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See hypothermia. * * *
—hypothesist, n. /huy poth"euh sis, hi-/, n., pl. hypotheses /-seez'/. 1. a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some ...
hypothesis testing
In statistics, a method for testing how accurately a mathematical model based on one set of data predicts the nature of other data sets generated by the same process. Hypothesis ...
—hypothesizer, n. /huy poth"euh suyz', hi-/, v., hypothesized, hypothesizing. v.i. 1. to form a hypothesis. v.t. 2. to assume by hypothesis. Also, hypothecate; esp. Brit., ...
—hypothetically, adv. /huy'peuh thet"i keuhl/, adj. 1. assumed by hypothesis; supposed: a hypothetical case. 2. of, pertaining to, involving, or characterized by hypothesis: ...
hypothetical imperative n. In the ethical system of Immanuel Kant, a moral command that is conditional on personal motive or desire. * * *
See hypothetical. * * *
hypothetico-deductive method
/huy'peuh thet"i koh di duk"tiv/, Logic. a method in which a hypothetical model based on observations is proposed and is then tested by the deduction of consequences from the ...
hypothyroid [hī΄pō thī′roid΄] adj. of, characterized by, or having hypothyroidism n. a hypothyroid person * * * hy·po·thy·roid (hī'pō-thīʹroid') adj. Affected by ...
—hypothyroid, adj. /huy'peuh thuy"roy diz'euhm/, n. Pathol. 1. deficient activity of the thyroid gland. 2. the condition produced by a deficiency of thyroid secretion, ...
—hypotonicity /huy'poh toh nis"i tee/, n. /huy'peuh ton"ik/, adj. 1. Physiol. (of tissue) having less than the normal tone. 2. Physical Chem. noting a solution of lower osmotic ...
See hypotonic. * * *
/huy'poh treuh kee"lee euhm/, n., pl. hypotrachelia /-lee euh/. (on a classical column) any member, as a necking, between the capital and the shaft. Cf. trachelium. [1555-65; < L ...
—hypotrichous /huy po"tri keuhs/, adj. /huy"peuh trik/, n. any ciliate of the suborder Hypotricha, having cilia chiefly on the ventral surface. [ < NL Hypotricha; see HYPO-, ...
See hypotrophy. * * *
hy·pot·ro·phy (hī-pŏtʹrə-fē) n. pl. hy·pot·ro·phies Progressive degeneration of an organ or tissue caused by loss of cells.   hy'po·troʹphic (hī'pə-trōʹfĭk) ...
/huy'peuh tuy poh"sis/, n. Rhet. lifelike description of a thing or scene. [1575-85; < Gk hypotýposis outline, copy pattern, equiv. to hypo- HYPO- + týposis forming, molding ...
hy·po·ven·ti·la·tion (hī'pə-vĕn'tl-āʹshən) n. Abnormally slow and shallow respiration, resulting in an increased level of carbon dioxide in the blood. * * *
hypovolemic shock
/huy"poh veuh lee"mik, huy'-/ a type of shock caused by reduced blood volume, as from massive bleeding or dehydration. Cf. cardiogenic shock, anaphylactic shock. [1960-65; HYPO- ...
—hypoxanthic, adj. /huy'peuh zan"theen, -thin/, n. a white, crystalline, almost water-soluble, alkaloidal purine derivative, C5H4N4O, found in animal and vegetable tissues: ...
—hypoxemic, hypoxic, adj. /huy'pok see"mee euh/, n. Pathol. inadequate oxygenation of the blood. Also, hypoxia. [1885-90; HYP- + OX(Y)- + -EMIA] * * *
hypoxia [hī päk′sē ə, hipäk′sē ə] n. 〚ModL: see HYPO- & OXY-1 & -IA〛 an abnormal condition resulting from a decrease in the oxygen supplied to or utilized by body ...
See hypoxia. * * *
/huy'peuh zoohg"meuh/, n. Rhet. the use of a succession of subjects with a single predicate. [1580-90; HYPO- + ZEUGMA] * * *
/huy'peuh zoohk"sis/, n. Rhet. the use of a series of parallel clauses, each of which has a subject and predicate, as in "I came, I saw, I conquered." [1580-90; < LL < LGk, ...
▪ dinosaur  small to medium-sized herbivorous dinosaurs (dinosaur) that flourished about 115 million to 110 million years ago during the Early Cretaceous Period. ...
▪ Greek mythology       in Greek legend, daughter of Dionysus's son Thoas, king of the island of Lemnos. When the women of Lemnos, furious at their husbands' betrayal, ...
a combining form meaning "height," "altitude," used in the formation of compound words: hypsometer. Also, hypsi-. [ < Gk, comb. form of hýpsos height; akin to HYPO-, UP] * * *
See hypsography. * * *
See hypsographic. * * *
—hypsographic /hip'seuh graf"ik/, hypsographical, adj. /hip sog"reuh fee/, n. 1. a branch of geography that deals with the measurement and mapping of the topography of the ...
