the southwestern U.S. and Mexico, having a black ...
hog-wild
/hawg"wuyld", hog"-/, adj. wildly or intemperately enthusiastic or excited. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
hogan
/hoh"gawn, -geuhn/, n. a Navajo Indian dwelling constructed of earth and branches and covered with mud or sod. [1870-75, Amer.; < Navajo hooghan hogan, home] * * * Dwelling of ...
Hogan
/hoh"geuhn/, n. Ben, 1912-97, U.S. golfer. * * * Dwelling of the Navajo Indians of Arizona and New Mexico. The hogan is roughly circular and constructed usually of logs, which ...
Hogan, Ben
in full William Benjamin Hogan born Aug. 13, 1912, Dublin, Texas, U.S. died July 25, 1997, Fort Worth, Texas U.S. golfer. Hogan became a golf professional in 1929. He won the ...
Hogan, William Benjamin
▪ 1998       , American professional golfer (b. Aug. 13, 1912, Dublin, Texas—d. July 25, 1997, Fort Worth, Texas), was one of the greatest golfers of all time. Born to ...
Hogan,William Benjamin
Ho·gan (hōʹgən), William Benjamin. Known as “Ben.” 1912-1997. American golfer. He won the U.S. Open championship (1948, 1950, 1951, and 1953), the PGA championship ...
Hogarth
—Hogarthian, adj. /hoh"gahrth/, n. William, 1697-1764, English painter and engraver. * * *
Hogarth chair
Eng. Furniture. a Queen Anne chair having a solid splat and cabriole legs, all pieces having a cyma curve or outline. [after W. HOGARTH; perh. from the fact that it typified the ...
Hogarth, David George
▪ British archaeologist born May 23, 1862, Barton-upon-Humber, Lincolnshire, Eng. died Nov. 6, 1927, Oxford, Oxfordshire  English archaeologist, director of the Ashmolean ...
Hogarth, William
born Nov. 10, 1697, London, Eng. died Oct. 26, 1764, London British painter and engraver. Apprenticed at 15 to a silversmith, he opened his own engraving and printing shop at ...
Hogarth,William
Ho·garth (hōʹgärth'), William. 1697-1764. British artist noted for his satirical narrative paintings and engravings, including A Rake's Progress (1735) and Marriage à la ...
Hogarthian
See Hogarth, William. * * *
hogback
/hawg"bak', hog"-/, n. Geol. a long, sharply crested ridge, generally formed of steeply inclined strata that are especially resistant to erosion. [1655-65; HOG + BACK1] * * *
hogchoker
/hawg"choh'keuhr, hog"-/, n. a sole, Trinectes maculatus, found in coastal streams from Maine to Texas and south to Panama. [1850-55, Amer.; so called to indicate that the fish ...
hogcholera
hog cholera n. A highly infectious, often fatal viral disease of swine, characterized by fever, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and exhaustion. Also called African swine fever. * * *
Hoge, Jane Currie Blaikie
▪ American social worker née  Jane Currie Blaikie  born July 31, 1811, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Aug. 26, 1890, Chicago, Ill.       American welfare worker and ...
Hōgen Disturbance
▪ Japanese history Japanese  Hōgen No Ran         (July 1156), in Japan, conflict in the Hōgen era between the Taira and Minamoto clans that marked the end of the ...
Hogendorp, Dirk van
▪ Dutch statesman born Oct. 13, 1761, Hoenvliet, Neth. died Oct. 29, 1822, Rio de Janeiro       Dutch statesman and official of the Dutch East (Dutch East Indies) India ...
hogfish
/hawg"fish', hog"-/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) hogfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) hogfishes. 1. a large wrasse, Lachnolaimus maximus, of the western ...
hogg
/hawg, hog/, n. Brit. hog (def. 5). * * *
Hogg
/hog/, n. James ("the Ettrick Shepherd"), 1770-1835, Scottish poet. * * *
Hogg, Douglas McGarel, 1st Viscount Hailsham of Hailsham
▪ British lawyer and politician born Feb. 28, 1872, London, Eng. died Aug. 16, 1950, Carter's Corner Place, Sussex       British lawyer and politician, a prominent ...
Hogg, James
(baptized Dec. 9, 1770, Ettrick, Selkirkshire, Scot. died Nov. 21, 1835, Altrive, Yarrow) Scottish poet. A shepherd, he was almost entirely self-educated. The talents of "the ...
