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Ibn Janāḥ
or Rabbi Jonah born с 990, Córdoba died с 1050, Zaragoza, Spain Spanish scholar famed as a Hebrew grammarian and lexicographer. A practicing physician and a devout Jew, he ...
Ibn Jubayr
▪ Spanish Muslim author in full Abū Al-ḥusayn Muḥammad Ibn Aḥmad Ibn Jubayr born 1145, Valencia, Emirate of Balansiya [Valencia] died Nov. 29, 1217, ...
Ibn Kathīr
▪ Muslim scholar in full ʿimād Ad-dīn Ismāʿīl Ibn ʿumar Ibn Kathīr born c. 1300, , Bursa, Byzantine Empire died February 1373, Damascus       Muslim theologian ...
ibn Khaldun
/ib'euhn khahl doohn"/, n. Abd-al-Rahman /ahb dahl rddah"mahn/, 1332-1406, Arab historian and philosopher. * * * orig. Abū Zayd ʽAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Khaldūn born May 27, ...
Ibn Khallikān
▪ Muslim jurist in full  Shams Ad-dīn Abū Al-ʿabbās Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Khallikān   born Sept. 22, 1211, Irbil, Iraq died Oct. 30, 1282, ...
Ibn Miskawayh
▪ Islamic scholar in full Abū ʿAlī Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Yaʿqūb Ibn Miskawayh born c. 930 died 1030, Rayy, Iran       Persian scientist, philosopher, and ...
Ibn Muqlah
▪ Islamic calligrapher in full Abū ʿalī Muḥammad Ibn ʿalī Ibn Muqlah born 886, Baghdad died 940, Baghdad       one of the foremost calligraphers of the ...
Ibn Qutaybah
▪ Muslim author in full  Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muslim ibn Qutaybah al-Dīnawarī  born 828, Al-Kūfah, Iraq died 889, Baghdad       writer of adab ...
ibn Rushd
/ib'euhn rddoosht"/, n. Arabic name of Averroës. * * *
ibn Saud
/ib'euhn sah oohd"/, n. Abdul-Aziz /ahb dool"ah zeez"/, 1880-1953, king of Saudi Arabia 1932-53 (father of Saud ibn Abdul-Aziz). * * *
Ibn Saud,Abdul Aziz
Ibn Sa·ud (sä-o͞odʹ), Abdul Aziz. 1880?-1953. Arab leader who was the founder and first king of Saudi Arabia (1932-1953). * * *
Ibn Sa{ʽ}ūd
in full ʽAbd al-ʽAzīz ibn ʽAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Fayṣal Āl Saʽūd born с 1880, Riyadh, Arabian Peninsula died Nov. 9, 1953, Al-Ṭāʾif, Saud.Ar. Founder of modern-day ...
Ibn Saʿūd
▪ king of Saudi Arabia Introduction in full ʿabd Al-ʿazīz Ibn ʿabd Ar-raḥmān Ibn Fayṣal Ibn Turkī ʿabd Allāh Ibn Muḥammad Āl Saʿūd born c. 1880, , Riyadh, ...
ibn Shem Tov, Joseph ben Shem Tov
▪ Jewish philosopher and physician born c. 1400 died c. 1480       Jewish philosopher and Castilian court physician who attempted to mediate the disdain shown for ...
ibn Sina
/ib'euhn see"nah/, n. Arabic name of Avicenna. * * *
Ibn Ṭaymiyyah
born 1263, Ḥarrān, Mesopotamia died Sept. 26, 1328, Cairo Islamic theologian. He was educated in Damascus, where he joined the Pietist school. He sought to return Islam to a ...
ibn Tibbon, Jacob ben Machir
▪ Jewish astronomer, physician, and translator also called  Don Profiat   born c. 1236, , Marseille died c. 1312, , Montpellier, Fr.       French Jewish physician, ...
Ibn Tibbon, Judah ben Saul
born 1120, Granada, Spain died с 1190, Marseille Jewish physician and translator. Persecutions of the Jews forced him to flee Spain, and he settled in southern France in 1150 ...
ibn Tibbon, Moses ben Samuel
▪ Jewish physician and translator flourished 1240–83, Marseille, France       Jewish physician like his father, Samuel ben Judah ibn Tibbon, and his paternal ...
ibn Tibbon, Samuel ben Judah
▪ Jewish physician and translator born c. 1150, , Lunel, Fr. died c. 1230, , Marseille       Jewish translator and physician whose most significant achievement was an ...
Ibn Ṭufayl
▪ Moorish philosopher and physician in full Muḥammad Ibn ʿabd Al-malik Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Ṭufayl Al-qaysī, also called Abū Bakr Muḥammad Ibn ʿabd ...
Ibn Ṭūlūn Mosque
Huge, majestic red-brick mosque in Cairo. It was built (876–879) by Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn (835–884), the Muslim governor of Egypt and Syria. The mosque's crenellated walls ...
Ibn Tūmart
▪ Berber Muslim leader in full  Abū ʿabd Allāh Muḥammad Ibn Tūmart   born c. 1080, Anti-Atlas Mountains, Mor. died August 1130       Berber spiritual and ...
Ibn Waḥshīyah
▪ Middle Eastern agriculturalist flourished c. 900       Middle Eastern agriculturist and toxicologist alleged to have written al-Fillāḥah an-Nabaṭīyah ...