/hip som"i teuhr/, n. thermobarometer (def. 1). [1860-65; HYPSO- + -METER] * * *
See hypsometry. * * *
hypsometric curve
▪ geology also called  Hypsographic Curve,         cumulative height frequency curve for the Earth's surface or some part thereof. A hypsometric curve is essentially ...
See hypsometric. * * *
See hypsometric. * * *
See hypsometric. * * *
—hypsometric /hip'seuh me"trik/, hypsometrical, adj. —hypsometrically, adv. —hypsometrist, n. /hip som"i tree/, n. vertical control in mapping; the establishment of ...
To choose. mohair, from Arabic muḫayyar, choice, select, a fabric, passive participle of ḫayyara, to prefer, derived stem of ḫāra, to choose. * * *
hyracoid [hī′rə koid΄] n. 〚< ModL Hyracoidea: see HYRAX & -OID〛 HYRAX adj. designating or of the hyraxes * * *
hy·ra·co·there (hīʹrə-kō-thîr') n. A small herbivorous mammal of the genus Hyracotherium (syn. Eohippus) from the Eocene Epoch of North America, having four-toed front ...
/huy'reuh koh thear"ee euhm/, n., pl. hyracotheria /-thear"ee euh/. eohippus. [ < NL (1840): a genus name; see HYRAX, -O-, -THERE] * * *
/huy"raks/, n., pl. hyraxes, hyraces /-reuh seez'/. any of several species of small mammals of the order Hyracoidea, of Africa and the Mediterranean region, having short legs, ...
—Hyrcanian, adj. /heuhr kay"nee euh/, n. an ancient province of the Persian empire, SE of the Caspian Sea. * * * ▪ ancient region, Iran Old Persian ...
/huy"seuhn/, n. a Chinese green tea dried and prepared from twisted leaves, esp. of the early crop (young hyson). [1730-40; < dial. Chin (Guangdong) héicheun, akin to Chin ...
/his"euhp/, n. 1. any of several aromatic herbs belonging to the genus Hyssopus, of the mint family, esp. H. officinalis, native to Europe, having clusters of small blue ...
▪ governor of Persis and Parthia flourished 6th century BC       son of Arsames, king of Parsa, and father of the Achaemenid king Darius I of ...
var. of hystero- before a vowel: hysterectomy. * * *
/his'teuh rek"teuh muyz'/, v.t., hysterectomized, hysterectomizing. to remove the uterus from by surgery. Also, esp. Brit., hysterectomise. [HYSTERECTOM(Y) + -IZE] * * *
/his'teuh rek"teuh mee/, n., pl. hysterectomies. Surg. excision of the uterus. [1885-90; HYSTER- + -ECTOMY] * * * Surgical removal of the uterus, either completely (total ...
—hysteretic /his'teuh ret"ik/, hysteresial /his'teuh ree"see euhl/, adj. —hysteretically, adv. /his'teuh ree"sis/, n. Physics. 1. the lag in response exhibited by a body in ...
hysteresis loss
Physics. the loss of energy by conversion to heat in a system exhibiting hysteresis. [1890-95] * * *
See hysteresis. * * *
/hi ster"ee euh, -stear"-/, n. 1. an uncontrollable outburst of emotion or fear, often characterized by irrationality, laughter, weeping, etc. 2. Psychoanal. a psychoneurotic ...
/hi ster"ik/, n. 1. Usually, hysterics. a fit of uncontrollable laughter or weeping; hysteria. 2. a person subject to hysteria. adj. 3. hysterical. [1650-60; < L hystericus < Gk ...
—hysterically, adv. /hi ster"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by hysteria. 2. uncontrollably emotional. 3. irrational from fear, emotion, or an emotional ...
See hysterical. * * *
a combining form meaning "uterus," used in the formation of compound words: hysterotomy. Also, esp. before a vowel, hyster-. [ < Gk, comb. form repr. Gk hystéra womb, uterus] * ...
▪ pathology       hysterical seizures that resemble epilepsy and, in diagnosis, must be distinguished from it. In hystero-epilepsy the reflexes and responses to ...
—hysterogeny /his'teuh roj"euh nee/, n. /his'teuhr euh jen"ik/, adj. Med. inducing hysteria. [1885-90; HYSTER(IA) + -O- + -GENIC] * * *
/his"teuh royd'/, adj. resembling hysteria. Also, hysteroidal. [1850-55; HYSTER(IA) + -OID] * * *
hysteron proteron
/his"teuh ron' prot"euh ron'/. Rhet. a figure of speech in which the logical order of two elements in discourse is reversed, as in "bred and born" for "born and bred." [1555-65; ...
hys·ter·on prot·er·on (hĭs'tə-rŏn' prŏtʹə-rŏn') n. 1. A figure of speech in which the natural or rational order of its terms is reversed, as in bred and born instead ...