Hogg, Quintin
▪ British educator born Feb. 14, 1845, London, Eng. died Jan. 17, 1903, London  English philanthropist, social reformer, and founder of the Polytechnic, which became a model ...
Hogg, Thomas Jefferson
▪ English biographer born May 24, 1792, Norton, Durham, Eng. died Aug. 27, 1862, London       English writer best known as the first biographer of his friend Percy ...
Hogg-Priestly, Helen Battles Sawyer
▪ 1994       U.S.-born Canadian astronomer (b. Aug. 1, 1905, Lowell, Mass.—d. Jan. 28, 1993, Toronto, Ont.), was an internationally recognized expert in the field of ...
hogger
/haw"geuhr, hog"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that hogs. 2. Also called hoghead. Railroads Slang. a locomotive engineer. [1865-70, Amer.; HOG + -ER1] * * *
hoggery
/haw"geuh ree, hog"euh-/, n., pl. hoggeries. 1. piggery. 2. slovenly or greedy behavior. [1810-20; HOG + -ERY] * * *
hogget
/hog"it/, n. Brit. hog (def. 5). [1300-50; ME. See HOG, -ET] * * *
hoggish
—hoggishly, adv. —hoggishness, n. /haw"gish, hog"ish/, adj. 1. like or befitting a hog. 2. selfish; gluttonous; filthy. [1425-75; late ME. See HOG, -ISH1] * * *
hoggishly
See hoggish. * * *
hoggishness
See hoggishly. * * *
hogheaven
hog heaven n. Slang A state of utter bliss or contentment: She's in hog heaven over her new sports car. * * *
Hogmanay
/hog'meuh nay"/, n. Scot. 1. the eve of New Year's Day. 2. (l.c.) a gift given on Hogmanay. [1670-80; orig. uncert.] * * *
hogmolly
/hawg"mol'ee, hog"-/, n., pl. hogmollies, (esp. collectively) hogmolly. See hog sucker. [1885-90, Amer.; HOG + molly, alter. of MULLET] * * *
hognose snake
/hawg"nohz', hog"-/ any harmless North American snake of the genus Heterodon, the several species having an upturned snout and noted for flattening the head or playing dead when ...
hognosesnake
hog·nose snake (hôgʹnōz', hŏgʹ-) n. Any of several thick-bodied, nonvenomous North American snakes of the genus Heterodon having an upturned snout. Also called puff ...
hognut
/hawg"nut', hog"-/, n. 1. the nut of the brown hickory, Carya glabra. 2. the tree itself. 3. the pignut. 4. the earthnut, Conopodium denudatum, of Europe. [1765-75; HOG + NUT] * ...
hogpeanut
hog peanut n. A twining North American vine (Amphicarpaea bracteata) having clusters of pinkish or white flowers and bearing three-seeded pods as well as basal or underground ...
hogpen
/hawg"pen', hog"-/, n. pigpen (def. 1). [1685-95; HOG + PEN2] * * *
hogshead
/hawgz"hed', hogz"-/, n. 1. a large cask, esp. one containing from 63 to 140 gallons (238 to 530 liters). 2. any of various units of liquid measure, esp. one equivalent to 63 ...
hogtie
/hawg"tuy', hog"-/, v.t., hogtied, hogtying. 1. to tie (an animal) with all four feet together. 2. to hamper or thwart: Repeated delays hogtied the investigation. [1890-95, ...
Hogue
Fr. /awg/, n. La /lann/. See La Hogue. * * *
hogwash
/hawg"wosh', -wawsh', hog"-/, n. 1. refuse given to hogs; swill. 2. any worthless stuff. 3. meaningless or insincere talk, writing, etc.; nonsense; bunk. [1400-50; 1900-05, for ...
hogweed
/hawg"weed', hog"-/, n. 1. any coarse weed with composite flower heads, esp. the cow parsnip. 2. See giant hogweed. [1700-10; HOG + WEED1] * * *       any of certain ...
Hohe Tauern
Segment of the eastern Alps, in southern Austria. It extends 70 mi (110 km) east from the Italian border in Tirol. Its many lofty peaks include the Grossglockner, Austria's ...
Hohenemser, Kurt
▪ 2002       German-born American aerospace engineer (b. Jan. 3, 1906, Berlin, Ger.—d. April 7, 2001, St. Louis, Mo.), was a pioneer in the field of helicopter design. ...