Ibn Zuhr
▪ Spanish Muslim physician in full  Abū Marwān ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Abī al-ʿAlāʾ Zuhr , also called  Avenzoar  or  Abumeron  born c. 1090, Sevilla [Spain] died 1162, ...
Ibn {ʽ}Aqīl
born 1040, Baghad died 1119 Islamic theologian. Trained in the tenets of the Ḥanbalī school (see Ahmad ibn Hanbal), the most traditional school of Islamic law, he outraged ...
Ibn ʿAbbād
▪ Islamic theologian in full Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Abī Isḥāq Ibrāhīm an-Nafzī al-Ḥimyarī ar-Rundī born 1333, Ronda, Spain died 1390, buried Bāb ...
Ibn ʿAqīl
▪ Muslim theologian in full Abū Al-wafāʾ ʿalī Ibn ʿaqīl Ibn Muḥammad Ibn ʿaqīl Ibn Aḥmad Al-baghdādī Az-ẓafarī born 1040, Baghdad died ...
ibn-
ibn- [ib ən] 〚Ar〛 prefix combining form son of: used in many hyphenated Arabic surnames * * *
ibn-Rushd
ibn-Rushd [ib΄ən roosht′] Ar. name for AVERROËS * * *
IbnKhaldun
Ibn Khal·dun (ĭb'ən kăl-do͞onʹ, KHäl-), 1332-1406. Arab historian. His Muqaddimah (c. 1375) is an important work on the theory of history. * * *
IbnRushd
Ibn Rushd (ro͝oshtʹ) See Averroës. * * *
Ibo
/ee"boh/, n., pl. Ibos, (esp. collectively) Ibo. 1. a member of an indigenous black people of southeastern Nigeria, renowned as traders and for their art. 2. the language of the ...
ibogaine
/i boh"geuh een'/, n. Pharm. an alkaloid, C20H26N2O, obtained from an African shrub, Tabernanthe iboga, having antidepressant and hallucinogenic properties. [ < F ibogaïne ...
Ibota privet
/uy boh"teuh/ a Japanese spreading shrub, Ligustrum obtusifolium, of the olive family, having hairy leaves and nodding white flower clusters. [ < Japn ibota wax tree] * * *
IBR
infectious bovine rhinotracheitis. * * *
Ibrahim
(as used in expressions) Ibrahim Pasha Ibrahim Husayn Shadhili Sayyid QuTb Tan Malaka Ibrahim Datuk Shaykh Ahmad ibn Zayn al Din Ibrahim al Ahsai Ghiyath al Din Abu al Fath Umar ...
Ibrāhīm al-Ḥāqilānī
▪ Syrian theologian Latinized form Abraham Ecchellensis born Feb. 18, 1605, Ḥāqil, Syria died July 15, 1664, Rome, Papal States [Italy]       Maronite Catholic ...
Ibrāhīm Lodī
▪ sultan of Delhi died April 21, 1526, Panipat [India]       last Afghan sultan of Delhi of the Lodī dynasty. He was a suspicious tyrant who increasingly alienated ...
İbrahim Müteferrika
▪ Ottoman diplomat born c. 1670, , Kolozsvár, Transylvania [now Cluj-Napoca, Rom.] died 1745, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.]       Ottoman ...
İbrahim Paşa
▪ Ottoman vizier [circa 1493-1536] born c. 1493, , Párga [Greece] died March 15, 1536, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.]       Ottoman grand vizier ...
Ibrahim Pasha
/ib'rddah heem" pah"shah/ 1789-1848, Egyptian general: governor of Syria 1833-40 (son of Mehemet Ali). * * * born 1789, Kavalla, Rumelia died Nov. 10, 1848, Cairo, ...
Ibrahim, Anwar bin
▪ 2009 born Aug. 10, 1947, Cherok Tok Kun, Penang, Malay.       In August 2008 veteran Malaysian politician and moderate Islamist Anwar bin Ibrahim, the main opposition ...
IBRD
IBRD abbr. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. * * *
Ibrox Stadium
the football ground, formerly called Ibrox Park, of Rangers football club in Glasgow, Scotland. * * *
Ibsen
/ib"seuhn/; Norw. /ip"seuhn/, n. Henrik /hen"rik/, 1828-1906, Norwegian dramatist and poet. * * *
Ibsen, Henrik
▪ Norwegian dramatist and poet in full  Henrik Johan Ibsen  born March 20, 1828, Skien, Norway died May 23, 1906, Kristiania [formerly Christiania; now Oslo]  major ...
Ibsen, Henrik (Johan)
born March 20, 1828, Skien, Nor. died May 23, 1906, Kristiania Norwegian playwright. At age 23 he became theatre director and resident playwright of the new National Theatre at ...
Ibsen,Henrik
Ib·sen (ĭbʹsən, ĭpʹ-), Henrik. 1828-1906. Norwegian playwright who influenced the development of modern drama with his realistic masterpieces. His major works include Peer ...
Ibsenian
See Ibsen, Henrik. * * *
Ibsenism
/ib"seuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. a manner or style of dramatic structure or content characteristic of Ibsen. 2. attachment to or advocacy of Ibsen's dramatic style and social ...