/his'teuh rot"euh mee/, n., pl. hysterotomies. Surg. the operation of cutting into the uterus, as in a Cesarean. [1700-10; HYSTERO- + -TOMY] * * *
hystricomorphic [his΄tri kō môr′fik] adj. 〚< ModL Hystricomorpha < L hystrix, porcupine (< Gr) + Gr morphē, form + -IC〛 designating or of a suborder (Hystricomorpha) of ...
/huyt/, adj. Scot. Archaic. insane; mad. [1715-25; orig. uncert.] * * *
/huydh/, n. a town in E Kent, in SE England: one of the Cinque Ports. 11,949. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Shepway district, administrative and ...
/huy"theuhr graf', -grahf'/, n. a climatic graph showing relationships between temperature and humidity or temperature and precipitation. [1915-20; HY(DR)-1 + -THER(M) + ...
(1956– ) an English theatre director who has directed musicals, plays and operas in Britain and the US. He also directed a number of films including The Madness of King George ...
Hytner, Nicholas
▪ 2005       When Stuff Happens—David Hare's dissection of the Second Persian Gulf War, with U.S. Pres. George W. Bush, members of his administration, and British ...
Hyundai Group
▪ South Korean corporation       major diversified corporation in South Korea. The international company supplies a product line that ranges from ships to stereo ...
▪ Finland Swedish  Hyvinge,         city, southern Finland, north of Helsinki. It is the centre of Finland's woollen industry, and is an important rail junction with ...
To live. Common Semitic adjective *ḥayy-, alive, living. 1. Eve, from Late Latin Ēva, from Hebrew ḥawwâ, living, life, from ḥāyâ, to live. 2. Ea, from Akkadian Ea, from ...
Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd
▪ Welsh warrior-prince and poet died 1170       Welsh warrior-prince and poet who was the first to develop the courtly love lyric in Welsh in the manner of the ...
Hywel Dda
or Howel Dda or Hywel the Good died 950 Welsh chieftain called "king of all Wales. " He inherited Seisyllwg and secured Dyfed by marriage, thereby creating the kingdom of ...
See hwy. * * *
/huy"zohn/, n. Chem. triatomic hydrogen, H3. [HY(DROGEN) + (O)ZONE] * * *
Hertz; hertzes. * * *
see ḥzy. * * *
To be(come) strong. a. Ezekiel, from Hebrew yəḥezqēʾl, God strengthened, from yəḥezq, reduced form of yəḥazzēq, he strengthened, from ḥizzēq, to strengthen, ...
Central (Common?) Semitic, to see. chazan, from Mishnaic Hebrew and Jewish Aramaic ḥazzān, superintendent, cantor, from Akkadian ḫazannu, administrator, mayor, perhaps from ...
Høegh-Guldberg, Ove
▪ Danish statesman born Sept. 1, 1731, Horsens, Den. died Feb. 7, 1808, Hald  Danish statesman who was a powerful minister during the reign of the mentally unstable king ...
Hørup, Viggo
▪ Danish politician in full  Viggo Lauritz Bentheim Hørup  born May 22, 1841, Torpmagle, Den. died Feb. 15, 1902, Copenhagen       Danish politician and journalist, ...
/uy/, pron., nom. I, poss. my or mine, obj. me; pl. nom. we, poss. our or ours, obj. us; n., pl. I's. pron. 1. the nominative singular pronoun, used by a speaker in referring to ...
Math. 1. Also called imaginary unit. the imaginary number sqrt(-1). 2. a unit vector on the x-axis of a coordinate system. * * *
I A Richards
➡ Richards (II) * * *
I Am movement
U.S. religious movement founded in the 1930s by Guy Ballard (1878–1939) and his wife, Edna (1886–1971). They taught that the Mighty I Am is the source of power in ...
I Ching
/ee" jing"/ an ancient Chinese book of divination, in which 64 pairs of trigrams are shown with various interpretations. Also called Book of Changes. * * *
I doubt it
a card game, the object of which is to rid oneself of all cards, in which the first player places aces face down on the table and the others follow, in turn, with cards of the ...
I formation
/uy/, Football. an offensive alignment in which the backs are positioned in line directly behind the quarterback. [1950-55] * * *
I li
▪ Chinese ritual text Chinese“Ceremonies and Rituals”Pinyin  Yi li        collection of Chinese rituals probably compiled during Western Han times (206 BC–AD ...