Hohenlinden
/hoh'euhn lin"deuhn/, n. a village in S Germany, in Bavaria, near Munich: French victory over the Austrians 1800. 2000. * * *
Hohenlohe
/hoh'euhn loh"euh/, n. a member of a German princely family, fl. 12th to 19th centuries. * * *
Hohenlohe Family
▪ German family       German princely family which took its name from the district of Hohenlohe in Franconia. First mentioned in the 12th century as possessing the ...
Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Friedrich Ludwig, Fürst zu
▪ Prussian field marshal (prince of) born Jan. 31, 1746, Ingelfingen, Württemberg died Feb. 15, 1818, Castle Slawenitz, Silesia  Prussian field marshal who commanded one ...
Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Kraft, Prinz zu
▪ Prussian military officer (prince of) born Jan. 2, 1827, Koschentin, Prussian Upper Silesia died Jan. 16, 1892, Dresden, Ger.       Prussian army officer and ...
Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chlodwig (Karl Viktor), prince zu
born March 31, 1819, Rotenburg an der Fulda, Hesse-Nassau died July 6, 1901, Bad Ragaz, Switz. Imperial German chancellor and Prussian prime minister (1894–1900). Active in ...
Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chlodwig Karl Viktor, Fürst zu
▪ German chancellor born March 31, 1819, Rotenburg an der Fulda, Hesse-Nassau died July 6, 1901, Bad Ragaz, Sankt Gallen, Switz.  imperial German chancellor and Prussian ...
Hohenstaufen
/hoh'euhn shtow"feuhn/, n. a member of the royal family that ruled in Germany from 1138 to 1208 and from 1215 to 1254, and in Sicily from 1194 to 1266. [1890-95] * * *
Hohenstaufen dynasty
German dynasty that ruled the Holy Roman Empire (1138–1208, 1212–54). It was founded by Count Frederick died 1105 , who built Staufen Castle and was appointed duke of ...
Hohenwart, Karl Siegmund, Graf von
▪ prime minister of Austria (count of) born Feb. 12, 1824, Vienna died April 26, 1899, Vienna       Austrian statesman who served briefly as prime minister of Austria ...
Hohenzollern
/hoh"euhn zol'euhrn/; Ger. /hoh"euhn tsawl"euhrddn/, n. a member of the royal family that ruled in Rumania from 1866 to 1947, in Prussia from 1701 to 1918, and in the German ...
Hohenzollern dynasty
Dynasty prominent in European history, chiefly as the ruling house of Brandenburg-Prussia (1415–1918) and of imperial Germany (1871–1918). The first recorded ancestor, ...
HoheTauern
Ho·he Tau·ern (hōʹə touʹərn) A range of the eastern Alps in southern Austria near the Italian border. Grossglockner, 3,799.4 m (12,457 ft), is the highest peak. * * *
Hohhot
/hoh"hoht"/, n. a city in and the capital of Inner Mongolia, in N China. 700,000. Also, Huhehot, Huhehaote. Formerly, Kweihwa, Kweisui. * * * or Hu-ho-hao-t'e or Huhehot Mongol ...
Hohmann orbit
also called  Transfer Orbit,         most economical path (though not the shortest or fastest) for a spacecraft to take from one planet to another. The German engineer ...
Hohokam
/heuh hoh"keuhm/, adj. 1. of, belonging to, or characteristic of an American Indian culture of the central and southern deserts of Arizona, about A.D. 450-1450, roughly ...
Hohokam culture
Complex of North American Indian peoples who lived с 300 BC–AD 1400 in the Sonoran Desert (Arizona, U.S.), especially along the Gila and Salt rivers. The Hohokam Indians ...
hohum
ho hum interj. Used to express boredom, weariness, or contempt. * * *
hoi polloi
/hoy" peuh loy"/ the common people; the masses (often preceded by the). [1815-25; < Gk: the many] * * *
hoicks
/hoyks, huyks/, interj. Rare. yoicks. [1600-10] * * *
hoiden
—hoidenish, adj. /hoyd"n/, n., adj. hoyden. * * *
Hoihow
/hoy"how", -hoh"/, n. Older Spelling. Haikou. * * *
hoipolloi
hoi pol·loi (hoi' pə-loiʹ) n. The common people; the masses.   [Greek, the many : hoi, nominative pl. of ho, the; See so- in Indo-European Roots + polloi, nominative pl. of ...