Ibuka, Masaru
▪ 1998       Japanese businessman (b. April 11, 1908, Nikko, Japan—d. Dec. 19, 1997, Tokyo), was the cofounder and leading engineer of the Sony Corp. His development ...
ibuprofen
/uy'byooh proh"feuhn, uy byooh"proh fen'/, n. Pharm. a white powder, C13H18O2, used esp. in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis as an anti-inflammatory, ...
Ibuse Masuji
▪ Japanese writer born Feb. 15, 1898, Kamo, Hiroshima prefecture, Japan died July 10, 1993, Tokyo       Japanese novelist noted for sharp but sympathetic short ...
Ibuse, Masuji
▪ 1994       Japanese writer (b. Feb. 15, 1898, Loma, Hiroshima prefecture, Japan—d. July 10, 1993, Tokyo, Japan), was a master craftsman who painstakingly revised and ...
IBY
IBY abbr. International Biological Year. * * *
Ibycus
/ib"i keuhs/, n. fl. c540 B.C., Greek poet. * * * ▪ Greek poet flourished 6th century BC, Rhegium [now Reggio, Italy]       Greek lyric poet, one of the nine lyric ...
IC
1. pl. ICs. See immediate constituent. 2. Electronics. integrated circuit. 3. intensive care. * * *
IC 4-A
IC 4-A abbrev. Intercollegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America * * *
Iça
/ee"sah/, n. Portuguese name of Putumayo. * * * ▪ Peru       city, southern Peru. It is located about 30 miles (48 km) from the Pacific Ocean and 170 miles (275 km) ...
ICA
1. International Cooperation Administration. 2. (United States) International Communication Agency: existed 1978-82. * * * ▪ Peru       city, southern Peru. It is ...
ICANN
▪ international organization in full  Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers        nonprofit private organization incorporated in California on Sept. ...
ICAO
International Civil Aviation Organization. * * *
Icaria
/i kair"ee euh, uy kair"-/; Gk. /ee'kah rddee"ah/, n. 1. Also, Ikaria. a Greek island in the Aegean Sea: a part of the Southern Sporades group. 7702; 99 sq. mi. (256 sq. km). 2. ...
Icarian
/i kair"ee euhn, uy kair"-/, adj. 1. of or like Icarus. 2. of or pertaining to Icaria or its inhabitants. n. 3. an inhabitant of Icaria. [1585-95; < L Icari(us) ( < Gk Ikários ...
Icarian Sea
the part of the Aegean Sea between Turkey and the Greek islands of Patmos and Leros. * * *
Icarus
/ik"euhr euhs, uy"keuhr-/, n. 1. Also, Ikaros. Class. Myth. a youth who attempted to escape from Crete with wings of wax and feathers but flew so high that his wings melted from ...
Icaza, Jorge
▪ Ecuadorian writer in full  Jorge Icaza Coronel   born July 10, 1906, Quito, Ecuador died May 26, 1978, Quito       Ecuadorean novelist and playwright whose brutally ...
ICBM
See intercontinental ballistic missile. Also, I.C.B.M. * * * in full intercontinental ballistic missile Land-based, nuclear-armed ballistic missile with a range of more than ...
ICC
Indian Claims Commission. * * *
ice
—iceless, adj. —icelike, adj. /uys/, n., v., iced, icing, adj. n. 1. the solid form of water, produced by freezing; frozen water. 2. the frozen surface of a body of water. 3. ...
ice age
Geol. (often caps.) the glacial epoch, esp. the Pleistocene Epoch. [1870-75] * * * or glacial age Any geologic period during which thick ice sheets cover vast areas of ...
ice anchor
a large, hooklike device for setting in ice to anchor a vessel or to provide a hold for a hawser in warping it along. Also called ice drag. [1765-75] * * *
ice apron
a structure built in a river upstream from a bridge pier or the like for protection against drifting ice. [1865-70] * * *
ice ax
a mountaineering tool combining an adzlike blade and a pick on the head of a long wooden handle, with a spike on the end, used for cutting into ice and for support on icy ...
ice bag
a waterproof bag to be filled with ice and applied to the head or another part of the body to be cooled. Also called ice pack. [1880-85] * * *
ice beer
beer brewed at subfreezing temperatures. [1990-95] * * *
ice bug
▪ insect       any of approximately 25 species of rare and primitive insects found in the mountains of Japan, western North America, and eastern Siberia. A pale, ...
ice cap
ice cap n. a dome-shaped mass of glacial ice that spreads slowly out in all directions from a center * * *
ice cave
a cave containing ice that remains unmelted during all or most of the year. [1895-1900] * * * ▪ geology       cavity in ice or an underground cave that has permanent ...
ice chest
an insulated, boxlike container that can be filled with ice and used to cool beverages, preserve food, etc. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
ice core
▪ geology Introduction       long cylinder of glacial ice recovered by drilling through glaciers in Greenland, Antarctica, and high mountains around the world. ...
ice cream
a frozen food containing cream or milk and butterfat, sugar, flavoring, and sometimes eggs. [1735-45] * * * Frozen dairy food. Ice cream is made from cream or butterfat, milk, ...