I Love Lucy
a very popular US television comedy series (1951–60) on CBS with Lucille Ball as the star. She played Lucy Ricardo and her real husband, Desi Arnez, played her husband Ricky. ...
I novel
▪ Japanese literature Japanese  watakushi shōsetsu , or  shishōsetsu        form or genre of 20th-century Japanese literature that is characterized by ...
I of M
I of M or I.O.M. abbrev. Isle of Man * * *
I take the Fifth
➡ Bill of Rights * * *
/uyd/ contraction of I would or I had. Usage. See contraction. * * *
/uyl/ contraction of I will. Usage. See contraction. * * *
/uym/ contraction of I am. Usage. See contraction. * * *
/uyv/ contraction of I have. Usage. See contraction. * * *
I, i
/uy/, n., pl. I's or Is, i's or is. 1. the ninth letter of the English alphabet, a vowel. 2. any spoken sound represented by the letter I or i, as in big, nice, or ski. 3. ...
var. of y-. * * *
I-9 form
n (in the US) a form that a person must complete before beginning a job. It is required by the INS from an employer as proof that the new employee is permitted to work in the ...
/uy"bahr'/, n. an I-beam used for structural support, as in buildings or bridges. [1885-90] * * *
/uy"beem'/, n. a rolled or extruded metal beam having a cross section resembling an I. See illus. under shape. [1890-95] * * *
/ee"goh"/, n. go2. [ < Japn; see GO2] * * *
I-head engine
/uy"hed'/ an internal-combustion engine with both intake and exhaust valves placed directly above the piston. Also called overhead-valve engine, valve-in-head engine. * * *
▪ Taiwan       shih (municipality) and seat of I-lan hsien (county), northeastern Taiwan, the centre of the only sizable alluvial basin on the island's mountainous ...
▪ Algeria also spelled  Aïn Salah,    oasis town, central Algeria, on the southern edge of the arid Tademaït Plateau. At the crossing of ancient trans-Saharan caravan ...
I-proposition [ī′präp΄ə zish′ən] n. Logic a particular affirmative proposition * * *
/uy"spin'/, n. Physics. See isotopic spin. * * *
n [U] a children’s game in which one player gives the first letter of an object that he or she can see and the others try to guess what it is. For example, if the first letter ...
▪ philosophical doctrine       theological doctrine of the full, direct, mutual relation between beings, as conceived by Martin Buber (Buber, Martin) and some other ...
1. Independent. 2. Island; Islands. 3. Isle; Isles. * * *
1. imperator. 2. incisor. 3. interest. 4. intransitive. 5. island. 6. isle; isles. * * *
in absentia. * * *
International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and Helpers of America. * * *
Jesus Christ. [ < L I(esus) C(hristus)] * * *
1. International Control Commission. 2. See Interstate Commerce Commission. Also, ICC. * * *
1. identification. 2. identity. 3. Mil. Infantry Division. 4. Intelligence Department. [1950-55] * * *
1. Indo-European. 2. Industrial Engineer. * * *
that is. [ < L id est] * * *
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Also, IEEE. * * *
International Fur and Leather Workers' Union. * * *
Irish Free State. * * *
1. Indo-Germanic. 2. Inspector General. * * *
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Also, ILGWU. * * *
Independent Labour Party. * * *
International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union. * * *
Isle of Man. * * *
in the name of God. [ < L in nomine Dei] * * *
Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews. [ < LL Iesus Nazarenus, Rex Iudaeorum] * * *
indirect object. Also, IO, i.o. * * *
Independent Order of Foresters. * * *
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. * * *
1. Print. impressions per hour. 2. inches per hour. Also, iph. * * *
the same as. [ < L idem quod] * * *
1. immediate reserve. 2. infantry reserve. 3. intelligence ratio. 4. internal revenue. * * *
See Initial Teaching Alphabet. Also, i.t.a. * * *
International Typographical Union. * * *
initial velocity. * * *
1. increased value. 2. initial velocity. 3. invoice value. * * *
Isle of Wight. * * *
1. inside width. 2. isotopic weight. * * *
See Industrial Workers of the World. Also, IWW. * * *
1. inboard-outboard. 2. Computers. input/output. * * *
Iowa (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * *
Iowa. * * *
IAA abbr. indoleacetic acid. * * *
International Amateur Athletic Federation. * * *
▪ Greek mythology also spelled  Iakchos,         minor deity associated with the Eleusinian Mysteries, the best known of the ancient Greek mystery religions. On the ...
/uy'euh koh"keuh/, n. Lee (Lido Anthony), born 1924, U.S. automobile executive. * * *
Iacocca, Lee
orig. Lido Anthony Iacocca born Oct. 15, 1924, Allentown, Pa., U.S. U.S. automobile executive. He was hired as an engineer by Ford Motor Co. but soon moved to its sales ...