hoise
/hoyz/, v.t., hoised or hoist, hoising. Archaic. to hoist. [1500-10; cf. earlier hissa a cry used in hauling, and HUZZA] * * *
hoisin sauce
/hoy"sin, hoy sin"/, Chinese Cookery. a thick, sweet, spicy condiment containing soybeans, sugar, garlic, and chili peppers, used in cooking or as an accompaniment to meat, fish, ...
hoisinsauce
hoi·sin sauce (hoiʹsĭn, hoi-sĭnʹ) n. A thick, sweet, pungent sauce used in Chinese cooking.   [Chinese (Cantonese) hoísin, seafood, equivalent to Chinese (Mandarin) hǎi, ...
hoist
—hoister, n. /hoyst/ or, sometimes, /huyst/, v.t. 1. to raise or lift, esp. by some mechanical appliance: to hoist a flag; to hoist the mainsail. 2. to raise to one's lips and ...
hoister
See hoist. * * *
hoity-toity
/hoy"tee toy"tee/, adj. 1. assuming airs; pretentious; haughty. 2. giddy; flighty. n. 3. giddy behavior. [1660-70; rhyming compound based on hoit to romp, riot (now obs.)] * * *
Hojo
/hoh"yoh/, n. a member of a powerful family in Japan that ruled as regents in the name of the shoguns during the period 1203-1333. * * *
Hōjō family
Family of hereditary regents to the shogunate of Japan who exercised actual power from 1199 to 1333. Hōjō Tokimasa (1138–1215) joined the cause of Minamoto Yoritomo against ...
Hōjō Masako
▪ Japanese nun born 1157, Izu Province, Japan died Aug. 16, 1225, Kamakura       wife of Minamoto Yoritomo (1147–99), the first shogun, or military dictator, of ...
Hōjō Tokimasa
▪ Japanese warrior and regent born 1138, Izu Province, Japan died Feb. 6, 1215, Izu       Japanese warrior who aided Minamoto Yoritomo in establishing the Kamakura ...
Hōjō Tokimune
▪ Japanese regent born June 5, 1251, Kamakura, Japan died April 20, 1284, Kamakura       young regent to the shogun (military dictator of Japan), under whom the ...
Hōjō Yasutoki
▪ Japanese regent born 1183, Kamakura, Japan died July 14, 1242, Kamakura       regent whose administrative innovations in the shogunate, or military dictatorship, were ...
Hojo, Hideji
▪ 1997       Japanese playwright (b. 1902, Osaka, Japan—d. May 19, 1996, Kamakura, Japan), was the author of more than 200 plays and the leader of commercial theatre ...
Hokan
/hoh"keuhn/, n. a proposed genetic grouping of American Indian languages comprising otherwise unclassified language families and isolates of California, the U.S. Southwest, and ...
Hokan languages
Hypothetical superfamily of North American Indian languages uniting a number of languages and language families of the western U.S. and Mexico. The Hokan hypothesis was first ...
Hokang
Ho·kang (hŭʹkängʹ, -gängʹ) See Hegang. * * *
hoke
/hohk/, v., hoked, hoking, n. v.t. 1. to alter or manipulate so as to give a deceptively or superficially improved quality or value (usually fol. by up): a political speech hoked ...
hokey
—hokeyness, hokiness, n. /hoh"kee/, adj. hokier, hokiest. 1. cloyingly sentimental; mawkish. 2. obviously contrived, esp. to win popular appeal or support; phony. [1815-25; ...
hokey-pokey
/hoh"kee poh"kee/, n. 1. hocus-pocus; trickery. 2. ice cream as formerly sold by street vendors. [1840-50; var. of HOCUS-POCUS] * * *
hokeyness
See hokily. * * *
hokeypokey
hokeypokey or hokypoky [hō′kē pō′kē] n. 〚altered
Hokiang
/hoh"kyahng"/; Chin. /hu"gyahng"/, n. Older Spelling. Hejiang. * * *
hokily
See hokey. * * *
hokiness
See hokily. * * *
Hokinson
/hoh"kin seuhn/, n. Helen, c1900-49, U.S. cartoonist. * * *
Hokinson, Helen
▪ American cartoonist born June 29, 1893, Mendota, Ill., U.S. died Nov. 1, 1949, Washington, D.C.       American cartoonist best known for her gently satirical drawings ...