Ice crystal shape and temperature at formation
▪ Table Ice crystal shape and temperature at formation temperature (degrees Celsius) form 0 to –3 thin hexagonal plates –3 to –5 needles –5 to –8 hollow, ...
ice crystals
Meteorol. precipitation consisting of small, slowly falling crystals of ice. Also called ice needles. [1840-50] * * *
ice cube
a small cube of ice, as one made in a special tray in the freezing compartment of a refrigerator or by an ice-making machine. [1915-20] * * *
ice dancing
a competitive ice-skating event in which a couple, using basic skating figures and not being permitted to use lifts, performs choreographed movements to music, based on ...
ice dock
Naut. an enclosed basin in icy waters in which a vessel may lie to avoid being crushed. * * *
ice drag
Naut. See ice anchor. * * *
ice feathers
a delicate structure of crystals of ice that builds on the windward side of objects. Also called frost feathers. * * *
ice field
a large sheet of floating ice, larger than an ice floe. [1685-95] * * *
ice fishing
the act or practice of fishing through a hole cut in the ice. [1745-55] * * *
ice floe
1. a large flat mass of floating ice. 2. floe (def. 1). [1810-20] * * *
ice flowers
1. formations of ice crystals on the surface of a still, slowly freezing body of water. 2. Also called frost flowers. delicate tufts of frost on a surface of ice or ...
ice fog
(esp. in the far north) a fog composed of minute ice crystals that form in the air in extremely cold temperatures. Also called frozen fog. [1855-60] * * *
ice foot
(in polar regions) a belt of ice frozen to the shore, formed chiefly as a result of the rise and fall of the tides. Cf. fast ice. [1850-55] * * *
ice formation
Any mass of ice that occurs on the Earth's continents or surface waters. Such masses form wherever substantial amounts of liquid water freeze and remain in the solid state for ...
ice front
the forward section or seaward edge of an ice shelf. [1855-60] * * *
ice hockey
a game played on ice between two teams of six skaters each, the object being to score goals by shooting a puck into the opponents' cage using a stick with a wooden blade set at ...
ice in lakes and rivers
Introduction       a sheet or stretch of ice forming on the surface of lakes and rivers when the temperature drops below freezing (0° C [32° F]). The nature of the ice ...
ice island
a tabular iceberg in the arctic region. [1770-80] * * *
ice jam
1. an obstruction of broken river ice in a narrow part of a channel. 2. a mass of lake or sea ice broken and piled up against the shore by wind pressure. [1840-50] * * *
ice milk
a frozen food similar to ice cream but made with skim milk. [1835-45; ICE + MILK] * * *
ice needle
ice needle n. Meteorol. a long, thin, light ice crystal, that falls slowly through the air * * *
ice needles
Meteorol. See ice crystals. [1925-30] * * *
ice pack
1. See pack ice. 2. See ice bag. [1850-55] * * *
ice pellets
Meteorol. precipitation consisting of particles of ice less than 0.2 in. (5 mm) in diameter, occurring either as frozen raindrops or as small hailstones. Cf. hail2 (def. 1), ...
ice pick
a sharp-pointed tool for chipping or cutting ice. [1860-65] * * *
ice plant
a plant, Mesembryanthemum crystallinum, native to the Mediterranean region, having fleshy leaves that are covered with glistening vesicles and are sometimes eaten as ...
ice point
the temperature at which a mixture of ice and air-saturated water at a pressure of one atmosphere is in equilibrium, represented by 0°C and 32°F. Cf. steam point. [1900-05] * * ...
ice rain
freezing rain. * * *
ice rampart
a mound of earth or stones formed by the action of ice against the shore of a lake, stream, etc. [1900-05] * * *
ice run
the rapid breaking up or fragmentation of river ice in spring or early summer. [1895-1900] * * *
ice sheet
1. a broad, thick sheet of ice covering an extensive area for a long period of time. 2. a glacier covering a large fraction of a continent. [1870-75] * * *
ice shelf
an ice sheet projecting into coastal waters so that the end floats. [1910-15] * * * ▪ geology       thick mass of floating ice that is attached to land, formed from and ...
ice show
1. entertainment in which a company of ice skaters exhibit their skills to musical accompaniment. 2. a company of ice skaters providing such entertainment. [1945-50] * * *
ice skate
1. a shoe fitted with a metal blade for skating on ice. 2. skate1 (def. 3). [1895-1900] * * *
ice skater
See ice-skate. * * *
Ice Skating
▪ 2009 Introduction Figure Skating.        Canada came away as the biggest winner at the 2008 International Skating Union (ISU) world figure skating championships, ...
ice station
a camp or base in an isolated part of the Arctic or Antarctic, manned by specialists to monitor the weather, geological formations, wildlife, etc. [1965-70] * * *
ice storm
a storm of freezing rain and widespread glaze formation. [1875-80] * * *
ice tongs
1. a small pair of tongs for serving ice cubes. 2. tongs for handling a large block of ice. [1855-60] * * *
ice tongue
a section of ice projecting from the base of a glacier. [1890-95] * * *
ice water
1. water chilled with or as if with ice. 2. melted ice. [1715-25] * * *
ice-blue
See ice blue. * * *
ice-cold
/uys"kohld"/, adj. 1. cold as ice: Her feet were ice-cold. 2. without warmth of feeling or manner; unemotional; passionless: an ice-cold reception. [bef. 1000; OE is-calde; ...
ice-cream cone
/uys"kreem'/ 1. a thin, crisp, hollow conical wafer for holding one or more scoops of ice cream. 2. such a cone with the ice cream it contains. [1900-05] * * *
ice-cream parlor chair
a side chair made of heavy wire with a round wooden seat, esp. for use at a table. Also called ice-cream chair. [1945-50] * * *
ice-cream social
Chiefly Northern, North Midland, and Western U.S. a social gathering, usually to raise money for a local church or school, where ice cream is the principal ...