1. Inter-American Defense Board. 2. Inter-American Development Bank. * * *
International Atomic Energy Agency. * * *
/ee ah"goh/, n. the villain in Shakespeare's Othello. * * *
▪ 2006 Aghioi Theodoroi; Demetrios Coucouzis        Greek Orthodox primate (b. July 29, 1911, Imroz [Imbros], Island, Ottomon Empire, [now Gokceada, Turkey]—d. April ...
/uy al"euh seuhs, ee al"-/, n. an ancient Mycenaean city on the island of Rhodes. Also, Ialysos. * * *
International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers. * * *
/uy"am, uy"amb/, n. Pros. a foot of two syllables, a short followed by a long in quantitative meter, or an unstressed followed by a stressed in accentual meter, as in Come live / ...
▪ French verse form       French satiric verse form consisting of alternating lines of 8 and 12 syllables. The total number of lines is variable. Greek writers, ...
—iambically, adv. /uy am"bik/, adj. 1. Pros. a. pertaining to the iamb. b. consisting of or employing an iamb or iambs. 2. Gk. Lit. noting or pertaining to satirical poetry ...
▪ Syrian philosopher born , c. AD 250, Chalcis, Coele Syria [now in Lebanon] died c. 330       Syrian philosopher, a major figure in the philosophical school of ...
/uy am"beuhs/, n., pl. iambi /-buy/, iambuses. iamb. [1580-90; < L < Gk íambos] * * *
/ee"euhn, ee"ahn, uy"euhn/, n. a male given name, Scottish form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Fleming Ian Lancaster Maxwell Ian Robert McKellen Sir Ian Murray Paisley ...
Ian Botham
➡ Botham * * *
Ian Fleming
➡ Fleming (II) * * *
Ian Hislop
➡ Hislop * * *
Ian McEwan
➡ McEwan * * *
Ian McKellen
➡ McKellen * * *
Ian Paisley
➡ Paisley (II) * * *
Ian Rankin
➡ Rankin * * *
Ian Smith
➡ Smith (V) * * *
Iao Valley
or Wailuku Valley Canyon, eastern slope of Mount Puu Kukui, northwestern Maui, Hawaii, U.S. Formed by erosion, it is 5 mi (8 km) long and 4,000 ft (1,200 m) deep. Iao Needle, a ...
IAP abbr. international airport. * * *
/uy ap"i teuhs, ee ap"-/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a Titan, son of Uranus and Gaea. 2. Astron. a natural satellite of the planet Saturn. * * * ▪ astronomy  outermost of Saturn's ...
/ee'euh pij"ee euh, uy'euh-/, n. an area in the southern hemisphere of Mars. * * *
—iarovization, n. /yahr"euh vuyz'/, v.t., iarovized, iarovizing. jarovize. Also, esp. Brit., iarovise. * * *
IARU abbr. International Amateur Radio Union. * * *
1. Aeron. indicated air speed. 2. Institute for Advanced Studies. * * *
/yahsh, yah"shee/, n. Rumanian name of Jassy. * * * German Jassy City (pop., 2002: 321,580), northeastern Romania. Located west of the border with Moldova and northeast of ...
▪ Greek mythology also called  Iasios,         in Greek mythology, according to Homer and Hesiod, Cretan youth loved by Demeter, the corn goddess, who lay with him ...
international atomic time. * * *
International Air Transport Association. * * *
/uy a"trik, ee a"-/, adj. of or pertaining to a physician or medicine; medical. Also, iatrical. [1850-55; < Gk iatrikós of healing, equiv. to iatr(ós) healer (see IATRO-) + ...
a combining form meaning "healer," "medicine," "healing," used in the formation of compound words: iatrogenic. [ < Gk, comb. form of iatrós healer, equiv. to iâ(sthai) to heal ...
—iatrochemical /uy a'treuh kem"i keuhl, ee a'-/, adj. —iatrochemically, adv. —iatrochemist, n. /uy a'treuh kem"euh stree, ee a'-/, n. (in the 16th and 17th centuries) the ...
—iatrogenicity /uy a'troh jeuh nis"i tee, ee a'-/, n. /uy a'treuh jen"ik, ee a'-/, adj. (of a medical disorder) caused by the diagnosis, manner, or treatment of a ...
See iatrogenic. * * *
International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees (and Moving Picture Machine Operators of the U.S. and Canada). * * *
IAU abbr. 1. International Association of Universities. 2. International Astronomical Union. * * *
IB abbr. 1. in bond. 2. incendiary bomb. * * *
ibidem. * * *
IBA abbr. International Bar Association. * * *
/ee bah"dah, -deuh/, n. any of the religious duties of a Muslim, including the recital of the creed, the five daily recitals of prayers, the Ramadan fast, almsgiving, and the ...