Hokitika
▪ borough, New Zealand       town on the west coast of South Island, New Zealand. It lies at the mouth of the Hokitika River, which rises in the Southern Alps and, fed ...
Hokkaido
/hawk"kuy daw"/; Eng. /ho kuy"doh/, n. a large island in N Japan. 5,660,000; 30,303 sq. mi. (78,485 sq. km). Formerly, Yezo. * * * formerly Yezo Island (pop., 2000 prelim.: ...
hokku
/haw"kooh, hok"ooh/, n., pl. hokku. Pros. 1. the opening verse of a linked verse series. 2. haiku. [1895-1900; < Japn, equiv. to hok opening, first + ku stanza; earlier fot-ku < ...
hokum
/hoh"keuhm/, n. 1. out-and-out nonsense; bunkum. 2. elements of low comedy introduced into a play, novel, etc., for the laughs they may bring. 3. sentimental matter of an ...
Hokuriku
▪ industrial area, Japan       industrial region, west-central Honshu, Japan, lying along the Sea of Japan. It is neither an administrative nor a political entity. The ...
Hokusai
/hoh"keuh suy', hoh'keuh suy"/; Japn. /haw"koo suy"/, n. Katsushika /kah"tsoo shee"kah/, 1760-1849, Japanese painter and illustrator. * * * orig. Katsushika Hokusai born Oct. ...
ḥol ha-moʿed
▪ Judaism also spelled  hol hamoed , or  chol hamoed (from Hebrew ḥol, “weekday,” ha-moʿed, “[of] the festival”)        in Judaism, the less festive days ...
Hol Hamoed
Seph. /khawl" hah maw ed"/; Ashk. /khohl"hah moh"ayd, -moyd"/, Hebrew. the period between the first and last two days of Passover or Sukkoth, consisting of four days during ...
hol-
var. of holo- before a vowel: holiatry. * * *
Holabird, William
▪ American architect born Sept. 11, 1854, Amenia Union, N.Y., U.S. died July 19, 1923, Evanston, Ill.       U.S. architect who, with his partner, Martin Roche, was a ...
holandric
/ho lan"drik, hoh-/, adj. Genetics. of or pertaining to a heritable trait appearing only in males (opposed to hologynic). [1925-30; HOL- + Gk andrikós masculine, equiv. to andr- ...
Holarctic
/ho lahrk"tik, -ahr"tik, hoh-/, adj. Zoogeog. belonging or pertaining to a geographical division comprising the Nearctic and Palearctic regions. [1883; HOL(O)- + ARCTIC] * * *
Holarctic region
▪ faunal region       one of the six major land areas of the world defined on the basis of its characteristic animal life. It encompasses all the nontropical parts of ...
Holbach, Paul-Henri Dietrich, baron d'
▪ French philosopher born December 1723, Edesheim, near Landau, Rhenish Palatinate died June 21, 1789, Paris       French encyclopaedist and philosopher, a celebrated ...
Holbein
/hohl"buyn/; Ger. /hawl"buyn/, n. 1. Hans /hahns/, ("the elder"), 1465?-1524, German painter. 2. his son, Hans ("the younger"), 1497?-1543, German painter who worked chiefly in ...
Holbein rug
▪ decorative arts       any of several types of 15th- to 17th-century Anatolian floor coverings, the patterns of which appear in paintings by the German painter Hans ...
Holbein, Hans, The Elder
▪ German painter born c. 1465, Imperial Free City of Augsburg [Germany] died 1524, Isenheim, Alsace [now in France]       German painter associated with the Augsburg ...
Holbein, Hans, the Younger
(b. 1497/98, Augsburg, Bishopric of Augsburg d. 1543, London, Eng.) German painter, draftsman, and designer renowned for the precise rendering of his drawings and the compelling ...
Holbein,Hans
Hol·bein (hōlʹbīn, hôlʹ-), Hans. Known as “the Elder.” 1465?-1524. German painter. His religious works include altarpieces for the Augsburg Cathedral (1493) and for ...
Holberg, Ludvig, Baron
born Dec. 3, 1684, Bergen, Nor. died Jan. 28, 1754, Copenhagen, Den. Norwegian-Danish man of letters. Educated in Denmark and England, he traveled in various European countries ...
Holberg, Ludvig, Friherre Holberg
▪ Scandinavian author born December 3, 1684, Bergen, Norway died January 28, 1754, Copenhagen, Denmark  the outstanding Scandinavian literary figure of the Enlightenment ...