ice-cream suit
a man's lightweight summer suit of white or a finely striped or solid pastel color. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
ice-cream supper
South Midland and Southern U.S. an ice-cream social held in the late afternoon or early evening. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
ice-creamchair
ice-cream chair (īsʹkrēm') n. An armless wire chair with a round seat, originally used at tables in ice-cream parlors. * * *
ice-creamcone
ice-cream cone n. 1. A conical wafer used to hold a scoop of ice cream. 2. A cone with ice cream in it. * * *
ice-creamparlor
ice-cream parlor n. An establishment where ice cream is served. * * *
ice-creamsocial
ice-cream social n. Chiefly Upper Northern U.S. A picnic featuring ice cream, often held for the purpose of raising money for charity. Also called ice-cream sociable. * * *
ice-creamsoda
ice-cream soda n. A refreshment consisting of scoops of ice cream in a mixture of soda water and syrup. * * *
ice-free
/uys"free"/, adj. 1. free of ice. 2. (of a harbor or other body of water) free at all times of the year of any ice that would impede navigation. [1890-95] * * *
ice-minus
ice-mi·nus (īsʹmīʹnəs) adj. Of or relating to a strain of genetically altered bacteria that are applied to crop plants to inhibit the formation of frost. * * *
ice-out
/uys"owt'/, n. Northern New Eng. the breaking up of ice on lakes and streams during spring thaw. [1965-70] * * *
ice-scoured
/uys"skoweurd', -skow'euhrd/, adj. Physical Geog. noting an area having surface features resulting from scouring by an advancing ice sheet during glaciation. [1935-40] * * *
ice-skate
—ice skater. /uys"skayt'/, v.i., ice-skated, ice-skating. to skate on ice. [1945-50; v. use of ICE SKATE] * * *
ice-up
/uys"up'/, n. freeze (def. 37). [1965-70; n. use of v. phrase ice up] * * *
Ice.
1. Iceland. 2. Icelandic. * * *
iceage
ice age n. 1. A cold period marked by episodes of extensive glaciation alternating with episodes of relative warmth. 2. Ice Age The most recent glacial period, which occurred ...
iceax
ice ax n. A pickax having a sharp point or spike at the bottom of the handle, used by mountaineers for climbing on ice. Also called piolet. * * *
icebag
ice bag n. See ice pack. * * *
icebarrier
ice barrier n. A section of the Antarctic ice shelf that extends beyond the coastline, resting partly on the ocean floor. * * *
iceberg
/uys"berrg/, n. 1. a large floating mass of ice, detached from a glacier and carried out to sea. 2. Informal. an emotionally cold person. 3. Australian Informal. a person who ...
iceberg lettuce
a variety of lettuce having a cabbagelike head of crisp leaves. [1890-95] * * *
Iceberg size categories
▪ Table Iceberg size categories height length category metres feet metres feet growler < 1 < 3 < 5 < 16 bergy bit 1 to 4 3 to 13 5 to 14 15 to 46 small berg 5 to 15 14 ...
iceberglettuce
iceberg lettuce n. A crisp, round, compact head of lettuce with light green, tightly folded leaves.   [From its pale color.] * * *
iceblink
/uys"blingk'/, n. a yellowish luminosity near the horizon or on the underside of a cloud, caused by the reflection of light from sea ice. Also called blink. Cf. ...
iceblue
ice blue (īsʹblo͞oʹ) n. A very pale blue.   iceʹ-blueʹ adj. * * *
iceboat
/uys"boht'/, n. 1. a vehicle for rapid movement on ice, usually consisting of a T-shaped frame on three runners driven by a fore-and-aft sailing rig or, sometimes, by an engine ...
iceboater
—iceboating, n. /uys"boh'teuhr/, n. a person who races iceboats, esp. as a hobby or in competition. [1960-65; ICEBOAT + -ER1] * * *
iceboating
See iceboater. * * * ▪ sport also called  Ice Yachting,         a winter sport of sailing and racing on ice in modified boats. An iceboat is basically a sailboat ...
icebound
/uys"bownd'/, adj. 1. held fast or hemmed in by ice; frozen in: an icebound ship. 2. obstructed or shut off by ice: an icebound harbor. [1650-60; ICE + -BOUND1] * * *
icebox
/uys"boks'/, n. 1. an insulated cabinet or chest with a partition for ice, used for preserving or cooling food, beverages, etc. 2. Older Use. an electric or gas refrigerator. 3. ...
icebox cake
a confection made from such prepared ingredients as cookies or whipped cream that requires no additional baking but is chilled in a refrigerator before serving. * * *
icebreaker
/uys"bray'keuhr/, n. 1. Naut. a ship specially built for breaking navigable passages through ice. 2. an opening remark, action, etc., designed to ease tension or relieve ...
icebreaking
See icebreaker. * * *
icebucket
ice bucket n. 1. A small insulated container with a lid, used for holding ice. 2. A similar container without a lid used to cool bottles placed inside it. * * *
icecap
/uys"kap'/, n. a thick cover of ice over an area, sloping in all directions from the center. [1850-55; ICE + CAP1] * * *
icecream
ice cream n. A smooth, sweet, cold food prepared from a frozen mixture of milk products and flavorings, containing a minimum of 10 percent milk fat and eaten as a snack or ...