/ee bah"dahn, ee bahd"n/, n. a city in SW Nigeria. 800,000. * * * City (pop., 1991: 1,835,300), southwestern Nigeria. Situated northeast of Lagos, it is the nation's second ...
/i bah"dee/, n. Islam. a North African Kharijite. [ < Ar, equiv. to 'Abd Allah ibn Ibad, 7th-century Muslim ascetic + -i suffix of appurtenance] * * *
/ee'vah ge"/, n. a city in W central Colombia. 200,000. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 393,664), central Colombia. It is located on the eastern slopes of the Cordillera Central ...
/ee bahn"/, n., pl. Ibans, (esp. collectively) Iban. 1. Also called Sea Dayak. a member of any of several Dayak tribes of Sarawak. 2. the Austronesian language, closely related ...
/ee vahn"yeth/, n. Vicente Blasco /bee then"te blahs"kaw/. See Blasco Ibáñez, Vicente. * * *
Ibáñez (del Campo), Carlos
born Nov. 3, 1877, Chillán, Chile died April 28, 1960, Santiago Chilean soldier and president (1927–31, 1952–58). After a 30-year military career, he helped overthrow ...
Ibáñez del Campo, Carlos
▪ president of Chile born Nov. 3, 1877, Chillán, Chile died April 28, 1960, Santiago  Chilean president from 1927 to 1931 and from 1952 to 1958. Although by preference ...
Ibar River
▪ river, Balkans       river in the Balkans, rising in Kosovo in the Mokra Planina (mountains) and flowing eastward to Kosovska Mitrovica, then northward to join the ...
I·ba·ra·ki (ē'bä-räʹkē, ē-bäʹrä-kē) A city of southern Honshu, Japan, a residential suburb of Osaka. Population: 255,500. * * * ▪ prefecture, Japan  ken ...
Ibarbourou, Juana de
▪ Uruguayan poet original name  Juanita Fernández Morales   born March 8, 1895, Melo, Uruguay died July 1979, Montevideo       Uruguayan poet, one of the most famous ...
▪ Ecuador in full  San Antonio de Ibarra         city, north-central Ecuador, situated in an Andean valley at an elevation of 7,300 feet (2,200 metres), within the ...
Ibárruri (Gómez), (Isidora) Dolores
known as La Pasionaria (Spanish: "The Passionflower") born Dec. 9, 1895, Gallarta, near Bilbao, Spain died Nov. 12, 1989, Madrid Spanish communist leader. The daughter of a ...
Ibárruri, Dolores
▪ Spanish political leader pseudonym  La Pasionaria (Spanish: “The Passionflower”)   born Dec. 9, 1895, Gallarta, near Bilbao, Spain died Nov. 12, 1989, Madrid  Spanish ...
▪ Yemen       city, southwestern Yemen, lying in the Yemen Highlands on a spur of the rugged Mount Shamāḥī, at 6,725 feet (2,050 metres) above sea level. The city's ...
international business company. * * *
See inflammatory bowel disease. * * *
/uy bear"ee euh/, n. 1. Also called Iberian Peninsula. a peninsula in SW Europe, comprising Spain and Portugal. 2. an ancient region S of the Caucasus in the Georgian Republic. * ...
/uy bear"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Iberia in SW Europe, its inhabitants, or their language. 2. of or pertaining to ancient Iberia in the Caucasus or its ...
Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula peninsula in SW Europe, comprising Spain & Portugal * * * or Iberia Peninsula, southwestern Europe, occupied by Spain and Portugal. Its name derives from its ...
Iberian Peninsula also I·be·ri·a (ī-bîrʹē-ə) A peninsula of southwest Europe occupied by Spain and Portugal. It is separated from the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees and ...
/uy bear"oh maw rooh"zee euhn, -zheuhn/, adj. of or pertaining to an Epipaleolithic culture of northwestern Africa that preceded the Capsian culture and was once erroneously ...
Ibero-Maurusian industry
▪ archaeology also called  Oranian Industry,         North African stone-tool industry dating from the late Würm (last) Glacial Period, about 16,000 years ago. The ...
/ee berdd"/, n. Jacques François Antoine /zhahk frddahonn swann" ahonn twannn"/, 1890-1962, French composer. * * *
Ibert, Jacques
▪ French composer in full  Jacques-françois-antoine Ibert   born Aug. 15, 1890, Paris, France died Feb. 5, 1962, Paris       composer whose music is admired for its ...