Holborn
an area of central London, England, between Westminster(1) and the City. Its important buildings include Lincoln’s Inn and Gray’s Inn. See also Inns of Court. * * * ▪ ...
Holbrook
/hohl"brook/, n. 1. Stewart H(all), 1893-1964, U.S. historian and editor. 2. a city on central Long Island, in SE New York. 24,382. 3. a city in E Massachusetts. 11,140. * * *
Holbrooke, Josef
▪ British composer born July 5, 1878, Croydon, Surrey died August 5, 1958, London       composer whose works were popular in England in the early 20th century. His ...
Holbrooke, Richard Charles Albert
▪ 1999       June 1998 was an eventful month for American diplomat Richard Holbrooke. His book To End a War, an account of the 1995 Balkan peace negotiations, was ...
Holbæk
▪ Denmark       city and port, northern Sjælland (Zealand), Denmark, on Holbæk Fjord. An old-established market town chartered in 1250, it is a rail junction with ...
HOLC
Home Owners' Loan Corporation. Also, H.O.L.C. * * *
Holcroft, Thomas
▪ English dramatist born Dec. 10, 1745, London, Eng. died March 23, 1809, London       English dramatist, novelist, journalist, and actor.       The son of a ...
hold
hold1 —holdable, adj. /hohld/, v., held; held or (Archaic) holden; holding; n. v.t. 1. to have or keep in the hand; keep fast; grasp: She held the purse in her right hand. He ...
hold 'em
/hohld" euhm/ a form of poker in which each player is dealt two cards face down and then makes the best five-card hand by combining these with three of five communal cards that ...
hold button
a button on a telephone that enables someone to interrupt an incoming call temporarily in order to answer another call. * * *
hold-down
hold-down (hōldʹdoun') n. 1. a. The act of holding down. b. A limit or restraint: “Voters want a hold-down on the Federal budget” (Newsweek). 2. Something, such as a ...
holdall
/hohld"awl'/, n. a container for holding odds and ends. [1850-55; HOLD1 + ALL] * * *
holdback
/hohld"bak'/, n. 1. the iron or strap on the shaft of a horse-drawn vehicle to which the breeching of the harness is attached, enabling the horse to hold back or to back the ...
holdbutton
hold button n. A button on a telephone that a user presses to interrupt a call temporarily while answering another incoming call. * * *
holddown
/hohld"down'/, n. 1. a clamp for holding a metal piece, as a sheet being deep-drawn, to prevent distortion or movement. 2. restraint or limitation short of reduction, esp. on ...
holden
/hohl"deuhn/, v. Archaic. a pp. of hold. * * *
Holden
/hohl"deuhn/, n. a city in central Massachusetts. 13,336. * * *
Holden Caulfield
➡ Caulfield * * *
Holden, Stanley
▪ 2008 Stanley Waller        British dancer and ballet teacher born Jan. 27, 1928, London, Eng. died May 11, 2007, Thousand Oaks, Calif. combined strong dance ...
Holden, William
▪ American actor original name  William Franklin Beedle, Jr.  born April 17, 1918, O'Fallon, Ill., U.S.   found dead November 16, 1981, Santa Monica, ...
Holdenville
▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Hughes county, central Oklahoma, U.S. Founded in 1895 and originally called Fentress, the town site was renamed for ...
holder
—holdership, n. /hohl"deuhr/, n. 1. something that holds or secures: a pencil holder. 2. a person who has the ownership, possession, or use of something; owner; tenant. 3. Law. ...
Hölder condition
/hel"deuhr/; Ger. /huel"deuhrdd/, Math. See Lipschitz condition. [after German mathematician Ludwig Otto Hölder (1859-1937)] * * *
holder in due course
a person who has received a negotiable instrument in good faith and without notice that it is overdue, that there is any prior claim, or that there is a defect in the title of ...
Holder, Alfred Theophil
▪ Austrian language scholar born April 4, 1840, Vienna, Austria died Jan. 12, 1916, Karlsruhe, Ger.       Austrian-born language scholar of astonishing productivity in ...
Holder, Eric
▪ American lawyer and official in full  Eric Himpton Holder, Jr.  born Jan. 21, 1951, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American lawyer who in 2009 became the first African ...