iced
/uyst/, adj. 1. covered with ice. 2. cooled by means of ice: iced tea. 3. Cookery. covered with icing. [1680-90; ICE + -ED2, -ED3] * * *
icefall
/uys"fawl'/, n. 1. a jumbled mass of ice in a glacier. 2. a mass of ice overhanging a precipice. 3. a falling of ice from a glacier, iceberg, etc. [1810-20; ICE + FALL] * * *
icefield
ice field n. A large, level expanse of floating ice that is more than eight kilometers (five miles) in its greatest dimension. * * *
icefish
▪ fish       any of several different fishes, among them certain members of the family Channichthyidae, or Chaenichthyidae (order Perciformes), sometimes called ...
icefloe
ice floe n. A flat expanse of floating ice smaller than an ice field. * * *
icefog
ice fog n. A fog of ice particles. Also called pogonip. * * *
icefoot
ice foot n. A belt or ledge of ice that forms along the shoreline in Arctic regions. * * *
icehockey
ice hockey ice hockey n. A game played on ice in which two opposing teams of skaters, using curved sticks, try to drive a puck into the opponent's goal. * * *
icehouse
/uys"hows'/, n., pl. icehouses /-how'ziz/. a building for storing ice. [1680-90; ICE + HOUSE] * * *
icekhana
/uys"kah'neuh/, n. an auto-racing competition testing driving skills on a frozen lake. [ICE + (GYM)KHANA] * * *
Icel.
1. Iceland. 2. Icelandic. Also, Icel. * * *
Iceland
—Icelander /uys"lan'deuhr, -leuhn deuhr/, n. /uys"leuhnd/, n. 1. a large island in the N Atlantic between Greenland and Scandinavia. 39,698 sq. mi. (102,820 sq. km). 2. a ...
Iceland moss
an edible lichen, Cetraria islandica, of arctic regions, containing a starchlike substance used in medicine. [1795-1805] * * * ▪ lichen       fruticose (branched, ...
Iceland poppy
Iceland poppy n. an arctic poppy (Papaver nudicaule) with fragrant, nodding flowers, cultivated in gardens * * *
Iceland spar
a transparent variety of calcite that is double-refracting and is used as a polarizer. [1820-30] * * * also called  Iceland Crystal,         a transparent calcite used ...
Iceland, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a blue field incorporating a white-bordered red cross. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 18 to ...
Icelander
See Iceland. * * *
Icelanders' sagas
or family sagas Class of heroic prose narratives written in the 13th century about the great families who lived in Iceland from 930 to 1030. They represent the zenith of ...
Icelandic
/uys lan"dik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Iceland, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. the language of Iceland, a North Germanic language. Abbr.: Icel. [1665-75; ICELAND + ...
Icelandic language
National language of Iceland, one of the Germanic languages. It developed from the Norse speech brought to Iceland by settlers from western Norway in the 9th–10th centuries. ...
Icelandic literature
Introduction       body of writings in Icelandic, including those from Old Icelandic (also called Old Norse) through Modern Icelandic.       Icelandic literature ...
Icelandic low
▪ meteorology       large, persistent, atmospheric low-pressure centre that forms between Iceland and southern Greenland. It often causes strong winter winds over the ...
Icelandmoss
Iceland moss n. A brittle, grayish-brown, Arctic lichen (Cetraria islandica) sometimes used as a food or in medicine. * * *
Icelandspar
Iceland spar n. A doubly refracting transparent calcite used in optical instruments. * * *
iceless
See ice. * * *
icemaker
/uys"may'keuhr/, n. an appliance for making ice, esp. ice cubes: Some refrigerators have built-in icemakers. [1765-75 for an earlier sense; ICE + MAKER] * * *
iceman
/uys"man'/, n., pl. icemen. a man whose business is gathering, storing, selling, or delivering ice. [1835-45; ICE + MAN1] * * * Body of a man found sealed in a glacier in the ...
Iceman Cometh, The
a play (1946) by Eugene O'Neill. * * *
Iceman Teacheth
▪ 1994       On Sept. 19, 1991, two German hikers wandered off a trail on the Similaun Glacier in the Tyrolean Alps, near the border between Austria and Italy, and ...
icemilk
ice milk n. A smooth, sweet, cold food prepared from a frozen mixture of milk products, usually containing 3 to 6 percent butterfat, 11 to 14 percent nonfat milk solids, and 12 ...
iceneedle
ice needle n. A thin ice crystal floating high in the atmosphere in certain conditions of clear, cold weather. * * *
Iceni
—Icenic /uy see"nik/, adj. /uy see"nuy/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) an ancient Celtic tribe of eastern England, whose queen, Boadicea, headed an insurrection against the ...