Iberville see D'IBERVILLE Sieur * * *
Iberville, d'
/dee berdd veel"/, Pierre le Moyne /pyerdd leuh mwannn"/, Sieur 1661-1706, French naval officer, born in Canada: founder of the first French settlement in Louisiana, 1699. * * *
Iberville, Pierre Le Moyne d'
(baptized July 20, 1661, Ville-Marie de Montréal died July 9, 1706, Havana, Cuba, Spanish empire) French Canadian naval hero and explorer. As a young man he led raids on ...
Iberville,Pierre Le Moyne
I·ber·ville (ē-bĕr-vēlʹ), Pierre Le Moyne. Sieur d'Iberville. 1661-1706. Canadian-born French explorer who established settlements in what is now southern Louisiana. * * *
International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. * * *
/uy"beks/, n., pl. ibexes, ibices /ib"euh seez', uy"beuh-/, (esp. collectively) ibex. any of several wild goats of the genus Capra, inhabiting mountainous regions of Eurasia and ...
international banking facilities. * * *
▪ Nigeria       town and river port, Taraba state, east-central Nigeria, on the south bank of the Benue River, opposite the mouth of the Shemankar River. Founded in the ...
/ib"euh bee"oh/, n., pl. Ibibios, (esp. collectively) Ibibio for 1. 1. a member of a people of southeastern Nigeria. 2. the Benue-Congo language of the Ibibio people, very ...
/ib"id/ ibidem. * * *
/i bee"dem/; Eng. /ib"i deuhm, i buy"deuhm, i bee"-/, adv. Latin. in the same book, chapter, page, etc. [lit., in the aforementioned place] * * *
/uy"bis/, n., pl. ibises, (esp. collectively) ibis. 1. any of several large wading birds of the family Threskiornithidae, of warm temperate and tropical regions, related to the ...
▪ bird  (Ibidorhyncha struthersii), Asian bird named for its long, red, down-curved bill (similar to that of an ibis), which it uses to probe for food under stones along ...
/ee vee"thah, -sah/; Eng. /i bee"zeuh/, n. a Spanish island in the SW Balearic Islands, in the W Mediterranean Sea. 209 sq. mi. (541 sq. km). Also, Iviza. * * * Third largest ...
Ibizan hound
/i bee"zeuhn, -zahn/ one of a breed of medium-sized, tall, swift hunting hounds with a short, usually red and white coat, bred originally by the Pharaohs of ancient Egypt but ...
I·bi·zan hound (ĭ-bēʹzən, -zän) n. A swift, slender, medium-sized hunting dog, bred primarily in the Balearic Islands and having a short, solid or spotted red and white ...
/ib"lis/, n. Islamic Myth. an evil spirit or devil, the chief of the wicked jinn. [ < Ar iblis < Gk diábolos (see DEVIL); di- lost by confusion with Aram di- of] * * * In ...
IBM Corp.
in full International Business Machines Corporation Leading U.S. computer manufacturer, headquartered in Armonk, N.Y. It was incorporated in 1911 as the ...
▪ operating system in full  International Business Machines Operating System/2        an operating system introduced in 1987 by IBM (International Business Machines ...
IBM OS/360
▪ operating system in full  International Business Machines Operating System/360        an operating system introduced by IBM (International Business Machines ...
(in full International Business Machines) a US company that was the first to develop computers successfully. IBM computers created an international system that most other ...
/ib"euhn/, (often cap.) son of (used in Arabic personal names): ibn Saud. [ < Ar: son (of); cf. BEN4] * * * (as used in expressions) Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Ibn ...
ibn 'Arabi
/ib'euhn ah rah"bee/ ("Animator of the Religion"), 1165-1240, Islamic philosopher, theologian, and mystic. * * *
Ibn Abī al-Rijāl, Aḥmad
▪ Yemeni scholar in full  Aḥmad Ibn Abī al-Rijāl ibn Ṣāliḥ  born July 1620, al-Shabaṭ, Arabia died March 1681, Sanaa       Yemeni scholar and theologian, ...
Ibn Abī ʿAṣrūn
▪ Islamic theologian in full Sharaf ad-Dīn Abū Saʿd ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn Hibat Allāh ibn Muṭahhar at-Tamīmī al-Mawṣilī ibn Abī ʿAṣrūn, also called ...
Ibn al-Abbār
▪ Islamic scholar in full Abū ʿabd Allāh Muḥammad Al-qudāʿī born February 1199, Valencia, Emirate of Balansiya [Valencia] died Jan. 6, 1260, ...
Ibn al-Ashʿath
▪ Arab general in full  ʿAbd ar-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Ashʿath  died 704       Umayyad general who became celebrated as leader of a revolt (AD 699–701) ...