Hölderlin
/huel"deuhrdd leen'/, n. Johann Christian Friedrich /yoh"hahn krddis"tee ahn' frddee"drddikh/, 1770-1843, German poet. * * *
Hölderlin, (Johann Christian) Friedrich
born March 20, 1770, Lauffen am Neckar, Württemberg died June 7, 1843, Tübingen German poet. He qualified for ordination but found himself more drawn to Greek mythology than ...
Hölderlin, Friedrich
▪ German poet in full  Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin  born March 20, 1770, Lauffen am Neckar, Württemberg [Germany] died June 7, 1843, Tübingen  German lyric ...
Holderness
▪ peninsula and region, England, United Kingdom       low-lying peninsula and geographic region, geographic county of East Riding of Yorkshire, historic county of ...
holdfast
/hohld"fast', -fahst'/, n. 1. something used to hold or secure a thing in place; a catch, hook, clamp, etc. 2. Bot., Mycol. any of several rootlike or suckerlike organs or parts ...
Holdheim, Samuel
▪ German rabbi born 1806, Kempen, Prussia [now Kępno, Poland] died Aug. 22, 1860, Berlin [now in Germany]       German rabbi who became a founder and leader of radical ...
holding
/hohl"ding/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that holds. 2. a section of land leased or otherwise tenanted, esp. for agricultural purposes. 3. a company owned by a holding ...
holding company
Finance. a company that controls other companies through stock ownership but that usually does not engage directly in their productive operations (distinguished from parent ...
holding pattern
1. a traffic pattern for aircraft at a specified location (holding point) where they are ordered to remain until permitted to land or proceed. 2. a state or period in which no ...
holding tank
1. a tank for the temporary storage of a substance. 2. Also called holding pen. tank (def. 4). [1970-75] * * *
holdingcompany
holding company n. A company controlling partial or complete interest in another company or other companies. * * *
holdingpattern
holding pattern n. 1. A usually circular pattern flown by aircraft awaiting clearance to land at an airport. 2. Informal. A state of waiting or delay; a static ...
holdout
/hohld"owt'/, n. 1. an act or instance of holding out. 2. a person who delays signing a contract in hopes of gaining more favorable terms: The basketball star was a holdout until ...
holdover
/hohld"oh'veuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing remaining from a former period. 2. Print. overset that can be kept for future use. [1885-1890, Amer.; n. use of v. phrase hold over] * * ...
holdup
/hohld"up'/, n. 1. a forcible stopping and robbing of a person. 2. a stop or delay in the progress of something: There was a holdup in the construction of the bridge. 3. an ...
holdup man
a person who commits an armed robbery. [1955-60] * * *
hole
—holeless, adj. —holey, adj. /hohl/, n., v., holed, holing. n. 1. an opening through something; gap; aperture: a hole in the roof; a hole in my sock. 2. a hollow place in a ...
hole card
1. Stud Poker. the card dealt face down in the first round of a deal. 2. something held in reserve until it can be used to advantage. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
hole in one
Golf. ace (def. 8a). [1930-35] * * *
hole in the wall
☆ hole in the wall n. a small, dingy room, shop, etc., esp. one in a remote or unfrequented place * * *
hole saw
hole saw n. a hollow cylinder with teeth on the bottom edge attached by means of a bit, as to a portable electric drill, and used for cutting circles * * *
hole saw.
See crown saw. [1960-65] * * *
hole-and-corner
/hohl"euhn kawr"neuhr/, adj. 1. secretive; clandestine; furtive: The political situation was full of hole-and-corner intrigue. 2. trivial and colorless: She was living a ...
hole-high
/hohl"huy'/, adj. Golf. (of a ball) lying on a point almost even with the hole. [1895-1900] * * *
Hole-in-the-Wall Gang
(also the Wild Bunch) the group of Wild West outlaws (= criminals) led by Butch Cassidy. * * *
holecard
hole card n. 1. A card in stud poker that is dealt face-down and that the holder is not obliged to reveal before the showdown. 2. Informal. Something held in reserve until it can ...
holein one
hole in one n. pl. holes in one The driving of a golf ball from the tee into the hole in a single stroke. * * *
holein the wall
hole in the wall n. pl. holes in the wall A small, very modest, often out-of-the-way place. * * *
holeproof
/hohl"proohf'/, adj. 1. (of fabric or an article of clothing) designed or made so as to prevent holes. 2. constructed so as to prevent evasion or subterfuge: a holeproof ...
holes
➡ golf * * *

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