Icenic
See Iceni. * * *
icepack
ice pack n. 1. A floating mass of compacted ice fragments. 2. A folded sac filled with crushed ice and applied to sore or swollen parts of the body to reduce pain and ...
icepick
ice pick n. A pointed awl for chipping or breaking ice. * * *
iceplant
ice plant n. A succulent annual (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum) native to southern Africa, having white or pink flowers, fleshy leaves, and stems covered with glistening ...
icepoint
ice point n. The temperature, equal to 0°C (32°F), at which pure water and ice are in equilibrium in a mixture at 1 atmosphere of pressure. * * *
icequake
/uys"kwayk'/, n. a disturbance, esp. a vibration or series of vibrations, caused by the breaking up of large ice masses. [1890-95; ICE + (EARTH)QUAKE] * * *
icescape
/uys"skayp'/, n. a landscape covered with ice or with snow and ice: the limitless icescapes of Antarctica. [1900-05; ICE + -SCAPE] * * *
iceshow
ice show n. An entertainment consisting of figure skating, ice dancing, acrobatic stunts, and buffoonery performed by ice skaters. * * *
iceskate
ice skate n. A shoe or light boot with a metal runner or blade fitted to the sole, used for skating on ice.   iceʹ-skate' (īsʹskāt') v. ice skater n. * * *
icestorm
ice storm n. A storm in which snow or rain freezes on contact, forming a coat of ice on the surfaces it touches. * * *
icewater
ice water n. 1. Very cold or chilled water, especially for drinking, often with ice in it. 2. Melted ice. * * *
icewine
ice wine also ice-wine (īsʹwīn') n. A sweet wine made from grapes that have been left to freeze on the vines. They are pressed while still frozen so that the grape sugar and ...
ICF
Physics. inertial confinement fusion: an experimental method for producing controlled thermonuclear energy by focusing laser beams onto a pellet containing deuterium and ...
ICFTU
ICFTU abbrev. International Confederation of Free Trade Unions * * * ICFTU abbr. International Confederation of Free Trade Unions. * * *
ich
/ik/, n. a disease of tropical fishes, characterized by small, white nodules on the fins, skin, and eyes, caused by a ciliate protozoan, Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. Also called ...
ich dien
/ikh deen"/, German. I serve: traditional motto of the Prince of Wales. * * *
Ichabod
/ik"euh bod'/, n. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "without honor." * * *
Ichang
/ee"chahng"/, n. Wade-Giles. Yichang. * * *
Ichihara
I·chi·ha·ra (ē-chēʹhä-rä') A city of east-central Honshu, Japan, on Tokyo Bay opposite Tokyo. It is an industrial center. Population: 270,332. * * * ▪ ...
Ichikawa
/ee chee"kah wah'/, n. a city on E Honshu, in Japan, NE of Tokyo. 364,244. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Chiba ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies along the Edo River ...
Ichikawa Family
▪ Japanese actors       kabuki actors flourishing in Edo (modern Tokyo) from the 17th century to the present. The most famous names are Danjūrō, Ebizō, Danzō, and ...
Ichikawa Kon
born Nov. 20, 1915, Ise, Japan Japanese film director. After working in the animation department of the Tōhō film studio, he directed his first film, The Girl at Dojo Temple ...
Ichikawa, Kon
▪ 2009       Japanese motion-picture director born Nov. 20, 1915, Ise, Japan died Feb. 13, 2008, Tokyo, Japan introduced sophisticated Western-style comedy to Japan in ...
IChing
I Ching (ējĭng) n. A Chinese book of ancient origin consisting of 64 interrelated hexagrams along with commentaries attributed to Confucius. The hexagrams, originally used for ...
Ichinomiya
/ee"chee naw"mee yah'/, n. a city on central Honshu, in central Japan. 253,138. * * * ▪ Japan       city, Aichi ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It developed ...
ichneumon
/ik nooh"meuhn, -nyooh"-/, n. 1. Also called African mongoose. a slender, long-tailed mongoose, Herpestes ichneumon, inhabiting Africa and southern Europe, and believed by the ...
ichneumon fly
any of numerous wasplike insects of the family Ichneumonidae, the larvae of which are parasitic on caterpillars and immature stages of other insects. Also, ...
ichneumonfly
ichneumon fly n. Any of various wasplike insects of the family Ichneumonidae, having larvae that are parasitic on the larvae of other insects. Also called ichneumon wasp. * * *
ichnite
ichnite [ik′nō līt΄ik′nīt΄] n. 〚 ICHN(O)- + -ITE1〛 a fossil footprint: also ichnolite [ik′nō līt΄] * * * ich·nite (ĭkʹnīt') also ich·no·lite ...
ichno-
a combining form meaning "track," "footstep," used in the formation of compound words: ichnology. [ < Gk, comb. form of íchnos] * * *
ichnography
ichnography [ik näg′rə fē] n. 〚< Fr or L; Fr ichnographie < L ichnographia < Gr, a tracing out, ground plan: see ICHNO- & -GRAPHY〛 1. a scale drawing of the ground plan ...
ichnolite
ich·no·lite (ĭkʹnō-līt') n. Variant of ichnite. * * *
ichnology
—ichnological /ik'nl oj"i keuhl/, adj. /ik nol"euh jee/, n. the branch of paleontology concerned with the study of fossilized tracks, trails, burrows, borings, or other trace ...
ichor
—ichorous /uy"keuhr euhs/, adj. /uy"kawr, uy"keuhr/, n. 1. Class. Myth. an ethereal fluid flowing in the veins of the gods. 2. Pathol. an acrid, watery discharge, as from an ...
ichorous
See ichor. * * *
ichth.