Ibn al-Athīr
▪ Arab historian in full Abū Al-ḥasan ʿalī ʿizz Ad-dīn Ibn Al-athīr born May 12, 1160, Jazīrat Ibn ʿUmar, Jazira, Emp. of the Caliphate died 1233, ...
Ibn al-Bawwāb
▪ Arab calligrapher in full  Abū Al-ḥasan ʿalī Ibn Hilāl Ibn Al-bawwāb,  also called  Ibn As-sitrī  born 10th century, , Iraq died 1022 or 1031, ...
Ibn al-Fāriḍ
▪ Arab poet in full  Sharaf al-Dīn Abū Ḥafṣ ʿUmar ibn al-Fāriḍ   born March 22, 1181 or March 11, 1182, Cairo died Jan. 23, 1235, Cairo       Arab poet ...
Ibn al-Haytham
▪ Arab astronomer and mathematician Introduction Latinized as  Alhazen,  in full,  Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham   born c. 965, Basra, Iraq died c. 1040, Cairo, ...
Ibn al-Jawzī
▪ Muslim educator in full ʿAbd ar-Raḥmān ibn ʿAlī ibn Muḥammad Abū al-Farash Ibn al-Jawzī born 1126, Baghdad died 1200, Baghdad       jurist, theologian, ...
Ibn al-{ʽ}Arabī
born July 28, 1165, Murcia, Valencia died Nov. 16, 1240, Damascus Islamic mystic and theologian. Born in Spain, he traveled widely in Spain and North Africa in search of ...
Ibn al-ʿArabī
▪ Muslim mystic in full  Muḥyī al-Dīn Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn al-ʿArabī al-Ḥātimī al-Ṭāʾī Ibn al-ʿArabī , also called ...
Ibn al-ʿAwwām
▪ Islamic author flourished 12th century, at Sevilla       agriculturist who wrote the Arabic treatise on agriculture, Kitāb al-filā-ḥah, the outstanding medieval ...
Ibn an-Nafīs
▪ Muslim physician in full  ʿAlāʾ ad-Dīn Abū al-ʿAlāʾ ʿAlī ibn Abī al-Ḥaram al-Qurayshī ad-Dimashqī ibn an-Nafīs   died 1288       Arab physician who ...
Ibn Bābawayh
▪ Muslim theologian also spelled  Ibn Babūyā , in full  Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn Ḥusayn ibn Mūsā al-Qummī , also called ...
Ibn Baṭṭūṭah
orig. Abū ʽAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn ʽAbd Allāh al-Lawātī al-Ṭanjī ibn Baṭṭūṭah born Feb. 24, 1304, Tangier, Mor. died 1368/69, Morocco Noted Arab traveler and ...
ibn Daud, Abraham ben David Halevi
▪ Jewish physician and historian also called Rabad I born c. 1110, , Toledo, Castile died c. 1180, , Toledo       physician and historian who was the first Jewish ...
Ibn Durayd
▪ Arab philologist in full Abū Bakr Muḥammad Ibn Al-ḥasan Al-azdī Ibn Durayd born 837/838, Basra, Iraq died Aug. 13, 933, Baghdad       Arab philologist who ...
ibn Ezra, Abraham ben Meir
▪ Spanish-Jewish scholar born 1092/93, Tudela, Emirate of Saragossa died 1167, Calahorra, Spain       poet, grammarian, traveller, Neoplatonic philosopher, and ...
ibn Ezra, Moses
▪ Spanish-Jewish poet born c. 1060, , Granada, Spain died c. 1139       Hebrew poet and critic, one of the finest poets of the golden age of Spanish Jewry (900–1200). ...
Ibn Falaquera
▪ Jewish philosopher in full  Shemtob Ben Joseph Ibn Falaquera, Falaquera  also spelled  Palquera  born c. 1225 died c. 1295       Spanish-born Jewish philosopher ...
ibn Gabirol
/ib'euhn gah bee"rddawl/, n. Arabic name of Avicebrón. Also, ibn-Gabiral. * * * orig. Solomon ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol Latin Avicebron born с 1022, Málaga, Caliphate of ...
ibn Hanbal
/ib'euhn han"bal/ Ahmad /ah"meuhd/, A.D. 780-855, Islamic legist and traditionist, founder of the Hanbali school of law, one of four such schools in Islam. * * *
Ibn Ḥazm
in full Abū Muḥammad ʽAli ibn Aḥmad ibn Saʽīd ibn Ḥazm born Nov. 7, 994, Córdoba, Caliphate of Córdoba died Aug. 15, 1064, Manta Lisham, near Sevilla Islamic ...
Ibn Isḥāq
in full Muḥammad ibn Isḥāq ibn Yasār ibn Khiyār born с 704, Medina, Arabia died 767, Baghdad Arab biographer of Muhammad. His father and two uncles collected and ...

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