ichthyology. * * *
ichthammol
/ik tham"awl, -ol; ik"theuh mawl', -mol'/, n. Pharm. a viscous, reddish-brown to brownish-black substance, obtained by the destructive distillation of bituminous shales, used in ...
ichthy-
ichthy- pref. Variant of ichthyo-. * * *
ichthyic
/ik"thee ik/, adj. piscine. [1835-45; < Gk ichthyikós fishy. See ICHTHY-, -IC] * * *
ichthyo-
a combining form meaning "fish," used in the formation of compound words: ichthyology. Also, esp. before a vowel, ichthy-. [ < Gk, comb. form of ichthys fish] * * *
Ichthyocentaur
/ik'thee euh sen"tawr/, n. Class. Myth. a sea creature with a human head and torso, the legs of a horse, and the tail of a fish. [ < Gk ichthyokéntauros. See ICHTHYO-, ...
ichthyofauna
/ik'thee euh faw"neuh/, n. the indigenous fish of a region. [1880-85; ICHTHYO- + FAUNA] * * *
ichthyoid
/ik"thee oyd'/, adj. 1. Also, ichthyoidal. fishlike. n. 2. any fishlike vertebrate. [1850-55; < Gk ichthyoeidés. See ICHTHY-, -OID] * * *
Ichthyol
/ik"thee awl', -ol'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of ichthammol. * * *
ichthyol.
ichthyology. * * *
ichthyolite
—ichthyolitic /ik'thee euh lit"ik/, adj. /ik"thee euh luyt'/, n. a fossil fish. [1820-30; ICHTHYO- + -LITE] * * *
ichthyologic
See ichthyology. * * *
ichthyological
See ichthyologic. * * *
ichthyologist
See ichthyologic. * * *
ichthyology
—ichthyologic /ik'thee euh loj"ik/, ichthyological, adj. —ichthyologically, adv. —ichthyologist, n. /ik'thee ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of zoology dealing with ...
ichthyophagist
/ik'thee of"euh jist/, n. a person who eats or subsists on fish. [1720-30; ICHTHYOPHAG(Y) + -IST] * * *
ichthyophagous
ichthyophagous [ik΄thē äf′ə gəs] adj. 〚Gr ichthyophagos: see ICHTHYO- & -PHAGOUS〛 living on fish; fish-eating ichthyophagy [ik΄thē äf′əjē] n. * * ...
ichthyophagy
—ichthyophagous /ik'thee of"euh geuhs/, adj. /ik'thee of"euh jee/, n. the practice of eating or subsisting on fish. [1650-60; ICHTHYO- + -PHAGY] * * *
ichthyophthirius
/ik'thee of thear"ee euhs/, n. ich. Also called ichthyophthirius disease. [ < NL, the protozoan genus causing the disease, equiv. to ichthyo- ICHTHYO- + -phthirius < Gk phtheír ...
Ichthyornis
/ik'thee awr"nis/, n. an extinct genus of toothed birds having vertebrae resembling those of fishes. [ < NL (1872) < Gk ichthy- ICHTHY- + órnis bird] * * * ▪ ...
ichthyosarcotoxin
/ik'thee oh sahr'koh tok"sin/, n. a term applied to any poison found in the flesh of poisonous fishes. [ICHTHYO- + SARCO- + TOXIN] * * *
ichthyosaur
—ichthyosaurian, adj., n. —ichthyosauroid, adj. /ik"thee euh sawr'/, n. any fishlike marine reptile of the extinct order Ichthyosauria, ranging from 4 to 40 ft. (1.2 to 12 m) ...
ichthyosaurus
/ik'thee euh sawr"euhs/, n., pl. ichthyosauruses. ichthyosaur. [1825-35; < NL; see ICHTHYO-, -SAURUS] * * *
ichthyosis
—ichthyotic /ik'thee ot"ik/, adj. /ik'thee oh"sis/, n. Pathol. a hereditary skin disease in which the epidermis continuously flakes off in large scales or plates. [1805-15; < ...
Ichthyostega
▪ fossil amphibian genus  genus of extinct animals, closely related to tetrapods (four-legged land vertebrates) and found as fossils in rocks in eastern Greenland from the ...
ICI
(in full Imperial Chemical Industries) a very large British company, formed in 1926 to make products such as paints, drugs, plastics and industrial chemicals. In 1993 a new ...
icicle
—icicled, adj. /uy"si keuhl/, n. 1. a pendent, tapering mass of ice formed by the freezing of dripping water. 2. a thin strip of paper, plastic, or foil, usually silvery, for ...
icicle fish
▪ fish also called  Icefish, or Glassfish        (Salanx), any of several semitransparent fishes, family Salangidae, found in freshwaters and salt waters of eastern ...
icicleplant
icicle plant n. See fig marigold.   [From its glistening papillae.] * * *
icily
—iciness, n. /uy"seuh lee/, adv. in an icy manner: I received him icily because of the harsh way he had treated me. [1840-50; ICY + -LY] * * *
iciness
iciness [ī′sē nis] n. the quality or state of being icy * * * See icily. * * *
icing
/uy"sing/, n. 1. a sweet, creamy spread, as of confectioners' sugar, butter, and flavoring, for covering cakes, cookies, etc.; frosting. 2. Meteorol. a coating of ice on a solid ...
ICJ
International Court of Justice. * * *
ick
/ik/, interj. (used as an expression of distaste or repugnance.) * * *


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